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The Times - 21 December 2017

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daily newspaper of the year
Thursday December 21 2017 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72412
*
*
Bodyline
is
back
Mike Atherton on Australia?s fiery bowlers
M
Pommie
whinge-free
analysis
Sport
Green is forced out over
computer porn cover-up
6 Deputy PM lied about knowledge of material 6 Harassment claim by Tory activist ?plausible?
BEN CAWTHRA/LNP
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Francis Elliott, Fiona Hamilton
Theresa May forced Damian Green,
her deputy and closest ally, to resign
last night after he admitted making
?inaccurate and misleading? statements
about pornography found on his parliamentary computer.
In the biggest resignation of the
Westminster sex scandal, Mr Green
was found to have lied when he denied
knowledge of material discovered on his
Commons computer by police in 2008.
A Cabinet Office inquiry also concluded that allegations of inappropriate
behaviour towards Kate Maltby, a Tory
activist and journalist 30 years his junior,
were ?plausible?.
In a letter to Mr Green released by
Downing Street at 9pm on the last day
before parliamentary recess, Mrs May
said it was with ?deep regret? that she
had asked him to step down but his conduct fell short of the ?high standards?
the public demanded. She rounded on
former police officers for divulging the
contents of Mr Green?s computer, which
were uncovered during a leaks inquiry
but remained secret for nine years.
Mr Green, 61, maintains that he never
downloaded or viewed pornography on
his parliamentary computer but in his
letter to Mrs May said he should have
been ?clear? in statements last month
that he had been aware of the allegations
against him at the time. He had told The
Sunday Times that the claims were
?completely untrue? and attacked
?disreputable political smears from a
discredited police officer?.
There will be deep disquiet among
senior Tories that two former police officers broke ethical guidelines to make
public accusations about Mr Green?s
behaviour ? which did not break the
law ? to discredit him. David Davis,
the Brexit secretary, said he would step
down if Mr Green were forced to resign
over the police allegations. A spokesman for Mr Davis said he agreed with
the prime minister?s decision, however.
The former officers? actions are the
subject of a Scotland Yard inquiry.
Mrs May must now conduct an unwelcome reshuffle. There is no require-
Damian Green outside his London home yesterday. Theresa May said she had asked
her ally to resign because he had fallen short of the standards the public demand
Only �to subscribers �60
2G RK
ment to have a deputy but she will have
to fill Mr Green?s posts as Cabinet Office
minister and as chairman of several
committees. It also robs her of a friend
she has known since Oxford University.
The move follows a seven-week inquiry into his behaviour by the Cabinet
Office ethics tsar, Sue Gray, which was
prompted by Ms Maltby?s allegations.
In an article for The Times last month,
she alleged that Mr Green ?fleetingly?
touched her knee during a meeting in a
pub in 2015, and a year later sent her a
suggestive text message after she was
pictured wearing a corset.
While the inquiry was under way, two
former police officers accused Mr Green
of having pornography on his office
computer in 2008. Mr Green denied
knowing about the pornography claims
at the time. In fact, he spoke to police
lawyers about the material in 2008 and
police raised it with him in 2013, he
confirmed in his resignation letter.
Mrs May received Ms Gray?s report
on Monday and gave it to Sir Alex Allan,
her independent adviser on ministers?
interests. He confirmed that Mr Green?s
statements about the pornography
breached the ministerial code. In
his letter, Mr Green apologised to Ms
Maltby, 31, but insisted that he did not
recognise her allegations.
The prime minister said that Mr
Green?s misleading statements required
her to ask him to resign. Of the police,
she said she shared ?concerns . . . from
across the political spectrum at the
comments made by a former officer
involved in [the 2008 raid]?.
A Metropolitan Police source said
the force would continue its inquiry into the leaking of information about Mr
Green. ?The Met will still want to make
clear that you can?t use information that
you come across in the course of employment. There is concern about that
breach of trust,? the source said, adding:
?He [Mr Green] might have got away
with the sin of watching it, but it?s
always the cover-up.?
The former Tory chief whip Andrew
Mitchell said Mr Green?s breaches of
the ministerial code were ?dwarfed by the
extraordinary behaviour of the police?.
Death knell sounds, pages 4-5
Christmas
dinner cooked
by the pros
One portion
of spinach a
day can fend
off dementia
Times2
Chris Smyth Health Editor
A portion of spinach or kale a day
could help to keep the brain a decade
younger, researchers have found.
Leafy greens, which also encompass
sprouts, chard, rocket, asparagus and
lettuce, are particularly good for helping
to retain sharp mental ability later in life,
scientists said. Their study showed that
thinking skills, including memory, declined markedly slower in people who
ate the most leafy greens, potentially
protecting them against dementia.
Nutrients such as vitamin K and folate
are likely to be behind the protection,
and the effect was visible only in those
with the highest intakes, researchers
said. The study cannot prove that the
vegetables caused the brain to stay
healthy for longer, but the scientists are
planning a trial of whether switching
diet in later life can stave off dementia.
More than 200,000 people a year
develop dementia in Britain, and
with no effective treatment doctors are
focusing on preventing the illness,
notably through diet. Scientists gave
annual tests of memory, thinking speed
and visual reasoning to 960 people with
an average age of 80, who were followed
for up to a decade. The fifth who ate the
highest amount of leafy greens declined
more slowly, with scores equivalent to
being 11 years younger, even adjusting for
education and wider health, researchers
report in the journal Neurology.
The biggest consumers of greens ate
an average of 1.3 servings, or about
40g raw or 120g cooked, which Martha
Clare Morris, of Rush University in
Chicago, lead author of the study, said
was a realistic target. ?Adding a daily
serving of green, leafy vegetables to
your diet may be a simple way to foster
your brain health,? she said.
Dr Morris said it was likely that the
people in the study had been eating
greens for many years but added that it
was never too late to start. ?If you?re in
your 50s, should you start eating green,
leafy vegetables? My best guess is yes.?
She said it probably did not matter
whether greens were cooked or raw.
James Pickett, head of research at the
Alzheimer?s Society, said: ?Eating food
rich in vitamin K appears to slow
cognitive decline. So make sure your
Christmas dinner is piled with greens.?
IN THE NEWS
Cyberdefence boost
Archives ?bias? row
Rape officer barred
Trump hails tax bill
Carmaking in decline
United knocked out
Britain has developed
cyberweapons capable of
crippling a hostile state,
GCHQ has said, amid signs
that Russia is launching
bigger online attacks. Page 2
The National Archives has
withdrawn a display at its Kew
headquarters and a blog post
after its portrayal of colonial
history was criticised for bias
against Britain. Page 3
Scotland Yard has removed
from active duty an officer
who was involved in two rape
cases that collapsed because
of a failure to disclose material
to the defence. Page 9
The US Congress has agreed a
$1.5 trillion tax reform bill that
President Trump described
as ?an incredible Christmas
gift for hard-working
Americans?. Page 34
Car production at British
factories has hit an 18-month
low after deliveries to the
domestic market fell by more
than 28 per cent, according to
industry data. Page 41
Bristol City knocked the
holders Manchester United
out of the Carabao Cup with a
2-1 quarter-final victory that
was secured by a goal in injury
time. Page 72
2
2G M
RK
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
MAIN SECTION
TIMES2
GCHQ: British cyberweapons
could paralyse hostile states
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
MARKLE ADDS SPARKLE
One person stole the show
when the royal family gathered
at Buckingham Palace
ALL I WANT FOR CHRISTMAS
. . . is a chart-topper that?s
soothing, nostalgic and doesn?t
have Christmas in the title
NEWS PAGE 7
WILL HODGKINSON ARTS, PAGE 7
COMMENT 29
LEADING ARTICLES 33
WORLD 34
BUSINESS 41
REGISTER 55
LAW 58-59
SPORT 61
CROSSWORD 72
TV & RADIO TIMES2
FOLLOW US
thetimes
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thetimes
COMMENT
The quest to be the EU?s financial top dog
ignores the reliance of Brussels on the City
IAIN MARTIN, PAGE 31
DINNER
TONIGHT
Super sausage soup
This soup is thick with
vegetables and lusty
meaty flavours. Big
chunks of sausage
swim among leeks,
red onion, carrot,
chickpeas and tomato,
underpinned by chilli,
ginger and garlic.
Serves 2-4 Prep 30 min
Cook 40 min
Ingredients: 350g
meaty pork sausages;
1 litre chicken stock;
1 large red onion;
2 garlic cloves; 10g
ginger; 1 lemon; 1 tbsp
olive oil; 1 dried red
chilli; 1 tbsp flour;
2 trimmed leeks; 1 large
carrot; 400g can
chickpeas; 400g can
chopped tomatoes;
50g flat-leaf parsley.
Place the sausages
in a pan with 350ml of
the stock. Simmer for
15 min. Transfer the
sausages to a plate
and cover. Pour the
stock into a freezerproof receptacle and
place in the freezer.
Chop the onion and
garlic. Peel the ginger
and slice in thin scraps.
Zest the lemon. Heat
the oil in a spacious
pan over a medium
heat. Stir in the onion
with a pinch of salt.
Cook, covered, for
10 min until juicy but
hardly coloured.
Add sliced leeks,
garlic, ginger, lemon
zest and crumbled
chilli. Cook, covered,
for 5 min. Stir in the
flour. Add stock and
bring to the boil,
stirring. Dice the
carrots. Add to the pot
with the rinsed,
drained chickpeas and
tomato. Scoop
solidified fat off the
freezer stock and add
to the soup. Chop the
sausage into bite-size
pieces and add.
Simmer, partially
covered, for 15-20 min.
Season to taste with
lemon and salt. Add
chopped parsley
before serving.
Lindsey Bareham
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Mild and cloudy across Britain with
drizzle, but brighter and drier
farther north. Full forecast, page 60
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syndication@thetimes.co.uk
Britain has developed sophisticated
cyberweapons capable of crippling a
hostile state, GCHQ has revealed amid
warnings that Russia is launching more
aggressive online attacks.
Assaults on US central command,
Twitter accounts and a French TV network, made to look like Islamist attacks,
appear to have been Russia ?ostentatiously flexing its muscles towards the
West?, parliament?s intelligence and
security committee (ISC) has been told.
The watchdog, which oversees the
intelligence agencies MI5, MI6 and
GCHQ, was told that Britain?s cyberdefence plans were ahead of schedule,
with almost double the number of
new capabilities. GCHQ, based in
Cheltenham, was developing a ?full
spectrum? of weapons as Moscow?s use
of its online arsenal increased.
As Theresa May travelled to Poland
today to announce a collaboration
to counter Russian disinformation,
GCHQ said that its new capabilities
ranged from ?technical stuff . . . right
through to what we would say is the
high end of counter-state offensive
cybercapabilities which might never be
used and everything in between?.
Their nature was not disclosed but
techniques being developed include the
ability to make another country?s warplanes, ships and missiles malfunction
and to infect a mobile phone to suck up
information or wipe the memory.
An example of a cyberweapon that
caused ?real-world damage? was the
Stuxnet virus, thought to have been
developed by the US and Israel, which
targeted Iran?s uranium enrichment
capabilities.
In written evidence to the ISC published yesterday, MI6 said that Russia
conducted information warfare on a
massive scale. It added: ?An early example of this was a hugely intensive propaganda effort to persuade the world that
Russia bore no responsibility for the
shooting down of [Malaysian Airlines
Flight] MH17 (an outright falsehood:
we know beyond any reasonable doubt
that the Russian military supplied and
recovered the missile launcher).?
Evidence of Russia?s activities in
Britain is redacted in the committee?s
annual report.
The watchdog also said that Brexit
was complicating the work of the
intelligence agencies and that ministers
were refusing to release a formal
assessment of the national security
risks.
Andrew Parker, director-general of
MI5, told the committee that the Brexit
decision had in some respects undermined intelligence relations with European allies. ?My life has got more difficult since the referendum because of
the need to invest [in] reassurance time
with our European partners.? He said
that ?common concern? over external
threats was still driving the quality of
those relationships. ?Half of Europe is
scared of terrorism and the other half is
scared of Russia, and both halves want
us to help them,? he added.
The report also said that MI5 had
recorded a surge in the number of
?high-risk? terrorism suspects, as
security services confronted the
unprecedented threat facing Britain,
and was devoting more time to monitoring such individuals.
Kremlin Twitter trolls target MPs
Lucy Fisher
Senior Political Correspondent
Pro-Kremlin Twitter accounts have
been revealed as sending abusive messages to MPs, prompting suspicions
that Russian troll factories may be
targeting British politicians.
Parliamentarians from across the
party spectrum who have criticised
Russia and President Putin have been
attacked online by pro-Russian trolls,
analysis has shown.
Ben Nimmo, a senior fellow in information defence and digital forensic
research at Atlantic Council, a US think
tank, analysed Twitter users sending
hostile messages towards these MPs.
He identified accounts that follow similar patterns and propagate the same
pro-Russian propaganda as accounts
known to be from Russian troll factories, raising suspicion that some are
acting under Kremlin direction.
One account identified by Mr Nimmo was @iatetwit, which has posted
obscene messages about UK politicians, tweeted anti-immigration sentiment about London, accused the UK
and US of state-sponsored doping and
repeated the Kremlin line on the MH17
plane crash, blaming Ukraine.
Twitter user @iamjohnsmith was
also identified as a pro-Russian troll by
Mr Nimmo. The account repeatedly
tweets Tom Brake, the Liberal Democrat foreign affairs spokesman, who has
said that dismissing allegations of Russian interference in the EU referendum
is unhelpful, and has called for him to
resign. Mr Nimmo said: ?This is definitely a pro-Kremlin account, and its
behaviour is consistent with the trollfactory accounts we know.?
A Russian language Twitter troll
account, @Khaag65, was identified
after it tweeted Damian Collins, Tory
chairman of the digital, culture, media
and sport select committee, when he
linked on Twitter to evidence of Russia
using the service to influence Brexit.
The troll tweet, in Russian, threatened
to wipe out the UK in one strike.
Mr Nimmo handed his analysis to
The Times before a backbench business
Commons debate today about Russian
interference in UK politics and society.
Chris Bryant, Labour MP and chairman of the all-party parliamentary
group on Russia, is expected to warn
that pro-Russia social media accounts
are conducting ?psychological warfare?
on MPs critical of Mr Putin.
Gove promises subsidies Police inquiry
will stay for hill farmers into arrested
Ben Webster Environment Editor
Hill farmers fearing financial ruin
because of Brexit have been thrown a
lifeline after Michael Gove pledged
that they would continue to receive
subsidies beyond 2022.
The environment secretary said he
would make special arrangements for
sheep farmers in the uplands in his
post-Brexit subsidy scheme.
Britain?s 20,000 upland sheep farmers
are highly dependent on subsidies paid
under the European Union?s common
agricultural policy (CAP), which
accounts for 50-70 per cent of their
income. Mr Gove has said he will abolish the CAP system under which 80 per
cent of the �billion received annually
by British farmers is paid per hectare,
with the biggest landowners receiving
the most money.
The government has promised to
keep the total amount of subsidy for
farmers at the same level until 2022 but
has not committed to how much will be
available after that.
Giving evidence to the Commons
environment, food and rural affairs
committee, Mr Gove said: ?Farmers in
less favoured areas, and upland hill
farmers who are producing sheep meat
as well as wool are some of the most
prominent examples of those, will need
support for several years to come.?
Asked if the subsidies for those
farmers would continue beyond 2022,
Mr Gove replied: ?Yes.?
Phil Stocker, the chief executive of
the National Sheep Association, welcomed Mr Gove?s commitment but
urged him to go further by guaranteeing subsidies well into the future for upland farmers. ?There is a case for almost
permanent, ongoing support for these
farmers in recognition of the wide
range of public benefits they deliver,
such as looking after an iconic, delicate
environment, keeping the land open for
access and reducing the risk of wildfire,? he said.
Mr Gove appeared to reject the
argument put forward by the National
Farmers? Union that subsidies were
needed to prevent the UK from becoming more reliant on imports, which account for 40 per cent of food consumed.
Brexit, pages 14-15
man?s death
Sean O?Neill Chief Reporter
Four police officers are under
investigation over the death of a law
student who became seriously ill after
being restrained, the complaints
watchdog said yesterday.
Nuno Cardoso, 25, who was studying
a law foundation course in Oxford, died
last month in hospital after becoming
unconscious while locked in a police
van. He is believed to be the fifth black
man to have died this year after being
restrained by police officers.
The Independent Police Complaints
Commission said it was studying
footage from body cameras of Mr Cardoso?s arrest in the early hours of
November 24 and of the emergency
treatment given to him.
Doroteia dos Santos, his mother, said
that she expected a thorough investigation that would deliver justice. ?The
number of deaths in police custody,
particularly of young black men, makes
me worried that something is wrong,?
she said.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
3
2G M
News
Empire-bashing archive backs down
THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES; ; EVERETT COLLECTION HISTORICAL/ALAMY
Jack Malvern
For some, Britain?s imperial past is a
source of patriotic pride; for others, a
stain on the national conscience.
However, while the official government archive might have been expected
to have taken a neutral stance, it has
withdrawn a series of displays at its
headquarters and a blog post after it was
criticised for ?empire bashing?.
The National Archives admitted it
was presenting a view of Britain?s colonial history without ?due impartiality?
after it was accused by a retired history
lecturer of anti-British bias in an exhibition at its Keeper?s Gallery, where it
introduces visitors to historic moments
covered by its 11 million records.
The archive, based in Kew in west
London, at first rejected a complaint by
Tony Adler about a description of British colonialism as ?profoundly oppressive? but agreed to reword the display
after he appealed to the organisation?s
chief executive.
Mr Adler, 69, who first became irri-
The National Archives had described
the empire as ?profoundly oppressive?
tated with the display in 2009, also
complained that although curators
referred to some anti-slavery campaigners they neglected to mention
William Wilberforce?s successful campaign to abolish the trade. They also
used a picture of HMS Daphne carrying
slaves in the Indian Ocean in 1868 without making clear that the vessel was at
the time used to police the seas to
prevent slaving from east Africa and
the Arabian peninsula.
The archive also agreed to replace a
board with an erroneous claim that
Magna Carta helped the poorest in the
population when it was drafted for the
benefit of barons seeking to protect
their own interests from King John.
The latest climbdown took place two
weeks ago, when it took down a blog
post about the partition of India. Mr
The National Archives used this image of HMS Daphne carrying slaves in 1868, but failed to make clear that the British ship
was rescuing the slaves. The practice had been abolished 30 years earlier after a campaign by William Wilberforce, above
Adler complained
com
that the
po
post portrayed
partition
from an anti-British
pers
perspective.
T
The
archive,
wh
which is a non-minis
isterial
department
o the government,
of
sa in a statement
said
t
that
it had rem
moved
the blog
p so that it could
post
be edited to comply
wi
with
its code of
imp
impartiality.
?A internal review
?An
of the complaint found
w
that, while
the majority
blo did meet our ediof the blog
torial guidelines,
guide
torial
there were
some parts that required further
ie ? a spokeswoman
sp
editorial re
review,?
said.
?The blog in question was therefore
temporarily taken down for review.?
The spokeswoman acknowledged
that its use of the phrase ?profoundly
oppressive? to describe the British
Empire was ?more emotive than in
other sections of the gallery and therefore we took the opportunity to amend
the board?. However, it said that it stood
by its ?overall interpretative approach?.
The archive?s internal review, after
Mr Adler?s complaint in May 2015,
found that ?while the information
provided on the display boards was
accurate, there were missed opportunities to expand and enhance on the
information provided?.
The boards have been replaced by
ones on different historical topics.
Kathleen Burk, emeritus professor of
history at University College London
and a specialist in colonial politics, said:
?I feel sorry for the National Archives
because they?re trying to appeal to a
wide multicultural population. They
can?t say: ?All of you people on whom
empire had an impact: you don?t really
realise how good it was.? There?s no
doubt it was pretty nasty, but it?s also the
case that the British were proud of their
political developments.?
Mr Adler said he was pleased that his
complaints had been taken seriously
but thought that problems remained.
?In my view the display boards remain
unremittingly anti-British,? he wrote in
a letter to The Times.
The archives said that its displays and
blog posts were designed to get people
talking, adding: ?The blog in question is
one of about 1,400 we have published
over the last five years. Where errors are
made we seek to correct them.?
Letters, page 32
Oxford academics attack professor who defended colonialism
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Dozens of Oxford academics have
united to condemn the ?simpleminded? defence of British colonialism
by a professor at the university.
They said they fear that Nigel Biggar?s views suggest a complacency, or
even a celebration, towards Britain?s
imperial past at Oxford.
Professor Biggar wrote in The Times
that society should take a more balanced view of the empire rather than
simply remembering it with shame.
The regius professor of moral and
pastoral theology at Christ Church
college acknowledged that there had
been atrocities under colonial rule. He
said, however, that the empire had also
provided law and order in countries
that many citizens had valued.
In an open letter, the 58 academics
said arguing that the benefits of
colonialism balanced out the atrocities
was not ?serious history?. The abolition
of the slave trade, for example, cannot
be set against the Amritsar massacre,
when troops of the British Indian Army
fired machineguns into an unarmed
crowd.
?Abolition does not somehow erase
the British Empire?s own practice of
slavery and the benefits it continued to
reap from the slave trade long after it
ended ? such as railway investments
in the UK or cotton imports from the
US South,? the academics said. ?Nor
can historians accept the simple claim
that imperialism ?brought order? without examining what that actually
meant for those subject to it.?
They said that Professor Biggar was
wrong to start his defence by setting up
the premise that all other historians say
colonialism was ?wicked? when most
have far more nuanced positions.
The letter was organised by James
McDougall, a tutor at Trinity College
Plaque in memory of slaves
An Oxford college is to
put up a plaque in
memory of slaves who
worked for one of its
benefactors (Rosemary
Bennett writes).
All Souls College
will place the plaque
outside a library paid
for by Christopher
Codrington. He once
owned sugar
plantations in
Barbados where more
than 300 slaves
worked and left
�,000 to All Souls
when he died in 1710.
All Souls, one of the
wealthiest Oxford
colleges, which is for
postgraduates only,
said that it was to
remind people where
Codrington?s wealth
came from.
The college is not
alone in confronting
Britain?s colonial past.
Oriel College has
come under pressure
to remove a statue of
Cecil Rhodes, the
British imperialist and
its benefactor.
In the end, though,
the statue of Rhodes
stayed.
All Souls said that
the college remained
grateful to Codrington
for his donation but
the warden and fellows
concluded it should
provide a public
statement about the
origins of his wealth.
The tablet will be
placed on a wall
outside the library,
where it will be visible
when the Catte Street
entrance gate to the
college is open.
and Labour Party member. Other organisers include Hussein Omar, a junior
research fellow at Pembroke College
and specialist in British-occupied
Egypt and Sudan, and Erin O?Halloran,
a postgraduate at St Antony?s College.
Professor Biggar said last night that
none of the academics had raised their
concerns in person. His five-year interdisciplinary project, Ethics and Empire,
would continue and its seminars would
be by invitation only. ?I?m delighted to
learn that 60 Oxford historians don?t
regard empire as always and everywhere wicked. Unfortunately . . . many
millions of other people do. I?m also
pleased that the historians agree that
the moral evaluation of empire can?t be
done by crude utilitarian ?balancing?.
?That?s why the Ethics and Empire
project will pay careful attention to the
historical variety of things that empire
can be, and work out a more sophisticated way of evaluating them morally.?
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
News Damian Green
Sorry ? I misled
you, May?s closest
ally finally admits
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
After weeks under a cloud of suspicion,
the death knell for Damian Green?s
ministerial career was sounded by a
low-profile, retired civil servant.
Mr Green had denied claims by
retired police officers that he had
viewed pornography on a parliamentary computer, but Sir Alex Allan, a
retired intelligence chief who is now the
government?s independent ethics
watchdog, endorsed the Cabinet
Office?s decision that his denials were
?inaccurate and misleading?.
The swirl of sexual misconduct allegations that blew into Westminster
from Hollywood in October engulfed
Mr Green, 61. Kate Maltby, a Tory
activist half his age, wrote in The Times
that the deputy prime minister had
made an inappropriate advance in 2015.
Theresa May then asked Sue Gray, the
Cabinet Office?s propriety and ethics
director, to investigate. Four days later,
the investigation became far more
complex. Bob Quick, a former Metropolitan Police assistant commissioner
who ordered a raid of Mr Green?s office
in 2008, claimed that the search had
Resignation letters: the key extracts
I regret that I?ve been asked to resign from the government following breaches of the
Ministerial Code, for which I apologise. It has been a privilege to serve in your
government both as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and as First Secretary
of State and Minister for the Cabinet Office.
From the outset I have been clear that I did not download or view pornography on my
Parliamentary computers. I accept that I should have been clear in my press
statements that police lawyers talked to my lawyers in 2008 about the pornography on
the computers, and that the police raised it with me in a subsequent phone call in 2013.
I apologise that my statements were misleading on this point. The unfounded and
deeply hurtful allegations that were being levelled at me were distressing both to me
and my family and it is right that these are being investigated by the Metropolitan
Police?s professional standards department.
I am grateful that the Cabinet Secretary has concluded that my conduct as a minister
has generally been both professional and proper. I deeply regret the distress caused to
Kate Maltby following her article about me and the reaction to it. I do not recognise the
events she described in her article, but I clearly made her feel uncomfortable and for
this I apologise.
Theresa May with Mr Green at PMQs,
hours before she asked him to resign
uncovered ?extreme? pornography. Mr
Green issued a furious statement,
branding Mr Quick ?a tainted and
untrustworthy source?, propagating
?false, disreputable political smears? as
part of ?little more than an unscrupulous character assassination?.
At the start of this month a second
retired detective, Neil Lewis, endorsed
Mr Quick?s story, claiming ?thousands?
of thumbnail images of pornography
were found on Mr Green?s computer. It
provoked sympathy from parts of the
Conservative Party, who felt Mr Green
was caught up in a police campaign,
while Cressida Dick, the Met commissioner, said that Mr Lewis and Mr
Quick had been wrong to raise the
pornography claims.
However, first Ms Gray, then Sir
Alex, found Mr Green?s statement, and
another denial the next week, to be ?inaccurate and misleading? and therefore
in breach of the ministerial code by
which he is bound.
In his letter to Mrs May last night, Mr
Green maintained that he ?did not
download or view pornography on my
parliamentary computers?, but added:
?I accept that I should have been clear
in my press statements that police
lawyers talked to my lawyers in 2008
about the pornography on the computers, and that the police raised it with me
in a subsequent phone call in 2013. I
apologise that my statements were
misleading on this point.?
There were almost 50 days between
Ms Maltby?s allegations and Mr Green?s
I am extremely sad to be writing this letter. We have been friends and colleagues
throughout our whole political lives - from our early days at university, entering the
House of Commons at the same election, and serving alongside each other both in
Opposition and in Government.
Like you, I know the vast majority of our police to be diligent and honourable public
servants, working hard to protect the public and maintain law and order. But I shared
the concerns raised from across the political spectrum when your Parliamentary office
was raided in 2008 when you were a Shadow Home Office Minister holding the then
Labour Government to account. And I share the concerns, raised once again from
across the political spectrum, at the comments made by a former officer involved in
that case in recent weeks.
While I can understand the considerable distress caused to you by some of the
allegations which have been made in recent weeks, I know that you share my
commitment to maintaining the high standards which the public demands of Ministers
of the Crown.
It is therefore with deep regret, and enduring gratitude for the contribution you have
made over many years, that I asked you to resign from the Government and have
accepted your resignation.
Damian Green?s letter to Theresa May (top) and her reply
Damian Green and his wife, Alicia. He forged his political partnership with the
resignation, but until late last night
there was little sign that a conclusion to
the affair was imminent. Despite mutterings that Ms Gray?s report had been
finalised several weeks ago, Mrs May
received the findings only on Monday.
She decided to seek a second opinion
from Sir Alex, the independent adviser
on ministerial standards. He reported
back yesterday. Though not involved in
the investigation, Sir Alex decided that
the Cabinet Office report offered a
?clear account? and that ?he agrees
with its conclusions, and in particular
that Mr Green?s statements represented breaches of the ministerial code?.
Mr Green sat at Mrs May?s side
during prime minister?s questions yes-
terday, nodding and cheering. Later, he
looked relaxed while fielding questions
from the Lords EU committee. In
another part of Westminster, Mrs May
began her own appointment, addressing the 1922 Committee. She answered
questions on social media and animal
sentience, but there was no mention of
Mr Green. Afterwards Mrs May met
her deputy in Downing Street and
informed him that their political partnership, forged at Oxford University
four decades ago, was over.
The rank and file trooped through
the division lobbies, securing the final
parts of the Withdrawal Bill. ?All anybody could talk about was Damian,?
one MP said.
Parents hail daughter?s
George Sandeman
The parents of the Tory activist Kate
Maltby praised their daughter for her
courage in speaking up about Damian
Green?s behaviour after the first secretary of state?s resignation last night.
Ms Maltby, 31, told The Times last
month how she was left ?angry? following an encounter with Mr Green in 2015
during which she alleged he made inappropriate advances towards her.
Colin and Victoria Maltby said in a
statement: ?We are not surprised to find
The Times reported claims by Kate
Maltby, right, about Mr Green?s actions
that the inquiry found Mr Green to
have been untruthful as a minister, nor
that they found our daughter to be a
plausible witness.?
They said that they had received
many supportive messages from people
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
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News
DAVID CRUMP/REX FEATURES
The time was right for a humane execution
Analysis
T
here is no good time to
sack a deputy prime
minister, but last night was
just about the best point in
the 49-day investigation for
Theresa May to dismiss Damian
Green (Francis Elliott and Henry
Zeffman write).
When The Times reported that
Kate Maltby was accusing Mr Green
of an inappropriate advance,
Westminster and the Conservative
Party were in the grip of crisis about
sexual harassment claims. Sir
Michael Fallon resigned that day.
But that was not the only reason
that the stench of crisis was clinging
to Mrs May?s creaky minority
government. The original deadline
for making sufficient progress in the
Brexit negotiations had not been
met. Whips knew the Withdrawal
Bill was about to run into trouble.
Put another way, had Mr Green
gone sooner, his loss could have
destabilised the regime that his
appointment had been designed to
shore up. When it was time for the
deed to be done, however, Mrs May
had the latitude to carry out as
well-judged and humane a political
execution as Mr Green had any
hope to expect from a friend. Many
will say she had little choice: the
facts were clear, the breaches
proven. In truth the prime minister,
struggled to steel herself to dismiss
one of the very few MPs with whom
she had a personal relationship.
Mr Green, 61, first met Mrs May
at Oxford four decades ago, where
he read philosophy, politics and
economics at Balliol College. He was
president of the Oxford Union
shortly before Philip May, the prime
minister?s husband. Mr Green was
Damaging departures
June 10: Nick Timothy and Fiona
Hill The prime minister?s joint chiefs
of staff resigned after the Tories lost
their Commons majority in the snap
general election. Mrs May had been
warned that she faced a leadership
challenge if she didn?t remove them.
November 1: Sir Michael Fallon The
defence secretary stood down after
allegations of inappropriate
behaviour with women and
admitted his conduct had ?fallen
short?. The journalist Jane Merrick
claimed that he lunged at her and
kissed her on the lips in 2003.
November 8: Priti Patel The
international development secretary
was allowed to resign after it was
learnt that she held unofficial
meetings with the government of
Israel, in breach of the ministerial
code. She took 14 unofficial
meetings with ministers, business
people and a senior lobbyist.
PM four decades ago at university
courage in speaking out
who appreciated ?the importance of speaking out about the
abuse of authority? in spite of
?the attempted campaign in
certain sections of the media
to denigrate and intimidate
her?.
In November Ms Maltby
claimed that Mr Green told
her that his ?wife was very
understanding? and put ?a
fleeting hand against my
knee ? so brief, it was almost deniable?.
This was followed by a
text message, after Mr
Green saw pictures of Ms
Maltby posing in a corset
for a newspaper, which
said: ?Long time no see. But
having admired you in a
corset in my favourite tabloid I feel impelled to ask if
you are free for a drink
anytime??
Mr Green denied the allegations and said they
were ?deeply hurtful?.
generally identified with the ?wet?,
typically grammar school-educated
faction, whereas Mr May was viewed
as an ally of the right. The trio were
also prominent in the Edmund
Burke Society, a more frivolous elite
whose debates Mrs May presided
over with a meat tenderiser instead
of a gavel. Of the group Mrs May
was deemed by far the least likely to
become prime minister.
Mr Green was elected to the
Commons in 1997 ? after leaving a
career in journalism and a stint at
The Times ? alongside Mrs May,
but his climb up the ladder was
gradual and stuttering. He joined
the front bench within a year and
was in the shadow cabinet by 2001.
In the 2005 leadership election Mr
Green backed David Davis, not
David Cameron ? a fact neither
contender ever forgot. When Mr
Cameron entered No 10 in 2010, Mr
Green became a junior immigration
minister and then policing minister
under Mrs May at the Home Office.
He was dismissed by Mr Cameron in
2014. After being brought back by
Mrs May he was appointed to his
role at the heart of Downing Street,
giving personal as much as political
support to his old friend.
Mr Green was one of the very few
who turned up to support Mrs May
at arguably her darkest hour, her
inadequate response to the Grenfell
Tower fire. And yet like her former
chiefs of staff, Nick Timothy and
Fiona Hill, who paid the price for
the bungled election, Mr Green has
discovered that no one, save perhaps
her husband, is indispensable to the
prime minister. Indeed the recent
rally in Mrs May?s political stock
has, if anything, made it easier for
her to weather another storm.
?Individuals don?t matter very
much in reshuffles,? Mr Green said
back in 2004. ?Any politician is
replaceable at any time.?
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
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Elderly preyed on in scam to settle tax bills with gift cards
David Byers
Assistant Personal Finance Editor
Elderly and vulnerable people have
been conned out of more than �7 million by bogus tax office staff who persuade them to settle non-existent bills
using iTunes gift cards.
In what has been described as a ?particularly wicked scam? targeting the
most vulnerable, cold callers tell victims that they are a member of staff
from HM Revenue & Customs and are
ringing about an unpaid tax bill, which
must be paid immediately or the person
will be arrested.
The scammer tells the victim that
they can pay their bill using gift cards,
including those used in Apple?s iTunes
store, and they should go to a local shop
and buy some straightaway. In many
cases the victim is kept on the phone as
they go to the shop and make the purchase, and they are then told to read the
redemption code out to the conman on
the line.
The fraudster sells the code or uses it
to buy luxury goods. They sometimes
contact the victim by text message or
email, making similar demands.
Action Fraud, the UK?s national
fraud reporting centre, said that there
had been more than 1,500 reports of the
scam since the start of 2016. An average
of �150 was stolen from each of the victims, who are usually over the age of 65.
This means that the total stolen across
the country is likely to come to about
�725 million in less than two years.
?These scammers are very confident,
convincing and utterly ruthless,?
Angela MacDonald, HMRC?s director-
general of customer services, said. ?We
don?t want to see anyone fall victim to
this scam just before Christmas. That?s
why we?re working closely with crime
fighters to ensure taxpayers know how
to avoid it.
?These scams often prey on vulnerable people. We urge people with elderly
relatives to warn them about this scam
and remind them that they should
never trust anyone who phones them
out of the blue and asks them to pay a
tax bill.
?If you think that you have been a
victim you should contact Action
Fraud immediately.?
Police forces have for months been
warning people about the racket after
receiving numerous reports of local
incidents.
Gary Millner, chief executive of the
charity Tax Help for Older People, said:
?This is a particularly wicked scam. We
have taken too many calls from people
who have fallen foul of it. The amounts
of money lost are significant for some
and the feelings of helplessness, violation and embarrassment are immense.?
TIM ROOKE/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK: BEN CAWTHRA/LNP; STEPHEN LOCK/I-IMAGES
Markle
adds the
sparkle
to lunch
at Palace
S
everal
generations of
the royal family
gathered at
Buckingham
Palace yesterday for
their traditional preChristmas lunch, but
one woman stole the
show: Meghan Markle
(Valentine Low writes).
For Ms Markle, 36, it
was her first big royal
occasion since it was
announced that she is to
join the family at church
in Sandringham on
Christmas Day.
Some 50 members of
the extended family
joined the Queen and
Duke of Edinburgh for
lunch at the palace
before her Christmas
break at Sandringham.
Prince Harry, 33,
drove his fianc閑 to the
lunch from Kensington
Palace. Her appearance
at Buckingham Palace is
part of her fast-track
induction into the ways
of the royal family
before she and Harry
Meghan Markle was joined
at the lunch by the Earl of
St Andrews and his
daughter Lady Amelia
Windsor, top right, and
Prince and Princess
Michael of Kent
marry at St George?s
Chapel, Windsor, in
May.
Although she has met
the Queen on a couple
of occasions, the lunch
was the first opportunity
for many royals to meet
the forthcoming
addition to the family.
Ms Markle will join
the Queen at church on
Christmas Day and have
lunch with the royal
family at Sandringham
afterwards, although it
is thought that she and
Harry will stay with the
Duke and Duchess of
Cambridge at Anmer
Hall, their home on the
Sandringham estate.
William and Kate
arrived at the lunch a
few minutes before
Harry and Ms Markle,
with William at the
wheel and George and
Charlotte in the back.
Their nanny, Mar韆
Teresa Turri髇, sat
between them.
The occasion also
served as a reminder of
the other way in which
Ms Markle?s life has
changed: an army of
dedicated royal followers
instantly identifying her
fashion choices on social
media. In this case it was
a black, white and pink
Self-Portrait Nightshade
midi dress and Birks
Snowflake earrings.
Other guests included
the Prince of Wales and
Duchess of Cornwall,
Prince and Princess
Michael of Kent, the
Earl of St Andrews and
his daughter Lady
Amelia Windsor.
Princess Beatrice and
Princess Eugenie were
also seen arriving by car.
Couple lose home after 3-inch ?land grab?
Frances Gibb Legal Editor
A couple who must leave their home
after a legal battle with neighbours over
a three-inch strip of land say that they
have nowhere to go.
Yvette and Herman Constantine,
who are retired, went to court over an
extension that they claimed was built
into their garden by their neighbours
while they were away on holiday.
They accused Sardar Ali, 62, his wife,
Haliman, and son Tajammul, 36, of
knocking down a fence between their
properties in East Ham, London, and
extending their house by three inches
over the boundary.
However, the Constantines, who
represented themselves, have lost the
legal fight over claims of trespass and
have been ordered to pay the Alis? legal
fees, amounting to �2,544. The deadline for payment is now three weeks
away.
They say they will have nowhere else
to live on January 5 when they are
forced to hand over the keys to their
seven-bedroom, �0,000 house,
where they have lived for 31 years. Their
living room is already filled with dozens
of boxes as they prepare to move out.
Mrs Constantine, 57, a former council
worker, said they returned in 2009
from a three-week cruise in the Caribbean to find the extension built. The ensuing dispute led to a civil court case in
2012. A settlement was reached in principle but not formalised. The case then
went to the City of London county
court for a hearing. The court ruled in
favour of the Alis, saying the extension
was not a trespass.
The Constantines appealed in May
but lost and have received a final
demand for payment of the Alis? legal
fees.
Mrs Constantine said: ?We were told
they have to sell our house. Can you
imagine that? We tried to appeal but
they didn?t give us permission. It has
Ali house
Constantine
house
3in
Herman Constantine claims the Alis? rear extension, left, overshot the
boundary. He says he will have to sell his house after losing in court
been the most stressful point of our
lives.?
Her husband, Herman, 66, added: ?I
don?t have any kind of money now,
everything is in my house. It?s giving me
a headache and I don?t want my blood
pressure to go up.? The
Constantines, who have
three grown-up children, said that the
family were still
paying the mort-
gage and would struggle to find funds
for another place. ?I don?t know what
we will do. We want to express the injustice and we hope things will turn
around,? Mrs Constantine said.
According to The Sun, the court order
gives the Alis the right to sell the property for at least �0,000, of which
�2,544 will then pay their bills. The
rest will be given to the Constantines.
Mark Woloshak, of the law firm Slater and Gordon, said: ?Boundary disputes can be very expensive. It is also
difficult to determine the exact boundary, when the area in question is as
small as it appears to have been in
this case. The plans held by the
Land Registry are taken from
Ordnance Survey plans and, as a
result, cannot be 100 per cent accurate.? Mr Ali said yesterday: ?I don?t
want to talk about it. The time to talk
about it was eight years ago but not
now. Talk to my son ? he?s not
around at the moment.?
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
Andrew Ellson
Consumer Affairs Correspondent
Ground rents will be outlawed on all
newly built flats as the government
went further than expected yesterday
in a crackdown on unfair leasehold
practices.
Ministers will also make it cheaper
and easier for existing leaseholders to
buy out their freeholds and promised
better information on redress for those
who face the most onerous terms. In July Sajid Javid, the communities
secretary, promised action on the leasehold system following outrage that
builders were selling houses under leases where the ground rent doubled every
ten years, making many properties effectively unsellable.
In many cases these leases were
bought by anonymous offshore investors who demanded large sums from
homeowners to buy out the contracts.
At the time, the government launched a
consultation saying it wanted to ban
ground rents on new-build houses but
yesterday it also promised to set ground
rents to zero on new-build flats.
Mr Javid said: ?It?s unacceptable for
home buyers to be exploited through
unnecessary leaseholds, unjustifiable
charges and onerous ground rent
terms. It?s clear from the overwhelming
response from the public that real
action is needed to end these feudal
practices. That?s why the measures this
government is putting in place will help
create a system that actually works for
consumers.?
Most flats are sold with leases of
between 99 and 999 years. The freehold
is usually sold separately, with its owner
charging leaseholders an annual
ground rent and management fee to insure, maintain and service communal
areas. Most leases state that the leaseholders are financially liable for upkeep
but the freeholder is responsible for organising it, a system that critics say encourages freeholders to levy excessive
charges.
Campaigners welcomed the crackdown. Sebastian Kelly, of Leasehold
Knowledge Partnership, a charity that
helps leaseholders in dispute with freeholders, said: ?Playing the ground rent
game has been a favoured way of builders to pay themselves extra cash to the
disadvantage of their own customers.
Now they have been rumbled.
?The real question is what this will
mean for the millions of existing leasehold homeowners. Hopefully the government will make good on its promise
to make buying freeholds and extending leases cheaper and easier.?
There are an estimated 4.2 million
residential leasehold dwellings in the
private sector in England. Of these,
2.8 million are leasehold flats.
The government said it will work
with the Law Commission to make the
process of purchasing a freehold or extending a lease easier, faster and cheaper. It will also conduct an internal review of the support and advice to leaseholders to make sure it is ?fit for
purpose in this new legislative and regulatory environment?.
Property
crisis linked
to migration
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
High immigration has fuelled increased demand for rented property,
making it difficult for young people to
save for a house deposit, according to a
report due to be published today.
One third of properties in the private-rented sector in England have a
foreign-born head of household, up
from a fifth in 2000, according to the report by Migration Watch UK, which
campaigns for lower immigration.
Homes headed by those born abroad
accounted for more than 80 per cent of
the growth in the London private-rented sector over the past ten years, the report says. Over the same period
London rents rose by more than a third,
according to the pressure group.
The report draws a clear link
between the heavy demand for housing
in England and ?massive? levels of immigration. It says figures from the
Office for National Statistics show that
of the net change in the number of
households in England of just over 1.2
million between 2005 and 2014, more
than 1.1 million had a foreign-born head
of home.
The report warns that rental prices
will remain high while demand continues to exceed supply. ?If there is no reduction in immigration, then a very
large proportion of future household
growth in England will continue to be a
result of [this].?
No. 2113
� PUZZLER MEDIA
Crackdown on unfair leases puts end
to ground rents on new-build flats
Suko�
Place the numbers 1 to 9 in the
spaces so that the number in each
circle is equal to the sum of the four
surrounding spaces, and each colour
total is correct
Solution and more puzzles
MindGames in Times2
Driving ban for MP
A Tory MP has been banned
from driving for six months after
pleading guilty to texting at the
wheel. Richard Benyon, 57, who
represents Newbury in Berkshire,
was caught by police in north
London in April. The MP, who
already had six points on his
licence, was ordered to pay more
than �0 in fines and costs by
magistrates in Willesden. Benyon,
who was environment minister
under David Cameron, said: ?I
deeply regret my actions and
entirely accept the verdict.?
Burial site protected
The former burial place of
Richard III, which lay beneath a
Leicester car park until an
excavation in 2012, has been
given protected status. The
remains of the 13th-century
Greyfriars friary are thought to
be well preserved under the car
park. Duncan Wilson, of Historic
England, said the site was ?one of
the most significant in our
national history.?
Ex-councillor convicted
A former Ukip councillor stole
more than �,000 from the bank
account an elderly man after
finding him wandering confused
in the street in 2013. Stephanie
Todd, 57, from Catterick, North
Yorkshire, said she took Philip
Wall, who is now 98, ?under her
wing? because he had no one
else. She will be sentenced in the
new year after being convicted of
theft at Teesside crown court.
Canary breached code
A left-wing news website has
been sanctioned by Impress, the
state-approved press watchdog,
for publishing a misleading article
about Laura Kuenssberg, the BBC
political editor. The Canary was
found to have breached the code
when it wrongly reported that she
would speak at the Conservative
Party conference and questioned
her impartiality. Impress is not
backed by any major news outlet.
Kiss-and-tell book ban
Donna Desporte, 48, from
Bournemouth, who had an
affair with Gareth Bull, 45, a
� million lottery winner from
Nottinghamshire, was banned by
the High Court in London from
publishing a kiss-and-tell book.
Judge Patrick Moloney said that
Ms Desporte had a right to
freedom of speech but that it was
qualified by the need to respect the
rights of others, including privacy.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
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HUGO MICHIELS/LNP
Pier into the distance A glorious sunset lit up the sky over Brighton Palace Pier yesterday. It will be mostly mild across Britain today with some drizzle but brighter and drier in the north. Full forecast, page 60
Detective removed from duty after
two rape trials collapsed in week
David Brown Chief News Correspondent
Fiona Hamilton Crime Editor
A Metropolitan Police officer involved
in two collapsed rape cases was
removed from active duty last night.
Detective Constable Mark Azariah was
stood down as a ?precaution? while the
force reviews all open sex abuse cases,
prioritising roughly 30 alleged rapes
about to go to trial.
Two cases collapsed in one week
after failure to disclose material that
assisted the defence. Jeremy Wright,
QC, the attorney-general, described
them as ?appalling failures?. Mr Wright
is conducting a review and Theresa
May told the Commons: ?It is
important that we look at this again so
we make sure we are truly providing
justice.?
The Times understands that at least
two other police officers were involved
in the disclosure process in the case of
Isaac Itiary, 25, which collapsed on
Wednesday. Mr Itiary, a father who
spent four months in jail awaiting trial
for child rape, is considering suing the
Met and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS).
A legal source connected with the
cases said they believed that Mr Azariah, a member of the force?s child abuse
and sexual offences unit, was being
?hung out to dry? by the Met, which
seemed to be portraying him as a
?rogue officer?. The truth was that dis-
Mark Azariah, left, delayed emailing
texts by Isaac Itiary?s accuser
closure problems were far more widespread, the source said.
On Friday The Times revealed the
collapse of the trial of Liam Allan, 22, a
criminology student accused of rape.
Police had failed to disclose texts from
a woman that proved his innocence.
Mr Itiary, from Walworth, southeast
London, faced six charges of sexual activity with a child, two of rape and one
of making indecent photographs. The
girl was 14 and 15 at the time of the
alleged offences but the case was
dropped at Inner London crown court
after police disclosed texts that showed
she routinely posed as a 19-year-old.
Mr Itiary?s defence lawyers had been
asking for the records of the complainant?s mobile telephone since September
but they were not emailed by Mr Azariah until Sunday. The next day the CPS
said that it was dropping the case.
Sundeep Pankhania, of Gower Solicitors, and the barrister Mary AspinallMiles, who acted for Mr Itiary, said that
disclosure had been ?disjointed, piecemeal and in contravention of repeated
court orders?. They added: ?It has
become apparent that there may be
additional evidence as yet undisclosed
to the defence which informed the
Crown Prosecution Service?s decision.?
Commander Richard Smith, who
oversees rape cases for the Met, denied
there were systemic failures but acknowledged the review could affect
hundreds of cases. Cressida Dick, the
Met commissioner, told the BBC that
police and prosecutors had made mistakes and needed to learn lessons, but
her officers were professional and fair.
A Met source said that officers were
overwhelmed by the amount of digital
evidence and were handling up to 30
investigations at any given time.
The Criminal Law Solicitors? Association reiterated criticism from senior
lawyers that the collapsed prosecutions
reveal the ?tip of the iceberg?.
Dominic Raab, the justice minister,
told BBC Radio 5 Live that the collapse
of two prosecutions was ?worrying
What we need to know now is quite
how widespread that is and why.?
Nigel Evans, an MP who was cleared
of rape, called for a nationwide review
of the police disclosure of evidence in
sexual abuse investigations.
Failures by the Met?s rape investigation unit to disclose evidence were
exposed two years ago. A report by
Dame Elish Angiolini, QC, highlighted
huge workloads and a lack of training.
Letters, page 32
Police chief wants rethink on ?automatic belief? of sex crimes
Fiona Hamilton
The head of the National Police Chiefs?
Council wants forces to rethink their
policy of automatically believing
alleged victims of sexual crime, The
Times has learnt.
Sara Thornton, the former chief constable of Thames Valley, also has concerns about police describing complainants as victims at the outset of an
investigation before anything has been
evaluated, let alone proven.
It is understood she feels that the
police service has gone too far in the
instruction to immediately believe
alleged victims, a national policy aimed
at encouraging people to come forward
and give them confidence that they will
be taken seriously. The fraught issue
has resulted in a deadlock at the most
senior level of the police service
because the College of Policing, which
produces guidance for forces, strongly
backs the status quo.
The policy has been under review for
more than a year since Sir Richard
Henriques, a retired High Court judge
who examined the Metropolitan
Police?s disastrous VIP abuse inquiry,
said that the automatic-belief policy
warped the judgment of officers.
Sir Richard identified a string of failings in Operation Midland, which investigated false claims of a Westminster
sex abuse ring, and recommended key
changes to ensure similar mistakes
were not repeated. He said that the
instruction to ?believe a victim?s account? should be withdrawn and detectives should approach allegations
objectively, impartially and with an
open mind.
The belief policy undermined the
principle of innocent until proven
guilty, he warned.
Sources said that Ms Thornton believed there was force in Sir Richard?s
arguments. Lord Hogan-Howe, the retired head of the Met, has previously
called for an end to automatic belief.
The issue is understood to be deadlocked because of the opposing views of
Ms Thornton and senior members of
the College. It says that there is a plethora of evidence, including from the
NSPCC and rape crisis groups, that the
fear of not being believed was a major
factor in victims not coming forward.
A spokesman for the College said: ?It
is vital that the public have trust and
confidence in police investigations and
we know, both from past investigations
and extensive research, that one of the
main reasons victims do not report
abuse is a fear of not being believed.?
Existing guidance states that complainants should be believed at the
point that they give their account, unless there is credible evidence to determine otherwise, and a full, impartial investigation should follow.
Suspects are
?treated with
contempt?
Frances Gibb Legal Editor
A former director of public prosecutions has blamed a ?victim culture? for
police failures to reveal evidence.
Lord Macdonald of River Glaven,
QC, said that the promotion of victims?
rights over defendants? protections had
come home to roost in the past few
years. This had led to a ?hostile attitude
to suspects that borders on contempt
for them and their rights,? he said, adding: ?Failure to disclose evidence is a
symptom of this contempt.?
Lord Macdonald, who was director of
public prosecutions from 2003 to 2008,
said that the cases of Isaac Itiary, 25,
and Liam Allan, 22, were two examples
of failures of public policy. Charges
against Mr Itiary of rape and sexual
activity with a child were dropped after
messages from his accuser showed that
she lied about her age. The trial of Mr
Allan collapsed after messages from his
accuser showed that she had lied.
?Complainants should be treated
with respect, but the inclination to refer
to them as victims, even before a trial
has determined that this is what they
are, tramples over the objectivity police
should bring to their investigations,?
Lord Macdonald said. He also criticised
cuts to Crown Prosecution Service
funding. ?You get what you pay for, and
if you don?t want to pay, expect miscarriages of justice,? he said.
Lord Macdonald did not refer to his
successors by name but both Sir Keir
Starmer and the present director of
public prosecutions, Alison Saunders,
are known to have promoted a ?victim?
rhetoric to which he referred.
The peer backed the prosecution of
complainants who made false allegations but warned that it could deter
genuine victims.
The Criminal Law Solicitors Association said that failures over disclosure of
evidence were ?only too common?. A
survey of 500 lawyers found that 98 per
cent had reported failures in their cases.
10
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
Grenfell Tower chief stays
put to protect his pension
Dominic Kennedy Investigations Editor
The Grenfell Tower housing chief has
refused to resign because he wants to
protect his pension benefits.
A board member who is reluctant to
give Robert Black any form of golden
handshake was suspended for separate
reasons before a meeting at which the
issue was expected to be discussed.
Mr Black was chief executive of the
company under investigation by police
for the alleged corporate manslaughter
of the 71 people killed in the fire. He has
stepped down from the top job but his
continued presence on the payroll has
distressed survivors.
The Kensington and Chelsea Tenant
Management Organisation, which ran
the tower, has publicly defended keeping Mr Black, claiming that he was
needed to concentrate on helping the
police investigation and judge-led inquiry. It emerges, however, that
the sticking point was his pension, which would be reduced
by 35 per cent if he quit.
The organisation?s board has
been secretly considering how
to persuade him to leave, including making a top-up
payment to protect
his retirement income. The company has already
paid up to �,540
towards the pen-
sion of Yvonne Birch, the organisation?s
executive director of people, performance and governance at the time of the
fire. She has now retired early.
There were scenes of fury outside the
annual meeting of the management
company in October when the crowd
learnt that Mr Black was still receiving
a salary.
Board members were told that Mr
Black was unwilling to resign because
his pension lump sum and annual payment would be 35 per cent lower if he
took them early.
Ms Birch?s payment was approved by
the company?s three-strong appointments and remuneration committee.
The organisation suspended Maria
Escudero-Barbaza, 66, a tenant representative, as a director by email on Friday evening. She was banned from attending the board meeting on Monday.
She was accused of talking about
boardroom business outside the meetings, which she denies.
Ms Escudero-Barbaza, a retired
Royal Mail worker, was the last
board member representing the
Lancaster West estate where the
tower stood. She said of Mr Black?s
pension: ?They are doing something about it and maybe
that?s why they didn?t want
me at this meeting because
Robert Black would lose
out significantly if he quit
they know already I am not going to go
for it.?
Judith Blakeman, 71, a ward councillor for Grenfell Tower since 1978, was
expelled from the board of the management organisation in October after
speaking to the media about management failings. The tenant organisation
was stripped of responsibility for Lancaster West estate by the council in
August. Ms Blakeman said: ?If senior
staff are leaving with enhanced payments from the housing revenue accounts that should be run past the residents first because that?s their money.?
The tenant management organisation said that its key function was to
assist the investigations: ?We are fully
engaging with the police and the public
inquiry. The board and everyone at
KCTMO are determined to continue to
be open, functional and offer their full
co-operation to all those involved in
finding out what happened at Grenfell
and to ensure such awful events cannot
happen again.?
6 The judge heading the public inquiry
has asked all organisations connected
with the management and refurbishment of Grenfell Tower to outline their
roles and responsibilities and state with
whom they entered into sub-contracts.
Sir Martin Moore-Bick is planning a
further preliminary hearing for the end
of next month.
dkennedy@thetimes.co.uk
Letters, page 32
LEE THOMAS
Painting with light The Nativity story is told in colourful images beamed on to
the western face of Lichfield cathedral in Staffordshire each night until Saturday
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
11
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News
Cruise ships decked out for hi-tech fun
Ben Clatworthy
Forget cruise ships with climbing walls
and waterslides ? onboard attractions
that were considered revolutionary a
few years ago are being ditched in
favour of exciting new ?Instagramworthy? pursuits.
Instead, holidaymakers will be able to
drive go-karts on deck, play outdoor
laser-tag and spot marine life with
underwater drones as ships turn into
playgrounds for the wealthy.
The new breed of vessels, which are
due next year, are the most technologically advanced ships ever built. Their
inception is the latest attempt to attract
younger passengers to a holiday that is
usually the preserve of those approaching their twilight
years.
?It is clear cruise
lines are no longer
appealing to a specific
niche of passengers
and the levels of innovation that are being
rolled out on these
ships is astonishing,?
Adam Coulter, managing editor of the website
Cruise Critic UK, said.
?Whether it is entertainment, new dining
fads or new activities,
this stuff is going beyond
what you get on land. It is
more than just a gimmick, and they are really
tapping into millennials?
needs. The pace of change is extraordinary.?
Research by the Cruise Lines International Association, the industry
body, found that the average age of British cruisers had fallen from 57 in 2013 to
55.4 last year. The report also said that
first-time cruisers tended to be younger
than regular cruise passengers.
Norwegian Cruise Line?s on-deck
racetrack is one of the most eagerly
awaited attractions. The dual-level
circuit, where drivers can whizz around
in electric cars, has been installed on its
new ship Norwegian Bliss, which
launches in April.
The 4,000-passenger vessel will also
boast a laser game that involves
shooting opponents with infrared guns,
and a water park with slides that protrude over the edge of the vessel. She is
due to come into service in May and
will sail in Alaska and the Caribbean.
Scenic, the upmarket river cruise
line, is also set to launch ocean-going
voyages next year with the debut in
Ships such as Scenic Eclipse are designed to lure a new breed of passenger, with the addition of racetracks, submarines and drones
Cities
Ci
i at sea
Underwater lounge
Lounges beneath the
waves with windows
and pictures from
external cameras,
launch next year on
Ponant?s yachts Le
Laperouse and Le
Champlain.
family suite on Royal
Caribbean?s Symphony
of the Seas, launching
next year, has a slide
from bedrooms to the
living area, a Lego wall
and butler service.
Prices start at �,000
a week.
Mega-suites
Sleeping eight, the
Zip wires
Passengers on Royal
August of Scenic Eclipse, a 228-passenger ?discovery yacht?. The sleek allblack vessel is home to two helicopters
and a seven-seater glass submarine,
which will take guests underwater to
watch deep-sea marine life. She will
also carry rigid inflatable boats and
kayaks.
It is not the first time a submarine has
been installed on a cruise ship. At a cost
Caribbean?s ?oasis class?
ships fly 82ft (25m)
across the deck. Some
offer ice-skating.
Planetarium
The Queen Mary 2 has a
3D cinema and
planetarium. Members
of the Royal
Astronomical Society
travel on some voyages.
of $2 million, the C-Explorer 3 is a
three-person submarine that Crystal
Cruises installed on Esprit, its yachtsized ship. It can dive to a depth of 300m
and cruise at a speed of three knots. The
company charges $599 for a 20 to 30
minute ride.
Late next year, Celebrity Edge will
debut in the Caribbean and is one of the
most anticipated launches, according
Stepfather of drowned boy is jailed
The stepfather of a five-year-old boy
who drowned at a water park has been
jailed for more than seven years.
Paul Smith, 36, was heard swearing
and blaming others after Charlie Dunn
went missing while unsupervised at
Boswell Water Park, Leicestershire.
The body of the boy, who could not
swim, was pulled from the 1.4m-deep
lagoon in July last year. He was on the
child protection register.
Mrs Justice Jefford, the High Court
judge, sentenced Smith to five years
and two months for the boy?s manslaughter with a consecutive two-year
term for threatening to throw a petrol
bomb at the home of a witness. He
received a further four months for
driving while disqualified.
The boy?s mother, Lynsey Dunn, 28,
was given an eight-month suspended
jail term after admitting neglecting her
son in 2015 when he was prevented
from driving a toy car on to a main road.
Smith, from Tamworth, Stafford-
shire, initially denied any wrongdoing
in relation to the death but earlier this
month admitted unlawful killing on the
grounds of gross negligence.
Birmingham crown court was told
that other children pulled Charlie from
the lagoon after Smith was allegedly
seen smoking and they heard swearing.
Five-year-old
Charlie Dunn was
left to ?fend for
himself? in the
water park pool
The court was told that Charlie was left
to ?fend for himself? in the pool, which
had signs warning parents that youngsters must be supervised.
Social services became involved with
Charlie, whose death is being examined
by a serious case review, when he was 14
months old. The court was told that
Staffordshire county council noted
?poor home conditions, a lack of food
and poor hygiene? before he was placed
on a protection register in June 2015.
Mary Prior, QC , for the prosecution,
said that Smith ?had a status of being a
risk to children?. She told the court
before sentence that Dunn was of
?limited intellect? and had no previous
convictions.
Passing sentence, Mrs Justice Jefford
said: ?I do not doubt that Lynsey Dunn
and Paul Smith had genuine love and
affection for Charlie.? She rejected
Smith?s claim that he had been an
?impeccable? stepfather, telling him:
?Nothing could be further from the
truth. You were completely indifferent
to Charlie?s whereabouts and safety.
This was not . . . an isolated and momentary lapse in care and supervision.?
The judge said that the children who
pulled Charlie from the water had suffered a horrific experience and praised
?the care these young boys showed?.
to Mr Coulter. The 2,908-passenger
liner features a ?magic carpet?. The
cantilevered platform, complete with
bar and dining area, is the first of its
kind to be built on a ship, and will move
up and down the side of the vessel as she
sails.
The underwater exploration trend
continues aboard the 530-passenger
MS Roald Amundsen, which debuts in
Antarctica in October. The ship?s owners Hurtigruten, the Norwegian-based
cruise line, have fitted her with
underwater drones designed by a
Silicon Valley robotics firm. The drones
can dive 150m below the surface while
streaming live video, which will be
displayed on screens around the boat or
on to personal devices.
?Expedition cruises are by far the
most predominant and exciting trend
in the cruise industry next year,? Sara
Macefield, a cruise expert, said.
?There are six or seven new expedition ships launching next year and even
more in 2019.?
According to Ms Macefield 2018 is
also set to be the year that the UK cruise
market surpasses two million holidaymakers.
The cruises do not come cheap. A
week on-board Norwegian Bliss, at the
budget end of the market, costs from
�549 per person in July, excluding
flights. At the luxury end, an 11-day
voyage on Scenic Eclipse costs �,195
per person, including flights.
Murder ?right charge for
man who killed burglar?
Jonathan Ames, Neil Johnston
Frances Gibb Legal Editor
Prosecutors were justified in taking an
?all or nothing? approach by charging a
man who killed a drunken burglar with
murder rather than manslaughter,
legal experts said yesterday.
Errol Hanson, 51, was cleared of the
murder charge on Tuesday after saying
that he had acted in self-defence when
he stabbed Mohammed Savare, 26,
more than 50 times.
Mr Hanson discovered the intruder
trying to steal his television and wrestled him outside the house in Catford,
southeast London. He locked him out
before going indoors to get two knives.
The Crown Prosecution Service said
yesterday that murder was the correct
charge. ?Given the number of stab
wounds to the victim there was clearly
an intent to cause serious harm,? a
spokesman said. ?Manslaughter is an
alternative to murder and the jury were
asked to consider that offence also
when they retired. In the end, the jury
believed the defendant acted in selfdefence, which would have resulted in
?not guilty?, irrespective of if the charge
was murder or manslaughter.?
Jonathan Black, former president of
the London Criminal Law Solicitors?
Association, added: ?It would have
been a decision of the judge to invite the
CPS to suggest to the jury that they
could be asked to bring back a conviction on a lower charge of manslaughter.
But the prosecution in this case clearly
thought they had a strong enough case
to get the higher conviction.
?Sometimes prosecutors don?t like to
give juries the option of an easier
conviction.?
12
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
Good sense
goes down
the tube
A
man who was
filmed jumping
across a Tube line
in front of a train has
been condemned by
Transport for London
for risking the safety of
passengers. The footage,
thought to have been
filmed at Stratford, was
uploaded to Instagram.
TfL said it was working
with police to ?ensure
that action was taken?.
Rural areas get right to superfast broadband
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
More than a million British families
and businesses in rural areas who
struggle with slow internet connections will have the right to demand an
upgrade to superfast broadband under
rules announced yesterday.
The government said that only new
rules on broadband speeds enforced by
law ? a ?universal service obligation?
(USO) imposed on all internet providers ? would be sufficient to ensure that
consumers across the entire country
received a minimum speed of 10 Mbps
by 2020. That is the speed deemed
necessary for an average family by
Ofcom, the industry watchdog.
The decision is a rejection of a ?voluntary? proposal from BT to upgrade
broadband speeds for 99 per cent of
people in more remote areas.
BT?s rivals, including Talktalk and
Sky, had threatened legal action over
the voluntary plan because the cost of
the work, estimated at up to �0 million, would have been shouldered by
the entire broadband industry, which
would then have had little say in how it
was carried out.
There were also concerns about
whether a voluntary deal would have
allowed BT to escape a legal obligation
to deliver the promised improvements
on time.
The Department for Digital, Culture,
Media and Sport said: ?We did not feel
the proposal was strong enough . . . and
have therefore decided not to pursue
BT?s proposal in favour of providing a
legal right to broadband.?
About 4 per cent of UK homes and
offices ? about 1.1 million properties ?
are unable to access broadband speeds
of at least 10Mbps, according to Ofcom.
BT said that it respected the government?s decision. A company spokesman said: ?BT and Openreach want to
get on with the job of making decent
broadband available to everyone in the
UK so we?ll continue to explore the
commercial options for bringing faster
speeds to those parts of the country
that are hardest to reach. We?ll work
with government, Ofcom and industry
to help deliver the regulatory USO.?
The government will need to draft
secondary legislation to set the USO
that will create a legal requirement for
high-speed broadband to be provided to
anyone requesting it, subject to a cost
threshold.
Karen Bradley, the culture secretary,
said: ?We want everyone to benefit
from a fast and reliable connection. We
have decided that only a regulatory
approach will make high-speed broad-
band a reality for everyone in the UK,
regardless of where they live or work.?
Tristia Harrison, chief executive of
Talktalk, said: ?The government has
made the right decision for consumers.
Broadband is increasingly a utility and
it is critical that all of society has fast,
affordable access.
?By opting for formal regulation
rather than weaker promises, ministers
are guaranteeing consumers will get
the minimum speeds they need at a
price they can afford. The whole industry now needs to work together to
ensure customers see the benefits as
quickly as possible.?
Robin Pagnamenta, page 45
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
13
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News
Hackers con parents
with fake school bills
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
authors was William Shakespeare.
In Psalm 46, the 46th word is
?shake?, and the 46th word from the
end is ?spear?. Furthermore,
Shakespeare was 46 when the Bible
was completed. I hope he didn?t bill
them for that bit of self-promotion.
Bennett tunes
in to trash TV
In one of the more surprising
developments in a curious year,
Alan Bennett writes about Love
Island in the latest London Review of
Books. The 83-year-old playwright
found the reality show, in which
attractive young people lounge by
the pool and try to cop off with
each other, rather tedious but says
that it has ?immensely respectable
origins? in the hyper-sexed
Bloomsbury set. The show featured
quite a lot of decorative art ? ?the
men are almost obliterated by
tattoos,? Bennett writes ? but
perhaps lacked the literary side of
Bloomsbury. Bennett observes that
the world?s smallest facility must be
the Love Island library.
a house divided
Unity Blott would be a good name
for one of the Bloomsbury set, or
perhaps someone in a Waugh novel.
Instead, she writes gushing pieces
about the royal family for Mail
Online. Recent highlights include a
report on the Duke of Cambridge?s
velvet slippers, an analysis of how
Meghan Markle will cure Prince
Harry?s shyness and a piece on how
the Prince of Wales ?spread
Christmas cheer? on a visit to
Southwark. I?m sure they will have
been read avidly by Blott?s mother,
the hard-left Labour MP Emma
Dent Coad, whose commentary on
the royals is more along ?sack the
scroungers? lines.
Labour?s research department was
easing down before Christmas. It sent
out a briefing for prime minister?s
questions to backbenchers 38 minutes
after it had started and eight minutes
after it was due to have ended.
Fortunately John Bercow lets PMQs
drag on so long these days that there
were still 15 minutes in which eager
beavers could pipe up.
the good book
Our letters page has featured
correspondence this week about the
committee that wrote the King
James Bible. No one has yet raised
the theory, sent to me by the critic
Roger Lewis, that one of the
Alan Johnson, the former home
secretary, said at a recent political
book event that when he voted in
favour of airstrikes in Syria two years
ago he got a letter from a disgruntled
constituent saying that as a result he
was going to buy Johnson?s latest
book but refuse to read it. A
delightfully petty, and rather British,
form of protest. ?Fine by me,? Johnson
replied. ?I still get the royalties.?
bubbling under
Ever keen to find ways to raise
money to fix the roof, the House of
Commons is cashing in on Darkest
Hour, a film about Winston
Churchill, by offering the public the
chance to attend a ?Churchill
Dining Experience?. For �, you
get a tour of parliament, a threecourse dinner and a glass of Pol
Roger. Doesn?t sound that authentic
an experience. When did Churchill,
above, ever stop at one glass? Pol
Roger was his favourite champagne,
of which he said: ?In defeat I need
it, in victory I deserve it.?
patrick kidd
Nicola Woolcock
Education Correspondent
Cybercriminals are defrauding parents
of thousands of pounds by hacking into
private school computer systems and
sending them fake bills for fees.
Police have asked independent
schools to tell parents to be cautious if
they receive emails with suspicious
attachments or asking for payments to
be made to a different bank account.
A cybersecurity expert said that in
one case a parent with three children at
an independent school had paid
�,000 to hackers after being offered a
10 per cent ?early bird? discount.
A message from the organised crime
command at the Metropolitan Police to
the Independent Schools Council said:
?Police have become aware that UK
private school fee payments are actively
being targeted by cybercriminals.
?The attack begins with an email sent
to parents stating the latest payment
details for school fees. The email
appears official and at times is being
sent from the school?s own compromised email system. The new bank
details belong to the hackers and results
in all school fees being diverted into the
criminal?s accounts.
?All parents need to be cautious if you
receive emails stating a change of payment detail or containing unexpected
attachments. You should telephone the
school on the usual number, not one
contained within the email, and double
check the validity of all information
before making any payment.?
Neil Hare-Brown, a director at Storm
Guidance, a digital investigations company, said that schools were vulnerable
because some had switched their
online systems to a form of Google
Docs, Google for Education.
In such cases cybercriminals did not
have to hack into individual schools?
systems but needed only to discover a
school?s username and password.
He said: ?I?ve had six cases recently
from schools and three more from
parents. Typically a school?s admissions
team is targeted with a phishing message, to which they fall victim. This
could be purportedly from an organisation such as an agent of the school.
?They use a [false] email of a person
known to the school to send a shared
document, eg through Dropbox, which
asks you to enter your username and
password to view. Once they have that
they can log into Google for Education
as the school and access the administrator?s email.?
Mr Hare-Brown said the hackers
then created fake documents with new
bank account details and could send
out invoices to parents.
He criticised the banks for lax
security in allowing criminals to set up
new accounts so easily. ?We had one
criminal who opened up an account as
a school in Surrey, with exactly the
same name. The bank did no due
diligence,? he said.
14
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
News Brexit
UK must do hundreds
of deals, warns Barnier
Bruno Waterfield Brussels
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Britain must complete negotiations
with 168 countries by itself to replicate
or roll over more than 750 international
trade or aviation agreements before a
Brexit transition period begins, the
European Union?s chief negotiator said
yesterday.
In comments aimed at Liam Fox,
Michel Barnier questioned whether the
trade department was capable of carrying out the negotiations in time for
Brexit in March 2019. ?The UK needs to
prepare as of now to be able to replicate
these agreements,? he said. ?They need
to ensure that they have the administrative capacity.?
In a jibe at Eurosceptics who attack
EU officials for ?red tape?, Mr Barnier
added: ?It?s always useful to remember
that when we talk about red tape here
in Brussels, this red tape and bureau-
cracy works in many areas on behalf of
28 member states. Therefore when a
country is no longer a member of the
EU, naturally they need to have that
administrative capacity.?
Senior government sources reacted
with irritation to the claims, and said
that the EU would have as much to lose
as the UK if the agreements were not
rolled over during the two-year transition. ?It?s a negotiation,? they said
pointedly.
There are at present 759 bilateral
agreements between the EU and other
countries that could need elements of
renegotiation to remain legally binding
during the transition period.
Setting out the European Commission?s position for a transition period,
Mr Barnier said it would have to end on
December 31, 2020 ? the end of the EU
budgetary period and three months
before the government?s preferred date.
He also restated that financial services would not be part of any final
trade deal. ?The UK?s own red lines rule
out any solution other than a free-trade
deal,? Mr Barnier said. ?I recall that to
my understanding there is no freetrade agreement between the EU and a
third country that would have allowed
privileged access on financial services.?
Theresa May rejected this yesterday.
?We are going into a negotiation,? she
said. ?The City of London is obviously
important to us but actually it is of
significant importance to the rest of the
EU as well.?
Mr Barnier warned that Britain must
get Spain?s agreement before a transition deal could be agreed that would
apply to all British territories, including
Gibraltar. Mrs May said: ?We?re not
going to exclude Gibraltar from our
negotiations, from either the implementation agreement or the future
agreement.?
The prime minister was questioned by
6 Britain has been rated as the best
country in the world for business,
according to annual rankings by Forbes,
despite the economic uncertainty over
Brexit. The American business magazine said that the UK had climbed from
fifth last year to first and that it scored
?particularly well? in the categories of
technological readiness and the size
and education of its workforce.
Christopher Wilkins, page 30
Iain Martin, page 31
Norway
Iceland
Liechtenstein
Full EU
membership
Switzerland
UK red lines:
No ECJ
jurisdiction
No free
movement
No
substantial
financial
contribution
Regulatory
autonomy
Ukraine
Turkey
UK red lines:
No free
movement
No
substantial
financial
contribution
Regulatory
autonomy
It?s Canada
agreement
or nothing
Behind the story
B
The steps show different
countries? levels of access
to the single market and
how Britain?s demands
mean it will be left with a
Canadian-style deal
ritain?s only
options are a
?no deal?
Brexit or
Canadianstyle trade agreement,
according to a slide
handed out yesterday
by Michel Barnier,
the EU?s chief Brexit
negotiator, showing
levels of access to the
UK red lines:
No ECJ
jurisdiction
Regulatory
autonomy
S Korea
and Canada
UK red lines:
Independent
trade policy
single market
(Victoria Noble
writes). Mr Barnier
told a meeting of 27
EU leaders that the
UK?s ?red lines? over
jurisdiction from the
European Court of
Justice, free
movement of workers
and regulatory
autonomy ruled out
the sort of access that
Norway, Iceland and
Liechtenstein enjoyed
as members of the
European Economic
Area.
Similarly Britain?s
demands would
prevent it having the
same access as
Switzerland, Ukraine
and Turkey. The only
alternative to avoid a
?no deal? return to
World Trade
Organisation rules
would be accepting
terms similar to those
in Canadian or South
Korean trade deals
with the EU.
The deal with
Canada moves close
to free trade,
removing 98 per cent
of import tariffs but
does not cover
financial services, a
critical part of the
UK?s economy.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
15
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News
News
Privatised NHS and
tax rises forecast
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
the Commons liaison committee, where she rejected claims that she had begged the EU for more time to sort out Brexit
The PM?s goose is not quite cooked
Patrick Kidd
Political Sketch
I
n theory, a Tory prime minister
being questioned about the NHS
a day before midwinter, with
health budgets said to be tighter
than Santa?s spandex, should be
made to squirm a bit. That her tussle
with Jeremy Corbyn ended with her
backbenchers stamping their feet and
bellowing ?MORE!? suggests that
Christmas came early for Theresa
May. But by the end of the day her
favourite evergreen suddenly lost its
needles and had to be binned.
Mr Corbyn asked six questions on
health and even though his
handmaidens kept up a chorus of
?chaos!? he couldn?t land a blow.
Mrs May could even risk mocking
the Labour leader for hubris (he?d
predicted that he would be prime
minister by Christmas) ? some
going for a woman who threw away
a 20-point poll lead this year. ?He?s
not PM, I am.? Suck it up, Jezza.
On her front bench, David Davis
lay back with his arms folded and a
grin of satisfaction, like a man who
had finished the mince pies and
loosened his belt ready to tackle the
Stilton. Opposite him, Diane Abbott
was wearing a jumper that had
mistletoe on it and a look that said
?don?t even think about kissing me?.
Labour?s Clive Efford, a man badly
in need of a paper crown, noted that
Mrs May likes to cook her own goose.
?May I suggest,? he said, ?that to
extract maximum pleasure from
stuffing her goose, she names it
Michael or Boris?? Mr Gove was
absent but Mr Johnson seemed to
relish the idea of being plucked.
As Mrs May rose, the chancellor
tugged at her jacket. Philip
Hammond had thought of a joke.
Whisper-whisper. ?I will resist
calling the goose Jeremy,? Mrs May
announced. The health secretary,
Mr Hunt, looked rather hurt.
The PM faced more of a challenge
in the afternoon from the liaison
committee, where she displayed all
the humanity of a Toyota production
line and spouted trademark Mayese.
To Rachel Reeves, wearing what
looked to be a jacket made from
genuine Muppet fur, she defined an
implementation period as ?a period
in which we will be implementing
what is agreed?. To Andrew
Murrison, she called the fall-back
plan for the Irish border ?not the
default position but the default
default position?. Clear as gravy.
Mrs May had brought along a
prop, a pair of glasses which she
used for scratching her upper lip
when asked tough questions and for
perching on the end of her nose and
staring over to intimidate people.
Angus MacNeil, of the SNP, got
the death-ray treatment first when
he suggested that she had begged
the EU for more time to sort out
Brexit. ?I. Have. Not. Begged,? she
snarled, eyes narrowed, laser beams
burning into Mr MacNeil?s neck.
She met her match, though, in
Yvette Cooper, an old nemesis, who
asked about Europol, the Irish border
and whether the vote on the Brexit
deal would be on a statute rather
than a motion. The PM narrowed her
eyes again but the death ray failed so
she just avoided the question. Ms
Cooper asked it again. And again. And
again. Each time a little more slowly,
as if the PM were a thick child. Mrs
May kept refusing to answer.
?Baffling,? Ms Cooper said. Mrs
May shrugged. ?Disappointing,? Ms
Cooper added. Mrs May still did not
care. She had survived 2017 and that
was all that mattered to her.
Business chiefs fear exit from quangos
Oliver Wright
Britain?s largest business group will call
today on Theresa May to negotiate
membership of all the main EU quangos after Brexit or risk damaging the
UK?s ?competitiveness and influence?
around the world.
In its first major intervention setting
out industry?s vision for Britain?s relationship with the EU after Brexit, the
CBI warned that failure to secure regu-
latory alignment would create ?unnecessary barriers for trade?. In particular
CBI members identified ten ?worldleading? EU agencies that ministers
must sign up to in stage two of the talks.
These include the aviation and food
safety authorities, the European medicines agency and other quangos covering energy, chemicals and payments.
The EU has not ruled out the UK
continuing membership or associate
membership. However, such close reg-
ulatory alignment will be opposed by
senior Brexiteers inside government.
They warn that Britain needs to be able
to create a nimble regulatory environment to take advantage of new technologies and for competitive investment.
Nicole Sykes, CBI head of EU negotiations, said ahead of today?s report: ?For
those EU bodies which set the bar for
industry standards across the world,
not just Europe, it is critical that we stay
in the room to maintain our voice.?
Taxes will have to rise if the government is to balance the books by the
middle of the next decade and the NHS
may have to be privatised, the International Monetary Fund has warned.
Property taxes, the removal of preferential VAT rates for goods such as
pasties, and higher national insurance
contributions by the self-employed
need to be considered if Britain is to
have any chance of eliminating its budget deficit by 2025 because spending
cuts have gone about as far as they can,
the global economic watchdog said in
its annual review of the UK.
Weak productivity and the increasing care demands of an ageing population will make deficit reduction harder.
Public services such as the NHS may
have to be scaled back or privatised, it
added.
The warnings are a reminder of the
persistent problem of Britain?s public
finances almost a decade after the financial crisis caused borrowing to soar.
National debt is 87 per cent of GDP and
spending on public services exceeds
revenue from taxes by more than 2 per
cent of GDP.
?Continued deficit reduction is critical to create further room to respond to
future shocks,? Christine Lagarde,
managing director of the IMF, said.
?There is not much space for additional
spending cuts and the revenue side of
the equation has to be looked at.?
Britain is already forecast to be paying 34.3 per cent of GDP in tax by 2022,
more than at any time since the 1950s,
but economists estimate that at least
� billion of extra austerity will be
needed to hit the government?s target
of balancing the books.
Ms Lagarde said population changes
were adding to the problem. ?Population ageing is expected to lead to material increases in spending on healthcare, pensions and long-term care,
while productivity growth has been
slow. And a slowly growing economy
means fewer resources will be available
to meet increased spending,? she said.
The public spending burden will soon
make Britain face some hard choices,
the IMF added. ?The UK may face difficult decisions about the desired size of
its public sector, as well as the mode of
delivery and financing of public services. Brexit-related effects may exacerbate the challenge.?
To address the problem, Britain
needs to boost productivity. Ms Lagarde welcomed the chancellor?s
� billion fund for infrastructure investment and focus on technical qualifications because ?the UK underinvests
in infrastructure and falls short in
human capital development?. But she
said that more needed to be done ?such
as easing planning restrictions and reforming property taxes to boost housing supply?.
As well as introducing a land tax, the
government should harmonise VAT for
red box podcast
The Christmas quiz returns
to skewer another bizarre
political year
Available on iTunes or at thetimes.co.uk
goods that get preferential rates and
better ?align the tax treatment of employees and the self-employed?. Both
proposals have proved a poisoned chalice for chancellors. George Osborne
tried to harmonise VAT rates for hot
food in his ?omnishambles budget? and
Philip Hammond had to backtrack this
year on raising national insurance for
the self-employed. The IMF also
recommended ?reducing the tax code?s
bias towards debt? and scrapping the
triple lock on state pensions.
John McDonnell, the shadow chancellor, said: ?The IMF has played the
role of the ghosts of Christmas past,
present and future to remind the chancellor that seven years of Tory failure is
undermining our economy.?
May told not to ?kick the
hornet?s nest? over MP vote
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
Theresa May was warned not to ?kick a
hornet?s nest? by ignoring MPs?
demands for a ?meaningful vote? on
Brexit as she averted a second damaging defeat.
The prime minister suffered her first
Brexit defeat in the Commons last week
when 11 Tory rebels joined Labour to
demand a full vote on the deal Britain
strikes with Brussels.
Yesterday MPs warned Mrs May not
to ignore the amendment, after she told
the Commons liaison committee only
that there would be an ?opportunity to
vote on the deal?. Her choice of words
stopped short of the vote on statute
required by the amendment, forced
through by Dominic Grieve, the former
attorney-general.
After the prime minister?s comments
Mr Grieve warned that ?kicking
hornets? nests is not a very good idea?.
At the dispatch box Steve Baker, a
junior Brexit minister, had refused to
rule out a second attempt to defeat the
amendment at a later stage of the EU
Withdrawal Bill.
?I am not expecting to return to it, but
we are reflecting on the implications of
it,? he said.
It came as Mrs May effectively abandoned plans to guarantee the date and
time of Brexit. Up to 20 Conservative
MPs were prepared to inflict her
second defeat in a week by rebelling
against her plans to write into the Withdrawal Bill that Brexit will take place at
11pm on March 29, 2019.
The government yesterday accepted
a compromise tabled by Sir Oliver Letwin, David Cameron?s former policy
guru. It allowed Mrs May to save face by
keeping the Brexit date in the bill while
staving off the rebels by giving ministers the ability to extend the negotiating window.
At prime minister?s questions anxious Brexiteers sought reassurance that
the new clause would not give the government licence to keep the UK in the
EU indefinitely.
Asked whether the power to change
the date of Brexit would be ?invoked
only, if at all, under extremely exceptional circumstances and only for a
very short period?, Mrs May said she
was very happy to give that ?reassurance?. She added: ?We?re very clear we
will be leaving the EU on March 29,
2019, at 11pm.?
Mr Grieve said the issue had been
satisfactorily resolved. The proposal to
incorporate the Brexit date into the
Withdrawal Bill ? formerly known as
the Great Repeal Bill ? was not in the
original legislation.
16
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
GPs hand out pills to avoid being sued
Chris Smyth Health Editor
GPs are routinely ordering pointless
tests and giving patients medicines
they do not need because they are
scared of being sued, a survey suggests.
About 25 per cent of doctors are also
cutting back on intimate examinations
of patients because they fear being
accused of sexual misconduct.
Hundreds of patients a year sue doctors for minor problems worth less than
�000 in compensation, and medical
indemnifiers argue that this distorts
care and wastes money on legal fees.
More than 80 per cent of family doctors said that the fear of legal action had
led to them ordering more tests or making more hospital referrals, according
to a poll of 1,300 GPs by the Medical
Protection Society, which defends
doctors against legal claims.
In addition, 41 per cent said that this
fear led to them prescribing drugs they
did not think were clinically necessary.
The survey found that 28 per cent of
Minor injury payouts
6 Patient who was pricked by a
needle when a nurse dropped a vial
of blood was paid �500 in
damages and �250 in legal costs.
6 Wrong-sized stockings after a
knee operation led to �500 in
damages and �500 in legal costs
6 Patient who received cream
instead of drops for an eye infection,
causing minor irritation, won �0
in damages and �150 in legal costs
6 Claimant was paid �500 and
�7 in legal costs for delayed
diagnosis of a foot injury, which
caused no lasting damage
Source: Medical Protection Society
GPs were reluctant to examine breasts,
genitalia or rectums or to do tests that
required them to get very close to
patients, because they feared allegations of inappropriate behaviour.
?These survey results raise concerns
about how the fear of being sued is
manifesting itself,? Pallavi Bradshaw,
the society?s senior medicolegal adviser, said. ?Unnecessary tests are not in
the best interests of patients and may
use up limited NHS resources. Doctors
should be able to exercise their skills
and judgment without fear of claims
affecting their decision-making.?
Dr Bradshaw called for minimum
thresholds for claims to tackle ?the cultural acceptability to sue for minor injuries or inconveniences?, citing the 817
clinical negligence cases with payouts
of less than �000 in 2016-17.
Peter Walsh, chief executive of the
charity Action against Medical Accidents, said that this was ?a typical example of defence organisations trying
to justify attempts to deny access to justice?, and warned that this would ?make
healthcare unsafe for many of us?.
The poll follows research by Imperial
College London, published last month
in the journal BMJ Open, which found
that 80 per cent of doctors who had a
complaint made against them became
more ?defensive? by erring on the side
of too much treatment and avoiding
high-risk procedures.
Mr Walsh said: ?If doctors are ordering tests or medication that could not
help us or even harm us that is bad
medicine not defensive medicine.?
Helen Stokes-Lampard, chairwoman of the Royal College of General
Practitioners, said that she was concerned about the culture of litigation.
?Having the fear of being sued hanging
over GPs? heads when they are already
working under intense resource and
workforce pressure is not conducive to
high-quality care,? she said.
Richard Vautrey, chairman of the
British Medical Association?s GP committee, said: ?Doctors are increasingly
being placed under pressure from
threats of legal action, sometimes on
spurious grounds, which is distressing
to individual GPs and raising the cost of
personal insurance.?
Gene tweak raises hope of deafness cure for millions
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
A gene therapy to cure deafness is
closer after bio-engineers repaired one
of the underlying mutations in mice.
About one in seven Britons has some
degree of clinical hearing loss. In about
half of these cases there is a genetic
cause. Scientists think it should be possible to use gene-editing technology ?
effectively a method to tweak DNA ?
to fix some of these problems.
In the first experiment of its kind, US
biologists corrected a genetic fault in
the inner ears of mice.
The flaw is caused by an errant letter
of DNA in the Tmc1 gene, which also
causes hearing loss in many humans.
Up to now, the biggest barrier to
altering it has been the presence of a
second, ?good? copy of the gene that
could be damaged in the process.
American researchers got around
this problem by encapsulating a genecutting tool called Crispr-Cas9 in a
fatty bubble that meant it would be
destroyed by the cell before it could
work on the good Tmc1.
Mice that received the gene therapy
retained the ability to hear sounds as
low as 65 decibels, as loud as a
dishwasher. Those left untreated could
only detect noises louder than 80dB, as
powerful as an alarm clock, according
to a report in the journal Nature.
David Liu, a chemical biologist at the
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, said
that the work raised the possibility that
a similar effect could be achieved one
day in humans.
Student jailed
for slingshot
terrorism plot
Duncan Gardham
A student whose brother was a suicide
bomber in Iraq has been jailed for ten
years after plotting a terrorist attack
using a slingshot and ball bearings that
he had bought on eBay.
Mohammed Abbas Idris Awan, 24, a
dentistry student at the University of
Sheffield, told police when he was
arrested in June that the 500 high-velocity ball bearings were for hunting
rabbits, but officers found that he had
an Islamic State guide for using ?primiMohammed Awan
had bought 500
ball bearings online
tive? weapons. He had also been watching extremist videos online and officers
found images of the Boston marathon
bombing on a mobile phone.
Awan?s brother, Rizwan, had travelled to Syria in May 2015 and is said to
have died as a suicide bomber in Iraq
last year. Sheffield crown court was told
that Awan had contacted his brother on
WhatsApp after he had left for Syria.
Awan, from Huddersfield, was jailed
after being found guilty of engaging in
the preparation of an act of terrorism.
He was ordered to serve three years on
extended licence on his release.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
17
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News
THE TOLKIEN ESTATE LTD/BODLEIAN LIBRARIES
Tolkien?s touching
Santa letters to his
children go on show
B
ilbo Baggins,
Gandalf,
Legolas and
Father
Christmas. The
odd one out may seem
obvious but it has
emerged that JRR
Tolkien set more of his
literary works in the
North Pole than in
Middle Earth (Kaya
Burgess writes).
The author of The
Lord of the Rings
and The Hobbit
spent more than 20
years writing
elaborate letters
to his
children
from Father
Christmas,
containing
complex
tales about his
adventures with a polar
bear helper and his
brushes with goblins.
Adorned with
intricate illustrations
painted and drawn by
Tolkien, the letters used
to arrive on the hearth
with a homemade stamp
or would be delivered by
the postman, who
agreed to pop it
through the
letterbox with the
rest of the mail.
Tolkien wrote the
first of these letters
to his threeyear-old son
John in
1920 with
the words:
?I heard
you ask
The Father Christmas
letters, sent by the Hobbit
author, left, to his children
over the course of 23
years, included tall tales
and beautiful illustrations.
Daddy what I was like
and where I lived.? He
continued for 23 years
until his youngest child,
Priscilla, was 14.
Some of the tales have
elements that will be
familiar to fans of his
adventures in Middle
Earth. In one tale,
Father Christmas?s
friend and assistant,
Polar Bear, hid from the
snow in ?a hole in the
side of a hill?, but
slipped down a rocky
slope and could not
get out.
It was here that
?he smelled goblin?
and knew that ?their
Hark! Our robot carol composer
heralds the advent of new era
christmas
science
experiments
Oliver Moody Science Correspondent
If a supercomputer were suddenly to
develop consciousness in the run-up to
Christmas, it is hard to say quite what it
would make of the festival.
Why does the fat man from the CocaCola advert keep breaking into people?s
homes? How does this relate to the
baby in the box of straw? What are
herald angels and why do the humans
keep harking them?
Now we know. In the second of this
year?s Christmas experiments, The
Times worked with Janelle Shane, an
American laser scientist and artificial
intelligence (AI) hobbyist, on building a
carol machine that would distil the
essence of modern Yuletide.
You might assume that only a human
could come up with lyrics as creatively
tortured as ?an host incontinent?, ?a
Virgin unspotted? or ?very God, begotten not created?. It turns out, however,
that an AI can give us a pretty good run
for our money.
Dr Shane used a tool known as a
neural network, which starts off by
making patterns at random but gets
steadily better as its rules are tweaked.
It is a little bit like the process through
which a small child first learns to
communicate and understand the
world around it, with the data scientist
cast in the role of its parent.
With help from Erik Svensson,
another data enthusiast, we fed the
programme the lyrics to some 240
Christmas songs, ranging from wellknown carols such as Silent Night to
some deservedly obscure Victorian efforts. Dr Shane also included a number
of modern Christmas pop songs, which
meant that the AI had to cobble its own
mythology together from fragments of
the New Testament, The Chipmunk
Song and Winter Wonderland.
Its first compositions were meaning-
less strings of letters. After a bit of
encouragement, though, it learnt how
to make words and line breaks: ?Hart
fon the be the he br wong on the stor /
Christmas br he, or the wang.?
Gradually it picked up a style, which,
while admittedly more James Joyce
than Christina Rossetti, has a certain
ring to it. ?The babe, the Son of Mary,?
the neural net wrote in one carol, ?he
sumbled their flowers and all.?
It began to improvise with impressive
flair, inventing the words ?curry? and
?dingle? for itself because it thought
they sounded vaguely Christmassy.
The neural net also mashed biblical
traditions together with Slade and Wizzard to make a sort of syncretic religion,
like a wonky mirror held up to the 21stcentury Christmas. ?Santa baby,? it
wrote, ?a blitzen, / and he was the sun
and reindeer and earth, / The Saviour of
the chimney tonight.?
It became briefly fixated on the Sandman, who is not known for his role in
the canonical gospels but does make a
brief appearance in a French Christmas
song from 1946 called Petit Papa No雔.
One of its verses went: ?The Sandman
so be joyful now it was born today!
Gloria in excelsis Deo.?
Its final output was fairly silly, but
arguably not much sillier than real-life
verses such as ?Listen, lordings, unto
me, a tale I will you tell? and ?As thou,
Pansy, shinest forth in bright array?.
?Neural networks tend to pick up
tone and vocabulary pretty easily, but
struggle with making sense,? Dr Shane,
who writes a blog called AI Weirdness,
said. ?So the carol-trained neural
network learnt to produce a lot of lines
that sound, well, joyful, at least.?
The Times needs help with our experiments. How patriotic are our readers?
Go to thetimes.co.uk/sciencetest and tell
us whether or not you watch the Queen?s
speech and if, when you do, you stand for
Her Majesty.
tomorrow
Do the ages of your children affect
when you put the decorations up?
caves are very
dangerous?.
This was five years
before Tolkien published
The Hobbit, in which
Bilbo and the dwarves
are trapped in goblin
c
caves
after taking
s
shelter
from a storm.
The letters, kept by
h children for
his
d
decades,
will feature
i an exhibition of
in
T
Tolkien?s
work at the
B
Bodleian
Library,
O
Oxford.
Two of
T
Tolkien?s
four
c
children,
Christopher,
9 and Priscilla, 88,
93,
a still living.
are
?The Christmas
l
letters
are probably
m favourite things in
my
t whole collection,?
the
C
Catherine
McIlwaine,
t Bodleian?s Tolkien
the
a
archivist,
said. ?They
r
really
show you
a
another
side of
T
Tolkien,
as a loving
f
family
man.?
Jolly Britain
is the most
festive nation
Jack Malvern
No matter how curmudgeonly some
may feel about the prospect of drunk
relatives and the Strictly Come Dancing
special, research has suggested that
Britons are more keen on Christmas
than any other nation.
Analysis of words entered into
Google?s search engine showed that
Britain had by far the highest proportion of festive queries, on topics such as
tree decorations or mince pie recipes.
The next nearest nation was Ireland
and third place this year was Slovakia,
followed by Italy, the Czech Republic,
America, Canada, Australia, New
Zealand and France.
A chart compiled from Google?s data
showed that people began searching in
earnest for Christmas-related items in
October, with the most fixated place
the Lincolnshire village of Keelby.
?We?re all such jolly people,? one
resident told the BBC.
The least interested area was
Burnham, Buckinghamshire, which did
Christmas searches 20 times less often
than Keelby.
18
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RM
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
Uber must be regulated
like other taxi operators
Graeme Paton Transport Correspondent
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Uber suffered a blow yesterday when
the European Court of Justice ruled
that the ride-hailing app was a
transport company and not ?an
information society service? as it
claimed.
The court, based in Luxembourg,
said that the company had to be
regulated in the same way as other cab
operators after a case brought by
drivers in Barcelona.
Uber insisted that the ruling would
have no impact on the way it operated
in the UK and most other European
countries where it was already subjected to local taxi regulations.
Existing regulation led to Uber losing
its licence in London in September on
the ground that it was not a fit and
proper taxi operator. The company can
continue to operate pending an appeal
process, which is unlikely to be
concluded until next year.
Lawyers said the European ruling ?
which concluded that Uber was
inherently linked to a transport service
and should be classified accordingly as
?a service in the field of transport? ?
had implications for other companies
in the so-called gig economy such as
Deliveroo, the food delivery service.
A growing number of businesses
argue that they are simply digital
intermediaries, bringing together
individuals who operate as freelancers
or
on
short-term
contracts.
Policymakers have struggled to find a
framework for regulating these
companies, which have a different business model to traditional corporations.
Sarah Peacock, a partner in the
JOHN MCCAFFERY
employment law team at Blake
Morgan, said: ?The tide is now firmly
against
businesses
side-stepping
holiday pay, the national minimum
wage, auto-enrolment and working
time limits.?
The ruling relates to Uber obeying
taxi rules in Barcelona and not to the
employment status of the drivers, but
the case could have an impact on
further appeals lodged by Uber. Last
year a London employment tribunal
ruled Uber drivers were workers, not
self-employed, and the employment
appeal tribunal agreed this year. Uber
will now go to the Court of Appeal.
An Uber spokesman said: ?This
ruling will not change things in most
EU countries. However, millions of
Europeans are still prevented from
using apps like ours.?
Leading article, page 33
Many drivers working 12 hours a day
Graeme Paton
MPs criticised Uber yesterday after it
emerged that hundreds of drivers are
working the equivalent of almost 12
hours a day, seven days a week.
The Commons business committee
said the scale of long hours would be a
?concern? for anyone booking a journey with an overworked driver. It came
as Andrew Byrne, Uber UK?s head of
public policy, outlined average hours in
a letter to the cross-party group.
He said drivers logged on to the
company?s app ? allowing them to pick
up passengers ? for an average of 30
hours a week. Uber, which has about
50,000 drivers in Britain, said 2.6 per
cent were logged in for more than 70
hours and 0.8 per cent for at least 80
hours. It means 400 log on for the
equivalent of 11-and-a-half hours,
seven days a week.
Mr Byrne insisted this was not total
hours as drivers could be logged on
while on a break or doing other things.
Uber is working on plans to limit hours.
Rachel Reeves, Labour chairwoman
of the committee, said: ?Passengers will
want to know they are safe.?
Star attraction Crew from Anstruther Lifeboat Station in Fife strike a pose for
a Christmas card. Their boat, Kingdom of Fife, has saved 50 lives since 1991
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
19
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News
Police typing error led to couple?s children being put into care
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
Innocent people have been arrested as
suspected paedophiles because of
errors in warrants from police seeking
details of individuals? phone and
internet records, a watchdog report
disclosed yesterday.
One family had their two children
taken into the care of the social services
for the weekend as a result of a typo in
which the details of a day and a month
were transposed.
More than 20 errors leading to
mistaken arrests, the wrong people
being contacted and searches at wrong
addresses are highlighted in the annual
report of the interception of
communications commissioner.
?The impact of these errors has, in
some cases, been enormous,? the
commissioner, Sir Stanley Burnton,
said.
Sir Stanley said that the issue was of
significant concern and occurred when
police and other authorities were using
an IP address to try to link a specific
online activity to a specific device and
then to a location and individual. He
said that the errors were more common
than was acceptable, especially in cases
relating to child sexual exploitation.
?The impact on some victims of these
errors is appalling?, Sir Stanley said.
In one cased police searched an
incorrect address during an inquiry
into the use of blackmail to incite sexual
acts by children over social media. The
unnamed force made a number of
accurate applications to identify the
person using the account but in their
final request to find the broadband
account used to register the user name,
they made a mistake that changed the
day and month, the report said. A
search warrant was executed at the
wrong address during which the four
occupants, including two children,
were interviewed voluntarily. Because
of the possible threat to the children,
social services were called and
separated them from their parents.
In another case a police force
investigating child sexual exploitation
identified a suspect but a wrong date
was typed in an application.
When police visited the address they
found an elderly lady with no link to the
suspect.
The report highlights at least 13 cases
of innocent people interviewed or
arrested on suspicion of being
paedophiles and at least five search
warrants executed at the wrong
premises, with digital devices taken for
forensic examination belonging to
innocent people.
Sir Stanley praised Nigel Lang, 44,
who was arrested in error and
separated from his son, for highlighting
the issue in the media.
Sir Stanley warned: ?There remains
every likelihood that more innocent
people will suffer a catastrophic event
similar to Mr Lang?s experience.?
FRANK AUGSTEIN/AP
Hamilton
sees off the
West End
ticket touts
David Sanderson Arts Correspondent
The ticketing system for Hamilton
designed to target touts is ?catching
absolutely everyone?, the producers of
the musical have claimed before it officially opens in the West End tonight.
Nick Allott, the managing director of
Cameron Mackintosh Ltd, said that the
security procedures implemented during the preview run of the musical had
caught people who bought tickets from
secondary market websites.
While one website yesterday was still
offering tickets for the show ? the most
eagerly anticipated in Britain this year
? at vastly inflated prices, Mr Allott
said it was ?flying a kite?.
Under the ticketless system, which
has been used in the West End of
London for the first time, those who
bought tickets have to physically enter
the theatre with ID and the bank card
used to purchase them. To reduce the
chance of touts collecting tickets from
the box office at Victoria Palace
Theatre and then passing them on,
?once you are in the theatre you are not
allowed to leave it with the tickets in
your hand?, Mr Allott said.
There have been complaints that the
system makes it harder to give tickets to
friends or family as gifts and requires
audiences to be at the theatre much
earlier. However, Mr Allott said that
during the preview run ?the queues had
moved incredibly quickly and everybody has been incredibly complimentary about how smooth and effective it
is?. He added: ?So far we are catching
absolutely everyone.?
In America tickets for the show have
changed hands on the secondary
market for more than $3,000.
Mr Allott said that he thought the
system could be a model for the future,
adding that he was ?thrilled? the government was ?working with us? to
crack down on secondary ticketing
websites.
There has been increasing anger at
the extortionate mark-ups on tickets
offered through websites such as Viagogo and Stubhub. Touts use a variety
of methods including the deployment
of ?bots? to buy up large numbers of
tickets as soon as they are released for
sale. Genuine fans complain that they
are unable to attend events because of
the high ticket prices.
?The problem with secondary ticketing has been big for a very long time,?
Mr Allott said. ?Moving from the street
to online made it bigger.? He added that
finally the government, consumer
bodies, the industry and the public appeared to be working together to prevent secondary ticketing websites
having a ?licence to print money?.
Cover-up Staff at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London have new uniforms, including rain jackets, created by the British fashion designer Christopher Raeburn
Treating dandruff takes millions
from vital care, NHS chief warns
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Scrapping NHS prescriptions for antidandruff shampoo and indigestion tablets could fund thousands of cataract
operations and hip replacements,
health chiefs say.
Ending routine treatment for coughs,
ulcers, piles and other conditions that
will get better by themselves could save
up to �6 million a year to spend on
other care, NHS England calculates.
Simon Stevens, the head of NHS England, signalled the crackdown on
over-the-counter remedies last month
as part of cost-cutting plans and began
consulting on the practicalities of the
changes yesterday.
?To do the best for our patients and
for taxpayers it?s vital the NHS uses its
funding well,? he said. ?This consultation gives the public the opportunity to
help family doctors decide how best to
deploy precious NHS resources, freeing-up money from the drugs bill to reinvest in modern treatments for conditions such as cancer, mental health and
emergency care.?
The NHS spends �5 million a year
on anti-dandruff shampoo, which Mr
Stevens said could fund 4,700 cataract
operations or 1,200 hip replacements.
The �5 million cost of treating mouth
ulcers could pay for 1,500 hip replacements and the �5 million spent on indigestion and heartburn could fund
300 community nurses.
However, Rachel Power, chief executive of the Patients Association, said:
?NHS England is proposing to draw a
new line between when the NHS will
help someone, and when citizens are
required to fall back on their own private resources. This may or may not be
a good idea, but it certainly shouldn?t be
motivated by a funding crisis, as it clearly is today. Nor should it be done without sanction by parliament.?
Some over-the-counter remedies are
cheaper than the cost to the NHS of
prescribing, including �18 travel sickness tablets that cost taxpayers �
once the costs of dispensing, administration and a GP?s time are included.
Helen Stokes-Lampard, chairwoman of the Royal College of GPs, said:
?Where patients can afford to buy medication over the counter, we would certainly encourage them to do so. There
are also many minor, self-limiting conditions for which patients don?t often
need to seek medical assistance, or prescribed medication. What remains imperative ? and we will be making this
clear in our consultation response ? is
that no blanket bans are imposed, and
GPs will retain the right to make clinical decisions.?
Matina Loizou, co-chairwoman of
the Prescription Charges Coalition,
added: ?NHS England has decided to
play the role of Ebenezer Scrooge this
Christmas by launching this cruel consultation. If seen through, these proposals would be a catastrophic blow to
some of the country?s most vulnerable
and unwell people who rely on a variety
of medication and treatments to live,
work and be well.
?We?ve heard distressing and alarming experiences from people who are
facing impossible choices over whether
they should eat, heat their home or pay
for essential medications. Expanding
the list of products unavailable via prescription will increase the financial
burden on people throughout the UK
who have already suffered enough.?
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
21
1G M
News
DISNEY/SCOPE FEATURES
It?s my job, insists
sculptor making
dictator?s memorial
Simon de Bruxelles
Plum role Keira Knightley becomes the Sugar Plum Fairy for The Nutcracker and the Four Realms, to be released next year
Sons ask why father, 87, faced murder trial
Prosecutors who charged a grandfather with the murder of his wife were
criticised by his family after a coroner
ruled that she killed herself.
Brendon Constant, 87, was arrested
after ambulance crew found him ?close
to cardiac arrest? but were unable to
revive his wife Jean, 86, an inquest was
told. The retired chemist was charged
with her murder but died a week before
he was due to appear in court. An
inquest concluded yesterday that Mrs
Constant died of asphyxiation.
Sean Horstead, the assistant coroner,
rejected a conclusion of unlawful killing, instead recording a conclusion of
suicide and that she was a ?willing participant?.
The couple?s sons, Simon, 55, a retired detective chief inspector, and
John, 57, said in a statement: ?We remain baffled by the decision of the
Crown Prosecution Service to charge
our father with murder on the same evidence that the coroner has been able
unhesitatingly to reach an independent
conclusion of suicide.?
The inquest at Huntingdon town hall
was told that Mr Constant had had a
stroke after which he became depressed, and that he helped his wife to take
her life at their home in St Neots,
Cambridgeshire, on August 22 last year.
A British sculptor has been criticised
for accepting a commission to create a
memorial to Islam Karimov, a tyrant
with a long record of human rights
abuses in his 25 years as president of the
former Soviet republic of Uzbekistan.
Paul Day?s creation will be erected in
a Moscow square that has been
renamed in honour of the dictator, who
died last year at the age of 78.
Day insists that his role as an artist is
not to sit in judgment but to do the best
job possible for those who commission
him. In this case it is the Islam Karimov
Foundation, headed by the dictator?s
daughter, Lola Karimova-Tillyaeva.
Details of the monument, which will
be sited outside the Uzbek embassy in
Moscow, have yet to be announced.
Day, 50, is best known for his 9m-tall
statue of two lovers in St Pancras
station in London. His work includes
the Battle of Britain monument and the
Iraq and Afghanistan wars memorial
unveiled by the Queen on Victoria
Embankment this year.
Karimov has a reputation as one of
the most brutal dictators of the late
20th and early 21st centuries. He is
accused of having orchestrated the
massacre of hundreds of unarmed
protesters in the town of Andijan as
well as the torture and imprisonment of
political opponents.
Hugh Williamson, of Human Rights
Watch, said: ?Karimov oversaw truly
terrible human rights abuses for over 25
years as Uzbek president. To erect
monuments to his memory that
entirely ignore this terrible record is a
rewriting of history that should raise
serious concerns for all those involved.?
Day has made two research visits to
Uzbekistan. The monument is expectIslam Karimov was
accused of ?truly
terrible? human
rights abuses
ed to be unveiled this summer. In a
telephone interview with The Guardian
he said that ethical concerns about the
memorialising of Karimov were ?a conversation I?m not prepared to have at
this stage in the project?.
He added: ?I?m enthusiastically doing the best job I can on this memorial
for both the Uzbek government, the
family and the people in general.?
More than 100 residents of the Moscow district where the monument will
be have registered their opposition.
22
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
ALAMY
Facebook will alert users each
time their image is uploaded
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Facebook will use facial recognition
software to alert users when they
appear in other people?s photos, even
when they are not tagged.
The technology and publishing
company says that the tool will help
people to manage their identity better.
It will not be available in Britain for the
time being because of European Union
privacy rules.
Critics accused the company of
trying to put a positive spin on ?creepy?
technology.
Facial recognition, powered by
artificial intelligence, is already used by
Facebook in most non-EU countries to
help people to tag photos with the
names of their friends. Facebook says
that this ?brings people closer together?. It also helps its bottom line by
increasing engagement and advertising revenues.
Announcing the alerts feature, the
company admitted that facial
recognition made some people feel
uneasy, ?conjuring dystopian scenes
from science fiction?. However, it said
that the feature showed how the
technology could be used positively to
help people to manage their privacy
and was ?really empowering?.
Users will be notified whenever their
picture is uploaded to Facebook by
friends or acquaintances. This could
allow them to ask friends to remove
compromising images of which they
would otherwise have been unaware.
Facebook will also notify people if
someone tries to impersonate them by
using their photo as their profile picture.
Joaquin Qui駉nero Candela, the
director of applied machine learning at
Facebook, wrote: ?Now you?re in
control of your image on Facebook and
can make choices such as whether to
tag yourself, leave yourself untagged, or
reach out to the person who posted the
photo if you have concerns about it.?
Critics of Facebook say that its use of
facial recognition is intrusive. The
technology allows the company to
build a detailed profile of users?
activities not only from their own posts
but those of their friends and family
Luther Lowe, vice-president of
public policy at Yelp, the listings
website, tweeted: ?In awe of Facebook
PR?s ability to spin creepy tech with
deeply disturbing implications.?
Rob Sherman, deputy chief privacy
officer at Facebook, said that the company had no plans to introduce facial
recognition features that could tell
users the identities of strangers.
Amazon removes circumcision training kit
Shark-roof
house goes
fishing for
listed status
A
house with a
fibreglass shark
on its roof may
finally win legal
protection (Jonathan
Morrison writes). The
shark was installed in
1986 by the artist
John Buckley as a
protest against the US
bombing of Libya, but
Oxford council
initially refused it
planning permission.
Now a campaign
could result in the
house, in Headington,
receiving listed status.
Kaya Burgess
Religious Affairs Correspondent
Amazon has removed an ?infant circumcision training kit? from its website
after concerns that it could encourage
DIY surgery on babies and children.
The kit contains a ?soft and lifelike?
model of a young boy?s genitals with a
selection of scalpels and scissors. It
allows the user to practise removing the
foreskin from a range of detachable
penises, which can be affixed to a model
that resembles a doll.
The product, listed at �5, was sold
by a company called Educational and
Scientific Products (ESP), which
stressed that it was for ?medical
students, physicians and other practitioners? to learn and practise. A spokes-
man for ESP said: ?Anything we sell is
for educational purposes.?
The National Secular Society wrote
to Amazon to complain, however. Antony Lempert, the chairman of its medical forum, said: ?We fear that the sale of
this product may encourage unqualified practitioners to carry out unnecessary surgery on infants in non-clinical
conditions, resulting in serious harm.?
24
1G M
RM
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
News
Killer made off with victim?s body parts
The killer of a convicted
sex offender dismembered
his body and removed his
limbs from his flat, police
have revealed. Noel
Brown, 69, was found
dead next to the body of
his daughter, Marie, 41, at
his home in Deptford in
southeast London on
December 4. Both had
been strangled, police
said. ?Parts of both his
arms and a part of one of
his legs have been
removed from the scene
and those have not been
recovered,? Detective
Chief Inspector Simon
Harding said. Officers are
searching for a suspect
who was seen on CCTV
carrying a large rucksack.
The person is thought to
have made four visits to
the flat. Brown served a
jail sentence between
1999 and 2004.
?Pawnographic? chess logo causes a stir
The logo for the World
Chess
Championship
in London in
November
has excited
comment for
the blatantly
sexual way it
depicts two
bodies
nd
entwined around
a chess board
w writes)
(Valentine Low
writes). It
is, as one wit put it,
verging on the
pawn
pawnographic.
Ho
However,
the
re scandal
real
aamong
p
players
is
th
that the
ch board
chess
sh
shown
in the
logo is only
s
6x6 squares,
rather th
than the 8x8
needed for a re
real game.
Unhappy new year for rail commuters
Rail commuters are facing
serious disruption in the
new year after union
bosses announced a
week-long wave of strikes
in an escalating row over
modernisation of the
railway. The rail, maritime
and transport union
(RMT) said that members
would take co-ordinated
action on five railway
lines during the first full
working week after the
Christmas break. Workers
will stage walkouts on
Northern, Merseyrail,
Greater Anglia, South
Western Railways and
Southern on Monday
January 8, and on all lines
other than Southern on
Wednesday and Friday of
that week. It will be the
second time in two
months that the RMT has
held strikes across the five
networks.
IN THE TIMES
T O M O R ROW
SPORT
STUART BARNES
Why the Premiership
is damaging England
SPORT
ARTS
DANIEL
N
FINKELSTEIN
u
Everything you
w
need to know
al
about the real
lton
Alexander Hamilton
PULLOUT
BUSINESS
SATHNAM
A
SANGHERA
bour
Why my neighbour
or
mistook me for
er
an Uber driver
MAIN BOOK
COMMENT
Ed Conway The march of the
robots will decide Brexit?s success
MAIN PAPER
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
25
2G M
News
Tis the season to be angry with Nativity?s little angels
Simon de Bruxelles
Goodwill was in short supply as parents
gathered outside a primary school near
Cardiff after a Christmas concert.
They claimed that children had been
left in tears by the headmistress, who is
alleged to have told the six to eightyear-olds that their performance was
?rubbish? and that they would be getting bread and water at their class
Christmas party unless they improved.
Police were called to Windsor Clive
primary school in Ely when Victoria
Meadows, the head, refused to meet the
parents, apparently fearing for her
safety. Craig Williams, 30, a former
teaching assistant whose daughter,
Madison, eight, took part in the concert, said: ?There was no misbehaviour
but after the concert some of the children were a bit overcome and started
crying. In front of the parents the head
teacher said they had done an excellent
job. But when they got back to school
about 25 of them were taken to the
school hall where Mrs Meadows told
them their performance was disgusting
and not good enough.?
As word of the dressing down spread
a number of parents decided to confront Mrs Meadows after dropping off
their children the following morning.
Mr Williams said: ?The parents all
BETTY ZAPATA
David Hayes captures the manic, overly friendly charisma of Sammy Davis Jr
Copycat kings of cool
run through old routine
Theatre Ann Treneman
The Rat Pack ? Live from
Las Vegas
Theatre Royal Haymarket
HHIII
This is a re-creation of something
that never happened but, hey, I don?t
want to get all documentary on you.
In January 1960 Frank Sinatra, Dean
Martin and Sammy Davis Jr were
hanging out in Vegas, shooting the
first Rat Pack movie, Ocean?s 11. Every
night was party night, but theirs just
happened to be on stage at the Sands
Hotel. Who wouldn?t want to go to
watch their bromance banter
interspersed with high jinks, jokes,
good music and drink?
Mitch Sebastian?s tribute show,
which recreates one (mythical)
evening at the Sands, first played in
2000 at the Beck Theatre in Hayes,
west London. The result was pure
kerching. Since then the show has
been staged in the West End and
around the world, and has had
upgrades and changes. This
Christmas version begins with Sinatra
singing The Lady is a Tramp, though
surely, I thought, that should be
?revamp?.
The music is an easy-listening
jamboree. Frank is played by Garrett
Phillips, who does a good posh
karaoke, helped by the fabulous
onstage band. Phillips has the
minimalist hand gestures and the
laid-back cool, but the voice hasn?t
quite got enough of the smooooth
factor, and the accent is not a success.
David Hayes as Sammy feels much
more natural: he?s captured the
manic, bling-laden, overly friendly
personality and the voice too.
Dean Martin is the last to arrive
(quelle surprise) played by Nigel
Casey, already stumbling (and it?s not
even the interval). He?s full of ghastly
jokes. ?Here comes the African
queen,? he says, referring to Sammy
D. I vote no on that one.
The music is good. It?s everything
else that stutters and, at times, flops.
The first half feels forced and the
band save the trio more than once. It
flows better in the second half as the
drinks trolley arrives in the form of a
sleigh, pulled by two (distinctly
female) reindeer. (Sean Cavanagh is
the designer.) Finally we get a flavour
of the real deal: three boys loving the
limelight, stealing songs from each
other, playing tricks, having fun.
Sebastian has created a greatest
hits song list and added some women
in the form of the Burelli Sisters, who
are arm candy in every way. This
show, subtitled Christmas with the Rat
Pack, is formulaic theatre (after
Christmas the Rat Pack sing on, with
an Ella Fitzgerald theme). At its best
it?s fun and nostalgic. At its worst it?s a
cringe. Sammy D is particularly good.
As for Dean, there?s a merry
Christmas and there?s blotto. This
lady needs another revamp.
Box office: 020 7930 8800, to Jan 6. The
Rat Pack, with Ella Fitzgerald, runs
from Jan 9 to Feb 3
loved the performance. When we heard
what happened afterwards we wanted
to find out what was going on but Mrs
Meadows wouldn?t talk to us.?
A second performance of the Nativity concert, due to take place in a local
church hall on Tuesday, was cancelled.
A spokesman for Cardiff council said:
?It was decided it wasn?t safe.?
Parents say that they will be making
a formal complaint to the head of the
school governors and to the council.
Chris Bewick, 39, said that pupils
?were all dragged back and the head
told them how disgraceful they were.
The children were devastated.? He said
he had been proud of the performances.
Parents said that
Victoria Meadows
criticised pupils for
a ?disgusting?
performance
?They are little children and it?s a school
play: no one?s going to win an Olivier
award,? he added.
Mrs Meadows declined to comment
but a Cardiff council spokesman said:
?Some parents have alleged that pupils
were spoken to in an inappropriate
manner. The school denies this.?
A spokesman for South Wales police
confirmed that officers had attended
the school but no arrests were made.
On social media one father, writing
under the name ?jeffj?, said that reports
of the talking to had been exaggerated.
He said: ?My child has told me that the
bread and water and rubbish comments
are absolute nonsense but they were
told that they did not portray enough
happiness and let themselves down.?
Mrs Meadows?s relations with
parents have been rocky. In 2015 an
online petition called for her to be
dismissed. Parents complained that she
was too ready to report them to social
services if she felt that pupils were being
neglected at home.
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the times | Thursday December 21 2017
29
1G M
Will fans of Hamilton please
stop saying: You must see it!
Janice Turner
Page 30
Comment
The BBC must not give religion an easy ride
If the corporation insists on more coverage of faith, we have the right to criticise and question, not just venerate
David
Aaronovitch
@daaronovitch
D
ear God, the BBC is going
to devote more airtime to
you and make you more
diverse. Maybe there?ll be
a sitcom called The End is
Nigh, in which a family of Jehovah?s
Witnesses moves next door to a
family of Seventh Day Adventists
and evangelical mayhem ensues. Or
the corporation will buy the rights to
Saudi Arabian Big Brother, where the
all-male housemates compete to see
which of them is the most pious.
That one really exists, by the way.
Yesterday the BBC published its
religion and ethics review. This
40-page document promised a ?new
religious affairs team and religion
editor in News?, primetime coverage
of Eid, Diwali and Passover festivals
to go alongside its Christmas and
Easter offerings, and weaving
religious plots and discussion items
into primetime dramas and chat
shows. The argument is that
religion is important to people and
that its different faiths should be
better understood.
Given that for the first time since
the Black Death a majority of
Britons are not actually religious, this
new emphasis seems perverse.
Ominously the report justifies itself
by stating that ?globally, 84 per cent
of people affiliate with a religion and
this is predicted to rise above 90 per
cent over the next decades?, thus
confusing a projection (which this
was) with a prediction, which it
wasn?t. Or perhaps they had
mistaken it for a prophecy? There
will be ?A Year of Beliefs? in 2019
(I would like to volunteer right now
to present the show on alien
abduction). There will be a Radio 4
series on morality with Rabbi
Jonathan Sacks. There will be a
Belief Summit, which will have to be
scaled every two years. There will be
a ?faith in the world week?.
Big, responsible broadcasters have
always been susceptible to the notion
that because lots of people do a
thing, lots of other people must be
interested in watching them do it. It?s
what I call the ?local news? fallacy.
Indeed the report itself cites survey
evidence showing that, while a
majority of Britons believe religious
programming is important, a clear
majority don?t want to watch or
listen to it.
The report?s recommendations fill
me with foreboding. There is very
little about the BBC?s coverage of
religion that I like, and yet the report
cites several programmes as
Modern religion can
be about charity, or
heresy and misogyny
templates for what it wants to
achieve. The first two ?popular?
programmes on its must-emulate
list were Mary Berry?s Easter Feast
and Fern Britton?s Holy Land Journey.
The venerable baker?s show has
sadly been removed from the BBC
iPlayer, leaving only a few recipes
for temporal treats such as a
cardamom and white chocolate
sponge cake.
As for Ms Britton, only three
extracts from her pilgrimage to the
land of Jesus ? broadcast on Good
Friday ? remain. There?s Fern
saying ?I thought I?d never see it!?
and giving a ?lo and behold? armswide gesture to the Jerusalem
skyline, there?s Fern being shown
?the steps that Jesus probably walked
up? and there?s Fern making the
impulsive decision, demonstrating
her renewed faith, of having a cross
tattooed on her wrist. Fern is
roughly my age so she could have
visited Jerusalem any time in the
past 40 years and (it turned out
later) already had two butterflies
tattooed on her tummy.
Really, more of that? Maybe next
time Fern can go with Rabbi Sacks
and Nadiya Hussain and have a fight
at the Wailing Wall. No let up either
in Thought for the Day, which for
most of my life has specialised in
scolding me about how there is
more to life than shopping, eating
and mobile phones. What an
empty vessel I would be but for
those daily sermons on Radio 4.
More interviews with religious
leaders, perhaps? Last week one of
the BBC?s most incisive journalists
conducted a one-on-one with the
Archbishop of Canterbury. Within
minutes it had ascended almost to
the level of ?would you care to
reflect upon the state of things,
Your Holiness??
This week it was the turn of the
new Bishop of London, Sarah
Mullally, now the most senior
female Anglican cleric. Bishop
Mullally?s answers to questions about
church problems were so coded and
evasive that it was almost painful. If
she?d been a politician she?d have
been flayed alive.
But at least she?s there. The BBC
report also promises a ?special focus
on bringing in young and female
voices which are less frequently
heard?. That will be interesting.
Catholics don?t allow women in the
priesthood. Much of Islam and
Orthodox Judaism segregates
Mary Berry?s Easter Feast made it
on to the BBC?s ?must-emulate? list
worshippers and doesn?t permit
women anywhere near the pulpit.
And this emphasises another point
? that a big function of religion is to
exert social control over people.
This is where the BBC goes all
weasel. ?Our audiences,? it says, ?are
interested in moral questions, but are
living in a less structured moral
environment?. Notice the way that
?but? works. There?s a judgment
sitting in there pretending to be an
observation. Interest is good. Less
structured environment is bad.
Perhaps it hasn?t occurred to the
BBC that the first is only made
possible by the second. By contrast,
when God and Scripture are the
arbiters of right and wrong, there are
few if any moral questions.
I fear the false piety and unearned
reverence that will result from this
report. However, there is a job to be
done and perhaps when we move
away from Fern Britton?s Holy Land
Journey we can agree what it is. The
BBC is right that religion, and why
people believe it, matters. The
blanket assumptions about, say,
Muslims made by even educated
people whose knowledge is minimal
can be deeply damaging. As can
assumptions about Jews made by
even educated Muslims. The
difference between a Sufi and a
Salafi is as important as that
between a Sunni and a Shia. To
study Jewish history is to become
aware of why being an ?anti-Zionist?
is never likely to endear you to
mainstream Jewish communities.
But this understanding requires
robustness on the part of the BBC,
not a saccharine or reverential
?religion-is-better-than-otherbeliefs-and-isn?t-Diwali-colourful?
approach. The report, for example,
complains that some religions are
?often absent, poorly presented or
satirised?. That?s a giveaway trio.
Absent must be wrong, poorly
presented must be poor, but what is
?satirised? doing in that list?
Modern religion can be about
charity and community. But it can
also be about heresy, apostasy,
misogyny, excommunication and
violence. If we are to live with, talk
about and respect religious belief,
then we must also criticise, question
and make fun of it, as we might any
other belief.
And on that note, dear reader, I
wish you a Happy Christmas and a
critical new year.
morland animation
Trump, Putin, May and
friends celebrate at this
magical time of year
thetimes.co.uk
30
1G M
RM
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Comment
?Mutineers? should be given cabinet seats
The prime minister can help draw the poison from public life if she promotes able Remainers
Christopher
Wilkins
@mrchriswilkins
W
hen a national
newspaper put 15
Tory MPs on its
front page under the
headline ?mutineers?
a few weeks ago, it could not have
envisaged the impact it would have.
For one thing, their treatment at
the hands of The Daily Telegraph
brought them closer together and
stiffened their resolve to vote against
the government on Brexit last week.
But it also fuelled a culture of
intimidation, largely driven by social
media, that is taking hold in British
politics.
Such abuse has been roundly, and
rightly, condemned, with the prime
minister saying that there ?can never
be a place for the threats of violence
and intimidation?. However, it is easy
to condemn the symptom; much
better to deal with the cause.
That?s what the prime minister can
do when she considers reshuffling
her government in the new year. It
will be a chance to reach all corners
of the Conservative Party, to build
bridges and demonstrate that it
continues to be a broad church that
welcomes debate.
I have worked with Conservative
politicians of all backgrounds and
persuasions: from the right, the left,
pro-Europe, anti-Europe, socially
liberal and traditionally
Conservative. I was the David Davis
supporter who worked for David
Cameron?s government; the Nicky
Morgan special adviser who went on
to work in Theresa May?s No 10. The
Conservative Party has always been
a pragmatic coalition of different
interests, but somehow rigid ideology
has started to get in the way. It?s as if
Brexit is driving us mad.
Last year?s referendum campaign
unleashed feelings and emotions that
are yet to fall away. As a result, honest
disagreement is regarded as fierce
opposition. To question is heresy. To
seek clarity is viewed as dissent.
Of course, it cuts both ways. Those
who supported Brexit are derided as
racists or little Englanders, while
accusations of betrayal and treachery
are directed at those who voted
Remain. Brexit-supporting
newspapers contribute to the
The Brexiteers need
not worry. They have
won, for good or ill
fractious nature of the debate, for
fear that their long-cherished
ambition may be thwarted, that we
may stumble as we head towards the
EU exit, that the voices of opposition
may yet stand in our way.
Yet the Brexiteers need not worry.
They have won and they will have
their Brexit, for good or ill. The
question before us is what kind of
country we want post-Brexit Britain
to be and how we act over the
coming months will help to shape
that outcome.
We must seek to be a country that
is more united than we appear today.
That means using this opportunity to
enact policies that will help tackle
economic disparities and social
injustice with the kind of agenda of
economic and social reform that the
prime minister spoke about on her
first day in No 10.
It also means leading by example
to heal divisions within politics itself.
Many of us who saw that newspaper
front page did not see a group of
malcontents but the face of
moderate, mainstream Conservatism.
The kind of Conservatism that
first drew me into politics nearly 20
years ago.
A number of the MPs featured are
thoughtful individuals and talented
communicators. Dominic Grieve is a
wise and intelligent MP and was a
reliable member of David Cameron?s
government. Anna Soubry is an
effective media performer who can
connect with the public. Nicky
Morgan is a proven campaigner who
turned her marginal Midlands
constituency into a strong
Conservative seat.
The prime minister was right to
decry their treatment but actions
speak louder than words. Finding a
way to bring some of them back into
the fold in the reshuffle would
improve the calibre of the
Conservative team.
She should promote obvious talent,
from proven ministers such as Nick
Gibb at the Department for
Education and Brandon Lewis at
the Home Office, to thoughtful MPs
such as the prime minister?s former
policy adviser George Freeman, the
former army officer Tom Tugendhat,
as well as Neil O?Brien and Kemi
Badenoch, who were elected for the
first time this year and are already
looking beyond Brexit.
She should also ignore the
received wisdom that says you need
to keep a balance of Leavers and
Remainers in the government. What
matters above all is what someone
can offer in the future, not how they
voted in the past.
By opening her government to
embrace all the talents at the
Conservative Party?s disposal, the
prime minister can start to look to a
booked until for ever. And even
when I could obtain tickets, my
finger paused over the purchase
button. What if on some chosen day
in six months? time I have a cold or a
deadline or my mum is ill . . . You can?t
even give these tickets to a friend.
You must sell them back to the
theatre ? if they?ll take them. Which
is a laudable move to end touting,
but also a royal pain.
Besides, say the
mega-fans, this is no
ordinary play. It?s intense.
To maximise the
experience you must
swot up. Study the
soundtrack, watch clips
on YouTube, read Ron
Chernow?s 800-page
Hamilton biography. Oh
please. Just hurry up and
make the movie version.
Less stressful and a far
better view than row Z of
the stalls.
assumed that would measure about
two Sainsbury?s ?bags for life?. Instead
he tipped into my porch a pile big
enough to build a pyre around
parliament. We were logged in.
It took me about 30 journeys to
cart the wood round the back and
get stacking. I?ve long admired those
geometric log piles outside Slovenian
farmhouses. A reassuring Jenga of
warmth. But stacking is harder than
it looks. My pile is neither neat nor
solid, though it does make me feel
able to withstand the worst of
winters. Now Sadiq Khan, mayor of
London, wants to ban wood burning
maybe I will only look at it.
I have never known
politics to be as
fractious as it is today
world beyond Brexit. It would be a
mark of strong leadership, the right
thing to do for the country, and for
the culture of politics too.
At its best, politics is the place
where we solve our differences and
overcome division. That?s what
makes it compelling. Yet I have never
known it to be as divided and
fractious as it is today.
With strong leadership we can
get beyond the poisonous
atmosphere of the moment and look
to the future. As the prime minister
put it in her Commons statement
this week: ?Our politics must be
better than this.?
Christopher Wilkins was strategy
director and speechwriter to the prime
minister, 2016-2017
T
he middle-aged women
who get most attention are
those who, by surgery or
starvation, retain their
looks. I?m more interested
in those who keep their integrity.
I cheered to hear that Amanda
Spielman, head of Ofsted, is braving
threats to tackle the scandal of
extremist private faith schools. Three
years ago I helped a former pupil of
Jamia al-Hudaa, near Nottingham,
write an account of her pitiful and
alarming education. More shocking
than imported Saudi textbooks
which taught that wives could be
beaten was Ofsted?s complicity.
Every report glowed at how well the
girls knew their Koran, ignoring the
fact that they learnt little else.
Let?s hope Ms Spielman will stop
giving such schools endless chances.
After failing several inspections,
Jamia al-Hudaa was ordered to close,
but via Ofsted?s opaque and
labyrinthine appeal system, scraped
by after fulfilling ?minimum
requirements?.
So far, in her imperviousness to
abuse, Ms Spielman reminds me of
Dame Louise Casey, author of the
recent community cohesion report,
who blasted both the government, for
breaking promises to fund English
language classes, and conservative
communities for holding back
women. ?It doesn?t always make you
popular when you are not very
right-on,? she said. Dame Louise?s
earlier report on the Rotherham
abuse scandal vindicated another
fearless older woman, the
whistleblower Jayne Senior.
The greatest compensation
for sags and wrinkles is not
caring what people say
about you any more, only
about the truth.
Ticket envy
F
ans of Hamilton are very
trying. It is the greatest
event ever witnessed
on this planet, they cry.
Better than your football
team and political party
winning in the same
year; better than the
moon landing or your
first-born child or
immortal life. YOU
MUST SEE IT!
Except, of course, I
can?t. The West End run is
Winter logjam
T
o counter my
seasonal blues I
ordered logs for my
fire. The man who
brings them from bosky
Tunbridge Wells
explained that he sells
them in units
equivalent to a
?builder?s bag?. I
I
n the two weeks since I was cast
out of the I?m a Celebrity jungle,
I?ve had plenty of time to think
about my experiences. Not so
much whether I care to repeat
the Bushtucker trials but more how
lucky we are to have such a vibrant
natural world, and the responsibility
we have as custodians of it.
As a lifelong environmentalist,
who has worked with governments
around the world to protect
endangered species, it is a source of
shame that we humans haven?t
always lived up to that responsibility.
For years we have allowed the ivory
trade to continue, tearing tusks off
African elephants and poaching this
beautiful creature, rather than
protecting it as we should. Every 25
minutes an African elephant is
slaughtered. At this rate, future
generations will simply not know
what a wild elephant is.
Yet there is something we can do
to change this. Britain can close
The antiques market
can be a hiding place
for illegal modern ivory
nce again Christmas present
panic begins and ends with
one word: men. What can you
buy them that is exactly what they
want but not achingly dull? (Seriously,
any ideas?) For women there is an
ever-shifting range of toiletries and
fashions. Must I really buy my
husband another jumper or bike
accessory? I am so stumped I even
stood in the electrical department
eyeing an Alexa, the most sinister
gadget ever created, which surely
transmits your every secret directly to
an enemy power. ?Alexa, what do you
buy difficult men??
down the domestic ivory market and
end a bloody trade that shames us
all. You might be surprised to learn
that the ivory trade is not banned in
Britain. Any item produced before
1947, the date at which ivory
technically becomes ?antique?, can
be freely sold.
Britain has one of the world?s
largest domestic ivory markets and is
the biggest exporter of ivory antiques.
This legal market has a direct impact
on poaching, fuelling demand and
providing a hiding place for illegal
modern ivory to be laundered.
The government is consulting on
whether to close this market, asking
for responses before December 29. A
small but vocal minority, the
antiques lobby, is pushing for a
halfway measure. Go to any antiques
shop and you are likely to find ivory
items available for sale. Dealers will
tell you they sell only pre-1947 ivory
but how can you know for sure?
They say a licensing system would
suffice and any ban should still allow
the sale of items of artistic, cultural
or historic significance. Yet if a piece
is that important, surely it belongs in
a museum. If any exemption is to be
allowed, it should surely be defined
in the strictest possible terms.
The antiques industry is on the
wrong side of history. Indeed, 85 per
cent of the British public support a
total ban on ivory sales, according to
the latest polling.
The truth is that anything other
than a total ban will offer a get-outof-jail-free card to the poachers and
those who are making money off the
backs of these glorious creatures.
@victoriapeckham
Stanley Johnson is an environmental
campaigner, author and former MEP
Jenni Russell is away
Janice Turner Notebook
It?s fearless
women who
make the
difference
We must ban all
sales of ivory to
save the elephant
Stanley Johnson
The gap in my gift list
O
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
31
2G M
Comment
Interesting Times, the best of Peter Brookes?s cartoons from the past two years, is available now from Biteback Publishing at �
Brussels cannot afford to let the City sink
Petty conflicts over who will be Europe?s financial top dog ignore the extent to which all nations rely on the Square Mile
Iain
Martin
@iainmartin1
C
onsidering how derided
Britain?s institutions often
are, it was encouraging that
the civil service did such a
great job earlier this month
negotiating a deal with Brussels over
phase one of Brexit.
Now another pillar of the
establishment, the Bank of England,
has provided further grounds for
optimism as we move to the second
phase of talks. It said yesterday that
it will allow banks from European
Union countries to operate in Britain
after Brexit just as they do now.
They will not have to change their
status or find billions of pounds in
extra capital. The upbeat message
is that London will remain open
for business.
The Bank?s positive approach
contrasted with the aggressive stance
taken by Michel Barnier, the EU?s
chief negotiator. He insisted that
Britain will have to accept Brussels?
rules on banking and insurance as
part of a trade deal ? or else. This
apparently dry row about bank
regulation reveals the extent to
which Barnier is blustering and that
Britain?s hand in the next round of
talks is stronger than we think.
The Bank of England was never
going to set up barriers for European
banks that need a London base after
Brexit, but by making it clear now,
Britain looks constructive while the
EU?s leading players squabble over
how to treat the City.
There is much talk in Brussels
about ?alignment? ? the extent to
which we would have to follow EU
rules after leaving ? but precious
little evidence of it between France,
Germany and Brussels.
Barnier is French and his country?s
The practical Germans
are sceptical of claims
by the new Napoleon
president, Emmanuel Macron, is
determined to boost Paris as a
financial centre by wooing bankers
from London and imposing stricter
anti-Anglo-Saxon regulations.
Jean-Claude Juncker, president of
the European Commission, seems to
take a different view and slapped
down Barnier this week. Juncker is
from Luxembourg, a tax haven of a
country that depends on financial
services and its links with London.
Meanwhile, the practical-minded
Germans are rightly sceptical of
claims by France?s new Napoleon
that Paris is poised to supplant the
City of London, and they want to
minimise disruption.
In such circumstances, the Bank
of England calmly stating ?as you are
everyone, please carry on? becomes a
rather appealing message to anyone
sensible and non-French.
For the truth is that the City
remains Europe?s financial giant,
dominating all manner of trading
and providing the services that
European businesses need to borrow
and move money. Finance is about
hubs and London boasts a unique
concentration of expertise, scale,
language, timezone, law, technology,
professional services, lifestyle and
infrastructure. London is Europe?s
money hub.
This reality explains why Deutsche
Bank, with 9,000 staff based in
London, is understood to have
discreetly urged the German
government not to let Brexit talks
collapse, as they nearly did a few
weeks ago over the issue of the
Irish border.
A fudge was duly arranged to get
phase one agreed, and we will need
more fudge next year to resolve
arguments over financial services.
The government and Mark Carney,
governor of the Bank of England, say
for example that a future trade deal
should include agreement on how
both sides acknowledge each other?s
rules. This is impossible, says
Barnier. Britain must be completely
outside the EU yet completely
aligned to its regulations, or not
trade at all.
By a quirk of the current rules, the
City is allowed to ?clear and settle?
(that is facilitate) EU-denominated
For all its flaws, the
City of London is
brilliant at innovation
trades: the hundreds of billions of
euros? worth of contracts that oil the
wheels of the single currency. Some
in the European Central Bank and in
France want that trading moved to
the eurozone, which would add costs
and pose a risk to the stability of the
system. Some jobs will go to Paris,
Frankfurt and Dublin but these cities
lack the capacity to replace London.
The EU and British negotiating
teams need to ensure that, in
financial services as in other areas, as
little changes as possible after Brexit.
As the agreement on phase one
showed, it?s amazing what can be
achieved when both sides agree to
live with ambiguity, perhaps
recognising that most of each other?s
rules are equivalent.
There is probably another
deep-seated fear at work among
those who want to replace or
restrain London, however. For all its
flaws, it is brilliant at innovation,
sucking in global talent and fusing it
with new ideas.
It was a team in the City led by a
German refugee, Siegmund
Warburg, that created the eurobond
in 1963. This major debt market grew
out of a clever bit of chicanery that
exploited a US tax change. Much
later, London was supercharged by
trading in the euro, which we were
told would ruin the City when we
opted not to join.
Now, more epoch-defining
changes in finance and the nature of
money are underway, thanks to
digital innovation known as fintech,
which will change banking more
radically than Brexit ever will.
Petty conflict between the capitals
of Europe over who is the financial
top dog is counterproductive.
London, Paris and Frankfurt should
co-exist, compete and co-operate.
They enjoyed flourishing links before
the First World War blew the system
apart. Today, a more entrepreneurial
and prosperous Paris can be positive
for all. That means the Bank of
England?s message ? let?s get along
? is surely the right one.
32
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Fears for safety of criminal prosecutions
National Archives
and colonialism
Sir, By a strange irony the most
virulent examples of the strident
anti-colonialism about which Nigel
Biggar complained (?Oxford backs
academic over ?bigoted? views?, Dec 16)
have, I think, taken place at the
National Archives at Kew, the very
place where much of our imperial past
is stored. The specific area where this
empire-bashing has occurred is the
Keeper?s Gallery within the archive,
which according to its mission
statement celebrates 1,000 years of our
history. Yet there has been precious
little favourable about our imperial
past (or any other aspect of our
history) on the wall displays. The
display board on Empire &
Colonialism, for example, described
colonial policy as ?profoundly
oppressive?; it took seven years of
campaigning to get this extravagant
language removed. The wording has
stood while thousands of
schoolchildren and other visitors
toured the gallery, and was only
removed on appeal, when it was finally
acknowledged that the language was
inappropriate and betrayed the
archive?s obligation of fairness.
In my view the display boards
remain unremittingly anti-British; the
archive produced a thoroughly
anti-colonialist blog on the 75th
anniversary of Indian partition in
August. Two weeks ago it was finally
taken down because it was deemed to
have breached the archive?s own rules
and standards.
It is self-evident that the imperial
history was flawed but it is sad that
such vigilance is needed to ensure
that the historical past is not distorted
by those within such a great
institution as the National Archives.
tony adler
Kew
Scottish hygge
Sir, I suspect that wonderful word
hygnmie (letter, Dec 20) comes from
thingmie, which in turn comes from
thingummyjig. It sounds even better
when pronounced in Glaswegian with
a slight guttural ?ch?, similar to that in
loch, at the start of the word, rather
than ?th?. It all becomes perfectly
clear when used ? I think.
mrs s alexander
Stirling
Sir, Mark Boyle (letter, Dec 20) is
mistook: the word is hingmy, which is
much easier to pronounce than his
aberration. Lang may yer lum reek.
angus dunn
Forgandenny, Perth and Kinross
Corrections and
clarifications
The Times takes complaints about
editorial content seriously. We are
committed to abiding by the
Independent Press Standards
Organisation (?IPSO?) rules and
regulations and the Editors? Code of
Practice that IPSO enforces.
Requests for corrections or
clarifications should be sent by email to
feedback@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
Feedback, The Times, 1 London Bridge
Street, London SE1 9GF
Sir, Your reports (Dec 20) on the
collapse of two rape cases in a week
reveal the tip of the iceberg. Fair
disclosure of evidence gathered in an
investigation in a criminal
prosecution is essential to a fair trial.
Sadly such failures are only too
common. In our own recent survey,
more than 98 per cent of respondents
reported serious disclosure failures,
and of those who responded, 90 per
cent reported it as commonplace.
The Criminal Justice Joint
Inspection report in July found that
adequate disclosure took place in
13 per cent of cases. This is a national
scandal. Thousands are being denied
a fair trial: innocent people are being
convicted and guilty ones acquitted.
Something has to change.
This undisclosed material is
deemed ?unused material? and legal
aid lawyers are not paid for reading it.
The Legal Aid Agency clearly views it
as unimportant. Thank goodness in
Liam Allan?s case that good unpaid
work by defence and prosecution
lawyers discovered the failings.
The present review by the
Metropolitan Police should be
extended to all cases, not only rape
and sex cases.
bill waddington
Chairman, Criminal Law Solicitors?
Association
Sir, Although it is absolutely right that
the Metropolitan Police should review
evidence in all rape and sex cases in
progress, this review should urgently
Grenfell ?shortcuts?
Sir, Dame Judith Hackitt (?Firms?
shortcuts over safety shock Grenfell
inquiry chief?, News, Dec 19) may well
have been shocked by construction
industry practices indicating ?a
systemic failure? in existing regulatory
requirements, but not as shocked as I
was to read her statement that ?the
mindset of doing things as cheaply as
possible . . . must stop?.
Most, if not all, building projects in
the public sector are procured
through competitive tendering, with
the lowest tender winning the
contract. Unless public-sector clients
and their funders (in other words,
taxpayers) are prepared to start
accepting the highest tenders so that
?things? are not done as cheaply as
on this day december 21, 1917
OUR AIMS
AND
THEIR PRICE
The most important feature in the
Prime Minister?s broad survey
yesterday was his treatment of the
fundamental question of ?war aims?.
The aims he put before the nation
have been the aims of all responsible
statesmen from the day when
German treachery and violence
towards defenceless Belgium drove
the nation into war. They are, as
ever, restitution, reparation, and
guarantees. But the main demand
be extended to concluded cases where
a guilty verdict was achieved and a
prison sentence is being served.
The failure to disclose material
evidence to the defence teams
revealed in the Isaac Itiary case
confirms that the Liam Allan matter
was not a one-off and that there must
be a serious risk that other people
have been wrongly convicted.
lord gold
London W1
Sir, Further to the collapse of the rape
cases against Liam Allan and Isaac
Itiary, I do not see why defendants in
such cases should be afforded
anonymity. In my own case, the
experience of being acquitted of rape
in a highly publicised trial in 1993,
although difficult for me, did not have
a long-lasting impact on my life. I
gave those who asked me about it the
facts of the case, and no stigma
resulted. Alongside their obvious
sense of relief on the ending of the
legal process, Mr Itiary and Mr Allan
should take some comfort from the
fact that, despite their names being in
the public eye now, people will soon
forget and they can then get on with
their lives. Starting legal proceedings
against the Metropolitan Police or
CPS would serve only to prolong
their time in the limelight.
austen donnellan
Bideford, Devon
Sir, The problems raised by the Liam
Allan trial could be solved very
possible, then this ?mindset? will
inevitably prevail.
geoff yeates
Holton, Oxon
Training of doctors
Sir, Your leader (?Doctor, Doctor?,
Dec 20) surely overlooks the most
important point. The training of
doctors is largely funded by taxpayers.
These same taxpayers require the
services of the doctors they have paid
for. There is no shortage of very able
applicants to study medicine; many of
those rejected would be glad to serve
the NHS as a career. Is it not now
time to restrict taxpayer funding to
those who will?
kenneth ross
Auchencairn, Dumfries and Galloway
involves, as it always has done, the
complete overthrow of Prussian
?militarism?. The Prime Minister
does not attempt to disguise our
disappointment at the results of the
year?s campaign. Our troops have
done wonderful things on the
Western front, even though their
most striking victory was afterwards
impaired by a serious counter-stroke.
But the initial defeat of the Italians,
and the fact that Russia is now
actually negotiating a peace, have
made the situation ?undoubtedly
more menacing?. There are brilliant
compensations in the East, of which
Mr Lloyd George made the most,
but they hardly diminish the gravity
of the immediate position. The next
few months, in short, are likely to be
the worst of the war. We must all
make up our minds to fresh
sacrifices, and, first of all, to fresh
sacrifices of manpower. The
defection of Russia and the demands
of the Italian campaign impose a
fresh drain upon our Armies. Are we
going to meet it? The answer rests
very largely with the trade unions.
Mr Lloyd George took to himself the
simply, and with a great saving of
cost, through the use of the
independent Bar as opposed to
in-house CPS lawyers. There are
three clear benefits: a member of the
independent Bar is not constrained by
bureaucratic policy; if his or her work
is not satisfactory, he or she need not
be briefed again; payment would be
confined to the work done, without a
salary including holiday pay, pension,
national insurance contributions, etc,
which in-house CPS lawyers get.
The result would be affordable, fair
and independent justice.
his honour graham hume jones
Bristol
Sir, I represented Liam Allan at his
trial and concur with the views of
Lord Morris of Aberavon, Lord Judge
and Lord Cormack (The Brief, Dec
19) that there must be a judge-led
inquiry into the failures of disclosure
in this case. The present climate of a
failure to investigate impartially and
disclose fully must be addressed. Mr
Allan?s case, as shocking as it is, is not
unique. Justice will only be done
when the police and CPS are able and
willing to investigate allegations
objectively and to comply with their
duties of disclosure from the outset.
The system should not rely upon
defence barristers mid-trial trawling
through this kind of voluminous
material (often unpaid) into the early
hours of the morning.
julia smart
Furnival Chambers, London EC4
Absent warships
Sir, Your report on the state of our
naval readiness (Dec 20) takes me
back to 1968. That year I was sailing
through the Mediterranean on the
commando carrier HMS Bulwark to
Cyprus on exercise. We were escorted
by at least five warships, frigates and a
destroyer, while being shadowed by
Russian warships. One wonders what
will happen when HMS Queen
Elizabeth takes to sea on exercise. It
looks as if it will take about half our
serviceable navy to escort her.
john r crichton
Bournemouth
Letters to The Times must be exclusive
and may be edited.
fullest share of responsibility for the
pledges given to them early in the
war. But they were not, and could
not be, absolute pledges. Conditions
might arise in which every man
must come out to defend it.
The need of men is imperious.
Russia has gone out of the war and
America is not yet well in it. We hold
the gap. We have been sending back
men to hold it who have been
seriously wounded two or three
times over. That is a deplorable
necessity, in flagrant contradiction to
the whole theory of ?equal sacrifice?.
But it must continue and extend,
unless Labour is ready to give its
fellows in the lines the support
essential to their safety and to ours.
The Government have resolved,
wisely as we consider, to take the
trade unions into their confidence
before they ask the House of
Commons for fresh powers.
sign up for a weekly email
with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Sniff test for illness
Sir, The ability to ?smell? Parkinson?s
before it becomes clinically manifest
opens exciting possibilities (report,
Dec 19). However, it is not restricted
to this condition. For very many years
I cared for a patient with bipolar
affective disorder whose wife could
accurately predict the impending
onset of the manic phase quite some
days before it became clinically
manifest. She used to tell me that the
smell of her husband?s perspiration
changed in the week or so before the
onset of the typical clinical
presentation. My co-workers and I
were unable to detect this change on
the very many occasions when we
tried. Both my patient and his wife
are no longer with us, but I am sure
she would have been delighted to
know that she shared this ability with
Joy Milne. It is likely that these are
not the only two clinical conditions in
which body smell alters.
david pariente
Consultant psychiatrist, Gibraltar
Virtuous signalling
Sir, Further to your report ?Friends
post a boast instead of Christmas
card? (Dec 18), two years ago I was
told by a good friend that she would
no longer be sending Christmas cards
but would be making a donation to
charity instead. I have continued to
send her a card as I enjoy both
sending and receiving them.
Last week I received an email from
this friend that began: ?Thank you
for your card but please, next year,
just send your good wishes in a text
or email.?
judy spittlehouse
Pentraeth, Anglesey
Ban plastic bags
Sir, Surely one solution to the
mountains of plastic rubbish is for the
government to ban plastic bags
completely. The Kenyan government
has done this recently and it is
making a difference. The 5p charge
for plastic carrier bags here is not a
deterrent and one feels that the retail
outlets profit from this ruling because
they were quick to replace large paper
carrier bags with plastic ones. Could
we not simply have the paper ones
back ? and plant more trees?
caroline vaughan-lee
Corscombe, Dorset
Hangover cure
Sir, Further to your article on
hangover cures (Times2, Dec 19),
years ago I worked as the barman in a
small country hotel near Savernake
Forest in Wiltshire. One of my
customers was often in need of a
hangover cure and he told me of the
famed ?prairie oyster?. Made with a
raw egg (leaving the yolk intact),
Worcester sauce, salt and pepper and
two or three dashes of Tabasco, it was
to be drunk in one gulp. One should
avoid asking for it in Canada,
however, where it is the name given
to a dish made of bulls? testicles.
f w nunneley
Beckley, E Sussex
Bard and lodging
Sir, Your theatre critic Ann Treneman
writes: ?Seriously, ask anyone what
the Midlands is famous for and listen
to the void? (Notebook, Dec 19, and
letter, Dec 20).
How about Shakespeare?
fay weighell
Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
33
1G M
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: The winter solstice marks the shortest
day of the year.
Poland: Theresa May, Philip Hammond,
Boris Johnson and Amber Rudd attend
a meeting with the Polish prime minister.
Nature notes
Little auks ? tiny
black and white
relatives of the
extinct great auk
? have been flying
over the sea close to
land. However, they
are only a handful of the little auks that
are now out over the oceans. They nest in
their hundreds of thousands north of the
Arctic Circle, with vast colonies on the
seacliffs in Greenland, and they spread
south in winter in search of plankton. Seen
from the shore as they pass by, they go low
over the waves, flying very fast and rocking
from side to side. They have been compared
to children?s toys thanks to their dumpy
bodies, stubby little beaks and frog-like
faces. In severe winter gales large numbers
can be driven inshore, and some of these
may get swept inland, or be caught up with
flocks of starlings that are migrating here.
They crash down anywhere, sometimes
even in busy streets or on rooftops, and
occasionally they can be rescued, revived
and returned to sea. DERWENT MAY
Birthdays today
Emmanuel Macron,
pictured, president of
France, 40; Alicia Alonso,
Cuban prima ballerina,
96; Diana Athill, literary
editor, novelist and
memoirist, 100; Martin
Bayfield, rugby union
player, England (1991-96), and actor, 51;
Trevor Bayliss, cricketer, England cricket
coach, 55; Julie Delpy, actress, Before
Midnight (2013), 48; Gloria De Piero, Labour
MP for Ashfield, shadow justice minister, 45;
Chris Evert, tennis player, seven-time world
No 1, 63; Jane Fonda, actress, Barbarella
(1968), Nine to Five (1980), 80; Samuel L
Jackson, actor, Pulp Fiction (1994), 69; Tim
Johnson, chief executive, Great Ormond
Street Hospital Children?s Charity, 52; Albert
Lee, guitarist, 74; Steven Mnuchin, US
secretary of the Treasury, 55; Vivian Nutton,
historian of medicine, 74; Sir Peter
Openshaw, High Court judge, 70; Sir
Nicholas Penny, art historian and director,
National Gallery (2008-15), 68; John Quayle,
actor, Farrington of the F.O. (1986-87), 79;
John Ryley, head of Sky News, 56; Wafic
Said, financier, founder (1996), Said Business
School, University of Oxford, 78; Sir Andr醩
Schiff, concert pianist and conductor, 64;
Kiefer Sutherland, actor, 24 (2001-10, 2014),
51; Jamie Theakston, TV presenter, 47;
Michael Tilson Thomas, conductor, 73;
Tom Sturridge, actor, Far from the Madding
Crowd (2015), 32; Kate Swann, chief
executive of SSP, chief executive of WH
Smith (2003-13), 53; Doug Walters, cricketer,
Australia (1965-81), 72; Karrie Webb,
Australian golfer, 41 wins on LPGA Tour, 43;
Sir Robert Worcester, opinion pollster, 84.
Rocket Fuel
The Trump tax cuts are a momentous achievement. If America?s businesses
seize the moment they could put the world?s biggest economy on a new trajectory
After months of wrangling within Congress,
Donald Trump has a colossal tax-cut package to
announce before Christmas. The most significant
part of it is a historic 14-point reduction in America?s
headline rate of corporation tax, which for decades
has been the highest in the developed world
and out of kilter with the global economy. Most
individuals will see their taxes fall next year as
well. This is a promise that President Trump made
to voters, and one that he has kept.
His tax reforms are the most ambitious and
expensive since those enacted by Ronald Reagan
more than a generation ago. They will add $1.5 trillion to the national debt but they are also a response
to decades of pressure from business for a simpler,
fairer tax code with more incentives for investment
and fewer loopholes for special interests.
They will become law at a time of soaring stock
markets, rising growth, nearly full employment
and record business confidence. They will be
condemned by Mr Trump?s many critics as more
friendly to employers than employees, but they
have united American conservatives at the end of
a year in which much has divided them. And they
may yet prove, as the president hopes, rocket fuel
for the world?s biggest economy.
The Trump tax cuts take effect next month.
The last word
?Man must choose whether to be rich
in things or in the freedom to use them.?
Ivan Illich, Deschooling Society (1971).
week and set the tone for the rest of his
administration.
They deserve to. The current US corporate tax
rate of 35 per cent is a relic of the late Cold War,
which no previous administration has been able to
cut despite bipartisan agreement on the need to do
so. The reasons for these failures were the sheer
complexity of the convoluted US tax code and
an assumption that it had to be reformed in its
entirety or not at all.
Mr Trump has proved this assumption wrong.
The new 21 per cent corporate rate is higher than
he hoped for but should still serve as a powerful
incentive for corporate America to start repatriating
an estimated $2.6 trillion stockpiled in lower-tax
jurisdictions abroad. If so, a windfall will accrue
to the US Treasury that Mr Trump should spend
on overhauling America?s creaking transport
infrastructure. The risk is that the rest of the
money will be returned to shareholders in
dividends for which those of the Reagan-era
corporate tax holiday provide a precedent. That
would be a betrayal of the trust the president is
placing in American businesses. Their challenge
is to seize this moment to invest in jobs, wages
and productive capacity. Nothing less than the
reputation of capitalism depends on it.
Taxi Driver
The European Court has ruled that Uber is a cab firm. That is good for consumers
If it looks like a taxi company, swims like a taxi
company and quacks like a taxi company, then it
probably is a taxi company. That, in a nutshell, is
what the European Court of Justice said of Uber,
the ride-hailing app, in a judgment yesterday. The
ruling confirms common sense but, more than that,
it is a shot across the bows of Silicon Valley as
regulators across the world work out how to deal
with a new generation of disruptive companies.
Whether in transport, accommodation or online
publishing, firms cannot duck responsibility for
the products they provide by claiming that their
only activity is to connect third parties.
The case reached the court after a reference
from the Spanish courts. A professional taxi
association in Barcelona argued that Uber was
engaging in ?misleading practices? and ?unfair
competition?. It argued, too, that neither Uber nor
its drivers had the taxi licences required in law.
The Spanish court said that the case depended on
whether Uber was an ?information society service?,
as the company claimed, or a transport service, as
anyone who has ever used Uber knows it to be.
The ruling means that Uber will be subject to
the same rules as other transport companies,
making it a little harder for the company to evade
the attention of national and local regulators. In
particular, Uber will probably have to close down
any outfits, such as those in Poland, the Czech
Republic, Slovakia and Romania, which allow
drivers to use the app without a taxi licence.
This is not a death blow to Uber?s operations in
Europe, since the company already complies with
taxi-licensing laws in most EU countries. Such
decisions have yet to be made elsewhere in the
world, however. If the United States or some Asian
countries are convinced by the European Court?s
reasoning and adopt a similar approach, the
burdens of compliance could be costly.
The case also speaks to a wider debate about the
economic and legal status of Silicon Valley?s great
disruptors. Many of the world?s most valuable
companies claim not to produce the goods and
services for which their customers use them. Uber
claims to be an information service, not a transport
company. Facebook, Twitter and Google all claim
to be mere platforms on which others disseminate
content, denying their active roles as publishers.
Airbnb, which allows people to rent their homes to
strangers with no more than a few clicks, would
rather be seen as a technology firm than an
accommodation provider and hotelier, with all the
regulatory stresses that entails.
Yet regulation often exists to protect consumers,
requiring a company to perform checks on its
workers to ensure they are not dangerous, or use
safe materials in its equipment, or keep regulators
informed so that if anything goes wrong, those
responsible are held to account. When companies
accept their responsibility as service providers,
that has implications for how much tax they pay,
what benefits their workers are entitled to, what
counts as fair competition with their rivals and
what rights their consumers have against them.
None of this is to denigrate Uber. No one can
deny that it is a highly innovative company, whose
technological ambition and devotion to the
customer have transformed the taxi market and
made it that much easier to move around big cities.
It must admit, however, that it is part of that
market. A taxi company, or publishers, cannot shirk
their obligations by professing to be platforms alone.
Not Cricket
On this day
In 1620 the Pilgrim Fathers landed in
Plymouth, Massachusetts; in 1799 William
Wordsworth woke up for the first time
in Dove Cottage; in 1968 Apollo 8 was
launched from Cape Kennedy in Florida;
in 1988 a Pan American jumbo jet was
blown up by a terrorist bomb and crashed
in Lockerbie in Scotland, killing 270 people.
Eleven months later Americans vote in the midterm elections. Democrats hoping to turn them into
a referendum on Mr Trump?s personality should
not be surprised if they turn out to be a verdict
on the economy instead. If so, Republicans fearful
of losing their majorities in Congress could end
up strengthening them instead. Mr Trump is
gambling, in any case, that he can unleash
entrepreneurial energies that are as yet untapped,
and recent history suggests it can be dangerous to
bet against him.
The personal tax cuts in the bill approved
yesterday by both houses of Congress are
temporary and, by most analyses, regressive.
According to Congress?s joint taxation committee,
the middle 50 per cent of individual taxpayers will
receive cuts worth $61 billion next year, falling to
zero by 2027. Cuts benefiting the top 1 per cent of
earners will be worth the same amount, tapering
to $12 billion in the same period.
The White House?s own version of the
legislation, substantially altered by Congress,
would have benefited the middle class more
and for longer. Even so, Mr Trump is vulnerable
to the charge of helping the rich more than
the poor, but he is calculating that his corporate
tax reforms will steal the headlines this
Umpires need to intervene to stop dangerous bodyline bowling at tailenders
In 1933, after being hit over the heart, the Australian
cricket captain Bill Woodfull uttered some of the
most famous words in the history of the Ashes.
?There are two teams out there,? he said. ?One is
trying to play cricket and the other is not.? No
cricketing confrontation since has provoked
such controversy or inspired so much literature.
Some 85 years later, the former England captain
Douglas Jardine, the inventor of ?bodyline bowling?,
is still one of the most hated men in Australia. This,
however, has not stopped Australia from adopting
his tactics in the latest Ashes series.
In the first test, England?s Jake Ball, batting at
No 10, faced ten bouncers in the course of two
short innings, all aimed directly at him. The BBC
commentator Jonathan Agnew insisted that this
onslaught ?should have been called intimidatory
by the umpires?. It wasn?t, and on the fifth day
of the third test, James Anderson, at No 11, faced
similar treatment, eventually receiving a gutwrenching blow to the side of the head.
After knocking him over, Australia?s fielders
dutifully gathered around Anderson in a display of
concern, only to keep on firing bouncers at England?s final pair. This was not just unsportsmanlike.
It was potentially dangerous. Australia?s own
Phillip Hughes died in 2014 from a ball to the base
of his skull, despite wearing a helmet. Used judiciously, bodyline can be an effective tactic. Used
gratuitously, it can ruin lives and the game.
Cricket is the only sport in which a player with
poor ability in one area can face the world recordholder in another. Law 41 in the game?s rulebook
allows umpires to intervene if they deem the
bowling to be dangerous, and it exists for vulnerable batsmen. As Mike Atherton argues in the
Sport pages today: ?No one wants to see the game
sanitised, but the Law is there for a reason. The
umpires should make use of it.?
34
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
World
Trump hails tax reform as his
United States
Rhys Blakely Washington
President Trump hailed his first
legislative victory yesterday as Congress
passed the most comprehensive US
tax reform in decades. He called the
$1.5 trillion overhaul ?an incredible
Christmas gift for hard-working
Americans?.
The tax bill was passed by the House
of Representatives despite unanimous
opposition from Democrats, who denounced it as a bonanza for the wealthy
and big business. It will next be sent to
Mr Trump to be signed, allowing him to
cap a tumultuous year with a landmark
political win.
?It is always a lot of fun when you
win,? he told a celebratory gathering of
Republican members of Congress in
the White House gardens. ?If you work
hard and lose, that?s not acceptable.?
He added on Twitter: ?The Tax Cuts
are so large and so meaningful. . . the results will speak for themselves, starting
very soon. Jobs, Jobs, Jobs!?
At a cabinet meeting Mike Pence, the
vice-president, praised Mr Trump for
delivering ?a middle-class miracle?.
A jubilant Paul Ryan, the Republican
Speaker of the House, conceded that
much of the electorate was suspicious
of the deep tax cuts being given to
corporate America but predicted that
voters would ?change their view?.
He added: ?The vast majority of businesses are going to do just what we say
? reinvest in their workers, reinvest in
their factories, pay people more money,
higher wages.?
Much will now depend, however, on
how the economy responds to a complex
package of reforms and
the effectiveness of Mr
Trump?s sales pitch to
sceptical voters. A
Wall Street Journal/
NBC survey found
that more than
two thirds of
Americans felt
that the new tax
code was intended
Paul Ryan, House Speaker,
said voters would benefit
Key changes
Business taxes
Cuts corporate tax from
35 per cent to 21 per
cent from January 1.
Smaller businesses
Creates a 20 per cent
deduction for the first
$315,000 of income.
The marginal tax rate
will be no more than
29.6 per cent.
International sales
Exempts American
multinationals from US
taxes on most future
foreign profits, ending
the system of taxing
profits no matter where
they were earned. This
should hinder offshore
tax-dodging tactics.
Repatriating profits
Sets a one-off tax of
8 per cent on illiquid
assets and 15.5 per cent
on cash equivalents for
about $2.6 trillion in
profits held overseas.
Exporting profits
Prevents companies
shifting profits to lowertax jurisdictions. Sets a
minimum tax on
payments between US
corporations and
foreign affiliates, and
limits on shifting
income via transfers of
intangible property,
including patents.
Investment
Allows businesses to
immediately write off
the full value of
investments in new
equipment and plants
for five years.
Interest
Caps at 30 per cent of
income the amount by
which businesses can
use debt interest
payments to lower tax.
Carried interest
Keeps this
loophole for financiers,
to help companies and the wealthy.
Only 17 per cent believed that their
family would benefit.
Mr Trump said yesterday that ?probably the biggest factor? in his tax plan
was a permanent cut in the corporate
tax rate from 35 per cent to 21 per cent.
It will also let businesses write off
investments more quickly.
AT&T, a large telecoms
company, gave the changes
an enthusiastic welcome, saying that it
would give more than
200,000 employees a
special bonus of
$1,000. It also increased its capital
expenditures budget by $1 billion in
the US.
Republicans on
which allows a lower
capital gains tax rate on
much of the income
from investments held
for more than a year.
Environment
Opens up the possibility
of drilling in a wildlife
reserve in Alaska.
Personal taxation
Removes penalties for
not buying Obamacare
health insurance.
Maintains seven tax
bands, but temporarily
changes most of the
income levels and rates.
Bottom band
Married couples pay 10
per cent up to $19,050,
compared with 10 per
cent up to $18,650 now.
Top band
Couples pay 37 per cent
above $600,000, rather
than 39.6 per cent
above $470,700.
Capitol Hill will strive to maintain
legislative momentum. Mr Trump said
this week that he had a ?soon-to-besubmitted infrastructure plan? in the
works. Others in the party want to
prioritise welfare reform, an issue that
may clash with his populist campaign
pledges. First, though, Congress must
reach a deal to keep the federal government funded by the end of this week to
avoid a shutdown.
Under the new tax code, most individuals? income tax will fall, starting in
February. Taxpayers earning less than
$25,000 receive an average cut of $60
and those earning more than $733,000
an average $51,000 cut, according to the
Tax Policy Center think tank. The cuts
for individuals are set to expire within a
decade but Republicans argue that
future governments will extend them.
The bill will repeal a tax that has
helped to keep the Affordable Care Act,
known as Obamacare, afloat. The
move is forecast to take heath insurance away from 13 million Americans
over ten years. It also opens up part of
the Arctic national wildlife refuge to oil
drilling.
In addition there are provisions
designed to encourage US companies
to move profits held overseas back to
America. Economists believe that
about $2.5 trillion has been salted away
abroad and Mr Trump argued last night
that companies would use repatriated
cash to create jobs.
However, when George W Bush
offered a similar tax break in 2004 most
of the $312 billion brought home went
towards repairing balance sheets and
rewarding shareholders. The Congressional Research Service concluded that
the 2004 scheme was ?an ineffective
means of increasing economic growth?.
Nancy Pelosi, the most senior Democrat in the House, called the bill a
?monumental, brazen theft from the
American middle class?.
Mr Trump retreated from a campaign promise to eliminate the ?carried
interest? loophole, which allows hedge
fund moguls and other financiers to pay
low taxes. An official Congress forecast
estimates that the cuts will add $1.4 trillion to the US deficit and Democrats
have attacked the bill as fiscally
irresponsible.
The reforms are the most far-reaching
since Ronald Reagan was president but
take place against a very different
economic backdrop. When Mr Reagan
arrived in Washington in 1981, inflation
was nearly 10 per cent, US interest rates
were climbing towards 20 per cent and
the federal debt was about half the
present level when measured as a share
of the economy.
By contrast, Mr Trump inherited a
relatively stable economy, albeit one
where middle-class incomes have
stagnated for a decade or more.
Provisions in the bill are likely to
benefit Mr Trump and his family, including changes to inheritance taxes.
However, the exact impact is not
known because he has not disclosed his
tax returns, breaking with decades of
precedent.
Leading article, page 33
Top rates of tax
Top
individual
tax rate
37%
Trump?s cut
1960 80 90 00 10
%
Top
corporate
tax rate
100
%
100
80
80
60
60
40
40
20
0
21%
Trump?s cut
1960
80 90 00 10
20
0
Brussels threatens to impose sanctions on Poland Leftwingers to
Poland
Bruno Waterfield Brussels
The European Union is on collision
course with Poland after Brussels
triggered a ?nuclear option? sanctions
procedure against Warsaw, accusing it
of ?a serious breach of the rule of law?.
Poland could be stripped of its voting
rights in the EU after the European
Commission yesterday invoked ?Article 7?, a clause added in 1999 to the
union?s founding treaty that safeguards
democratic rights.
In a row that threatens to divide east
and west, Hungary has vowed to use its
veto to block any sanctions by Brussels
against Warsaw. Such a procedure has
only been threatened in recent years
against east European countries.
Theresa May will sail into the growing conflict today when she arrives in
Warsaw for an annual UK-Poland summit designed to boost relations
between the two countries after Brexit.
Frans Timmermans, the commission?s
first vice-president, said that Poland?s
right-wing Law and Justice (PiS) government, elected on a platform of judicial reform in 2015, had passed laws that
threatened the EU?s legal order.
?Within two years, a significant number of laws have been adopted, which
put at serious risk independence of the
judiciary and the separation of powers
in Poland,? he said.
?The commission can now only conclude that there is a clear risk of a serious breach of the rule of law by Poland.
It is with a heavy heart that we have decided to initiate Article 7.?
President Duda of Poland ignored
Brussels? concerns and signed the reforms into law. A Polish foreign ministry statement said that the commission?s actions were ?essentially political,
not legal?.
Zsolt Semjen, Hungary?s deputy
prime minister, said that the commission?s decision was an ?astounding, unjust political procedure? that damaged
Poland?s sovereignty. He said: ?It is unacceptable that Brussels is putting pressure on sovereign member states and
arbitrarily punishing democratically
elected governments.?
The commission was acting over
laws approved by the Polish senate that
will force two fifths of the country?s
supreme court justices to retire and give
parliament control over appointments.
?We do not dispute the right of a government, a nation, to reform its judiciary,? Mr Timmermans said. ?But if you
reform the judiciary you need to abide
by your own constitution and EU law.?
The commission regards the independence of the judiciary from parliaments or ministers as the cornerstone
to an EU based on judges upholding the
?rule of law? and the supremacy of the
European Court of Justice over
national sovereignty. ?This is not just
about Poland,? Mr Timmermans said.
?[It] means breaking down the functioning of the union as a whole. If the
application of the rule of law is left completely to individual member states,
then the whole of the EU will suffer.?
Mateusz Morawiecki, the Polish
prime minister, defended his country's
right to reform its judicial system but
tried to sound a conciliatory tone.
?Poland is as devoted to the rule of law
as the rest of the EU,? he wrote on Twitter. ?Judiciary reform is deeply needed.?
The first stage of the Article 7 procedure needs a majority vote of 22
European governments to ?determine
that there is a clear risk of a serious
breach?.
Any possible sanctions, such as stripping Poland of voting rights or funding
worth 2 per cent of Polish GDP, would
come at a second stage and require unanimous agreement.
Spain
Graham Keeley Barcelona
Thousands of separatist leftwingers
will try to influence the count in Catalonia today as the region votes in a crucial
election likely to determine whether it
remains part of Spain or heads towards
independence.
About 10,600 volunteers for the Catalan Republican Left (ERC) will attend
all polling stations to ensure that every
pro-independence vote counts. Polls
suggest that control of the regional
assembly is on a knife-edge between
secessionist and union parties.
The Spanish electoral commission
has banned international observers,
despite the unusual conditions in which
the vote is taking place.
Oriol Junqueras, the ERC leader, is
campaigning from prison where he is
on remand facing charges of rebellion.
Carles Puigdemont, the ousted Catalan
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
35
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Paris landmarks will
carry Olympic adverts
Page 37
Kohli on sticky wicket for
his ?unpatriotic? wedding
Page 40
Christmas gift to Americans
Success should settle
Republican nerves
Family budgets
$1,600
average household
savings per year
0.2%
saving for households
earning less than
$25,000 ($60)
Analysis
P
3.4%
saving for
households in the top
1 per cent, making
$733,000 a year
($50,000)
2.7%
saving for households
in the top 0.1 per cent,
making more than
$3.4m ($190,000)
Business savings from
corporate tax cuts
$49.9bn
forecast
for 2027
Size of tax giveaway
Percentage of GDP
$bn
100
50
0
2018
20
22
24
28
US national
debt
Trump?s tax
plan would add
up to $1.7 trillion
$ trillions
Trump?s plan
1.1%
Obama
Reagan 1981
2.9%
26 27
24
20
Trump
Bush 2001
0.7%
Kennedy 1964
1.6%
New
forecast
Reagan
Bush
Clinton
Previous
forecast
16
12
Bush
8
E STIMATE
Nixon Carter
4
0
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
try to sway count at Catalan election
leader, is in self-imposed exile in Belgium because he claims he cannot expect
to receive justice in Spain.
Madrid called these snap elections
after a secessionist declaration by the
Catalan government in October, and
subsequent imposition of direct rule.
All political parties are allowed apoderados ? or witnesses ? to monitor the
election, but cannot count the votes.
At a training course for ERC volunteers in Barcelona, Silvia Sendra, an instructor, explained the ?tricks? volunteers could use to make gains at the expense of their closest rivals, the antiindependence Citizens party. ?Legally
you cannot do anything,? she told El
Mundo newspaper. ?In theory you cannot participate but the president [of the
electoral body] might be your neighbour or the man who sells you fruit.?
Should someone write ?political prisoners? on a ballot paper, in reference to
the former Catalan ministers facing
Predicted number of seats
Separatists Non-aligned Unionists
68
58
9
Citizens 31-32
ERC 33
JperC 27
PSC 20
CUP
8
PP
6
135
seats
ERC (economically
liberal), JperC
(Puigdemont's coalition),
CUP (far-left, anti-EU)
Citizens (centrists),
PSC (socialists),
PP (ruling
conservatives)
rebellion charges, activists will try to
persuade the authorities from declaring it void. The ERC has claimed it
wants to ensure the vote is not rigged.
The party declined to comment.
About 17,000 police will be deployed
to stop voting stations being influenced
by campaigners from either side. Madrid wants to stop schools or council
buildings being decorated with yellow
ribbons, worn by separatist sympathisers in support of those held on bail.
Spain?s National Intelligence Centre
has also developed an emergency cybersecurity plan to combat any attempt
by hackers to block the electoral commission?s website and discredit the poll.
Madrid complained that Russian
hackers were trying to distort the independence drive to destabilise Spain.
The Russian government denied it was
trying to undermine Spain and the EU.
A poll for The National newspaper
from Scotland suggested that the three
Catalan separatist parties would maintain a majority in the 135-seat regional
parliament. A poll for El Pais, Spain?s
largest daily newspaper, put proindependence parties at 46 per cent
and unionists at 44 per cent.
resident
Trump ends a
tumultuous
year on a
high note
(Rhys Blakely writes).
After failing to deliver
on his promise to
scrap Obamacare, his
Republican Party has
unified around a
sweeping tax overhaul
? just in time for
Christmas.
His opponents have
dismissed Mr Trump?s
White House as
chaotic and ineffectual
but as he heads
towards next year?s
crucial midterm
elections his
supporters can point
to substantial
achievements.
He has cut taxes by
$1.5 trillion over the
next decade and has
appointed Neil
Gorsuch, the most
conservative justice on
the Supreme Court.
He has also confirmed
a dozen appellate
judges, pulled out of
the Paris climate
accord, withdrawn his
blessing from the Iran
nuclear deal,
proclaimed Jerusalem
the capital of Israel,
opened up Alaska to
oil drilling and axed
reams of regulations.
The physical caliphate
of Islamic State has
been obliterated.
And the US stock
market has soared to a
succession of record
highs, with the Dow
Jones industrial
average rising an
unprecedented 5,000
points this year.
Just how much
credit Mr Trump
deserves is debatable
but these can be
marketed as weighty
political gains.
They will not,
however, be enough to
erase Republican
anxieties. First-term
presidents typically
suffer a backlash at
midterm elections and
Mr Trump appears
vulnerable.
His popularity
rating is 35 per cent,
according to a CNN
poll published this
week. That was the
lowest figure the
broadcaster has
recorded for a
president during the
first year. Meanwhile,
the spectre of Russia
still looms over the
West Wing with the
Robert Mueller
investigation expected
to stretch deep into
next year.
Mr Trump?s party is
still reeling from the
loss of a Senate seat in
deeply conservative
Alabama this month.
This follows earlier
Democrat success in
elections for the
governorships of New
Jersey and Virginia,
where the nine-point
winning margin was
the largest by a
Democrat in the swing
state for more than 30
years. Democrats have
won each of the three
statewide elections
contested this year.
In April the
Democrats were the
most competitive they
have been in years in
special congressional
elections in Georgia
and Kansas. This has
lifted their hopes of
seizing the House of
Representatives ?
and possibly even the
Senate ? in midterm
elections next
November.
Recent polls suggest
that the Democrats
lead by about ten
percentage points
when voters are asked
which party they
would prefer to hold
Congress. These are
possible indications
that Republican
majorities on Capitol
Hill are threatened.
Republicans on
Capitol Hill passed
their tax bill without a
single Democrat vote.
In short, Mr Trump
needs his tax plan to
deliver . . . and quickly.
Battle for Mosul ?claimed
lives of 11,000 civilians?
Iraq
Bel Trew Cairo
As many as 11,000 civilians were killed
in the battle to oust Islamic State
militants from Mosul this year, ten
times more than previous estimates,
according to an investigation.
At least a third of those who died
during the nine-month offensive in
Iraq were killed in airstrikes, artillery
fire or mortar rounds fired by Iraqi or
US-led coalition forces. A further third
were killed by Isis. It remains unclear
how the others died. The numbers were
compiled by the Associated Press,
which studied lists from mortuaries
and databases from groups such as Airwars, which documents air and artillery
strikes in Iraq and Syria.
The US-led coalition has acknowl-
edged responsibility for 326 deaths but
admits that it lacks resources to send
independent investigators.
Isis took control of Mosul, Iraq?s
second largest city, in the summer of
2014. Backed by coalition warplanes,
Iraqi government forces, Kurdish
fighters and Shia paramilitaries
launched an offensive to take it back in
October last year. Nine months later
they declared victory.
Haider al-Abadi, the prime minister
of Iraq, said in September that 1,260
civilians died in the fighting, but the AP
research found that between 9,000 and
11,000 civilians had died.
Colonel Thomas Veale, a coalition
spokesman, said that it was irresponsible to focus on civilian deaths, adding
that without the coalition there would
have been even more ?needless death?.
36
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
World
Netanyahu to face
corruption charges
Israel
Anshel Pfeffer Jerusalem
Binyamin Netanyahu has launched a
broadside against the Israeli police,
who are expected to recommend within weeks that he be formally charged
with corruption.
In a speech at his Likud party?s
Hanukkah rally in Tel Aviv, the Israeli
prime minister appeared to acknowledge that he would be charged but
maintained that the allegations against
him would prove baseless and promised to fight the next election and win a
fifth victory.
Mr Netanyahu has been under police
investigation for more than a year in
two cases of alleged corruption. Police
believe that he and his wife received
illegal gifts from wealthy businesspeople wanting his assistance. The gifts,
which included crates of champagne,
boxes of Cuban cigars and jewellery, are
estimated to have been worth more
than �0,000.
The second investigation relates to
Mr Netanyahu?s dealings with newspaper owners, one of whom is the
American casino mogul Sheldon
Adelson. The prime minister is alleged
to have tried to receive favourable
coverage in return for arranging a nocompetition deal between the newspapers.
Mr Netanyahu was questioned under
caution by police on Friday for the
seventh time this year. Investigators are
expected to summarise the findings in
the next couple of weeks. Until now the
prime minister?s position has been that
the expensive items he received were
legal ?gifts from friends? and the dealings with the newspaper owners were
normal discussions between a politician and the media.
In his speech on Tuesday night he
acknowledged for the first time that the
police would recommend that he be
charged. ?So what? Here?s a fact that
you probably don?t know. Most of the
police recommendations end with
nothing,? he said. ?They are trying to
build tension.?
The decision over whether to press
charges, once the police deliver their
recommendations, is down to Israel?s
attorney-general. However, even if the
prime minister were to be charged
Israeli law does not require his resignation unless he is convicted.
Mr Netanyahu has made it clear that
he plans to remain in office. Denying
reports that he would pursue early elections, he said: ?In two years there will be
elections and I say to our friends in the
opposition come to the polling stations,
vote ? you?ll lose again.?
6 Members of the United Nations who
vote in favour today of a draft resolution
calling for the US to withdraw its decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel?s
capital will be punished financially by
Washington. ?Let them vote against us.
We?ll save a lot. We don?t care,? President Trump said.
SANJEEV GUPTA/EPA
Warning over Uber
after diplomat?s death
Beirut Lebanon?s interior minister
has warned people against using
Uber after one of its drivers was
arrested in connection with the
murder of Rebecca Dykes, who
worked at the British embassy.
Nohad Machnouk said that the
man had a criminal record and
described Uber as a ?virtual?
entity that was ?not safe?. Uber
said that it was horrified by the
death of Ms Dykes on Saturday
and was assisting with the
investigation. It said its drivers in
Lebanon must be licensed and
have no criminal record. (AP)
MPs lift bar to Museveni
extending his rule
Kampala MPs have voted to scrap
an age limit of 75 for presidential
candidates in a move that may let
President Museveni, 73, extend
his grip on power. A two-term
limit on the presidency has been
imposed from 2021, meaning that
Mr Museveni could stay on until
2031, by which time he would
have ruled for 45 years. (Reuters)
Sex harassment rife on
French public transport
Paris More than 100,000 women
A touch of rouge A pupil from Pondicherry prepares for the Balrang Festival in
Bhopal, a showcase for the artistic talents of 500 children from across India
a year are sexually harassed on
public transport in France,
research by the National
Observatory of Crime suggests.
The study found that in 2014 and
2015, 267,000 people, 85 per cent
of whom were women, were
grabbed, groped or witnessed
someone exposing themselves.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
37
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World
Paris landmarks will carry Olympic adverts
France
Adam Sage Paris
Heritage charities are opposing plans
to let the International Olympic Committee and its sponsors advertise on
historic monuments such as the Eiffel
Tower before the 2024 Paris Games.
Under legislation that came before
parliament yesterday, a 107-year-old
law banning advertisements on heritage sites was lifted to enable the IOC to
plaster its logo across the capital
throughout the next seven years.
The legislation also authorises
Olympic sponsors such as Coca-Cola to
advertise within 500 metres of events,
including on monuments, for three
months before, during and after the
Games. The legislative reform was
imposed by the IOC as a condition of
granting the Games.
The organisers hope that advertising
will raise ?1.26 billion, helping to fund
the total ?6.6 billion cost of the event.
The IOC will contribute ?1.41 billion.
Critics fear that France?s great attractions will become billboards. Volleyball
is to be played at the foot of the Eiffel
Tower and archers will compete by Les
Invalides, which contains the tomb of
Napoleon. Cyclists will race down the
Champs-蒷ys閑s and the showjumping
will be held at the Palace of Versailles.
?We think these emblematic sites
should be respected,? Julien Lacaze, the
vice-president of the heritage association Sites et Monuments, said.
Paris won the right to host the Games
by arguing that its monuments would
form a memorable backdrop to the
sports, he said. ?But you cannot sell the
heritage and then fail to respect the
symbolism of it.
?We fear that this will inflict lasting
damage on our monuments,? he added.
?The Palace of Versailles will be
covered in advertisements during the
Games and photographs of it will
remain on the internet.?
Mr Lacaze said that he also opposed
plans to allow the Olympic logo to
appear ?just about anywhere? in Paris
between now and 2024. He said: ?As far
as we are concerned the Olympic logo
is merely merchandising. We feel certain that they are planning to project it
on to monuments such as the Arc de
Triomphe. I find that shocking since
this is a monument to the war dead and
should not have merchandising on it.?
His concerns were supported by
opposition MPs. Maxime Minot, of the
centre-right Republicans, said: ?Satisfying advertisers at all costs by making
Paris a window for advertisements is
not the right way to make [the Olympics] a popular event.?
Members of the ruling La R閜ublique
en Marche party said that the city had
to accept the IOC?s orders. ?No sponsors, no revenue, no Olympics,? the MP
JORN ALLAN PEDERSEN/CATERS
Aude Amadou said. ?We can regret it
but it?s as simple as that.?
The issue has been less controversial
at previous Olympics because few host
cities have pledged to stage events at
historic landmarks on the scale envisaged by Paris.
The beach volleyball competition
was held on Horse Guards Parade at
London 2012 but advertising was discreet. The IOC seems determined to
impose more visible advertisements on
Paris.
A spokesman for the 2024 organising
committee said: ?If the event costs taxpayers nothing, it is thanks to the
advertisers who want something visible
in return. It?s mutually beneficial.?
PM defends
?350,000
private flight
Charles Bremner Paris
Pecking order Male bullfinches in the Norwegian ski resort of Hafjell compete to perch atop this tiny snowman ? or perhaps they were just after his carrot nose
President Macron?s administration
came under attack yesterday after his
prime minister spent ?350,000 to charter a jet to save two hours on a flight.
蒬ouard Philippe and his 60-strong
entourage switched in Tokyo from an
?uncomfortable? Air Force Airbus to a
luxurious private Airbus for the flight
home from New Caledonia, France?s
south Pacific territory, on December 5.
The almost empty 375-seat Air Force
transport, which flew the prime minister?s party from Noum閍 to Tokyo,
landed back in Paris two hours later.
Mr Philippe said that the chartered
Airbus was essential because it was faster than the military version of the jet.
?It?s complicated to move the prime
minister around and it?s expensive,? he
told RTL radio. ?I totally understand
the surprise and the questions that
French people are asking themselves.?
?We knew there was no commercial
flight at the time we needed, and we had
to return because the president was
leaving for Algeria,? he said. The law
requires the prime minister to be in the
country when the president is abroad.
The Republicans, Mr Philippe?s old
party before he was poached to run Mr
Macron?s government, said that the
flight was ?proof of the disconnection
between the ruling powers and the
people?. Damien Abad, a Republican
MP, said that the administration should
practise the frugality that it preaches.
We?ve put acid in your Wedding death suspect ?may be serial killer?
food, eco-terrorists warn
Charles Bremner
Greece
Anthee Carassava Athens
Supermarkets in Greece have stripped
shelves of processed meat, milk and
Coca-Cola drinks after an extremist
group warned it had contaminated
products with a potentially deadly acid
to protest against consumerism.
The eco-terrorist group, calling itself
Blackgreen Arsonists, said it had injected hydrochloric acid into an undisclosed number of Coca-Cola bottles,
meat rolls and milk cartons. It warned
that it would secretly introduce the
tainted products back onto supermarket shelves from yesterday until Christmas Eve in Athens and Thessaloniki.
The group, which emerged from relative obscurity in 2013, targeting multinational corporations including Nestl�
and Coca-Cola, has added the Greek
processed-meat producer Ifantis and
the dairy company Delta to its hit list.
Blackgreen Arsonists said online that
they had chosen to stage the attack during the Christmas holidays, when thousands of people filled ?their empty existences with a garbage of consumerism,
all wrapped in glittering paper. This
carnival has millions of living creatures
sacrificed in order to reach the table of
the living,? and showed images of its
members injecting ?hydrochloric acid?
into products with surgical syringes.
Police said yesterday that they considered the threat credible, forcing supermarkets to remove the products.
Greece?s food authority warned consumers in the two cities, where more
than 75 per cent of the country?s 11 million people live, not to buy the products.
Prosecutors investigating the death of a
nine-year-old girl in the French Alps
believe that they may be holding a serial killer, charging a former army dog
handler with a second murder.
Nordahl Lelandais, 34, was charged
yesterday with killing Arthur Noyer, a
24-year-old soldier, who vanished after
hitchhiking from a disco in Chamb閞y
on April 12.
Police tied Mr Lelandais to the disappearance of Mr Noyer last week while
investigating the killing of Ma雔ys de
Araujo, who disappeared from a wedding party near Chamb閞y on August
27. Her body has not been found.
Mr Lelandais was charged with her
murder last month. His alleged responsibility for two unconnected killings
suggested to police that they had
stumbled on a serial killer who could be
behind other deaths and disappear-
ances in the region, prosecutors said
yesterday.
Thierry Dran, the local prosecutor,
said that investigators were now looking into ?all worrying disappearances in
the region?.
Among the most notable unsolved
The body of Ma雔ys
de Araujo, nine, has
not been found
?cold cases? in the French Alps is the
killing of three members of a British
family. In September 2012 Saad al-Hilli,
50, from Surrey, his wife Iqbal, 47, and
Suhaila al-Allaf, 74, her mother, were
shot dead along with Sylvain Mollier,
45, a local cyclist, in the woods at Chevaline, near Lake Annecy. Mr Dran did
not mention the Hilli killings but they
were cited by French media, which
identified about ten cold case murders
or disappearances.
Mr Lelandais has vehemently denied
any contact with Mr Noyer. He has also
protested his innocence over the disappearance of Ma雔ys despite the girl?s
DNA being found in his Audi car.
CCTV showed a small figure beside
him in the vehicle during his absence
from the wedding party. The day after
Ma雔ys?s disappearance, Mr Lelandais
scrubbed the interior of his car using
heavy-duty detergent, police said.
The girl?s parents have begged Mr
Lelandais to tell them what happened
to their daughter, whose fate has
gripped France.
Police suspected that the Hillis?
murderer could be a former soldier
because the murder weapon was a
7.65mm Luger, a type used by the Swiss
army.
38
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
World
SHAUN JEFFERS/CATERS
Ramaphosa promises new era
South Africa
Aislinn Laing Soweto
The new leader of South Africa?s ruling
African National Congress last night
promised a new era of ?accountable and
responsive leadership?, free of the
corruption that has blighted Jacob
Zuma?s presidency.
Cyril Ramaphosa said that in the past
the party had been ?embarrassed? by
some of the members it sent to government but that he would deploy ministers and officials who were a ?source of
pride?. He said: ?We are resolved to
humble ourselves before our people.
We are resolved to respect our people,
but also to earn their respect.?
Despite his speech being delivered in
the early hours of the morning, it was
met with wild cheering from the 6,000
ANC delegates at the party?s five-day
conference in the township of Soweto,
south of Johannesburg.
South Africa has endured years of
political and economic turmoil under
Mr Zuma, 75, who has shrugged off a
series of corruption scandals.
Mr Ramaphosa, 65, a former trade
unionist-turned-business tycoon who
was announced as leader of the ANC on
Monday, said that his administration
would follow a ?radical path of socioeconomic transformation, premised on
growth, job creation and equitable distribution of income, wealth and assets?.
He emphasised, however, that policies voted for by delegates, including
land expropriation without compensation, would be implemented with ?due
care? so as not to unbalance the already
struggling economy.
?People of South Africa want action.
They do not want words,? Mr Rama-
phosa said. ?They want an ANC that
lives up to the values it espouses, that
uses public office not to serve vested
interests but to build a developmental
state and a vibrant economy that is
inclusive and serves our people, that
creates jobs and improves lives.?
Mr Ramaphosa wonthe presidency
by 179 votes. The candidacy of Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Mr Zuma?s exwife, had been greeted with suspicion in
many quarters since she was backed by
his supporters and espoused his divisive
policies. She is also thought to have
been likely to shield him from prosecution for corruption.
Mr Ramaphosa said that he would
aim to tackle corruption with the same
intensity that he would tackle poverty.
?Corruption has to be brought to a stop,
and it must happen with immediate
effect,? he said.
Reporter murdered at son?s school party
Mexico
Stephen Gibbs Sao Paulo
Majestic The Waitomo caves on New Zealand?s North Island, named after the
Maori for water and hole, were discovered in the late 1800s but still inspire awe
A Mexican journalist was shot dead in
front of children and parents during a
Christmas party at his son?s school.
Witnesses said three gunmen followed Gumaro P閞ez, who reported on
crime and drug cartels, as he left work
for a school event in Acayucan, Veracruz, with his wife and son, six. The men
entered the room and shot him nine
times, including once in the head.
At least 12 Mexican journalists have
been killed this year. He was murdered
despite being in a government scheme
to protect reporters covering ?highrisk? subjects in the state of Veracruz,
one of the most dangerous areas for
reporters. Adelina Mendoza, his widow,
said their son was not in the room at the
time. She told the news site E-Veracruz:
?God knows how to do things because
my son never saw his father die.?
Mr P閞ez, 34, covered crime for
several publications. He had founded
the news site La Voz del Sur in Acayucan
and had worked in communications for
local government. Ms Mendoza said
she repeatedly urged him to leave journalism and open a restaurant with her.
Mr P閞ez had taken part in marches
calling on the state to do more to
investigate the killings and disappearances of reporters.
Mexico is the deadliest country for
journalists alongside Syria, according
to the campaign group Reporters
Without Borders. The Committee to
Protect Journalists, based in New York,
estimates that 95 reporters have been
killed in Mexico since 1992.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
39
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World
LITO SY PHOTOGRAPHY
Young Duterte
follows in footsteps
of Imelda Marcos
P
resident
Duterte?s
granddaughter
has been
rebuked by
Filipinos for posing in
the presidential palace
in a photoshoot that
recalled the
extravagance of the
Marcos era (Bernard
Lagan writes).
Isabelle Lovelie
Duterte, whose father,
Paolo, is vice-mayor of
Davao City, used top
designers, stylists and
make-up artists for the
shoot at Manila?s
Malaca馻ng Palace to
mark her 18th birthday.
Photos and videos
posted on Instagram by
a make-up artist showed
Ms Duterte posing in
lavish outfits, including
a voluminous off-theshoulder gown.
Another picture
showed her in a pink
dress posing before the
seal of the president,
beside the national flag.
In other photos she wore
a red gown in the
hallway leading to Rizal
Hall, where official
events are held.
The images quickly
drew criticism. Some
said that the palace was
a poor choice of venue,
others complained that
the photos triggered
memories of Imelda
Marcos, the former
dictator?s wife, who was
notorious for owning
1,000 pairs of shoes.
?People in Marawi
trying to live through
the day,? wrote Bib
Macasaet on Twitter, in
a reference to the city
devastated by a war
against Islamist
militants. ?Isabelle
Duterte at Malaca馻ng
Palace, posing in a
blood-red gown, getting
ready to celebrate.?
The novelist Miguel
Syjuco speculated
on Facebook
about the cost. A
gown from
Rosenthal Tee,
a local designer,
costs as much as
�000. Another
dress she wore could
have cost �,000.
Isabelle Lovelie Duterte, the president?s granddaughter, poses in lavish gowns in the Malaca馻ng Palace
Harry Roque,
the president?s
spokesman, said
that no public
money was used in
the shoot. He said:
?For me, there?s nothing
wrong with the
president?s
granddaughter posing
for birthday pictures in
Malaca馻ng.?
Mr Duterte said that
the controversy was a
small matter. ?What?s
the fuss?? he asked. ?She
is part of my family.?
Katherine Cortez, a
Stalin?s purges weren?t all that bad,
Kremlin spy chief tells secret police
Russia
Tom Parfitt Moscow
The director of Russia?s FSB security
service said the Stalinist purges of the
1930s had ?an objective side?. Hundreds
of thousands were executed during the
Great Terror and historians say many
trial cases were fabricated.
Alexander Bortnikov was speaking
to a Russian government newspaper to
mark the centenary of the founding of
Lenin?s secret police, the Cheka. He
suggested that spies should not reject
their roots in the Cheka, which organised Lenin?s Red Terror during the
civil war after the revolution in 1917.
Mr Bortnikov referred to the purges
as ?mass political repressions?, adding:
?I don?t want to whitewash anyone.? He
cited Soviet figures that 642,980 people
were sentenced to execution between
1921 and Stalin?s death in 1953. Mr Bortnikov added that there were ?different
kinds of people? working in the NKVD,
the precurser of the KGB that carried
out most of the killings. ?That included
yes-men who followed the principle
?the end justifies the means? but also
those motivated by selfless ideals . . . Although this period is associated with
the mass fabrication of allegations, the
archive materials bear witness to the
presence of an objective side in a significant part of the criminal cases.?
Mr Bortnikov also stressed the heroic
side of the Cheka. Asked if he was embarrassed that FSB officers were often
called ?chekists? after the ruthless service, Mr Bortnikov said: ?It does not
bother me at all.?
The Cheka was founded in December 1917 by Felix Dzerzhinsky. Its official name was the All-Russian Emergency Commission for Combating
Counter-Revolution and Sabotage. The
commission was created to spy on the
Bolsheviks? opponents but also killed
thousands of ?class enemies? during
Russia?s civil car, often without trial. Mr
Felix Dzerzhinsky founded Lenin?s spy
service, the Cheka, in December 1917
Bortnikov, 66, told Rossiyskaya Gazeta
that the work of modern-day spies had
?nothing in common? with that of the
early Soviet period. But he argued that
the traditions of the Cheka, known as
the ?punishing sword of the revolution?,
carried on for decades after it was dissolved in 1922. ?Disowning the word
?chekist? would only be to commit our
forebears to oblivion,? he added.
Mr Bortnikov cited the arrest of
Robert Bruce Lockhart, the British
vice-consul in Moscow, in 1918, as an
early Cheka success. Lockhart was accused of plotting against the Bolsheviks. The FSB director also praised the
unmasking the next year of the MI6
agent Paul Dukes, ?the man with a hundred faces?. He escaped to Britain,
where he was knighted by George V.
Mr Bortnikov warned that foreign intelligence services were ?trying to infiltrate all spheres of our state?s activity.
The destruction of Russia remains an
id閑 fixe.? He said that at least 4,500
Russians had left to fight alongside terrorists in areas such as the Middle East
and north Africa. The FSB was trying to
intercept returning militants.
President Putin told security chiefs
from former Soviet countries on Tuesday that ?we care about where the terrorists will return to? after the Russian
military?s successes in Syria. ?We know
which way this scum is flowing, and we
are fully aware of the threats posed.?
Russia ?rehearsed strikes on western Europe?
David Crossland Berlin
Russian military exercises conducted
in September were intended to simulate a war against Nato, including the
capture of Baltic states and the bombing of countries in western Europe.
Russia said that the Zapad (West) war
exercises aimed to train Russia?s defensive capabilities and described them as
an anti-terrorism operation.
However, analysts believe that the
drills were also designed to rehearse an
all-out conventional war against Nato
in Europe. They said the manoeuvres
practised the capture of Baltic states, as
well as a campaign against Germany,
the Netherlands, Poland, Norway and
the neutral nations of Sweden and Finland to prevent a military response by
Nato, the German newspaper Bild reported yesterday.
Zapad was Russia?s biggest military
exercise since 2013. Moscow claimed
that about 13,000 troops from Russia
and Belarus were involved ? below an
international threshold that requires a
large number of outside observers.
Nato believes that the number of troops
was far larger, at 100,000.
According to Bild, Russian troops
rehearsed cutting off Polish and Nato
reinforcements in response to a Russian attack against Lithuania, Latvia
and Estonia, and seizing control of airfields and harbours in the Baltic states.
The exercise also simulated TU-95
aircraft supported by fighter jets bombing airfields, ports and energy infra-
structure in western Europe from the
North Sea, and Sweden, Finland and
Poland from the Baltic, the sources said.
The aim, analysts said, would be to
create shock and cause the public to
demand that their governments sue for
peace rather than respond militarily.
One source said that a trigger for
such an attack could be a popular
revolution in a post-Soviet state such as
Belarus leading to western involvement in an area Russia regards as
within its sphere of national interest.
Davao radio journalist,
said that she had
received death threats
after her broadcast
criticising the
photoshoot.
Malta bomb
accused was
wiretapped
Malta
Tom Kington
One of the suspected killers of the
Maltese journalist Daphne Caruana
Galizia was under police surveillance
on the island at the time of her murder,
officials have revealed, provoking fierce
criticism from the victim?s family.
During a pre-trial hearing for the
three men accused of killing the blogger with a car bomb on October 16, a
prosecutor admitted that George Degiorgio, who allegedly followed her
family and triggered the bomb from a
boat off Malta, was being wiretapped.
?The Malta security services tapped
the phone of one of the contract killers
long before my mother was assassinated,? the journalist?s son, Matthew
Caruana Galizia, wrote on Twitter. ?Yet
him and his associates were allowed to
freely follow me around the country
and plant a bomb in my mother?s car.?
The murder of Ms Caruana Galizia,
53, who attacked alleged high-level political corruption and money laundering in Malta in her popular blog, has
called into question the island?s rule of
law.
Her family have claimed that Maltese judges cannot be trusted and point
out that she never wrote about the
three alleged killers, said to have underworld links, theorising that they were
hired for the job.
In court yesterday police revealed
how Sim cards attached to the circuitry
used to trigger the bomb were purchased in November 2016, suggesting
almost a year of planning for the attack.
Vince Muscat, 55, and the brothers
Alfred Degiorgio, 53, and George Degiorgio, 55, deny involvement.
40
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
World
Kohli on sticky wicket over ?unpatriotic? Italian wedding
YASH RAJ FILMS/AFP/GETTY
India
Hugh Tomlinson Delhi
India?s cricket captain, Virat Kohli, has
scored a monumental 2,818 runs in
international matches this year. But
that is not enough to save him from criticism over his wedding by an MP from
the country?s ruling party.
The prolific batsman has been pilloried for marrying his long-time partner,
the Bollywood actress Anushka Sharma, at a secret ceremony in Tuscany. It
appears that the couple wanted to avoid
the barrage of attention from fans and
the press if they had married in India.
Not everyone understood, however.
Panna Lal Shakya, of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), said the Italian wedding showed that Kohli was not a true
patriot ? and the couple should spend
their money where they earned it, in
India. In a country already transfixed
by the celebrity wedding, the accusation triggered a media frenzy.
?Virat earned money in India but he
didn?t find any place to marry in the
country,? Mr Shakya, an assembly
member in the central state of Madhya
Pradesh, said. ?He doesn?t have any
respect for the country. This proves he
is not a patriot.?
He added that the couple should
have emulated the Hindu deities. ?Lord
Virat Kohli married the Bollywood actress Anushka Sharma in a secret ceremony
Rama, Lord Krishna . . . got married on
this land. None of us goes to a foreign
country to get married.?
But criticising Kohli could prove to
be unwise for Mr Shakya. With his
present form the cricketer may be more
popular than Narendra Modi, the BJP
leader and prime minister. The BJP?s
aggressive Hindu nationalism has been
blamed for rising social tensions across
India and an increase in hate crimes.
Mr Shakya?s comments were quickly
derided by political opponents and the
public alike. A BJP official said that the
MP had no business to question the
couple?s patriotism. Then Mr Modi
posted a picture on Twitter of him
meeting the couple on their return to
Delhi last night, wishing them well.
They will hold a reception for family
and friends today.
Critics suggested that the party was
quicker to distance itself yesterday from
Mr Shakya?s comments than when
another BJP official called last month
for Deepika Padukone, one of India?s
biggest film stars, to be beheaded over a
controversial role.
Kohli?s tally of international runs is
the third highest in a calendar year,
beaten only by Kumar Sangakkara of
Sri Lanka and Ricky Ponting of Australia. Kohli has scored 11 centuries and
broken a string of records. His feats
have brought comparisons with Sachin
Tendulkar, perhaps the most revered
Indian since Mahatma Gandhi.
Whether he carries the same form
into 2018 as a married man will be
closely scrutinised. Kohli has won
praise, however, for defending Ms
Sharma when fans said that she was
behind a dip in his form.
Cricket, pages 66-67
Delhi?s blue-sky thinkers
come up with a smog gun
Hugh Tomlinson
In the latest, desperate attempt to curb
Delhi?s air pollution, trials of an ?antismog gun? began in the Indian capital
yesterday, as officials struggle
ealth
to tackle a public health
crisis.
t,
The device, right,
was deployed at sites
where air quality is
ranked as hazardous in winter. It fires
atomised water 50
metres into the air,
aiming to shoot
down pollutants.
Critics have called it
a gimmick that fails to
tackle the causes of Delhi?s
nt out that
pollution. Others point
more powerful smog guns did not work
in China. The now-annual toxic smog
has descended on Delhi in recent
inside today
From Nadiya?s
cheese straws
to Nigella?s
pud: the pros
do Christmas
Times2
weeks, prompting doctors to declare a
public health emergency, comparing
pollution levels to smoking 50
cigarettes a day. There is mounting
frustration at the authorities? failure to
p
tackle the problem
and Delhi is
now the most polluted capicit
tal city.
S
Studies
link the rise
in airborne carcinoge to high rates of
gens
lu
lung
cancer, heart
d
disease
and respirato
tory
illness. One
re
report
found that
D
Delhiites
could live
nin years longer if
nine
inter
international
air standards were met.
?The idea is that it [the
re
smog gun] reduces
air pollution
by binding dust an
and other particulates
and bringing them to ground level,? one
official told The Indian Express.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
41
1G M
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,525.22 (-18.87)
Gold
$1,267.50 (+7.32)
Nov 22
30
Dec 8
Dow Jones
24,726.65 (-28.10)
18
currencies
$
Brent crude (6pm)
$63.82 (+0.63)
$
�/$
$1.3407 (+0.0055)
$
�/?
?1.1283 (-0.0013)
�
7,800
24,800
1,400
70
1.400
1.200
7,400
24,000
1,300
62
1.350
1.150
7,000
23,200
1,200
54
1.300
1.100
6,600
22,400
1,100
46
1.250
Nov 21
30
Dec 8
18
Nov 22
30
Dec 8
18
Nov 22
30
Dec 8
18
Nov 22
30
Dec 8
18
1.050
Nov 22
30
Dec 8
18
Global clampdown on bitcoin is coming soon, insists Carney
James Dean, Tom Knowles
Bitcoin will come under the scrutiny of
regulators worldwide, the governor of
the Bank of England has said, hours
after America?s largest digital currency
exchange said it would be investigating
potential insider trading.
Mark Carney said that the ?scale of
growth? of bitcoin over the past year
would prompt global rule-makers to
examine digital currencies, amid
concerns about a speculative bubble.
Bitcoin, the world?s most popular
digital currency, exists as strings of
computer code and has no physical
form. It has rocketed in value from just
under $1,000 at the start of the year to
almost $20,000 and has increasingly
taken root as a currency that can be
used in the real world as individual
investors try to cash in on the boom.
Digital currency investors are concerned that insiders can manipulate the
market with impunity. Transactions are
almost completely anonymous and
regulators have taken a hands-off
approach to policing the market.
Mr Carney, who is also head of the
G20?s Financial Stability Board, told
MPs on the Treasury select committee
that he expected the board to discuss
the technology that underpins digital
currencies when it next meets.
He described price moves in bitcoin
as ?remarkable? and said the cryptocurrency was fluctuating like a share,
but he did not believe it posed a risk to
the UK?s financial stability. Mr Carney
said that to put the issue in context, the
combined value of bitcoin and other
cryptocurrencies was still only about
half the market capitalisation of Apple,
the world?s biggest company.
His comments came as Coinbase, the
biggest digital currency exchange in
the US, said it was looking at whether
there had been insider trading after the
launch of a new currency on its
platform was preceded by a dramatic
price spike. Brian Armstrong, its chief
executive, said he would take legal
action against any staff who were found
to have traded ?bitcoin cash?, effectively a clone of bitcoin, before it launched
on Coinbase on Tuesday night.
Shortly before trading began, the
price of bitcoin cash jumped as high as
$9,500, compared with a valuation of
about $1,800 on Sunday evening. Coin-
base halted trading shortly after the
price spike.
Bitcoin cash was created in August
after a so-called ?hard fork?, or split, in
the software that underpins the bitcoin
network, which is known as the ?blockchain?. Investors who held bitcoin at the
time were awarded an equal amount of
bitcoin cash after the split.
The price of bitcoin slumped as low
as $15,800 after bitcoin cash launched
on Coinbase. Yesterday it had recovered to $17,300. Bitcoin cash was last
trading at $3,800.
Brexit deal for City, page 42
GETTY
Wild thing Jim Ratcliffe, the billionaire founder of the petrochemicals giant Ineos who recently bought Belstaff and a Swiss football club, has invested $10 million in a safari tourism project in southern Tanzania
UK cars hit by crash in demand
Deliveries to British market fall 28% as nervous buyers quit showrooms
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
Car production at British factories has
fallen to an 18-month low after deliveries to the domestic market collapsed by
more than 28 per cent.
Latest industry figures published today report a 4.6 per cent decline in the
number of cars rolling off assembly
lines in November to 161,479, taking
annualised output to 1.69 million.
Only 15 per cent of UK cars built in
November ? 24,276, down from 33,745
in the same month last year ? stayed in
the home market, indicating rising
nervousness among buyers. Motorists
have been rejecting diesel cars for
environmental reasons.
The Society of Motor Manufacturers
and Traders (SMMT), the industry
body that collated the figures, said demand for new cars in the UK had been
hit by weaker consumer confidence
related to Brexit and heavy losses in
diesel sales, falling at a rate of 30 per
cent, according to recent data. The
trade association represents more than
700 companies in the UK and its figures
are seen as a key indicator of the economy?s health. Britain is the fourth
largest producer of cars in Europe behind Germany, France and Spain.
Jaguar Land Rover, Britain?s leading
carmaker, whose investment in new
diesel technology led it to build a
�0 million engine factory near Wolverhampton four years ago, has been
particularly affected by the change.
The other biggest carmakers in the UK
are Nissan, which makes the bestselling
Qashqai in Sunderland, and BMW,
which assembles the Mini at the Cowley plant in Oxford. Those three manufacturers account for nearly three quarters of all British car production.
About 170,000 workers are employed
in car factories or their supply chains in
the UK. It is thought that more than
800,000 jobs are dependent on the
automotive sector as a whole.
?Brexit uncertainty, coupled with
confusion over diesel taxation and air
quality plans, continues to impact domestic demand for new cars, and with
it, production output,? Mike Hawes, the
SMMT?s chief executive, said.
The SMMT has been sharply critical
of the government?s ?demonisation of
diesel?. Mr Hawes recently accused
ministers of being ?hellbent? on
destroying the reputation of Britain?s
carmakers, such as Jaguar Land Rover,
which have been at the forefront of
producing the cleanest, greenest diesel
engines in automotive history.
Government attacks on diesel have
particularly affected Jaguar?s sales of its
Solihull-built XE, a mid-sized executive
car, which the company expected to be
a bestseller that would take on models
popular with the British public such as
the German-built BMW 3 series.
There was some good news, the
SMMT insisted. The latest figures show
that exports are holding up, flat in the
year so far at 1.25 million. ?This only re-
inforces how overseas demand remains
the driving force for UK car manufacturing,? Mr Hawes said. ?Clarity on the
nature of our future overseas trading
relationships, including details on
transition arrangements with the EU, is
vital for future growth and success.?
The EU takes more than 50 per cent
of UK car exports, with factories such
as the Japanese plants of Nissan, Toyota in Derbyshire and Honda in Swindon
specifically located in Britain to produce cars for mainland Europe.
The UK?s biggest export markets are
the US at nearly 15 per cent, Germany
at 8.6 per cent, France and Italy at about
7 per cent each and China, where heritage marques such as Rolls-Royce and
Bentley are popular, at 6.5 per cent.
42
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
Ground rents will be outlawed
on all newly built flats as the
government went further than
expected in a crackdown on unfair
leasehold practices. Ministers will
also make it cheaper and easier for
existing leaseholders to buy their
freeholds. Page 8
2
More than a million families
and businesses in rural areas
struggling with slow internet
connections will have the right to
demand an upgrade to superfast
broadband. The government is
imposing a universal service
obligation on providers to
guarantee people across the entire
UK a minimum speed. Page 12
3
Taxes will have to rise if the
government is to balance the
books because spending cuts
have gone about as far as they can,
the International Monetary Fund
has warned. Property taxes, the
removal of preferential VAT rates
for goods such as pasties, and
higher national insurance
contributions by the self-employed
need to be considered. Page 15
4
Uber suffered a blow when
the European Court of Justice
ruled that the ride-hailing
app was a transport company and
not ?an information society
service? as it claimed. Page 18
5
Car production at British
factories has fallen to an 18month low as deliveries to the
domestic market collapsed by
more than 28 per cent. Industry
figures show a 4.6 per cent decline
in the number of cars rolling off
assembly lines last month. Page 41
6
Bitcoin will come under the
scrutiny of regulators
worldwide, Mark Carney,
the governor of the Bank of
England, said hours after
America?s largest digital currency
exchange said it would be
investigating potential insider
trading. Page 41
7
Three, the mobile phone
operator owned by Hong
Kong?s richest man, Li Kashing, is set to launch an appeal
after losing a High Court battle to
change the terms of Britain?s first
auction in five years of the radio
frequencies or airwaves allocated
to mobile phone operators.
8
The governor of the Bank of
England has robustly rejected
suggestions from Michel
Barnier, Brussels? Brexit
negotiator, that a bespoke treaty
between the UK and EU could not
cover financial services. Mr
Carney told MPs on the Treasury
select committee that financial
regulation had strengthened over
the past ten years to the point
where a financial services trade
deal could be feasible.
9
The transformative takeover
of Booker by Tesco has been
given final approval by the
Competition and Markets
Authority despite the recent
collapse of another leading
wholesaler. Page 44
10
Homeowners will be lucky
to see any increase in
property prices next year
as the squeeze on family finances
hits the housing market.
Nationwide Building Society
expects house price growth ?to be
broadly flat? in 2018. Page 47
Three refuses
to back down
in fight over
5G spectrum
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
Three, the mobile phone operator
owned by Hong Kong?s richest man, is
set to launch an appeal after losing a
High Court battle to change the terms
of Britain?s first auction in five years of
the radio frequencies or airwaves
allocated to mobile phone operators.
The company, controlled by the billionaire Li Ka-Shing, had called for a
judicial review to demand that Ofcom,
the regulator, impose a 30 per cent cap
on the spectrum allocated to any single
player after the auction. Three rejected
Ofcom?s proposed compromise of a
37 per cent cap as inadequate.
Three, the mobile phone division of
the CK Hutchison industrial conglomerate, has 130 million customers globally, including 12 million in Britain.
The forthcoming auction of UK
airwaves released by the government is
seen as critical to shaping the future of
the telecoms industry, as it will free up
the spectrum that allows phone
operators to connect calls and transfer
data needed for the roll-out of nextgeneration 5G technology.
The auction will increase by almost a
third the airwaves available to support
mobile devices. It is also expected to be
lucrative, with an earlier auction of 4G
airwaves in 2013 raising �3 billion
The lower cap proposed by Three
was designed to weaken the dominance
of Vodafone and BT?s EE over the
British market for mobile data services.
BT currently owns 45 per cent of
useable mobile spectrum, while Three
owns 12 per cent.
Three confirmed yesterday that it
was seeking permission to appeal
against the High Court?s decision.
Judge Nicholas Green said Three must
submit its notice to appeal by midday
today, with a hearing set for January.
A Three spokeswoman said: ?We are
disappointed by the initial ruling of the
court as a fairer distribution of spectrum is vital for UK consumers and the
digital economy. The team at Three is
committed to providing the best possible offering for our customers and we
are seeking permission to challenge the
ruling in the Court of Appeal urgently.?
Three?s decision provoked an angry
response from Ofcom as well as from rivals, who said an appeal against the ruling would delay the auction. Critics
have warned this could damage investment in the UK?s digital infrastructure.
Ofcom said: ?We believe the High
Court judgment is clear and Three?s actions may further delay the auction,
which is not in the interests of the UK.?
An O2 spokesman said: ?Three have
had their day in the High Court and
lost, so we are frustrated by reports that
they may seek to appeal the judgment.
This is directly contrary to Three?s
statement earlier this year that the
litigation would only delay the spectrum auction by three months. Further
delays are not in the interests of consumers, businesses and UK plc.?
Three rejected the criticism, saying:
?Ofcom does not expect 5G to roll out
in the UK until 2019-20 at the earliest,
so this will have no impact on the
delivery of this new technology.?
The High Court judgment was scathing of Three?s legal argument, which it
said suffered from three defects, including being ?inconsistent with the facts as
found by Ofcom [and] with the assumptions which underpin the adoption of
the 37 per cent threshold?. BT, which
launched a separate legal case arguing
that there should be no cap on the spectrum allocated, had its plea rejected but
said it had no plans to appeal.
Two tranches of spectrum are being
made available in the auction: 40MHz,
which will be immediately available,
plus a further 150MHz to be available in
a couple of years, likely to be for 5G.
Robin Pagnamenta, page 45
Tempus, page 50
Situation vacant: the jobs market
1. With unemployment at a 42-year
low fewer people are looking for
work
3. Skilled workers are harder
to find
Threats to UK labour market
competitiveness (%)
Unemployment rates
2017
14%
2016
Skill gaps
12
10
64%
8
Access to labour supply
6
49%
35%
Access to highly skilled migrants
43%
31%
Impact of EU regulation
33%
34%
Inflexible working practices
32%
28%
4
2
Seasonally adjusted
1971 77
87
97
07
17
0
2. Job vacancies are at a record high
800
000?s
Seasonally adjusted
2002
07
12
700
Employment regulation
31%
3%
600
Uncompetitive labour costs
31%
28%
500
None of the above
6%
10%
400
Other
4%
2%
17
79%
4. EU workers are also leaving
EU migration
Inflow
Outflow
100
000
80
39,000
60
30,000
40
20
2015
Q1
2016
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
2017
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
0
Recruiters fear Britain is
running out of workers
B
ritain may be
running out of
workers,
according to
some of the UK?s
biggest business
groups, with recruiters
reporting that they
face growing
difficulties with hiring
(Tom Knowles writes).
There has been a
steady drop in the UK?s
unemployment rate to
a 42-year low of 4.3 per
cent, squeezing the
number of available
candidates at a time
when EU migrant
workers are choosing
to leave Britain.
The Recruitment
and Employment
Confederation said this
week that concerns
among employers
about the availability
Carney tells EU that Brexit deal for City is possible
Harry Wilson City Editor
The governor of the Bank of England
has robustly rejected suggestions from
Brussels? top Brexit negotiator that a
bespoke treaty between the UK and EU
could not cover financial services.
Mark Carney told MPs on the Treasury select committee that financial
regulation had strengthened over the
past ten years to the point where a
financial services trade deal could be
feasible. His comments came after Michel Barnier warned there was no place
for a special deal for the City in Brexit
negotiations. ?It doesn?t exist,? he said.
Banks have been lobbying for a Brexit
deal that would make it easy for them to
make transactions across borders, as it
is now, without the need to individually
negotiate treaties with each country.
Mr Carney told MPs: ?I don?t accept
the argument that just because it has
not been done in the past, it can?t be
done in the future.?
In a swipe at Mr Barnier, Mr Carney
said the EU would be ?walking away
from progress to rule out a deal on
financial services?, adding: ?The UK
financial system, like it or not, is
effectively the banker for Europe in the
most complicated bits of finance, the
wholesale markets, the equity underwriting, the derivatives, the FX [foreign
exchange] trade. There are substantial
economies of scale and scope that
benefit both sides.?
He also suggested that Mr Barnier
does not speak for all the 27 member
states of the EU. ?My understanding of
the process is the negotiating mandate
is set by the European Council, not by
the commission,? he said.
Mr Carney?s comments came after
the Bank said that European investment banks operating from London
will be able to continue doing so unhindered after Brexit. The Bank warned of
?consequences? if the EU took actions
to upset the regulatory peace.
EU-based investment banks had
?The UK financial system
is effectively the banker
for Europe in the most
complex bits of finance?
feared they might have to go to the
expense of setting up new subsidiaries
because of the UK?s withdrawal. However, the Bank said yesterday that they
would be allowed to continue using the
cheaper branch structure.
The concession was greeted with re-
lief in the City, ending fears that banks
might leave the UK if they were forced
to transfer hundreds of millions of
pounds in capital to British subsidiaries.
EU-based banks currently have
relatively unfettered access to London
and most major continental lenders,
including BNP Paribas, Commerzbank,
Soci閠� G閚閞ale and Unicredit,
operate branches from the City.
Miles Celic, chief executive of
TheCityUK, the lobby group for UK
financial services, said the Bank had
made a ?positive move?, adding:
?Encouraging EU-headquartered financial institutions to stay in the UK
post-Brexit will ultimately support
continued UK competitiveness.?
Philip Hammond, the chancellor,
said the Bank?s approach would ensure
London remained the ?pre-eminent
global financial centre?.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
43
1G M
Business
In 12 months to June,
9,832 EU doctors,
nurses and support staff
left the UK, up 22% from
2016 and 42 per cent
from 2015
Driver shortages
in 2017 have risen
by 49 per cent to
Number of nurses and
midwives coming
from EU to work in
Britain dropped by
89%
There was a 29%
shortfall in seasonal
farm workers in
September
52,000
Source: Vacancy Survey, Labour
Force Survey, ONS, the Freight
Transport Association, Nursing
and Midwifery Council, NHS
Digital, CBI?s Employment
Trends Survey, NFU
of skilled workers were
rising, especially for
the construction,
engineering and health
and social care sectors.
These sectors have
traditionally had ?a
high dependency on
non-UK nationals in
the workforce?, it said.
At the same time,
the CBI, Britain?s
biggest business lobby,
reported that 75 per
cent of its members
view access to labour
supply as a threat to
international
competitiveness overr
the next five years.
A report from the
Bank of England
has now shown
that recruiters are
also struggling to
fill less skilled
roles. In a
quarterly report
on business
conditions by the
central bank?s 12
regional agents,
published yesterday,
recruiters in
horticulture and
agriculture were said
to be facing
?intensifying?
difficulties finding
workers.
The agents said this
was because migrant
workers from the EU
were becoming ?less
inclined? to travel to
the UK. This was due
to uncertainty in the
wake of Brexit about
their ability to travel
and work in the UK, as
well as the fall in the
value of the pound that
means their wages now
count for less once
converted into euros.
The National
Farmers? Union
warned in November
that fruit and
vegetables were being
left to rot because of a
shortage of labour,
while a labour survey
by the union showed
there was a 29 per cent
shortfall in seasonal
workers in September.
John Philpott,
director of Jobs
Economists, a
consultancy
specialising in
employment trends,
said the drop in
migrant workers was
unlikely to lead to a
further fall in
unemployment.
There are 1.4 million
unemployed people in
the UK despite 798,000
vacancies, which is a
record high and
suggests the roles
needed are not those
that can be filled easily.
Mr Philpott said:
?Instead of further big
reduction in
unemployment, you
are likely to see
mod
modest increases in
pay
pay, although you
won
won?t see any big
incr
increases in wages
unt
until we get a
pr
productivity surge.?
A separate report
fr
from the Federation
o
of Master Builders,
tthe trade
a
association, said
co
construction bosses
we
were ?genuinely
con
concerned? that their
?hig
?highly valued EU
wor
workers? would not
retu
return to the UK after
the Christmas break.
Consumer confidence ends year on low
Tom Knowles Economics Correspondent
Consumer confidence in Britain has
ended the year on a downbeat note,
dropping another point to reach its
lowest level in four years as households
react to Brexit uncertainty.
A long-running consumer confidence index produced by GFK, a data
company, said consumer confidence
over the past year had slipped from a
negative balance of -7 in January to -13
in December.
Joe Staton, head of market dynamics
at GFK, said the balance had not been
positive for nearly two years. It began at
a balance of 4 in January 2016, reached
zero the next month and then dropped
to -12 in July, the month after the Brexit
vote. It has since stayed negative.
?We need to see several issues move
on before the downward trend of the
consumer mood changes,? Mr Staton
said. ?We need to have a better sense of
how Brexit will pan out and also of how
quickly and how far interest rates will
rise. But none of this will be resolved
quickly so there?s every likelihood that
2018 will take us lower.?
Consumer confidence is important
for Bank of England and government
policymakers because it indicates how
households feel about their spending
power and about factors such as
moving house or asking for a pay rise.
Consumers helped to prop up economic growth after the Brexit vote but
this year retail sales growth has slowed
as consumer confidence has weakened.
A CBI survey showed solid retail
sales growth in the run-up to Christmas
but the business lobby said underlying
trading conditions remained tough.
In the survey of 56 retailers and 53
wholesalers, 37 per cent of respondents
said sales volumes were up in the weeks
from November 23 to December 14
compared with the same period a year
ago, while 17 per cent said they were
down. This gave a balance of 20 per
cent, down from 26 per cent in November, but the sales balance matched the
average since the survey began in 1983.
Alpesh Paleja, CBI principal economist, said: ?Retailers have seen decent
growth heading into the vital Christmas trading period, although it was
weaker than expected. It?s clear that
people are stocking up on food for their
Christmas lunch, with grocers? sales
driving most of the sales growth in December. [But] underlying trading conditions are tough for retailers. We expect
the squeeze on real pay for households
to last a while longer, so retailers will
still face challenging conditions ahead.?
Will Trump accept
blame for a crash?
business commentary Alistair Osborne
E
veryone likes a bit of
credit. None more so than
the famous shrinking
violet Donald Trump.
Rarely does an hour go by
without the US president pointing
out precisely who?s responsible for
every American success ? not least
Wall Street?s record-breaking streak.
?The reason our stock market is
so successful is because of me,? he
declared last month aboard the
presidential jet. ?I?ve always been
great with money. I?ve always been
great with jobs.? And that was
before Monday?s 70th record high
since January for the Dow Jones
index, beating 1995?s total of 69. His
$1.5 trillion of tax reforms could
have something to do with it, too.
Even so, other stock markets are
also pushing all-time highs, juiced
up by QE and cheap money ? and
without Trump tax cuts. Neither do
record markets always signal a
strong economy. The FTSE 100,
awash with multinationals, keeps
hitting records ? despite the cuts to
GDP forecasts, the latest from the
International Monetary Fund. And
all due to Brexit, or so claimed its
boss, Christine Lagarde.
There?s a clear flaw, too, with any
US president taking all the credit for
rising markets: it?s obvious who to
blame when they fall. And say his
tax cuts merely underline the stock
market adage that it?s better to
travel than arrive? The US market?s
also anticipated an infrastructure
boom that hasn?t happened.
Still, here?s a puzzler. If Mr Trump
wants credit for everything, when
he?s going to start crowing about
another top achievement: the
corking year for disasters? Since he
turned up, we?ve had one of the best
in almost half a century. Moreover,
as Swiss Re has just pointed out,
America?s been the ?hardest hit?.
The reinsurer has just totted up
the damage and reckons economic
losses from natural and man-made
catastrophes will clock in at
$306 billion this year, an impressive
uplift on 2016?s $188 billion and way
above the past decade?s average of
$190 billion a year. Insured losses
from ?disaster events? were around
$136 billion: the third worst year
since records began in 1970.
The Harvey, Irma and Maria
hurricanes were largely to blame,
causing $93 billion of insured havoc,
while offering Mr Trump countless
photo opportunities to show his
sensitive side. The upshot? A likely
rise in insurance premiums, eating
some of the tax cut benefits.
True, even Mr Trump can?t really
be blamed for hurricanes. But, as
stockbroker AJ Bell points out, the
US market is now on a cyclically
adjusted price earnings ratio of 31
times: a figure exceeded only twice
in history, in 1929 and 2000. And, as
it says, ?disaster followed on both
occasions?. Where will that leave
The Donald if another blows in?
Bookie to sit tight
M
ovie time at William Hill.
The legendary scriptwriter
Roger Devlin is turning up
as chairman, fresh from penning
Breaking the Bank ? not a film
about a punter taking the bookie to
the cleaners (the board?s been
having a go at that) but the story of
some rogue trader (report, page 44).
Still, Mr Devlin makes a decent
fit. And not just because the chief
executive, Philip Bowcock, is the exfinance director of Cineworld. No,
Mr Devlin ticks quite a few boxes:
plc chairman experience at brewer
Marston?s; bookmaking knowledge
from his days at Hilton (when it
used to own Ladbrokes); online
nous from gaming group Gamesys;
sports media expertise from his
chairmanship of Sports Information
Systems (19.5 per cent owned by
Hills); and blazer prowess from his
soon-to-be-relinquished role as a
Football Association non-exec.
Even so, in a betting market
gagging for mergers, it?s the start of
his career as an investment banker
that catches the eye. Under present
chairman Gareth Davis, Hills has
already been embroiled in two
recent attempted tie-ups. It rightly
rejected a loony-tunes joint-bid
approach from Rank and 888 before
coming up with something almost
as daft itself: a �6 billion tie-up
with Canadian poker outfit Amaya
that Hills investors kyboshed.
With rival Ladbrokes Coral
collapsing into the arms of upstart
GVC, Mr Devlin will come under
pressure to try something similar.
He should resist. Despite the
government?s threat to the bookies?
betting shop roulette machines,
Hills has shown a bit of recovery
lately, as the pick up in its shares
implies. When it comes to M&A, Mr
Devlin should sit tight ? even if
that makes for a less exciting movie.
Carillion Christmas
W
hat a Christmas for Keith
Cochrane. Santa?s already
brought the present he
wanted most. Carillion?s stand-in
boss is getting to leave early. Instead
of having to hang around until April
2 for the arrival of Andrew Davies,
Carillion?s new chief executive will
now be turning up on January 22.
Yes, Mr Davies, fresh from private
construction outfit Wates, simply
couldn?t wait to get going with the
Carillion debt-for-equity swap ?
even if his share options might be
even cheaper in April at a company
valued at � million but collapsing
under �billion of debt and a
�0 million pension deficit. It
always seemed wrong that Mr
Cochrane would do the restructuring
before Mr Davies showed up, a point
no doubt made by Carillion?s banks.
Mr Cochrane will, of course,
remain available in an ?advisory
capacity?. From the golf course, you
hope, after the mess he inherited.
Conglomerates live
C
hemicals. Oil rigs. Lookalike
Land Rovers. Icelandic salmon
breeding grounds. Lausanne
football club. The Belstaff motorbike
clothing brand. Tanzanian safari
tourism. Who says conglomerates
are dead? Not billionaire Jim
Ratcliffe of Ineos fame. Much more
fun running a private company.
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
44
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Business
ALAMY
Roger Devlin, below left,
will take over as William
Hill chairman in April
William Hill arrows in
on Ladbrokes veteran
W
illiam Hill
has
appointed a
former
Ladbrokes director as its
next chairman to help
steer the bookmaker
through the regulatory
and strategic challenges
ahead (Dominic Walsh
writes).
Roger Devlin, 60, who
is chairman of
Marston?s, the brewer
and pub operator, and a
non-executive
director of the
Football Association,
will join the board in
February before
taking over
from Gareth
Davis in April.
Sir Roy
Gardner, the
senior
independent
director who led
the search for Mr
Davis?s successor,
said that Mr Devlin had
extensive experience as
a listed company
chairman and a director
of gambling-related
businesses.
William Hill, which
was founded in 1934, is
Britain?s second biggest
betting shop operator
with 2,345 outlets and
has an expanding online
operation. It also runs
betting shops in Las
Vegas and is preparing
for the possible
opening up of
internet sports
betting in the US. Mr
Devlin?s
appointment
at William
Hill comes as
Ladbrokes
Coral, its
bitter rival,
prepares to
merge with GVC
Holdings, owner
of Sportingbet
and Partypoker, in a
deal that analysts argue
heaps further pressure
on William Hill to seek
merger or acquisition
opportunities. The big
bookmakers are
weighing up M&A as a
response to the threat of
a hit to their takings
from the government?s
review of fixed-odds
betting machines.
William Hill is
running a sliderule over
Crownbet, the
Australian operator, and
is tipped to revive
merger talks with Stars
Group ? which is listed
in Toronto and owns
Pokerstars ? once the
outcome of the review is
known.
Mr Devlin started out
in investment banking
and went on to join
Hilton Group when it
owned Ladbrokes.
Current chairmanships
include the sports media
group SIS and he was
the first independent
director of the FA, but
he will step down from
both boards next year.
Drawing on his
banking experience, Mr
Devlin also wrote a film
script about a rogue
trader. Breaking the
Bank, which he coproduced, starred Kelsey
Grammer and Tamsin
Greig and was released
in the UK last year.
Shares in William
Hill, which have risen
from a low of 240p since
August on the back of
improved trading, added
1絧 to 315p.
Rivals dismayed as regulator
approves Tesco?s Booker deal
Tales of Christmas
How do you spend yours? India Knight goes
maximalist, Jeremy Clarkson goes fag-free,
Marian Keyes calls the whole thing off and
David Baddiel dives in with both feet.
Pick up your copy of The Sunday Times
this weekend.
Alex Ralph
The transformative takeover of
Booker by Tesco has been given final
approval by the competition regulator despite the recent collapse of
another leading wholesaler.
The Competition and Markets
Authority yesterday cleared the
cash-and-shares deal, worth more
than �7 billion, having caught the
food and drink industry by surprise
last month when it provisionally
approved the acquisition.
After a five-month investigation,
the regulator found that combining
Britain?s biggest grocery retailer and
the leading wholesaler would not
lead to higher prices or weaker service. The transaction will create a
food group with combined annual
sales of almost � billion, supplying
food to millions of shoppers as well as
thousands of retailers, restaurants,
schools and catering companies.
The authority?s initial findings last
month came just days before Palmer
& Harvey, a big supplier of cigarettes,
sweets and food with sales of more
than �billion, slumped into administration after failing to plug a
� million cash hole.
In its report yesterday, the regulator said that it had considered ?what
this has meant for our inquiry and for
competition at the wholesale level.
?We have found that for each of the
customer groups previously served
by P&H ? major multiple retailers,
symbol group retailers, multisite retailers, and other retailers including
independent retailers ? as well as
tobacco suppliers, sufficient options
and competitive constraints will remain after the merger.?
The provisional findings had
caused outrage among wholesalers.
Seven of Booker?s rivals, including
Spar and Bestway, wrote to the
authority in September calling on it
to block the merger.
John Mills, managing director of
Landmark Wholesale, has warned
that it would destroy competition
and put thousands of jobs at risk. He
said yesterday that Palmer & Harvey
did not collapse because of the impending Tesco-Booker deal but it was
an ?indication of what is going on in
our market and how thin margins
are?.
Steve Parfett, chairman of AG Parfett, a cash and carry partnership, had
written to politicians, including Greg
Clark, the business secretary, raising
concerns. He said yesterday that the
regulator had ?completely misunderstood? the case against the takeover.
Mr Parfett added that he was talking to colleagues in the industry
about the prospect of a challenge.
The regulator concluded that Tesco and Booker ?do not compete headto-head in most of their activities?
and the shops that Booker supplies
are ?free to set their prices and decide
which products to stock?.
Attention now turns to the
approval of Tesco and Booker shareholders, who will receive circulars in
February before investor meetings
later that month. A couple of big
shareholders in Tesco, including
Schroders, oppose the deal.
Shares in Tesco closed at 206紁, up
紁, with Booker up 絧 at 226紁.
Tempus, page 50
Drax earnings consumed by fire fallout
Harry Wilson
Problems with the rail unloading
facilities at the UK?s largest power
station in the wake of a fire led the
plant?s operator to warn yesterday
that its full-year earnings would be
� million lower than expected.
Drax Group said deliveries of biomass to two facilities at the power
plant in North Yorkshire were currently ?restricted? and that repairs
would take until next month, limiting
its production of renewable energy
for several weeks.
The power station was opened in
1975 and 11 years later, following a
doubling in its capacity, became the
country?s largest individual source of
The incident at the power plant will
cost the group � million this year
electricity. It has been listed on the
London Stock Exchange since 2005.
Drax is Britain?s biggest coal-fired
power station but has transformed its
fuel mix in the light of the govern-
ment?s aim to end the burning of coal
to generate power by 2025. It is now a
big source of renewable energy, with
70 per cent of its electricity output
using biomass-fuelled generators ?
enough to power Leeds, Manchester,
Sheffield and Liverpool.
The problems follow a fire in the
bay where the high flammable pellets
used to produce about half the station?s power are unloaded. Drax said
the rest of its power generation
facilities remained unaffected.
The company told the stock exchange that the impact of the fire
would mean its earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation for 2017 would be off by � million. Shares closed down 5絧 at 271p.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
45
1G M
Comment Business
Simon Nixon
Robin Pagnamenta
Ministers must loosen
BT?s grip on broadband
to give Britain a chance
??
For Theresa May,
this really is the
season of goodwill.
As she heads home
for Christmas at the
end of the week, she will do so in the
knowledge that she has managed to
unite both sides of her warring party
behind the deal she reached on
December 8 on the first phase of
Brexit negotiations and has seemingly
united her cabinet around her
approach to the second phase.
She will also go home with the
applause of her fellow EU leaders at
last week?s summit in Brussels ringing
in her ears for the way that she
managed to face down both the
Brexiters in her party and her
parliamentary allies to give Brussels
pretty much everything that it had
demanded. It?s a remarkable reversal
of fortunes in the space of a few
weeks. But how long can this
unexpected Christmas truce last?
There are two issues that could lead
to a renewed outbreak of hostilities in
2018. The first is the unfinished
business over the Irish border. The
deal struck this month was held
together by an exquisite fudge that
must now be turned into a legally
binding text to be included in the
Article 50 withdrawal treaty. The UK
insists that its commitment to
maintain ?full alignment? with EU
regulatory standards as a fallback
position to prevent the emergence of
a hard border on the island of Ireland
only applies to sectors necessary to
underpin the Good Friday
Agreement. Dublin insists that full
alignment means that the UK must
follow EU single market and customs
rules in their entirety ? and that the
deal means the UK cannot diverge
from EU rules unless and until new
arrangements are found to avoid a
hard border.
Will Ireland push for further clarity
in the legal text? Dublin is well aware
that this is its last point of leverage in
the process; the EU has insisted that
progress on phase two negotiations
over future trading relations is
dependent on progress in agreeing
this legal text and the EU?s decision to
proceed on the basis of unanimity
gives Ireland a de facto veto. But
while Dublin has so far received
strong backing from the other 26
member states, it will want to avoid
becoming the ?stone in the shoe? of
the negotiations as the only obstacle
to a deal. Having nearly brought
down Mrs May?s government in phase
one, Dublin is likely to be wary of
risking another clash with London,
particularly if that increased the risk
of a chaotic Brexit that would be
highly destabilising, both politically
and economically, on both sides of
the Irish border.
The second issue that could lead to
a new conflagration in 2018 is the
question of the future relationship.
This time, it is Mrs May?s appetite for
confrontation that will determine
how events unfold. Inevitably, the
policy around which she has united
her cabinet this week is pure cakeand-eat-it: the prime minister urged
her colleagues to ?aim high? for a deal
that would allow the UK frictionless
access to EU markets for goods and
services while simultaneously being
free to diverge from EU rules and
sign its own trade agreements.
The Irish border and trade remain potential pitfalls for Theresa May?s government
Anything short of this approach
would have forced the cabinet to
confront such uncomfortable tradeoffs between sovereignty and market
access that it might have blown the
government apart. As one sceptical
senior minister puts it: ?We all want
our cake, but let the negotiations go
forward and reality sink in.?
But when will reality set in? Mrs
May will be under political and media
pressure to seek clarity on the future
trade relationship early in 2018, while
the EU will be happy to continue to
defer discussion for as long as
possible. From the start, it has always
understood the vital importance of
securing an Article 50 deal that
allows the UK to leave the EU in
good legal standing rather than
plunge UK-EU relations into the deep
freeze for decades. Its approach has
been to defer difficult discussions on
future trade as far as possible ? until
the end of the process or preferably
until after the UK has left. Of course,
the UK has never accepted this logic,
fearing a Brussels ruse to rob it of its
negotiating leverage. Yet unwittingly,
Mrs May has played into this strategy
by using up valuable time first with an
election and then in arguments with
her own party over the Brexit bill.
As things stand, the EU says it
won?t be able to start formal talks on
the future relationship until March at
the earliest, which is when Brussels
says that EU leaders will adopt their
negotiating guidelines. And even
then, Brussels says that all it is willing
to discuss is the outline of a future
relationship to be contained in a nonbinding ?political declaration? to
accompany the Article 50 treaty. The
British government may not like that
but, like the Irish government, it will
have to ask itself how far it is willing
to push the confrontation; in forcing
the question too soon, Mrs May may
get an answer she doesn?t like. Then
she would be forced to choose
between walking away from the
process ? which could cost her her
job now that it is clear there is no
majority in parliament for a
disorderly Brexit ?
or capitulating once
again to the EU, as
the next cliff-edge
looms.
??
Simon Nixon is the chief European
commentator at The Wall Street
Journal. Twitter: @Simon_Nixon
Sathnam Sanghera sees things
from a different angle
Born and raised in Wolverhampton, award-winning author and columnist Sathnam Sanghera has
worked at a burger chain, a hospital laundry, a sewing factory and as the News Bunny. His has been
no ordinary career, and he is no ordinary journalist.
Don?t miss Sathnam Sanghera in The Times tomorrow
T
he government?s decision
to give consumers a legal
right to demand high-speed
broadband by 2020 is
welcome. In taking this
step, ministers rejected an offer
from BT voluntarily to speed up
improvements made to 1.1 million
homes in mostly rural areas, which
it claimed would have been cheaper,
easier and faster to implement.
True or false, BT?s proposals
would also have done something
else: hindered competition and
tightened its monopoly grip over the
internet network ? the biggest
reason why Britain has dragged its
heels on broadband investment
compared with other countries.
Yesterday?s decision demonstrates
a willingness by ministers to push
back against BT, which employs a
small army of lobbyists and public
Take-up of broadband
100
%
80
Proportion of individuals
Source: Ofcom research
Brexit Christmas truce likely to last
only until decorations come down
2002
60
40
20
05
08
11
14
0
2017
affairs specialists well versed in the
subtle arts of persuading politicians
to bend to its will.
The government?s pledge that all
of the UK will have access to speeds
of at least 10 Mbps by 2020 is good
news but should just be the start. In
the race to build a digital economy
fit to compete on the global stage
post-Brexit, ministers should go
much further to ensure that Britain
does not get left behind. Access to
full-fibre broadband, at only 3 per
cent of households, lags way behind
many other countries. In Spain
79 per cent of households have
access to full-fibre networks, which
are much faster and more reliable.
For too long, government policy
has rested on prodding BT to take
further action. In truth, the answer
lies elsewhere, in bolstering
competition and nurturing the
emergence of rival operators willing
and able to invest in infrastructure.
Without at least two viable
alternatives to BT?s Openreach
network, which controls the
backbone of the nation?s wholesale
broadband, BT will have every
incentive to maintain the status quo,
opting to exploit the copper
networks it installed decades ago to
provide telephone landline services
rather than install modern
technology better suited to the
needs of the 21st century.
BT?s copper network, which still
connects most UK homes and
businesses to the internet, is
fundamentally ill-suited to the
purpose for which it is being used.
As well as having relatively low
capacity to transmit data at the
speeds consumers demand, it is also
energy intensive and prone to faults,
particularly in wet weather.
One telecom industry executive
estimates that BT spends up to
�billion a year simply maintaining
this copper network ? a colossal
sum that would be far better spent
on installing fibre-optic networks.
Since the separation of BT
Openreach this year, BT has talked
a good game and has launched a
plan to roll out fibre to millions of
homes by the mid-2020s.
The problem is that without
greater competition BT will struggle
to justify the business case to fund
this project, especially when it sets
its priorities in the context of other
challenges it faces. These include
plugging the � billion black hole
in its pension scheme and bidding
for Premier League football
television rights.
Such problems are for BT?s
management and not the country at
large. They should not be allowed to
get in the way of solving a problem
that is a national priority.
Alternative fibre broadband
providers exist ? Virgin Media,
CityFibre, Vodafone and others ?
that are all eager to invest in
building rival networks to BT. Big
investors, including pension funds
and asset management firms, view
fibre broadband as an attractive
long-term play offering good
returns. There is no shortage of
capital available.
The challenge is to create a level
playing field where these rival
players can really thrive, building
new networks on a mass scale that
will challenge BT and force it to
invest more to compete.
Robin Pagnamenta is Deputy Business
Editor of The Times
46
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Business
POPPERFOTO/GETTY
Accountant is banned over Computer 2000 scandal
Jobs fear as US confirms
plan to punish Bombardier
An accountant banned yesterday for
his failings in the Computer 2000
scandal had his fine slashed because
of his financial circumstances and
contrition.
Kevin Silverwood, the former
financial management controller of
the computer distribution business,
which became Tech Data Ltd, had a
�,000 fine cut to �,250 by the
Financial Reporting Council (FRC).
Mr Silverwood was banned from
the accountancy profession for four
years after admitting that his conduct
fell significantly short of standards
reasonably to be expected from
members of the Institute of Chartered
Union leaders warned last night that
jobs in Northern Ireland and America
could be ?crushed? after the US
commerce department confirmed
plans to impose duties of nearly 300
per cent on imports of Bombardier C
Series commercial jets. Boeing, the
world?s largest aerospace company,
has accused Bombardier, its smaller
Canadian rival which employs 4,000
people in Belfast, of accepting illegal
government subsidies from Canada
and Britain to build its new jet. The
complaint is being heard by the
International Trade Commission,
which will make a ruling in February.
Extra payout for tech
gambling entrepreneur
The Austrian who sold 90 per cent of
his Best Gaming Technology business
to Playtech 18 months ago for
?138 million stands to collect another
?95 million for his last 10 per cent.
Armin Sageder, who stayed as head of
the enlarged BGT Sports division, will
see his maximum earnout payment in
2019 rise from the previously agreed
?60 million due to a restructuring.
BGT, whose main product is software
for self-service betting terminals, was
founded by Dr Sageder, who has a
PhD in physics, in 2005.
Elite commercial law firms outshone by smaller rivals
Campari adds Bisquit Cognac to its drinks cabinet
Campari Group, the Italian spirits
maker, has added Bisquit Cognac to
its bulging drinks cabinet in a deal
worth ?52.5 million. The purchase
from South Africa?s Distell Group
includes the production and bottling
facilities and ?33 million of maturing
stock. The ?super-premium? Bisquit
Mallory Court is the place to press the pause button.
Susan d?Arcy, Hotel & spa expert, The Sunday Times
Cognac, established in 1819 by
Alexandre Bisquit, is expected to
achieve net sales next year of about
?9 million to key markets including
South Africa and Belgium. Campari,
which dates back to 1860, claims to be
the world?s sixth biggest spirits player
with brands such as Grand Marnier.
A lacklustre performance by London?s
elite commercial law firms held back
the UK?s top 100 practices last year.
The top ten law firms increased
revenues by 3.3 per cent on average in
the three months to the end of
October compared with the same
period last year, an annual survey by
Deloitte found. However, the bestperforming firms were in the mid-tier
bracket, with average fee income
rising by nearly 10.5 per cent for the
26th to 50th largest practices.
London firms vie with US rivals for
commercial legal services ranging
Shell to be
tried over
Nigeria oil
?bribery?
Enjoy a
brasserie dinner,
cream tea and
spa credit
Country escape to
Mallory Court
TWO NIGHTS FROM
�0 per person*
Price includes
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l One cream tea for two
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TO BOOK CALL
01926 683 647
QUOTE CODE TEH22
thetimes.co.uk/mallory
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Offer is valid until March 31, 2018 excluding Christmas, New Year and Valentine?s Day.
Royal Dutch Shell and four
of its former senior executives were sent to trial in
Italy yesterday over an
alleged $1.1 billion oil rights
bribe in Nigeria that could
result in 12-year jail sentences being handed down.
Among those charged is
Malcolm Brinded, former
Shell executive and Energy
Institute president.
?We have never heard of
a bribe this big, ever,? an
Italian judicial source said.
Shell, the Anglo-Dutch
multinational with a turnover of more than $230 billion, is accused of paying
bribes alongside Eni, the
Italian energy group. Eni?s
chief executive, Claudio
Descalzi, is also charged.
The case involves Shell
and Eni?s 2011 purchase of
the OPL-245 offshore oilfield for $1.3 billion. The
Nigerian government received about $200 million,
but prosecutors believe the
remaining $1.1 billion was
paid in bribes to win the licence, including $300 million to Dan Etete, Nigeria?s
former oil minister.
Shell and Eni deny the
charges.
?We believe the trial
judges will conclude that
there is no case against
Shell or its former employees,? Shell said. ?There is
no place for bribery or corruption in our company.?
Barnaby Pace, of Global
Witness, an anti-corruption group, said: ?The Nigerian people lost out on
over $1 billion. They deserve to know the truth.?
The trial starts in March.
from advice to companies on raising
funds and pursuing acquisitions to
resolving disputes with rivals.
The top ten firms also trailed in the
category of percentage rise in average
fees per individual fee earner, with an
increase of 3.6 per cent, while the
26th to 50th bracket again did best
with a 9.4 per cent rise.
Individual partners at top firms
performed better than fee earners as a
whole with a 4.3 per cent fee rise, but
the biggest rise in individual partner
fees came in the 50th to 100th
bracket, with a 7.6 per cent increase.
CURRENCY SERVICES
Sending
money to
family abroad?
Tom Kington Rome
Unwind at this quintessentially
English country house in
Warwickshire where, as a Times
reader, you can stay in a spacious
Master Double room, receive spa
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delicious cream tea.
Times hotel rating: 8/10
Accountants in England and Wales.
Tech Data Corp, Computer 2000?s
US parent, was forced to reissue its
financial statements in 2013 after
finding that profits in the UK
subsidiary were overstated by
$61 million over four years.
EY, the auditor, has previously been
fined �75 million over the affair.
Julian Gray, then an EY partner and
now a PWC partner, was also fined.
Claudia Mortimore, the FRC?s
interim executive counsel, said:
?Misconduct by accountants
undermines public confidence in the
profession and in the reliability of
financial statements.?
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47
1GM
Business
Squeeze on family budgets will rein in house price growth
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
Homeowners will be lucky to see any
increase in property prices next year as
the squeeze on family finances hits the
housing market.
Nationwide Building Society expects
house price growth ?to be broadly flat in
2018, with perhaps a marginal gain of
around 1 per cent?. It could be worse
region by region, depending on
progress in Brexit talks for different in-
dustries. Nationwide?s warning followed similar predictions this week
from Halifax, another big mortgage
lender, and the Royal Institution of
Chartered Surveyors.
Their outlook is a cause for concern
because house prices bolster growth by
underpinning consumer confidence.
Philip Hammond, the chancellor, told
MPs this month that the housing
market was vital to the economy. This
year, prices grew between 2 per cent
and 4 per cent, Nationwide said, below
the long-run annual rate of 3 per cent to
4 per cent and a sharp slowdown from
4 per cent to 6 per cent in 2016.
It said that ?subdued economic
activity and the ongoing squeeze on
household budgets is likely to exert a
modest drag on housing market activity and house price growth?.
Local housing markets will differ and
Brexit negotiations may affect performance. ?The UK housing market
has been characterised by significant
regional disparities in house prices in
recent years and it is not clear how
Brexit will impact these dynamics,?
Robert Gardner, Nationwide?s chief
economist, said. ?If the financial sector
is adversely affected then the London
market is likely to see more of an impact, while if manufacturing firms are
disadvantaged other parts of the country may be more negatively affected.?
London is particularly exposed
Children?s first steps to recovery
after horrors of ethnic cleansing
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER JACK HILL
because it has seen extraordinary
house price growth. House prices in the
capital are more than 50 per cent above
their pre-2007 levels while in Wales,
Scotland and parts of northern England, prices are about 5 per cent lower
than a decade ago.
Rightmove, Britain?s biggest online
property portal, found Sudbury in Suffolk had the biggest increase in values
this year. Average asking prices rose
13.1 per cent from �4,569 to �5,291.
Toys R Us in
pension talks
to help stave
off collapse
Alex Ralph
christmas
appeal
Alexandra Frean
When Anita Roddick arrived at a
Romanian orphanage in 1990 she was
confronted with scenes of unimaginable horror. Listless toddlers, deprived of
physical contact, were confined to their
cots 24 hours a day and fed through the
bars. The place was cold and stank of
urine. In place of children?s voices, an
eerie silence reigned.
The Body Shop founder had been so
moved by the pictures of starved and
shaven-headed orphans that ricocheted around the world after the fall of
Nicolae Ceausescu?s communist government in 1989 that she mobilised her
company to send a small band of volunteers to help three orphanages in the
village of Halaucesti. It is a mark of the
character of a woman who left her
fortune to charity when she died ten
years ago that she took along her two
daughters, Justine and Sam, then aged
20 and 18 respectively, so they could
learn the importance of helping others.
Another volunteer was Rachel
Bentley, a 22-year-old fresh out of law
school. With the help of Roddick and
the experience of working with institutionalised children gained in Romania,
Ms Bentley went on to co-found the
charity Children on the Edge, which is
a beneficiary of this year?s The Times
Christmas appeal. It provides specialist
help for vulnerable children in refugee
camps in remote and strife-torn areas.
?Once you have seen those Romanian orphanages, you can?t turn away. I
told Anita that we either needed to
leave or make a longer-term commitment, which is what we did,? Ms
Bentley says.
Since then Children on the Edge has
mobilised its considerable expertise,
helping to integrate institutionalised
and marginalised children back into
society in Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo,
Lebanon, India, Burma and India. For
the past seven years it has been working
to help the Rohingya refugee community in Bangladesh.
The refugees are victims
of a brutal ethnic cleansing campaign led by
Burma, where the government refuses to accept the existence of
the Rohingya as an
ethnic group. An estimated 700,000 have
fled murder, torture
and rape, leaving the
traditional aid infrastructure unable to
cope. Working with
local partners, Children on the Edge is
The founder of the charity Children on the Edge was inspired by a trip to a Romanian orphanage with Anita Roddick, below
providing primary education for
Rohingya children in refugee camps,
offering stable, safe spaces for them to
learn, play and recover from the trauma
they have been through.
?The atrocity has been going on for
years and years, but for so long no one
was interested. How much worse can it
get than genocide?? Ms Bentley says.
The charity is small, with just 15
members of staff and an income of
about �million a year from grants and
donations. Its approach of working
with local partners to develop bespoke
models of good practice for solving
problems in each location allows it to
punch above its weight. Because of this
approach and its contacts with local
agencies, it can often fill gaps left by
international aid agencies and go to
places where they do not feel safe or
sufficiently knowledgeable.
Children on the Edge operates on a
three to five-year timeframe and
does not plan to dig in for ever but
rather to hand over to its local
partners for the long term.
?When we enter a situation, we always have an exit
strategy,? Ms Bentley says.
?We are not about building
our brand or our organisation.
We are about solving problems one at a time.?
Donations to Children
on the Edge will be
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y
Concessions have been proposed by
Toys R Us over its pension deficit
during last-ditch talks to avoid collapse.
Advisers for the chain and the
Pension Protection Fund, the industry
lifeboat for failed companies, are
locked in negotiations before a creditor
meeting today on a restructuring.
The fund is a major creditor and has
threatened to vote against plans by
Toys R Us in Britain to close 26 stores
with the loss of at least 500 jobs next
spring if it does not agree to a payment
of �million towards the deficit in its
UK pension scheme. It has a deficit of
� million on a buyout basis.
The Pension Protection Fund protects pensions when companies fail and
has demanded that the cash, which is
the equivalent of about three years?
contributions, be paid before it agrees
to support the proposed restructuring.
Discussions between Toys R Us and
the protection fund are understood to
have revolved around reducing its
deficit recovery plan from 15 years to 10
and increasing the �6 million the retailer plans to contribute in the first
quarter of next year. A source said getting closer to the �million figure demanded by the fund was complicated
by the difficulties in making material
changes to the proposed restructuring,
called a company voluntary arrangement, which could be detrimental to
other creditors, such as landlords.
If Toys R Us?s restructuring plans are
voted down by creditors today at the
Montcalm at The Brewery London
City hotel, its adviser Alvarez & Marsal
is poised to act as administrator. This
could lead to the loss of about 3,000
jobs and risk the closure of 84 stores.
The chain was known for its large
out-of-town stores but came under
pressure from online rivals and has
made a loss in seven of the past eight
years. Its American parent company
filed for bankruptcy protection in September with $5 billion of debts.
The uncertainty for its staff just
before Christmas comes as Poundland,
the discount chain employing about
18,000 people, tries to reassure its suppliers that it remains creditworthy despite an accounting scandal at Steinhoff International, its South African
parent, which is in talks with lenders.
Research from Begbies Traynor, the
insolvency company, found 43,677 retailers are showing signs of ?significant?
financial distress, a 22 per cent increase
compared with December last year.
There has also been political fallout
over Toys R Us. Frank Field, chairman
of the Commons work and pensions
select committee, has described the
pension scheme as ?at best, an inconvenient afterthought to self-interested
corporate restructure?. A spokeswoman for the Pension Protection
Fund said that talks were continuing.
48
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
1GM
Business Unit Trusts
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
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%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
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?
?
?
?
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?
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104.60
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?
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?
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?
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?
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?
?
?
?
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?
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?
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UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
208.00
271.00
93.86
56.56
199.00
201.50
159.80
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1089.00
577.10
466.00
190.30
114.10
1044.00
614.90
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.00
+0.20
-0.52
-0.32
-2.20
+0.20
+0.10
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
-1.00
-0.30
+0.40
+0.20
+0.10
-6.00
-3.60
1.84
0.62
1.41
1.90
?
1.35
1.36
3.45
3.49
2.41
3.50
4.22
4.36
0.62
2.49
3.72
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return @
54.05
Distribution and Growth @131.43
Emg Euro Opps @
212.67
Euro Special Sits @
424.47
European @
2117.51
Financial Opps @
603.65
Income Trust @
572.83
Merlin Bal (Acc) @
184.19
Merlin Gwth (Acc) @
410.09
Merlin Inc (Acc) @
298.65
Merlin Wwide (Inc) @
297.25
UK Growth @
325.28
UK Special Sits (Inc) @ 191.18
57.09
139.31
225.08
448.15
2229.94
637.27
605.10
194.52
432.28
316.17
312.86
344.75
202.52
+0.08
-0.16
-0.84
-1.76
-7.17
-3.28
-0.52
+0.42
+1.31
+0.54
+1.04
+0.68
-0.08
?
4.02
1.49
0.59
?
0.29
3.67
1.72
?
2.91
?
1.24
1.25
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
401.40
289.10
139.80
2639.00
902.00
401.40
289.10
140.50
-8.00
-2.70
-2.60
-1.80
-0.80
2.12
2.15
1.82
1.86
2.71
1.33
1.34
2.66
2.70
2.26
2.27
3.89
4.01
3.72
3.65
3.54
3.65
3.54
3.65
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@515.40
American Index Retail Inc ?@442.20
Asian Gth Acc ?@
153.40
Asian Gth Inc ?@
136.70
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
565.10
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
479.90
Euro Gth Acc ?@
867.80
Euro Gth Inc ?@
743.90
-0.26
-0.60
-2.00
-0.08
+0.20
-0.50
-0.01
-0.03
?
?
-1.80
+0.20
+0.50
+12.00
?
?
+2.70
2.89
?
0.83
2.99
3.31
?
4.93
3.56
3.18
3.37
?
0.93
0.67
1.11
3.25
3.34
0.33
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
-2.30
-1.50
-1.50
-4.30
-3.60
-6.30
-5.30
1.41
1.43
0.40
0.46
0.20
0.21
1.38
1.42
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
553.94
?
+2.69
3.15
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.52
-0.39
-0.89
+0.58
-3.70
-0.01
-0.06
-0.02
-0.15
+5.11
+0.04
1.95
2.88
3.38
3.63
3.48
0.02
4.57
1.79
1.93
0.26
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
464.95
Corp Bond Acc ?@
202.89
High Income Inc ?@
457.98
Income & Grth Inc ?@
436.89
Income Inc ?@
1752.78
Money Acc ?@
90.40
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 111.45
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
205.08
UK Growth Acc ?@
674.70
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1247.85
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
356.67
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 664.74
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@238.13
0.01
?
0.26
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
-8.00
-13.00
-3.10
?
4.21
?
?
?
-2.01
+0.04
-0.56
0.12
0.70
1.14
+/-
Yld
%
+0.07
?
+0.30
+0.80
+0.30
+0.20
+0.50
+0.90
+1.00
+0.60
3.10
3.02
3.31
3.40
3.44
3.39
0.61
0.17
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
40.86
43.07
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
116.80
263.20
379.40
222.60
354.10
641.80
826.10
516.40
116.80
263.20
379.40
222.60
354.10
641.80
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 8194.01
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
-42.16
-0.02
1.25
1.06
1.66
?
?
?
-10.23
-3.80
?
1.95
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.70
-0.70
-0.40
+0.20
?
+0.40
+0.30
2.94
1.97
5.61
2.98
3.79
3.06
3.14
-7.67
-1.83
-2.99
+0.43
-11.73
-2.82
+6.23
+0.55
-7.28
+0.26
1.37
1.15
0.16
0.56
1.36
1.17
0.24
2.83
?
2.89
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
108.40
204.70
223.60
186.20
218.10
400.30
249.40
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1466.64
542.22
597.30
41.85
2241.93
836.25
1983.00
1357.44
1227.65
650.51
1547.91
572.26
630.40
41.85
2366.15
882.59
2092.88
1432.65
1295.67
686.55
203.70
185.30
140.60
229.00
222.50
?
?
?
?
?
0.50
1.02
1.03
0.44
0.46
2498.00
?
-1.00
0.89
324.40
190.70
?
?
+0.20
+0.20
2.99
3.07
-1.70
-0.70
+1.20
?
?
-0.20
-0.10
?
-0.80
-0.40
+0.20
+5.00
1.91
1.94
1.17
5.30
5.45
3.97
4.07
?
3.18
3.23
2.63
1.61
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
316.80
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
129.20
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
286.70
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
231.90
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
88.89
Hi Res A Acc ?@
362.70
Hi Res A Inc ?@
137.70
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
203.10
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
102.10
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
189.10
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1956.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 136.00
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @108.11
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@266.30
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@154.40
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1461.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@212.70
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 242.50
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1686.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @29.42
Global Equity Fund Acc @3052.16
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@63.00
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1683.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@141.90
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@226.30
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 156.30
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@177.70
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @223.70
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 66.47
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 127.00
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 158.10
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 151.30
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 627.50
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@652.60
UK Property A Acc @
220.83
UK Property A Inc @
100.12
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@282.00
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@1004.00
?
113.57
?
?
?
?
?
?
30.70
3183.63
?
?
?
?
?
?
233.35
69.33
?
?
?
?
?
232.45
105.37
?
?
?
+0.75
+0.30
+0.20
+12.00
+2.90
+0.70
+6.00
-0.03
+4.81
+0.14
+12.00
+0.10
-0.20
+0.70
+0.90
-0.06
-0.02
-0.20
?
+0.50
+2.00
+1.10
-0.02
?
+0.90
+4.30
2.38
6.42
3.18
3.24
?
0.58
0.83
0.56
4.73
?
3.24
?
0.43
0.38
2.01
1.98
2.24
2.27
4.12
?
1.85
2.10
?
2.94
3.00
2.13
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
211.30
Emerging Mkts ?@
230.30
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@229.40
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
769.90
Europe A Acc ?@
1488.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 111.10
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
37.65
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 263.00
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
204.70
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1364.00
Japan A Acc ?@
452.00
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 996.00
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 916.10
Nat Resources ?@
595.70
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.10
-1.20
-1.20
+0.90
-7.00
-0.10
-0.02
-0.90
-0.70
+1.00
-6.00
-4.10
-0.90
-0.80
-0.10
0.22
0.16
0.71
0.04
1.06
5.44
5.64
0.44
0.43
1.03
?
?
0.66
0.67
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
72.40
239.60
66.16
41.02
106.00
128.20
61.93
156.90
184.40
249.90
290.90
165.60
464.10
308.10
72.80
239.60
66.28
41.07
106.50
129.00
61.93
156.90
184.40
252.90
290.90
165.60
464.10
308.10
-0.42
-1.10
-0.42
-0.29
-1.00
?
-0.19
-0.10
?
-0.10
?
?
-2.50
-0.20
2.76
1.17
0.57
0.24
0.17
5.17
0.83
2.34
3.00
?
3.11
3.19
0.85
0.70
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1624.02
?
-0.01
4.66
+0.72
+0.67
0.20
1.80
-0.94
-0.96
-0.02
-1.95
+0.04
-0.02
+9.44
4.38
1.25
4.94
?
3.40
1.64
2.04
-0.21
+0.05
+0.49
+2.04
3.80
4.64
1.93
2.22
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
443.97
414.84
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
797.44
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
97.94
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
51.51
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 140.27
Index Trckr Inc ?@
76.80
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.93
UK Select A Inc ?@
3022.89
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
41.47
64.31
144.42
373.93
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@149.14
?
-0.24
2.04
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
351.30
189.90
?
?
+0.30
+0.20
3.47
3.55
-1.80
-0.70
+0.20
+6.00
2.10
2.13
2.48
1.82
+0.20
+6.00
2.99
2.04
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
326.10
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
129.10
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
202.60
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 2036.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
144.20
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2113.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
96.65
57.98
103.10
147.70
166.00
63.85
202.60
131.80
174.30
133.20
132.30
49.13
105.30
272.30
88.75
54.47
347.00
226.90
259.20
89.13
200.80
246.20
225.80
704.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.34
-0.20
-0.40
?
-0.60
-0.25
?
+0.10
+0.10
+0.50
?
?
-0.20
+0.40
-0.06
-0.04
+1.20
-0.10
+0.90
+0.32
+1.70
+1.80
+1.70
+7.20
1.41
1.30
1.82
?
3.07
2.80
1.48
1.17
1.15
0.01
3.62
3.41
0.04
1.67
1.45
1.24
2.29
2.80
3.91
4.03
1.46
0.39
0.40
0.50
?
?
?
+0.18
+0.17
-0.04
1.68
1.70
2.04
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
105.08
271.24
256.91
286.96
227.73
230.56
98.16
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.04
+0.46
+0.44
+0.50
+0.08
-0.47
-0.20
2.06
1.03
1.03
1.09
2.82
2.68
2.73
UK Oseas Earns ?@
127.55
?
-0.20
1.96
112.80
151.60
79.42
?
?
?
-0.50
-0.40
-0.18
1.31
0.88
3.91
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.59
-0.05
-0.27
-0.27
-0.11
-0.10
+0.01
-0.08
-0.12
-0.06
-0.03
-0.01
+1.63
1.05
3.55
3.05
2.68
4.04
3.49
4.71
1.70
3.85
4.41
1.77
1.67
0.15
714.60
219.40
-2.60
+1.00
1.50
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
122.00
116.06
112.39
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
57.19
47.20
62.45
62.35
95.85
93.13
43.22
162.60
81.06
76.37
141.94
133.19
359.39
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
678.90
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
110.25
375.17
129.11
375.56
120.33
123.71
141.49
130.56
380.69
160.84
155.43
279.09
150.12
179.24
175.22
185.39
171.11
177.31
209.86
169.21
209.26
206.26
279.34
218.70
225.36
263.05
264.78
281.36
105.18
364.82
120.70
363.27
113.65
116.42
131.92
121.38
360.17
147.76
141.90
259.87
134.83
161.03
155.61
162.56
148.24
151.89
179.64
164.20
176.95
171.51
231.25
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
105.18
Tr IL 2K% 20
364.82
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 120.70
Tr IL 2K% 24
363.87
Tr IL 0V% 24
113.73
Tr IL 0V% 26
117.20
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 133.02
Tr IL 0V% 29
122.98
Tr IL 4V% 30
365.41
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 150.22
Tr IL 0O% 34
144.81
Tr IL 2% 35
268.11
Tr IL 0V% 36
138.99
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 165.11
Tr IL 0X% 40
160.63
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 169.10
Tr IL 0V% 44
155.33
Tr IL 0V% 46
159.53
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 187.88
Tr IL 0V% 48
165.35
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 186.10
Tr IL 0N% 52
181.63
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 244.41
Tr IL 0V% 56
188.76
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 193.57
Tr IL 0W% 62
224.17
Tr IL 0V% 65
221.69
Tr IL 0V% 68
233.16
? .05
? .15
? .09
? .59
? .17
? .31
? .39
? .39
?1.07
? .48
? .54
? .96
? .60
? .70
? .68
? .81
? .80
? .82
?1.01
? .97
?1.10
?1.29
?1.78
?1.50
?1.67
?2.01
?2.27
?2.58
?
1.75
1.60
1.49
?
?
1.03
?
1.77
0.83
?
0.91
?
0.72
?
0.37
?
?
0.41
?
?
?
0.56
?
?
?
?
?
?2.49
?2.34
?2.10
?1.91
?1.93
?1.80
?1.78
?1.72
?1.70
?1.69
?1.64
?1.62
?1.63
?1.63
?1.63
?1.62
?1.57
?1.55
?1.55
?1.54
?1.55
?1.55
?1.54
?1.53
?1.54
?1.56
?1.57
?1.59
? .92
? .99
? .86
?1.19
?1.18
?1.26
?1.43
?1.32
?1.41
?1.63
?1.21
?1.86
?2.05
?2.43
?1.79
?2.69
?2.42
?3.03
3.19
3.05
?
3.13
2.96
?
2.94
?
?
2.77
?
2.67
?
2.49
?
?
?
?
1.68
1.73
1.81
1.78
1.81
1.82
1.84
1.87
1.86
1.85
1.83
1.80
1.76
1.72
1.70
1.68
1.65
1.65
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.12
.15
.20
.29
.42
.39
.46
.50
.61
.73
.72
.77
?
?
?
?
3.91
?
?
?
3.32
4.07
3.43
3.16
0.62
0.77
0.88
0.97
1.00
1.07
1.16
1.29
1.26
1.32
1.48
1.58
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.01
.01
.04
.04
.05
.06
.07
.07
.08
.13
.14
.13
.18
?
4.95
?
4.05
3.55
?
4.34
?
?
6.39
3.51
?
?
0.36
0.28
0.47
0.43
0.44
0.52
0.46
0.51
0.58
0.61
0.66
0.77
0.92
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
137.39
135.06
94.03
147.02
138.53
140.01
147.69
122.79
128.60
147.28
87.23
152.46
144.06
162.01
94.40
160.08
117.79
150.82
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
140.95
139.24
98.97
151.69
143.64
145.37
152.97
128.41
134.67
153.55
92.41
159.30
151.44
170.50
101.35
169.81
127.77
163.30
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
-0.10
-0.50
-0.40
+0.30
+0.10
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2473.94
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.41
1.43
2.29
2.34
3.45
3.58
2.35
2.41
3.35
3.48
1.42
1.44
2.40
2.46
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1565.00
3774.00
510.50
3.10
0.69
1.82
1.91
0.30
1.39
1.26
1.01
0.92
1.43
4.34
2.75
2.61
2.77
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
58.89
Emerging Mkts ?@
125.50
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1067.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
49.47
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 424.30
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
205.70
High Inc Trst @
14.51
Max Inc Bond ?@
49.43
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
524.30
Pacific Gwth ?@
447.00
Strategic Bd ?@
196.30
UK Equity ?@
3269.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
979.00
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
-1.50
-0.39
-0.70
-0.10
-1.00
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1615.68
Euro Opps R Acc @
106.36
Euro Opps R Inc @
101.34
European Growth R Acc @364.36
Global Energy R Acc @
29.63
Global Growth R Acc @ 265.50
Global Income R Acc @ 128.67
Global Income R Inc @
96.53
Global Select R Acc @
103.04
High Income R Inc @
80.59
Income R Acc @
421.77
Income R Inc @
227.74
Monthly Dist R Inc @
72.71
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 84.05
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 95.94
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 58.01
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.77
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 57.74
UK Growth R Acc @
557.84
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1671.75
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 591.29
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.39
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
111.46
104.32
107.25
111.00
127.29
105.19
99.90
98.24
126.26
146.44
136.21
131.47
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
111.47
104.53
107.61
111.50
127.75
106.87
102.73
99.62
127.90
147.60
138.43
134.43
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.87
105.94
104.21
109.80
109.84
106.05
114.50
112.70
104.73
133.42
118.04
100.70
101.30
100.50
100.99
102.01
104.90
105.63
103.74
109.42
108.71
102.67
125.27
113.78
97.83
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.52
100.99
102.01
104.90
105.63
103.80
109.42
108.71
102.80
125.27
113.84
98.80
99.10
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
1G M
49
RM
Working Life Business
TIPPING POINT A spectacle-maker is shifting production from China to London and has a few tricks up his sleeve for staff morale, writes Hannah Prevett
Eyes right: the long march home to Britain
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER JACK HILL
W
ith its arcade games
machines, fully
stocked bar and
massage room, the
TD Tom Davies
bespoke eyewear factory feels more
like a Silicon Valley-inspired tech
start-up than a manufacturing plant
in an unfashionable west London
suburb. But for the founder, Tom
Davies, these touches are key to
attracting and retaining talented staff.
The investment could prove useful
in the coming months. Mr Davies is
in the midst of shifting production of
his glasses from Shenzhen, China,
where they have been made for the
past decade, to Brentford.
?There?s no single reason to bring
manufacturing to the UK,? says Mr
Davies, who started his business in a
small office in Pimlico in 2002.
Shipping costs will be greatly
reduced ? the company spends
?40,000 a month transporting its
products from China to 20 markets
around the world, including Germany,
Switzerland and the United States;
and ?Shenzhen isn?t the cheap place
to do business it was ten years ago?.
It is also a lifestyle decision for the
43-year old who was born in Derby.
The Brentford factory is a short drive
from his home in Petersham,
southwest London, where he lives
with his wife and two young children.
?I live in perpetual jetlag,? says Mr
Davies, who employs 200 people
worldwide and expects to turn over
�million this year. ?In addition
to going to China six to seven
times a year, I go to America
three times, am often travelling
across Europe and I?ve just
started adding distributors
in Japan and
Australia.?
The opening
of the London
factory is not
the end of the
line for
Shenzhen.
Migration to
the new
facility will be
gradual. Mr
Davies believes that it will be
three years before it?s up to
speed and he will retain the
Skills on show
Tom Davies says that he is ?excited?
rather than fearful at the prospect of
training skilled local workers for his
�0,000 factory in Brentford, west
London (Hannah Prevett writes).
?I don?t think I could have done it
ten years ago, passing on
knowledge like this; I think I?d have
felt too threatened that I?d train
people and they?d leave and go and
work for a competitor. Those things
just don?t worry me now.?
Most of the new production team
are on apprenticeships. ?There will
be ten apprentices. I like seeing
these young guys learning new
skills; seeing them all butterfingers
and then coming back a week later,
watching them do it really well.?
The apprenticeship scheme was
the answer to one of his biggest
concerns about opening a British
factory: would it be possible to find
the skills needed? ?It?s easy to find
people in China. If you need a role
filling, you stick an advert on the
internet and ten people turn up. So
there?s a certain amount of relief in
the fact that the guys in the factory
are doing really well. They?re
working hard, are willing to learn
and have got the right attitude.?
Tom Davies, whose spectacles are worn by the singer Ed Sheeran, below, has his sights set on winning over Prince William
Chinese outpost as a sales office and a
supporting factory for a planned
Asian expansion. ?I don?t want to
move my factory over here and
then in three or four years
when business is booming in
Asia have to spend ?40,000 a
month shipping back to
Asia.?
Five Chinese
employees have come
over and they are
focused on ensuring that
their British
counterparts are skilled
in making the glasses
with equipment Mr
Davies claims ?makes
hospitals jealous?.
TD Tom Davies has
four boutiques in
London and the
glasses are sold
in about 1,000 opticians worldwide.
An eye test and bespoke frame
typically costs �0. Mr Davies
designs every frame. ?You can make
any frame suit somebody,? he says.
?The top line of the frame needs to
work with the eyebrow line or
hairline.?
Creating the right company culture
has been vital to retaining skilled
staff. ?When I started manufacturing
in China I was the only factory with
[paid] paternity leave and holidays.
People thought I was a bit crazy at
first but ten years later, with a 93 per
cent staff retention rate and a very
loyal and hard-working production
force, my factory is a well-oiled
machine. I?m bringing that culture
back over to this factory and the
people here from China are helping
me to do that.?
He?s hoping that all the bells and
whistles of the London factory will
inspire high loyalty levels. ?I thought,
if I buy all of this stuff ? the games
machines, the bar, the massage chair
? how much is it going to cost?
�,000, maybe. How much does it
cost to train one new member of
staff? �000. It only needs to keep
one person happy, who would
otherwise leave, to pay for itself.?
Staff retention can?t be harmed by
the appeal of working for a glamorous
brand with lots of celebrity fans. The
singer Ed Sheeran is said to own
more than 20 pairs, while the chef
Heston Blumenthal is a loyal
customer and friend of Mr Davies.
Angelina Jolie, the late Carrie Fisher
and even Clark Kent, in the latest
Superman, have been seen wearing his
glasses. Celebrity endorsement isn?t
quite the silver bullet that some might
think it is, however. ?It means I?ve got
lots of stories to tell, which helps the
sales team. Everyone gets excited
when Ed Sheeran buys a new frame,
but it?s not like we suddenly sell 300
pairs. You hear about clothing
companies where somebody famous
wears a dress and all of a sudden
they?re out of stock for six months
and it?s changed their lives. I keep
waiting for that to happen.?
That said, Mr Davies has his sights
set on at least one more famous
glasses-wearer. ?Prince William, our
future king, needs bespoke glasses.?
Of the current royal spectacles, he
says: ?They?re too heavy, there?s no
style in them, I don?t find them
practical for what he needs and they
don?t fit him properly. I can make him
glasses fit for a king. I just don?t know
how one approaches the future king
of England and humbly suggests his
glasses need upgrading.?
A year in cartoons
Award-winning Times cartoonist Peter Brookes looks back
on the key events of 2017.
Pick up your copy of The Times this Saturday.
550
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
1G M
Business Markets
news in brief
Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
Oil rises as stocks fall
Oil prices rose sharply after US
stockpiles fell by much more than
previously estimated. The Energy
Information Administration said
US reserves fell by 6.5 million
barrels compared with analyst
expectations for a decrease of
3.8 million. Overall crude stocks,
excluding the strategic petroleum
reserve, fell to 436 million
barrels, the lowest since October
2015. In New York last night
Brent crude, the international
benchmark, was 1.1 per cent
higher at $64.53. Earlier this
month it touched $65 for the first
time in two years.
Hung up on broadband and pensions
A tough call
bt group
Market value
�bn
Yield 5.7%
Revenue �bn
Share price
Customer service improvement
500p At Mar 31 each year (%)
T
booker
Stake of merged
group 16%
Tesco shares
0.861; cash 42.6p
T
he competition regulator?s final
approval for Tesco?s takeover of
Booker leaves Britain?s biggest
grocery retailer to focus on shoring
up enough investor support to
complete the merger.
Although a couple of big Tesco
investors, including Schroders,
oppose the takeover, a survey by
Bernstein, the research group,
indicates that Tesco shareholders
will approve the deal comfortably
above the 50 per cent threshold.
The response from Booker
6.4 22.1
4.7
400
3.0
1.5
3.0
300
Source: Thomson Reuters
here is plenty to worry
about at BT, even without
the government?s
announcement yesterday
that everyone in the UK
should have a legal right to fast-ish
broadband from 2020. The group?s
enormous underfunded pension
promises, its huge foray into sports
broadcasting and its handling of a
costly accounting scandal in Italy
have all seriously unsettled investors.
The promise of a legally binding
universal service obligation (USO)
by the culture secretary, Karen
Bradley, is an extra concern. Without
details on how the cost is divvied up
between BT, other providers and
taxpayers, it?s very hard to gauge the
impact on the company. Even its
rejected voluntary proposal would
have cost it �0-600 million.
The USO will probably cost it
more and expose it to more robust
competition, not to mention the
threat of a challenge in the courts. It
also sends a signal that ministers are
prepared to get tougher on BT,
which for years has been seen as
more interested in playing regulatory
brinkmanship than improving
broadband availability. Given all this,
yesterday?s modest 1.3 per cent slide
in the share price was a pretty stoical
response.
There are a lot of other moving
parts for investors trying to get to
10.5
-3.0
-4.0
200
2010 11
100
0
2008
10
12
14
16 17
12
13
14
15
16
17 Total
Earnings per share
Adjusted (pence)
26.3 28.2 30.6 31.8 28.9
2013
14
15
16
17
Source: BT
grips with BT. Uncertainty number
one is the pension scheme. In the
first half of next year it has to agree a
new triennial review with its pension
trustees, who want reassurance that
the � billion-odd shortfall in the
scheme will be reduced as quickly as
possible without damaging the
company.
BT may be required to make
replenishment payments of as much
as �1 billion into the scheme. One
wheeze ? pledging BT assets to the
scheme ? could reduce the pressure
for immediate cash.
Uncertainty number two is over
sports rights, in particular the
auction, probably in February, of
Premier League football
broadcasting rights in the three
seasons from 2019. The danger is
either that BT misses out, which
could dent broadband subscriptions,
or that it overpays. At present it forks
out �0 million a season. Sky has
been the main competitor but there
is talk of the deep-pocketed Amazon
and Facebook muscling in.
Uncertainty number three is the
shareholders, where the threshold is
75 per cent, could be less
straightforward. Aviva, for one, has
quietly sold its stake in Booker.
There were murmurings last
month that, with Tesco?s share price
below the level of when the bid was
made, Booker shareholders may push
for a higher price.
These are smaller shareholders
who won?t have enough votes,
according to Bernstein, and Tesco?s
shares ticked back up yesterday to
about the same level that they rallied
to in the immediate wake of the
takeover announcement in January.
Under the terms of the offer,
Booker?s shareholders will receive
0.861 new Tesco shares and 42.6p in
cash, as well as any dividends due
before the deal closes. It values
Booker at about 220p a share, or
22 times earnings, pre-synergies, a
premium to the multiple across the
UK market, according to AJ Bell, the
broker. Booker shareholders will be
left with about a 16 per cent stake in
the combined group.
Analysts have generally applauded
the deal. Management expect to
deliver synergies of �0 million a
year but HSBC suggests a figure
closer to �0 million, half of which
could be invested to drive sales
growth. Booker shareholders join a
group that has a 28.2 per cent share
of Britain?s grocery retail market and
allows Tesco to tap the faster-
ADVICE Hold
WHY Legitimate worries about
the group and the dividend,
but these are fully reflected in
the languishing share price
question of who is to pay for the new
generation of super-fast broadband
achieved by running fibre all the way
to people?s homes and business
premises. BT?s arm?s-length division
Openreach is expected to invest
�billion or so over eight years
rolling out so-called fibre-to-thehome, or FTTH, to 10 million homes.
But how much will it be allowed by
Ofcom to charge third-party service
providers such as Sky and Virgin?
UBS estimates that, at best,
Openreach should be able to make a
12.5 per cent per annum return on its
investment, but at its worst that
would fall to just 4.5 per cent.
Uncertainty number four is the
management. The shares have dived
from a high of 500p per share to just
270紁 over the past two and a bit
years. Any further setbacks and
Gavin Patterson, the chief executive,
is probably toast. A new chief may
well take the opportunity to cut the
dividend and perhaps rethink the
entire sports strategy.
Some analysts believe the dividend
is unsustainable anyway. Saeed
Baradar, at Louis Capital Markets,
who has been bearish (and rightly so)
on BT for more than a year, says the
sports content strategy is ?in tatters?
and the market is underestimating
yesterday?s rural broadband decision.
He reckons the 15.4p payout will be
cut next year.
On the other hand, the dividend is
almost twice covered and Mr
Patterson will fight tooth and nail to
preserve it, as he wouldn?t survive a
day longer if it were to be reduced.
Boost for Blackberry
Blackberry?s transformation from
handset provider to cybersecurity
software and services company
was boosted by its third-quarter
results. The Canadian company
had revenues of $226 million, a
22 per cent fall but more than the
$215.4 million forecast. Enterprise
and software services sales rose
nearly 11 per cent year-on-year to
$97 million. Handheld device
sales fell to $9 million from
$62 million a year ago. Losses
rose to $275 million. Shares rose
12 per cent to C$15.62.
Healthy US home sales
American home sales increased
by more than had been expected
last month, hitting their highest
level in nearly 11 years. The
report from the National
Association of Realtors added to
other recent data, ranging from
the labour market to retail sales,
that suggest the world?s biggest
economy is ending this year on a
strong note. Existing home sales
increased by 5.6 per cent to a
seasonally adjusted annual rate of
5.81 million units sold in
November.
growing ?out of home? food market
where Booker distributes to the
catering industry. Clients range from
Wagamama and Byron to thousands
of independent caterers.
Booker shareholders nervous of
the deal can take reassurance from
the highly regarded Charles Wilson,
Booker?s chief executive, who
exchanges his 6 per cent Booker
holding for Tesco shares, locking
them up for five years.
Kitchener?s home sold
A grade I listed mansion near
Canterbury that was once the
home of Earl Kitchener of
Khartoum has been sold to a
billionaire Hong Kong-based
investor. Pyrrho Investments,
part of Anson Chan?s Bonds
Group, plans to reinstate Broome
Park as a hotel and golf resort. It
has health and fitness facilities
and holiday apartments. It was
sold by the US-based Diamond
Resorts International via Christie
& Co, the agent, off a �million
asking price.
ADVICE Hold
WHY Transformative merger
led by quality chief executives
PRICES
Major indices
London Financial Futures
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
24726.65 (-28.10)
6960.96 (-2.89)
2679.25 (-2.22)
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
22891.72 (+23.72)
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Sydney
AO
Frankfurt
DAX
29234.09 (-19.57)
547.38 (-4.65)
Zurich
SMI Index
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
9314.83 (-84.34)
3552.65 (-29.57)
London
FTSE 100
7525.22 (-18.87)
FTSE 250
20350.29 (+8.78)
FTSE 350
4188.77 (-8.41)
FTSE Eurotop 100
2974.38 (-23.32)
FTSE All-Shares
4135.16 (-8.19)
FTSE Non Financials
4826.08 (-9.39)
techMARK 100
4611.64 (-14.98)
Bargains
6167.90 (+4.70)
13069.17 (-146.62)
n/a
US$
1.3396 (+0.0011)
Euro
1.1271 (-0.0032)
�SDR
0.95 (+0.00)
Exchange Index
Singapore
Straits
Brussels
BEL20
Paris
CAC-40
3394.87 (-9.60)
3994.68 (-26.18)
5352.77 (-30.13)
78.20 (+0.10)
Long Gilt
3-Mth Sterling
3-Mth Euribor
3-Mth Euroswiss
FTSE100
FTSEurofirst 80
Period
Dec 17
Mar 18
Dec 17
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Dec 18
Mar 19
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Mar 18
Jun 18
Mar 18
Jun 18
Open
125.90
124.69
99.485
99.450
99.340
99.270
99.210
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.27
100.20
100.75
100.72
100.66
7481.5
7405.5
High
125.90
124.85
99.490
99.450
99.340
99.270
99.210
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.27
100.20
100.75
100.73
100.66
7491.0
7409.0
Commodities
Low
125.43
124.27
99.485
99.420
99.310
99.240
99.180
100.32
100.31
100.29
100.25
100.18
100.74
100.71
100.65
7451.0
7401.5
Sett
125.28
124.36
99.484
99.430
99.320
99.240
99.180
100.33
100.32
100.29
100.25
100.18
100.75
100.72
100.66
7460.5
7381.5
4954.5
4937.5
Vol
3350
166096
3053
105979
55537
75662
82023
94216
73193
111676
140031
115238
3532
3328
4729
82473
105
Open Int
32439
722018
433214
420810
460028
383747
330850
559571
521115
453708
518017
337228
32763
39818
64553
641671
80
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
Brent (9.00pm)
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Feb
Mar
Apr
Brent Physical
BFOE(Mar)
BFOE(Feb)
WTI(Feb)
WTI(Mar)
64.58
64.18
64.60
58.13
58.09
600.00
572.50
350.50
586.00
104.60 Nov (2015 = 100)
RPI
275.80 Nov (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
276.40 Nov (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
565.52 (+0.62)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod
4128.79 (+4.74)
� 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
May
Jul
Sep
1529-1495
1541-1510
1543-1520
RobustaCoffee
ICE Futures
Cocoa
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Dec
Mar
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
1715-1713
1714-1713
1724-1720
1762-1755
Reuters
575.00-574.75
576.25-576.00
575.25-575.00
Volume: 62467
Sep
Nov
1795-1760
1777-1770
Volume: 15524
White Sugar (FOB)
Gas Oil
Jan
Feb
Mar
1419-1418
1440-1437
1460-1458
1480-1468
1500-1491
1604-1505
+8.00
+7.00
+6.50
+8.00
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
63.48-63.46
63.27-63.26
Volume: 1288419
LIFFE
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
600.00
570.50
348.00
581.00
May
Jun
+0.90
+0.71
+0.76
+0.55
+0.53
Products ($/MT)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
64.56-64.54
64.11-64.10
63.72-63.70
Apr
May
571.75-571.50
569.50-568.50
Volume: 387378
Mar
May
Aug
380.80-380.50
379.90-379.60
383.40-382.70
Oct
Dec
Mar
May
385.90-383.40
391.40-390.60
395.20-393.40
402.30-395.50
Volume: 27142
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
51
1G M
Markets Business
ANKI
Easyjet carried aloft by
the failure of its rivals
Callum Jones Market report
N
o headwinds for Easyjet
after forecasts of rising
profits, bolstered by its
German operation, lifted
the shares by 10p to
�.26. As the new boss, Johan
Lundgren, gets his feet under the
desk, optimism that the low-cost
airline is capitalising on the struggles
of its rivals pushed it higher.
Panmure Gordon upgraded the
stock to ?neutral? after concluding
that it had ?bought profit growth? by
acquiring the old operations of Air
Berlin, which collapsed this year, at
Tegel airport. While the broker
believes that Easyjet is benefiting
from the failures of Air Berlin and
Monarch Airlines, as well as the
staffing issues at Ryanair, it lifted its
pre-tax profit projection for 2019 by
Toy robot
terminates
the big doll
P
arents will
probably not be
surprised to hear
that Cozmo, an
interactive robot, has
been the most popular
toy in the run-up to
Christmas (Alex Ralph
writes).
The robot, which is
made by Anki, topped
the bestseller list in
the week ending
December 9, according
to sales data on the
big toy retailers from
NPD Group.
The Christmas
period is a cut-throat
time for retailers with
the final fortnight
accounting for 11 per
cent of annual toy
sales, NPD said. The
market researchers say
Cozmo has knocked
the LOL Big Surprise
Doll, which children
can unwrap layer by
layer, from the top spot
it occupied during the
week of Black Friday,
the marketing drive
imported from
America.
The doll has since
dropped out of the top
ten list as it has
apparently been hard
to track down.
Cozmo, which has an
average price of
�6.38, was ahead of
Fingerlings Monkeys,
in second place, and
outsold more
traditional products
such as Lego?s Star
Wars BB-8, which was
ranked tenth.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
Dividend
Redx Pharma (health FY)
�7m (-�.4m)
nil
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Company
Mondi Goldman Sachs upgrades from ?neutral? to ?buy?
Rio Tinto Mining stocks rally
Anglo American Copper and gold prices on the rise
Mediclinic International Recovers from sharp fall on Tuesday
Next Shares volatile ahead of January update
Reckitt Benckiser Consumer stocks under pressure
BT Group Ministers announce plans for a universal service obligation system for broadband
Shire Jefferies cuts target price from �.50 to �
Drax Group Profit warning spooks market
NMC Health Half-year update disappoints
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
Jan
137.50 Mar
140.15
Jul
unq Nov
142.00
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
May
142.30
Volume: 826
London Metal Exchange
(Official)
Cash
3mth
15mth
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
6924.0-6925.0
6970.0-6975.0
n/a
Lead ($/tonne)
2542.0-2542.5
2543.0-2544.0
n/a
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
3217.0-3217.5
3227.0-3229.0
n/a
Bullion: Open $1261.88
Close $1267.10-1267.90 High $1267.75
Low $1261.25
AM $1265.95 PM $1264.55
Krugerrand $1254.00-1325.00 (�6.41989.43)
Platinum $923.50 (�9.61)
Silver $16.25 (�.13)
Palladium $1034.70 (�2.65)
19330.0-19340.0
19295.0-19320.0
18960.0-19010.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
2091.5-2092.0
2113.0-2114.0
2280.0-2285.0
Nickel ($/tonne)
11910.0-11915.0
n/a
20 per cent. ?We remain concerned
with weak [free cash flow] and rising
leverage but accept that revenue
momentum drives airline share
prices,? Panmure?s Mark IrvineFortescue said. ?We therefore no
longer expect Easyjet to
underperform.?
The optimism would suggest that
Mr Lundgren, who succeeded Dame
Carolyn McCall this month, has
arrived at just the right time. Shares
in the airline, which endured a torrid
2016, have surged 42 per cent this
year. As fears over the impact of
Britain?s departure from the European
Union continue to swirl, however,
they have yet to return to the �.33
precipice from which they fell
following the referendum last June.
Having edged closer to a record
high on Tuesday, the FTSE 100 was in
retreat, closing down 18.87 points, or
0.25 per cent, at 7,525.22.
NMC Health shed 114p to �.38
after its second-half update
disappointed the market. The clinic
I
f the number of
discount vouchers
flying around is
anything to go by, the
fight for customers in
casual dining is
hotting up.
Peel Hunt warned
yesterday that the
Restaurant Group is
vulnerable as Andy
McCue, chief
executive for the past
15 months, attempts
to turn it around.
?We believe the
resultant risk to
forecasts is firmly on
the downside and the
next cut should take
the dividend with it,?
Peel Hunt said.
According to the
broker, vouchers
offering 33 per cent
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.49
0.51
0.57
0.76
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Dollar
Sterling
off main courses at its
core Frankie &
Benny?s brand during
the key pre-Christmas
trading period
?indicates that the
Restaurant Group?s
problems are deeper
than management
first thought?. It notes
Money rates %
Dollar rates
Base Rates Clearing Banks: 0.50 Finance House 1.0 ECB Refi 0.00 US Fed Fd 1.25-1.50
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Interbank Rates
Clearer CDs
Depo CDs
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
1 mth
0.4940
0.5011
0.5134
0.5682
0.7550
0.50-0.40 0.52-0.42 0.54-0.44 0.65-0.50 0.81-0.66
0.50-0.40 0.52-0.42 0.54-0.44 0.65-0.50 0.81-0.66
Eurodollar Deps
1.56-1.76 1.58-1.78 1.63-1.83 1.78-1.98 2.06-2.26
Sterling spot and forward rates
Currency
Frankie & Benny?s is
one of the Restaurant
Group?s key brands
and hospital operator based in Abu
Dhabi reported that performance had
been ?in line with expectations?.
Jefferies lowered its target price for
Shire, the pharmaceutical group, from
�.50 to �, leaving its shares 56絧
lower at �.63�.
BT shed 3絧 to 270紁 after the
government announced plans for a
universal service obligation system for
broadband similar to that for fixedline telephone services.
At the other end of the index,
Goldman Sachs upgraded Mondi,
urging investors to buy shares in the
paper company. It topped the
leaderboard, rising 47p to �.74.
Higher gold and copper prices
elevated mining stocks. Rio Tinto led
the way, gaining 65絧 to �.10, Anglo
American climbed 25p to �.90,
BHP Billiton advanced 19絧 to
�.34絧, Fresnillo increased 19p to
�.45 and Antofagasta edged up
12絧 to 953p.
The FTSE 250 rose 8.78 points, or
0.04 per cent, to 20,350.29.
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.150; 3 mth 0.300. Sell: 1 mth -0.020; 3 mth 0.270
Euro
11980.0-11985.0
2.6%
1.8%
1.7%
1.4%
1.3%
-1.2%
-1.3%
-1.4%
-2.0%
-4.0%
Despite the long-awaited tax cuts
bill passing through both houses of
Congress, US markets were little
changed. After hitting its 70th
record close for this year on Monday
the Dow Jones industrial average
fell 28.10 points to 24,726.65.
Food vouchers hard to swallow
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.99
European money
deposits %
Tin ($/tonne)
Change
Wall Street report
leisure
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
Range
8.3840-8.4313
1.1327-1.1264
1.7193-1.7253
1.3378-1.3418
11.140-11.257
11.135-11.262
151.19-151.98
1.3174-1.3256
Close
8.3912-8.3925
1.1273-1.1272
1.7199-1.7202
1.3391-1.3392
11.230-11.233
11.226-11.229
151.65-151.66
1.3199-1.3201
1 month
88ds
13pr
11pr
21pr
0pr
131ds
16ds
26ds
Premium = pr
3 month
248ds
29pr
34pr
48pr
43pr
317ds
33ds
57ds
Discount = ds
Ocado was boosted after UBS lifted
its target price for the digital grocer
from 190p to 215p, despite its
concerns. The Swiss broker, which has
a ?sell? rating for the company,
conceded that UK sales had ?held up
better than we feared in a slowing
market (so far)?. Analysts also
highlighted reports that Ocado could
be close to clinching a licensing deal
in the United States. Shares in the
company rose 11絧 to 357p.
Online Blockchain has had a good
run. As bitcoin rallied, its shares have
risen from 17p to 131p on the junior
market. As bitcoin continued to fall
yesterday, however, it came under
pressure. Shares fell 17p to 114p.
On a foggy December day in the
City of London, it?s often telling
which companies jump out at those
staring at busy market terminals.
Bahamas Petroleum jumped 38 per
cent to just shy of a penny after
informing investors that it had
enough cash to ?continue normal
operations? throughout next year.
Exchange rates
1.3034-1.3034
1.2844-1.2846
6.2664-6.2669
0.8418-0.8418
7.8220-7.8225
113.25-113.25
4.0715-4.0765
8.3862-8.3880
1.3438-1.3439
8.3834-8.3856
0.9856-0.9857
Other Sterling
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
that 24 of the top 25
branded restaurant
chains have active
online promotions.
As a result it has
cut its price target to
250p, reflecting its
belief that consensus
expectations for next
year?s pre-tax profits
to increase by 9.5 per
cent look optimistic.
Undeterred, the
group?s shares gained
4絧 to 296p.
Peel Hunt says the
depressed share price
could spark bid
speculation but that
bidders were likely to
wait until the next
trading update in late
January or results in
March to analyse
market expectations.
23.724-23.737
1.7453-1.7455
0.5018-0.5086
4.3995-4.4036
1.1272-1.1273
10.474-10.476
85.683-85.697
18117-18128
0.4035-0.4058
5.4524-5.4591
1.9170-1.9174
1.7993-1.7998
16.840-16.852
4.9201-4.9228
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
1.900
1.660
1.880
1.630
9.040
7.930
n/a
n/a
1.230
1.080
11.220
9.870
389.000
320.040
20871.300
16648.100
5.150
4.390
162.920
141.090
2.140
1.810
12.150
10.500
5.240
4.300
84.550
70.400
18.870
15.980
12.020
10.690
1.450
1.250
5.720
4.890
1.460
1.280
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
552
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
1GM
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
219O
Banking & finance
57W
15
2178
39O 1PMv
14 ACHPv
1732 Admiral
52K
311Y
2K
28
4
19K ADVFNv
210V Aldermore Gp
1N Ambrianv
9K Amedeo Resv
Y Amphion Innovsv
27
17 Amryt Pharmav
11351V 8281W Aon Corpn
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv
53K
32 Arden Partnersv
45K
?
14
1927
?
39
?
310
1K
1W
20
10208
?
1384
53K
17O
14O Argo Groupv
17K ?
280K Ashmore Gp
395Y ?
544
470K Aviva
8.0
? 70.0
2.6 24.1
? 40.9
?
? 10.4
?
? -0.2
11O +
395Y
1881O 1562K Aus New Z
1.1
?
11
K
K
12 month
High Low Company
? -2.5
?
? -0.2
?
? -2.8
1W 1.0 38.8
?
2.2 42.5
?
? -9.9
19W
?
70
?
3N
?
? -3.7
5
?
303
193K Esure
257X ?
5
893O
570V FBD
881Y +
2V
67
46K Frenkel Toppingv
27O
43
30O Miton Groupv
3530
?
5
1.7
?
848O
464K NEX Group
586K ?
?
4.6
?
315
231N Numisv?
312
173K
150 Oakley Cap Invsv
163K
66V
357
63Y Gulf Invest
66V
343O +
8O 2.6 13.2
86K +
2N 10.2 15.4
229
188 Old Mutual
221N +
9
470N
317N Onesavings Bank
412
1749
+
?
325
220W Hastings Gp
315
125 Helios Underv
137K
57X
?
?
4N 3.7 13.1
1470
239N
178Y Barclays
203K ?
X 1.4 17.1
37O ?
1698O ?
253N H&T Groupv
74 Hansard Global
499N ?
1946Y 1659K Nat Aust Bk
? Highway Capital#
982 Hiscox
3X 3.1 22.1
?
15K ?
1393
1.3 42.2
1.0
?
2W
300
? -7.9
2V
?
11
1.9 17.0
492W
2
4.9 36.3
90
5K 4.6 14.7
1088
769X
620O HSBC
758N +
O 2.1 13.3
715
484O IG Group
682
2.2 11.3
167
63 Impaxv
157
+
K
?
1.4 25.1
19
2.2 15.2
595
?
123K
105N Primary Hlth
114O ?
?
3
2.8 11.4
124K
109 Raven R CNV Pref?
122N
?
?
?
176K
+
7
3.0
9.8
55
47
?
? 52.6
204K
163K Chemring Group
? 11.3
4210
2787 Berkeley
7.6
148
+
12
3.2
11
3.3 10.9
5Y 1.7 22.6
297K
217K Billington Hldgsv
277K +
10
3.6
?
336W
193K Boot (Henry)
314
?
2.2 13.9
1.7 30.9
? -9.7
?
?
1213
92K
? 26.9
5
?
?
4K 6.5 31.8
324O
253 Cap & Count Prop
301V +
3Y 0.5
?
4.6
2K 2.7 14.0
K 2.5
9.6
61K
675
50N Cap & Regnl
58
1712K 1550 Cardiff Prop
1690
90K
93N
? -0.3
248
?
? -2.1
371K
9O Carecapitalv
58N Clarke T
19O CLS Hldgs
223Y Countryside Props
+
4.3 11.6
2N 5.8
?
0.8
?
6.6
50K ?
2K
79K ?
3K 4.0 11.2
248
+
351N +
? -2.9
9Y 1.6
108 Countrywide
118K ?
1K 12.6 14.7
214V Craven Housev
404X
?
?
3.4 17.1
636K
452Y Crest Nicholson
529
?
4.9 10.4
2601
+
?
4
590
+
1K
? 25.5
2920
4W
2530 CRH
W CSF Grpv
1N
133K Raven Russia CRP?
146
18K Raven Russia Wnts
24
33Y RDI REIT
?
?
35
+
110X Cobham
123W ?
462K
315 Cohortv
330
K 8.2
9.7
0.6 38.7
5
1.4 13.8
562 Dialight
562
+
2
2697O 1948 Electrolux 'B'
490
327 Safestore
490
?
985
684 Savills
985
1016
873 Shaftesbury
182
93O SIG
48Y
38 SigmaRocv
112K
105K Smart (J)?
62Y Speymill Macauv
302X St Modwen Prp
K 2.3 10.2
?
11K
?
576K ?
1
1.4 18.9
1010
?
? -0.2
2.8
10
174X +
1.4 23.2
41K ?
107K
O
?
O
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4210
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742K Workspace Grp
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the times | Thursday December 21 2017
53
1GM
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
35
25X Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1170 Smith & Neph
361
221K Spire Hcare
242K 142K Summit Corpv
417K 250 Swallowfieldv
31N
6Y Synairgenv
20K
5X Tissue Regenixv
240
140 Tiziana Lifev
317K 148K Tristelv
959
635 UDG Healthcare
7X
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163
89Y Vectura Grp
34O
8Y Vernalisv
7025
105K Verona Pharmav
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196
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1280
237X
162K
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144K
262K
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123K
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1027 Euromoney In Inv?
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247K
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66K Bangov
15Y BATM Adv Coms
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1818 AVEVA Grp
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90K
273K
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333K
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47K +
487K
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375 Murgitroydv
188X ?
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10K Mi-Pay Gpv
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105K
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+
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193K +
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3050
8N Zoo Digitalv
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260 AdEPT Telecomv
218
1980
326O Xaar
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81K Water Intelv
3
357
850K
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375
6.6
3W 4.3 12.0
175 WANdiscov
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1.2 30.3
64K
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26K
5135
150
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11K
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3318 Intertek
881K
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152K
55K Triad Grp?
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4O +
575
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0.6
4K 3.0
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347K Tracsisv
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35K +
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2K Tavistockv
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148K ?
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+
356Y +
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98K ?
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65K Touchstarv
639K Inchcape
238K Ocado Gp
553
103N Telit Commsv
880K
3617 Next
517K ?
253V Sophos Gp
115K
2.2 15.7
363K
294 Softcat
30O SRT Marinev
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207 Morrison (W)
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548K
127K
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116K +
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297N Majestic Winev?
398O SDL
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297O Marks Spencer?
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12K 2.9 15.1
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565K
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5320
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3.4 13.6
83K ?
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1N 5.8 10.2
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395K
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670
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136K
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199W ?
78N
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10K 2.0 11.6
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307W Halfords?
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87K
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14K
810K
34K ?
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925K Greggs
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202K +
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212K Discoverie PLC
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377K
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1.5 32.5
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202K
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96K
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190O +
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12Y
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188 DFS Furn?
32V French Conn
44K Oxford Metricsv?
17
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13
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201K QinetiQ
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774K Polymetal Intl
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574 De La Rue?
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109N
687K
855 CVS Groupv
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12W ?
151 Proactis Hldgsv
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4.0
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56K
2767
5860 DCC
1553
1490
27
11W OneViewv
13X
282
1
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55Y Plexus Holdingsv
703K
130K
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4
4.4
38K +
7540
435 CPL Resourcesv
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20X Phoenix Globalv
560
90O Connect Gp
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511K ?
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412K +
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266 B&M European?
1446 Experian
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479W +
130K
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705K
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654K Babcock?
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3V +
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3K
5K
3K
+
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8K
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97K ?
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48 Blancco Techv
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33K MC MiningvV
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4K
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174K
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83N +
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4 Europa Oil&Gasv
58N Lonmin
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18K
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14K Serica Energyv
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83N
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335N
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23V ?
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77O +
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299O ?
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27Y
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204 Cent Asia Metalsv
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13
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3773K 2910 Rio Tinto
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432K
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31K CEPSv
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227K
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149K +
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116W Centamin
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190K
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12N +
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227K
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135K +
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141K
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15K
72K
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13N +
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280K +
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236K Card Factory
531K
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1V Nostra Terrav
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177 Synecticsv
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287K
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184K Microgen
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387K
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285 SThree
73Y
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4.5
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18N
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1N Ormonde Miningv
23K
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59O Ophir Energy
23K +
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18O MTI Wirelessv
12K
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1K
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457K
37K
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506K
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1O Landore Resv
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65K Lamprell
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240 Kenmare Res
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2425
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560 Wood Grp (J)
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1434K +
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1864 Smurfit Kappa
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439O BP?
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8K Bougainville
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3Y Gulfsands Petlmv
19K Ilikav
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382K Hunting
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247K +
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186Y Hochschild
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215 Wilmington
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331K
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158K +
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121K Highlnd Gd Mnv
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306V Gold Fields
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362K
764K
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260K Tarsus Gp?
2549V 1819O 21st Cent Fox Inc B 2539Y ?
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875K
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362K System1 Groupv
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32N Victoria Oil&Gasv
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370K +
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61K
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Price
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77
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326X +
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268W Glencore
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24N ?
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uAIM company; # Price at suspension;
? Ex dividend; ? Ex scrip; s Ex rights issue;
t Ex all; � Ex capital distribution; * figures
or report awaited; . . . No significant data.
Companies in bold are constituents of the
FTSE 100 Index. Investment Cos sector Nav
Dis or Prm supplied by Morningstar.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
55
1GM
Voice that triggered romance
on a raid over Germany
Register
Maureen Stevens
Page 56
Obituaries
Cardinal Bernard Law
Leading light of the US Catholic Church who covered up the abuse of hundreds of children yet remained an influential voice in Rome
GETTY IMAGES
?After Boston, there?s only Heaven,?
declared Bernard Law with delight
when he was appointed archbishop of
the Massachusetts diocese in 1984. In
reality it turned out to be something of
a living hell for this giant of the Catholic
Church in America. While he was
globetrotting, often disappearing for
weeks to the Vatican as a confidant of
John Paul II, dozens of his priests were
involved in sexual abuse.
A learned intellectual, skilful administrator and cultivator of powerful
friends, including Senator Ted Kennedy and George HW Bush, Law was
rarely a man of parochial concerns. Instead he became embroiled in the great
controversies of his time, travelling to
Nicaragua in 1986 to comfort an American pilot arrested for smuggling arms,
leading a Catholic-Jewish pilgrimage to
Auschwitz and meeting Fidel Castro in
an attempt to persuade the Cuban
leader to consider political reforms.
At one time he was
being talked of as the
first American pope
Closer to home he was a high-profile
and, at first, a popular figure, championing relations with other churches
and faiths. Few doubted that the
church?s orthodoxy was safe in his
hands and at one time he was tipped to
become the first American pope. Soon
after his appointment Law and his
nal
counterpart in New York, Cardinal
John O?Connor (together known as
ed
?Law and Order?), jointly denounced
he
Geraldine Ferraro, a Democrat and the
first woman to run for vice-president,,
because of her support for abortion
rights.
When Father James Porter?s
abuse of up to 100 boys came to
light in 1992, Law expressed disgust,
but said that he would not answer
questions on the matter. He promised guidelines on priestly behaviour,
and then let it drop. A decade later thee
vcase of Father John Geoghan, involvys,
ing the abuse of more than 130 boys,
ad
became public knowledge; Law had
ce
known about Geoghan?s crimes since
ut
shortly after arriving in Boston, but
ad
instead of seeking prosecution he had
transferred the priest, and others like
him, from parish to parish.
To minimise the damage Law said
that ?the one bright spot? in the sexual
abuse scandal was ?the assurance that
the archdiocese is responding in a
responsible way?. Yet as the courts in
Boston became clogged with cases
involving priests, the church?s hope that
the problem would almost literally
die of old age failed to materialise.
What emerged was a culture of secrecy,
deception and intimidation in which
those who suffered were paid off or
ignored.
The scandal was not confined to
Boston, the northeast or even the
United States. Paedophile priests were
an international scourge and can be
found in many denominations;
between 2001 and 2010 the Vatican
considered sexual abuse allegations involving about 3,000 priests around the
world, some of which dated back 50
years. Boston was the heartland, where
Law with Mother Teresa in 1995, seven years before he resigned in disgrace
L
the culture of paedophilia had been
most obviously nurtured, then ignored.
It was only the determination of the
victims and their families, supported by
action groups and lawyers, plus the
investigations of journalists at The
Boston Globe (who won a Pulitzer Prize
for their efforts), that finally brought
the affair into the open. The newspaper?s work was depicted in the Oscarwinning film Spotlight (2015), directed
by Tom McCarthy.
Several priests were jailed and Law,
who co-operated with lawyers and
inquiries, stepped down in December
2002, leaving a diocese in disarray and
many believers with a crisis of faith.
Over the following years more than
500 cases were settled in Boston and
millions of dollars were paid in compensation. Law?s former residence was
sold to help to pay the church?s debt and
even the cathedral was mortgaged.
Law was not implicated in abuse or
prosecuted. He maintained that he had
d
dealt
with the problem as best he
co
could.
He had acted, he said, from the
pu
purest
of motives, seeking to defend
the honour and good name of the
chur
church,
and if that was not enough
then as a humble servant of Rome, he
then,
was truly sorry. Few agreed with his
asse
assessment.
W
Where
the cardinal saw the episode
as a paradigm of faith in crisis, with
love, charity and obedience as the
appropriate response, millions of
Catholics saw only broken lives and a
betrayal of trust. As one said, Law ?just
didn?t get it?.
Bernard Francis Law was born in 1931
in Torre髇, an industrial town in
Mexico, where his Catholic father, also
named Bernard, a former US Air Force
colonel, was employed by an airline.
His mother, Helen (n閑 Stubblefield),
was a Presbyterian 17 years younger
than her husband; she converted to
Catholicism when her son, the couple?s
only child, was a student.
Law?s early life changed with his
father?s fortunes. He lived in New York,
Florida, Georgia and Colombia, before
spending three years in the US Virgin
Islands, where he was a popular boy at
Charlotte Amalie High School and
found work with the The Virgin Islands
Daily News.
Churchgoing was not a strong habit,
possibly because of his parents? com-
peting faiths. On one occasion he heard
TS Eliot give a public reading of his
work, an experience that he long
remembered.
In 1948 he won a place at Harvard to
read medieval intellectual history.
Massachusetts, with its rigorous liberalism, was a new world for the future
priest. He found himself lodging with
a southern Baptist and two Jews, who
encouraged him in the exploration of
comparative religion. Soon he began to
What emerged was a
culture of deception,
secrecy and intimidation
consider ordination. By the time he
graduated his mind was made up and
he enrolled in St Joseph?s seminary in
southern Louisiana, later graduating to
the Pontifical College Josephinum, in
Columbus, Ohio, where he would rise
early and work late.
Law?s ordination, in 1961, was followed by a posting to Natchez, in the
southwest of Mississippi, where he also
worked on the diocesan newspaper.
Having grown up in mixed communities he was a keen supporter of the civil
rights movement, becoming a member
of the Mississippi Leadership Conference and the state Human Relations
Council, both of which were opposed to
segregation. Soon his name was on the
segregationists? hit list.
After seven years in the South, Law?s
interest in interfaith matters took
him to Washington, DC as executive
director of the National Conference of
Catholic Bishops? committee on ecumenical and interreligious affairs. He
was also appointed to the Vatican representation at the Uppsala assembly of
the World Council of Churches. Still
only 37, he was clearly on his way.
In 1973, after a brief return to Mississippi as vicar-general of the diocese,
Law became bishop of SpringfieldCape Girardeau, in southern Missouri.
It was here that he developed his love
of administration and politics, forming
the Missouri Christian Leadership
Conference, opening the first home for
battered women in Springfield, directing a programme to absorb former
Episcopalian ministers into the church,
and drafting a bishops? pastoral letter
on nuclear arms.
He was thrust into the spotlight in
January 1984 when he was appointed to
succeed the late Cardinal Humberto
Medeiros as archbishop of Boston. He
became a cardinal a year later, receiving
his scarlet biretta at the age of 53. Law
was soon part of the city?s social fabric
and in 2001 a prominent local magazine
placed him at No 4 on its ?power list?,
just behind Ted Kennedy. Then came
the scandal that engulfed both him and
the church.
In retirement he was cared for by
nuns in Maryland, occasionally visiting
Boston for dinner with friends. In an
interview with The Pilot, his former
archdiocesan newspaper, Law said:
?[My going] was paradoxically the best
way at this moment that I could serve
the church in Boston.?
Yet Law, a short man with a sense of
humour, was never able to avoid the
spotlight for long. While visiting Rome
in 2003, he celebrated a requiem Mass
for 19 Italian soldiers killed by a suicide
bomber in occupied Iraq. ?That?s
typical of Cardinal Law,? said Jack
Shaughnessy, a Boston businessman
and friend. ?He?s been comforting the
afflicted his whole life.?
The next year Law was appointed
archpriest of the Basilica of Santa
Maria Maggiore, one of four principal
basilicas in Rome, where he served
until 2011 and was a regular guest at US
embassy parties in the city. When John
Paul II died in 2005 he was one of
the nine prelates who presided at his
requiem Masses.
Even in retirement Law remained active, sitting on several of the Vatican?s
congregations, or governing bodies,
and helping to shape the hierarchy of
the church in America for the next generation.
His death may bring a symbolic
closure to the most shameful chapter in
the history of the Catholic church in the
United States. Yet for those who suffered abuse at the hands of its priests
and who not only had their complaints
ignored by Law, but then witnessed him
being f阾ed in Rome, the pain lives on.
Cardinal Bernard Law, archbishop
emeritus of Boston, was born on
November 4, 1931. He died after a long
illness on December 20, 2017, aged 86
556
1GM
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Register
Timothy Stamps
Doctor who served in Robert Mugabe?s cabinet and improved health services but refused to condemn the excesses of the regime
PAUL GROVER/THE TELEGRAPH
Zimbabwe?s government named Timothy Stamps a national hero after his
death. His family were invited to bury
him in Heroes Acre, the cemetery reserved for leaders of the country?s liberation war, but his family declined.
Robert Mugabe, the deposed former
president, issued a message of condolence and flags in Harare flew at half
mast. What makes such accolades
remarkable is that Stamps was white.
The Welsh doctor served for 16 years
as Zimbabwe?s minister of health, and
for most of that time was the only white
person in Mugabe?s cabinet. He helped
to develop one of the best health systems in Africa for poor, rural people,
although it was subsequently crippled
by the collapse of the country?s economy in the 2000s. He led the fight
against Zimbabwe?s Aids epidemic in
the face of considerable opposition, not
least from his fellow ministers.
But while Stamps was never accused
of any wrongdoing, his career was tainted by his failure to distance himself
from Mugabe, as the man he called ?my
president? grew increasingly dictatorial. In his desire to improve health care
he became an apologist for a regime
that stole elections, repressed its people
and reduced the country to penury.
In 2000 Stamps incurred the wrath
of many white Rhodesians by defending the seizure of white farms. Two
years later he was one of 92 Zimbabweans barred from visiting any European Union country after being placed
on an EU sanctions list.
?He was either in denial or mendacious about the atrocities being conducted against people,? David Coltart,
a former opposition MP and minister,
Timothy Stamps: a ?national hero?
said. He once challenged Stamps, asking: ? ?How can you be part of a regime
that?s abducting and murdering people
in cold blood?? He ducked those issues.
He denied what I had alleged was true.?
Timothy John Stamps was born in
Wales in 1936, studied medicine in Cardiff and sought to move to what was
then called Southern Rhodesia in his
mid-twenties. He was initially rejected
because of his Marxist views, but was
later admitted because he was a doctor.
He joined the country?s public health
service, became deputy medical officer
for Salisbury (as Harare was then
known) and in 1970 the city?s chief medical officer. Four years later he was
sacked by Ian Smith?s white minority
government for trying to improve the
provision of healthcare for blacks. At
that time whites benefited from 60 per
cent of municipal spending on social
services, although they constituted just
15 per cent of the capital?s population.
Stamps instead went to work as a
doctor in community projects, and
grew increasingly active politically. He
became chairman of the Freedom from
Hunger campaign, won election to
Salisbury city council in 1976 and contested Zimbabwe?s first parliamentary
elections four years later.
He stood as an independent candidate in the Kopje constituency in central Harare, one of 20 seats reserved for
whites under the new Zimbabwean
constitution. Campaigning on a platform of co-operation with what would
inevitably be a new black-led government, he won a third of the vote ? too
little to secure victory, but more than
any other candidate standing against
Smith?s Rhodesian Front party.
A mild-mannered man who retained
traces of his Welsh accent and took his
Bible everywhere, Stamps subsequently became a member of Mugabe?s ruling
Zanu (PF) party. In 1982 he bought a
white-owned dairy farm near Harare
with a $2 million grant from a German
NGO and turned it into an experimental co-operative, settling 2,000 poor
blacks there. ?A great deal of work
needed to be done, but after seven or
eight years it became self-supporting,?
he told an interviewer much later.
In 1985 Mugabe used his presidential
prerogative to make Stamps an MP and
the next year he appointed him minister of health and child welfare. With
Mugabe?s support Stamps launched a
drive to construct community hospitals
in every rural district. He was invited to
speak about his success at international
conferences. In the 1990s Stamps set
out to tackle an Aids epidemic that his
predecessor had dismissed as a media
fiction, but which was devastating Zimbabwe ? a quarter of the sexually active population was said to be infected.
He helped to create a National Aids
Council, establish an Aids levy on businesses to raise funds, prevent motherto-child transmission of HIV and
develop a safe blood supply. ?Ministers
have tended to shy away from the issue
because it is seen as contaminated,? he
said. ?Aids activity by government is
not seen as politically beneficial, since it
?I don?t see them as evil.
I see them as people
who have been wronged?
may offend conservative religious and
traditional groups. There are no votes
in talking about Aids. Only lost votes.?
In 1998 he claimed that South
Africa?s apartheid regime had secretly
tested biological agents against Zimbabweans in the late 1970s and early
1980s. He defended Mugabe?s violent
seizures of white-owned farms in 2000,
saying: ?At last reality has begun to be
faced in regard to the land situation . . . The current upheaval may well
pave the way for a peaceful and progressive resolution of the problem.
Land has been this country?s most crucial question for 110 years.?
That year he remarked that Zimbabwe was the victim of ?violent and
rapacious capitalism?, and that Zanu
(PF)?s role was to redress the wrongs of
the colonial era and defend the poorest
against the harsh winds of a ?benighted
world?. He accused the western media
of ?burning our president at the stake?.
In fact the seizures destroyed the
backbone of Zimbabwe?s agricultural
economy, leading to the hyper-inflation of the mid-2000s, which destroyed
Stamps?s health system. Doctors and
nurses emigrated in droves, their salaries worthless; hospitals and clinics
could not afford medicines.
Stamps stepped down as health minister in 2002 after a mild stroke. He continued to advise Mugabe?s government
on health issues and set up a trust to
help those with chronic illnesses, and
recommended the rehabilitation ? not
incarceration ? of drug addicts. At the
time of his death a cabinet committee
was considering his proposals to regulate the sale of alcohol. Away from politics, Stamps enjoyed playing scrabble
The family protected their privacy.
He is survived by his wife, Cindy Elaine,
and is believed to have had six children,
including two sons, Kenyon, who is an
electronics engineer, and Talfin, and a
daughter, Haley, who is married.
At no point did Stamps publicly seek
to distance himself from Mugabe or his
brutal regime. On occasion he attended
Mugabe?s ostentatious birthday celebrations. ?I am always asked, ?How can
you work for these evil people?? ? he
once told a journalist. ?My answer is
that I don?t see them as evil. I see them
as people who have been wronged.?
Timothy Stamps, doctor and politician,
was born on October 15, 1936. He died of
a lung infection on November 26, 2017,
aged 81
Maureen Stevens
Voice of ground control at RAF Scampton who captured the heart of a bomber pilot as he flew back from a raid over Germany
REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
The moment he heard the voice
of Maureen Miller guiding hiss
y,,
bomber home from Nazi Germany,
Flight Lieutenant Steve Stevenss
stt
was enamoured. She was the first
m
woman he had heard speak from
the control tower, and one of thee
o
first half a dozen to be trained to do
so across the country.
With his feet back on the ground
d
d
Stevens mustered his courage and
climbed to the control room, deter-mined to ask her out. The dread off
night-time sorties over enemy terri-att
tory, however, was nothing like that
n,,
of the sight of this beautiful woman,
holding court among a crowd of ser-vicemen, and so he crept away. Thee
m
life of an RAF pilot did not leave room
d
for diffidence. The next day he tried
again and, having arranged a date, wass
called away on a mission before hee
could cancel it, leaving Miller with thee
impression that she had been jilted.
Presaging the opening scene of A
n
Matter of Life and Death (1946), in
r,,
which squadron leader Peter Carter,
played by David Niven, declares hiss
love to his ground controller mid-flight, Stevens persuaded Miller to givee
him a second chance the next timee
he heard her over the cockpit radio.
Within weeks he had proposed. ?If I?m
still alive by the end of the year,? he
said, ?let?s get married.? They were
married in December 1943 and stayed
together for 74 years.
She was born Maureen Miller in
Norwich in 1919. Having left school at
14 and worked in various jobs, Miller
volunteered for the Women?s Auxiliary
Air Force in 1941. Thinking that she
would be assigned secretarial work, she
so impressed her interviewers with the
clarity of her speech that they asked her
from the soldiers in the barracks down
the road, but she was unnerved when
two-year-old Adrian picked up their
nickname for her: ?Blondie?.
Stevens found herself a job working
as a secretary at the Colman?s factory in
Norfolk. After years swept up in the
course of history, this was a time of
calm. She enjoyed her job. Her husband
became a teacher. The release of The
Dam Busters in 1955 was a pleasing
reminder to them of the parts they had
played in saving the country from
?If I?m still alive by
the end of the year
then let?s get married?
Maureen Stevens and her husband, Steve Stevens, on their wedding day in 1943
Mau
Ma
to be the voice of the control tower at
RAF Scampton. It was in this capacity
that on the dawn of May 17, 1943 she
landed the surviving planes of the 19
sent out on the Dambusters mission.
?That particular night there was nothing out of the ordinary,? she recalled.
?The only thing I remember really
clearly is the unusually calm atmosphere as I came off duty at 8am.?
When asked to talk about her work
in the WAAF for a TV documentary
later in life, she was perplexed by the
suggestion that there was anything
extraordinary about it. Beating Hitler
was just a job that had to be done, she
felt; having helped do it did not make
her a celebrity.
Without such a stolid attitude she
might not have made it through her
first night in the control tower, when a
plane on the landing strip caught fire,
incinerating everyone inside. ?I went
racing down the stairs,? she recalled. ?I
just wanted to get out, but the man in
charge pointed to my seat and said,
?Miller! Your place is there.? So I came
back and sat down.?
Not one to let herself be overwhelmed by the vicissitudes of war, she
did not remember ever doubting that
Steve would return from his missions
unscathed. ?I still remember the time
his plane came in late,? she recalled on
their 70th anniversary. ?The control
tower officer was worried, but I said,
?He?ll be all right.? And he was.?
By the end of the war Steve had flown
30 missions and his wife was pregnant
with their son, Adrian. They lived in
Steve?s parents? house until Adrian was
six. She did not mind the wolf-whistling
Hitler. Stevens retired from Colman?s
aged 60 to a quiet life, of which the joys
included walking trips to Exmoor and
Dartmoor, rambles in the nearby Norfolk broads, dressmaking and knitting.
One of the great pleasures that old
age held for the couple was their
involvement in the Royal British
Legion, which Adrian said was like an
extended family for his mother. Stevens
assisted her husband in his duties with
the local branch, where he became
president, for 25 years.
In her final months she bore her
declining health with sangfroid. Whenever her son visited her in hospital he
would find her chatting to the nurses
with the same bonhomie with which
she once held up the morale of the
airmen at her Lincolnshire base.
Maureen Stevens, WAAF ground
controller, was born in Norwich on
December 9, 1919. She died on
December 4, 2017, aged 97
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
57
1GM
Register
Law Report
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Appropriate time for assessing
costs of an interlocutory appeal
FOR unto us a child is born, unto us a
son is given: and the government shall
be upon his shoulder: and his name
shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor,
The mighty God, The everlasting
Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 9.6 (AV)
Court of Appeal
Published December 21, 2017
Shergill and Others v Khaira and
Others (No 2)
Before Lord Lloyd Jones, Lord Justice
David Richards, Lord Justice Moylan
[2017] EWCA Civ 1687
Judgment October 27, 2017
A party awarded costs of an
interlocutory appeal in the
Court of Appeal was not entitled
to an immediate assessment of
those costs unless there was an
express order by the appellate
court to that effect. In the absence of such an order a costs
judge had no jurisdiction to
make an immediate assessment.
The Court of Appeal so stated
when dismissing the appeal of
the defendants, Mohinder Singh
Khaira and others, against an
order of Richard Spearman, QC,
([2016] EWHC 628 (Ch); [2016] 4
WLR 55) refusing their application to set aside a notice served
by the claimants, Daljit Singh
Shergill and others, seeking detailed assessment of their costs
in the Court of Appeal on an interlocutory appeal.
Mr PJ Kirby, QC, and Mr Rupert Cohen for the defendants;
Mr Roger Mallalieu for the
claimants.
Lord Justice David Richards
said that the underlying dispute
between the parties related to
the trusteeship and governance
of two Sikh gurdwaras. The
defendants had applied to strike
out the claim on the grounds
that the issues raised were not
justiciable. The judge dismissed
the application and ordered the
costs, which he summarily
assessed, to be paid by the
defendants. The Court of Appeal held that the issues were
not justiciable and struck out
the claim.
On a further appeal, the
Supreme Court (The Times June
18, 2014; [2015] AC 359) reversed
the Court of Appeal?s decision
and reinstated the judge?s order
and ordered that the claimants
pay the defendants? costs in the
Court of Appeal and in the
Supreme Court.
In August 2015 the claimants
served a notice to commence
the detailed assessment of their
costs in the Court of Appeal.
Exercising the right conferred
by paragraph 1.3 of Practice
Direction 47 to the Civil Procedure Rules, the defendants
applied to set aside the notice on
the grounds that the claimants
were not as yet entitled to a
detailed assessment of those
costs.
Their grounds, in short, were
that by reason of rule 47.1 of the
Civil Procedure Rules there
could be no detailed assessment
of those costs until the conclusion of the ?proceedings? (as
defined in paragraph 1.1 of Practice Direction 47) without an order for a detailed assessment
made by the Court of Appeal or,
exercising the powers of the
Court of Appeal, by the
Supreme Court. It was common
that there had been no such
express order.
It was established that ?proceedings? was not a term of art;
it could bear either a broad
meaning that included appeals
or a narrow meaning that treated first instance and appeal proceedings as separate proceedings; the correct meaning in any
particular provision depended
on the terms, context and purpose of that provision, and in the
context of costs, there existed a
wellestablished, but not invariable,
distinction drawn between the
costs of a trial and the costs of an
appeal against the final order.
Rule 47.1 of the Civil Procedure Rules, read together with
paragraph 1.1 of Practice Direction 47, which was expressly
incorporated as ?further guidance about when proceedings
are concluded for the purpose of
this rule?, provided that ?the
costs of any proceedings or any
part of the proceedings are not
to be assessed by the detailed
procedure until the court has
finally determined the matters
in issue in the claim, whether or
not there is an appeal?.
The matters in issue in the
claim were not finally deter-
mined until the court at first
instance had finally ruled on
them, but once it had done so
the proceedings were for those
purposes concluded even if
there was an appeal.
The critical provision therefore was paragraph 1.1 of Practice Direction 47 and its effect
was that there was no automatic
detailed assessment of the costs
of an interlocutory appeal and
that an order of the court was
required, consistently with the
views of the judges in the Court
of Appeal and in the High Court
who had previously considered
the point.
There was force in the policy
reasons advanced to justify a
reading of rule 47.1 that would
mean that the costs of interlocutory appeals were immediately
assessed unless the court
ordered otherwise. But it had to
be borne in mind that there
would be an immediate assessment if the court so ordered. All
that needed to happen was for
the receiving party to apply for
an immediate assessment.
Having said that, it might be that
the Civil Procedure Rules Committee would feel it appropriate
to consider what the default
position should be.
As to the issue of the jurisdiction of the costs judge, the natural reading of rule 47.1 was that
?the court? referred to the court
that made the costs order. The
court that made the relevant
costs order was the Court of Appeal and it was a different court
from the High Court in which
the costs judge and the deputy
judge were sitting. There was
nothing in the Rules or elsewhere that suggested the High
Court could exercise a power
that was clearly vested in the
Court of Appeal.
The costs judge, therefore,
had not had jurisdiction to order
an immediate assessment of the
costs.
Lord Lloyd Jones and Lord
Justice Moylan agreed.
Solicitors: Kain Knight Costs
Lawyers for Sahota Solicitors;
Addlestone Keane, Leeds.
Patriarch of the Holy City of
Jerusalem and all Palestine
and Israel (His Beatitude
Theophilos III).
His Royal Highness, Patron,
Plantlife International ? the
Wild Plant Conservation
Charity, afterwards held a
Meeting at Clarence House.
Buckingham Palace
20th December, 2017
The Duke of York,
Commodore, Royal Thames
Yacht Club, this afternoon
received Mr. Bernard Kinchin
upon relinquishing his
appointment as Vice
Commodore and Mr. George
Ehlers upon assuming the
appointment.
His Royal Highness later
received His Honour
Mokgweetsi Eric Masisi
(Vice President of the
Republic of Botswana).
Judicial appointments
The Queen has been pleased to
approve the appointment of Mr
Antony James Zacaroli, QC, to be
a Justice of the High Court with
effect from 13 November, 2017
consequential to the elevation of
Sir Launcelot Dinadan James
Henderson to the Court of
Appeal.
The lord chief justice will
assign Mr Antony James Zacaroli
to the Chancery Division.
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Wynne燤cCarthy,爏ister爐o燫ory
Benjamin燱illiams.
GRAHAM燨n�th燦ovember�17爐o
Juliette�(n閑燜isher)燼nd燤ichael,燼
son,燤atthew燗lan燡ack,燽orn燼t燬t
Mary's燞ospital,燣ondon.
HEALY燨n�th燚ecember�17,爄n
London,爐o燗noushka燞ealy,燼爏on,
Samuel燱illiam燜rancis.
STEVENS燨n�th燚ecember�17,燼t
12.49am,爐o燤r燼nd燤rs燬tevens,燼
daughter,營ris燞arper,爓eighing�b�z.
WILLIAMS燨n�th燦ovember�17爐o
Laura燢atherine�(n閑燩riestley)燼nd
Edward燚ouglas,燼爏on,燴ephyr燙harles
Theodore.
WRIGHT燨n�h燚ecember�17爐o
Marina�(n閑燗rpino)燼nd燡ames,燼爏on,
James.
Forthcoming
Marriages
MAJOR G. HUTCHISON
AND燤AJOR R.K.P. STIVEN
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Major燝regg燞utchison,燭he燫oyal營rish
Regiment,爕ounger爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Leslie燞utchison爋f燛dinburgh,燼nd
Major燫owena燬tiven,燫oyal燗rtillery,
daughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燦icholas
Stiven爋f燬alisbury,燱iltshire.
MR A. FOALE
AND燤ISS S. CLARK
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Archie,爀ldest爏on爋f燚r燫odney燜oale
of燣ondon燼nd燣ady燛mma燚ewe
Mathews爋f燣ondon,燼nd燬arah,爋nly
daughter爋f爐he爈ate燤r燫oger燙lark,
and燤rs燙lark爋f燙ulverthorpe,
Lincolnshire.
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Charles,爏on爋f爐he爈ate燤r燫ichard
Hart,燼nd燤rs燬usan燞art爋f
Launceston,燙ornwall,燼nd燩hoebe,
daughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燩aul燚ownton
of營ghtham,燢ent.
MR D.R.S.O. POWELL
AND燤ISS G.A.C. CULLIS
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Robert,爀ldest爏on爋f燚r燚avid燩owell
of燘eckington,燬omerset,燼nd燤rs燡ohn
Macgillivray爋f燘ratton,燱iltshire,燼nd
Georgie,燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燡ohn
Cullis爋f燨verton,燞ampshire.
MR燜.G.燿e燚.燫ICHARDSON
AND燤ISS燞.J.燤cCANN
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Frederic,爀ldest爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Hugo燫ichardson爋f燙harlton,
Wiltshire,燼nd燞arriet,爀lder燿aughter
of燗ir燙ommodore燢enneth燤cCann
CBE爋f燨akham,燫utland,燼nd燤rs
Angela燝lover爋f燬tamford,
Lincolnshire.
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Leigh,爀lder爏on爋f燤r燝eoffrey
Maxfield�(late),燼nd燤rs燞elen燩earson
of燦ewcastle-under-Lyme,
Staffordshire,燼nd燰irginia,爕oungest
daughter爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燝raham燱hite
of燨xshott,燬urrey.
MR燫.燙AIN
AND燤ISS燗.燗NKARCRONA
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced
between燫yan,爕oungest爏on爋f燤r
and燤rs燩atrick燙ain爋f燣os燗ngeles,
USA,燼nd燗riane,爕oungest燿aughter
of燤r燼nd燤rs燡an燗nkarcrona爋f
Kensington,燣ondon.
MR R. HAZELTON
AND燤ISS A. GALEA
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Robert,爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燩燞azelton
of燨xford,燼nd燗lexandra,燿aughter爋f
Mr燣燝alea爋f燞ayling營sland,燼nd燤rs燩
Mist爋f燞oniton.
MR T.H. HOWELL
AND燤S C.J. STRETTON
The Queen has been pleased
to approve the appointment of
Miss Christina Caroline Lambert,
QC, to be a Justice of the High
Court with effect from 11 January,
2018 consequential to the
retirement of Sir Andrew David
Collins.
The lord chief justice will
assign Miss Christina Caroline
Lambert to the Queen?s Bench
Division.
The Queen has been pleased
to approve the appointment of
Mr Timothy Miles Fancourt, QC,
to be a Justice of the High Court
with effect from 11 January, 2018
consequential to the elevation of
Sir Guy Richard Newey to the
Court of Appeal.
The lord chief justice will
assign Mr Timothy Miles
Fancourt to the Chancery
Division.
LINDO燞olly燿ied爌eacefully爋n�d
December�17.燤uch-loved爓idow爋f
Laurence燣indo燼nd爉other爋f燡udy燼nd
Andy.
MUMFORD燤ary燫ose爋n�th
October�17,燼ged�,爀lder爐win爋f
Rosemary燼nd燿aughter爋f燙apt燱alter
Clarkson燤umford燼nd燤rs燤umford.
At爃er爎equest,爐he爁uneral爓as爏trictly
private燼nd爃er燼shes爃ave爊ow燽een
interred燼t燛aton燘ishop燽y燘ishop
Michael燱estall.
ROSE營rene�(n閑燝oldberg)爌assed
away爌eacefully爋n�th燚ecember
2017,燼ged�.燝olfer,燽ridge燼ficionado
and爈oving爓ife爐o燡ack爁or爏ixty
wonderful爕ears. Sadly爉issed燽y爃er
family燼nd爁riends. Funeral燼t�.30am,
on燜riday�nd,燝olders燝reen
Crematorium,燞oop燣ane,燣ondon,
NW11�L.
SHARMAN燤ark燫eid燼ged�,
suddenly燽ut爌eacefully爄n爃is爏leep,爋n
15th燚ecember�17. Much-loved
husband,爁ather燼nd爂randfather燼nd
friend爐o爉any. Requiem燤ass燼t燬t
Thomas燤ore燙hurch,燤aresfield
Gardens,燣ondon,燦W3�A,燼t�am,
on燭hursday�h燡anuary�18,
followed燽y燼燾elebration爋f燤ark?s爈ife
in燼djoining爃all. Family爁lowers爋nly
please. Donations,爄f燿esired,爐o燬t
John?s燞ospice,燝rove燛nd燫oad,
London,燦W8�H.
WARRE燱illiam燗cheson燤W�(Bill)
died爌eacefully爋n�th燚ecember�17
at爃ome,燼ged�.燜or�爕ears,爉uchloved爃usband爋f燤ary.燚evoted爁ather
of燩hilippa燼nd爈oving爂randfather爋f
Bill,燣inus燼nd燛va.燩rivate燾remation.
A爉emorial爏ervice爓ill燽e爃eld燼t
noon,爋n燭hursday�th燡anuary�18,
at燬t燤ary's燙hurch,燱imbledon
Village.燦o爁lowers爌lease.燚onations,
if燿esired,爐o爐he燗rmy燘enevolent
Fund.
JUDD
Rosemary�(n閑燩ryer)燿ied
peacefully�th燚ecember�17,
aged�.燬elfless燼nd爉uch璴oved
mother爋f燡asper,燡ake燼nd燡osh
and爂randmother爋f燗rchie,
Hector,燛llie,燣ily,燬am,燭allulah,
Adam,燚ominique燼nd燬ebastien.
A爉emorial爏ervice爓ill燽e爃eld燼t
a爈ater燿ate.燜or爉ore爄nformation,
please爀mail
jasper.judd@gmail.com.
MR C.C. HART
AND燤ISS P.A. DOWNTON
MR L.G. MAXFIELD
AND燤ISS V.A. WHITE
Court Circular
Clarence House
20th December, 2017
The Prince of Wales this
morning received the
Births
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Tom,爕oungest爏on爋f燩aul燼nd燡ane
Howell爋f燞eswall,燼nd燙aroline,爋nly
daughter爋f燭im燬tretton爋f燢irton爄n
Lindsey,燼nd燫achel燤cLean爋f燣ondon.
Deaths
COOK燘rian燜rancis燿ied爋n�h
December�17,燼ged�.燜ormerly
Keeper爋f燝reek燼nd燫oman燗ntiquities
at爐he燘ritish燤useum�76爐o�93.
Much-loved爃usband爋f燰eronica.
Funeral爉ass燼t�am,爋n燭hursday�h
January�18,燼t燙hrist爐he燢ing,
Cockfosters.燦o爁lowers爌lease.
In Memoriam Private
LEWIS燱illiam燤orris燽�10/1907燿
21/12/1997燼nd爃is爓ife燛lsie燤ay
Lewis燽�2/1908燿�/4/1999.�
years爃ave燾ome燼nd爂one,爐heir
values燼nd爄nfluence爏till燾arry爋n.
Morris爓ould爃ave燽een爒ery爌roud爋f
his爀xtended爁amily爐oday. Rest爄n
peace. Ken,燚orothy燼nd燡ohn.
Legal Notices
Claim燦o.燙R-2017-007374
IN燭HE燞IGH燙OURT燨F燡USTICE
BUSINESS燗ND燩ROPERTY
COURTS燨F燛NGLAND燗ND燱ALES
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Company
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Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Law
GETTY IMAGES/REX FEATURES/JOHN MCLELLAN/REUTERS
Legal lessons: Donald Trump; Boris Becker, who was declared bankrupt; Aidan Wiltshire and his cat; Zoe Saldana in Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 2; Al Franken, who, accused of groping, found unlikely support
A judge who didn?t know the rules
David Pannick, QC, rounds up the strangest events of the year, from a cat in a courtroom to the trousers that went up in flames
This year?s celebration of judges and
lawyers opens with an award not made
every year. Most appreciative client of
2017 is Irfan Zayee, a chauffeur who
was acquitted of the theft of a diamond
ring from his employer, who refused to
give evidence after Mr Zayee threatened to expose the employer?s alleged
wrongful behaviour. Outside court,
Mr Zayee told reporters: ?My only
comment is thank god for my barrister
[Dominic D?Souza].?
Another special category this year is
the award for most gratuitous statement about his sex life by a judge. An
Ohio Supreme Court justice, Bill
O?Neill, declared that in the light of
criticism of Senator Al Franken for allegedly groping a woman, it was ?time to
speak up on behalf of all heterosexual
males?. O?Neill announced that he had
been ?sexually intimate with approximately 50 very attractive females?
during the past 50 years. Maureen
O?Connor, the chief justice of Ohio,
said: ?No words can convey my shock?
? and presumably not because she had
thought the number would be higher.
Judge Moloney, QC, gave the most
helpful judicial advice on dating
etiquette when deciding a libel claim
relating to two governors of an NHS
trust who went for supper and drinks
together. The judge ruled that ?a
reasonable, right-thinking member of
modern society would not consider it
shocking or discreditable for a man, at
the end of a social evening alone with a
single woman of equal status, whom he
found attractive and friendly, to put his
arm around her waist and ask her if she
would like them to become closer?.
This was ?a normal part of life?, provided he did ?nothing positively indecent
and took ?no? for an answer?.
The Upper Tribunal gave the most
scathing appeal judgment of 2017.
It found that decisions by the immigration judge Dr Amir Majid did not
?give the least reason to suppose that
he is aware what the relevant requirements of the rules are?, often contained
?no hint at all of what the case is
about?, but were ?full of observations
many of which are of dubious correctness, some of which are of dubious
relevance, and a few of which are
wholly inappropriate?.
A Miami defence attorney, Stephen
Gutierrez, made the most disastrous
legal submissions this year. He set fire
to his trousers while making his closing
speech to the jury. The client?s defence
case, like his advocate?s trousers, was
toast. Most extreme hyperbole in a legal
submission was from Harland Braun,
the lawyer for Roman Polanski, seeking
to persuade a Los Angeles court to
guarantee that his client would not
serve jail time if he returned to the
US to face sentencing for fleeing the
jurisdiction in 1977 after pleading guilty
to the statutory rape of a 13-year-old
girl. ?Mr Polanski was as justified in
fleeing this court?s illegal conduct as he
was to flee the Germans who invaded
Poland,? Mr Braun said.
The hardest-working lawyer of 2017
was Michael Cooke of West Virginia,
suspended for two years by the state
Supreme Court of Appeals for
submitting bills for court-appointed
work for more than 24-hours a day.
Alison Motta of Chicago was the
rudest lawyer of the year. She was suspended from practice for 90 days for
her ?disruptive? conduct during a trial,
including when one of her objections
was overruled by the judge, rolling her
eyes and saying, in the hearing of the
jury, ?f***ing bullshit?.
Most unusual court proceedings
were at Chelmsford Crown Court
where Aidan Wiltshire, a defendant
with mental health problems, was
allowed to appear before a jury accompanied by his pet cat to calm his nerves.
?You?re in God?s hands
once you?re in the
middle of the ocean
or in front of a judge?
Sir Geoffrey Vos, the chancellor of the
High Court, gave the most macabre
judgment of 2017, ruling that the body
of the Moors murderer Ian Brady be
disposed of without ceremony, rejecting Brady?s request that Berlioz?s
Symphonie Fantastique be played at his
funeral. This newspaper wins the award
for most entertaining correction in a
law report: ?It was Lord Justice Lewison
who agreed with Lord Justice
exclusive to members
Fighting fraud Is a new
agency just musical chairs?
After Brexit Why English
contract law will be alluring
thetimes.co.uk
Lindblom?s judgment, not Lord Justice
Lindblom as we stated.?
In the category of politician most in
need of a tutorial on the rule of law, a
special mention for the shadow secretary of state for justice, Richard Burgon, who declined to say whether he
agreed with Len McCluskey, the leader
of the Unite trade union, that strike
action was justified even if it would be
illegal. But the only possible winner of
this award has to be Donald Trump.
Stephen Miller, a White House senior
policy adviser, described a decision of
the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
to uphold a suspension of the president?s travel ban on those coming
from specified countries as a ?judicial
usurpation of power?. President Trump
tweeted his congratulations to Mr
Miller: ?Great job!? An award for distinctive judicial headwear goes to
Bernd Zabel, a judge in Ontario, Canada. He was suspended for 30 days and
reprimanded by the Judicial Council in
September for coming into court on the
morning after the US election results
last year wearing a Trump campaign
hat with the slogan ?Make America
Great Again?.
Legal cartoon of the year was by PC
Vey and appeared in The New Yorker:
defence counsel says: ?Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, let me present the
alternative facts of the case.? The least
tolerant judgment of the year was by the
Islamabad High Court, which banned
the celebration of Valentine?s day.
The most ridiculous lawsuit of 2017
was brought by Brandon Vezmar of
Austin, Texas, who sued his date for
$17.31 ? the price of the cinema ticket
? after she spent much of Guardians of
the Galaxy Vol 2 texting a friend. Her
conduct was, Mr Vezmar complained,
?a threat to civilised society?. In the
same category, a special mention for
two other cases. A federal district court
in Kentucky dismissed the claim by
Chris Sevier, a former lawyer, to the
right to marry his laptop. An 18-stone
jazz fan lost her claim against Ronnie
Scott?s club in London after falling
down the stairs and breaking her wrist.
Judge Heather Baucher, QC, said that
Eren Hussein did not hold the bannister, and ?in her inebriated, obese state
on 3in platforms, that would be an
obvious, simple step? to have taken.
The judge concluded that ?whether due
to one or more of the factors ? painkillers, weight, shoes, drink ? she
simply missed her footing?, through no
fault of the club.
Most reflective litigant this year was
Boris Becker, once of Centre Court,
but this year to be found in the bankruptcy court. He suggested that ?you?re
in God?s hands once you?re in the middle of the ocean or in front of a judge?.
Most disappointed defendant of 2017
was Martin Shkreli, convicted in New
York of securities fraud. Before the trial,
he had told reporters, ?I?m so innocent
the jury, the judge and the prosecution
are going to give me an apology?.
A large number of litigants will find that
court proceedings do not turn out as
expected in 2018.
The author is a practising barrister
at Blackstone Chambers, a fellow
of All Souls College, Oxford, and
a crossbench peer in the House of Lords
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
59
1G M
Self-employed
or not?
Deliveroo?s court
success where Uber
and others failed
thetimesbrief.co.uk
The Bar and the way we were
Law Diary
Edward
Fennell
NEIL DRABBLE
Michael Beloff, QC,
was called 50 years
ago when Latin ruled
and careers led to the
bench. What?s changed?
After the mandatory 36 dinners,
decked out in a white tie, I was called to
the Bar by Gray?s Inn in November 1967.
I scraped through my finals with the aid
of Gibson and Weldon notes. My practical training consisted of watching the
trials and errors of my pupil master, to
whom I paid �0 for the privilege. No
Bar school, no advocacy classes, no
carefully monitored pupillage supported by a chambers scholarship of
upwards of �,000.
There were few female barristers ?
in 1967 approximately 7 per cent of the
newly called were women; now the
figure stands at 50 per cent plus. The
head of chambers alone selected tenants; no democracy or diversity intruded. There were even fewer female
clerks. More than two decades later my
client claimed sex discrimination when
her application to join a clerking team
was rejected on the basis that she might
have to enter a robing room with partially dressed male barristers; a frantic
Bar Council prompted a settlement.
Race discrimination law too was in
its infancy. The judge?s first question
when I appeared for the Race Relations
Board on behalf of a Sikh refused
admission to a Mecca ballroom was:
?Do you tell me there?s a law against
this kind of thing?? There was no such
concept as unfair dismissal. Judicial
review (not called by that name) was
only just sprouting green shoots. The
UK had not yet joined the common
market and the right of individual
petition to Strasbourg had only just
come into force.
As a baby junior I learnt the tricks of
the trade the hard way in magistrates?
and county courts, in front of the tough
eggs at the Newington causeway sessions, or doing undefended divorces of
which I managed to lose one by
mispronouncing the petitioner?s name.
Mercifully I could not yet be sued for
negligence, but equally I could not sue
for my exiguous unpaid fees.
Chambers were generally small (and
their names were their addresses):
2 Hare Court (now Blackstones) had
Michael Beloff, QC, in 2000: he has rejected the offer to be a judge three times
12 members and no QCs. It now has
more than 100 members, about half of
whom have taken silk. Membership was
then for life. Voluntary departure from
a set was treated as a disagreeable
divorce. Now transfers between chambers (without any close season or
bar on poaching) are as frequent as
between football clubs. Then, almost
every barrister aspired to end his
career as a judge ? a choice I thrice
rejected, despite the blandishments of
Lord Irvine of Lairg at a dinner at Chequers. Now there are increasing concerns about whether the High Court
vacancies can be satisfactorily filled.
Advertising was a breach of the
barristers? code; so too was socialising
with solicitors, regarded as an inferior
branch of the legal profession. Clerks
were the sole means of legitimate
communication with the hands that fed
the Bar. Today chambers rival each
other in lavish parties, gaudy websites
as well as bowling nights or golfing days
out, designed to cultivate cosier relationships with favoured firms, and gild
their members? CVs to gain accolades in
the proliferating directories.
Control of the profession still rested
substantially with the Inns: the Bar
Council was more a representative
than a regulatory body. Successive
statutes have since intruded on the
Bar?s autonomy and made ?regulation,
regulation, regulation? the mantra.
In court, orality was then all. Written
submissions drafted by Anthony Lester
and me in an equal pay case against
Tony Grabiner were simply rejected.
In 2017 woe betide the barrister whose
skeleton argument is late. Then academic authors could be cited only if
they were dead. Now judges are avid for
the latest scholarship from home or
sometimes even abroad. (But Latin was
still permitted and the cumbersome
newspeak of the post-Woolf WhiteBook was for a faraway future.) A
barrister in less than the usual formal
clothing though perfectly audible
might be greeted from the bench with
the sonorous phrase: ?I cannot hear
you.? Now wigs, the barrister?s defining
uniform, are on the wane.
Judges acted referees, not as managers. Cases proceeded at a leisurely pace,
and could be adjourned for ?counsel?s
convenience? or sometimes because
the judge had ?a public duty to perform?. In 1967 typewriters were (at best)
electric, not electronic: faxes had just
superseded telex ? both now moribund. Conferences took place face to
face, not by video or Skype. Research
was done in libraries, not on Lexis or
the World Wide Web. In preference to
delivery as hard copies documents are
now emailed to judges.
A constant refrain throughout my
half-century in practice has been that
the Bar, especially the criminal or family
law practitioner, is imperilled by solicitors? advocacy rights, the loss of legal aid,
the increase of court fees and the growth
of novel forms of dispute resolution. But
reports of it, like Mark Twain?s death,
have been greatly exaggerated. The
Prince of Lampedusa said: ?If we want
things to stay as they are, things will
have to change.? The Bar by continuous
reforms has ensured a future for the
virtuous voices of independent advocates. But qualifying dinners, it seems,
are soon to be off the menu. Autres
temps, autre moeurs indeed.
Michael Beloff, QC, is running down
his practice to concentrate on
international sport arbitration
Times Law
Editor Frances Gibb
020 7782 5000 frances.gibb@thetimes.co.uk
Advertising and marketing
For print and online: Jeanine Kiala
020 7782 7518 jeanine.kiala@news.co.uk
Lawyer of the week David Wolfe, QC
David Wolfe, QC, of Matrix
Chambers acted for environmental
groups ? the Royal Society for the
Protection of Birds, Friends of the
Earth and ClientEarth ? in the High
Court. It held that the government?s
new litigation costs rules have an
unlawful ?chilling? effect on
environmental legal challenges and
that the government should pay
the groups? costs up to the
�,000 limit.
What were the main
challenges? Persuading the
judges that the law means
what it says ? the
government argued
against its progressive effect
despite signing up to
it, as all governments
seemingly do. The team ? including
the RSPB?s Carol Day, Andrew
Parkinson of Landmark Chambers
and the solicitors Richard Buxton ?
also had to go to the Aarhus
Convention compliance committee (in
Geneva), the Supreme Court (twice),
and the European Court of Justice.
What?s the best decision you?ve
taken as a lawyer? Initiating
Matrix. I remain proud of it,
although, like all 17-year-olds,
it?s not perfect.
W has inspired you? Richard
Who
Stein ? recently retired from
Leigh Day ? would come to
meetings pretending to have
read the paperwork, say
something revealing
that he hadn?t, and yet still have the
genius winning idea; and then eat all
the biscuits. And Nelson Mandela.
What?s the oddest thing that has
happened to you? My client shouting
from the back of the courtroom to
sack me for not challenging ? for
a fourth time ? the Court of Appeal?s
refusal to respond to him asking if
they were freemasons.
What?s the best advice you?ve
received? From Andrew Collins, the
former High Court judge: keep it
simple. More than three points in an
argument and you reduce your
prospects of success. Sadly, I don?t
always follow good advice.
Which three qualities should a
lawyer have? The ability to deploy
a highlighter and Post-it notes when
reading the paperwork; the ability to
keep it simple; and humility.
What law would you enact? One
requiring public officials to properly
explain their decisions ? and holding
them to account for misleading or
incomplete explanations. Exercising
state power is a privilege and
responsibility not to be abused.
How would you like to be
remembered? For remaining
committed to using the law to try
to bring progressive social change
? and for organising good parties.
Times past
Amid the slew of mergers and the
growing alphabet soup of names
? CMS, WFW, NGM, whatever
? 2017 posed the question of
whether heritage still matters to
law firms. One firm that made its
mark in that regard this year is
Druces, which is celebrating its
250th birthday. ?We are extremely
proud of our past ? it is a history
laden with noteworthy moments
and landmark achievements,? says
Roy Campbell, the senior partner.
In recent years Druces has had a
number of key deals, including the
construction and finance of the
Eden Project in Cornwall and the
Deep aquarium in Hull. Last year
it closed a �.9 million financing
deal for the Oxford University
spin-out OxStem. The firm is
?looking forward to the successes
of the next 250 years?. How many
other firms feel the same?
Tax planning
The best advice of the year comes
from Julian Pike and Alicia
Mendonca, of Farrer & Co, in the
firm?s client brief Inside Reputation.
Highlighting that the Formula
One world champion Lewis
Hamilton had become ?the face of
the Paradise Papers?, they write:
?Tax and reputation management
were once complete strangers to
one another. [. . .] However, in the
last four years, a wave of offshore
data thefts has made the once
dry subject of tax . . . a cause for
moral outrage across the political
spectrum. [. . .] Anyone with wealth
or status should consider both
the financial and the reputational
implications of their tax
arrangements before embarking
on an offshore scheme.?
Hiding place
As a footnote to the above I?ll add
what Kobre & Kim said this week.
?Since the publication of the
Panama Papers in 2015, the US has
become an even more attractive
place to hide global wealth, as
traditional ?tax haven? jurisdictions
crack down on companies? and
individuals? ability to conceal
assets.? So now you know.
UAE meets VAT
What will be the key event of
2018? Well, a landmark will be the
introduction of a VAT system on
January 1 into the United Arab
Emirates and Saudi Arabia.
Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman
will soon follow suit. Baker
McKenzie has been advising its
clients there. ?This is a significant
leap in a region where taxes can
be an alien concept, and once the
new VAT system is bedded in
there will be a temptation to
increase the rate in the future,?
says the firm?s Mark Agnew.
?It signals a move away by
the government from reliance
on oil revenues.?
Linda Tsang
l_tsang@hotmail.com
fennell.edward@yahoo.com
60
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
1G M
Weather
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today Mild and cloudy across Britain with drizzle, but brighter and drier farther north. Max 12C (54F), min 0C (32F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
Rather a lot of cloud
around at times,
becoming unsettled and
breezy with rain
Temperature
Tomorrow
Flood alerts and warnings
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
10
11
11
7
12
9
10
10
10
12
11
10
11
11
10
10
11
12
8
9
11
9
11
8
10
8
11
10
9
10
9
10
9
11
11
10
8
10
11
11
11
9
12
**
10
9
9
10
10
7
11
S
DU
PC
PC
DU
M
DU
M
M
PC
DU
M
DU
PC
PC
PC
PC
C
M
D
PC
M
D
S
M
PC
PC
PC
DU
DU
PC
M
M
PC
DU
DU
S
DU
DU
DU
DU
M
PC
**
M
M
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
0.0
0.2
2.2
0.6
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
1.8
0.2
4.4
2.2
**
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.0
1.6
1.6
0.2
7.2
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.8
0.8
3.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.6
0.2
0.0
**
0.2
0.0
7.0
3.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
4.4
0.1
0.0
0.1
**
**
0.0
**
2.6
**
1.6
2.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
**
3.9
2.4
0.0
**
**
1.2
**
0.3
0.1
3.3
**
2.8
1.2
0.0
3.1
**
**
2.2
0.5
**
**
**
**
2.7
1.2
**
**
4.0
0.0
0.0
**
**
2.1
Mostly cloudy and mild with rain and
drizzle in the southwest of Britain,
but drier and fr h
er north
and east.
Max 12C, n
7
B
F
S
S
C
F
B
B
F
S
M
M
S
B
C
B
M
B
C
B
FG
M
F
S
SN
S
S
F
B
S
F
B
SN
C
S
B
FG
F
F
S
S
M
F
S
M
B
S
Moderate
Rough
28 (degrees C)
8
6
12
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
8
Edinburgh
Glasgow
11
9
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
Thicker cloud clearing southeast
England at ?rst to leave most of
England and W es
udy across
Scotland an
w
atchy rain.
Max 13C, n C
Belfast
10
Dublin
11
LLlandudno
Cork
Swansea
1
11
Bristol
7
8
The Times weather
page is provided
by Weatherquest
General situation: Most y c oudy across
Britain with outbreaks of light rain and
drizzle, but drier in the far north.
Cen N Eng, E Anglia, E Eng, SE Eng,
London, E Mids: Rather cloudy and
foggy with outbreaks of patchy rain
and drizzle. Turning brighter with
any mist or fog clearing during the
afternoon. Light west or southwesterly
wind. Maximum 11C (52F), minimum
7C (45F).
Republic of Ireland, N Ireland: Mainly
cloudy with outbreaks of rain in the
I N C LU D E S A F R E E R O O M U P G R A D E A N D M O R E
14
-15
5
Southampton
Exeterr
Brighton
CHANNEL
brighte over the
north, but dry and brighter
south. Cloud increasing in the west
later bringing showery rain. Light
to moderate southwesterly wind.
Maximum 12C (54F), minimum
8C (46F).
Cen S Eng, W Mids, SW Eng, Wales,
Channel Is, NW Eng, IoM: Some
cloud and drizzle around at ?rst,
becoming drier and brighter in the
afternoon. Light to moderate west or
southwesterly wind. Maximum
12C (54F), minimum 7C (45F).
19
Lake District, NE Eng, SW Scotland,
Borders, Argyll, Glasgow: Cloudy with
showery rain, possibly heavy at times.
Light and variable winds. Maximum
9C (48F), minimum 5C (41F).
Edinburgh & Dundee, Cen Highland,
Moray Firth, NW Scotland, N Isles,
Aberdeen, NE Scotland: Much of the
day dry with sunny spells. The small
risk of a shower in the far north. Light
and variable winds. Moderate westerly
wind over Shetland. Maximum
9C (48F), minimum 0C (32F).
Noon today
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
Boutique three night Prague break
23
London
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
6
32
11
1
11
Tides
1
0
-5
-10
11
Cardiff
1
Mainly cloudy and breezy with
showery rain across Britain, turning
heavy at times n
ly to sleet
in the west.
Max 9C, mi -
41
Cambridge
Oxford
12
Boxing Day
50
5
7
Birmingham
Plymouth
11
59
10
i h
Norwich
CELTIC
SEA
Channel Islands
10
68
15
Nottingham
10
11
Sunny spells and a few showers in
England and Wales. Mainly cloudy over
Ireland and Sco a
e cially heavy
in western s
.
Max 12C,
10
77
20
Sheffield
11
Shrewsbury
18
8
25
Hull
9
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
11
12
Mainly cloudy with heavy outbreaks of
rain in Ireland, Scotland and southwest
England. Brigh
re at ?rst
before incre
ngs patchy
rain.
Max 11C,
86
Yorkk
Manchester
Christmas Day
30
6
9
15
Galway
12
F
95
Carlisle
10
11
7
C
35
Newcastle
Saturday
Christmas Eve
7
9
At 17:00 on Wednesday there
were no ?ood alerts or warnings in
England, Wales or Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
11
Shetland
Sh
7
5
12
19
Madeira
11
Madrid
13
Majorca
13
M醠aga
12
Malta
23
Melbourne
Mexico City 19
28
Miami
4
Milan
30
Mombasa
-6
Montreal
0
Moscow
31
Mumbai
2
Munich
22
Nairobi
8
Naples
New Orleans 19
11
New York
10
Nice
20
Nicosia
-3
Oslo
7
Paris
27
Perth
1
Prague
1
Reykjavik
0
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 31
22
Riyadh
6
Rome
San Francisco 11
29
Santiago
27
S鉶 Paulo
0
Seoul
29
Seychelles
29
Singapore
St Petersburg -4
1
Stockholm
39
Sydney
21
Tel Aviv
21
Tenerife
8
Tokyo
2
Vancouver
3
Venice
2
Vienna
0
Warsaw
Washington 14
2
Zurich
6
Slight
10
All readings local midday yesterday
S
M
C
S
F
F
B
S
F
B
S
M
B
F
M
S
S
R
M
B
R
F
S
M
S
F
F
S
F
F
M
S
S
S
S
F
S
S
F
C
R
S
S
C
F
S
F
ney
Orkney
Calm
8
10
14
9
9
21
22
25
29
9
7
21
0
2
23
5
7
2
0
18
20
22
22
27
8
5
11
18
26
11
15
6
4
4
16
25
3
17
27
7
22
23
27
19
21
24
10
19
27
e st te
(mph)
11
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
in s e d
34
H
02:58
08:48
00:38
08:34
07:17
00:30
01:05
06:52
01:52
01:00
11:58
07:52
04:18
00:36
03:17
11:20
07:48
00:40
00:32
06:39
07:19
06:14
01:06
00:36
00:01
07:57
05:17
08:14
Ht
4.0
12.3
3.3
11.6
5.4
6.4
3.8
5.0
3.4
3.9
5.5
6.8
5.2
8.8
6.8
2.3
6.7
8.7
6.4
6.7
3.9
5.3
4.5
6.0
4.3
8.9
5.0
2.0
15:00
21:06
12:53
20:50
19:36
12:41
13:16
19:09
14:12
13:23
--:-20:01
16:23
12:53
15:37
23:20
20:04
12:54
12:42
18:55
19:27
18:28
13:08
12:43
12:08
20:13
17:20
20:33
Ht
4.2
12.0
3.6
11.4
5.1
6.2
4.0
4.7
3.7
3.8
-7.2
5.3
9.0
6.9
2.5
6.4
9.0
6.4
6.5
3.7
5.1
4.5
5.9
4.3
8.6
5.2
1.8
4
1
GH
TH R E E NIGH TS FRO M
CITY
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
1 0
1 2
Synoptic situation
An area of high pressure
dominates much of western
Europe with a ridge extending
across Britain. Warm front
located over central Britain will
bring cloudy conditions with
drizzle in places. A complex
set of fronts to the west of
Ireland will bring heavier rain
into western Britain later in the
day. Slightly fresher air with a
northwesterly ?ow in the north.
�9
PER PERSON
Return flights from London
(call for other airports)
Free Upgrade to an executive room
Free late check-out
O
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Usk,
Gwent, 14.2C
Coldest: Bournemouth, 0.1C
Wettest: Achnagart,
Inverness-shire, 22.2mm
Sunniest: Leeming, 5.3hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 08.03
Sun sets: 15.53
Moon rises: 10.01
Moon sets: 19.05
First quarter: December 26
O
n this day 90 years ago
London and much of
southern England
woke up to an
astonishing freak of
weather. The outside world was
covered in a glaze of ice following an
ice storm, turning pavements and
roads into treacherous ice rinks that
led to thousands of accidents. It was
called ?Slippery Wednesday?.
Much of December 1927 had
been freezing cold with frequent
snowfalls, but the ice storm came as
a shock. Freezing rain turned to ice
the instant it touched the frozen
ground, and caught people by
surprise when they ventured outside
on December 21. Pedestrians were
reduced to a slow shuffle, often
along gutters in the roads, although
many went down ?like ninepins?.
?New Weather Freak?, declared a
headline in The Times. ?Hundreds of
broken limbs or bones, more than
1,000 lesser casualties treated in
hospitals, thousands of minor cuts
and bruises, long delays on the
railways and chaotic traffic
conditions on the roads were caused
in London yesterday by rain that fell
while the ground temperature was
still below freezing point. The rain
coated roadways and pavements
with a thin sheet of slippery ice.?
The Times estimated about 2,000
cases of broken bones were treated
in hospitals across London that day.
?In the earlier hours, however,
extraordinary scenes had been
witnessed near the great markets,?
The Times reported. ?Around
Covent Garden, at 4 o?clock, the
usual hour of greatest activity, the
roads were almost unusable. The
pushing of a barrow involved
difficulty, while many porters came
down to the ground with their loads.
Horse-drawn traffic was out of the
question, and the driving of motorlorries was dangerous.? One driver
of a horse-drawn carriage used
sacks on his horse?s hooves and his
own feet to stop sliding.
By coincidence, ice skating was
becoming increasingly popular in
Britain at that time. The Ice Club
rink had been inaugurated in 1927
in London and was the venue for the
British Championship that year.
15:56-08:16
16:29-08:14
16:25-07:46
16:35-07:46
16:41-07:44
16:14-08:16
16:24-07:56
16:23-07:34
16:21-07:53
16:09-07:59
16:11-07:34
16:51-07:49
16:18-07:49
tay at the Pure White Hotel, one of Prague's most chic and boutique properties.
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the times | Thursday December 21 2017
61
2G M
Sport
Wimbledon chiefs
accused of barring
German star who
stood up to Nazis
New film claims men?s title
hope Gottfried von Cramm
was refused entry to
appease Hitler, reveals
Matt Dickinson
As a perfect sportsman, sublime tennis player
and avowed anti-Nazi, he should have been one
of Wimbledon?s most celebrated pre-war
champions. Instead, the All England Club has
been accused of ?a shameful cover-up? over its
controversial treatment of Baron Gottfried von
Cramm.
Just when Von Cramm would have been
favourite to win the men?s singles and the most
prestigious prize in tennis in 1939, the German
aristocrat was excluded from the tournament. A
new film will allege that Von Cramm was
refused entry by the All England Club to
appease the Nazis.
?Wimbledon is meant to stand for everything
that is good and fine and right about Britain.
Just those colours, purple and green, are meant
to symbolise fair play,? Patrick Ryecart, the actor
and scriptwriter of The Poster Boy told The
Times.
?But this episode is a shameful black mark on
the club and what seems even more outrageous
is the reluctance to own up to it. After all this
time, Von Cramm deserves that Wimbledon
acknowledge that he was denied his chance of
glory in the most appalling circumstances by a
British institution pandering to pro-Nazi
sympathies which he, a German, did so much to
oppose.?
Ryecart has been captivated for 30 years by
the story of the suave German who was one of
the most revered sportsmen of his age. Tall,
good-looking and debonair in his white flannels
and blazer, the blue-eyed athlete appeared to
the Nazi regime to be the perfect Aryan pin-up
as he won two French Opens and made it to
three consecutive Wimbledon finals, including
defeats by Fred Perry in 1935 and 1936. A friend
of Marlene Dietrich, he was featured
in Time magazine, renowned across
both sides of the Atlantic.
But Von Cramm refused to bow
to Adolf Hitler?s Third Reich.
His first wife was Jewish, and
so was Daniel Prenn, his
doubles partner, who was
barred from representing
his country after the Nazis
came to power.
Fuelled by a fierce sense
of right and wrong ? Von
Cramm famously conceded
match point in a nail-biting
Davis Cup match, telling the
umpire the ball had struck his
racket when no one else had
seen it ? he would not be a
propaganda pawn.
Hitler reportedly rang him
C match
moments before another key Davis Cup
to demand victory, and he came under severe
pressure to conform through Hermann Goering,
a fellow player at Berlin?s Rot-Weiss tennis
club. His refusal to buckle eventually led the
Nazis to put him on trial in 1938 for ?moral
delinquency?, accusing him of a homosexual
affair with Manasse Herbst, a Jewish actor.
Records suggest that Heinrich Himmler, head of
the SS, signed off the charges. A trial held in
camera included evidence from one street
hustler notorious as a paid informant of the
Gestapo.
Sentenced to one year?s imprisonment in
Moabit prison in Berlin, Von Cramm endured
five months of confinement and horrendous
conditions before he was freed early.
The Nazis had hoped they had eliminated the
problem of a high-profile dissenter but while in
jail, an open letter was sent to a number of
worldwide papers, including The Times, signed
by such sporting luminaries as Joe DiMaggio,
Helen Wills Moody and Don Budge, one of Von
Cramm?s biggest rivals on the court, in which
they described him as ?an ideal sportsman, a
perfect gentleman and decency personified?.
They demanded ?that his government will put
an end to the deliberate slander of substituted
charges, that open rightfulness will take the
place of secret wrongfulness, and that Baron
von Cramm, by his immediate release will be
once more restored, honoured and unblemished
to his followers around the world.?
He returned to the tennis circuit in 1939 and
was quickly back among the world?s leading
players, but it took John Olliff, tennis
correspondent of The Daily Telegraph, to ensure
the baron?s place at the Queen?s tournament by
putting him forward for the singles and as his
doubles partner. The committee at Queen?s let
Von Cramm play only after vigorous debate and
a vote of 12 votes to 11.
Von Cramm won the men?s title, after a 6-1,
6-0 semi-final thrashing of Bobby Riggs, who
would go on to win Wimbledon a fortnight later,
making the baron?s absence all the more
mysterious. The Times noted: ?If ever a player
looked as though he could go on and win
the Wimbledon championship it was Von
Cramm.?
Olliff, who described Von Cramm as ?a fine
example of the best type of German?, was
categoric that ?his entry was refused at
Wimbledon? because of his conviction for sex
offences. David Hunn, the late sportswriter for
the Observer and Sunday Times, wrote of Von
Cramm being ?framed by Hitler, banned by
Wimbledon?, believing that a
committee member informed
the baron at the Savoy that he
would not be welcome as a
f
felon.
?It is clear from multiple sources
that Von Cramm was refused entry,?
Ryecart says. ?Why on earth would
he not want to play? He was at the
peak of his powers. He had just
won Queen?s in absolute style. He
was in London and ready at last
t claim his prize.?
to
Pressed on Von Cramm?s absence, the All
England Club said that John Barrett, the
former player, broadcaster, and club
historian, had insisted that he was simply
Perry, left, was a rival of Von Cramm
and beat him in two Wimbledon finals
CENTRAL PRESS/GETTY IMAGES
Who competed at 1939 championships
Nazi Germany entrants...................................................8
Men?s winner.....................................Bobby Riggs (US)
Best Briton.................Bunny Austin (quarter-finals)
Women?s winner..............................Alice Marble (US)
Best Briton...................................Kay Stammers (final)
It is claimed that Wimbledon ?turned their back? on Von Cramm after his imprisonment by the Nazis
not one of the four men entered by the German
Lawn Tennis Federation and that ?had he been
among the nominations he would certainly have
been accepted?.
A statement noted: ?It was well known that
Von Cramm was a perfect gentleman and
renowned for his sportsmanship. It has been
suggested that he did not want to embarrass the
German Federation or the Wimbledon
Committee by entering individually.
?Whatever the reason, because he had not
entered there was nothing for the Joint
Championships Committee at Wimbledon to
discuss.?
Asked if the committee minutes could be
inspected, the club declined, insisting they
remain confidential. Ryecart is not satisfied by
the response. ?Why the ongoing cover-up?
There is only one reason Von Cramm would not
have appeared at Wimbledon in 1939 and that is
because he was not welcome, and all because he
was stitched up by the Nazis, stained with a
criminal record.
?They wanted him as a poster boy and he
became a nightmare for them. They locked him
up and Wimbledon shamefully turned their
back on him, no doubt wishing to maintain
relations between the British establishment and
Nazi Germany which, as the world knows,
continued right up to the start of the war. How
wrong they were.?
After writing eight drafts of a film script,
Ryecart is hopeful of bringing Von Cramm?s
extraordinary life to the big screen. Sir David
Frost had been a keen backer and co-producer
of the film until his death in 2013. Ryecart,
known for numerous roles, including The King?s
Speech and The Crown, is working with David
Parfitt, who won an Oscar as producer for
Shakespeare in Love.
There is more than enough in Von Cramm?s
life for a movie. Despite his aversion to the
Nazis ? he was once quoted as dismissing
Hitler as ?a housepainter? in reference to the
F黨rer?s early employment in Vienna ? Von
Cramm felt duty-bound to fight for his country.
He was sent to the Russian front where he
fought as an NCO, despite his social status.
He was interrogated by the Gestapo over his
close links to the 1944 plotters, led by Claus von
Stauffenberg, who tried to assassinate Hitler
with a bomb. British archives show that he had
been in touch with the Foreign Office during
the early days of the war and had provided
?valuable assistance? as well as being a
confidant of King Gustav of Sweden, with whom
he played tennis.
Von Cramm was also closely monitored by
the FBI as a prominent anti-establishment
figure ? he had been refused entry to the
United States after his conviction ? and
especially after he married Barbara Hutton, the
Woolworth heiress, following a long affair. Von
Cramm was her sixth husband, though they had
been close friends since her third marriage, to
Cary Grant.
Von Cramm, who died in a car accident in
Egypt in 1976, did make it back to Centre Court
after the war, playing Wimbledon in 1951, when
he received a standing ovation. Contemporaries
remembered him not just as a perfect
gentleman but one of the best players never to
win the championship. His best chance was just
before war broke out in 1939.
62
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Sport
MICHAEL DODGE/GETTY IMAGES
I had no motive
to dope horse,
says Morrison
Racing
Mark Souster Racing Writer
Hughie Morrison, the trainer whose
horse failed a drugs test in January and
who faces a possible career-ending ban,
said yesterday that it would have been
committing professional suicide for
him to have administered the injection
himself.
Morrison, 57, said that there had been
no motive to give the horse, Our Little
Sister, a steroid, and that he had spent
his career campaigning against their
use. He said it would have been madness to risk being caught for any horse,
let alone one as poor as the four-yearold filly.
?I would need to go off with the men
in white coats. It would be committing
professional suicide,? he said.
He said it would have been against
everything he had stood for in his 25
unblemished years as a trainer of more
than 800 winners.
On the second day of the hearing, he
said that he felt like a drugs criminal
who had been caught red-handed at
Bangkok airport. He said his head girl,
who had responsibility for the horse?s
security on the day of the positive sample at Wolverhampton on January 14,
had ended up in hospital with stress.
He added that it was bad for the
industry not to find the culprit. ?They
are still out there and I will continue to
look for them,? he said. ?It is important
for my own sanity. It is frustrating that
everything you have stood for
could go down the drain [in an
instant].? He said he felt that the
BHA had not raised its game to
a helpful level.
During cross-examination
of Morrison by Philip Evans
for the BHA, it was revealed
that Morrison had secretly
employed a private detective
to track down the culprit.
Morrison denied doping the
horse and said that he knew
the culprit was still out there
In closing, Evans suggested that
there was no evidence to support the
trainer?s assertion, and that of his legal
team, that this was a malicious administration by a third party, which would
count in Morrison?s favour.
Evans painted a picture of Morrison,
having learnt of the failed test, frantically cleaning up the yard to remove
any traces of the drug before a raid by
the BHA?s investigations team.
He suggested that the injection had
been a one-off shot designed to give the
lowly rated filly one last chance on the
track.
Graeme McPherson, for Morrison,
challenged the quality and depth of the
BHA?s inquiry. He said that by March 15
the BHA had decided it had gone as far
as it would go and was prepared to let
the case remain a mystery. The BHA
had agreed to pursue the source and the
culprit but in the end it had fallen back
solely on the principle that the trainer
was strictly liable and it was up to him to
prove his innocence on the balance of
probabilities.
It was only Morrison?s intervention
that changed that impetus. He commissioned and paid for samples of horse
hair to be tested that had revealed on
March 27 which drug was administered, nandrolone laurate, the
properties of which proved
that it could only have been
injected. The timing of that
fell into a window between
mid-December (2016) and
mid-January.
McPherson said the
consequences of disqualification would be
?little short of catastrophic?. Based on
the case he presented and the interpretation of the Rules of
Racing, he said that
Morrison
should
receive no penalty or
at most a fine.
The panel will deliver
its verdict tomorrow.
162
Days since Murray?s
last competitive match
? his quarter-final
defeat at Wimbledon
in July
Murray?s hip injury has put him out of competitive action for almost six months and threatens his Australian Open place
continued from back
Doubts over Murray return
than expected, from his Miami training
block.
Murray insisted last month during
an appearance in Glasgow for an
exhibition match against Roger
Federer that he will return to the tour
only when he is fully fit, admitting that
he had made a mistake in attempting to
compete at the US Open in August. ?I?ll
come back when I?m ready and 100 per
cent fit,? Murray said.
Sitting alongside him at the time was
Federer, a man with recent experience
of returning from a sustained injuryenforced absence, who urged: ?Take
your time, however long it takes.?
Murray would be wise to heed such
advice if he is still feeling discomfort in
his right hip. Last month, he was still
walking with a visible limp.
While Murray and his camp were
publicly positive about his progress
after the defeat by Federer in Glasgow,
a number of seasoned observers were
not as optimistic. Murray?s movement
improved during the match, but there
was still clearly some way to go to reach
the level required for a five-set match.
If Murray does not play in Australia
then more than six months will have
passed since his most recent competitive
match, and, at the age of 30, he would
surely give surgery serious consideration. This would rule him out until the
start of the grass-court season in June, at
the earliest, and mean that he dropped
outside the top 150, although he would
be able to use a protected ranking to enter tournaments upon his return.
Murray is one of a number of players
for whom doubts exist over their
comebacks in the coming weeks. The
knee pain that forced Rafael Nadal to
withdraw from last month?s ATP Finals
after one match is still causing the
Spaniard some problems, forcing him
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to cancel scheduled training sessions
with Joao Sousa, of Portugal, this week.
Stan Wawrinka and Milos Raonic
withdrew yesterday from next
week?s World Tennis Championship
exhibition in Abu Dhabi because of
knee and calf injuries respectively.
Uncertainty also surrounds Serena
Williams?s return after becoming a
mother in September. The announcement on Tuesday that she is an AccorHotels ambassador for the Australian
Open eased concerns raised last Friday
when she was named as a keynote
speaker for a conference in Florida that
clashes with the Australian Open quarter-finals. Her agent has not replied to a
request for clarification.
There are more positive signs from
Novak Djokovic, who flew out yesterday for the Abu Dhabi exhibition. The
Serb has also signed up for a Tie Break
Tens event in Melbourne on January 10,
five days before the start of the first
grand-slam tournament of the year.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
63
2G M
Racing Sport
3.45
Exeter
Rob Wright
Mares? Novices? Hurdle
(�198: 2m 2f 111y) (10)
51 WAIHEKE 36 (CD) P Hobbs 4-11-2
L Heard
1
B Poste
2 4300- DEFINITE WINNER 461 K Price 6-10-10
24 DIVA DU MAQUIS 30 N Williams 4-10-10
T Garner (3)
3
N Fehily
4 10-02 DROPS OF JUPITOR 36 (H) A Honeyball 5-10-10
1-3 EBONYS ENCORE 61 Jonjo O'Neill 5-10-10
A Coleman
5
G Sheehan
6 023-3 FLORAL BOUQUET 21 J Snowden 4-10-10
000 KIWI MYTH 22 Mrs F Shaw 5-10-10
Mr M Legg (5)
7
S Twiston-Davies
8 0/25 NEETSIDE 41 D Dennis 5-10-10
5- QUITE RIGHT 592P P Gundry 6-10-10
N Scholfield
9
30 SAMARAYIA 41 H Oliver 5-10-10
S Bowen
10
2-1 Waiheke, 7-2 Floral Bouquet, 5-1 Ebonys Encore, 7-1 Diva Du Maquis,
Drops Of Jupitor, 8-1 Neetside, 16-1 Samarayia, 25-1 others.
Rob Wright?s choice: Ebonys Encore was not given a hard
time at Market Rasen Dangers: Waiheke, Floral Bouquet
1.05
311F3 MARKET ROAD 35 (T,CD) E Williams 7-12-1
Miss I Williams (7)
10-54 HOW ABOUT IT 26 (P,C,D) A Dunn 8-12-0
Mr J Smith-Maxwell (7)
Mr J King
3 13-UF POINT N SHOOT 16 (P) N Hawke 6-11-12
4 06063 BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY 4 (P) B Barr 8-11-10
Mr C J Todd (7)
5 61433 BALKINSTOWN 26 (T,V) R Stephens 7-11-10
Mr C Dowson (7)
Mr L Williams (5)
6 6-U0 BACT TO BLACK 29 R Walford 5-11-8
006-P
HELUVAGOOD 29 (T) V Dartnall 5-11-8
Mr J Bament (7)
7
8 00-00 SIDBURY FAIR 29 (P) V Dartnall 6-11-5 Mr J Williams (3)
9 0-4P0 KAYF CHARMER 29 L Blackford 7-11-4 Mr J O'Connor (7)
10 F3PR- BOARDWALK EMPIRE 248P (T) Mrs K Buckett 10-11-3
Miss P Fuller
11 0P-41 GONNABEGOOD 25 (P,CD) J Scott 6-11-0 Miss V Wade (5)
Mr G Treacy (7)
12 04-45 SHADOW BLUE 32 S Dixon 8-11-0
13 00-P5 LA MADRINA 15 (P) Mrs K Stephens 5-10-8
Miss B Hampson
14 0404P MOONLIGHT FLYER 25 J Scott 5-10-7 Mr D Prichard (3)
Mr M Legg
15 -063F BADILOU 15 (H,P) M Hill 6-10-7
Mr B Godfrey (7)
16 PPP-0 IN THE TUB 12 C Gray 8-10-3
17 50-05 ADMIRAL BLAKE 25 (CD) Mrs L Young 10-10-0
Miss L Pinchin (7)
5-1 Gonnabegood, Market Road, 15-2 Point N Shoot, 8-1 Balkinstown,
Bohemian Rhapsody, 11-1 Bact To Black, 12-1 Badilou, 14-1 others.
1
12.35 Ebonys Encore
2.40 Rockpoint
1.05 Shaama Grise
3.15 Who?s My Jockey
1.35 Siruh Du Lac (nap) 3.45 Badilou
2.05 Le Rocher
Thunderer: 3.15 Polydora (nap). 3.45 Badilou.
Going: soft, heavy in places
Racing UK
12.35
Amateur Riders? Handicap
Hurdle (�431: 2m 5f 135y) (17)
Mares? Novices? Chase
2
Wright choice: Badilou was going well when falling over
fences at Ludlow Dangers: Balkinstown, Market Road
Wright choice: Shaama Grise, a good second at Plumpton,
is now fitted with a tongue-tie Danger: Casablanca Mix
Handicap Chase
(�148: 2m 3f 48y) (11)
412-3 LLANCILLO LORD 36 (H,T) R Walford 7-11-12
J Best
15-15 MIDNIGHT REQUEST 36 (C) N Hawke 8-11-10 J Bowen (5)
2-2P0 GORES ISLAND 24 (D) G L Moore 11-11-5
W Clarke (10)
30-P5 ADMIRAL'S SECRET 38 (T) V Dartnall 6-11-5 D F O'Regan
24-P1 SIRUH DU LAC 36 N Williams 4-11-4
Lizzie Kelly (3)
-246P ONLY GORGEOUS 13 (CD) S Gardner 8-11-3
Lucy Gardner (3)
R M Power
7 113/5 THE CIDER MAKER 12 (T) C Tizzard 7-11-3
8 3-242 LOOKS LIKE POWER 12 (T) Mrs D Hamer 7-11-0 T Whelan
A Wedge
9 44-PP HURRY HENRY 12 (T) R Ford 8-10-11
10 -2241 TRIPLE CHIEF 21 (P,CD) J Frost 6-10-10 Bryony Frost (5)
T Dowling (5)
11 00-03 AUENWIRBEL 29 (T) Mrs L Young 6-10-6
9-4 Siruh Du Lac, 9-2 The Cider Maker, 5-1 Only Gorgeous, 6-1 Looks Like
Power, 15-2 Triple Chief, 9-1 Gores Island, 10-1 others.
Wright choice: Siruh Du Lac relished a step up to this trip
at Bangor Dangers: Admiral?s Secret, Looks Like Power
Graduation Chase
(�,512: 2m 1f 109y) (2)
1 416-1 OVERTOWN EXPRESS 19 (C) H Fry 9-11-7
2 12-00 LE ROCHER 26 (D) N Williams 7-10-10
4-6 Overtown Express, 5-4 Le Rocher.
N Fehily
T Scudamore
Wright choice: Le Rocher shaped well for a long way at
Haydock and can make a winning start in this sphere
2.40
Handicap Hurdle
(�798: 2m 2f 111y) (11)
12/P- GO LONG 319 E Williams 7-11-12
A Wedge
110-0 NIGHT OF SIN 27 N Williams 4-11-10
Lizzie Kelly (3)
510-0 LE PRECIEUX 27 G L Moore 4-11-7
W Clarke (10)
5-435 ROCKPOINT 27 C Tizzard 4-11-4
R M Power
0-200 JENNYS DAY 21 K Price 6-11-1
B Poste
PP-P0 MAX DO BRAZIL 13 (T,B) D Pipe 5-11-0
T Scudamore
2-100 TRAVERTINE 74F Jonjo O'Neill 7-11-0
A Coleman
233-1 MIXCHIEVOUS 29 (D) Miss V Williams 6-10-12
C Deutsch (3)
M Heard (5)
9 1-100 DELFACE 16 (B) D Pipe 4-10-8
J Best
10 -PP40 DRUID'S FOLLY 13 (H,T) R Walford 7-10-7
11 -5156 TRANS EXPRESS 36 (CD) S Gardner 7-10-7
Lucy Gardner (3)
5-1 Trans Express, 11-2 Druid's Folly, Night Of Sin, 6-1 Mixchievous,
Travertine, 15-2 Rockpoint, 10-1 Le Precieux, 12-1 Max Do Brazil, 14-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Wright choice: Rockpoint was fifth in a more competitive
race at Ascot
Dangers: Max Do Brazil, Night Of Sin
3.15
Southwell
Rob Wright
11.45 Spinning Melody
12.15 Satchville Flyer
12.45 Little Choosey
1.15 Gustavo Fring
Going: standard
Draw: no advantage
11.45
1
2
3
4
5
6
2.05
2.15
Novices? Hurdle
1.45 Our Kid
2.15 Lean On Pete
2.50 Ghaseedah
3.25 Pearl Acclaim
At The Races
Handicap (�690: 1m 4f 14y) (9)
D C Costello
1 (2) 00653 START SEVEN 16 (C) J Osborne 5-10-0
2 (4) 10000 ROYAL MARSKELL 8 (CD) Miss G Kelleway 8-9-13
H Shaw (7)
Megan Nicholls (5)
3 (5) /5121 MOABIT 73 (T) P Nicholls 5-9-9
L Morris
4 (1) 16211 RESTIVE 17 (CD) I Jardine 4-9-6
A Mullen
5 (3) 15115 SNOWY WINTER 29 (T,D) A Watson 3-9-5
13 SPINNING MELODY 22 (P) S Crisford 3-9-3 K Shoemark
6 (9)
M Harley
7 (7) -4250 ALTON BAY 63J P Fahey (Ire) 9-9-0
8 (8) 10311 GOOD TIME AHEAD 10 (CD) P Kirby 3-8-12
J Gormley (5)
J Quinn
9 (6) 23622 EPITAPH 23 (V) M Appleby 3-8-7
100-30 Restive, 7-2 Moabit, 4-1 Good Time Ahead, 11-2 Spinning Melody, 13-2
Start Seven, 15-2 Snowy Winter, 16-1 others.
12.15
Handicap (Div I: �264: 1m 13y) (11)
1 (8) 60006 ST PATRICK'S DAY 17 (V,CD) J Jenkins 5-9-7 T J Murphy
Fran Berry
2 (11) 05243 SATCHVILLE FLYER 8 P D Evans 6-9-6
D Muscutt
3 (9) 60005 CANDESTA 23 (T,D) Miss J Feilden 7-9-6
A Mullen
4 (10) 45000 SIR LANCELOTT 17 (V,D) A Nicholls 5-9-4
L Morris
5 (3) 00001 TILLY DEVINE 20 (B,CD) S Dixon 3-9-3
6 (4) 00061 MOVING ROBE 23 (T,P,CD) C Allen 4-9-3 D Keenan (7)
7 (5) 55334 LITTLE PIPPIN 33J (P,D) Tony Coyle 4-9-1 P J McDonald
J Quinn
8 (2) 31005 ZEBELINI 36 (T) S R Bowring 5-8-13
C Bennett (3)
9 (1) 60530 QUICK MONET 8 Shaun Harris 4-8-12
10 (7) 30640 MONZINO 174J (C) M Chapman 9-8-12 Phil Dennis (3)
Sam James
11 (6) 000 DREAM DESTROYER 21 G Harker 3-8-11
100-30 Satchville Flyer, 7-2 Tilly Devine, 4-1 Moving Robe, 7-1 St Patrick's
Day, 15-2 Candesta, 9-1 Sir Lancelott, 10-1 Little Pippin, 14-1 others.
12.45
Handicap (Div II: �264: 1m 13y) (11)
1 (3) 00540 LITTLE CHOOSEY 19 (T,V,D) S R Bowring 7-9-7
K Lundie (5)
2 (1) -0500 AFRICAN SHOWGIRL 35 (D) I Furtado 4-9-7
Jane Elliott (5)
3 (8) 30000 GUNNER MOYNE 13 (V,CD) E Owen 5-9-6 P J McDonald
4 (6) 53446 SUNSHINEANDBUBBLES 8 (P,BF) J Candlish 4-9-5
Rossa Ryan (7)
T Eaves
5 (4) 06541 BREAKING FREE 17 (P,CD) J J Quinn 3-9-4
6 (5) 23460 GENERAL TUFTO 206 (B,CD) Charles Smith 12-9-3
J Haynes
M Harley
7 (10) 04032 WHY ME 17 (T) G Cromwell (Ire) 7-9-1
8 (11) 43526 LIMERICK LORD 17 (P,CD) Miss J Feilden 5-9-0
Shelley Birkett (3)
J Duern (3)
9 (7) -0000 ROGER THORPE 17 (CD) J Balding 8-8-13
J Quinn
10 (9) 040-0 MADAKHEEL 17 (P) S West 6-8-13
Sam James
11 (2) 0000- CAN CAN DREAM 456 O Williams 3-8-12
3-1 Why Me, 100-30 Breaking Free, 5-1 Sunshineandbubbles, 13-2 General
Tufto, 9-1 Gunner Moyne, 10-1 Limerick Lord, Little Choosey, 12-1 others.
(�198: 2m 7f 25y) (9)
A Coleman
1 50-16 POLYDORA 26 T Lacey 5-11-4
R Johnson
2 1-312 WHO'S MY JOCKEY 21 (BF) P Hobbs 4-11-4
D Crosse
3 313-U BABYTAGGLE 12 Dai Williams 6-10-12
Bryony Frost (5)
4 3-3P0 BIG TIME FRANK 21 P Gundry 6-10-12
S Twiston-Davies
5 11/4- BLACKMILL 599P D Dennis 6-10-12
0- MAHLER'S FIRST 257 (P) V Dartnall 5-10-12 D F O'Regan
6
3-2 OCEAN COVE 27 F O'Brien 5-10-12
R Patrick (5)
7
G Lavery (7)
8 3-2P0 ROBIN DE BROOME 17 B Barr 5-10-12
00 SNAZZ MAN 27 S Gardner 7-10-12
Lucy Gardner (3)
9
13-8 Who?s My Jockey, 3-1 Babytaggle, Polydora, 15-2 Ocean Cove, 16-1
Blackmill, 20-1 others.
Wright choice: Who?s My Jockey, second in a handicap at
Towcester, can go one better Dangers: Polydora, Babytaggle
Blinkered first time: Chelmsford 5.45 Hint Of Grey.
Exeter 2.40 Delface. Southwell 12.15 Sir Lancelott.
12.45 Little Choosey. Towcester 12.55 Heurtevent.
1.25 Annie?sboydave.
1.15
Maiden Stakes (�911: 4f 214y) (10)
R Harris (7)
(5) 43420 ANGEL PALANAS 2 (P) K Burke 3-9-5
(7) 32024 DECISION MAKER 27 (T,BF) S R Bowring 3-9-5 J Quinn
T J Murphy
(8) 0000 EYE BURNER 13 J Jenkins 3-9-5
A Mullen
(10) 02603 GETTIN' LUCKY 17 J Balding 4-9-5
42 GUSTAVO FRING 22 Richard Spencer 3-9-5 Fran Berry
(1)
66 JAKEBOY 5 S Kirk 3-9-5
R Souza
(9)
Jane Elliott (5)
(3) 00030 CHILLILILLI 10 (B) M Appleby 3-9-0
(2) 00600 DRAMATIC VOICE 34 K Cunningham-Brown 4-9-0
Hollie Doyle
9 (4) 40254 EXCELLENT WORLD 10 (P) Tony Coyle 4-9-0 D Fentiman
P J McDonald
10 (6) 00400 JOSHLEE 14 E Owen 3-9-0
7-4 Gustavo Fring, 2-1 Decision Maker, 13-2 Angel Palanas, 9-1 Excellent
World, 12-1 Gettin' Lucky, 16-1 Chillililli, 20-1 Jakeboy, 25-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1.45
Nursery Handicap
(2-Y-O: �911: 6f 16y) (10)
1 (1) 61315 MONTAGUE 34 J Osborne 9-9
2 (5) 10620 ARDEN PEARL 14 (P,D) A Watson 9-7
D C Costello
E Greatrex
Handicap (�264: 1m 3f 23y) (12)
1 (11) 62-15 MISTER SHOWMAN 35 (P,C) K Dalgleish 4-9-9 L Morris
2 (9) 00600 UP TEN DOWN TWO 35 M W Easterby 8-9-9
R Timby (7)
Shelley Birkett (3)
3 (3) 1/0-0 SCRUTINY 15 K A Ryan 6-9-9
4 (1) 24606 ANTON CHIGURH 26 (H,C) Mrs N Evans 8-9-7 C Bishop
5 (7) 60006 THE LOCK MASTER 20 (V,CD) M Appleby 10-9-6
A Rawlinson
D C Costello
6 (10) 20000 HAVELOCK 33J P Fahey (Ire) 3-9-6
K Shoemark
7 (4) 03426 MARAAKIB 12 D O'Meara 5-9-6
A Mullen
8 (8) 04202 LEAN ON PETE 17 (CD) O Pears 8-9-4
E J Walsh (3)
9 (6) 16600 KAY SERA 17 A G Newcombe 9-9-3
T Eaves
10 (2) 0-051 BUSHEL 247 (CD) A G Newcombe 7-9-2
M Harley
11(12) -0025 CRESENDO 55 (T) G Cromwell (Ire) 4-9-2
S Donohoe
12 (5) 00006 BUTHELEZI 44 B Ellison 9-9-1
4-1 Cresendo, 5-1 Mister Showman, 6-1 Lean On Pete, 7-1 Bushel, 8-1
Maraakib, 10-1 Buthelezi, Havelock, 12-1 Kay Sera, 14-1 others.
2.50
(�,696: 2m 1f 109y) (5)
1 4-321 CASABLANCA MIX 26 (D) N Henderson 5-11-6 N Curtis (5)
2 /544- DANCING CONQUEST 345 J S Mullins 7-11-0 D Sansom (7)
R M Power
3 -3150 ON DEMAND 26 (T) C Tizzard 6-11-0
T Scudamore
4 122-2 SHAAMA GRISE 17 (H,T,D) D Pipe 5-11-0
R Johnson
5 16-24 THE NIPPER 36 (T,D) W Greatrex 6-11-0
Evens Casablanca Mix, 5-2 Shaama Grise, 7-2 The Nipper, 9-1 On Demand,
100-1 Dancing Conquest.
1.35
P J McDonald
3 (3) 54500 HARD GRAFT 57 D Brown 9-2
C Lee (3)
4 (8) 06601 HELEN SHERBET 35 (CD) K Burke 9-0
M Harley
5 (7) 32310 LINA'S STAR 26 (D) D O'Meara 8-13
6 (4) 61620 GIVE EM A CLUMP 29 (V,D) P D Evans 8-13 Fran Berry
L Morris
7 (9) 05400 JAFFAR 10 (E,B) S Dixon 8-12
J Garritty
8 (2) 00033 OUR KID 22 (B) R Fahey 8-11
T Eaves
9 (10) 006 LADY SOPHIEBELLA 33 B Smart 8-8
F Norton
10 (6) 04040 OPTIMICKSTICKHILL 2 S Dixon 8-4
4-1 Helen Sherbet, 9-2 Give Em A Clump, Our Kid, 6-1 Lina's Star, 7-1
Montague, 9-1 Arden Pearl, 10-1 Hard Graft, Optimickstickhill, 16-1 others.
Handicap (�264: 6f 16y) (11)
H Shaw (7)
(5) 65561 VROOM 8 (P,CD) Miss G Kelleway 4-9-13
T J Murphy
(11) 03031 GHASEEDAH 17 (B,CD) S Crisford 3-9-11
M Harley
(2) 32565 THE AMBER FORT 54 (D) D O'Meara 3-9-11
T Eaves
(1) 02140 TAGUR 48 (P) K A Ryan 3-9-7
(4) 00201 KOMMANDER KIRKUP 23 (P,CD) M Herrington 6-9-7
A Mullen
L Morris
6 (3) 50002 VIVA VERGLAS 8 (CD) D M Loughnane 6-9-5
7 (8) 22403 MEANDMYSHADOW 20 (B,D) Alan Brown 9-9-5 C Hardie
8 (9) 06200 BOP IT 81 (T,D) M W Easterby 8-9-2
Rachel Richardson (3)
Doubtful
9 (7) 10010 KAABER 23 (T,B,CD,BF) M Blake 6-9-2
F Norton
10(10) 0-003 HUGIE BOY 10 (T,B,D) S Dixon 5-8-8
11 (6) 40000 JACKSONFIRE 5 (E,B) M Mullineaux 5-8-7
Phil Dennis (3)
15-8 Ghaseedah, 6-1 Viva Verglas, Vroom, 7-1 Kommander Kirkup, 8-1 The
Amber Fort, 12-1 Hugie Boy, Meandmyshadow, 14-1 Tagur, 20-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
3.25
Handicap (�264: 4f 214y) (11)
1 (3) 03511 PEARL ACCLAIM 2 (P,CD) D Griffiths 7-10-8 S Drowne
2 (7) 03612 ARCHIE STEVENS 10 (CD,BF) C Ellam 7-9-7 P Pilley (3)
3 (11) 20264 BOND BOMBSHELL 17 (V,D) D O'Meara 4-9-5
P Vaughan (7)
4 (5) 50610 ROY'S LEGACY 5 (CD) Shaun Harris 8-9-3 C Bennett (3)
J Quinn
5 (1) 02000 MEN UNITED 10 (T,D) S R Bowring 4-9-1
6 (2) 33645 COISTE BODHAR 10 (P,CD) S Dixon 6-9-0 J Gormley (5)
7 (4) 00544 SIR HARRY COLLINS 8 (V) M Appleby 3-8-11 A Mullen
T Eaves
8 (6) 5-006 DAZEEKHA 15 M Herrington 4-8-10
R Powell
9 (10) 50050 BLACKADDER 9 M Gillard 5-8-10
10 (9) 06-6 SECRET STRIKER 145 K Cunningham-Brown 5-8-10
Hollie Doyle
11 (8) 00003 VERY FIRST BLADE 10 (E,B,CD) M Mullineaux 8-8-10
Phil Dennis (3)
3-1 Pearl Acclaim, 4-1 Archie Stevens, 6-1 Men United, 8-1 Bond Bombshell,
Coiste Bodhar, Roy's Legacy, Sir Harry Collins, Very First Blade, 16-1 others.
D Noonan
1 6003B MIDNIGHT MAGIC 7 (T,P) D Pipe 5-11-12
2 50005 SWEET SHIRLEEN 14 (P) H J Evans 7-11-12
T Humphries (7)
M Bastyan (5)
3 3/6-5 RED TORTUE 29 (P) J Candlish 8-11-12
4 -35B5 PHARE ISLE 17 (T,P,C,D) B Case 12-11-11 M Kendrick (7)
03131
TRIOPAS
14
(D)
T
Lacey
5-11-9
Mr
T O'Brien (5)
5
6 02/F- HERESMYNUMBER 578 (T,P) Ali Stronge 7-11-8 B Powell
7 45-21 RED ADMIRABLE 35 (T,P,D) G McPherson 11-11-8
K K Woods
J Nixon (7)
8 0452- YOUNG LOU 274 (D) R Dickin 8-11-3
9 6-65U BURGESS DREAM 16 (D) Miss A Newton-Smith 8-11-0
A Thornton
10 -0000 RUN DON'T HIDE 89 (T) Paul Henderson 6-11-0 T O'Brien
R Dunne
11 25301 RIF RAFTOU 16 (H) S Drinkwater 7-10-13
M Grant
12 34-03 MAX DYNAMO 24 (H) Jim Wilson 7-10-12
M Hamill (5)
13 00P-P DIRTY DEXTER 214 G Harris 6-10-0
0-P0P
LORD
BUNNACURRY
36
(T,B)
M
Mullineaux
6-10-0
J Banks
14
J Quinlan
15 -054F THE LION MAN 35 (P) R Dickin 7-10-0
16 P4PPP ANNIE'SBOYDAVE 22 (T,B) P Pritchard 7-10-0 R Condon (7)
5-2 Triopas, 5-1 Midnight Magic, 11-2 Red Admirable, 6-1 Rif Raftou, 10-1
Heresmynumber, 12-1 Young Lou, Burgess Dream, Red Tortue, 20-1 others.
1.55
Novices? Chase (�330: 2m 20y) (4)
K K Woods
1 0-2F2 KAYF BLANCO 188 (D) G McPherson 8-11-0
N De Boinville
2 2U10- RATHER BE 236 (D) N Henderson 6-11-0
T O'Brien
3 10/32 WAR SOUND 24 (D) P Hobbs 8-11-0
4 314P/ RUBY RAMBLER 628 (C,D) Mrs L Wadham 7-10-7 L Aspell
11-8 Rather Be, 9-4 Ruby Rambler, 9-2 Kayf Blanco, War Sound.
2.25
Novices? Hurdle (�899: 2m 5f) (9)
2-4F COEUR PENSIF 26 B Pauling 5-10-12
D Jacob
1
T Bellamy
2 -P000 EARCOMESTOM 22 (T) P Pritchard 5-10-12
3/0 FREE TRAVEL 18 B Case 6-10-12
M Kendrick (7)
3
MR JACK Mrs L Jewell 5-10-12
L Aspell
4
P Brennan
5 P2-06 PAULS HILL 36 F O'Brien 5-10-12
C Gethings (3)
6 3/0F PULL TOGETHER 21 S Edmunds 5-10-12
H Skelton
7 230-0 TOMMY RAPPER 67 (T,BF) D Skelton 6-10-12
0 TWENTYONEBLACKJACK 190 M Keighley 5-10-12 A Tinkler
8
32-2 MISS ADVENTURE 23 P Middleton 5-10-5
C Shoemark
9
4-7 Tommy Rapper, 4-1 Miss Adventure, 13-2 Coeur Pensif, 7-1 Pull Together,
25-1 Pauls Hill, Twentyoneblackjack, 40-1 Mr Jack, 66-1 others.
3.00
Novices? Handicap Chase
(�549: 2m 5f 153y) (14)
J J Burke
1 P21P6 DEFINITLY GREY 27 (T) C Longsdon 6-11-8
2 5P2-U PINE WARBLER 21 (T) S Edmunds 8-11-7 C Gethings (3)
3 04-5P ANOTHER FRONTIER 32 (P) N Twiston-Davies 6-11-6
J Bargary (3)
D Bass
4 111-P BANDON ROC 51 (C) K Bailey 6-11-5
J E Moore
5 444-5 SIR WILL 33 (T,P,BF) K Lee 6-11-5
6 00-00 MISS TONGABEZI 29 (H,T) P Webber 8-11-4 R McLernon
7 3-041 SOMEWHERE TO BE 37 (P) M Keighley 5-11-3 T Bellamy
K K Woods
8 13-44 INDIAN NATIVE 29 (T,BF) A Hales 7-11-2
A Tinkler
9 F24-1 KAYFLEUR 30 (D) H Daly 8-11-1
H Skelton
10 014-6 ATLANTIC STORM 39 (T) D Skelton 5-11-0
M Grant
11 35-22 PINK GIN 14 (T,C) N Twiston-Davies 9-10-12
T O'Brien
12 0642P HEROES OR GHOSTS 20 Jo Davis 8-10-12
S Houlihan (7)
13 44-00 SAY MY NAME 13 (P) R Buckler 6-10-10
A P Heskin
14 0/U4- ONEIDA TRIBE 348 R Dickin 8-10-5
4-1 Somewhere To Be, 9-2 Kayfleur, 13-2 Atlantic Storm, Pink Gin, 8-1 Indian
Native, Sir Will, 10-1 Pine Warbler, 11-1 Definitly Grey, 12-1 others.
Mares? NH Flat Race
(�599: 1m 7f 151y) (16)
Rob Wright
12.25 Master Archer
2.25 Tommy Rapper
12.55 Heurtevent
3.00 Another Frontier
1.25 Triopas
3.35 Queens Cave
1.55 War Sound
Going: good to soft, soft in places
At The Races
Maiden Hurdle
(�249: 1m 7f 151y) (16)
1-222 AL SHAHIR 23 (D,BF) D Skelton 5-11-6
H Skelton
05-2 AWAKE AT MIDNIGHT 24 P Hobbs 5-11-6
T O'Brien
BITE MY TONGUE 243F John O'Neill 4-11-6 Mr J Nailor (7)
20-6 BOMBER'S MOON 26 (T) N Twiston-Davies 6-11-6 M Grant
4-B56 CASHANOVA 38 N Gifford 6-11-6
M Bastyan (5)
PP06 DIABLO DE ROUHET 28 J Hughes 4-11-6
W Kennedy
20-44 HAAFAPIECE 28 (D) Mrs P Sly 4-11-6
K K Woods
23-00 HES OUR ROBIN 36 (H) M Mullineaux 7-11-6
J Banks
1 KINGS MONARCH 229P K Lee 4-11-6
J E Moore
6-4 LYGON ROCK 28 H Daly 4-11-6
A Tinkler
053 RESILIENCY 39 (T) D Skelton 6-11-6 Bridget Andrews (3)
6-2 THE BOTTOM BAR 223 N Henderson 5-11-6
D Jacob
24 THE GO TOU MAN 41 H Whittington 4-11-6
H Bannister
F-40 PHOENIX ROCK 16 Jonjo O'Neill 5-10-13
R McLernon
5000 ZARA'S REFLECTION 30 (T) B Case 4-10-13
C Gethings (3)
MASTER ARCHER 50F J Fanshawe 3-10-7
L Aspell
16
9-2 Al Shahir, 11-2 The Bottom Bar, 7-1 Awake At Midnight, 9-1 Master
Archer, Resiliency, The Go Tou Man, 10-1 Bomber's Moon, 12-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
12.55
Handicap Hurdle
(�249: 2m 7f 211y) (16)
3.35
Towcester
12.25
1.25
Handicap Chase
(�249: 2m 3f 179y) (9)
1 432P6 EDWARD ELGAR 21 (P) Mrs C Bailey 6-11-12 A Thornton
A Johns
2 45-32 NORMANDY KING 25 (T,D) T Vaughan 6-11-11
R McLernon
3 36UU- VERY LIVE 281 (P) P Webber 8-11-10
J Quinlan
4 1-551 SOME FINISH 21 (P,C,D) R Dickin 8-11-1
H Brooke
5 44620 MORE MADNESS 41 (V) J Brooke 10-11-1
J Banks
6 -F653 PRESENTING WILLIAM 24 A Phillips 9-10-13
S Houlihan (7)
7 5-534 BALLYEGAN 21 (CD) R Buckler 12-10-3
L Edwards
8 05604 HEURTEVENT 21 (V,C) A Carroll 8-10-0
Mr J Nailor (7)
9 /PPU- ONURBIKE 392 John O'Neill 9-10-0
5-2 Normandy King, 100-30 Some Finish, 5-1 Very Live, 11-2 Ballyegan, 8-1
Edward Elgar, 12-1 More Madness, 14-1 Heurtevent, 16-1others.
ALL CHANGE P Webber 4-10-12
K K Woods
1
BELLE'S SPIRIT R Dickin 4-10-12
J Nixon (7)
2
2112
DINOS
BENEFIT
46P
R
Woollacott
5-10-12
D Jacob
3
5 FRIZZLE 37 Miss E Lavelle 4-10-12
P Cowley (7)
4
42-0 JENNIFER JUNIPER 22 (BF) F O'Brien 4-10-12 P Brennan
5
LICKETY SPLIT M Scudamore 4-10-12
R Dunne
6
0 MAGGIES LEGEND 41 (T) A Hales 4-10-12 C H Davies (7)
7
MIDNIGHTREFERENDUM A King 4-10-12 W Hutchinson
8
OSCARS LITTLE ROSE S Thomas 4-10-12
A P Heskin
9
3 PINEAPPLE RUSH 33 P Hobbs 4-10-12
T O'Brien
10
4 QUEENOHEARTS 43 S Edmunds 4-10-12
C Gethings (3)
11
1 QUEENS CAVE 39P D Pipe 4-10-12
D Noonan
12
4 SHANTUNG 22 Mrs L Wadham 4-10-12
L Aspell
13
STRAVINSKYS FLAME (H) G Harris 4-10-12 M Hamill (5)
14
THE LAWLEY M Appleby 6-10-12
J E Moore
15
THE TOOJUMPA J Groucott 4-10-12
L Edwards
16
5-2 Pineapple Rush, 7-2 Queens Cave, 6-1 Queenohearts, 8-1 Dinos Benefit,
10-1 Jennifer Juniper, Midnightreferendum, 12-1 Shantung, 14-1 others.
Chelmsford
Rob Wright
5.45 Twiggy
7.45 Thaqaffa
6.15 Artieshow
8.15 Aleef
6.45 Natch
8.45 Olaudah (nb)
7.15 Corked
Going: standard
At The Races
Draw: 5f-1m, low numbers best
5.45
Amateur Riders? Handicap
(�120: 7f) (9)
1 (7) 00222 COMPLICIT 15 (P,D) J Levins (Ire) 6-11-1 Mr A Ferguson
Mr B Lynn (3)
2 (6) 00034 TWIGGY 52 (H) I Jardine 3-11-0
3 (3) 33040 MOI AUSSIE 87 (P,D) M Appleby 4-10-12
Miss S Brotherton
4 (4) 05250 MISU PETE 44 (P,CD) M Usher 5-10-12
Miss E Mackenzie (5)
5 (2) 01030 MR ANDROS 13 (T,B,CD) B Powell 4-10-9
Miss M Stratton (7)
6 (5) 24515 PITCH HIGH 16 (D) Miss J Feilden 3-10-7
Miss J Cooley (3)
7 (1) -0364 HINT OF GREY 37J (V) D Cantillon 4-10-7 Mr S Walker
8 (8) 30060 MOWHOOB 13 (P,C,D) B Barr 7-10-0 Mr C A Jones (7)
9 (9) 44020 ALL OR NOTHIN 49 (CD) P Butler 8-10-0
Miss M Bryant (5)
3-1 Complicit, 9-2 Hint Of Grey, 5-1 Moi Aussie, 13-2 Mr Andros, 15-2 Misu
Pete, 8-1 Pitch High, 17-2 Twiggy, 12-1 All Or Nothin, 16-1 Mowhoob.
6.15
Novice Stakes (2-Y-O: �528: 7f) (11)
3 ARTIESHOW 13 M Botti 9-2
D Muscutt
1 (1)
K Shoemark
2 (4) 000 DEMURRER 19 Michael Bell 9-2
5 DOLLAR VALUE 22 R Cowell 9-2
L Morris
3 (10)
FALLING WOOD M Botti 9-2
M M Monaghan (3)
4 (11)
05 HAVERLAND 7 C Fellowes 9-2
S Donohoe
5 (3)
IRISH TIMES H Spiller 9-2
Fran Berry
6 (8)
06 SHYJACK 23 G Margarson 9-2
Jane Elliott (5)
7 (2)
02 THE BRITISH LION 28 M Johnston 9-2
P J McDonald
8 (9)
0 CAROLYN'S VOICE 57 S C Williams 8-11
A Jones (3)
9 (6)
6 ELLEN GATES 22 R Hughes 8-11
S W Kelly
10 (7)
MOVE SWIFTLY W Haggas 8-11
T Marquand
11 (5)
13-8 The British Lion, 9-2 Artieshow, Move Swiftly, 6-1 Haverland, 8-1 others.
6.45
Maiden Stakes
(2-Y-O: �763: 1m) (9)
02 BEST BLUE 28 Michael Bell 9-5
C Noble (5)
1 (8)
T Marquand
2 (3) 603 ISLAND COURT 26 J Moore 9-5
MOOD FOR MISCHIEF E Walker 9-5
L Keniry
3 (7)
00 MYTHOLOGICAL 57 P Chapple-Hyam 9-5
L Morris
4 (9)
NATCH J Gosden 9-5
N Mackay
5 (1)
2 THE JUNGLE VIP 35 M Johnston 9-5
P J McDonald
6 (4)
0 TTMAB 57 M Tompkins 9-5
J Haynes
7 (6)
0 WINDS OF FIRE 12 (BF) C Appleby 9-5
A Kirby
8 (2)
R Winston
9 (5) 33423 FLEETING FREEDOM 35 A Bailey 9-0
11-4 The Jungle VIP, 7-2 Best Blue, Natch, 6-1 Winds Of Fire, 8-1 others.
7.15
Fillies? Handicap (�175: 1m) (7)
L Keniry
1 (1) -2212 CORKED 20 (C) E Walker 4-9-8
L Morris
2 (7) 06336 HAWATIF 26 A Carson 4-9-7
A Kirby
3 (5) 52200 STOSUR 20 (V,C,D) Miss G Kelleway 6-9-4
P J McDonald
4 (2) 06231 DELLAGUISTA 12 T Easterby 3-9-3
5 (3) 21301 TITAN GODDESS 13 (CD) Mike Murphy 5-9-1 S W Kelly
6 (4) 40460 PALAVICINI RUN 13 J Levins (Ire) 4-8-13 D O'Connor (5)
7 (6) 21206 INDIGO PRINCESS 149 M Appleby 4-8-10 K Lundie (5)
9-4 Corked, 5-2 Dellaguista, 9-2 Hawatif, 11-2 Titan Goddess, 9-1 Indigo
Princess, 10-1 Palavicini Run, 14-1 Stosur.
7.45
Handicap (�175: 1m 2f) (7)
S Woods (7)
1 (7) 13541 IL SICARIO 53J (D) W G M Turner 3-9-8
J Mitchell
2 (4) 23321 CHORAL CLAN 21 (C,D) B Powell 6-9-7
3 (2) 10223 JACK OF DIAMONDS 16 (BF) R Teal 8-9-6
Rossa Ryan (7)
4 (5) 30540 BRIDGE OF SIGHS 58 (P,C,D) L Carter 5-9-5
C Bennett (3)
K Shoemark
5 (3) 05003 THAQAFFA 20 A Murphy 4-9-5
L Morris
6 (1) 14512 ANNA MEDICI 20 (P,C) Mike Murphy 3-9-4
A Jones (3)
7 (6) 42520 RELEVANT 30 (T) S C Williams 3-8-11
3-1 Choral Clan, 4-1 Anna Medici, Jack Of Diamonds, Thaqaffa, 9-2 Relevant,
12-1 Bridge Of Sighs, 25-1 Il Sicario.
8.15
Handicap (�086: 6f) (8)
Hollie Doyle
(2) 20034 DIAMOND LADY 9 (D) W Stone 6-9-9
Fran Berry
(6) 14350 UPAVON 16 (H,T,CD) S C Williams 7-9-7
R Winston
(8) 05041 CAPPANANTY CON 14 (CD) D Ivory 3-9-7
J Duern (3)
(1) 20225 NEZAR 14 (D) D Ivory 6-9-6
A Kirby
(5) 00504 ALEEF 14 (H,T,D) D O'Meara 4-9-6
(7) 43401 ENVISAGING 47 (T,D) J Fanshawe 3-9-5 P J McDonald
35500
AGUEROOO 17 (P,C,D) O Pears 4-9-5
S W Kelly
(4)
(3) 00203 RED TYCOON 14 (D) K Cunningham-Brown 5-8-11
H Crouch (3)
7-2 Nezar, 5-1 Cappananty Con, Envisaging, Aleef, Diamond Lady, 12-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8.45
Handicap (�911: 6f) (14)
E Greatrex
1 (1) 00021 PULSATING 5 (P,D) A Watson 3-9-13
2 (4) 50000 ONLY TEN PER CENT 38 (V,D) J Jenkins 9-9-7
A Rawlinson
P P Mathers
3 (7) 36062 NARALSAIF 21 (V) D Shaw 3-9-6
W Cox (5)
4 (13) 10000 TEA EL TEE 17 (P) Miss G Kelleway 3-9-6
Fran Berry
5 (12) 0303 IRISH SKY 15 (T) H Spiller 3-9-6
Hollie Doyle
6 (10) 03000 HEAD SPACE 59 (T,V,D) B Barr 9-9-5
D Muscutt
7 (6) -0006 LA FORTUNA 14 C Wallis 4-9-5
A Kirby
8 (3) 52004 OLAUDAH 14 H Candy 3-9-4
9 (9) 00430 JAN STEEN 104 (D,BF) J Levins (Ire) 4-9-4
D O'Connor (5)
10(11) 00000 SILVER SPRINGS 77 (CD) R Ingram 4-9-4
Rhiain Ingram (5)
11 (5) 04332 BLACK TRUFFLE 7 (P,D,BF) M Usher 7-9-4
Nicola Currie (7)
R Winston
12 (8) 44454 CALEDONIAN GOLD 35 (B) P D'Arcy 4-9-2
13(14) 50500 CAPTAIN SCOOBY 5 (B,CD) Richard Guest 11-9-2 L Morris
14 (2) 02000 BUBBLY BAILEY 69 (V,D) J Jenkins 7-9-2 T Marquand
9-4 Pulsating, 5-2 Olaudah, 8-1 Black Truffle, Caledonian Gold, 12-1 others.
Course specialists
Chelmsford: Trainers W Haggas, 28 from 100
runners, 28.0%; J Gosden, 28 from 119, 23.5%;
C Appleby, 17 from 79, 21.5%.
Jockey M M Monaghan, 9 from 55 rides, 16.4%.
Exeter: Trainers H Fry, 27 from 68, 39.7%; N
Henderson, 6 from 22, 27.3%; T Lacey, 4 from 15,
26.7%; E Williams, 12 from 52, 23.1%.
Jockey Lizzie Kelly, 5 from 19, 26.3%.
Southwell: Trainers S Crisford, 6 from 14, 42.9%; A
Watson, 3 from 8, 37.5%; M Blake, 5 from 18, 27.8%;
D Brown, 12 from 49, 24.5%; I Jardine, 5 from 23,
21.7%. Jockey D Keenan, 3 from 7, 42.9%.
Towcester: Trainers K Lee, 3 from 8, 37.5%; N
Henderson, 13 from 35, 37.1%; H Daly, 12 from 39,
30.8%; A King, 10 from 33, 30.3%.
Jockey A P Heskin, 3 from 9, 33.3%.
Yesterday?s racing results
Ludlow
Going: soft (good to soft in places)
12.20 (1m 7f 169yd hdle) 1, Melangerie (J
Bowen, 11-2); 2, Casterly Rock (5-1); 3,
Scorpion Princess (33-1). 14 ran. NR:
Urtheonethatiwant, Vbadge Treat. 3l, 2Kl.
N Henderson.
12.50 (2m 4f 11yd ch) 1, Hogan?s Height (G
Sheehan, 9-2); 2, Midnight Target (16-1); 3,
Bach De Clermont (8-1). 8 ran. 1Nl, 1Kl.
J Snowden.
1.20 (1m 7f 212yd ch) 1, Colin?s Brother (J
Bargary, 9-4 fav); 2, Festive Affair (12-1); 3,
Vivaccio (3-1). 6 ran. 3Ol, 1Ol. N TwistonDavies.
1.55 (2m 5f 55yd hdle) 1, Chilli Filli (R Johnson,
7-2); 2, Diva Reconce (9-2); 3, Fairy Pol (28-1).
12 ran. 2Kl, 1l. H Daly.
2.30 (2m 7f 171yd ch) 1, Relentless Dreamer (J
Bowen, 5-1); 2, Marcilhac (9-1); 3, Monbeg
Charmer (7-2). 9 ran. Nk, 16l. Miss R Curtis.
3.05 (1m 7f 169yd hdle) 1, Litterale Ci (Miss A
O?Connor, 7-2); 2, Prussian Eagle (6-1); 3,
Ascendant (8-1). 9 ran. NR: Nefyn Bay. 4l, 4Kl.
H Fry.
3.35 (1m 6f 7yd flat) 1, Harambe (T Bellamy,
14-1); 2, Flash The Steel (3-1); 3, Thibault (7-1).
14 ran. Nk, 4Kl. A King.
Placepot: �9.40.
Quadpot: �.60.
Lingfield Park
Going: standard
11.40 (1m) 1, Three Weeks (M Harley, 8-11 fav);
2, Brigham Young (7-2); 3, Thistimelastyear
(33-1). 10 ran. Ol, 7l. W Haggas.
12.10 (1m) 1, Mewtow (O Murphy, 7-1); 2,
Oskemen (13-8 fav); 3, Sweet Charity (7-2). 9
ran. 1Kl, 1Kl. G Scott.
12.40 (7f) 1, Dancing Brave Bear (S Donohoe,
20-1); 2, Cosmic Love (12-1); 3, Perfection (5-4
fav). 11 ran. NR: Completely. 1l, 1Kl. E Vaughan.
1.10 (1m 2f) 1, Black Dave (Fran Berry, 3-1); 2,
Lazarus (9-2); 3, Top Diktat (14-1). 5 ran. 1Kl,
ns. P D Evans.
1.45 (7f) 1, Motown Mick (T J Murphy, 13-8
fav); 2, Roseau City (11-2); 3, The Mums (10-1).
5 ran. NR: Central City, Zalshah. Sh hd, ns.
R Hannon.
2.20 (6f) 1, Billyoakes (L Morris, 7-1); 2, Strictly
Carter (4-1); 3, Krazy Paving (16-1). 10 ran. NR:
Drop Kick Murphi, Spin Top. Ol, Kl. C Wallis.
2.55 (1m 7f 169yd) 1, Noble Behest (A Kirby, 2-1
fav); 2, Lost The Moon (4-1); 3, Volpone Jelois
(7-2). 7 ran. Nk, 1Nl. R Stephens.
3.25 (1m 4f) 1, Bamako Du Chatelet (L Catton,
20-1); 2, Alternate Route (11-2); 3, Zambeasy
(10-1). 11 ran. 2Nl, 1l. I Williams.
Placepot: �.20.
Quadpot: �.80.
Newbury
Going: soft
12.30 (2m 69yd hdle) 1, Style De Garde (N de
Boinville, 5-4 fav); 2, Doctor Bartolo (7-4); 3,
The Blues Master (8-1). 12 ran. 8l, 2l.
N Henderson.
1.00 (2m 69yd hdle) 1, Pacific De Baune (N de
Boinville, 7-1); 2, Potterman (7-4 fav); 3,
Brianstorm (7-2). 21 ran. 7l, 5l. N Henderson.
1.30 (2m 7f 86yd ch) 1, Dingo Dollar (W
Hutchinson, 7-2 jt-fav); 2, Baden (7-2 jt-fav); 3,
Joe Farrell (5-1). 7 ran. 15l, 6l. A King.
2.05 (2m 7f 86yd ch) 1, Ms Parfois (N Fehily,
9-4 fav); 2, Happy Diva (13-2); 3, Two Swallows
(5-1). 7 ran. 3Kl, 4l. A Honeyball.
2.40 (2m 92yd ch) 1, Lake Field (M Hamill, 7-2);
2, Red Riverman (9-1); 3, Old Salt (8-1).
8 ran. NR: Born To Size, Ramonex. 18l, 6l.
K Bailey.
3.15 (2m 4f 118yd hdle) 1, Mr Whipped (N de
Boinville, 7-1); 2, Gowiththeflow (9-4); 3,
Melrose Boy (4-5 fav). 10 ran. 3l, 8l.
N Henderson.
3.45 (1m 4f 143yd flat) 1, Aimee De Sivola
(Lizzie Kelly, 5-1); 2, So Lonely (40-1); 3, Maebh
(20-1). 10 ran. 2l, 7l. N Williams.
Placepot: �.10.
Quadpot: �.10.
Kempton Park
Going: standard
4.10 (6f) 1, Worship (O Murphy, 11-4); 2, Desert
Doctor (8-1); 3, Count Otto (6-5 fav). 11 ran. NR:
Ambroise. Kl, 2Ol. D Simcock.
4.40 (7f) 1, Mr Ritz (M Harley, 6-1); 2, La
Maquina (9-2); 3, My Boy Sepoy (50-1). 13 ran.
NR: Michael Corleone. 1l, 10l. J Noseda.
5.10 (1m) 1, Glencadam Master (R Havlin,
13-8); 2, Tum Tum (6-1); 3, Battle Lines (25-1).
12 ran. NR: La Mernancia. 1Ol, 2Kl. J Gosden.
5.40 (1m) 1, Native Appeal (A Kirby, 9-4 fav); 2,
Albishr (11-2); 3, Talas (3-1). 12 ran. NR:
Fronsac. Ol, 1Kl. C Appleby.
6.10 (1m) 1, Dance Teacher (L P Keniry, 14-1); 2,
Chestnut Fire (10-1); 3, Ice Royal (15-2). 13 ran.
NR: Gentlemen. 1l, nk. D Elsworth.
6.40 (6f) 1, Cool Breeze (Milly Naseb, 11-2); 2,
Pretty Bubbles (11-2); 3, Toolatetodelegate
(8-1). 8 ran. 2Nl, Kl. D Simcock.
7.10 (7f) 1, Veena (O Murphy, 10-1); 2,
Groundfrost (7-2); equal 3, Courier (4-1) and
Magic Mirror (3-1 fav). NR: Made Of Honour,
Robbie Roo Roo. Hd, hd, dd-ht. D Simcock.
7.40 (1m 7f 218yd) 1, Aumerle (L Morris, 7-1);
2, Great Return (4-1); 3, Spiritoftomintoul
(14-1). 14 ran. 3l, hd. S Lycett.
Placepot: �.40.
Quadpot: �.50.
64
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Sport Rugby union
Gustard answers Northampton?s SOS call
DAVID ROGERS/GETTY IMAGES
Alex Lowe
Deputy Rugby Correspondent
Northampton Saints recruited the
England defence coach to take training
yesterday as the club look to halt a run
of ten defeats in 11 games that has cost
one man his job and threatens to damage the local economy.
Paul Gustard was called in yesterday
by Alan Dickens, who has been in
interim charge since Jim Mallinder was
sacked as director of rugby. Dickens,
the former scrum half, has ambitions to
prove he is the right man to lead the
club permanently but to do so he will
need to engineer a transformation in
form and fortune.
Dylan Hartley, the club captain,
revealed that productivity falls in the
town?s Carlsberg factory and at
Church?s shoes, another of the club?s
leading sponsors, when Saints lose.
Given their run of defeats there must
be a risk of a dry Christmas in Northampton. ?We need to find a win somewhere to help production in the town,?
Hartley said.
The first area on which Dickens has
focused is defence. Northampton have
conceded 56 tries in 14 games in the
Premiership and Europe this season,
including 22 in four Champions Cup
matches, which is the worst defensive
record in the competition.
So Dickens called up Gustard, whom
he has known since they played together at Saracens. The England coaches routinely visit the Aviva Premiership
clubs but Gustard?s visit yesterday was
more of the SOS variety.
?Having Gustard here was brilliant,?
Hartley said. ?He is a good coach, a different voice. Someone else?s experience
of coaching defence can only help us, so
Where they need to improve
Worst tackling success
rate in Premiership
Harlequins
83%
London Irish
84%
Northampton
85%
Bath
86%
Most points conceded per game
London Irish
32.1
Harlequins
28.7
Worcester
27.9
Northampton
25.8
Gustard, the
England coach,
was brought in
to shore up the
Saints defence
it has definitely been beneficial. Our
defence hasn?t been great. We have conceded an average of four tries per game.
It is about going back to basics and
practising the real basic things. Watching the game at the weekend [against
Ospreys in the Champions Cup] there
were huge signs of improvement defensively.
?We had Mark Hopley, Phil Dowson
and Paul Gustard doing a brilliant
defence session today. It is continual.
There is not just one fix that makes
everything OK. You want these things
to be habit and to do that you have to
keep plugging away every day.?
Northampton return to Franklin?s
Gardens to face Exeter Chiefs on Saturday in their first home game since Mallinder?s departure, which was triggered
by a dismal defeat by Ospreys in front of
only 8,100 fans. Living in a rugby town,
there is no escape from the pressure.
?My neighbour, Ken, walks the dog
every day. He just grumbles and either
nods or shakes his head,? Hartley said.
?He is fairly supportive. We are very
privileged to have this stadium here in
this town and when we win it is brilliant.
When we lose you have to carry that as
well. Talking to Stephen Etheridge,
chief executive of Church?s, production
in the factory goes down when we lose.
The same at Carlsberg.
?It has been a big shock. It is not a nice
feeling. Some players have known Jim
longer than others so there is that
attachment, a sense of responsibility. It
is professional sport and I understand
why these things happen. It is never one
person?s fault. It is a collective and we
have got to look at ourselves.
?If anything we have been galvanised
by the current situation. There is
nowhere else to look at other than
ourselves for improvements and
results. The spotlight is on us.?
Mallinder was given a long time to
reverse Northampton?s fortunes but he
was unable to prevent a slide that began
after their title triumph in 2014.
?What we can?t do is keep looking to
the past and saying we did this and we
did that,? Hartley said. ?We need to look
at ourselves and look at what we have
got in the room. I don?t see a squad that?s
fragmented, I don?t see a squad that?s got
fear. We?ve got the right people in the
room, we?ve got the right squad, and I
fully believe it?s not far for us.?
Dickens is leaning heavily on Hartley, who agreed to take on the Northampton captaincy at the start of the
season. ?There has been a lot that has
knocked Dylan but the club has stood
by him and Dylan will repay that faith,?
Dickens said. ?He leads men and the
players will get around Dylan.?
Mark Darbon, the Saints chief executive, will consult Hartley as the board
looks to reinforce the coaching team
for the remainder of this season, while
conducting a search for a ?world-class?
director of rugby.
Dickens has no experience in the
role, having cut his coaching teeth first
in the Northampton academy and then
as part of Mallinder?s senior management team. The next four months
represent an opportunity for him to
stake a claim for the job. ?I am sure that
it is [an ambition]. If we get some wins
on the board and the club are talking,
then I?m happy,? Dickens said.
Wales plan alcohol-free zone at internationals next autumn
Steve James
An alcohol-free zone is set to be introduced at the Principality Stadium after
complaints about spectator behaviour
during Wales?s autumn internationals
? and the RFU might consider
whether to follow suit at Twickenham.
It has been a problem for some time
at many internationals, but appeared to
reach an all-time low during the match
between Wales and New Zealand last
month. There were many complaints of
abuse and huge inconvenience to
supporters as other fans went back and
forth to the bar and toilets.
?Our job is to deliver what the
customers want. We will definitely
want to try an alcohol-free zone next
autumn,? Martyn Phillips, the chief
executive of the WRU, said.
?We ran surveys in the autumn to ask
people what their experience was like,
what did you enjoy, what didn?t you
Results and scoreboards
Football
Carabao Cup: Quarter-finals
Bristol City (0) 2 Man Utd (0) 1
Bryan 51
Ibrahimovic 58
Smith 90+3
26,088
Chelsea
(1) 2 Bournemouth (0) 1
Willian 13
Gosling 90
Morata 90+1
41,168
6 Semi-final draw on page 71
Labrokes Scottish
Premiership
Celtic
(1) 2 Partick
(0) 0
Armstrong 35
54,187
Tierney 67
FA Trophy: First round: Gateshead 2
Guiseley 1 (after extra time).
Cricket
First one-day international
New Zealand v West Indies
Whangarei (New Zealand won toss):
New Zealand beat West Indies by
five wickets
West Indies
(balls)
C H Gayle c Latham
b Bracewell
22 (31)
E Lewis lbw b Astle
76(100)
?S D Hope c Latham
b Bracewell
0 (1)
S O Hetmyer c Ferguson
b Astle 29 (42)
J N Mohammed b Ferguson
9 (8)
*J O Holder c Taylor
b Bracewell 8 (14)
R Powell c Williamson
b Bracewell 59 (50)
A R Nurse lbw b Astle
2 (8)
R R Beaton c Latham
b Ferguson 3 (26)
K O K Williams not out
16 (20)
S T Gabriel not out
0 (0)
Extras (lb 6, w 18)
24
Total (9 wkts, 50 overs)
248
Fall of wickets: 1-40, 2-41, 3-103, 4-117,
5-134, 6-177, 7-182, 8-201, 9-246.
Bowling: Southee 10-2-49-0; Boult
10-2-48-0;
Ferguson
10-0-49-2;
Bracewell 8-0-55-4; Astle 10-1-33-3;
Munro 2-0-8-0.
New Zealand
(balls)
G H Worker b Nurse
57 (66)
C Munro c Nurse b Williams 49 (36)
*K S Williamson b Holder
38 (45)
L R P L Taylor not out
49 (76)
?T W M Latham lbw b Nurse 17 (19)
H M Nicholls c Hope b Holder 17 (21)
T D Astle not out
15 (13)
Extras (lb 2, w 5)
7
Total (5 wkts, 46 overs)
249
D A J Bracewell, T G Southee, L H
Ferguson and T A Boult did not bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-108, 2-118, 3-175,
4-201, 5-230.
Bowling: Gabriel 10-0-57-0; Beaton
9-1-42-0; Holder 9-1-52-2; Williams
5-0-18-1; Nurse 10-0-55-2; Mohammed 2-0-13-0; Powell 1-0-10-0.
Umpires: C Brown (NZ)
and C Shamshuddin (India).
6 New Zealand lead three-match
series 1-0
First Twenty20 international
India v Sri Lanka
Cuttack (Sri Lanka won toss): India
beat Sri Lanka by 93 runs
India
(balls)
*R G Sharma c Chameera
b Mathews
17 (13)
K L Rahul b N L T C Perera
61 (48)
S S Iyer c Dickwella b Pradeep 24 (20)
?M S Dhoni not out
39 (22)
M Pandey not out
32 (18)
Extras (b 1, lb 1, w 4, nb 1)
7
Total (3 wkts, 20 overs)
180
D K Karthik, H H Pandya, K Yadav,
J D Unadkat, J J Bumrah and Y S Chahal
did not bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-38, 2-101, 3-112.
Bowling:
Fernando
2-0-16-0;
Dananjaya
4-0-30-0;
Chameera
3-0-38-0; Mathews 3-0-19-1; N L T C
Perera 4-0-37-1; Pradeep 4-0-38-1.
Sri Lanka
(balls)
?D P D N Dickwella c Rahul
b Unadkat
13 (8)
W U Tharanga c Dhoni
b Chahal
23 (16)
M D K J Perera c Dhoni
b Yadav
19 (28)
A D Mathews c and b Chahal 1 (7)
D A S Gunaratne st Dhoni
b Chahal
4 (4)
M D Shanaka c Pandya b Yadav 1 (6)
*N L T C Perera st Dhoni
b Chahal
3 (4)
A Dananjaya
c and b Pandya
7 (7)
P V D Chameera c Rahul
b Pandya 12 (14)
M V T Fernando not out
0 (0)
N Pradeep c Unadkat b Pandya 2 (2)
Extras (w 2)
2
Total (16 overs)
87
Fall of wickets: 1-15, 2-39, 3-46, 4-55,
5-58, 6-62, 7-70, 8-76, 9-85.
Bowling: Pandya 4-0-29-3; Unadkat
2-0-7-1; Chahal 4-0-23-4; Bumrah
2-0-10-0; Yadav 4-0-18-2.
Umpires: N Menon (India)
and C K Nandan (India).
6 India lead three-match series 1-0
Darts
William Hill World Championship
Alexandra Palace, London: Preliminary round: B Smith (NZ) bt Zong
Xiaochen (China) 2-0. First round:
M Smith (Eng) bt S Lennon (Ire) 3-2;
S Whitlock (Aus) bt M Schindler (Ger);
J Pipe (Eng) bt Smith 3-2.
enjoy? One good example was the
whole drinking piece.
?What we now understand is that it is
a big part of the experience for lots of
people that come here. Coming to a
rugby international they want to have a
drink. Equally there?s a segment that?s
saying they like a different experience.
They don?t want people standing up
and sitting down, or they want to bring
their children.?
And the RFU admitted that it will
discuss the issue. ?This is an interesting
idea and we wouldn?t rule out anything
which improves the customer
experience,? said an RFU spokesman.
Phillips also confirmed that the
WRU was looking for a head coach to
replace Warren Gatland after the 2019
World Cup.
?It is important that he has a
track record and has won something
important,? he said. The shortlist, as
revealed recently by The Times, is
understood to be a trio of New Zealanders in Dave Rennie, Wayne Pivac and
Chris Boyd, with Rennie the favourite.
?We want a pretty rounded individual, not just a great coach,? Phillips said.
?Nationality is not an issue. We have a
shortlist of three and they have to buy
into our model.?
Wales are set to play an additional
Test, in the United States, but not
against the US, before their two-Test
tour to Argentina next summer.
Release of Sky ?Jiffy bag? letters blocked
Cycling
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
UK Anti-Doping has refused to release
letters it sent to Team Sky and British
Cycling after the conclusion of its ?Jiffy
bag? investigation despite requests
made under the Freedom of
Information Act.
The organisation, which is publicly
funded, imposed an exemption on the
letters being released, saying to do so
could make Ukad liable to legal action
and was not in the public interest.
Last month, Ukad announced that
Sir Bradley Wiggins and Team Sky
would not face any charges, saying its
investigation was unable to ?definitively confirm? the contents of a package
delivered to the rider in June 2011.
The investigation was launched in
September 2016 after Ukad was told the
package contained the powerful corticosteroid triamcinolone, but Richard
Freeman, the former Team Sky doctor
who administered the contents to Wiggins, insisted it was Fluimucil, a legal
decongestant used to treat asthma.
Ukad did issue warnings to British
Cycling and Team Sky that both organisations had failed to maintain medical records detailing the package?s contents. It will not release those letters,
however.
A response to the FoI request stated:
?Ukad would likely become engaged in legal disputes (eg in respect of breaches of confidence)
that would divert Ukad?s limited
resources (financial and labour)
towards legal matters unrelated to its core functions.
?This exemption applies
in circumstances where disclosure to the public would
constitute an actionable
breach of confidence. Ukad
is of the view that public
disclosure would constitute
a breach of confidence actionable by Team Sky and/
or British Cycling.
?Ukad has come to the view
Wiggins has strenuously
denied any wrongdoing
that a ?public interest? defence would
not be available to Ukad in the circumstances of the case were Ukad to be subject to an action for breach of confidence.?
Nicole Sapstead, the Ukad chief
executive, admitted last month that the
investigation had been ?hampered?
by a lack of accurate medical
records being available at British
Cycling and Team Sky. Freeman
told investigators he lost his
files when his laptop was
stolen while on holiday in
Greece.
Sapstead said last month:
?This is a serious concern.
As part of their conditions
to receive public funding,
all sports governing
bodies must comply with
the UK National AntiDoping Policy. In this case
the matter was further
complicated by the crossover between personnel
at British Cycling and
Team Sky.?
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
65
2G M
Sport
MALCOLM COUZENS/GETTY IMAGES
Rugby has gone
soft, but it must
become softer if
it is to survive
Comment
Owen Slot
Chief Rugby
Correspondent
P
rofessional rugby is in a
deeply uncomfortable
position. It is a contact sport
and therefore its players
court physical danger. Its
struggle is to maintain a balance
where the level of danger is
acceptable because otherwise the
professional game will not remain
sustainable. This balance is becoming
harder to find. That is rugby?s greatest
modern challenge, and that is what
the Manu Tuilagi row over a dangerous tackle, for which he was cleared
yesterday, was all about.
To recap: on Sunday, in the 49th
minute of Leicester Tigers? game
against Munster, Tuilagi tackled Chris
Cloete, the Munster flanker. He rode
up into the tackle, his shoulder made
contact with Cloete?s face with
considerable force. He should have
been sent to the sin-bin.
The incident looked
cked
innocuous. It wasn?t picked
up by the referee or thee
TMO. Yet when
Tuilagi was cited on
Monday, the
response was loud
and, mainly, angry.
The point was made
by Brian O?Driscoll
on Twitter: ?The
game has gone soft if
ose
The tackle on Sunday rose
above Cloete?s shoulderr line
we?re picking up on marginal
collisions like the Manu Tuilagi tackle
he?s been cited for.?
O?Driscoll is right. The game has
gone soft. However, the game will
never find the right balance if it
doesn?t go a little softer. The game
has to protect the head. Cloete?s was
unprotected. The laws were tightened
at the start of the year to give him the
protection that Tuilagi violated.
The new interpretation deals with
the ?reckless tackle? and ?the risk of
making contact with the head of an
opponent? ? ?even if the tackle starts
below the line of the shoulders?. So
Tuilagi?s was reckless. Minimum
sanction: yellow card. Maximum: red.
The citing commissioner agreed that
it didn?t warrant a red card and
dismissed the case.
Never, ever was there any intent in
Tuilagi?s tackle. No malice. That is not
the point. Cloete?s head is the point.
Here is the real point: maybe, next
time, Tuilagi will start his tackle lower
down the torso of his opponent,
further away from the risk of the
head. Maybe this was his lesson.
Probably the most influential tackle
on an English rugby field this year
was in the second weekend of
S
January, Saracens
versus
Exeter Chiefs, the double
tackl of Brad Barritt
tackle
and Richard
Ba
Barrington
on Geoff
P
Parling
that left
P
Parling unconscious,
B
Barrington sent off
aand Barritt banned
fo three weeks.
for
Forgetting the
righ and wrongs of
rights
the refereeing
re
decisionmaking at the time, if ever
there was a message to the
?Russia? on
Olympic kit
despite ban
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Russian athletes competing as ?neutrals? at the Winter Olympics next year
will still be able to have the word
?Russia? on their kit despite the country?s ban from Pyeongchang, the IOC
has announced.
The decision has been criticised by
Bill Bock, the US Anti-Doping Agency?s general counsel, who claimed
?Russia has had the IOC chasing its tail
since day one of the doping scandal?.
More than 200 athletes are set to
compete in South Korea as an ?Olympic
Athlete from Russia?, with a logo saying
the same thing. A maximum of two
colours from the red, white and blue
Russian flag will be permitted on the kit,
with only darker tones of red and blue
allowed. Russia may also be allowed to
fly its flag at the closing ceremony.
Bock told The Times: ?The kit is
nothing to do with if the playing field is
Tuilagi was cleared yesterday after the possibility of a six-week ban was raised
Premiership players that head contact
was going to be punished, that was it.
The reaction was loud. Many fears
were voiced that reds and yellows
would fly during the Six Nations and
that the outcome would swing on
some such decision. Nothing of the
sort happened. But it was the loud
reaction that was important.
Since January, the rash of reds and
yellows has decreased. I am not sure
yet whether that is because the
referees have eased off or because the
players have learnt from what they
saw and adjusted their tackling.
This is progress. World Rugby, the
game?s governing body, set out the
new interpretations to protect the
head. They may not be sufficient and
there are numerous other parts of the
game where players are dangerously
unprotected (the clearout at the
ruck), yet the intention is right.
I would go further. Tacklers need to
steer clear of the head ? that is why
World Rugby tightened the laws and
why Tuilagi should have been shown
a yellow card. A year ago, though,
World Rugby promised to trial
lowering the legal tackle height. The
pledge was that this trial would be
staged at a non-professional level. A
year later, nothing has happened; the
inactivity is deeply disturbing. In the
next decade I would expect a number
of such radical game-changers to be
trialled to keep the professional game
sustainable.
Yes, the game may have gone a
little softer. But that is because, in two
decades of professionalism, it just got
harder and harder, year on year, to
the point where it is now ready to
break. So it needs to turn back a little,
otherwise professional rugby will
cease to work.
Russians who
compete in
next year?s
Games will
have this
badge on their
kit, as well as
two colours
of their flag
level ? the IOC has made it irrelevant
because it has done so little to deter
Russia. They are putting the cart before
the horse. The main issue is the criteria
that will be used to validate which Russian athletes will compete so that clean
athletes are protected.?
He said the Russians should have to
pass strict criteria, adding: ?The reason
Russia are in this situation is because of
an absolute failure of their anti-doping
system so they should not get a free pass
based on a couple of tests.?
Meanwhile, the IOC has sided with
bobsleigh?s governing body, the IBSF,
which is going to the Court of Arbitration for Sport to challenge its own
doping tribunal?s refusal to provisionally suspend two Sochi gold medallists ?
bobsleigh pilot Alexandr Zubkov and
skeleton racer Aleksandr Tretyakov ?
despite their disqualifications and life
bans by the IOC for doping in 2014.
66
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Sport
Mike Atherton
Cricket Writer of the Year
Umpires must protect tail from bodyline
CAMERON SPENCER/GETTY IMAGES
112.1: Cummins to Ball, no run, round the wicket,
the bouncer at 84mph, Ball ducks
112.2: Cummins to Ball, 1 run, somehow he finds
the gap! A well-directed short ball, Ball fends it
away fine of gully . . . just one slip in place with the
leg-side catchers
112.6: Cummins to Ball, no run, has a little flap at
this outside leg stump but no touch on its way to
Paine
113.3: Starc to Ball, no run, round the wicket, short
outside off, left alone
113.4: Starc to Ball, OUT, great catch! Warner at
leg gully with a screamer. Ball went to flick a short
ball off his hip and Warner flew to his right to
snaffle it
70.2: Starc to Ball, 1 run, almost to third man
again! Over the wicket, well-directed short ball,
fended over the slips but lands short of the man
who was in a little closer, almost at fly slip
71.1: Cummins to Ball, no run, round the wicket,
short outside leg stump, flies over the shoulder
71.2: Cummins to Ball, no run, and another, Ball
not entirely convincing as he jerks out of the line
71.3: Cummins to Ball, no run, three in a row,
skims over his back
71.4: Cummins to Ball, OUT, and that?s that! A
vicious short ball to end things. Ball can?t get out
of the line, fends it high in the air off the face of
the bat and it loops all the way to fly slip
?Ducks?, ?fends it away?, ?round the wicket?,
?well-directed short ball?, ?flies over the
shoulder?, ?jerks out of the line?, ?three in a
row?, ?vicious?. By necessity, ESPN Cricinfo?s
ball-by-ball commentary doesn?t leave much
room for colour or comment, but the
description of Jake Ball?s introduction to Ashes
cricket at the Gabba last month doesn?t require
much interpretation, either. He faced ten balls
from seamers over two innings, every one of
which was short, bowled from either over or
round the wicket, and aimed at him.
Given that reaction to the Bodyline series has
been called the longest whinge in history, at the
outset it should be emphasised that Australia
were the stronger, better, more committed, more
skilful team. The tactic to Ball, and England?s
tail more generally, had a practical and
psychological impact and any team with the
ammunition Australia have would have used it.
Nothing that follows would have altered the
result one iota.
That said, I did wonder aloud at the time why
the umpires were so reluctant to act to protect
Ball. After all, Law 41.6.1 on the bowling of
dangerous and unfair short-pitched deliveries is
clear: ?The bowling of short-pitched deliveries is
dangerous if the bowler?s-end umpire considers
that, taking into consideration the skill of the
striker, by their speed, length, height and
direction, they are likely to inflict physical injury
on him/her. The fact that the striker is wearing
protective equipment shall be disregarded.?
A number of readers commented on my wrap
of the Perth Test, indicating they had the same
thoughts. Among others, Barney Orr wrote:
?Surely some of that short stuff at Jimmy
[Anderson] the other day in Perth was
Testing times: Ball was targeted with bouncers at the Gabba but the umpires did not step in, despite
the Laws stating that a batsman of his quality should receive their assistance in such circumstances
?intimidation? and therefore the umpires should
have taken [Pat] Cummins out of the attack.
That blow to the side of the head was gutwrenching.? Another added: ?The bowling to
Jake Ball in the first Test was also disgusting.?
Another reader, Christopher Larlham, rightly
pointed out that there are ICC playing
conditions that relate to Test cricket, and that
playing condition 41.6.2 allows for two bouncers
per over (defined by being over the striker?s
shoulder height in a standing position) with the
implication that limitless deliveries aimed at the
heart, say, would be allowed. However, the
playing conditions also defer to the Law: playing
condition 41.6.1 repeats Law 41.6.1 verbatim, the
only difference being that in Test cricket the
bowler should be given two warnings before he
is removed from the attack and not one. Test
cricket or not, the Law and the playing
conditions are there to protect batsmen
incapable of protecting themselves.
The complication comes, as with so many of
the Laws, because of the need for interpretation,
in this case the requirement to take ?into
consideration the skill of the striker?. At the
Gabba, it is likely there was a double aim: to
provoke the fear of physical injury (as well as
getting him out) and to send a message to the
England camp. After the match, it was revealed
that Anderson had queried the tactic with the
umpire, Marais Erasmus, at the time, as England
had done (albeit with more competent
tailenders) in 2013-14. The question for the
umpires, regarding England?s tailenders this
time, was how competent they are.
Once upon a time, Stuart Broad had
pretentions of being an all-rounder. He has
scored 169 in Test cricket and clearly has ability.
That he is now nervous of the short ball (this
seems to have come about following the
bouncer from Varun Aaron that hit him on the
nose in 2014) is irrelevant. The Law is not there
to protect those whose confidence has been
undermined, rather those who are incompetent.
Broad is clearly not that, and but for bouncers
would still be a threat with the bat. He is fair
game.
Anderson and Ball are in a different league of
incompetence with the bat, worthy successors to
Devon Malcolm and Phil Tufnell, say. Anderson
has scored 81 in Test cricket, but that innings
remains an outlier to a career that boasts an
average barely into double figures. Ball bats
ahead of Anderson but, by my interpretation, is
in the same category. Both are rabbits, to quote
Matthew Engel?s memorable phrase, ?of
Watership Down proportions?.
Why did the umpires not think the same way?
Probably for three reasons. First, tailenders
these days are encouraged to become
competent with the bat in a way they never
were before. Umpires think that Law 41.6.1 is
designed with amateur or junior cricket in mind,
where the discrepancy in abilities can be so
much wider. It?s international cricket and
therefore incompetence doesn?t or shouldn?t
apply.
Second, although the Law specifically states
that protective equipment should be disregarded
as a reason for not intervening, umpires
consider helmets, arm guards, chest guards and
the like to be a green light for the bowlers.
There is no doubt that, but for helmets, umpires
would step in (as they did, to Ray Illingworth?s
and Mike Brearley?s annoyance, on the 1970-71
and 1978-79 tours) to a far greater degree.
Third, the playing condition that allows for
two bouncers an over seems, in practice, to have
overridden the Law. As long as fast bowlers
don?t send more than two deliveries over
shoulder height in the over, they can do what
they like. Umpires probably don?t even think
about Law 41.6.1 ? after all, when was the last
time it was used to protect a No 11? I can?t think
of one example in Test cricket that I?ve played
in or watched in the past 25 years.
Cricket is an odd game in that it has three
distinct disciplines and, within that, you have
the unusual situation where someone who is
totally useless in one area can face a world-class
performer in another ? with potentially
harmful consequences. Batsmen who cannot
bowl are not required to bowl to great players,
but the opposite is obviously the case ?
precisely why the Law is framed as it is, as builtin protection for the incompetent.
No one wants to see the game sanitised, but
the Law is there for a reason. The umpires
should make use of it.
Birmingham Games could feature women?s T20 tournament
Elizabeth Ammon, Martyn Ziegler
Cricket?s governing body will turn
down any application by Birmingham
to host a men?s Twenty20 tournament
as part of the 2022 Commonwealth
Games, but could be open to the idea of
a women?s tournament.
Although cricket has not formed part
of Birmingham?s bid to host the 2022
Games, organisers have not ruled out
including the sport. There is almost no
chance that agreement would be given
to a men?s tournament because the
international calendar would not allow
it and the timing would clash with the
height of the English cricket summer.
However, Birmingham 2022 chiefs
are optimistic that there may be scope
to host a women?s competition. Their
international schedule contains far
fewer matches and although the
Games may clash with the English
women?s domestic T20 league, it could
be moved to later in the summer.
Birmingham will be confirmed as
host city for the 2022 Games today.
Representatives from the organising
committee, Birmingham city council
and Warwickshire County Cricket Club
will then make representations to the
ICC and ECB about cricket?s inclusion.
Cricket?s hopes of becoming an
Olympic sport in 2024 have suffered a
blow after the head of the Paris organising committee said that any proposed
new sport would be partly judged on its
appeal to the French public.
In August, Laura Flessel-Colovic,
France?s sports minister, suggested that
it could be a possibility but the sport is
barely played in the country. There is
no official pitch for the national team
? who were silver medallists behind
Britain in 1900, the only time it has been
played in the Olympics ? and the sport
gets little coverage in the French media.
Tony Estanguet, the president of
Paris 2024, said: ?We have to look at
what is the appeal in terms of the
French market. We know cricket is a
worldwide sport and it could be
interesting for the IOC but we have not
decided at all what will be in our
proposal for the Games.?
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
67
2G M
Football Sport
Video referees
cannot solve
diving disputes
Mark
Clattenburg
BT Sport pundit and
former Premier
League referee
The hugely controversial Carabao Cup
tie between Leicester City and Manchester City on Tuesday placed Bobby
Madley in the spotlight for the decisions he made. The referee awarded a
penalty in the seventh minute of added
time when Demarai Gray fell under the
challenge of Kyle Walker, and in extra
time Madley booked Walker for a dive,
then waved play on when Jamie Vardy
fell on the edge of the area when tackled by Danilo.
I know fans will have been confused
and wondered if Video Assistant
Referees (VAR) would provide more
consistency but these incidents underline why English football is so exciting
and unpredictable and stirs debate. I
did not think the challenge on Gray was
worthy of a penalty but know plenty of
informed people who think it was and
he has avoided an FA charge. It?s a
matter of opinion and VAR should not
be used for matters of opinion.
Diving is not quite so subjective,
especially if the cameras show there
was no contact, and while we wait for
VAR in England it will be difficult to
remain consistent in terms of punishments for diving. The only short-term
solution is for referees to educate themselves better on techniques used when
simulating ? movement of legs, how a
player breaks his fall with his arms ?
and make sure they are in the best position when the ball is in the penalty area.
I would disagree that referees are interpreting more falls as dives, there are still
very few cautions issued for simulation.
Referees have to use their knowledge
of the game. Not all decisions are clear
cut just because you can see different
camera angles. I was criticised for
admitting how I managed the Premier
League title race decider between
Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur two
seasons ago, but it is worth stressing
that had that match been under VAR
jurisdiction then possibly four players
would have been sent off.
The Premier League is not ready for
VAR that interprets subjective incidents; it would dilute its excitement. We
are trialling VAR in Saudi Arabia and it
is clear to me that using it for offside is
a mistake. Many in the game consider
offside to be similar in its application to
goalline technology but if you apply
VAR to offside you instantly lose that
core principle of the benefit of the
doubt. In the Premier League a striker
could break free of a defence and be a
millimetre offside but he would be
given the benefit of the doubt and be
allowed to run on and score. With VAR
his goal would be ruled out and that
would not be in the spirit of the game.
There are elements to VAR that are
compelling and there have been times
when I would have loved the chance to
review a decision. When I awarded a
penalty against Spurs for a foul on
Cristiano Ronaldo in 2007, the fans at
half-time could see via replays that there
had been no contact. I was jeered by
most of them in the second half for that
mistake. No referee wants to give a penalty for something that has not
actually happened and if Madley had
wanted to look again at the Gray penalty
from Tuesday then under VAR he would
at least have had access to fresh angles.
I can?t imagine Premier League clubs
standing for the sort of messy, longwinded use of VAR that was seen in the
Club World Cup semi-final last week.
The referee disallowed a goal by Real
Madrid?s Casemiro for a push but he
heard via VAR that there was no push
and the goal was given. The voice in his
ear then told him he needed to review
the incident and he then decided there
should have been a flag for offside and
the goal was again disallowed.
It is much easier in cricket and rugby,
where there are fewer grey areas, to use
the review system. Football is more
organic. A referee is like a policeman
who needs to apply common sense to
every transgression. A good police officer will warn someone driving at 32mph
to be careful rather than charging them
with a speeding offence. In the same
way a good referee knows when it is
right to book a player or not. It may be,
for example, that two players have been
pushing and shoving each other for 25
minutes, ignored my warnings and left
me with no choice but to issue a card
REUTERS; CAMERASPORT VIA GETTY IMAGES
3
Players booked in the
Carabao Cup this season
for diving: Yaya Tour�,
Ilkay G黱dogan and
Kyle Walker (all
Man City)
Players booked for diving
The 12 players booked this season
for simulation in Premier League
games mark a 33 per cent increase
on the same stage of last season
Adam Smith.......................Bournemouth
Ander Herrera..............Manchester Utd
Antonio Valencia........Manchester Utd
Cesc F郻regas...............................Chelsea
Dele Alli.......................................Tottenham
Mark Noble.................................West Ham
Rajiv van La Parra............Huddersfield
Salom髇 Rond髇..................West Brom
Scott Arfield....................................Burnley
Solly March....................................Brighton
Tom Davies......................................Everton
Wilfred Ndidi................................Leicester
Gray, top, and Lanzini, above, won penalties for their teams, but the West Ham
player was handed a two-match ban while the Leicester player was not charged
that in isolation would appear harsh.
VAR could, though, get rid of what look
like morally debatable outcomes. Is it
fair that Manuel Lanzini is serving a
two-match ban for diving while Dele
Alli is not serving any kind of ban in
spite of the dangerous challenge on
Kevin De Bruyne on Saturday? Had the
Premier League been using VAR then
Lanzini would have been booked in the
game and not been subsequently
banned while Alli would have been sent
off and unavailable for three matches.
One important question is whether
referees will become too dependent on
VAR, lose their ability to make big decisions and, in the end, be weaker in character. I would not reappoint a referee
who needed VAR three or four times
every game. The best are the ones who
need it once in three or four games and
retain the courage of their convictions.
6 BT Sport is where the best in sport go
head to head, bringing you coverage of
the Premier League, UEFA Champions
League and Europa League. Visit bt.com/
sport
Don?t miss a game this Christmas ? the festive fixtures
All matches kick off 3pm unless stated
Tomorrow
Arsenal v Liverpool (7.45pm)
Leicester City v Manchester United
(7.45pm)
Saturday, December 23
Everton v Chelsea (12.30pm)
Tuesday, December 26
Tottenham Hotspur v Southampton
(12.30pm)
Thursday, December 28
Crystal Palace v Arsenal (8pm)
Bournemouth v West Ham United
Chelsea v Brighton & Hove Albion
Huddersfield Town v Stoke City
Manchester United v Burnley
Watford v Leicester City
West Bromwich Albion v Everton
Liverpool v Swansea City (5.30pm)
Saturday, December 30
Bournemouth v Everton
Chelsea v Stoke City
Huddersfield Town v Burnley
Liverpool v Leicester City
Newcastle United v Brighton & Hove Albion
Watford v Swansea City
Manchester United v Southampton
(5.30pm)
Brighton & Hove Albion v Watford
Manchester City v Bournemouth
Southampton v Huddersfield Town
Stoke City v West Bromwich Albion
Swansea City v Crystal Palace
West Ham United v Newcastle United
Burnley v Tottenham Hotspur
(5.30pm)
Wednesday, December 27
Newcastle United v Manchester City
(7.45pm)
Sunday, December 31
Crystal Palace v Manchester City
(midday)
West Bromwich Albion v Arsenal
(4.30pm)
Monday, January 1
Brighton v Bournemouth (12.30pm)
Burnley v Liverpool
Leicester City v Huddersfield Town
Stoke City v Newcastle United
Everton v Manchester United (5.30pm)
Tuesday, January 2
Southampton v Crystal Palace (7.45pm)
Swansea City v Tottenham Hotspur
(7.45pm)
West Ham United v
West Bromwich Albion (7.45pm)
Manchester City v Watford (8pm)
Wednesday, January 3
Arsenal v Chelsea (7.45pm)
Thursday, January 4
Tottenham Hotspur v
West Ham United (8pm)
68
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Sport Football
Thug jailed for
racist assault on
City?s Sterling
George Caulkin
Northern Sports Correspondent
Raheem Sterling was kicked four times
and racially abused in an attack by a
convicted football hooligan, who was
jailed for 16 weeks yesterday.
The Manchester City and England
forward was left ?completely shocked?
after Karl Anderson, 29, attacked him
outside City?s training ground on
Saturday while the player waited to
enter the complex.
CCTV footage showed Anderson,
who has a history of football-related
violence, driving his van alongside
Sterling?s car. Both men then got out of
their vehicles and Anderson walked
towards Sterling.
Manchester and Salford magistrates?
court heard that Anderson called
Sterling a ?black Scouse c***? and said:
?I hope your mother and child wake up
dead in the morning, you n*****.?
?He then approached Sterling,
bouncing on the balls of his feet as if to
start a fight,? said Carl Miles, for the
prosecution. ?He kicked him to the left
hamstring but left no bruises.
?Anderson then told Sterling, ?Come
on then you black bastard, who do you
think you are?? His girlfriend then
shouted, ?Don?t do it, he?s a Manchesn
ter City player.? ? Anderson then ran
back to his van and reversed down
the road.
Miles explained that Sterling
suffered
from
a
sore
hamstring after the attack
but no significant
injury. ?He is a pror?
fessional footballer,?
he said. ?His legs are important
for his job.? Sterling went on to
score two goals for City in their
4-1 victory at home to
Tottenham Hotspur that day.
In a personal statement,
Sterling described his deep
sense of shock. ?I didn?t think
Sterling was ?completely
shocked? by the attack
this behaviour still happened in this
country in this day and age,? he said.
John Black, for the defence, said
Anderson lost his temper with Sterling
after his girlfriend asked him to request
an autograph from the footballer.
Anderson smiled as he was found
guilty of racially aggravated common
assault. He was also ordered to pay �0
compensation and �5 victim
surcharge. ?This was an entirely unprovoked attack,? Diana Webb-Hobson,
chairman of the bench, said. ?You
stopped your car and got out. The
personal statement was very moving,
we find injury was sustained. Your previous record was appalling, you don?t
seem to learn anything, do you??
The court heard that Anderson had
25 previous convictions for 37 offences,
including throwing a flare at a police
officer during a football match. In
January, he was one of 12 Manchester
United supporters handed a football
banning order after violent disorder in
the Shamrock pub in Bengal Street
before an FA Cup fixture with Sheffield
United. ?He is now finding alternative
ways to express violence and aggression, all relating to football,? Miles said.
Sterling has been offered support by
Kick It Out, the football equality and
i
inclusion
organisation. ?Verbal and
p
physical
assaults of a racist or
discriminatory
manner
are
completely unacceptable across
football and society,? Kick it
Out said.
Sterling has played an
integral role in City?s recordb
breaking season, scoring 15
ggoals in all competitions for
Pep Guardiola?s team.
Black said that Anderson,
w
who wore a black T-shirt in
court and was supported in the
gallery by two male family
members, could not explain his
behaviour, which he ?bitterly?
regretted.
?He apologises through
me to Mr Sterling for his
actions,? the lawyer said.
JOHN POWELL/LIVERPOOL FC/GETTY IMAGES
Wilshere wants to stay
Liverpool have
told OxladeChamberlain
he must score
more goals
Jack Wilshere wants to stay at
Arsenal and has also set his sights on
winning a place at the World Cup.
The 25-year-old injury-plagued
midfielder is back in Arsenal?s
Premier League side after impressing
in the Europa League. His contract
expires at the end of the season and
he can talk to foreign clubs next
month, but yesterday he said: ?This is
where I want to be, this is where I see
myself in the future. I am enjoying
my football and am playing in the
Premier League and I want to help
Arsenal get to where it should be.?
Wilshere is also confident that he
can book a place in the England
squad for Russia 2018, telling Sky
Sports: ?I can have a positive effect on
this team and then we will see if the
England manager picks me.?
Big clubs target Tarkowski
Klopp: I?ll teach Ox to score
Timothy Abraham
J黵gen Klopp believes that Alex
Oxlade-Chamberlain?s
goalscoring
potency will hit new heights at
Liverpool after it was neglected at by
Ars鑞e Wenger at Arsenal.
Oxlade-Chamberlain is set to come
up against his former club tomorrow in
the Premier League having steadily
started to reinvigorate a career that had
seemingly stalled at the Emirates
before he made a � million move to
Merseyside in August.
The 24-year-old attacking midfielder?s goal return was a modest 20 in 198
appearances over six years for Arsenal.
Last season was his best for both goals
and assists for the club ? six and 11
respectively.
It is an area in which Klopp feels the
England player could improve and Liverpool?s coaching staff have worked
hard with him at the training ground.
The benefits are yet to be fully felt
with Oxlade-Chamberlain having
scored only twice in 20 appearances for
Liverpool, but he has looked a lot more
confident with his attacking play after
being encouraged to contribute more.
It is an aspect of his game that
the Liverpool manager thinks was
never fulfilled at Arsenal.
?The biggest improvement and
potential [with Oxlade-Chamberlain]
is being involved in goalscoring situations,? Klopp said. ?It is unbelievable
but he was not asked for this too much
in the past. If you watch Arsenal in the
past, their two decisive players were
Mesut 謟il and Alexis S醤chez.
?Here we put it on more shoulders.
He needs to be involved in these situations. For all the qualities he has, his
goalscoring record can improve. He has
the obvious skills ? shooting, both feet,
speed. It?s something we know he will
be better at in the future.
?His main skills are offensive, that?s
true. He is such an athlete and that?s all
good. It?s unbelievable but he has ten or
12 years yet to come in his career.?
Arsenal and Manchester City are
monitoring James Tarkowski with a
view to bidding for the Burnley centre
back this summer.
The 25-year-old is happy at
Burnley, who will not countenance
offers for Tarkowski next month as
they seek to build on their remarkable
start to the season, but an offer from a
Champions League club would leave
him with a difficult decision to make.
As a Mancunian who returned to
the North West from Brentford in
February 2016, primarily for family
reasons, a move to City would have
obvious appeal for Tarkowski,
although he may find regular firstteam football easier to achieve with
Arsenal. Both clubs have been seeking
to sign a homegrown centre back.
FA creates diversity roles
The Football Association is to create
a senior position to tackle concerns
about a lack of diversity at its national
football centre at St George?s Park.
The FA is planning to appoint two
?heads of diversity and inclusion?, one
based at St George?s Park in Burton
upon Trent, the other at Wembley.
The proposals form part of the
cultural review of the organisation
commissioned after the Chelsea
player Eni Aluko was found to have
been the subject of a racist remark
made by Mark Sampson, then the
England women?s manager.
The move follows criticism of St
George?s Park, in particular, by
Heather Rabbatts, who quit as an FA
board member and chairwoman of its
Inclusion Advisory Board in July.
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the times | Thursday December 21 2017
69
2G M
Sport
Morata delivers dramatic winner
Chelsea
Willian 13, Morata 90+1
Bournemouth
Gosling 90
CLIVE ROSE/GETTY IMAGES
2
0
2
1
Morata?s goal
settled the tie
but a booking
spoiled his fun
Carabao Cup
James Gheerbrant
In Roman Abramovich?s 14-year reign
at Chelsea, only once has a manager
survived a trophyless season. So it will
probably help Antonio Conte to sit that
much more comfortably because
despite his frequent whinges about
squad depth and schedule ferocity,
Chelsea will still be involved in all four
major competitions at the turn of the
year. The Italian can go to bed on
Christmas Eve with visions of
silverware dancing in his head.
Chelsea will play Arsenal in the semifinals of the League Cup after an
extraordinary, emotionally oscillating
slow burner of a quarter-final against
Bournemouth, which ended with
羖varo Morata dramatically prodding
the deciding goal past a distraught
Artur Boruc 75 seconds after Dan
Gosling had curled in a deserved
equaliser for Bournemouth.
It was a ?heartbreaking? denouement, admitted Eddie Howe, whose
team once again invited questions
about their defensive naivety. For Conte, dismay turned to elation, and back to
dismay again when it became apparent
that in the ecstatic m阬閑 following the
winner, Morata incurred a yellow card,
ruling him out of Saturday?s match
against Everton. Once the dust had settled, Conte declared himself
proud of the ?great character and personality? his
side had shown in those
final, see-sawing seconds.
It is an oddity of
Conte?s managerial career that
despite
his
excellence
in
mano-a-mano
t
battles of tactical wit,
his record in cup competitions is relatively undistinguished: two Supercoppa Italiana, the equivalent of the Community Shield, representing his
only successes in showpiece
finals. The League Cup may be the
poor relation of English football?s
three main competitions, but it
offers
the
chance
of
a
significant vindication for the
Chelsea manager.
Willian celebrates after finishing
a fine move to put Chelsea ahead
Conte
resisted
the
temptation to go the full
Wenger and instead named
a medium-strength line-up
leavened with a sprinkling
of reserves, including the 17-year-old
defensive midfielder Ethan
Ampadu, a
tonsorial
heir apparent to
David
L
Luiz
and
already a
senior
W
Wales
international,
?
who ?showed
great maturity
and personality?, Conte said
? and Kenedy, recalled from the
naughty step after almost sparking a
diplomatic incident on the club?s
pre-season tour to China.
Howe had also named a strongish XI,
including, at the top of the tree, a firstteam star in Jermain Defoe. He was
immediately hacked down by Ampadu,
earning the youngster a yellow card.
From an early Bournemouth attack,
Defoe?s blocked shot broke to Dan Gosling, who sliced a limp effort wide.
Bournemouth had earned criticism
for the artlessness of their gung-ho
approach against Liverpool, a rarity in a
climate where most teams are hyperconservative against the heavyweights.
In an attempt to tighten things up,
Howe lined up with a back three, effectively a back five when out of possession, with the wing backs Adam Smith
and Ryan Fraser tucking in.
Nonetheless, they were carved open
after 12 minutes. Kenedy produced a
delicious backheel to release Cesc
F郻regas, who cantered into vacant
acreage between Simon Francis and
Steve Cook, then squared for Willian to
tap into the net.
Defoe, still feeling the effects of
Ampadu?s reducer, hobbled off; Howe
said later that he had sustained ?damage to his ankle ligaments?. There followed a bizarre episode where Willian,
inside his own half, inexplicably
stopped playing and let the ball run for
Jordon Ibe, Defoe?s replacement. Ibe
blazed into the area and only the looming spectre of the covering Gary Cahill
forced him to slice wide.
Before kick-off, Michy Batshuayi was
averaging a goal every 81 minutes for
Chelsea ? every 85 minutes this season
? but there remains a sense that he is
more effective in brief cameos from the
bench: a social-media-era Solskjaer.
Played in by Pedro six yards out, he
could not avoid Cook?s blocking tackle.
While most people use the League
Cup as an opportunity to dial down the
intensity, Conte evidently has no
dimmer switch. He was still bawling
and gesticulating with unrelenting fury
on the touchline, moved to such
apoplexy when Pedro conceded
possession on one occasion that the
Spaniard threw himself into attempted
recovery tackles with the commitment
of a presidential bodyguard trying to
intercept an assassin?s bullet.
Bournemouth were transformed
after the break. They won two corners
in quick succession, and from the
second, the youngster Jack Simpson
was inches away from getting a telling
contact. But with Defoe off and Joshua
King not in the squad, the reserve front
two of Ibe and Lys Mousset lacked guile
and penetration, summed up by one
moment where they exchanged passes
and Ibe tried, with a predictable lack of
success, to run through Antonio
R黡iger.
But after West Ham?s limp complicity
in their quarter-final defeat by Arsenal
on Tuesday, Bournemouth?s audacity
was refreshing. Chelsea were on the
back foot, and after Ampadu deflected
Mousset?s shot over, Conte had seen
enough to summon the cavalry. Eden
Hazard, Ti閙ou� Bakayoko and Morata were unwrapped and pressed into
the action.
Ibe flashed a drive past the base of
Willy Caballero?s post before the
equaliser arrived. Chelsea failed to deal
with a throw-in, with Morata?s clearing
header inadequate, and substitute Callum Wilson swept the ball to the edge of
the box, where Gosling measured a
perfect curler into the corner. Conte
could scarcely have been more flammable if he?d been sloshed in brandy.
But there remained one final twist.
Bournemouth switched off, and with
Howe watching in horror, were
totally unravelled by a long hack
forward from Davide Zappacosta.
Hazard drew the defenders out of
position, creating space for Morata to
run on to his backheel and poke home
the winner. In this Christmas cracker,
the joke was on Bournemouth.
Chelsea (3-4-2-1): W Caballero 6 ? A R黡iger 7,
E Ampadu 6, G Cahill 6 ? D Zappacosta 7, C F郻regas 6,
D Drinkwater 6, Kenedy 7 ? Willian 6 (E Hazard 61min,
7), Pedro 7 (T Bakayoko 61, 6) ? M Batshuayi 5
(� Morata 73, 7). Substitutes not used Eduardo,
J Clarke-Salter, D Sterling, C Hudson-Odoi.
Booked Ampadu, F郻regas, Zappacosta, Morata.
Bournemouth (3-5-1-1): A Boruc 6 ? S Francis 5,
S Cook 5, J Simpson 6 ? A Smith 6, H Arter 6 (L Cook
74, 6), A Surman 6, D Gosling 7, R Fraser 7 ?
L Mousset 6 (C Wilson 71, 7); J Defoe 5 (J Ibe 17, 6).
Substitutes not used A Ramsdale, N Ak�, M Pugh,
E Hyndman. Booked Smith, Francis, Simpson, Gosling.
Referee L Mason
Swansea?s defeat by Everton proved the final straw for Clement
continued from back
Managers don?t last the year
coach, to take charge of training and
Saturday?s visit of relegation rivals
Palace.
The pair will be guaranteed to get the
fervent backing of the fans at the Liberty Stadium however, as Britton has
spent the vast majority of his playing
career at the club as a player for them in
every division before being appointed
as Clement?s assistant last month, while
Toshack is the son of Swansea legend
John Toshack and has been a youth
coach at the club for four years.
Huw Jenkins, the Swansea chairman,
said: ?We had three different managers
last season and as a result we all wanted
to give Paul as much time as possible to
turn things around.
?But we felt we couldn?t leave it any
Francesco Guidolin.................278 days
23 Premier league games (2016)
1.26 pts per game
Bob Bradley....................................84 days
11 games (2016)
0.73 pts per game
Paul Clement................................351 days
37 games (2017)
1.11 pts per game
longer and needed to make a change to
give us the best chance of an uplift and
a turnaround in fortunes with the club
bottom of the Premier League.?
Swansea had intended to give Clement one more game to improve the
team?s fortunes, but concluded that his
position was untenable after Monday?s
3-1 defeat by Everton and did not want
to subject him to the dissent of an angry
home crowd on Saturday. With few
obvious candidates available in the
middle of the season Swansea are hoping that creating a vacancy will flush
out more applicants, another
explanation for the timing of
Clement?s dismissal.
Swansea?s search for their
12th manager in ten years
will be spearheaded by Jenkins, who stayed on after
the club?s takeover by the
American
businessmen
Jason Levien and Steve
Kaplan last year. The club?s
priority is to appoint a manager who can bring back the
attacking, passing style which
was their trademark under
Roberto Mart韓ez, Brendan
Rodgers and Michael Laudrup rather
than secure Premier League survival by
indulging in a dogfight, which would
appear to rule out Tony Pulis.
While experience of the Premier League is preferred, it is
not a prerequisite for the
job and the club are willing to undertake a global search. Swansea?s
options appear to be
limited by a lack of
availability,
and
even some of those
managers who are
out of work can be
discounted.
Ryan Giggs was interClement prevented
Swansea from being
relegated last season
viewed before Clement last year but
wants the Wales job; Slaven Bilic is in
negotiations with Galatasaray after
leaving West Ham and Andr� VillasBoas is determined to take a year our
following his brief spell with Shanghai
SIPG.
Ronald Koeman is available and fits
Swansea?s profile, but it is unclear
whether the Dutchman would relish a
relegation battle.
Clement is understood to feel harshly
treated after being given just 37 Premier
League matches in charge despite saving them from relegation in unpromising circumstances.
Clement feels he has paid the price
for Swansea?s poor recruitment last
summer, when the club made a trading
profit of � million and did not replace
the team?s talisman, Gylfi Sigurdsson,
after his sale to Everton.
70
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
2G M
Sport Carabao Cup
Mourinho?s men
fall on famous
night in Bristol
Henry Winter
Chief Football
Writer
Bristol City
Bryan 51, Smith 90+3
Manchester United
Ibrahimovic 58
2
0
2
1
Lee Johnson masterminded one of the
great nights in the history of Bristol
City and in the history of the League
Cup. City?s head coach may have spent
�0 on a bottle of fine red wine for Jos�
Mourinho but he will never have to buy
a drink in the red half of Bristol again.
This was an unbelievable, unforgettable night when Ashton Gate shook with
emotion and ambition.
Bristol City were not ?lucky?, as
Mourinho claimed, arguing that
United hit the woodwork twice. They
deserved a place in the semi-finals
against Manchester City for their
defensive organisation, for their hunger
and for taking their chances. Both
strikes were special, contenders for
goals of the month from the outstanding pair of Joe Bryan and Korey Smith,
whose winner in ?Fergie time? was
followed shortly after by the final
whistle, a pitch invasion and a touchline
dance from a jubilant Johnson, who
swung a ballboy round in delight.
From start to that memorable finish,
Johnson?s players stuck to their
manager?s principles, continuing to
build from the back, to pass and attack,
accounting for their fourth Premier
League side of the season. City won
because their attitude was better than
that of United, who were simply not up
for this ding-dong, Avon calling.
The likes of Marcus Rashford, an
exceptional player enduring an
off-night, and Matteo Darmian were
poor. Mourinho accused his players of
seeing the tie as ?just another day at the
office?, and some looked like they had
clocked off early for Christmas.
Zlatan Ibrahimovic needs far more
conditioning work if he is to regain the
sharpness that made him such a
formidable forward before that serious
knee injury last season. Some of his
miscued touches drew whelps of
laughter from the locals, although his
equaliser briefly silenced them.
Darmian, a rare Italian defender who
has lost the art of defending, may need
another club. Paul Pogba failed to
match the work rate of Johnson?s
midfielders. Really, only Luke Shaw and
Romelu Lukaku, when he came on,
lived up to their Premier League status.
The Championship hosts had known
what a test this would be but they were
completely fearless. From the moment
Marlon Pack dummied Ibrahimovic
after kick-off, Bristol City set the tone.
They went for United. Smith pinched
possession off Anthony Martial, then
dribbled past Daley Blind, United?s
anchorman in midfield.
Johnson?s
players
hounded
Mourinho?s, not aggressively, just
unstintingly. Pack closed down Pogba,
then nicked the ball, and the French-
man responded with a slight scissors
tackle, fouling Pack. Mike Dean
awarded a free kick right of centre, of
which Josh Brownhill took charge. He
curled the ball over the wall and Sergio
Romero punched it over, towards the
away following in the Atyeo Stand.
As usual, United fans were out in
force on the road to watch the holders.
Ibrahimovic hit the bar, and Rashford
clipped a post. City stayed calm, following Johnson?s instructions, passing and
moving in midfield, looking for the runs
of Bobby Reid up top or slipping it short
to Jamie Paterson. Blind was labouring
in the centre, soon dispossessed by
Bryan, then wrongfooted by Smith.
Hordur Magnusson?s long throws,
accompanied by the Icelandic clap,
provided another test for Romero.
City?s attitude was exceptional,
playing with heart and head. They truly
believed an upset was possible. Johnson
Should Pogba have
been sent off?
Manchester United?s Paul Pogba
appeared to be lucky to stay on
the pitch after this challenge on
Marlon Pack, the Bristol City
midfielder, at Ashton Gate last
night. Phil Neville, the Sky Sports
pundit and former United player,
said the Frenchman was ?really
lucky? that his studs did not fully
connect with Pack or his challenge
would have deserved a sending off.
?If he?d connected with studs,
that?d be a red card,? Neville said.
told his players about the potential for
knockout drama, mentioning the FA
Cup shock of Brian Tinnion?s historic
winner away to Liverpool in 1994. They
poured forward to Romero?s goal,
willed on by their fans, some in Santa
hats. The dress code was red last night,
barring United?s grey, which has rarely
brought them much joy in the south?s
most famous ports.
All at City realised what an advertisement this was for the club, with a live
television audience, both leading sports
radio stations taking the tie live, a
packed house, distinguished guests,
impressive infrastructure behind the
redeveloped ground, a bright young
manager in Johnson and home-grown
players such as Bryan. The desire
throughout Ashton Gate is to make this
meeting a regular occurrence. The
hunger is there, the fanbase, the stage is
there. It?s all about getting promotion
now.
Magnusson shrugged off Rashford,
but had his shot saved by Romero. Then
Blind reacted brilliantly to Smith?s run,
sliding in with a tackle of immaculate
timing. City maintained their attacking
as the second half opened, scoring
within six minutes. Pack?s pass sent
Bryan racing down the inside-left
channel, and the 24-year-old Bristolian
ran on, charging towards the South
Stand as City?s most impassioned fans
stood to greet him. Bryan?s shot will be
remembered for many a year here, the
ball hammered across Romero and in.
Ashton Gate was still reverberating
when United hit back. Pogba fell under
a challenge, City complaining he had
gone down too easily, and Ibrahimovic
took responsibility for the free kick.
The Swede had done little all game but
changed that one with touch, the ball
swept low and hard, catching Luke
Steele out with its sudden arrival.
Ibrahimovic looked around in that
self-admiring Cantona-esque way,
taking the cheers of the United fans and
the brickbats of the City supporters.
Mourinho sent on Lukaku for Blind,
then Henrikh Mkhitaryan for Ibrahimovic. Lukaku had his chances but was
twice denied by Steele, the first a low
shot, the second a stooping header after
Pogba?s dinked cross. Shaw, showing
some neat touches and busy runs, bent
a superb through pass for Rashford but
Bryan slid in to spirit the ball away.
Rashford was so angry that he flew in
and caught Bryan as he was clearing,
and was booked.
City kept attacking, kept believing.
Pack
was
immense,
directing
operations, driving the team on, coolly
juggling the ball over Rashford. Pogba
became increasingly aggrieved and did
a Riverdance routine to signal to Dean
a perceived stamping offence.
Yet City played it hard, played it fair
and won this deep into injury time.
After Matty Taylor lifted the ball
through, Smith controlled it on his
chest and placed his left-footed shot
past Romero.
When the final whistle sounded
shortly afterwards, hundreds of home
fans ran on to the pitch to celebrate.
A few moved towards the away end
but the police were well prepared and
quickly formed a cordon, supported by
police dogs. Smith was accommodating
selfie after selfie before heading to
the tunnel, where he was mobbed by
his team-mates on a night when City
not only lived with the best, but beat
them.
Bristol City (4-4-1-1): L Steele 7 ? B Wright 7, A Flint 7,
N Baker 7, H Magnusson 7 (sub: M Taylor 69min, 6) ?
J Brownhill 9 (sub: N Eliasson 75), K Smith 7, M Pack 8,
J Bryan 9 ? J Paterson 6 ? B Reid 6. Substitutes not
used F Fielding, Z Vyner, L Kelly, C Lemonheigh-Evans,
A Garita. Booked Paterson, Taylor.
Manchester United (4-2-3-1): S Romero 7 ? M Darmian
6 (sub: C Smalling 90+5), V Lindelof, 6 M Rojo 6,
L Shaw 6 ? S McTominay 5, D Blind 6 (sub: R Lukaku
61, 6) ? M Rashford 6, P Pogba 6, A Martial 6 ?
Z Ibrahimovic 7 (sub: H Mikhitaryan 69, 6).
Substitutes not used J Pereira, J Mata, J Lingard,
A Herrera. Booked Rashford, Pogba.
Referee M Dean.
255
Party time: City
celebrate, above,
after Smith fires
their injury-time
winner beyond
Romero, right.
Ibrahimovic, left,
had equalised for
United but it was
the hosts who
went on to find
the decisive goal
Days since Ibrahimovic
last scored for
United ? against
Sunderland
in April
?The boys didn?t know
Rob Stewart
Lee Johnson hailed a ?Roy of the Rovers? victory after his Championship
team sent Manchester United tumbling
out of the Carabao Cup.
Korey Smith was mobbed by supporters after scoring Bristol City?s
winning goal in stoppage time and
Johnson grabbed a ballboy and swung
him in the air as the atmosphere inside
Ashton Gate erupted.
?It is nights like this that we dream
of,? the manager said. ?It?s Roy of the
Rovers stuff. To beat Manchester
United at home is a historic occasion
and that Korey Smith goal will live long
in the memory for many generations.
?We took the game to them. We tried
to attack and hustle them, we didn?t
show them too much respect. It?s very
difficult to describe those internal feelings but those players will have a bond
for ever and that?s a nice thing. You
don?t beat Manchester United if you are
Bristol City unless every player is doing
a man-and-a-half job.
?There was total euphoria when
Korey?s goal went in. The boys didn?t
know whether to laugh, cry or cuddle
each other or stay out with the fans.?
Smith, the scorer of the winning goal,
said: ?We played brilliantly, like we have
all season. I joined when we were in
League One with three stands. We have
been brilliant this season.?
Johnson is already relishing the
prospect of pitting his wits against Pep
Guardiola after City drew Manchester
City in their two-legged semi-final.
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
71
2G M
Sport
JOHN SIBLEY / REUTERS
1
First time that a team
under Jos� Mourinho
have lost a League Cup
tie in 90 minutes and
been knocked out
We lacked
motivation,
says United
manager
Rob Stewart
Jos� Mourinho accused his players of
treating their Carabao Cup quarter-final as ?just one more day in the office?
after they were humbled by Bristol City.
The Manchester United manager
admitted that his team had failed to
match the levels of motivation shown
by Lee Johnson?s side, who are third in
the Sky Bet Championship table.
?It was a big night for them but
probably for some of my players it was
not a big night, it was just one more day
in the office,? Mourinho said.
?For the Bristol boys it was a big, big
day for them and in the first half you
could see that. When you play against
teams with an extra motivation you
need also that extra motivation.
?In the first half the intensity that
they have, and when I say intensity I say
not just physical I say also mentally, for
some of us it was one more day in the
office, probably a day that some of them
they don?t even want to come to the
office.?
Mourinho said that Bristol City were
?lucky? to win the match and, that
while his side did not play well, they
did not play badly enough for him to
heavily criticise his players.
?The reality is that the players that
were on the pitch were the ones that
were not in the last match,? Mourinho
said. ?They are the ones that are not
going to be in the next match. I think
they lost a good opportunity also to
play semi-finals and also to have two
more matches to play.
?But I don?t want to blame the players
at all because they were professional ?
Bryan?s stunning opening goal
Shot/pass
Mourinho said that
Bristol City were
?lucky? last night
Run with
the ball
Bryan
Run without
the ball
Paterson
Rojo
Romero
Pack
k
Bryan
THE SHOT
Distance: 22 yards
Speed: 62.5mph
whether to laugh, cry or cuddle ? it?s a dream?
?Beating Manchester United is probably my greatest achievement, apart
from my little girl being born, but now
we need to formulate a plan to go and
beat Guardiola,? he continued.
?Playing City will be a huge challenge, over two legs particularly. It will
be an enjoyable experience. Man City,
personally, have been fantastic with me
ever since I became a manager.
?People like Brian Marwood [the
Manchester City executive] have
accepted me behind the scenes, and
allowed me to visit numerous clubs
within the group, like New York City
where I did a case study.
?It?s all from when I was at Oldham.
I?d see a personality profiler that was all
subsidised by Man City so that helped
me grow. And not only that but they
Semi-final draw
Arsenal
v
Chelsea
Bristol
City
v
Manchester City
6 First leg ties to be played week
commencing January 8. Second
legs week commencing January 22.
have helped me with psychology and
philosophy and so it will amazing for
o
the players to test themselves, but also
for myself and the fans.
?It?s a beast of an organisation but it?ss
so fascinating the way they have done
it with so many top people and a top,
top coach, and the type of football
they play is unbelievable to watch.?
Bristol City can now look forward
to a first League Cup semi-final
since 1989, which represents a
reward for club owner Steve Lansdown, who stuck by Johnson after
a club-record eight straight
defeats last season.
Johnson celebrates after
Bristol City?s injury-time
goal at Ashton Gate
?The owner was seeing pound signs
because he is an investor by
nature and so he is loving it,? he
added. ?He tries to mask it sometimes but inside I know him well
enough to know he is absolutely
buzzing. This time last
year we beat Aston
Villa here ? he was
s proud but this tops
so
it off by quite a way.
?The
players
won?t
celebrate
ttonight we have a
b
big game on Saturday
b
but we can enjoy the
night. I don?t think there
will be too many fans in
w
work
tomorrow as they
will be on the cider.?
it wasn?t a case of ?we don?t care
about the game? or ?we don?t have
responsibility? or ?we don?t have pride?.
?When a Premier League team loses
to a team from a lower division, normally it is because the performance was not
good but it was not bad, honestly.
?It was not very good but it was not
such a bad performance that I can come
here and be very critical of my players.
I prefer to give credit to Bristol.
?I studied their team. I made my
players aware of their qualities. I think
they were lucky. Before it went 1-0 we
had two shots that hit their post and
after it was 1-1 we had the domination of
the game and had the best chances.
And then they scored the goal in a
moment when we had no chance to
fight back so they were lucky but they
fought very hard and they are a very
good team. Sometimes you think that
luck comes from nowhere but normally
luck comes from effort and belief,
which they had.?
The League Cup was the first
trophy United won under Mourinho
when he guided them to victory over
Southampton at Wembley last season.
?They [Bristol City] fought like it was
the game of their lives, and I think a
beautiful day for football,? Mourinho
said.
?A team from a lower division won
and getting to the semi-final. I don?t
want the fact that I say they were a bit
lucky to be the main thing of it, the
main thing is they won and they fought
hard.?
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
2G M
Sport
Jail for Sterling abuser
Racist thug sent to prison
after attack on England star
Page 68
thetimes.co.uk/sport
GARY DAY/FROZEN IN MOTION/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Doubts over
Murray return
United
stunned by
Bristol City
Stuart Fraser Tennis Writer
Fears are growing that Andy Murray
may not be ready for the start of the
2018 season, calling into doubt his
participation at the Australian Open
next month.
Murray is scheduled to make his
return, after a competitive absence of
almost six months, at the Brisbane
International in less than two weeks.
The Briton?s initial plans were to travel
to Australia in good time before
Christmas to acclimatise to the
conditions and gain an advantage on
other players with such an early arrival,
but he has still not departed.
The Times understands that Murray?s
pre-season preparations have not been
without difficulties as he still contends
with the hip problems that have plagued him since early June. He returned to
London last week, a few days earlier
Bristol City 2
Manchester United 1
Continued on page 62
Bristol City pulled off one of the
great shocks in League Cup history
when they knocked out Manchester
United in injury time last night.
Korey Smith scored the stunning
goal in the 93rd minute at Ashton
Gate to send Jos� Mourinho?s side
crashing out of the Carabao Cup at
the quarter-final stage.
Joe Bryan?s goal gave Bristol City
the lead but just eight minutes later
Zlatan Ibrahimovic, making his first
start since April, equalised with a
low free kick. But then Smith settled
it to spark a pitch invasion by
jubilant fans.
Swansea end
Clement reign
Matt Hughes
Deputy Football Correspondent
Henry Winter pages 70-71
Bristol City
players pile on
Smith after his
dramatic goal
beat United
Times Crossword 26,914
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1 Cooked, this contains potatoes,
certainly no turkey! (5,3)
5 Sort of ?lm entertainer going into
space (6)
9 Men pierced by a bladed
implement (3)
10 It reduces friction in social event
with standing (4,7)
12 Marine received alarming signal at
sea (5,5)
13 Website where wife and kids get
50% off (4)
15 Such a clue gets a mark of
affection? (6)
16 Attack on forti?ed building as
exercise (4,3)
18 Said no of?cial had a drug problem
(7)
20 Rocky ravine is greener (6)
23 Girl a man of God rebuffed (4)
24 Landlord approving of new porter,
drinking one (10)
26 ?Sweet? summarised daughter
brought in indisposed (7,4)
27 Choose to be heard still (3)
28 In nomad?s dwelling, leave rolls for
other food (6)
29 Farm animal to get on part of
vessel (8)
1 Small hill by ?rst person in French
capital (6)
2 Original lyric, a concert?s opening
material (7)
3 Toy goblin: beastly, empty junk (10)
4 Person needing prison doctor,
maybe left with in?amed rash
(3-10)
6 Just dropping marks in exam (4)
7 Chicken, I note, provided in cheap
eatery (7)
8 Artist shows courage in China (8)
11 Server?s problem about gin spilt in
tense moment (8,5)
14 Sort of blue colour around elevated
cable, live on the outside (10)
17 Seek to protect birds heading for
tricky takeoff (8)
19 Perhaps squirrel atop pine in the
distance (7)
21 Medical abnormality nurse ?nally
spies round head (7)
22 Diviner gold left for one to gather
(6)
25 What agitator does, in time caught
by teacher (4)
Leon Britton will take charge of Swansea City?s Premier League game against
Crystal Palace on Saturday alongside
Cameron Toshack after Paul Clement
was sacked last night.
Clement, who had been in charge for
less than a year, paid the price for a
dismal run of one Premier League win
in ten matches. Swansea are four points
adrift of safety at the bottom of the table
and the club?s hierarchy feared that
relegation was inevitable if he stayed in
charge.
Swansea have yet to line up a replacement for Clement despite making inquiries all over Europe over the past
couple of weeks, leaving a novice managerial duo of Britton, the assistant
coach, and Toshack, the under-23
Continued on page 69
Yesterday?s solution 26,913
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UC K
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d and has won something
important,? he said. The shortlist, as
revealed recently by The Times, is
understood to be a trio of New Zealanders in Dave Rennie, Wayne Pivac and
Chris Boyd, with Rennie the favourite.
?We want a pretty rounded individual, not just a great coach,? Phillips said.
?Nationality is not an issue. We have a
shortlist of three and they have to buy
into our model.?
Wales are set to play an additional
Test, in the United States, but not
against the US, before their two-Test
tour to Argentina next summer.
Release of Sky ?Jiffy bag? letters blocked
Cycling
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
UK Anti-Doping has refused to release
letters it sent to Team Sky and British
Cycling after the conclusion of its ?Jiffy
bag? investigation despite requests
made under the Freedom of
Information Act.
The organisation, which is publicly
funded, imposed an exemption on the
letters being released, saying to do so
could make Ukad liable to legal action
and was not in the public interest.
Last month, Ukad announced that
Sir Bradley Wiggins and Team Sky
would not face any charges, saying its
investigation was unable to ?definitively confirm? the contents of a package
delivered to the rider in June 2011.
The investigation was launched in
September 2016 after Ukad was told the
package contained the powerful corticosteroid triamcinolone, but Richard
Freeman, the former Team Sky doctor
who administered the contents to Wiggins, insisted it was Fluimucil, a legal
decongestant used to treat asthma.
Ukad did issue warnings to British
Cycling and Team Sky that both organisations had failed to maintain medical records detailing the package?s contents. It will not release those letters,
however.
A response to the FoI request stated:
?Ukad would likely become engaged in legal disputes (eg in respect of breaches of confidence)
that would divert Ukad?s limited
resources (financial and labour)
towards legal matters unrelated to its core functions.
?This exemption applies
in circumstances where disclosure to the public would
constitute an actionable
breach of confidence. Ukad
is of the view that public
disclosure would constitute
a breach of confidence actionable by Team Sky and/
or British Cycling.
?Ukad has come to the view
Wiggins has strenuously
denied any wrongdoing
that a ?public interest? defence would
not be available to Ukad in the circumstances of the case were Ukad to be subject to an action for breach of confidence.?
Nicole Sapstead, the Ukad chief
executive, admitted last month that the
investigation had been ?hampered?
by a lack of accurate medical
records being available at British
Cycling and Team Sky. Freeman
told investigators he lost his
files when his laptop was
stolen while on holiday in
Greece.
Sapstead said last month:
?This is a serious concern.
As part of their conditions
to receive public funding,
all sports governing
bodies must comply with
the UK National AntiDoping Policy. In this case
the matter was further
complicated by the crossover between personnel
at British Cycling and
Team Sky.?
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
65
2G M
Sport
MALCOLM COUZENS/GETTY IMAGES
Rugby has gone
soft, but it must
become softer if
it is to survive
Comment
Owen Slot
Chief Rugby
Correspondent
P
rofessional rugby is in a
deeply uncomfortable
position. It is a contact sport
and therefore its players
court physical danger. Its
struggle is to maintain a balance
where the level of danger is
acceptable because otherwise the
professional game will not remain
sustainable. This balance is becoming
harder to find. That is rugby?s greatest
modern challenge, and that is what
the Manu Tuilagi row over a dangerous tackle, for which he was cleared
yesterday, was all about.
To recap: on Sunday, in the 49th
minute of Leicester Tigers? game
against Munster, Tuilagi tackled Chris
Cloete, the Munster flanker. He rode
up into the tackle, his shoulder made
contact with Cloete?s face with
considerable force. He should have
been sent to the sin-bin.
The incident looked
cked
innocuous. It wasn?t picked
up by the referee or thee
TMO. Yet when
Tuilagi was cited on
Monday, the
response was loud
and, mainly, angry.
The point was made
by Brian O?Driscoll
on Twitter: ?The
game has gone soft if
ose
The tackle on Sunday rose
above Cloete?s shoulderr line
we?re picking up on marginal
collisions like the Manu Tuilagi tackle
he?s been cited for.?
O?Driscoll is right. The game has
gone soft. However, the game will
never find the right balance if it
doesn?t go a little softer. The game
has to protect the head. Cloete?s was
unprotected. The laws were tightened
at the start of the year to give him the
protection that Tuilagi violated.
The new interpretation deals with
the ?reckless tackle? and ?the risk of
making contact with the head of an
opponent? ? ?even if the tackle starts
below the line of the shoulders?. So
Tuilagi?s was reckless. Minimum
sanction: yellow card. Maximum: red.
The citing commissioner agreed that
it didn?t warrant a red card and
dismissed the case.
Never, ever was there any intent in
Tuilagi?s tackle. No malice. That is not
the point. Cloete?s head is the point.
Here is the real point: maybe, next
time, Tuilagi will start his tackle lower
down the torso of his opponent,
further away from the risk of the
head. Maybe this was his lesson.
Probably the most influential tackle
on an English rugby field this year
was in the second weekend of
S
January, Saracens
versus
Exeter Chiefs, the double
tackl of Brad Barritt
tackle
and Richard
Ba
Barrington
on Geoff
P
Parling
that left
P
Parling unconscious,
B
Barrington sent off
aand Barritt banned
fo three weeks.
for
Forgetting the
righ and wrongs of
rights
the refereeing
re
decisionmaking at the time, if ever
there was a message to the
?Russia? on
Olympic kit
despite ban
Martyn Ziegler Chief Sports Reporter
Russian athletes competing as ?neutrals? at the Winter Olympics next year
will still be able to have the word
?Russia? on their kit despite the country?s ban from Pyeongchang, the IOC
has announced.
The decision has been criticised by
Bill Bock, the US Anti-Doping Agency?s general counsel, who claimed
?Russia has had the IOC chasing its tail
since day one of the doping scandal?.
More than 200 athletes are set to
compete in South Korea as an ?Olympic
Athlete from Russia?, with a logo saying
the same thing. A maximum of two
colours from the red, white and blue
Russian flag will be permitted on the kit,
with only darker tones of red and blue
allowed. Russia may also be allowed to
fly its flag at the closing ceremony.
Bock told The Times: ?The kit is
nothing to do with if the playing field is
Tuilagi was cleared yesterday after the possibility of a six-week ban was raised
Premiership players that head contact
was going to be punished, that was it.
The reaction was loud. Many fears
were voiced that reds and yellows
would fly during the Six Nations and
that the outcome would swing on
some such decision. Nothing of the
sort happened. But it was the loud
reaction that was important.
Since January, the rash of reds and
yellows has decreased. I am not sure
yet whether that is because the
referees have eased off or because the
players have learnt from what they
saw and adjusted their tackling.
This is progress. World Rugby, the
game?s governing body, set out the
new interpretations to protect the
head. They may not be sufficient and
there are numerous other parts of the
game where players are dangerously
unprotected (the clearout at the
ruck), yet the intention is right.
I would go further. Tacklers need to
steer clear of the head ? that is why
World Rugby tightened the laws and
why Tuilagi should have been shown
a yellow card. A year ago, though,
World Rugby promised to trial
lowering the legal tackle height. The
pledge was that this trial would be
staged at a non-professional level. A
year later, nothing has happened; the
inactivity is deeply disturbing. In the
next decade I would expect a number
of such radical game-changers to be
trialled to keep the professional game
sustainable.
Yes, the game may have gone a
little softer. But that is because, in two
decades of professionalism, it just got
harder and harder, year on year, to
the point where it is now ready to
break. So it needs to turn back a little,
otherwise professional rugby will
cease to work.
Russians who
compete in
next year?s
Games will
have this
badge on their
kit, as well as
two colours
of their flag
level ? the IOC has made it irrelevant
because it has done so little to deter
Russia. They are putting the cart before
the horse. The main issue is the criteria
that will be used to validate which Russian athletes will compete so that clean
athletes are protected.?
He said the Russians should have to
pass strict criteria, adding: ?The reason
Russia are in this situation is because of
an absolute failure of their anti-doping
system so they should not get a free pass
based on a couple of tests.?
Meanwhile, the IOC has sided with
bobsleigh?s governing body, the IBSF,
which is going to the Court of Arbitration for Sport to challenge its own
doping tribunal?s refusal to provisionally suspend two Sochi gold medallists ?
bobsleigh pilot Alexandr Zubkov and
skeleton racer Aleksandr Tretyakov ?
despite their disqualifications and life
bans by the IOC for doping in 2014.
66
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Sport
Mike Atherton
Cricket Writer of the Year
Umpires must protect tail from bodyline
CAMERON SPENCER/GETTY IMAGES
112.1: Cummins to Ball, no run, round the wicket,
the bouncer at 84mph, Ball ducks
112.2: Cummins to Ball, 1 run, somehow he finds
the gap! A well-directed short ball, Ball fends it
away fine of gully . . . just one slip in place with the
leg-side catchers
112.6: Cummins to Ball, no run, has a little flap at
this outside leg stump but no touch on its way to
Paine
113.3: Starc to Ball, no run, round the wicket, short
outside off, left alone
113.4: Starc to Ball, OUT, great catch! Warner at
leg gully with a screamer. Ball went to flick a short
ball off his hip and Warner flew to his right to
snaffle it
70.2: Starc to Ball, 1 run, almost to third man
again! Over the wicket, well-directed short ball,
fended over the slips but lands short of the man
who was in a little closer, almost at fly slip
71.1: Cummins to Ball, no run, round the wicket,
short outside leg stump, flies over the shoulder
71.2: Cummins to Ball, no run, and another, Ball
not entirely convincing as he jerks out of the line
71.3: Cummins to Ball, no run, three in a row,
skims over his back
71.4: Cummins to Ball, OUT, and that?s that! A
vicious short ball to end things. Ball can?t get out
of the line, fends it high in the air off the face of
the bat and it loops all the way to fly slip
?Ducks?, ?fends it away?, ?round the wicket?,
?well-directed short ball?, ?flies over the
shoulder?, ?jerks out of the line?, ?three in a
row?, ?vicious?. By necessity, ESPN Cricinfo?s
ball-by-ball commentary doesn?t leave much
room for colour or comment, but the
description of Jake Ball?s introduction to Ashes
cricket at the Gabba last month doesn?t require
much interpretation, either. He faced ten balls
from seamers over two innings, every one of
which was short, bowled from either over or
round the wicket, and aimed at him.
Given that reaction to the Bodyline series has
been called the longest whinge in history, at the
outset it should be emphasised that Australia
were the stronger, better, more committed, more
skilful team. The tactic to Ball, and England?s
tail more generally, had a practical and
psychological impact and any team with the
ammunition Australia have would have used it.
Nothing that follows would have altered the
result one iota.
That said, I did wonder aloud at the time why
the umpires were so reluctant to act to protect
Ball. After all, Law 41.6.1 on the bowling of
dangerous and unfair short-pitched deliveries is
clear: ?The bowling of short-pitched deliveries is
dangerous if the bowler?s-end umpire considers
that, taking into consideration the skill of the
striker, by their speed, length, height and
direction, they are likely to inflict physical injury
on him/her. The fact that the striker is wearing
protective equipment shall be disregarded.?
A number of readers commented on my wrap
of the Perth Test, indicating they had the same
thoughts. Among others, Barney Orr wrote:
?Surely some of that short stuff at Jimmy
[Anderson] the other day in Perth was
Testing times: Ball was targeted with bouncers at the Gabba but the umpires did not step in, despite
the Laws stating that a batsman of his quality should receive their assistance in such circumstances
?intimidation? and therefore the umpires should
have taken [Pat] Cummins out of the attack.
That blow to the side of the head was gutwrenching.? Another added: ?The bowling to
Jake Ball in the first Test was also disgusting.?
Another reader, Christopher Larlham, rightly
pointed out that there are ICC playing
conditions that relate to Test cricket, and that
playing condition 41.6.2 allows for two bouncers
per over (defined by being over the striker?s
shoulder height in a standing position) with the
implication that limitless deliveries aimed at the
heart, say, would be allowed. However, the
playing conditions also defer to the Law: playing
condition 41.6.1 repeats Law 41.6.1 verbatim, the
only difference being that in Test cricket the
bowler should be given two warnings before he
is removed from the attack and not one. Test
cricket or not, the Law and the playing
conditions are there to protect batsmen
incapable of protecting themselves.
The complication comes, as with so many of
the Laws, because of the need for interpretation,
in this case the requirement to take ?into
consideration the skill of the striker?. At the
Gabba, it is likely there was a double aim: to
provoke the fear of physical injury (as well as
getting him out) and to send a message to the
England camp. After the match, it was revealed
that Anderson had queried the tactic with the
umpire, Marais Erasmus, at the time, as England
had done (albeit with more competent
tailenders) in 2013-14. The question for the
umpires, regarding England?s tailenders this
time, was how competent they are.
Once upon a time, Stuart Broad had
pretentions of being an all-rounder. He has
scored 169 in Test cricket and clearly has ability.
That he is now nervous of the short ball (this
seems to have come about following the
bouncer from Varun Aaron that hit him on the
nose in 2014) is irrelevant. The Law is not there
to protect those whose confidence has been
undermined, rather those who are incompetent.
Broad is clearly not that, and but for bouncers
would still be a threat with the bat. He is fair
game.
Anderson and Ball are in a different league of
incompetence with the bat, worthy successors to
Devon Malcolm and Phil Tufnell, say. Anderson
has scored 81 in Test cricket, but that innings
remains an outlier to a career that boasts an
average barely into double figures. Ball bats
ahead of Anderson but, by my interpretation, is
in the same category. Both are rabbits, to quote
Matthew Engel?s memorable phrase, ?of
Watership Down proportions?.
Why did the umpires not think the same way?
Probably for three reasons. First, tailenders
these days are encouraged to become
competent with the bat in a way they never
were before. Umpires think that Law 41.6.1 is
designed with amateur or junior cricket in mind,
where the discrepancy in abilities can be so
much wider. It?s international cricket and
therefore incompetence doesn?t or shouldn?t
apply.
Second, although the Law specifically states
that protective equipment should be disregarded
as a reason for not intervening, umpires
consider helmets, arm guards, chest guards and
the like to be a green light for the bowlers.
There is no doubt that, but for helmets, umpires
would step in (as they did, to Ray Illingworth?s
and Mike Brearley?s annoyance, on the 1970-71
and 1978-79 tours) to a far greater degree.
Third, the playing condition that allows for
two bouncers an over seems, in practice, to have
overridden the Law. As long as fast bowlers
don?t send more than two deliveries over
shoulder height in the over, they can do what
they like. Umpires probably don?t even think
about Law 41.6.1 ? after all, when was the last
time it was used to protect a No 11? I can?t think
of one example in Test cricket that I?ve played
in or watched in the past 25 years.
Cricket is an odd game in that it has three
distinct disciplines and, within that, you have
the unusual situation where someone who is
totally useless in one area can face a world-class
performer in another ? with potentially
harmful consequences. Batsmen who cannot
bowl are not required to bowl to great players,
but the opposite is obviously the case ?
precisely why the Law is framed as it is, as builtin protection for the incompetent.
No one wants to see the game sanitised, but
the Law is there for a reason. The umpires
should make use of it.
Birmingham Games could feature women?s T20 tournament
Elizabeth Ammon, Martyn Ziegler
Cricket?s governing body will turn
down any application by Birmingham
to host a men?s Twenty20 tournament
as part of the 2022 Commonwealth
Games, but could be open to the idea of
a women?s tournament.
Although cricket has not formed part
of Birmingham?s bid to host the 2022
Games, organisers have not ruled out
including the sport. There is almost no
chance that agreement would be given
to a men?s tournament because the
international calendar would not allow
it and the timing would clash with the
height of the English cricket summer.
However, Birmingham 2022 chiefs
are optimistic that there may be scope
to host a women?s competition. Their
international schedule contains far
fewer matches and although the
Games may clash with the English
women?s domestic T20 league, it could
be moved to later in the summer.
Birmingham will be confirmed as
host city for the 2022 Games today.
Representatives from the organising
committee, Birmingham city council
and Warwickshire County Cricket Club
will then make representations to the
ICC and ECB about cricket?s inclusion.
Cricket?s hopes of becoming an
Olympic sport in 2024 have suffered a
blow after the head of the Paris organising committee said that any proposed
new sport would be partly judged on its
appeal to the French public.
In August, Laura Flessel-Colovic,
France?s sports minister, suggested that
it could be a possibility but the sport is
barely played in the country. There is
no official pitch for the national team
? who were silver medallists behind
Britain in 1900, the only time it has been
played in the Olympics ? and the sport
gets little coverage in the French media.
Tony Estanguet, the president of
Paris 2024, said: ?We have to look at
what is the appeal in terms of the
French market. We know cricket is a
worldwide sport and it could be
interesting for the IOC but we have not
decided at all what will be in our
proposal for the Games.?
the times | Thursday December 21 2017
67
2G M
Football Sport
Video referees
cannot solve
diving disputes
Mark
Clattenburg
BT Sport pundit and
former Premier
League referee
The hugely controversial Carabao Cup
tie between Leicester City and Manchester City on Tuesday placed Bobby
Madley in the spotlight for the decisions he made. The referee awarded a
penalty in the seventh minute of added
time when Demarai Gray fell under the
challenge of Kyle Walker, and in extra
time Madley booked Walker for a dive,
then waved play on when Jamie Vardy
fell on the edge of the area when tackled by Danilo.
I know fans will have been confused
and wondered if Video Assistant
Referees (VAR) would provide more
consistency but these incidents underline why English football is so exciting
and unpredictable and stirs debate. I
did not think the challenge on Gray was
worthy of a penalty but know plenty of
informed people who think it was and
he has avoided an FA charge. It?s a
matter of opinion and VAR should not
be used for matters of opinion.
Diving is not quite so subjective,
especially if the cameras show there
was no contact, and while we wait for
VAR in England it will be difficult to
remain consistent in terms of punishments for diving. The only short-term
solution is for referees to educate themselves better on techniques used when
simulating ? movement of legs, how a
player breaks his fall with his arms ?
and make sure they are in the best position when the ball is in the penalty area.
I would disagree that referees are interpreting more falls as dives, there are still
very few cautions issued for simulation.
Referees have to use their knowledge
of the game. Not all decisions are clear
cut just because you can see different
camera angles. I was criticised for
admitting how I managed the Premier
League title race decider between
Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur two
seasons ago, but it is worth stressing
that had that match been under VAR
jurisdiction then possibly four players
would have been sent off.
The Premier League is not ready for
VAR that interprets subjective incidents; it would dilute its excitement. We
are trialling VAR in Saudi Arabia and it
is clear to me that using it for offside is
a mistake. Many in the game consider
offside to be similar in its application to
goalline technology but if you apply
VAR to offside you instantly lose that
core principle of the benefit of the
doubt. In the Premier League a striker
could break free of a defence and be a
millimetre offside but he would be
given the benefit of the doubt and be
allowed to run on and score. With VAR
his goal would be ruled out and that
would not be in the spirit of the game.
There are elements to VAR that are
compelling and there have been times
when I would have loved the chance to
review a decision. When I awarded a
penalty against Spurs for a foul on
Cristiano Ronaldo in 2007, the fans at
half-time could see via replays that there
had been no contact. I was jeered by
most of them in the second half for that
mistake. No referee wants to give a penalty for something that has not
actually happened and if Madley had
wanted to look again at the Gray penalty
from Tuesday then under VAR he would
at least have had access to fresh angles.
I can?t imagine Premier League clubs
standing for the sort of messy, longwinded use of VAR that was seen in the
Club World Cup semi-final last week.
The referee disallowed a goal by Real
Madrid?s Casemiro for a push but he
heard via VAR that there was no push
and the goal was given. The voice in his
ear then told him he needed to review
the incident and he then decided there
should have been a flag for offside and
the goal was again disallowed.
It is much easier in cricket and rugby,
where there are fewer grey areas, to use
the review system. Football is more
organic. A referee is like a policeman
who needs to apply common sense to
every transgression. A good police officer will warn someone driving at 32mph
to be careful rather than charging them
with a speeding offence. In the same
way a good referee knows when it is
right to book a player or not. It may be,
for example, that two players have been
pushing and shoving each other for 25
minutes, ignored my warnings and left
me with no choice but to issue a card
REUTERS; CAMERASPORT VIA GETTY IMAGES
3
Players booked in the
Carabao Cup this season
for diving: Yaya Tour�,
Ilkay G黱dogan and
Kyle Walker (all
Man City)
Players booked for diving
The 12 players booked this season
for simulation in Premier League
games mark a 33 per cent increase
on the same stage of last season
Adam Smith.......................Bournemouth
Ander Herrera..............Manchester Utd
Antonio Valencia........Manchester Utd
Cesc F郻regas...............................Chelsea
Dele Alli.......................................Tottenham
Mark Noble.................................West Ham
Rajiv van La Parra............Huddersfield
Salom髇 Rond髇..................West Brom
Scott Arfield....................................Burnley
Solly March....................................Brighton
Tom Davies......................................Everton
Wilfred Ndidi................................Leicester
Gray, top, and Lanzini, above, won penalties for their teams, but the West Ham
player was handed a two-match ban while the Leicester player was not charged
that in isolation would appear harsh.
VAR could, though, get rid of what look
like morally debatable outcomes. Is it
fair that Manuel Lanzini is serving a
two-match ban for diving while Dele
Alli is not serving any kind of ban in
spite of the dangerous challenge on
Kevin De Bruyne on Saturday? Had the
Premier League been using VAR then
Lanzini would have been booked in the
game and not been subsequently
banned while Alli would have been sent
off and unavailable for three matches.
One important question is whether
referees will become too dependent on
VAR, lose their ability to make big decisions and, in the end, be weaker in character. I would not reappoint a referee
who needed VAR three or four times
every game. The best are the ones who
need it once in three or four games and
retain the courage of their convictions.
6 BT Sport is where the best in sport go
head to head, bringing you coverage of
the Premier League, UEFA Champions
League and Europa League. Visit bt.com/
sport
Don?t miss a game this Christmas ? the festive fixtures
All matches kick off 3pm unless stated
Tomorrow
Arsenal v Liverpool (7.45pm)
Leicester City v Manchester United
(7.45pm)
Saturday, December 23
Everton v Chelsea (12.30pm)
Tuesday, December 26
Tottenham Hotspur v Southampton
(12.30pm)
Thursday, December 28
Crystal Palace v Arsenal (8pm)
Bournemouth v West Ham United
Chelsea v Brighton & Hove Albion
Huddersfield Town v Stoke City
Manchester United v Burnley
Watford v Leicester City
West Bromwich Albion v Everton
Liverpool v Swansea City (5.30pm)
Saturday, December 30
Bournemouth v Everton
Chelsea v Stoke City
Huddersfield Town v Burnley
Liverpool v Leicester City
Newcastle United v Brighton & Hove Albion
Watford v Swansea City
Manchester United v Southampton
(5.30pm)
Brighton & Hove Albion v Watford
Manchester City v Bournemouth
Southampton v Huddersfield Town
Stoke City v West Bromwich Albion
Swansea City v Crystal Palace
West Ham United v Newcastle United
Burnley v Tottenham Hotspur
(5.30pm)
Wednesday, December 27
Newcastle United v Manchester City
(7.45pm)
Sunday, December 31
Crystal Palace v Manchester City
(midday)
West Bromwich Albion v Arsenal
(4.30pm)
Monday, January 1
Brighton v Bournemouth (12.30pm)
Burnley v Liverpool
Leicester City v Huddersfield Town
Stoke City v Newcastle United
Everton v Manchester United (5.30pm)
Tuesday, January 2
Southampton v Crystal Palace (7.45pm)
Swansea City v Tottenham Hotspur
(7.45pm)
West Ham United v
West Bromwich Albion (7.45pm)
Manchester City v Watford (8pm)
Wednesday, January 3
Arsenal v Chelsea (7.45pm)
Thursday, January 4
Tottenham Hotspur v
West Ham United (8pm)
68
2G M
Thursday December 21 2017 | the times
Sport Football
Thug jailed for
racist assault on
City?s Sterling
George Caulkin
Northern Sports Correspondent
Raheem Sterling was kicked four times
and racially abused in an attack by a
convicted football hooligan, who was
jailed for 16 weeks yesterday.
The Manchester City and England
forward was left ?completely shocked?
after Karl Anderson, 29, attacked him
outside City?s training ground on
Saturday while the player waited to
enter the complex.
CCTV footage showed Anderson,
who has a history of football-related
violence, driving his van alongside
Sterling?s car. Both men then got out of
their vehicles and Anderson walked
towards Sterling.
Manchester and Salford magistrates?
court heard that Anderson called
Sterling a ?black Scouse c***? and said:
?I hope your mother and child wake up
dead in the morning, you n*****.?
?He then approached Sterling,
bouncing on the balls of his feet as if to
start a fight,? said Carl Miles, for the
prosecution. ?He kicked him to the left
hamstring but left no bruises.
?Anderson then told Sterling, ?Come
on then you black bastard, who do you
think you are?? His girlfriend then
shouted, ?Don?t do it, he?s a Manchesn
ter City player.? ? Anderson then ran
back to his van and reversed down
the road.
Miles explained that Sterling
suffered
from
a
sore
hamstring after the attack
but no significant
injury. ?He is a pror?
fessional footballer,?
he said. ?His legs are important
for his job.? Sterling went on to
score two goals for City in their
4-1 victory at home to
Tottenham Hotspur that day.
In a personal statement,
Sterling described his deep
sense of shock. ?I didn?t think
Sterling was ?completely
shocked? by the attack
this behaviour still happened in this
country in this day and age,? he said.
John Black, for the defence, said
Anderson lost his temper with Sterling
after his girlfriend asked him to request
an autograph from the footballer.
Anderson smiled as he was found
guilty of racially aggravated common
assault. He was also ordered to pay �0
compensation and �5 victim
surcharge. ?This was an entirely unprovoked attack,? Diana Webb-Hobson,
chairman of the bench, said. ?You
stopped your car and got out. The
personal statement was very moving,
we find injury was sustained. Your previous record was appalling, you don?t
seem to learn anything, do you??
The court heard that Anderson had
25 previous convictions for 37 offences,
including throwing a flare at a police
officer during a football match. In
January, he was one of 12 Manchester
United supporters handed a football
banning order after violent disorder in
the Shamrock pub in Bengal Street
before an FA Cup fixture with Sheffield
United. ?He is now finding alternative
ways to express violence and aggression, all relating to football,? Miles said.
Sterling has been offered support by
Kick It Out, the football equality and
i
inclusion
organisation. ?Verbal and
p
physical
assaults of a racist or
discriminatory
manner
are
completely unacceptable across
football and society,? Kick it
Out said.
Sterling has played an
integral role in City?s recordb
breaking season, scoring 15
ggoals in all competitions for
Pep Guardiola?s team.
Black said that Anderson,
w
who wore a black T-shirt in
court and was supported in the
gallery by two male family
members, could not explain his
behaviour, which he ?bitterly?
regretted.
?He apologises through
me to Mr Sterling for his
actions,? the lawyer said.
JOHN POWELL/LIVERPOOL FC/GETTY IMAGES
Wilshere wants to stay
Liverpool have
told OxladeChamberlain
he must score
more goals
Jack Wilshere wants to stay at
Arsenal and has also set his sights on
winning a place at the World Cup.
The 25-year-old injury-plagued
midfielder is back in Arsenal?s
Premier League side after impressing
in the Europa League. His contract
expires at the end of the season and
he can talk to foreign clubs next
month, but yesterday he said: ?This is
where I want to be, this is where I see
myself in the future. I am enjoying
my football and am playing in the
Premier League and I want to help
Arsenal get to where it should be.?
Wilshere is also confident that he
can book a place in the England
squad for Russia 2018, telling Sky
Sports: ?I can have a positive effect on
this team and then we will see if the
England manager picks me.?
Big clubs target Tarkowski
Klopp: I?ll teach Ox to score
Timothy Abraham
J黵gen Klopp believes that Alex
Oxlade-Chamberlain?s
goalscoring
potency will hit new heights at
Liverpool after it was neglected at by
Ars鑞e Wenger at Arsenal.
Oxlade-Chamberlain is set to come
up against his former club tomorrow in
the Premier League having steadily
started to reinvigorate a career that had
seemingly stalled at the Emirates
before he made a � million move to
Merseyside in August.
The 24-year-old attacking midfielder?s goal return was a modest 20 in 198
appearances over six years for Arsenal.
Last season was his best for both goals
and assists for the club ? six and 11
respectively.
It is an area in which Klopp feels the
England player could improve and Liverpool?s coaching staff have worked
hard with him at the training ground.
The benefits are yet to be fully felt
with Oxlade-Chamberlain having
scored only twice in 20 appearances for
Liverpool, but he has looked a lot more
confident with his attacking play after
being encouraged to contribute more.
It is an aspect of his game that
the Liverpool manager thinks was
never fulfilled at Arsenal.
?The biggest improvement and
potential [with Oxlade-Chamberlain]
is being involved in goalscoring situations,? Klopp said. ?It is unbelievable
but he was not asked for this too much
in the past. If you watch Arsenal in the
past, their two decisive players were
Mesut 謟il and Alexis S醤chez.
?Here we put it on more shoulders.
He needs to be involved in these situations. For all the qualities he has, his
goalscoring record can improve. He has
the obvious skills ? shooting, both feet,
speed. It?s something we know he will
be better at in the future.
?His main skills are offensive, that?s
true. He is such an athlete and that?s all
good. It?s unbelievable but he has ten or
12 years yet to come in his career.?
Arsenal and Manchester City are
monitoring James Tarkowski with a
view to bidding for the Burnley centre
back this summer.
The 25-year-old is happy at
Burnley, who will not countenance
offers for Tarkowski next month as
they seek to build on their remarkable
start to the season, but an offer from a
Champions League club would leave
him with a difficult decision to make.
As a Mancunian who returned to
the North West from Brentford in
February 2016, primarily for family
reasons, a move to City would have
obvious appeal for Tarkowski,
although he may find regular firstteam football easier to achieve with
Arsenal. Both clubs have been seeking
to sign a homegrown centre back.
FA creates diversity roles
The Football Association is to create
a senior position to tackle concerns
about a lack of diversity at its national
football centre at St George?s Park.
The FA is planning to appoint two
?heads of diversity and inclusion?, one
based at St George?s Park in Burton
upon Trent, the other at Wembley.
The proposals form part of the
cultural review of the organisation
commissioned after the Chelsea
player Eni Aluko was found to have
been the subject of a racist remark
made by Mark Sampson, then the
England women?s manager.
The move follows criticism of St
George?s Park, in particular, by
Heather Rabbatts, who quit as an FA
board member and chairwoman of its
Inclusion Advisory Board in July.
DOUBLE SCOTCH
Ally McCoist joins Alan Brazil on the
Sports Breakfast. This morning from 6 to 10am.
Get stuck in!
1089/1053A
AM
DAB Radio
Mobile
talkSPORT.com
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the times | Thursday December 21 2017
69
2G M
Sport
Morata delivers dramatic winner
Chelsea
Willian 13, Morata 90+1
Bournemouth
Gosling 90
CLIVE ROSE/GETTY IMAGES
2
0
2
1
Morata?s goal
settled the tie
but a booking
spoiled his fun
Carabao Cup
James Gheerbrant
In Roman Abramovich?s 14-year reign
at Chelsea, only once has a manager
survived a trophyless season. So it will
probably help Antonio Conte to sit that
much more comfortably because
despite his frequent whinges about
squad depth and schedule ferocity,
Chelsea will still be involved in all four
major competitions at the turn of the
year. The Italian can go to bed on
Christmas Eve with visions of
silverware dancing in his head.
Chelsea will play Arsenal in the semifinals of the League Cup after an
extraordinary, emotionally oscillating
slow burner of a quarter-final against
Bournemouth, which ended with
羖varo Morata dramatically prodding
the deciding goal past a distraught
Artur Boruc 75 seconds after Dan
Gosling had curled in a deserved
equaliser for Bournemouth.
It was a ?heartbreaking? denouement, admitted Eddie Howe, whose
team once again invited questions
about their defensive naivety. For Conte, dismay turned to elation, and back to
dismay again when it became apparent
that in the ecstatic m阬閑 following the
winner, Morata incurred a yellow card,
ruling him out of Saturday?s match
against Everton. Once the dust had settled, Conte declared himself
proud of the ?great character and personality? his
side had shown in those
final, see-sawing seconds.
It is an oddity of
Conte?s managerial career that
despite
his
excellence
in
mano-a-mano
t
battles of tactical wit,
his record in cup competitions is relatively undistinguished: two Supercoppa Italiana, the equivalent of the Community Shield, representing his
only successes in showpiece
finals. The League Cup may be the
poor relation of English football?s
three main competitions, but it
offers
the
chance
of
a
significant vindication for the
Chelsea manager.
Willian celebrates after finishing
a fine move to put Chelsea ahead
Conte
resisted
the
temptation to go the full
Wenger and instead named
a medium-strength line-up
leavened with a sprinkling
of reserves, including the 17-year-old
defensive midfielder Ethan
Ampadu, a
tonsorial
heir apparent to
David
L
Luiz
and
already a
senior
W
Wales
international,
?
who ?showed
great maturity
and personality?, Conte said
? and Kenedy, recalled from the
naughty step after almost sparking a
diplomatic incident on the club?s
pre-season tour to China.
Howe had also named a strongish XI,
including, at the top of the tree, a firstteam star in Jermain Defoe. He was
immediately hacked down by Ampadu,
earning the youngster a yellow card.
From an early Bournemouth attack,
Defoe?s blocked shot broke to Dan Gosling, who sliced a limp effort wide.
Bournemouth had earned criticism
for the artlessness of their gung-ho
approach against Liverpool, a rarity in a
climate where most teams are hyperconservative against the heavyweights.
In an attempt to tighten things up,
Howe lined up with a back three, effectively a back five when out of possession, with the wing backs Adam Smith
and Ryan Fraser tucking in.
Nonetheless, they were carved open
after 12 minutes. Kenedy produced a
delicious backheel to release Cesc
F郻regas, who cantered into vacant
acreage between Simon Francis and
Steve Cook, then squared for Willian to
tap into the net.
Defoe, still feeling the effects of
Ampadu?s reducer, hobbled off; Howe
said later that he had sustained ?damage to his ankle ligaments?. There followed a bizarre episode where Willian,
inside his own half, inexplicably
stopped playing and let the ball run for
Jordon Ibe, Defoe?s replacement. Ibe
blazed into the area and only the looming spectre of the covering Gary Cahill
forced him to slice wide.
Before kick-off, Michy Batshuayi was
averaging a goal every 81 minutes for
Chelsea ? every 85 minutes this season
? but there remains a sense that he is
more effective in brief cameos from the
bench: a social-media-era Solskjaer.
Played in by Pedro six yards out, he
could not avoid Cook?s blocking tackle.
While most people use the League
Cup as an opportunity to dial down the
intensity, Conte evidently has no
dimmer switch. He was still bawling
and gesticulating with unrelenting fury
on the touchline, moved to such
apoplexy when Pedro conceded
possession on one occasion that the
Spaniard threw himself into attempted
recovery tackles with the commitment
of a presidential bodyguard trying to
intercept an assassin?s bullet.
Bournemouth were transformed
after the break. They won two corners
in quick succession, and from the
second, the youngster Jack Simpson
was inches away from getting a telling
contact. But with Defoe off and Joshua
King not in the squad, the reserve front
two of Ibe and Lys Mousset lacked guile
and penetration, summed up by one
moment where they exchanged passes
and Ibe tried, with a predictable lack of
success, to run through Antonio
R黡iger.
But after West Ham?s limp complicity
in their quarter-final defeat by Arsenal
on Tuesday, Bournemouth?s audacity
was refreshing. Chelsea were on the
back foot, and after Ampadu deflected
Mousset?s shot over, Conte had seen
enough to summon the cavalry. Eden
Hazard, Ti閙ou� Bakayoko and Morata were unwrapped and pressed into
the action.
Ibe flashed a drive past the base of
Willy Caballero?s post before the
equaliser arrived. Chelsea failed to deal
with a throw-in, with Morata?s clearing
header inadequate, and substitute Callum Wilson swept the ball to the edge of
the box, where Gosling measured a
perfect curler into the corner. Conte
could scarcely have been more flammable if he?d been sloshed in brandy.
But there remained one final twist.
Bournemouth switched off, and with
Howe watching in horror, were
totally unravelled by a long hack
forward from Davide Zappacosta.
Hazard drew the defenders out of
position, creating space for Morata to
run on to his backheel and poke home
the winner. In this Christmas cracker,
the joke was on Bournemouth.
Chelsea (3-4-2-1): W Caballero 6 ? A R黡iger 7,
E Ampadu 6, G Cahill 6 ? D Zappacosta 7, C F郻regas 6,
D Drinkwater 6, Kenedy 7 ? Willian 6 (E Hazard 61min,
7), Pedro 7 (T Bakayoko 61, 6) ? M Batshuayi 5
(� Morata 73, 7). Substitutes not used Eduardo,
J Clarke-Salter, D Sterling, C Hudson-Odoi.
Booked Ampadu, F郻regas, Zappacosta, Morata.
Bournemouth (3-5-1-1): A Boruc 6 ? S Francis 5,
S Cook 5, J Simpson 6 ? A Smith 6, H Arter 6 (L Cook
74, 6), A Surman 6, D Gosling 7, R Fraser 7 ?
L Mousset 6 (C Wilson 71, 7); J Defoe 5 (J Ibe 17, 6).
Substitutes not used A Ramsdale, N Ak�, M Pugh,
E Hyndman. Booked Smith, Francis, Simpson, Gosling.
Referee L Mason
Swansea?s defeat by Everton proved the final straw for Clement
continued from back
Managers don?t last the year
coach, to take charge of training and
Saturday?s visit of relegation rivals
Palace.
The pair will be guaranteed to get the
fervent backing of the fans at the Liberty Stadium however, as Britton has
spent the vast majority of his playing
career at the club as a player for them in
every division before being appointed
as Clement?s assistant last month, while
Toshack is the son of Swansea legend
John Toshack and has been a youth
coach at the club for four years.
Huw Jenkins, the Swansea chairman,
said: ?We had three different managers
last season and as a result we all wanted
to give Paul as much time as possible to
turn things around.
?But we felt we couldn?t leave it any
Francesco Guidolin.................278 days
23 Premier league games (2016)
1.26 pts per game
Bob Bradley....................................84 days
11 games (2016)
0.73 pts per game
Paul Clement................................351 days
37 games (2017)
1.11 pts per game
longer and needed to make a change to
give us the best chance of an uplift and
a turnaround in fortunes with the club
bottom of the Premier League.?
Swansea had intended to give Clement one more game to improve the
team?s fortunes, but concluded that his
position was untenable after Monday?s
3-1 defeat by Everton and did not want
to subject him to the dissent of an angry
home crowd on Saturday. With few
obvious candidates available in the
middle of the season Swansea are hoping that creating a vacancy will flush
out more applicants, another
explanation for th
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