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The Times — 29 December 2017

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daily newspaper of the year
Friday December 29 2017 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72418
Only �to subscribers �60
2G
A heart-throb for 2018
James Norton star of McMafia
New Year?s
INSIDE Eve survival
TIMES2
guide
Snow and ice
forecast to
bring more
travel chaos
DAVID GRAY/REUTERS
Will Humphries
Rising from the Ashes Alastair Cook celebrating his double century in the fourth Test in Melbourne. His 244 not out was the highest by a visiting batsman there. Pages 64-68
Best-paid family doctor
earns �0k from NHS
Patient groups condemn system that lets GPs set their own pay
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Britain?s highest earning family doctor
is paid more than �0,000 a year
by the NHS, The Times has learnt,
prompting concerns over unaccountable GP ?empires?.
The unnamed GP was one of
more than 200 to receive in excess
of �0,000, and is likely to run a
group of surgeries responsible for tens
of thousands of patients.
Yesterday patients? organisation
leaders condemned a secretive system
that allows senior GPs to set their own
pay without the transparency that
could ensure value for NHS money.
They called on doctors to justify the
record earnings and said that very high
pay should be limited to those who can
prove they are making an exceptional
difference to frontline care.
Health chiefs have been encouraging
local surgeries to link up into superpractices that can offer care for conditions such as diabetes and mental
health without the need for patients to
go to hospital.
However, because the NHS pays GPs
for each patient on their books, experts
said that this could offer the chance
for heads of such surgeries to pay them-
selves huge sums with little scrutiny.
The findings will focus attention on
reform of a GP funding system which
is being questioned amid shortages of
doctors and lengthening waits.
The average GP is paid �,000 and
earnings have been falling gradually
since 2010 as part of an NHS cash
squeeze. GPs who are paid a salary
earn �,000 on average, but surgery
partners, who are in effect smallbusiness owners contracting to the
NHS, earn almost twice as much.
A freedom of information request to
the NHS Business Services Authority,
to which GPs must report their NHS
earnings to claim a pension, revealed
that one doctor received between
�0,000 and �9,000 from the NHS
in 2015-16, the most recent year for
which figures were available. Four
earned from �0,000 to �9,000; 11
were paid between �0,000 and
�9,000 while 193 earned between
�0,000 and �9,000. Simon Stevens,
chief executive of NHS England, was
paid just under �5,000 last year.
Alex Wild, research director of the
Taxpayers? Alliance, which obtained
the data, said it was ?clear something is
going badly wrong? with GPs? pay. He
Continued on page 2, col 3
Motorists were warned to stay off the
roads today with heavy snowfalls
expected to cause chaos for people
going away for the new year weekend.
Deep snow was forecast over central
and northern England as well as southern Scotland, with ice also expected to
cause disruption as temperatures drop.
Revellers journeying north for three
days of Hogmanay celebrations in
Edinburgh, which welcomes about
100,000 people visiting to see in the
new year, will face ?impossible?
conditions in some areas, the RAC said.
Drivers were advised to pack blankets,
food and drink, a torch, a shovel and a
fully charged phone.
Highways England issued a severe
weather alert and said that its gritters
were working ?around the clock? on
motorways and main roads. The Met
Office issued an amber warning for
heavy snow today over parts of England
including the East Midlands, the northwest and Yorkshire, where a covering of
10cm is likely and up to 15cm possible
over the highest hills. There may be
cancellations to flights and trains.
Ice warnings are also in force across
northern Scotland and the Northern
Isles as well as swathes of central and
eastern areas of England.
Rod Dennis, RAC traffic spokesman,
said: ?Some northern regions are set to
see further snowfall in the early hours,
making driving conditions very difficult,
if not impossible where the heaviest
snowfall occurs. Drivers in the areas
likely to be affected should consider
delaying their journeys. Those that do
head out should make sure that their
vehicle is ready to cope.?
Heavy rain was expected in southern
Britain today, before conditions become
mainly dry, although windy, in the
afternoon with some sunshine. The far
north of Scotland can expect a dry and
cold day. Further rain and strong winds
are expected throughout the new year
weekend and, while it will become
milder across southern parts for a time,
it will stay cold across the north where
there could be more snow tomorrow. It
is likely to be cold and showery on New
Year?s Eve and New Year?s Day.
Air passengers? anger, page 9
Full forecast, page 56
IN THE NEWS
Kit thwarts poachers
Plea for teachers
Thatcher panda snub
Isis claims bombing
Risk to superjumbo
S醤chez ignored
A kit developed by Scotland
Yard to obtain fingerprints
from ivory, which is highly
porous, has been sent to
Africa to protect elephants
from poachers. Page 3
The graduate recruiter Teach
First has shifted its focus to
encourage middle-aged
professionals to become
teachers at schools in remote
and deprived areas. Page 4
Margaret Thatcher refused to
travel with a panda on
Concorde in a publicity stunt
for London Zoo, according to
a memo released by the
National Archives. Pages 14-15
Isis claimed responsibility for a
suicide bomb attack that killed
at least 41 people and wounded
more than 90 in Afghanistan,
underlining the resilience of
the Islamist group. Page 32
Airbus is understood to be
considering ending production
of the A380 superjumbo, the
largest commercial aircraft,
if it does not receive a new
order from Emirates. Page 39
Some of Alexis S醤chez?s
Arsenal team-mates chose not
to celebrate his two goals in a
3-2 win over Crystal Palace.
He has not signed a new
contract at the club. Page 68
2
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
MAIN PAPER
TIMES2
Seven million train journeys
a year hit by half-hour delays
Nadeem Badshah
THAT JOKE?S ANCIENT
A cup that covers its user
in wine has revealed the
Roman sense of humour
WARP SPEED
The satirist Charlie Brooker
explains why he is boldly going
into Star Trek territory
NEWS PAGE 19
TELEVISION PAGE 8
COMMENT 27
THUNDERER 28
LEADING ARTICLES 31
WORLD 32
BUSINESS 39
REGISTER 53
LAW REPORT 55
SPORT 57
CROSSWORD 68
FOLLOW US
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Rail passengers lost more than 3.5 million hours to significantly delayed journeys last year, a study has found.
The consumer group Which? reported that across all train companies
under franchise, delays of at least 30
minutes affected more than seven million journeys last year.
Analysis of data from the Office of
Road and Rail, the rail regulator, found
that Virgin Trains East Coast had the
highest percentage of significant
delays, with almost 3.7 per cent of all its
journeys held up by between 30 minutes and two hours. It was followed by
Virgin Trains West Coast (1.95 per cent)
and Grand Central (1.1 per cent).
The train company with the lowest
percentage of significant delays was c2c
(0.16 per cent); however, thousands of
passenger journeys were still affected.
Transpennine Express?s tally for significantly late journeys was 0.87 per
cent compared with 0.54 per cent for
Govia Thameslink Railway, 0.53 per
cent for East Midlands Trains and
0.51 per cent for Great Western Railway.
Rail fares are due to rise by an average of 3.4 per cent from Tuesday, the
highest increase in five years and
slightly below the 3.6 per cent set by the
government in August for regulated
fares, which include season tickets.
The research found flaws in the compensation system for delays of 30 minutes or more through the Under Delay
Repay agreement, which most operators have signed up to.
Forty per cent of passengers said that
they were not told of their rights to
compensation the last time that they
were delayed for a period that would
qualify. This rose to 54 per cent of
leisure passengers.
Which? made a complaint to the regulator two years ago over the poor rail
compensation system, and the regulator agreed that the situation required
significant improvement. It has called
for passengers to be compensated automatically for delayed trips rather than
having to fill in a series of forms. Six of
the 27 operators ? Virgin Trains West
Coast, c2c, Thameslink, Southern,
Great Northern and Northern ? have
adopted the move.
Alex Hayman, managing director of
public markets at Which?, said: ?If train
companies can?t simplify unnecessarily
complex claims systems for delayed
customers, then government must
press for automatic compensation to be
introduced across the industry so that
people can get the money they are
owed.?
The data analysed was from April 1,
2016, until last March 31. The government announced last month that the
East Coast rail franchise would end
three years early, and a new partnership
model would replace the franchise contract of Virgin Trains East Coast. The
train operator had pledged to pay
�3 billion to run the service until 2023
when it was reprivatised in 2015 after
six years in public hands.
A campaign to return the franchise to
public ownership was started this week.
COMMENT
Germany is failing to provide leadership in
Europe while ignoring Russian outrages
Domestic abuse law ?is being ignored?
EDWARD LUCAS, PAGE 29
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
DINNER
TONIGHT
Chorizo stew
with red peppers
and mushrooms
Time for something a
bit spicy. I used little
chorizo sausages ?
split lengthways to
make it a fork and
spoon supper ? but
chunky slices from a
larger sausage would
work. Canned
tomatoes and a little
stock complete this
meal in a bowl. Instead
of chickpeas, choose
boiled waxy potatoes
and serve with salad or
green beans.
Serves 3 Prep 20 min
Cook 30 min
Ingredients: 1 large
onion; 3 garlic cloves;
2 tbsp olive oil; 150g
pointed red
pepper; 12/190g
bite-size chorizo;
200g closed-cup
mushrooms; 400g can
chopped tomatoes;
150ml canned
consomm� or chicken
stock; 400g can
chickpeas; � lemon;
50g flat-leaf parsley or
coriander.
Finely chop the onion
and garlic. Heat the oil
in a lidded casserole,
stir in onion and garlic
with � tsp salt. Adjust
the heat to medium
low, cover and cook,
stirring once, for
10 min. Finely chop
the pepper,
discarding seeds.
Halve the chorizo
H
lengthways.
Wipe the
lle
e
mushrooms and cut in
quarters. Stir peppers
and chorizo into the
onion. Cook for a
further 10 min, stirring
often. Add the
mushrooms. Cook,
stirring often, for a few
minutes. Add tomatoes
and stock. Return to
simmer, reduce heat to
low. Cover and cook
for 25 min. Add rinsed
chickpeas and cook
uncovered for 10 min
more. Season with salt
and lemon. Add
chopped parsley or
coriander just before
serving.
Lindsey Bareham
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Snow across northern England
and southern Scotland. Showers
elsewhere. Full forecast, page 56
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A law intended to protect victims of
controlling and coercive domestic
behaviour is not being enforced by
police, according to campaigners.
Since a new offence came into force
two years ago, 532 charges have been
laid in England, yet more than 4,000
offences were recorded by police in
England and Wales in a single year.
Six police forces in England have
brought five charges or less of controlling and coercive behaviour, according
to Plaid Cymru which proposed the
continued from page 1
GPs? pay
added: ?Few would begrudge paying
doctors well, but it?s clear a minority are
creating empires and raking in far more
than could have been imagined by
those who proposed the arrangements.
?The chancellor allocated yet more
money to the NHS at the budget last
month, but when a GP can earn eight
times as much as the average consultant you have to question whether
greater emphasis should be placed on
making the most of existing resources.?
Jeremy Taylor, chief executive of
National Voices, the health charity
umbrella group, said: ?We simply don?t
know if these [GP] salaries are money
well spent because there is a lack of
transparency about pay awards [and]
how they are decided.?
GP-led groups are in charge of
buying care locally, and The Times has
revealed how NHS rules allow them to
commission companies and surgeries
that are owned by the doctors that run
them.
Ministers have promised to recruit
5,000 more GPs by 2020 but their numbers are falling as doctors tire of seeing
rising numbers of patients. Jeremy
Hunt, the health secretary, has admitted that GPs are on a ?hamster wheel?
of 40 appointments a day.
Rachel Power, chief executive of the
Patients Association, said: ?Pay levels
for clinicians and contractors to the NHS
must be understood in terms of the
experiences of patients ? is the NHS
delivering good value for patients, in
exchange for what it pays out? With
resources so scarce, we would hope to
see evidence that anyone who is
new offence. It frequently involves
controlling a victim?s finances, who
they can see and where they are
allowed to go.
Plaid Cymru said that only eight of
the 43 forces in England and Wales
have taken up an accredited training
programme dealing with the offence.
Elfyn Llwyd, whose private members?
bill led to its introduction, said it was
very frustrating that training had been
so low. ?The poor take-up of training
among the Welsh and English police is
reflected in the low number of prosecutions. The government must ensure
that training is made mandatory and
funded centrally,? he said.
Controlling or coercive behaviour in
intimate or family relationships became a crime carrying a maximum sentence of five years in December 2015.
Theresa May, then the home secretary, said that such behaviour in
relationships could be ?tantamount to
torture?, though charities warned it
would be difficult to prove.
Harry Fletcher, a victims? rights campaigner, said: ?The figures for prosecutions is extremely worrying and is no
doubt related to the training failures.?
Analysis
F
amily doctors
are both the
bedrock of
the NHS and
independent
contractors to it, a
tension hardwired
into its creation in
1948 (Chris Smyth
writes).
GP partners have
traditionally been
paid out of the
surgery ?profits?, but
their funding system
is under pressure as
the NHS struggles
with rising numbers
of elderly patients
who cannot be dealt
with in a ten-minute
appointment. In such
a system, younger
doctors are reluctant
to become GP
partners and take
How it works
6 The NHS pays
�9 billion a year to
7,763 GP practices
6 Surgeries receive
an average of �1 a
year for each patient
6 GP partners set
their own salaries
after meeting the
running costs of the
surgery
6 �0 million of
surgery income is
linked to targets
such as doing blood
pressure checks
6 Surgeries can also
be paid extra for
services such as
care home rounds
remunerated particularly generously is
providing a particularly good service.?
A spokesman for the British Medical
Association said: ?The latest comprehensive figures from NHS Digital show
that GP pay has been in decline for years
despite many GPs working harder than
ever before to deliver more appointments to patients in an increasingly
under-pressure NHS. The tiny number
listed as earning extremely high incomes
are . . . likely not to be working on the front
line but managing large businesses.?
responsibility for
rushed care.
Bigger surgeries
that can do more are
part of the answer and
there are some who
will argue that heads
of such successful GP
?chains? deserve the
high pay they can
award themselves.
Others will question
whether huge salaries
are compatible with
the NHS ethos.
Officials admit that
the system needs
reform, but unpicking
decades of
workarounds has
been slow ? and one
simple question is
increasingly asked:
should GPs simply
become NHS
employees?
6 GP leaders have urged patients to
look up their illness online before
seeking an appointment. Helen StokesLampard, chairwoman of the Royal
College of GPs, said that family doctors
?really feel the pinch? over winter, and
added: ? ?Three before GP? summarises
how to think before you come to the
surgery. Have you asked: Self-care, can
I look after this myself? Then use online resources like NHS Choices. The
third is seeking a pharmacist?s advice.?
Leading article, page 31
the times | Friday December 29 2017
3
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News
Police forensics kit snares poachers
NIGEL PAVITT/GETTY IMAGES
John Simpson Crime Correspondent
The darkened rooms used by Scotland
Yard?s forensics experts are a stark
contrast to the dusty plains of the Great
Rift Valley. But technology designed in
its pristine laboratories is being used
thousands of miles away to protect
Africa?s elephants from poachers.
An award-winning and cost-effective
kit developed by the Met?s forensics
specialists has been donated to several
countries leading the fight against
poachers who are killing up to 100
elephants every day.
A problem for authorities trying to
tackle the illegal trade in elephant tusks
is that ivory is highly porous. It quickly
absorbs the grease, sweat and other
liquids to which fingerprinting dust
would commonly stick to show a print.
Mark Moseley, 45, a forensics specialist for the Met Police, decided to
tackle this after he was challenged by
his children. ?My two daughters asked
if I could help save the elephants ? a lot
was going on with animals being killed
at the time,? he said.
Working to develop the technology
in his own time, in conjunction with
King?s College London, he designed a
kit that uses magnetic particles much
Mark Moseley,
a Met forensics
expert, was urged
to act by his two
daughters
The Met Police?s award-winning fingerprinting equipment has been lent to Africa?s fight against poachers, who are killing up to 100 elephants a day on the continent
smaller than the dust traditionally used
in fingerprinting kits. This allows the
detection of fingerprints on ivory for
about a month after contact, a big
improvement. ?The previous best was
four days,? Mr Moseley said.
The kit uses magnetic particles that
can easily be cleaned with a magnet,
helping to avoid waste.
Kenyan authorities have been using
the equipment, paid for by the International Fund for Animal Welfare
(IFAW), to gather intelligence by
deploying it in the field and at international airports.
Used in conjunction with antipoaching efforts, the kit has played a
part in at least four cases this year,
resulting in 15 arrests, including five
allegedly corrupt police officers. As a
result, 11 elephant tusks and 50 pieces of
worked ivory have been seized. In
On the trail of ivory traders
6 110,000 African
elephants were killed
from 2006 to 2015,
and their population
has fallen by 20 per
cent in the past decade.
6 Of 2,853 wildlife
products seized coming
into the UK from 2009
to 2014, 1,165 were ivory.
6 A snap survey of 13
antiques markets in
London and six online
auction sites found
more than 5,200
ivory pieces for sale
in April last year.
1
3
4
6
5
2
1 Laminated guide to
using the kit.
2 A retractable magnet
that applies magnetic
micro-particles to the
ivory and brushes away
the excess.
3 Lifting tape, which is
used for copying the
fingerprints.
4 Roller for transferring
the prints to slides.
5 Magnifying glass to
examine the prints.
6 Pot containing the
magnetic microparticles.
Bono rages against girlie music
Neil Johnston
Festival stages continue to be dominated by blokes with guitars and women
still struggle to break into the music
industry ? Bono, however, thinks
music has become ?very girlie?.
The frontman of U2, one of the most
successful bands in history, claimed
that angry young men are lacking a
place to vent their feelings. In an interview with Rolling Stone, Bono, 57,
said: ?I think music has gotten very
girlie. And there are some good
things about that, but hip-hop is the
only place for young male
anger at the moment ?
and that?s not good.?
The singer and songwriter, who did not explain what he meant by
?girlie?, said that his son,
Elijah, believed that a
The U2 frontman said that young
men lacked music to vent anger
?rock?n?roll revolution is around the
corner?. He went on to reveal that when
he was younger he found music the best
way to express his rage: ?When I was 16,
I had a lot of anger in me. You need to
find a place for it and for guitars,
whether it is with a drum machine ? I
don?t care.?
Bono added: ?In the end, what is
rock?n?roll? Rage is at the heart of it.
Some great rock?n?roll tends to
have that, which is why the
Who were such a great band.
Or Pearl Jam. Eddie [Vedder] has that rage.?
His comments come
after a study this year
found that about six in
seven headline slots
across Britain?s top
music festivals were
filled by all-male acts.
Bono was also enigmatic about a ?neardeath experience? that
the magazine said hap-
pened during the making of his band?s
latest album, Songs of Experience,
which recently topped the US charts,
giving the band a No 1 in every decade
since the 1980s.
He said: ?People have these extinction events in their lives; it could be psychological or it could be physical. And,
yes, it was physical for me, but I think I
have spared myself all that soap opera.
?Especially with this kind of celebrity
obsession with the minutiae of people?s
lives ? I have got out of that. I want to
speak about the issue in a way that lets
people fill in the blanks of what they
have been through, you know?
?People have had so much worse to
deal with, so that is another reason not
to talk about it. You demean all the
people who never made it through that
or couldn?t get healthcare.?
Last month the Paradise Papers revealed that Bono had used a firm based
in low-tax Malta to invest in a shopping
centre in Lithuania, even though his
band had never visited the country.
October, Mr Moseley was given a special award by the animal welfare
organisation at an event held at the
House of Lords.
An African elephant is slaughtered
every 25 minutes for its ivory. A report
this year by the London-based Environmental Investigation Agency found
that the UK is the world?s largest
exporter of legal ivory, with 36,135 items
traded in the five years to 2015, including more than 13,000 to China and
Hong Kong.
That compared with the US in
second place, which traded just 9,824.
There are widespread fears that
poaching gangs use loopholes in UK
regulations to trade in illegal ivory.
Senior figures including Prince William have made repeated calls to put a
blanket ban on all sales of ivory in the
UK. Writing in The Times today, Boris
Johnson says that the government will
act on plans for a British ban on domestic ivory sales this year. ?I would never
want the children of the future to ask,
?Why did you not do more to save the
elephant??,? he writes. This month his
father, Stanley Johnson, wrote that the
government should ?close down the
domestic ivory market and end a
bloody trade that shames us all?.
In October, Michael Gove, the environment secretary, announced plans to
toughen regulations on the ivory trade
but stopped short of the Tory manifesto
pledges in 2010 and 2015 to ?press for a
total ban on ivory sales?.
China, by far the biggest consumer of
illegal ivory, has promised to close its
domestic market from December 31,
though it remains to be seen how this
will be implemented.
Thunderer, page 28
Writer in $10m legal claim
is torn apart by own editor
Will Pavia New York
In a lawsuit filed in July, the British
writer and contrarian Milo Yiannopoulos accused Simon & Schuster of damaging his reputation as a ?free-speech
celebrity? by cancelling the publication
of his book.
Now the publisher has responded to
his $10 million claim with something
worse for the reputation of a self-respecting writer: a copy of his original
manuscript, complete with blunt comments from his editor, lamenting the
book?s ?scattershot thinking?, its paragraphs of ?fake news? and its off-colour
jokes about lesbians and fat people.
In a sworn affidavit, Mitchell Ivers
said that he and his colleagues at the
publisher were ?disappointed with the
work? that Mr Yiannopoulos submitted at the beginning of last year. ?It was
not the serious and substantial commentary on free speech and political
correctness that we discussed,? he said.
?Instead, it was a superficial reworking
of Mr Yiannopoulos? various speeches
where he fed one-liners to crowds and
made incendiary comments.?
It was also ?riddled with highly offensive commentary and ?jokes? that were
distractions and many would see as
racist, misogynist, anti-immigrant,
antisemitic or homophobic,? he said.
Nothing Mr Ivers said in his affidavit
was quite as brutal as the exhibit the
publisher?s lawyers then filed with the
court, which contained his comments
in the margins. ?This is not the time or
place for another black-dick joke,? Mr
Ivers writes, explaining one of his
proposed changes.
Mr Yiannopoulos alleges that Simon
& Schuster cancelled his book because
of a controversy over comments he
made on a podcast about under-age
sex. The publisher says that it was
already unhappy with his book.
4
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
News
MAKOTO NISHIKURA/SONY WORLD PHOTOGRAPHY AWARDS
No. 2120
� PUZZLER MEDIA
Suko�
Place the numbers 1 to 9 in the
spaces so that the number in each
circle is equal to the sum of the four
surrounding spaces, and each colour
total is correct
Solution and more puzzles
MindGames in Times2
London acid attack
A woman suffered life-changing
injuries after acid was thrown at
her as she walked alone in
Canary Wharf, east London, just
before 7pm on Wednesday. The
36-year-old victim is in hospital
with burn injuries to her face and
leg. Tests confirmed that a strong
acid solution was thrown at her.
She did not see her attacker and
no arrests have been made. Police
are analysing CCTV images to try
to find the suspect and have
appealed for anyone with
information to contact them.
Raining champion? With a week until entries close, this image of umbrellas in Tokyo by Makoto Nishikura is a contender for the Sony World Photography Awards
climber
New middle-aged teachers Everest
to take pupils
targeted to boost schools on polar trek
Nicola Woolcock
Education Correspondent
More middle-aged professionals must
change career and become teachers to
improve schools in remote and deprived areas, the new head of Teach
First has told The Times.
The biggest graduate recruiter will
shift its focus to older trainees next year
in a drive to raise the quality of teaching
in market towns and coastal areas.
High-achieving executives who have
forged careers in London will be encouraged to train as teachers and move
back to their home towns. They are
being urged to rethink their lives over
the holiday period.
Russell Hobby completed 100 days in
the job on Wednesday, after taking over
from the former chief executive and
founder, Brett Wigdortz. Mr Hobby,
former general secretary of the
National Association of Head Teachers, said: ?Schools servicing challenging
communities suffer most. They are
under huge pressure. Over Christmas, a
lot of people will be sitting down and
thinking where do I go with my job?
Where?s the next challenge? People
switching careers is an increasing
source of teaching talent.? This year 31
per cent of new Teach First trainees
were career-switchers, compared with
22 per cent in 2011.
The age of Teach First recruits has
been slowly rising and the charity
hopes to exploit the willingness of disillusioned professionals to consider a
career switch. It has just taken on its
oldest recruit, aged 60. More than half
of recruits in their forties and fifties
have taken posts outside London.
The government has missed recruitment targets for traditional teacher
training for the past five years. The original focus of Teach First, founded 15
years ago, was on inner cities such as
London and Manchester, which have
proved a magnet for young, ambitious
recruits. Three years ago Teach First
said it would expand into seaside resorts and market towns but some young
graduates are reluctant to start their
working lives in run-down, inaccessible
areas. An organisation called Now
Teach already encourages experienced
professionals to move to the classroom.
Mr Hobby said Teach First was hoping
to target a younger demographic, starting with people in their thirties to midforties. He said the charity would consider encouraging teaching sabbaticals,
with people working for six weeks as
teaching assistants, before deciding
whether to change career.
Neil Gallagher, principal at Clacton
County High School in Essex, said:
?With new graduate teachers, unless
they have an existing link, it?s difficult
to attract them to the area. Recruitment is hard in coastal areas. For young
teachers that have no link with anywhere, big metropolitan areas are far
more exciting.?
Of Mr Gallagher?s 93 full-time equivalent teachers, 22 are former pupils and
another eight are local. He said some
had left the town but returned in their
late twenties when they wanted to settle down or were priced out of London.
Careers advice fails the young, CBI warns
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Careers advice in schools needs to be
transformed if Britain is to prepare
pupils for the jobs of the future, according to the head of the country?s largest
business group.
Carolyn Fairbairn, director-general
of the CBI, warns of a skills ?emergency? that is being overlooked
because the country is ?consumed? by
Brexit. Ms Fairbairn said that while
Brexit was the top political and economic issue, it represented only part of
the challenge facing Britain. She singled out careers advice as an area of
concern to business, calling for every
young person to have at least four opportunities to see the world of work first
hand before they turn 16.
?The UK is facing a skills emergency.
Weaknesses in supporting young
people into the labour market have existed for years, but the changing nature
of jobs and skill needs have turned the
situation critical . . . the clock may be
ticking on Brexit but it is ticking just at
fast in our schools, colleges, universities
and workplaces.?
A Department for Education spokesman said the government was already
working to improve careers advice, including a legal requirement from January that schools must give providers of
technical qualifications and apprenticeships the chance to talk to pupils.
Gurpreet Narwan
In the early hours of May 16, Mollie
Hughes took her final steps up the
rocky northeastern ridge of Mount
Everest. At 26, she had become the
youngest British climber to scale both
faces of the world?s tallest peak.
If she has anything to do with it, however, that achievement will not be her
only one. The former shop assistant
from Edinburgh will now lead a group
of school children on a ten-day expediMollie Hughes
wants to pass on
self-confidence
tion to the Arctic as part of a programme that hopes to inspire the next
generation of Scottish explorers.
Together with Craig Mathieson, the
Royal Scottish Geographical Society?s
explorer in residence, she will select ten
teenagers aged between 14 and 17 who
have struggled in education. They will
enrol in the Polar Academy, a
year-long training programme ending
with a 100km expedition. ?It was only
when I began training that I developed
confidence,? said Ms Hughes. ?I hope it
will do the same for them.?
6 A polar explorer attempting the first
solo crossing of Antarctica had to abandon his trek yesterday after he was left
with too little food to complete the journey. Ben Saunders, 40, reached the
South Pole after dragging his sled 650
miles before being forced to end the expedition. He said that he had only 13
days of food left for the remainder of the
trip, which he expected to take 17 days.
Silence over Iran Briton
The husband of a Briton in prison
in Tehran said he was ?in limbo?
waiting for news of her release
but had not given up hope.
Richard Ratcliffe had hoped that
Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, who
denies plotting to overthrow the
Iranian government, would be
home for Christmas with their
daughter Gabriella, three. He said
that the situation was ?more
positive than last year?.
Woman found dead
West Mercia police have made an
appeal to the public for
information after a woman in her
50s was found dead by the
emergency services at a house in
Worcester, in ?unexplained and
suspicious? circumstances on
Wednesday. Her next of kin have
been informed and local
newspapers named her as Julie
Fox, 51, but police have yet to
issue a formal identification.
Two on terror charge
Two men have been charged with
preparing an act of terrorism
after being arrested by police
investigating a suspected
Christmas attack plot. Andi Sami
Star, 31, from Chesterfield, and
Farhad Salah, 22, from Sheffield,
will appear by video-link before
magistrates in Westminster today.
They were among four men held
after raids in Derbyshire and
South Yorkshire on December 19.
Claus is no saint
A woman who is said to have
ridden a motorbike naked
through Woking, punched a blind
man and performed a sex act in
the high street also turned up at
court four hours late. At
Guildford crown court Natasha
Claus, 36, admitted various
offences, was jailed for 13 months
and banned from going to
Sheerwater, where she was said to
have preyed on vulnerable men.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
5
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News
Web entrepreneur kicked girlfriend during row about his ex
Nadeem Badshah
An internet entrepreneur whose
business collapsed in February has
admitted assaulting his girlfriend
during a row about his former partner
spending the night at his flat.
Yesterday a court was told that
Marco Nardone, 29, grabbed Toni
Allcock?s hair and kicked her in the
stomach at the �million flat on
December 12. The chief executive of the
failed photo messaging app Fling
pleaded guilty to assaulting Ms Allcock
in Hammersmith, west London. He was
bailed for sentencing on January 25.
Nardone, the son of a millionaire
Marco Nardone grabbed Toni Allcock
by the hair and neck and kicked her
wine merchant, had spent a year as a
trader at Credit Suisse before developing the app that allowed users to send
photos to strangers who could then
reply. It claimed to have four million
users. However, the app struggled to
turn a profit for investors who are estimated to have ploughed in � million
and went into administration.
Nardone was accused of spending
money on luxury holidays and fine
dining in Michelin-starred restaurants
as the company went bust.
The physics graduate, who was educated at Charterhouse, the �,000-ayear school in Surrey, regularly posts
pictures on his Instagram account of
his flamboyant lifestyle including
holidays in Ibiza and of his apartment
by the Thames.
Jonathan Bryan, for the prosecution,
told Westminster magistrates that Ms
Allcock had been unhappy about
Nardone?s former girlfriend staying at
the flat while she was away and the
argument turned violent.
Mr Bryan said. ?It was quite a
sustained assault. He grabs her by the
neck with both his hands and she was
shouting, ?Leave me alone.?
?He slapped her across the face and
she managed to get out of the flat?s front
door into the communal hallway. He
locked her out of the flat and she
banged on the door, demanding to be
allowed back in.
?She tried to press the block?s
concierge bell in the hallway, but Mr
Nardone prevented her doing that by
covering the bell with his hand. She
made for the lift and he followed her
and dragged her back towards the flat
by her hair. Again she made for the lift
and CCTV shows Mr Nardone blocking
the lift?s doors from closing and he
kicked her in the stomach and she fell to
the floor.?
The magistrates, sitting in a specific
domestic violence court, felt the
offence was serious enough to warrant
a pre-sentence probation report.
I had measure
of handsy rogue
Lloyd George,
says baroness
Patrick Maguire
The Westminster sexual harassment
allegations have rocked the highest
echelons of government and ended the
cabinet careers of Sir Michael Fallon
and Damian Green. Now the scandal
threatens a political heavyweight of a
different order: David Lloyd George.
The philandering Liberal prime
minister who saw Britain through the
end of the First World War would be
?booted? from office on account of his
attitudes towards women if he served
today, a 95-year-old Conservative peer
who once worked on his farm has
suggested.
Baroness Trumpington, who retired
from the Lords in October, makes the
claim in a special edition of Radio 4?s
Today programme this morning, which
she guest-edited with her son.
In
conversation
with
John
Humphrys, she recalls how, aged just 17,
she was posted as a land girl to Lloyd
George?s farm in Churt, Surrey ? and
soon found herself the target of libidinous designs which she readily admits
would have him sacked today.
In cheery recollections that
reflect the change in workplace attitudes over the
years, Baroness Trumpington says the so-called
Welsh goat of Downing Street
liked to survey ?pretty well all?
of her body with a tape
measure.
?He liked measuring me,?
she says. ?In other words,
he?d say: ?Go and stand over
there!? . . . He had a tape
measure, and he would
measure me.?
ys
Humphrys says
the encounterss
sounded ?rather
intimate?,
to
which the baroness replies:
?It was. But I
thought that?s
what people do!?
Reflecting on
the prospect of a
ster
modern
minister
Baroness Trumpington with David Lloyd George at his Surrey farm. ?He liked measuring me,? she says
emulating his behaviour, she adds: ?The
prime minister would
be booted, wouldn?t
he??
Asked whether she
had ever slapped him
or reacted adversely
to his advances, Baroness Trumpington
says: ?No. I said thank
you very much!? Her
time on the Lloyd George estate also
exposed her to arguably the most notorious of his sexual indiscretions ? his
relationship with his secretary and
long-term mistress, Frances Stevenson.
?He built her a most charming cottage
. . . and when the family came down, she
went there,? she says. ?And when the
family left, she went up to the big
house!?
Lloyd George had a series of affairs,
including with the wives of fellow
Liberal MPs, but suffered next to no
damage to his reputation. Ms Stevenson had an abortion when she fell
pregnant by him.
A civil servant would later reflect:
?He has lived a life of duplicity. He has
got clean away with it.?
Baroness Trumpington is the latest
in a string of Today guest editors.
Others this week have included Prince
Harry and Ben Okri, the Booker Prizewinning author.
Princess Anne crowned busiest royal Meghan?s half-sister hits
Lucy Bannerman
The Princess Royal carried out more
domestic engagements this year than
the Duke of Edinburgh, the Duke and
Duchess of Cambridge and Prince
Harry combined.
Princess Anne was confirmed as the
busiest member of the royal family,
clocking up 455 appearances at charity
events, dinners, receptions and other
engagements around the country this
year, with a further 85 overseas events.
The royal with the fewest UK duties
in her diary was, for the third year running, the Duchess of Cambridge. She
undertook 63 official engagements at
home and 42 abroad. Prince William
attended 117 events at home and 54
abroad, while Prince Harry made 139
domestic official appearances and 70
overseas. Even when combined with
the 131 appearances by the Duke of Ed-
inburgh, in the year of his retirement,
their total still fell short of that of Princess Anne, who is involved with more
than 300 charities, organisations and
military regiments.
The young royals were also collectively outperformed by the Duke and
Duchess of Gloucester, the Duke of
Kent and Princess Alexandra, who
carried out a total of 570 engagements.
The figures are based on an analysis
of the court circular by Tim O?Donovan, 85, a retired insurance broker from
Berkshire who has been compiling an
annual account of royal engagements
for The Times for the past 37 years.
He said that the Princess Royal?s
track record put paid to the suggestion
that ?hardest-working royal? was a
contradiction in terms. ?She is always
rushing around the country. I?m just
amazed when I look through the court
circular at what she does in a day. The
amount she crams in is extraordinary.
She can be up in Scotland then down to
a dinner in London that evening.?
However, he stressed that the numbers should not be judged as a ?league
table of individual royal performance?.
?The young ones are beginning to do a
bit more. Every engagement is different, in terms of time spent and the preparation needed, whether it be a visit,
investiture or speech. It goes to show
the amount of work they do.?
The Prince of Wales did the most
travelling, with 172 engagements on official overseas tours (and 374 at home),
followed by his brother the Duke of
York, who racked up 106 events abroad.
Even at the age of 91, the Queen
carried out 296 engagements. Mr
O?Donovan said: ?Except for Christmas
Day and Easter Day, the Queen never
has a day off from the official red boxes.?
Letters, page 30
back over Harry remarks
Meghan Markle?s half-sister has
rejected claims by Prince Harry that
the royals are the family she ?never
had?.
Harry made his comments when he
guest edited Radio 4?s Today programme on Wednesday and was asked
about Ms Markle?s experience of meeting the royal family over Christmas. He
told Sarah Montague, a presenter on
Today: ?She?s done an absolutely amazing job. She?s getting in there and it?s the
family I suppose that she?s never had.?
But Samantha Markle, who is also
known as Samantha Grant, contradicted him, saying on Twitter: ?Actually she
has a large family who were always
there with her and for her. Our household was very normal and when dad
and Doria divorced, we all made it so it
was like she had two houses. No one
was estranged, she was just too busy.?
In the past, Samantha Markle has
criticised her half-sister about her
lifestyle website The Tig, which the
actress has since closed. But she denied
rumours of a rift with the prince?s
fianc閑, calling her ?absolutely lovely?,
?very strong? and ?very graceful?.
Samantha Markle also tweeted:
?Meg?s family (our family) is complete
with sister, brother, aunts, uncles,
cousins, and the glue of our family, our
amazing completely self-sacrificing
father. She always had this family . . .
marrying merely extends it.?
The actress?s mother, Doria Ragland,
met Thomas Markle when they worked
on the set of the US soap General Hospital, divorcing when Ms Markle was six.
6
2G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
News
ELLIOTT FRANKS
More cities may
get ?drunk tanks?
to relieve A&E
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Flurry of feet The Birmingham Royal Ballet is performing The Nutcracker at the Royal Albert Hall, London, until Sunday
The NHS is considering introducing a
national network of city centre ?drunk
tanks? to allow revellers to sleep it off
without clogging up hospitals.
Simon Stevens, head of NHS England, has condemned ?selfish? drunks
who pile needless pressure on overstretched A&E wards, saying he wants
to look at expanding schemes that give
intoxicated partygoers a safe place in
which to sober up. Doctors have backed
the plans, but said that the drunk tanks
must be able to pick out those who need
medical attention; for example, if they
have suffered head injuries.
A few cities have set up recovery
caf閟 or mobile ?booze buses? after
finding that their hospitals were overrun by drunks on Friday and Saturday
nights. Researchers are still evaluating
whether they reduce pressure on A&E
departments.
Mr Stevens said: ?When the health
service is pulling out all the stops to care
for sick and vulnerable patients who
rightly and genuinely need our support,
it?s frankly selfish when ambulance
paramedics and A&E nurses have to be
diverted to looking after revellers who
have over-indulged. NHS doesn?t stand
for ?National Hangover Service?.
?In the run-up to Christmas, having
been out with ambulance crews on
night shifts in London and the West
Midlands, I?ve seen first-hand how
paramedics and A&Es are being called
on to deal with drunk and often aggressive people.?
Previous studies have found that
between 12 and 15 per cent of A&E
attendances in urban areas are the
result of drinking. A study in Newcastle
found this rose to 70 per cent in the
early hours of Sunday.
In the US police and health services
have long used drunk tanks to hold
people until they sober up.
The idea has attracted growing
attention in Britain and since 2012 a
nurse-led alcohol treatment centre has
operated in Cardiff on Friday and Saturday nights. In Manchester police
have opened a ?safe haven? caf� and
relaxation area to which drunk people
are sent if found wandering the streets,
and in Bristol a 20m (65ft) mobile unit
is used during new year celebrations.
Taj Hassan, president of the Royal
College of Emergency Medicine, said
that his organisation ?strongly supports
strategies that will help reduce the burden on busy overcrowded emergency
departments by alternative options
when significant numbers of patients
are simply intoxicated?. He added: ?It
undoubtedly helps already crowded
departments to be able to manage those
with acute illness and injury.?
However, he said that proper evaluation of the centres and individuals was
important. ?Such options must be well
resourced and patients managed safely,
as a small number will turn out to have
potentially serious injury or illness.?
Simon Moore, of Cardiff University,
is comparing rates of A&E attendances
in similar cities with and without drunk
tanks and says there is evidence that
they have helped to cut the number of
assaults on NHS staff by 40 per cent.
The National Institute for Health
Research is funding his project.
?Highly intoxicated people can be a
burden and disruptive influence on the
emergency healthcare system and its
other patients,? he said. ?By comparing
data from cities with and without
bespoke services we hope to get a clearer picture of their effectiveness for the
patients, cost effectiveness and impact
on frontline staff involved in managing
intoxication.?
Pubs and bars pay less than
� a year towards policing
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
A scheme to make pubs and bars pay towards policing the night-time economy
raised less than �million in five years.
Eight licensing authorities have
brought in a late-night levy, according
to figures from the Home Office, despite
its estimate that more than ten times
that number would seek to impose one.
Under the scheme, introduced by
Theresa May as home secretary, 70 per
cent of revenue from the annual levy
should go to the police and the rest to
services such as alcohol treatment.
Mrs May also brought in early morning restriction orders, allowing authorities to ban clubs and pubs from opening between midnight and 6am.
The measures came into force in 2012
but the figures for England and Wales
show that eight levies were in place at
the end of March and no early morning
restriction orders have been implemented. The levies, imposed by Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham, Southampton, Islington, the City of London,
Cheltenham, Chelmsford and Camden,
raised �8 million in the year to March.
This brought the total raised by the levy
since March 2012 to about �5 million.
The figures also show that there are
223 areas officially classified as ?satu-
rated? with pubs, bars and food outlets.
The number of premises with a licence
allowing 24-hour drinking is broadly
stable at about 8,000.
Sir Ian Gilmore, chairman of the Alcohol Healthcare Alliance, said: ?The
impact of late-night levies has been
hugely disappointing because so few
local authorities have chosen to implement them.? Katherine Brown, chief
executive of the Institute of Alcohol
Studies, called the measures ?ineffective and under-deployed?.
Figures from the crime survey of England and Wales show that 17 per cent
of attacks which caused injury took
place around pubs or clubs in the year to
the end of March 2016.
Rachel Kearton, an assistant chief
constable in charge of alcohol licensing
for the National Police Chiefs Council,
said ?early anecdotal evidence shows
that the levy has had a positive impact?.
Brigid Simmonds, chief executive of
the British Beer and Pub Association,
called for the ?punitive new tax? to be
abolished. Pubs can be charged up to
�440 a year.
The Home Office said: ?We have
given local authorities powerful tools to
collect financial contributions from
businesses that profit from selling alcohol late at night.?
the times | Friday December 29 2017
7
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News
Teenagers face virtual-reality crash
NORFOLK PCC
Helen Puttick
Scottish Health Correspondent
Headsets put
elderly on top
of the world
The harsh truth of causing a fatal crash
and ending up in a prison cell is to be
brought home to teenagers through
virtual reality.
The technology is usually associated
with computer game enthusiasts and
escapism. However, Viarama ? a Scottish venture that describes itself as the
first virtual reality social enterprise ?
is launching a project aimed at motorbike crime in Pilton, a deprived community in Edinburgh.
Young people tearing around the
streets on stolen motorbikes have been
a longstanding problem. Viarama,
working with the Spartans Community
Football Academy, is hoping to deter
them from becoming involved by showing them the potentially horrific consequences through virtual reality.
The project will use virtual reality
cameras to film a stuntman recreating
a motorbike crash, which the teenagers
will see from his perspective. They will
then find themselves attending a funeral. Later, the ?rider? will be jailed and
immersed in the sights of a real prison.
Billy Agnew, the founder of Viarama,
admitted that exposing young people to
some of the more graphic detail could
be controversial. However, he said:
?These are kids who have been desensitised to violence and we are going to
have to get to them. There will have to
be shocking aspects to the project, but
we are not going to traumatise anyone.?
Virtual reality has already been deployed by emergency services in Norfolk to give young drivers a sense of
what it is like to crash a car while chatting on a mobile phone. The experience, in which the driver and passengers suffer a head-on collision, was
created for a campaign on safer driving.
The motorbike project is not the first
time that Viarama has worked with
young people. In one instance they
transported pupils who were learning
about the Second World War to a
London Tube station in the Blitz. The
children could hear explosions and feel
vibrations through hand controls, as
well as look at what was happening in
all directions.
Mr Agnew said that virtual reality
?allows people to feel things in a way
other media can?t?. He added: ?Virtual
reality is like a Trojan horse to get
through to teenagers and get behind
their armour. We can use it for that and
use it for a force for good.?
Leading article, page 31
Helen Puttick
One elderly lady revisited her
home in California with her
disabled son, another cried as she
stood on top of Everest and looked
around.
Virtual reality is being used by
care homes, patients with
dementia and now a hospice to let
people travel the world and
recapture old memories. Viarama
has made it its mission to
introduce the technology to a
whole new audience.
People with a range of health
issues can put on the headsets and
use a travel package which
immerses them in Google Street
View. They can turn 360 degrees,
explore in any direction and step
into the latest photographs of
locations that been uploaded.
Graeme Trotter, who suffers
from multiple sclerosis and has
been in a wheelchair for six years,
was introduced to Viarama by
Leuchie House, the national
respite centre in North Berwick.
Mr Trotter, a former IT
manager, said at first he was
sceptical but has now visited
Mount Fuji, the Statue of Liberty
and the Eiffel Tower. ?It is the
freedom that it gives you. At the
end of the day, yes, I am tied to a
wheelchair but virtual reality lets
me forget the fact I am in a
wheelchair. I can basically go
anywhere in the world,? he said.
St Columba?s Hospice in
Edinburgh is to start using the
headsets and their benefits will be
assessed by Queen Margaret
University. Erna Haraldsdottir, a
director of education at the
hospice, said: ?It is a very new
thing to use in a hospice setting.
What we found appealing was the
idea of helping people to achieve
what they want to achieve before
they die. This is a big issue in
palliative care. We try to make life
fulfilling to people until its end.?
Virtual reality has already been used by emergency services in Norfolk to warn youngsters not to use a phone while driving
Making cheese a slice of perfection Carcinogen-free rashers
Will Humphries
?Give me a good sharp knife and a good
sharp cheese and I?m a happy man,? the
American author behind the Game of
Thrones series once said.
George RR Martin, however, might
now appreciate some help from this
side of the Atlantic on how best to cut
his favoured snack as it appears that
diners have been committing a gastronomic crime on Britain?s cheeseboards.
Cutting the camembert and slicing
the Stilton is not as straightforward a
task as we might think, according to the
Good Housekeeping Institute.
As the institute?s guide, which was released yesterday, points out: ?An oozing
brie, veiny blue and tangy cheddar
cheeseboard is the perfect way to round
off a festive feast. But rather than cutting into the cheese at any angle, there?s
a trick to getting the best from your
cheese. According to connoisseurs,
there?s an art to cutting cheese. Shape,
size and even texture play a part in how
each variation should be sliced.?
The guide explains that hard cheese
should be cut into neat cubes, waxed
truckles into thick wedges from the
outside going in and those with a gooey
centre into diagonal strips from the
centre out.
The best technique for brie and camembert, for instance, starts by cutting
the whole piece ? whatever its shape
? into quarters and then by half and, if
necessary, half again. This is to ensure
that each slice has some of the ?meltingly ripe, gooey? centre.
Hard blocks of cheese such as cheddar and red Leicester should be cut
down the middle and into rectangular
chunks, the institute says, then divided
into cubes for those who want to put
them on the end of cocktail sticks.
There are special instructions for
cheeses that come in unusual shapes,
such as the squared-off pyramid design
of Cerney Ash goats? cheese produced
in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, which
is hand-coated with oakash/seasalt
mix. This should be cut from the centre
outwards diagonally ?to make sure that
everyone gets an even amount of ash
rind as well as the creamy, white
cheese?.
With triangle-shaped cheeses such
as Stilton or some bries, however, the
institute instructs that diners should
cut off the very ends before slicing them
into long, thin pieces ?so that everyone
gets to enjoy the sumptuously gooey
texture nearer the tip?.
For waxed truckles, the guide advises
that one can leave the wax on or remove it but it should be cut down the
centre then outwards into evenly sized
wedge shapes. It adds: ?This works
perfectly for Wensleydale cheese but
also with more complex cheese like
Gorwydd Caerphilly where the flavour
profile changes from inside out. It
allows everyone to sample all the
complexities of the cheese.?
could save your bacon
Nadeem Badshah
The traditional English breakfast is set
to become healthier as scientists have
developed bacon that is free of chemicals that cause cancer.
Bacon produced without adding
potentially harmful nitrites during the
curing process will be available in
supermarkets from next month. The
World Health Organisation (WHO)
has said that adding nitrites increases
the risk of bowel cancer.
Naked Bacon, produced by the
Northern Ireland company Finnebrogue, uses natural fruit and spice
extracts in the curing process. It will be
available in Sainsbury?s, Morrisons and
Waitrose. The company will make an
own-brand bacon for Marks & Spencer.
Neil Parish, chairman of the Commons environment, food and rural
affairs select committee, told The Sun:
?It?s a remarkable feat of food technology and a brilliant British success story.
This is further evidence that the British
food industry is going from strength to
strength.?
In 2015 WHO warned of significant
increases in the risk of bowel cancer
from eating processed meats that had
nitrites added. Sales in the UK fell by
11 per cent the following year.
Smaller producers have offered
nitrite-free bacon over the past couple
of years, however it will be the first time
that it will be available in supermarkets.
Finnebrogue will be able to produce
60 million rashers next year after a
decade of experiments and a �.5 million research project.
Nitrites have been traditionally
added to bacon as a preservative and to
provide the red or pink colour.
8
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
News
EU ?fantasises about seeing Davis sidelined?
Oliver Wright, Patrick Maguire
Senior government officials have accused Brussels of trying to undermine
David Davis before the next round of
Brexit negotiations.
The Times revealed yesterday that
Michel Barnier, the EU?s lead negotiator, had held face-to-face talks with
Oliver Robbins, Mr Davis?s former chief
official, in the prelude to this month?s
first-phase Brexit deal.
The absence of Mr Davis from the
meetings had been noted by EU officials who suggested that Mr Robbins
was playing an increasingly prominent
role since leaving the Department for
Exiting the European Union (Dexeu) to
lead a new European unit in the Cabinet Office. In that role he reports to
Theresa May rather than Mr Davis.
Yesterday government sources suggested that Brussels may have briefed
the story to undermine Mr Davis before
the next round of talks in the spring.
?The truth is there are a few people in
Brussels who fantasise about seeing
David Davis being sidelined, but it isn?t
how the prime minister sees it. It isn?t
where Britain?s national interest lies
and it isn?t happening,? they said.
The sources pointed to previous reports in the UK press claiming that Mr
Barnier?s role had been downgraded,
suggesting that yesterday?s briefings
could be retaliation.
However, the tensions between Mr
Robbins and Mr Davis are widely
acknowledged in Whitehall. Before
moving, in September, Mr Robbins was
both Dexeu?s permanent secretary and
Mrs May?s chief EU adviser.
A Labour parliamentary question
has revealed that his Cabinet Office
unit has 18 staff, rising to 30 over the
next few months. One official said
there were tensions between Dexeu,
Mr Robbins?s unit and UKRep, which
also represents Britain in Brussels.
?Dexeu may have been in charge at the
beginning but since Oli [Mr Robbins]
left it?s been much more confusing.
There have been cases of one part of
Whitehall telling you to do one thing
and then another part contradicting
them. It has, at times, been a bit of a
mess.?
Another source said that Mr Robbins?s growing influence showed Mrs
May taking a more prominent role in
the negotiations, ahead of Mr Davis.
?Oli reports to the PM and is doing the
negotiating with Barnier and others on
her behalf,? he said.
?She is the one taking the decisions
and on several occasions told him that
his proposed compromises were not
acceptable. That may mean DD [Mr
Davis] has had less of a role, but this
process is still controlled by the politicians.?
Jenny Chapman, the shadow Brexit
minister, said it was clear that Mr Davis
had been sidelined. ?David Davis
appears to have been left out in the cold
throughout the Brexit process,? she
said. ?First he admits the impact assessments don?t exist, then he?s sidelined
during the negotiations, and now civil
servants are spending more than a
million pounds on a rival Brexit department. What on earth is David Davis
actually doing??
Liam Fox, the international trade
secretary, will table legislation next
month to reclaim from Brussels the
power to deal with trade disputes.
Under his trade bill, ministers will decide what punitive measures to take in
the event that trade partners dump
heavily subsidised imports in the UK.
Tariffs and quotas designed to protect domestic markets are currently
struck by the EU, which imposed steep
tariffs on Chinese steel last year.
The new legislation would see Dr Fox
and a new independent ?trade remedies authority? make the decision.
Philip Collins, page 27
UK must fund customs
posts, insists France
Patrick Maguire
France will demand that Britain pays
for new customs infrastructure at its
ports after Brexit, it emerged yesterday.
President Macron is expected to demand that the government shares the
cost of building new posts at Calais,
Dunkirk and other ports when he
meets Theresa May next month.
A senior French official said that
Britain would be expected to pay part of
the bill, which Paris believes could exceed the cost of adapting the border
between Northern Ireland and the
Irish Republic. Lorry parks, customs
agents and technology would be
needed on the French side.
Jean-Paul Mulot, envoy to the UK for
the Hauts-de-France region, which
includes Calais, told The Daily Telegraph that his government expected
the UK to ?agree to provide some funding?. The governments of the EU27
member states apart from Britain
would make up the shortfall, he added.
Britain contributes towards French
border controls under the Le Touquet
treaty, which established the FrancoBritish frontier at Calais.
The bilateral treaty was negotiated
independently of the EU and should, in
theory, not be affected by Brexit. British
border officials are stationed in France
under its terms. During his election
campaign, however, Mr Macron vowed
to renegotiate the treaty.
Iain Duncan Smith, the former Conservative leader, said: ?There is no logical or legal reason why Britain should
pay anything. No other country is asking for money; not Holland, not Belgium and Mrs May should remind Mr
Macron that he stands to benefit from
this arrangement because France sells
more goods to us than we sell to them.
Theresa May can smile sweetly at Mr
Macron and tell him there will not be a
penny more.?
British officials privately dismissed
the prospect of the Treasury making
extra contributions as a ?non-starter?.
Corbyn: Labour does not
back second referendum
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
Jeremy Corbyn insisted yesterday that
Labour did not support a second Brexit
referendum, contradicting statements
made by his shadow cabinet.
This month Tom Watson, Mr Corbyn?s deputy, said ?you shouldn?t rule
anything out?. In November, Diane Abbott, the shadow home secretary, told
constituents she would ?argue for the
right of the electorate to vote on any
deal that is finally agreed?.
In an interview with the i newspaper,
Mr Corbyn appeared to take a firmer
line, suggesting that he would not back
a second poll in any eventuality.
?Our position is that we are not advocating a second referendum,? he said.
?We have had a referendum which
came to a decision. The negotiations
are still ongoing, albeit well behind
schedule, and we?ve set out the kind of
relationship we want to have with
Europe in the future.?
His position was criticised by the
Liberal Democrats, who accused the
Labour leadership of having ?shirked
their responsibility? to provide effec-
tive opposition to the government.
?The Labour leadership has constantly
played a game of smoke and mirrors
over their Brexit position,? Tom Brake,
the Lib Dem Brexit spokesman, said.
?But here they are nailing their colours
to the mast in support of hard Brexit.?
Ian Blackford, the SNP?s leader at
Westminster, called for cross-party cooperation to prevent the ?catastrophic
damage? of an ?extreme? Brexit. Mr
Blackford said he would invite other
opposition leaders to a meeting on January 8 when MPs return to Westminster after the Christmas recess.
Separately, the Tories accused Labour of backing the return of flying
pickets and ?sympathy strikes?. They
said that John McDonnell, the shadow
chancellor, and Rebecca Long-Bailey,
the shadow business secretary, had endorsed the policies of a Labour think
tank that wants to repeal all prohibitive
trade union laws passed since 1979.
Mr McDonnell?s comments were
made before the last general election
and Labour?s manifesto for the election
in June did include policies advocated
by the Institute of Employment Rights.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
9
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News
PAUL KINGSTON/NNP; CHARLOTTE GRAHAM; GEOFF ROBINSON
Hitting the heights Snow covered Blencathra?s 2,848ft summit in the Lake District, and Seaham lighthouse near Sunderland took a battering. In Newmarket, Suffolk, riders enjoyed a bright start to yesterday
Travellers stranded in Stansted snow
STEFAN ROUSSEAU/PA
Will Humphries
Hundreds of airline passengers protested yesterday after spending the night
sleeping on chairs and conveyor belts in
Stansted Airport because ?a few centimetres of snow? caused dozens of
flights to be cancelled or delayed.
Up to 300 people were stranded in
the terminal, with some spending eight
hours trying to reclaim baggage and
rebook flights with Ryanair or Easyjet.
Further disruption is expected today
with heavy snow predicted. The Met
Office has issued an amber warning of
severe weather for the east Midlands,
the northwest and Yorkshire.
Snowfalls of up to 10cm (4in) are
likely and up to 15cm could land on
higher ground. Sub-zero temperatures
were forecast last night with parts of
Scotland expected to dip to minus 13,
resulting in the coldest night of the
year.
The blustery conditions this week
have caused disruption, leaving almost
50,000 homes without power across
the country. Norfolk was the latest to
Passengers stuck at Stansted complained about the lack of communication
suffer, with about 770 properties in the
north of the county without power
because of overhead line damage.
Homeowners were told that their
power should be restored by last night.
Pictures on social media showed
people trying to sleep in the arrivals hall
at Stansted early yesterday morning
after ice forced the runway to be closed.
As a result, 27 inbound and 27 outbound Ryanair flights and eight Easyjet
flights were cancelled at Stansted,
while about 50 were cancelled at Luton.
One onlooker reported ?tension? in the
Stansted terminal as frustrated travellers faced hours of delay ?because of a
few centimetres of snow?.
Angry people trying to fly overseas
said that they had been made to wait for
hours to reclaim their luggage after
their flights had been axed. Some complained of a ?shocking? lack of commu-
Sacked whistleblower wins �3,000
Simon de Bruxelles
The former managing director of a
recruitment company who said that he
was called a ?pikey?, ?gyppo? and
?paddy? in board meetings has been
awarded �3,472 by an employment
tribunal.
Edward Bell, 52, was forced out of
Cordant after raising concerns over the
� million takeover of a company that
he alleged had provided false invoices.
Mr Bell, who was born in Belfast, told
the tribunal that he was belittled by his
immediate boss, Sid Barnes. He was
recruited to run its new technology
sub-division at the company headquar-
Edward Bell said
he was repeatedly
bullied over his
Romany heritage
ters in Manchester. When he started, he
claimed that Mr Barnes promised him
an upgrade to a ?new horse and cart?.
Mr Bell, who earned �,000 a year,
said: ?My family lineage has some
Romany. It?s about abuse of power by
bullying. We all know when banter
stops and racism begins.?
The tribunal in Manchester upheld
his claims of harassment related to race
and unfair dismissal. Judge Hilary Slater, who chaired it, said: ?The claimant
asserts this harassment started from his
first meeting with Mr Barnes.?
Mr Bell said the abuse worsened after
he told Mr Barnes that Cordant had
bought another company at what he
believed was an inflated price based on
what he suspected were false invoices.
He said Mr Barnes was a friend and
former colleague of Paul Flynn, the
other company?s co-founder. Mr Bell
was given six months? notice and put on
gardening leave in September 2015. He
said that Mr Barnes forced him out with
false allegations of poor performance.
nication by officials. Sophia Sleigh was
booked on a Ryanair flight to Bulgaria
when her trip ?disappeared? from departure screens. She was left stranded.
She tweeted: ?Hundreds of people
waiting for baggage from cancelled
flights from Stansted Airport! What a
shambles @Ryanair. I feel sorry for the
elderly and those with kids. Next available flights not for DAYS apparently.?
Ms Sleigh said she had waited five
hours before being told the flight had
been cancelled. She eventually got a
flight from Heathrow and tweeted:
?Thinking of those families left stranded. Goodbye for now Britain.?
Stansted officials said they had provided beds and blankets for people at
the airport. This was disputed, however,
by some passengers.
Lucy Weyinmi tweeted: ?Definitely
no blankets or food or any support for
passengers who have been stuck here
for 8 hours plus . . .?
Eight hours later she wrote: ?Still at
#Stansted, waiting to get our luggage
back so we can do this all again in 10
hours . . . Shocking lack of comms or
support from airport or Ryanair.? The
airline apologised for the cancellations
and said all affected customers had
been informed by email or text.
Easyjet confirmed that it cancelled
eight flights to and from the airport and
another three were diverted to nearby
airports. Stansted airport said
yesterday that things were ?back to
normal?.
The deep freeze is forecast to bring
snow to central and northern parts of
the country this morning. Arctic air
hovering over Britain was expected to
cause the mercury to plummet in parts
of Scotland.
Nicola Maxey, of the Met Office, said
that travel delays on roads were likely,
while some rural communities could
become temporarily cut off with power
shortages.
Ice warnings are in force across
northern Scotland and central and
eastern areas of England.
Greater Manchester Police advised
people not to travel ?unless absolutely
necessary?.
Full forecast, page 56
?Modern? army cuts number
of its generals by nearly half
Fariha Karim
The army is getting stronger because it
has nearly halved the number of generals, the head of the armed forces has
said.
Responding to criticism that the army is top-heavy, General Sir Nick Carter said that the number of starred officers ? brigadiers and generals ? had
been reduced by nearly 40 per cent,
from 141 to 85, during the past five years.
Over the same time, he said, the proportion of generals to troops had improved to about 1 to 2,400. In a letter to
The Times, the chief of the general staff
said: ?I entirely support the sentiment
that armed forces must focus on talent.
Maximising talent has been the guiding
principle for the British Army as it
strives to become a modern employer
that provides opportunity for anyone
with talent regardless of background.?
The Ministry of Defence is braced for
cuts to the army, navy and air force in a
security review due to be announced
early next year. Tobias Ellwood, a defence minister, has threatened to quit if
the army is cut further from 82,000.
Letters, page 30
the times | Friday December 29 2017
11
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News
Mumsnet goes spare at
in-laws? shoddy homes
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
daughter to say grace for the event,
but when the moment arrived the
girl forgot what to say. ?Just repeat
what Daddy and I said before
lunch,? her mother said
encouragingly. The girl finally
spoke: ?Oh God, why do we have to
have this difficult woman to lunch.?
BBC divides
and delivers
Alastair Cook?s belated Christmas
gift to the nation is being gratefully
received by people staying up into
the early hours. Kathryn from
Newbury sent a message to the
BBC?s live text coverage saying that
she?d been wondering where her
husband had been all night until
she saw that Cook had scored 244
not out. A few minutes later
another text appeared, from a man
called Adam, saying: ?As we seem to
be communicating exclusively
through the BBC Sport live text, if
you could pass on to Kathryn that
I?m on the sofa and I?d love some
breakfast. Thanks.?
Not even the festive season can stop
online trolls. ?Some Twitter troll has
accused me of being condescending,?
Gyles Brandreth, above, said
yesterday. ?I?m surprised he knows
how to spell the word.?
a very critical condition
In the memoirs of Danny Baker, the
comedy writer, he recalls his father
being taken to hospital after falling
seriously ill. He was in a bad way
with full observation and an oxygen
mask. The doctors left his family to
be alone with him and he lifted the
mask off to utter what turned out to
be his last words: ?I don?t know why
they?re doing all this: there?s f*** all
wrong with me.?
Ibrahim Mogra, a senior Muslim
cleric, spotted an unusual Christmas
card offer in Tesco this week. On a
card for a ?Wonderful wife at
Christmas? a sticker was attached.
?Buy three get the fourth free,? it
read. Mogra said: ?Creeping sharia at
Tesco.?
out of the mouths of babes
Craig Brown?s biography of Princess
Margaret is full of wonderful
snippets. It tells of one occasion
when the princess was guest of
honour at a lunch in Rome. The
senior diplomat hosting the lunch
had taught his ten-year-old
George Weah, the former world
footballer of the year, has just
become president of Liberia.
Formerly of Chelsea and Manchester
City, fans went through a period of
shushing him, rather than cheering,
whenever he touched the ball. This
was in reference to the commentator
Ron Atkinson, a master of
malapropism, who kept referring to
him as ?the big librarian?.
you can?t spin ?em all
PR can only help you so far. Evan
Davis, the BBC presenter, told a
TMS elf that at a recent dinner he
attended in the City of London a
banking grandee approached him
and asked how bankers could go
about improving their reputation.
Davis was uncharacteristically
blunt. ?If you have a bad image and
you are bad, then you don?t have an
image problem,? he told him.
?There?s no point in hiring PR
advisers to get out of that. I?m
afraid bullshit has its limits.?
grant tucker
Lucy Bannerman
Christmas can be a difficult time of year
? so spare a moment for the poor users
of Mumsnet who have just returned
from visiting the in-laws and are still
recovering from the horror of spare
bedrooms with inadequate wardrobe
space, wobbly toilet roll holders, and
?synthetic bedding?.
In a discussion on the online forum,
titled ?minor inconveniences of other
people?s houses?, hundreds of disgruntled visitors let off steam about the
shocking state of the guest facilities in
their relatives? homes.
One Mumsnetter began the discussion on Boxing Day, complaining about
the lack of a hairdryer in the spare bedroom, the unpredictable water temperature and the absence of gravy at
Christmas lunch. ?So any other visiting
house things drive you quietly mad??
she asked, prompting a flurry of responses from others who were only too
happy to share their gripes.
One shared the trauma of her
mother-in-law?s ?dirty, falling-down
country pile with hoarded clutter everywhere, synthetic bedding and all the
food is out of date, but if you mention it
she sneers at you for minding. (She has
pots of cash, it?s not a poverty issue.)
?One time we went to visit her friends
near by who had just done up their own
similar-sized pile. It was FABULOUS
with beautiful en suite guest rooms
with underfloor heating and fluffy tow-
els, big squashy sofas and a lovely cosy
kitchen. I wanted to cry and beg the
friend to be my mother-in-law instead.?
Draughts, the lack of a bin in the
bathroom, unreliable showers and no
locks on bathroom doors were among
the most common complaints. Uncomfortable dining chairs, loud appliances,
and a failure to provide an alternative to
full-fat milk also rankled some guests.
Another complained of ?very limited
on-street parking?. One expressed her
outrage at the ?very soft small double
bed under the eaves so you can?t sit up
and read in bed? while another had just
survived the horror of a home with a
kettle with a lid that ?doesn?t lift so you
have to fill from the spout and can?t see
how full it is? plus a loo roll holder that
?falls off wall if you breathe near it?.
Inevitably, a backlash began with
some expressing dismay that guests
expected their hosts to keep five-star
facilities for an occasional visit. One
Mumsnetter suggested that ?perhaps
there should be an appeal. Harold and
Margaret are suffering. They have only
one toilet, no guest towels and synthetic bedding with no stated thread
count. People should not have to live
like this. Please help them.?
Another respondent also leapt to the
defence of hosts, saying: ?If you have
something that needs to be hung up you
could ask for a hanger.? She said some
who complained ?really should stay in a
hotel. I suspect in some cases that
would be a relief to their poor hosts.?
the times | Friday December 29 2017
13
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News
Rogue landlords given notice over squalid and dangerous housing
Neil Johnston
Landlords could face fines of �,000 in
a government crackdown on poor accommodation which will see the worst
offenders placed on a register.
The proposals include a ban on some
people with criminal convictions from
letting out properties. Landlords will also need a licence if they are letting to
five or more people unless the tenants
are from the same family.
The Department for Communities
and Local Government said that it
would create a database of ?serious and
prolific? offenders with those who let
out substandard or unsafe accommodation facing fines of tens of thousands
of pounds.
The changes will mean that 160,000
properties will come under stricter regulation, as flats and one and two-storey
houses will now need to be licensed.
In an attempt to deal with overcrowding and poor accommodation,
each licence will specify the number of
people who can occupy a room. Minimum bedroom sizes will be introduced
in some homes, with a minimum of
6.51 sq m for one adult and 10.22 sq m for
two adults.
The government is waiting for approval from parliament for regulations
it has tabled on the offences that would
lead to a landlord being banned. They
include burglary, blackmail, stalking,
fraud and fire-safety offences. Banned
landlords will be listed in the database
from April. The new measures will also
provide greater protection for tenants
against revenge evictions and � million of funding for councils to take
action in ?hotspot? areas.
Alok Sharma, the housing minister,
said he was targeting ?unscrupulous?
landlords who made their money from
?overcrowded, squalid and sometimes
dangerous homes?. ?Enough is enough,
so I?m putting these rogue landlords on
notice ? shape up or ship out of the
rental business,? he said.
Politicians are focusing on affordable
housing to attract younger voters who
must rent because they cannot afford to
buy. Official figures show that the number of homeowners under the age of 45
in England has dropped from 4.46 million in 2010 to 3.56 million last year.
As Mr Sharma outlined his plans,
Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of the opposition, said that a Labour government
would reduce eviction powers available
to landlords. He said his party would
abolish so-called ?no fault? evictions as
part of a ?more regulated? system.
LAURIE SPARHAM/FOCUS FEATURES/AP
Daniel Day-Lewis, as
Reynolds Woodcock in
Phantom Thread, with his
co-star Vicky Krieps. The
film is due for release in
the UK in February
Copying designer dress
helped Day-Lewis fit
perfectly into new role
H
e confined
himself to a
wheelchair
for My Left
Foot and
trained as a butcher for
Gangs of New York. Now
Daniel Day-Lewis has
embraced a new talent
for his latest role:
threading a needle
(Jennifer O?Brien
writes).
The actor, 60, who
announced his
retirement last month,
attempted to learn the
skills of acclaimed
Spanish designer
Crist骲al Balenciaga,
who died in 1972.
In Phantom Thread,
Day-Lewis?s character,
Reynolds Woodcock, is
a fictional couturier in
England in the 1950s
loosely based on
Balenciaga.
To prepare, Day-Lewis
recreated a dress
designed by Balenciaga,
watching archive videos
of fashion shows from
beautiful in all the arts
than something that
appears simple. And if
you try to do any
goddamn thing in your
life, you know how
impossible it is to
achieve that effortless
simplicity.?
He said that he
consulted with his wife,
Rebecca Miller, the
novelist and filmmaker,
when it came to
recreating some of the
more intricate details.
He was unable to use the
dress itself for reference
because it is housed in
the Balenciaga archives
in Paris. Using his wife
as a model, he said that
he found one element
taxing ? although
ultimately rewarding.
?Rebecca was very
patient,? he said. ?The
code that I had to crack
was a very particular
gusset in the armpit. You
couldn?t tell from the
photos how the gusset
was designed. Rebecca
has worn the dress. It?s
very pretty.?
the 1940s and 1950s and
learning to sew. He also
spent months working as
an apprentice for Marc
Happel, head of the
costume department at
the New York City
Ballet.
Day-Lewis, who has
won the best actor Oscar
three times (for My Left
Foot, There Will Be
Blood and Lincoln) has
been tipped for another
nomination by Variety
magazine.
Of his motivation to
train for his new role, he
said: ?I saw a
photograph of a
Balenciaga sheath dress
that was inspired by a
school uniform. The
Balenciaga dress was
very simple. Or at least
it looked very simple
until I had to figure out
a way to make it and
then realised, ?My God,
this is incredibly
complicated?.?
He told W magazine:
?There is nothing more
Rock club barmaid found
murdered in London park
John Simpson Crime Correspondent
A barmaid who was last seen by friends
on Christmas Eve was found murdered
in a park near her home on Wednesday.
Iuliana Tudos, 22, was killed by a stab
wound to the abdomen and a head
injury, according to a post-mortem
examination at Haringey Mortuary.
Ms Tudos, who worked in Camden
Underworld, a rock club, was found by
a member of the public in an outbuilding next to a baseball diamond in Finsbury Park, north London, at 4.25pm on
Wednesday.
Detectives would not say whether
she had been raped or sexually assaulted but have not ruled out the possibility
that she was murdered by a stranger.
Ms Tudos, known as Juliana or Julie,
was heavily tattooed, half Greek-Cypriot half Russian and was born in Moscow but had lived in London for six
years and was a popular member of the
alternative rock scene in Camden.
She referred to herself as an introvert
and described herself on her Facebook
profile as ?Miss Sass. Sarcasm & profan-
ity. Cynicism. Geek. Lone wolf. Camden punk,? and said that she worked as
a ?happy slave? at the club.
A missing persons appeal put out less
than an hour before her body was discovered described her as 5ft 1in and
slim. She was last seen wearing a black
and red hoodie bearing the logo for an
American punk band Agnostic Front,
light coloured jeans and black and
The body of
Iuliana Tudos, 22,
was found in an
outbuilding
white Vans shoes. She was carrying a
black and white fabric bag with
?Fighting against animal testing?
written on it.
She was last seen alive at 8pm on
Christmas Eve, when she left her
friends to take a bus from Camden
Road, not far from where she worked, to
Finsbury Park 20 minutes away. One
route to her flat would take her from a
bus stop on Seven Sisters Road through
the park to a road bridge over railway
tracks.
She had arranged to meet the group
again that night in Enfield where she
was due to spend Christmas Day, and
did not turn up for work on Boxing Day.
Sebastian Jonathan, her neighbour,
said: ?She was a very nice person, young
and gorgeous. I met her twice when she
came over for beers when we had barbecues last summer.
?The police refused to give me any information, I had to Google it to see that
she was the one found in the park.?
Sonny Webb, a friend who had been
sharing images of her in the hope of her
being found alive, wrote: ?Just feel broken. Next couple of days ain?t gonna be
easy, as long as we are all here for each
other.?
Detective Chief Inspector Nicola
Wall, who is leading the murder investigation, said: ?We are still trying to piece
together a timeline of events and are
pursuing a number of lines of inquiry as
regards to a motive.?
Online hunt traces builder
who left �0 bonus in pub
Nadeem Badshah
A Polish builder who left his �0
Christmas bonus at a London pub has
had the cash returned after a social media appeal to find him went viral.
The pay packet, addressed only to
?Mariusz?, was found by Andrew
?Nobby? Radcliffe, a barman, under a
chair in The Alexandra in Wimbledon
four days before Christmas Day.
Mariusz was reunited with his �0
after Mick Dore and his wife Sarah, the
pub managers, posted an appeal online
which received 1.5 million views on
Facebook and prompted more than
three million interactions on Twitter.
Mr Dore received messages from
Australia, New Zealand and Canada
and the appeal was retweeted on more
than 22,000 Twitter accounts, including those of celebrities such as JK Rowling.
Mariusz had returned to Poland for
Christmas but learnt that his money
had been located when his son saw the
appeal. Mr Dore said the builder had returned to the pub, walked through the
front door and calmly said: ?I?m Mariusz and I think you?ve got my money.?
Mr Dore tweeted: ?OH MY GOD
WE?VE GOT HIM! He?s just walked in
the sports bar, I?ve checked the CCTV,
and it?s him!?
He wrote on the pub?s Facebook page:
?After 1.5 million Facebook views, Twitter activity well over 3 million interactions, messages from Australia, New
Zealand, the Philippines, Canada all
over (jeez Canada loved this story, we?d
have found him in about ten minutes
there), all through Europe and everywhere else, we found him.?
He said there was no doubt that the
man making the claim was the rightful
owner of the cash. ?He told me the chair
he was sitting on (we found the envelope underneath that one), told me what
time he came in (we checked him in on
the CCTV) and told me to the penny
how much was in the packet. It?s 100 per
cent him.?
Mr Dore said Mariusz had not told
his wife that he had lost his wages
because he ?didn?t want to cause her
stress?. He left a ?generous? tip for Mr
Radcliffe.
The hunt was made harder, Mr Dore
said, because Mariusz did not use social
media. ?He was like Lord Lucan. I don?t
think he appreciated the fact the whole
world was looking for him.?
14
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
News
News National Archives
Thatcher spurned plan to
chaperone panda on date
Valentine Low
With their big, black eyes, button noses
and fluffy ears, pandas are, according to
popular opinion, one of the most adorable animal species on the planet. Cute:
but not cute enough for Margaret
Thatcher.
Secret papers have revealed that
Thatcher point-blank refused to take
part in a panda publicity stunt, claiming
they were bad luck for politicians.
She had been asked to help to raise
the profile of London Zoo, which was
struggling financially, by taking a panda with her on Concorde to mate with a
panda in the United States.
The panda loan was also seen as a
way of boosting Anglo-American relations. But Thatcher put her foot down,
saying: ?I am not taking a panda with
me.? She added, in a handwritten note
Margaret Thatcher
said pandas were
not good omens
for politicians
on a memo released by the National
Archives in Kew, Surrey: ?Pandas and
politicians are not happy omens!?
It is not known exactly why Thatcher
associated pandas with bad luck. It
could have been that she simply did not
want to do it because it would involve
travelling with an animal that was indelibly associated with her arch-enemy,
Edward Heath.
Heath, who had been impressed with
China?s gift of two pandas to the US in
1972, asked for pandas for the UK when
he visited the People?s Republic as
prime minister in 1974. Chia-Chia and
Ching-Ching duly arrived at London
Zoo a few weeks later.
The suggestion that Thatcher act as a
panda chaperone came in 1981 from
Lord Zuckerman, the zoologist who was
Mrs Thatcher?s arch-enemy Edward Heath had arranged for the pandas? arrival
Behind the story
T
he idea that
pandas are
associated
with political
misfortune
appears to stem from
a BBC film in 1976
called Very Important
Pandas (Will
Humphries writes).
According to the film,
any world leader who
was given a pair of
pandas in the 1970s
suffered a downfall
shortly after.
President Nixon was
given Ling-Ling and
Hsing-Hsing during
his visit to China in
1972. Two years later
he was forced to step
down after the
Watergate scandal.
Edward Heath was
given Chia-Chia and
president of London Zoo, which was
going through a financial crisis.
The cabinet secretary, Robert Armstrong, wrote in a memo in January:
?Lord Zuckerman tells me that the
London Zoo, of which he is the presiding genius, are undergoing one of their
periodic financial crises.?
Revenue was falling, he said, because
of declining attendances, and spending
Ching-Ching for
London Zoo in 1974.
He failed to secure his
re-election for a
second term in 1974.
Kakuei Tanaka, the
Japanese prime
minister, was given
Lan-Lan and KangKang by China in
1971. He fell from
power in 1974 after a
bribery scandal.
was going up. ?The Smithsonian
Institution in Washington has asked
the London Zoo for the loan of its male
panda, to be mated with the female
panda which the Chinese people gave
to the United States,? Mr Armstrong
wrote.
?Both are believed to be fertile, so
that there is reason to hope that the
outcome will be happier than that of the
Black day for Tory unity over Europe
Valentine Low
The deep-seated divisions in the Conservative Party that led to the Brexit
vote and Theresa May?s problems with
the EU can now be traced back a quarter of a century to Black Wednesday.
Cabinet minutes show that Norman
Lamont, then chancellor, blamed part
of the government?s problems that led
to the financial crisis on ?injudicious remarks? by Tory backbenchers.
In the aftermath of the tumult over
the decision to leave the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) in
September 1992 the cabinet discussed
how the scale of the rebellion over the
Maastricht Treaty had grown to 100
Tory MPs, according to newly released
minutes.
Black Wednesday, on September 16,
led to the government being forced to
withdraw from the ERM because it was
unable to keep the pound above its
agreed lower limit. It cost the government an estimated �4 billion.
It has come to be known as White
Wednesday by some economists after
the sharp but temporary fall in sterling,
caused by Britain?s expulsion from the
ERM, gave a direct boost to the economy without generating any significant inflation. Leaving the ERM forced
the Treasury to find a new framework
for maintaining fiscal and monetary
stability. By giving the Bank of England
the power to set short-term interest
rates it created the basis for the subsequent long boom experienced during
the New Labour years.
On the Thursday, Mr Lamont told
the cabinet: ?The combination of a
weak dollar, an imminent French referendum on Maastricht, hints from the
Bundesbank that the pound might
need to be devalued and injudicious
remarks by some of the government?s
own back-bench supporters, had had a
devastating effect.?
Maastricht was one of the most
troublesome issues of John Major?s
time as prime minister, with Tory rebels
opposing the implementation of a treaty that was meant to integrate the EU
and led to the creation of the euro.
Minutes of the cabinet meeting on
September 24 showed the government?s problems over Europe were
deepening. The note said: ?Opposition
to the bill to ratify the Maastricht treaty
had grown: about 100 Conservative
MPs did not currently support it . . .
However, it would be a mistake to offer
any concessions in response to such
pressures. Concessions now would simply make it more difficult to secure the
ratification of the Maastricht treaty. If
the United Kingdom did not ratify and
thereby stopped the treaty coming into
force, it would no longer be able to play
a significant part in the future development of Europe. Any equivocation on
this matter would strengthen the forces
behind a two-speed Europe.?
In the release of secret papers by the
National Archives, confidential government files covering Britain?s European policy in the early 1990s were held
back from publication. Of the 45 European files due to be released, only seven
were available at the event for the press
two weeks ago. Among those held back
were files covering the creation of the
euro and the 1991 Maastricht treaty negotiations. A further 26 are now in the
release, leaving 12 held back by the Cabinet Office.
In all, about 190 of 490 files scheduled for release have been retained by
the government. Other withheld files
include dossiers on the marriages of the
Prince of Wales and the Duke of York,
and on the Lockerbie bombing.
The Cabinet Office said: ?We have to
ensure all files are properly reviewed, so
that they do not harm national security
or our relations with other countries or
disclose the sensitive personal data of
living individuals.?
London Zoo?s loan of a panda to
Moscow. The London Zoo are minded
to agree to lend their panda. Lord Zuckerman sees this as a signal demonstration of the special relationship, and
would be very happy to time the announcement of the loan or the delivery
of the panda in any way that the prime
minister thought would be most likely
to benefit Anglo-American relations;
he even suggested that the prime minister might like to take the panda in the
back of her Concorde, when she goes to
Washington next month.?
Thatcher was unimpressed, making
her views known in blue felt-tip pen.
She added: ?Lord Z knows more about
pandas than I do ? I am sure he can arrange these things.?
Chia-Chia?s US trip was a failure. He
and Ling-Ling were incompatible and
he returned to the UK without mating.
Further attempts were made by artificial insemination, with Chia-Chia?s
sperm being flown across the Atlantic,
but these were also unsuccessful. After
Ching-Ching?s death in 1985, Chia-Chia
was sent on a permanent breeding loan
to Mexico City Zoo.
The papers also reveal how Thatcher
sidestepped a meeting with Richard
Nixon on official advice that the former
US president?s ?controversial? character could harm diplomatic relations.
The warning came in April 1980 ? six
years after Nixon?s resignation over the
Watergate scandal ? after Jonathan
Aitken, the MP, had phoned Downing
Street to say that Nixon was in the UK
on a book tour and wanted a ?short
meeting? with the prime minister.
After consulting the British ambassador in Washington, Malcolm Adams at
the Foreign Office told Downing Street:
?The ambassador pointed out that Mr
Nixon is as much out of touch in the US
as he is controversial and he doubts
whether the prime minister would
learn much from him. In the US, more
might be read into a call at No 10 than
was intended.?
Ewen Montagu,
right, and as he
was depicted in
The Man Who
Never Was
British spy
granted his
dying wish
Lawson given Jaguar to stop
wheels coming off cabinet
Will Humphries
Nigel Lawson pleaded with Margaret
Thatcher to keep his ministerial Jaguar
after she took away his country residence in a reshuffle.
Under Whitehall rules, only the
home, foreign, Northern Ireland and
defence secretaries were supposed to
travel by Jaguar ? on grounds of security ? with the rest of the cabinet making do with a considerably less prestigious Rover 827 or Austin Montego.
Mr Lawson, as chancellor, had been
given special dispensation by the prime
minister in 1988 to inherit the Jaguar
previously used by the Commons
speaker Bernard Weatherill after he
asked for a more prestigious car.
However, when it came time for his
car to be replaced in 1989 he pleaded to
be allowed to have a new Jaguar costing
�,000 rather than revert to a ministerial Rover 827 costing �,300.
Mr Lawson, now Lord Lawson of
Blaby, had already had his nose put out
of joint by Thatcher?s decision to take
away his Dorneywood grace-andfavour country house, which she gave
to Geoffrey Howe to placate him after
his demotion from foreign secretary to
deputy prime minister.
Thatcher?s private secretary, Andrew
Turnbull, noted in a letter to the prime
minister that Mr Lawson was keen to
secure another Jaguar ?primarily on
grounds of comfort and status but also
because he would like to avoid the ?first
she took away his country house and
then his car? story. Content with this, to
be defended on grounds it is a routine
replacement??
Thatcher, at this point trying to hold
her cabinet together, agreed that Mr
Lawson could have the Jaguar. Mr Lawson resigned three weeks later. John
Major took his place as chancellor and
enjoyed the fruits of his pleading.
Alan Clark, as trade minister, managed to get hold of a Jaguar by paying
for it himself in 1987. When he was
demoted to minister for defence procurement in 1989 he asked if he could
keep paying for it. Caroline Slocock,
Thatcher?s private secretary, wrote: ?He
is still paying for the Jaguar and changing his car now might only attract
attention. Agree that Mr Clark can keep
his Jaguar for official use?? Mrs Thatcher replied: ?Yes, it saves us money.?
the times | Friday December 29 2017
15
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News
News
NATIONAL ARCHIVE; ALAMY
W
hen Ewen Montagu,
the intelligence
officer behind the
most brilliant
military deception of
the Second World War, was dying he
had one last wish: to learn how
Operation Mincemeat, his creation
and the plan that fooled the Nazis
over the Allied invasion of Sicily in
1943, would go down in history.
Montagu already knew that the
deception plan, which he had
recounted in his book The Man Who
Never Was, on which the film of the
same name was based, was to be
included in the official history of
wartime intelligence. However, as he
Not quite cricket as Major
plotted to bat against a boy
Valentine Low
Cricket is supposed to be a game for
civilised gentlemen playing by the
rules. But all that appears to go out of
the window when politicians take to the
crease.
The details of how John Major
planned to use cricket in the pursuit of
foreign policy ? including plotting to
have a schoolboy bowl him an easy one
outside off stump to avoid any embarrassment ? have been revealed.
The cricket match took place at
the Commonwealth Heads of
Government Meeting hosted by
Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe
in October 1991.
Nawaz Sharif, the cricketmad prime minister of Pakistan,
suggested the idea, which was
taken up with enthusiasm by Mr
Major. Mark Williams, a diplomat
and the organiser of the match,
wrote in a memo released by the
National Archives: ?There is no
obligation to take part but the
John Major was enthusiastic
about a diplomatic match
prime minister might wish to face at
least a token ball. A bowler who can be
relied on to bowl a slowish long-hop
outside off stump will be carefully chosen. It would ensure an excellent photograph.? A handwritten note in the
margin ? presumably by a Downing Street aide ? said the bowler
would be ?probably a local schoolboy ? hopefully black?.
Mr Major?s preference for plain
cooking over haute cuisine also
emerged. When asked what food
he wanted to eat on flights to
and from Zimbabwe, he
replied: ?As long as there?s
soup + cheese + biscuits I?ll be
alright.? Other documents
reveal
how
Margaret
Thatcher tore a strip off him in a
private meeting just over a month
after he became prime minister.
A memo recording their
meeting on January 3,
1991, said that Thatcher
described conditions in
the economy as ?very
tough indeed?. She urged
early and large cuts in interest rates.
lived out his last months Montagu
also knew that he would not be
allowed to read what the historian
Michael Howard had written.
The government had
commissioned Professor Howard,
regius professor of modern history
at Oxford University, to write the
volume on strategic deception, but
banned its publication for fear that it
would give away too many secrets.
Operation Mincemeat, later a
book of that name by the Times
writer Ben Macintyre, involved
British intelligence dropping a body
made to seem that of a Royal
Marines officer off the coast of
Spain with papers suggesting that
the Allies planned to invade Greece
and Sardinia rather than Sicily. The
Germans fell for the ruse, and
shifted their troops.
Montagu, who in later
life was a judge, wrote to
Professor Howard saying
that he and others had
devoted five years of
their lives to deceiving
the enemy, and ?on all
the evidence then
available, we seemed to
have been very
successful?.
As he had been given
only a few months to
live, Montagu asked
what the situation
regarding the official
history was. ?I was
astounded to learn that the
publication was officially banned
some years ago, since when there
has been no move.?
It must have been an oversight, he
said, as there was ?virtually
nothing? they had done that had not
been published already.
The result, he added, was that the
public had been deprived of ?an
account of a real triumph of
co-operation and ability?.
Professor Howard, who wrote to
Sir Robert Armstrong, the cabinet
secretary, in December 1984, when
Montagu was 83, said that he had
been asked in a ?sad letter? by
Montagu if he could show him his
typescript. ?I naturally replied that
I was unable to do so and that in
any case I did not have a copy in
my possession.?
He told Sir Robert: ?The
generation is now fast dying off
who were involved in what was one
of the greatest success stories of
the war, and it is sad that they
should not be given
the opportunity in
their lifetime to enjoy
public recognition for
the amazing services
w
which
they rendered
to their country.?
After Sir Robert put
his case to Margaret
Thatcher, she agreed
that Montagu should be
allowed to see the
typescript. Montagu
w
wrote
thanking Sir
Robert in January 1985
for having been allowed
to read the book ?before
it is too late for me to do so?.
He also questioned why the book
had not been published, saying it
could not be because of security. ?It
is a history of good and successful
work and all to the credit of the
country.? He died in July that year.
Thatcher was eventually
persuaded that publication would
not be a threat to national security,
and in November 1987 the
government announced that
Professor Howard?s official history
would be released.
Shambolic
response to
Chernobyl
PM wanted to decriminalise
dodging the BBC licence fee
Will Humphries
Margaret Thatcher was resolutely
against criminal sanctions for BBC
licence fee dodgers, a previously
unseen letter shows.
Dominic Morris, her private secretary, wrote in a letter in August 1990:
?The prime minister remains strongly
opposed to criminal sanctions and
unpersuaded by the arguments
advanced in favour of retaining the
sanctions. She will want to return to the
subject with the home secretary [David
Waddington] when both are back from
the August break.?
Whatever was said on their return
from holidays did not lead to decriminalisation, with Mrs Thatcher politically weakened in her last years as prime
minister.
The letter was written in response to
a briefing paper sent to Mrs Thatcher
after the home affairs select committee
had recommended licence fee evasion
should be treated as a civil debt, in the
same way as water and other public
utility charges. The Home Office briefing said that the threat of criminal prosecution weighed heavily in persuading
Whitehall was plunged into chaos by
the Chernobyl disaster as the radioactive fallout started arriving in Britain.
The catastrophic explosion at the
Soviet reactor on April 26, 1986, was the
world?s worst nuclear accident. It was a
week before the first signs of increased
radioactivity levels were detected in the
UK ? just as officials were packing up
for the long May bank holiday weekend. With Margaret Thatcher away on
a visit to Japan, files released by the
National Archives suggest the immediate response was shambolic.
Officials did not have a contingency
plan for dealing with such an incident
and phone lines were overwhelmed. In
a moment of farce William Waldegrave, the environment minister,
mistakenly gave out the telephone
number for his department?s drivers?
pool instead of an information line
during a radio interview.
The No 10 policy unit later found that
it was only after the bank holiday was
over that Whitehall gained control.
Will Humphries
people to obtain a licence. Currently,
anyone with a television or who watches or downloads content on the BBC
iPlayer without a licence can be fined
�000 and given a criminal record.
About two million television owners
fail to pay their licence every year,
costing the BBC between �0 million
and �0 million, according to auditors.
About 26 million people pay the �7
annual fee.
Papers also show that Damian
Green, the recently sacked first
secretary of state, had wanted to ?cut
away? at the BBC?s ?local and minority
broadcasting?.
In a letter sent to Mrs Thatcher in
September 1992, Mr Green, who was
working in the prime minister?s policy
unit, discussed an upcoming government paper on the BBC.
He wrote: ?The paper could also deal
with the core role of the BBC: to be a
national and international broadcaster,
aiming at excellence. If we say this
positively, it allows us more easily to cut
away at the extraneous pieces of local
and minority broadcasting the BBC
expanded into in its empire-building
days.?
16
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
News
Unhappy Britons are among top pill poppers
The use of antidepressants is rising
faster in Britain than elsewhere, as a
fractured society unable to cope with
emotional pain pushes prescriptions to
among the highest in the rich world.
About one dose is taken daily for
every ten people, a rate exceeded only
by Portugal, Australia and Iceland. The
figures from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
also show that Britons take more of
many other prescription drugs than
similar countries.
Previous data has shown that antidepressant use has doubled in a decade,
with more than 64 million prescriptions written each year. Carmine
Pariante, of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, said that more people were
asking for antidepressants ?as a quick
fix because either they?re not used to
feeling sad or less able to tolerate it, or
we don?t have the resources or social
support to get through difficult times.
As a society we?re becoming less
tolerant of emotional pain.?
Professor Pariante added that talking
therapy was hard work and some
people preferred a pill to taking responsibility for tackling their feelings.
?There?s an element of fragmenting
of social support that maybe other
Prozac nations
Antidepressant consumption
Daily dose per 1,000 people per day
2015
129.6
Iceland
Australia
104.2
Portugal
95.1
UK
94.2
Sweden
92.5
Canada
90.1
Belgium
78.3
Denmark
77
Spain
73.1
OECD average
60.3
Source: OECD
Chris Smyth Health Editor
countries don?t have,? he said. ?The UK
is more American in a way because of
social mobility, people having to move
from one city to another for work. It?s
one of the positive aspects of British
culture but it brings with it people
having more difficulty forming close
relationships.?
Helen Stokes-Lampard, chairwoman of the Royal College of GPs, said: ?I?d
like to think that [high antidepressant
prescribing] is due to greater awareness
of mental health problems in our
society, and that patients are becoming
less inhibited to seek medical help for
treatment . . . But it also shines a light on
the lack of alternative treatments in the
community, such as talking therapies.?
James Davies, of the University of
Roehampton, said: ?Waiting lists are
still very long for psychological therapies so doctors reach for their prescription pads instead. We are distributing
them on a massive scale to people who,
according to guidelines, should not be
receiving antidepressants.?
British statin use is the third highest
among wealthy nations while we are
fourth highest for use of diabetes drugs,
according to the OECD data.
Treatment guidelines from the
National Institute for Health and Care
Excellence (Nice) could be one reason
why prescription rates in Britain are
higher.
David Haslam, chairman of Nice,
said: ?You can see this as a good thing
that so many drugs are given because
we?ve got such good access to care but
you can look at the other side and say,
?Are all these medications strictly necessary and are we sure that they don?t
interact with each other?? ?
Half of adults are on prescription
medicine and a quarter are taking more
than three pills at once.
ROGER FEDERER/INSTAGRAM
You cannot be serious Roger Federer persuades a quokka to pose for a selfie on
Rottnest Island off the coast of Western Austraila where he is playing tomorrow
Woman, 97, dies after her
doctors miss chickenpox
Chris Smyth
A woman of 97 has died after developing chickenpox for the second time in
her life. She is thought to be the oldest
person to contract the virus.
Doctors were warned not to assume
that elderly people could not get chickenpox because early treatment can be
crucial.
Chickenpox is a common childhood
infection characterised by distinctive
raised red spots but usually clears up in
a couple of weeks. Most of those infected are immune for life. However, the
virus often lies dormant in the body and
as the immune system weakens later in
life it can re-emerge as shingles.
The woman who died had the virus
as a child but suffered a different strain
nine decades later. She was admitted to
A&E in the Princess Royal University
Hospital in Orpington, southeast
London, vomiting and with a fever. Despite the distinctive rash across her legs
and abdomen the doctors assumed that
it could not be chickenpox. They diagnosed an autoimmune skin blistering
condition and prescribed steroids,
which did not help.
In BMJ Case Reports, Annalan Navaratnam wrote: ?She confirmed that she
had contracted chickenpox as a child;
nonetheless, the itchy pustular coalescing rash was convincing.?
Chickenpox was only considered two
days later by a different medical team,
when a blood test confirmed the presence of the virus. Although the woman
felt better after taking antivirals, she
had a heart attack and died 16 days into
her hospital stay.
?Chickenpox, although rare in this
age group, is an important diagnosis to
consider,? BMJ Case Reports said.
?There are five distinct genotypes of
the virus and multiple strains. Therefore, acquiring chickenpox from one
strain may not always confer protection
from infection by another strain.?
the times | Friday December 29 2017
2G M
17
News
Urban drug gangs
export violence
to country towns
John Simpson Crime Correspondent
Urban gangs grooming children to deal
drugs in rural and seaside towns are
driving up the use of guns, acid and
knives in attacks across the country, a
former senior official at the National
Crime Agency has said.
Every police force is now believed to
be dealing with some level of ?county
lines? drugs dealing, in which mobile
phones run from cities are used to
organise street dealing hundreds of
miles away.
Children as young as 12, many in care
or at risk of abuse, are employed as drug
runners and dealers by gangs to evade
The Times report
on ?county lines?
drug dealing
in November
arrest and prison. A recent report by the
agency found that 85 per cent of forces
reported county lines dealers carrying
or using knives, 74 per cent of forces
reported references to guns and 25 per
cent reported ammonia attacks.
Police also reported kidnapping, robbery, assault and aggravated burglary
as a result of the dealing. There were
also incidents of exploited victims
being forced to strip and then scalded
with boiling water.
Nearly half of forces reported killings, totalling 19 deaths, nine of which
were confirmed by the agency to be
related to the drugs gangs.
Tony Saggers, who was the agency?s
lead for drugs threat until his retirement this year, said that in recent years
the phenomenon of county lines had
grown and that the traditionally urban
violence had spread with it into rural
and seaside towns. ?The main danger is
when there?s a saturation of the
market,? he said. ?The violence can
come from rival gangs from other cities
or from the local gang protecting their
market.?
He warned that some young men
from the city stood out because of their
race and were quickly identified as
having encroached on the local gang?s
turf. ?If you turn up in a town as a black
drug dealer, that?s an additional factor,
because all the other drug dealers are
white. They are more likely to carry
weapons out of fear than anything else.?
Mr Saggers said that weapons should
be the priority in policing strategies,
and added: ?The frustration for me is
that the police at the front line are doing
what they can with what they have got,
but whenever there?s a firearm or knife
being actively possessed you have to
make that the priority. You have to get
that weapon off the street.?
An investigation by The Times last
month revealed evidence of thousands
of children being used as drugs mules
nationwide as part of the county lines
phenomenon. Police have taken to
using modern slavery legislation to
tackle gangs, prosecuting them for
trafficking young people as far as
200 miles from the capital.
No suspects More terror
identified in sentences can
half of crimes be extended
Richard Ford, Will Humphries
Richard Ford
Police are closing the file on almost half
of all recorded crimes after failing to
identify a suspect, official figures show.
About one in seven crimes recorded
in England and Wales to the end of June
resulted in a suspect being charged or
punished in the same period.
Home Office statistics show that of
the 4.5 million crimes, 47.1 per cent, or
2.1 million, were investigated without a
suspect being identified. Police took
action against suspects in about 15.2 per
cent of cases; 10 per cent resulted in a
charge or summons; and 2.3 per cent in
a caution or penalty notice for disorder.
Louise Haigh, the shadow police
minister, told The Sun: ?The public will
be horrified so many criminals get off
scot-free.?
No suspect was identified in 1.3 million theft cases out of 1.9 million, or in
34,500 of 64,000 robberies.
In more serious crimes, a greater proportion of suspects were identified. Of
the 1.2 million cases of violence against
the person about 14 per cent, or 168,000,
were completed without a suspect identified, while 144,000 resulted in a suspect being charged.
The figures also reveal a postcode
lottery for crimes. While Greater Manchester police failed to identify a suspect in 91 per cent of burglaries, the City
of London police failed to identify a suspect in 61 per cent of burglaries.
Accountants convicted of failing to
disclose that a client may be funding
terrorist activity could have their sentences increased in an extension of a
scheme to challenge soft punishments.
Under plans that could take effect at
the end of next month, nine terrorrelated offences will be added to the
Unduly Lenient Sentence scheme,
under which the public can ask the
attorney-general to re-examine punishments. Cases are referred to the
Court of Appeal for a decision.
Sentences for tipping off the subject
of a terrorist investigation could be
challenged. Punishments in cases
where someone learns of terrorist activity through work but fails to report it
to police could also be re-examined.
The scheme will be widened to include
breaches of anti-terrorism orders imposed to restrict activities.
No sentence for a terror-related offence was challenged in 2016. Last
month, judges increased the jail term
given to Nadeem Muhammad, 43, of
Bury in Greater Manchester, who tried
to take a bomb on to a plane. It was
raised from 18 to 22 years with an
extended licence period of five years
after a referral by the attorney-general,
Jeremy Wright, QC.
Dominic Raab, the justice minister,
said: ?We keep counterterrorism powers under constant review.?
BRIAN LAWLESS/PA
Crowning glory Sinead Leonard?s green hat won her the best dressed lady prize at Leopardstown races Christmas festival
the times | Friday December 29 2017
2G M
19
RKRK
News
ALAMY
The silver Tantalus bowl
may have been passed
around at Roman parties
What did
the Romans
do for us?
Joke cups
which the pipe acts as a
siphon.
Dr Hobbs, who coauthored a paper
featuring the vessel for
the Journal of Roman
Archaeology, said it was
plausible that the bowl
was owned by one of two
Roman co-emperors,
Valentinian I and his
brother Valens, who
were born in Vinkovci.
?You can imagine this
being passed to an
unsuspecting dinner
party guest who likes
their drink and them
holding it and telling a
slave to fill it up with
wine, and at some point
it pouring all over
them,? he said.
The original is held
by a museum in Zagreb
but Dr Hobbs has
commissioned a pottery
replica to test whether
the siphon would have
worked. The replica
will then be used
as a teaching
tool at the
British
Museum.
Descriptions
of greedy cups
date back as
far as the first
century but none
has been found.
?This is the earliest
example of a physical
practical joke, certainly
for the Romans,? Dr
Hobbs said.
T
he Romans
enjoy a
reputation for
bringing
sophistication
to the ancient world,
but they also gave us
the earliest known
device designed as a
practical joke (Jack
Malvern writes).
The discovery of a
Tantalus bowl, which
contained a hidden
feature that would cause
the greedy to be soaked
with wine, demonstrates
that the Roman elite
could be pranksters who
delighted in humour at
the intellectual level of a
whoopee cushion, also
said to be a Roman
invention.
The bowl was dug
from beneath the
shopping district of
Vinkovci, eastern
Croatia, in March 2012
but its significance was
fully realised only after
it was studied by an
archaeologist from the
British Museum.
Richard Hobbs, the
museum?s Weston
curator of Roman
Britain, said that it was
the first known example
of a ?greedy cup?,
Hollow sculpture
of Tantalus
Flow of liquid
Once the
wine reaches
this level, the
pipe within the
sculpture acts as a siphon
emptying the vessel
versions of which are
still made today.
The silver object,
which dates from the
4th century AD, appears
to be a normal drinking
Maximum
depth
Pipe
vessel. Romans would
have recognised the
small sculpture in its
bowl as Tantalus, who
was condemned to stand
in a pool where the
waters receded
every time he
tried to drink.
What the
holder of the
vessel would
not have known
is that inside the
sculpture is a pipe
that causes liquid
to drain out of the
bottom. The opening of
the pipe is raised so that
the leak begins only
once the bowl is filled to
a certain height, after
Fake news storm marks ?beginning
of the end? for social media giants
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Social media giants could be ordered to
?open up or break up? as concerns over
the impact of fake news come to a head,
academics believe.
?It may be that this is the beginning of
the end for these firms,? Damian Tambini, director of the London School of
Economics? media policy project, said.
He added that the days of companies
such as Facebook, Twitter and Google
being able to shift public opinion while
remaining free of the liabilities of
publishers could be numbered as they
come under greater political scrutiny.
MPs have demanded that Facebook
and Twitter provide details of Russian
activity around the EU referendum last
year. The companies have admitted to
the US Congress that Kremlin-backed
trolls flooded their platforms with false
pro-Donald Trump stories seen by
hundreds of millions of Americans
during last year?s presidential election.
In addition to fake news, politicians in
Britain, the US and Europe are looking
closely at technology companies? failure
to remove hate speech and terrorist
content, alleged abuses of market
dominance and controversial tax
arrangements.
Theresa May and President Macron
of France have said that they would be
willing to fine companies if they failed
to reform.
Dr Tambini said: ?For these supergiant companies, it?s got very serious.
They have to face up to the fact they?re
coming up against existential problems
in liberal democracies. They should
clarify the principles behind how their
algorithms rank news, because when
they tweak them they effectively
become something between an editor
and a censor ? particularly given their
monopoly position.
?They have enjoyed this ability to use
our data, our content, our innovation,
to create huge businesses and we have
given them a shield from a lot of the
risks. Essentially, we made them. Is this
the year we begin unmaking them??
Facebook and Twitter were criticised
this month for their replies to
a parliamentary investigation into
fake news and allegations of Russian
interference in British politics.
Damian Collins, the Conservative
chairman of the Commons culture
select committee, dismissed Twitter?s
response as ?completely inadequate?
and accused Facebook of doing
virtually no work to help the MPs?
investigation.
The technology companies could
face sanctions if they fail to hand over
information before January 18 about
alleged Russian interference, Mr
Collins said, telling The Guardian that
there had to be a way to scrutinise how
internet companies identified foreign
sources of disinformation.
Facebook, Google and Twitter
say that they take the problem of
fake news seriously and have invested
in initiatives to tackle it. The companies
say that they are using artificial
intelligence and hiring moderators to
remove dangerous content.
I?ve been hacked, security software pioneer admits
Marc Horne
An online security pioneer says that his
Twitter account has been hacked and
used to promote virtual currencies.
In 1987 John McAfee founded a company that released the first commercial
anti-virus software. In recent years
he has become an expert in cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin.
This month Mr McAfee, 72, began
issuing a daily recommendation about
which of the more obscure virtual
John McAfee
created the first
anti-virus software
currencies to invest in. His ?coin of the
day? choices often led to a rise in whichever asset he highlighted.
On Boxing Day Mr McAfee said that
he would limit making recommenda-
tions to once a week but the next day his
Twitter account began firing off tips in
rapid succession. The messages were
deleted and he said that he had been
hacked.
Twitter offers two-factor authentication, meaning that a person must
enter a code sent to a mobile phone in
addition to entering a password.
Mr McAfee, who was born in
Gloucestershire, claimed that he had
activated the option but believes that a
hacker had been able to intercept the
authentication code. He told the BBC:
?The first indication that I had been
hacked was turning on my cell phone
and seeing an attached image. I knew at
that point that my phone had been
compromised. I was on a boat at the
time and could not go to my carrier to
have the issue corrected.?
A number of Mr McAfee?s 530,000
followers have speculated that the person or people responsible may have
been able to profit by manipulating the
crypto-currency market in their favour.
Apple slashes
battery prices
for iPhones
Mark Bridge
Apple will cut the price of replacement
iPhone batteries by two thirds as it faces
multiple lawsuits after admitting that it
slows down old handsets.
Faced with legal claims that could
cost it hundreds of billions of dollars,
the company issued a lengthy apology
yesterday. A message on its website
read: ?We have never ? and would
never ? do anything to intentionally
shorten the life of any product, or
degrade the user experience to drive
customer upgrades.?
It said it would cut the price of an outof-warranty battery replacement from
$79 to $29 for anyone with an iPhone 6
or later, starting late next month and
available worldwide during 2018. The
company did not confirm the UK price
change but it is likely to be �, in line
with the US discount.
Apple said it would also update its
operating system to give customers
greater insights into battery health. The
measures are intended to reinforce
Apple?s claim that it had no intention of
prompting customers to replace their
handsets unnecessarily.
The company is facing eight classaction lawsuits in the US, including one
for $999 billion. It is also facing legal
action in Israel and France, where
planned obsolescence is a crime.
Apple said that the system-slowing
feature had been introduced to
improve power management and avoid
unexpected shutdowns on phones with
chemically aged batteries.
20
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
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Vicar homeless after
gay marriage split
Aldi stabbing suspect
appears in court
A retired vicar who married a
Romanian male model has
been left homeless and nearly
broke. The Rev Philip
Clements, 79, split up from
Florin Marin, 24, days after
giving him a flat in Bucharest
so he would have security after
his death. Mr Clements met
Mr Marin on a dating site and
sold his home in Sandwich,
Kent, to buy the flat. They
were married in Ramsgate in
April and moved to Romania
but fell out over Mr Marin?s
partying, which he told his
husband ?was not for old
people?. Mr Clements is
staying in a friend?s granny flat.
The family of a man accused
of murdering Jodie Willsher,
who was stabbed to death last
week in the Aldi store in
Skipton, North Yorkshire,
where she worked, have said
that ?no words can convey our
sorrow?. Yesterday Neville
Hord, 44, appeared at Leeds
crown court charged with her
murder and was remanded in
custody for a month. In a
statement his family said that
her death had ?affected both
families very deeply? and that
they wished to express their
?sincere condolences to Jodie?s
family at what should have
been a time of joy?.
Tesco to compensate
for ?rotten? turkeys
Hapless raider picks
on karate black belt
Tesco is to refund and
compensate customers who
said their Christmas turkey
had gone off or was rotten.
The supermarket apologised
after its social media was
bombarded with complaints. It
said: ?We?ve sold hundreds of
thousands of great-quality
British turkeys this Christmas.
We have exceptionally high
standards so we will look to
address the small number of
complaints in recent days.?
The Food Standards Agency
said: ?Tesco have confirmed
that they are investigating. We
have no evidence at present to
suggest that there is a problem
in their supply chain.?
An armed robber got more
than he bargained for on
Christmas Eve when he ran
into a shop run by a man who
has a black belt in karate.
Sibu Kuruvilla, 43, who has
spent three years building the
grocery business in Evington,
Leicester, waited for the
assailant to get close before
snatching the pistol in one
swift movement.
He and a colleague then
wrestled the attacker into
submission. Mr Kuruvilla held
him in a leg lock until police
arrived, ignoring his pleas to
?please? let him go. Police said
that a 17-year-old male had
been arrested.
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Chums silenced by death of ugliest playmate
A dog who was crowned
Britain?s ugliest in 2005 and
then took the international
title seven years later has died
at the age of 13 after suffering a
stroke on Christmas Eve, a
year after he was diagnosed as
having dementia. Mugly, a
Chinese crested dog, was
rescued at the age of eight
weeks by Bev Nicholson after
he was abandoned because of
his looks. ?I feel like I have lost
a part of me,? Ms Nicholson,
54, from Peterborough, said.
?There is an element of me
that thought he would last for
ever. I have five other dogs but
our home has never felt so
empty and quiet. The other
dogs are silent, which isn?t like
them at all.?
the times | Friday December 29 2017
21
2G M
News
Dozens more women report sexual assaults by taxi drivers
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
The number of sexual assaults allegedly carried out by taxi drivers on
passengers has risen by a fifth in three
years, according to police figures.
The total of alleged sex attacks
involving Uber cars, black taxis and illegal minicabs will be higher because the
figures, obtained under freedom of
information requests, relate to just over
half the forces in England and Wales.
Campaigners said that the increase
could be a result of more women being
willing to report assaults in taxis or
minicabs.
Katie Russell, of Rape Crisis England
and Wales, said: ?It?s an alarming figure
but it is always hard to know whether
the increase is due to a rise in crime
taking place or an increase in sexual assaults being reported. Sexual offences
have been massively underreported so
an increase in willingness to report will
play some part in the increases.?
At least 337 alleged sexual assaults
were reported between April last year
and March this year in England and
Wales, according to the figures, up from
282 in 2014-15, according to figures
published in The Guardian.
Most of the reports were in London,
where they rose from 142 to 156, in
Essex the number doubled from six to
12 and in Lancashire it rose from 11
alleged attacks to 25.
Figures from Transport for London
(TfL) showed that last year there were
30 complaints of rape against taxi and
private hire drivers by fare-paying passengers.
No licensed black taxi driver was
charged with a sex offence against a
passenger last year, according to the
TfL figures.
There are more than 100,000 licensed private hire drivers and more than
24,000 licensed taxi drivers in London.
The release of the police figures
comes after TfL stripped Uber of its
operating licence in the capital, partly
because of concerns about its failure to
PONTEFRACT EXPRESS/SWNS
report sexual assaults. Uber is appealing against that decision and its drivers
can continue to operate in the meantime.
Sarah Green, of End Violence
Against Women, said that the figures
should remind those in government
?that licensing is of the upmost importance for women?s safety?.
She added: ?We need an examination
of how we ensure that women undertaking a straightforward taxi journey
can know they will be safe.?
Texts make
the heart
grow fonder
Mark Bridge
Technology Correspondent
Oh boy, look
what we?ve
finally got!
A
family of
matriarchs has
welcomed its
sixth generation,
and he is a boy
(Simon de Bruxelles writes).
Aged almost four weeks,
Sonny Newsome was
introduced to his greatgreat-great-grandmother
Evelyn Flavell, 102, at her
home in South Kirkby,
West Yorkshire. Also
present were his great great
grandmother Marion
Tennant, 76, great
grandmother Katrina
Callam, 55, grandmother
Donna Steel, 37, and his
mother, Paige, 21. The
family is one of only a
handful in Britain with six
living generations.
The Guinness World
Record for most living
generations is seven ?
achieved in 1989 by an
American family.
Millennial couples who text sweet
nothings and spontaneous ?heys? and
?hellos? might get on your nerves but
they really do have better relationships,
scientists say.
Psychologists at Pace University,
New York, asked 205 adults aged 18-29
about their and their partner?s texting
behaviour, including frequency of initiation, showing affection, bringing up an
issue, saying hello or expressing anger.
They said that similarity in texting
habits was closely correlated to a
couple?s happiness.
In the study published in the journal
Computers in Human Behavior, they
wrote: ?Greater perceived similarity
between oneself and one?s partner on
each individual [criterion] was correlated with greater relationship satisfaction. Greater overall similarity in texting behaviour was also correlated with
greater satisfaction.?
Studies on the impact of texting frequencies have shown differing results.
One found no association between frequency of messaging and relationship
satisfaction, while another found that
messaging was negatively associated
with satisfaction by creating overdependence. A third found that initiating texting had a positive effect on the
satisfaction of the sender ? but not the
recipient.
camera is just the
Gardeners put on alert for Flushable
job to keep fatbergs at bay
devastating plant disease
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Simon de Bruxelles
Gardeners and horticulturists have
been warned to look out for one of the
deadliest plant pathogens after it wiped
out thousands of trees in southern
Europe.
Xylella fastidiosa has the potential to
kill or damage more than 350 species of
tree and shrub by affecting their ability
to draw water from the soil. It is a bacterial pest spread by common insects including aphids and froghoppers.
No cases have been reported in the
UK and gardeners are being urged to
buy British to reduce the chance of it
arriving on imported plants.
Gerard Clover, head of plant health
at the Royal Horticultural Society, described X. fastidiosa as a game changer
that has the potential to kill millions of
trees, devastate crops and transform
the British landscape.
Dr Clover said: ?Xylella is in a class of
its own because it kills plants, has insect
vectors and such a broad host range.?
The disease arrived in Europe from
the Americas and has wiped out whole
olive groves in southern Italy. It has
since spread to Corsica and elsewhere
in mainland Europe, where it has infected grape vines and scores of other
plants.
There is no effective treatment for
the bacterial infection other than to
prevent it being spread by insects with
the use of pesticides. Not only does it
attack a wide range of plants but its
symptoms mimic several other problems such as drought and frost damage,
making it difficult to diagnose.
Many garden favourites including
flowering cherry, lavender and rosemary are at risk. Potential cases of the
disease should be reported to the Department for Environment, Food and
Rural Affairs.
Dr Clover added: ?The RHS views
the threat of Xylella as a pivotal point in
the future of plant health in the UK and
as such we have opted to increase our
plant health provisions to counter the
threat from the bacteria as well as the
myriad other pests and diseases knocking at the garden gate.?
Michael Gove, the environment secretary, has urged the EU to introduce
more checks on high-risk plants being
moved between countries.
The RHS has clamped down on imports. All imported semi-mature trees
will be held in isolation for 12 months
before they are planted at RHS gardens
and shows, where possible, and evaluation of plant health risk will be incorporated into judging criteria at RHS flower shows.
A spokesman for the environment
department said that the threat from
diseases such as X. fastidiosa was a ?very
real and growing concern?.
He said: ?That is why this year we
have pressed hard at EU level for increased protections against xylella, in
order to prevent the devastating disease
reaching our shores, and these were approved in October and came into force
this month.?
Somewhere beneath our feet, fatbergs
are forming. Great globules of lard and
wet wipes are congealing to block our
sewers, costing millions to remove.
How do we stop them?
Scientists think that the answer is a
flushable camera.
The exact path of sewers is only hazily known, and the places where blockages are likely to form even less well
known. Spotting them is expensive, requiring access to manholes and telescopic cameras.
Kobus Cilliers, an inventor at the
University of Buckingham, was contracted by an Australian water company to devise a better solution. ?Sewers are never where the plans say they
should be,? he said. ?The construction
company will put them wherever is
simplest. There?s now a market in trying
to find where drains actually lie.
?We normally inspect drains by putting a camera down. But that requires
access, costs manpower and is quite expensive. There had to be a better way.?
So he looked to how we inspect a dif-
ferent sort of plumbing. ?We thought of
the camera pill that doctors give you to
swallow, that takes pictures all the way
in and out. That?s a brilliant idea. So we
developed a camera the size of a poo. I
learnt there is an international standard of what a poo should be.?
The camera has temperature and gas
sensors that give it a good idea of which
sections of the sewer are likely to block,
as well as providing visual evidence.
?Fatbergs happen when people put fat
down the drain, mixed with soap,? Mr
Cilliers said. ?The moment it cools to a
certain temperature, it solidifies. By
knowing the temperature of the entire
drain, we can do something about it.?
All of this is useless though, if it does
not also know where it is. GPS does not
work underground, so the camera combines movement data from its accelerometers with visual recognition software to track its position along the pipe.
Mr Cilliers hopes that thousands of
the cameras will be sent to customers
and flushed into the system. By the time
they are retrieved, they will have
mapped the entire route from lavatory
to sewage works, and any trouble spots.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
23
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News
Jealous Nelson gave prince a
broadside in letter to mistress
THE LIFE PICTURE COLLECTION/GETTY IMAGES
added that he would ?not stay one hour
after hostilitys cease? so that he could
return to her.
Nelson fell in love with Lady Hamilton in Naples in 1793, beginning an
affair that was to become one of the
scandals of the age. They had a child in
1801 but remained with their spouses.
The letters, which will be sold by Sotheby?s next month, are among ?hysterically jealous? letters to Lady Hamilton
voicing fears that the prince wanted her
as his mistress. Five days earlier, he had
written that he was ?vexed but not surprized, my dear Emma, at that fellow?s
wanting you for his mistress . . . the
meanness of the titled pimps does not
surprize me in these degenerate days?.
Two of the letters are from Nelson to
Lady Hamilton, while another is written by her. Another is written by both of
them and in it they launch into a ?vicious attack? on Fanny, for visiting Nelson?s brother-in-law, George Matcham,
without seeing them. ?She did not come
in nor make the least inquiry,? he said.
Experts say that while Nelson was
known for his ability to command battles ?there are plenty of instances in his
life where he was hot headed, and did
let his heart rule his head?.
Ben Wilson, author of Empire of the
Deep, said: ?He was able to switch it on
and off quite well. It didn?t take away
from his discipline at sea, and his ability
to build a team together. He was able to
go between tthose worlds easily. But he
spent a large amount of time away at
sea. He wa
was always this outsider. And
the prin
prince was famous for taking
people
people?s wives and mistresses.?
Th
The letters go on sale on
Janu
January 17 and are expected to
fetc
fetch about �,000 each.
Th
The sale includes an ?exceptio
tionally large? fragment of
th
the union flag from HMS
V
Victory believed to have
b
been flown during the
B
Battle of Trafalgar, which
h
has an estimate of �,000
to �0,000.
Gabriel Heaton, a book
an
and manuscript specialist at
Sot
Sotheby?s, said: ?[They] had a
very deep love for each other,
the depth
d
of affection between
them is so obvious when you read
their cor
correspondence. They are not
V
ictorians, they are not afraid to
Victorians,
express their emotions.?
Fariha Karim
Admiral Lord Nelson was intensely
jealous of the Prince of Wales, who had
flirted with his mistress while he was
moored in the Thames waiting for
peace talks, according to his letters.
Nelson began one letter to Lady
Hamilton with an outburst against the
prince after learning of her encounter
with him. At the time Nelson was
anchored in the Thames Estuary while
negotiations for a peace treaty with the
French continued slowly.
The Prince of Wales, who became
George IV, was known for his dalliances
with women, and had affairs with actresses, divorc閑s and married marchionesses.
Nelson was suspicious of the upper
classes and their debauchery, and his
fears were heightened by spending vast
amounts of time away at sea. He appeared more concerned for his mistress, the wife of Sir William Hamilton,
the British envoy to Naples, than for his
wife, Fanny.
In the letter dated October 10, 1801,
Nelson wrote: ?I am sorry that you cannot go to a public place without being
tormented by that fellow who has not
the smallest regard for Sir William
[Emma Hamilton?s husband]. I hate and
detest all the great and I would not
associate with such company for the
world.?
He added that Henry Addington, the
prime minister, had written to him explaining that ?it is of the utmost importance to the interests of the country that
your flag should be flying ?till the definitive treaty is signed? ?. However, he
In his letters to Lady
Hamilton, Lord
Nelson reveals his
hatred for the likes
of Prince George
Father?s plea
as police
fear student
ran into sea
The father of the missing student Sophie Smith yesterday made a desperate
plea for her to come home as police said
they believed she had gone into the sea.
Martin Knowles said he refused to
give up hope that she was still alive.
Ms Smith, 21, left her seaside home at
3am on Boxing Day wearing shorts and
a vest. CCTV footage appeared to show
her running towards the seafront, but
no trace of her has been found.
Police confirmed that she had been
suffering from severe anxiety and depression and appeared to have made
?preparations? before she left.
Sophie who is in her second year at
the University of East Anglia had spent
Christmas Day at her family home in
Gorleston, Norfolk. Her mother realised she had gone when she heard a
door slam in the early hours and called
police who began a search involving
coastguards, two lifeboats and a police
Sophie Smith left
her seaside home
on Boxing Day
helicopter. Mr Knowles said: ?We have
not given up hope. We are still praying
and hoping that Sophie will walk
through her mum?s door. She has had a
bit of a hard time recently, but all
youngsters do. It?s hard being young.
?Sophie just come home please. Your
mum loves you, I love you. All of your
friends in your home town of Gorleston
want you back. We just want to tell you
how much we love you. Don?t worry
about anything. Just come home.?
Inspector Will Drummond, of Norfolk police, said: ?She suffers from
severe anxiety and depression, for
which she was being treated. There was
also a level of preparation prior to her
running off. The culmination of this
preparation and her mental state at the
time means that there was a likelihood
she may have gone into the sea. It is
non-suspicious and we are treating it as
a missing person inquiry. There had
been concerns about her recent behaviour. She was withdrawn and had private conversations with her mother
about how she was feeling. But she had
never gone missing before.?
Packham puts his dog before marriage Thank you so much, Jodie:
Neil Johnston
Dogs are well known as man?s best
friend but is that bond stronger than
marriage? Chris Packham has no doubt
of the answer.
The presenter of Springwatch has
said that he won?t wed his longterm girlfriend until his ageing
dog dies.
Packham, 56, who has
been in a relationship with
Charlotte Corney, owner of
Isle of Wight zoo, for ten
years, said that for now he
was concentrating on
animals ? with his
poodle Scratchy at the
top of the list ? rather
than getting married.
He also revealed
how he cancelled
Christmas last year
because he was so upset
over the death of Scratchy?s twin, Itchy,
at the age of 14. The naturalist, who had
Asperger?s diagnosed in 2005, said that
his condition meant his love for pets
?knows no bounds?.
Asked if he and Ms Corney would ever marry, he
told the Daily Mirror: ?I
would say no. It?s all
about animals at the
moment, we have to concentrate on them. Her
tigers are old, my dog
Scratchy is old. It?s not
about us, we have to
get through this
period of aged
animals.?
In April PackChris Packham
says he is totally
devoted to his
poodle Scratchy
ham revealed that he keeps Itchy?s body
in a freezer in a barn in the grounds of
his cottage in the New Forest.
?Scratchy is the most important creature in my life. He?s dependent on me;
Charlotte isn?t,? he added. ?I?ve always
had a problem with needing to be loved
by other people. My love for Scratchy
and Charlotte is different, but of equal
gravity, and that gravity is the problem.
?Humans find it crushing. Animals
benefit because my devotion is profound. Also humans consistently fail
one another, whereas Scratchy never,
ever fails me.?
Packham revealed his intention not
to marry any time soon while speaking
about his new documentary, The Real
T-Rex, that challenges stereotypical
views of the dinosaur.
?It was a living animal and in the contemporary media, including the latest
Jurassic World film, the animal is still a
monster,? he said.
Foster hails British manners
Fariha Karim
She has been a Hollywood star since
her teenage breakthrough in Taxi
Driver but Jodie Foster credits her
nicest experience behind the camera to
good British manners.
Foster, 55, has praised the British
screenwriter Charlie Brooker after directing an episode of his satire Black
Mirror, which returns to Netflix today.
The American told the Radio Times:
?This sounds crazy, but of all the things
I?ve done as a director, I?ve never had as
nice a collaboration with a producer as
this one. It may be the English thing. I
like the way Charlie says, ?It might be
nice if . . .? or ?Perhaps we could . . .??
?We?re having a conversation, as opposed to someone being bossy. In Hollywood, unless you?re Steven Spielberg
or Clint Eastwood, or somebody untouchable, there really is a lack of respect for directors.?
After Taxi Driver in 1976, Foster went
on to win Oscars for The Accused and
The Silence of the Lambs. She has directed episodes of Netflix series such as
House of Cards and Orange is the New
Black and is one of the most famous directors attached to Black Mirror, which
the streaming service bought from
Channel 4 in 2015. Her episode, Arkangel, opens the fourth season.
Brooker, 46, has said: ?She?s not just a
gun for hire; she?s incredibly intelligent
and comes in with some thoughts on
the material. Which is what you want in
a director because each story is a
standalone, so you want each to be idiosyncratic to that director. And she
brought a lot of that.?
24
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
News
Demand for bigger homes
drives loss of countryside
Ben Webster Environment Editor
The amount of countryside lost to
housing development has more than
doubled in the past decade, according
to analysis of official figures.
Undeveloped greenfield land taken
for housing rose from 1,510 hectares in
2007 to 3,328 hectares in 2015 but the
number of homes built fell by 15 per
cent to 140,000, the Campaign to
Protect Rural England (CPRE) said.
It accused developers of taking advantage of relaxed rules on housing
density to build bigger homes and make
?more profligate use of green space?.
The area of land converted to residential use per new home increased
from 290 square metres to 350 square
metres between 2006-07 and 2016-17,
the CPRE calculated from government
data. The proportion of new homes
with four or more bedrooms has
increased significantly since 2007, from
19 per cent to 29 per cent.
Before 2012, planning guidance stated that local authorities should avoid
developments of residential densities
below 30 dwellings per hectare.
This guidance was scrapped under
the 2012 national planning policy
framework (NPPF), which relaxed
some rules with the aim of encouraging
developers to build more homes.
Councils can set their own targets for
residential density but developers may
override these if an authority does not
have an approved local plan for new
housing. Under the NPPF, if the Planning Inspectorate has not approved a
council?s local plan, developers can take
advantage of a ?presumption in favour
of sustainable development?.
The density of houses per hectare in
new developments fell from 31 in 2011 to
25 last year, CPRE said. Paul Miner,
CPRE?s planning campaign manager,
said that policies now in force were resulting in ?an increasingly wasteful use
of greenfield land for new housing?.
He added: ?Our central concern is
that a rapidly increasing amount of
greenfield farmland, woodlands or
open space is being used for a relatively
small amount of new houses. The government must urgently look at ways to
use land more efficiently.?
A spokesman for the Department for
Communities and Local Government
said: ?We don?t recognise CPRE?s analysis. Our national planning policy
framework makes clear councils should
avoid building isolated new homes in
open countryside. Building the homes
our country needs doesn?t mean
ruining tracts of countryside.?
Don?t collude with Trump, urges bishop
Lucy Bannerman
The Bishop of Liverpool has criticised
American religious leaders for their
?uncritical? support of President
Trump, saying that accepting his policies contradicted Christian teaching to
protect the poor and the weak.
The Right Rev Paul Bayes said:
?Some of the things that have been said
by religious leaders seem to collude
with a system that marginalises the
poor, a system which builds walls instead of bridges, a system which says
people on the margins of society should
be excluded, a system which says we?re
not welcoming people any more into
our country. Whenever people say
those kinds of things, they need to be
able to justify that they?re saying those
things as Christians, and I do not
believe it?s justifiable.?
He told The Guardian: ?If people want
to support right-wing populism anywhere in the world, they are free to do
so. The question is, how are they going
to relate that to their Christian faith??
Good shots The MoD has released its images of 2017, including the Remembrance
the times | Friday December 29 2017
25
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News
SGT RUPERT FRERE RLC/MOD; MURRAY KERR PHOTOGRAPHY
Man hanged himself
in ?insults? chat room
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Day parade in London, an Armed Forces charity football match in Glasgow in June and the Royal Windsor Horse Show in May
A plasterer from south London livestreamed his own suicide on Christmas
Day in a video chat room where users
go to insult one another.
Gregory Tomkins, 39, was found
hanged when police broke into his
home in Wallington after a call from
another concerned chat room user at
3.36am.
It is the second death of a Briton
broadcast live on an ?insults? group
hosted by the US company Paltalk after
Kevin Whitrick, 42, from Shropshire,
was goaded by members to ?f***ing do
it? ten years ago. Around the world,
others have recorded their deaths on
streaming sites such as Facebook Live
and Periscope.
The chat room supervisor, who
wished to remain anonymous, said that
the response to Mr Tomkins?s actions
was delayed because it was not possible
to call British emergency services from
abroad. He said that he pleaded with
chat room members in this country to
call an ambulance but was ignored.
He said: ?As an admin in the room at
the time this tragedy took place, the
frustration of not being able to contact
police by dialling 101 or 999 from a
country outside the UK became immediately apparent. By the time it took me
to get a member from the UK to contact
999, it was way too late. Sitting by
watching people ignore requests to call
police was truly futile.? Mr Tomkins,
who was self-employed, was a regular
poster on the chat room. Another
member said that he saw Mr Tomkins
at his computer screen without talking
before he went into another room and
appeared to hang himself. He said that
the incident took about 30 seconds.
One user said that the chat room
should be investigated. She said: ?I
believe this room was no good for
Gregg?s mental health. It certainly
wasn?t the right place for him. He is not
the only chatter that has suffered in this
room. I would like the police to investiGregory Tomkins
was a regular
poster on the
?insults? chatroom
gate this and also to prevent this from
ever happening again.?
Another said that Mr Tomkins was
?very lonely?. He claimed that many of
the people who were in the chat room
when Mr Tomkins died had witnessed
the death of Mr Whitrick ten years ago.
The Metropolitan Police said that
they were not treating Mr Tomkins?
death as suspicious and his elderly
parents had been informed. The company did not respond to requests for
comment.
6 The Samaritans can be contacted on
116 123 or visit samaritans.org.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
27
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Germany is making
Europe more unstable
Edward Lucas
Page 29
Comment
An assault is coming on the two-party citadel
Our political model is broken and the Labour right and Conservative left will eventually see that they belong together
Philip
Collins
@pcollinstimes
A
t the end of an
uninspiring year, British
politics is broken. The
party system traps people
in defunct organisations
with colleagues they cannot abide.
An electoral system that no longer
has its only justification of providing
strong and stable government holds
both parties hostage. The political
class has turned into so many Mr
and Mrs Micawbers, waiting for
something, or somebody, to turn up.
Meanwhile, Prince Harry is ruining
radio programmes. It?s enough to
make you want to emigrate.
Don?t listen to the conventional
litany of reasons why nothing can
ever change. Too much political
analysis breaks the country into
opposing pairs: homeowners versus
renters, working class versus middle
class, rich versus poor ? and then
concludes, as if by magic, that this
requires two parties to represent
these diverging interests. To expose
how thin is this analysis, just suppose
for a moment that Britain suddenly
had a proportionate electoral system
in which smaller parties get a proper
reward. The current configuration
would not last five minutes and the
notion that the two-party system
embodies a picture of the nation
would be exposed as rubbish.
Britain doesn?t want the two
parties it has, in their vintage forms.
The Conservatives have not won a
decent majority in 30 years. Apart
from the non grata Blair, Labour has
not won at all in four decades. The
result of the last election was a
decisive ?No thank you? to both
parties as the nation?s government.
Established affiliations are weaker
than they have ever been. The most
conspicuous part of the 2017
general election result was that
44 per cent of the skilled working
class voted Tory. Labour, meanwhile,
continued its progress among the
liberal middle class. The two places
with the highest Labour vote were
Bristol West and Knowsley.
Demographically, they have nothing
in common. The bonds of class have
weakened to the point where age is
now a more reliable guide to voting
behaviour and that is without even
mentioning national identity, which
has changed both Scottish and
British politics beyond recognition.
Of course, it remains true that the
likeliest future for British politics in
2018 is bumbling on regardless. A
continuation of the inadequate status
Political actors need to
develop some courage
and appetite for risk
quo is always the most likely event.
Yet at least part of the reason for that
will be people blithely assuming
nothing can or will change. It is in
our hands to change it. Pundits can
stop analysing the world as if it were
1981. Political actors, on both sides of
the Atlantic, can develop some
courage, some intellectual integrity
and some appetite for risk. And the
public can make plain its
dissatisfaction with what it is getting
from the political class. It is not a law
of nature that gives us May and
Corbyn. It?s fine, I would suggest it is
common, to want neither. Though its
chances of success remain slim, it is
more likely than not that in 2018
some kind of assault will be made on
the political monopoly of the two
failing parties. Its energy would be
drawn from three places: from
inside the Conservative Party, from
inside the Labour Party and from
outside either.
Lord Heseltine has just become
the first Tory to voice the idea that a
Labour government might not be as
bad as leaving the European Union.
Plenty of Tories are so drunk on
ideology that they think a Labour
government might not be as bad as
staying in the EU. Either way, the
Tory party is now united in its task
of working for a Corbyn government.
The trouble is that Lord
Heseltine?s formula doesn?t work.
Perhaps Brexit would be worse than
Corbyn but the chances are that we
will get both, one followed by the
other. The real question for thinking
Tories is whether they feel
comfortable in a party that does not
want them.
The thinking people in Labour are,
alas, gripped by the delusion that
they can stop Britain?s departure
from the EU. When we arrive at the
exit there will be a moment of
existential despair in the Labour
Party. The issue that has held them
together ? opposition to a madcap
Tory obsession ? will have
disappeared. Deprived of an issue
on which they can convince
themselves of their nobility, Labour
MPs will be marooned in a party
which they know should not be
allowed to govern.
Eventually Labour MPs will be
faced with a fundamental question:
how far should a coalition stretch?
Should people of moderate, liberal
views be prepared to license a
left-wing government of the Corbyn
variety? The electorate will have
could see, within the political
firmament of 1997, to what they
really wanted. They made a political
calculation. That does not apply in
reverse now that the left controls the
Labour Party. The Labour right is
much closer, politically, to the
Conservative left than it is to the
Labour left. The only good thing
about the obsession with Europe is
that it is making this plain.
The third source of energy will be
There?s a lot happening
now and it will not
stay private for ever
It is not a law of nature that offers us
Corbyn or May. Wanting neither is fine
voted for it, of course, but that vote
will be in part because the presence
of so many Labour MPs adds a
patina of respectability to a political
movement that is not fit for office.
They are avoiding this choice for the
moment but it will come. When it
does they should revive the idea that
they toyed with two years ago and
form a new bloc in parliament,
opposed to their own leadership.
Crucially, the choice before the
Labour right is not the same as the
one made for many years by the
Labour left. The Labour left was,
throughout the Blair years, graceless
and recalcitrant. They moaned and
whinged without end. To which I say,
fair enough. That is what they
thought and they said so. However,
they calculated that a Blair
government was the closest they
people with no prior involvement in
politics but enough interest to seek
something better. There is a lot
happening and it will not stay private
for ever. The best hope, unlikely but
worth trying for, is that the system
breaks from concerted pressure from
both within and without at the same
time. Even then, this coming year is
not likely to contain the rupture. The
journey of the magi may take a while
yet. The real point of reckoning will
probably be closer to the European
departure date.
In all likelihood the defunct
electoral system will kill off all that is
interesting and new in the offing. But
do not kid yourself, complacent
party apparatchik, that no attempt
will be made on the citadel of which
you have made such a mess. It will
come, and if you had any courage
you?d join it.
red box
For the best analysis
and commentary on
the political landscape
thetimes.co.uk
28
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Comment
The benefits cuts are finally drawing blood
This year inequality began to rise while austerity died without a murmur from the markets
Ed Conway
@edconwaysky
S
ometimes major economic
turning points are front-page
news. Financial crises and
recessions, stock market
booms and busts: these are
events you can hardly miss.
But economic history is all too
often what happens when we?re
looking the other way; the moment a
country imperceptibly shifts on to a
new equilibrium. So what about 2017?
Will historians remember this as the
year Theresa May signed Article 50
and botched her re-election? Or will
it go down as the moment Britain
changed in other respects?
Scrape beneath the surface and a
few trends emerge. For instance, this
looks like being the year when
income inequality bottomed out and
started to rise again. This is not yet
evident in the official figures, which
show the gap between richest and
poorest falling more or less
consistently since the peak in 2001.
Indeed, according to Office for
National Statistics data released
earlier this year, the gap in post-tax
disposable income has just fallen to
the lowest level since 1986.
This mostly unsung achievement is
largely a testament to the
redistributive effect of the tax and
benefits system ? the latter more
than the former. Indeed, under
George Osborne, Britain?s net
progressivity was greater than under
Gordon Brown. For all that Mr
Osborne eroded away the generosity
of some benefits, he counteracted
that by increasing everyone?s
personal allowance, ensuring
hundreds of thousands of people
didn?t have to pay any tax.
However, this effect is wearing off.
That goes for benefits, where the
freeze on working-age tax credits,
designed by Mr Osborne and pushed
through by Philip Hammond, is
biting. That this is only happening
now is largely down to a fluke of
inflation. The freeze first kicked in
during 2015, but while benefits have
not increased in cash terms since
then, neither has the cost of living,
for the first couple of years at least.
With inflation close to zero in 2015
and 2016, the real impact was
minimal. This year was a different
In 2017 property
stopped becoming
ever less affordable
story: 3 per cent inflation meant that
the freeze represented an aggressive
real-terms cut in benefits generosity.
Add to that the transition to
universal credit, involving further
effective cuts for many recipients,
and the reductions in child tax
credit, and 2017 may go down as the
year the government?s benefits cuts
really drew blood.
Meanwhile, the tax system is
becoming less redistributive. Under
the coalition, tax-free allowances
were adjusted so that they would
benefit lower-income recipients. But
the changes since 2015 have also
benefited higher-income households.
So this was a year when the recent
era of falling inequality probably
came to an end. It was also a year in
which life expectancy rates for the
elderly started to fall in earnest for
the first time since the early 1990s.
Whether that is a trend or a blip
remains to be seen. Employment
peaked at the highest level since 1971
but wages fell in real terms. Despite
economists predicting a recession in
the wake of last year?s referendum
result, the economy continued to
grow, albeit at an insipid rate. Slow
and stable; and that?s what is expected
in the next few years as well.
One by-product of employment
starting to fall is that there is a
fighting chance of 2017 going down
as the year when productivity finally
began to improve after years of
stagnation. Remember, productivity
is simply the country?s total
economic output divided by the
number of hours worked. Reducing
the number of workers means,
arithmetically, that the productivity
figure will increase. This was
illustrated last month when the
ONS calculated that in the third
quarter of the year productivity
increased at the fastest rate since
2011. The main explanation: a sharp
fall in hours worked.
This was the year when austerity
quietly died. With no majority to push
through spending cuts, the chancellor
used his autumn budget to loosen the
fiscal reins, pencilling in the biggest
set of tax cuts and spending increases
for a single year since Alistair Darling
cut VAT in 2008. Far from reacting
in horror, the markets barely noticed.
House price inflation started to
diminish, raising the prospect that
2017 was the year when property
stopped becoming ever less
affordable. Given that the average
home is now worth more than eight
times the average income, it?s about
time too. With the Bank of England
having raised interest rates for the
first time in a decade, this will also go
down as the year when it became
more expensive to service a
mortgage.
Finally, it was the year when
government more or less ground to a
halt. In a normal year, the number of
statutory instruments ? secondary
legislation used to implement
regulations and small-scale changes
to the statute book ? runs at
between 3,000 and 4,000. This year
the government managed 1,280.
Indeed, in 2016 and 2017 the
government wrote fewer laws than
any of its postwar predecessors.
Ironically this is not because we
have suddenly stopped implementing
EU law. On the contrary, according
to the Hansard Society, which tracks
these things, 16.6 per cent of the
instruments in this past session were
EU-related, which was considerably
higher than the average rate of
12.9 per cent between 1993 and 2014.
Perhaps you hadn?t realised that
government had effectively shut
down. But it is yet another reminder
that we live in an era of political and
economic noise. Far better to look
beneath the headlines to find out
what actually happened in 2017.
shall diplomatically call mutual
irritableness. I seem to spend half my
life bellowing up the stairs ?YOUR
TEA?S READY? to be met with
silence. ?Progress is the exchange of
one nuisance for another? goes the
saying. I?m starting to see its point.
really don?t want to miss.? The
rescuer was in no doubt as to the
main culprit in such cases: mobile
phones. Just as some believe helmets
make cyclists more reckless because
they feel safer, so phones are the
security lifeline that encourage
walkers to go further or higher when
they really shouldn?t. The real
wonder of course is that rescuers
manage to restrain themselves from
giving certain people a thick ear.
Ed Conway is economics editor of
Sky News
Carol Midgley Notebook
Diners who
see every
meal out
as a steal
A
t a festive party someone
complimented the hosts
on their artsy salt and
pepper pots. ?Oh, we stole
them from a restaurant.
Couldn?t resist?, came the cheery
reply. Does this come under
?respectable theft?? ?Polite pilfering?,
perhaps? Self-service tills are not
people?s only moral blind spot
(shoppers nick �billion of goods a
year via the ?Oops, I deliberately
forgot to scan the odd item? method).
Restaurants and bars also seem to
fall into the category of ?fair game?.
Most people I?ve asked admit to
having half-inched, say, an unusual
fork or table decoration. As students
we?d have had nothing to drink from
in our shared hovel had many pint
glasses not been snuck from the pub
inside overcoats. At least then we
had the defence of being skint.
This month Michelin-starred
restaurateurs complained that diners
regularly swipe things including
Christmas decorations, silver cruet
sets and cutlery holder stones (no, no
idea). Jamie Oliver once complained
that diners stole 30,000 linen napkins
a month from his restaurants and
sometimes even the toilet fittings. At
Gravetye Manor, in West Sussex, the
most frequently nicked item is
espresso spoons. One chef said that
because they?re paying top dollar
many people feel entitled to
steal. I suppose a kind of
relativism is at play: ?It?s only a
little souvenir of our lovely
meal! They?ve got loads of
spoons.? Restaurant
tableware is the new hotel
bathrobe.
Zombie family
R
ecently I recorded
here the joy of my
noise-cancelling
headphones, a gift that
kept on giving. The trouble
is that thanks to
Christmas others in my
family now have similar
ones. Overnight we have
become a zombie household,
sealed in auricular bubbles.
When watching TV on a
laptop or listening to
music the sound is so
high-quality we can?t hear
a word each other is saying,
never mind the phone or
doorbell. This causes what we
Dopey guide to hiking
P
lanning an ambitious new
year walk? Well do try to lay
off the cannabis. A recent
report revealed that
rescuers called to
four men on Scafell
Pike found that they
had become too
stoned to walk,
which must have
been infuriating for
all those called away
from a warm night in
front of Holby City.
This isn?t as
unforgivable as the
tales I heard from the
Lake District
mountain rescuer I
interviewed. People?s
sense of entitlement
that others will bail
them out often beggars
belief. One man rang
to say his wife was
frightened as they were
lost in the mist. ?And can you
send a helicopter,? he said. ?We
have a dinner date at 7pm we
Love thy neighbour
H
ere?s a small corrective to the
survey finding that more than
half of people never engage
with their neighbours. On Christmas
Day my elderly parents were about to
drive to my house but found the car
wouldn?t start. Attempts to charge the
battery failed. Before long there was a
knock at the door and there stood the
next-door neighbours wearing festive
hats and holding two plated
Christmas dinners. It is easy to be
cynical these days (and God knows I
often am) but this is the sort of
spontaneous gesture that shows more
people tend to be kind in a bad
situation than not. The breakdown
services came and mended the car
and my parents ended up having two
Christmas dinners. Surveys don?t tell
you everything.
@carolmidgley
2018 must be the
year we defeat
the ivory traders
Boris Johnson
T
here is one question I would
never want the children of
the future to ask: ?Why did
you not do more to save the
elephant?? Humanity is
privileged to share the planet with
these magnificent animals and I find
it heartbreaking to observe how their
numbers have declined.
Four decades ago, in 1979, the great
zoologist Iain Douglas-Hamilton
found that 1.3 million elephants
roamed the savannah and rainforest.
Today, we are down to 415,000
African elephants and the pace of
slaughter has recently accelerated. If
we do nothing, there is a real danger
that our great-grandchildren will grow
up in a world without wild elephants.
So it is fantastic news that decisive
action is now being taken. About
70 per cent of the ivory hacked from
the carcasses of poached elephants
reaches China, where workshops
convert magnificent tusks into
ornamental knick-knacks. But that
will soon change. From December 31,
the Chinese government will ban the
domestic sale of ivory. The biggest
ivory market in the world, in which
poachers and dealers enrich
themselves, should then be restricted.
Everything will depend on how this
measure is enforced and we must be
cautious until we see the full impact.
This far-sighted decision by
China?s leaders signifies something
even more important: the emergence
of a global consensus that buying or
selling ivory is no longer acceptable
anywhere. Saving elephants is not
some western obsession but a cause
that unites humanity.
Britain has done a huge amount to
encourage this new consensus. The
Duke of Cambridge, whose passion
for conservation is well known, met
President Xi Jinping of China twice
in 2015 and Prince Harry has just
been named president of African
Parks, a conservation NGO. In 2018,
the government will act on our plans
for a British ban on domestic ivory
sales; in October we will host an
international conference on how to
curb the illegal wildlife trade.
My aim is to make 2018 the year of
British leadership in defeating the
ivory trade. Whenever I meet the
representatives of a relevant country
as foreign secretary, as I did with Taro
Kono, the Japanese foreign minister,
earlier this month, I will repeat our
message. I?ve instructed our diplomats
across the world to do the same.
Poaching is but one tentacle of the
octopus of corruption, trafficking and
gun-running that suffocates states
across Africa and Asia. If China now
deprives the ivory poachers of their
biggest global market then the whole
edifice of transnational organised
crime will be weakened. With
determination and goodwill, I have no
doubt we can curtail the ivory trade
and ensure our great-grandchildren
share our planet with elephants.
Boris Johnson is foreign secretary
the times | Friday December 29 2017
29
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Comment
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Germany is making Europe more unstable
With a lame-duck chancellor?s government turning a blind eye to Russian outrages, Berlin is failing to provide leadership
Edward
Lucas
@edwardlucas
S
hould the biggest and richest
country in Europe try to solve
the continent?s problems?
Germans shudder at the
thought. Last time we tried
leadership, it ended badly, they say,
with a distinctive mix of selfrighteousness and smugness.
In the postwar decades, West
German politicians? role was to be
contrite, generous, obedient and
patient. The United States led the
West. West Germany ran western
Europe jointly with France.
Originality in foreign policy was
discouraged. The main exception
was ?Ostpolitik?, eastern policy, in
which West Germany used softlysoftly tactics to weaken the Soviet
grip on eastern Europe.
Yet all over the continent burning
questions demand answers from
decision-makers in Berlin. Regarding
the leadership of Europe, France is
weaker than Germany but more
ambitious. President Emmanuel
Macron wants to turn the eurozone
into something like a country, with
common economic and financial
policies. France will accept German
leadership in this but Germany has
to shoulder the bill. Germany, still
lacking a government since the
September election, has no answer.
Germans revile Donald Trump?s
administration but are unwilling to
accept the consequences. Europe,
bigger and richer than the US, should
start taking care of its defence. But at
what cost and at whose behest?
German politicians are unwilling
to tell their voters that European
security means dealing with the
xenophobic kleptocracy in Russia,
which instigates conflicts abroad to
distract from stagnation and failure
at home. Yet German public opinion
loathes the idea of confrontation
with the Kremlin, despite abundant
evidence of attacks on the political
system, including bribery, cyberintrusions, espionage and subversion
of both the far left and far right.
Also on the to-do list are a common
European counter-terrorism strategy,
which will mean slaying German
sacred cows on how data is
transmitted and stored, and a proper
European strategy on migration.
Germany also flinches from
confronting authoritarianism in
Poland and Hungary. It struggles to
articulate a view on Brexit.
For now, the excuse is political
deadlock. Coalition talks restart in
January but serve only to highlight
the vacuum at the heart of Europe.
Angela Merkel, once invincible, is
gravely weakened. Even if she
manages to form a government she
will be a lame-duck chancellor.
The German political elite has
grasped part of the problem. Sigmar
Gabriel, the foreign minister and a
bigwig in the Social Democrats, likes
to talk about how Donald Trump?s
?America First? policies make the
world a more dangerous place. What
he and his liberal-minded counterparts
Introspection, coupled
with economic clout, is
a perilous combination
fail to grasp is that they are pursuing a
no less solipsistic approach. Whereas
the American president drenches his
foreign policy in bombast, politicians
in Berlin pursue a ?Germany First?
policy but clothed in hypocrisy. When
it comes to Russia, China or Iran, the
German instinct is to put big trade
deals first and allies second.
A striking example is the proposed
Nord Stream 2 pipeline across the
Baltic Sea, which will bring Russian
gas to Germany, bypassing east
European friends and allies such as
Ukraine. The project is clearly
political: the aim is to entrench
Russia?s role as Germany?s main
energy supplier. Yet German
politicians insist that the project is a
purely commercial one and angrily
reproach critics for ?politicising? the
supposedly neutral business of
international gas deliveries.
As Jamie Kirchick points out on
the Politico website, what Germany
is doing here is ruthlessly pursuing
its national interest, cheap gas, while
ignoring the wider European
considerations of diversity in energy
supplies. It is pursuing a nationalist,
unilateralist policy, dressed up in the
language of non-intervention.
German introspection, coupled
with economic clout, is a dangerous
combination. Failure to make a
decision is itself a decision and can
make matters worse. In short,
Europe?s biggest country exports
instability. East European countries
are increasingly worried by German
irresponsibility. Earlier this month I
spent a week in Berlin with a dynamic
Lithuanian delegation that is trying to
wake up German opinion. Our most
effective argument was not transAtlantic solidarity (a hard sell in the
Trump era) but an appeal to German
historical responsibility.
Yes, Germany feels guilty towards
Russia because of the traumas of the
Second World War. But Germany
should surely accept even greater
responsibilities towards the countries
of eastern and central Europe,
consigned to the meat-grinder by the
Hitler-Stalin pact of 1939. It was in
these countries, not Russia, that the
Holocaust resulted and it was these
formerly peaceful independent states
that became the captive nations of
the Soviet empire. It would be odd if
Germany again conspired with the
Kremlin to do down the countries in
between, especially when they are
now, in economic terms, vastly more
important than Russia. Poland
alone is double Russia?s size as a
trade partner.
The greatest contradictions are on
the German left, which decries
imperialism and other wickedness but
seems not to notice that a real-life
empire in its eastern neighbourhood
is busily re-establishing a hegemonic
grip on former colonies. If any
western country treated its former
imperial subjects the way Russia
treats Ukraine, then progressive
Germans would be up in arms.
Similarly, German liberal opinion
ought to detest the way in which the
Putin regime promotes gay-bashing,
sectarian and ethno-nationalist
causes, both inside Russia and abroad.
A new Ostpolitik, stressing
solidarity and responsibility, is
urgently needed. But for too many
Germans, bashing the distant evils of
Trump?s America is so much easier.
30
1G M
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Armed forces and the need for frontline talent
Police competence
Sir, Your scathing leading article
(?Missing a Beat?, Dec 28) about
Britain?s police forces and, more
particularly, the Metropolitan Police,
concludes that ?large-scale and
radical reform now needs to be on the
table? because ?attempts to make the
[Metropolitan] force more
accountable have unintentionally
made it less so?. Whose fault is that?
Under the Police Reform and Social
Responsibility Act 2011, the mayor of
London was given statutory
responsibility for ensuring the
efficiency and effectiveness of the
Met in order to make the force more
accountable. Was it a mistake to give
responsibility for the Met to a directly
elected individual or could it be that
the individuals holding this post have
not been up to it? Oddly, your leading
article is silent on this question.
Indeed, the person responsible for the
Met is not even mentioned.
lord wasserman
Government adviser on policing and
criminal justice 2010-12
Calorie-counting
Sir, Tom Whipple?s Thunderer
(?Calorie-counting bureaucracy could
end up eating itself?, Dec 28)
misinterprets our advice. Whipple says
that we have changed the daily calorie
intake guidelines to 1,800, incorrectly
assuming that this is a combination of
the 400:600:600 principle ? to
consume 400 calories for breakfast,
600 for lunch and dinner ? plus two
100-calorie snacks. The guidelines on
calorie consumption have not
changed: it is still 2,000 a day for
women and 2,500 for men. Our
campaign is simply suggesting that
people follow the 400:600:600
principle to consume fewer calories
from their main meals. The principle
has been in the literature for years as
a rule of thumb to spread calories over
main meals, and recognises that
people also snack through the day.
What is new is that we are working
with high street food chains to
promote the message that many of
the extra calories being consumed are
out of the home. Given that we are
the sixth-fattest nation on the planet,
this seems a sensible thing to do.
Moreover, Public Health England is
not the body that sets alcohol
consumption guidelines; that is the
responsibility of the Department of
Health?s chief medical officers.
We are merely giving the facts ?
one of which is that two thirds of us
are overweight or obese, and that this
is largely to do with eating too much.
duncan selbie
CEO, Public Health England
Corrections and
clarifications
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Requests for corrections or
clarifications should be sent by email to
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Feedback, The Times, 1 London Bridge
Street, London SE1 9GF
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Sir, Elisabeth Braw (?Armed forces
must focus on frontline talent?, Dec
28) points out that the US armed
forces contain on average one general
or admiral for every 1,400 troops. The
US Marines are somewhat less
lavishly led, with one general (one
star ? UK brigadier/commodore/air
commodore equivalent ? or above)
for every 2,400 Marines.
Roughly 150,000 British soldiers,
sailors and airmen are led by no fewer
than 440 brigadiers or above, making
a ratio of one general officer for every
340 service personnel. The UK has
pro rata four times more very senior
officers than the US Army, Navy and
Air Force and about six times more
than the US Marines. We have (far)
more generals than operational tanks,
more admirals than frontline ships
and about one combat fast jet for
each air commodore and air marshal.
Despite repeated promises to render
our forces less top-heavy the
proportion has not significantly
changed in many years; indeed the
most recent statistics show that there
are eight more very senior officers this
year than last. Moreover, there are still
only 16 women. At a time of savage
cuts in real defence capability, one
wonders whether there is a case now
for taking a look at our remarkably
large senior officers? cadre for the next
round of ?efficiency savings?.
dr frank ledwidge
Author, Losing Small Wars: British
Military Failure in the 9/11 Wars
Sir, Like Elisabeth Braw, my thoughts
are with the 3,000 soldiers who are
deployed on operations this
Christmas. I am confident that they
are well prepared and equipped for
their task. And I entirely support the
sentiment that armed forces must
focus on talent. Maximising talent has
been the guiding principle for the
British Army as it strives to become a
modern employer that provides
opportunity for anyone with talent
regardless of background.
Braw is also right to observe that the
present nature of warfare places a
premium on the quality of junior
leadership. And it follows that the
armed forces must achieve the right
numeric balance between senior and
junior leadership ? not least to create
the most propitious conditions for the
latter to succeed. In seeking to achieve
the right balance, the total number of
starred officers (ie, brigadiers and
generals) working under my command
has been reduced by nearly 40 per
The Queen
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince of Wales
Duchess of Cornwall
Duke of Cambridge
Duchess of Cambridge
Prince Henry of Wales
Duke of York
Earl of Wessex
Countess of Wessex
Princess Royal
Duke of Gloucester
Duchess of Gloucester
Duke of Kent
Princess Alexandra
B
33
51
70
34
22
11
27
55
77
31
119
33
23
36
14
Sir, I have carried out a survey of the
official engagements by the royal
family in 2017 as reported in the Court
Circular. I should again emphasise
that the above table of figures should
not be converted into a ?league table?
of individual royal performance. All
engagements differ as to time and
content and there is also the time
taken in preparation, whether it be a
visit, investiture or speech. The Queen
on this day december 29, 1917
BEHIND
THE
FRONT
Three articles published this week
have directed attention to an aspect
of our war operations which is far
too little understood in this country.
Much is rightly heard of the gallant
troops who do the actual fighting,
but it is not sufficiently realized that
behind them is a vast and silent but
highly efficient labour organization,
without which the line could not be
held. Great Britain has gone very far
afield for her labour units, and has
C
182
21
161
17
30
8
36
77
70
36
86
45
22
22
11
Sir, Elisabeth Braw highlights the
problems of the lack of enlisted
officers and men in the lower ranks.
One of the reasons for the
Wehrmacht?s dogged performance
against Allied troops in the Second
World War was its command
structure, which devolved decisionmaking to sergeants on the ground
rather than senior officers. This
contrasts with the Wellingtonian
doctrine of ?the men have their
groundsheets, pass the port?.
Devolving decision-making to lower
ranks would also speed up the
procurement system and create less
waste and cost overruns.
julian nettlefold
Editor, Battlespace
Heseltine on Brexit
Royal family engagements in 2017
A
81
59
143
94
65
44
76
88
86
81
250
142
51
88
40
cent, from 141 to 85 during the past five
years or so. Over the same period the
proportion of generals to troops has
improved to about 1 to 2,400, and the
number of two-star headquarters has
reduced from nine to five, with the size
of the remaining five reducing by 60
per cent. We are proud of the quality
of our junior leadership, the training
and education it receives and the
command philosophy that enables it.
general sir nick carter
Chief of the General Staff
D
296
131
374
145
117
63
139
220
233
148
455
220
96
146
65
E
172
90
54
42
70
106
58
70
85
12
17
14
-
A Official visits,
opening ceremonies,
sports, concerts and
charity events
B Receptions, lunches,
dinners and banquets
C Other engagements,
including investitures,
meetings attended
and audiences given
D Total number of
engagements in UK
E Total number of
engagements on
official overseas tours
and Duke of Edinburgh celebrated
their 70th wedding anniversary on
November 20. Prince Philip, aged 96,
announced his retirement from royal
engagements on May 4 and carried
out his last engagement on July 25.
Except for Christmas Day and Easter
Day, the Queen never has a day off
from the official red boxes.
tim o?donovan
Datchet, Berks
obtained extensive native
contingents from India, South
Africa, China, Egypt, and even from
Fiji. A large number of Labour
Battalions have also been furnished
from these islands, and there are
considerable numbers of German
prisoners who are employed at a
distance from the fighting front, in
accordance with international
agreement. The writer of our articles
has dispelled the common
misconception that the British
Labour Corps is chiefly manned by
conscientious objectors. He says that
this class of men only makes up a
few companies, and he gives such a
good account of the ?conchies? that
we are rather at a loss to understand
why so many of them are kept at
unproductive employment on
Dartmoor and elsewhere. The rest of
the British Labour Corps consists of
men who are over combatant age or
are physically unfit, together with
naturalized British subjects of alien
birth. The tasks of the British units
sometimes take them under fire, and
they get plenty of hard work and
very little glory. Still more is this the
Sir, Lord Heseltine?s suggestion
(report, Dec 27) that he might
consider voting for Jeremy Corbyn?s
Labour Party in order to avert Brexit
has a good pedigree. It is, of course,
precisely what Enoch Powell did in
1974 for the opposite reason. I don?t
recall Lord Heseltine being very
sympathetic at the time. Powell?s
words two years later in 1976 are
extraordinarily prescient: ?The battle
over Britain?s national existence and
parliamentary independence is a
battle which will be fought through to
the bitter end, however long it lasts. It
is a battle in which no quarter will be
asked and none will be given. It is a
battle in the course of which all other
political lines and links will continue
to be overrun and broken as it surges
one way or the other. It is a battle in
which the bitterest of foes of the past
will stand together and the closest of
old alliances will be destroyed.?
richard ritchie
Archivist to Enoch Powell
lot of their officers, many of whom
are distinguished men of mature
years who have voluntarily
undertaken a thankless task, in the
full knowledge that honour and
reward must necessarily pass them
by. When all is said, however, the
greatest marvel of our immense
labour organization is that of the
many thousands of men from
tropical and subtropical lands who
have been patiently welded into the
military machine. Nothing more
surprises the visitor to the war area
than to find companies of Indians
and Chinese and Africans all over
the great tract of country behind the
British front. Like the German
prisoners, they do not enter the
danger zone; but their presence, and
the excellent work they do, furnish
an astonishing testimony to the
organization which has gathered
them from the ends of the earth.
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with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Ancient mysteries
Sir, The Victorian artist G F Watts, as
eccentric and controversial a classicist
as James Mellaart (?Beware
archaeologists bearing gifts?, Dec 28),
faced similar suspicion in 1857 after
witnessing the excavations at
Halicarnassus at the invitation of Sir
Charles Newton. In the archaeologist?s
absence, excavators summoned Watts
to examine a ceiling beam, whose
sculpted foliage was painted in
vermilion, yellow and turquoise.
Although he instantly advised them to
cover the 2,000-year-old decoration,
the exposure to light caused the
colours to fade before they could be
seen by Newton. Watts?s testimonial
defending the archaeologist?s account
of the discovery of painted sculpture
had been challenged by Professor
Richard Westmacott as ?accidental
stains?. Fortunately fragments of
pigments remained. The revelation
provoked international debate and
fanned the flames for the use of
colour in late-19th-century sculpture.
veronica franklin gould
London SW15
Unconditional offer
Sir, Those castigating universities for
making unconditional offers might
usefully remember that for many years
this was normal policy for Oxford and
Cambridge (?Pupils with unconditional
offers perform much worse?, Dec 28).
Having passed an entry exam and
interview and been made an ?EE? offer
in the 1980s, I did not stop working.
Given the pressure on teenagers?
mental health and emotional
wellbeing, and the unreliability of
A-level marking, if universities take
some of the pressure off young people
this is to be applauded.
paddy storrie
Deputy headmaster, St George?s
School, Harpenden, Herts
Airport bottles
Sir, I agree with Peter Morgan (letter,
Dec 27) that airports should do more
to provide public drinking-water taps
to reduce plastic bottle usage. Dublin
airport has gone halfway by providing
stands (after you have gone through
security) offering bottles of water for
?1 next to an honesty box. Apparently
90 per cent of customers pay.
dave wright
Gorey, Co Wexford
Sponsored parking
Sir, Further to your report ?Health
chiefs make a record �4m from
hospital parking? (Dec 28) it seems to
me that major brands are missing an
opportunity by not sponsoring
hospital car parks. What better feelgood factor could there be if our
favourite social media site or breakfast
cereal paid for each parking ticket?
Discreet adverts on ticket machines
would endorse the product, and fines
would still be levied on drivers
parking in an irresponsible manner.
richard jeffs
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Hair of the dog
Sir, I enjoyed your leading article
?Without Menaces? (Dec 27) but was
disappointed to see Gnasher described
as ?a mutt of questionable pedigree?. I
would like to remind readers that
Gnasher is in fact an Abyssinian
Wire-Haired Tripe Hound, a very rare
and highly valued breed.
michael harris
Edgware, Middx
the times | Friday December 29 2017
31
2G M
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: The last day of trading this year on the
London Stock Exchange as markets close
early for the new year.
Nature notes
On these winter
days, blackbirds that
come into gardens
often try to chase
out any other
blackbirds that
come down to join
them there. The females, which are not
black but brown, seem particularly
aggressive, even though the other blackbirds
may include their own offspring or even
their mate from last summer. It all seems a
rather futile waste of feeding time, because
the birds they chase flit off yet rarely go very
far. However, the instinct to guard a food
territory may serve a bird?s interest in the
long run. It is noticeable that the presence of
some blackbirds in a garden will frequently
attract other species. A dunnock, or hedge
sparrow, comes and starts creeping about
under dead plants. One or two great tits
explore some bushes. Then a pair of jays
appear and strut magisterially about the
lawn. They probably all feel a greater sense
of security with other birds? eyes looking out
for danger too. derwent may
Birthdays today
Bernard Cribbins,
pictured, actor, The
Railway Children (1970),
narrator of The Wombles
(1973-75), 89; Thomas
Bach, president,
International Olympic
Committee, 64; Air
Vice-Marshal Lord (Maxwell) Beaverbrook,
commandant general, Royal Auxiliary Air
Force, 66; Jake Berry, Conservative MP for
Rossendale and Darwen, communities and
local government minister, 39; Rev Dr
David Coulter, chaplain general, HM land
forces, 60; Nicholas Cullinan, director,
National Portrait Gallery, 40; Ted Danson,
actor, Cheers (1982-93), 70; Vivienne Dews,
chief executive, Office of Fair Trading
(2014), 65; Jennifer Ehle, actress, Fifty
Shades of Grey (2015), 48; Marianne
Faithfull, singer-songwriter, As Tears Go By
(1964), 71; Sir Andrew Foster, deputy
chairman, Royal Bank of Canada (2003-12),
73; Dr Richard Horton, editor, The Lancet,
56; Aled Jones, singer, Walking in the Air
(1998), and TV and radio presenter, 47;
Gelsey Kirkland, ballerina, 65; Alan
Kitching, typographer, proprietor of the
Typography Workshop, 77; Jude Law, actor,
Cold Mountain (2003), Genius (2016), 45;
Martin Offiah, rugby league player, Great
Britain (1988-94), and sports commentator,
51; Carles Puigdemont, president of
Catalonia (2016-Oct 2017), 55; Charlotte
Riley, actress, King Charles III (2017), 36;
Peter Robinson, first minister of Northern
Ireland (2008-15), 69; Alan Rusbridger,
principal, Lady Margaret Hall, University of
Oxford, editor, The Guardian (1995-2015), 64;
Harvey Smith, showjumper, 79; Barbara
Steele, actress, Black Sunday (1960), 80;
Sir David Tanner, performance director,
British Rowing, 70; Ray Thomas, flautist and
singer, the Moody Blues, My Little Lovely
(1999), 76; Jon Voight, actor, Midnight
Cowboy (1969), Deliverance (1972), 79.
On this day
In 1975 the Sex Discrimination and Equal
Pay Acts came into force in Britain.
The last word
?I think I detect sarcasm. I can?t be doing
with sarcasm. You know what they say?
Sarcasm is the greatest weapon of the
smallest mind.? Alan Ayckbourn, dramatist,
Woman in Mind (1986).
Healthier and Wealthier
There is nothing wrong with entrepreneurial GPs earning more than average
but when pay is excessive it is likely to be at the expense of patient care
Family doctors may seem an unassuming breed,
but some of them have been quietly building
empires. Gradually, over the past decade or so,
small general practices have been absorbed into
super-practices that have merged between
two and forty-two surgeries. Many of the localdoctors-turned-tycoons have been doing rather
well out of it. A freedom of information request
has revealed that one doctor made more than
�0,000 from the NHS in 2015-16, one of 200 to
earn in excess of �0,000 that year.
The news has angered patient groups, who feel
that these salaries are not appropriate, given the
health service?s straitened times. The Taxpayers?
Alliance has called the figures evidence that
?something is going badly wrong? with GP pay.
But some of the sums may be justified if they have
incentivised change for the better. Empires can in
principle be good for general practice, and where
they are, those building them should be rewarded.
Policymakers have long since hoped that
enterprising doctors would start to merge
practices. They have witnessed the struggle of
tiny surgeries that often fail to keep up with the
demands of an ageing population. Banded together,
surgeries can cope better, as large practices are
able to economise on administration costs and
through bulk-buying. They can provide better
services to patients, too. A larger pool of doctors
means more flexibility in the rota, and therefore
longer opening hours. At least one super-practice
in Birmingham is open seven days a week. Many
can afford to offer patients extra services, such as
an onsite dentist or physiotherapist.
Large practices may also help to combat the
burnout problems that plague the profession. GPs
have been quitting the NHS at the rate of more
than 400 a month. Many are fed up with the
burden of the administrative work involved in
managing small practices, along with cramped and
inadequate premises. Life at a large clinic can be
more varied as well as more comfortable: flexibility
means that doctors can spend a couple of days a
week pursuing a specialist interest, such as orthopaedics or physiotherapy. And a traditional perk
of working at a small practice ? rising to be partner more easily ? is becoming less important with
the proliferation of female GPs who often prefer
the part-time options that come with working for
a salary, rather than running a business.
The system is not perfect. Although the wealth
of a practice, dependent on the number of patients
it serves and government targets it meets, is tied to
its success, the salary of its senior partner is not.
Partners decide how much to take for themselves
and how much to plough back into their businesses.
The most dynamic are not necessarily those paying
themselves the highest sums. An enterprising
approach that improves both efficiency and
patient care is to be applauded, but doctors who
pay themselves very large salaries necessarily take
resources from patients. For a GP to earn more
than �0,000 seems excessive by any standards.
This is nearly double the salary of even the controversially highly paid university vice-chancellors.
It makes the case not for enterprise in primary
care, but for restraint in GPs? pay.
The second problem is that pay is not transparent.
High rewards for the most enterprising doctors
will not work as an incentive to others unless the
sums are public and fair. More importantly, they
are funded by taxpayers who have a right to know
how their money is spent.
It is to be welcomed that GPs can be entrepreneurs as well as NHS employees. Indeed, it is partly
for this reason that general practice has adapted to
changing demands better than the rest of the
health service. As practices have merged, patients
are better served than with healthcare elsewhere.
The more efficiently GPs? surgeries are run, the
lighter the pressure on the rest of the NHS.
Warning Goggles
Virtual reality can prevent crime and accidents before they happen
It is hard to imagine being in a car crash, but not
impossible. One crash in particular is familiar to
thousands. In the couple of minutes before it
happens a small car carrying four teenagers is
speeding along a country lane. The driver is not
drunk, but he is distracted by a smartphone on
which he is showing his passengers a video clip.
The clip is amusing to two of them but
embarrassing to the third, who unclips her seatbelt to grab the phone. As the car enters a small
village a tractor towing a trailer emerges from a
blind exit, and the screen goes black.
The crash never happened, but it is uncannily
real to large numbers of young people who have
seen it as a harrowing virtual reality (VR) film shot
from the point of view of the front-seat passenger.
The film has been used as a driver education tool
by emergency services in Leicestershire, Sussex,
Norfolk and Nottinghamshire, where one firefighter said recently that ?loud and lairy teenagers? tended to be a lot quieter after seeing it.
Such feedback has encouraged increasingly
imaginative uses of VR as a way of changing realworld behaviour and compensating for real-world
disability. We report today on a Scottish virtual
reality social enterprise, Viarama, that is using
wraparound sound and video to transport wheelchair users, in mind if not body, to the Eiffel Tower
and the top of Everest. The same company is
planning to use the technology to re-create the
crash of a stolen motorbike and its consequences,
complete with the theft, the funeral of one of those
involved and the prison cell that is the ultimate
destination of the culprit.
This film will be targeted at youth in parts of
Edinburgh where motorbike crime is high and
some teenagers, according to Viarama?s founder,
think of prison as a ?badge of honour?. Instinct
suggests that showing them the grim reality should
work as a deterrent, in which case this use of VR
could serve the same purpose of thousands of hours
of community policing at a fraction of the cost.
Civil libertarians may worry that showing the
public the effects of crime in such vivid detail
before it happens bears an uncomfortable resemblance to the fight against ?pre-crime? depicted in
the dystopian sci-fi thriller Minority Report. Such
critics should worry less. There is nothing wrong
and potentially much to gain from showing people
the possible consequences of bad decisions before
they are taken. This is the principle that underpins
the speed awareness courses offered in lieu of
other penalties to drivers. Concerns that certain
groups or neighbourhoods may feel picked on by
?preventative policing? can be allayed by showing
VR films of proven effectiveness to everyone in a
given age-group, not just a few.
The more serious concern is that scaring young
people may change their behaviour, but not as
expected. Until last year it had been assumed for
decades that showing troubled youngsters the
reality of life in jail would deter them from crime.
Then a report by the College of Policing suggested
the reverse. It found that teenagers who had taken
part in such ?scared straight? activities were 68 per
cent more likely to reoffend than those who had
not. This is not a reason to delay the use of VR to
prevent crime and reckless driving. It is, however,
a reason to follow up with rigorous analysis.
Virtual reality is a uniquely powerful medium,
but it needs to be accompanied by solid data if that
power is to be harnessed for the common good.
Bat Man
Alastair Cook?s innings in Melbourne shows he is one of England?s greats
When asked how he would overcome the longest
fallow period of his Test career, Alastair Cook
replied: ?The solution, as I see it, is to work harder.?
This is the philosophy that carried him all the way
to a magnificent 244 not out in England?s first
innings of the fourth Ashes Test. His performance
was an unrivalled demonstration of willpower,
concentration and skill.
In 24 hours the former captain soared from
ninth highest run-scorer in Test cricket to sixth,
passing legends such as Mahela Jayawardene,
Shivnarine Chanderpaul and Brian Lara. He
stonewalled Australia?s bowlers for ten and a half
hours, joining Jayawardene as the only batsman to
have played four Test innings of more than ten
hours. This mental strength is evidence of a truly
world-class cricketer. His double century put
England back in control of the fourth Test.
For 11 gruelling years as a member of the
England side, Cook?s batting technique has been
based on restraint and endurance. This time he
played with unusual fluency, rarely missing a ball
or a chance to score. Fifteen fours flowed from his
bat on the way to his first century, which was the
fastest of his five in Ashes series.
Statistics are not the only measure of a greatness.
In Cook?s case, however, the numbers speak for
themselves. He now holds the record for the
highest number of runs scored by a visiting
batsman at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, and is
England?s highest scoring Test batsman.
Those who argue that there is no cause for
celebration on a tour that has been a failure for the
England team are wrong. Scoring Test match
hundreds under pressure requires true grit. Cook
came into this Test as one of the misfiring senior
players blamed for the loss of the Ashes. His
performance has ensured that there is still some
fire glowing in the series.
32
2G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
World
Dozens murdered
in Kabul bombing
by resurgent Isis
Afghanistan
Analysis
Hugh Tomlinson
Islamic State claimed responsibility for
a suicide bomb attack that killed at least
41 people and wounded more than 90 in
Kabul yesterday, underlining the resilience of the Islamist group in the face of
a concerted military offensive by
Afghan and Nato forces.
The attack targeted students who
were arriving at a compound in the
west of the city housing the Afghan
Voice news agency and a Shia Islamic
cultural centre. Witnesses reported
several blasts at the entrance to the
compound before a suicide bomber
blew himself up inside the cultural
centre, where locals had gathered on
the anniversary of the Russian invasion
of Afghanistan in 1979.
Images published online showed
bodies strewn across the ground at the
entrance to the compound. Inside the
centre there was devastation, with
One mile
Kabull
Kabu
Kabul
International
Airport
AFGHANIS
AFGH
ANISTA
ISTAN
STA
STA
TAN
Approximate
blast location
Kabul
DashteBarchi
district
Green
Zone
Kabul
University
blood and body parts spattered up the
walls. As hospitals near the blast site
struggled to cope with the scores of
wounded, doctors said that the final
tally was likely to rise overnight.
The attack, at the close of another
bloody year for Afghanistan, has underlined a new phase in the insurgency
by the Afghan affiliate of Isis. Despite a
massive American bombing campaign
on the group?s strongholds in the eastern province of Nangarhar, the jihadists
have launched further attacks on cities
and formed a new terrorist cell in the
Afghan capital. They have carried out
seven suicide attacks since October,
killing more than 130 people.
The White House boasted this week
of a triumphant onslaught against Isis
in the Middle East since President
Trump took office but the attacks in
Kabul suggest that the militants have
refocused their efforts on the cities.
?This looks like a natural evolution of
the group?s tactics,? Borhan Osman,
senior Afghan researcher with the
International Crisis Group in Kabul,
said. ?Urban warfare attracts more
attention, promotes the brand, boosts
morale and attracts new recruits.?
Worse, for coalition efforts to curb the
Afghan insurgency, the new cell
G
eneral John
Nicholson, the US
commander in
Afghanistan, has been
given full authority by
President Trump to increase the
number of airstrikes and special
forces raids against Islamic State,
al-Qaeda, the Taliban and half a
dozen other terrorist groups
operating in Afghanistan
(Michael Evans writes).
The Mother of All Bombs, the
most powerful non-nuclear
munition in the US arsenal, was
aimed at an Isis cave complex in
Nangarhar in April and the total
number of munitions dropped
across the country has tripled
since August. The number of Isis
fighters in the region has been
reduced by more than two thirds
from a high of 3,000.
Next year General Nicholson,
below, will have 3,000 more US
troops at his disposal ? but Isis
is proving tough to defeat. About
900 Islamic State Khorasan
militants are thought to be
fighting in Nangahar province.
With a porous Pakistan border
offering sanctuary, no army,
indigenous or foreign, has ever
succeeded in pacifying
Afghanistan and the
vulnerability of Kabul remains a
big concern. It is a growing city,
and people come and go.
Isis may have been largely
driven out of Iraq and Syria but
its murderous ideology lives on
in Afghanistan, a refuge for
experienced fighters looking for
a new anti-western campaign.
operating in Kabul is recruiting energetically among educated local youths.
The original Afghan franchise, which
emerged as a Taliban splinter group in
2014, drew its fighting strength from
career militants, many crossing the border from Pakistan, but the Kabul cell is
thought to have sprung up independently, emphasising the appeal of the Isis
brand to a younger generation.
?This urban cell is a much more
worrying phenomenon. No matter how
strong are the connections with the
group in Nangarhar, it seems the Kabul
cell itself has the capacity to plan and
carry out attacks,? Mr Osman said. ?It
suggests educated, urban youths who
are exposed to Salafism who are then
drawn to jihadism in growing numbers.?
The Kabul cell is estimated to number more than a hundred recruits, most
with little or no experience of militancy.
Some of the recent attacks in the capital
have been carried out by teenagers,
while pictures circulated online purport to show an Isis madrassa in the city
where children as young as 12 recite the
Koran before the group?s black flag.
To the east, a huge military offensive
has been under way all year to smash
Islamic State strongholds in Nangarhar, with American airstrikes in the
region reaching levels not seen the
overthrow of the Taliban in 2001.
General John Nicholson, the commander of US and Nato forces in
Afghanistan, claimed recently that
1,600 Isis fighters had been ?removed
from the battlefield? in 1,400 airstrikes
and special forces raids since March.
The Pentagon has claimed that the
Isis footprint in eastern Afghanistan
has been reduced from 11 districts to
three but General Nicholson admitted
that pressure on the insurgency was
?like a balloon?, saying: ?We squeeze
them in this area, and they?ll try to
move out elsewhere.?
President Ghani of Afghanistan condemned yesterday?s attack as a ?crime
against humanity? and vowed revenge.
?The terrorists have killed our people,
attacked our mosques, our holy places
and now our cultural centre,? he said.
The attacks have taken place against
a backdrop of increased security in the
city since May, when a massive truck
bomb destroyed large parts of the
diplomatic quarter, killing 150 people
and wounding 400 others, mostly civilians. It was the deadliest terrorist attack
of the 16-year conflict.
Yesterday?s strike again exposed the
fragility of security in the capital. ?Isis
are opportunists. You can kill them but
how do you kill the ideology?? Mr
Osman asked. ?Politicians and generals
are obsessed with numbers of bombs
dropped and militants killed, but we
have yet to see a counterextremism
strategy from the Afghan government
or the international community. You
can?t bomb an ideology.?
Isis claimed through its Amaq news
agency that the cultural centre struck
in Kabul was funded by Iran, the dominant Shia power in the region. Isis,
which follows a radical Sunni Islamic
ideology, has persistently targeted
Afghanistan?s Shia minority and media
groups. Last month gunmen raided a
private television station in Kabul and
local and foreign reporters are often the
targets of kidnap or murder attempts.
Dozens of people have died in attacks
on Shia mosques in Kabul and the western city of Herat this year.
The toll of the conflict on ordinary
Afghans was underlined yesterday with
the death of six shepherd children in a
roadside bombing in the northern
province of Balkh. Local officials
blamed the Taliban.
The children, aged from eight to ten,
are thought to have inadvertently triggered a bomb laid to target Afghan officials and security forces.
Fodor?s reveals
travel notspots
for next year
T
he Taj Mahal
is a building
site, the
Great Wall of
China is
blighted by graffiti and
the beaches of
southwest Thailand
are strewn with
rubbish (Didi Tang
writes).
That?s according to
the travel guide
company Fodor?s,
which has published a
list of destinations it
recommends avoiding
in 2018, in some cases
because of the damage
inflicted by visitors.
Fodor?s advises
travellers to stay away
from the Taj Mahal,
where the dome is set
for its first thorough
cleaning since it was
built more than 350
years ago. Sections of
the world?s most
celebrated mausoleum
are already behind
scaffolding after its
white marble began
turning yellow, partly
through pollution, and
restoration involves
applying a mud paste
to the stone. ?Unless
your dream Taj Mahal
visit involves being
photographed in front
of a mud-caked and
be-scaffolded dome,
maybe give it until
2019 at the earliest,?
Fodor?s said.
Beijing was cited by
the company for its
poisonous air. Fodor?s
said that it ?might
make for a better
destination once its
plan to reduce
the times | Friday December 29 2017
33
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Murder rate falls
to record low
in New York
Page 34
HADI ZAHER/GETTY IMAGES
French aristocrat
goes to court over
porn star?s bubbly
Page 35
Mugabe exits with
mansion, staff and
first-class travel
Zimbabwe
Aislinn Laing Johannesburg
The Taj Mahal is
best avoided until
2019 unless you
love scaffolding,
says Fodor?s, the
Great Wall of
overwhelming smog
has had time to result
in more lung-friendly
conditions?.
The number of
foreign visitors to
Beijing has already
dropped steadily to
3.5 million in 2016
from 4.8
million in
he
2011, when the
city?s air
ame
pollution became
n.
widely known.
es that
Fodor?s notes
the greatest blight to
ular
the most popular
China is
vandalised and
Thailand?s
?paradise?
beaches are often
strewn with litter
stretches of China?s
Great Wall is
vandalism by tourists.
Last year the
American basketball
player Bobby Brown
out
provoked outrage
by
in
etching his initials
num
and team number
on
the wall.
pu
The publisher
wa
also warned
that
some beaches
P
in Phang
Nga in
Nga,
so
southern
Th
Thailand,
fr
framed
by
li
limestone
o
outcrops,
w
were
p
polluted
an
and
ov
overused.
?T
?The
rus to
rush
para
paradise
has
overw
overwhelmed
sa and
it,? it said,
suggested taking
le
?the road less
enj a
littered to enjoy
vaca
tropical vacation?.
Robert Mugabe has been given a lavish
retirement package that includes firstclass air travel, a multimillion-pound
mansion, private health insurance and
numerous staff.
Zimbabwe?s ousted president will
also have a fully staffed private office,
bodyguards and chauffeur-driven cars
likely to cost the impoverished country
tens of thousands of pounds each year.
His wife, Grace, whose corruption
and venality were blamed for bringing
about the collapse of her 93-year-old
husband?s career, will be allowed to
keep most of the perks after he dies.
The terms of Mr Mugabe?s soft
landing after 37 years in office were
announced in the state-run newspaper
The Herald. He was removed from
power last month following a coup.
Yesterday the chief of the armed
forces who led the military takeover
was sworn in as deputy to President
Mnangagwa. Constantine Chiwenga,
61, who retired from the military a week
ago, swapped his fatigues for a black
suit and pledged to discharge his duties
?with all my strength and to the best of
my knowledge and ability?.
Several senior military figures have
been given prominent roles in cabinet,
prompting dismay because Mr
Mnangagwa had promised a clean
sweep after Mr Mugabe?s long rule.
Critics said that Mr Mugabe?s retirement package was a further sign that
nothing had changed, and that it would
ultimately benefit Mr Mnangagwa too.
Zimbabwean presidents who serve at
least one term of office will be entitled
to a five-bedroom house with a separate guest wing, a swimming pool and
19 full-time members of staff. Since Mr
Mugabe already owns a �5 million
palatial home in Harare, he is expected
to be given a lump sum instead.
Mr Mugabe refused to cede power for
six tense days after the military takeover, eventually agreeing to step down
on November 21. He will get at least six
bodyguards, three housekeepers, two
gardeners, two waiters, two cooks and
two full-time laundry staff. He will also
have an office with phones, computers,
private secretaries and other staff and
all his household bills will be paid.
The state will provide a Mercedes
Benz S500 sedan or equivalent, a fourwheel drive and a pick-up truck, complete with fuel and two drivers, to be at
the couple?s disposal day and night.
When Mr Mugabe dies his wife, who
is known by her detractors as Gucci
Grace, will be entitled to ?suitable state
residential accommodation until she
dies or remarries?. They can each claim
four first-class flights a year, diplomatic
passports and private health insurance.
Up to 70 per cent of Zimbabweans
live below the poverty line and 95 per
cent are unemployed. The generous
package is likely to be frowned upon by
Robert Mugabe is entitled to a new
home as well as his �5m mansion
donors and banks whose help will be
needed to resuscitate the economy.
Tendai Biti, a senior opposition figure
who briefly served as finance minister,
told The Times that generous retirement packages encouraged African
presidents not to overstay in office but
that Mr Mugabe?s was unprecedented.
?The man is a billionaire who has
stolen from state funds. He should be
content with that,? he said. ?To give
Mugabe all this makes you wonder
about Mnangagwa?s motives, since he
too will benefit. This will just confirm
that nothing has changed.?
George Charamba, Mr Mnangagwa?s
spokesman, said that the package was
in keeping with the law, commensurate
with Mr Mugabe?s time in office and
determined not by the president but by
the civil service commission. He
rejected as ?absolutely untrue? media
reports that Mr Mugabe was also promised a $10 million golden handshake.
Great sleep forward: Chinese
pupils told to get 10 hours? kip
China
Didi Tang Beijing
For Chinese schoolchildren there just
are not enough hours in the day.
Already burdened with more homework than pupils elsewhere and under
intense pressure to succeed in their
one-child families, they are now being
told to get more sleep.
The Chinese education ministry has
said that school-age children should get
at least ten hours of sleep a night. The
edict has been widely met with ridicule,
with critics arguing that young pupils
are doomed to sacrifice their sleep as
long as the culture of hard work and
achievement does not change. Teachers are notorious for assigning excessive homework to prepare for exams
and parents see their child?s education
as the key to success. A recent survey
found that Chinese children spent an
average 2.82 hours a day on homework,
nearly three times the global average.
Parents waiting for their children to
finish classes in the eastern city of
Hangzhou told the Qianjiang Evening
News that they could not meet the tenhour sleep requirement. ?If I didn?t plan
to have my child attend an elite middle
school, I would let my daughter go to
bed earlier,? one mother said. ?But since
we do, it?s needless to say anything else.?
34
2G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
World
New York streets safest for
70 years as murders plunge
Will Pavia New York
Fewer people have been murdered in
New York in 2017 than in any year since
the 1950s, according to preliminary
figures from the city?s police
department.
A total of 2,245 killings were recorded
in the city at the height of the crack
cocaine epidemic in 1990. By 2000 the
number had fallen to 673, and in the
year to Christmas Day last year it was
down to 329. The figure is expected to
be less than 300 for this year.
The falling murder rate in New York
contrasts sharply with that in a few
smaller American cities. Baltimore,
which has a population of just over
600,000 ? compared with New York?s
eight million ? has recorded 343 killings this year, setting an American
record for murders per head of population, according to The Baltimore Sun.
New York?s total of 286 as of Wednesday evening was hailed as the lowest
since reliable records began, or at least
since 1956.
Other crimes fell sharply too, with
the exception of some sexual offences,
continuing a steady decline that began
in the early 1990s.
A spokesman for the New York police
department said that senior officials
were reluctant to comment on the falling murder rate until after the end of
the year when the figures were con-
City homicides
286
(as of
Dec 27)
700
600
500
400
300
Source: NYPD
United States
2000
200
100
0
2005
2010
2015
firmed. However, James O?Neill,
named as head of the department last
year, has credited the police tactic of
targeting a small number of people
thought to be responsible for most of
the crime, while seeking to mend frayed
relations between the police and residents in some neighbourhoods.
Richard Aborn, president of the Citizens Crime Commission of New York
City, concurred: ?The police department has employed precision policing,
focusing on the individuals most at risk
of committing violent crimes.?
He said that officers making contacts
with leaders in neighbourhoods where
relations with the police had been
strained and close co-operation
between the department and city
prosecutors had also helped, as had ?an
unrelenting focus on illegal guns?. A
network of audio sensors called ShotSpotter has been used in patches of the
city that had recorded higher rates of
gun crime, to alert police to gunfire.
Shootings, which spiked last summer,
have plummeted.
An increase in the number of complaints of some sexual misdemeanours
appears to have coincided with the
Harvey Weinstein scandal, in which
the Hollywood mogul and other leading figures in public life were accused of
sexual harassment. Campaigners have
since encouraged more victims to come
forward.
The falling murder statistics will
strengthen the hand of Bill de Blasio,
the mayor, who came to power promising to reduce the police tactic of stopping and frisking people on the street.
?De Blasio blew up the narrative,? Mr
Aborn said. ?The narrative was that
crime in New York would soar again
and mayhem would reign.?
Instead, the falling murder rate had
coincided with the lowest number of
arrests in 20 years and fewer people
being jailed, he said.
Some criminologists are asking just
how low crime rates can fall, while continuing to argue about the cause. Many
believe that the city?s thriving economy
and low unemployment rate has had a
far greater impact on recorded crime
rates than the actions of the police.
CENTRAL EUROPEAN NEWS
Red alert People have been evacuated from 60 houses in Majorca after a forest
fire, which was probably caused by an electricity pylon, started in Port de Pollen鏰
the times | Friday December 29 2017
35
2G M
World
Fight to save Rome?s crumbling city walls
Italy
Tom Kington Rome
The massive wall that has defended
Rome for 1,600 years is crumbling fast.
Used in places as a rubbish dump, it is
starved of vital maintenance funds ?
because no one takes any notice of it.
Built by the emperor Aurelian in
AD271, it runs for eight miles around
the centre of the city and once linked
383 towers that provided a lookout for
Roman sentries. Today the ancient
barrier is flanked by office blocks as it
snakes through the city, ignored by residents and in danger of collapsing if
?42 million is not found for its upkeep,
Claudio Parisi Presicce, Rome?s archaeology superintendent, said.
?It is bigger than the Colosseum, but
since the wall stopped protecting the
city it has simply been forgotten,? he
said.
It is a sad fate for the brick-clad concrete wall, which stands 15m (50ft) high
and 3m thick in places, and is topped by
a crenellated walkway above an internal corridor that gives access to arrow
slits.
Built in a hurry in only five years by
Aurelian as barbarians first crossed into
Italy, the wall stood strong through
centuries of papal rule before being
abandoned after the Italian state was
created in 1861.
Now it faces a threat deadlier than
siege machines from rain infiltration,
earthquakes and, not least, caper
plants, which send roots deep into the
cracks. In 2001 an 18m section partially
collapsed and this year a 14m stretch
close to the British embassy partly gave
way after being rattled by vibrations
from last year?s earthquakes in the
mountains above Rome.
?The city tried to find sponsors to pay
for maintenance but no one applied. It
seems the walls are invisible,? Luca
Bergamo, the deputy mayor, said.
The pollution-blackened wall has
proved attractive to homeless Romans,
who pitch tents against it, and flytippers. One short section where the
Appian Way leaves Rome through an
ancient gate has been turned into a
museum where visitors occasionally
meet dogs scrambling up on to the
walkway from adjacent private gardens.
A group of Roman activists is now
trying to get more sections opened to
the public. ?This is Rome?s biggest
monument. Instead of being left to ruin,
it would be a perfect place to do a high
The wall was built by Aurelian in AD271
line walkway, like on the disused elevated railway in New York,? Annabella
D?Elia, an activist, said.
One of the towers, close to the Via
Veneto, has buzzed with life ever since
Francesco Randone, an artist, opened
an art school for poor children in 1894.
The school is still open today and boasts
paintings hung next to graffiti left by
Roman soldiers and ancient funeral
urns found at the site.
?We are the proof these walls can still
be part of the city,? Silvia Vitale, Randone?s great-granddaughter, said.
Where Via Veneto passes through a
gate in the wall, restorers have used a
?1.7 million grant from the city to repair
huge cracks along a 300m stretch, removing an old municipal water tank
found in one tower and a toilet and bedroom installed by a squatter.
Soon visitors will be able to walk
where Roman sentries once stood, and
look down over Via Veneto, where Hollywood stars gathered during the Dolce
Vita era in the 1960s.
?It?s a start, but without ?42 million
we won?t know where the next collapse
will be,? Mr Parisi Presicce said.
Sex slave row
is not in the
past, Seoul
warns Japan
Mysterious
illness kills
millions of
kangaroos
South Korea
Australia
Jake Adelstein Tokyo
Bernard Lagan Sydney
President Moon of South Korea has
reopened a diplomatic wound with
Japan by questioning a 2015 deal over
the treatment of wartime sex slaves.
Relations had begun to recover since
an apology over the South Korean
?comfort women? who were forced to
work in Japanese brothels during the
Second World War.
Under an agreement struck after two
years of negotiations, Japan apologised
to survivors and offered 1 billion yen
(then �6 million) to a benefit fund.
Both countries said that the agreement
was ?final and irreversible? and would
end decades of acrimony.
Mr Moon has now said: ?The agreement cannot solve the comfort women
issue.? He called the deal a ?political
agreement that excludes victims and
the public? and that violated general
principles in international society.
His statement came a day after a
state-appointed panel concluded that
Seoul?s previous government had failed
to communicate with the victims properly before reaching the agreement.
The panel disclosed secret details of the
deal, including Japanese demands that
the South Korean government avoid
the use of the term ?sexual slavery?.
Korea fell under Japanese rule in 1910
and many Koreans were forced to work
as slaves. The Japanese government
has taken a revisionist approach to the
issue of Korean women forced into
sexual slavery, who were referred to as
comfort women. It has suggested that
they chose the work.
The degree of involvement of Japan?s
military in the enslavement of comfort
women is not well-known because
troops deliberately destroyed many of
the documents as the war ended. Nobutaka Shikanai, the former CEO of
Japan?s most conservative newspaper,
Sankei Shimbun, admitted to the role of
the military in a book. He served in the
accounting division of the Imperial Army during the war and was in charge of
staffing and opening ?comfort stations?.
?We had to calculate the allotted time
[for sex] for commissioned officers,
commanding officers, how many minutes. We also had to fix prices according
to rank. There was even a prospectus
we learned in [military] accounting
school,? he wrote.
Kangaroos are dying in their millions,
struck down by an unknown illness that
causes inflammation, stilted movement, haemorrhaging and blindness.
Red and grey kangaroos, which nationally number in the tens of millions,
have been found dead or dying across
the western plains of New South Wales.
?You would see a whole family sitting
there but they were all dead,? said Greg
Curran, a veterinarian with 30 years?
experience and a leading researcher
into kangaroo health. ?It?s a disease,
it?s not a genetic problem. We haven?t
been able to find a bacterium, we
haven?t been able to find a virus,? he told
The Australian.
New South Wales government scientists have confirmed that kangaroo
numbers are plummeting, based on
their June-July aerial survey. Last year
a record 17.4 million were counted
in the state, more than double the
2010 figure. The latest count in western
New South Wales recorded 3.9 million
grey kangaroos, down from 6.3 million
a year ago. The number of red kangaroos had fallen in six of eight counting
zones, to 5.1 million, a reduction of
1.2 million.
?The drop is so great it can?t simply be
due to culling rates,? Dr Curran said.
?The number of animals that have been
harvested for the meat market is low. It
can?t possibly be starvation or malnutrition. Any disease that can claim
40 per cent is worth understanding.?
Scientists have been looking at whether rainfall could be behind the mass
deaths, based on previous correlations.
In 1997 and 1998 more than a million
red kangaroos died inexplicably after a
season of good rain. Starvation may be
a factor, as could some form of migration out of the state, but Dr Curran said
that this was unlikely.
The results of blood tests have not
been consistent with any disease reported in macropods, the marsupial
family to which kangaroos belong.
The illness is the latest to affect large
numbers of Australia?s best-known
animals. Tasmanian devil populations
have been devastated by facial tumour
diseases, koalas are increasingly suffering from a strain of chlamydia and
wombats have been badly affected by a
fatal mange.
Aristocrat
sues over
porn star
champagne
A
French
aristocrat has
taken legal
action
against the
champagne house
founded by his ancestors
after it signed a deal with
an actress who made her
name in adult movies
(Adam Sage writes).
Clara Morgane, 36,
who is now a singer, was
paid to promote the latest
vintage by Charles de
Cazanove. Le Champagne
by Clara Morgane, as it
has been called, sells for
The role of Clara Morgane, top, who is now a singer, has
angered Count Lo颿 Chiroussot de Bigault de Cazanove
?50 a bottle and has
earned widespread
publicity for GH Martel,
the group that owns the
Cazanove brand.
The house was founded
by Charles de Bigault de
Cazanove in 1811. His
descendant, Count Lo颿
Chiroussot de Bigault de
Cazanove, said: ?I am
truly shocked. It?s simply
scandalous. How could
anyone associate the
name of my illustrious
family to that of Clara
Morgane? It?s
inconceivable.?
He told the newspaper
L?Union that his family
had been ennobled by
King Louis IX in the 13th
century and had joined
the French Resistance
against the Nazis in the
20th. ?My uncle Roger de
Bigault de Cazanove died
after being deported on
January 21, 1945. General
de Gaulle was a friend of
the family. Uncle Roger
would never have
accepted [the contract
with Clara Morgane]. My
ancestors would turn in
their graves if they knew.?
The Cazanoves sold the
champagne brand in 1958
but it still bears their
name. The count said
that he would seek a
court order removing any
reference to his family
name on the Clara
Morgane vintage. His
lawyers will argue that he
has an inalienable right
to defend his name,
which has been damaged
by the association.
36
2G M
RK
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
World
DON EMMERT/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
You must join coalition,
unions tell SPD leader
Berlin The head of Germany?s
trade unions has piled pressure
on the Social Democrats (SPD)
by urging the party to join a
coalition government with
Angela Merkel. Reiner Hoffmann,
chairman of the German Trade
Union Confederation, said that
the centre-left party would be
making a big mistake if it passed
up the chance to push through
employee-friendly policies. The
SPD is due to begin talks on
January 7 with Mrs Merkel on
options including re-forming the
pre-election grand coalition.
Martin Schulz, the SPD leader,
initially wanted to take his party
into opposition to rebuild after its
worst postwar election result.
Saudi princes set free
in anticorruption drive
Riyadh Two sons of Saudi
Arabia?s late King Abdullah have
been released from detention.
Prince Mishaal bin Abdullah and
Prince Faisal bin Abdullah were
held in a luxury hotel as part of
an anti-corruption campaign, but
have reached financial
settlements with the government.
They were among 200 highranking Saudis held by security
forces last month. (Reuters)
Assad ?using ill children
to bargain for captives?
High hopes ?Hot Shot? Swanson, 4ft 5in and known as the Michael Jordan of dwarf basketball, has fulfilled a boyhood dream by signing for the Harlem Globetrotters
Damascus The UN special envoy
Children among 68 killed
in Saudi strikes on Yemen
to Syria fears that President
Assad is ?using children as
bargaining chips? in a deal to
evacuate 500 critically ill patients
from eastern Ghouta, a besieged
suburb of Damascus. Jan Egeland
voiced concerns about the Assad
regime?s insistence on the release
of one government worker held
by rebels in exchange for each
patient allowed to travel out.
Yemen
Hannah Lucinda Smith Istanbul
Two airstrikes by the Saudi-led
coalition fighting in Yemen killed 68
civilians on Tuesday, with the first
hitting a crowded market, the UN has
confirmed.
Eight children were among the 54
people killed in the morning strike on
the al-Hayma market, in the Taiz
governate, it said. Hours later an airstrike on the port city of Hodeida killed
14 people, all from one family.
Both attacks were carried out by
warplanes of the Arab coalition led by
Saudi Arabia, which has been fighting
Houthi rebels in the country since 2015.
Jamie McGoldrick, the UN?s humanitarian co-ordinator for Yemen, said
in a written statement yesterday: ?I
remain deeply disturbed by mounting
civilian casualties caused by escalated
and indiscriminate attacks throughout
Yemen. These incidents prove the
complete disregard for human life
that all parties, including the Saudi-led
coalition, continue to show in this
absurd war that has only resulted in the
destruction of the country and the
incommensurate suffering of its people,
who are being punished as part of a
futile military campaign by both sides.?
The conflict, triggered by an uprising
against President Saleh in 2011, erupted
into a full-blown civil war in September
2014. The Houthis, mostly Shia
Muslims who are backed by Iran,
captured Sanaa, the capital, and forced
the government into exile. Saudi
Arabia, the leading Sunni power in the
Middle East, entered the conflict on the
side of the government in March 2015.
Yemen?s citizens have since been
subjected to an escalating war of attrition. The Houthis regularly fire rockets
towards neighbouring Saudi Arabia,
some of which have flown close to
Riyadh before being intercepted. One
fired last week was aimed at the alYamamah palace in the capital while a
meeting of Saudi leaders was taking
place there.
The rebels also target areas inside
Yemen that are loyal to the government: on Sunday they claimed to have
hit a large gathering of soldiers in the
east of Sanaa province. The campaign
has been condemned by the UN.
The Saudi-led coalition, which includes the United Arab Emirates, has
retaliated with intensive bombing raids
against targets in Yemen. It claims that
Hodeida port is being used by the rebels
to import the rockets, and that some aid
organisations operating in rebel-held
areas have been infiltrated by the
Houthis in order to deliver weapons.
Mohammed bin Salman, Saudi
Arabia?s crown prince, has stepped up
the bombing campaign and blockade of
ports in an effort to end the conflict
quickly but the rebels are steadfastly
refusing to give up the fight.
More than 10,000 people have been
killed, at least 49,000 injured and three
million forced to leave their homes.
According to the UN, eight million
people are on the brink of famine
and at least a million people have been
infected in a cholera epidemic.
Kirchner accuser was murdered
Argentina
Lucinda Elliott Montevideo
An Argentine judge has confirmed that
the prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who
accused the president of covering up
Iran?s role in the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community centre, was murdered.
Juli醤 Ercolini, a federal judge, has
ruled that the shot to the head that
killed Nisman, 51, in his home in
January 2015 was not suicide. He had
been investigating the bombing of the
Argentine Israelite Mutual Association
in Buenos Aires, in which 85 people
were killed and hundreds wounded.
Nisman had been due to testify that
Cristina Fern醤dez de Kirchner, the
president at the time, covered up Iran?s
alleged involvement, which it has
denied, in exchange for trade deals.
Nisman?s death will now be treated as
a homicide. Mrs Kirchner, who stepped
down in December 2015, is likely to be
questioned. She was elected to the
senate in October, which confers immunity from prosecution. This month
she was charged with treason over the
Nisman allegations and corruption.
She denies wrongdoing and claims that
her successor, President Macri, is
behind the allegations.
A judge has asked parliament to
remove her immunity but is unlikely to
secure a majority. On Tuesday Judge
Ercolini also charged Diego Lagomarsino, Nisman?s aide, as an accessory to
murder. The judge said that he was the
last person in the flat and the bullet was
fired from his gun. Mr Lagomarsino
denied involvement and said Nisman
had asked for the gun for protection.
Netanyahu
wins curbs on
police powers
Israel
Anshel Pfeffer Jerusalem
A law shielding politicians from police
recommendations that charges be
pressed was passed by the Israeli
parliament yesterday after a debate
lasting 43 hours.
It was promoted by Binyamin Netanyahu?s Likud party and critics said it was
designed to shield the prime minister,
who faces allegations of corruption.
The original draft would have prevented police adding recommendations
on whether to press charges to reports
sent to the state prosecutor?s office.
Likud was forced to amend the bill so
that it would not cover investigations
already under way, including two cases
of alleged corruption involving the
prime minister.
Isaac Herzog, the opposition leader,
described the bill as ?an explicit threat?
to law enforcement. He said it marked
?the battle between the country?s spirit
of democracy and a spirit of corruption?. To try to thwart it, the opposition
staged a filibuster, with MPs occupying
the podium non-stop for 43 hours,
chanting biblical verses, reciting
Shakespeare and speaking on Greek
philosophy and the Israeli tax system.
Ultimately, it had no effect and the
law passed at 1am by 59 votes to 54. Mr
Netanyahu and two other Likud members under investigation abstained.
The police are wrapping up an inquiry that has taken more than a year
and included questioning Mr Netanyahu
under caution seven times. They are
expected to pass the files to the justice
ministry, with recommendations to
charge Mr Netanyahu over jewellery,
champagne and Cuban cigars that he
and his wife, Sara, received from
businesspeople. The prime minister has
said that they were from ?close friends?.
Romanians charged
with hacking cameras
Washington Two Romanians
have been charged with hacking
into the computer systems that
control police cameras in
Washington. Mihai Isvanca, 25,
and Eveline Cismaru, 28, are
accused of disabling 123 outdoor
cameras last January using
ransomware. The case is ?of the
highest priority? as it affected
efforts to plan security before the
presidential inauguration. (AFP)
Home and Away star
hurt in fatal car crash
Sydney Jessica
Falkholt, 28, an
actress in the
soap opera
Home and Away,
was pulled from
a burning car
with her sister, 21, after a crash
that killed their parents south of
Sydney on Boxing Day. Both are
in a critical condition. The male
driver of the other car also died.
Date ends in ?drunken
attack on art collection?
Houston A drunk woman on a
first date with a prominent trial
lawyer allegedly caused $300,000
of damage to his art collection,
including two Andy Warhols.
Lindy Lou Layman, 29, was
arrested on charges of criminal
mischief and bailed. Tony Buzbee
said he called Ms Layman a taxi
after they returned to his home
but claimed she refused to leave
and tore down paintings. (AP)
the times | Friday December 29 2017
37
2G M
World
TOMOHIRO OHSUMI/GETTY IMAGES
Women hang up
headscarves after
Tehran relaxes
strict dress code
Iran
Hannah Lucinda Smith Istanbul
Women in Tehran will no longer be arrested for appearing in public with their
heads uncovered, almost 39 years after
the strict dress code was introduced.
The surprise announcement was
made late last night by police in the
Iranian capital and overturns one of the
most visible pillars of the Islamic laws
under which the country has been governed since 1979.
?Those who do not observe the
Islamic dress code will no longer be
taken to detention centres, nor will
judicial cases be filed against them,?
said General Hossein Rahimi, the city?s
police chief.
Repeat offenders may still face prosecution and the relaxation applies only
in the capital, which is known for the
liberal mores that thrive behind its
closed doors. Offenders will instead be
made to attend classes given by the
police.
The move is likely to upset religious
purists in the Shia state, who see the
Islamic headscarf, or hijab, as integral
to the modest public dress code of
Muslim women. It will be embraced, however, by the increasing number of women
who have taken a stand
against the law.
The re-election of the
relatively moderate President Rouhani earlier this
year may be one catalyst for the relaxation
of the law. So may be
the dizzying reforms
being enacted in Saudi Arabia, Tehran?s
Women in Tehran
will now escape
arrest if seen
without a hijab
regional Sunni rival, under the auspices
of crown prince Mohammed bin Salman. Although women are still banned
from appearing uncovered in public in
Saudi Arabia, the laws preventing them
mixing openly with men are rapidly
being relaxed.
There had been few signs that such
reforms would be enacted in Iran. This
week, a ten-year-old gymnast was summoned to a disciplinary committee
after pictures were published of her
competing in a ?non-Islamic? costume
in Malaysia. This month, Karen Pierce,
a British diplomat did not wear a headscarf when she accompanied Boris
Johnson to Iran. She was reportedly ordered to put one on by Javad Zarif, a
government minister and the foreign
secretary?s host. Iranian state media
called her actions ?inappropriate? but
she was lauded by feminist activists.
Two generations of Iranian women
have grown up under the restrictive
laws imposed by the mullahs after the
overthrow of the Shah in 1979. In the
cities, however, many women have
worn the covering further back on their
heads, exposing most of their hair and
pushing the boundaries of the law.
Recently, activists have protested by posting pictures of
themselves on social media
outdoors with their hair falling free.
Nail polish and tight-fitting clothes are also
frowned upon for
women in Iran, while
men may be punished by the country?s morality police
if they wear shorts
or go shirtless in
public. Most often,
they are taken to a
police van and
handed clothes to
cover up with.
Time for the tub A Japanese macaque shelters from the freezing weather in a hot spring at the Jigokudani monkey park
Putin blames shop bomb on terrorists
Russia
Tom Parfitt Moscow
An explosion that injured 13 people in a
supermarket in St Petersburg was a
terrorist attack, President Putin said.
A homemade bomb packed with
metal nuts and equivalent in power to
150 grams (5oz) of TNT exploded in a
bag in a storage locker near the entrance on Wednesday evening in a
branch of the Perekrestok chain in the
Kalininsky district. No one was killed.
Mr Putin?s assertion that it was ?an act
of terrorism? appeared to pre-empt the
official investigation.
The investigative committee said
after the president?s comment that inquiries were continuing and ?all versions are being examined, including a
terrorist attack?. The suspected bomber, a man wearing a green hooded
sweatshirt and carrying a rucksack, was
recorded on CCTV.
Explosive devices have been used in
Russia in business disputes or as a
means of murdering individuals. Hundreds of people have also died in bombings by Muslim extremists from the
North Caucasus over the past 20 years.
During a meeting yesterday with
soldiers returning from Syria, Mr Putin
congratulated them for protecting
Russia and the world from terrorism.
?You know that an act of terrorism was
committed in Petersburg, and very
recently the Federal Security Service
prevented another terrorist attack,?
he said.
Trump attacks China?s ?illicit? oil sales Ex-Chelsea star confirmed
United States
Jacqui Goddard Miami
President Trump scolded China yesterday after claiming that its ships had
been caught ?red-handed? transferring
oil to North Korean tankers in defiance
of UN sanctions.
He warned that there could be no
?friendly solution? to America?s standoff with North Korea if China
continued to trade with the pariah
state, after a South Korean newspaper
reported US spy satellites had photographed the illicit handover of oil in the
West Sea between the two countries.
?Caught RED HANDED ? very
disappointed that China is allowing oil
to go into North Korea?, Mr Trump
wrote on Twitter.
Citing unnamed sources in the South
Korean government, The Chosun Ilbo
claimed that the scenario had occurred
more than 30 times since October.
Confronted by the claims, Ren Guoqiang, a spokesman for China?s defence
ministry, issued a denial. ?The situation
you have mentioned absolutely does
not exist,? he said. Hua Chunying, a
spokeswoman for China?s foreign ministry, added that she was ?unaware? of
any such activity and that China ?accurately, faithfully and strictly? adhered
to the terms of the UN sanctions.
They offered no explanation for the
satellite images, however, which appeared to show Chinese and North Korean tankers alongside one another and
apparently connected, the names visible on the bows. Among them was the
Rye Song Gang 1 belonging to the Korea
Presidents Xi and Trump last month
Kumbyol Trading Company, one of 20
vessels named by the UN in November
as having flouted sanctions.
Mr Trump has led an effort over
recent months to persuade China to
sever trade links with Pyongyang in an
attempt to hobble Kim Jong-un?s regime as it assembles a nuclear arsenal
potentially capable of striking the US.
Recent ballistic missile tests have increased tensions in the region and put
North Korea?s more immediate neighbours, South Korea and Japan, on edge.
Mr Trump has warned that ?all
options? for dealing with Pyongyang
remain on the table, including a military strike that would wreak ?fire and
fury like the world has never seen?. He
said yesterday that China?s apparent
defiance of the international community in continuing to trade oil could imperil hopes of a peaceful outcome.
The United Nations security council
last night banned the Rye Song Gang 1
and three other North Korean cargo
ships from international ports. China
agreed to the measure.
as new Liberian president
Liberia
Aislinn Laing Johannesburg
A former international footballer has
been elected as the president of Liberia
after a tense contest that lasted more
than two months.
With 98 per cent of the votes counted, the national elections commission
said that George Weah had won
61.5 per cent of the vote against Joseph
Boakai, 73, the outgoing vice-president.
At his party headquarters outside
Monrovia, tears streamed down Mr
Weah?s face as he greeted supporters
from a balcony. Below, hundreds of
young people sang and danced to a live
performance of Hipco, Liberian hiphop music popular with the country?s
impoverished youth.
The transition from President Johnson Sirleaf to Mr Weah, 51, will represent the first transfer of power between
two democratically elected leaders in
the history of Africa?s oldest republic.
The country endured almost three
decades of civil war and brutal dictatorship. Liberia?s next president is the only
African to have won Fifa?s world player
of the year and France?s Ballon D?Or.
The former Chelsea and Manchester
City striker has promised to improve
Liberia?s education system, create more
jobs and invest in better infrastructure.
Mr Weah, a senator, said before the
vote: ?You know I?ve been in competitions ? tough ones, too ? and I came
out victorious.? He won the first round
of the election with 38.4 per cent of the
vote but because it fell short of 50 per
cent a run-off was necessary. The vote
was then delayed for seven weeks
because of claims by a third candidate
of fraud that were rejected by a court.
Among the first to congratulate him
was Didier Drogba, the Ivorian footballer, who tweeted: ?Congratulations
Mr Georges!?
38
1G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
World
LEVINE/SIPA USA/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
?Womb murderer? is
charged after 23 years
United States
Jacqui Goddard Miami
A man from Florida convicted of fatally
stabbing a pregnant babysitter in 1993
has been charged with the murder of
her son. Julius Dyke died as a result of
brain damage suffered while in his
dying mother?s womb 23 years earlier.
Ronnie Williams, 54, will be tried
over the death of Mr Dyke, who relied
on tubes to breathe and eat and was
never able to walk or talk. He died last
December of complications from cerebral palsy with ?inflicted maternal trauma? ruled as a contributory cause.
?It was brutal, just brutal,? said David
Jones, a detective who investigated the
murder of Dyke?s mother, Lisa. Williams ?needs to be held accountable,? Mr
Jones told the Sun-Sentinel newspaper
in South Florida.
Ms Dyke, 18, was babysitting at a
friend?s home in Fort Lauderdale when
Williams burst into the home looking
for an acquaintance. Not finding the
person he wanted, he stabbed Dyke
repeatedly with a 15in knife, bit her
several times and raped her. He stated
NY tickled
pink (or
seeing red)
A
giant penis
that
appeared on
Christmas
Eve in SoHo
was painted by a
Swedish artist who
hoped to make New
Yorkers talk about
their sexuality (Will
Pavia writes).
It rose up the sheer
side of a six-storey
building, causing both
amusement and
outraged calls for its
removal. On the third
day of Christmas a
team hired by the
building?s landlord
arrived to conceal it in
a shade of grey.
It was one of two
murals completed by
Carolina Falkholt after
a commission from an
art collective. The
other, on a wall above a
skate park, is a vagina.
later that he was drunk and high on
cocaine.
Ms Dyke managed to call emergency
services and name her attacker. She
identified him again on her deathbed
from a photographic line-up. Her baby
was delivered by caesarean section two
days after the attack but doctors were
unable to save her.
Williams was tried and sentenced to
death for Ms Dyke?s murder but at the
time there was no law that applied to
the injuries inflicted on the unborn
child, making Julius ?legally invisible?.
The enactment of the Unborn Victims of Violence Act in 2004 changed
that and last week Williams was
charged with first-degree murder.
The criminal indictment states that
Williams ?caused great bodily harm? to
the unborn baby, who as a result ?did
linger, languish and die? 23 years later.
Williams ?took two innocent lives
and completely destroyed mine?, Margaret Dyke, who cared for Julius, her
grandson, said. ?I miss him dearly,? she
added. ?Now I truly miss my daughter
because the only part of her has gone
on with her.?
Jewels of the
Emerald Isle
Passenger
with wrong
ticket turns
plane back
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An investigation is under
way after a passenger was
allowed to board the wrong
flight at Los Angeles International Airport, causing
the captain to turn the
aircraft back when the
mix-up was discovered
four hours into the trip.
The error, affecting All
Nippon Airways (ANA)
Flight 175 to Tokyo on
Wednesday, became public
through a series of social
media posts by Chrissy
Teigen, a model who was
on the flight with her husband, the singer John
Legend. ?We are turning
around because we have a
passenger who isn?t supposed to be on this plane,?
she reported. ?Why did we
all get punished for this one
person?s mistake??
Aviation industry experts said that the decision
followed protocol.
The
Transportation
Safety
Administration
(TSA) and the FBI are both
investigating the incident,
which involved brothers
who had tickets for separate United Airlines and
ANA flights to Tokyo. The
United passenger boarded
the ANA aircraft with his
brother, settled into an
empty seat and went initially undetected, according to the TSA.
ANA apologised to passengers, who were placed
on another flight the
following day and given
$300 in compensation.
The TSA said that there
was ?no indication that
anyone was ever in any
danger.?
Free delivery with
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the times | Friday December 29 2017
39
1G M
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,622.88 (+2.20)
Gold
$1,293.96 (+7.02)
Nov 28
Dec 6
Dow Jones
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14
22
currencies
$
Brent crude (6pm)
$65.83 (-0.07)
$
�/$
$1.3451 (+0.0048)
$
�/?
?1.1252 (-0.0048)
�
7,800
25,600
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70
1.400
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62
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7,000
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54
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Nov 29
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1.050
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15
23
SEBASTIAN D?SOUZA/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Airbus to axe
superjumbo
if Emirates
snubs deal
Future of A380 in doubt over lack of new orders
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
The A380 superjumbo could be
running out of runway after reports
that Airbus will end production of
the world?s largest commercial aircraft
if it does not receive a new order from
Emirates.
Airbus did not deny reports last night
that it was drawing up plans to phase
out production of the A380. However,
it said the claim was ?speculation? as
negotiations, believed to be specifically
with Emirates for new orders for the
A380 continue.
The future of the A380 has been
in doubt for several months as there has
not been a single order from a new
customer for the $440 million jet for
nearly two years.
Suggestions that the programme
could be ditched grew at the Dubai air
show last month when Emirates had
been expected to place a $16 billion
order for 36 A380s. That would have
been on top of the 100 superjumbos
Emirates operates and in addition to
the 42 A380s Airbus is contracted to
deliver.
Instead Emirates, the flag carrier of
the Gulf state of Dubai and the Middle
East?s largest airline, announced it
would be spending $12 billion with
Airbus?s rival Boeing on 40 smaller,
more flexible, more economical 787
Dreamliners.
Airbus is the Toulouse-based FrancoGerman champion of the European
aerospace industry, which directly
employs 11,000 people in Britain
designing, engineering and manufacturing wings for its aircraft, including
the A380, and thousands more in the
supply chain. Many of the A380s run on
Trent engines built by Rolls-Royce,
which employs 22,000 people in Britain.
The A380 is the aircraft that killed off
Boeing?s 747 jumbo. Airbus?s superjumbo has 40 per cent more internal
cabin space and can fly more passengers more efficiently between the
world?s largest and most congested airports. It is capable of carrying more
than 800 passengers, but is routinely
configured to carry between 400 and
600, with some airlines including
luxury private suites. At more than
?20 billion though, the two decadelong development costs mean the A380
has been way over budget and production problems meant it only went into
commercial service in 2007.
The current 200-plus A380s in operation are making 300 flights a day. However, industry executives complain that,
with four big engines, it is an expensive
machine to run compared with the new
smaller long-haul twin-engine aircraft
like the 250 to 300-seater Boeing 787
and Airbus?s A350.
Reuters yesterday quoted a source
it claimed was briefed on contingency
plans to phase out A380 production, as
saying: ?If there is no Emirates deal,
Airbus will start the process of ending
A380 production.?
While Airbus sources told The Times
that the news agency?s reports were
?dancing faster than the music?, an
official spokesman for the group said:
?We do not comment on any such speculation, especially while campaigns are
active and ongoing.?
These include negotiations with
Emirates, which accounts for nearly
half of the current 221 aircraft delivered
and nearly half the other 96 on order.
Several of those orders, including from
Virgin Atlantic, may not convert to
actual deliveries.
In reality, A380 production is slowing to a crawl. In an attempt to keep the
programme in place, it is building one a
month but that is likely to fall to just one
every two months from 2020. At six a
year, that would string out production
on current orders for another decade.
It was reported that Emirates? order
for another 36 A380s foundered on a
row over how long Airbus would keep
the jet in production as the carrier
wanted to stagger entry into service of
the new aircraft to 2030. It is understood that Airbus had been unable to
guarantee that timeframe unless it gets
more orders from other carriers.
video
A timelapse of how the A380
is put together
On mobile, tablet and at thetimes.co.uk
Anil Ambani, left, has been pushed out of India?s mobile phone market by aggressive competition from his brother Mukesh
Winner takes it all in Ambani
brothers? mobile phone war
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
India?s richest man confirmed yesterday that he was buying telecoms assets
from his younger brother, adding a
humiliating twist to a bitter feud
between the two men who control
Asia?s largest family fortune.
Mukesh Ambani is buying telecoms
towers, fibre-optic cables and airwaves
owned by his brother Anil?s indebted
Reliance Communications.
The move comes 15 months after
Mukesh, 60, sparked a ferocious price
war in India?s telecoms market with the
launch of Jio, a rival mobile operator
into which Reliance Industries, his oil
conglomerate, pumped about $30 billion.
Jio?s entry unleashed turmoil in what
is the world?s second-largest telecoms
market, with sharp price cuts hobbling
some other players, including Reliance
Communications, which has struggled
with payments on $7 billion of debt.
Others, including Vodafone, responded
by merging their Indian operations with
those of rivals.
Reliance Communications told the
Bombay Stock Exchange yesterday
that it had reached a ?definitive binding
agreement? to sell the assets to Reli-
$41bn
Estimated net worth of Mukesh
Ambani
Source: Forbes
ance Jio. Since its launch in September
2016, Jio has signed up more than
140 million subscribers by offering free
and heavily discounted services. Reliance Communications had 81 million
subscribers earlier this year.
?Reliance Jio emerged the highest
bidder in a transparent process con-
ducted under the supervision of a highpowered bid evaluation committee,?
Reliance Communications said.
The sale represents a humiliation for
Anil, 58, who in effect has quit India?s
mobile phone business, although he
has been left with a rump operation
that includes internet data centres and
undersea cables. Jio was advised on the
deal by Goldman Sachs, Citigroup and
EY.
The brothers? intense personal
rivalry has loomed large over India?s
business scene since 2002, when the
death of their father Dhirubhai
Ambani, founder of the Reliance
Industries group, led to a rift over strategy.
The dispute eventually led to the
break-up of Reliance Industries when,
in a 2005 peace deal brokered by their
mother, Mukesh retained the highly
profitable oil and gas business and Anil
walked away with telecoms and power.
Continued on page 42, col 5
40
1G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Business
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Players who
swapped the
bit parts for
starring roles
Alexandra Frean lists
the Ones to Watch in
2018, the leaders set to
shape business
in the year ahead
I
f there are surprises in The Times?
Ones to Watch list for 2018, the
first may be that our top choice
may not be one person at all.
Satoshi
Nakamoto
is
the
anonymous coder, or group of coders,
who created bitcoin as a stateless
digital currency nine years ago. It?s a
pseudonym. Her/his/their true identity
remains a mystery, but, as cryptocurrencies continue to rise in influence
and as investors lose faith in traditional
institutions, that influence is more than
likely to grow.
Imagine, for a moment, what it
means to be Satoshi Nakamoto. You
are, at least digitally, one of the 50
richest people alive and one of the most
important people in the financial world.
And yet no one, possibly even those
closest to you, has a clue.
Then consider this. Even if bitcoin
were to collapse in price tomorrow (a
nebulous concept, anyway, as this was
never about getting rich), your idea is
already too powerful ever to be put back
in the drawer of financial history. Next
year the cryptocurrency boom could
come to a crashing end, but the global
financial system will never be the same
again, regardless.
Already, thousands of start-up and
established companies worldwide are
trying to use Nakamoto?s ideas to create
new businesses or to change the ones
they already have. In January Lloyd?s of
London, the world?s oldest insurance
market, will put the central idea ? the
blockchain ? right at the heart of its
global operations, not bad for something that is less than a decade old.
Many of these businesses will fail, but,
as in the dotcom crash of early Noughties, those that survive could change the
way we trade, save and conduct business in future.
Most
important,
Nakamoto,
whatever your identity and whatever
you are doing (and it is not spending
your bitcoin fortune, as we can see from
the public ledger that your wallet has
not been touched) you are, or at least
were, a reader of The Times (a headline
of which from 2009 was embedded in
the original bitcoin code). If you do
consider going public, you know which
newspaper to call.
kenny alexander
chief executive, gvc holdings
He may support Kilmarnock, which is
mired in mid-table in the Scottish
Premiership, but when it comes to
corporate life the chief executive of
GVC Holdings is interested only in
winning. In the decade since Kenny
Alexander took the reins at the online
gambling operator, total shareholder
returns have increased by a none-tooshabby 3,000 per cent.
The company, which only two years
ago was quoted on the junior Alternative Investment Market, is heading
into the premier league FTSE 100 index
after its audacious �9 billion cashand-shares bid for Ladbrokes Coral,
Britain?s biggest bookmaker.
Key to the group?s track record has
been Mr Alexander?s skill at identifying
and integrating acquisitions, deploying
the company?s proprietary technology
and human capital to telling effect.
When GVC teamed up with William
Hill in 2012 to bid for Sportingbet, it was
dismissed as a junior partner brought in
by the bookmaker to take the unregulated bits of Sportingbet off its hands.
The deal was transformative for GVC,
giving it the cashflow to build an ever
more solid business and the firepower a
couple of years later to defeat 888 Holdings and complete a �1 billion takeover
of Bwin.party, once the darling of the
quoted gambling sector. Swallowing
the owner of Party Poker provided the
impetus for a move, successively, to the
main market and then to a premium
listing and gave it the platform for its tilt
at Ladbrokes Coral.
It puts Mr Alexander firmly at centre
stage. The 48-year-old former
accountant from North Ayrshire,
whose father got him hooked on
betting by taking him racing at Ayr in
his teens, faces his biggest challenge yet
as the deal takes GVC into retail betting
for the first time.
steffan ball
economic adviser to philip
hammond
Baptisms of fire rarely get as fierce as
that faced by Steffan Ball. The hedge
fund economist joined Philip Hammond as his special adviser for economics in late October, only weeks before
the chancellor delivered his make-orbreak budget.
Perhaps Mr Ball, 38, will prove to be
the chancellor?s lucky mascot. The
uninspiring but politically safe budget
went down well and Mr Hammond
kept his job. Policy wonks in the
Treasury did the donkey work on the
headline policies, such as scrapping
stamp duty for most first-time buyers,
but the final shape of the budget package was decided by Mr Ball and the
chancellor.
Little is known about Mr Ball, beyond
the fact that he must have taken a big
pay cut to �,450 to join the Treasury
by leaving Citadel, the $27 billion
American hedge fund. He has a glowing CV, with stints at the US Federal
Reserve and the Bank of England, as
well as a doctorate in economics from
Cambridge. He knows the housing
market and consumer spending inside
out, having focused on those areas at
the Fed, which is more or less all any
economist needs to know about the
political economy in Britain. His financial services experience may also help
to arm the chancellor for more bruising
cabinet battles over the government?s
Brexit plans.
anne boden,
chief executive, starling bank
Four years ago Anne Boden gave up a
career in conventional banking to
found Britain?s first mainstream digital
bank, available via a phone app.
Frustrated by the way that outdated
technology hamstrung banks, she
believed the solution was to build a
new kind of institution from the ground
up.
New financial technology ventures
the times | Friday December 29 2017
41
1G M
Business
TOM STOCKILL
samir desai
chief executive, funding circle
Samir Desai, James Meekings and
Andrew Mullinger launched Funding
Circle in 2010 in an office above a waffle
shop. When the university friends said
that they were building an online ?peerto-peer lending marketplace? for small
businesses, the blank looks they
received suggested they might be trading in as much waffle as their downstairs neighbours.
Seven years on, the company has
arranged billions of pounds of loans for
40,000 companies by using its platform
to match them with money from retail
and professional investors. Next year,
though, could be the one when Mr
Desai, still only 34, hits the big time.
Funding Circle, valued at more than
$1 billion during its most recent investment round, is said to be considering a
flotation.
Losses have been modest so far, but
how well the model will hold up should
the economy dip or interest rates rise
remains to be seen. A more immediate
source of worry is over new regulation
of the sector by the Financial Conduct
Authority due in 2018. In 2017, the platform arranged more than �23 billion
of credit, close to a third of the �billion
total it has lent over seven years. Mr
Desai, who was brought up in southwest London, insists there?s plenty
more where that came from.
Samir Desai, left, Elizabeth
Denham, top right, Kenny
Alexander and Emma
Walmsley face definitive
years in 2018, with
decisions looming that
should shape their futures
and that of the British
business landscape
are ten a penny, but Ms Boden, 57, has
managed to grab attention by raising
� million in 2016 for Starling Bank,
followed by a further � million round
in September.
In 2018, she plans to expand the
lender by taking it into France and
Germany and to launch a business
account. She believes that the start-up
will be profitable by 2019.
A computer science and chemistry
graduate, Ms Boden grew up in
Swansea. She started her career at
Lloyds, where she worked on an early
technology project, creating Chaps, the
UK?s first real-time payments system.
She also has worked at Standard
Chartered, UBS, Royal Bank of Scot-
land and then as chief operating officer
at Allied Irish Banks as it was on a
rollercoaster journey to try to recover
from its near-collapse.
Starling gained its banking licence in
July 2016 and in recent weeks has won
approval from regulators to offer
customers who use its app direct access
to other providers? loans, insurance or
investment products.
That latest development could help
Starling to take on the giants of comparison websites. It has the advantage
as a bank of carrying out extensive
?know your customer? tests on its users,
so if they then choose take out an
insurance or savings contract, the click
through could be direct and simple.
elizabeth denham
information commissioner
Elizabeth Denham will be responsible
for enforcing sweeping new data protection rules due to come into force in
May 2018. The general data protection
regulations will tighten the rules on all
organisations that process people?s
data, from the big technology groups
such as Facebook and Google, to credit
card issuers, local authorities and even
schools and charities.
Some pundits predict that claims for
the misuse of personal data will exceed
the � billion in compensation
generated by the mis-selling of payment protection insurance, while
others warn of a compliance meltdown,
claiming that the majority of British
organisations will not be ready for the
changes.
While it?s true that Ms Denham, 58,
will have the power to fine companies
up to 4 per cent of their worldwide turnover, she?s unlikely to go handing out
huge fines on day one. She?s navigated
the highly charged political aspect of
her role carefully so far, being tough
only when she needs to.
Ms Denham arrived in Britain in
2016 after holding a similar position in
British Columbia, Canada, where she
led an investigation into privacy on
Facebook. Her �0,000-a-year role
also includes oversight for Freedom of
Information Act decisions.
chris sier
chairman, the institutional
disclosure working group
As the academic appointed by regulators to get to the bottom of hidden fees
unwittingly paid by pension funds,
Chris Sier made waves this month
when he said that the asset management industry was ?arrogant, complacent and obfuscatory?. He estimated
that the City was creaming off as much
as � billion a year in undisclosed
charges.That brought a furious complaint from the Investment Association, whose members manage �trillion, and Professor Sier, 51, was forced
into a grovelling apology both to it and
to the Financial Conduct Authority.
All eyes now are on what his panel
comes up with, probably in February. It
is designing a series of templates for
managers of different asset classes that
will throw daylight on the costs such as
trading commissions, research and foreign exchange charges.
A former police detective, UBS
Warburg derivatives analyst and
management consultant, he is a visiting
professor at the University of Leeds and
professor of practice at Newcastle
University Business School. He is also a
judo and karate black belt.
emma walmsley
chief executive,
glaxosmithkline
Her appointment to head Glaxosmithkline made Emma Walmsley, 48, the
most powerful woman in the FTSE 100.
She formally took charge nine months
ago, making several important decisions that are likely to play out in 2018,
making this her big year.
She has made public the pharmaceuticals group?s interest in the $15 billion
consumer healthcare business that
Pfizer, an American rival, has put up for
sale and has reiterated her interest in
taking greater control of Glaxo?s joint
venture consumer division operated
with Novartis, of Switzerland.
The potential to go on the acquisition
trail comes amid unease from some
shareholders over the possible impact
on the dividend. The former manager
at L?Or閍l must convince critics that
she can sharpen up a long-misfiring
pharmaceuticals division. In July she
outlined plans to halt more than 30 research drugs programmes and to focus
on four key areas.
Generating blockbuster new drug
sales will be important as the company
finally faces potential competition from
generic rivals this year to its bestselling
Advair inhaler.
42
1G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Business
brother
All those iPhones, iPads and Macs Big
triumphs in
make the boss Apple?s $100m man India?s mobile
JUSTIN SULLIVAN/GETTY IMAGES
Alexandra Frean
The head of Apple has collected
$100 million in compensation for this
year after the world?s biggest listed
company notched up impressive sales.
The total annual pay for Tim Cook
reflects the fact that Apple beat its sales
goals this year. His pay was cut the
previous year after the company suffered a rare shortfall in sales.
Mr Cook?s basic salary for the year to
September 30 was $3.06 million, up
1.9 per cent on the previous 12 months,
according to regulatory filings. His
bonus came to $9.33 million, up from
$5.37 million. Together with ?other
compensation? of $440,374 and a
previously disclosed performancerelated share award of $89.2 million, his
total package for the year came to about
$102 million.
Mr Cook, 57, became chief executive
of Apple in 2011, replacing Steve Jobs,
who had turned the technology group
into a dominant force in smartphones
and tablets through the success of its
iPhone and iPad. He was the first chief
executive of a Fortune 500 company to
come out as gay. He also is said to be a
man of modest tastes who is keen on
cycling.
Apple is among the world?s bestknown companies and is valued by the
stock market at more than $875 billion.
In its most recent financial year, it made
operating profits of $61.3 billion on net
sales of $229.2 billion.
This week?s filing from Apple reveals
that Mr Cook?s compensation in lieu of
paid holiday that he never took came to
$103,846 in 2017, more than three times
the median wage in America. He also
received $93,109 in personal travel
expenses, reflecting a new security rule
that he must use a private aircraft for
personal as well as business travel.
The figures coincide with growing
concern about income inequality in the
United States and around the world.
The top 1 per cent of American families
brought in a record 23.8 per cent of
overall income in 2016, according to the
US Federal Reserve, about twice the
level in 1992. The bottom 90 per cent of
families made 49.7 per cent of the
nation?s income last year, down from
more than 60 per cent in 1992.
With Apple?s share price up by nearly
47 per cent this year on the back of
higher sales, many shareholders are
Continued from page 39
The bulk of Tim Cook?s bumper pay as Apple boss last year came from a performance-related share award of $89 million
6 Apple and Amazon
are understood to be
involved in discussions
with Saudi Arabia with
a view to expanding in
the kingdom
(Alexandra Frean
writes). While both
companies sell their
products in the
country through third
parties, neither has a
direct presence.
Apple is holding
talks with the Saudi
Arabian General
Investment Authority,
the kingdom?s foreign
investment body, about
a licensing agreement
for Apple stores to
open there by 2019,
according to Reuters.
Amazon is said to be
in separate talks,
which are at an earlier
stage and are being led
by Amazon Web
likely to think that the rise in Mr Cook?s
bonus is worth it. Apple?s sales for the
year to the end of September beat the
target of $225.2 billion and were up
from last year?s $215.6 billion, thanks to
Services, its cloudcomputing division.
Prince Mohammed
bin Salman, who is
overseeing the
kingdom?s plans to
build a new, post-oil
economy, is intent on
boosting its technology
sector and Riyadh has
been easing limits on
foreign ownership.
Amazon and Apple
declined to comment.
strong demand for the iPhone 7,
Macbook Pro and iPad Pro and a 20 per
cent rise in sales from services such as
iTunes.
Mr Cook?s pay is significantly higher
Thomas Cook plans banking app
Katherine Griffiths Banking Editor
Thomas Cook will launch a bank in
Britain next year in a partnership with
one of Europe?s largest digital lenders
and with the aim of slashing the cost of
paying for items in foreign currencies.
The travel company is joining forces
with Ferratum, a Finnish lender that
already has a mobile bank in five
European countries.
In one of the most extensive partnerships between a financial technology
company and a traditional business,
Ferratum will operate a mobile banking
app on behalf of Thomas Cook Money,
under a new brand, called Sumo.
Thomas Cook, which was named
after its founder, began business in 1841
and made several early developments
that shaped world travel. One was to
take circular notes that had been used
for half a century and turn them into
something that enabled tourists to
obtain local currency in exchange for a
phone war
paper note issued by Thomas Cook.
The first were issued in 1874 and were a
forerunner of travellers? cheques.
Digital lenders are sprouting up all
over Europe, but Ferratum was one of
the first. It was founded by Jorma
Jokela, 37, in Helsinki in 2005 and it
now offers loans in 25 markets. It
floated on the Frankfurt stock
exchange in 2015 and has a value of
about ?640 million, of which Mr Jokela
owns 55 per cent.
Thomas Cook and Ferratum believe
that Sumo will be better for travellers,
as it will come with an ?intelligent?
contactless debit card that will identify
the local currency and enable the
holder to pay without incurring
transaction charges or fees for cash
withdrawals. The card also will allow
customers to open multiple current
accounts in up to seven currencies, in
what Ferratum believes is a first of its
kind. Thomas Cook has 20 million
customers who use its travel services in
17 European countries, while Ferratum
can sign up customers using a single
process across Europe.
Sumo was launched in Sweden in
mid-December. Ferratum plans to
strike more deals with companies that
want a bank without having to invest in
the regulatory and technical skills
required to set one up from scratch.
Ferratum could have such a ?whitelabel? banking operation up and running within three months, according to
Mr Jokela. ?If you look to the future,
you could have big brands such as British Airways or Lidl [interested], and
with a company such as Lidl they could
put their own offers for products into
the banking application,? he said.
Ferratum?s entry into Britain, one of
the world?s biggest banking markets,
will come via the Thomas Cook tie-up.
Ferratum is also looking for partnerships with traditional banks that do not
have digital operations, particularly in
the United States.
than the compensation of $1 that Mr
Jobs famously received. As the single
largest shareholder in Apple, with a
stake worth about $2.2 billion when he
died in October 2011, Mr Jobs believed
that he was already well rewarded.
Thomas Rutledge, chairman of
Charter Communications, the American telecoms company, was awarded a
compensation package valued at
$98.5 million last year, while Leslie
Moonves, chairman of CBS, the broadcaster, received $69.6 million.
6 Apple has lost a legal battle to stop
two Italian brothers, Vincenzo and
Giacomo Barbato, naming their clothing and accessory company Steve Jobs.
According to la Repubblica Napoli, the
brothers have won the right to use the
Steve Jobs logo, featuring a J with a bite
taken out of it, on their clothes.
Both men continued to operate under
the Reliance brand, although it was
Mukesh whose fortunes prospered.
The elder brother is now India?s richest
man, with an estimated net worth of
$41 billion,
Through the deal announced
yesterday, Mukesh?s Jio mobile business
gains access to four bands of spectrum
or airwaves, 43,000 telecoms towers
and a nationwide fibre-optic network.
?These assets are strategic in nature
and are expected to contribute significantly to the large-scale rollout of wireless and fibre to home and enterprise
services,? Jio said.
The sale comes after an earlier effort
by Reliance Communications to merge
with another company, Aircel, unravelled in October. Pressure rose further
after it missed debt payments and creditors including China Development
Bank initiated insolvency proceedings.
On Tuesday, Reliance Communications said that it had struck a deal to cut
its debt by �5 billion, underpinned by
a sale of assets. The announcement
made no mention of the involvement of
Mukesh Ambani.
At a news briefing in Mumbai, Anil
Ambani made no secret of the intense
challenges he faced because of his
sibling?s arrival in the telecoms market.
Competing in it, he said, would require
?a pipeline into the Reserve Bank of
India?s printing press . . . It is a guzzler of
currency . . . It has engulfed many, many
people and many, many companies.?
The Ambanis are estimated to be the
richest family in Asia by Forbes magazine, with assets worth $44.8 billion. In
2012, Mukesh Ambani moved into a
new home he built in Mumbai. With 27
storeys and staffed by 600 servants, it
has been described as the world?s most
expensive private residence.
The family patriarch Dhirubha came
from a modest background in Gujarat,
western India. Known as a risk-taker,
he worked at a petrol station in Yemen
and traded spices and polyester yarn
before his Reliance Textile Industries
launched the popular Vimal textile
brand in India. Reliance companies
today operate the world?s biggest oil
refinery, employ 250,000 people and
contribute almost 5 per cent of India?s
central tax revenues.
Lender?s investors renew
calls for greater influence
Katherine Griffiths
An investor group is making a second
attempt to force Royal Bank of Scotland to give its shareholders a bigger say
over its governance.
Sharesoc, which represents individual investors, has demanded that RBS
put a proposal for a new shareholder
committee to a vote at its annual
meeting in May. The committee should
represent a range of shareholders,
according to Sharesoc and the UK
Shareholders Association.
RBS is more than 70 per cent-owned
by taxpayers and since its near-nationalisation a decade ago has been required to follow government thinking
on matters ranging from bonuses to
overseas lending.
Sharesoc and the association tried to
set up a shareholder committee at the
bank last year, but were thwarted by the
lender, which said at the time that the
plan was ?inconsistent with the law and
the company?s constitution?.
RBS said yesterday that it was the
role of directors to represent shareholders, but added that it would ?review
any proposal that is submitted?.
The Edinburgh-based bank also
pledged to ?enhance our focus on
strengthening the voice of employees
and other non-shareholder interests
at board level?, in line with the wishes of
the government and the Financial
Reporting Council that companies take
account of a wider range of stakeholders.
Mark Northway, chairman of Sharesoc, said: ?Shareholders deserve a new
approach, one with greater involvement and more effective input from
them as ultimate owners.?
the times | Friday December 29 2017
43
1G M
Business
Rhymer Rigby
Mortgage
approvals at
lowest for
15 months
How do I love thee, email? Let me
count the ways I hate its alternative
??
Rhymer Rigby is a journalist and author. Follow him on Twitter @rhymerrigby
For more than a
decade, productivity
pundits have been
saying that email is
broken and
terrible and not fit for purpose. I?ve
lost track of the number of articles
I?ve read over the years telling me that
this will be the year that email bites
the dust. Or begins to bite the dust.
Or that the dust is in the post. Or
simply that email is really annoying
because the author gets so many
emails.
They?re looking at it the wrong
way. Sure, spam is a pain. As are
people who cc-in entire companies
and 45-message-long email threads.
Despite all this, email is great. I love it.
And I love it more whenever I am
forced to use one of its would-be
replacements.
As someone who is usually working
for several clients at any given time, I
often will be using a couple of
companies? tools that offer some mix
of messaging and working together,
tools such as Slack and Trello and
Smartsheet. It?s not just work, either:
my daughters? school boasts no
fewer than three organisational
messaging apps. There are a lot of
collaborative tools in my life and I
have been told at some point that all
of them are better than email. None of
them are.
Every time I have a new tool foisted
on me, the conversation will go like
this. Somebody will say: ?I hate
round-robin emails and I have just
the app to get us all to in-box zero.?
Next, their supportive colleague will
chip in and explain why the tool
they?ve chosen is so great. Here, if I
am involved in the process, usually I
will make some half-hearted protest
and point out that as a group we are
already using (or, more accurately, not
really using) several apps.
You know how it goes. The
technophiles are suggesting
something positive. You?re the
naysayer. The bad guy. The Luddite
who wants to crush people?s shiny
utopian dreams underfoot with your
email-loving boots. So you let yourself
be talked round, even though you
know you will spend the next four
months waiting for the new
productivity tool to fail.
This, incidentally, is why
companies should cherish and
support their negative and cynical
employees. Whenever something
goes belly up costing millions, people
will shake their heads sagely and say:
?The trouble is Bob surrounded
himself with ?yes men?.? So let?s hear it
for the miserable, downbeat ?no men?.
Those who strangle stupid ideas at
birth.
Anyway, it is agreed that the new
tool will make everyone?s life better.
You are all sent sign-up emails. About
a third of the group quickly start using
the app. This means that you still have
do everything on email (for those who
have yet to sign up), which ensures
confusion and extra work. Also, the
tool in question spews out endless
chirpy notification emails (?Hey
Rhymer! Sarah just commented on
Mike?s comment on Laura?s Post!?)
further clogging up your in-box. Over
the next few months, people are
pressurised and nagged and slowly
you get to the stage where two thirds
of the group are using the tool. Good
news: you?re almost there, right?
Wrong. The first third were the early
adopters. The second third were the
late adopters. The last third are the
never adopters. All communication
must still be duplicated for them. On
email. For ever.
I am currently at this stage with a
school app. Yet even in companies
where, in theory, you can force staff to
use an app, there are still problems.
You?ll bring in a consultant who won?t
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want to spend two days (at �0 per
day) learning to use the tool or
someone senior will refuse to use it.
For them, it?s back to email ? and
doing everything twice.
Just to check I wasn?t being unduly
harsh, I did a straw poll where I asked
friends if they used collaborative work
or messaging tools. Turns out that I
was being quite lenient. Sample
answers included ?Yes and I f***ing
hate it? and ?Everything we do could
be done more simply with email and
an Excel spreadsheet?. Perhaps the
most interesting, though, was
someone who said: ?It feels like a way
of controlling us. I feel micromanaged
whenever I use it.?
To be fair, I don?t actually think
collaboration tools are all bad. It?s just
that their proponents tend to focus on
their functionality (which is often
surplus to many people?s
requirements) while ignoring email?s
very good points. The thing is,
everyone understands email and it?s
universal. It?s the US dollar of written
communication.
If I wanted to approach the chief
executive of a Kyrgyzstan-based
company I?d never met, I could email
him or her. Combine email with a few
shared docs on Google Drive or your
own server and you have everything
most teams need.
In my experience the good news is
that people often drift back to email of
their own accord. How my heart sings
when someone finally says,
exasperatedly: ?Oh, for God?s sake just
email it to me!?
Of course, when this happens,
for those who champion the tools
the fault never lies with the tool. It?s
the users. Or the company culture.
Or the app wasn?t implemented
correctly. The whole thing reminds
me a bit of the ?communism would be
great if only it was done properly?
argument.
As for the discarded productivity
tools, they?ll be messaging me until
the end of time, using that peculiar
?spurned lover? tone that forgotten
online services favour (?Rhymer, we
haven?t seen you for a while?,
?Rhymer what went wrong??,
?Rhymer, we could have accomplished
so much together?). Naturally, these
messages will all be
emails.
Sathnam Sanghera
is away
??
Tom Knowles Economics Correspondent
There were fewer mortgages approved
in November than in any month for
more than a year, a decline that
coincided with the first rise in interest
rates in ten years.
Lenders approved 39,507 mortgages
for house purchases, the lowest number
in 15 months, down from 40,417 approvals in October and 5 per cent less
than November last year, when 41,702
were approved.
The figures were compiled by
UK Finance, which was set up in July
after a merger of six organisations,
including the Council of Mortgage
Lenders and the British Banking Association. Its figures are among the most
reliable indicators of activity in the
housing market. However, they do not
include smaller, more specialist
mortgage lenders, unlike the more
comprehensive data released by the
Bank of England next week.
The Bank increased interest rates
from a record low of 0.25 per cent to
0.5 per cent at the start of November,
which some economists believe may
have contributed to the dampening
in the housing market.
Howard Archer, chief economic
adviser to EY Item Club, said: ?Housing
market activity remains under pressure
from squeezed consumer finances and
fragile confidence, and it may well have
taken a further dent in November from
the lifting of interest rates.?
The UK Finance figures support a
survey by the Royal Institution of
Chartered Surveyors, whose members
include most of the country?s estate
agents and surveyors, which said that
activity had been subdued in November, though there was a wide variation
across regions. It found that homeowners were holding off moving unless
absolutely necessary. New instructions
to sell fell for the 22nd month in a row,
while the number of sales agreed fell for
the third consecutive month.
However, UK Finance said that
transactions, which lag approvals, rose
to 104,200 in November, the highest
figure since March 2016, after ?more or
less treading water for some while?. The
removal of stamp duty for first-time
buyers for homes up to �0,000 may
also boost transactions.
Gross mortgage lending rose by 9 per
cent to �.1 billion compared with
November 2016 because of the continued strength in remortgage activity
as homeowners rushed to lock-in low
mortgage rates.
44
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Business
KENA BETANCUR/GETTY IMAGES
Downgrade
dampens
the mood at
Poundland
Falling wages put UK at
bottom of pay league
Britain will be bottom of the pay
league of the world?s advanced
economies next year as inflation
eats into real wages, according to
an analysis by the TUC. After
adjusting for inflation, UK
workers will see their real pay
drop by 0.7 per cent in 2018.
The data from the TUC, which
represents 5.5 million staff in 49
trade unions, is based on
November?s wage growth and
inflation forecasts from the
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, the
forum for 35 advanced
economies. On the TUC?s
rankings, Britain is in 32nd
position, with any wage growth
wiped out by higher prices. Only
two other countries, Italy and
Spain, are predicted to suffer real
wage cuts, of a respective 0.6 per
cent and 0.1 per cent. Britain is
well below the eurozone average
of 0.6 per cent growth and even
further behind a forecast 1.2 per
cent rise in the United States.
Alistair Osborne
The embattled South African owner of
Poundland has been given another
savage downgrade by Moody?s, with the
credit ratings agency fearing that the
company may lack the funds ?to sustain
its European operations?.
Credit ratings across much of the
Steinhoff group, which includes the
Harveys furnishings chain in Britain
and the Conforama homeware retailer
in France, have been cut to danger
levels ? a Caa1 grade that is barely
above default.
The cut prompted a warning from
Steinhoff that ?shareholders and other
investors in the company are advised to
exercise caution when dealing in the
securities of the group?.
Steinhoff, which was built on a debtfuelled acquisition spree, operates
12,000 stores in 30 countries and has
130,000 staff. Before buying Poundland
for almost �0 million, it tried unsuccessfully to buy Home Retail Group,
the former owner of Argos, and the
Darty retailer in France.
Moody?s downgrade comes in the
wake of an accounting scandal this
month that cost Markus Jooste his job
as Steinhoff?s chief executive, took
?10 billion off the company?s Frankfurt-listed shares and left its debt worth
less than half its face value. Since then,
Mr Jooste has been followed out of the
company by Christo Wiese, the former
billionaire who was chairman of
Steinoff and its biggest shareholder.
Early this month Moody?s cut
Steinhoff?s investment-grade rating
and warned of possible further downgrades at the group.Yesterday the credit
ratings agency followed through on its
warning, deeming Steinhoff?s debts to
be poor-quality and high-risk. The
swingeing cut includes the parent
company, Steinhoff International, and
the part of the group that owns the
British retailers.
Moody?s said that the cut reflected
the ?increasing pressure? on Steinhoff?s
?liquidity profile?. It said: ?Liquidity
levels could prove insufficient to sustain its European operations in the near
term if it is unable to shore up its cash
balances or other sources of liquidity.?
Steinhoff had net debt of ?6.48 billion
at its latest half-year results and has
said that it may need to raise ?2 billion.
Moody?s noted that Steinhoff had
?substantial debt maturities during
2018?, adding up to ?1.47 billion ? more
than its present ?1.34 billion market
value. ?The [continuing] investigations
into Steinhoff?s alleged accounting
irregularities could make it challenging
to either repay or refinance these debt
maturities,? Moody?s said.
Softbank in Uber deal
Toymakers are among those struggling to adapt to new tastes for media and entertainment among the world?s children
Toymakers to spend $1.2bn
on internet ads for children
Robin Pagnamenta
Deputy Business Editor
Big brands and toymakers will be
spending up to $1.2 billion annually on
online advertising targeted at children
aged under 13 by 2019, according to
PWC.
The consultancy?s estimate, double
the amount spent in 2016 and equivalent to a third of total advertising
spending on children, comes as companies face a regulatory backlash and
amid concerns about the material to
which children are being exposed on
the internet.
?Children?s consumption of video
[online] content has transformed dramatically and the rate of change has
been accelerating,? Julian Aquilina, an
analyst at Enders Analysis, a media
consultancy, said.
As children switch off television
channels such as CBBC and Nickelodeon in favour of YouTube and
Facebook, which are meant to be adult
platforms, a regulatory grey area is
emerging that poses a problem for big
brands, he said.
Online advertisers are not allowed to
collect data on children aged under 13.
Under European and American law,
children using the internet must be
anonymous and ?cookies? and other
data-collecting technology are deemed
illegal. In Germany the rules are tighter
still, with online advertisers banned
from collecting data on children aged
under 16.
A survey by Ofcom this year found
that 43 per cent of children aged 8 to 15
preferred watching YouTube to television, up from 29 per cent two years ago.
?The lack of regulation online
remains a major concern,? Mr Aquilina
said. ?Lines are blurred around what
constitutes entertainment or advertising, and the ongoing YouTube scandal
highlights even deeper issues.?
Some of the world?s biggest entertainment and toy companies, including
Lego, Hasbro and Disney, are helping
to fund the creation of alternative internet sites and services designed for
children, which are supervised and
where children remain anonymous.
While these brands are eager to use the
internet to market their products to
children, they also are concerned about
breaking the law and inadvertently
advertising
alongside
unsuitable
content.
?Kids are probably the fastest-growing demographic on the internet,?
according to Dylan Collins, founder of
Super Awesome, a software developer
focused on creating supervised and
anonymised internet channels that
comply with protection laws. ?Kids TV
is crashing. It?s down 30 per cent to
40 per cent over the last two years for
most of the main networks.
?Channels like Nickelodeon and
Disney TV are now much smaller destinations because kids have access to
pretty much all the various content in
the world via apps.?
John Frascotti, president of Hasbro,
which makes My Little Pony and
Disney Frozen figures, said: ?Kids have
voracious appetites for content and
storytelling across different screens and
formats. Our strategy is to provide
audiences of all ages with great stories
around our brands that emotionally
engage and entertain our fans. We
comply with all applicable laws and regulations.?
A spokesman for Lego said: ?We
naturally want to be present in all the
markets to ensure that consumers are
aware of our product. As a responsible
company, we have strict guidelines and
policies in place to ensure we meet not
only legislation but also our own
guidelines and standards.?
Bitcoin price buckles under pressure from Seoul
Martin Strydom
The price of Bitcoin slumped yesterday
amid a fresh crackdown by South
Korea on speculative trading in digital
currencies.
The country?s government said that
it planned to ban the opening of
anonymous cryptocurrency accounts
and to introduce legislation to allow
regulators to close virtual coin
exchanges if needed.
Hong Nam-ki, minister of the office
for government policy co-ordination,
said that the government ?can?t let this
abnormal situation of speculation go
on any longer?.
The price of a bitcoin fell by as much
as 9.5 per cent to $13,899 on the Bitstamp exchange. It recovered later to
trade down almost 8 per cent at $14,199.
The world?s biggest cryptocurrency
exists as strings of computer code,
rather than having any physical form.
Bitcoin?s slump comes after big losses
recently when it fell by 36 per cent, from
nearly $20,000 to $12,137, in only five
days.
Bitcoin started the year at about
$1,000 and the price has been driven
higher by millions of investors trying to
cash in on the boom, despite warnings
from leading financiers that digital
currencies are a dangerous bubble.
South Korea is concerned about an
increase in speculative trading in the
currencies. ?The government had
warned several times that virtual coins
cannot play a role as actual currency
and could result in high losses due to
excessive volatility,? it said.
South Korea and Japan are estimated
to account for more than half of global
trading volumes in digital currencies.
South Korea has already banned local
financial institutions from buying or
holding such currencies and has been
considering taxing capital gains from
cryptocurrencies.
The clampdown comes as cryptocurrencies have begun to move into the
mainstream. The CME, the world?s
largest futures exchange, began trading
in bitcoin futures this month. The move
was seen as a big step in encouraging
large institutional investors to adopt
the digital currency as an asset class. It
followed the launch of bitcoin futures
on Chicago?s Cboe Global Markets
exchange.
Softbank Group, the Japanese
conglomerate, was reported to
have succeeded in its bid to buy
a large stake in Uber, after the
US-based taxi hailing company?s
investors and employees tendered
shares equal to about 20 per cent
of the company, according to
people familiar with the matter.
The Wall Street Journal reported
that Softbank was expected to
limit its stake to 15 per cent and
was investing at a valuation of
about $48 million, a 30 per cent
discount to Uber?s most recent
valuation of nearly $70 billion.
The deal is a high-stakes bet
for Softbank on the future of
transport, as it already owns big
stakes in several of Uber?s
competitors around the globe.
Jobless total holds firm
The number of people claiming
unemployment benefits in the
United States held steady last
week at 245,000, close to the
lowest level in more than four
decades. Govermment figures
show that for more than two
years applications for jobless
benefits have been below the
300,000 level that is considered a
sign of a healthy jobs market. A
report next week is set to show
that hiring rose in December and
that the unemployment rate
remained at the lowest level in 17
years of 4.1 per cent.
Separate figures showed that
the US trade deficit in goods of
$69.7 billion widened in
November, up from $68.1 billion
in October.
Bank waiver for Telit
Telit Communications, which was
rocked this year by a scandal
involving Oozi Cats, its former
chief executive, has secured a
waiver from its banks over a debt
covenant breach. The provider of
internet-related technology, said
a fortnight ago that it was seeking
?an advance waiver? from its
banks over potential breaches at
its year-end covenant test.
Telit, which warned this month
that it would incur exceptional
charges of $25 million for 2017,
spent the second half of last year
reeling from a profits warning
and the fallout from Mr Cats
being exposed as Uzi Katz, a
former fugitive in a US fraud
case. The company?s shares fell by
3 per cent to 149緋.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
45
1G M
Business
PA
Tempus
Review of 2017 tips: part two
Scoring
only five
out of ten
T
Forties flows
?back to
normal in
the new year?
B
he 14.3 per cent gain across
the Tempus tips portfolio
was described as a ?very
smart outperformance? by
one complimentary broker.
Not all of the ten stocks shone,
however, with four in the red this
year, which weighed on the rest.
Yesterday we reviewed the bestperforming picks in the portfolio;
today we recap on the rest.
ritain?s biggest oil
and gas pipeline
should resume
normal flows
around the new
year, its operator said
yesterday. Ineos previously
had expected the Forties
pipeline, which was shut
on December 11 because
of a crack, to resume
normal operations early
next month.
The company bought
the pipeline system from
BP in late October. The
closure, along with supply
disruptions in Libya,
helped to push oil prices
above $67 a barrel, their
highest point since mid2015. Forties is the biggest
of the five North Sea
crude streams
underpinning Brent, a
benchmark price used for
oil trading.
Nothing virtual about the
relentless rise of copper
Harry Wilson Market report
T
hough bitcoin and other
virtual currencies hogged
the headlines in the latter
stages of the year, it was the
most ?real? asset of
commodities that pushed the big
markets towards record highs. As the
FTSE 100 ended its penultimate
trading day of 2017, Copper was at its
highest for more than three years and
on course for its longest winning run
in nearly three decades as the cost of
a metric ton rose above $7,300 in
London. Three-month contracts on
copper were up 1 per cent at some
points, marking a tenth consecutive
day of gains, underpinned by demand
from China and a weaker US dollar.
It was not just copper. Aluminium,
zinc and nickel were all on the up,
while gold also rose. The gains helped
the FTSE 350 mining index to hit its
highest level since mid-2014, while the
Bloomberg commodity index was
poised to end December slightly up,
having fallen earlier in the month.
Mining stocks were the main
drivers of trading in the City. Anglo
American, Antofagasta, BHP
Billiton, Glencore and Rio Tinto
were all among the FTSE 100?s risers.
Anglo closed up 13絧 at �.38p, BHP
ended at �.00, up 13絧, while
Glencore rose 2紁 to 385絧 and Rio
Tinto advanced 58絧 to �.58. The
FTSE 100 closed up 2.2 points, or
0.03 per cent, at 7,622.88, largely as a
result of the rises recorded by the
miners, a lift that left it at an all-time
high.
Also prominent among the index?s
gainers was Ferguson, the old
Wolseley plumbing supplies group,
which rose 30p to �.55p, making it
one of the best-performing large-cap
stocks in London.
Wm Morrison was also on the
move, adding 2絧 to 219紁, while
Paddy Power Betfair rose 70p to
�.10. BT Group was the biggest
faller, having gone ex-dividend and
losing 7p to 267紁.
It was a similar story on the more
domestically focused FTSE 250,
which just missed out on a record
high, closing up 2.27 points, or
0.01 per cent, at 20,642.31. Like its
bigger sister, the mid-cap index was
driven by natural resources players.
Top of the risers for much of the day
was Hochschild Mining, while Kaz
Minerals and Ferrexpo were also
prominent. Hochschild closed up 9絧
at 264緋, while Kaz Minerals rose
20絧 to 859p and Ferrexpo gained
3絧 to 295絧. Vectura, the
Wall Street report
US stocks edged higher in light
trading, buoyed by gains in financial
companies and as technology firms
continued to slowly recover from
a downward trend.The Dow Jones
industrial average closed up by
63.21 points at 24,837.51.
pharmaceuticals group, was the best
performer in the FTSE 250, closing
up 7絧 at 121絧, with the shares rising
amid relatively thin volumes.
Evraz, the Russian steelmaker, was
another notable climber, closing up
2緋 at 340緋, while the Greggs
bakery chain gained 24p to close at
�.86. On the losing side one of the
biggest fallers was Allied Minds, a
technology incubation company. The
business is backed by Neil Woodford,
the former star Invesco fund
manager, but its shares have suffered
amid claims that many of its
underlying investments are
overvalued or without much merit. It
closed down 4絧 at 165p.
Several pharmaceuticals companies
featured among the fallers. Circassia
Pharmaceuticals fell in early trading,
only to claw back its losses over the
latter part of the session, while
Hikma Pharmaceuticals closed
down 37p at �.11.
On London?s junior Alternative
Investment Market, rising equity
prices appear to have done little to
attract more listings and for the third
straight year the number of listed
companies fell. Research by UHY
Hacker Young, an accountancy firm,
found the number of Aim-listed
businesses fell by 16 in 2017.
The fall came as 75 companies
quoted on the market cancelled their
listings, offset in part by new joiners.
This year?s net fall compares with a
drop of 59 in 2016. From a peak of
1,694 listings back in 2007, Aim today
is home to 962 companies,
highlighting its continuing shrinkage
as the number of flotations has
slowed over the years. In 2017 there
were 59 Aim IPOs, slightly down on
the ten-year average of 61.
?The continued atrophy of Aim is
not good news,? Laurence Sacker,
managing partner at UHY Hacker
Young, said. Mr Sacker blamed Brexit
uncertainty for putting some overseas
businesses off wanting to list in the
UK until more was known about the
final terms of Britain?s withdrawal
from the European Union. ?If you are
a small company, where you list can
be even more critical to your future
than for a corporate giant like Saudi
Aramco,? he said.
Aramco has yet to decide whether
to float, or where. Its potential
�trillion listing has led to a
substantial lobbying by British
authorities to persuade the Saudi
energy company to choose London
over New York, which is presumed to
be the main rival for what will be the
biggest deal of 2018 if it goes ahead.
Capita
This column?s best tips traditionally
have been recovery stocks. This
year, however, one of those was the
most disappointing. Capita was the
riskiest of two potential recovery
plays, the other being Meggitt. The
outsourcing company had begun to
win back confidence in the City
during the first half of the year after
a disastrous 2016 of profit warnings
and problematic contracts. The sale
of its lower-margin asset services
business and director share-buying
had helped. Confidence remains
fragile, however. A cautious preclose trading update towards the
end of this year sent the shares
lower.
Merlin Entertainments
Merlin Entertainments was one of
two leisure stocks included in the
portfolio, the other being Thomas
Cook, which has performed better.
The stock offers investors potential
upside to the weaker pound through
its overseas attractions, as well as
luring visitors to Britain. The
operator of Legoland and Madame
Tussauds has had to contend with
terrorist attacks, poor summer
weather and rising costs, however.
A badly received trading update in
October triggered a double-digit
percentage share price decline. The
shares fell from 537p in June to a low
of about 352p in November.
Demotion from the FTSE 100
capped a disappointing year, but talk
of a potential break-up of Merlin has
acted as a break on the stock.
RPC Group
The final tip of the year was
supposed to be one of the safest.
RPC Group has been one of the
least glamorous stocks, expanding
through acquisitions backed by
issuing equity and driving savings;
2017 has been the year where that
became unstuck. Bears have
questioned its formula and whether
it has bitten off one too many
acquisitions, such as British
Polythene Industries and Global
Closure Systems, the French bottle
top maker. The shares recovered in
the summer amid a decent trading
update and the weakness this year
was viewed by Tempus as a buying
opportunity. Having been tipped at
almost �, RPC hit a low of 720p in
June. A recovery has since cooled,
with signs that investors have taken
some profits.
Bunzl
Conversely to RPC Group, there
had been concerns that acquisitions
at Bunzl Group, the distributor that
has grown through repeated bolt-on
deals, could be drying up. Bunzl has
gone on to spend about double its
record buying spree in 2015. The
company, which supplies plastic
cutlery to hotels and plastic bags to
shops, was tipped because the shares
appeared undervalued. That was
borne out in the first half of the
year, when the shares hit a fresh
record above � in May. Investors
have been unsettled more recently
by concerns that the prosaic
industry could be shaken up by the
incursion of Amazon into the
market through its marketplace for
business-to-business products.
Morgan Stanley awakened investors
from their stupor in November
when its analysts warned of
disruption to the industry and that
Bunzl could be vulnerable. It has left
the stock broadly where it was this
time last year.
Meggitt
The previous year?s best-performing
tips had been companies in takeover
situations and one stock included in
2017 as a potential target failed to
catch a bid. Meggitt, the defence
and aerospace contractor, has been
recovering after a period of profit
warnings in previous years and
squeezed defence budgets. It was
seen as a possible prey to a foreign
buyer looking to capitalise on the
weaker pound. It is difficult to know
whether this is more likely now that
Meggitt is also going through a
change of leadership. Tony Wood, a
veteran of the aerospace industry,
takes up the top job on January 1,
having joined previously as chief
operating officer. The stock has
performed solidly this year, moved
about by the competing outlooks for
defence budgets on both sides of the
Atlantic and the performance of
peers. The third-quarter trading
update was unspectacular, although
full-year guidance remained
unchanged. Meggitt is looking to
President Trump to deliver on his
defence spending plans.
The Times will not be running an
annual tips feature this year. For
regular tips follow Tempus
Tuesday to Saturday.
Tempus tips 2017: how they fared
Company
Sector
Share price
Change
Dec 30, 2016 Yesterday
Premier Oil
Natural resources
Support services
Bunzl
Banking and finance
Nex Group
Banking and finance
Burford Capital
Natural resources
Sirius Minerals
Support services
Capita
Engineering
Meggitt
Merlin Entertainments Leisure
Leisure
Thomas Cook
Support services
RPC Group
FTSE All share index gain 8.1%
74p
+4.1%
76緋
�.09
-2.5%
�.58
464絧
+29.7%
601p
572絧
�.65 +102.6%
19紁
+19.5%
23p
531p
-23.7%
405緋
458絧
+5.5%
483p
448絧
-19.6%
360紁
87紁
+39%
121p
994p
-12%
870p
Average portfolio gain 14.3%
Source: Thomson Reuters *Percentage change based on the closing price on Dec 28
the times | Friday December 29 2017
47
1G M
Unit Trusts Business
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
179.73
150.37
104.79
6317.26
303.92
5846.05
1423.81
5213.87
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.58
+0.05
-0.78
-14.91
+0.90
+18.89
-5.83
+33.70
1.25
0.54
3.87
3.28
4.15
1.17
3.01
0.13
1728.89
113.30
107.95
385.80
32.63
281.76
137.48
103.14
108.70
85.87
451.77
243.94
77.45
89.79
101.88
61.60
101.69
61.31
593.94
1817.25
633.44
+9.87
+0.69
+0.66
+1.69
-0.12
+0.39
+0.35
+0.26
+0.02
+0.04
+1.87
+1.01
+0.06
-0.01
+0.03
+0.02
+0.04
+0.02
+2.38
+13.66
+2.66
1.76
0.76
0.76
0.84
0.43
0.82
3.44
3.54
?
5.43
3.74
3.85
4.27
?
3.35
3.43
3.34
3.40
1.62
0.94
1.47
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1831.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
143.40
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
270.50
UK Growth Inc ?@
214.00
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1947.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
293.60
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
+1.00
-0.19
+0.10
+1.60
+1.20
+10.00
+1.40
4.43
1.08
1.09
?
0.30
4.95
4.33
1.50
0.21
0.04
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
257.30
91.63
216.20
167.10
470.50
?
?
?
?
?
151.30
567.10
583.10
234.50
1.62
1.33
0.94
1.19
1.85
153.60
?
592.00
238.10
+0.70
+2.60
+3.00
+0.80
?
1.19
1.50
4.42
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2780.48
?
+10.80
1.37
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
280.60
279.20
109.30
242.40
140.70
290.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.30
+0.90
+0.10
+1.30
+0.30
+1.70
1.46
1.18
4.59
1.34
4.22
1.22
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2286.00
28.12
3917.00
1940.00
149.50
376.40
51.37
327.60
80.75
37.42
109.07
4040.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
?
72.18
+13.00
+0.03
+5.00
-1.00
+0.20
-1.20
+0.22
-0.10
+0.22
+0.09
+0.44
+6.00
+0.53
1.15
3.00
0.05
?
0.08
?
3.94
0.21
2.42
2.93
2.35
0.89
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
15.31
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
36.23
81.99
89.08
106.00
115.20
88.31
62.69
88.34
113.80
48.98
87.56
60.57
69.31
80.61
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.30
-0.17
+0.27
+0.40
-0.70
-0.06
-0.32
-0.15
-0.60
-0.05
-0.03
-0.13
-0.12
-0.08
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
514.10
441.10
883.90
635.90
230.20
124.50
274.00
188.60
592.10
356.20
124.10
105.80
391.20
278.10
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.40
-0.30
+3.80
+2.70
+0.90
+0.40
+1.50
+1.00
+2.40
+1.40
-0.40
-0.50
+3.10
+2.20
Balanced Acc ?@
218.40
Balanced Inc ?@
146.30
Corp Bd Acc ?@
282.30
Corp Bd Inc ?@
125.40
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
465.30
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
73.17
Income Acc ?@
669.70
Income Inc ?@
339.90
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
305.10
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
151.90
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@138.30
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@74.54
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
138.30
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
74.54
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.50
+0.40
+0.80
+0.30
+1.60
+0.25
+3.00
+1.50
+1.20
+0.50
+0.60
+0.31
+0.60
+0.31
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@426.68
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@281.51
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@133.97
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@146.54
Diversified Income A Acc ?@306.56
Diversified Income A Inc ?@80.51
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@119.91
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@93.02
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@152.01
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@186.17
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@99.19
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@124.90
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 154.81
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 198.54
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 158.83
Global Franchise A Acc ?@199.58
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@930.78
Global Gold A Acc ?@
129.24
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@279.86
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@220.97
Managed Growth A Acc ?@237.53
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@222.92
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@70.12
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@176.14
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 105.44
Target Return A Inc ?@ 92.78
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2490.85
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4719.08
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4278.40
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1220.26
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@468.76
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.52
+0.34
+0.12
+0.13
+0.09
+0.02
+0.13
+0.20
+0.10
+1.11
+0.52
+0.28
-0.05
+0.47
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
+0.13
-0.07
+0.39
+0.93
+1.95
+0.34
-0.19
-0.15
+0.57
-0.09
-0.02
+0.36
+0.19
+0.09
-0.12
-0.11
+12.02
+3.15
+31.97
+28.98
+2.58
+0.99
?
?
0.83
0.88
2.86
4.25
4.62
4.21
6.48
0.36
5.18
7.10
5.42
0.60
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.27
1.32
0.42
1.68
0.23
?
?
?
0.08
5.25
6.57
0.15
1.94
3.31
0.68
0.67
1.59
1.67
0.93
0.94
1.50
1.52
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
210.30
272.30
94.34
56.85
199.00
204.30
162.00
401.90
46.44
167.10
90.29
1105.00
585.30
475.00
192.90
115.60
1046.00
620.30
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.40
+0.30
+0.24
+0.14
-2.20
+1.50
+1.20
+0.60
+0.07
-0.20
-0.48
+6.00
+3.00
+4.30
+1.00
+0.60
-1.00
-0.10
1.84
0.62
1.41
1.90
?
1.35
1.36
3.45
3.49
2.41
3.50
4.22
4.36
0.62
2.49
3.72
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return @
54.32
Distribution and Growth @132.17
Emg Euro Opps @
216.07
Euro Special Sits @
426.33
European @
2133.47
Financial Opps @
605.02
Income Trust @
578.37
Merlin Bal (Acc) @
184.32
Merlin Gwth (Acc) @
411.16
Merlin Inc (Acc) @
299.89
Merlin Wwide (Inc) @
297.02
UK Growth @
330.05
UK Special Sits (Inc) @ 193.14
57.39
140.09
228.65
450.13
2246.71
639.00
610.94
194.67
433.44
317.49
312.62
349.83
204.58
+0.08
+0.48
+0.32
+2.11
+9.93
+1.83
+2.33
+0.28
+0.74
+0.70
+0.28
+1.59
+0.71
?
4.02
1.49
0.59
?
0.29
3.67
1.72
?
2.91
?
1.24
1.25
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
2616.00
893.80
403.30
290.40
140.40
2639.00
902.00
403.30
290.40
141.10
-8.00
-2.70
+1.80
+1.30
+0.30
2.12
2.15
1.82
1.86
2.71
1.33
1.34
2.66
2.70
2.26
2.27
3.89
4.01
3.72
3.65
3.54
3.65
3.54
3.65
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@514.10
American Index Retail Inc ?@441.10
Asian Gth Acc ?@
157.00
Asian Gth Inc ?@
140.10
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
578.50
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
491.30
Euro Gth Acc ?@
869.40
Euro Gth Inc ?@
745.20
+0.10
+0.80
+6.00
+0.03
+1.70
+0.30
+0.01
+0.01
?
?
-0.80
+2.80
?
+8.00
?
?
+2.60
2.89
?
0.83
2.99
3.31
?
4.93
3.56
3.18
3.37
?
0.93
0.67
1.11
3.25
3.34
0.33
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.40
-0.30
+1.30
+1.20
+5.30
+4.50
+4.00
+3.40
1.41
1.43
0.40
0.46
0.20
0.21
1.38
1.42
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
4.43
4.32
0.94
0.66
1.30
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
559.12
?
+3.19
3.15
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+1.53
+0.28
+2.34
+1.87
+6.43
-0.01
+0.03
+0.98
+2.72
+8.01
+0.04
1.95
2.88
3.38
3.63
3.48
0.02
4.57
1.79
1.93
0.26
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
470.75
Corp Bond Acc ?@
203.38
High Income Inc ?@
464.36
Income & Grth Inc ?@
439.77
Income Inc ?@
1773.35
Money Acc ?@
90.40
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 111.58
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
208.01
UK Growth Acc ?@
682.67
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1264.89
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
353.76
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 673.26
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@240.46
0.01
?
0.26
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
-3.00
-2.00
+2.70
?
4.21
?
?
?
+0.80
+8.60
+0.47
0.12
0.70
1.14
+/-
Yld
%
-0.01
?
+0.40
+0.80
+1.50
+0.90
+1.00
+1.70
+0.80
+0.40
3.10
3.02
3.31
3.40
3.44
3.39
0.61
0.17
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
Growth Fd Acc @
41.47
43.54
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
116.30
262.00
383.30
224.90
356.70
646.40
826.30
516.50
116.30
262.00
383.30
224.90
356.70
646.40
?
?
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 8177.50
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
?
?
?
+4.24
+29.63
-0.02
1.25
1.06
1.66
?
?
?
+3.75
-3.80
?
1.95
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.30
+0.70
+1.20
+1.30
+0.90
+2.70
+1.70
2.94
1.97
5.61
2.98
3.79
3.06
3.14
+6.43
+3.78
+0.12
+0.43
+9.83
+5.83
+6.23
+5.49
-7.28
+2.63
1.37
1.15
0.16
0.56
1.36
1.17
0.24
2.83
?
2.89
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
108.80
205.70
225.80
188.00
220.80
403.90
251.60
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
1472.31
549.03
597.77
41.85
2250.61
846.76
1983.00
1373.98
1227.65
658.44
1553.89
579.45
630.89
41.85
2375.31
893.68
2092.88
1450.11
1295.67
694.92
203.90
185.30
140.70
229.50
222.90
?
?
?
?
?
0.50
1.02
1.03
0.44
0.46
2513.00
?
+15.00
0.89
329.70
193.90
?
?
+3.30
+2.00
2.99
3.07
+3.80
+1.70
+1.00
?
-0.01
+1.80
+0.70
?
+0.60
+0.30
+0.90
+3.00
1.91
1.94
1.17
5.30
5.45
3.97
4.07
?
3.18
3.23
2.63
1.61
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
320.70
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
130.90
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
289.00
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
232.00
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
88.91
Hi Res A Acc ?@
366.40
Hi Res A Inc ?@
139.10
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.49
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
203.90
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
102.50
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
191.20
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1976.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 135.90
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @109.69
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@268.10
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@155.40
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1476.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@216.00
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 243.20
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1680.00
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Acc @29.40
Global Equity Fund Acc @3051.75
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@62.97
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1658.00
M-Asset Abs Ret A Acc ?@142.40
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@227.20
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 156.70
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@178.00
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @223.63
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 66.45
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 126.80
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 158.10
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 153.80
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 635.40
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@669.90
UK Property A Acc @
221.72
UK Property A Inc @
100.52
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@285.40
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@987.20
?
115.23
?
?
?
?
?
?
30.67
3183.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
233.28
69.31
?
?
?
?
?
233.37
105.80
?
?
+0.40
+0.72
+0.60
+0.40
+11.00
+1.30
+1.30
+6.00
+0.03
+14.67
+0.22
+5.00
+0.20
+0.40
+0.20
+0.10
+0.52
+0.16
+0.20
+0.20
+1.00
+2.50
+7.00
+0.76
+0.35
+1.10
-1.50
2.38
6.42
3.18
3.24
?
0.58
0.83
0.56
4.73
?
3.24
?
0.43
0.38
2.01
1.98
2.24
2.27
4.12
?
1.85
2.10
?
2.94
3.00
2.13
?
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
214.10
Emerging Mkts ?@
233.00
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@229.50
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
776.10
Europe A Acc ?@
1493.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 111.10
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
37.64
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 263.20
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
204.90
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1077.00
Global A Acc ?@
1372.00
Japan A Acc ?@
454.90
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 1001.00
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@ 921.10
Nat Resources ?@
623.50
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+2.20
+2.00
+1.40
+5.70
+10.00
?
-0.01
+0.20
+0.30
+1.00
?
-2.40
+1.90
+2.20
+3.20
0.22
0.16
0.71
0.04
1.06
5.44
5.64
0.44
0.43
1.03
?
?
0.66
0.67
?
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
72.74
240.10
65.88
40.69
106.00
128.50
61.79
159.10
186.50
249.90
294.50
167.60
463.40
311.30
73.15
240.10
66.00
40.74
106.50
129.40
61.79
159.10
186.50
252.90
294.50
167.60
463.40
311.30
+0.18
-0.10
-0.14
?
-1.00
+0.30
-0.24
+1.40
+0.60
-0.10
+1.20
+0.60
-0.40
+0.60
2.76
1.17
0.57
0.24
0.17
5.17
0.83
2.34
3.00
?
3.11
3.19
0.85
0.70
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1639.42
?
+5.57
4.66
+3.05
+2.85
0.20
1.80
+2.65
+0.32
?
+0.44
+0.32
?
+18.03
4.38
1.25
4.94
?
3.40
1.64
2.04
+0.06
+0.36
+0.12
+2.01
3.80
4.64
1.93
2.22
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
446.55
417.25
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
804.78
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
98.49
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
51.58
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 142.41
Index Trckr Inc ?@
77.75
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.94
UK Select A Inc ?@
3047.37
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
41.64
64.99
147.25
378.98
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@149.47
?
+0.10
2.05
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
357.00
193.10
?
?
+3.50
+2.00
3.47
3.55
+3.90
+1.70
+0.90
+4.00
2.10
2.13
2.48
1.82
+0.70
+4.00
2.99
2.04
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
330.10
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
130.80
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
204.80
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 2057.00
?
?
?
?
UK Gth C Inc ?@
145.80
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2135.00
?
?
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
96.84
58.09
103.30
147.00
166.40
64.02
202.50
132.40
175.20
133.80
132.50
49.20
105.50
272.60
88.88
54.55
351.80
229.60
262.60
90.32
203.20
251.50
230.70
715.20
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.36
+0.22
+0.40
-0.40
+0.70
+0.29
+0.10
+0.40
+0.60
-0.10
+0.10
+0.01
-0.50
+0.20
+0.14
+0.09
+2.40
+1.00
+1.30
+0.48
+1.20
+2.10
+2.00
+4.60
1.41
1.30
1.82
?
3.07
2.80
1.48
1.17
1.15
0.01
3.62
3.41
0.04
1.67
1.45
1.24
2.29
2.80
3.91
4.03
1.46
0.39
0.40
0.50
?
?
?
+0.16
+0.16
+0.11
1.68
1.70
2.04
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
Yld
%
104.98
272.01
257.64
287.59
228.46
231.22
98.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.10
+0.33
+0.32
+0.34
+0.42
+0.30
+0.13
2.06
1.03
1.03
1.09
2.82
2.68
2.73
UK Oseas Earns ?@
128.61
?
+0.66
1.96
113.20
152.20
79.68
?
?
?
+0.30
+0.40
+0.32
1.31
0.88
3.91
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.20
+0.02
+0.13
+0.13
+0.54
+0.47
+0.02
+0.80
+0.37
+0.36
+0.86
+0.75
+2.49
1.05
3.55
3.05
2.68
4.04
3.49
4.71
1.70
3.85
4.41
1.77
1.67
0.15
722.10
219.40
+4.90
+1.00
1.50
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
122.22
116.27
112.28
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
57.53
47.29
62.72
62.61
96.56
93.78
43.31
164.03
81.58
76.94
143.16
134.54
361.77
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
686.10
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
110.25
375.17
129.11
375.56
120.33
123.71
141.49
130.56
380.69
160.84
155.43
279.09
150.12
179.24
175.22
185.39
171.11
177.31
209.86
169.50
209.26
206.26
279.34
218.70
225.36
263.05
264.78
281.36
105.18
364.82
120.70
363.27
113.65
116.42
131.92
121.38
360.17
147.76
141.90
259.90
134.83
161.03
155.61
162.56
148.24
151.89
179.64
164.20
176.95
171.51
231.25
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 0V% 19
105.20
Tr IL 2K% 20
364.92
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 120.94
Tr IL 2K% 24
365.13
Tr IL 0V% 24
114.14
Tr IL 0V% 26
117.85
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 133.85
Tr IL 0V% 29
123.93
Tr IL 4V% 30
368.18
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 151.62
Tr IL 0O% 34
146.36
Tr IL 2% 35
270.97
Tr IL 0V% 36
140.78
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 167.15
Tr IL 0X% 40
162.88
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 171.74
Tr IL 0V% 44
158.02
Tr IL 0V% 46
162.42
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 191.30
Tr IL 0V% 48
168.60
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 189.79
Tr IL 0N% 52
185.54
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 249.69
Tr IL 0V% 56
193.10
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 198.18
Tr IL 0W% 62
229.75
Tr IL 0V% 65
227.85
Tr IL 0V% 68
240.01
? .06
? .26
? .17
? .77
? .23
? .32
? .41
? .38
? .93
? .45
? .45
? .86
? .52
? .60
? .60
? .72
? .74
? .84
? .98
? .90
?1.07
?1.11
?1.50
?1.54
?1.67
?2.10
?2.25
?2.55
?
1.75
1.60
1.48
?
?
1.02
?
1.75
0.82
?
0.90
?
0.71
?
0.36
?
?
0.40
?
?
?
0.55
?
?
?
?
?
?2.53
?2.37
?2.15
?1.97
?1.99
?1.87
?1.85
?1.79
?1.77
?1.76
?1.72
?1.69
?1.70
?1.70
?1.69
?1.68
?1.64
?1.61
?1.61
?1.60
?1.61
?1.61
?1.60
?1.59
?1.60
?1.62
?1.63
?1.65
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.32
.34
.27
.33
.32
.31
.33
.30
.33
.40
.26
.42
.39
.42
.31
.46
.41
.51
3.17
3.03
?
3.10
2.93
?
2.91
?
?
2.74
?
2.63
?
2.46
?
?
?
?
1.62
1.67
1.75
1.72
1.75
1.76
1.78
1.81
1.80
1.79
1.77
1.74
1.70
1.65
1.64
1.62
1.59
1.59
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.09
.10
.12
.19
.22
.20
.22
.24
.29
.35
.27
.28
?
?
?
?
3.90
?
?
?
3.31
4.04
3.41
3.14
0.57
0.72
0.83
0.92
0.94
1.01
1.10
1.23
1.20
1.26
1.42
1.52
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
.01
.02
.04
.04
.04
.05
.06
.06
.06
.10
.10
.09
.11
?
4.96
?
4.05
3.55
?
4.34
?
?
6.39
3.51
?
?
0.32
0.22
0.43
0.39
0.40
0.48
0.42
0.47
0.54
0.56
0.61
0.72
0.87
Longs (Over 15 years)
145.88
144.09
102.52
157.27
148.88
150.88
159.30
133.83
140.40
160.53
97.05
166.78
159.09
179.39
107.38
179.15
135.86
173.27
137.39
135.06
94.03
147.02
138.53
140.01
147.69
122.79
128.60
147.28
87.23
152.46
144.06
162.01
94.40
160.08
117.79
150.82
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
142.01
140.37
100.01
153.05
144.99
146.82
154.59
129.92
136.26
155.36
93.81
161.34
153.58
173.03
103.20
172.55
130.25
166.36
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
+/-
Index-linked
+0.10
+0.30
+0.30
-0.10
?
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2483.13
1350.60
1288.90
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
Buy
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.41
1.43
2.29
2.34
3.45
3.49
2.35
2.41
3.35
3.47
1.42
1.44
2.40
2.46
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1566.00
3766.00
515.30
3.10
0.69
1.82
1.91
0.30
1.39
1.26
1.01
0.92
1.43
4.34
2.75
2.61
2.77
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
59.10
Emerging Mkts ?@
126.20
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1067.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
49.54
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 429.50
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
205.30
High Inc Trst @
14.55
Max Inc Bond ?@
49.47
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
523.60
Pacific Gwth ?@
453.40
Strategic Bd ?@
196.10
UK Equity ?@
3284.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
990.70
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
+1.20
+0.19
+0.20
-0.90
+3.50
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1638.04
Euro Opps R Acc @
107.29
Euro Opps R Inc @
102.22
European Growth R Acc @365.57
Global Energy R Acc @
30.81
Global Growth R Acc @ 267.09
Global Income R Acc @ 130.30
Global Income R Inc @
97.75
Global Select R Acc @
103.03
High Income R Inc @
80.76
Income R Acc @
426.04
Income R Inc @
230.05
Monthly Dist R Inc @
73.11
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 84.89
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 96.10
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 58.10
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 95.93
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 57.84
UK Growth R Acc @
561.83
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1693.28
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 597.29
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
115.39
107.31
110.88
115.27
132.93
110.19
105.54
102.29
133.03
153.92
143.86
139.13
111.46
104.32
107.25
111.00
127.29
105.19
99.90
98.24
126.26
146.44
136.21
131.47
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
111.58
104.72
107.86
111.82
128.13
107.33
103.26
100.20
128.54
148.35
139.25
135.34
Shorts (under 5 years)
101.87
105.87
104.21
109.80
109.84
106.05
114.50
112.70
104.73
133.42
118.04
100.70
101.30
100.50
100.90
102.01
104.86
105.63
103.74
109.41
108.71
102.67
125.27
113.78
97.83
?
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.52
100.90
102.05
104.86
105.63
103.88
109.41
108.76
102.93
125.29
113.98
99.02
99.36
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
48
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
1G M
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
1V
Banking & finance
57W
39O 1PMv
46
15
14 ACHPv
14
2178
1732 Admiral
52K
311Y
2K
26O
4
27
19K ADVFNv
210V Aldermore Gp
1N Ambrianv#
9K Amedeo Resv
Y Amphion Innovsv
17 Amryt Pharmav
+
220Y
K 1.0
8.0
?
? 70.0
1959
+
4
2.6 24.5
37
?
2
? 38.8
?
? 10.4
311
1K
12
?
? -0.2
?
1K
N
? -2.5
N
? -2.9
?
20N +
? -0.2
11410O 8324O Aon Corpn
9996X +
31N 1.0 37.9
1562K 1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv
1384
?
2.2 42.5
53K
32 Arden Partnersv
53K
?
? -9.9
17O
14O Argo Groupv
17K
?
?
405
280K Ashmore Gp
1898X 1576K Aus New Z
544
470K Aviva
66V
56K AXA Property Tr
529K
407W Banco Santander
7.5
+
58
+
489K ?
1
V
4
4.2 33.1
?
?
390O
2582
8K
59V
122
434
1817 Brooks Macv
4K Camp & Nichs Marv
51N Carador
71 Cenkos Secsv
285 Charles Stanley?
287O
205W Charles Taylor
409N
340 Chesnara
111K
432
1X
1715
175K
1141X
340N
3544
V Blue Star Capitalv
297Y Brewin Dolphin
61X City of Lon GpvV
332K City Lon Inv Gp
X Clear Leisurev
1316 Close Bros
109 CMC Markets
630W Commerzbk
260 CYBG
1560W 1173X Deutsche Bk
411N
333O Direct Line Ins
88X
81N Downing ONE VCT
303
193K Esure
254K ?
2
+
246
390O ?
?
1K
52
?
107K
?
46K Frenkel Toppingv
54
?
2.0 33.7
10V GLI Financev
10V
?
18.5 -1.3
418K
297K Gresham Housev
418K +
1K
?
?
931
775 Gresh Hse Stratv
845
?
1.7
?
1
4.5
?
357
64N Gulf Invest
254O H&T Groupv
284K +
+
111K ?
415
+
1V
1465
+
K 3.6 21.6
2K 5.0
2K
5N 5.7 11.3
?
? -6.7
7
3.9 11.4
150K +
1111O ?
332X ?
1416
?
376
+
83Y
6.6
? -3.1
2
2432 Bellway?
3645
?
22
3.0
9.8
?
?
4235
2787 Berkeley
4235
+
21
3.2
7.7
+
V
11Y 1.7 22.3
864
663 Big Yellow Group?
864
?
297K
217K Billington Hldgsv
282K +
2K 3.5
336W
193K Boot (Henry)
319
?
2.1 14.1
755 Bovis Homes
1158
9
3.8 14.6
1.7 30.8
?
?
?
4
?
?
1213
2.7 22.3
92K
1719
+
5V 9.6 12.0
685K
36N
?
71N Breedon Groupv
579 Br Land
808K
464K NEX Group?
601
+
1
6.4 32.6
162K
86K Caledonian Tstv
320
+
5
2.0 17.3
324O
253 Cap & Count Prop
2.7
+
?
86N
2K 3.1 11.3
?
9.8
? 27.2
685K +
2K 4.2 11.7
152K
?
90K
2V Ortac Resv
2W
?
? -1.9
248
1N
?
? -1.4
371K
223Y Countryside Props?
490W +
1
2.7 12.0
198K
108 Countrywide
483
215N Craven Housev
403X
?
?
3.8
636K
452Y Crest Nicholson
534K +
9
5.1
8.6
?
2.1 19.1
?
? -0.2
15K ?
1438
+
728K +
162K +
1153
+
157K IPF
201
?
166K
150N Intl Public Pntshp
156W
627K
461W Investec
534
347O
322K Investment Co
332K
181V
112K IP Group
141Y +
?
? IRF Euro Fin Inv
V
1376
+
K
6
? -7.9
1.9 17.6
1V 4.9 36.5
15
300
2V
496
4.3 15.7
90
4K 1.4 26.0
1088
2
?
? 15.8
6.8
38V
30K Phaunos Timber
32N
?
0.7 38.9
9.1
798K
723 Phoenix Gp Hldgs
778K +
?
4.1
2
4.3 11.0
?
? PLUS Marketsv#
?
?
6.2 13.4
3V
1 Plutus PowerGenv
2N
2X
? 23.3
?
?
3
7K
589K Provident
926
2.3 25.4
?
? Proxamav
?
550
?
14K 3.1 20.8
1915
625K ?
2K 2.3 20.1
14
169N +
681K +
29K
34 Leeds Groupv
37
271
? Legendary Invsv
N 1.9
6
?
?
+
150O
149O
? -2.5
?
?
95 Rasmala PLCv
1927 Rathbone Brs
W CSF Grpv
969K
208K
123K
1349
747K
?
272K
887
878K
1374
1015N
2160
1839Y
1541X
878
91O
360
164K
346
209K
499
176K
1317
474
403
63
50K
732K
785K
3008
143
242K
201
441
246
494
779K
762
5110
319O
1340
958
333K
151O
1391
649
363
108
106K
424K
109
405K
247W
230K
151K
254N
777
133
720K
47X
?
1090
1030
1306
1425
201N
885
1200
1791
174K
219K
108Y
842K
259K
304K
308
144
209
102
193K
83K
522
Price
Yld Dis(-)
(p) +/- % or Pm
687K 3I Group?
907K
186 3i Infrastructure?
207Y
107K Abrdn Div I&G?
123
1103 Aberforth Smlr
1329
638 Alliance?
747
20
? Arc Cap Hldgsv
235K Athelney Trust
272K
573 Baillie Gifford SN
887
698K Bankers
878K
1246 BH Global
1363
927Y BH Global
996O
1880 BH Macro
1988
1650V BH Macro
1650V
1411W BH Macro
1473K
686K Biotech Growth
782K
67K BLK Com Inc?
76O
296O BlckREmEur
356
129O BlckFroInv
161K
277 BLK Grt Euro
338
189N BlackRck Inc & Gwth 209K
382 BLK Latin Am
460
150 BlckRck N Amer Inc? 162K
960 BLK Smlr
1297
349 BlckRck Throgmorton 474
314K BLK Wld Min
395N
27K Blue Plan G&I Uts#
27K
42K Blue Plan Int Fn
49K
632K Br Empire Sec?
723K
603K Brunner
775
2576 Caledonia Inv?
2808
92X Candover
114K
193 Charter European
194
190 City Merch Hi Yld
199K
393W City of Lon IT
438K
171K Crystal Amber Fdv? 190
302 Dunedin Entp
395
686 Edinburgh IT
700
489K Edin Wwide
762
912K Electra Pte Eq
936
283K EP Global Opp
317
1020 European Asset
1305
780 European Investment 947
283 F&C Cap&Inc
333K
134K F&C Comm Prop?
135K
1224 F&C Glbl Smaller
1382
542 Foreign & Col
646K
290 F&C Priv Eq Ord
339
97K F&C UK HIT A
105
98 F&C UK HIT B
104O
390K F&C UK HIT UNIT
417K
98N F&C UK Real Estate? 103
341N Fidlty Asian Val
392
170V Fidelity China Sp
234O
182 Fidlty Euro Val
227
100N Fidlty Jap Val
151K
221V Fidlty Spec Val?
254
647 Fins Gwth & Inc
776
118O GCP Infrastructure
127W
598 Gen Emer Mkts
715K
30N Gldn Prosp Prc Mtl
31X
? Greencoat UK
?
820 Hansa Tst
1064
817K Hansa Tst A
982K
1154 Hbrvest Glbl Pt Eq 1245
1095 Hend Euro Foc
1384
179K Hend High Inc?
189O
654K Hend Smlr
885
878 Herald
1175
1480 HgCapital Trust
1735
153N HICL Infra?
158W
198 Highbridge Multi
218K
98N Highbridge Multi
102N
668O ICG Ent Tr
791K
214 Impax Env Mkts
256
227O Invesco Asia Tr
299
275N Invesco Inc&Gr?
293
128N IPST Bal
138O
188Y IPST Gbl Eq
207K
100X IPST Managed
102
172K IPST UK Eq
187K
77 IP Enhanced Inc
82N
412 IP UKSmallerCos
521
?
+
?
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
+
+
?
?
+
?
?
+
+
+
+
?
+
?
+
+
+
+
?
?
?
?
+
+
+
+
?
+
+
?
?
+
+
+
?
+
+
+
+
?
+
?
?
+
+
+
+
?
+
2K
1
K
4
K
?
?
3K
K
10K
?
K
?
N
1K
1X
5K
1
1K
?
6V
1K
3
7
2O
?
?
4
3
10
N
W
O
1
1K
6W
4
2O
1
O
5
7
3V
V
3
2K
2K
?
N
1
O
1
V
K
1N
N
1
V
1K
?
?
19K
?
5
8K
Y
3O
10
12
K
N
?
3N
1O
1K
2
?
?
?
K
V
6N
2.9
3.8
4.7
2.1
1.8
?
3.1
?
2.1
?
?
?
?
?
?
5.3
1.7
3.9
1.6
3.1
2.6
4.9
1.6
1.7
3.0
?
9.4
1.6
2.1
1.9
?
2.0
5.0
3.9
2.6
3.4
3.6
?
?
1.3
0.2
2.2
3.2
4.4
0.9
1.6
3.4
4.6
?
3.4
4.8
1.1
1.0
1.8
?
1.8
1.8
5.9
1.5
?
?
1.5
1.6
?
2.1
4.9
2.0
?
2.6
4.9
?
?
2.5
?
1.4
3.7
?
3.0
?
3.3
6.0
1.4
40.0
25.2
-1.4
-12.2
-4.9
472.3
-6.2
8.7
-0.3
-6.4
-7.8
-7.4
-12.4
-8.2
-3.0
-5.7
-3.5
6.9
-3.1
0.1
-11.4
-6.3
-12.8
-14.7
-11.1
-51.0
-0.7
-8.7
-9.1
-17.2
-28.5
-1.3
3.3
2.5
-2.5
-13.5
-7.1
1.7
-15.9
-4.4
0.3
-7.8
2.5
-2.8
0.7
-3.8
-4.4
-8.0
-8.2
-8.5
0.2
-4.1
-12.7
-7.2
-8.3
-4.8
1.3
17.2
-12.5
-20.8
?
-22.2
-28.1
-19.0
3.3
-2.2
-10.2
-14.2
-4.4
5.3
-0.4
-4.5
-13.9
-8.4
-10.4
-9.5
-1.7
-2.1
-1.1
-2.7
8.0
-3.9
140V
408
376
73N
332K
723K
101K
805
116
875
329
173N
421
101O
138K
331
98
380
189
?
?
785
442
439
1200
563
1102
304
733K
342K
925
21
1835
629
1565
311
411Y
245O
171N
2163
493X
488K
792
843
817O
1307
100V
?
264K
408K
41580
87
1197
116
172K
112V
1979
1370
371O
476
302
224K
177O
557
374O
875
467K
174
?
1335
807
397K
82K
92K
168K
229O
158O
?
441K
1080
336
106
2679
2451 Derwent London
3092
+
28
1.6 32.3
10
6 Dolphin Capitalv
6O
?
? -1.4
?
? -0.5
6.8
17N
12 Dragon-Ukra Propv
16X +
1
?
?
6.5
50K
32K Eastrn Euro Prpv
32K
?
?
4.8
? -0.1
8X
V
? -2.1
58
46K First Propv?
48N
?
3.2
71
47 Fletcher Kingv
65
?
6.1 10.5
132K +
2K
?
7.2
145
?
? -5.1
6.8
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
?
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
?
?
+
?
+
+
+
+
+
?
?
?
+
+
+
+
?
?
+
+
?
+
?
110X Cobham
125Y ?
462K
315 Cohortv
340
?
7.8 10.1
59
?
4.6
425 Redrow
61K
37K Safelandv
656
11K Secure Propertyv
449N SEGRO
873 Shaftesbury
93O SIG
404K
38 SigmaRocv
105K Smart (J)
63N Speymill Macauv
302X St Modwen Prp
11K
5
1.5
9.5
42N
109
71O
? 37.5
4457K
?
?
?
7
2.9 23.9
?
?
? -2.4
2082K +
15
1.3 50.3
11
1.5 12.4
2
3.1 12.8
207W
153V Taylor Wimpey
207
?
430K
312K Telford Homesv?
426N +
2O 3.6 11.8
174K
318O
1696
1V
113K Titon
153K +
270 Town Centre?
292
+
1408 Travis Perkins
1571
+
X Trinity Capv#
?
9.5
5.2 13.9
161N U+I
191O +
7N 3.0 44.5
571K Unite Group
792
+
6
1.9
8.3
2.1 15.8
209 Urban&Civic plc
284
+
2
1.0
9.2
?
?
?
4
2.1
8.0
?
2.6
5.5
165
281Y Morgan Advanced
334N ?
2V 3.2
219
157K MS Intlv?
212K ?
2K 3.7 15.6
151
1138
3
7V
225
64
?
? ABACO CAPITALv
1K
?
?
?
981
28
11W Agriterrav
12K ?
2
? -0.2
1
39
29K Aireav
32
+
+
888
643N Anglo-Eastern
770
447
288K Animalcarev
310
3371
2361 AB Foods?
2833
498K Barr (AG)
Y
820
14
0.2 10.8
29
?
2.1 22.6
290O
?
2
1.3 18.6
88
4
2.2 21.5
16
?
? -2.3
N BlenheimNtrlv
1450 Burberry Grp?
272N
641K ?
W
4558 Brit Amer Tob? 4955K ?
565 Britvic?
1985
9.3
49K 3.1 19.8
812
?
1
3.0 19.0
1684
1790
?
2
2.1 25.5
530
146K
113 Tex Hldgs
118K
V Conchav
V
?
? -0.9
396K
286K Thorpe FWv
361
23
1.3 25.4
2277 Cranswick?
3337
+
652K
545K Dairy Crest Group
575K +
246
165 Devro
235N +
3.9
5.7
10N 3.7
1
?
2694K +
9
3O
1V Distil PLCv
2W
?
?
3O
2 Equat Palm Oilv
2O
?
? -4.6
98O Finsbury Foodv
670 Games Workshop?
1284V Glanbia
107K
?
2.6 17.2
1.6 44.0
1309W ?
8
0.8 18.8
2
2.3
228K ?
651K
480 Headlam?
557
620 Hilton Food
25K Hornbyv
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587K Tplton Emg Mkt
778
286 TR Property?
397K
74N Troy Inc&Gth
79N
80Y UK Comm Prop Tst
88X
142 Utilico Ord
163K
191O Utilico Emg Mkt
225
153O Utilico Fin ZDP 2018 157W
? UtilFin RdZDP 2016
?
280W Vietnam Ent Inv
441K
897K Witan
1079
277 Witan Pacific
335K
82 Woodford Patient Cap Tr83K
2101 Ww Health?
2526
?
?
?
367K Liontrust?
12 month
High Low Company
176K
?
O
?
33Y RDI REIT
73
Investment companies
12 month
High Low Company
?
? 54.3
53K Real Estate Invsv?
112K
2X +
N
? 27.1
5
?
14O +
O
63
664
5V Cap XX Ldv
?
?
146
?
17N
?
?
48K +
40K
X 1.9 13.5
1N
X
23N ?
3O 12.1 15.4
2663
7W ?
21K Raven Russia Wnts
350V ?
3092
535 Gleeson (MJ)
133K Raven Russia CRP?
28O
123O +
?
777
148
48Y
5X 1.6
? -0.7
2.2 30.8
122
44X Raven Russia
5.9
242K ?
?
7
109K Raven R CNV Pref?
55
182
?
?
124K
1027
?
2591
K 4.4 12.2
? -3.1
?
64K Foxtons Group
116O +
3.8 11.6
1.5
1142 Galliford Try
105N Primary Hlth
3
75
112N
123K
1
+
1583
420
22
W
13O ?
415 Caffyns?
581
2K 2.3 17.6
1882
850
530
?
6100
1W EQTECv
800 Braime(TF&JH)v
1O 2.5 17.4
6.8
5700 Daejan
5K 14.5
850
394X +
N 5.8
7005
?
9.2
318 Polypipe Group
37K 0.8
?
?
?
4W
2530 CRH
+
?
436K
?
8.4
3W 5.6 16.1
O 14.5
2800
109N Randall & Quilterv
+
K 5.9
2920
19O CLS Hldgs
54
82K +
900
104N
752V +
+
2W Quadrise Fuels Intlv
5.1
752V Liberty Group
47O ?
1532 Prudential
1.6 11.0
O 5.3 10.5
?
V
4
3265
338K Jarvis Securitiesv
124 Just Group
3 Polo Resourcesv
?
393W Jupiter Fund Mgmt
611 Lancashire Hdgs
V 3.3 17.7
1K 4.8 10.5
28K
625
169N
87K ?
919K +
22N PCF Groupv
626
759K
73 Park Groupv
843K PayPoint
30K
2.1 15.4
N 6.1
1N Ottoman Fdv#
400 Paragon
9O Carecapitalv
914
782K Braime A N/Vv
988
93N
59N Clarke T
625 Bodycote
900
687 Savills
9.6
142K
962K
990
? -0.3
2W 2.5
132K Bailey (CH)v
? -0.5
? -0.1
?
?
+
155
?
?
K 0.4
1K
58N +
1740
4.9 12.2
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
2O
494K ?
411O +
2W
50N Cap & Regnl
1550 Cardiff Prop
5Y PME African Infrav
8
12 month
High Low Company
87K
338V Safestore
1K Origo Partnersv
?
61K
1740
8K
+
2739
495
317N Onesavings Bank
1.0
4.6
1O Pires Investmentsv
87K Plaza Cent
?
470N
1.3 43.1
315Y +
1744 Persimmon
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
?
2Y 2.6 14.2
64K Impaxv
42K Livermore Invsv
3792
?
491Y IG Group
59K
9.9
164
733
519
?
2.8 11.5
224Y ?
232O Legal & Gen
?
2
188 Old Mutual
40
8.9 68.3
1O 0.9 88.7
648K ?
151 Oakley Cap Invsv
167
73505N
292O +
462W Barratt Devs
229
762W ?
? 19.3
253K Balfour Beatty
700
173K
620O HSBC
N
2W
3568
298W
?
4
769X
29K Leaf Clean Energyv
32N Miton Groupv
762K
220
3V 9.8 16.0
276
1N 3.8 16.2
?
43
1964N 1674K Nat Aust Bk
6090X +
4
?
K 3.4
?
2K +
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8.4
2.8
+
1N 3.1 22.4
41N
1W Metal Tigerv
2925 Metro Bank
9O
1.1 44.2
2890
?
K
+
8.8
11K 1.1
3N
3834
2
12 month
High Low Company
V 3.7
?
90
?
968K Jardine Lyd Th
762 Mattioli Woodsv
+
205O ?
2K
1785
137K
1376
861
63N +
2V Aukett Fitz Robv
231N Numisv?
318W ?
?
6437O 5047Y Marsh McLn
12V ?
44 Assura Grp?
3K
320
220W Hastings Gp
684 Intermediate Cap?
Y Marechale Capv
5Y Ashley Hsev
63N
0.6
?
5N 2.7 13.1
125 Helios Underv
997K Hiscox
7O Manx Finv
14O
? -2.3
N
+
325
? Highway Capital#
118N Man
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
V 4.0 15.7
?
O
12 month
High Low Company
340
? 66.4
K 5.9
2X
67K +
167K
222
8W 1.5 22.8
2K
27O
6.4
4.2
3.2 17.9
?
O Lon Capital Grpv
2844 Lond Stk Ex Gp 3748
205O
12W
67
67K
3983
1.1
?
?
7.4 22.8
6.4
? 14.5
1153
14.0
3.4
?
7.3
? -7.0
47O ?
13N
1.3
10K 2.0 43.3
?
383K +
?
1W 3.3 24.8
8
388
?
+
67K ?
41N LMS Capital
3O
72K
1470
2.2 11.5
?
18N +
1854
36
?
K
895
62V Lloyds Bkg Gp
57V
44K Fiskev
75
666 FBD
73
?
?
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
5.6
? -3.7
245
904Y
? -1.2
?
222K EPE Special Oppsv
?
O 1.4 17.0
1K
334
3.7 12.9
2K 1.9 14.2
10N Braveheart Invv
?
74 Hansard Global
203W +
19
70
1K Energiser Invv
1208 Hargreaves L
521K +
187K BP Marsh&Ptnrsv
65 El Oro
3N
112
178Y Barclays
268K
70
1785
382 Beazley
2766 BGEO Group
?
12 month
High Low Company
? -6.4
5Y 11.9
19N
K 8.3 13.9
501
?
W
193W +
19N EIHv
2Y 4.1 17.0
525
X
W Draganfly Invsv
156Y EFG-Hermes Hldg
+
405
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
21N
1670N +
239N
3770
12 month
High Low Company
?
?
1.4 27.0
?
?
2.3 21.6
? -5.3
?
?
5K 1.2 69.1
?
? -5.5
?
64
0.3 46.1
6285Y ?
19
3.3 29.8
16Y
?
? 33.7
8Y
?
?
2839
?
the times | Friday December 29 2017
49
1G M
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
17V
8O
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277K 34 Premier Veterinary
37
3V
5O
3 Proteome Sciesv
43K 28K Realm Therapeuticsv 37
8108 6355 Reckitt Benck 6816
1V
O
X Sareum Hldgsv
5036 3499 Shire
3880
245K 72Y Silence Therapv
197X
25W
35
25W Sinclair Pharmav
1431 1170 Smith & Neph 1284
361
221K Spire Hcare
250V
170
242K 142K Summit Corpv
342K
417K 265 Swallowfieldv
10Y
31N
6Y Synairgenv
20K
5X Tissue Regenixv
9V
240
139 Tiziana Lifev
139
252K
317K 148K Tristelv
959
635 UDG Healthcare
854
4V
7X
Y ValiRxv
163
89Y Vectura Grp
121K
8X
34W
8X Vernalisv
106
7025
103K Verona Pharmav
?
+
?
?
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+
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+
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?
?
+
+
N
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16
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2Y
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3O
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1
2
2K
6
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7K
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2.2
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0.5
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1.8
1.5
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0.9
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1.3
1.1
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-1.3
-3.9
-3.0
22.8
56.6
28.1
?
-5.0
17.0
37.9
?
18.4
-3.5
-6.2
?
33.6
39.7
-0.4
?
-2.1
-6.2
Industrials
81O
8655X
10950K
247K
4O
10
173K
89K
4405
2Y
1947K
317
819O
2V
72
?
5092
3473
3503
2130
54N
133K
155
515K
558K
779
17K
35821W
509K
4257X
3
91O
2649
667K
469K
59 Accsys Tech
7073 BASF
8748 Bayer DM50
97K Biome Techv
3V Byotrolv
7V Camb Gbl Timberv
64K Cloudcall Groupv
51K Coats Grp
3150 Croda
1O Cronin Gpv
1135 Cropper (James)v?
259 Elementis
628 Evans (M.P.)v
X Hardidev
55 Inspiration Healthv
? Intl Ferro Metals#
4092W Jardine Math
2420N Jardine Strat
2727 Johnson Math?
1605 Mondi
6 Plant Impactv
110K Plastics Capitalv
97K Robinsonv
318O Scapav
403 Smith (DS)
690Y Swire Pacific
4 Symph Environv
30471W Syngenta
372 Synthomer
3104N Takeda Pharm
Y TyraTech Incv
30X Velocysv
1832 Victrex
452K Wynnstay Groupv
240 Zotefoams
78N
8242
9274N
215
3V
10
133
88
4405
2K
1690
284K
766O
1Y
56
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4532K
2905O
3091
1913
6V
117
100K
441N
512
693V
12V
35821W
488V
4223N
2K
31N
2649
480
455
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+
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+ 5
+ 5
+ 2K
?
3.2
2.5
?
?
?
?
0.7
1.6
?
0.7
2.3
1.2
?
?
?
2.5
0.7
2.4
2.6
?
1.2
5.4
0.4
2.9
2.9
?
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1.8
2.8
?
?
1.7
2.5
1.2
?
16.4
22.1
?
?
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-6.6
21.8
29.9
?
30.3
23.3
42.4
?
54.9
?
6.1
5.6
15.7
16.8
-2.6
15.1
19.3
31.2
25.2
6.3
?
41.3
15.1
30.6
-4.9
-3.5
27.1
51.6
34.8
12 month
High Low Company
189
75K
5X
1250
959 Pershing Square
4X 7digital Gpv
23 Aeorema Commsv?
49 Altitude Groupv
47N Arcontech Grpv
267Y Ascential
?
? -3.2
5W
?
?
?
6.5
340O
340O +
2X
?
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2Y
2.5
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174K
79O Exillon Energy
102V +
1Y
?
5.7
N
75K Faroe Petrolv
104N ?
1K
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333K
295W +
3K 0.9
6.9
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1K 6.6 -9.3
111O
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1
323V
591
615
245 DCD Mediav
575
?
3.7
?
?
? 21.3
47
? 29.3
1725
14O
12 Dods Gpv
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123K
97K Ebiquityv
106K +
4
0.9 23.7
K
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1V
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319K
216 Entertainmnt One
315
?
1027 Euromoney In Inv?
1228
+
1285
4462K
597K
159V Future
420 GlobalDatav
K
1K 0.4 80.7
3
2.0 37.5
424N +
14N
?
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580
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1.1
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116K
67O Gocompare.com
105
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5
? 27.6
413K
234 IG Design Grpv?
398
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1.1 25.8
36N
20 Immedia Grpv
25
11X
761
8N Ind News&Med
629K Informa
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8K
?
725K +
195N
150 ITE Group
177N +
219K
146Y ITV
164W +
4400
23O Jaywingv
824
496 Just Eat
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380
292 M&C Saatchiv
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46K +
379O +
17X
8X MBL Groupv
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3V
50K
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292V Moneysupermarket
4
2.5
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14O Hardy Oil & Gas
15
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331K
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9W 0.8 42.9
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1398 RELX PLC
1735
+
3
1.8 31.0
3889 Rightmove
4499
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1.0 32.9
1003
+
3
2.0 25.0
?
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11X 4.4 12.5
5
1.2 14.7
326N
260K Tarsus Gp?
322O ?
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2.8 47.4
59K
32 Totallyv
32N
?
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1O 7.1
2635V 1869O 21st Cent Fox Inc A 2571X +
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1Y Vitesse Mediav
215 Wilmington
1253 WPP
215N YouGovv
1
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2.9 33.4
V
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5V 3.5 15.9
10
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316K
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1351
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318 ZPG?
X 1.0 21.3
2K 1.0 21.0
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232K +
3.4
329X ?
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4V 1.7 38.3
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5V
640
2Y
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+
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+
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+
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2.3
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1.6
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1.8
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1.7
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0.7
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2.4
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1.3
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72.5
18.2
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17.1
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23.8
19.7
24.6
12.8
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34.7
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15.6
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11.9
42.9
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12.7
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24.9
15.4
17.1
23.3
18.8
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460
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190K ?
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140K
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7V
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97 Alumina
14K Amerisur Resv
2V Aminex
139X ?
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439O BP
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7 Cadogan Petrol
243
167K Cairn Energy
515
4 Caledonia Miningv
13K
190K
308O
23K
18K
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128N Centamin
204 Cent Asia Metalsv
8X Chaarat Goldv
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238K Ocado Gp
22N Pendragon
154Y Pets at Home?
173K ?
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122K Saga
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281X
224O Sainsbury J?
1480 Smith WH
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993K Kier Gp
725 Latham (J)v
194 LSL Prop Services
58K Macfarlane
630 Maintel Hldgsv
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131K NWF Grpv
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155K Total Producev
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the times | Friday December 29 2017
53
1G M
?Romantic? principal dancer
with the Royal Ballet
Annette Page
Page 54
Register
Obituaries
Professor Arnold Maran
Lives remembered
Discreet ear, nose and throat consultant who treated dictators, rock stars and opera singers
Your obituary of the
late, great Godfrey
Smith (December
23) brought back
many happy memories, particularly
in relation to his
passions for cricket
and enjoyment of the finer things in life.
One of the roaming teams I played for
in the 1970s and 1980s was invited on
several occasions to play against Charlton and it became one of the most
sought-after attempts to catch the selector?s eye, much more for the quality
of the (almost Bacchanalian) hospitality in his kitchen and garden than for the
cricket. One slight worry, though: in the
main photograph, quite apart from the
typically abundant wines and victuals,
there is a bottle of mineral water, which
would, I should have thought, have
been anathema to Godfrey?s lifestyle.
Arnold Maran was not your average
throat consultant. He visited Baghdad
to offer advice to Saddam Hussein,
treated Hastings Banda when he was
president of Malawi, and spent an afternoon with Mother Teresa in Calcutta.
The man they called ?the voice doctor?
also offered discreet consultations to
rock stars, opera singers and actors,
many of whom visited his voice clinic in
Edinburgh during the city?s international festival. Yet Maran refused to
name names. ?If their employers found
out there was something wrong with
their voices, they might never work
again,? he said.
On one occasion he told the Iraqi
leader, whose voice had grown hoarse,
that he was speaking too quickly. ?I
remember telling him to speak more
slowly, just like the American
president Jimmy Carter,? Maran said.
?In retrospect, it really was the wrong
thing to say. But he actually took up that
idea and changed the way he spoke.?
On another occasion Uday, Saddam?s
son, flew to Scotland seeking treatment
for nose problems. ?I had no idea he was
a lunatic,? said Maran, whose connection came about because a former
student was Saddam?s personal physician. ?I could have been fed to lions
when I think back.? The next day, after
Uday was involved in an incident at
airport security, Maran received a visit
from two Special Branch officers.
Banda, who had studied medicine in
Edinburgh as a young man during the
Second World War and later practised
in Britain, terrified Maran. ?You weren?t
allowed to mention his age or date of
birth ? or you disappeared,? he said.
Mother Teresa pricked his conscience, but only briefly, when she told
him: ?You?re very lucky to be a doctor.
But you must remember medicine is
not a profession. Medicine is not a
business. Medicine is a vocation.? For a
short time he considered remaining in
India to help with her work in the
slums. ?Then I came back home, went
to the private hospital, took out tonsils
and sent an invoice,? he said.
Arnold George Dominic Maran was
born in Edinburgh in 1936, the only
child of John Maran, a confectioner
who ran an ice-cream stall, and his wife,
Leonhilde (n閑 Mancini), a seamstress
known as Hilda. His paternal grandfather had come to Scotland in about
1880 and set up home in Leith, a
gritty dockyard suburb of
Edinburgh. Despite
having a wife in
Italy, Grandfather
Maran bigamously
married a Scottish
woman and had ten
children.
Years later Arnold
discovered that his
father?s uncles, Antonio, Giovanni and
Quirino, had emigrated to New York to
open a bar, but fell
victim to extortionists.
One day, when the
gang?s courier arrived to collect a payment, the brothers decided to teach him
a lesson with a baseball bat, but they hit
him once too often and he died on the
bar-room floor. Their American dream
over, the trio quickly fled to Edinburgh.
Maran when he was president of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
On one occasion young Arnold was
at the home of his maternal grandmother, Nonna, when he picked up a
book containing a story about the
mafia. ?You lived in Italy, Nonna,? he
said. ?Tell me about the mafia.? Terrified, she snatched the book from his
hands and told him never to mentio it again. It was only many
tion
y
ye
years
later, when he visited her
vil
village
in Italy, that he discovered
H taught a hoarse
He
Sa
Saddam
Hussein to
?s
?speak
more slowly?
t family secret of the brothers
th
the
wh had murdered a man in
who
Ne York and why Nonna was
New
te
terrified
of the mafia.
Raiised in wartime Scotland, when
Raised
Mussolini?s Italy was the enemy, Maran
learnt to play down his roots. ?Like
most second and third-generation
Italians, I was at a gross disadvantage
because the two countries were at war
and we also had the sectarian thing,
so you tried to forget about it,? he said.
His first trip to Italy was in 1951, to visit
an aunt. He recalled being astonished
by stylishly dressed people, fancy cars,
Vespas and Lambrettas. ?It was la
dolce vita,? he said.
He was educated at Daniel Stewart?s
College, Edinburgh, where he became
an accomplished classical pianist, and
then studied medicine at the University
of Edinburgh, graduating in 1959. He
took up a hospital appointment as an
ear, nose and throat consultant, but was
soon feeling constrained. ?I had the
same friends since I was five,? he said. ?I
knew what my job would be and I knew
where I?d be buried . . . so I decided to
go to America and retrain as a cancer
specialist.? It was 1964. He was 28, ?and
people thought I was mad?.
Two years earlier he had married
Anna De Marco, a physiotherapist he
had met while they were working at the
Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. She
survives him with their two children:
Nicola, who is an anesthetist; and
Charlie, who is a dentist.
After studying at the University of
Iowa, Maran got word that he might be
sent to Vietnam. ?So I ran away and the
Godfrey Smith
first job I got was in Dundee,? he said. He
stayed there for six years, working at the
Royal Infirmary. Returning to the US,
he found a post in Morgantown, West
Virginia, but just when he thought he
was settled, the mafia appeared again,
with one impecunious patient telling
him: ?I dunno how to pay you because I
can?t give you nothing. But if you ever
want anyone bumped . . .?
Back in Edinburgh in 1975 Maran
became consultant otolaryngologist
(specialising in cancer of the head and
neck) and was later appointed as the
city?s first professor of otolaryngology,
receiving several awards.
He particularly enjoyed treating
musicians and in 1990 he set up a
specialist NHS clinic with a percussionist who moonlighted as a rheumatologist. ?Singers and musicians need
somewhere where they can find an understanding of their injury in relation to
their art,? he said. He told of driving a
well-known opera singer with a respiratory infection from hospital to his
Edinburgh Festival performance every
day. ?At � a ticket, with no understudy, the show had to go on,? he said.
Maran stepped back from surgery in
1997 to spend the next three years as
president of the Royal College of
Surgeons of Edinburgh. Soon he was
criticised for drawing a six-figure salary
from the NHS while holding only one
clinic a week, even though waiting lists
were growing and he was publicly complaining about the lack of resources.
Maran remained untroubled by selfdoubt. ?A colleague once said that I was
the only man who considered it a compliment to be called Machiavellian,? he
told The Sunday Times in 2008.
In retirement he continued to run his
clinic, now renamed the Edinburgh
Voice Centre. He remained avuncular
and full of energy, taking up conjuring
to entertain his grandchildren and
joining the Magic Circle. ?But I don?t do
weddings or bar mitzvahs,? he joked.
He took up curling, enjoyed playing
the piano, although now with a jazz
band, was a member of the Royal and
Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, even
if his enthusiasm outstripped his skill
on the fairway, gave expert opinion for
medical negligence cases and joined
the Monks of St Giles, an Edinburgh
literary society.
Having written and edited several
textbooks, Maran turned to biographical works, including The Voice Doctor
(2005), which has an introduction by
Dame Anne Evans, the opera singer,
whom Maran once treated; Mafia:
Inside the Dark Heart (2008), drawing
on the incident involving his great-uncles; and Golf at the North Pole (2012),
an account of a visit he made inside the
Arctic Circle on a Russian icebreaker.
A lapsed Catholic who enjoyed a
glass or two of gin, Maran was a popular
mentor among future consultants. One
recalled him telling her that trainees
were like matches: ?Some fail to light;
others produce small flames that then
wither away, and a few can be carefully
nurtured to burn steadily and produce
a lasting, beautiful glow.?
Arnold Maran, professor of
otolaryngology, was born on
June 16, 1936. He died from lung cancer
on December 10, 2017, aged 81
John Fingleton writes:
Christopher Makey writes: Your excellent obituary omitted Godfrey Smith?s
membership of the Drones, a society
set up in September 1984 to honour the
works and memory of PG Wodehouse.
Godfrey was still attending dinners this
year in spite of ill health. He was a fund
of knowledge on the works of Wodehouse and a great raconteur. To sit next
to him at dinner was to be immersed in
wonderful tales brilliantly told.
The Rev Anne Kiggell writes: I met Godfrey at a particularly festive Trollope
Society dinner at the Reform Club in
1992. When he discovered that I was the
editor of the new magazine Prep School,
he favoured me with his unexpurgated
recollections of the headmaster of the
long-vanished Edenmore in the 1930s.
Godfrey always remembered his advice
on being taken short in the street.
?Approach the first respectable door
and ask to see the lady of the house.
When she appears, raise your cap and
ask if you may use the lavatory. When
you leave, raise your cap again and
leave sixpence for the maid.?
After an excellent dinner, he agreed to
write a piece for me without the sort of
fee he would rightly have commanded.
Pam Powell
Peter Doolan writes:
I was an inspector
on the Diplomatic
Protection Group
one Sunday when
Pam Powell (obituary, December 8)
and
husband,
Enoch, had an unwanted caller at their house. After the
man had been sectioned under the
Mental Health Act, I was invited in for
a morning cup of tea, as they had just
finished breakfast. Mrs Powell was
apologetic in needing to call us, but I
assured them it was the right course of
action. She made a fresh brew and
asked me of my background, my young
family and of my future aspirations. A
most charming lady and a pleasant
memory from my career.
If you would like to add a personal view or
@ recollection
to a published obituary, you
can send your contribution by post to Times
Obituaries, 1 London Bridge Street, London SE1
9GF, or by email to tributes@thetimes.co.uk
554
1G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Register
Major-General Ian Baxter
Logistician responsible for planning during the Falklands War and the oldest candidate to pass the Marines commando course
Ian Baxter was an enterprising and
imaginative logistician who proved his
worth in the Falklands War in 1982, a
conflict for which no administrative
preparations worthy of the name had
been made. Accustomed to the unusual
and unexpected, he rose to the challenges during the assembly of the task
force, its transit to the South Atlantic,
and support after the landing.
Twenty years earlier he had been
ordered to postpone his honeymoon
and report to Pembroke dock to bring
two squadrons of German tanks
ashore. Their mission was entirely
peaceful ? firing practice on Castlemartin ranges ? but the dock had been
heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe during the Second World War and there
were locals who looked upon the grey,
black-crossed monsters being transported through their streets on Baxter?s
enormous transporters with decidedly
mixed feelings. The German tank
crews were grateful for his tactful
handling of their entry to the UK and
Baxter was invited to bring his bride to
their introductory cocktail party.
Years later, following command of
2nd Armoured Division Transport
Regiment in Germany, he was drawn
into the Falklands War through his
appointment as chief logistics officer
of Major-General Jeremy Moore?s
Commando Force, Royal Marines. He
had passed the 12-week all-arms
commando course at Lympstone in
Devon at the age of 43 and is thought to
be the oldest candidate to do so.
Six months into his new appointment he had made a comprehensive
examination of the ammunition, fuel
Ian Baxter: known for tact and tactics
and supply scales calculated to be
required by the Commando Brigade to
mount and sustain operations overseas
and judged them to be critically inadequate. Fortunately for the prospects of
British arms in the South Atlantic, he
had racked up substantial levels of the
essential commodities by the time the
task force sailed. Even so, many lastminute items had to be bundled aboard
in an expedient manner rather than as
they would be required for combat.
Relations with the defence ministry?s
procurement department, which by
reputation was a ponderous and not
especially helpful body, proved
excellent; for example, the acquisition
of stocks of 105mm artillery airburst
ammunition from Germany. Baxter
perceived that high explosive rounds
would have little impact on the soft
ground of the Falklands, but airburst
would be at a premium in defeating the
Argentine infantry. He also arranged
the supply from France of communication equipment to allow the
Commando Brigade?s light helicopters
to communicate directly with the ships
of the task force.
The availability of Ascension Island
proved a valuable bonus because it
allowed Baxter to make two visits to
influence the cross-loading of supplies
between ships, which let him eliminate
some of the more glaring faults of overhasty loading. The loss of the Atlantic
Conveyor with four Chinook and six
Wessex helicopters aboard called for
a comprehensive revision of his
planning, which, although completed
in record time, inevitably resulted in a
?fingers-crossed? solution.
In a brief war, which is what the
recovery of the Falklands became, the
logistics battle must be won early and
comprehensively. Baxter achieved that
and was advanced to CBE from the
MBE he received for service in
Northern Ireland.
Ian Stuart Baxter was born in Bermondsey, the son of Charles Baxter, an
artist and teacher, and his wife, Edith, in
July 1937. He was educated at Ottershaw School, Surrey, and entered the
army through a National Service commission. He married Megan (known as
Meg) Bullock, a former journalist and
later headmistress of Clewborough
House School in Camberley, in 1961.
They had three daughters: Deborah,
who is in the antique business; Louise,
who works in an art gallery; and Marianna, who is a ceramicist. His wife and
daughters survive him.
His early military experience had led
him to grapple with the difficult and
unexpected. After welcoming the first
German tanks to grind their way on to
British soil, he went to Kenya to join a
transport squadron, then on to Swaziland, a small landlocked country in
southern Africa run by Britain for most
of the 1960s, where civil unrest had
broken out. He took 30 transport
vehicles in support of 1st Battalion the
Gordon Highlanders, who calmed
down the situation. For their part,
Baxter?s drivers were never without a
football in their cabs, ready for a spontaneous kickabout with the locals.
His first experience on the staff was
in Calcutta in charge of air movements
for the 15,000-strong Gurkha force
He was quick to bring
out the best in people
through jokes and irony
based in southeast Asia and their home
country of Nepal. Negotiations with the
Indian customs service taught him how
to establish and maintain good relationships, exactly the requirement
when, years later, he had to make
difficult demands in 1982.
After staff college he became the
chief logistics officer of 8th Infantry
Brigade in Londonderry, but was
responsible for the security of the
whole province other than Belfast. In
the aftermath of Bloody Sunday in
January 1972, he was involved in
dealing with owners of property requisitioned for units brought in as reinforcements, an increasingly sensitive
business requiring tact and patience.
His humorous and positive personality
proved to be a great help in this as he
was quick to bring out the best in people
through a mixture of jokes and irony.
He became well known in the army
and on promotion to brigadier after the
Falklands War he was appointed director of army recruiting. This was regarded as a poisoned chalice, as economic
prosperity and full employment led to
recruitment problems. He embraced
competitive advertising, visiting universities and schools to talk up the army
as a career. He was particularly
successful in overcoming prejudices
against military service among ethnic
minorities.
Promotion to major-general on
appointment as assistant chief of
defence staff (logistics) brought a
slower-moving set of challenges and
the frustrations of working in the MoD,
with its constant battle between
seemingly essential requirements and
dwindling availability of funds.
When offered a second assignment
in the ministry, he retired at his own
request to open an antiques business in
his home town of Callington in Cornwall ? and to be able to cook breakfast
for his family virtually every day rather
than only at weekends.
Major-General Ian Baxter, CBE, soldier,
was born on July 20, 1937. He died of
cancer on October 17, 2017, aged 80
BARON/GETTY IMAGES
Annette Page
Madam who said, ?Don?t be ridiculous!?
But two weeks later my name was up on
the casting sheet. So it did pay off.?
It was at the Royal Ballet that she met
Ronald Hynd, one of her onstage partners. ?I got to dance with and marry the
Prince,? she joked. They would go to the
opera, riding on Hynd?s little Vespa in
full evening dress. The couple were
married in 1957 and their daughter,
Louise, known as Lulu, was born in
1968. Hynd and Louise, who danced
with English National Ballet and later
worked in classical music, survive her.
Dark-haired and elegantly refined,
Page made her final appearance at Covent Garden in 1967, dancing in La fille
mal gard閑, although she gave her valedictory performances with the Royal
Ballet on a tour of North America that
summer, taking her final bow as Cin-
Principal dancer with the Royal Ballet who was
praised for her Cinderella and married the Prince
They say that two?s company and
three?s a crowd. When that two consisted of Margot Fonteyn and Rudolf
Nureyev there was often no room for
anyone else ? especially not a young
ballerina from Manchester.
?They had an absolute grip on the
company,? said Annette Page of her
time with the Royal Ballet. ?A whole
generation was left with the remainders
of performances they didn?t do. That
meant that I only got to dance lead roles
once or twice during a run.? There was
a positive side, though. ?It always felt
like an opening night,? she said of her
performances
While the Fonteyn-Nureyev double
act did keep many good dancers out of
leading roles, Page was able to make
several starring appearances, particularly in Cinderella and Swan Lake when
Fonteyn was unavailable or other
dancers were injured. ?I started to enjoy
things and the feeling that I could make
some little changes in my performances, even take a risk or two,? she said.
On one day in January 1967 she danced
the leading role in Cinderella at the
matinee and the evening performances
after Antoinette Sibley and Svetlana
Beriosova were taken ill, a first for the
Royal Ballet. She also danced with
Nureyev twice in The Sleeping Beauty.
In a letter to The Times in 1993, Page
recalled how the Royal Ballet?s hosts
sometimes underestimated their need
for sustenance. On one occasion 12
principal dancers, including Nureyev
and Fonteyn, were performing in Monte Carlo and were invited to the palace
by Prince Rainier and Princess Grace.
?We were ushered into a side room with
only nine chairs, a small table and one
half-consumed bottle of vin ordinaire.
After an interminable wait, 11 small
pieces of steak appeared, each to be
diminished further by contributions to
the unfortunate 12th guest.?
Annette Page was born in Manchester in 1932, the
daughter of
James Lees
Page, a bank
clerk, and his
wife, Margaret; she had a
younger sister, Gillian.
?My mother
loved ballet
and sent me
to class at
the age of
about four
or
five,?
Page said.
At the age
ira
of 11 she wass introduced to Moi
Moira
Shearer,
who
was
lodging
with Page?s teacher while on tour. At
Shearer?s suggestion she auditioned for
Ninette de Valois, known as ?Madam?,
at the Sadler?s Wells School (now the
Royal Ballet School). ?She decided I had
some talent and offered me a scholarship,? recalled Page.
It was the last year of the war. ?Blackout was in effect and there was no
boarding facility as there is now or
school to complete my academic training,? she told Ballet-Dance magazine in
2005. ?I took the Underground or buses
from north London. No one thought
too much of this then, but can you
imagine this kind of thing being
allowed now??
?It always felt like an
opening night,? she said
of her performances
Annette Page with the South African David Poole in Le Loup (1954). Left: in 1961
After five years Page was offered a
contract with the touring company
before graduating to the main company
at Covent Garden when she 17, being
appointed principal in 1959. One of her
first performances was in February
1949 as Pepe the dog in The Wedding
Bouquet, based on a play by Gertrude
Stein and starring Shearer, for which
The Times praised ?the endearing
obtrusiveness of the lissome little dog?.
She recalled how De Valois? word was
law, but nevertheless ?it paid off to talk
to her and maybe plant a seed in her
mind?. At the premiere of Frederick
Ashton?s La fille mal gard閑 she went
backstage to congratulate the choreographer, who said he hoped that she
would dance it one day. ?Armed with
this encouragement I went to see
derella at Seattle Opera House. For the
past 45 years she and Hynd lived in
Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk. Page
supported her husband in his choreographic work, including at the Bavarian
State Ballet in Munich, where he was
artistic director and she was ballet
mistress from 1973 to 1976.
John Percival, the ballet critic of The
Times, declared that she had given up
professional dancing while at the
height of her powers. ?She has never
been the greatest of pure classical
ballerinas, although her musicianship
and sense of style have brought distinction to many classical roles,? he wrote at
the time. ?As a romantic dancer she is at
her best, and never more so than when
the romance is mixed with fun.?
Annette Page, dancer, was born on
December 18, 1932. She died from the
effects of motor neurone disease on
December 4, 2017, aged 84
the times | Friday December 29 2017
55
1G M
Register
Law Report
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Flowers to be used in floristry
have been picked not ?mown?
DO not repay anyone evil for evil. Be
Queen?s Bench Division
Published December 29, 2017
Marwaha v UK Border Revenue
Agency
Before Mr Justice Charles
[2017] EWHC 2321 (Admin)
Judgment November 2, 2017
Hand-picked opium poppy
heads that had been imported
for use in flower arrangements
had not been ?mown? and thus
did not constitute ?poppy straw?
under the Misuse of Drugs Act
1971.
Mr Justice Charles so held
when allowing the appeal by
way of case stated of the defendant, Rajan Marwaha, against
the upholding by the Crown
Court at Ipswich (Judge Goodin
and two justices) on July 8, 2016,
of the decision of District Judge
Dawson to grant an application
by the UK Border Revenue
Agency (Cash and Compensation Team) and make an order
of condemnation on opium
poppy flowers imported by the
defendant.
Part IV of Schedule 2 to the
1971 act provides: ? ?Poppy straw?
means all parts, except the
seeds, of the opium poppy, after
mowing.?
Ms Claire Andrews (instructed by direct access) for the
defendant; Mr James Fletcher
for the agency.
Mr Justice Charles said that
the defendant had imported
from the Netherlands two consignments of dried poppy heads
with a view to satisfying orders
for decorative poppy heads in
the United States of America.
The consignments were seized
and a summons issued by the
UK Border Agency seeking
their condemnation pursuant to
section 139 of and Schedule 3 to
the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979.
The Crown Court found as a
fact that the defendant was at all
material times a trader in dried
flowers. It also accepted his
representations that the consignments had been picked by a
team of about eight people who
harvested the seeds by hand
from a specially adapted trailer.
The seedheads were then sorted
and dried.
In some cases the poppy seedheads with stalks attached had
been cut and in some cases the
seedheads had been broken off
with no stalks attached. That
was clear from the photographs
in the bundle, and so would have
been clear to anyone who had
opened the imported boxes,
because
the
photographs
showed whole and undamaged
heads, some with and some
without part of the stalk.
Like the district judge, the
Crown Court found that the two
consignments were within the
definition of poppy straw in the
1971 act. The Crown Court
found that ?mowing? meant
harvesting, reaping, picking or
other removal from the soil, and
to interpret mowing as requiring
or excluding any particular
means of harvest would make a
nonsense of the definition of
poppy straw. The Crown Court
also concluded that there could
be no sensible doubt that the
defendant had imported poppy
straw, however he might wish it
otherwise.
To his Lordship?s mind, it was
clear that care had to have been
taken in obtaining and drying
the poppy heads in the two consignments and that, absent such
or similar care, they would not
have been of use to a floristry
supplier because their decorative quality would have been
lost.
As had been said without
demur during the hearing, as a
matter of the ordinary use of
language it would not be said
that bunches of tulips or daffodils or poppies that could be
used in flower arrangements
had been mown. Rather, it
would be said that had been
picked or harvested as flowers.
In his Lordship?s view the
Crown Court had reached the
wrong conclusion on the meaning of the statutory definition.
As a matter of language, the
inclusion of the concept of
mowing into that definition
limited the width or extent of
what was poppy straw.
If the wide approach taken by
the Crown Court was right there
would be no need for any reference to mowing or any other
means of removal from the land
because before any issue of
exportation and importation
arose the poppies had to have
been separated from the land.
It was easy to see that the
poppy heads in issue had been
harvested with care and, as
matter of the ordinary use of
language, had not been mown.
Further, the wide approach
taken by the Crown Court to the
interpretation of the word or
concept of mowing was not
required to fulfil the underlying
purposes of the UK licensing
regime that applied to poppy
straw or to avoid any lack of
clarity, confusion or difficulties
in its implementation.
On the correct interpretation
of the statutory definition of
poppy straw the two consignments in issue had not comprised poppy straw because the
relevant poppies had not been
mown and so the relevant poppy
heads (with and without stalks)
had not been parts of the poppy
after mowing.
Rather, they had been harvested or picked with care in a
way that preserved those heads
for use for ornamental or
decorative purpose, including
floristry.
Solicitors: Treasury Solicitor.
Judicial appointments and retirements
The Queen has made the
following appointments
on the advice of the Right
Honourable David Lidington,
the lord chancellor, and the
Right Honourable The Lord
Burnett of Maldon, the lord
chief justice of England and
Wales:
6 Shaun Malden Smith, QC,
to be a circuit judge. The lord
chief justice has deployed him
to the Midland circuit, based
at Derby combined court
centre with effect from
January 22, 2018.
6 Soraya McKinnell to be a
circuit judge. The lord chief
justice has deployed her to the
southeastern circuit, based at
Barnet county court on a
salaried part-time working
basis of 90 per cent with effect
from January 22, 2018.
6 Ian Stephen Bugg to be a
circuit judge. The lord chief
justice has deployed him to
Court Circular
There is no Court Circular today.
the southeastern circuit,
based at East London Family
Court with effect from
January 22, 2018.
6 Sarah Venn to be a circuit
judge. The lord chief justice
has deployed her to the
southeastern circuit, on a
peripatetic basis in Kent and
Sussex with effect from
January 26, 2018.
6 Timothy Capstick to be a
district judge (magistrates?
courts). The lord chief justice
has deployed him to the
northeastern circuit, based
at Teesside magistrates?
court with effect from
January29, 2018.
6 Timothy John Rose to be a
district judge (magistrates?
courts). The lord chief justice
has deployed him to the
southeastern circuit, based at
Westminster magistrates?
court with effect from
January 29, 2018.
6 Alexander Marc Jacobs to be
careful to do what is right in the eyes
of everyone. Romans 12.17 (NIV)
Bible verses provided by the
Bible Society
Retirements
6 Sarah Jane Dowell retired
as a deputy regional tribunal
judge of the First-tier
Tribunal (Property Chamber)
on December 28, 2017.
6 Sir Charles Peter Lawford
Openshaw retired from the
High Court (Queen?s Bench)
on December 22, 2017.
6 Joseph Edward Cross retired
from the district bench on
December 9, 2017.
MR C.L.T. TROUGHTON
AND燤ISS E.J. CHRISTIE-MILLER
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Charlie,爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燛dward
Troughton爋f燢irkside爋f燣ochty,
Angus,燼nd燛mma,燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd
Mrs燬tephen燙hristie-Miller爋f
Swyncombe,燨xfordshire.
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Brenda燼nd燦icholas,爐wins,燨scar燼nd
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Leo燣awrence,爏iblings爐o燞ugo.
Welcome爐o爐he爓orld.
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Marriages
MR E.W.S. DANIELL
AND燤ISS G.A. CLARKE
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Edward,爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs燡amie
Daniell爋f燱isborough燝reen,燱est
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grandfather爋f燙iaran,燛lizabeth,燼nd
Tali.燜ormer燙hairman爋f燢isima燜arm,
founding燙hairman爋f燣aikipia燱ildlife
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farmer,爏tockman,燽otanist,爄ntrepid
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St燤atthew?s燙hurch,燛aling燙ommon,
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donations爐o燬t燤atthew?s.
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25th燚ecember�17,燼ged�.燤uchloved爓ife爋f爐he爈ate燫ichard,爉other
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AND燤ISS燦.M.V.燡OHN
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MR D.N. KING
AND燤ISS S.L. FETHERSTON-DILKE
The爀ngagement爄s燼nnounced燽etween
Dominic,爕oungest爏on爋f燤r燼nd燤rs
Michael燢ing爋f燱alterstone,
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Mr燼nd燤rs燤ichael燜etherston-Dilke
of燤axstoke,燱arwickshire.
MR M. LAWRENCE
AND燤ISS J.A. DU燰IVIER
a district judge (magistrates?
courts). The lord chief justice
has deployed him to the
southeastern circuit, based
at Westminster magistrates?
court with effect from
January 29, 2018.
6 Simon Joseph Auerbach to
be a circuit judge. The lord
chief justice has deployed him
to the southeastern circuit,
based at Cambridge county
court with effect from
February 19, 2018.
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
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Lawrence爋f燙rowborough,燛ast
Sussex,燼nd燡uliet,燿aughter爋f燤r燼nd
Mrs燞ugh燚u燰ivier爋f燜ulham,燣ondon.
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
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Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today Snow across northern England and southern Scotland. Showers elsewhere. Max 10C (50F), min -4C (25F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
An unsettled spell with
bands of rain and strong
winds at times. Snow
over high ground
Temperature
Tomorrow
Flood alerts and warnings
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
3
5
6
1
4
3
3
4
5
4
4
7
4
2
4
4
7
4
4
2
6
4
5
3
3
1
4
3
6
4
3
6
4
6
1
3
4
4
**
6
5
4
4
**
3
4
3
4
3
3
4
PC
PC
PC
S
PC
S
S
S
S
S
S
PC
S
S
PC
PC
PC
S
S
S
PC
S
C
PC
S
PC
S
PC
PC
S
S
PC
S
S
S
DU
PC
S
**
PC
SH
S
S
**
S
S
C
PC
S
PC
S
4.0
1.4
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.7
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
**
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
1.5
0.0
0.0
2.4
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.4
0.2
**
0.0
1.4
0.2
1.2
**
6.0
0.0
4.8
1.2
0.0
3.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
2.0
0.0
**
**
4.1
**
2.2
**
4.8
1.1
5.6
4.1
5.3
5.3
**
**
0.0
0.0
3.7
**
**
0.0
**
0.0
5.0
0.2
**
0.0
1.4
2.3
0.0
**
**
0.9
1.2
**
**
**
**
0.0
1.4
**
**
0.0
0.0
1.9
**
**
4.9
A mild, dry and rather cloudy day
across England, Wales and Ireland.
Wet and windy
t
, with
heavy snow
h and over
high groun
Max 12C, n 1
3
B
DU
B
S
B
**
S
C
F
C
B
DU
S
C
F
R
DU
S
S
S
SN
S
F
SN
F
B
S
F
C
M
F
S
C
R
B
DU
M
F
F
S
S
M
M
S
F
S
S
Moderate
Rough
28 (degrees C)
5
0
37
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
24
Edinburgh
Glasgow
12
27
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
Another unsettled day with a band
of rain, heavy in places, clearing
eastwards duri t
ing. A
mixture of b
r
spells and
s n
rnoon.
scattered s o
Max 10C, in 3C
Belfast
Dublin
9
LLlandudno
77
20
68
15
59
10
50
5
41
0
32
-5
23
-10
14
-15
5
Cork
Channel Islands
A chillier day with wintry showers in
Scotland and northern England. It may
stay mild in th ar
of England
but with a ri
heavy rain
pushing in m
s
st.
Max 10C,
Nottingham
i h
Norwich
4
9
Birmingham
Swansea
6
7
Bristol
London
8
0
10
Southampton
Exeterr
Plymouth
Brighton
13
CHANNEL
4
Tides
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
General situation: A ban o rain, sleet
and snow will spread east during the
morning. A mixture of bright spells and
scattered showers in the afternoon.
NW Scotland, Cen Highland, Glasgow,
Argyll: Cold and overcast with light
rain, turning to snow over high ground
and persisting for much of the day.
Moderate easterly winds, becoming
light and variable later. Maximum
3C (37F), minimum -4C (25F).
E Eng, E Anglia, E Mids, London,
SE Eng: A blustery day with morning
30
Sheffield
6
Shrewsbury
33
2
25
Hull
4
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
6
6
A band of light and patchy rain will
spread into western areas. Farther
east it will sta ar
with brigh
or sunny sp
b e amounts
of cloud.
Max 11C, n C
86
Yorkk
Manchester
2
Tuesday
30
2
5
37
Galway
10
F
95
Carlisle
6
8
3
C
35
Newcastle
New Year?s Eve
New Year?s Day
2
3
At 17:00 on Thursday there were
59 ?ood alerts and four warnings
in England, one ?ood alert and no
warnings in Wales, and no ?ood
alerts or warnings in Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
9
Shetland
Sh
2
0
6
19
Madeira
11
Madrid
16
Majorca
19
M醠aga
15
Malta
32
Melbourne
Mexico City 19
28
Miami
11
Milan
**
Mombasa
-19
Montreal
1
Moscow
31
Mumbai
1
Munich
26
Nairobi
8
Naples
New Orleans 8
-4
New York
12
Nice
21
Nicosia
0
Oslo
4
Paris
27
Perth
1
Prague
-4
Reykjavik
4
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 30
19
Riyadh
11
Rome
San Francisco 9
28
Santiago
28
S鉶 Paulo
0
Seoul
27
Seychelles
30
Singapore
St Petersburg 0
4
Stockholm
27
Sydney
19
Tel Aviv
21
Tenerife
8
Tokyo
1
Vancouver
6
Venice
6
Vienna
8
Warsaw
Washington -3
1
Zurich
6
Slight
11
All readings local midday yesterday
S
S
B
**
F
S
B
S
F
C
F
C
S
C
S
F
R
F
M
B
S
F
S
B
B
S
S
S
B
S
R
S
R
**
C
S
S
F
F
B
S
C
S
F
D
B
S
ney
Orkney
Calm
1
5
17
5
14
20
21
28
29
12
1
20
14
4
19
6
2
7
8
30
18
24
28
25
-15
5
14
22
27
2
17
7
4
2
17
**
1
20
26
15
20
26
32
20
21
25
15
23
21
e st te
(mph)
8
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
in s e d
34
ng eastwards.
eastwards A mixture of
rain clearing
sunshine and scattered showers later.
Moderate southerly winds, veering
westerly later. Maximum 6C (43F),
minimum 1C (34F).
Borders, SW Scotland, Lake District,
NE Eng, Cen N Eng, NW Eng: A band of
sleet and snow spreading eastwards
during the morning, showers following
in the afternoon. Moderate westerly
winds. Maximum 4C (39F), minimum
-1C (30F).
Wales, W Mids, IoM, Cen S Eng,
39
SW Eng, Republic of Ireland, N Ireland,
Channel Is: After a damp morning
with rain or showers, it will be a drier
afternoon with some bright spells.
Moderate to fresh winds. Maximum
10C (50F), minimum 0C (32F).
N Isles, NE Scotland, Moray Firth,
Aberdeen, Edinburgh & Dundee: A
rather cloudy day with light rain in
the south at times. Bright or sunny
spells in the Northern Isles. Light
southeasterly winds. Maximum
3C (37F), minimum -2C (28F).
Noon today
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
7
9
11
Wednesday
Another wet and windy day with bands
of rain spreading across the British
Isles. A risk of o
igh ground
in Scotland
ngland.
Max 10C, n 1
1
5
6
8
The Times weather
page is provided
by Weatherquest
Prague and Budapest
I N C LU D E S T R A I N T R A N S F E R B E T W E E N C I T I E S
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
Ht
09:55 3.8
02:55 10.7
07:23 3.2
02:51 10.2
01:29 4.7
07:11 5.9
08:04 3.7
01:07 4.3
08:32 3.1
07:37 3.5
06:46 4.9
01:59 6.5
11:05 4.9
07:24 8.1
09:43 6.3
05:21 2.4
02:10 5.7
07:30 8.0
07:12 5.9
01:08 5.9
01:54 3.2
00:34 4.6
07:40 4.3
07:23 5.5
06:30 4.1
02:14 7.8
12:10 4.7
02:38 1.6
Ht
22:06 3.9
15:36 11.2
19:41 3.3
15:27 10.6
13:59 4.9
19:50 5.9
20:13 3.8
13:32 4.6
21:05 3.2
20:20 3.6
19:02 5.2
14:52 6.5
23:25 5.0
19:50 8.5
22:25 6.5
18:29 2.3
14:42 6.1
19:56 8.4
19:44 5.8
13:39 6.2
14:49 3.6
13:04 4.9
20:04 4.2
19:56 5.5
19:02 4.0
14:48 8.2
--:--15:01 1.6
8
H
Synoptic situation
A deep area of low pressure
centred over the British Isles
will bring an unsettled day, with
strong and gusty winds. A cold
front will bring a band of rain,
sleet and snow across central
and northern areas. Snow will
accumulate in places during
the morning. Rain, sleet and
snow also affecting northwest
Europe, drier and brighter in
southern and eastern areas.
SI X NIGH TS FRO M
CITY
�9
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Bude,
Cornwall, 7.6C
Coldest: Cairngorm, -6.7C
Wettest: Aultbea,
Ross and Cromarty, 17.4mm
Sunniest: Exeter, 5.7hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 08.05
Sun sets: 15.58
Moon rises: 13.34
Moon sets: 04.26 Sat
Full moon: January 2
O
n this day 210 years
ago the frigate HMS
Anson was shipwrecked
on the coast of Cornwall,
a tragedy that helped
to inspire the invention of a rocket
line for saving lives.
HMS Anson left Falmouth in
Cornwall on Christmas Eve 1807 to
support the Royal Navy?s blockade
of the French fleet at Brest. As the
ship sailed down the Channel she
faced a severe storm and Captain
Charles Lydiard decided to return
to port.
The Anson reached the south
coast of Cornwall, but with breakers
ahead and unable to sail back out to
the open seas, Lydiard?s only option
was to anchor off Loe Bar, a great
bank of sand near Helston.
In fierce winds and huge waves,
the first anchor cable broke early in
the morning of December 29, 1807,
and another cable broke shortly
afterwards. The storm then drove
the Anson towards the shore
and the captain ordered the ship to
be run on to what he thought was a
soft sandy bar.
Only when she ran aground did
he discover that it was a sand bar
covering rocks. The ship rolled, her
main mast snapped and several
hours later she broke up.
Watched by hundreds of
spectators onshore, the pounding
waves prevented boats from being
launched from the ship, or from the
shore. Many of the crew were swept
away, although some managed to
crawl along the fallen mast and
reach safety. More than 120 men
were lost, including the captain.
Among the onlookers was a local
Helston man, Henry Trengrouse,
who was appalled at how the sailors
had drowned only yards from safety.
Trengrouse was determined to
find a way to save lives from
shipwrecks close to shore, and in
1808 he invented a line fired by a
rocket on to a ship. A safety cable
and rescue chair could then be
attached, which would enable
survivors to be winched off the
ship. It was the forerunner of the
modern-day rocket line ? the
breeches buoy ? that has saved
thousands of lives and is still in use.
16:03-08:17
16:35-08:16
16:31-07:48
16:41-07:48
16:46-07:46
16:20-08:17
16:30-07:57
16:29-07:36
16:27-07:55
16:15-08:01
16:17-07:36
16:57-07:51
16:24-07:51
P
rague and Budapest are two of Europe's most important historical cities,
you will be able to take in the rich and varied history of both cultures and
see some of the most amazing attractions.
PER PERSON
Return flights from London
Three nights stay at the four star
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Daily breakfast in both cities
Selected departures January to April, June and August, 2018.
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*Call for other airports. Price is based on January to April, June and August, 2018. May, July and September, 2018 �9pp. ?Book now from just �pp deposit, for departures March 1, 2018 to October 31, 2018. Final balance is due four weeks before travel with equal monthly instalments. Prices based on two people sharing standard double/
twin accommodation. All holidays subject to availability. Operated by, and your resulting contract will be with Travel Interaction LTD, 5th Floor, Jansel House, Hitchin Road, Luton, LU2 7XH. ATOL protected. KL682.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
57
2G M
Sport
KAMRAN JEBREILI/AP
Sizing John defeat
shakes up Cup odds
Mark Souster Racing Writer
The betting for the Cheltenham Gold
Cup was dramatically shaken up
yesterday after the shock defeat of
Sizing John, the pre-Festival favourite
and defending champion.
The seven-year-old trailed in second
last in the Christmas Chase at Leopardstown and was immediately reported
by the jockey Robbie Power to have
finished in distress.
After being inspected by vets, last
season?s Gold Cup hero was found to
have an unspecified medical problem,
described as clinically abnormal. This
could possibly be breathing related.
Power said: ?Hopefully it?s nothing too
serious.? Further details are expected
today. King George winner Might Bite
has emerged as the new favourite for
the showpiece event in March.
The upset came on a day of tragedy as
two horses had to be put down after
falls at the course. Nichols Canyon, the
only horse to have beaten Faugheen
and an eight-times grade one winner ?
including the Stayers? Hurdle at Cheltenham in March ? died after falling at
the final flight on the first circuit of the
Christmas Hurdle. Zabana then suffered a fatal injury in Sizing John?s race.
Questions were asked of the Leopardstown authorities, who reinstated
the hurdle at which Nichols Canyon fell
having excluded it from the first race
because of low sun. Some reports
suggested that he attempted to jump a
shadow. Lordan Wyer, the clerk of the
Doncaster
Rob Wright
12.25 Canny Style (nap) 2.40 Got Away
12.55 Tomorrow Mystery 3.10 Muthabir
1.30 Master Of Verse
3.40 Beggars Cross
2.05 High Jinx
Thunderer: 1.30 Azzuri (nap). 2.05 Chato.
Going: good to soft, soft in places (hdles); soft,
good to soft in places (chase) 6 7am inspection
At The Races
12.25
Mares? Handicap Hurdle
(�899: 2m 128y) (8)
42-22 PASSING CALL 38 (BF) A King 4-11-12
W Hutchinson
210-P GRAND TURINA 59 (D) Miss V Williams 6-11-12
C Deutsch (3)
3 0/612 WOOLSTONE ONE 33 (H,D,BF) Miss E Lavelle 5-11-11
A Coleman
T Scudamore
4 1F-22 ARIAN 47 (D,BF) J Flint 5-11-10
D Crosse
5 2-142 THE CRAZED MOON 29 H Oliver 5-11-8
J Quinlan
6 -5505 BEYEH 12 (D) M Appleby 9-11-2
21 CANNY STYLE 29 K A Ryan 4-11-2
B Hughes
7
132 CUBSWIN 10 (D) N King 3-10-0
T Whelan
8
7-2 Passing Call, 9-2 Canny Style, Woolstone One, 6-1 Cubswin, 15-2 Arian,
The Crazed Moon, 9-1 Beyeh, Grand Turina.
1
2
Rob Wright?s choice: Canny Style looks well treated on her
handicap debut
Dangers: Cubswin, Passing Call
12.55
Fillies? Juvenile Maiden Hurdle
(3-Y-O: �899: 2m 128y) (7)
course, said he was ?comfortable? with
the decision. ?By race three I had a look
again and the sun had moved . . . the
glare was gone from it.?
The Willie Mullins-trained sevenyear-old had won 12 of his 30 races and
amassed more than �0,000 in prize
money. The race was won by Apple?s
Jade, who is now an even firmer favourite to retain her Mares? Hurdle crown in
March.
Jessica Harrington had skipped the
King George on Tuesday, preferring to
keep Sizing John nearer to home as she
prepared her charge for Cheltenham.
Although the yielding ground would
not have been ideal for the odds-on
favourite, his performance was nothing
short of disappointing, but was put into
some perspective after the vet?s report.
Michael O?Leary?s Gigginstown
House Stud operation filled the first
three places, with Road To Respect
prevailing. Sizing John only beat one
home, Yorkhill, who also failed to fire
and clearly showed that he does not
stay three miles.
2.05
Novices? Hurdle
(�899: 2m 3f 88y) (12)
5-31 DON'T ASK 27 W Greatrex 4-11-5
G Sheehan
1
T Dowson (3)
2 1-P30 ALLMYOWN 20 P Kirby 6-10-12
N Fehily
3 /10-4 BLACK OP 28 (C) T George 6-10-12
W Hutchinson
4 1206- CHATO 302 A King 5-10-12
0 DEBACLE 28 J Eustace 4-10-12
J Quinlan
5
35 EUXTON LANE 36 O Sherwood 5-10-12
L Aspell
6
2-6 FROZEN FLAME 73 Jonjo O'Neill 4-10-12
K Moore (3)
7
HIGH JINX T Easterby 9-10-12
B Hughes
8
T Scudamore
9 130-2 KING OF REALMS 35 I Williams 5-10-12
A Coleman
10 5-204 SOME AMBITION 39 (T) C Longsdon 4-10-12
0P THE LAST OF THEM 20 T Lacey 5-10-12
A Johns
11
J E Moore
12 43-65 TOOSEY 13 (T) T Symonds 6-10-12
13-8 Black Op, 2-1 High Jinx, 100-30 King Of Realms, 8-1 Don't Ask, 16-1
Chato, Frozen Flame, 25-1 Euxton Lane, 66-1 others.
Wright choice: High Jinx, high-class on the Flat, can make a
belated winning start over jumps Dangers: Black Op, Chato
2.40
Mares? Chase
(Listed: �,475: 2m 4f 115y) (4)
114-2 ANTARTICA DE THAIX 50 (T,D) P Nicholls 7-11-2
S Twiston-Davies
H Skelton
2 -2F13 RENE'S GIRL 44 (D) D Skelton 7-10-12
A P Heskin
3 3-223 SONG SAA 14 (T,D) T George 7-10-12
L Aspell
4 -4140 GOT AWAY O Sherwood 4-10-6
11-8 Antartica De Thaix, 2-1 Rene's Girl, 3-1 Got Away, 10-1 Song Saa.
1
Wright choice: Got Away, useful in France, can make the
most of her light weight here Danger: Antartica De Thaix
3.10
Handicap Hurdle (�630: 3m) (10)
1.30
Wright choice: Muthabir is unexposed at this trip and can
add to his Kempton win Dangers: Oh Land Abloom, Sam Red
Novices? Handicap Chase
(�256: 2m 78y) (5)
1P1-3 COPAIN DE CLASSE 55 (D,BF) P Nicholls 5-11-8
S Twiston-Davies
3F-21 ROBBING THE PREY 31 (D) J M Jefferson 6-11-7 B Hughes
12113 AZZURI 108 (T,D,BF) D Skelton 5-11-5
H Skelton
-R465 MASTER OF VERSE 123 (H,D) Miss V Williams 8-10-10
C Deutsch (3)
D Cook
5 1-253 RAMONEX 35 (D) R Hobson 6-10-10
2-1 Copain De Classe, 11-4 Azzuri, 3-1 Robbing The Prey, 13-2 Master Of Verse,
Ramonex.
1
2
3
4
Wright choice: Master Of Verse, well-in on the pick of his
Irish form, makes his debut for a new yard Danger: Azzuri
Blinkered first time: Doncaster 3.10 Capote. 3.40
Zeroeshadesofgrey. Southwell 12.45 Crystal
Deauville.
has the hunger to lift a 17th world
title as he beat Keegan Brown 4-0
to reach the William Hill PDC
World Championship
quarter-finals last night (Gary
Jacob writes). The 57-year-old will
retire from the professional game
after the tournament.
?I will give Barry Hearn [the
sport?s ringmaster] a headache as
I am the last person they want to
win the title as I won?t be here to
defend it next year,? Taylor said.
The No 6 seed hit 12 of 19
doubles and threw a bullseye for a
122 finish in the second set.
Brown, a medical laboratory
assistant, did not appear in the
right frame of mind when he was
caught humming along with the
crowd as they chanted Taylor?s
name at Alexandra Palace, north
London.
Brown missed double 18 when
poised to reduce the deficit to 2-1.
Then, when he was one dart from
making it 3-1, Taylor recorded his
third finish above 100 for victory.
Tonight, Taylor will play Gary
Anderson, the Scottish No 3 seed.
Jamie Lewis, a qualifier from
Wales who previously knocked
out Peter Wright ? the No 2 seed
? beat James Richardson 4-1 and
will take on Darren Webster.
Cheltenham, March 16
William Hill 4-1 Might Bite, 6-1 Sizing
John, 10-1 Road To Respect, 12-1
Coney Island, Native River, Our
Duke, 14-1 Thistlecrack, 20-1 Bristol
De Mai, Disko, Total Recall, Whisper,
Yorkhill, 25-1 Outlander, 33-1 others.
Wright choice: Tomorrow Mystery, best of these on the
Flat, looks a good recruit to jumps Danger: Let?s Be Happy
00 I CARE DES SOURCES 37 Jonjo O'Neill 10-12 K Moore (3)
LET'S BE HAPPY 66F Ali Stronge 10-12
B Powell
5 MIRZAM 58 T Symonds 10-12
J E Moore
2 SHEE'S LUCKY 39 N Mulholland 10-12
N Fehily
5 SHINE BABY SHINE 27 (T) P Kirby 10-12
T Dowson (3)
SIN SIN 42F N Hawke 10-12
D Cook
TOMORROW MYSTERY 113F (T) P Nicholls 10-12
S Twiston-Davies
11-8 Tomorrow Mystery, 5-2 Shee's Lucky, 5-1 Mirzam, 12-1 I Care Des
Sources, 14-1 Let's Be Happy, Sin Sin, 16-1 Shine Baby Shine.
Darts Phil Taylor showed that he
Latest Gold Cup odds
H Skelton
1 311F4 SAM RED 20 (T,B,D) D Skelton 6-11-12
H Teal (7)
2 2-014 OH LAND ABLOOM 36 (D) N King 7-11-10
1124P
TERRY
THE
FISH
20
(P)
Jonjo
O'Neill
5-11-10
A
Coleman
3
T Dowson (3)
4 43360 NAUTICAL NITWIT 24 (D) P Kirby 8-11-7
C O'Farrell
5 1F6-0 ANOTHER BILL 54 N Richards 7-11-7
6 21533 BLAIRS COVE 14 (T) D Skelton 5-11-4 Bridget Andrews (3)
C Nichol
7 /551- WICKED SPICE 537 (CD) N Richards 8-10-13
I Popham
8 -4431 MUTHABIR 32 (C,D) R Phillips 7-10-12
K Moore (3)
9 4/FUF CAPOTE 20 (B,D) Jonjo O'Neill 9-10-11
J Bowen (5)
10 3-505 ALLBARNONE 41 G Hanmer 9-10-7
11-2 Blairs Cove, 6-1 Sam Red, Wicked Spice, 13-2 Another Bill, 7-1 Nautical
Nitwit, 8-1 Muthabir, Oh Land Abloom, Terry The Fish, 12-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Taylor through to last
eight in his swansong
3.40
Handicap Chase (�256: 3m) (10)
1 220-0 GONALSTON CLOUD 20 (P,CD) N Kent 10-11-12 A Wedge
2 22P-2 DRUMLEE SUNSET 28 (BF) T George 7-11-12 C Gethings (3)
N Fehily
3 121P1 GINGILI 66 (T,V,D) J Farrelly 7-11-11
4 3P-56 ZEROESHADESOFGREY 33 (B,C,D) N King 8-11-8 T Whelan
J Colliver
5 3P-65 SILVER TASSIE 44 (T,D) M D Hammond 9-11-8
L Aspell
6 311/P STEEL SUMMIT 20 (C,D) D Dennis 8-11-7
A Pogson
7 PP-33 CUSHEEN BRIDGE 13 (T) C Pogson 9-11-5
H Bannister
8 011-0 GANBEI 24 (T,D) M W Easterby 11-11-5
9 3-104 BEGGARS CROSS 35 (T,P,CD) Jonjo O'Neill 7-11-2 A Coleman
W Kennedy
10 1PP2- TWOJAYSLAD 246 (D) I Williams 8-10-6
9-2 Gingili, 5-1 Twojayslad, 6-1 Drumlee Sunset, 7-1 Beggars Cross, 15-2
Ganbei, 9-1 Cusheen Bridge, Silver Tassie, Zeroeshadesofgrey, 12-1 others.
Wright choice: Beggars Cross could benefit from the
fitting of a tongue-tie Dangers: Drumlee Sunset, Gingili
Murray gets
back into
the swing
A
ndy Murray
held his first
training session
after arriving in Abu
Dhabi yesterday as he
continues to recover
from a hip injury. The
Briton practised with
Southwell
12.15 Medici Oro
2.25 Crosse Fire
12.45 Street Sensation 3.00 Scotch Myst (nb)
1.15 The Great Wall
3.30 Star Ascending
1.50 Katie Gale
Going: standard
At The Races
Draw: no advantage
Nursery Handicap
(2-Y-O: �264: 1m 13y) (12)
S A Gray
1 (8) 3246 SUNHILL LAD 13 Mrs A Duffield 9-7
Fran Berry
2 (6) 14443 FELISA 23 (V) P D Evans 9-6
T Eaves
3 (3) 64032 MEDICI ORO 18 D Brown 9-5
J Gormley (5)
4 (7) 03021 MR CARBONATOR 18 (CD) P Kirby 9-4
A Mullen
5 (11) 33660 RAVEN'S RAFT 18 (H,P) M Appleby 9-3
K O'Neill
6 (9) 54000 JAFFAR 8 (B) S Dixon 9-2
C Lee (3)
7 (2) 54036 COULDN'T COULD SHE 64 A West 9-0
L Morris
8 (1) 04040 OPTIMICKSTICKHILL 10 S Dixon 8-13
J Garritty
9 (4) 35050 SALIRE 18 Mrs A Duffield 8-13
10(12) 33223 PROGRESSIVE JAZZ 14 (V,BF) K Burke 8-11
Rhiain Ingram (5)
P Pilley (3)
11 (5) 06005 THUNDERCLOUD 18 (P) S Dixon 8-10
J Hart
12(10) 00443 BLUE HAVANA 18 (V) J J Quinn 8-9
5-2 Mr Carbonator, 7-2 Medici Oro, 7-1 Felisa, 8-1 Blue Havana, 9-1 Couldn't
Could She, Progressive Jazz, 10-1 Optimickstickhill, 12-1 others.
12.45
Novice Stakes (2-Y-O: �911: 5f) (8)
Fran Berry
1 (1) 4210 MAGIC APPLAUSE 183 (H,D) G Scott 9-3
45 TAKEONEFORTHETEAM 36 D M Loughnane 9-1
2 (2)
A Mullen
4 A FEW GOOD MEN 13 J Santos 9-0
Rossa Ryan (7)
3 (8)
00 ARGON 13 (P) Sir M Prescott 9-0
L Morris
4 (3)
D C Costello
5 (5) 04215 MAGIC PULSE 22 (D) D Griffiths 8-13
0 STREET SENSATION 13 (BF) R Fahey 8-13
J Garritty
6 (7)
7 (6) 60561 CRYSTAL DEAUVILLE 6 (T,B,D) Miss G Kelleway 8-12
H Shaw (7)
S A Gray
8 (4) 0503 IDEAL SPIRIT 13 Mrs K Tutty 8-5
11-4 Crystal Deauville, 100-30 Magic Pulse, 7-2 Magic Applause, 13-2 Street
Sensation, 8-1 A Few Good Men, 10-1 Argon, 12-1 others.
Today?s meeting at Kelso has been
abandoned due to frost and forecast snow
1.15
Maiden Stakes (�911: 7f) (7)
60 FIREGUARD 10 E Owen 4-9-5
Fran Berry
1 (6)
RIVERSIDE BRIDGE 36J B Ellison 5-9-5
S Donohoe
2 (4)
3 (1) 024 THE GREAT WALL 133 (BF) M Appleby 3-9-5 A Mullen
L Morris
4 (7) 03325 BEYOND RECALL 13 (B) A Watson 3-9-0
DI'S PRIDE D Bridgwater 4-9-0
R Hornby
5 (5)
R Winston
6 (3) 0055/ MY GIRL JO 891 J Balding 5-9-0
K O'Neill
7 (2) 4-0 THUNDERBELL 25 (P) S Dixon 3-9-0
Evens The Great Wall, 11-8 Beyond Recall, 14-1 Thunderbell, 16-1 others
1.50
Handicap (�911: 2m 102y) (8)
1 (4) 54116 VERCINGETORIX 29J (P,D,BF) I Jardine 6-10-0
J Gormley (5)
2 (3) 46004 SONG OF LOVE 7 (P) Shaun Harris 5-9-12 D C Costello
A Mullen
3 (7) 32550 KATIE GALE 14 (CD) M Appleby 7-9-5
B A Curtis
4 (5) 13306 DEEP RESOLVE 115 (C) S Haynes 6-9-4
Fran Berry
5 (2) 40603 WORDINESS 20 (D) P D Evans 9-9-4
6 (1) 06444 RULER OF THE NILE 14 (CD) R Stephens 5-9-3
C Shepherd (3)
S Donohoe
7 (8) 00044 SERENITY NOW 22J (P,C) B Ellison 9-9-3
8 (6) -1620 KOHINOOR DIAMOND 16 (B,BF) Sir M Prescott 3-8-11
L Morris
3-1 Kohinoor Diamond, Vercingetorix, 6-1 Serenity Now, Wordiness, 8-1 others.
2.25
tomorrow
Our series on the 2017
highlights continues
with Bolt?s track finale
and Britain?s relay gold
3.00
Kelso off
Rob Wright
12.15
Jamie Delgado, his
coach, for nearly 90
minutes and will
decide today whether
to fly to Australia and
make his comeback
in the Brisbane
International.
Classified Stakes (�264: 6f) (9)
C Shepherd (3)
1 (5) 40200 ALL OR NOTHIN 8 (D) P Butler 8-9-0
2 (1) 05-42 CLERGYMAN 261 (D) R Bastiman 5-9-0 Phil Dennis (3)
R Winston
3 (3) -0002 DECLAMATION 28 J Butler 7-9-0
K Lundie (5)
4 (2) 60650 DUSTY BIN 186 (H) S R Bowring 3-9-0
T Eaves
5 (9) 26033 GETTIN' LUCKY 8 (P) J Balding 4-9-0
J Gormley (5)
6 (4) -0036 HUGIE BOY 8 (T,B,D) S Dixon 5-9-0
A Mullen
7 (8) 60405 RACING ANGEL 25 A Nicholls 5-9-0
8 (6) 52432 SATCHVILLE FLYER 8 (D,BF) P D Evans 6-9-0 Fran Berry
J Garritty
9 (7) 03004 SCOTCH MYST 16 (CD,BF) R Fahey 3-9-0
3-1 Satchville Flyer, Scotch Myst, 5-1 Declamation, Dusty Bin, 7-1 Clergyman,
Racing Angel, 20-1 Hugie Boy, 25-1 Gettin' Lucky, 33-1 All Or Nothin.
3.30
Handicap (�264: 1m 3f 23y) (12)
(1) 00060 THE LOCK MASTER 8 (V,CD) M Appleby 10-9-11 L Morris
A Mullen
(7) 40001 DREAM MAGIC 7 D M Loughnane 3-9-11
T Eaves
(5) 06006 MASTERFUL ACT 25 (CD) J Balding 10-9-8
(4) 04551 GO ON GAL 123 (P,C) Miss J Feilden 4-9-6 Milly Naseb (7)
J Gormley (5)
(8) 05004 MANGATA 30J P Kirby 3-9-6
S Woods (7)
(12) 01624 INGLEBY SPRING 16 R Fahey 5-9-3
(10) 55412 STAR ASCENDING 7 (B,CD,BF) J Candlish 5-9-2
Rossa Ryan (7)
C Hardie
8 (2) 00020 PINDARIC 31 (P) A Lockwood 3-8-11
R Hornby
9 (11) /0-00 AMBUSCADE 43 N Mulholland 4-8-9
J Hart
10 (6) 22000 CRAKEHALL LAD 13 (V,C) Andrew Crook 6-8-9
11 (3) 5-003 MASTER OF SONG 68 (P,C) S R Bowring 10-8-9 K O'Neill
Phil Dennis (3)
12 (9) 06404 MONZINO 8 (C) M Chapman 9-8-9
5-2 Dream Magic, 3-1 Ingleby Spring, 4-1 Star Ascending, 10-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Handicap (�690: 5f) (8)
R Winston
1 (6) 11133 FOOLAAD 223 (T,D) S R Bowring 6-9-12
2 (4) 00161 CAPTAIN LARS 10 (V,CD) D Shaw 8-9-12
Nicola Currie (7)
Rossa Ryan (7)
3 (8) 15106 PIAZON 7 (H,E,B,CD) J Butler 6-9-11
Fran Berry
4 (1) 56460 BROTHER TIGER 125 (D) D Griffiths 8-9-7
T Eaves
5 (5) 35200 MIDNIGHT MACCHIATO 18 D Brown 4-9-5
33004
CROSSE
FIRE
7
(V,CD)
S
Dixon
5-9-2
K O'Neill
6 (2)
L Morris
7 (3) 44044 PENNY DREADFUL 15 (B,D) S Dixon 5-8-11
8 (7) 53362 RED STRIPES 10 (B,C,D) Mrs L Williamson 5-8-7 A Mullen
3-1 Captain Lars, 4-1 Foolaad, 5-1 Piazon, 7-1 Brother Tiger, Crosse Fire, Penny
Dreadful, Red Stripes, 14-1 Midnight Macchiato.
Course specialists
Doncaster: Trainers J Eustace, 3 from 8 runners,
37.5%; Miss E Lavelle, 11 from 38, 28.9%; A King,
22 from 93, 23.7%; N Richards, 8 from 36, 22.2%.
Jockey W Hutchinson, 9 from 36 rides, 25.0%.
Southwell: Trainers A Watson, 4 from 11, 36.4%;
G Scott, 3 from 9, 33.3%; N Mulholland, 10 from 35,
28.6%; D Brown, 13 from 51, 25.5%; Sir M Prescott, 8
from 36, 22.2%. Jockey J Gormley, 5 from 18, 27.8%.
Yesterday?s racing results
Catterick
Going: good to soft (good in places)
12.30 (1m 7f 156yd hdle) 1, Enola Gay (A
Coleman, 15-8 fav); 2, Teescomponents
Lad (9-4); 3, Swashbuckle (5-2). 12 ran.
1Nl, nk. Miss V Williams.
1.05 (2m 3f 51yd ch) 1, Paddling (F
O?Toole, 4-1); 2, Frankie Ballou (17-2); 3,
Reverse The Charge (33-1). 9 ran. 14l, 1Nl.
Micky Hammond.
1.35 (1m 7f 156yd hdle) 1, Shalamzar
(Miss Becky Smith, 12-1); 2, Roman
Numeral (10-1); 3, Calypso Delegator
(25-1). 12 ran. NR: Discoverie. 1Nl, 1l.
Micky Hammond.
2.05 (1m 7f 145yd ch) 1, Lake Field (D
Bass, 4-9 fav); 2, Manwell (10-1). 4 ran.
Only 2 finished. NR: Ramonex. 6l, K Bailey.
2.40 (3m 1f 54yd ch) 1, Attention Please
(R Day, 4-1); 2, More Madness (18-1); 3,
Captain Mowbray (10-1). 9 ran. Nk, 1Kl.
Mrs R Dobbin.
3.15 (3m 1f hdle) 1, Triopas (C Gethings,
2-1); 2, American Life (5-2); 3, Durbanville
(15-8 fav). 7 ran. Sh hd, 9l. T Lacey.
Placepot: �.00.
Quadpot: �.10.
Lingfield Park
Going: standard
11.40 (1m 4f) 1, Bertie Moon (Keelan
Baker, 4-1); 2, Ceyhan (5-4 fav); 3,
Awesome Rock (40-1). 8 ran. 2Ol, 4l. M
Appleby.
12.10 (7f 1yd) 1, Muhajjal (Rossa Ryan,
3-1 fav); 2, Masquerade Bling (7-1); 3, The
Special One (4-1). 9 ran. NR: Frozen Lake.
Nk, 1Nl. G Peckham.
12.45 (7f 1yd) 1, Ubla (William Cox, 10-1);
2, Captain Pugwash (7-4 fav); 3, Haraz
(8-1). 9 ran. Kl, Ol. Miss G Kelleway.
1.15 (7f 1yd) 1, Maverick Officer (S
Donohoe, 14-1); 2, Ode To Autumn (11-8
fav); 3, Zalshah (9-4). 10 ran. NR:
Toshima. Ol, nk. D Simcock.
1.45 (1m 7f 169yd) 1, Royal Reserve
(Kieran Shoemark, 10-1); 2, Rydan (11-2);
3, Island Brave (7-2). 7 ran. NR: Echo
Brava. Sh hd, sh hd. D O?Meara.
2.20 (1m 1yd) 1, Swiss Vinnare (Nicola
Currie, 4-1); 2, Paradise Lake (10-11 fav);
3, Deliberator (5-2). 9 ran. 3Nl, Ol. P
McEntee.
2.55 (7f 1yd) 1, Bezos (Rossa Ryan, 5-1); 2,
Corazon Espinado (13-8 fav); 3, Isoletta
(8-1). 12 ran. 2l, 2Nl. R Hannon.
3.30 (6f 1yd) 1, Art Nouvelle (A Kirby, 9-2);
2, Juan Horsepower (7-1); 3, Hamish
Mcgonagain (5-2 fav). 9 ran. 1l, Ol. Joseph
P O?Brien (Ire).
Placepot: �.70.
Quadpot: �00.
6 Leicester: Abandoned (snow)
558
2G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Sport Rugby union
Improving England
can stop us doing
hat-trick ? McCaw
The former All Blacks
captain says the Lions
were unlucky and fears
threat of Eddie Jones?s
team, writes Alex Lowe
Richie McCaw is two years into his
rugby retirement and keeps himself
busy flying a helicopter. The former
New Zealand captain did a shift on
Christmas Day to help fight a fire that
was threatening houses near Hororata,
30 miles west of Christchurch.
So when he gets the chance to catch
up with Steve Hansen, McCaw tends to
have the same questions for the New
Zealand head coach as everybody else.
The All Blacks have just come
through their worst year since 2009 in
terms of results ? two defeats and a
draw in 14 Tests. A win percentage of
just under 80 hardly constitutes a crisis
but McCaw, who won 148 caps and
ended up on the winning side 131 times,
believes that New Zealand were
fortunate to draw the Test series with
the British & Irish Lions.
Meanwhile, he sees an England team
on the march and, under Eddie Jones,
developing some very familiar traits of
ruthlessness and self-belief that make
them a genuine threat to New Zealand?s
hegemony.
What does it all mean heading into
2018 and the hotly anticipated showdown between the All Blacks and
England at Twickenham in November, the biggest standalone fixture
since the 2015 World Cup final? ?I
have just been asking Steve the samee
question,? McCaw says.
Hansen?s line all year has been
that 2017 was for generating greater
depth in the All Black ranks, for
laying a platform from which he can
England?s 2018 fixtures
February 4 Italy, Rome
February 10 Wales, Twickenham
February 24 Scotland, Murrayfield
March 10 France, Paris
March 17 Ireland, Twickenham
June 9 South Africa, Johannesburg
June 16 South Africa, Bloemfontein
June 23 South Africa, Cape Town
November 3 South Africa,
Twickenham
November 10 New Zealand,
Twickenham
November 17 Japan, Twickenham
November 24 Australia,
Twickenham
Since his
retirement
from rugby,
McCaw has
worked as
a helicopter
pilot
Aviva Premiership preview
Tonight
Bath v Wasps, 7.45pm, BT Sport 1
Wasps have suffered another injury
setback with Josh Bassett facing a
lengthy spell on the sidelines due to a
serious hamstring problem.
The 25-year-old wing joins Elliot
Daly, Nathan Hughes and Jimmy
Gopperth in being out of action until
at least mid-February.
?It looks quite a nasty injury, it?s a
high-end grade hamstring injury,? Dai
Young, the Wasps director of rugby,
said. ?It seems to be the way our
season?s going. We get one player
back, and you think you?re going to
get a little selection headache.?
Marcus Watson is on the left wing
for Wasps for his first Premiership
appearance since October and will
face his younger brother, Anthony.
Kyle Eastmond returns at centre to
take on his former club and Wasps
have also recalled James Haskell at
blind-side flanker.
Bath beat Wasps in October but
have lost their past two league
games, to Exeter Chiefs and Sale
Sharks.
Todd Blackadder said the secondhalf capitulation at Sale ruined his
Christmas. ?It was a poor performance
and we recognise that but we have a
chance to right those wrongs
straightaway,? the Bath director of
rugby said. ?This team has the
character and no lack of motivation to
show what we can do.?
Jonathan Joseph returns at outside
centre for Bath while Luke Charteris,
Tom Dunn and Beno Obano are back
to bolster the pack.
launch New Zealand?s bid to complete a
hat-trick of World Cup wins in 2019.
McCaw, though, is looking over his
shoulder at England?s development
with some concern, the first time that a
Kiwi rugby personality has done that
since 2003.
It may have been a relatively low-key
autumn but the manner in which
England dispatched Australia 30-6,
scoring 24 points in the final 26 minutes, stood out to McCaw as something
special. It was a performance, he
believes, that bore all the hallmarks of
New Zealand and their knack of
winning games in the final quarter.
Asked whether England, ranked
No 2 in the world with just one defeat in
their past 23 matches, have established
themselves as the biggest threat to
New Zealand, McCaw says: ?Absolutely. There is no doubt Eddie has instilled
some confidence in what they are
doing. They are playing rugby that is
pretty smart and backing themselves.
?Teams compete with them for a
while ? if you look at the Aussies ?
and then, when the opportunity came,
it was 30 points to six and you go, ?How
did that happen??
?That is a sign of a good team that will
just have a wrestle for a while and, when
the chance comes, bang ? they nail it.
In these top-level games there is not a
lot between the top teams. It is about
opportunities that come and being
able to nail them and that is what the
All Blacks have been good at.
?It is whether you genuinely
believe it or not that is probably the
difference. I suspect the English are
probably at that point where they
do actually think they are on the
right track ? and they are right.?
New Zealand used 43 players
this year and a so-called poor
campaign still comprised a Rugby
Championship title and undefeated autumn tour, albeit they
Results
Christian Scotland-Williamson, the
Worcester Warriors forward, has left
the Aviva Premiership club to pursue
his dream of playing American
football. Scotland-Williamson, 24,
who made 23 appearances for
Worcester after joining in 2013, will
work with NFL coaches in Florida
over the next few months in the hope
of earning a place on a team roster for
the 2018 season. ?This is a once-in-alifetime opportunity and one that I
simply can?t turn down,? he said.
Football
Nov鑣 to answer charge
P
Exeter
11
Saracens
11
Wasps
11
Gloucester 11
Bath
11
Leicester
11
Newcastle
11
Sale
11
Harlequins 11
Northampton 11
Worcester
11
London Irish 11
W
9
7
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
4
3
1
D
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L F
2 315
4 336
4 316
4 255
5 269
5 271
5 206
6 280
6 275
7 254
8 196
10 189
A
190
190
257
282
251
261
263
246
298
293
287
344
B
9
7
6
5
6
4
4
8
5
6
6
4
Pts
45
35
34
33
30
28
28
28
25
22
18
8
were given a scare by Scotland. But
Rieko Ioane, World Rugby?s breakthrough player of the year, is well aware
that a substantial improvement will be
required to beat England at Twickenham in the first meeting between the
teams since 2014.
?It is going to be huge,? the All Blacks
wing says. ?England are a quality side
and they have quality players. Their
performances over the last couple of
years have been second to none.
?We have started something this year
with the amount of young players we
Forward heads for NFL
Words by Alex Lowe
How they stand
McCaw is on the floor at Twickenham as Manu Tuilagi breaks to score an England
Guy Nov鑣, who was sacked as
France coach on Wednesday and
replaced by Jacques Brunel, has been
summoned to answer a charge of
serious misconduct by the French
Rugby Federation. No specific
details of the alleged misconduct
have been revealed but L?蓂uipe, the
French sports newspaper, reported
that if the charge is proved, the
federation will not have to pay
compensation to Nov鑣 and his two
assistants, Yannick Bru and JeanFr閐閞ic Dubois.
Darts
Premier League
C Palace (0) 2 Arsenal
Townsend 49
Tomkins 89
25,762
(1) 3
Mustafi 25
S醤chez 62, 66
Basketball
NBA: Atlanta 113 Washington 99;
Charlotte 91 Boston 102; Chicago 92
NY Knicks 87; Golden State 126 Utah
101; Indiana 94 Dallas 98; LA Lakers
99 Memphis 109; Minnesota 128
Denver 125 (OT); New Orleans 128
Brooklyn 113; Oklahoma 124 Toronto
107; Sacramento 109 Cleveland 95.
BBL Championship: Plymouth 83
Worcester 86.
Cricket
Big Bash League
Sydney: Adelaide Strikers 167-3 (20
overs: A T Caery 83 not out). Sydney
Sixers 161-8 (20 overs: J C Silk 50).
Adelaide Strikers (2pts) won by six
runs.
Adelaide
Perth
Melbourne
Renegades
Brisbane
Sydney
Thunder
Sydney
Sixers
Melbourne
Stars
Hobart
have got coming through with the
All Blacks, but next year will definitely
be harder. We have a match against
England and it is obviously exciting. I
know it will be a lot harder to do what
we did this year because everyone is
getting better and better.?
If McCaw, 36, now has the luxury
of peering over his shoulder at England
or Ireland, he would caution the
All Blacks against doing the same
because he feels that becoming fixated
on the chasing pack is a sure-fire way to
trip up. Instead, he says the psyche of
P W T L NR R/R Pts
2 2 0 0 0 1.47 4
2 2 0 0 0 0.75 4
2 2 0 0
3 2 0 1
0 0.72
0 0.5
4
4
3 1 0 2
0 -0.9
2
3 0 0 3
0 -0.4
0
2 0 0 2
1 0 0 1
0 -0.7
0 -0.7
0
0
Ladbrokes PDC World Championship
Alexandra Palace, north London:
Third round: R Van Barneveld (Neth)
bt V Van der Voort (Neth) 4-1; M Van
Gerwen (Neth) bt G Price (Wales)
4-2; R Cross (Eng) bt J Henderson
(Scot) 4-1; D Van den Bergh (Bel)
bt M Suljovic (Austria) 4-0;
D Webster (Eng) bt A Alcinas (Sp)
4-0; J Lewis (Wales) bt J Richardson
(Eng) 4-1; P Taylor (Eng) bt K Brown
(Eng) 4-0. G Anderson (Scot) bt
S West (Eng) 4-2.
Ice hockey
NHL: Anaheim 1 Vegas 4; Boston 5
Ottawa 1; Carolina 3 Montreal 1;
Colorado 1 Arizona 3; Minnesota 4
Dallas 2; New Jersey 3 Detroit 1; New
York Islanders 3 Buffalo 2 (OT), New
York Rangers 1 Washington 0
(after penalties); Pittsburgh 5
Columbus 4 (after penalties); St
Louis 1 Nashville 2; Winnipeg 4
Edmonton 3.
Skiing
World Cup
Bormio, Italy: Men?s Downhill: 1, D
Paris (It) 1min 56.95sec; 2, A L
Svindal (Nor) 1:56.99; 3, K Jansrud
(Nor) 1:57.12; 4, B Feuz (Switz)
1:57.26; 5, H Reichelt (Austria)
1:57.34; 6, M Mayer (Austria)
1:57.56. Leading standings: 1,
Svindal 340pts; 2, Feuz 262; 3, K
Jansrud (Nor) 209.
World Cup
Lienz, Austria: Women?s Slalom: 1,
M Shiffrin (US) 1min 43.87sec; 2, W
Holdener (Switz) 1:44.76; 3, F
Hansdotter (Swe) 1:45.09; 4, B
Schild (Austria) 1:45.64; =5, P Vlhova
(Slovakia), E Alphand (Swe) 1:45.69.
Leading standings: 1, Shiffrin
380pts; 2, Vlhova 305; 3, Holdener
185.
Fixtures
Football
Darts
Kick-off 7.45
Sky Bet Championship: Cardiff v
Preston; Millwall v QPR.
League One: Doncaster v Rochdale;
Wigan v Charlton.
League Two: Morecambe v Yeovil.
Ladbrokes Scottish Championship:
St Mirren v Dundee Utd.
Alexandra Palace, London: William
Hill PDC World Championship.
Rugby union
Kick-off 7.45
Aviva Premiership: Bath v Wasps.
Greene King IPA Championship:
Doncaster v Yorkshire Carnegie;
Nottingham v London Scottish.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
59
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TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER MARC ASPLAND
Leicester must beat Exeter to
end talk of a club in crisis
Stuart Barnes
D
try in December 2012, the only time they have beaten New Zealand since 2003
the All Blacks will be to drive their own
standards and use 2018, and the game
against England in particular, as a
chance to assert their dominance.
?It has been pretty tough,? McCaw
says. ?I wouldn?t say it was absolute perfection [this year]. It is always a balance
because you want to keep winning, but
you want to make sure you have got
things up your sleeve for when you do
get an injury or different things come
along. To be able to do both, by and
large, is pretty important.
?I know, from a New Zealand rugby
point of view, rather than looking over
your shoulder at who might be coming,
you have to keep looking forward at
where and how you can be better
because you know that everyone else
will be better. That has always been the
way.
?When I was involved, that is what
we were doing, saying, ?What we have
done now is not going to be good
enough in 12 months? time.? If you ever
thought that was not the case, then you
are going to come second.?
Therein lies a warning to England.
efeat for Leicester Tigers
on Sunday and we surely
have ourselves another
crisis. Saracens ended
their own perceived crisis
by beating Leicester at Welford Road
last Sunday, ending their
once-in-a-decade losing run. Saracens
had lost a straight seven. Leicester
head to Exeter Chiefs with a sixth
defeat looming.
Saracens? headline horrors were put
away as soon as the final whistle blew
in Leicester. They have a home game
against 11th-placed Worcester
Warriors tomorrow. Nobody expects
them to lose. Two consecutive wins:
crisis over.
In Leicester?s case, six losses would
leave them in a dangerous situation.
They appear unlikely to escape their
European pool after Munster twice
outplayed them, and qualification for
the play-offs ? almost a divine rugby
right for the Tigers ? is no certainty.
If Exeter do as many expect and
win with a bonus-point flourish, the
c-word is going to be on every
Leicester supporter?s lips, on the
fingertips of many a rugby writer. A
crisis finds its way from one body to
another with ease. Maybe Saracens
left the virus in the East Midlands.
The good news for the Tigers is that it
will be gone soon. They next meet
bottom-of-the-table London Irish at
Welford Road. End of crisis.
Or at least the general perception
of one. The problem with a crisis is
one of interpretation. It is difficult to
define; especially when the primary
criterion is results. Win a couple of
easy games and a team surge back up
the table ? crisis over. Lose to sides
at the top end and crisis looms. A
crisis isn?t simply a matter of
Leicester?s Tom Youngs is
tackled during Saracens?
victory on Sunday
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winning or losing. Rather it is a
question of performance and the
factors that affect performance.
Performances lead to results. Good
and bad.
Mark McCall made the point before
the Clermont Auvergne Champions
Cup pool match in Barnet that the
five losses in a row that went before
comprised three narrow defeats (he
dismissed the Anglo-Welsh fixtures)
which could be put right. When the
French side demolished McCall?s men,
he admitted that this was a loss of an
altogether more substantial nature,
that the repeat game in France took
on sudden significance. ?Go and win
the next six games,? the director of
rugby said. The European champions
couldn?t, but were massively
competitive. A week later they
brushed the Tigers aside.
Crisis over; confidence returned.
Here we are getting nearer to the
essence of what truly constitutes a
crisis. The state of mind, the
self-belief. The ability to produce
performances when the pressure is
on. The Spain side who dominated
football for two European
Championships and a World Cup
appeared unbeatable and then one
day they fell off the cliff and have
never regained the heights. In last
week?s Sunday Times I
read David Walsh
on Rory McIlroy.
All those
top-ten finishes
without a
prayer of
winning
on any of the past 11 final days in the
majors.
A great golfer incapable of
producing the goods until the
pressure is off. The epitome of a
sporting crisis, surely? Not if he is
content with his life, his
achievements, his finances. Not if the
edge has gone. It?s not a crisis to the
sportsman but it is to his army of
acolytes who demand the fulfilment
of a mighty talent. There?s the
external perception of crisis and the
inward reality of the competitor.
Six straight defeats for Leicester: I
wouldn?t even dream of daring to ask
for the opinions of Martin Johnson,
Neil Back and those great Tigers
forwards of their all but invincible
early days of professionalism. But that
was then, this is now. What
constitutes a crisis for a team of
winners is more a case of unrealistic
aspirations for many professionals.
I know many of my old generation
of Bath players believe our old club
have been in constant crisis since
they beat Brive to win the Heineken
Cup in 1998. Only once have the club
flirted with relegation but their
inconsistency is seen as the sign of a
side lacking the desire to back up one
win after another. Last week?s loss at
Sale, the week after beating Toulon,
was expected by many a former Bath
man. But in Bath, there is no talk of
crisis. Expectations are lower than
once they were.
Northampton are an official crisis
club. They have dismissed their
director of rugby ? the surest sign.
Fans have paid the price of being
fooled by a few wins here and there
for the better part of three seasons
since winning the Premiership.
Leicester, of course, have been
on first-name terms with crisis in
recent years: the dismissal of
Richard Cockerill and, before
him, Dean Richards. It is no
more a respecter
of reputations than are Exeter.
Which brings us to
professional rugby?s topsyturvy world with Exeter
kings and Leicester
seemingly crumbling. The
Tigers need to roar on
Sunday.
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Sport Football
Why Klopp went
against instincts
to land Van Dijk
Paul Joyce
Northern Football Correspondent
There is an irony that among J黵gen
Klopp?s first comments on the signing
of Virgil van Dijk was a plea for Liverpool supporters to forget the price tag of
almost � million that has made him
the world?s most expensive defender.
After all, that was the same advice
that Anfield?s powerbrokers have been
offering Klopp throughout the lengthy,
at times complex, pursuit of the centre
back. This is not normally how the
Liverpool manager likes to do business.
Throughout Klopp?s managerial career
he has sided with nurture over nature,
the idea that developing talent can be
as useful as going out and buying
ready-made solutions.
The deal for Van Dijk, 26, is new
ground for Liverpool, obliterating their
transfer record, which stood at the
�.9 million paid for Mohamed Salah
in the summer (the arrival of Naby
Ke飔a for � million from RB Leipzig is
not until July 1), but the size of the
transfer also represents new territory
for Klopp.
There were occasions during the
pursuit of Van Dijk when Mike Gordon,
the president of Liverpool?s owner,
Fenway Sports Group (FSG), and
Michael Edwards, the sporting director, sought to offer context to allay any
lingering misgivings Klopp had that
they were being asked to pay too much.
The 6ft 4in Van Dijk has always been
Klopp?s No 1 defensive target, and his
delight at landing the player was clear
yesterday. There have never been any
doubts about the quality of the player.
Simply, the adjustment to the
money-obsessed world of the Premier
League has not always been an easy one
for the man at the helm, whose biggest
outlay at Borussia Dortmund was the
?27.5 million (now about �.5 million)
paid to prise Henrikh Mkhitaryan from
Shakhtar Donetsk in 2013.
?I can imagine people will think,
?Wow, what a number it is,? but for me it
is not really interesting,? Klopp said.
?We do not make the price, the market
makes the price and the first thing all
Liverpool supporters should forget
quite soon is the price. We only talk
about the player and what he brings ?
his qualities, mentality and character.?
At first glance the figure ? � million guaranteed and �million in
add-ons ? that has brought Van Dijk to
Anfield feels outlandish.
Yet realism needs to be applied. Van
Dijk had four and a half years left on his
deal at Southampton, whose position
was strengthened by the knowledge he
was wanted by Chelsea as far back as
January, while Manchester City were
especially keen, having contacted
officials at St Mary?s, and Arsenal
remained in the background.
Supply and demand also raised the
price. Pep Guardiola , the City manager,
had targeted Aymeric Laporte when he
took over and the Athletic Bilbao
World Cup winner
says racism is rife
Rhian Brewster has revealed the
racial abuse he has suffered playing
for Liverpool and England Under-17
and expressed his frustration at
football?s failure to tackle the issue.
The 17-year-old described seven
episodes in which he or a team-mate
were abused, including during
England?s Under-17 World Cup final
victory over Spain when an
opponent allegedly called Morgan
Gibbs-White a monkey. Liverpool
made an official complaint when
Brewster was targeted by Leonid
Mironov, the Spartak Moscow
captain, in a Uefa Youth League tie
three weeks ago and, in an interview
with The Guardian, he gave details.
?I got fouled,? he said. ?I was on
the floor and had the ball in my
hands. One of their players started
saying stuff in Russian to the ref . . .
Then their player leant over me,
right down to my face, and said,
?Suck my dick, you n***er.? ?
Mironov denies the claim.
Brewster said he was called ?a
n***er? in a youth league game with
Seville this season and heard his
team-mate Bobby Adekanye
subjected to monkey chants in the
game with Spartak in September.
defender had a � million buyout
clause to be settled in one payment.
Antonio Conte tried to sign Kalidou
Koulibaly upon arrival at Chelsea, but
Napoli rebuffed a � million bid.
Gordon will have received the
background information on Van Dijk
? as well as the price of the available
alternatives ? which he relayed to the
rest of FSG, including John W Henry,
the principal owner, and Tom Werner,
the Liverpool chairman.
Of course, the crucial factor in the
signing of Van Dijk was how Liverpool
repaired the relationship with Southampton after June?s spat when they
were accused of tapping up the player.
It was Gordon who, having told
Liverpool to publicly pull out of the race
for fear of a Premier League charge,
started building bridges with Ralph
Krueger, the Southampton chairman.
Liverpool did not bid officially during
the summer but reiterated they would
pay whatever it took if Southampton
were prepared to sell. That pledge was
in place on the final day of the August
transfer window. A phone call from St
Mary?s would have set the ball rolling.
Contact was recently re-established,
with Liverpool insistent that Van Dijk
was their No 1 choice but that they
would buy a defender next month
regardless and had other targets. The
back-up plan was not needed.
By Christmas, Van Dijk?s performances did not warrant a place in Mauricio
Pellegrino?s line-up, while Southampton?s tailspin meant hanging on to a
� milllion player who was no longer
much of an asset did not make sense.
Not when � million ? if spent
correctly next month ? could steady
fortunes in the face of a possible fraught
fight for Premier League survival.
Southampton?s decision belatedly to
name a price was an invitation to the
negotiating table that Liverpool were
not about to pass up. They quickly
showed the colour of their money.
Andy Massey, the Liverpool doctor,
oversaw the medical on Wednesday at
Nuffield Hospital in Bournemouth. It
was then that Klopp finally had his man
and, the more he reflects on the deal,
the surer he is that Van Dijk will not
leave Liverpool short-changed.
What do you
get for �m?
By Matthew Upson,
former England
centre back
Mobility
The main negative with him is
whether he can move quickly
enough and be sharp enough over
short distances with a quick change
of direction. He is not slow but
especially since he?s been back from
his long injury, he?s looked a little
laboured at times. I felt that when I
watched him against Bournemouth
recently, but it is completely normal
after a long lay-off.
Passing
He steps out into space well with the
ball and has good long-range
passing ability. What will be
interesting is when he has to play
shorter balls into midfield with a
team who control possession in a
different way. But he?s got the
technical ability to do that. Klopp
will improve him and help him to do
things at a faster pace.
Swansea turn to Carvalhal for relegation battle
Gary Jacob
Carlos Carvalhal has been appointed
manager of Swansea City until the end
of the season, four days after leaving
Sheffield Wednesday by mutual
consent.
Carvalhal, 52, succeeds Paul
Clement, who left last week after he lost
ten of 13 Premier League games. He
becomes the fourth manager since the
start of last season at Swansea, who are
bottom of the league table and five
points adrift of safety.
Swansea had expressed a desire to
appoint a manager with Premier
League experience. Representatives
of Ronald Koeman, Slaven Bilic,
Tony Pulis and Frank De Boer were
contacted about the post but the first Jenkins] invited me, he asked if I was
two turned the club down. Carvalhal tired because of how hard the Champihas only worked in the Sky Bet onship is, but I am fresh and ready to
Championship in this country.
help the team.?
This is his 16th managerial
Carvalhal had an early
position and he said that he
glimpse of the players when
was not going to pretend
he watched Swansea lose
that escaping the drop
5-0 away to Liverpool on
would be easy.
Boxing Day and he will
Carvalhal is the 400th
?Most people would
take training today. He
permanent top-flight
say Swansea do not have
said that he had not
manager since
a chance, but it is not our
discussed transfer budgets
the Second
idea, we will fight and we
for next month but it is
World War
can [stay up],? Carvalhal said.
evident that Swansea will
It is a hard job, we want a more
need better attacking options as
dynamic team, with more goals and
they have scored the fewest goals (11)
we have to fight to achieve that and in the league.
think about ourselves and not just the
The � million sale of Gylfi
opponents. When the chairman [Huw Sigurdsson to Everton left a creative
400
hole but helped the club to register a
profit of nearly � million on transfers
in the summer.
?I will give them all an opportunity to
show they are better than what they
show,? the Portuguese said. ?After this,
we will analyse the weaknesses and if
we understand what we need we will try
and recover the situation.?
His arrival makes it more likely that
Renato Sanches, 20, a compatriot,
would stay at the club despite being
underwhelming in his loan spell from
Bayern Munich. ?He needs confidence,
we can forget he is a kid. He needs a role
in the team and time to understand the
roles everyone has,? Carvalhal said.
?When he understands what we want
he can be a big player for this team.?
McClaren may be in line
for Wednesday vacancy
Steve McClaren has left his role as
coaching consultant at Maccabi Tel
Aviv and announced he is returning
to England, fuelling speculation that
the former England coach has a new
job lined up. The Star newspaper in
Sheffield reported that Dejphon
Chansiri, the Sheffield Wednesday
chairman, had held talks with
McClaren, 56, over the possibility of
replacing Carlos Carvalhal, who left
the Sky Bet Championship club on
Christmas Eve and has since been
recruited as the Swansea City
manager.
?It?s with much regret I have to
return to England and leave my role
at Maccabi Tel Aviv,? said McClaren,
who was sacked by Derby County ?
for the second time ? in March.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
61
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STEVE BARDENS/GETTY IMAGES
Intelligence
Van Dijk knows he isn?t the fastest
player on the pitch and adapts well.
He often drops off a second earlier
than other defenders to sniff out the
danger and give himself time to get
to the ball first. He reads the game
very well, knows he won?t win a foot
race with an attacker so adjusts his
position early. It?s something John
Terry was very good at, although I?d
say his overall style is more like Rio
Ferdinand.
Physical presence
One of Van Dijk?s star qualities is
that he is such an imposing figure.
He wins almost everything in the air
and doesn?t get outmuscled. In fact,
since his Southampton debut he?s
won more aerial duels than anyone
in the Premier League.
Biggest challenge
Whereas the defensive line at
Southampton will have been
relatively deep in many games, at
Liverpool Van Dijk will spend a lot of
his time higher up the pitch with his
team dominating the game. Then,
when the opposition break, he?ll
need to react to that, which won?t
always be easy. There will be times
when he will be exposed with the
full backs very advanced and no
designated holding midfielder in the
team. And Klopp doesn?t yet have
the back four or five drilled exactly
as he would want.
How to use him
I?d probably play him in the centre
of a back three with Joe Gomez and
Jo雔 Matip. Gomez belongs at centre
back and would offer good energy
alongside him. He would also learn a
lot off Van Dijk. In a three he would
have fewer open spaces around him
and he?d get lots of the ball, which
would suit him.
Charlton in takeover talks
Roland Duch鈚elet, the Charlton
Athletic owner, says that the Sky Bet
League One club are in takeover talks
with ?various interested parties? and
that Katrien Meire, the outgoing chief
executive, will not be replaced. Fans
have protested about the stewardship
of Duch鈚elet, who recently revealed
an intent to sell.
Millwall fans accused
Kick It Out has urged the FA to act
with ?urgency? over alleged racist
chanting by Millwall fans towards
Wolverhampton Wanderers players
during the Sky Bet Championship
match at the New Den on Boxing
Day. The organisation expressed
?great concern? over reports received.
Moyes recalls Oxford from
spell on loan in Germany
West Ham United have brought back
Reece Oxford from his spell on loan
at Borussia M鰊chengladbach, who
are one of two German clubs
interested in signing him on a
permanent deal (Gary Jacob writes).
David Moyes, the West Ham
manager, wants to have a closer look
at the 19-year-old, who plays in
defence and midfield and has made
three league appearances in Germany
this season, before deciding if he
should be part of his squad.
M鰊chengladbach have tried to
sign Oxford and RB Leipzig have
revived their interest. Oxford has not
played for West Ham since August
2016. He joined Reading on loan in
January and made five appearances.
Liberia elects George Weah, page 37
Meet ?Dave?, the Muslim from
Kosovo playing in Sheffield
NATHAN STIRK FOR THE TIMES
Wednesday forward
Atdhe Nuhiu is happy
to stray into the realms
of politics and religion
with Henry Winter
English football is home to many fascinating characters. Take Atdhe Nuhiu,
the tall, thoughtful Kosovan at Sheffield Wednesday. Nicknamed ?Dave?
or ?Big Man? because his team-mates
can?t pronounce his name, Nuhiu goes
to training early, hitting the gym and
taking the opportunity to pump out his
favourite music, such as the German
rapper Bushido.
?I?m sometimes the first one in,?
Nuhiu says. ?The fitness coach knows
my whole playlist. I don?t know if he?s
happy but he?s got used to it. When the
others come in, they say, ?Switch this
shit off,? but I don?t crack under the
pressure. I just keep going. Bushido is
German. Mostly, I listen to Albanian
rappers, like Capital T. In the dressing
room, they put Drake on, and it?s
amazing, but my heart?s not in it.?
An hour in Nuhiu?s company is an
education as he reflects on Brexit,
Balkan conflicts and being a Muslim in
England. ?I don?t really celebrate
Christmas because I?m not Christian,
I?m Muslim, but I respect everything.
I?d never get in conflict with anybody
because of religion.
?You follow your way, I follow my
way. I don?t eat pork. I?m not 100 per
cent strict. I don?t do Ramadan [fasting]
when I play. I?d love to go to the Hajj
[the pilgrimage to Mecca] to see how it
is.
?Religion should never be between
us. All over the world it should be like
that [tolerance]. In Kosovo, there is the
mosque next to the church. In the middle of Pristina is a big cathedral. In the
national team we have Christian
players. The guy with the cross tattoo,
am I not going to talk to him because
he?s a Christian?
?Whatever?s in the Bible or in the
Koran, I?ve never seen in there somebody say, ?Do something wrong to someone else.? Anyone who?s even a bit clever
knows it is wrong. I believe, to be a good
person, you don?t do bad to somebody.?
He admits to frustration at the critical perception of Islam among many.
?There is no point for us to explain ourselves. People don?t listen anyway,? he
says. ?In America when somebody runs
amok in the school [killing pupils], it
happens a lot of times but the person
was not Muslim but Christian. It is not
nice [for Muslims to be accused]. I grew
up with this.?
His roots are in Pristina, scene of
much devastation as the Balkans fell
apart. ?How do you explain it? There is
basically Kosovo, 95 per cent just Albanian people living, having their own
culture and religion, having nothing to
do with Serbia, and in the end we got independence.? It took until 2008.
?I was born in Pristina but after six
months I left for Austria in 1990. It was
starting to get the trouble; that was
when ex-Yugoslavia started to break
up. My father was a biology and chemistry professor in Pristina but he
couldn?t work there any more, because
of the economy. You need to take care
of your family. First my father left, then
my mum and me.
?But we weren?t like proper refugees
when the war was, 1997, ?98, ?99. My relatives were there [during the bombing]
and it was difficult sometimes, you cannot get hold of them because the phone
Nuhiu has won seven caps for Kosovo, including last month?s victory over Latvia
doesn?t work. I play in the Kosovo
national team and there are players
who were there in the wartime. I never
say, ?How was it?? It?s not a nice thing to
speak about.?
He grew up in the safety of Austria,
admiring from afar the Real Madrid of
Davor Suker and Fernando Redondo,
making his name at Rapid Vienna and
becoming an Austria Under-21 international.
?When Kosovo became independent, and the national team came [in
May 2016], and I was not getting called
for the Austrian team, Kosovo asked me
and I didn?t need to think.
?The opportunity to play for the
country where I come from was a proud
moment. The people suffered a lot.
Players eligible for Kosovo
Almen Abdi Sheffield Wednesday,
Switzerland
Valon Behrami Udinese, Switzerland
Fatos Beqiraj Dynamo Moscow,
Montenegro
Adnan Januzaj Real Sociedad,
Belgium
Xherdan Shaqiri Stoke City,
Switzerland
Shani Tarashaj Everton, Switzerland
Granit Xhaka Arsenal, Switzerland
Taulant Xhaka Basle, Albania
Albanian people from Kosovo always
used to be suppressed by the Serbs.?
Many families fled during the conflict with Serbia, and talent eligible for
Kosovo was absorbed into the systems
of Switzerland, Belgium, Albania and
elsewhere. ?If you look at the national
team of Switzerland, how many
Kosovan or Albanian players? Forty
per cent [including Xherdan Shaqiri,
Granit Xhaka and Valon Behrami]. The
national team of Albania how many?
More than half Kosovan [such as Lorik
Cana and Taulant Xhaka]. And the
Kosovan national team. A little country
like that [supplies] three national
teams. So where were these people
before the war? The Serbians, Yugoslavians didn?t allow them to succeed.
?Shaqiri and Xhaka are from Kosovo,
Xhaka?s brother plays for Albania.?
Then there?s Adnan Januzaj, too. ?If all
the players played for Kosovo I probably don?t get called up. No, I am joking.
It would be a very, very strong national
team. The decision they took was
100 per cent right for them. They grew
up in Switzerland, or wherever, and that
is their right.?
Nuhiu becomes particularly emotional when talking about the events of
November 18 when he won his seventh
cap as Kosovo took on Latvia in Mitrovica. ?It was special. We won 4-3 and it
was the first time I played in Kosovo.
?Before we used to play in Albania
because the stadium wasn?t ready. I?ve
played so many games, and scored in
important games in my career, but
winning with Kosovo was a different
feeling. It was just emotion. People in
Kosovo are not used to having happiness. They are so proud of us.?
It is particularly important for Nuhiu
as he is struggling to be first choice up
front at Wednesday. ?I don?t wish this
on anybody. It?s the first spell in my
career I didn?t play at all. I went still to
the national team and the manager
picked me and I?m really grateful for
that, it gave me confidence again.
?The [Wednesday] fans know what I
can do, even if sometimes they don?t
show it. We have very good forwards. In
this league, probably the hardest competition is in our team, as a forward to
be playing. In the end, I always find myself in somehow. That makes me still
proud. What the future says, I cannot
tell because my contract runs out in the
summer, and if it is time for a change, it
is time for a change, I don?t know.?
He grimaces at mention of being
called Dave. ?Or Big Man. I don?t like it.
But what can you do? You cannot teach
them if they don?t want to learn. Maybe
they think they can?t pronounce my
name. It?s not a big problem.?
He avoids social media debates about
the quality of the football or anything
else. ?I?m not on Twitter. On Twitter
the only thing you do is get problems,
abuse. In England, especially, people
are waiting for others to make a mistake
to joke about it. I don?t like that.?
Nor Brexit. ?I didn?t expect Brexit.
The people who voted for it need to live
with it. I?ve been used to travelling
around Europe, not needing a visa.
With the team, or holidays, I go to Spain
or Greece, you never need a visa,
because you?re European. It?s nice.
?Imagine in a few years England is
out of Europe, you want to see London,
and you need a visa? They ask you why
you want to come? London is one of the
world?s ?metropoles? and maybe it?s your
dream to see London once, and
somebody gives you a gift at Christmas
to see London, and maybe they [the
authorities] say, ?No, we don?t give you a
visa.? ? For a man with such broad horizons, that?s anathema.
62
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Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Sport Football
Vintage Arsenal are tribute
2
0
2
1
3
Mesut 謟il and Alexandre Lacazette
demonstrated their developing underTownsend 49, Tomkins 89
standing and devastating potential.
It was Lacazette?s eye for goal that
Arsenal
gave Arsenal their breakthrough. From
Mustafi 25, S醤chez 62, 66
a poorly cleared free kick, the Frenchman picked the ball up on the rightPremier League
hand side of the penalty area and struck
James Gheerbrant
a curling shot that Julian Speroni could
Somewhere inside a body that has aged only push to the waiting feet of Shkodtwo decades since it first stood on a ran Mustafi, who slotted the ball just
Premier League touchline, beneath the inside the post.
bulletproof exoskeleton that a manager
With Arsenal dominant, it required a
needs to withstand all the slings and prescient interception by James
arrows that 21 years of football manage- Tomkins to take H閏tor Beller韓?s cutment can throw at you, wrapped up back off the toes of Jack Wilshere. Then
underneath that unmistakeable zip-up Wenger?s side produced a moment that
coat, there still beats inside Ars鑞e recalled the stylistic high points of the
Wenger the heart of a winner.
Frenchman?s reign. A glorious, fluid
And on the occasion of his 810th passing exchange between 謟il and
match as a Premier League manager, S醤chez sent the German skating in
drawing him level with Sir Alex Fergus- between Tomkins and Scott Dann, but
on?s milestone, Arsenal produced not thereafter he overelaborated, overonly a victory, but a performance that hitting his square ball to Beller韓, and
encapsulated the virtues of some of the the chance was gone.
Frenchman?s finest sides: quick, slick,
Palace?s bright start notwithstanding,
technically skilful football; bravery in this was not ? initially ? a match to
possession; and crucially ? an attrib- completely dispel those murmurs of
ute they have demonstrated too rarely discontent with the prevalence of onein recent times ? mental resilience. sided, ?attack v defence? encounters in
At 1-1, Arsenal could have slumped. the Premier League. At half-time,
Instead, they rallied, with two goals Arsenal had had 68 per cent possession,
from Alexis S醤chez closing them to and six shots on target to Palace?s zero.
within a point of the top four and keepBut sometimes when one of the
ing Crystal Palace the same proxleague?s heavyweight teams is on
imity to the relegation zone.
song, you just have to weather
Overall, this was one
the storm and be clinical on
of Arsenal?s best performthe counterattack. There is
ances of the season:
always a vulnerability
energetic, cohesive and
lurking in Arsenal teams
Combined age of last
committed, with S醤chez
of recent vintage and on
night?s two managers,
? too often a passenger Roy Hodgson (70) and
50 minutes Palace located
this season ? with his foot
it. Zaha ran at Chambers
Ars鑞e Wenger (68)
on the accelerator.
and pulled the ball back to
Few who attended this fixthe penalty spot, where four
ture last season would have put
Arsenal defenders stood statumoney on Wenger remaining in situ.
esque as Andros Townsend thrashed
That match, a 3-0 win for Palace, felt an uncontested shot past Petr Cech.
like a nadir, with Arsenal fans chanting
Palace were enlivened and Wenger?s
?Ars鑞e Wenger, we want you to go,? side were on the ropes as Ruben Loftusand, at the players, ?You?re not fit to Cheek had a shot blocked and Jeffrey
wear the shirt.? Theo Walcott admitted Schlupp fired into the side netting. But
that Palace had ?wanted it more?, a line just when Arsenal looked at their most
that felt like the epitaph for a regime. collapsible, they struck back. Laurent
This time, on the coldest night of the Koscielny?s ball into the box was taken
year, the heat of Arsenal?s desire was down by Lacazette, who teed up S醤not in question.
chez. With Dann flying out to effect a
Time has not faded Wenger?s capa- block, the Chilean pinged a half-volley
city to confound. A day after explaining through his legs and past Speroni.
that he had switched from a back three,
S醤chez has been largely outshone
because he felt that the formation was by 謟il in this campaign, with questions
?too lateral . . . we didn?t score enough about his attitude and application
goals away from home?, Wenger swirling, but here he was ?on it?, disswitched back to that formation.
playing the qualities that made him
Having also mused: ?You still have to such an impactful talisman last season
believe there is a light in every human and reminding us how keenly his loss
being that you can get out,? Wenger would be felt were he to be allowed to
made an overdue attempt to switch leave in January. His second goal duly
back on Calum Chambers, one of those arrived courtesy of a brilliant assist by
whose brilliance has dimmed most the outstanding Wilshere, with S醤dramatically under him. The 22-year- chez timing his run perfectly to latch on
old, once considered one of England?s to his straight, lofted pass down the
brightest defensive talents, was handed middle and tap past Speroni.
his first league start for Arsenal since
On the ground where their deficienthe opening day of last season.
cies of spirit were most comprehensivePalace, rejuvenated under Roy ly, nightmarishly exposed last season,
Hodgson, were on a run of eight league this was a heck of a characterful riposte
games unbeaten, their longest such from a position of peril. Palace rallied
sequence in the top flight in 27 years. bravely, peppering the Arsenal goal,
They began with confidence, with and when James Tomkins nodded in
Wilfried Zaha eager to cut inside and from a corner, Arsenal?s old jitters
run at the rejigged Arsenal back line. resurfaced. But this was Wenger?s night.
Yohan Cabaye scorched a daisy-cutting
drive just wide from 20 yards. At the
other end, S醤chez and Granit Xhaka Crystal Palace (4-3-3): J Speroni 5 ? M Kelly 5 (sub:
T Fosu-Mensah 80min), J Tomkins 6, S Dann 5,
had efforts blocked.
J Schlupp 6 ? Y Cabaye 6 (sub: J McArthur 53, 6),
At times this season, the balance of L Milivojevic 6, R Loftus-Cheek 6 (sub: B Sako 70, 6)
A Townsend 7, C Benteke 5, W Zaha 7. Substitutes
Arsenal?s attack has seemed not quite ?
not used W Hennessey, P van Aanholt, J Puncheon,
right, with the first four league matches J Riedewald. Booked Zaha.
(3-4-2-1): P Cech 6 ? C Chambers 5, S Mustafi
of this month yielding only three goals. Arsenal
6, L Koscielny 6 ? H Beller韓 6, G Xhaka 6 (sub:
But the 3-3 draw with Liverpool hinted A Maitland-Niles 87), J Wilshere 7, S Kolasinac 6 ?
at a returning offensive swagger and M 謟il 7, A S醤chez 8 ? A Lacazette 7 (sub: F Coquelin
Substitutes not used D Ospina, T Walcott,
here once again the first-choice 75).
R Holding, A Iwobi, D Welbeck. Booked Chambers.
offensive triumvirate of S醤chez, Referee M Oliver. Attendance 25,762.
Crystal Palace
S醤chez
collected
Wilshere?s
brilliant pass to
side-foot the
ball past Juli醤
Speroni for his
second goal of
the night, and
Arsenal?s third
138
continued from back
Team-mates snub S醤chez
what will happen really,? the
manager said. ?It?s difficult to
speculate. At the moment we are
focused on short term, that means
the next game with the players
committed and ready to fight. It?s not
a guarantee of how long you stay
somewhere. As long as you are
somewhere, you give your best.?
He added: ?I felt he was very good
tonight from the first minute on,
focused on the game. This kind of
S醤chez is a great football player, as
we know. That?s the kind of
performance we want from him.?
Wilshere, who is also in the final
year of his contract, indicated after
the game that he expected to sign a
new deal soon and Wenger
confirmed talks between the club
and the England midfielder are
planned for next month. ?The
situation is that we need to sit down
with him,? Wenger said. ?The
beginning of January, it?s planned.
There is no delay. I said we would
sort out his situation in December,
end of December, and so I told him
we want to meet and sit down with
him to talk about the future. That?s
what I did. Now we play today, we
play on Sunday, we play on
Wednesday. At the moment the
focus has to be on the games.?
Roy Hodgson, the Crystal Palace
manager, said: ?There are no
positives in defeat as such. It is good
we didn?t get beat by more goals.
Goal difference is important. We
showed we are a good team and we
have quality players in our team. For
us it is a question of keeping fighting.
Even at 3-1 down to a team of this
quality there was no resignation.
Had the game been five or six
minutes longer maybe we could have
got something.?
Team look divided
1
2
the times | Friday December 29 2017
63
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to Wenger
BEN STANSALL/GETTY IMAGES
Wilshere?s brilliant pass tees up third goal
S醤chez
Wilshere
How they stand
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Man City........20
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Everton..........20
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Brighton ........ 20
Stoke..............20
Southamptn..20
Newcastle......20
C Palace.........20
West Ham......20
Bournemth....20
West Brom.....20
Swansea ........ 20
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as they celebrate first S醤chez goal
1 Alexis S醤chez puts Arsenal 2-1 up
and runs towards the away fans to
celebrate, but only four players join
him, while the others choose to
remain in a separate group.
3
2 As the four who joined him ?
inset, from left ? Mesut 謟il, Granit
Xhaka, Shkodran Mustafi and
Alexandre Lacazette ? head back
towards the centre circle, S醤chez
appears bemused at the failure of
the rest of the team to congratulate
him. He turns with his palms
outstretched towards Lacazette in
search of an explanation, before
running towards the group of
players who had not joined him.
3 S醤chez puts his hands together
to make the point he thought that
they should all have been together
as they celebrated taking the lead.
Has gulf in quality made
the Premier League a joke?
James Gheerbrant
analyses statistics that
show how ?have-nots?
of the top flight lost
their attacking intent
In some ways, this has been the season
that the Premier League got its mojo
back. Performances in the Champions
League, where all five Premier League
teams have reached the knockout
stage, have encouraged the view that,
for the first time in a long time, English
teams rank among Europe?s best. And
in Manchester City, who have won 18
league matches in a row, the Premier
League boasts probably the best football team on the continent.
Domestic meetings between the
heavyweight Premier League sides
have generally lived up to expectations
this season too, with an average of 3.1
goals and just two goalless draws from
13 games so far. Games such as Tottenham Hotspur 4 Liverpool 1, Arsenal 1
Manchester United 3, Manchester City
4 Tottenham 1 and especially Arsenal 3
Liverpool 3 were riotously entertaining
affairs, reinforcing the Premier
League?s reputation for all-out attack
and chaotic, breakneck entertainment.
There is, though, another side to all
this. If the best teams are better than
ever, their improvement has come at
the cost of the Premier League?s reputation as a league where any team can
beat any other, or at the very least have
a red-hot go at doing so. There is a sense
that the smaller teams are less adventurous than ever against the big teams,
with an increasing number of Premier
League games playing out to a pre-set
pattern of defence against attack.
Wednesday night?s match between
Newcastle United and Manchester
City, in which Pep Guardiola?s side had
78 per cent of possession and 21 shots,
felt typical of the new norm.
?We did absolutely everything
but it is difficult to play when the
other team doesn?t want to
play,? Guardiola said.
?The Premier League
in general, when they
come up against the top
six, certainly at home,
it?s
becoming embarrassing,? Sky
Sports pundit Jamie Carragher thundered at half-time in
that match, with Newcastle
having managed just two
touches in the City box.
?The Premier League now
is becoming a bit of a joke
league, with the top teams
being so far ahead of the
ones at the bottom. For
those clubs, it?s almost
like they are accepting
they are going to lose
the game, as long as it
is only one or two-nil.
?The Premier League has been built
on every team having a go, that?s why
everyone around the world wants to
watch it. Will they keep watching if they
keep seeing football like that??
Now, obviously, whether you think
the Premier League is becoming a ?joke
league? is subjective, but is Carragher
right in his general premise? Let?s
crunch some numbers to find out.
are games between the big six
and the rest becoming less
competitive?
So far this season, the 87 games
between the big six teams (the two
Manchester clubs, Chelsea, Arsenal,
Liverpool and Tottenham Hotspur)
and a non-big six team have yielded 64
wins for the big team. That?s a win
percentage of 73.6 per cent ? a small
increase on last season?s figure of
72.6 per cent. The number was trending
downwards, from 70.2 per cent in 201314, to 64.9 per cent in 2014-15, culminating in a low of 52.4 per cent in Leicester
Widening winning margins
Average score in matches between
big six* and the rest:
Season
Ave score
Gap
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
2017-18
2.18-0.92
1.86-0.93
1.79-1.04
2.27-0.80
2.43-0.71
1.26
0.93
0.75
1.47
1.72
(*Manchester City, Manchester United,
Chelsea, Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur
and Arsenal)
City?s freakish title-winning season of
2015-16, but has risen sharply in the past
two seasons.
When you look at the goal difference,
the reality is even starker. In 2014-15,
the average scoreline in a match
between a big six team and a non- big
six team was 1.86-0.93. In 2015-16,
Leicester?s year, the gap narrowed to
1.79-1.04. But in each of the past two
seasons it has widened: last season, it
was 2.27-0.80, and this season it is
2.43-0.71. Put another way, in
just two seasons, the average
goal difference in a
Premier League match
between a big team and a
smaller team has more than
doubled, from 0.75 to 1.72.
are games between the
b six and the rest
big
following a pre-set
pattern of attack versus
defence?
In 2015-16, big six teams were
having an average of 15.9 shots in
matches against non-big six teams,
with their opponents attempting an
average of 10.3 shots. Those numRafa Ben韙ez?s Newcastle side
had little of the ball against City
bers weren?t massively skewed by
Leicester?s freakish excellence: the
season before, the figures were roughly
the same, 16.3 shots per game for the big
teams, compared with 10.5 for their
smaller opponents.
But in the past two seasons, the
disparity has grown. Last season, the
big six teams had an average 17.8 shots
in these games, with their non-big six
opponents attempting 8.3. This season,
the gap has widened further still: 18.3
shots per game to 7.6.
Now, you might say, having a shot
does not necessarily indicate dominance. Anyone can have a go from 25
yards. Maybe the top teams, with their
star-studded squads, just have more
players who are inclined to have a
crack.
But if we look at shots on target in
matches between big six teams and
non-big six teams, a better measure of
high-quality chances, the story is the
same. In 2014-15 and 2015-16, the numbers were steady: 5.6-3.3, and 5.5-3.3.
Last season, the big teams managed 6.4
shots on target, compared with 2.8 for
their smaller opponents. This season,
these games are more imbalanced still,
with the big team averaging 6.6 shots
on target, and the smaller team averaging only 2.4. The ?shot on target differential?, a decent measure of the general
competitiveness of a match, has risen
from 2.2 to 4.2 in just two seasons.
You could explain away the difference in shots on target by saying that
the bigger teams have more players
who are skilled at creating chances and
unpicking a defence, and also better
individual defenders. In other words, it?s
not for want to trying that the smaller
teams aren?t creating as many chances.
A shortfall in possession, though, is
harder to rebut: that would play into
Carragher and Guardiola?s argument
that the smaller teams aren?t even
trying to take the game to the big six.
But in terms of possession, the gap is
also growing ? though perhaps not as
sharply as in some other metrics. In
2013-14, the average possession percentage share in a match between a big
six team and a non-big six team was
58.3- 41.7 . In 2015-16, it was 60-40. This
season so far, it is 64.8-35.2.
Whether the smaller teams deserve
censure for playing in this way is a moot
point. You could argue that, given the
financial gulf between the Premier
League?s haves and relative have-nots,
the smaller teams have every right to
play defensively. Newcastle might have
been utterly dominated by Manchester
City on Wednesday, but equally they
hung in the game and could easily have
nicked a draw at the end.
?The crowd accepts it,? Ars鑞e
Wenger said after Arsenal?s 0-0 draw
with West Ham United this month.
?They start with the idea that if it?s 0-0
it?s a good result.
?You would say as long as you don?t
score the first goal you?re in a position
where you have to take a gamble. It is a
modern problem.?
Everton closing in on �m Besiktas striker
Paul Joyce
Everton are edging closer to signing the
Besiktas striker Cenk Tosun for
� million after Sam Allardyce
identified him as the player to bolster
his goal-shy side. Negotiations are
continuing for the 26-year-old, who has
scored 13 goals in 23 games this season.
The Turkey player has impressed in
the Champions League, scoring four
goals as Besiktas reached the knockout
stages, and is keen to move to become
Allardyce?s first signing.
Dominic
Calvert-Lewin,
the
England Under-21 international, has
carried the attacking burden for Everton this season after their failure to
replace Romelu Lukaku, who moved to
Manchester United in the summer.
Allardyce believes that CalvertLewin has a big future, but the Everton
manager is keen to look after the 20year-old, who has made 31 appearances
this season.
Everton hope to offer Tosun a fourand-a-half-year deal. The fee could rise
to � million after add-ons. Allardyce
has tracked the player for some time,
and despite leaving Crystal Palace at
the end of last season, suggested that
they should sign him, but Palace were
unable to agree a fee.
64
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RK
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Sport The Ashes
Sport
Daddy hundred to savour for
England?s ego-free patriarch
Gideon Haigh
Graham Gooch, Alastair Cook?s original
batting mentor, had a mild obsession with
?daddy hundreds? ? the standard century
being treated as a jumping-off point for
vaster accumulations. As a coach, he
hammered it from a slogan into a clich�, a
solution for every cricket ailment.
Like most clich閟, it has an undeniable
appeal, even an inherent logic. There
should, on the face of it, be no better time
to bat ? no more contented state of mind
in cricket ? than with a hundred against
one?s name on a scoreboard.
Cook came to his third-day task at the
MCG with the further boost of overnight
rest and collegial approbation. Daddy
hundred? He would have been considering
invitations for the uncles and aunts too . . .
For all that, the daddy hundred is not so
easily done ? indeed, that is what makes
it notable, a kind of feat in its own right.
One must be fit. One must be dogged. One
must be hungry. Steve Waugh turned 14 of
his 32 Test hundreds into 150s; Mark
Waugh wrung only one from his 20.
Test cricket does funny things to people.
Yesterday morning it had Joe Root holing
out with a game at his mercy. It occasioned
such paralysis in Dawid Malan that he did
not feel his leaving a splinter in the ball; it
induced in Moeen Ali such frenzy that he
seemed to be auditioning for the Big Bash
League.
Test cricket does not, however, do funny
things to Cook. He had marked his 33rd
birthday the day before the match nursing
a series average of 13.83. But his century
celebration at the end of the second day
had been typically understated, maybe
Recipes for success
The Michelin-starred chef Tom Kerridge lost 12 stone.
He explains how you can shed the pounds.
Pick up your copy of The Sunday Times
this weekend.
even considered: no need to waste energy,
no cause for triumphalism on a tour that
has in most respects been a failure.
For all that, his average hundred coming
to Melbourne was 147 ? not perhaps as
high as one would have expected for a
batsman who once compiled as many as
294, precisely twice that amount. Accidents happen; best-laid plans go astray;
even good Alastair nods off sometimes.
So to yesterday morning. Cook added 16
in the first hour, 14 in the next, biding his
time, husbanding his powers. He is not a
slow mover at the crease, yet is also somehow never hurried: he drops into his stance
just before the bowler turns, both polite
and ever-ready.
He checks his guard every so often with
a single dainty hand, re-enacts his defensive alignments with a gesture like someone looking intently at a painting to see if
it is hanging quite straight. And when set,
as yesterday, he just goes on piling up runs
in quantities never gross or tasteless.
At times it was almost possible to forget
that Cook was there, to concentrate on
something else, to drift off and drift back.
He does not demand your attention or
approval.
During recent press conferences, David
Warner had talked about having to subdue
his desire to dominate bowlers and
opponents, to ?take the ego out? of his
batting. Cook must have an ego ? no
performer can command a stage without
it. But one imagines him leaving it tucked
tidily in the corner of his cricket bag before
he heads out.
His strokes yesterday contrived to be
both distinctive and unostentatious; his
straight drive a cautious shove, his square
cut a wispy slash. All day the metrics on
ESPNcricinfo were listing his most
?productive shot?, responsible for more
than a quarter of his runs, to be the ?flick?,
which presumably encompasses the pat,
dab, nudge and nurdle.
Cook?s grip is low and the face of his bat
closed, a measure that he adopted after
an unsuccessful first Australian tour in
2006-07 having studied the techniques of
opponents such as Matthew Hayden and
Justin Langer, who were hardly ever
caught behind ? even then, he was
thinking four years ahead, knowing he
would be back.
That preparation paid off in 2010-11,
availed him naught in 2013-14 when his
team?s performance was, as Cook
confessed, ?the worst I had ever felt about
continued from back
Cook: I deserved to be dropped
working well?. The whole tour I?ve been
struggling to get that rhythm of batting
and I was a bit embarrassed by my performance, but at least today I?ve gone on
and got a big one.
?I?ve doubted myself for 12 years. I?ll
probably continue to doubt myself. The
longer it goes, the harder it becomes.
That?s why I?m quite proud, going to the
well again and delivering a performance
like that. It?s a shame that it?s three or four
weeks too late, and I?ll have to live with that
for a long time.?
Cook described the epic innings as ?one
of the more emotional? of his 32 Test
hundreds, ?from where I?ve been on this
tour?, but said he never felt his career was
coming to an end.
?You have a bit less to lose when your
highest score is 30-odd,? he said. ?I suppose
I did have nothing to lose, in one sense. I
thought I?d play a bit more positively.
?This tour, batting for half-an-hour has
felt like two hours. Then for some reason,
the last ten hours have gone quickly. It?s
Last men standing
Cook?s innings was the ninth time
that an England opener has carried
his bat in a Test match.
Robert Abel 132 v Aus (a) 1892
Pelham Warner 132 v S Africa (a) 1899
Len Hutton 202 v WI (h) 1950
Len Hutton 156 v Aus (a) 1951
Geoffrey Boycott 99 v Aus (a) 1979
Graham Gooch 154 v WI (h) 1991
Alec Stewart 69 v Pakistan (h) 1992
Mike Atherton 94 v NZ (a) 1997
Alastair Cook 244 v Australia (a) 2017
anything?. Cook was returning in this Test
match to the scene of some of the best and
worst moments of his England career.
But that would be a banality, for it is true
wherever Cook goes now: he is hardly doing anything in his career for the first time.
His achievement is that he continues to
attack every day afresh, unencumbered,
ungrudging, unboreable by what at times
must be a tortuous monotony.
Between lunch and tea, he accrued a
further 39. Steve Smith was scratching his
head for solutions, at stages forming as
many as six fielders into an off-side
crescent for an errant drive on a slightly
two-paced pitch. Cook punched forward
and cut back, with that compact
stiff-armed swing, like one of the little
figures in the table-top Test Match
game.
By tea, Cook had batted for four sessions, and his innings had unobtrusively
assumed daddy-hundred dimensions; now
came a Father?s Day surge towards the
close as England added 131 runs in 31 overs.
Cook hit no better shot than a square drive
off Josh Hazlewood to go to 190, no more
surprising shot than a lofted straight drive
off Nathan Lyon to go to 195, no more
satisfying shot than the straight drive that
raised his double hundred.
At last Cook had found a partner to
stand by him in the shape of Stuart Broad,
which itself strained credulity. For
throughout the tour, the England seamer
had shown all the stickability of Teflon. Yet
this is another quality of daddy hundreds:
like a strong but benevolent patriarch, they
coax the best from others.
6 Gideon Haigh is a columnist for The
Australian.
not quite so much fun when you don?t
know where your next run is coming from.
?The feeling when I walked in the
changing room last night was very special.
I think people can see what it means for all
of us. To see Dawid [Malan] score his first
hundred, and to see how much it meant to
him. We?ve had an interesting journey on
this tour, with a lot of things going on. But
we?ve stuck together.?
The Australia coach, Darren Lehmann,
was warm in his praise for Cook, who he
described as ?simply brilliant?, and how
England ?batted around him?, but was critical of the sluggish MCG surface and
accepted his side?s hopes of a whitewash
were over.
?We?re 160 runs behind,? he said when
asked about the prospect of winning the
match. ?We?d have to get 450 in a day. How
do you want us to do that? Slog? We?ve got
to worry about getting past them first,
that?ll mean batting well, that?s the first
challenge. We?ll hopefully be batting [all]
the day and reassess what happens after
tomorrow. Today they?ve taken that
opportunity [a whitewash] from us.?
Root lashes out
after failing to
convert his 61
into a first Test
hundred on
Australian soil
the times | Friday December 29 2017
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Sport
Sport
JASON O?BRIEN/PA
Root?s struggles to
reach three figures
Of the 29 batsmen who have scored
5,000 or more Test runs and averaged
over 50, Root?s conversion rate of fifties
into centuries is the worst of the lot.
When he goes past 50, he reaches a
hundred just 27 per cent of the time
Sir Donald Bradman (Aus)
69%
Virat Kohli (India)
57.1
Matthew Hayden (Aus)
50.8
Younus Khan (Pak)
50.7
Steve Smith (Aus)
50
Wally Hammond (Eng)
47.8
Sir Garfield Sobers (WI)
Jacques Kallis (ICC/SA)
Greg Chappell (Aus)
Sunil Gavaskar (India)
46.4
43.7
43.6
43
Sachin Tendulkar (India)
42.9
Kumar Sangakkara (SL)
42.2
Mohammad Yousuf (Pak)
42.1
Brian Lara (ICC/WI)
41.5
Ricky Ponting (Aus)
39.8
Michael Hussey (Aus)
39.6
Kane Williamson (NZ)
39.5
Steve Waugh (Aus)
39
Denis Compton (Eng)
37.8
Sir Len Hutton (Eng)
36.5
Rahul Dravid (ICC/India)
36.4
Ken Barrington (Eng)
36.4
Sir Jack Hobbs (Eng)
34.9
Javed Miandad (Pak)
34.8
Sir Viv Richards (WI)
34.8
AB de Villiers (SA)
34.4
Shivnarine Chanderpaul (WI)
31.3
Allan Border (Aus)
30
Joe Root (Eng)
27.1
Suffering Ali issues
a cry for help with
his madcap innings
sunglasses and balance, and stumbled
the ball over the boundary for six. Next
The strangest passage of play in this ball, Ali drove over short cover for four.
Test was thought to have been on Die wondering? Probably not.
Boxing Day, when David Warner was
A few dots and moments of
dismissed on 99 by a debutant, introspection followed, before Ali went
reprieved because of a no-ball, then back to swishing at anything short or
returned with a century and a verbal full, those Test centuries a distant
volley next ball. But it had more memory. He went hard one last time, at
coming: Moeen Ali?s madcap innings a short one from Lyon ? who else? ?
yesterday. Some would call it an and Shaun Marsh took a brilliant
innings, others a cry for help from a leaping catch at short cover.
man with a frazzled mind. Certainly it
Ali?s average against Lyon is 13.3 this
was mad, bad and just a little bit sad.
series; he gave up trying to play both
Ali, a man with five Test centuries him and the seamers properly at the
and a great deal of skill, arrived with MCG, preferring to swing for the
England five down, 48 behind and just
rafters. That seldom works for long.
the timid tail to come. By the
With just three wickets in the
time that he left, after just
series and his two averages
14 balls that he had
105 apart (batting 19;
slogged for 20 runs,
bowling 124), Ali looks in
including a six and two
some trouble before the
fours, they were still
Sydney Test, but how
20 behind and with
England could replace
that tail exposed and The difference between Moeen him is even more
Ali?s batting average (19.42)
none of his quality
troubling.
and bowling average
revealed.
Luckily,
They would pick
(124.33) in this series after
Chris Woakes joined
Mason Crane to bowl
the third day of this
Alastair Cook to take
spin, but the 20-year-old
Test match
them into the lead.
leg spinner would not be
It did not feel like lasting
able to bat at No 7, meaning
long, from the moment that Ali?s
England?s flaky tail would be
second ball, a bumper from Josh Hazle- lengthened, with Woakes budged up a
wood, zipped off his helmet and ran place, and one of Craig Overton or Tom
away for four leg byes to fine leg. The Curran at a nosebleed-inducing No 8.
next one was short, too, and he took it
The other option is to drop one of the
on, mistiming three through mid-wick- bowlers for a batsman, with Ben Foakes
et. Australia must have felt in business. probably ahead of Gary Ballance in the
At the other end lurked Nathan Lyon, pecking order, but that places huge
Ali?s bogey bowler. He had dismissed strain on Crane ? and England must
him five times in six innings in all sorts surely play a spinner at Sydney ? as
of peculiar fashions. Ali chose to drill part of a four-man attack. Either way,
his first ball from Lyon, and fourth Ali requires a seismic contribution to
overall, high and hard down the the second half of this match, in either
ground. It swirled around and Pat of his disciplines, to keep his place in the
Cummins, at long-on, lost his side.
Will Macpherson Melbourne
104.91
DIGEST
DOWN
UNDER
Will Macpherson
Cook is human after all
It was another funny
day for the umpires and
DRS at the MCG. As with
James Vince on
Wednesday, Dawid
Malan consulted Alastair
Cook after being given out leg-before.
He would have been not out on review,
as he hit it. Malan?s was a larger Hot
Spot than Vince?s but neither batsman
nor Cook ? nor indeed the umpires ?
realised. ?They asked my opinion and I
thought both of them were out,? Cook
said. ?Normally you know when you hit
it or not, so it?s strange. We make
mistakes, we are all human.?
Later, Stuart Broad was caught by
Usman Khawaja, above, at third man.
The ball bobbled out of his hands as he
tumbled, but the umpire?s soft signal of
out was upheld after inconclusive
replays. ?We are 80 yards away so don?t
have the best view,? Cook said. ?The
catch looked inconclusive on TV, but
Uzzie?s a fair cricketer and he was
confident and there?s no reason for
anyone to say otherwise.?
?I?m sorry for Brian Lara?
Cook was on fine form at his press
conference after the close. When the
final question came in, it was about
passing Brian Lara?s 11,953 Test runs to
move into sixth place on the all-time
list, which he had done in the day?s final
over with yet another beautiful drive.
?I can?t really explain that,? Cook said.
?I just feel a bit sorry for Brian Lara.?
Centenary Test honoured
At teatime yesterday, a motorcade
travelled around the boundary in
honour of the 40th anniversary of the
Centenary Test. The eight surviving
Australia players, including Rodney
Marsh and Dennis Lillee, below left and
right, were paraded around to raucous
applause from the rafters.
Barmy Army crows at Bird
Cook praised the Barmy Army for their
recent efforts, as well as the many other
England fans. The Barmies must have
felt like it was 2010-11 all over again, so
they dug out an old chant. Jackson Bird
had just conceded 100 wicketless runs
when he was fielding in front of them.
?He bowls to the left, he bowls to the
right . . . ? You know the rest. Bird took it
in good spirits and offered a wave.
66
2G M
RK
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
Sport The Ashes
Sport
Cook?s hard work and
Mike Atherton
Chief Cricket
Correspondent
Melbourne
Day 3 Australia v England
Melbourne (third day of five): England, with one
first-innings wicket in hand, are 164 runs ahead of
Australia
?The solution, as I see it, is to work
harder.? As with the dutiful Boxer in
Animal Farm, Alastair Cook?s answer to
his lack of form in this series was a
simple one: into the nets he went for
hours on end, sometimes with
team-mates, sometimes with his
personal batting coach, Gary Palmer,
forever working, never shirking. He
had faith that this straightforward
contract would pay out eventually, as it
always has done.
This binary equation (hard work =
success) has carried Cook through the
trials and tribulations of his career and
has been at the heart of his deep store of
self-belief, that somehow, if he retains
faith in the sums, he will always find a
way. He found his way at the MCG by
taking a slightly more positive route on
the second day, and then settling down
to his natural rhythm on the third,
binding together England?s reply with
another epic demonstration of
willpower, resilience, concentration
and skill.
On a memorable day, Cook scored
the fifth Test double hundred of his
career and only the second by an
England batsman ? Wally Hammond
was the first ? at this great ground. You
wouldn?t necessarily bracket Cook and
Hammond together in a discussion of
cricketing aesthetics, but statistically
they now stand apart, having made
more double hundreds than anyone
else for England. Cook now trails the
great Wally by two, having passed
another legendary England batsman,
Sir Leonard Hutton, who made four.
We were back in the dreamy realms
of 2010-11, when Cook helped to bat
England to glory by wearing Australia?s
bowlers down, until they and Ricky
Ponting, the captain, had run out of
ideas, reached breaking point and
turned to funkery. We reached that
1
Cook?s partnership
with Anderson is,
according to
Benedict Bermange,
the Sky statistician,
the first time that
England?s leading
runscorer and
wicket-taker have
batted together since
the second Test in
history in 1877 when
Harry Jupp (67 runs)
partnered Alfred
Shaw (eight wickets)
2
Times that Cook and
Broad have batted
together, despite
Cook playing in all of
Broad?s 113 Tests. The
other occasion was
at Sharjah in 2015
4
Cook is only the
second man, after
Mahela Jayawardena,
to have batted for
more than ten hours
on four occasions in
Test cricket
approximation about half an hour
before tea, when Steven Smith
instructed Mitchell Marsh to bowl two
feet outside off stump, a last-resort
tactic, with six men in a scattered semicircle square on the off side, with an
inviting hole in the middle to entice the
stroke. They were waiting, in other
words, for Cook to make a mistake.
He doesn?t, as a rule, make many, not
being the type to be bored out. He made
just two in the stretch of ten and a half
hours. The first came on the second day,
when he offered a catch to Smith at slip
on 66; the second came in the
afternoon session yesterday when, on
155, he pulled Marsh towards square
leg, where Smith found himself in the
vicinity of the ball again.
As the day before, Australia?s captain
snatched at the chance, one-handed
rather than two this time, but with the
same result, thus giving Cook another
reprieve. Thereafter, nothing: not a
sniff of a chance.
Were that the case with some of
England?s other top-order batsmen. It
was George Headley, the great West
Indies batsman, who used to ask
occasionally after some foolishness
from a team-mate, ?Why him don?t like
to bat?? At times, yesterday, Cook must
have wondered along the same lines.
Joe Root hooked straight to Nathan
Lyon at a deepish square leg; Dawid
Malan failed to send his lbw decision
upstairs despite replays suggesting a
thick inside edge, and Moeen Ali played
fast and loose with his reputation and
his place in the team with an innings
that reeked of desperation.
Root went through to his half-century almost immediately and must have
had designs on a first hundred of his
own on Australian soil until he
inexplicably hooked Pat Cummins into
the deep, despite Cook?s warning of the
field placement moments before. Root
kicked the turf on his way off, and threw
down a glove before he had left the
arena, a measure of his annoyance at
once again not translating a decent
start into something more meaningful.
Once Malan had chosen not to
review, and Lyon had deceived Jonny
Bairstow with a quicker ball, Ali?s
desperation was laid out for all to see.
All players must deal with their crises as
they see fit, but Ali?s is as far removed
from Cook?s methods as it is possible to
be, throwing caution to the wind and
hoping for the best. He ought to have
holed out at long-off to the first ball he
faced from the off spinner, only for
Cummins to misjudge his position on
the boundary edge, but then did slap a
short ball to Shaun Marsh at extra
cover to end a quixotic stay.
At this point, despite Cook?s omnipresence, England?s reply did not
threaten to engulf Australia, but if ever
England?s lower middle order and tail
were to prosper on this tour it was here,
on this pudding of a pitch, and against
this attack, shorn of Mitchell Starc.
Accordingly, although Tom Curran
went quickly, Chris Woakes hung
around for 93 minutes and, praise be,
Stuart Broad rediscovered his appetite
for batting over 89 minutes, as
England?s last four wickets added 184,
with possibly a little more to come.
Cook was 146 when Woakes came to
the crease and would not have had, at
that point, eyes on a double hundred,
given England?s recent travails
down the order. He was 179 when
Broad arrived and found himself in a
babysitter?s role, trying to coax an
innings from a man who has long
forgotten how to bat, as well as concentrate on his own game. Broad suggested
impermanence initially, as the inevitable bombardment came his way, but
Remarkable statistics of
opener?s double century
Most Test runs
Cook went past three batsmen on
the all-time list during this innings
Sachin Tendulkar (India)
15,921
Most innings for England of
150 or more
Alastair Cook
11
Wally Hammond
10
Sir Len Hutton
Ricky Ponting (Aus)
13,378
Jacques Kallis (ICC/SA)
10
Kevin Pietersen
13,289
Graham Gooch
13,288
Dennis Amiss
10
8
Rahul Dravid (ICC/India)
Kumar Sangakkara (SL)
12,400
Alastair Cook (Eng)
11,956
8
David Gower
8
Most double centuries for England
Hammond
7
Brian Lara (ICC/WI)
11,953
Shivnarine Chanderpaul (WI)
11,867
Mahela Jayawardena (SL)
11,814
gradually realised that the imagination
of bouncers was worse than the reality
on this particular surface.
Australia became ragged, losing their
discipline at the sight of Broad. The
Barmy Army ripped into the innocuous
Jackson Bird, who brought up his own
gallon. Lyon followed suit, as Cook
drove him hard over long-on to bear
down on his double hundred.
He brought it up shortly afterwards
with a classic straight drive off Bird,
fitting this given that the quality of his
driving has been the outstanding
feature of his revival. Broad celebrated
the moment marginally before Cook, a
measure of the esteem in which the
former captain is held, and the
reticence with which Cook displays his
wares compared with most modern
players.
The lead grew. Broad began to enjoy
his batting for once: he pulled
Cook
5
Hutton
4
Pietersen
3
Cummins to the fence to bring up his
own fifty in a rollicking 59 balls and
then pulled him again for four more,
with Lyon completely misjudging the
carry of the ball. It took a wonderful
running catch from Usman Khawaja at
third man to end Broad?s fun.
Cook was still there, of course, having
passed the highest score by a visiting
player at the MCG and then his own
Test best in Australia of 235 not out,
made at Brisbane seven years ago. The
field spread for him, and closed for
James Anderson as Smith tried to prise
Cook from the strike, if not the crease.
How Australia?s ambition had shrunk.
With two balls of the day to go, the
field came in and Cook drove Mitchell
Marsh gloriously for four and then
eased the last ball to mid-off. He walked
from the field to a standing ovation,
looking fresh and ready to do it all
again. All the hard work had paid off.
the times | Friday December 29 2017
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Sport
Sport
self-belief reap reward
WILLIAM WEST/GETTY IMAGES
Day 4 Lunch scoreboard
Australia: First Innings 327
Highest score by a touring
batsman in Melbourne
Highest score by a touring
batsman in Australia
Cook
Ross Taylor (NZ) Perth 2015
244*
Viv Richards (WI, 1984)
208
290
Reg Foster (Eng) Sydney 1903
287
Azhar Ali (Pak, 2016)
Brian Lara (WI) Sydney 1993
Aubrey Faulkner (SA, 1910)
Hammond (Eng) Sydney 1938
Hammond (Eng, 1928)
Cook
205*
204
200
(D A Warner 103, S P D Smith 76,
S E Marsh 61; S C J Broad 4 for 51)
England: First Innings (overnight 491-9)
A N Cook not out..............................................244
M D Stoneman c and b Lyon.........................15
J M Vince lbw b Hazlewood...........................17
*J E Root c Lyon b Cummins..........................61
D J Malan lbw b Hazlewood.......................... 14
?J M Bairstow c Paine b Lyon...................... 22
M M Ali c S E Marsh b Lyon.......................... 20
C R Woakes c Paine b Cummins................ 26
T K Curran c Paine b Hazlewood..................4
S C J Broad c Khawaja b Cummins...........56
J M Anderson c Bancroft b Cummins....... 0
Extras (b 4, lb 5, nb 3)........................................ 12
Total (144.1 overs).......................................491
Fall of wickets 1-35, 2-80, 3-218, 4-246,
5-279, 6-307, 7-366, 8-373, 9-473.
Bowling Hazlewood 30-5-95-3; Bird
30-5-108-0; Lyon 42-9-109-3; Cummins
29.1-1-117-4; M R Marsh 12-1-42-0; Smith
1-0-11-0.
Australia: Second innings
C T Bancroft b Woakes.................................... 27
D A Warner not out........................................... 28
U T Khawaja c Bairstow b Anderson......... 11
*S P D Smith not out............................................ 4
Extras ..........................................................................0
Total (2 wkts, 25 overs)..............................70
Fall of wickets 1-51, 2-65.
Bowling Anderson 7-2-16-1; Broad
5-3-12-0; Woakes 6-3-9-1; Curran 4-0-18-0;
Ali 3-0-15-0.
Umpires H D P K Dharmasena
(Sri Lanka) and S Ravi (India).
Series details: First Test Australia won by
ten wickets (Brisbane). Second Australia
won by 120 runs (Adelaide). Third
Australia won by an innings and 41 runs
(Perth). Fifth Jan 4-8 (Sydney).
277
251
Day 3: session by session
244*
Morning
Joe Root reaches 50 but fails to kick
on. Replays reveal that a fine edge
would have saved Dawid Malan on
review. Alastair Cook motors on.
Score England 264-4. Runs 72.
Wickets 2. Run rate 2.57
Where he scored his runs
Runs
244
(409)
1s
77
Afternoon
Jonny Bairstow is caught behind off
Nathan Lyon, then Moeen Ali plays a
mad innings. Chris Woakes helps
Cook to take England into the lead.
Score England 360-6. Runs 96.
Wickets 2. Run rate 3.42
2s
19
3s
7
4s
27
On side
Evening
Woakes and Tom Curran fall early.
Stuart Broad displays some of his
ungainly but effective swipes. Cook
brings up 200. Broad gets 50.
Score England 491-9. Runs 131.
Wickets 3. Run rate 4.23
Off side
England grab two early wickets in pursuit of victory
Day 4
Mike Atherton
After the dismissal of James Anderson
to the first ball of the day, thus denying
Alastair Cook the opportunity to
extend his marathon innings, Australia
had reduced their deficit by 70 runs at
lunch for the loss of Cameron Bancroft
and Usman Khawaja as England?s
bowlers battled a lifeless pitch and
some determined rear-guard batting
from David Warner.
Bancroft and Warner had posted 51
for the opening wicket when Chris
Woakes, at the end of a tidy spell,
squeezed one through Bancroft?s
defences ? with the help of the inside
edge and pad ? for England?s first
success of the morning. Anderson followed that up at the start of his second
spell by inducing a thin edge from
Khawaja to a ball that moved a little in
the air.
Steve Smith joined Warner, then, in
the partnership likely to determine the
course of the match.
Since his comedy act in Brisbane, the
laughs had been on rather than with
Bancroft, given the way his form had
deteriorated and fluency deserted him.
A couple of crisp boundaries off Stuart
Broad, however, suggested better times
ahead, until the slowness of the pitch
and lack of bounce contributed to his
dismissal.
Woakes and Tom Curran shared ten
overs with an almost new ball, given
that England?s opening pair were given
scant opportunity ? just two overs for
Broad and three for Anderson ? as the
England captain kept his big guns in
reserve for when the ball started to
reverse swing (England?s bowlers
reckoned they found reverse swing as
early as 14 overs with the second new
ball). Both returned 15 minutes before
lunch and found a sliver of movement
in the air.
In their attempts to encourage the
phenomenon, England?s fielders occa-
sionally threw the ball into the abrasive
areas around the popping crease,
causing the umpires to query the tactics
with Joe Root. The admission that there
was nothing in a fourth-day surface
with the new ball for two bowlers who
had 918 Test wickets between them at
the start of the innings, was a damning
indictment of the pitch provided for
this Test match.
Khawaja replaced Bancroft and, given
his noted struggles against spin, found
himself predictably facing Moeen Ali.
Online today ? unrivalled coverage of the fourth Test
6am
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definitive report
both of the camps
Read at thetimes.co.uk/sport and on The Times smartphone app
Khawaja?s response ? as Ali?s had been
the day before against Nathan
Lyon ? was an aggressive one (albeit
with far less desperation), and he got off
the mark with a lofted straight six,
followed by a sweetly timed cover drive
for four. His innings was short-lived.
Cook did not get the chance to add to
his overnight score, given that Anderson knocked the first ball of the day into
the hands of short leg and wandered off
with the air of a man reprieved from the
firing squad. Thus Cook became the first
England batsman to carry his bat since
your correspondent at Christchurch in
1997, and the first in a Test against
Australia since Geoffrey Boycott was
left stranded on 99 in Perth 38 years ago.
Oh to have been a fly on the wall then.
2G M
Friday December 29 2017 | the times
RK
Sport
I fear England threat
Richie McCaw on how Eddie Jones?
men can stop the All Blacks
Pages 58-59
thetimes.co.uk/sport
ALASTAIR GRANT/AP
I deserved to
be dropped,
admits Cook
Will Macpherson Melbourne
It took Australia a single delivery to end
England?s first innings on the fourth
morning of the Boxing Day Test. James
Anderson was the dismissed batsman,
meaning Alastair Cook carried his bat
for the first time in 482 innings as a firstclass batsman.
The former captain?s magnificent 244
not out banished English fears of a third
Ashes whitewash in 11 years.
England were all out for 491 when
Anderson prodded a bumper from Pat
Cummins to short leg, leaving them
with a first-innings lead of 164. By lunch
that had been eroded to 94, for the loss
of Cameron Bancroft and Usman
Khawaja.
As England quickly sought reverse
swing on a pitch so flat as to be a source
of embarrassment for the MCG, Bancroft played on to Chris Woakes, who
was replaced by James Anderson ?
who in turn promptly had Khawaja
caught behind. The game was entering
a vital phase with Australia?s two champion batsmen, David Warner and
Steven Smith, at the crease.
Cook became the eighth Englishman
to carry his bat in a Test innings, and the
first since Michael Atherton?s 94 at
Christchurch in 1997. The previous
batsman to carry his bat in an Ashes
Test was Bill Lawry at the SCG in 1971,
although Geoffrey Boycott did so for 99
in an England-Australia Test when the
urn was not at stake in Perth in 1979.
Cook is the first player to do so at the
MCG, and his 244 not out is the highest
score of the 46 Test cricketers to carry
his bat. It was a remarkable innings
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Ian Winrow
Alexis S醤chez scored twice to give
Arsenal a 3-2 victory against Crystal
Palace at Selhurst Park last night but
the Chile forward?s relationship with
some of his team-mates appeared
strained as they chose not to celebrate
with him.
S醤chez?s future has been thrown
into doubt as he runs down the final
year of his contract. Ars鑞e Wenger
conceded again that he did not know
whether the player would be at Arsenal
after next month?s transfer window ?
although he said that the club hoped to
agree a deal to keep Jack Wilshere, the
midfielder.
After scoring his first and Arsenal?s
second goal, S醤chez was joined by
only four of his team-mates, the others,
including Wilshere, deciding to
celebrate separately.
Thierry Henry, the former Arsenal
forward now working as a pundit for
Sky Sports, said that the divided
celebration appeared significant, and
had clearly irked S醤chez.
?Look at the division of the team,?
Henry said. ?Surely the team isn?t only
five [people]? He [S醤chez] is talking to
[Alexandre] Lacazette, ?Why are they
not coming?? and Lacazette is saying, ?I
don?t know? and he?s saying, ?Guys we
are 2-1 up, don?t you want to celebrate??
?I don?t know what is the situation
there, but usually when your team
scores you don?t look at who scores.
[You don?t think] ?Shall I go, shall I not
go.? You?re not here for Alexis S醤chez,
you?re here for Arsenal.
?Arsenal scored. Go and celebrate.
Whoever does it, we don?t care about
that, go and celebrate with your teammate. S醤chez made me notice it. It was
like he thought he was alone.?
Wenger denied that he feared
S醤chez leaving but refused to offer an
assurance that he would not be sold
next month. ?First of all nobody knows
which led to him rising three places to
sixth in the all-time list of Test runscorers, leapfrogging Mahela Jayawardena, Shivnarine Chanderpaul and
Brian Lara.
It was also the highest score by a visiting batsman at the MCG, overtaking
Viv Richards? 208 in 1984; a mural commemorating the ground?s best scores
and figures by Australia and overseas
players in the members? area?s Percy
Beames Bar was already being updated
on the match?s fourth morning.
All this after Cook came to Melbourne with a series average below 14
and with a top score of 37 in ten Test innings (although the one before that
brought 243 against West Indies at
Edgbaston). Cook had expressed relief
and admitted to feeling emotional on
the second evening at the breaking of
his poor run, which had turned to pride
a day later that he had been able to kick
on and make a match-shaping score.
Despite this, Cook said he had been
embarrassed by his form and England
would have been ?entitled? to drop him,
and that ?he would have to live with?
the fact that he had been unable to
make a contribution earlier in the series
?for a long time?.
?They would have been entitled to
[drop me],? said Cook, ?just because I
hadn?t scored a run since Edgbaston.
Two West Indies games, three here and
some warm-up games. I always feel I?ve
got the backing of the selectors, but
you?ve still got to deliver the goods. And
I hadn?t done that. It was frustrating.
?It?s one of those ten hours where I?ll
look back and go, ?Yeah, things were
Continued on page 64
22
23
25
27
S醤chez is
snubbed by
team-mates
S醤chez celebrates after scoring his second goal at Selhurst Park last night
Continued on page 62
across
down
Yesterday?s solution 26,920
1 Liberal dons tolerate American
state (7)
5 Judge of mince pies providing some
humour (7)
9 Exposed snakes showed signs of
distress (9)
10 Dud shade (5)
11 Carnivore heading for lair put on
speed (5)
12 Architect ultimately devising
natural alternative to tiles (9)
14 Not getting enough ? hundred
euros in change (14)
17 Banned athlete sadly submits, the
worse for wear (3,2,3,6)
21 Gallant vicar with child brie?y out
of hand (9)
23 Vigorous, if in need of practice,
having changed sides (5)
24 Oddly for each thousand you get a
mutant (5)
25 Thirsting for blood, as was
McCarthy, mostly? (6,3)
26 Large mammal gets last of prey
? it?s a chancy business (7)
27 Return of stone edging even less
healthy for plant support (7)
1 Saw Times superior to Express (6)
2 British measure time ?elder has to
catch (4,3)
3 Spirited mum collects one, on
coming ?rst (9)
4 Search on the ground for brick, in
last resort (5,6)
5 Old invader?s un?nished project (3)
6 Small portion of broccoli causing
complaint (5)
7 Gross politician, one visiting boozer
(7)
8 Newton, say, engrossed in study,
?nally forgave dissident (8)
13 Severe stress some of Proust?s
characters may be under? (5,6)
15 Bias current medic?s shown facing a
cut in surgery (9)
16 Offer short clue that?s defective but
compelling (8)
18 Most banal customs dividing races
(7)
19 Ne?er-do-well king borne in litter
by learner (7)
20 The last place, perhaps, to
introduce unknown stars (6)
22 Joint from an ungulate served up
(5)
25 Backward throw (3)
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Departures March to May and October, 2018.
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Departures January to October, 2018.
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Departures May to October, 2018.
Price based on October, 2018.
Four nights? deluxe stay
at the four-star Hotel Cala
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Free upgrade to superiordouble room?
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?Free upgrade, extra discount and bottle of wine, water and fruit basket only available throughout May and October).
Call now to book, quoting KL593
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More inspiring breaks with Inspired Luxury Escapes
Friday, December 29, 2017
Exquisite Seville
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THREE NIGHTS
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eville is the capital and the largest city of Andalusia, it is situated
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The four-star Ayre Hotel Seville is the ideal hotel if you?re looking
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conference facilities and concierge.
Departures January to October, 2018.
Price based on January and February, 2018.
Krakow and Warsaw
twin centre
CITY
Three nights? deluxe stay
at the four-star Ayre Hotel
Sevilla, Seville
Standard room
Breakfast provided daily
Add on city sightseeing
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arrakech is an exotic and mysterious city, much of its ancient
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The Opera Plaza Hotel, is a stylish and modern hotel, perfect for
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Departures April to October, 2018.
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Four nights? deluxe stay
at four-star Hotel Opera
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Lisbon and Porto
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CITY
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Three nights? luxury
PRICE INCLUDES:
stay at the five-star
Bonerowski Palace,
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Krakow
Three nights? luxury
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Situated in the centre of Krakow, the ?ve-star Bonerowski Palace
has a gym and a sauna with massage services. The ?ve-star Regent?s
Warsaw is one of the city?s ? nest hotels. It may be in the middle
of the modern business district, but it is close to the nostalgia,
romanticism and history of the capital?s old town and castle.
Breakfast provided daily
ith a richer history than most European countries, Poland
has been overlooked as a holiday destination for the past few
years, but you can change that with stays in Krakow and Warsaw.
Departures January to June, 2018.
Price based on January, 2018.
at the five-star Regent
Warsaw Hotel, Warsaw
First class internal
train transfer between
destinations
Add-on Auschwitz and
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isbon offers all the major attractions you would expect from
a vibrant European capital. Gothic cathedrals, majestic
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experience in Lisbon. The ?ve-star Real Palacio Hotel is a 17thcentury palace near the beaches of the Estoril Coast.
Romantic Porto is awash with the colour of its medieval relics, soaring
bell towers and extravagant churches. The historic centre is where
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enjoy three nights at the four-star HF Ipanema Park Hotel with stunning
panoramic views from the top ?oor outdoor pool and lounge bar.
Departures January to June, 2018.
Price based on February, 2018.
stay at the five-star Real
Palacio Hotel, Lisbon
Three nights? deluxe stay
at the four-star
HF Ipanema Hotel, Porto
Breakfast provided daily
First class internal
train transfer between
destinations
Call now to book, quoting KL593
0330 160 8423
thetimes.co.uk/deals
holidays
are subject
to availability.
Prices correct
the timeThis
of print
andis based
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adults
a double/twin
holiday
will be
by Broadway
TravelRoad,
and your
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holidays
subject
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Friday, December 29, 2017
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Seven nights? luxury stay
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Stay five nights for the
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taly?s green heart, Umbria is the only Italian region that borders
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Relais Il Castello is located in the medieval village of Monte Castello
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Departures April to October, 2018.
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price of four or seven
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Bottle of prosecco in
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Complimentary one hour
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Scenic Dubrovnik
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FI VE NI G HT S
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T
he Quinta das Vistas Palace Gardens hotel is a marvellously
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provide a tranquil experience for each and every guest. Situated on a
brow of hill, it provides unrivalled views of the Atlantic Ocean.
The hotel offers a full range of facilities including a beautiful southfacing swimming pool that connects to an indoor heated swimming
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Departures January to October, 2018.
Price based on January and May, 2018.
All-inclusive
Malta getaway
Twin garden-view room
with balcony/terrace
Breakfast provided daily
Private return transfers
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Two full-day and one halfday group shared tours of
the island included
F O U R NIG H TS
FROM
�9
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PER PERS ON
FREE UPGRADE TO SEA-VIEW ROOM
PRICE INCLUDES
Return flights from
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on request)
Five nights? luxury stay
PRICE INCLUDES:
at the five-star Admiral
Grand, Dubrovnik
Return flights from
London (other airports
on request)
Mountain view room
O
verlooking the deep blue waters of the Adriatic Sea, Dubrovnik
is a truly stunning walled city that is understandably one of
Croatia?s most sought-after tourist destinations. A UNESCO World
Heritage site with Baroque churches, the Grand Palazzo and a
picturesque old town, not to mention the ? awless beaches.
The Admiral Grand Hotel has an incredible location that gives it the
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hotel overlooks the Bay of Slano and is backed by rolling hills.
Half-board basis
Private return transfers
included
Free bottle of wine
upon arrival
One hour free use
Departures April to May and September to October, 2018.
Price based on April, 2018.
of tennis court
(daytime hours only)
M
alta is a gem nestled between the African north coast and Italy.
A Malta holiday is a journey into a rich cultural heritage and
an eclectic mix of styles with a stunning rugged coastline. Add to
the mix welcoming people and a high return factor, you can see why
a Malta holiday makes perfect sense.
Overlooking St Paul?s bay, the DB San Antonio Hotel and Spa offers
spectacular views. Our incredible facilities include indoor and
outdoor swimming pools, a Moroccan-style spa complete with hot
tub, a steam bath and a ?tness centre.
Departures January to October, 2018 (excluding May).
Price based on January and February, 2018.
Four night?s deluxe stay
at the four-star
DB San Antonio, Malta
Free upgrade to twin sea
view room
All-inclusive stay
Private return
transfers included
Call now to book, quoting KL593
0330 160 8423
thetimes.co.uk/deals
All
holidays
subject
to sharing
availability.
Prices correct
at the timeAllofholidays
print and
basedto on
two adults
sharing
a double/twin
accommodation.
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Prices
based are
on two
people
double/twin
accommodation.
subject
availability.
Travel
insurance
not included.
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R Holding, A Iwobi, D Welbeck. Booked Chambers.
offensive triumvirate of S醤chez, Referee M Oliver. Attendance 25,762.
Crystal Palace
S醤chez
collected
Wilshere?s
brilliant pass to
side-foot the
ball past Juli醤
Speroni for his
second goal of
the night, and
Arsenal?s third
138
continued from back
Team-mates snub S醤chez
what will happen really,? the
manager said. ?It?s difficult to
speculate. At the moment we are
focused on short term, that means
the next game with the players
committed and ready to fight. It?s not
a guarantee of how long you stay
somewhere. As long as you are
somewhere, you give your best.?
He added: ?I felt he was very good
tonight from the first minute on,
focused on the game. This kind of
S醤chez is a great football player, as
we know. That?s the kind of
performance we want from him.?
Wilshere, who is also in the final
year of his contract, indicated after
the game that he expected to sign a
new deal soon and Wenger
confirmed talks between the club
and the England midfielder are
planned for next month. ?The
situation is that we need to sit down
with him,? Wenger said. ?The
beginning of January, it?s planned.
There is no delay. I said we would
sort out his situation in December,
end of December, and so I told him
we want to meet and sit down with
him to talk about the future. That?s
what I did. Now we play today, we
play on Sunday, we play on
Wednesday. At the moment the
focus has to be on the games.?
Roy Hodgson, the Crystal Palace
manager, said: ?There are no
positives in defeat as such. It is good
we didn?t get beat by more goals.
Goal difference is important. We
showed we are a good team and we
have quality players in our team. For
us it is a question of keeping fighting.
Even at 3-1 down to a team of this
quality there was no resignation.
Had the game been five or six
minutes longer maybe we could have
got something.?
Team look divided
1
2
the times | Friday December 29 2017
63
2G M
Sport
to Wenger
BEN STANSALL/GETTY IMAGES
Wilshere?s brilliant pass tees up third goal
S醤chez
Wilshere
How they stand
P
Man City........20
Man United ... 20
Chelsea..........20
Liverpool.......20
Tottenham.....20
Arsenal .......... 20
Burnley..........20
Leicester........20
Everton..........20
Watford..........20
Huddersfield.20
Brighton ........ 20
Stoke..............20
Southamptn..20
Newcastle......20
C Palace.........20
West Ham......20
Bournemth....20
West Brom.....20
Swansea ........ 20
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as they celebrate first S醤chez goal
1 Alexis S醤chez puts Arsenal 2-1 up
and runs towards the away fans to
celebrate, but only four players join
him, while the others choose to
remain in a separate group.
3
2 As the four who joined him ?
inset, from left ? Mesut 謟il, Granit
Xhaka, Shkodran Mustafi and
Alexandre Lacazette ? head back
towards the centre circle, S醤chez
appears bemused at the failure of
the rest of the team to congratulate
him. He turns with his palms
outstretched towards Lacazette in
search of an explanation, before
running towards the group of
players who had not joined him.
3 S醤chez puts his hands together
to make the point he thought that
they should all have been together
as they celebrated taking the lead.
Has gulf in quality made
the Premier League a joke?
James Gheerbrant
analyses statistics that
show how ?have-nots?
of the top flight lost
their attacking intent
In some ways, this has been the season
that the Premier League got its mojo
back. Performances in the Champions
League, where all five Premier League
teams have reached the knockout
stage, have encouraged the view that,
for the first time in a long time, English
teams rank among Europe?s best. And
in Manchester City, who have won 18
league matches in a row, the Premier
League boasts probably the best football team on the continent.
Domestic meetings between the
heavyweight Premier League sides
have generally lived up to expectations
this season too, with an average of 3.1
goals and just two goalless draws from
13 games so far. Games such as Tottenham Hotspur 4 Liverpool 1, Arsenal 1
Manchester United 3, Manchester City
4 Tottenham 1 and especially Arsenal 3
Liverpool 3 were riotously entertaining
affairs, reinforcing the Premier
League?s reputation for all-out attack
and chaotic, breakneck entertainment.
There is, though, another side to all
this. If the best teams are better than
ever, their improvement has come at
the cost of the Premier League?s reputation as a league where any team can
beat any other, or at the very least have
a red-hot go at doing so. There is a sense
that the smaller teams are less adventurous than ever against the big teams,
with an increasing number of Premier
League games playing out to a pre-set
pattern of defence against attack.
Wednesday night?s match between
Newcastle United and Manchester
City, in which Pep Guardiola?s side had
78 per cent of possession and 21 shots,
felt typical of the new norm.
?We did absolutely everything
but it is difficult to play when the
other team doesn?t want to
play,? Guardiola said.
?The Premier League
in general, when they
come up against the top
six, certainly at home,
it?s
becoming embarrassing,? Sky
Sports pundit Jamie Carragher thundered at half-time in
that match, with Newcastle
having managed just two
touches in the City box.
?The Premier League now
is becoming a bit of 
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