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The Times 13 September 2017

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daily newspaper of the year
2G
Wednesday September 13 2017 | thetimes.co.uk | No 72327
Only �to subscribers �60
New York?s 10 big trends
Sir Peter Hall
1930 -- 2017
News Page 3
Obituary Pages 52-53
Benedict Nightingale Times2
Anna Murphy?s catwalk highlights Times2
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER JACK HILL
Women told
HRT does
not lead to
early death
Illegal strike
threat from
unions after
pay cap row
Lucy Fisher, Francis Elliott
Fiona Hamilton, Richard Ford
Scientists calm fears over menopause treatment
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Women can take hormone replacement
therapy for the menopause without fear
that it will cause early death, the first
long-term study has concluded.
The same research that originally
raised fears of cancer and heart disease
linked to HRT has now found that it led
to no extra deaths over two decades as
the health risks and benefits cancelled
each other out. As a result, more
women should be offered the treatment
for hot flushes, night sweats and other
problems, scientists said.
?This is good news for women,? said
JoAnn Manson, professor of medicine
at Harvard Medical School and lead
author of the study. ?This fundamentally
provides reassurance for women during
the menopause who are seeking hormone therapy to manage bothersome
and disturbing symptoms such as hot
flushes and night sweats.?
In the heyday of HRT in the 1980s
and 1990s, millions of women used it to
eliminate symptoms of the menopause
and protect themselves against heart
disease. However, in 2002 data from the
US Women?s Health Initiative study
found that it increased the risk of heart
disease and breast cancer. After other
studies also found a link to cancer,
usage halved and now about one in ten
British women going through the
menopause is thought to be on HRT.
Scientists returned to the Women?s
Health Initiative data on 27,000 women
aged 50 to 79 who took HRT for five to
seven years. Following them for an
average of 18 years, researchers found
that death rates were unaffected by
the treatment, with 27.1 per cent dying
during this period among those who
took hormones against 27.6 per cent
who took a placebo.
Heart disease deaths were also identical and there was no significant difference in the risk of dying from cancer,
with 8.2 per cent on HRT dying this way
against 8 per cent in the control group,
researchers report in the Journal of the
American Medical Association.
Professor Manson said that the risks
of blood clots, stroke and breast cancer
? all increased by HRT ? seemed to
be offset by the protection it afforded
against fractures, diabetes and endometrial cancer. ?All-cause mortality is
the ultimate bottom line in terms of the
effect of a medicine on serious and
life-threatening conditions,? she said.
?We can reassure women now. There
was a lot of fear. Even though there
are risks, there are counterbalancing
benefits that mean the effect on
mortality is neutral.?
While taking HRT, women in their
50s were actually 31 per cent less likely
to die although this effect faded once
they had stopped using it. Professor
Manson said the findings backed recent
NHS advice that doctors should not be
scared of prescribing HRT because of
the cancer risks.
About a fifth of the two million
women going through the menopause
suffer serious symptoms and the
National Institute for Health and Care
Excellence (Nice) said in 2015 that
many were ?suffering in silence?
because they were not getting effective
treatment. HRT can be taken in tablets,
skin patches, gels and creams.
Professor Manson said that the
Continued on page 6, col 4
Warriors? hoard Gold vessels form part of an exhibition of Scythian artefacts at the
British Museum that examines the rise of the ancient herdsmen from southern
Siberia who seized control of lands from northern China to the Black Sea. Page 19
Three of Britain?s biggest trade unions
are threatening a wave of illegal strikes
this winter if Theresa May refuses to
lift the 1 per cent cap on pay rises for the
whole public sector.
Union bosses representing more
than two million workers issued warnings as the prime minister abandoned
the seven-year cap to boost pay for two
sectors yesterday. Jeremy Corbyn, the
Labour leader, refused to condemn the
threats and his party would not say
whether it would back illegal strikes.
Mrs May awarded a pay increase of
about 2 per cent to the police and 1.7 per
cent for prison officers but said that
the rises must be funded from existing
budgets. The offer was branded pathetic
and derisory by Frances O?Grady, the
TUC general secretary. She said it fell
far below the 2.9 per cent rise in prices
revealed in inflation data yesterday.
Mark Serwotka, general secretary of
the Public and Commercial Services
Union (PCS), called the deal ?a pile
of crap?.
The rest of Britain?s 5.4 million public
sector workers must wait until the
budget on November 22 before hearing
about their pay next year. Three unions
? Unite, the GMB and PCS ? raised
the prospect of illegal strikes if the cap
remained in place for them.
Len McCluskey, the general secretary of Britain?s largest union, Unite,
was asked whether he would back illegal
strikes. ?I will support our members,? he
said. ?If that means we are outside the
law, then so be it.? Speaking at the TUC
in Brighton, he added: ?The reality is
that the law is wrong and it has
to be resisted. I dare say if you?d
been interviewing Nelson Mandela or
Mahatma Gandhi or the suffragettes
you?d be telling them that they were
breaking the law.?
He warned of a ?strong likelihood? of
the unions taking co-ordinated action.
The unions want a 5 per cent pay rise for
workers including nurses, teachers and
council staff.
Since March unions? strike ballots
have been legally required to reach a
turnout of 50 per cent of members.
For balloted workers in ?important
Continued on page 2, col 3
IN THE NEWS
Private school U-turn
Flu outbreak fears
Red faces at Apple
French protests
Alert over bitcoin
English sides triumph
The Tories have backed down
on a manifesto pledge to
scrap the charitable status of
private schools that do not
help out their state-school
neighbours. Page 4
Hospitals have been given six
weeks to empty beds in
preparation for an influx of
patients as a severe flu
outbreak that hit Australia
heads for Britain. Page 6
The facial-recognition software
on the new iPhone X proved
too secure when it failed to
recognise the Apple executive
who was demonstrating
the handset. Page 8
French police fought running
battles with protesters at
marches in Paris and the
provinces against labour
reforms proposed by
President Macron. Pages 30-31
The Financial Conduct
Authority has warned about
the perils of virtual currencies
such as bitcoin after a fund
that purported to invest in
them collapsed. Page 37
Chelsea thrashed Qarabag
of Azerbaijan 6-0 and
Manchester United defeated
Basle 3-0 in the first games
of the group stage of the
Champions League. Page 72
2
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
T O D AY ? S E D I T I O N
MAIN SECTION
TIMES2
Put up interest rates to tackle
rising inflation, Bank is urged
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
FELINE FASHION VICTIMS
Vets have warned against
?peticures? in which owners have
matching nails with their cats
ANOTHER DOOR OPENS
Robin Birley has built a new
empire after being dismissed
from running Annabel?s club
NEWS PAGE 5
PAGES 2-3
COMMENT 25
LETTERS 28
LEADING ARTICLES 29
WORLD 30
BUSINESS 37
REGISTER 52
COURT CIRCULAR 55
SPORT 60
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COMMENT
The Labour Party is being hollowed out
by a literally Stalinist clique
OLIVER KAMM, THUNDERER, PAGE 26
DINNER
TONIGHT
Trout with leeks
Cooking fish in a foil
parcel is a favourite
in my house. It
lightens the
washing-up and it?s fun
to unwrap at the table.
I used whole rainbow
trout in this recipe but
fillets or other fish
would be just as
suitable. Leeks are
softened in butter,
mixed with chopped
boiled eggs and dill
then spooned in the
fish cavity. If using
fillets, pile the filling
over the fish.
Serves 4 Prep 15 min
Cook 30 min
Ingredients: 800g
trimmed leeks; 3 tbsp
butter; 4 eggs; half
bunch dill; 4 trout,
cleaned and gutted;
1 lemon; you will need
4 large sheets of foil.
Quarter the leeks
lengthways, hold the
pieces together and
chop into small scraps.
Melt the butter in a
spacious frying pan
and stir in the leeks.
Cook, stirring
occasionally, over a
medium-low heat until
thoroughly done,
raising the heat at the
end to drive off excess
juice. Meanwhile, boil
the eggs for 9 min.
Crack all over and peel
under cold water. Chop
the eggs. Chop the dill.
Stir eggs, dill and
seasoning of salt and
pepper into the
cooked leeks. Lay
each fish on a square
of foil and spoon the
filling into the cavity.
Pour lemon juice over
the fish. Fold the foil
into a parcel with
lugs at each end with
which to lift them.
Heat the oven to
190C/gas mark 5.
Place the parcels on
a heavy baking sheet
or shallow roasting tin
and bake for 15 min.
Serve the parcels as
they are with whatever
accompaniment you
fancy.
Lindsey Bareham
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in the wind. Full forecast, page 59
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The rising cost of clothes and shoes
helped to drive inflation to its highest
level in five years, tightening the
squeeze on households and piling
pressure on the Bank of England to
raise interest rates.
The consumer prices index of inflation jumped from 2.6 per cent in July to
2.9 per cent last month, the Office for
National Statistics said. It has not been
higher since April 2012.
The figures prompted a surge on
currency markets, where the pound
jumped 1.13 cents against the dollar to
$1.3275 ? its highest in a year ? and
0.82 cents against the euro to ?1.1092 on
expectations that the Bank would raise
rates sooner than thought.
Higher rates would increase the difficulties for many households who are
already struggling as prices rise faster
than wages. In June pay was growing at
2.1 per cent, which meant that wages fell
0.5 per cent in real terms that month.
The Bank will reveal its decision
tomorrow, but is expected to leave rates
on hold at 0.25 per cent. Traders are not
forecasting a rise until 2019 but if
policymakers signal that high inflation
cannot be tolerated, they may raise
market rates, which would also lift
borrowing costs in the real economy.
Sam Hill, UK economist at RBC
Big squeeze
AUG 2016 AUG 2017
Coffee
(instant, 100g)
�66
�00
Back bacon
(per kg)
�97
�34
White bread
(800g)
�99
�03
Butter
(250g)
�32
�53
Tomatoes
(per kg)
�01
�11
Milk
(pint)
Bananas
(per kg)
�43
�43
�85
�92
Wine
(175ml glass)
�59
�70
Cigarettes
(20)
�39
�52
Unleaded
petrol (litre)
�09
�16
Capital Markets, said that higher than
expected inflation ?leaves the monetary policy committee with a difficult
trade-off?.
The weak pound and higher oil prices
were to blame for the rise in prices last
month. Clothing and footwear inflation
hit 4.6 per cent, the highest since
records for the category began in 2006.
The ONS said: ?The rise may reflect
changes in the exchange rate impacting
on the cost of imported clothing, since
clothing and footwear is one of the
most import-intensive categories.?
Petrol prices rose 1.8 cents per litre
after Hurricane Harvey hit production
in Texas, reversing a 1.8 cents fall last
year. Air fares rose 10.9 per cent last
month but because the increase was
smaller than in 2016 the rise had the
effect of lowering inflation.
Mike Prestwood, head of inflation at
the ONS, said: ?The costs of raw materials and goods leaving factories also
increased slightly, mainly due to oil and
fuel prices.? Even stripping out food and
oil, the underlying ?core? measure of
inflation was 2.7 per cent ? the highest
it has been since 2011.
Stephen Clarke, policy analyst at the
Resolution Foundation, added: ?The
return of rising inflation after a twomonth pause will put further pressure
on stretched household budgets.?
The Treasury believes that inflation
will fall quickly next year as the effects
of the pound?s 12 per cent collapse
against a basket of currencies since the
EU referendum gradually dissipate.
Pressure grows for rate rise, page 38
Alistair Osborne, page 39
Teachers? pay down by 12% in decade
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Britain spends more than any other
developed economy on education
thanks to private schools and tuition
fees, but teachers have failed to benefit,
enduring a 12 per cent fall in the real
value of their pay over the past decade.
A study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
(OECD) calculated the average statutory starting salary for a newly qualified primary teacher in England at
continued from page 1
Union threats
public services? ? firefighting, health,
education, transport and border
protection ? 40 per cent of all those
eligible to vote must back industrial
action to render a strike legal.
Tim Roache, general secretary of the
third biggest union, GMB, told a TUC
fringe meeting: ?As public sector unions
we are united . . . whether it takes us
into strike action, whether it takes us
into unlawful action, in pursuit of the
right of our members to get a decent
pay rise.?
Mr Serwotka said that if a ballot
came close to the government-imposed
threshold there would be an ?overwhelmingly moral and just case to say
the law is illegitimate?.
He suggested that co-ordinated
action this winter could resemble the
strike over public sector pensions in
2011 when up to two million workers
walked out. The strikes, orchestrated by
the TUC, prompted 60 per cent of
schools in England to close and 6,000
NHS operations to be cancelled. It was
described as the biggest round of action
since the 1979 winter of discontent.
Steve Gillan, general secretary of the
Prison Officers Association, also
refused to rule out illegal strike action
by some of its members.
Mr Corbyn said that how strike
action was carried out was ?a matter
for the unions?. Richard Burgon, the
$27,646 (about �,980). This was lower
than in 22 other countries and economies, including Germany, Ireland,
South Korea and Portugal.
The findings will add to pressure on
ministers to scrap the 1 per cent pay cap
on public sector workers. Police and
prison officers will have the cap lifted
with the government accepting the
recommendations of pay review
bodies.
In the OECD, pay for primary and
lower secondary school teachers has
risen by 6 per cent in the period and by
4 per cent in upper secondary schools.
Britain spends 6.6 per cent of GDP on
education compared with an OECD
average of 5.2 per cent. However,
parents and students are subsidising
the system by spending above-average
sums, notably on tuition fees.
Turnover in teaching is high, but
Andreas Schleicher, of the OECD, said
that things were no different in other
professions where people left to take
other options.
Where they stand on strikes
Unite
General secretary Len
McCluskey
Membership 1.28m
?If . . . we are outside the
law, then so be it.?
GMB
General secretary Tim
Roache
Membership 623,000
?We are united, whether
it takes us into strike
action, whether it takes
us into unlawful action.?
PCS
General secretary Mark
Serwotka
Membership 195,000
An illegal strike
supported by a tiny
minority would be
?daft?, but a close ballot
shadow justice secretary, also sidestepped criticising them.
In its manifesto Labour pledged to
repeal the Trade Union Act so that the
type of strikes referred to would
become legal. It remained unclear last
night whether the party would support
strikes that are at present against
the law.
Paul Blomfield, the shadow Brexit
minister, condemned unlawful action.
?I don?t think there should be illegal
strikes,? he told the BBC. ?We are a
party that respects the law.?
Police leaders welcomed the pay rise
but expressed concern that it would be
allocated from shrunken budgets after
years of austerity. Many of the 43 police
forces in England and Wales had
budgeted for a 1 per cent pay rise but will
have to dig into reserves or further cut
would entail ?an
overwhelmingly moral
and just case to say the
law is illegitimate?.
Unison
General secretary Dave
Prentis
Membership 1.26m
Call for widespread
marches and lobbying
before walkouts.
services and investigations to fund the
� million bonus.
Matthew Ellis, the Tory police and
crime commissioner for Staffordshire,
said he had coped with four years of
budget cuts until recently, when extra
resources had been required for the
terrorism threat. He said he was very
disappointed that the government had
not offered funding for the pay rise.
6 Strikes over the role of guards on
trains may spread to a fourth network.
The Rail, Maritime and Transport
union (RMT) could walk out on the
Greater Anglia line this month after
members voted overwhelmingly in
favour of strikes. It caters for 82 million
passenger journeys a year. There have
been strikes on Southern, Northern
and Merseyrail. The RMT is balloting
for South Western.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
3
2GM
News
British stars cursed to fail as Macbeth
HULTON DEUTSCH/GETTY IMAGES
Jack Malvern
The nation that created Macbeth has a
terrible record of producing actors
capable of playing him, according to the
leader of the Royal Shakespeare
Company.
In a declaration more likely to provoke sound and fury than the milk of
human kindness, Gregory Doran has
suggested that British actors are
seldom up to the job of portraying the
violent Scottish warrior of Shakespeare?s tragedy. Notable failures in the
role have included the late John Gielgud and Sir Derek Jacobi, he said.
The company?s artistic director
suggested that it was far easier to find
actors capable of conveying the needy
self-doubt required to play Hamlet.
?Macbeth is one of those roles that?s
really difficult to cast,? Mr Doran said
yesterday as he announced that Christopher Eccleston, the former Doctor
Who star, would play the role in his debut performance for the company. ?We
don?t breed Macbeths in this country.?
He said that Eccleston would defy
the norm. ?There?s something about
the brilliant mind and the grit of Chris
Eccleston in that role.?
He observed that British actors have
traditionally been much better at playing Hamlet, as shown in recent years by
Tom Hiddleston, Rory Kinnear, David
Tennant and Benedict Cumberbatch.
?We have a lot of Hamlets,, don
don?tt
on?t
we? It?s the warriors we don?t
e,
breed so much. Of course,
Macbeth is the most
thinking of warriors. He
thinks such a lot, but
the pace of the play
means that Shakespeare puts the pressure
on him so that he doesn?t
get time to think.?
gud
He said that both Gielgud
d that
and Jacobi had reflected
orly received.
their Macbeths were poorly
?Gielgud ? he thought that he had
failed as Macbeth. Jacobi lamented that
audiences wouldn?t let him play
Macbeth.?
Mr Doran praised Jacobi as ?a great
all-round actor? but said that did not
necessarily mean that he met theatregoers? expectations as Macbeth.
The problem is that the character
arrives after a vivid description of his
actions in battle, in which he hacks his
way through soldiers to reach the
enemy leader. ?Before he walks on
stage, you hear that he?s unseamed
somebody ?from the nave to the chaps?
? there?s an unseen violence. When
you arrive on stage you don?t want
people to go, ?Oh.? ?
The other problem is that the actor
gets relatively few lines to assert himself, he said. ?The play is so tight ? it?s
one of Shakespeare?s shortest plays.?
The most notorious attempt to por-
Some killed, some died on stage
Hits
Michael Fassbender
(German-Irish) starred in
Justin Kurzel?s film in 2015.
The Times praised his
handling of the text as ?as
natural as breathing the
fog and filthy air of Skye?.
Sir Ian McKellen (British)
was in a staging in 1976. A
critic said he could recall
McKellen?s shaking hands
after killing the king ?until
my dying day?.
Misses
John Gielgud (British)
received praise for his turn
in 1942 but told friends that
he could not achieve ?the
streak of coarseness and
the ruthless energetic
John Gielgud
said he made a
poor Macbeth, a
role suited to
macho stars such
as Hugh Jackman.
Christopher
Eccleston, far
left, will hope to
buck the trend
tray Macbeth was Peter O?Toole?s at the
Old Vic in London in 1980, when the
Anglo-Irish actor had secured full
artistic control.
Timothy West, the theatre?s artistic
director, correctly predicted that it
would be a disaster and disowned the
production in case it put off backers for
other shows.
Asked which nations were better at
producing Macbeths, Mr Doran suggested Australia. ?It?s someone a bit like
Russell Crowe or Hugh Jackman.
Australia produces the warrior types.
Ultimately you need a good actor to
pull it off.? Neither Crowe nor Jackman
have played Macbeth in a professional
production.
He said that there were Englishmen
who had bucked the stereotype including Sir Ian McKellen, who played opposite Dame Judi Dench in the company?s
production in 1976. ?McKellen was one
of those rare actors who could persuade
you that they could ?memorise another
Golgotha?,? he said, quoting a line in
which a battlefield becomes so bloody
that it recalls the place of Jesus?s death.
quality? that the role
required.
Ethan Hawke (American)
got dismal reviews in 2013,
when he was accused of
mumbling his lines and
being overshadowed by
the spectacular scenery.
Sir Derek Jacobi (British)
was in Adrian Noble?s 1993
production to mixed
reviews. One said: ?He
makes such an operatic
meal of the soliloquies that
instead of coming across
as searingly honest and
unsparing, they sound like
a case of someone trying
to derive consolation from
tuning in to the beauteous
flexibilities of his own
voice.?
Mr Doran also gave credit to Sir Patrick
Stewart, whose father was a regimental
sergeant major. ?He has that understanding of a military bearing.?
Eccleston played Macbeth in 2015,
but not in Shakespeare?s play. He
starred in Trial of Macbeth, a mock trial
in which real lawyers prosecuted and
defended the character on the charge of
murdering the king. The performance
must have been compelling, as the jury,
led by Jeremy Paxman, believed Macbeth?s testimony that it was his wife who
was responsible.
Mr Doran said that Eccleston had
called him two years ago to ask to be
considered for the part when the company got around to doing the play as
part of its complete cycle of Shakespeare?s dramas.
?I think that Chris sees something in
the vitality of that rugged soldier in that
warrior situation, at the same time married with this astonishing imagination.
I think he?s fascinated by how that
warrior brain is married with that
profound imagination.?
Macbeth, which co-stars Niamh
Cusack, will be directed by Polly
Findlay as one of six new summer
productions all directed by
women.
Erica Whyman will direct a
modern-dress production of
Romeo and Juliet, Fiona Laird will
tackle The Merry Wives of Windsor, Maria Aberg will adapt John
Webster?s The Duchess of Malfi and
Jo Davies will put on Mary Pix?s
The Fantastic Follies of Mrs Rich.
Mr Doran said that he would
also like to see a woman as the
Scottish king. ?I?d love to see
Harriet Walter play Macbeth,? he
said.
Leading article, page 29
Theatre world salutes a colossus after Sir Peter Hall dies at 86
Jack Malvern
Among the many tributes to Sir Peter
Hall, the founder of the Royal Shakespeare Company and one of Britain?s
most revered theatre directors, who has
died aged 86, were reminders that he
left a controversial legacy.
The most senior figures in British
theatre paid tribute to the director, who
died on Monday at University College
Hospital in London surrounded by his
family. Sir Peter, who ran the National
Theatre between 1973 and 1988, had
retreated from public life after a diagnosis of dementia in 2011.
However, the impresario was also
described as a divisive figure by some
critics. Kate Maltby, who reviews for
The Times, noted that he championed
public funding for large arts institutions
at the expense of smaller companies.
?That competition for funding
between big name organisations and
local organic companies remains the
defining tension in the British arts
world to this day,? she wrote in the New
Statesman.
Gregory Doran, artistic director at
the Royal Shakespeare Company, described Sir Peter as a colossus. ?He was
not just a great director of the theatre.
He was a great politician in the way that
he fought for the arts,? he said. He
recalled that Sir Peter, who founded the
RSC in 1960 aged 29, always had something incisive to say about productions
that made him think: ?I wish I had
known that before the play.?
Rufus Norris, artistic director of the
National Theatre, praised Sir Peter?s
legacy, which included moving the
National from the Old Vic to the controversial brutalist building on the
South Bank, where it continues to
thrive. ?We all stand on the shoulders of
giants and Peter Hall?s shoulders
supported the entirety of British
theatre as we know it,? Mr Norris said.
Sir Nicholas Hytner, who ran the
National from 2003 until 2015, de-
scribed him as ?the great theatrical
buccaneer of the 20th century?.
?Without him there would have been
no Royal Shakespeare Company, the
National Theatre?s move to the South
Bank might have ended in ignominious
failure, and the whole idea of the
theatre as a public service dedicated
both to high seriousness and popularity
would not have seized the public imagination,? he said.
Sir Peter was also a prolific director of
opera and staged 20 productions during
his six years as artistic director of Glyndebourne Festival Opera in the 1980s.
Sir Trevor Nunn, former director of
the National, said Sir Peter?s achieve-
ments helped to define the word great.
?Peter?s greatness lay in his astonishing
originality, his charismatic leadership,
his unparalleled daring, his profound
scholarship, his matchless articulacy
and his visionary understanding of
what we call ?the theatre? could be.
?In originating the RSC, he created
an ensemble which led the world in
Shakespeare production, but which triumphed to the same extent in presenting new plays of every kind. Not only a
thrilling and penetrating director, he
was also the great impresario of the age.?
Diary, page 13
Obituary, pages 52-53
Benedict Nightingale, Times2, pages 8-9
4
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
Private schools will keep charitable status
Ministers have backed down on proposals to scrap the charitable status of
private schools that do not help out
their state-school neighbours.
Both the schools green paper last
autumn and Conservative election
manifesto said that independent
schools would be required to sponsor
academies, forge formal partnerships
with state schools or offer a significant
number of bursaries to poorer children
to retain their tax status.
However, the plan has been quietly
dropped and an advice service set up instead. The Systems Partnership Unit
has been created to help those schools
that want to support state primaries
and secondaries on a voluntary basis.
About half of the 2,300 independent
schools in England are registered as
charities, earning them favourable
business rates and VAT exemptions on
fees. To qualify as a charity they must
demonstrate that they provide ?public
benefit? to a reasonably wide section of
the public, rather than to a narrow
group of wealthy individuals.
Traditionally this has been done by
offering bursaries and fee discounts to
children from disadvantaged families.
However, many now offer partnership
No. 2028
arrangements, sponsoring academies,
sharing teachers in specialist subjects
or opening up their sports facilities.
Barnaby Lenon, head of the Independent Schools Council, said a voluntary approach was more likely to yield
success. He added: ?However, there
needs to be an understanding that there
is a moral obligation on large schools
with capacity to be involved to some
degree.?
� PUZZLER MEDIA
Rosemary Bennett Education Editor
Suko�
CORPORAL DEK TRAYLOR/MOD/CROWN COPYRIGHT/PA
Place the numbers 1 to 9 in the
spaces so that the number in each
circle is equal to the sum of the four
surrounding spaces, and each colour
total is correct
Solution and more puzzles
MindGames in Times2
Grenfell job switch row
The chief spokesman for the
Grenfell Tower public inquiry has
taken up a senior post at
Kensington and Chelsea council,
provoking anger from
campaigners. Michael Clarke has
become head of communications
at the council, which is at the
centre of investigations into the
blaze in west London in which at
least 80 people died in June. The
Justice4Grenfell group said the
job switch ?seriously undermines?
the credibility of the inquiry,
which opens formally tomorrow.
Early labour precaution
Women who go into premature
labour should be offered
antibiotics to prevent the
potentially deadly group B strep
(GBS) infection being passed to
their babies, according to guidance
from the Royal College of
Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
GBS, which occurs naturally and
is reported to be increasing,
can cause meningitis, septicaemia
and pneumonia.
Present and correct Soldiers at the National Memorial Arboretum in Staffordshire commemorate the 120th anniversary of the Battle of Saragarhi in which 21 members
of the 36th Sikh Regiment of the British Indian Army died defending an outpost of North-West Frontier Province (now in Pakistan) from 10,000 Afghan tribesmen
Tuition fees could be linked to
course costs and job prospects
Q&A
Patrick Maguire, Sam Coates
Nicola Woolcock
Education Correspondent
Universities may be forced to link tuition fees to the cost of courses or barred
from charging the maximum if their
graduates have difficulty finding work,
Philip Hammond suggested yesterday.
As ministers consider reforms to student finance, the chancellor said the
government was ?looking carefully? at
the issue, which some Tories believe
helped Labour to surge in the election.
He has urged Conservative MPs to
find ways to appeal to younger voters
and last week told the 1922 committee
of Tory backbenchers that the government was considering how to ease
financial pressures on the young.
Anger at pay for vice-chancellors and
the scrapping of maintenance grants
has been heightened by the autumn rise
in fees from �000 to �250 and the
increase in student loan interest from
4.6 to 6.1 per cent.
Although Mr Hammond told the
Lords economic affairs committee yesterday that the fees system had ?broad-
How much are fees?
A maximum of �250 a
year as of this term.
Why the increase?
Fees trebled to �000
in 2012 but had not
risen since. Jo Johnson,
the universities minister,
said last year that
universities could raise
them by an inflationlinked sum this year.
Is there upset over this?
Yes, Labour has tried to
block it and the National
Union of Students has
opposed the increase.
reviewed. Maintenance
grants have also been
scrapped this year and
replaced with living cost
loans, adding to debts.
Why else is student
finance in the news?
The interest on tuition
fees rose sharply to
6.1 per cent, up from
4.6 per cent. It is
charged from the
moment the student
takes out the loan.
Students and even vicechancellors have called
for the rate to be
Is the fee increase
linked to pay for
vice-chancellors?
Vice-chancellors say not
but there is growing
anger that university
chiefs routinely earn
hundreds of thousands
of pounds as students
accrue record amounts
of debt. Several earn
more than �0,000.
ly served us well?, he conceded that the
government had not anticipated that
nearly all universities would charge
maximum fees for most courses, leading to accusations of the cartel.
He said: ?I do think there?s a difference between a graduate who leaves
university with a quite significant level
of debt and a degree which is known to
provide strong employment opportunities, and a graduate who perhaps has a
similar level of debt but who may not
have a degree that is going to enhance
his or her employment opportunities in
the same way.?
He said the government was review-
ing the issue before the budget in November and that complaints about the
system had become ?more vociferous?.
Critics claim that students overpay
for humanities courses to subsidise
science, engineering and maths. Universities have warned ministers against
defining the quality of courses.
Labour hopes to embarrass the government by blocking the fee rise in an
opposition day motion. The party had
claimed that such a vote would be binding, bringing immediate relief for students but causing financial shortfalls
for universities.
After both main parties consulted
lawyers, it emerged that the vote could
only be symbolic. However, the prospect of having to show their support
for the rise will embarrass many Tories.
Angela Rayner, the shadow education secretary, said the Conservatives
had ripped up the rules of democracy
by denying a meaningful vote. ?They
may be afraid of debating this issue but
we aren?t, so we will now provide the
time and the vote using opposition
time,? she added.
Leading article, page 29
Shale gas injunction
A High Court judge has renewed
an injunction obtained by Ineos,
the petrochemical company,
prohibiting activities such as
trespass or obstruction at its shale
gas sites. The order against
?persons unknown? and two
named individuals will run until a
date in November when the court
will consider whether to continue
it. Ineos is involved in exploratory
work in the east Midlands.
Two die in plane crash
A pilot and his female passenger
died after their light aircraft
crashed in marshland on the
Sandringham Estate in Norfolk
on Monday morning. A man in
his fifties and a woman in her
seventies were the only people on
board the four-seat Piper Arrow.
The Air Accidents Investigation
Branch is looking into the crash
near Wolferton, seven miles
north of King?s Lynn.
Foot in both camps
Clarks is to promote ?genderneutral? shoes after accusations
of conforming to outdated sexist
stereotypes. It said that its 2018
school range, suitable for boys or
girls, was ?entirely unisex?. The
British manufacturer and retailer
insisted that it was ?following
customer feedback?. Clarks was
criticised for making sturdier
shoes for boys and a girl?s range
called Dolly Babe.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
5
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News
N
Cat peticure trend is
?cruel and grotesque?
I
t was the
noblewomen of
China during the
Ming Dynasty who
first wore false
nails, a status symbol
signifying that they did
not have to take part in
manual labour (Georgie
Keate writes).
Now the modern-day
aristocrats of social
media have taken the
practice one step further:
why not have matching
nails with your cat?
Vets have warned
against the ?grotesque?
practice of ?peticures?,
in which owners buy
coloured claw caps, sold
for as little as �on
Amazon, and glue them
to their cats? paws.
Battersea Dogs and
Cats Home had to put a
cat under general
anaesthetic to remove
Vets say that using false claw caps stops cats from displaying their natural behaviour
Lawyer examining
death of Cambridge
student disappears
Tom Kington Rome
Bel Trew Cairo
A lawyer investigating the torture and
murder in Egypt of the Cambridge
University student Giulio Regeni has
apparently been seized by the country?s
security services.
Ibrahim Metwaly vanished after
speaking by phone to his family at 8am
on Sunday. He was due in Geneva to
address a UN working group about Mr
Regeni and state kidnappings in Egypt.
The death of the 28-year-old Italian
PhD student prompted accusations by
Italy that he was killed over his research into Egyptian union movements, which oppose President Sisi.
Mr Metwaly is a key member of the
Egyptian Commission for Rights and
Freedoms (ECRF), which has represented Mr Regeni?s family in Egypt
since his body was found by a road in
Cairo in February last year.
He was spotted last night by one of
the ECRF?s lawyers at the office of the
Egyptian state security prosecutor. The
lawyer said that Mr Metwaly was being
interrogated on charges of ?communicating with foreign entities to harm
state security? and of forming a group
opposed to the law and the constitution.
Italy recalled its ambassador from
Egypt in April last year in protest at
stonewalling by Egyptian investigators
but last month restored ties, a move Mr
Regeni?s family called a surrender.
Mohamed Lotfy, head of the ECRF,
said that the return of the Italian ambassador had given Cairo the green
light to crack down on those investigating Mr Regeni?s death. ?The message is clear: you can be a European citizen, be subjected to the most gruesome
death and the state will still get away it,?
he said. Andrea Maestri, an MP with
the Italian Left party, said: ?The ambassador returns on September 14 so the
timing is perfect. It has encouraged Sisi
to do what he likes with human rights
activists in Egypt.?
Egyptian security forces have repeatedly targeted the ECRF in the past year.
Two members of staff were arrested,
their offices have been raided frequently and last Tuesday its website was
blocked when it published a report on
state kidnappings
Since the military overthrow of President Morsi in 2013, Egypt has arrested
60,000 opponents of its regime, according to Human Rights Watch, and hunIbrahim Metwaly
was due to address
a UN group about
Giulio Regeni
dreds more people have disappeared
into its secretive jails.
Zeid Ra?ad al Hussein, the UN high
commissioner for human rights, told
the UN human rights council on
Monday of the ?increasing waves of arrests, arbitrary detention, blacklisting,
travel bans, asset freezes, intimidation?
that rights activists faced in Egypt.
A law that in effect criminalises the
work of human rights groups is said to
have prompted the US to withhold
$195 million (�2 million) in military
aid and cut $96 million in aid. But the
government has been emboldened by
support from Russia and by the return
of the ambassador, said Riccardo Noury, in Italy for Amnesty International.
Names trigger wrath of gran
Greg Hurst Social Affairs Editor
Almost one in five grandparents deeply
dislikes the name chosen for their
grandchild, a survey has found.
Popular names such as Charlotte and
Jack are among names that have grandparents spluttering with indignation,
along with more exotic choices such as
Aurora, Elijah, Finn, Noah and Tabitha.
Their most common objection is that
a name seems odd, cited by 28 per cent,
while 15 per cent thought a choice of
name so unconventional that it had
been made up. However, there was
another factor: 20 per cent of grandparents admitted to pique that a name they
had suggested did not make the cut.
The findings were from a survey of
more than 2,000 parents and grandparents by Mumsnet and its sister site
Gransnet. Justine Roberts, founder of
Mumsnet, said: ?Choosing a baby name
is fraught enough for parents if you?re
only taking into account your own
views; if you add grandparents? biases to
the mix it can become impossible,
unless by some freakish chance you?re
all in agreement that the baby has
Cedric written all over him.?
red claw covers that had
become permanently
stuck.
?It?s extremely cruel
to inflict this on your cat
as it stops them from
displaying their natural
behaviour,? Lindsey
Q i lan head
Quinlan,
of the cattery, said.
?Pets are not fashion
items.? She said it was
worrying that the caps
could be bought so
easily online.
Cat hoarders, page 15
6
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
DAVID SIMS/WENN
Six weeks for NHS
to free up beds
in flu emergency
Chris Smyth Health Editor
Ripe for the picking The pumpkins are ready at Ham House, a 17th-century mansion in Richmond, southwest London
Hospitals have been given six weeks to
empty beds in preparation for an influx
of patients as a severe flu outbreak
heads for Britain.
The head of the NHS warned that
after Australia experienced its worst flu
season for many years, the virus was
likely to strike Britain hard. He said that
A&E departments and GP surgeries
would struggle to cope if more elderly
people than usual got sick.
Simon Stevens, chief executive of
NHS England, also told NHS leaders
that he would have a ?hard look? at why
life expectancy growth is slowing, after
The Times revealed this week that
progress in Britain has stalled while
people in other countries live ever
longer.
Theresa May has been briefed about
health chiefs? fears of a winter crisis
after hospital wards ended the quieter
summer months already dangerously
full. NHS flu vaccination will shortly
get under way and while it will include
the H3 strain dominant during the
southern hemisphere winter, health
chiefs never know in advance how well
the jab will protect patients. Last year
the vaccine did not work in the elderly
but protected children.
Paul Cosford, medical director at
Public Health England, said: ?It?s really
important that as many eligible people
as possible get their jab, which is the
best way to protect everyone from flu.?
Mr Stevens told the NHS to brace
itself after Australia suffered more than
twice as many flu cases as normal in the
past few months. ?The signs from Aus-
tralia and New Zealand . . . are that it
has been a heavy flu season and many of
the hospitals down there have struggled
to cope,? he told the NHS Expo conference in Manchester.
?We know that there is a great deal of
work to be done over the next six to
eight weeks with our partners in local
authorities to put the NHS on the right
footing for the winter ahead.?
Mr Stevens said that avoiding a
winter crisis was now ?the top priority
for every part of the NHS?. Flu strains
circulating during the antipodean winter often come north. Hospitals in Australia and New Zealand have reported
very long waiting times and ?the evidence is we are likely to have a more
pressurised flu season this year?, he
added. He insisted that better planning
would free up 3,000 beds by November.
Last week hospital chiefs warned
that they could not keep patients safe
without an immediate �0 million
cash injection to deal with bed-blocking, overfull wards and staff shortages.
NHS leaders say privately that they
are very worried that this winter will be
much worse than usual. Chris Hopson,
chief executive of the hospitals? group
NHS Providers, said: ?When there are
few if any spare beds, and staff are
working flat out, resilience to deal with
spikes in demand in some local areas
can quickly be compromised.?
6 Patients could be diagnosed by
computer within a decade, the health
secretary has predicted. Jeremy Hunt
said that accurate diagnostic technology could overturn the ?masterservant? relationship between doctors
and patients.
Hormone treatment is not
responsible for early death
Continued from page 1
pendulum needs to ?swing back to
appropriate and judicious use for managing symptoms . . . some of the decline
in use was not optimal because women
were suffering from hot flushes and
having symptoms that disrupt your
sleep and impair your quality of life
has an effect on health?. She added,
however: ?This does not mean that
we?re going back to 25 years ago
where hormone therapy was used for
prevention of cardiovascular disease.?
Heather Currie, of the British Menopause Society, said: ?These findings
should be helpful to women and
doctors, especially when considering
whether to start hormone therapy.
Even though not every woman requires
hormone therapy, they should have
accurate information about menopause and treatment options.?
Paul Pharoah, of Cambridge University, said that overall deaths was
?one of the best measures of overall
harm/benefit because it is a ?hard? endpoint that can be accurately ascertained without any bias?. He added that
the ?important findings? offered backing to Nice guidance.
Nice said this guidance ?emphasises
that, for most women, HRT is a very
effective treatment for several menopausal symptoms?. It adds that they
should also be told of the risks. A
spokeswoman said: ?This study suggests
that there is no overall mortality hazard
from HRT and there may be some pro-
Analysis
F
irst it was a wonder drug,
with doctors waxing lyrical
that ?menopause is curable?
with HRT. Then came a dramatic
backlash, with women left to
struggle alone with intolerable
symptoms because of fears about
cancer (Chris Smyth writes).
Finally though, expert opinion
on HRT seems to be settling on a
sensible middle ground. The
clear benefits of hormone
therapy mean that it has to be an
option for women, as long as they
are informed about the moderate
extra risks it brings. The
National Institute for Health and
Care Excellence has estimated
that while normally about 22
women in every 1,000 get breast
cancer over seven years, if they
all took HRT there would be an
extra five cases.
Women affected by the
menopause will still have to
make a careful choice for
themselves. But that choice just
got a little bit easier to make.
tection but the choice ? over the tradeoff between some significant benefits
and some actual and theoretical risks ?
is one for each individual to consider.?
Alice Thomson, page 27
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
7
2GM RK
News
Ban on stubble, nail colours and denim for border workers
Richard Ford Home Correspondent
As sartorial statements go, the Home
Office?s latest edict was nothing if not
detailed about what is, and is not, smart
enough for immigration investigators.
Dresses above the knee, miniskirts
and denim jeans are too casual, according to guidance issued yesterday.
Full beards and moustaches are fine
but ?stubble? is not allowed. Men
should grow their facial hair at a time
that ?minimises the period when you
present an unprofessional image?. Only
glasses of a ?suitable, discreet pattern?
are allowed.
Immigration investigators must have
?smart and clean? footwear. The
department added: ?Trainers are not
appropriate, irrespective of colour.?
The advice was in an 18-page
document. Under the heading ?When
you are in the office?, it said staff ?must
wear smart clothing when they are
representing criminal investigation?.
It set out a list of items that are not
considered smart. This includes
T-shirts, frayed clothing, sportswear,
including football and rugby shirts, and
Lycra ? although leggings can be worn
with dresses or long smart tops.
Other items to avoid include shorts
and flip-flops, ?inappropriate revealing? clothing, baseball caps or hats,
?underwear as outerwear? and hooded
or strapless tops. Allowances will be
made for covert operations.
Hair must be neat and styles ?that
may detract from a professional image
are not acceptable?. The guidelines add:
?Hair colour must be appropriate to the
work environment and conspicuously
STUART C. WILSON/GETTY IMAGES
Father was sent
message to find
body at festival
David Brown
Chief News Correspondent
An actor whose daughter died of a
suspected drug overdose at a music
festival received a message revealing
where she had collapsed.
John Michie, who stars in the BBC
medical drama series Holby City, drove
to the Bestival site in Dorset in the early
hours of Monday after receiving the
WhatsApp message and a map showing
where his daughter Louella could be
found. It came on the day that she was
due to celebrate her 25th birthday.
Security staff initially refused to allow him into the site but after police
were called his daughter?s body was
discovered in woodland called the AmLouella Michie
was found dead
in woodland
bient Forest on the edge of the festival
site. Police arrested a 28-year-old man,
reported to be a former boyfriend of Ms
Michie, on suspicion of murder. He was
also questioned yesterday on suspicion
of supplying a Class A drug before being
released under investigation.
Dorset police said that a postmortem examination was inconclusive
and showed no clear signs of assault.
Further tests, including toxicology, will
be carried out.
Mr Michie, 60, described the death of
his daughter, an actor, dancer and
model, as a ?tragic accident? which was
not murder. He had driven 140 miles
with his wife, Carol, 66, a former dancer
with the group Hot Gossip, from their
home in Holloway, north London, to
Lulworth Castle where the festival was
held. A friend of the family said that Ms
Michie had been known to take drugs
and they believed that the arrested
friend had been trying to help her when
she collapsed after taking an unusually
powerful substance.
A DJ who performed at Bestival
yesterday described how he saw police
searching tents at 2.30am and criticised
the lack of security in the area where
Ms Michie disappeared after watching
Pet Shop Boys.
Philip Hutchinson, 47, whose stage
name is DJ GG, said: ?I am sure people
were going there to do drugs. We
thought the security was woefully
understaffed. More security guards in
the area potentially may have deterred
them but I don?t think they would
have been able to prevent two people
wandering from a path going to take
drugs in the woods.?
On the first night police warned of
the danger of pale blue Ecstasy pills
containing ?unknown chemicals? that
were in circulation at Bestival.
Mr Michie has two other children,
Daisy, 27, a stylist, and Sam, 26, a music
video director. His youngest daughter
was born while he was acting in Women
Laughing, which was directed by the
actor Richard Wilson, a family friend.
Mr Wilson?s agent said: ?Richard
Wilson, Louella?s godfather, was very,
very attached to her and does not feel
able to comment at the present time.?
Chris and Tiffany Campbell-Welch,
directors of Tiffany Theatre College in
Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, paid tribute to Ms
Michie, a former student, saying: ?She
had a wonderful ability to light up the
room with her smile and make everyone feel happy.?
The Eye Casting, a modelling agency,
tweeted: ?It is with profound sadness &
shock that tonight we have heard of the
death of our beautiful model Louella
Michie?.
?unnatural? colours (for example pink)
are not allowed.?
Jewellery must not be worn in the
nose, eyebrows, lips, tongue or any visible part other than the ear lobe. Tattoos
must ?not discredit the organisation?.
Make-up must be in moderation; nails
must be short and neat. The guide
allows a French manicure and clear nail
varnish, but not coloured.
The document says that the guidance
is intended to give a professional and
consistent image of criminal investigation staff. Yvette Cooper, chairwom-
The main arm of Bell Pottinger, the
corporate PR company, was officially
declared bust last night after failing to
find a rescuer prepared to take on its
tarnished reputation.
The London-based company, once
favoured by Margaret Thatcher, was
put into administration by the accountants BDO after a racism scandal in
South Africa cost it dozens of corporate
clients. Some of its 250 staff were made
redundant yesterday after the earlier
departure of several senior executives.
?The administrators are now working with the remaining partners and
employees to seek an orderly transfer of
Bell Pottinger?s clients to other firms in
order to protect and realise value for
creditors,? BDO said.
The firm went into a tailspin last
week after it was kicked out of the
industry?s own trade association, the
Public Relations and Communications
Association, for bringing the industry
It?s no Jurassic
lark as angry
pensioners
halt bus tour
Callum Adams
Bright ideas Vin and Omi gave a foretaste of London Fashion Week, showcasing
their Spring-Summer 2018 collection at the Andaz hotel. Fashion, Times2, pages 4-7
Bell Pottinger declared bust after racism scandal
Patrick Hosking, Katherine Griffiths
an of the home affairs select committee, said: ?Is this a joke? A formal Home
Office publication which goes into detail on whether staff can have a French
manicure or when men should do their
beard growing? Surely the Home
Office has bigger, better and more
proportionate things to do than this??
A Home Office spokesman said:
?There is no Home Office formal dress
code.? The document was aimed specifically at Immigration Enforcement?s
criminal and finance investigation
teams who had a public-facing role.
into disrepute. Its problems relate to a
disastrous PR campaign in support of
President Zuma, which was funded by
the powerful Gupta family and sought
to stir racial tension in the country.
The outcry led to the resignation of
James Henderson, its chief executive,
who with his fianc閑 Heather Kerzner,
the ex-wife of the hotels entrepreneur
Sol Kerzner, owns 37 per cent of the
company. About 60 partners also own
chunks of the business, which is now
almost certainly valueless. Lord Bell,
one of the founders, sold his stake
before the scale of the scandal became
clear and publicly criticised Mr Henderson. BDO has installed a team to
secure all emails and electronic data to
check for evidence that may enable a
claim to be made on behalf of creditors,
according to a source.
The administration only applies to
the three UK businesses of the firm.
Subsidiaries abroad continue to trade
under the control of their separate
management teams, BDO said.
One might think that an open-top bus
trip around the Jurassic Coast would be
a popular attraction. But the service has
now been halted and its owner has
accused pensioners of a mean-spirited
vendetta, which he claimed included
verbal abuse and wheel nuts being
loosened.
The noise and fumes from the 1950s
buses were believed to have angered
residents whose retirement flats overlooked a bus park where the Jurassic
Mule service stopped.
Derek Gawn, 64, accused the pensioners of targeting his business. He
claimed that they had blocked his
vehicles in with their cars and taken
photos of his drivers. He said that he
cancelled the bus after a hoaxer left bad
reviews using a fake Facebook account
and pretended to be a councillor complaining about it.
Mr Gawn began the service in 2015
and employed 25 people. It took passengers on a tour of Beer, Colyton and
Seaton in Devon and Lyme Regis and
Charmouth in Dorset and was used by
20,000 customers this year.
He said that he had become ill from
stress caused by the ?whining and
moaning? objectors in Seaton and
Colyton. The majority of the abuse was
at the bus park on the seafront at Seaton next to the block of flats built in
2002. A couple of residents shouted at
drivers for parking there.
Mr Gawn said: ?We have experienced people deliberately parking their
cars badly on the approach to our depot
at Colyton station to make access difficult. Recently we even had a bus tampered with at night. All the wheel nuts
were loosened on one wheel, and the
wheel nut indicators were all put back
on to cover the damage. That?s dangerous and could kill people.?
He acknowledged that his buses,
which pre-date modern emissions
standards, could be ?a little bit smoky?
when started on a cold morning but
added that all had passed required tests
and engines were shut off when parked.
Although ?99 per cent? of people
supported the service, the ?continual
whining? had made him stop. ?I can no
longer cope with the 1 per cent,? he said.
A spokesman for Kingsdale, the
company that manages the flats, said
that residents had an issue with noisy
engines. The complaints being made by
residents related to coach services
generally and not specifically the Mule
buses. The spokesman added: ?It?s
about drivers who leave their engines
running while they?re not moving.
This is a long-running thing and there
have been complaints about that
practice.?
8
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
iPhone chief?s face doesn?t ring a bell at launch
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Apple?s new facial recognition system is
so secure that the chance of a stranger
unlocking your iPhone X is supposed to
be one in a million.
Unfortunately for Apple, when
Craig Federighi, the company?s vicepresident, demonstrated it yesterday it
proved too secure, apparently not recognising him. ?Ho ho ho,? he chortled,
as the manual passcode screen flashed
up. Seconds later, the company?s share
price was falling fast ? even though the
slip may have involved an error in setup
rather than the Face ID technology.
The tenth anniversary iPhone is its
most expensive yet, as widely expected,
with a price tag of $999 (�2) in the US
and �9 in Britain. It will be available
to order from October 27.
Details of the phone, which was
announced by Tim Cook, the chief
executive, and Mr Federighi from
Apple?s new $5 billion headquarters in
California, had been widely leaked.
These included its facial recognition,
wireless charging and edge-to-edge
screen with no ?home? button. Users
can return to the home screen by
swiping up from the bottom of the
display.
As expected, iPhone 8 and iPhone 8
Plus models were also announced, at
Unlocks using
facial recognition
Capable of
augmented
reality
Apple share price
3pm
4pm
Yesterday
5pm 6pm
Edge to edge
screen
$164
163
162
161
160
159
7pm 8pm
Home button Wireless
removed charging
Glass back
Price
Starts at
$999
iPhone X
5.8 inch screen
Original iPhone
3.5 inch screen
prices from �9. Apple placed
emphasis on the power of the
new chip and graphics processor
used in all three models, saying
that they were the first phones
designed for augmented
reality.
Other
announcements included a new
operating system for
Apple Watch that alerts
users when their resting
heart rate appears too fast.
The presentation came
hours after Mr Cook told
Fortune that Apple products were not only for the
rich. Asked about pricing,
he said: ?It?s not high margin. I wouldn?t use that word.
There?s a lot of companies that have
much higher margins. We price for the
value of our products. And we try to
make the very best products. And that
means we don?t make commodity kind
of products. But if you look across our
product lines, you can buy an iPad
today for under $300. You can buy an
iPhone, depending upon which one you
select, for in that same kind of ballpark.
And so these are not for the rich.?
Since Steve Jobs, Apple?s co-founder,
introduced the first iPhone in 2007, the
company has grown from the world?s
70th largest by market value to No 1.
It has sold more than 1.2 billion of the
devices, which now account for nearly
two thirds of its revenue.
Initial industry reaction to the new
products was lukewarm. Paul Armstrong, of Here/Forth, the technology consultant, said: ?Much of what
Apple announced today has been
available in competitor products
for years.? Richard Holway, of TechMarketView,
said: ?Will I be waiting in
the queue to be first to get
an iPhone X? No. I will
wait until my trusty iPhone
6 decides to die. Then I am
sure I?ll really enjoy getting an
iPhone X, but I am sure that is not
the reaction Apple wanted.?
Craig Federighi demonstrates
Apple?s new iPhone yesterday
. . . once the device let him in
Autopilot car Facebook tag
death partly ?fails to beat
driver error fake news?
Callum Adams
Matthew Moore, Nicola Woolcock
Tesla?s Autopilot system was partly to
blame for a crash that led to the death
of a driver of its Model S car, US federal
investigators have found.
The National Transportation Safety
Board (NTSB) said yesterday that Joshua Brown, 40, had been overreliant on
the autopilot when the car hit a lorry at
about 70mph on May 7 last year.
The NTSB said that the operational
design of the autopilot encouraged Mr
Brown?s overreliance on the system,
which led to ?his prolonged disengagement from the driving task and his use
of automation in ways inconsistent
with guidance?.
The report found that in 37 minutes
of driving, Mr Brown had his hands on
the steering wheel for 25 seconds.
The autopilot uses multiple sensors
to guide the vehicle but was not meant
to replace the driver, the NTSB said. It
claimed that Tesla ?lacked understanding? of the system?s limitations.
The board recommended that steps
should be taken by car manufacturers
and regulators to ensure that such
systems were not misused.
?Tesla?s system worked as designed
but it was designed to perform limited
tasks in a limited range of environments,? Christopher Hart, of the NTSB,
said while discussing its 500-page
report on the crash, which was published in June.
?Tesla allowed the driver to use the
system outside of the environment for
which it was designed.?
The NTSB said that both Mr Brown?s
inattention and the lorry driver?s
unwillingness to give way were primary
factors in the crash.
Tesla said: ?We appreciate the
NTSB?s analysis of last year?s tragic
accident and we will evaluate their
recommendations.?
Facebook?s attempts to banish ?fake
news? may actually be encouraging
some users to believe untrue articles, an
academic study has found.
The research suggests that the social
network?s attempts to alert users to
hoax stories may do more harm than
good.
Stories identified as bogus by Facebook are now tagged as ?disputed by
third party fact-checkers? to try to discourage people from sharing them.
However, a study by Yale University
has established that tagging erroneous
headlines as ?disputed? has little
impact, with users only 3.7 per cent
more likely to realise that they are false.
The researchers also noticed a
?backfire effect? as it led some users to
assume that all untagged stories must
be true. This effect was particularly
apparent in people under the age of 26,
the academics found.
?Since it?s much easier to create fake
content than it is to fact-check it, there
will likely be many more untagged fake
stories than tagged fake stories,? said
David Rand, associate professor of
psychology at Yale and co-author of the
study with his colleague Gordon
Pennycook. ?The ?disputed? tags are
certainly not enough to solve the fake
news problem, and may even wind up
doing more harm than good.?
Facebook challenged the conclusion.
?This is an opt-in study of people being
paid to respond to survey questions; it is
not real data from people using Facebook,? a spokesman told Politico, which
first reported the study.
6 The all-party parliamentary group
on literacy is starting an investigation
into the problem of fake news among
young people. Its partners include the
National Literacy Trust, Facebook,
First News and The Day.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
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BLENHEIM PALACE/PHIL YEOMANS/BNPS
The lake at Blenheim Palace was created in the late 18th century, right. Now 400,000 tonnes of silt need to be removed
Blenheim will dig deep
to save spectacular view
Simon de Bruxelles
Hundreds of thousands of tonnes of silt
are to be dredged from two lakes at
Blenheim Palace in an attempt to save
?England?s finest view?.
The grade I listed landscape, designed by Capability Brown 250 years
ago, is in danger of vanishing for ever
because the lakes could dry out.
A bridge built by the palace?s architect, Sir John Vanbrugh, in the early
18th century is also under threat
because it would become unstable if the
ground subsided as it dried.
The project is expected to cost the
Blenheim estate about � million. The
water level in the lakes will be lowered
so that excavators can extract an estimated 400,000 tonnes of silt ? enough
to fill Wembley Stadium to the roof.
The lakes have silted up to such an
extent they are less than 30cm (12in)
deep in places. The aim is to restore
them to their original depth of almost
2m, which would allow visitors to take
boat trips. The excavation will tempor-
arily reveal flooded rooms within the
bridge and also uncover archaeological
features such as an original canal
system.
ve work is
Initial investigative
already under way,, with
ging
the main dredging
ce
planned to take place
next year. The work,,
one of the largest
restoration projects ever undertaken at a Unesco
world
heritage
site in the UK, will
need to be completed in less than
20 weeks to preventt
ke
damage to the lake
idge
bed, dam and bridge
foundations.
Roy Cox, head off estates at
Blenheim Palace, said: ?There is an
absolute certainty that if we do not do
something radical soon, the view will be
lost for ever. We have to act now to
safeguard this iconic landscape for
future generations to discover and
enjoy.
?It has been caused by nature. Originally the lake was a river and
when Cap
Capability Brown
came alo
along and created
the llandscape he
dam
dammed
up the
rive and created
river
16 acres of lake.
160
?In doing so he
st
stopped
the flow
o water, which
of
ccauses the river
to drop its sedim
ment.
This is
ba
basically
the river
figh
fighting back over
300 yyears.
?Beca
?Because
it?s a site of
special sci
scientific interest,
herit
a world heritage
site and a
listed parkland we have to be
extremely sensitive to the landscape we
are working in.?
Blenheim Palace, in Woodstock,
Oxfordshire, was built between 1705
Ch rchill the
and 1722 as a gift to John Churchill,
1st Duke of Marlborough, to celebrate
his victory over the French in the War
of the Spanish Succession.
The lake was created between 1768
and 1771 by Lancelot ?Capability?
Brown, known as England?s greatest
landscape gardener.
The palace was the birthplace of Sir
Winston Churchill, whose father, Lord
Randolph Churchill, described the
vista as the finest view in England.
The problem of the silted river was
highlighted by a report last year that
warned that urgent action was needed.
The cost of the project will include
the construction of a road that will
enable a fleet of lorries to carry the silt
to another partt of the estate,
where it will be used for agriculture.
Blenheim Palace said it was looking
at funding options to pay for the dredging work but none of them involved
taxpayers? money. A spokesman said
that the work had to take place and
money had been set aside to start the
project.
The stately home, which is the only
non-royal non-episcopal country
house in England to hold the title of
palace, was officially designated as a
charity in February, which will allow it
to operate the Gift Aid scheme that
enables charities to claim back income
tax on donations.
Why ancient writing isn?t (quite) as baffling as you think
Common language
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Can you guess which column
is ?ee? and which is ?oo??
Script
Glyphs
Mayan
Uighur
Cuneiform writing appears to share
an underlying logic with other scripts
the letters used to represent it, which
are also curvy and spiky respectively?
Suzy Styles, from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, had an
idea that it could be both ? that the
letters that represent sounds are themselves chosen originally because of our
associations with them. ?Maybe we
Mongolian
Vai
Tamil
Answer: Left column is ?ee? right column is ?oo?
Do you know how to write ?oo? in
cuneiform? No? Perhaps then you
would find it easier to write down the
Mongolian for ?ee?. Still no luck? Well,
you might surprise yourself.
Scientists have found that the shape
of letters used in different scripts often
relates to the sound they represent ?
so much so that people can guess which
is which at a rate better than chance.
There is a theory that sounds naturally correspond to particular shapes.
Famously, psychologists have tested
this using the nonsense words ?bouba?
and ?kiki?. When asked to draw shapes
representing those two words, people
normally sketch a smooth curvy object
for bouba and a spiky one for kiki.
The question is, do people do so
because of something innate about the
sound of the word, or is it just because of
invent letters that are like the sounds,?
she said.
To test this, for a paper in the journal
Royal Society Open Science, she and her
colleague Nora Turoman gathered a
diverse set of scripts from across the
world and throughout history. Ranging
from modern Korean to ancient
Mayan, they represented a vast range of
ways of writing.
In each, they took out the symbols for
?oo? and ?ee? and presented them to
almost 300 people from around the
world, then asked them to say which
was which. They asked them to recuse
themselves if they had any knowledge,
even in passing, of a script.
The difference was only slight, but it
was consistent: people got it right about
53 per cent of the time. Scripts seemed
to be biased towards using the ?correct?
sounding shapes. What is more, there
appeared to be a hierarchy. In Cherokee
and Uighur, most people got it right.
With Tamil, most got it wrong.
In general, they found that people
were more likely to associate the ?oo?
sound with shapes that used the most
ink. Interestingly, this is not the case in
modern English, although it is in other
Latin script languages and old English,
where ?oo? and ?ee? are represented
with ?u? and ?i?.
Professor Styles said that there were
no immediate applications of the work
but that there may be in the future.
?The biggest message for us is it tells us
a bit more about how our brains
function and how we process language
at a really low level,? she said.
She is interested in exploring the individual differences between people.
Anecdotally some seemed extremely
good at the task while others had no
idea. ?This might be related to how easy
it is to acquire literacy,? she said.
10
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
News Politics
Woeful mandarins
can?t handle Brexit,
warns ex-minister
Oliver Wright Policy Editor
The civil service is not good enough for
Britain to take advantage of the opportunities created by leaving the European Union, the former Conservative
minister in charge of Whitehall has
warned.
Lord Maude of Horsham accused
senior officials of routinely misleading
ministers, wasting billions of pounds
and ?turkey farming? poorly performing staff: promoting them or moving
them sideways.
He added that if Britain were to
realise any benefits from Brexit Whitehall would need to be fundamentally
reformed, otherwise a ?deeply flawed?
organisation would be given even
greater power.
Lord Maude, who was cabinet office
minister until 2015, said that he had
gone into government in 2010 with
high expectations of the ?Rolls-Royce?
civil service but had become quickly
disillusioned.
He accused senior officials of
covering up failure, failing to
learn from best practice in the
private sector and treating outsiders as ?country members? of
the club.
In a tacit criticism of his
successors he also said
that many of the reforms put in place by
the Cameron government had been
quietly
dropped.
This, he argued,
would
reduce
accountability
and risk further
wasteful spending.
?Boy, are they
fighting back,? he
said of the civil
service in a speech
given as part of the
Speaker?s lectures
in parliament.
?The mantra is:
?We definitely want to
continue with the reforms. But they?re now
embedded in the departments.? When
you hear those words you know that
what they really mean is that the
reforms are embedded six feet under.?
He said that he had often come across
examples of ministers being misled,
officials failing to carry out decisions
made by politicians and failure being
covered up.
?I and others have observed that all
too often the first reaction of senior civil
servants when something wrong is discovered is either to cover it up or to find
a scapegoat, often someone who is not
a career civil servant and who is considered dispensable,? he said.
?Honesty and integrity are two of the
civil service?s statutory values. Yet it is
surprising how often ministers are told
things that are simply not true. Quite
often I would be told that the law precluded a particular course. More often
than not it was not the case. On one
occasion I asked a cross-departmental
group of officials why a cabinet committee?s very clear decision had
simply been ignored. The answer? ?We didn?t think it was a
very strong mandate.? What on
earth do you need, a papal bull??
Lord Maude, who emphasised
that he was not attacking individuals, added that too
often permanent secretaries were appointed on the basis of
patronage
and
length of career
rather than suitability. Other officials who were
performing poorly were promoted rather than
challenged.
?It remains
the case that too
often promotions are made
on the basis of
personal patronage and timeLord Maude said the
referendum debate
was finely balanced
serving rather than on merit and talent.
There seems a premium on blandness.
The British civil service must rid itself of
the tendency to solve the problem of
underperforming officials by promoting them or moving them sideways, a
practice known in America as turkey
farming,? he said.
Lord Maude?s comments reflect fears
by some in government that the civil
service will not be capable of effectively
exercising the powers that will be repatriated from Brussels after Brexit.
There are serious concerns about
how it will manage any new immigration and customs systems, also farm
payments and new agencies to regulate
aviation and medicines.
Lord Maude said that in his experience the government was not good
enough at overseeing large financial
projects. ?Senior business leaders we
brought into government were shocked
by the poor quality and impenetrability
of government financial and management data,? he said.
Lord Maude said that he had not
taken part in the referendum debate
because he thought the ?arguments
were quite finely balanced?.
However, he added that for any ?upside opportunities? to be realised the
civil service needed to change to make
it ?genuinely the best in the world?.
Sir Jeremy Heywood, the cabinet
secretary said: ?At a time when the civil
service is working flat-out to support
the government in delivering a successful Brexit, its many manifesto commitments and its portfolio of major projects ? with the smallest headcount
since the Second World War ? it is a
pity that Lord Maude has chosen to
attack the organisation and its dedicated staff with a wholly inaccurate
portrayal of what is widely regarded as
one of the world?s most effective and
efficient civil services.?
John Manzoni, chief executive of the
civil service, said: ?Far from stopping
reform we are deepening and accelerating. The civil service is undertaking a
huge programme of fundamental
transformation to deliver sustainable
change and equip the civil service for
the post-Brexit world.?
Chancellor?s fears of Dover gridlock
Henry Zeffman Political Reporter
Bruno Waterfield, Oliver Wright
Dover would grind to a halt if new customs checks were imposed after Brexit,
the chancellor said yesterday.
Philip Hammond issued the warning
as the next round of Brexit negotiations
was delayed for a week amid expectations that Theresa May would deliver a
speech aimed at breaking the talks?
deadlock.
Asked by a Lords committee whether
the capacity of British ports was adequate for a no-deal scenario, Mr Hammond replied: ?No, it is clearly not.
?Anyone who has visited Dover will
know that Dover operates as a flowthrough port and the volumes of trade
at Dover could not be accommodated if
goods had to be held for inspection. I
suspect even if they were only held for
minutes, it would impede the operation
of the ports.
?Roll-on, roll-off traffic at Dover is
predicated on trucks rolling off a ferry
immediately, out of the port and the
ferry reloading and departing pretty
rapidly . . . anything that caused delay
in vehicles exiting the port would cause
significant disruption to patterns of
movement.?
The port of Dover has previously
warned of ?gridlock? every day if new
customs checks are imposed. Disruption in 2015 resulted in queues of
almost 5,000 lorries stretching 30
miles.
Mr Hammond also called for a transitional deal with Brussels that would
look ?a lot like the status quo?. He said:
?Otherwise businesses will be making
one set of changes at the beginning of
the interim period and another set towards the end of it.?
The government announced that the
next round of Brexit talks had been
pushed back to September 25 after
having been planned for next week.
Last week, EU officials were told by
British diplomats that the prime minister intended an ?important intervention? on Brexit, possibly as soon as next
Wednesday.
There are mounting expectations
that Mrs May will use a major speech to
spell out plans for a transition deal to
ease Brexit and offer compromise over
a financial ?divorce? settlement.
?If the delay is to allow the Brits a
chance to make a breakthrough concession then that is to be welcomed,? a
Brussels source said.
On the stump Theresa May and Stuart Broad, the England star, watch a game of
Trump? To know him is to
love him, says ambassador
Catherine Philp
Diplomatic Correspondent
?When you get to know him, you?ll like
him,? President Trump?s new ambassador to London assured Britons as he delivered his inaugural speech last night.
Woody Johnson, the billionaire owner of the New York Jets American football team and heir to the Johnson and
Johnson pharmaceutical company,
sought to dispel the scepticism that has
led to Mr Trump?s state visit to Britain
being postponed indefinitely.
?Many of you do not know the president,? he told the Pilgrims of Great Britain, an organisation set up to foster
Anglo-American ties. ?I have known
him for over thirty years.?
Mr Johnson flew into London last
month, eight months after Mr Trump?s
inauguration and the departure of his
Obama-appointed predecessor, Matthew Barzun.
The most taxing item on his agenda
as ambassador is smoothing the path
for that state visit, which Mr Trump has
vowed not to undertake unless the risk
of public protests recedes.
Mr Johnson?s praise for the special
relationship was shot through with
contempt for Mr Trump?s predecessor,
Barack Obama, who ruffled British
feathers by moving a bust of Churchill
upstairs in the White House. Mr Trump
restored it ?to its rightful place directly
opposite the president?s desk in the
Oval Office?, Mr Johnson said.
While Mr Obama had warned about
Britain being at the back of the queue
for a trade deal after Brexit, the new
ambassador said: ?As far as the president is concerned, the United Kingdom, our most enduring ally, is always
the head of the line.?
Like all but one US ambassadors to
London before him, Mr Johnson is a
diplomatic neophyte, having earned
the job as a reward for his fundraising
and donations.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
11
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News
DOMINIC LIPINSKI/PA
Corbyn sounds like Cicero after
comrades? tongue-tied rhetoric
Patrick Kidd
Political Sketch
T
here used to be a time
when Labour leaders
dreaded their trip to the
seaside in mid-September
to address the TUC. At
best, their speech would be heard in
indifferent silence; at worst, the
comrades offered snarling hostility.
Tony Blair tried to reason with
them. ?Just listen for once,? he
pleaded in one speech. In 1999, in a
very ill-advised move, he tried to
win the trade unions over by reading
a dire poem that he had written,
which featured the verse: ?The link
between us changes. You?ve changed
and so have we. You?re welcome
now in No 10, but no beer today, just
tea.? No wonder they hated him.
For now, Jeremy Corbyn has the
TUC onside but yesterday?s
appearance in Brighton, his third
address to them as Labour leader,
was moving towards indifference
until, near the end, he lifted the
brothers with a few pleasing lines.
There was a solitary whoop as he
walked out and shot that toothy grin
at his audience, but this was not like
his first speech to them as leader,
when the band struck up Big
Spender and there was standing
room only in the hall. There was no
band and plenty of seats going free.
Two years ago Mr Corbyn had
given a long and rambling speech
that brought in the struggle in China
and Colombia as well as at home.
Yesterday he kept it simple: bosses
bad, workers good. He spoke up for
burger-flippers, binmen and Uber
drivers and called for the pay cap to
be lifted for all workers.
Some of the lines clunked a bit ?
?workers? rights sacrificed on the
altar of capitalism? ? but Mr
Corbyn has, from a low base,
become a half-decent orator over
the past two years. He has learnt to
pause and halt, to prefer short
clauses over lengthy circuits, to find
memorable phrases.
Even if Mr Corbyn had not
ic
improved as a public
speaker, he would have
o
come over as Cicero
compared with the
grunting and
hemming that
came before him.
What happened
to those great
firebrand
demagogues of
the trade union
movement? The
Labour leader was
er
preceded by a geezer
nged
from Unite who banged
?, then an
on about ?ozteri?ee?,
oke with his
Aslef man, who spoke
hands in his pockets and seemed
unable to read his own typing. He
kept having to correct himself,
giving an irritated tut each time.
Finally, we got a lovely woman
who seemed to have drifted in from
a WI meeting and balked at any
word longer than two syllables. ?Oh
God, here we go,? she wobbled out
loud as she tried to clear
?procurement? at the third attempt.
Not the toughest act to follow,
then, but these plodders hardly
warmed the crowd up. Most of Mr
Corbyn?s speech was heard in
silence. A semi-decent joke about
job insecurity going right to the top
of public life ? ?just ask Theresa
May? ? was met with a cough.
Clapping was rationed.
And then Mr Corbyn found the
line that brought them to their feet.
?My message is . . .? he said. ?Join a
trade union! Do it today!?
It seemed an odd tack given that
he was in a room full of trade
unionists. A bit like someone
standing up in the Long Room at
Lord?s and asking if anyone
else has a
an interest in
cricket
cricket. Perhaps he
was sspeaking to all
tho
those watching at
ho
home, although if
yo
you are following
a TUC
c
conference
at
3
3pm
on a work
d you are
day
pr
probably
already
on
onside.
N
Nonetheless,
the
magi words worked.
magic
b
They brightened
up.
Mr Corbyn,
Corby encouraged,
Mr
started makin
making gestures at
them pointing into tthe audience.
them,
?Yes, you, why don?t you become a
trade unionist? And you sir. Yes,
madam, come join our movement.
We are all brothers here.?
They loved it and from the far
corner, spreading across the hall,
came that sound of this summer:
?Ohhhh Je-re-my Corrrrbyn.? The
thumping beat of the White Stripes?
hit, now Mr Corbyn?s adopted
anthem, swept round the room.
Nothing pleases a crowd more,
especially at the TUC, than telling
them that they are who they are.
Mayor fights conference speech snub
Henry Zeffman
Matt Chorley Red Box Editor
street cricket at Downing Street organised by the charity Chance to Shine
PM urged to stand ground
against Boeing?s ?bullying?
Francis Elliott Political Editor
Boris Johnson has raised the trade
dispute threatening thousands of jobs
in Belfast with Rex Tillerson, the US
secretary of state, and Steve Bannon,
Donald Trump?s former top aide.
The scale of UK lobbying became
clear yesterday after The Times
revealed that Theresa May had urged
the US president to intervene to stop
Boeing?s action against the Canadian
company Bombardier last Tuesday.
Bombardier?s factory in Belfast,
which employs 4,500 people, makes the
wings of the plane at the centre of a
dispute over claims of unfair state subsidies. The US Department of Commerce is expected to announce on September 25 a decision on whether to impose punitive tariffs that could doom
the project and threaten the factory.
Sir Vince Cable, the Liberal Democrat leader, and union bosses called on
Mrs May to stand up to the US com-
pany?s ?bullying? and threaten to retaliate against Boeing, a big supplier of UK
defence contracts, if it continued. Sir
Vince said: ?The government must
commit itself to standing very firmly
behind Bombardier and its workers.?
Boeing said it would ?let the process
play out? despite behind-the-scenes
efforts by senior ministers including
Greg Clark, the business secretary, and
James Brokenshire, the Northern
Ireland secretary.
The Tories? parliamentary allies, the
Democratic Unionist Party, blame the
Canadian government publicly while
applying pressure in private on the
British government to protect the plant.
Davy Thompson, of Unite, said: ?The
UK government is the second largest
purchaser of Boeing products. This
presents ample leverage to end this
damaging course of action.? He added
that the jobs in Northern Ireland were
?vital to our economy?.
Leading article, page 29
Sadiq Khan is pushing to make a speech
at the Labour Party conference despite
plans to exclude him from the podium.
Jeremy Corbyn is denying the
London mayor the opportunity to
address activists in an effort to allow
left-wing supporters to stamp their
authority on the party.
Andy Burnham, mayor of Greater
Manchester, and Steve Rotheram,
mayor of the Liverpool city region, are
also set to miss out when the party
gathers in Brighton later this month,
along with several frontbenchers
responsible for key portfolios such as
defence, transport and housing. Mr
Corbyn and his allies insist that the
event should be devoted to policy debates for the rank and file membership.
Mr Khan gave a speech at last year?s
conference in which he made pointed
references to the importance of Labour
winning elections and only mentioned
Mr Corbyn once. Although this year?s
schedule is not finalised, Mr Khan has
not been given a slot. He is engaged in
a stand-off with party officials but is
unlikely to have his demands met.
The main speeches will be delivered
by John McDonnell, the shadow chancellor, Emily Thornberry, the shadow
foreign secretary, Diane Abbott, the
shadow home secretary, and Sir Keir
Starmer, the shadow Brexit secretary.
Mr Corbyn will close the conference.
Those who have been dropped from the
schedule will have to request to speak
from the conference floor. The mayors
and most shadow ministers will now
speak only at fringe events.
The slimmed-down programme offers delegates from local parties more
time to debate changes that would favour Labour?s hard left and will provoke
fears that Mr Corbyn?s allies are determined to silence moderate voices.
A row is expected over plans to alter
rules on standing for the party leadership. Delegates are expected to vote on
proposals for candidates to require the
backing of only 5 per cent of MPs and
MEPs, down from 15 per cent.
Daniel Finkelstein, page 25
Thunderer, page 26
Tories win vote to control key committees
Francis Elliott
Theresa May enjoyed another Commons victory last night, winning the
right to ensure a government majority
on key committees.
The proposed government change to
the make-up of the committee of selection, which determines which MPs sit
on public bills committees, has been
condemned as an attempt to ?rig?
parliament as it debates Brexit laws.
Public bills committees scrutinise
legislation line by line. Without a guaranteed majority on them, ministers face
an increased threat of surprise defeats
and delay as they seek to push through
legislation vital in preparing the ground
for Britain to quit the European Union.
Under Commons convention, however, the make-up of the committee of
selection, which in turn determines the
composition of the public bills committees, is decided by the proportion of
seats won in the election. Without a
clear-cut election victory, Gavin Williamson, the chief whip, was forced to
change the rules for last night?s vote, a
step that Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour
leader, called an affront to parliamentary democracy.
Labour had promised an all-out
effort to defeat the motion ensuring a
Conservative majority despite Mrs
May?s decision to go to the country resulting in a hung parliament. Labour
sources said some MPs cancelled operations and others came to Westminster
despite illness or maternity leave. They
conceded, however, that the decision
by the Democratic Unionist Party?s ten
MPs to back the Conservatives meant
that the government would prevail.
While initially it appeared that MPs
faced a second successive vote past
midnight after Monday?s division on
the second reading of the EU (Withdrawal) Bill, a deal was struck between
the main parties to hold the key vote at
about 10pm.
Earlier, Kevan Jones, a former Labour defence minister, suggested that
Tory MPs were delaying the vote to
claim hotel rooms.
12
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
CHRIS CLARKE/SWNS
Mountains of household
waste were left when the
travellers were evicted
Travellers? legacy
is a load of rubbish
A
group of
travellers
who occupied
land near the
Olympic
Stadium in London used
it as a dumping ground
for flytipped rubbish.
About 21 caravans
were said to have been
placed on the site next
to a new building for
University College
London in Stratford, east
Worcestershire, said: ?A
lot of what they?ve been
dumping is household
rubbish. It looks like
people are paying them
to take rubbish away
and this is where they
are tipping it.?
The site is due to be
used for housing. A
London Legacy
Development
Corporation spokesman
said that the developer
would meet the costs of
cleaning up the area.
London. When the
travellers were moved
on by court officers and
police, after being on the
land for two weeks,
several tonnes of waste
was left behind.
Chris Clark witnessed
the group?s activities
while working as a pipe
fitter at the new
university buildings.
Mr Clark, 61, from
Bromsgrove,
Rent increases have
made thousands of
families homeless
Greg Hurst Social Affairs Editor
The most common reason for homelessness has become the rising number
of tenants who cannot afford higher
rent after being evicted from privately
rented housing.
Being forced out of a house or flat by
a private landlord has overtaken factors
such as the breakdown of a relationship
or no longer being permitted to live in a
parent?s home as the chief cause of
having to live on the streets.
Families who become homeless at
the end of an assured shorthold tenancy accounted for almost a third of
homeless households in England last
year, according to a report by the
National Audit Office (NAO). This
compared with 11 per cent seven years
earlier.
In London, where rents are highest,
the proportion rose from 10 to 39 per
cent over the same period.
Since 2010 rents charged by private
landlords have risen three times faster
than earnings across England, while in
London the increase has been eight
times average earnings.
?The end of an assured shorthold
tenancy is the defining characteristic of
the increase in homelessness that has
occurred since 2010,? the NAO report
said. An assured shorthold tenancy
specifies the rent due but entitles the
landlord to evict a tenant after a fixed
term, usually six months, without a
legal explanation.
The NAO said that homelessness
was now costing the public sector more
than �billion a year and claimed that
the government?s housing benefit cap
was contributing to the problem
because it had made private rented
accommodation less affordable.
A head count on a single night last
autumn recorded 4,134 rough sleepers,
more than double the number in 2010.
There were 77,240 households in temporary accommodation in March, an
increase of 60 per cent since 2011.
The NAO criticised the Department
for Communities and Local Government, which is responsible for policy on
homelessness, for continuing with a
?light-touch? approach to the problem.
Amyas Morse, head of the NAO, said:
?[The] government has not evaluated
the impact of its reforms on this issue
and there remain gaps in its approach.
It is difficult to understand why the
department persisted with its lighttouch approach in the face of such a
visibly growing problem.?
I N T H E T I M E S T O M O R ROW
T2
RICK STEIN
AT 70
?God forbid I should
ever have to give
up the booze?
BUSINESS
PULLOUT
SPORT
SIMON
NIXON
What the
French really
think about
Brexit
MIKE
ATHERTON
One of the toughest
challenges in
cricket (and it?s
not the Ashes)
MAIN PAPER
MAIN PAPER
COMMENT
Iain Martin
The hidden agenda of Michel Barnier
MAIN PAPER
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
13
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News
Teacher ?covered up? porn searches by girls aged 6
Neil Johnston
A teacher at an independent girls?
school was sacked after young pupils
were allowed to search for hardcore
pornography in his IT class, an employment tribunal was told.
Werner Nel, 37, is alleged to have
altered the internet search history of six
and seven-year-old girls at Marlston
House preparatory school, in Hermitage, Berkshire, after they had searched
for ?naked boys? and ?the Queen?s
underwear?.
Although he closed down their
computers when he saw pictures of
naked men appear, he is said to have
failed to report the incident in April to
management. Senior staff discovered
the girls had viewed the inappropriate
web pages after Mr Nel told a friend and
colleague about the incident. Some
pupils had told parents they had seen
?willies in mouths?.
Mr Nel was sacked after an investigation but is suing the school for public
interest disclosure, unfair dismissal and
breach of contract.
At the hearing in Reading yesterday,
the panel was told that the South African-born teacher was dismissed for trying to delete the browser history. Chris
Jones, an IT consultant, said that the
computer?s clock had been manually
changed to alter the internet search history and replace queries such as ?naked
boys? with ?dogs?.
Rachel Harper, the school?s human
resources manager, said that management had been alerted after Mr Nel
spoke with the head of IT about the incident in the lunch queue but had
played down its severity, saying that the
children had only found images of
?people in their underwear?.
?We went straight to the search
history and saw that a search had been
made for ?naked boys?, ? she said.
?We clicked on it immediately and
without doubt what was displayed on
screen was multiple images of hardcore
pornography involving men. Unfortunately there were some of small boys
mixed in with them.?
Ms Harper said she could not believe
that a teacher ?did not instantly push a
big red safeguarding button? and she
was shocked that he did not inform
TMS
diary@thetimes.co.uk | @timesdiary
Director rose
above the fray
A great theatre director can
ensure that his own reputation is
unsullied no matter how messy
the production. This was brought
home to the actor Michael
Simkins, below, when he was
having lunch 30 years ago with
Michael Gambon and Anthony
Hopkins in the National Theatre
canteen and Sir Peter Hall, whose
death was announced yesterday,
asked to join them. They chatted
for a while before the director rose
to leave but, in pushing down
suddenly on the table, Hall
managed to send the still laden
plates flying. Simkins, with gravy
pouring down his face, looked
across at the chicken-spattered
Gambon and Hopkins, with a
puddle of peas and mash in his lap,
and realised that not a speck of
food had landed on Sir Peter. ?It
seemed a perfect metaphor,? he
says, ?of the skill of directors and
their relationship with actors.?
Sir Vince Cable has signed Mark
Leftly, a former journalist, to be his
chief spinner. Surely, though, since
the realignment of politics in the
age of Corbyn, he should change his
name to Mark Middleoftheroadly.
stuck at the back
A memorial service was held
yesterday for Patrick Jenkin, the
former environment secretary, at
which it was revealed that he
used a mnemonic about his
secretary to remember the
four levels in the civil service
hierarchy. Permanent,
deputy, under and assistant
stood for ?please don?t
upset Anthea?. Lord Butler
of Brockwell, the former
cabinet secretary, added
that Jenkin was a modest
man, whose one regret in
his career was that despite
having held four cabinet
posts, he was never asked
to sit in the front row of the
cabinet photograph.
wrong side of the bar
The Commons terrace was full of
grumbling MPs on Monday night,
drinking and chain-smoking as
they waited for the post-midnight
votes on the Brexit bill. ?I worked
for years to get here and then they
expect me to work until 1am,? one
Tory groused. ?I should have taken
up a bar job I was offered instead.?
Whoever did the voice-recognition
software for the Sky News subtitles
must be a Tottenham Hotspur fan.
That can be the only explanation
for the news report the other day
that was translated as ?Sky will be
following the path of the destructive
Harry Kane across Florida?.
almost caught out
The eulogies for Henry Blofeld,
the retired cricket commentator,
failed to mention a story about
when he was a Guardian reporter
in 1983 and left a county match in
Chelmsford early so that he could
go to a dinner. Blowers wrote a
piece about Essex?s innings, which
finished an hour before the close,
leaving a final line that read: ?In
reply, Surrey were XX for Y [please
fill in the figures].? Hours later,
having removed the nosebag,
Blofeld called the office. ?Did
Surrey make many runs?? he
asked. ?14,? replied the sub-editor.
?And any wickets down?? Blowers
added. ?Yes,? came the reply.
?Ten.? Fortunately the sub had the
nous to rewrite the entire piece.
Jean-Marie Le Pen, the founder
of France?s far-right National
Front, is leading the resistance
to his daughter, Marine,
modernising the party.
Asked about her proposal
to rename the FN, he
said: ?Imb閏ilit�
criminelle.? A criticism,
one assumes, not an
apposite suggestion for
what it should be called.
patrick kidd
senior staff. Mr Nel did not know that
these searches had been discovered by
management and the next day he
brought along records that had two
searches missing.
Ms Harper said: ?I will never forget
looking at the search history for terminal 13 and not seeing ?naked boys?. I felt
an overwhelming sense of embarrassment for Werner and I was thinking:
?My gosh, what have you done?? ?
Mr Nel claimed that he had only
suggested the children search for the
name of animals and not realised the
severity of the content. But Ms Harper
said that David Fleming, the headmaster, had shown the teacher the images
Werner Nel: girls
in his IT class
googled
?naked boys?
and asked: ?Are you seriously telling me
that you did not see what was in front of
you before you closed the browser
window??
Following his dismissal, Mr Nel had
argued that during the investigation
there had been ?a complete lack of HR
support, causing him considerable
stress? and in a letter read out to the
tribunal claimed that he was made a
?scapegoat? by the assumption that he
had changed the browser history.
Mr Fleming said that initially he had
believed Mr Nel, thinking the children
had ?got the wrong end of the stick?, and
he would not have his name ?dragged
through the mud?. He later realised that
Mr Nel had ?mishandled the situation?
and did not think that he could have
failed to see that the images were
pornographic. ?He gave every impression from his manner and his extraordinary story that he was lying to me.?
The hearing continues.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
15
2GM
News
Convicts roam storm-hit island
Catherine Philp
Diplomatic Correspondent
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
About 100 ?very serious? convicts were
on the loose on the British Virgin Island
of Tortola last night as Boris Johnson
flew into Anguilla to face expected
protests over Britain?s slow response to
Hurricane Irma.
Sir Alan Duncan, the Foreign Office
minister, revealed that 100 prisoners
had escaped when their jail was
breached in the record-breaking storm
a week ago, prompting a ?serious threat
of the complete breakdown of law and
order?. Stranded British tourists have
spoken of their terror of looters and
machete-waving gangs in the streets of
Tortola and expressed anger at the
government?s failure to arrange their
evacuation, contrasting their efforts
with those of foreign governments.
Emily Thornberry, the shadow foreign
secretary, said it was alarming that a
week after the hurricane Sir Alan was
?still talking about the potential
evacuation of British citizens? because
the ?most vulnerable? were being
prioritised. ?With the security situation
deteriorating in many of the affected
islands, all British citizens should be
considered vulnerable,? she said.
Almost 50 British officers have been
sent to Tortola to help local police to
capture the escaped convicts and
secure the island and Royal Marines
were deployed to protect the governor.
A Ministry of Defence source said
that local police know where the convicts are but are unable to round them
up until they have an undamaged and
secure building in which to house them.
Cabinet briefing notes photographed
being carried into Downing Street
showed that the island of St Lucia had
offered to house 40 ?high-risk prisoners?. Mr Johnson, the foreign secretary,
is expected in the British Virgin Islands
today in a hastily arranged visit to British overseas territories devastated by
the storm, starting with Anguilla.
His trip came after visits by the
Dutch king, Willem-Alexander, and
President Macron of France to neighbouring Dutch and French territories.
The two countries flew home about
500 of their citizens on Monday aboard
military planes. Foreign Office sources
said that Mr Johnson had been keen to
travel as soon as possible but did not
want to interfere with aid efforts.
Sir Alan was left to defend Britain?s
performance in parliament where he
also revealed that five people had been
killed in the British Virgin Islands and
four in Anguilla.
Anguillans said they were organising
protests against Mr Johnson. They
have complained at the slow pace of the
response and suggested that the government is exaggerating the help they
have received. They pointed to the two
pallets of plywood that arrived on
Monday in response to a plea for building materials. About 90 per cent of
buildings on Anguilla were damaged.
Sir Alan said that 997 British military
personnel were now in the Caribbean
helping with the relief effort. The
Department for International Development said that 40 tonnes of British
aid had arrived in the region and nine
tonnes of food and water supplies are to
be flown to Anguilla imminently.
Hubert Hughes, the former chief
minister of Anguilla, welcomed Mr
Johnson?s visit yesterday but presented
a long list of demands. Apart from
humanitarian assistance, Mr Hughes
said the island needed a new hospital,
new primary and secondary schools, an
airport terminal and a new ferry terminal. ?Our houses are uninhabitable,
some of our roads are impassable, hospitals and schools are unable to function normally,? he said.
The Royal Navy flagship HMS Ocean
is heading for the Caribbean but will
take ten days to arrive.
The former Foreign Office minister
Sir Henry Bellingham called for a permanent British naval base in the area
and for a five-year reconstruction plan.
Sir Alan did not answer a question
about whether Britain would commit to
extra funding to replace millions in
European Union development aid that
the islands will lose after Brexit.
Alasdair Pinkerton, senior lecturer in
geopolitics at Royal Holloway, University of London, said that Brexit had put
?the future lives and livelihoods of the
territories in doubt?.
Florida homes ruined, page 33
PAUL KINGSTON/NNP
Aileen set
to batter
Britain
T
he UK?s
first
named
storm of
the season
is expected to bring
gusts of up to
75mph this morning
amid weather
warnings and
predictions of travel
disruption (Neil
Johnston writes).
Storm Aileen was
due to bring ?very
strong winds? to
England and Wales
from last night with
blustery showers
expected to
continue today,
bringing the risk of
flooding. The Met
Office issued a
yellow weather
warning for strong
winds last night into
this morning, with
gusts of 50-60mph
expected across
much of England.
Gusts of up to
75mph were
predicted to hit
north Wales, the
north Midlands,
parts of northern
England and
Norfolk. Heavy rain
is expected in many
areas. Highways
England has urged
drivers of lorries,
caravans and
motorbikes to avoid
exposed roads.
Weather, page 59
Storm shutters were fastened on the Cumbrian coast yesterday before the approaching storm, which forecasters predict will bring gusts of up to 75mph
Charles challenged on duchy leases Lonely cat hoarders are
more likely to be women
Simon de Bruxelles
Tenants of the Duchy of Cornwall are
challenging a decision that grants the
Prince of Wales rights denied to every
other private landlord in Britain.
The tenants want to be able to buy
the freehold to properties they have
leased, in some cases for decades, a
right other leaseholders have had since
the 1960s.
They are urging the government to
abolish the exemption that applies to
duchy properties in parts of the Isles of
Scilly, Dartmoor and the village of
Newton St Loe near Bath as part of a
review of ?unfair leasehold practices?,
which is aimed mainly at builders
retaining freeholds of new homes.
Jane Giddins, who once worked as a
volunteer helping to run the Prince?s
Trust, and her husband, Grey, brought
up their three children in a Georgian
house in Newton St Loe. The village is
owned by the duchy and the Giddins
are not allowed to apply to buy the freehold to the property, which could be a
problem if they decided to sell or mortgage it.
The duchy, one of the country?s largest landowners, generates � million a
year in private income for the prince,
mostly from rents including the Kia
Oval cricket ground in south London
and farms in Gloucestershire, Somerset, Wiltshire and Dorset as well as
Devon and Cornwall.
The duchy was granted exemptions
from the Leasehold Reform Act when it
was introduced in 1967. Also exempt are
institutions such as the church and the
National Trust, who claim a public
interest in not having their property
portfolios broken up and sold off.
Mrs Giddins is one of several duchy
leaseholders who have called on Sajid
Javid, the communities secretary, to review the duchy?s exemption.
Mrs Giddins, 57, described the
duchy?s exemption as ?outdated feudal-
ism?. She said: ?The lease could cause
complications for our three children in
20 or 30 years? time when we are
elderly, so it would be much better to
own it outright.
?The duchy appears to choose whether it is treated as part of the Crown or
a private landlord when it suits it. It is a
far more commercially minded organisation than it used to be.?
Alan Davis, 75, bought his home in St
Mary?s on the Isles of Scilly in 1983. He
has sought legal opinions on whether
he could challenge the duchy?s exemption, which allows it to refuse to sell
freeholds to homes in the part of St
Mary?s known as the Garrison, and has
been warned that even if he won the
duchy could bankrupt him. Under the
act a leaseholder has to pay not only
their own legal costs but the landlord?s,
and the prince has expensive solicitors.
A spokesman for the prince has said
that there were no plans to change the
system.
Tom Whipple Science Editor
Cat ladies are not merely eccentric,
they could be suffering from mental
illness. What is more, according to a
new study on ?Animal Hoarding
Disorder?, people with unhealthily
large numbers of pets really are more
likely to be women.
Scientists have tried to determine the
psychological characteristics of people
who collect animals, in research involving 33 people who between them
owned 915 dogs, 382 cats and 50 ducks.
The Brazilian researchers identified
these ?animal hoarders? through
animal welfare officials in the municipal government of Porto Alegre and
were looking for people with more
animals than they were able to competently take care of. They said that they
wanted to see if this was a disorder with
distinct characteristics compared with
more general hoarding, which is now
classified as a mental condition.
The team, from Pontif韈ia Universidade Cat髄ica do Rio Grande do Sul,
found that three quarters of all those
they looked at were women.
When combined with previous research in the area, they said, ?animal
hoarding may be related to the female
gender?. They also said that many
seemed to have problems relating to
humans.
?Regarding marital status, it was observed that most individuals did not
have a partner and lived alone . . . In this
sense, living with animals would provide emotional comfort to hoarders
who present difficulties in affective
relationships,? they wrote.
The study was published in the
journal Psychiatry Research.
16
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
I?m a prisoner of conscience,
?neo-Nazi? graduate tells trial
John Simpson Crime Correspondent
A recent graduate accused alongside
two serving soldiers of being members
of a neo-Nazi group banned for encouraging terrorism claimed in court that
he was ?a prisoner of conscience?.
Alex Deakin, 22, appeared alongside
Lance Corporal Mikko Vehvilainen, 32,
and Private Mark Barrett, 24, at Westminster magistrates? court charged
with terrorism offences over alleged
membership of National Action.
They were allegedly all members of a
chat group on the encrypted messenger
Telegram, on which users exchanged
racist messages, including about ethnic
cleansing, plans for a white-only Britain and a race war, the court was told.
National Action was banned last year
after it praised the white supremacist
who murdered the Labour MP Jo Cox.
Mr Deakin was also charged with
possession of documents likely to be
Alex Deakin is
charged with
terror offences
useful to a person preparing to commit
an act of terrorism and distribution of a
terrorist publication. The recent
science graduate allegedly had a copy
of the ?White Resistance Manual for
Fun? and sent a document named
?Ethnic Cleansing Operations? to
people via Skype.
Mr Vehvilainen is also charged with
possessing a document containing
information likely to be useful for terrorism and publishing material which is
threatening, abusive or insulting.
He allegedly posted comments on
the website Christogenea.org intending
to stir up racial hatred and had a copy of
2083: A European Declaration of Independence by Andrew Berwick, alias
Anders Breivik, the far-right terrorist
who committed terror attacks in Norway in 2011. Mr Vehvilainen is also
charged with possessing pepper spray.
Mr Barrett, 24, faces a single charge
of membership of National Action,
contrary to the Terrorism Act 2000.
After confirming his details to the
court, Mr Deakin said: ?I?m a prisoner
of conscience, I believe I?m innocent of
these charges.? He and Mr Vehvilainen
gave no indication of a plea. Mr Barrett
pleaded not guilty.
Mr Vehvilainen, who is based at the
Sennybridge camp in Powys, Mr Barrett, who is based at the Dhekelia
garrison in Cyprus, and Mr Deakin,
from Great Barr in Birmingham, were
all remanded in custody.
They are due to appear for a
preliminary hearing at the Old Bailey
on September 21.
Hey Siri, take my warship into battle
Deborah Haynes Defence Editor
Royal Navy captains of the future may
be able to control their warships using
Siri-style voice commands.
A new generation of frigates will be
fitted with voice control, Admiral Sir
Philip Jones, the First Sea Lord, said
yesterday. The Type 31e, which is due to
come into service within six years even
though a design has yet to be chosen,
will feature app-based tools that can
access the ship?s data.
?This is not a gimmick or a fad,? Sir
Philip said at a defence trade fair in
London. ?As modern warfare becomes
ever faster, and ever more data driven,
our greatest asset will be the ability to
cut through the deluge of information
to think and act decisively,? he said.
He did not go into detail about how a
Siri-style system would work. On an
iPhone, Siri enables a user to control
functions via voice commands.
Royal road King penguins march over a beach on the Falklands for their morning
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
17
1GM
News
WIM VAN DEN HEEVER/CATERS
Bookmaker rebuked
for fake news advert
Andrew Ellson
Consumer Affairs Correspondent
dip. Wim van den Heever, 45, had to lie flat in the frigid surf to take the photograph. A million penguins nest on the islands
Britain?s biggest bookmaker has been
rebuked for sponsoring a ?fake news?
article that claimed that a man with
huge debts and depression had solved
his problems by gambling.
The Advertising Standards Authority
criticised Ladbrokes Coral for ?targeting
vulnerable people? with a promotion
that was ?socially irresponsible?. It also
ruled that the advert gave the false
impression of being a news story.
The advertorial on the website
24hourlynews.co.uk claimed that a
man called William, who was described
as depressed and more than �0,000 in
debt after having to pay for his wife?s
cancer treatment, won �0,000 after
making a � bet with Ladbrokes.
It said: ?William took to Facebook
one night in the hospital lobby to update his friends and family on his wife?s
health. A little tired and admittedly a bit
depressed, William stumbled upon an
ad for Ladbrokes casino. With little to
no money to spend he admits he laughed and almost scrolled past it until he
saw they were offering a promotion to
that [sic] would reward him with 600
free chances at Age of the Gods [an online betting game].?
It continued: ?Having won over 30
times his annual salary in a single spin,
his debt and financial worries came to
an abrupt end.?
At the bottom of the article ?readers?
posted comments. ?Ryan P? wrote: ?My
brother works in the online gambling
industry and Ladbrokes is notoriously
known for having some of the loosest
slot machines in the industry. I?ve
tripled my $$.?
The watchdog said that adverts must
not suggest that gambling could provide an escape from personal problems
such as depression or that it could be a
solution to financial concerns.
Advertising rules require companies
to ensure that their marketing is clearly
identifiable but the watchdog ruled that
Ladbrokes had failed to do this. The ruling is part of a crackdown on affiliate
marketing, where gambling companies
pay third parties to draw in punters.
Ladbrokes said that it was not able to
identify the affiliate responsible for the
advert but that when it received a
complaint about a similar advert it had
terminated the affiliate?s contract. It
said the advert contravened the terms
of the agreement it has with affiliates
and that it had renewed its guidance to
all its marketing partners.
6 Universities have been encouraged
by the Gambling Commission to offer
more support for students who become
addicted to betting. A poll found that
two thirds of students had gambled in
the past month, with a quarter saying
that they bet more than they could
afford while 4 per cent said that they
had gambling debts. Of these, one in
four said they had gambling debts of
more than �,000.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
19
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News
BRITISH MUSEUM
Dazzling trek
through the
treasures of
a lost empire
Exhibition
Rachel Campbell-Johnston
The Scythians, nomads from Siberia, filled burial sites with hoards of gold such as a
plaque in the shape of a panther and textiles including a horse?s felt headdress, left
party of vociferous protesters
yesterday, the choice of BP as the
exhibition?s sponsor was ill advised). It
brings a lost ? and in this case
relatively little known ? culture to
vivid life as you look.
The Scythians were nomadic
herdsmen who, originating in
southern Siberia, flourished from
800-200BC, eventually controlling
the entire strip of wind-blown steppeland that stretches from northern
China to the Black Sea. You probably
think of the Persian empire as the
greatest of that period, but the vast
corridor controlled by the Scythians is
of comparable extent. Yet because
Scythians: Warriors of
Ancient Siberia
British Museum
HHHHH
A horde of fierce horsemen thunder
over the horizon and straight into
your imagination. The air grows so
thick with their arrows that (if
Herodotus is to be believed) the sun is
blotted out. Scythians is exactly the
sort of show that the British Museum
does best (although, according to a
they neither built cities nor developed
a written bureaucracy they would
have been all but swept from
subsequent memory by the Mongols
who superseded them, were it not for
Herodotus making them the subject
of an entire book.
It was only in the 18th century that
Peter the Great started sending
excavatory expeditions to their
remote former territories.
Astonishing burial mounds were
discovered. Those that had not been
plundered were packed with expertly
mummified bodies; with textiles,
vessels and weapons, foodstuffs,
armour and saddles and ? perhaps
most saliently ? hoards of highly
wrought gold. In these graves lie the
ancestors of modern-day Russia. The
salvaged contents of many,
fantastically preserved by the
permafrost (look at the felt swans, for
instance, which, fixed to the poles of a
funeral carriage, once accompanied a
great leader as he was carried to his
tomb), belong to the Hermitage. Now,
travelling from St Petersburg for the
first time to Britain, they create an
utterly riveting and revelatory show.
Curators assemble a dramatic
picture. It is not just the outer clothes
that you see, fur coats and false
beards, sturdy felt stockings and
crystal-studded shoes, but also the
embalmed heads and tattooed skins
of the people who wore them.
Fantastical animals, etched with
needles and soot, coil around the
pectorals in one gruesome scrap. It is
not just the portability of a nomadic
lifestyle that you come to understand
by looking at sheepskins and sables,
collapsible tables and rugs, but what
their owners ate ? lumps of cheese,
for instance ? or how they practised
their marijuana-smoking rituals.
Hemp seeds and the braziers upon
which they were burnt speak of mindbending rites.
It is not just the beauty of the gold
that adorned the most powerful
warriors and dazzled the enemy that
we admire. Their decorative
metalwork captures also the
unrelenting ferocity of their world. A
tiger battles on a belt buckle with a
surprisingly savage camel; a vulture
mauls a yak. This is the world that the
Scythians controlled from the saddle,
gathering in forces that could descend
at a moment?s notice. A single archer,
it is estimated, could fire ten armourpiercing (and sometimes poisontipped) arrows in a minute from his
specially adapted bow of layered
sinew and wood. Multiply this by
several hundred and imagine the
destruction they wreaked.
This is a wonderfully atmospheric
exhibition. It brings us the great
Scythians rising ? fully armed ?
from their graves.
Scythians is at the British Museum
from tomorrow until January 14
controlled our family
Art dealer stole �0,000 Wife
like tyrant, husband claims
of works to fuel gambling
David Brown
Chief News Correspondent
Simon de Bruxelles
An art dealer who stole dozens of work
by artists including Ronnie Wood, the
Rolling Stones? guitarist, and the sculptor Auguste Rodin to fund his gambling
habit has been jailed for four years.
Jonathan Poole, 69, admitted stealing works worth �0,000 from clients
including John Illsley, the Dire Straits
bassist, who lost two paintings by the
jazz trumpeter Miles Davis.
The prosecution at Gloucester crown
court compared Poole, 69, to Thomas
Crown, the multimillionaire art thief
who stole a Monet for kicks in the film
The Thomas Crown Affair.
The court was told that Poole had
been stealing from clients for nearly 30
years. Portraits of Kate Moss and Jack
Nicholson by Sebastian Kr黦er, worth
�,000 each, were sold to a Cheltenham pub for a fraction of their value.
The painting of Moss was damaged
when a diner attacked it with a knife.
The court was told that nine victims
were fleeced out of at least �5,015 but
the true figure, taking into account the
rising value of art, could be far higher.
Poole, of Poulton, Gloucestershire,
admitted 26 charges, with 32 others
allowed to sit on file. He claimed that he
Jonathan Poole was compared to the
thief from The Thomas Crown Affair
had no choice but to keep the money for
works he sold after his art gallery was
flooded in 2007. The court was told that
he had got the full insurance value for
all the destroyed or damaged work.
James Ward, for the prosecution,
said: ?Picasso said, ?We all know that
Art is not truth. Art is a lie that makes us
realise truth.? If only this knowledge, in
the words of the great Belgian detective, had been within ?the little grey cells?
of the wealthy and famous clientele of
Jonathan Poole. They may have realised that the fine brush strokes of the
highly prized paintings and the orientation of the sculptures were revealing a
message about truth ? they were
about to be stolen by the very art dealer
in whose expertise they had invested
and entrusted with their art collections.?
He added: ?Both Thomas Crown and
Jonathan Poole stole the paintings in
broad daylight. Whilst Thomas Crown
stole as a challenge, because his world
had become too stiflingly safe, Jonathan Poole stole either to fund a gambling habit, to stash away money for
later life or to fund a lifestyle he couldn?t
afford.?
He said Poole was asked by a collector to sell a dozen paintings by Wood,
then failed to pass on more than
�,000. He also kept the payment
from the sale of three bronzes by Rodin
belonging to a German businessman,
worth �2,500.
Illsley asked Poole to sell two paintings by Davis for at least �,000. Poole
sold them for �000 and �000. He
told police: ?I was just desperate.?
Richard Fenton, an artist, loaned
Poole a �,000 fibreglass sculpture
called Flight but was never paid for it.
The victims have been reunited with
their artwork.
A renowned lighting engineer wept
yesterday as he described how his
?tyrannical? wife began abusing their
children after moving her lover, Rick,
into the family mansion.
Peter Wynne-Willson, who worked
with Pink Floyd and U2, claimed that
his wife, Susan, abused two of their five
children over 14 years from 1979.
?We had been a blossoming happy
family up until that point,? he told
Blackfriars crown court. ?When Rick
was on the scene all that changed and it
seemed the children were an
encumbrance on Susie.?
Mr Wynne-Willson, 71, who also
worked with Radiohead and Coldplay,
said that before the children left for
school in the morning he would
hear ?a scream or wail from one
of the children and they would
come and find me?.
?There were red and white
weals on their cheeks . . . there
was a period when it was happening several times a
week,? he said. ?Susie?s control of the family became
absolutely tyrannical and
Susan Wynne-Willson
denies child cruelty
over a 14-year period
the children did whatever they could . . .
not to irritate Susie.?
He wept as he recalled finding his
wife attacking their adopted son, Daniel, in a bedroom. ?Susie was slapping
him around the face repeatedly and he
was very distressed,? he said. Mr
Wynne-Willson added that Daniel?s
character was lively and funny and ?to
see that destroyed is very, very painful?.
The engineer, who lives in Chipping
Norton, Oxfordshire, said he finally left
his wife when their youngest son was 17
because of the ?extreme violence towards me?.
Daniel Wynne-Willson, 40, an assistant head teacher and child protection
officer at Uckfield Community
Technology College, East Sussex, said
in a recorded interview played to the
court: ?My first memories are of living
in this cycle of abuse, it was a daily
thing.?
Susan Wynne-Willson is also
accused of abusing her daughter,
Rosa Aguelo de Guero, 42, who
changed her name from Rosie
and now uses the surname
of her maternal grandfather. Ms Wynne-Willson, of
Gospel Oak, north London,
denies five charges of child
cruelty and three charges
of assault occasioning
actual bodily harm.
The trial continues.
20
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
Scientist has big plans for tiny shape-shifting robots
Tom Whipple Science Editor
What?s scarier than a swarm of selfhealing robots? A swarm of self-healing
robots that can come together to
produce a single shape-shifting robot,
of course.
That robot now exists. A team of
scientists has designed robots that can
combine and recombine into different
shapes, while merging their ?nervous
systems? so that they always act as a
single entity.
The researchers said that the
machines pointed to a future in which
people did not design specialist robots
for specific tasks but instead joined
generic robots into the configuration
required for the job at hand. The system
could also help to make convoys of
autonomous lorries work better together.
Marco Dorigo, from the Free University of Brussels, said that the robots
could be thought of as organisms that
could pool their senses and control.
?Each robot has a brain and a nervous
system,? he said. ?When two connect to
each other physically, one cedes
authority to the other.?
Then, in whatever configuration
they happen to form, the robots can act
as one, producing an appropriate shape
for the task. ?You see this sort of thing
ROBERT MORRIS/ALAMY
Shimmer me timbers Decorated boats on the River Derwent yesterday at the
start of the annual illuminations in the village of Matlock Bath, Derbyshire
Bookshops pay ?eleven times more tax than Amazon?
British bookshops pay 11 times the
rate of corporation tax that is paid by
Amazon, according to a report that
has outraged booksellers.
Bookshops across the UK pay
about � million in corporation tax
each year, the report says. This
equates to 91p for every
�0 of turnover, compared with the
rate of 8p paid by Amazon.
The Bookselling Britain report, by
the Centre for Economics and
Business Research, found that
bookshops contribute �9 billion to
the economy and pay about
�0 million in tax.
Amazon?s accounts showed that the
tax paid by Amazon UK Services fell
from �.8 million in 2015 to
�4 million last year.
Giles Clifton, of the Booksellers
Association, said: ?This report
helps . . . to confirm [that] an enormous
financial gap exists between what UK
booksellers put into the UK and what
Amazon does.?
A spokesman for Amazon said: ?We
pay all taxes required in the UK.?
Boy gains first-class maths degree in his spare time
A child prodigy has graduated with a
first-class honours degree in
mathematics at the age of 13. Wang
Pok Lo completed the Open
University course in his spare time
while attending Queensferry
High School near Edinburgh..
He has now enrolled at
Sheffield University to
study part-time for a
master?s degree in statistics
with medical applications.
Pok, right, whose family
moved to Scotland from
Hong Kong in 2006, could recite
Chinese poems as a one-year-old
and was performing addition,
multiplication and division by the age
of two. He passed his advanced
highe
higher maths exams aged 11. He
was delighted with his result
bu admitted that the
but
e
exams
were getting more
d
difficult.
?It has become
m
more about concepts which
ar a lot more abstract and
are
it?s mostly logic and
reas
reasoning,?
he said
Aspirin twice a day may
be better for diabetics
Chocks away for �3m
grant at WW1 aerodrome
Taking aspirin twice a day could save
people with type 2 diabetes from a
heart attack or stroke, the annual
meeting of the European Association
for the Study of Diabetes was told.
Aspirin prevents platelets clotting
blood and a once-daily dose is taken
to prevent cardiovascular disease, the
main cause of illness and death in
type 2 diabetes. Liv Vernstroem Hald,
a researcher, said that two doses of
aspirin, which has a short half-life,
may be more effective in diabetes,
when platelet turnover is increased.
A First World War airfield that played
a big role in defending Britain is to be
restored with �3 million of lottery
funding. Stow Maries Great War
Aerodrome, near Maldon, Essex, is
almost unaltered since 1919. It was
largely forgotten about until the late
1970s, when historians and military
aviation enthusiasts realised its
importance in combating zeppelins
and German bombers. In the past five
years visitors to the aerodrome, where
it is hoped to restore five buildings,
have risen to 12,000 annually.
more often in science fiction than in
real life,? Dr Dorigo said. Even so, the
robots described in his research, published in the journal Nature Communications, are still some way from threatening the supremacy of humans.
Each is about 20cm high and they
can join to make shapes in only two
dimensions. However, he has big plans
for them.
?Whenever you have a swarm of
robots, you want them to co-operate
quickly,? he said. Often it was difficult to
co-ordinate them if they had their own
control system and each one was still
responding as a separate entity. ?So you
let them create this joined nervous
The shape of the future? Robots join
up to create shapes under one ?brain?
system.? The robots in the research
were able to form ?pliers? shapes or
arrows, or any other configuration that
was considered useful. Dr Dorigo said
that he could see more sophisticated
systems being used as multipurpose
tools, for instance on building sites.
Now he wants to adapt the robots so
that they don?t have to be joined, or so
they can adapt themselves.
?At the moment you have to tell them
what shape to make. It would be nice if
they could choose the best shape as a
function of the environment,? he said.
So soon it will be a shape-shifting
intelligent robot, too. What could
possibly go wrong?
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
21
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News
TIMES PHOTOGRAPHER RICHARD POHLE
Women in slavery
gang jailed after
threatening witness
Simon de Bruxelles
Big baby The youngest in a family of mammoths, found in 2002, is prepared for sale at Summer Place Auctions, West Sussex
Four women who cost taxpayers �million when they sabotaged the trial of
?modern-day slavers? have been jailed
for a total of 20 years.
The women, all Czech Roma, were
part of a gang exploiting workers from
eastern Europe and forced a prosecution witness to flee the country and
retract his evidence.
Plymouth crown court heard that
victims were lured to Devon and forced
to wash cars or work in a meat packing
factory or as servants for gang members. They were housed in squalid
conditions and their wages and any
benefits taken from them.
Five members of a Czech family, the
Tancos, were jailed last year after an
earlier trial was abandoned when the
key witness withdrew his evidence.
Subsequently Lenka Cmejlova, 35,
Ruzena Tancosova Sr, 56, her daughter
Ruzena, 37, and Libuse Sindelarova, 42,
all admitted conspiracy to pervert the
course of justice. Tancosova Sr,
described as the matriarch of the
family, also pleaded guilty to a charge of
perverting the course of justice.
The court heard that the judge at the
earlier trial received a letter from Josef
Bukovinsky, a ?pivotal witness?, retracting his statement. He claimed he had
made his statements ?under the influence of psychotropic substances? and
complained of alleged corruption by
police interviewers and an interpreter.
Mr Bukovinsky was traced to the
Czech Republic and told detectives how
the four women had threatened him.
He said he was kept a virtual prisoner
for three months and told that if any
members of the women?s family were
sent to prison they would take out their
revenge on him and his family when
they were released. ?They put so much
pressure on me that I wrote it. I just
wanted some peace. They talked to me
throughout the night to the following
morning,? he said.
?It was mainly Lenka, we were sitting
in the kitchen. She told me to change
everything, literally everything.? The
family arranged for him to be
accompanied by Sindelarova when he
went to retract the statement.
Ruzena Tancosova Jr was one of the
five people convicted as part of the
slave gang last October and was jailed
for six and a half years. Her brother Petr
Tancos, their cousin Martin Tancos
and their partners Nela Dzurkova and
Katerina Kurlova were also convicted
of human trafficking offences.
She appeared in court for sentencing
on Monday via a video link from prison
in Peterborough with her newborn
child by her side. She received three
years for perverting the course of justice and five years for conspiracy to
Lenka Cmejlova, Ruzena Tancosova,
her daughter Ruzena and Libuse
Sindelarova all received jail terms
pervert the course of justice to run
concurrently to that, but consecutive to
the sentence she is already serving.
Sindelarova was jailed for two years
and Cmejlova for three years and four
months for conspiracy to pervert the
course of justice. Tancosova Sr was jailed for four years for conspiracy and
three years for perverting the course of
justice, to run concurrently.
Ann Hampshire, senior crown prosecutor, said the actions of the women
had allowed ?criminals to evade justice
for a year and a half. This had a significant impact on victims and witnesses.?
Travellers forced men to
work like medieval serfs
John Simpson Crime Correspondent
A family of travellers who lived like
?medieval royalty? are expected to be
pursued for up to �5 million amassed
from keeping vulnerable men in servitude for up to 26 years.
The Rooney clan lived a life of luxury
while forcing 18 homeless men to work
for little or no pay, living in squalid caravans in Lincolnshire. The 11-strong
gang made more than �5 million out
of the men, which they spent on homes,
holidays and cars, as well as other luxuries including cosmetic surgery and a
football school at Manchester United.
The family will now be pursued for
proceeds of crime after one of the largest investigations of its kind in Britain.
Nine members of the gang were
handed jail sentences of between six
and 15 years at Nottingham crown
court yesterday. Two others received
suspended sentences.
Judge Timothy Spencer, QC, told the
family at sentencing that their offences
had been ?chilling in their merciless-
ness? and stressed that violence had left
the victims ?cowed into submission?.
Over the course of three trials
between November 2016 and this
August, Martin Rooney, 57, Bridget, 55,
John, 53, Lawrence, 47, Gerard, 46, Peter, 36, John, 31, Patrick, 31, and Martin,
23, were all convicted of conspiring to
require a person to perform forced or
compulsory labour.
The judge told Martin, the eldest,
that he had ?brought up sons in this
criminal culture and taught them the
ropes?. The court heard that the family
made their victims fear for their lives,
sleeping in caravans with beds ?soaked
with urine and faeces?. The victims
lived a ?dog?s life? and were forced to
?clear up the blood? from their beatings.
Aged between 18 and 63, they were
forced to tarmac and pave drives at sites
in Lincolnshire.
Chief Superintendent Chris Davison,
of Lincolnshire police, said after the
case: ?We will not rest on this result as
there are potentially other victims of
modern slavery in our county.?
Striking
analysis.
Stay well informed with all the latest
politics, updated online four times daily.
24
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
News
Use your phone to
test for concussion
Mark Bridge Technology Correspondent
Sports coaches and parents could diagnose concussion and brain injuries in
seconds on the pitch?s sidelines using
their phone camera, scientists say.
The PupilScreen app can assess a
player?s pupillary light reflex almost as
well as a pupillometer, an expensive
machine found only in hospitals,
according to researchers.
A light shone into one eye usually
causes both pupils to constrict equally
but brain injuries commonly impair
this mechanism. The app uses the
phone?s flash to stimulate patients? eyes
and the camera to record a threesecond video. An algorithm measures
changes in pupil size.
In a small study involving 48 people,
clinicians were able to tell apart healthy
volunteers from brain injury patients
using the app?s output alone.
According to the paper, which will be
presented today at the Ubicomp conference in Hawaii, the technology had a
margin of error of 0.3mm in measuring
pupil diameter, compared with 0.23mm
for a pupillometer and 0.5mm for
expert manual examination.
At present, sportspeople who suffer
head injuries are assessed ?subjectively? on the sidelines by coaches who ask
them to do things such as balance or
touch their noses. ?A player who really
wants to get back on the field can find
ways to game the system,? said Shwetak
Patel, professor of computer science at
the University of Washington and one
of the authors of the study.
The team?s aim is to provide objective
data that can determine whether a
player should be further assessed.
A broader study this autumn will put
the app in the hands of coaches, doctors
and others to gather data on which responses are most helpful in determining ?ambiguous? cases of concussion.
The researchers hope to bring the
app to market within two years.
There is huge demand for better
brain injury diagnostics in the US,
where collisions are common in American football. In Britain the Rugby
Football Union is testing pitch-side
saliva tests that look for biomarkers
called microRNAs that can be early
indicators of traumatic brain injuries.
Willie Stewart, a neuropathologist at
Queen Elizabeth University Hospital,
Glasgow, said: ?There is considerable
research going on to find the holy grail
of concussion management ? a reliable and objective diagnostic test.
?The concern is that symptoms of
mild traumatic brain injury or concussion can take time to develop, can overlap with more significant brain injury
and may result in prolonged recovery
or more serious complications.
?However, while there is a drive to
find reliable and robust solutions, the
reality is that few, if any, of these are
likely to succeed and, in the meantime,
best practice in concussion management remains ?if in doubt, sit them out?.?
ANTHONY UPTON/PA
Oh lardy . . .
huge fatberg
clogs sewer
Ben Webster Environment Editor
A so-called fatberg weighing 130 tonnes
has been found blocking 250 metres of
a Victorian sewer.
The congealed fat and oil, mixed with
wet wipes and nappies, is one of the
largest fatbergs detected and is expected to take three weeks to clear from
Whitechapel, east London.
Fatbergs are the result of millions of
homes and restaurants ignoring advice
not to pour cooking oil down drains and
not to flush wet wipes and nappies
down toilets.
Matt Rimmer, head of waste networks for Thames Water, said: ?This
fatberg is up there with the biggest
we?ve ever seen. It?s taking a
lot of
manpower and machinery to remove as it?s set
hard. It?s basically like
trying to break up
concrete.?
A crew of eight
started work this
week to break up
the mass using
high-powered jet
hoses
before
chunks
are
taken to a recycling site.
Model pupil Emma Moore, who plays Matilda at London?s Cambridge Theatre, is
joined by a Lego replica for Roald Dahl Day, held on the writer?s birthday today
Work to clear the
London sewer
will take weeks
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
25
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Putin has set an elephant
trap for Merkel
Roger Boyes
Page 26
Comment
A flagging economy can put Corbyn in No 10
It?s not just character but circumstances that define political victories, which means the Labour leader could still win
Daniel
Finkelstein
@dannythefink
W
hy did Adlai
Stevenson lose the
1952 presidential
election to Dwight
Eisenhower? I?m sure
you?ve asked yourself that question
more than once. I mean, who hasn?t?
So you?ll be pleased to know that
today I am going to unlock the door
to the secret.
But I suspect that before I do that,
it would be a good idea if I explained
why I?m bothering.
Earlier this week, the former Blair
minister and adviser Lord Adonis
started calling for Jeremy Corbyn to
resign. Perhaps this doesn?t strike
you as all that surprising but he
attached to his demand a theory
about national elections that is, how
shall I put it, bold. Bold but, in my
view, wrong.
Since Adonis is regarded as
authoritative, it worries me that his
erroneous theory might catch on.
And having done so, lead people to
make all sorts of false judgments and
predictions. Including one about
Jeremy Corbyn and the next general
election.
Here is the Adonis theory, outlined
in Prospect magazine: ?The best
leader wins and nothing else matters.
It?s that simple.? And here?s
Finkelstein?s reply: ?No it isn?t?.
Looking back over the postwar era
in the UK and the US, Adonis argues
that almost without exception the
leader who ranks higher on a
measure of character has been
victorious. There are one or two
instances where the leaders were
equally good (or bad) and the
election was close, but where there
was a clear gap (Thatcher against
Foot, say, or Bush against Dukakis)
the result was equally clear.
From this he concludes that if a
leader is a loser the first time round,
there is no point trying them again.
They will simply lose again. The loss
was down to them and they won?t
improve. So because Corbyn lost this
time, and he thinks the Tories will
pick a better opponent next time, out
Corbyn should go.
Well, where does one start with
this? First, you might be wondering
what Adonis means by a
measurement of leadership
character. And you would be right to
wonder. It turns out to be an entirely
subjective effort. He looks initially at
what he regards as ?intrinsic?
leadership ability ? ?charisma,
Retaining power after
a fourth election
is very hard indeed
confidence, acumen, empathy? ?
and gives each leader a score.
To Richard Nixon and John
Kennedy in 1960 he assigns the same
score, even though we could argue
all day long whether that was
correct. To Mrs Thatcher in 1979 he
attaches the number six, while giving
Jim Callaghan a five, even though
Callaghan was, at the time, more
popular and more dominant.
And then Lord Adonis puts his
finger on the scale. He gives each
contender a ?spirit of the time? score,
reflecting the extent to which the
leaders captured the mood of the
nation. This is, of course, cheating. It
is bundling up any aspects of the
political situation that aren?t captured
by the leadership measure and using
it to fix the outcome. So Adonis has
Attlee in 1945 conveniently edging
ahead of Churchill.
One doesn?t have to be a professor
of scientific method to be unimpressed
with this way of measuring things, and
unsurprised when a theorist?s madeup numbers end up corroborating
their made-up theory.
Fortunately Adonis doesn?t provide
the only study of this subject. Lots of
political scientists have looked into
this subject too. They share Adonis?s
instinct that election results are
determined by fundamentals rather
than by the day-to-day ups and
downs. Adonis is right that much
apparently dramatic political news is
transient and irrelevant. But the
academics? more rigorous work
suggests that leadership character is,
to say the least, not the only
fundamental.
In 2002 political analysts John
Bartle and Ivor Crewe, for instance,
took great care to prise apart public
perceptions of leadership ability, as
measured by surveys, from other
variables. Their study of Tony Blair?s
first victory concludes: ?Our analysis
of the 1997 election thus perpetuates
the long and persistent tradition of
scepticism among British political
scientists about the actual difference
that party leaders? personalities make
to the way people vote and to the
outcomes of elections?.
There?s plenty more like that.
Although some believe leadership
approval is more important, almost
nobody regards it as a sole
determinant. But what, then, might
make a difference?
Models that successfully predict
US presidential elections usually
include two other factors. First the
length of time the incumbent party
peer is correct, Jeremy Corbyn could
be beaten by almost anyone and
certainly would be if Theresa May is
replaced (although Lord Adonis
makes an exception for Jacob ReesMogg). But this would be false
comfort.
There are going to be bookshelves
full of explanations about what went
wrong for Theresa May back in June,
but the campaign accounts are in
danger of failing to give enough
weight to the fact that the Tories were
seeking a third term at a time when
personal incomes were going down.
Churchill lost twice
and came back, Wilson
lost and came back
Jeremy Corbyn may have lost the
election but he could yet be a winner
has been in office and second, the
state of the economy in the period
running up to the election. Combine
this with leadership approval and
you begin to get a much stronger
indicator of the result.
In 1952, for instance, Adlai
Stevenson lost the presidency to
Dwight Eisenhower. And did it again
in 1956. Adonis posits that Stevenson
was an egghead, a bald academic
type. No wonder he lost.
But Eisenhower (who was also
bald) ran in 1952 as the Republican
after a Democrat had been in the
White House for 20 years. In 1952 a
poor economy helped him as the
challenger and in 1956 an improving
economy helped him as the
incumbent.
Conservatives may take comfort
from Adonis?s analysis. If the Labour
Proper modelling would show that
retaining power after a fourth
election is very hard indeed and
Tories therefore start next time with
a huge disadvantage. It would also
show that in these circumstances it
would be prohibitively difficult to
win if the economy isn?t heading in
the right direction. That means
people have to feel as if they are
better off and will continue to be
better off.
This will be by far the biggest
determinant of whether the
Conservatives are able to hold off
Jeremy Corbyn. And the party needs
to reflect on that when considering
its timings and policy on Brexit.
Andrew Adonis thinks that as
Corbyn has lost once, he will lose
twice. But Churchill lost twice and
came back, Wilson lost and came
back, Nixon lost and came back. I
wouldn?t blame Jeremy Corbyn if,
throwing his copy of Prospect to one
side, he fancied his chances.
daniel.finkelstein@thetimes.co.uk
26
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Comment
Putin is setting an elephant trap for Merkel
The Russian president is using a former German chancellor to divide Europe and the US
Roger
Boyes
@rogerboyes
T
he Germans have a word
for it: M鋘nerfreundschaft.
Four times married and
divorced, Gerhard Schr鰀er
has based his political and
business career on bonding with
people he sees as fellow alpha males.
The most enduring of the former
German chancellor?s buddies is
Vladimir Putin. It was the Kremlin
chief who sent barrel-chested Don
Cossacks to Hanover to sing at
Schr鰀er?s birthday, who reportedly
accelerated his adoption of two
Russian orphans and who offered
him a lucrative job running the Nord
Stream 2 gas pipeline project shortly
after he had been kicked out of office
by Angela Merkel. That?s quite a
friendship.
Now Schr鰀er is about to join the
board of the Russian oil giant
Rosneft, on which the US imposed
sanctions this summer. It is run by
Igor Sechin, a hard-boiled operator
said to have strong ties to the
security services and to be Putin?s
closest ally. Schr鰀er, in other words,
is being welcomed into the Kremlin
court. The move represents more
than jobs for the boys; this very
personal axis is supposed to
guarantee heightened Russian
influence within the European Union
at a time when Putin is losing faith
with the Trump administration.
Russian energy policy used to be
about forging strategic links with
states such as Germany, France and
Italy, beating off commercial
competition and using gas in
particular as political leverage over
smaller states in central Europe and
the Balkans. Today, though, the
picture is more confused and for
Putin, who will soon announce his
intention to stand again for the
presidency of Russia, worrying.
International sanctions are hurting.
The oil price is still very low, with
Brent crude at $53 a barrel, and big
players such as Saudi Arabia are
scrambling to diversify into other
forms of energy. The Frankfurt
motor show this week will see
German carmakers clinging on to
the age of diesel but the writing is on
the wall and Russia is nervous. As for
Gazprom, the Russian gas producer,
Moscow had pinned
its hopes on Trump
relaxing sanctions
it retains a 34 per cent share in the
EU energy market but is facing a
hostile European Commission that
has made security of supply a
priority. Liquefied natural gas from
the US, which is just starting to
arrive in Poland and the
Netherlands, may not displace
Russian gas but it will push down
Russian prices.
Putin is addressing these problems
in two ways. First, he wants to divide
the US and Europe over the issue of
sanctions on Russia. There had been
hopes that the Trump administration
would lead the way in easing
restrictions but the president, mired
in allegations of his aides? collusion
with Russia, is in no position even to
smile at Moscow. Rex Tillerson,
former boss of America?s Exxon oil
and gas company, was once a fierce
opponent of sanctions but has
changed his tune since becoming
secretary of state. Support for
sanctions in the EU has, however,
been weakening for some time.
Second, Putin aims to persuade
Europe that energy security means
reliable and affordable supply rather
than having to do the political
bidding of Moscow. It will take some
doing to persuade countries like
Poland that this is true. The
dependency of Balkan states on
Russian gas, and the not-so-subtle
influence Moscow exerts on local
decision-making, has been noted by
western intelligence analysts for
more than a decade.
Schr鰀er can play a part in both
aims. After all, the friendship with
Putin dates back to 2003 when, as
German leader, he took a stand
against George W Bush?s war on
Saddam Hussein. Raw antiAmericanism helped him win an
election, the contempt of the Bush
team, and the glowing admiration of
a still-callow Putin.
For Schr鰀er and indeed for the
current German government, US
ideas about arming Ukrainian forces
are beyond the pale. They would, in
the German view, destabilise the
whole of eastern Europe. Germany
quietly agrees with Putin?s scepticism
about the White House?s intentions
and its unpredictability. Trump is
thus driving Germany and Russia
closer. The foreign bugbears of this
year?s German election campaign
have been the Turkish president,
Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and Donald
Trump. Putin barely gets a mention.
In June, Putin invited Schr鰀er
and the German foreign minister
Sigmar Gabriel to a lavish dinner in
St Petersburg. It is not clear whether
they discussed Ukraine but soon
afterwards Gabriel said a new
Russian peace plan should be taken
seriously. He also called the Russian
land-grab of Crimea in 2014
?unconstitutional? ? surely the
mildest way of describing an
annexation. The supposed plan,
involving the deployment of UN
peacekeepers, is intended to do no
more than freeze the conflict to
Moscow?s advantage and steal some
of the thunder from Ukraine, which
will use this week?s UN general
assembly to put forward its own
ideas.
Putin, an admirer of German
virtues since his KGB days in
Dresden, seems to believe the
country can become a special
partner after Merkel?s presumed
re-election this month and his own
re-enthronement next year. The
relationship may not have the same
intimacy as the one he enjoys with
Schr鰀er but it will nonetheless be
an attempt at a reset. He will offer a
scaling-down of the Ukrainian crisis
in return for the lifting of EU
sanctions on the Russian energy
sector. Schr鰀er and his Social
Democrat chums in Berlin think that
would be a reasonable deal. Merkel,
though, would be well advised to
look out for the elephant trap.
Stephen Sherbourne, John Bowis...
my kind of Tories, just like Patrick
Jenkin. As health and social security
secretary in 1981 he offered me my
first big Commons break: to be his
parliamentary private secretary. I
accepted. He said he?d just clear it
with the whips first. The offer was
withdrawn. I shall never forget his
embarrassment, or his kindness.
and for you to know more about
ours.? They also say ?you bring us
work?. In what you may dismiss as a
rather mystical way, I think that
contact, connecting with people,
exchanging knowledge, making them
feel less isolated, can in the end only
bring good.
At Chilo gorge on the Sabi river,
the lodge there took us round its
pioneer outreach programme in the
Shangaan community, involving
locals in game conservation. We met
a poor chap who?d had both arms
bitten off by a crocodile, for whom
they?re trying to get prosthetic limbs.
We met his little son and talked later
about a fund for his education. With
no trace of hesitation I know it was
good to go.
Matthew Parris My Week
Baboons
are right
about the
baobab tree
W
as it No雔 Coward
who said we should
never live where
bougainvillea can?t
grow? I sympathise.
Those profuse red and purple
blossoms mean sunny skies. But
my own tastes in habitation are less
lush. I doubt we should live
anywhere where the African baobab
will not grow.
These huge and often ancient
trees, with their trunks like fat
candles whose grey wax has spilt
down the side, their branches
massive bare stubs, look as if
someone planted them upside down
with the roots sticking up.
In sub-Saharan Africa the baobab
is confined to my favourite country,
the lowveld: low-altitude, lowrainfall, hot, scrubby country, not
quite forest and not quite savannah,
strewn with little hills of scattered
granite where live the baboons who
love the trees? fruit. I?m with the
monkeys on this: it tastes like
sherbet. I brought one of these
baobab pods home last week as a
souvenir. But once I?ve sucked each
nut within it clean how can I bear to
throw them away? Shall I try to
germinate them, along with the
apple-ring acacia seeds still in the
bottom of one trouser pocket?
And what if I succeed? Intolerant
(like me) of cold, of soggy ground
and of shade, is it worth trying to
grow a baobab under glass? Kew?s is
20 years old and still tiny. And I?m
informed that the seed won?t strike
unless it has passed through a
mammal?s digestive system first.
Then again, having endured
the indignities of dispatching a
sample for my NHS over-60s
routine bowel cancer test, what
pride has one left? Yes, I shall give
it a go.
Whipped away
I?
m reaching the age
when contemporaries
die, but the
melancholy of Lord
Jenkin of Roding?s
passing was lifted
yesterday by a fond
memorial service at
St Margaret?s,
Westminster.
All the good people
were there: Michael
Heseltine, George Young,
Exchange visits
A
fter I waxed lyrical about
Zimbabwe in this notebook
last week, a few readers
suggested online that we should
keep away from Zimbabwe
because tourism helps the
government. I understand but
don?t agree. My travels are not
political statements but born of a
love for the places and people
we can visit. I have friends
all over Africa but when
I go I meet strangers too
who often talk candidly
about their countries. I
have yet to meet
anybody, black or white
? literally not a single
person ? who has ever
said ?don?t come here,
you?re only legitimising the
politicians?.
They say ?welcome?. They
say ?we love to see
foreigners here, to know
more about your country
Bounder?s advice
H
is Times obituary last Friday is
a gem. Who could capture
themselves as well as did the
charming old bounder Sir Edward
Du Cann, when answering a
colleague who?d asked the time:
?What time do you want it to be,
dear boy??
?What troubles you?? Edward
once asked me in the Commons
tea room. I said the local Liberals
were lying about me, and it hurt.
?Dear boy,? he said, stretching out a
tanned hand and cuff-linked wrist
to clasp mine. ?Nice people are
always hurt.?
Labour?s Stalinist
behaviour taints a
once-great party
Oliver Kamm
L
ondon this year has suffered
three terrorist attacks and a
disastrous fire in which 80
people died. As mayor, Sadiq
Khan has shown exemplary
leadership and dignity (shrugging off
crass and dishonest criticism from, of
all people, the leader of the free
world) in dark times. So it?s
predictable that he ? along with
Andy Burnham and Steve Rotheram,
the mayors respectively of Greater
Manchester and Liverpool ? won?t
be speaking at the annual Labour
Party conference this month. After
all, as elected and effective
politicians, they risk showing up
Jeremy Corbyn as an ideologically
hidebound incompetent who can?t
even read an autocue.
These politicians all won their
respective municipal contests
handsomely. Mr Corbyn and his
supporters treat as a triumph the fact
that he lost a general election by less
than was expected by us pundits.
Their behaviour confirms that their
principal aim is subjugating Labour
to far-left dogmatism sooner than
present a credible programme for
government.
The ostensible rationale for
denying the mayors the opportunity
to directly address conference is to
increase the involvement of ordinary
party members. Baloney: Mr Corbyn
and his allies are bent on suppressing
dissent. In part, this is due to their
deeply held hostility to democratic
politics: recall the trade union official
Andrew Murray, drafted in to help
run Labour?s general election
campaign, who has defended Stalin
and expressed solidarity with North
Korea. It?s also explicable on
pragmatic grounds that Corbynistas
can?t state outright. The faction that
has decisively won control of Labour
is, from the party?s titular leader
downwards, very light on talent.
Mr Khan is a cogent critic of Brexit.
Meanwhile, Mr Corbyn confirmed
this week that he is still unable even
to distinguish between the EU and
the single market, or to understand
that the main barriers to international
trade in the modern economy are
non-tariff barriers. For all its historical
idiosyncrasies and failings, Labour
once contained at its highest levels
some truly brilliant figures, such as
Denis Healey and Tony Crosland.
The quality of Mr Corbyn?s frontbench lieutenants is exemplified by
Richard Burgon, the shadow justice
secretary, whose ignorance of basic
economic data provoked him to
complain that he was being ?put on
trial? in a broadcast interview.
A weak and dysfunctional
government is embarking without a
plan or even a clue on a historic
rupture with our European partners.
How fortunate for Theresa May that
she faces an opposition party that?s
being hollowed out philosophically
and intellectually by a literally
Stalinist clique; but for Britain?s civic
culture, it?s a tragedy and disgrace.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
27
1GM RM
Comment
Buy prints or signed copies of Times cartoons from our Print Gallery at timescartoons.co.uk or call 020 7711 7826
Take health advice with a big pinch of salt
From HRT to drinking during pregnancy, we?re bombarded with conflicting information about healthy lifestyles
Alice
Thomson
@alicettimes
?I
am either going to die during
childbirth,? my grandmother
wrote in her diary, ?or from
boredom afterwards.? She had
four children two of whom
were so large that they nearly
finished her off. She was then
expected to lie rigid in bed for a
month with an ashtray by her side
while the infants were fortified with
a bottle of formula milk and
mollified with gripe water. She
smoked and drank merrily
throughout her pregnancies, through
breast cancer in her seventies, until
she died in her nineties. Although
her husband was a scientist she
thought all health advice was tosh.
Forty years later, my mother was
given very different instructions for
her four pregnancies, as well as a
packet of thalidomide when she had
morning sickness. She felt too queasy
to take it but as soon as she was
feeling better she was told to eat raw
eggs. Her children were all laid on
their fronts while she spent a
fortnight recuperating on the
maternity ward. We were fed sugared
cow?s milk from six weeks to help us
sleep through the night.
I had four children in the first
decade of this century and the advice
had changed again. Splashing about
in a paddling pool at home was
considered best birthing practice, the
midwife admonished me when I
stopped breastfeeding at three
months, and my children could have
been taken into care if I had left
them to sleep on their stomachs.
My grandmother, mother and I
were cajoled by health professionals
convinced that they knew best as
their advice swung from one extreme
to the other. Even supposedly life-
I was fed sugared
cow?s milk from six
weeks to aid sleeping
saving inoculations felt fraught. The
Queen announced in 1957 that
Prince Charles had been given the
polio jab to quell fears about its
possible side-effects, echoing those
felt in the next generation about the
MMR vaccine.
Hardly a week goes by without
conflicting health advice. Hormone
Replacement Therapy, which my
mother?s generation discovered, is
treated with trepidation by my
friends and many GPs who prefer to
experiment with natural remedies.
Yet new research from Harvard
University suggests that women can
avoid sweating through the night
because regular HRT, it now
transpires, won?t hasten their deaths
after all.
Alcohol consumption may also be
due a reappraisal. Drinking in
pregnancy, which many health
professionals considered a crime
only a month ago, now appears to be
acceptable in moderation. And,
according to a new report, drinking
wine four days a week may also
lower the risk of diabetes. However,
as the report?s author Professor
Janne Tolstrup of the University of
Southern Denmark, warned: ?I?ve
been asked whether I would
recommend drink. Of course not.
Alcohol is related to more than 50
diseases and conditions. If you want
to make any recommendations, you
should look at everything.?
She?s right. Most scientists see
every new piece of research in the
context of those that have gone
before it. If we?re to make wellinformed decisions about our
lifestyle and eating habits we need to
do the same. That means ignoring
black-and-white reporting of alleged
?breakthroughs? in the more
excitable parts of the media. It also
means taking with a pinch of salt
pronouncements by ministers.
Remember John Gummer as
agriculture minister feeding his
daughter a beefburger in 1990 while
reassuring us that mad cow disease
was not an issue? Six years later the
link between BSE in cows and
humans was confirmed and nearly
200 died from Creutzfeldt-Jakob
disease.
In all this confusion, we should be
We must ignore the
black-and-white
reporting of science
able to rely on the expertise of Public
Health England, our health advisory
body. But it, too, is prone to
conflicting advice. For decades its
mantra was to eat low-fat food, have
five portions of fruit and vegetables a
day and not to worry too much
about the sugar content. Now sugar
has become its villain.
This week Sir Michael Marmot,
director of the Institute of Health
Equity, warned that Britain is
becoming the sick man of Europe as
life expectancy surges in other
countries. Our female life
expectancy is now the worst in
Europe. There are many factors to
blame but one must surely be that
southern Europeans understand
moderation better than we do. They
don?t veer from one quick fix to
another, or one food trend to the
next, jettisoning all their traditions
along the way as we do. They stick to
relatively tried and tested habits and
lifestyle choices.
Public health is like private health:
novelty diets and faddy remedies
don?t work for long. Common sense
and regular exercise usually do. Until
politicians and experts convince us
otherwise, we should feel free to
ignore most of their advice.
What the public can be forgiven
for seeing as the fickleness of
science, with advice apparently
blowing one way then another,
scientists see as an essential part of
the process. A study showing four
glasses of wine a week boosts your
memory can be followed by one
suggesting a single glass raises the
risk of breast cancer. Neither
contradicts the other; they merely
add to a wider picture.
The winds aren?t really changing.
The ship of science is merely tacking
one way and then another, setting a
course that gradually reaches a
greater truth. Which is why,
whatever the apparently conflicting
advice over the years, my children?s
children will be far more likely to
survive infancy than my chainsmoking grandmother?s were.
28
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
letters@thetimes.co.uk or by post to
1 London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Letters to the Editor
Giant wind farm and the cost of green energy
Nature and Darwin
Sir, A N Wilson (letter, Sep 8) misses
David Aaronovitch?s main point, that
evolution by natural selection is as
widely accepted by the scientific
community as gravitation. As
someone who has spent 50 years
doing research into evolution and
genetics, I can confirm that
Aaronovitch is absolutely correct.
Indeed, we know much more about
the mechanisms of evolution than we
do about the causes of gravitation.
Modern genetics and genomics have
provided stunning evidence for the
pervasive role of natural selection in
shaping our evolutionary history, and
numerous field studies have
demonstrated the action of natural
selection on many types of organism.
While it is true that there is
extensive exchange of genetic
information among species of
bacteria and archaea, this does not
invalidate the use of Darwin?s idea of
a genealogical tree, because it can be
applied to individual components of
the genome. Researchers on bacteria,
viruses and other microorganisms
make extensive use of such trees,
which have shed invaluable light on
questions such as the origin of HIV
and the novel influenza strains
involved in recent epidemics. Finally,
the validity of a scientific theory
cannot be judged by its supposed
ethical or social implications. Wilson
is the myth-maker, not Darwin.
professor brian charlesworth
University of Edinburgh
Women in science
Sir, Last week we and our colleagues
held the inaugural meeting of EDIS,
an alliance involving the Francis
Crick Institute, GlaxoSmithKline and
Wellcome that aims to promote
equality, diversity and inclusion in
science and health. We left the
meeting encouraged that the
biomedical community takes this
issue seriously and is resolved to act.
It was disappointing, therefore, to
learn that the composition of the new
Commons science and technology
committee includes no women. To
conduct scientific research to
understand how life works, and to
create new treatments, we need
diversity of experience, thought and
approach. Tough problems do not get
solved by monolithic thinking. The
apparently homogeneous membership
of the committee will set back the
progress of science and set back the
causes of women, ethnic minorities,
and others who are under-represented
in science. There are three positions
yet to be filled on the committee.
When the decisions are made as to
who should fill them, it is imperative
to bear diversity in mind.
lauren couch, Wellcome Trust;
leigh felton, GSK; lilian hunt,
Francis Crick Institute; anne
o?garra, Francis Crick Institute; jim
smith, Wellcome Trust
Corrections and
clarifications
Requests for corrections should be sent
by email to feedback@thetimes.co.uk
or by post to Feedback, The Times, 1
London Bridge Street, London SE1 9GF
Sir, The announcement of the new
Hornsea wind farm pulls yet another
supporting leg from under the
argument for investing in nuclear
behemoths such as Hinkley Point C.
Your leader (Sep 12) reminds us that
wind power is intermittent, and that
reliable, fast-responding and flexible
sources of back-up capacity are
needed. The larger the proportion of
generation from intermittent sources,
the larger the need for this type of
back-up. Unfortunately, battery
technology is nowhere near being
ready to address this need.
It is hard to see the real costs to the
consumer of the various options. As
the National Audit Office notes,
subsidies have allowed some operators
to make excessive profits. Subsidies
distort the realities: all too often claims
are made about the relative costs of
energy from various sources without
taking subsidies into account. Subsidies
do not come out of ministers? pockets,
they come from the consumers?.
Your leader states that there is an
increased need for government
investment in research and
development in renewable energy
support. Non-renewable power
sources should indeed be used to
support intermittent sources such as
wind, but resorting to gas-fired power
stations is not the only way. Small
modular reactors are an attractive
option. They are based on largely
proven technology, are comparatively
quick and easy to build, flexible and
offer renewable energy at low capital
cost, and as such look increasingly
worthy of government support.
david lindsley, CEng, FIET
Honorary fellow, Kingston University
Stonehenge scheme
Key to that understanding are finds
being made across the entire
Stonehenge world heritage site, some
of which will be directly threatened
by the government?s plan for the
A303. Future generations will not
forgive us for desecrating the most
significant prehistoric landscape in
Europe. I beg the government to
reconsider, and call off the bulldozers.
tom holland
President, Stonehenge Alliance
Sir, Last month, in a letter to the
Stonehenge Alliance, the transport
minister Jesse Norman MP pledged
that the highly critical Unesco report
on the government?s plans for the
A303 would be ?taken into
consideration?. It is now clear that by
?taken into consideration? he meant
?ignored? (?Stonehenge tunnel to be
moved?, Sep 12). Mr Norman, I know,
is a great admirer of Edmund Burke,
and will doubtless be familiar with his
comments on Stonehenge: how
?those huge rude masses of stone, set
on end, and piled each on other, turn
the mind on the immense force
necessary for such a work?. Over the
past decades, archaeologists have
approached a closer understanding of
how and why Stonehenge might have
come to be built than Burke would
ever have dared to imagine possible.
on this day september 13, 1917
PETROL FOR
RACE
MEETINGS
At Newmarket Petty Sessions,
Leonard Thomas Lane, chauffeur to
Mr Gilbert Tonge, of Branches Park,
Cambs, Charles Tonge, and Patrick
Vessey, Eton boys, and Charles
Cameron, a master at a private
school at Westgate-on-Sea were
summoned for using motor spirit
contrary to the Motor Spirit Control
Order, at Newmarket, on August 14.
A police-sergeant said that on
August 14 he was on duty near the
Sir, The latest contracts awarded to
offshore windfarms are gamechanging, but they must now shape
future policy decisions to ensure the
momentum continues. Renewable
energy costs are falling because of
acquired learning and economies of
scale. Offshore wind is still considered
a ?less-established? technology by the
government, yet the guaranteed level
of support secured in the latest
auction by offshore wind is nearer
many projections of future wholesale
power price levels than previously
thought possible. There is also
evidence that onshore wind and solar
could achieve prices below the longterm forecast wholesale power price.
These technologies are expected to
be cheaper than new nuclear and
competitive with new gas. Hence it is
illogical to exclude onshore
renewables on value-for-money
grounds. Expectations will now
mount that nuclear and tidal will
drive down costs. Aside from focusing
on comparing different technology
costs, however, it is more important
that policymakers urgently develop a
?Light? drinking
Sir, Further to your report ?No need
for guilt over light drinking in
pregnancy? (Sep 11), an alternative
analysis of this particular research
paper might be that there is no
evidence showing what a safe limit for
drinking in pregnancy might be. This
might lead some to conclude that
they will avoid alcohol in pregnancy
Newmarket toll bar. He stopped a
car which was driven by Lane and
found inside the other defendants
and some ladies. Mr Tonge said that
the car belonged to his father and
admitted that they were all going to
the races at Newmarket. When told
that he would be reported he said
that they knew nothing about the
use of motor spirit for attending
races being forbidden, and added: ?I
hope you won?t report this as father
will be so cross. He doesn?t agree
with racing.? He also asked how it
would be if, instead, they motored to
Cambridge to look over the colleges.
The sergeant replied that they could
please themselves, but the offence
had already been committed. Shortly
afterwards they left the car and
walked to the July racecourse, the
car proceeding to Newmarket.
Mr Maule, for the defendants, said
that Mr Gilbert Tonge, the owner of
the car, had no knowledge that it
had been used in the way described.
He never went to the races and the
young people had never gone before.
On the date referred to, finding that
the car was going to Newmarket for
comprehensive future strategy that
takes account of how different parts
of the energy sector are interlinked
and are increasingly interdependent.
gareth miller
CEO, Cornwall Insight
Sir, The claim that the Hornsea Two
wind farm ?will cut the cost of green
energy? (report, Sep 12) is factually
correct but nonetheless misleading.
Generation costs have undeniably
come down but the real cost is that of
delivering a secure supply of electricity
to the end user. Even if wind turbines
produced electricity at zero cost, the
total system cost would be higher than
a system relying purely on nuclear and
gas-fired power stations. The need for
back-up means retaining conventional
generation capacity, to be run
intermittently, inefficiently and at high
cost until the holy grail of cheap
energy storage on a vast scale can be
realised. In the meantime, domestic
and industrial consumers will continue
to pay higher bills.
martin livermore
Scientific Alliance, Cambridge
Sir, The cost of wind energy may well
have fallen by nearly 60 per cent but
what are the odds of consumers
reaping any of the benefits in lower
energy bills? Pretty remote I would say.
b r j simpson
Gosport, Hants
? as indeed the government?s chief
medical officer has recommended.
This removes the risk of a baby being
affected by foetal alcohol exposure.
Such advice is clear and
unambiguous. If people choose to
continue to drink then we cannot
suggest what a safe limit would be.
Furthermore, there is much public
confusion about what a unit of
alcohol consists of. This can mean
that pregnant mothers can
inadvertently place their babies at risk
of being affected by alcohol exposure.
As a paediatrician, I regularly see
babies who have been affected by
intra-uterine alcohol exposure, which
can cause lifelong disability, and I can
confirm that this problem is not just
limited to ?alcoholics?, nor is it rare.
That such a situation is potentially
preventable is a continuing tragedy.
dr neil aiton
Consultant paediatrician,
Steyning, W Sussex
provisions, they rode in it to the
races. Not one of the party knew of
the prohibition. They walked to
Newmarket after seeing a race, and
the driver, having finished his
shopping, drove them home. He
suggested that, as the breach was not
willful, the defendants might be let
off on payment of costs, so that the
young men should not join the
Army with the stigma of a
conviction. The Chairman: ?I have
seen Army officers exhibit with pride
licences covered with
endorsements.? (Laughter.)
Mr Townsend, JP, asked the
defendant Tonge if he ever read the
papers. Mr Tonge: ?Not often. Only,
occasionally, The Times and the
Daily Mail.? Mr Townsend: ?The
Order has certainly been reported in
those important papers.?
The Justices fined Lane �and the
other defendants �each.
sign up for a weekly email
with extracts from
the times history of the war
ww1.thetimes.co.uk
Radio ?will go gaga?
Sir, Radio 4 is the BBC?s last bastion
of quality broadcasting and I am
dismayed to read (News, Sep 12) that
the BBC wants its public service rules
slashed so that it can compete with
commercial stations and save money.
Cutting 200 programming
requirements covering science,
religion, arts, consumer affairs,
education, original drama, comedy,
health, farming and disability to only
20 would leave the thoughtful listener
with nowhere to go. It is bad enough
that Radio 4 is required to outsource
many of its existing programmes
without this latest nail in the coffin.
sandra borrett
Ashtead, Surrey
Sensitive census
Sir, I was surprised to read that some
Sikhs living in the UK prefer not to be
recognised as Indian (?Sikhs demand
census change?, Sep 12). It seems that
some Sikhs do not comprehend the
difference between religion and
ethnicity. Sikhs are Punjabis who are
not Hindus. The Sikhs living here
cannot claim that the large state of
Punjab does not lie across India and
Pakistan. Both Hindu Punjabis and
Sikh Punjabis speak the same language
and frequently intermarry. It is curious
that Sikhs in the West seem to bear a
grudge against the country where their
forebears were born and where the
Golden Temple is to be found.
malathy sitaram
Swindon
Missing in action
Sir, I too love my Tupperware
(Melanie Reid, Sep 11, and letter, Sep
12) and remember those cheese and
wine sales parties. But my affection
for my collection is tempered by the
seeming reproductive powers of the
lids that cascade on to the floor as I
open my cupboard door . . . where did
all their bottoms go?
val chapman
Uffington, Oxon
Paint the town red
Sir, I hope Frances Gibb will do us the
honour of visiting Southend-on-Sea to
appreciate its fine architecture, such as
Old Leigh and the Royals (?Striped
house owner wins fight to flatten it?,
Sep 12). Alas our town has nothing so
vibrant as the striped paint used on the
house in Kensington, as she suggests.
alan gershlick
Southend-on-Sea, Essex
Thin black line
Sir, In her Farrow & Ball ?middle-class
citizenship test? (Times2, Sep 12),
Helen Rumbelow says there are 26
names for white paint. In the 1970s
there were 48 police forces in the UK.
Each had its own specification for the
uniform, based on the chief constable?s
idea of black. Hence there were 48
versions of black. I know because I was
a consultant to the exasperated dyer.
mike blamey
Macclesfield, Cheshire
Eye of the beholder
Sir, I didn?t think much of De
Kooning?s stolen masterpiece (?Riddle
of stolen $100m De Kooning found in
retired teacher?s bungalow?, Sep 12)
but I thought the police sketches of
the suspects were very good indeed.
paul jones
Radcliffe-on-Trent, Notts
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
29
1GM
Leading articles
Daily Universal Register
UK: The Man Booker prize shortlist is
announced; the US secretary of state, Rex
Tillerson, begins his trip to London.
France: The European Commission
president, Jean-Claude Juncker, delivers his
State of the Union address in Strasbourg.
No Mean Fee
Nature notes
Robins are singing
again now, though
rather softly, a
wistful trickle of
sweet notes. Their
song will continue
throughout the
winter as they proclaim to other robins the
boundaries of their winter territories. Some
of the other songbirds that were silent in
August also sing again for a few weeks in
September or October, but then fall silent
again until the days start lengthening after
Christmas. Among these, great tits are
particularly noisy, with outbursts of their
ringing ?teacher, teacher? ? or ?ti-teacher,
ti-teacher? ? song. Song thrushes may
shout their song again briefly from the
treetops, especially in the late afternoon,
and blackbirds may croon quietly in a town
square as dusk falls. Why these birds sing at
this time is not known. Some ornithologists
believe that it helps the young birds to learn
their song. Others think that it is just an
insignificant reaction to warm days that
seem like spring. DERWENT MAY
Birthdays today
Michael Johnson,
pictured, athlete and
four-time Olympic track
and field gold medallist
(1992, 1996, 2000), 50;
觭car Arias S醤chez,
president, Costa Rica
(1986-90, 2006-10),
awarded Nobel peace prize (1987), 77;
Jacqueline Bisset, actress, Bullitt (1968), 73;
Lieutenant-General Sir Derek Boorman,
lieutenant of HM Tower of London (198992), 87; Prof Linda Colley, historian and
author, Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837
(1992), 68; Lord (Neil) Davidson of Glen
Clova, QC, advocate general for Scotland
(2006-10), 67; Bobby Davro, comedian,
59; Domenico Dolce, fashion designer,
Dolce & Gabbana, 59; Alain Ducasse, chef,
61; Niall FitzGerald, KBE, chairman, British
Museum (2006-14), deputy chairman,
Thomson Reuters (2008-2011), 72; Niall
Horan, pop singer, One Direction, 24;
Goran Ivanisevic, tennis player, Wimbledon
champion (2001), 46; Dame Eleanor King,
a Lady Justice of Appeal, 60; Stella
McCartney, fashion designer, 46; Dame
Carolyn McCall, chief executive, Easyjet, 56;
Lord (Colin) Moynihan, chairman, British
Olympic Association (2005-2012), minister
for sport (1987-90), 62; Dame Lorna
Muirhead, lord-lieutenant of Merseyside
(retires today), 75; Alice Rogers,
mathematician, emeritus professor of
mathematics, King?s College London, 70;
Lord (Robert) Sheldon, Labour MP for
Ashton-under-Lyne (1964-2001), 94; Robin
Smith, cricketer, England (1988-96), 54; Zak
Starkey, drummer, the Who, 52; Shane
Warne, cricketer, Australia (1992-2007), 48.
The government is under pressure to back down on its tuition fee policy,
with Labour forcing a vote on the issue. Conservative MPs should stay the course
The government thought that it had sewn up
tuition fee rises for this academic year. The
maximum that universities can charge is already
set to go up from �000 to �250. Labour,
however, has scheduled a parliamentary vote on
the issue. It is not binding, but that hardly lessens
the embarrassment for Tory MPs. They are being
bounced into affirming their support for fees
at a time when support for the system is meagre
and the Conservatives? dismal performance
with young people is threatening the party?s
long-term electoral viability. The government
and Conservative MPs should stay the course,
however. If the system is unpopular, that is
because it has not been defended well enough.
Tuition fees were first introduced by Tony
Blair?s government in 1998. They were capped
at �000, but in 2004 Labour tripled that cap to
�000, and in 2010 David Cameron?s coalition
government tripled it again to �000. Universities
were not all expected to charge the maximum, but
in the event they reckoned that charging any less
would mark them out as inferior, degrading their
prestige and putting off applicants.
This has landed recent graduates with a lot of
debt. Many owe more than �,000. If they had
to repay all of it, it would be a crushing financial
The last word
?A politician was a person with whose politics
you did not agree. When you did agree, he was
a statesman.? David Lloyd George, British
Liberal politician and prime minister, (1935).
improve tuition, which is too often neglected
in favour of research. That is why Conservatives
should not give ground on this modest rise. It is
moving the sector in the right direction.
The system is not perfect. While students are
studying, their debt grows in line with retail price
inflation, plus 3 per cent. That now adds up to
an interest rate of 6.1 per cent. Ministers should
revisit this. After graduation, the interest rate rises
above 3 per cent according to a graduate?s earnings,
ensuring that the system is progressive. It would
make more sense for the interest rate during study
to be on the bottom end of that scale.
There is also an electoral imperative for the
Tories to make an offer to young people. They did
not win a majority in the general election with any
group under the age of 47. By a massive margin, the
young preferred Jeremy Corbyn?s Labour Party.
Though there has been speculation that this was
a result of Mr Corbyn?s campaign promise to
scrap tuition fees, in truth that was only one plank
of a left-wing platform that energised his youthful
base. At least as important were his radical
promises on housing. If the Tories want to recreate a cross-generational appeal, they should
start by giving young voters the prospect of
owning their own home.
Air Fair
Boeing?s case against Bombardier highlights the risks of protectionism
Free trade creates wealth and employment.
Restrictions on free trade tend to have the opposite effect. Anyone seeking evidence for this useful
rule of thumb need look no further than Theresa
May?s intervention in a simmering trade dispute
between Britain and the Canadian company
Bombardier on one side and Boeing on the other.
The prime minister called Donald Trump last
week to seek his help in persuading Boeing to drop
a complaint against Bombardier, which could cost
4,500 jobs at the company?s plant in Belfast. The
call came at the urging of the Democratic Unionist
Party, whose ten MPs prop up the Conservatives?
minority government. But this is more than a case
of political leverage. Jobs are at stake not only in
Northern Ireland but down a supply chain that
takes in mainland Britain.
In its suit, Boeing claims that Bombardier is
using illegal state aid to undermine the American
giant?s market share at home. The main bone of
contention is a �3 million loan for Bombardier?s
C-series plane. The loan, Boeing contends, allows
its Canadian competitor to dump these planes at
cut prices in the US. Boeing says it believes that
?global trade only works if everyone plays by the
same rules of the road?. The company should heed
its own advice before condemning others.
Boeing has a privileged position in the American
market. Only last week it won a case at the
World Trade Organisation (WTO) in which it was
accused by Airbus of receiving unfair subsidies
from the state of Washington. The WTO found
that this did not break state aid rules, but the
scale of such American largesse to Boeing is far
larger than that extended to Bombardier elsewhere.
Boeing receives tens of billions of dollars in federal,
state and local subsidies, while its sales abroad are
facilitated by taxpayer-supported loans through
the US Export-Import Bank.
The company?s business is further supported by
its close relationship with the US government and
in particular by multibillion-dollar defence and
space contracts in which it is the only serious bidder.
Many of these give it an edge in lucrative new
technologies developed at US taxpayers? expense.
The Bombardier case should serve as a warning
against the effects of protectionist instincts
such as Mr Trump?s, even though so far he has
expressed them more as general scepticism about
free trade than in executive action. Boeing is the
best-known of many US companies emboldened
by his ?America first? rhetoric to allege dumping
by competitors this year. In isolated cases tribunals
may find in their favour. There is little doubt, for
example, that US steelmakers are at a disadvantage
compared with Chinese competitors. But special
pleading by companies and ad-hoc intervention
by governments are not the answer. Even when
they do not lead to the imposition of tariffs, tit-fortat trade disputes are the most likely outcome.
Canada has already threatened to tear up a deal
with Boeing for 18 combat jets in retaliation.
The risk is that global commerce becomes a
tangle of high-level transactions with trade
volumes shrinking and governments reduced to
the role of partisan brokers. If Bombardier loses
this case the US is expected to impose a punitive
$30 million tariff on each C-series plane sold in
America. That would force US airlines to invest
in larger, more expensive Boeing planes. The net
effect is not to protect jobs and enterprise, but to
destroy them, starting in Northern Ireland.
Infirm of Purpose
On this day
In 1788 New York was declared the first
federal capital of America; in 1922 the
world?s highest temperature in the shade,
58C (136F), was recorded in Libya; in
2001 Iain Duncan Smith became leader
of the Conservative Party.
burden. In reality, repayments are capped at 9 per
cent of income over �,000 and anything that has
not been repaid after 30 years is written off. Thus
three quarters of graduates will never repay their
loans in full. In the long term, the taxpayer will
pay about �billion towards each student cohort?s
education, and possibly more if graduates end up
earning less than expected.
That is how the system was supposed to work.
The fact that students will pay only some of
their debt is merely a sign that the cost of higher
education is being reasonably shared between the
graduate and other taxpayers. Contrary to what
Labour shadow ministers said during the election
campaign, recent reforms have led to an increase
in the number of disadvantaged school leavers
going to university.
Today?s vote is on a narrow measure that allows
tuition fees to keep up with inflation. In real terms,
this is about holding fees at their present level, not
raising them. The government is paving the way to
a link between fees and the quality of tuition, with
better universities allowed to charge more. Some
campaigners worry that this is the beginning of
the marketisation of higher education. They are
right, and that is exactly the point. Indexing fees
to quality creates incentives for universities to
Give an Aussie the daggers
The plot so far: Gregory Doran, artistic director
of the RSC, has suggested that British actors are
insufficiently martial to play Macbeth.
The scene: a desert place with couches. Enter
three weird casting directors.
First casting director:
?Where hast thou been, sister, since last we met?
To blasted Beeb or Channel 4, I bet.
A troubled woman tec with anorexic teen or
worse,
An upright doctor prey to a lascivious nurse??
Second casting director:
?Not at all, but went I to the RSC.
Whence come I now on trembling knee.
We weird sisters, puissant yet,
Casters of film and boxy set,
On firm instruction and on pain of death,
Must now find someone for Macbeth.?
Third casting director:
?Well, Russell Beale is still alive
And hasn?t done it since ?05.
And if we want to play with gender,
Then who could murder sleep like Glenda??
First casting director:
?Nay wicked sister, that?s just it
The role is useless for a Brit.
Gielgud was good but for Doran?s taste
Was something of a panty-waist.
Our Etonians, Hiddleston to West
Are Hollyoaks or Denmark?s prince at best.?
Second casting director:
?A suggestion ? round about the cauldron go;
In the poison?d entrails throw.
Lads from Oz or thereabout, guys who throw
their phones about. Benders of Fass and men of
Jack. Give us what our homeboys lack . . .
By the pricking of my thumbs,
Something wicked this way comes.?
Edna Everage enters, holding a severed arm.
30
2GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
World
Macron?s labour reforms
trigger violent protests
France
Adam Sage, Charles Bremner Paris
Police fought running battles with
protesters as President Macron faced
the first major disorder of his term amid
a wave of demonstrations against employment law reforms.
With tens of thousands of people
taking part in marches in Paris and in
the provinces, leftwingers hailed the
protests as a success.
The centrist leader has vowed to
avoid the sort of humiliating retreats
that have undermined the authority of
most of his predecessors in the past
three decades. ?We will hold firm,? said
Bruno Le Maire, his economy minister.
Protesters cast the stand-off as a defining moment in modern French history that was pitting the defenders of
hard-won workers? rights against a
president they depicted as the embodiment of modern capitalism.
Some described the day as a first battle in what they foresaw as a long war to
stop Mr Macron, a former merchant
banker, from turning France into an
Anglo Saxon-style nation. The president wants to weaken the power of the
unions and give bosses more freedoms
to hire and fire in an effort to modernise
the economy and cut the unemployment rate of 9.5 per cent.
The stakes are high for the president,
who has seen his popularity slump
since taking office in May and who urgently needs a victory before tackling
even more inflammatory issues, including state pension reform.
Jean-Luc M閘enchon, leader of the
hard-left France Unbowed party, predicted that public anger would swell to
such an extent that it would force Mr
Macron to abandon his pro-business
agenda. ?It?s not a surprise that he says
he won?t back down now. What is going
to be a surprise is when he ends up giving ground,? Mr M閘enchon said. ?This
country doesn?t want the liberal
world . . . France isn?t Britain.?
The left-wing CGT union, which organised the protests, claimed there
were 60,000 demonstrators in Paris
Mood is
with leader
for now
Analysis
E
mmanuel
Macron?s
first bout
with ?the
street?
followed a well-worn
ritual (Charles
Bremner writes).
The media
previewed the face-off
between president
and protesters ?
known as a ?day of
social mobilisation?
? with the usual
pre-match
commentary. The
defenders of ?the
people? vowed to
fight to force the
president?s surrender
and the experts
counted the number
of battalions who
answered the unions?
call to arms. Would
they be enough to
signal weeks of
disruption of the kind
that has forced all
presidents to abandon
or dilute reforms for
the past 25 years?
For the moment at
least, the answer is
?no?. Beyond the
standard images of
tear gas and street
fighting, the balance
of power in France
has shifted and
discontent is nowhere
near the critical mass
needed to derail a
determined new
president.
It is true that Mr
Macron has lost the
magic of his first
weeks in the late
spring. His popularity
has slumped. That
was, however, no
surprise given that his
ascent owed much to
the failure of his
opponents. Mr
Macron, who won as a
?neither-left-norright? moderniser,
has certainly
damaged his cause
with his early efforts
to project a regal
aura. Yet he retains
strong assets. He is
doing exactly what he
and a similar number in Marseilles. The
union said the 200 or so protests across
France had drawn more than 400,000
people. Police put the figures much
lower, saying 223,000 had marched
across France, and only 24,000 in Paris.
At the head of the demonstration in
the capital were several hundred
people wearing black hoods and masks
and marching under anarchist banners.
They clashed twice with police, hurling
stones, paint and bottles at riot squad
officers who responded with tear gas,
promised. Mr Macron
campaigned on an
almost evangelical
gospel of change. He
would lead France out
of a defeatist inertia
that has gripped it for
a generation, starting
with the revamp of
the ultra-protective
labour laws that he is
carrying out now.
He even promised
to use legislation by
decree rather than
risk parliamentary
debate, a method that
opponents are
denouncing as sneaky
and anti-democratic.
Mr Macron wields
complete power in the
executive presidency,
backed by control of
parliament. He is
determined to move
on to the next steps,
cutting both business
and personal taxes
and revamping the
pension system.
Opinion polls show
that about half the
country does not back
his labour law reform,
but a majority remain
ready to give him a
chance to succeed.
stun grenades and water cannon. The
protest descended into chaos as police
charged and anarchists fled. Debris littered the roads, a bus shelter was
smashed and a bank was vandalised.
There was similar violence in Lyons
and Nantes, where riot police struggled
to contain protesters who attacked
restaurants and other businesses.
Mr Macron infuriated his opponents
last week as he tried to underline his
determination to reform France by
pledging never to give way to ?slackers,
cynics and extremists?. His suggestion
that workers were opposing his reforms
out of laziness provoked widespread
mockery. ?Slackers of the world, unite,?
one banner read. ?Proud to be a slacker,? said another.
Abdellah Jebbari, 51, a street cleaner
from Paris, said he joined the protest to
defend the French model of high welfare and protection for workers. ?If this
reform goes through, bosses will be able
to sack us at the drop of a hat and we?ll
find ourselves without any compensation,? he said. ?Emmanuel Macron is a
banker and a financier who is only interested in numbers.?
Benjamin, 21, a student at Nanterre
University, where the 1968 Paris uprising began, said he could not imagine a
similar revolt today. ?People are not
committed enough,? he said. Nevertheless, he claimed there was widespread
anger in France against Mr Macron.
?He is following the same policies as
the rest of them ? as Fran鏾is Hollande, Nicolas Sarkozy [the former
French presidents], Tony Blair and all
that. But because Macron used to work
for Rothschild he symbolises capitalism
better than anyone.?
Mr Hollande watered down attempts
to introduce similar reforms last year in
the face of massive demonstrations. Mr
Macron believes that he can succeed
where his predecessor failed because
unions no longer have the stomach for
a fight and because public opinion is
now on the side of reform.
His bet is that by giving companies
new powers to override union opposition and lay off staff when order books
are empty, he will encourage them to
hire employees when sales are booming, reducing unemployment.
Mr Macron tried to keep a step ahead
of the protesters by landing in Saint
Martin, the Dutch-French island hit by
Hurricane Irma, as the demonstrations
got under way in Paris. The visit
enabled him to counter claims that his
government had failed to plan for the
hurricane, beaming back pictures to
France of him holding children affected
by the disaster.
Demonstrators wearing black hoods
German liberals demand tougher line on refugees
Germany
David Charter Bielefeld
The German liberal who wants to be
Angela Merkel?s next deputy has called
for refugees to be sent back once
their country is safe in an attempt to
attract voters angry at the chancellor?s
generous asylum policy.
Christian Lindner, 39, leader of the
Free Democratic Party (FDP), said that
his tough approach would be a condition of joining a coalition government
if, as expected, Mrs Merkel wins the
German election on September 24. It is
expected that her party will be the biggest but that it will need at least one
other to form a majority government.
A charismatic former dotcom entre-
Christian Lindner
is vying to become
deputy chancellor
preneur, Mr Lindner has revived his
party after it failed to make the Bundestag in 2013 with less than 5 per cent of
votes. It now polls at 8 to 10 per cent.
The FDP is jostling for third place
behind Mrs Merkel?s Christian Democrats (CDU) and the Social Democratic
Party (SPD) with several parties, including the anti-immigrant Alternative
for Germany (AfD).
Mr Lindner lived up to his reputation
Election opinion polls
Christian Democrats
(conservative)
36.5%
Social Democrats
(centre-left)
23.5%
Free
Democrats
(liberal)
9%
Greens
6%
The Left
10.5%
Others
3.5%
Source: Insa
(fieldwork September 8-11)
Alternative for
Germany
(nationalist)
11%
as the Emmanuel Macron of German
politics ? he is the same age as the
French president ? as he paced the
stage like a rock star at a rally in the
western German city of Bielefeld
yesterday. He has been criticised over
his refugee policy but argued that
mainstream parties should not leave it
to the right-wing populists of the AfD to
address voters? concerns.
?[Refugees] come to us when they are
threatened but they should go back to
their homeland when peace is restored
because permanent residency is an
offer, not something automatic,? he said.
The issue highlighted a key difference between the FDP and the proasylum Greens, which could complicate the formation of a post-election
coalition. Analysts believe that only
two government formations would be
possible. The CDU could team up with
the SPD in the ?grand coalition? that
has run Germany for the past four
years; however, both sides are heartily
sick of the arrangement. Supporters of
the CDU and FDP would happily see
them govern together, as they did in
2009, but polls do not suggest that they
will get a majority. This means that the
Green Party would be needed.
Students at yesterday?s event demanding free education highlighted
another policy difference: the FDP
wants to introduce tuition fees, initially
for overseas students, while the Greens
believe in free tuition.
Roger Boyes, page 26
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
31
2GM
Boy and parents fall to
deaths in volcanic crevasse
Page 33
French pride wounded by
US supermarket blunder
Page 36
LOIC VENANCE/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Lawyers on
Trump team
said Kushner
should quit
United States
Rhys Blakely Washington
A number of President Trump?s lawyers
were so concerned about his son-inlaw?s contacts with Russian officials
that they believed he should step down
from his post as a senior adviser.
The legal team was divided over
whether Jared Kushner should go,
however, and Mr Trump kept him to
oversee a vast portfolio, including
brokering peace in the Middle East and
handling China relations.
Concerns were raised by Mr Trump?s
personal lawyers after Mr Kushner
initially failed to list on a security clearance application more than a hundred
contacts he had with foreigners while
working on the Trump campaign, including two with a Russian ambassador, one with a Russian state-run bank
and one with a Kremlin-linked lawyer.
The advice was presented in June to
Mr Trump, according to The Wall Street
Journal. Mr Kushner, who is married to
Mr Trump?s daughter Ivanka, has flatly
denied any collusion with the Kremlin.
Ty Cobb, a senior White House lawyer, said yesterday that enemies of Mr
Kushner were trying to ?sabotage? him
by leaking internal discussions.
Mr Cobb told The Washington Post:
?Those whose agendas were and
remain focused on sabotaging him and
his family for misguided personal
reasons are no longer around.? In July
Jared Kushner is a
senior adviser to
the president
clashed with police in Nantes, hurling stones and bottles at officers who fired tear gas. The CGT union claimed 400,000 people across France took part in protests
EU visa curbs for nations that refuse to take migrants back
European Union
Bruno Waterfield Brussels
European Union governments are
planning to stop issuing visas to political leaders and top business people in
countries such as Nigeria, Pakistan or
Bangladesh to press them to take back
their own citizens who have been
deported from Europe.
The plan, previously disclosed by The
Times, will be discussed by interior ministers this week as Brussels grapples
with its failure to deport most failed
asylum seekers and illegal immigrants.
The mechanism to link migrant
returns and EU visa policy ?should be
further used towards countries that do
not co-operate in the area of return and
readmission?, a leaked paper published
by Statewatch, a rights watchdog, said.
The EU wants to limit visa allocations
and aid to countries including the
Gambia, Guinea, Nigeria, Pakistan,
Bangladesh, Ivory Coast and Senegal so
that unless they accept their own
people back they will find themselves
barred from trips to the continent.
Official figures show that an illegal
migrant from an African or Asian country arriving via a people-smuggling
boat in the Mediterranean has a 73 per
cent chance of remaining in the EU,
even if they are served with a deportation order. EU interior ministers are
concerned that the failure to deport migrants is encouraging people to make
the dangerous journey to Europe.
Even after agreeing a controversial
fast-track deal to deport migrants from
Greek islands to Turkey, the EU and
Greece are struggling to return failed
asylum seekers. Despite Greece being
the focus of Europe?s migration crisis
during the past two years, the number
ordered to leave Greece fell by 70,785 in
2016 compared with 2015.
?Returns to Turkey have not picked
up,? the paper said. ?Increasing the efficiency and speed of the appeal process
for asylum cases and the capacity to
return from the islands remains a
priority.?
Dimitris Avramopoulos, the European migration commissioner, told The
Times last month that ?the EU is not
afraid to make use of leverages in trade
or visa policy? to speed up the return of
failed asylum seekers.
Officials despair at the near 20 per
cent fall in the number of migrants
ordered to leave the EU between 2013
and 2015. The latest figures show that
last year 983,860 people were found to
be ?illegally present in the EU?.
Ministers will agree to increase funding for ?border controls in southern
Libya, Niger and Chad to prevent the
movement of irregular migrants towards Libya? as well as helping the
Libyan government ?to reinforce the
control of its territorial waters?.
Tony Bunyan, director of Statewatch,
said: ?The EU?s policy towards refugees
and migrants fleeing war, persecution
and poverty is to create ?reception? or
rather detention centres across Africa.
In Libya it is widely reported that these
centres are quite appalling. It is a policy
that lacks principles and humanity.?
Mr Trump replaced senior members of
his personal legal team.
The spectre of Russia still looms over
the White House, with Hillary Clinton
saying yesterday that she was convinced the Trump campaign worked
with Russia.
New details emerged of the lengths
to which the Kremlin went to influence
US public opinion. Russian operatives
assumed false online identities last
summer and used Facebook to organise
protest rallies in America, hoping to
incite anti-immigrant sentiment.
It also emerged that Russia approached Mr Trump in the spring of
this year to propose a rapprochement.
A leaked Russian document obtained
by the Buzzfeed website suggested the
Kremlin believed the White House
would harbour no grudge over Russia?s
election interference and would be
open to new dialogue on issues such as
Ukraine and North Korea.
Mrs Clinton, who is promoting a
memoir of her election defeat, told USA
Today that ?there certainly was communication and there certainly was an
understanding of some sort? between
the Trump campaign and Russia.
?There?s no doubt in my mind that
Putin wanted me to lose and wanted
Trump to win. And there?s no doubt in
my mind that there are a tangle of
financial relationships between Trump
and his operation with Russian money.?
32
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World
STEPHANIE LECOCQ/EPA
Scandal-ridden
Malaysian PM
at White House
Baltic states alarmed
by Russian war games
Moscow Russia?s planned war
games with Belarus tomorrow
have raised fears of a plot to
rehearse future military action in
Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia.
Nato sources estimate that
100,000 Russian and Belarusian
troops could be involved, while
Moscow claims there will be
12,700 and that the exercise, in
Belarus and the Russian territory
of Kaliningrad, is defensive.
Sweden is launching its own drill
with Nato allies to practise
defensive tactics. Since Russia?s
annexation of Crimea in 2014 and
the fighting in Ukraine, Nato has
increased its military presence in
the three Baltic states, which are
all members of the alliance.
Malaysia
Richard Lloyd Parry
The Malaysian prime minister, Najib
Razak, who is under investigation in
a multibillion-pound fraud scandal,
was entertained at the White House
last night.
His nation?s state airline was expected to announce the purchase of eight
$1.8 billion Boeing 787 jets, a deal that
may have helped to ease concern in
the administration about the meeting.
Mr Najib denies stealing hundreds
of millions of dollars from the state
investment firm he founded, 1Malaysia Development Berhad.
Lawsuits filed by the US Justice
Department describe a money laundering scheme in which sums were
transferred to officials via shell companies. One of those featured in the
complaint, named as ?Malaysian Official 1?, appears to be Mr Najib himself.
The actor Leonardo DiCaprio has
promised to return money allegedly
embezzled from the fund and used to
finance The Wolf of Wall Street, which
he produced and starred in.
Star Wars director back
Los Angeles JJ Abrams is to direct
Catch of the day A shrimp fisherman at Oostduinkerke, Belgium, yesterday, where King Philippe and Queen Mathilde marked
the 50th anniversary of the Orde van de Paardevissers. A Brabant draft horse draws the nets, and a kilo of his haul fetches ?90
Sanctions on Kim
regime just a small
first step, says US
North Korea
Richard Lloyd Parry Asia Editor
President Trump described the new
United Nations sanctions against
North Korea yesterday as ?just a
small step? and ?nothing compared
to what ultimately will have to
happen?.
North Korea has threatened the
United States with ?the greatest pain
it ever experienced? after the UN
security council passed a package of
watered down sanctions against
Pyongyang in retaliation for its
latest nuclear test.
Han Tae-song, the North Korean
ambassador to a UN-sponsored
conference on disarmament in
Geneva, accused the US of playing
?the wild game of reversing the
Democratic People?s Republic of
Korea?s development of nuclear
force, which has already reached the
completion phase?.
He said: ?The forthcoming
measures by DPRK will make the
US suffer the greatest pain it ever
experienced in its history.?
Speaking to reporters yesterday,
Mr Trump hinted that worse was in
store for North Korea than the UN
sanctions. ?We think it?s just another
very small step, not a big deal,? he
said. ?I don?t know if it has any impact, but certainly it was nice to get
a 15-to-nothing vote. But those sanctions are nothing compared to what
ultimately will have to happen.?
It was clear after the underground
test on September 3 that nothing
decisive would come out of the
haggling over sanctions among the
security council?s five permanent
members. China and Russia, which
hold the power of veto, believe that
negotiation is the only way out of the
64-year Korean impasse.
Their proposal for a freeze on US
and South Korean military exercises
The new restrictions
Crude oil Imports allowed at the
same quantity as last year
Refined petroleum products
Petrol imports reduced by 10 per
cent to 2 million barrels per year
Textiles Total halt to its second
biggest export after coal, which
is already embargoed, worth
$752 million a year
Overseas labourers No more
visas to be issued, but no
enforced repatriation of existing
workers, many labouring in the
Middle East or Russia.
in return for a freeze on North Korean nuclear and missile development
has been rejected by the Trump administration.
China is enraged by Kim Jongun?s recalcitrance but will do nothing
to make likely the collapse of the
regime because of the turmoil and
refugee flows it could cause.
US demands for a seizure of Kim?s
assets were blocked by China and
Russia. Crude oil imports are to be
capped at last year?s levels. Imports
of refined products, such as petrol,
are to be cut from 2.2 million barrels
to 2 million barrels a year. No new
visas will be issued for North Korean
overseas workers.
Last night the Trump administration threatened to target Chinese
banks and companies that aid North
Korea?s nuclear and missile programmes. Steven Mnuchin, the
Treasury secretary, warned that
additional measures were possible if
Beijing does not rigorously enforce
UN sanctions.
?We will put additional sanctions
on them and prevent them from accessing the US and international
dollar system,? Mr Mnuchin said.
Star Wars: Episode IX after the
departure of Colin Trevorrow
over creative differences. Abrams,
who directed The Force Awakens
(2015), will co-write the film with
Chris Terrio, who won a best
adapted screenplay Oscar for
Argo (2012). Lucasfilm, the
Disney-owned studio that
produces the Star Wars films, has
parted company with several of
its directors recently. (AFP)
Fluffy the shark freed
Sydney A juvenile great white
shark that alarmed swimmers at
Manly beach was released into
the ocean yesterday after
spending the night in a special
tank. The 5ft shark, nicknamed
Fluffy, had suffered injuries to its
jaw while thrashing around on
rocks on Monday. Experts
observed the shark to determine
whether it was well enough to be
released, and it was then taken
out into deep water and set free.
Sex claim mayor quits
Seattle Ed Murray, the mayor of
Seattle, has announced his
resignation after a fifth man, a
cousin, accused him of sexual
abuse decades ago. Mr Murray,
62, has denied the claims. Joseph
Dyer told The Seattle Times he
was 13 when Mr Murray came to
live with his family in New York
state in 1975. The two shared a
bedroom and Mr Murray
repeatedly molested him over a
year, Mr Dyer said. (AP)
Auschwitz trial ends
Berlin A 96-year-old former
paramedic at Auschwitz is no
longer fit to stand trial owing to
his dementia, a German court has
ruled. Hubert Zafke worked at the
Nazi death camp for one month
in 1944 and was accused of being
an accessory to the murder of at
least 3,681 people. The trial in
the northeastern town of
Neubrandenburg began last year
but had been repeatedly delayed
because of his health. (Reuters)
A Saudi change of tune
Dubai The latest Saudi hit song is
an attack on Qatar, in a sign that
the diplomatic feud between the
two countries is seeping into
popular culture. ?We stab in the
face, not in the back . . . 20 years of
rumours, treachery and
conspiracies ? we know what
they?re all about,? Abdulmajeed
Abdullah sings on the track Teach
Qatar [a lesson]. A few years ago
he sang in a ballard: ?I swear by
Allah, I love Qatar!? (Reuters)
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
33
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Quarter of homes in Florida Keys ruined
ST JOHNS COUNTY FIRE RESCUE; JOE BURBANK/ORLANDO SENTINEL/AP; CHARLES TRAINOR JR/MIAMI HERALD/AP
United States
Jacqui Goddard Tavernier Key
Broken homes and the detritus of
thousands of lives ruined by Hurricane
Irma lay scattered through the Florida
Keys yesterday as relief poured in by
sea and air and stricken residents
resisted calls to evacuate.
Twenty-five per cent of homes in the
120-mile long island chain were destroyed by Irma?s 130mph punch. A further 65 per cent were badly damaged
and electricity, communications, water
and sewage systems were knocked out.
?Conditions are pretty dire and actually pretty dangerous,? said Marco
Rubio, a Florida senator, who called for
the Keys ? a fiercely independent
corner of the state ? to be emptied of
all remaining residents.
Roman Gastesi, the administrator of
Carnestown
Miami
M
Mia
ia
ami
a
mii
Path of storm
Category 3
Gulf
of Mexico
FLORIDA
Everglades
Park
Pa
Path of storm
Category 4
Florida
riida
da
Key
Bay
Largo
Conch Key
Tavernier
Key
y
West
W
st
st
Duck Key
Marathon
10 miles
Monroe County, scoffed: ?Absolutely
not. That?s ridiculous. Evacuation??
He added: ?Water and supplies are
coming down. They are coming down
by the planeload and the truckload. It?s
just a hurricane, guys. This happens.
This is just the price of living in
paradise.?
In places, that paradise had turned to
a hell. Resorts, dive centres, restaurants
and marinas that survived were closed,
with community after community at
the top of the Keys resembling ghost
towns. Boat yards were tangled messes.
The further down the Keys one
travelled, the worse the damage was ?
first just trees and fences down, then
power lines and heavy billboards, then
whole mobile home parks swept clean
away, smashed and strewn across the
road along with their contents: saucepans, photo albums and picture frames,
chairs and clothes.
The aircraft carrier USS Lincoln was
Devastation across the state, including a coastal house in Vilano Beach, a sinkhole in Winter Springs and unusual traffic on the Overseas Highway in the Florida Keys
anchored offshore and three more
navy vessels were en route to Florida,
which was hit by the hurricane from top
to bottom and coast to coast. Military
aircraft and helicopters were flying
continuous relief operations. President
Trump will visit Florida tomorrow.
Electricity supplies were cut in seven
million homes and businesses in Florida and the neighbouring states of
Alabama and Georgia and, further
north, North and South Carolina.
Virtually every town and city in
Florida, apart from the northwestern
section known as the Panhandle, was
affected by the 650 mile-wide storm. In
Jacksonville, northeast Florida, the US
coast guard carried out 300 emergency
rescues of residents who had considered themselves far from Irma?s reach.
Lenny Curry, the mayor, said: ?If this
wasn?t my job, I would have left this city
days ago. Mother Nature is Mother
Nature and we just want people to think
seriously about it.?
The contents of hundreds of homes
were washed and blown across miles of
the Overseas Highway, the only road
joining the Keys, which stretch from
the lower reaches of Miami to Key
West.
Residents have been allowed back
into the upper Keys to start assessing
what was left of their homes, though a
bottleneck built up as they jostled for
space on the roads with convoys of
supplies and essential personnel.
In the lower and middle Keys before
the road reaches Key West, only first
responders such as the National Guard
? which has mobilised 8,000 members
throughout Florida ? had access.
Convoys of military lorries carrying
fuel, food and repair equipment rumbled south, but residents have been
barred from returning until the 42
bridges linking the islands have been
declared safe for full-scale traffic flow.
People pored over video footage shot
from helicopters to find their homes.
Some were still there, some had been
blown or washed to different locations
altogether, some had collapsed and
many had completely disappeared,
leaving only empty slabs of concrete.
On Stock Island, which neighbours
Key West, the lobby of Monroe county
jail was home to a herd of alpacas and
empty cells were being used to shelter
horses, sheep, pigs, alligators, snakes,
turtles, an emu called Kramer and a
sloth named Mo.
All had been residents of a farm for
abandoned and confiscated animals
run by the sheriff?s department and
were moved to the jail after the 426
human inmates were bussed out of the
Keys before the storm.
Cruz blames aide for Twitter porn gaffe Italian boy and parents die
Rhys Blakely Washington
The dangers that social media can hold
for politicians were graphically illustrated when the Twitter account of Ted
Cruz, a prominent Texas senator,
?liked? a pornographic video.
Who exactly was in command of his
account at the time of the injudicious
?like? was unclear. Politicians often rely
on aides to manage their social media
personas and yesterday Mr Cruz said
that one of this staff was responsible for
endorsing a tweet from the account
@SexuallPosts, which distributes
hardcore pornography. The tweet
linked to an explicit video.
The ?like? was quickly noticed; Mr
Cruz, a married father of two who ran
for president last year as a God-fearing
conservative Republican, has more
than three million followers.
The ?like? was then quickly undone.
Catherine Frazier, the senator?s communications adviser, said that the
?offensive tweet posted @tedcruz
account earlier has been removed by
staff and reported to Twitter?. But it
would not be forgotten. @SexuallPosts
soon updated its Twitter profile to urge
users to ?follow the same porn @TedCruz watches?.
Mr Cruz insisted yesterday that it had
been a mistake made by an underling.
He added: ?This was not how I envisaged waking up this morning.
Although, I will say that if I had known
that this would trend so quickly, that
perhaps we should have posted something like this during the Indiana
[presidential] primary.?
He told reporters that a ?staffing
issue? was to blame. Someone
with access to the account had
?inadvertently hit the ?like? button?, he said. ?We?re dealing
with it internally but
it was a mistake, it
was not malicious
conduct.?
Social media
offers fertile
territory for
blundering
politicians. President Trump has said
that he would not be in the White
House were it not for his tweets, yet
several of his online pronouncements
? such as his unfounded allegation
that President Obama had bugged
Trump Tower ? have distracted his
administration, arguably contributing
to his failure to pass significant
legislation.
Mr Trump is phlegmatic about it. ?If
you issue hundreds of tweets, and every
once in a while you have a clinker, that?s
not so bad,? he said in April.
The tweeted ?like? was out of
keeping with Mr Cruz?s politics.
He once defended a Texas state
law that banned the sale of sex
toys, arguing that individuals had
no legal right to use them,
even in the privacy of
their own bedroom.
Ted Cruz blamed his
staff for the incident
but said that it was
not a ?malicious? act
falling into volcanic crater
Italy
Tom Kington Rome
An 11-year-old Italian boy and his
parents have died after tumbling into a
muddy, gaseous crevasse that opened
up at the volcanic crater they were visiting near Naples.
The family, named locally last night
as Tiziana Zaramella, 42, her husband
Massimiliano Carrer, 45, and their son
Lorenzo were on holiday from northern Italy and perished during a visit to
the Solfatara volcanic crater at Pozzuoli, one of a number sitting atop the giant
magma chamber that make up the
Phlegraean Fields. Tourists are allowed
to walk around the ground-level crater
and look at fenced-off bubbling mud
pools and fumeroles.
Lorenzo is said to have gone beyond
a barrier and fallen into a 3m deep hole
filled with rock and mud. The boy?s
father then fell in while attempting to
rescue him, as did his mother. ?I suspect
there might have been a large quantity
of carbon dioxide in there which helped
to kill them,? Giovanni Chiodini, a
researcher at Italy?s National Institute
for Geophysics and Vulcanology, said.
Lorenzo Carrer is
thought to have
tried to get a close
look at the crater
?I have been here 40 years and an
accident like this has never happened,?
said Armando Guerriero, who runs the
nearby caf� where the couple?s second
child, a seven-year-old boy, was taken.
?We tried to calm him, he was obviously very shocked. He continually
asked about his family,? added Mr
Guerriero.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
35
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AFP/GETTY IMAGES; CHINA DAILY/REUTERS
Kenyatta: I
will impeach
election rival
Kenya
Aislinn Laing Johannesburg
Wing and a dare Competitors in the Carabao World Wingsuit Championship launch themselves at a polystyrene target from Tianmenshan mountain in central China
President Kenyatta of Kenya has
threatened to impeach his rival Raila
Odinga if he wins the rerun of next
month?s election.
Mr Kenyatta said that his Jubilee
coalition?s victory in the national poll
last month meant it had enough MPs in
parliament to sanction Mr Odinga if he
were to win the rerun ordered by the
supreme court last week.
He also threatened to use his coalition?s majority in parliament and the
senate to make Mr Odinga?s term in
office impossible. ?If Raila is elected
how will he lead? How?? he asked an
audience at State House, the seat of
power. ?In the national assembly, with
over 200 members we are 13 members
shy of a two-thirds majority, meaning
we can change the constitution.
?We have to tell Kenyans the truth.
Even if he is elected we have the opportunity in parliament within two to three
months to impeach him.?
Mr Kenyatta, 52, did not elaborate on
his impeachment threat. His comments reflect his bitterness over the
surprise rejection of his victory. He has
also criticised the judges as ?crooks?
acting on the orders of foreign powers
and threatened to ?deal with them?
after the rerun on October 17.
The court ruled that ?irregularities
and illegalities? had compromised the
integrity of the result of the August 8
poll but blamed the electoral commission rather than Mr Kenyatta.
Assad advance sets up clash with
Qatar seeks
coalition forces on Syrian border Jewish help
Syria
TUR
U KEY
Y
Richard Spencer Beirut
Pro-Assad troops and western-backed
forces fighting Islamic State in the
Syrian city of Deir Ezzor are within
three miles of a clash as both sides seek
to control routes to the Iraqi border.
Regime troops are preparing to cross
the River Euphrates, up to now the ?line
of deconfliction? with the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), the Kurdish-led
militia fighting Isis with US and British
help, according to Iranian media.
Iranian-backed militias are heavily
present in both the pro-Syrian regime
and pro-Iraqi ground forces, and their
spokesmen have been open about their
ambition to create an Iranian corridor
from Tehran to southern Lebanon. The
area along the Iraqi border now being
targeted lies along that corridor.
The regime relieved a three-year Isis
siege of Deir Ezzor last week, opening
up the route east.
The SDF, which is fighting to free
Shaddadeh
Raqqa
SDF
forces
es
Kha
habur
ha
bur
ur
As Suwar
Deir Ezzor
Gov
vern
nmen
ment
al-Mayadeen
forcess
IRAQ
SYRIIA Euphrates
al-Bukamal
Al Qaim
50 miles
Areas of cont
control
ol
Isis
Pro
og
go
govern
overn
vernment
SDF
FSA
SA
Ad
Advance
e
Planned
advance
Raqqa from Isis, is also moving south
and has reached the northern outskirts
of Deir Ezzor only three miles from
regime troops on the western side of the
river, which runs through the city. It
says it is opening a front that would
mean it heads through the east of Deir
Ezzor province near the Iraqi border.
The Iranian Fars News Agency (Fars)
said the Syrian army planned to cross
the Euphrates from the city?s northern
outskirts to impede the SDF?s advance.
The Assad regime has hailed the relief of the Deir Ezzor siege as a sign that
it has all but won the six-year civil war.
General Issam Zahreddine, who commanded the enclave for the past year,
has been turned into a national hero.
Several parts of Syria are in the hands
of various opposition groups. The most
important is held by the SDF, an alliance of the Kurdish YPG and local rebel
and tribal Arab forces, in northeast Syria. Its success in driving Isis south, including the battle for Raqqa, of which it
controls two thirds, has given the west a
strategic base in Syria for the first time.
Neither President Trump nor his
western allies, including Britain, which
also has special forces supporting the
SDF, have explained their strategy
once Isis is gone. White House officials
suggested they wanted to stop Iran?s influence across the Iraqi-Syrian border.
The US has a ?deconfliction line?
with the regime?s Russian backers, letting its jets patrol east of the Euphrates.
On Saturday, the SDF said that it was
opening a front east of the river. It could
reach the Syrian-Iraqi border crossing
at al-Bukamal, one of two places, with
al-Mayadeen further north, where Isis
is expected to make a last stand.
Faisal Mekdad, the Syrian deputy
foreign minister, said that forces not invited to Syria by the regime must leave.
Spokesmen for the US-led coalition
against Isis insisted that it was solely an
anti-Isis force. The CIA has withdrawn
backing inside Syria from the former
Free Syrian Army units fighting Assad
and is urging two battalions to evacuate
a pocket along the Jordanian border.
The FSA units and the SDF have
been instructed to on no account open
hostilities against regime forces.
Ahmed Abu Khawla, an Arab official
appointed by the SDF as a notional
head of Deir Ezzor, said: ?We don?t
expect clashes with the regime, but if
they fire at us we will respond.?
Teetering caliphate economy manages to avoid collapse
Tom Whipple Science Editor
It turns out that creating a theocratic
state based on brutal violence and the
subjugation of half the workforce is not
necessarily the smartest economic
move. Even so, the government of
Islamic State did better than many
might have guessed.
An analysis of economic activity in
regions held by Isis has found that GDP
fell by an estimated 23 per cent over the
period of its control. However, the
authors of the report said that it was still
a functioning economy.
?If you look at the draconian system
of governance, the violence and terror,
you might assume that everything
within the territory must be struggling,?
said Eric Robinson from the Rand
Corporation, which conducts research
for the US government and was responsible for the latest analysis.
Yet in Raqqa and Mosul, initially at
least, ?the markets were still running,
commercial vehicles were still on the
streets. [Isis?s] attempts to govern and
manage the economy were somewhat
successful.?
Mr Robinson and his colleagues used
satellite data to monitor economic
indicators such as night-time lighting,
population, industrial and market
activity and agriculture.
He said the research showed that the
governance of Isis areas was not
inherently unstable. A crucial part of
the group?s appeal was its ability to
produce a functioning state and
demonstrate that a new caliphate was
possible.
Strong pressure from outside forces
eventually meant they had to choose
between running a country or running
an army, so international efforts to
defeat them had been crucial.
He added: ?[Isis] was spending
money in cities. It was investing in
infrastructure, paying fighters, spending money. The idea that the government was not working and trade was
not happening was not the case.?
in Saudi row
Saudi Arabia
Richard Spencer
Qatar is trying to lobby the leaders of
Jewish American groups during the UN
General Assembly in the latest front of
its diplomatic row with Saudi Arabia.
It is spending $500,000 to hire a
Washington-based lobbying company
to ?build bridges? with the Jewish community amid allegations from Saudi
Arabia and the international community that it backs Islamist terrorism.
Haaretz, an Israeli newspaper,
reported that the heads of prominent
Jewish groups were asked if they would
meet the emir and crown prince of
Qatar while they visit New York.
It is trying to ward off a diplomatic
and trade blockade by Saudi Arabia, the
UAE, Bahrain and Egypt and is relying
on the US, a key ally of all the countries.
Stonington Strategies, the PR company, has been best-known for its work
for right-wing and Jewish groups hostile to Iran. The Gulf crisis has brought
Qatar and Iran, Saudi Arabia?s rival for
regional influence, closer together.
?Engagement with Qatar can only be
in the best interests of the United States
and the Jewish community, as we
cannot allow Qatar to be ostracised by
its neighbours and pushed into Iran?s
sphere of influence,? Nick Muzin, the
head of Stonington, told O?Dwyers, a
US website devoted to the PR industry.
Diplomats have reported secret communications between Saudi Arabia and
Israel and there were Israeli media
stories this week that a Saudi prince
may have made an unannounced visit.
36
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World
SALON DU FROMAGE
Stick another ?roo on the barbie, Bruce
Australia
Bernard Lagan Sydney
Australians are being encouraged to
develop an appetite for kangaroo meat,
not because it will put a spring in their
step but to control surging numbers.
Government figures show that the
kangaroo population is about to hit
50 million, having doubled in the past
seven years to more than twice the
number of Australians. Scientists say
something must be done to stop kangaroos overrunning the country.
Garry Hannigan, a farmer from near
Broken Hill in the deep outback of New
South Wales, told the Australian
Broadcasting Corporation that the
kangaroo population was booming.
?Two or three weeks ago we had thousands on here, just moving through,
and the amount that are being hit by vehicles is amazing,? he said. ?They?re devouring anything we?ve got grass-wise.?
He said that heavy winter rainfall
had provided lush grass and other plant
growth that kangaroos ate, spurring an
acceleration in their numbers.
However, there has been no rain for a
month and farmers and conservationists fear that millions of the animals will
die if the country experiences a drought
this summer. In the 2006 and 2007
drought years the kangaroo population
plummeted to seven million.
David Paton, an associate professor
from the University of Adelaide, said
that the community needed to be more
supportive of kangaroo culls and if
more humans ate the meat their carcasses would not be wasted. Only
14.5 per cent of Australians eat the meat
four times a year or more.
?If we?re going to cull these animals
we do it humanely, but we also should
think about how we might use the
animals that are killed,? he said. ?We
shouldn?t simply leave them to rot.?
Confirmation of the rapid increase in
kangaroo numbers came as researchers
in Australia and Switzerland published
a study suggesting that the animals
emit large amounts of methane, contributing to global warming.
French
cheesed
off by US
food map
A
n American
supermarket
chain had
expected
plaudits from Paris
when it promoted
French cheese and
wine (Adam Sage
writes). But the
French were aghast
after it was discovered
that Whole Foods?
advertising used a
map of France that
put the cheeses in the
wrong areas. Twitter
users soon put out
versions with
corrections, above.
Among the errors,
Camembert, from
Normandy, was put in
the south and Bleu
d?Auvergne, from
central France, was
on the Mediterranean
coast. Behind the
controversy lies the
nation?s fight to keep
the protected status of
origin foods. ?You do
not joke around with
cheese,? Nice Matin,
the regional daily
newspaper, said.
?The geography
may be a bit off, but
it?s great to see Whole
Foods enjoys French
cheeses,? the French
embassy in
Washington said.
Whole Foods is to
print a new map.
Minister came to aid
of beauty queen who
?lied about kidnapping?
South Africa
Aislinn Laing Johannesburg
When a South African beauty queen
was kidnapped by people traffickers
during a pageant in Malaysia, the police
minister in Pretoria heroically stepped
in, opening his own wallet to pay for her
safe passage home.
Now the minister, Fikile Mbalula, has
been left embarrassed after it appeared
that, far from being in mortal danger,
Princess Mahlangu, 24, may have made
the story up after arriving in Kuala
Lumpur to find there was no
accommodation for the contestants.
Mr Mbalula, 38, announced at a press
conference last month that he had
personally intervened to ?rescue? Ms
Mahlangu from traffickers he said had
intended to sell her as a sex slave.
?Princess is a genuine victim. She
deserves our unquestionable love
and care. She did nothing wrong,?
Mr Mbalula said at Johannesburg
airport as he welcomed her home at
the start of last month.
Tare Munzara, a Zimbabwean who arranged the Miss
United Countries pageant,
was held for two weeks in a
Malaysian prison cell over
the trafficking claims. This
week, however, it emerged
that police have closed the
file, with sources suggesting
that Ms Mahlangu lied.
?There were no elements of crime,? a
source told South African media.
?When she got there, she did not have
proper accommodation. So she decided
to lie that she was being trafficked.?
Social media pictures and videos
posted by other contestants showed an
immaculately dressed and laughing Ms
Mahlangu enjoying a birthday cake in
an upmarket hotel and going on trips to
the country?s tourism hotspots.
Mr Munzara said that the pageant
had been delayed because of a last-minute bureaucratic error, but claimed Ms
Mahlangu told him she would fly to
Malaysia anyway because she was ?too
embarrassed? to go home after posting
about it on social media. ?No one was
ever in danger of trafficking and no one
was rescued,? he said. ?The minister
made this look very real and he
should now apologise.?
A spokesman for Mr Mbalula
insisted the publicity around
Ms Mahlangu?s case raised
awareness of trafficking:
?He would have been
negligent if he had
not acted.?
Ms Mahlangu has
removed her social
media accounts and
did not respond to an email
request for comment.
Princess Mahlangu said she
was a victim of trafficking
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
37
2GM
Business
world markets (Change on the day)
commodities
FTSE 100
7,400.69 (-12.90)
Gold
$1,325.70 (-7.01)
Aug 14
22
31
Dow Jones
22,118.86 (+61.49)
Sept 8
currencies
$
Brent crude (6pm)
$53.97 (+0.31)
$
�/$
$1.3279 (+0.0107)
$
�/?
?1.1097 (+0.0087)
�
7,800
22,400
1,400
62
1.350
1.150
7,400
21,800
1,300
54
1.300
1.100
7,000
21,200
1,200
46
1.250
1.050
6,600
20,600
1,100
38
1.200
Aug 14
22
30
Sept 8
Aug 15
23
31
Sept 8
Aug 15
23
31
Sept 8
Aug 15
23
31
Sept 8
Regulator
warns of
?scam virtual
currencies?
The City watchdog has warned about
the perils of investing in virtual currencies such as bitcoin as it emerged that
one fund purporting to invest in
so-called cryptocurrencies had collapsed with the loss of tens of millions of
pounds of its customers? money.
The Financial Conduct Authority
cautioned savers yesterday against
putting their money into so-called
?initial coin offerings? that have
exploded on to the market in recent
months, leading to warnings that
scammers may be taking advantage of
the soaring price of bitcoin to defraud
investors.
Initial coin offerings are often lightly
regulated and the FCA indicated that it
could say whether investors would be
protected only on a ?case-by-case?
basis, meaning that many who end up
losing money may find they have no
recourse to industry compensation
schemes.
Coin offerings were described by the
regulator as ?very high-risk, speculative investments? that carried significant potential for fraud and suffered
from extreme price volatility. ?The
digital token issued may represent a
share in a firm, a prepayment voucher
for future services or in some cases no
discernible value at all,? the FCA said.
Luke Scanlon, a financial technology
lawyer at Pinsent Masons, said it was
?extremely unlikely? that investors
putting their money into cryptocurrencies would get any safety net. ?You will
not have any recourse to regulatory
protection,? he said.
Bradley Rice, at Ashurst, a law firm.
said: ?The FCA doesn?t want to inhibit
technological development, but it is
making very clear that the line between
an unregulated token offering and the
marketing of a security, crowdfunding
activity or even a collective investment
scheme is very thin.?
Jamie Dimon, chief executive of
JP Morgan Chase, told a Barclays
banking conference in New York that
bitcoin ?is a fraud. It?s worse than tulip
bulbs. It won?t end well. Someone is
going to get killed.?
The warning from the regulator
came separately as investors counted
their losses after I2 Investments, a fund
said to be investing in bitcoins, told customers that 95 per cent of their money
had been wiped out after its trading
strategy went awry at the start of the
month.
I2 Investments, which had an office
in London but apparently was run out
of Austria, said that sharp moves in the
value of bitcoin at the beginning of September after a clampdown by the Chinese authorities had caused a ?significant trading drawdown loss?. The fund,
whose website was registered in Vienna, said it was managing about ?26 million. It added in a notice on its website
on September 1 said that nearly all of its
investors? funds had been lost.
?The Bitcoin (BTC) trading strategy
implemented caused a large and
immediate downward shift of several
thousand Points/Pips that our strategy
could not recover from due to being
designed for Spot FX [foreign
exchange] trading on four-digit (much
lower volatility) instruments.
?We are genuinely shocked by the
turn of our BTC strategy?s trading
algorithm.?
Investor forums had warned for
several months about potential danger
signs over the fund, such as investment
returns reaching as much as 15 per cent
a month.
Investor complaints on the Trustpilot website met with a standard
response from a company called 12
Trading, KL Malaysia, stating that the
fund had ?nothing to hide?.
?We are very sorry for the massive
DD [drawdown] seen this week on our
trading. As you know, we have achieved
over 1,000 per cent compound return
and there was always a risk for loss. It is
not ?Scam? . . . We wish you the best in
your future endeavours,? 12 Trading
wrote.
Telephone numbers linked to I2
Investments rung by The Times appeared to have been disconnected.
23
31
Sept 8
Sky takeover
deal sent to
competition
authority
Matthew Moore Media Correspondent
Customers lose millions after fund?s collapse
Harry Wilson
1.000
Aug 15
Cash in the pocket The founders of Superdry, the fashion chain, will fund a new
bonus scheme that may lead to � million being shared among its staff. Page 42
21st Century Fox?s �.7 billion bid to
take over Sky has suffered a setback
after the culture secretary said that she
was minded to refer the deal to regulators over concerns about broadcasting
standards.
Karen Bradley had indicated
previously that she would refer the
merger to the Competition and
Markets Authority over questions of
media plurality. However, after requesting fresh evidence from Ofcom,
the media watchdog, Ms Bradley told
MPs yesterday that she was also
minded to ask the CMA to investigate
whether the deal raised concerns over
broadcasting standards.
In doing so, the culture secretary
effectively overruled updated advice
from Ofcom, which identified ?nonfanciful concerns? relating to broadcasting standards but said that ?we do
not consider that these are such as may
justify a reference in relation to the
broadcast standards public interest
consideration?.
Fox already owns 39 per cent of Sky
and wants to take control of the remaining 61 per cent. Rupert Murdoch, executive chairman of News Corp, owner of
The Times, is co-chairman of 21st
Century Fox with his son, Lachlan. His
other son, James, is chief executive of
21st Century Fox and chairman of Sky.
The public interest concerns raised
by Ofcom include the fact that Fox did
not initially have adequate compliance
procedures for the broadcast of its
partisan Fox News channel in the UK.
It was taken off the air in Britain last
month. Ofcom also raised concerns
about weaknesses in the corporate
governance arrangements at Fox.
In a statement to the Commons Ms
Bradley said: ?The existence of nonfanciful concerns means that ? as a
matter of law ? the threshold for a reference on the broadcasting standards
ground is met. In light of all representations and Ofcom?s additional advice, I
believe these are sufficient to warrant
the exercise of my discretion to refer.?
She added: ?I consider it important
that entities which adopt controversial
or partisan approaches to news and
current affairs in other jurisdictions
should, at the same time, have a genuine commitment to broadcasting standards here.?
Sky?s share price fell about 4 per cent
after the announcement but recovered
to trade down 1.6 per cent at 937p.
Sky is Europe?s biggest pay-TV
broadcaster, while 21st Century Fox is
the world?s fourth-largest media conglomerate, with interests including Fox
Continued on page 39, col 1
38
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Business
Need to know
1
Rocketing prices for clothes
and shoes helped to drive
inflation to its highest level in
five years, tightening the squeeze
on households and putting
pressure on the Bank of England
to raise interest rates. Page 2
2
The PR company Bell
Pottinger went into
administration last night after
failing to find a rescuer prepared
to try to improve its tarnished
reputation after it ran a campaign
in South Africa that stirred racial
tension. Page 7
3
Tim Cook, Apple?s chief
executive, insisted that its
products were not only for the
rich, hours before he unveiled the
first iPhone to cost more than
$1,000. Apple?s latest devices face
competition from the $960
Samsung Galaxy Note 8, which
has been described as the best
Android smartphone yet. Page 8
4
The City watchdog has
warned about the perils of
investing in virtual currencies
such as bitcoin as it emerged that
one fund purporting to invest in
cryptocurrencies had collapsed
with the loss of tens of millions of
pounds of clients? money. Page 37
5
21st Century Fox?s �.7 billion
bid to take over Sky suffered a
setback after the culture
secretary said that she was minded
to refer the deal to regulators over
concerns about broadcasting
standards. Page 37
6
The future of thousands of
Vauxhall workers in Britain
remains in the balance after
their new boss said that he had
not yet decided whether the plants
would remain open. Carlos
Tavares, chief executive of PSA,
blamed the impasse on the
government?s prevarication over
Brexit.
7
Steve Morgan, the chairman
of Redrow, has emerged as the
second boss of a
housebuilding company to have
sold stock in recent days,
prompting fears in the City that
shares in the sector have peaked.
Page 40
8
The two men behind the
Superdry fashion chain plan
to fund a new staff bonus
scheme that could result in
� million being shared among
the retailer?s 4,500 employees
worldwide. Julian Dunkerton and
James Holder, the chain?s cofounders, said that they wanted to
share their wealth. Page 42
Thousands of
Vauxhall jobs
at risk amid
Brexit concern
Robert Lea Frankfurt
The future of more than 3,000 Vauxhall
workers remains in the balance after
their new boss said that he was
nowhere near making a decision on
whether the plants would remain open.
Carlos Tavares, chief executive of
PSA, the company behind Peugeot
and Citro雗, blamed the impasse on
the government?s prevarication over
Brexit.
Two of Britain?s most important car
factories ? the Ellesmere Port plant in
Cheshire making the Vauxhall Astra
and the facility in Luton building the
Vauxhall Vivaro van ? have been in
limbo after this year?s takeover of the
European division of General Motors
by PSA.
Questioned at the Frankfurt Motor
Show on what Britain?s decision to quit
the European Union would mean for
the factories, Carlos Tavares, chief
executive of PSA, said that he was no
closer to making up his mind because
Theresa May needed to decide what
sort of Brexit it would be.
?The Brexit question is something we
are working on, working on the different scenarios,? Mr Tavares said. ?In
short, we do not know. But we do
not know because we don?t know
how Brexit will unfold. We have
different plans for different scenarios.?
He said that investment decisions and product allocation would
depend on customs duties and
what levels of local parts
might be required for British-built vehicles.
?That changes the business model,? he said. ?We
are studying what the
Carlos Tavares says
he needs guidance
from the British
government
9
Page 43
10
Petropavlovsk, the
Russian goldminer, posted
a rise in first-half profit as
Peter Hambro, its ousted founder,
claimed that his strategy had been
vindicated. Petropavlovsk returned
to profit last year after
restructuring, but shareholders
kicked out Mr Hambro in June
and voted in new board members,
citing corporate governance
failures. Page 49
Look, no hands Audi unveiled its Aicon self-driving car, without a steering wheel
Jaguar has a change of Pace
Robert Lea
Jaguar Land Rover?s first foray into pure
electric will make its debut at the
Geneva Motor Show in March ? if not
before.
Admitting that the long-awaited
Jaguar I-Pace was not quite ready for
Frankfurt, Andy Goss, sales operations
director, said: ?We are very close to
showing it, within the next six months.?
With rivals launching multiple
electric models and concepts, Mr Goss
rejected claims that his company was
playing catch-up: ?We are always
sensitive talking about the future and
we haven?t yet said all that we are going
to say.? Mr Goss said that the new conventionally engined Jaguar E-Pace had
every chance of emulating its larger
4x4 sibling the F-Pace, the bestselling
Jaguar in the history of the company.
He indicated that Range Rover
would not seek to challenge in size the
BMW X7, the monster Frankfurt
debutant, but said that the brand had
the potential to introduce new luxury
? and a higher price ? to take on the
likes of the Bentley Bentayga and RollsRoyce Cullinan.
Pressure grows for an increase in interest rates
shadow mpc
Interim profits at JD Sports
have jumped to a record high,
despite the retailer warning in
June of ?pressure on margins?.
JD Sports said that pre-tax profits
were up by a third at �2.7 million
after strong performances from all
its businesses, especially overseas.
best business strategy will be under different scenarios. By Christmas we will
have come to a decision on two scenarios, on whether it is a softer, open Brexit,
or one that is more closed.?
Asked if that meant that he would
have made a decision on the future of
Ellesmere Port and Luton by Christmas, he said: ?No. We have to have
some guidance from the UK government and the European Commission
on how they want to play the game.
?We have three to five-year lead
times [on investments and new product
allocation]. The sooner we have some
guidance, the better it will be.?
The production cycle on the existing
Astra model is due to end in 2021, with
the Vivaro following later.
?The conclusion is all about [plant]
efficiency. If we are highly efficient,
then we are profitable. If we are profitable, then we are sustainable and then
nobody needs to worry about their job.?
He declined to comment on the efficiency of the UK plants, but said he had
liked what he had seen from the factories making Vauxhall vehicles and its
Opel sister brand in Spain. ?Many good
things have been done in Iberia which
have improved efficiency,? he said. ?It
is that which protects the people.?
Ellesmere Port was on the
brink of closure in 2011 during
the global financial crisis and the
last time that General Motors, of
the United States, had considered selling its European business. Despite it being reckoned to be one of
GM?s most productive
plants
in
Europe, executives
were close to closing it in favour of
switching all production of the
Astra to Gliwice, in Poland.
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
The Bank of England should be laying
the groundwork for an increase in
interest rates and to withdraw some of
the stimulus launched after last year?s
Brexit vote, The Times monetary policy
committee has said.
Four of the nine shadow panel
members have called for an immediate
quarter-point rate increase this month
to 0.5 per cent and three others have
urged the Bank to prepare the markets
for a rise in the months ahead.
For another member, the Bank needs
to be publicly discussing the sideeffects that might accompany an eventual unwinding of its �5 billion quantitative easing programme.
The Times MPC is a group of former
Bank of England policymakers and
other senior economists whose insight
offers a counterpoint to the official
position on interest rates. Tomorrow
the Bank?s MPC is expected to hold
rates at 0.25 per cent and to leave QE
unchanged.
However, with inflation far above the
Bank?s 2 per cent target at 2.9 per cent,
there is speculation that Andy Haldane, its chief economist, might join the
two existing dissenters on the ninestrong committee to vote for a rise. A
6-3 split with Mr Haldane in the
minority would be the first time that an
internal MPC member had voted
against the governor since Spencer
Dale, who was then chief economist,did
so in July 2011.
Sir John Gieve, a former deputy
governor, Andrew Sentance, a former
ratesetter now at PWC, Bronwyn
Curtis, governor of the London School
of Economics, and Sir Steve Robson, a
former Treasury mandarin, all said that
the time had come to reverse the quar-
ter-point rate cut by the Bank made in
August last year.
Sir John said: ?I cannot see the case
for continuing the post-referendum
cut, which was explicitly designed to
prevent a short-term hiatus in demand.
Demand has proved resilient.?
He added that there was no danger of
the government launching another
round of growth-sapping austerity:
?Not only is the economy operating
close to capacity, but the prospects for
fiscal policy have changed with the
election.?
Mr Sentance said: ?Current MPC
policy is keeping the pound very weak.
This is one of the factors squeezing the
consumer, so I think it is quite plausible
that gradual rises would have very little
negative impact on growth.?
Ms Curtis argued that the August
2016 cut had been for an emergency,
but, with unemployment at a 42-year
low, she asked: ?Where is the emergency??
For Geoff Dicks, a former director at
the Office for Budget Responsibility,
Charles Goodhart, a former ratesetter,
and Rain Newton-Smith, chief economist at the CBI, the moment to raise
rates was fast approaching.
Mr Dicks said that he believed the
rate cut had been a mistake, but he
worried about the ?dampening effect? a
rise now would have. Ms NewtonSmith agreed that the ?insurance cut in
rates is no longer needed? and said that
the Bank should now do the ?groundwork in preparing for a rise in rates?.
Rupert Pennant-Rea, a former
deputy governor, said that in the context of the United States being about to
unwind QE and Europe being close to
tapering its programme, ?the Bank
shouldn?t delay much longer before
starting to explore in public what ?unwinding? might mean?.
Anne Sibert, professor of economics
at Birkbeck, University of London, said
she supported the present policy stance
?as long as there is no expectation of
high inflation in the longer term?.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
39
1GM
Business
DPA PICTURE ALLIANCE/ALAMY
Time to tell
the world
about next
bright ideas
Robert Lea Industrial Editor
or pedals, at Frankfurt Motor Show. Its range will be 500 miles on a single charge
Beige is the new black as cab maker makes motor show debut
London?s new black cab
maker went a shade of
beige, the traditional
colour of Germany?s
taxis, as it made its
international motor
show debut in
Frankfurt, with
executives revealing
that first trials of its
hybrid would take place
next month (Robert Lea
writes).
The six-seat cab will
boast a range of up to
80 miles on a single
electric charge to beat
new Transport for
London rules that state
all cabs must be
capable of running at
least 30 miles on
electric from January 1.
The TX model will be
offered to taxi drivers at
a lossmaking �7 per
month to encourage
take-up.
The former London
Taxi International was
rescued from
bankruptcy in 2013 by
Geely, of China. It has
been renamed the
London Electric Vehicle
Company.
LEVC claims that its
hybrid system can
mean an average �0
a week fuel saving.
Geely has sunk
$360 million into the
business and moved it
out of Coventry to a
plant north of Ansty.
Germany?s big upmarket carmakers
charged up the electric car revolution
at the opening day of the Frankfurt
Motor Show, detailing plans to flood
the market with new battery-fuelled
vehicles and electric variants of existing models.
With Volkswagen?s dieselgate scandal hanging over the show like a toxic
exhaust cloud, its rivals played up the
new era of zero emissions.
Mercedes-Benz set the electric bar
high with plans to convert the whole of
its fleet to some form of electrification
by 2022. More radically, Dieter Zetsche,
its chief executive, revealed that Smart,
its sister brand, would ditch the combustion engine completely in Europe
and North America by 2020. Smart will
thus become the first conventional car
brand to go pure electric.
As the company introduced the first
of its electric concepts aimed at the
mainstream, the Mercedes-Benz EQ A,
Dr Zetsche announced that 50 Mercedes and Smart models would have
some form of electrification within five
years and ten would be pure electric.
He also took a swipe at VW. ?Trust
has been lost in the German automotive industry,? he said. ?It is up to us to
prove that we are part of the solution.?
BMW, meanwhile, said that it would
produce 25 models with some form of
electrification by 2025, with a dozen
being pure battery electric. It unveiled
the long-awaited next model in its
i Series sub-brand, which is codenamed the i Vision Dynamics. It is
pitched between its i3 city runaround
and i8 supercar.
Industry experts believe that the
vehicle will become the i5 and should
attract drivers of the 3 or 5 Series. BMW
claims that the vehicle will be able to
travel 600km (nearly 400 miles) on a
single charge of its electric battery.
BMW also unveiled the Mini Electric,
which will be assembled at the Cowley
plant in Oxford.
The Smart brand of Mercedes?
parent Daimler showed its autonomous concept, the Smart Vision EQ
Fortwo. Britta Seeger, Mercedes? sales
chief, said: ?In the future you don?t go to
pick up the car, it comes and finds you.?
Fox bid faces Civil servants really will
more scrutiny be robots, says Hammond
Continued from page 37, col 5
News and 20th Century Fox, one of
Hollywood?s largest studios.
Ms Bradley said that she would give
interested parties ten days to respond
before making a final decision.
Tom Watson, Labour?s deputy leader
and shadow culture secretary, who has
campaigned against the deal, welcomed the decision.
Wilton Fry, an analyst with RBC
Capital Markets, said the decision insulated the government against criticism
that it was influenced by media tycoons
and predicted that the CMA eventually
would approve the deal with some ?behavioural and structural remedies?.
Sky said that it was disappointed by
the delay, given Ofcom?s advice that
there were not sufficient concerns. 21st
Century Fox said it was surprised by the
length of time the process was taking.
Both said that they would continue to
engage with the process.
Philip Aldrick Economics Editor
Robots will be running large swathes of
government before long as artificial
intelligence is deployed to help the state
do more with less, the chancellor has
said.
Philip Hammond told a House of
Lords committee that the government
was looking into AI and expected swift
progress. He also announced that the
autumn budget would be held on
November 22.
The prospect of robots being used to
streamline government services might
deliver savings but could also put thousands of public sector jobs at risk.
Reform, a think tank, estimated in
February that 250,000 of the UK?s five
million public sector workers could lose
their jobs to AI over the next 15 years.
Mr Hammond told the economic
affairs committee: ?The government is
looking at how it can apply artificial
intelligence.
?There are very significant areas of
government activity which involve
relatively low-level decision-making
which will be highly susceptible to AI,
probably over a relatively short period
of time, which does present the tantalising possibility of being able to drive
some real productivity enhancement in
the delivery of government processes.?
The United States and other governments are already adopting AI for
form-filling and speeding up patent
applications. Britain uses facial recognition technology at its borders.
Mr Hammond added that Britain
was already a leader in areas of technology that were likely to become very
significant over the next few years, ?not
just AI, but fintech, biotech, materials
technologies, big data manipulation,
and the internet of things?.
Interesting times
for the governor
business commentary Alistair Osborne
N
ot putting up interest
rates is an exhausting
business. So it?s a
wonder that after four
years of not doing it,
Mark Carney still has time for other
jobs.
On Monday, the Bank of England
governor signed up for not one but
two new roles. True, they?re both at
the Bank of International
Settlements. But soon he will be
chairing its global economy meeting
and economic consultative
committee ? thrilling conflabs full
of other folk also called Governor.
And, who knows, maybe it?ll all
entail extra foreign travel, so
providing Mr Carney with even
more opportunities to buy Greek
yoghurt at Heathrow? Not to
mention prompt cheeky Freedom of
Information inquiries ?relating to
the governor?s credit card
transactions?, asking: ?Were the two
portions for him?? It?s a question
still to be answered, too, given the
bland official response: ?There is no
recorded information held by the
Bank in relation to the yoghurts.?
Well, why not?
Anyway, with all this going on,
you doubt Mr Carney has time to
notice Britain?s soaraway inflation
? or at least the tick up in August
to 2.9 per cent from 2.6 per cent in
July. It was partly due to the
rocketing prices for clothing and
footwear, up by 4.6 per cent yearon-year, the highest jump since
records began in 2006. All the more
surprising, too, since no one wears
clothes or shoes in the summer.
Still, it was enough to excite
Britain?s economists, a species
starved of an interest rate rise for a
whole decade ? and always keen to
kick around the next one. The
monetary policy committee is ninestrong once again and two external
members, Ian McCafferty and
Michael Saunders, have already
called for a hike. Then, the formerly
doveish Andrew Haldane has lately
been transmogrifying hawkwards.
And, on top, there are two newbies,
Silvana Tenreyro, and Sir David
Ramsden. As Deutsche Bank notes:
?In the absence of any public
pronouncements on monetary
policy, we assume he and the newly
arrived Tenreyro don?t deviate from
the governor.? Indeed, newcomers
usually follow the governor?s lead.
So, if Mr Carney was to vote for a
quarter-point rise, reversing the
unnecessary cut in August last year,
we could be back to 0.5 per cent at
tomorrow?s interest rate decision. Is
that likely? Well, what do you think?
On past form, Mr Carney will find
myriad reasons to resist a rates rise,
many even plausible.
Inflation could have peaked, ?as
the effect of Brexit-induced sterling
weakness falls out of the year-onyear calculation?, as Hargreaves
Lansdown?s Ben Brettell put it.
Despite the lowest unemployment
for more than 40 years, wage
growth is not only subdued but subinflation ? much to the fury of the
unions, whatever the scrapping of
the public sector pay cap. The
economy?s hardly bombing along.
And there are all the risks of Brexit.
Besides, Mr Carney does have his
two new chairman jobs to do. And
all that foreign travel.
Keeping busy
L
ucky Martin Gilbert shares the
top job at Standard Life
Aberdeen ? because he does
seem to have quite a bit on. In May,
he became a non-exec at miner
Glencore. But, as he reasoned back
then, a job like that was just a
replacement for his existing FTSE
100 non-exec role soon coming to
an end. And which one is that, you
ask? Deputy chairman of Sky.
Yes, Mr Gilbert does seem to have
underestimated just how much
politicians can wreck the best-laid
plans. Mr Gilbert was banking on
swift approval for 21st Century Fox?s
�.7 billion offer for the 61 per cent
of Sky it doesn?t already own ? a
bid all the more time consuming for
him because Sky chairman James
Murdoch is recused from it. It?s led
by his dad Rupert, Fox?s coexecutive chairman and chairman
of The Times owner News Corp.
So, it?s Mr Gilbert now grappling
with how, after months of shillyshallying, culture secretary Karen
Bradley has come up with such a
procedurally perverse decision. She?s
minded to send the bid to the
Competition and Markets Authority
for six months. And not only on
media plurality grounds (there was
always a risk of that) but those of
broadcasting standards, too.
In doing so, she?s overruled
Ofcom, the regulator in charge of
broadcasting standards, which found
insufficient concerns for a reference
on that score ? and sent the bid to
the CMA wonks not exactly known
for their broadcasting standards
expertise. All pretty odd. But, at
least, hours of fun for Mr Gilbert.
Didn?t they do well?
H
ere?s a puzzler: what do you
do with a board that?s
presided over a 166 per cent
leap in first-half profits, 150 per cent
increase in net cash from operations
and 20 per cent jump in sales. That?s
right: sack the lot of them.
OK, one director?s still there, but
the rest of Petropavlosk?s have all
gone: four ousted in one go at June?s
AGM, including the goldminer?s cofounder Peter Hambro. Of the 181
days in the first half, they were
responsible for 173 of them. So it?s a
compliment of sorts that new
chairman Ian Ashby is hailing such
a ?strong set? of results.
Perhaps the miner?s improving
fortunes were also the main reason
Russian oligarch Viktor Vekselberg
was so keen to seize management
control via a putsch also involving
M&G and Sothic Capital. They
claimed it was all to do with
corporate governance. Yeah, right.
Red faces all round
T
op news from Akzo Nobel, the
Dulux dog owner that
frustrated a bid and crowned it
with a profits warning. Its ?Colour of
the Year for 2018? is Heart Wood ?
a ?warm tone of grown-up pink?.
For embarrassment, probably.
alistair.osborne@thetimes.co.uk
40
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Business
Bosses? sales shake confidence in builders
Alex Ralph
The chairman of Redrow has emerged
as the second boss of a housebuilding
company to have sold stock in recent
days, prompting fears in the City that
shares in the sector have peaked.
Steve Morgan, founder and chairman of Redrow, sold almost �3 million of shares in the company owned by
his investment vehicle and charitable
trust, triggering falls across the sector
on the stock market.
He is not alone. Yesterday the
founders of Cairn Homes collectively
sold almost 15.7 million shares, or 2.1 per
cent of the Irish housebuilder, worth
?26.6 million. Two bosses at Berkeley
North-south
divide with
London on
wrong side
Group, including Tony Pidgley, its
founder and chairman, effectively
cashed in � million shares at the end
of last week.
The sales led to speculation in the
City about the growth of the housebuilding industry. Analysts at UBS,
which rates the sector a ?buy?, said that
the placing at Redrow ?could raise the
question [about] whether Mr Morgan
will ultimately sell his entire stake in the
company and whether Redrow will be
able to continue to grow successfully
without Mr Morgan?s leadership?.
UBS added, however, that the market
was supported by low interest rates, undersupply, a supportive land market
with limited competition and govern-
ment support for those buying homes
and planning reform. Analysts at Jefferies said: ?When Tony Pidgley and
Steve Morgan sell shares in the companies they founded, investors take notice
and ask if the silverback alpha males in
the sector are calling the top of the
market. We don?t think so.?
The broker said that Mr Pidgley
retained a ?lot of skin in the game? and
added that the ?paralysis? in the existing homes market was another driver
behind the new-build sector.
Jefferies added that the ?gurus in the
sector carry more weight than we do,
but should their share sales cause share
prices to weaken we would encourage
investors to add to their holdings?.
Redrow?s shares had rallied to a record
high last week on the back of record
profits. Mr Morgan?s placing, conducted by Barclays and Peel Hunt,
involved the sale of almost 26 million
shares at 590p by Bridgemere Securities, the investment vehicle of Mr Morgan, and the Steve Morgan Foundation,
a charitable trust. It represented 7 per
cent of Redrow and a 6.7 per cent discount to Monday?s closing price. Mr
Morgan had transferred 42 million
shares, representing about 11.4 per cent
of the company, to the foundation in
February.
Bridgemere and the foundation retain 25.5 per cent and 7 per cent of the
company?s shares, respectively, and
Redrow?s advisers sought to reassure
investors about Mr Morgan?s intentions. ?As chairman, he remains fully
committed to the business and confident in the outlook. Proceeds from the
placing will be used to diversify the
sellers? investment portfolio,? they said.
Shares in the sector have been on a
tear, recovering from their post-Brexit
sell-off, but the director selling pushed
shares in Redrow down 52絧 to 580p.
Rivals also retreated and were among
the heaviest fallers on the FTSE 100
yesterday. Taylor Wimpey declined
2緋 to 193p, Barratt Developments 10p
to 596p, Persimmon 52p to �.03 and
Berkeley 45p to �.47.
Market report, page 49
Capital lags
behind as
house prices
creep up
Housing affordability
Tom Knowles
Tom Knowles Property Correspondent
The gap between the least and most
affordable parts of Britain has almost
doubled since the start of the economic
downturn, Britain?s second-biggest
building society has found.
Yorkshire Building Society said that
homes in 54 per cent of local authorities
were more affordable now than they
had been before the financial crash in
2007 because wages had increased at a
higher rate than property values. This
includes Edinburgh, Birmingham,
Peterborough, Leeds and Harrogate.
Yet in London and parts of the southeast house prices have hugely outstripped wage growth, leading to a
notable decline in affordability compared with a decade earlier. The average home is now less affordable in
every London borough than it was
before the credit crunch, dropping on
average by 39 per cent.
There also have been significant
drops in affordability in council areas in
the southeast and the east of England,
with homes on average 15 per cent less
affordable to buy.
Much of the gulf in performance
reflects the quicker recovery in house
values in the south compared with
northern England and Scotland, where
values fell by more than 50 per cent in
the crash.
Andrew McPhilips, chief economist
at the Yorkshire Building Society, said:
?Unsurprisingly, the data shows that
there is a distinct divide between the
north and south of the country when it
comes to housing affordability, but this
has become even more pronounced
since the financial crash.
?While some northern cities, such as
Manchester, are less affordable than
House prices in London are growing at
the slowest pace of any region in the
UK for the first time in 12 years,
according to official figures, as residents in the capital reach the limits of
what they can borrow for a mortgage.
Prices in London rose by 2.8 per cent
in the year to July to reach an average of
�9,000. This was one percentage
point below the southeast of England,
which marked up the second-slowest
rise in prices to reach �1,000, the
Office for National Statistics said.
The last time that house prices in
London were growing at the slowest
pace of any region in the UK, including
Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland,
was in September 2005. The last time
that they were rising at the slowest pace
of any English region alone was in
September 2009.
However, it is the eighth month in a
row that London house prices have
risen at a slower pace than the UK
average, after the rate of growth across
the country rose by 5 per cent in the
year to July, unchanged from June, to
reach an average of �6,000.
Tougher mortgage regulations
introduced in April 2014 and soaring
house prices in London led buyers to
reach the limits of what lenders would
allow them to borrow, which is no more
than four and a half times a buyer?s
income.
Lucian Cook, director of residential
research at Savills, said: ?The evidence
is that constraints on borrowing are
substantially compounding the sobering effect of underlying political and
economic uncertainty impacting many
other parts of the UK market.?
At the same time, an overhaul of the
stamp duty tax at the end of 2014 made
transactions much more expensive for
homes above �7,500. House prices
also have been affected by a fall in the
number of landlords buying properties
after the government introduced a
3 per cent stamp duty surcharge on
buy-to-let and second homes.
As a result, London?s house prices
have become much more sensitive to
changes in sentiment, such as uncertainty over how the economy will fare
after Brexit negotiations are completed
and Britain quits the European Union.
Annual rates of house price growth
have slowed from 10 per cent in the year
to the end of July 2016 to only 2.8 per
cent in the year to the end of July
this year.
Gourock, Inverclyde
Biggest
improvements
By local authority
Inverclyde
House price to
earnings ratio
2007
Now
6.38
Change in
affordability
(2007-17, %)
Biggest
declines
3.67
42.5
Three Rivers
9.83
10.93
North Ayrshire
5.64
3.55
37.2
Haringey
West Dunbartonshire
5.29
3.44
34.9
Westminster
3.15
34.2
Southwark
3.92
33.0
Waltham Forest
Burnley
Hyndburn
4.78
5.86
Change in
affordability
(2007-17, %)
House price to earnings ratio
2007
Now
15.83
17.51
8.78
60.2
24.06
15.43
9.79
61.0
15.19
13.57
55.9
55.1
54.5
Source: YBS
they were in 2007, in much of the north
of England, Scotland and Wales the gap
between earnings and house prices is
around a third of the average for
London.?
The biggest declines in affordability
were in the Three Rivers council area in
Hertfordshire and Haringey in north
London, with homes becoming 61 per
cent and 60 per cent less affordable to
buy over the past ten years.
The biggest improvements in affordability have come in the northeast of
England, where affordability has increased by an average of 26 per cent,
followed by Scotland at 20 per cent. The
greatest improvement in affordability
of any area has been in Inverclyde,
southwest Scotland, where the ratio of
house prices to incomes in the area has
dropped from 6.38 in 2007 to 3.67 today.
While such a drop makes homes more
affordable to first-time buyers, house
prices have yet to recover to 2007 levels.
Remortgaging on the rise to make most of low rates
Tom Knowles
Record low interest rates have led to the
highest number of people remortgaging their homes in eight years.
The number of people remortgaging
reached 36,800 in July, up 7 per cent on
the previous month and 10 per cent
higher than a year ago, according to
figures from UK Finance.
The new trade association, which
collects the data previously gathered by
the Council for Mortgage Lenders, said
that the increase in activity in July
meant that, over the past year, the number of people remortgaging was at its
highest since 2009.
While the Bank of England is keeping
interest rates at 0.25 per cent and
housing transactions are falling across
the country, lenders have been slashing
the cost of mortgage repayments. In
April, Yorkshire Building Society
launched a mortgage at a rate of
0.89 per cent, the lowest ever, while the
average two-year fixed-rate mortgage
for a buyer with a 40 per cent deposit is
1.24 per cent, compared with 2.19 per
cent in August 2014.
Brian Murphy, head of lending for
the Mortgage Advice Bureau, said: ?It?s
highly likely that the increasing competitive market, with rates at historic
lows, is finally starting to tempt consumers off their standard variable rates
and encourage them to review their
borrowing, either due to the monthly
savings that potentially are available, or
the opportunity for some to reduce the
overall term of their mortgage by
switching products or lenders.?
However, lending to first-time buyers and home movers fell, UK Finance
said. First-time buyers took out 30,400
mortgages, down 16 per cent on the preceding month but up 8 per cent yearon-year. The average amount borrowed by a first-time buyer edged up
from �8,750 in June to �9,000 in
July. Home movers borrowed �1 billion, 9 per cent less than in June but up
15 per cent compared with July last year.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
41
1GM
Business
David Smith
Ian King
The start of the school
year is a key date for
businesses and Brexit
Public sector workers will welcome
pay rises, but they come at a cost
??
The jump in
consumer price
inflation to 2.9 per
cent last month has
come at a difficult,
sensitive time. It puts real wages under
greater pressure and makes the
government decision to relax the 1 per
cent public sector pay cap look too
little, too late.
Downing Street?s announcement of
a 2 per cent pay increase for police
and 1.7 per cent for prison officers,
along with its statement that it
recognises the need for greater
flexibility in public sector pay, was the
death knell for the 1 per cent cap.
The government?s move will not, it
is clear, call a halt to falling real wages
for public servants. Consumer prices
inflation is set to rise above 3 per cent
shortly and the Bank of England
expects it to remain above 2 per cent
through to mid-2020. Sterling?s Brexit
fall has yet to fully feed through in its
impact on the cost of living.
We have moved a long way from the
low inflation of recent years. In August
2015 consumer prices inflation was
zero, so even small wage increases
translated into real rises. Last August
inflation was only 0.6 per cent. Hence,
even as a modest relaxation of the pay
cap appears under way, some unions
are warning of increased militancy.
Len McCluskey, general secretary of
Unite, has warned that a co-ordinated
campaign of industrial action against
the cap is ?very much on the cards?.
One of the lessons of history is that
pay policies have a limited lifespan.
Incomes policies, which tried to
control pay rises in the 1960s and
1970s, implied a degree of government
control of the labour market that was
both inappropriate and, in the end,
ineffective. Private sector pay has been
far better behaved since Margaret
Thatcher consigned economy-wide
incomes policies to the dustbin in 1979.
A public sector incomes policy is
different, in that the government, as
employer, calls the shots. Even here,
the policy was intended to be timelimited. George Osborne?s 2010 deficitreduction programme envisaged
completing most of the heavy lifting
by 2015, after which public spending
could grow in line with the rest of the
economy and the public sector pay
cap could be lifted. Thus we are now
The public sector pay cap could be
the focus of protests by unions
well into overtime for the cap. Had it
lasted until 2020, that would be twice
as long as originally expected.
The pay of public sector workers
comes with caveats. It held up better
than private sector pay in the
aftermath of the financial crisis, but
has done less well in recent years.
That means, according to the Institute
for Fiscal Studies, that the gap
between public and private sector pay
has returned to pre-crisis levels. That
gap is in the public sector?s favour:
public sector workers continue to earn
more than their private sector
counterparts, even after adjusting for
different worker characteristics and
qualifications in the two sectors.
There are other caveats. One is that
a 1 per cent cap on public sector pay
scales did not stop employees from
moving up within those scales, and
many did so during the squeeze.
Second, in a period in which private
sector pensions have been eroded, the
public sector pensions? advantage,
already considerable, has increased.
The biggest caveat of all is that
public sector pay increases are not
costless. Unless bigger pay rises will be
fully compensated for by higher
productivity or greater efficiency and,
for example, reduced use of agency
workers ? none of which seems likely
? the money will have to be found
from elsewhere.
Increasing the �9 billion public
sector pay bill costs money. The IFS
calculates that a policy of allowing
public sector pay to rise in line with
the private sector would cost an extra
�2 billion by 2021-22. That could be
either a straight addition to public
expenditure and more borrowing, or it
would have to be funded by further
cuts in the public sector workforce or
other elements of government
expenditure. There is no costless way
of increasing public sector pay.
Some of these considerations also
apply to the private sector. If, as
surveys by the Recruitment and
Employment Confederation suggest,
recruitment difficulties are forcing
some employers to push pay higher,
then faster pay growth is coming
ahead of any acceleration in
productivity growth.
A research report from Deutsche
Bank, Labouring in vain: Brexit and the
labour market supply shock, points out
that even after the pay squeeze of
recent years and the pound?s big fall,
Britain?s unit labour costs in dollar
terms remain significantly higher than
those in France and Germany. Low
productivity matters.
The report looks at those sectors of
the economy least exposed to
international competition but most
dependent on migrant workers. In
these labour-intensive ?nontradeables? sectors, including care
homes, retailing, hotels and catering,
any acceleration in pay as a result of
labour shortages is likely to be passed
on to consumers in higher prices.
This is how higher inflation
becomes embedded. It is already
causing concern among members of
the Bank?s monetary policy
committee. The latest inflation figures
pushed the pound higher amid fears
that although the Bank?s tolerance for
above-target inflation will last for a
little longer, this is not without limit.
A pay squeeze is unpleasant. An
easing of the public sector pay cap is
unlikely to satisfy the unions. Private
sector workers would love to see a
return to the 4 per cent to 5 per cent
pay rises that were the norm before
the crisis, but these things have
consequences, for employment,
inflation and
interest rates.
Sometimes you
should be careful
what you wish for.
??
David Smith is Economics Editor of
The Sunday Times
E
veryone has now heard the
sales pitches to UK-based
financial services firms
looking to maintain a postBrexit presence in the
European Union.
Luxembourg is flagging its specific
attractiveness to fund managers and
insurers and its competitive tax
regime. Low taxes also form the
main plank of Dublin?s sales pitch.
Amsterdam is highlighting its
expertise in hosting trading
platforms and high-frequency
traders. Frankfurt is focusing on its
relatively low costs, a developed
financial sector and close proximity
to the European Central Bank. Paris
is making play of its relatively cheap
office space, its strengths in
banking, particularly derivatives,
and, of course, the culture and
lifestyle offered by the ?city of love?.
Both it and Frankfurt are promising
to relax laws and regulations in
some cases.
What is odd is that relatively little
has been said about possibly the
most important selling point for
those looking to up sticks from the
UK: English language schools.
This is not a problem for nonBritish nationals, who are likely to
form a sizeable chunk of those staff
being relocated. Yet, for the
relocation of British nationals, few
factors will be more important in
informing decision-making than
schools.
It is coming into focus more
rapidly for a lot of businesses than
might be implied by the Brexit
negotiating timetable. The British
government and the European
Union are supposed to have
concluded a Brexit agreement by
around this time next year,
providing six months for EU
member states to ratify the deal.
But that is a month after the start
of the 2018-19 school year, which
means, in reality, that anyone being
asked to relocate will need to have a
school place nailed down for their
children by June or July next year.
According to one senior finance
industry source: ?Schooling
dominates a lot more discussions
than you would think. A lot of
companies are not leaving it to
chance to see what David Davis and
Michel Barnier come up with in
October next year. The way the
school year falls obliges many of
them to have a plan B in place,
regardless of whether the final
outcome of the negotiations
requires them to open a separate
office in the EU or not.?
The irony is that, while London
has decades of experience in
offering schools catering for the
children of European, Asian and
American finance professionals,
those now seeking to take business
from it do not.
There are already signs of
pressure on places. Frankfurt has 12
international schools that conduct
lessons in English and follow
international study programmes.
These offer only 10,000 places and
anecdotal evidence suggests that
banks looking to move staff to the
city are being asked to make upfront
payments to ensure the children of
their employees will be on the
register for the next academic year.
France appears to be thinking
about this issue more strategically
than many of its rivals. Three new
international schools are due to
open in the Paris region during the
next five years, while 蒬ouard
Philippe, the prime minister, said in
July that the government was
earmarking ?5 billion to create
20,800 new school places for
international students by 2027.
There is a precedent here. Several
big British companies changed their
domiciles in 2008 and 2009 after
Gordon Brown sought to wring
more tax from them by clamping
down on the so-called controlled
foreign companies regime. Most
moved to Switzerland, where they
were joined by big names from the
hedge fund sector. By 2011, Geneva?s
finance minister was telling the
British-Swiss Chamber of
Commerce that it had no more
school places for British and other
international students.
Ironically, all this may play into
Dublin?s hands. The sheer number of
flights between the Irish capital and
Britain mean it is likely to be the
No 1 location for those employers
happy for their staff to commute
while maintaining a home ? and
precious school places ? in the UK.
Ian King is business presenter for Sky
News. Ian King Live is broadcast at
6.30pm from Monday to Thursday
Alexandra Frean is away
42
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Business
?We?ll pay bonus out
of our own pockets?
Deirdre Hipwell Retail Editor
The two men behind the Superdry
fashion chain plan to fund a new staff
bonus scheme that could result in
� million being shared among the
retailer?s 4,500 employees worldwide.
Julian Dunkerton and James Holder,
both of whom are multimillionaires,
said that they wanted to share their
wealth and have pledged to distribute a
fifth of any share price gain they make
once Super Group?s stock price has
passed an �-a-share threshold.
If the chain hits the target by
September 30, 2020, any cash or share
awards will be shared between all
permanently employed full-time and
part-time employees at Supergroup.
The company said that each �increase
over the �-a-share threshold would
result in the co-founders putting
� million into the fund for all colleagues.
Under the three-year plan, if the
share price did happen to increase by �over the threshold target, a store
manager could be in line for a �,000
bonus, while senior leaders in the
business could take home �,000.
Payouts for executive team members
would start at �0,000, while the most
junior staff in the retailer?s head office
could be line for �000 bonus cheques.
Staff would have to have been
employed for at least 18 months to
participate in the scheme, which would
be on top of any existing pay and bonus
arrangements. Any payouts under the
new scheme would take place in two
separate vesting periods in 2021 and
2022.
Mr Dunkerton and Mr Holder, who
own nearly 27 per cent and 10.55 per
cent of Supergroup?s shares, respectively, are funding the entire scheme.
Euan Sutherland, chief executive of
Supergroup, and Nick Wharton, the
chain?s chief financial officer, will not
participate in the scheme.
One investor in Supergroup, who
declined to be named, said: ?The key
issue here is the stock has never been as
high as � let alone �, so who knows
if this will ever pay out, but it is a good
scheme. It [the scheme] aligns creating
shareholder value with rewarding and
retaining the best people to help to
grow the brand.
?It is also very good of the founders to
fund this scheme. Even though they are
only theoretically funding it at the
moment, it is still generous.?
Supergroup floated at �in 2010 and
hit a high of �.50 in 2011, but it has
never broken the �-a-share mark.
Yesterday its shares closed up slightly at
�.65 a share.
Mr Dunkerton said: ?James and I
passionately believe that the success of
the Superdry brand is down to the combined work of all of our people. As the
founders of the business we remain significant investors and it is important to
us that we share our on-going success
with all colleagues.?
CITY PEOPLE
The feuds, the faces and the farcical
Dominic Walsh @walshdominic
the rock, its anniversary and
those in glass houses . . .
Most bankers and officials
associated with the financial crisis
have kept their heads down as the
ten-year anniversary has been
reached. So well done to JayneAnne Gadhia, chief executive of
Virgin Money, who has been
generous with her reminiscences
about the events of a decade ago,
when Northern Rock effectively
went bust. She appeared on Radio
4?s The Reunion about the firm?s
failure, and yesterday?s Today
programme. Mind you, perhaps it is
easier for her to pontificate on the
Rock as she was not actually at the
ringside when it went down. In fact,
Ms Gadhia had been working at
Royal Bank of Scotland, under none
other than Fred-the-Shred
Goodwin.
a 19th hole and nothing else
Gleneagles is to launch an outpost
in London. OK, so it won?t have the
championship golf courses, spa,
plush bedrooms or spectacular
Highland views. But the
proposed Gleneagles
private members? club
in Mayfair will have
three restaurants,
four bars and
event space,
while giving members the
Business big shot
name lisa
francis
age 46
position chief
executive,
barclays private
bank, uk and ire
T
he investment banking
division of Barclays has
provided a string of senior
executives for the main bank, and
with the appointment of the new
head of the lender?s British and
Irish private banking unit, it has
again looked to its City-facing
business (Harry Wilson writes).
Lisa Francis, the private bank?s new
head, led corporate foreign
exchange sales and distribution.
Ms Francis is the Barclays
representative to the 30 per cent
Club, which aims to ensure a
minimum female
representation of
30 per cent on the
boards of FTSE 100
companies. She has
worked in
banking for more
than 20 years
including a
lengthy stint at
Royal Bank
of Scotland.
opportunity to indulge in country
sports through tie-ups with local
equestrian and falconry schools.
Ennismore, the owner of
Gleneagles and the trendy Hoxton
Hotels chain, confirmed that it had
applied for permission to convert a
grade I listed former office building
in Grafton Street for a project
costing ?several million pounds?.
getting a front row seat
Was Bob Mackenzie, the former AA
chairman, trying to catch the eye of
England rugby management in his
physical altercation with Mike
Lloyd, the head of insurance? The
incident, which led to Mr
Mckenzie?s dismissal, took place at a
company gathering at the Pennyhill
Park Hotel, the England team?s base
in Surrey. Such a confrontational
approach may not have been
deemed appropriate by the AA, but
Eddie Jones, the England head
coach, had no such qualms when
selecting the equally combative
Dylan Hartley as his captain.
are you sitting comfortably?
Harald Kr黦er, chief executive of
BMW, stole the biennial Frankfurt
Motor Show two years ago when he
fainted on stage, left. No such
performance this year: he took the
precaution of doing his big showopening presentation sitting down.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
43
2GM
Business
JD Sports celebrates rapid return to form
Deirdre Hipwell Retail Editor
In a classic case of under-promising
and over-delivering, interim profits at
JD Sports have jumped to a record high,
despite the retailer warning in June of
?pressure on margins?.
JD Sports said yesterday that its pretax profits were up by a third at
�2.7 million on revenue that rose by
41 per cent to �36 billion after strong
performances from all its businesses,
especially overseas.
The fashion-led sportswear seller
also said that it expected full-year
profits to be at the upper end of its predicted range of between �8 million
and �0 million.
It was a notable return to form for a
company that, until recently, had been
a stock market favourite. Its share price
tumbled by 10 per cent in June after it
mused that its comparative sales
?might not be truly meaningful? until
the end of the first half, blaming the late
falling of Eid, the Muslim festival, and
weak comparisons with last year and
the Euro 2016 football tournament.
Yesterday, however, JD Sports?
shares rose by 9 per cent to close 30緋
up at 373紁 as the group offered something of a mea culpa.
Peter Cowgill, executive chairman of
JD Sports, said yesterday: ?Truthfully,
[the June statement] was a bad
announcement in the sense that we
tried to be overly transparent and we
were excessively wordy about a period
that was difficult to read.
?We didn?t know how our sales would
compare with the sales last year from
the Euro championship and we were
right in the middle of Eid, which is very
important for us.
?It was a strange time and we tried to
be transparent and it backfired. It also
came at a time when there were all
these reports about [a slowdown at]
Nike, which hit all the sportswear trade.
It was a bad one [announcement] and
we shouldn?t have done it and it won?t
happen again.?
Market analysts said that JD Sports
appeared to be back on form, with halfyear like-for-like sales in its core JD and
Size? stores rising by 3 per cent in the
UK and Ireland and by 7 per cent across
mainland Europe.
Mr Cowgill said: ?We try not to be too
arrogant or complacent, but we offer a
JD Sports share price
500p
400
300
200
100
0
2008 10
12
14
16
great consumer experience. The
[sportswear] brands are receptive to
that and we are in the fortunate position that all new [sportswear] releases,
particularly footwear, are made
through JD.
?We are the place where they want to
launch their newest and most premium
Lynch places
his bet on a
new unicorn
Five-a-side
centres on
defensive
over sales
Alex Ralph
I
f it is, indeed, a game of
two halves, then Goals
Soccer Centres will be
hoping for a distinctly
better one to come
after underwhelming sales
at its older pitches
depressed its performance
in the first half of the year
(Greig Cameron writes).
Shares in the five-a-side
football operator dropped
by more than 9 per cent
yesterday after it reported a
25.7 per cent dip in pre-tax
profit to �6 million for the
six months to June.
That was partly because
of a drive to improve its
arenas and test a new
model, Clubhouse 2020, at
a small number of sites.
Those investments appear
to be bearing fruit, with
revenue up 2.2 per cent to
�.4 million and like-forlike sales rising 1.6 per cent.
Sales in the United States
have improved going into
the second half of the year,
however.
A third site will
be opened there in January
as part of a partnership
with City Football Group,
products and the consumer understands that.?
The executive added that JD Sports?
?brand influence? was also increasing
globally and overseas expansion was
becoming a key focus after its core domestic British business. By the end of
July, JD Sports had opened 23 more
stores across mainland Europe, had
entered the Australian market and had
launched additional shops in Malaysia.
JD Sports? gross margin was slightly
lower, as previously highlighted, which
it said was largely a result of higher cost
prices caused by the weakening of sterling after the Brexit vote.
The group has net cash of �2.7 million and will pay an interim dividend of
0.26p a share, up 4 per cent on this time
last year.
the owners of Manchester
City.
The group?s like-for-like
sales are expected to grow
further in the second half,
but at a slower rate than
anticipated. ?This is
principally due to some
clubs underperforming that
have not received the
required level of arena
investment. We are also
highly cautious about the
pressure on consumer
spending,? it said.
Football sales were up by
5.1 per cent at the 27 clubs
that have had five or more
of their arenas upgraded
with a new pitch and
lighting, but there was no
upturn at sites with four or
fewer revamps. The three
sites upgraded to the
Clubhouse 2020 model,
which involves food and
drink services, were said to
have lifted sales by 8.1 per
cent in the ten weeks since
the start of July.
Paul Hickman, of Edison
Investment Research, said
the turnaround efforts
appeared to be working.
The shares fell 9絧 to
close at 94絧.
A billion-dollar technology fund
launched by Mike Lynch, the former
chief executive of Autonomy, the British-born software group, is backing a
fresh investment round in a medicines
data company.
Invoke Capital is one of the investors
backing a $30 million fundraising by
Sophia Genetics, which is being led by
Balderton Capital, a London-based
venture capital fund.
Sophia uses artificial intelligence to
speed-up diagnosis for patients with
cancer and congenital disorders. The
Swiss-based company, which boasts
operations in Cambridge, has signed up
more than 330 hospitals in 53 countries,
including nine in the UK, and its software is used to diagnose more than
8,000 patients a month. It is targeting
hospitals that still rely on ?undersupported? open source software or
which build expensive in-house teams.
The investment from Invoke comes
after the fund led a $13.75 million round
in 2014. Dr Lynch said that the
technology would help to personalise
treatments and to provide insights into
tumours akin to a ?reading over a poker
player?s shoulders?.
Invoke, which owns about a quarter
of Sophia, said that the company was on
track to reach a $1 billion valuation and
so-called unicorn status. The latest
round values it in the region of
$100 million.
Ashtead to join hurricane clean-up Ryanair parks more aircraft
Marcus Leroux
Ashtead expects its construction
equipment to be in demand in the
United States in the aftermath of
hurricanes Harvey and Irma.
Shares in the group, which hires out
diggers, generators and scaffolding,
rose 75p to �.59 yesterday after it
revealed a 24 per cent rise in first-quarter profit that beat City expectations.
Geoff Drabble, chief executive, said
that it was too early to accurately assess
the impact of Harvey and Irma on
Ashtead?s business, but that it would
result in increased demand.
?As a minimum, we expect that the
impact will help to underpin the current market assumptions in our 2021
plan,? he said. ?There will now be a significant clean-up programme, where
our scale, breadth of fleet and experiences in similar events will be a major
asset.?
Jane Sparrow, an analyst at Barclays,
noted that Texas and Florida, the states
affected by the storms, were strong
markets for Ashtead, with market share
above its American average of 7 per
cent. She added that the company had
the ability to move equipment from
other regions, unlike local players.
Ashstead?s underlying rental revenue, stripping out the boost from a
weaker sterling, rose 17 per cent to
�9 million, while sales at Sunbelt
Rentals, its dominant American division accounting for 87 per cent of revenue, rose 15 per cent to �3 million.
Sunbelt is the No 2 equipment rental
busienss in the United States.
RBC analysts, who rate Ashtead as
?outperform?, said: ?Whilst management is clearly taking a cautious view
on forward forecasts and the potential
impact of the hurricane season, it is
clear that momentum is strong in the
business and that risks to earnings
remain firmly on the upside.?
United Rentals Inc, which has more
exposure to the oil and gas sector, reported better-than-expected results for
the quarter to June 30 as underlying
rates improved.
Ashtead shares have gained more
than 35 per cent since the US election
amid expectations that President
Trump will deliver on his plans to spend
$1 trillion on new or improved roads
and bridges, although this has yet to be
put into action.
UBS said that the results confirmed
an ?improving trend?.
on Lufthansa?s front lawn
Graeme Paton Transport Correspondent
The ever-combative Ryanair stepped
up its assault on the German market
yesterday by unveiling 30 new routes
from the country?s busiest airport.
The budget airline said that three
more aircraft would be based at Frankfurt from next summer, taking its total
presence at the hub to ten at a cost of
around $1 billion.
It represents a further encroachment
on to Lufthansa?s home turf just as the
German flag carrier positions itself to
acquire large parts of Air Berlin, further
strengthening its grip over the country.
Ryanair has attacked German aviation
authorities for presiding over a ?stitch-
up? over the insolvent Air Berlin, which
could lead to Lufthansa boosting its
share of the country?s total aviation
market to 60 per cent. Last month, the
company said that Germany was
turning into the ?banana republic of
European aviation?.
Ryanair has been keen to expand in
Germany because of the sheer demand
for flights to many southern European
holiday destinations already served by
the airline around Greece, Spain and
Portugal. Last week, it announced that
it had opened its tenth base in Germany
at Memmingen, Bavaria.
Ryanair carried 126.2 million passengers in the last 12 months, more than
any other European airline.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
45
2GM
Business
ALAMY
Navy robot ships are on the horizon, says Rolls-Royce
US senators want inquiry
into Equifax share sales
Rolls-Royce has unveiled plans for an
autonomous naval vessel with a range
of 3,500 nautical miles. The engineer
said that its new ship would be able to
operate at sea for more than 100 days,
would displace 700 tonnes and reach
speeds above 25 knots. The 60 metrelong vessel is designed to perform a
range of single-role missions, such as
patrol and surveillance, mine
detection or fleet-screening.
Benjamin Thorp, general manager
naval electrics, automation and
control at Rolls-Royce, said: ?RollsRoyce is seeing interest from major
navies in autonomous, rather than
remote-controlled, ships. Over the
A group of US senators has called for
federal authorities to investigate
Equifax over stock sales by company
executives ?within days? of a massive
cyberattack and before the data
breach affecting up to 143 million
Americans and tens of millions of
Britons had been publicly disclosed.
In a joint letter to the Securities and
Exchange Commission, the US
Department of Justice and the
Federal Trade Commission, the 36
senators referred to reports of such
share sales as ?disturbing? and urged
a thorough inquiry into possible
violations of insider-trading laws.
Businesses struggle to
find skilled employees
Half of UK businesses have faced
skills or labour shortages in the past
year and are struggling to fill them by
recruiting locally, a new report claims.
The British Chambers of Commerce
found that 8 per cent of businesses
had responded by actively targeting
foreign workers, a result it said
challenged ?the myth that UK firms
are ignoring local workers in favour of
overseas labour?. Two fifths of
businesses have EU employees and
were worried about the negative
impact of post-Brexit restrictions.
next ten years or so, Rolls-Royce
expects to see the introduction of
medium-sized unmanned platforms,
particularly in leading navies, as the
concept of mixed manned and
unmanned fleets develops.?
North Sea oil sell-off clears waters for energy merger
Sellafield workers set to strike over pay dispute
About 3,000 workers at the Sellafield
nuclear waste site in Cumbria are to
go on strike in a dispute over pay.
The GMB union announced the
one-day walkout for September 27
after voting for industrial action in
protest at a below-inflation 1.5 per
cent pay offer. It accused Sellafield
management of being ?intransigent
and petulant?. A spokesman for
Sellafield, above, said that a nostrings-attached 1.5 per cent pay rise
was fair and reasonable and that the
Prospect union, which had collective
bargaining rights for more than half
the workforce, had accepted the offer.
He added: ?Our focus, as always, will
be to ensure the site remains safe.?
The meerkats? market
debut is put on hold
The owner of Compare
the Market, the price
comparison website
whose meerkat
advertising has been a hit
with customers, is
delaying its planned
flotation until next year
(Katherine Griffiths
writes).
BGL Group said in
January last year that it
was considering a
flotation that analysts
believed could value it at
about �billion. Yesterday
Matthew Donaldson,
chief executive, said that
the plan was being pushed
into 2018. BGL, which
also owns eaglestreet.com,
an online life insurer,
Junction, an affinity
partnerships business, and
the Budget Insurance and
Dial Direct brands, lifted
pre-tax profit by a fifth in
the year to June 30. Total
customer numbers
increased to more than
8.5 million.
Price comparison sites,
which allow consumers to
compare the prices of
everything from
insurance policies to
credit card balance
transfers and utility
contracts, have boomed
over the past decade.
However, some have
shown signs of slower
growth amid fierce
competition. The
Peterborough-based BGL
was founded in 1992 and
is owned by two South
African families.
Chemicals giant agrees
to adjust business mix
Activist investors were
claiming victory last night
after the giant chemicals
group formed from the
$130 billion merger of
Dow Chemical and
DuPont agreed to revise
the structure of its plan to
split itself into three
(Dominic Walsh writes).
DowDuPont is set to
split into businesses
focusing on agriculture,
specialty chemicals and
materials, but investors
including Nelson Peltz, at
Trian Partners, Daniel
Loeb, of Third Point, and
Glenview Capital
Management had urged it
to rethink the way the
operations were allocated
to release $20 billion of
additional value for
investors. DowDuPont
said that, after a review
led by McKinsey, the
consultancy, it would
move businesses with
annual sales of more than
$8 billion from materials
sciences to specialty
chemicals, including
water purification and
automotive systems.
Trian described it as a
great outcome for
shareholders, while
Glenview said that still
left the company
significantly undervalued.
Andrew Liveris,
DowDuPont executive
chairman, said that the
materials science and
speciality products
companies would be
?well-positioned to better
anticipate and meet
customer needs?.
The competition watchdog has
approved the �2 billion merger of
Wood Group and Amec Foster
Wheeler after accepting the
companies? offer to sell off North Sea
oil and gas assets.
The Competition and Markets
Authority said that the sale of almost
all of Amec Foster Wheeler?s
upstream offshore oil and gas
business in Britain would ensure
competitive bids for customers in the
North Sea in future. The watchdog
had expressed concerns about the
impact of the merger on competition
in the supply of engineering,
construction, operation and
maintenance services.
Kate Collyer, the CMA?s deputy
chief economic adviser, said: ?It is
crucial that competition is
maintained in this major UK industry.
We have therefore conducted a
thorough investigation into this
merger and believe that the sale of
Amec Foster Wheeler?s assets will
address our concerns.?
The purchaser of Amec Foster
Wheeler?s assets must be approved by
the regulator.
46
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
1GM
Business Unit Trusts
The Times unit trust information service
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
For Abbey National see Santander
For Allchurches see Ecclesiastical
ALLIANZ GLOBAL INVESTORS
Inv Serv: 020 7065 1400 Helpline: 0800 317 573
Gilt Yield A ?@
Strategic Bond Fund ?@
UK Corp Bond C ?@
UK Eqty C ?@
UK Eqty Inc A ?@
UK Gwth A ?@
UK Index A Inc ?@
UK Mid Cap A ?@
180.50
151.41
104.79
6317.26
289.94
5623.79
1423.81
4805.18
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.92
-0.26
-0.78
-14.91
-0.55
-30.47
-5.83
-12.40
1.35
0.86
3.87
3.28
4.11
1.42
3.01
0.32
1632.82
111.18
105.93
375.11
29.14
263.14
130.49
97.90
103.85
85.70
439.54
241.75
76.19
89.88
100.46
61.24
100.27
60.93
567.30
1681.63
612.36
+2.19
-0.31
-0.29
-0.53
-0.03
+0.10
+0.25
+0.18
+0.07
-0.02
-0.97
-0.53
?
-0.20
+0.01
+0.01
+0.01
?
-1.01
-3.73
-0.73
1.78
0.76
0.76
0.83
0.46
0.84
3.48
3.58
?
5.57
3.76
3.87
4.24
?
3.44
3.52
3.44
3.50
1.67
0.98
1.52
AXA FRAMLINGTON UNIT MGMT LTD
Dling: 0845 602 1952 Priv Clients: 0845 777 5511
Equity Inc ?@
572.40
Gilt Acc @
201.30
Gilt Inc @
74.35
Health Acc ?@
1885.00
Jap Smlr Co Ac @
62.56
Managed Inc ?@
146.00
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
263.50
UK Growth Inc ?@
208.20
UK Select Opps Inc ?@ 1889.00
UK Sml Cos Inc ?@
279.00
?
211.80
78.24
?
66.09
?
?
?
?
?
-2.70
+0.10
-0.39
-6.00
-0.19
-0.10
-0.40
-0.50
?
+0.30
4.43
1.08
1.09
?
0.30
5.17
4.40
1.51
1.14
0.05
AXA FUND MANAGERS LTD
Admin & Enq 0117 989 0808
AXA Trusts
Gen Acc ?@
Gen Inc ?@
2101.00
1079.00
?
?
+6.00
-2.00
2.64
2.70
UK/Global Investment Companies
Euro Acc A ?@
Extra Inc Inc B ?@
Global Gwth Acc R ?@
Japan Acc A ?@
Pac Gwth Acc A ?@
254.10
91.02
203.20
152.00
457.30
?
?
?
?
?
148.50
550.80
558.90
232.30
1.63
2.25
0.97
1.27
1.84
150.80
?
567.40
235.90
-0.80
-1.20
-2.30
-0.90
0.32
1.22
1.53
4.38
CLOSE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD
0870 606 6402
Beacon Inv ?
84.88
?
+0.35
0.01
Dealing: 020 7426 6232
Winchester ?
2728.46
?
-12.53
1.16
EDENTREE INV MGMT LTD
0800 358 3010
Amity European A ?
Amity International A ?
Amity Sterling Bond A ?
Amity UK A Inc ?
Higher Income A ?
UK Equity Growth A ?
279.00
267.40
108.70
235.50
137.30
278.70
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.60
-0.90
-0.10
-0.30
-0.20
-0.50
1.45
1.20
4.72
1.39
4.26
1.26
Corporate Bond ?@
Ethical ?@
European ?@
Far Eastern ?
Fund of Inv Tst ?@
Intl Gwth ?
Japanese ?
North Amer ?
Smaller Cos ?@
Special Sits ?@
UK Equity Inc ?@
UK FTSE 100 IT ?@
UK FTSE All-S IT ?@
UK Growth ?@
Yld
%
2242.00
28.18
3668.00
1848.00
149.50
352.40
51.69
327.60
78.16
37.62
104.63
3809.00
69.75
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
327.60
?
?
?
?
72.18
-15.00
-0.05
-9.00
-5.00
+0.20
-1.60
-0.23
-0.10
-0.14
-0.14
-0.35
-5.00
+0.53
1.15
3.09
0.05
?
0.08
?
3.84
0.21
2.85
2.92
2.37
0.91
0.44
?
?
?
?
?
?
15.26
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
35.84
78.31
88.58
102.30
110.80
83.99
58.52
83.04
109.50
47.88
84.32
58.42
66.64
77.59
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.11
+0.24
-0.35
?
+0.60
+0.14
-0.42
+0.51
-0.20
-0.52
-0.23
-0.21
-0.22
-0.23
Amer Ind Acc ?@
Amer Ind Inc ?@
Euro Ind Acc ?@
Euro Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 100 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Acc ?@
FTSE 250 Ind Inc ?@
FTSE All-S Acc ?@
FTSE All-S Inc ?@
Jap Ind Acc ?@
Jap Ind Inc ?@
Pac Ind Acc ?@
Pac Ind Inc ?@
480.40
412.20
877.10
631.00
221.50
122.00
259.20
178.40
568.10
348.00
114.50
97.69
375.70
267.10
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+2.70
+2.40
-3.60
-2.60
-0.80
-0.50
-0.70
-0.50
-1.90
-1.20
-0.80
-0.64
-1.00
-0.70
Balanced Acc ?@
213.90
Balanced Inc ?@
143.20
Corp Bd Acc ?@
281.70
Corp Bd Inc ?@
126.00
Gilt & Fd Int Acc ?@
467.70
Gilt & Fd Int Inc ?@
73.96
Income Acc ?@
653.70
Income Inc ?@
331.80
Monthly Inc Acc ?@
299.00
Monthly Inc Inc ?@
150.60
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Acc ?@134.90
UK Grth & Inc Ret B Inc ?@72.71
UK Gth & Inc Acc ?@
134.90
UK Gth & Inc Inc ?@
72.71
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.30
-0.20
-0.90
-0.40
-2.30
-0.37
-1.20
-0.60
-0.70
-0.40
-0.20
-0.12
-0.20
-0.12
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
Cautious Managed A Acc ?@425.41
Cautious Managed A Inc ?@280.67
Diversified Growth A Acc ?@132.81
Diversified Growth A Inc ?@145.27
Diversified Income A Acc ?@302.78
Diversified Income A Inc ?@80.28
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc ?@121.48
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Acc Gross ?@125.82
Emerging Mkts Blended Debt A Inc ?@95.62
Emerging Mkts Equity A Acc ?@148.27
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Acc ?@190.68
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt A Inc ?@103.38
Emrg Mkts Local Curr Debt Gross I Acc ?@220.49
Enhanced Natural Resources A Acc ?@117.43
Global Bond A Acc ?@
139.30
Global Bond A Inc ?@
109.33
Global Bond I Gross Inc ?@1167.00
Global Dynamic A Acc ?@ 147.82
Global Energy A Acc ?@ 179.96
Global Equity A Acc ?@ 149.89
Global Franchise A Acc ?@193.92
Global Free Enterprise A Acc ?@871.60
Global Gold A Acc ?@
136.86
Global Special Situations A Acc ?@257.92
Global Special Situations A Inc ?@203.65
Managed Growth A Acc ?@231.80
Monthly High Income A Acc ?@221.71
Monthly High Income A Inc ?@70.63
Multi-Asset Protector A Acc ?@173.32
Strategic Bond A Acc ?@ 244.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 119.47
Target Return A Acc ?@ 107.52
Target Return A Inc ?@ 94.79
UK Alpha A Acc ?@
2437.89
UK Blue Chip A Acc ?@ 770.11
UK Smaller Companies A Acc ?@4463.24
UK Smaller Companies A Inc ?@4086.23
UK Special Situations A Acc ?@1200.57
UK Special Situations A Inc ?@468.11
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.48
-0.31
-0.24
-0.26
+0.04
+0.01
-0.92
+0.20
-0.74
-0.01
-1.97
-1.07
-0.05
-0.47
+4.03
+3.00
+29.78
-0.26
-0.27
-0.17
-0.62
-0.86
-4.11
+0.58
+0.46
-0.36
+0.13
+0.04
-0.10
+0.19
+0.09
-0.07
-0.06
-9.46
+3.15
+3.74
+3.42
-0.15
-0.06
?
?
0.83
0.87
3.84
5.02
4.35
4.21
6.07
0.36
4.89
6.67
?
0.57
0.83
0.82
1.26
0.27
1.39
0.43
1.68
0.24
?
?
?
0.28
5.16
6.55
0.16
1.94
3.31
0.54
0.52
1.05
1.67
0.96
0.98
1.62
1.66
For ISIS Asset Mgmt see F&C Fd Mgmt Ltd (OEICS)
Multi-Man Tst A Inc ?@
Nat Resources ?@
New Europe A ?@
Portfolio ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
Stg Corp Bd A Inc ?@
UK Act 350 A Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Acc ?@
UK Dynamic Inc ?@
UK Equity A Acc ?@
UK Equity A Inc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Acc ?@
UK Eqy & Bd Inc Inc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Acc ?@
UK Higher Inc A Inc ?@
UK Sm Cos A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Acc ?@
UK Str Eq Inc A Inc ?@
US A Acc ?@
US Sm Cos A Acc ?@
Sell
Buy
+/-
Yld
%
884.50
587.00
213.80
257.20
93.91
56.88
199.00
193.80
153.70
401.90
46.44
165.20
90.53
1041.00
551.60
448.20
184.10
111.60
959.40
561.70
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-1.00
-3.00
-1.90
+0.50
-0.33
-0.19
-2.20
?
?
+0.60
+0.07
-0.30
-0.17
-4.00
-1.80
+0.60
?
?
+6.40
+1.90
0.69
?
1.77
0.64
1.88
1.90
?
1.36
1.37
3.45
3.49
3.27
3.34
4.25
4.40
0.64
3.43
3.51
?
?
JUPITER UT MGRS LTD
020 7581 3020
Absolute Return @
55.41
Distribution and Growth @132.47
Emg Euro Opps @
213.06
Euro Special Sits @
427.87
European @
2082.31
Financial Opps @
591.22
Income Trust @
554.36
Merlin Bal (Acc) @
178.59
Merlin Gwth (Acc) @
394.14
Merlin Inc (Acc) @
293.71
Merlin Wwide (Inc) @
283.75
UK Growth @
327.84
UK Special Sits (Inc) @ 187.53
Sell
American Index Retail Acc ?@480.40
American Index Retail Inc ?@412.20
Asian Gth Acc ?@
151.00
Asian Gth Inc ?@
135.30
Chinese Eq Acc ?@
556.10
Chinese Eq Inc ?@
473.30
Euro Gth Acc ?@
861.40
Euro Gth Inc ?@
749.40
58.52
140.48
225.81
451.88
2193.56
623.94
585.50
188.59
415.46
310.88
298.65
347.38
198.64
-0.23
-0.44
-2.50
-1.95
-14.11
+0.05
-1.12
+0.22
+0.12
+0.42
-0.19
-0.65
-0.32
?
3.77
1.42
0.58
?
0.26
3.71
1.74
?
2.84
?
1.20
1.12
Growth Fd Acc @
-0.16
-0.40
-7.00
-0.03
-1.40
+0.70
-0.02
+0.01
?
?
+2.80
-0.60
-0.10
-12.00
?
?
+2.40
2.78
?
0.83
3.25
3.05
?
4.49
3.79
3.18
3.37
?
0.51
0.77
1.10
3.25
3.34
0.25
+2.70
+2.40
+0.80
+0.70
+4.20
+3.60
-2.30
-2.00
1.45
1.47
0.50
?
0.51
?
0.83
0.82
322.55
262.17
393.13
99.69
403.88
475.71
331.53
83.98
275.04
49.06
130.89
71.96
95.54
498.71
756.24
628.94
340.42
276.69
414.92
?
426.26
502.07
349.90
88.64
290.28
51.78
138.15
76.96
100.84
526.34
798.14
663.79
-3.34
-0.93
-1.40
-0.89
-3.57
-4.21
-3.09
-0.29
-0.92
-0.03
-0.06
+0.17
-0.11
-2.81
+1.64
+1.36
?
1.52
1.49
4.77
2.18
2.24
0.12
?
4.32
0.94
0.66
?
0.58
1.34
0.15
0.21
INSIGHT INVESTMENT FDS MANAGEMENT LTD
Client Servs: 0800 124 314
Insight Investment Global Investment Funds
Mthly Inc Bd Inc ?@
Mthly Inc Bd N Inc ?@
48.44
91.99
?
?
+0.10
+0.19
Insigt Investment Portfolio Fund
Insight Investment Multi-Manager Funds (0800)
96.05
93.79
?
?
-0.32
-0.36
UK Str Inc N/Trl ?@
555.92
?
-0.99
3.12
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
+0.59
-0.33
-1.54
-1.86
-5.79
-0.01
-0.09
+0.34
-0.16
+0.90
+0.04
1.99
3.18
3.39
3.63
3.23
0.06
4.59
1.81
1.95
0.28
?
INVESCO PERPETUAL Funds
Childrens Acc ?@
450.45
Corp Bond Acc ?@
201.48
High Income Inc ?@
457.74
Income & Grth Inc ?@
435.75
Income Inc ?@
1790.90
Money Acc ?@
90.38
Monthly Inc Plus Inc ?@ 112.20
UK Aggressive Inc ?@
197.23
UK Growth Acc ?@
653.50
UK Sml Cos Eqty Acc ?@ 1195.18
UK Sml Cos Gwth ?@
82.54
American A Acc ?@
337.56
Asia ex Japan A Acc ?@ 624.55
Capital Accumulator A Acc ?@235.93
0.01
?
0.26
0.14
0.12
INVESCO FUND MGRS LTD
Dling: 0800 085 8571 Inv Serv: 0800 085 8677
Brkr Serv: 0800 028 2121
INVESCO Funds
Amer Spec Sits ?@
American ?@
Euro Opps ?@
+1.00
-3.00
-1.50
?
4.21
?
?
?
-0.63
+0.14
-0.02
0.12
0.72
1.13
50.99
High Income
High Income Acc
UK 100 Comp Acc
UK 100 Cos
UK Select Pflo
UK Selection Port Acc
Worldwide Mgd Acc ?
Wwide Mgd ?
118.30
263.90
371.10
217.70
352.60
631.70
812.00
507.60
118.30
263.90
371.10
217.70
352.60
631.70
?
?
-8.00
-2.70
-1.70
2.12
2.15
1.80
-0.65
?
+0.40
+1.10
+1.80
+1.00
+1.70
+3.10
+4.30
+2.70
3.06
2.98
3.16
3.25
3.49
3.44
0.61
0.17
MORGAN STANLEY INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
Enquires: 0800 0961 962
The Morgan Stanley Funds (UK)
Class A Shares
Equity
?
?
?
+4.24
-45.34
-0.02
1.25
1.11
1.66
?
?
?
-6.10
-3.80
?
2.03
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.40
-0.30
-0.90
-0.10
-0.70
+0.10
?
2.65
1.89
5.60
2.99
3.30
2.50
2.55
-6.38
-0.25
+1.16
+0.43
-9.65
-0.38
+9.03
-2.08
-7.28
-1.01
1.61
0.99
0.16
0.56
1.58
0.99
0.21
2.88
?
2.95
Fixed Income
Stg Corp Bd A Acc ?@
UK Ind Lnkd A Acc ?@
UK Long Bd A Acc ?@
SANTANDER UNIT TST MGRS
08457 413002
Bal Pfolio Inc ?@
Bal Port Gwth Acc ?@
Equity Inc Inc ?@
N&P UK Gwth Inc ?@
Stkmkt 100 Tkr ?@
UK Growth Acc ?@
UK Growth Inc ?@
109.70
200.50
217.60
181.20
212.40
388.60
246.60
1488.84
533.11
579.53
41.85
2253.63
814.27
1912.49
1309.15
1227.65
636.30
1571.33
562.65
611.64
41.85
2378.50
859.39
2018.46
1381.69
1295.67
671.56
SCOTTISH WIDOWS UNIT TRUST MGRS
0845 300 2244
Authorised Inv Funds (OEICs)
OEIC A Class
Managed Investment Funds
Bal Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Acc ?@
Caut Port A Inc ?@
Opps Port A Acc ?@
Prog Port A Acc ?@
200.00
184.80
140.70
220.50
215.90
?
?
?
?
?
0.51
1.05
1.06
0.45
0.47
2452.00
?
+9.00
0.90
317.50
189.90
?
?
+1.50
+0.90
2.74
2.81
-3.40
-1.50
+1.00
+0.10
+0.04
+1.20
+0.40
+0.07
-0.50
-0.30
+1.00
+4.00
2.21
2.24
1.18
5.47
5.63
3.76
3.86
?
3.32
3.37
2.65
1.63
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond A Acc ?@
318.00
Corp Bond A Inc ?@
130.50
Envir Invtr A Acc ?@
288.40
Hi Inc Bond A Ac ?@
230.70
Hi Inc Bond A Inc ?@
89.55
Hi Res A Acc ?@
357.50
Hi Res A Inc ?@
136.90
Safety Plus A Acc ?@
40.34
Strat Inc A Acc ?@
203.60
Strat Inc A Inc ?@
103.10
UK Gwth A Acc ?@
185.00
UK Sel Gwth A Acc ?@ 1943.00
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
OEIC B Class
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
All Stks Credit A Inc ?@ 136.30
Asian Div Inc U Trst Inc @108.69
Cautious Man Fd A Acc ?@263.20
Cautious Man Fd A Inc ?@154.00
China Opp Fund A Acc ?@1360.00
Emg Mkts Opps Fd A Acc ?@210.10
Erpn Grth Fund A Acc ?@ 241.00
Erpn Sel Opps Fd A Acc ?@1688.00
Erpn Spc Sits A Acc GBP ?@94.66
Erpn Spc Sits Fd I Acc EUR ?@4.84
Fix Int Mnthly Inc Fd Inc @ 22.52
Global Equity Income A Inc ?@61.29
Global Growth Fund Acc @2946.95
Global Tech A Acc ?@ 1546.00
M-Man Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@142.50
M-Man Active Fd A Acc ?@220.30
M-Man Inc Grth Fd A Acc ?@175.00
M-Man Inc Grth A Inc ?@ 154.90
Sterling Bond U Trst Acc @222.70
Sterling Bond U Trst Inc @ 66.54
Strategic Bond A Inc ?@ 127.60
UK Abs Ret Fd A Acc ?@ 156.50
UK Alpha Fund A Acc ?@ 146.70
UK Index Fund A Acc ?@ 610.50
UK Irsh Sm Co Fd A Acc ?@640.90
UK Property A Acc @
215.92
UK Property A Inc @
98.70
UK Tracker Fund A Acc ?@275.00
US Growth Fund A Acc ?@946.20
?
114.19
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
23.49
?
3073.89
?
?
?
?
?
232.31
69.41
?
?
?
?
?
227.28
103.89
?
?
-0.50
-0.12
-0.40
-0.30
+4.00
-0.60
-1.00
-4.00
-0.29
-0.07
-0.14
-0.03
+13.04
+15.00
-0.20
+0.10
+0.20
+0.10
-0.70
-0.21
-0.20
?
-0.10
-2.00
-1.60
-0.04
-0.02
-0.90
+3.50
2.33
6.30
3.06
3.12
?
0.56
0.88
0.55
1.05
1.52
5.08
3.18
?
?
0.07
0.38
2.05
2.08
2.07
2.10
4.32
?
1.08
1.68
?
3.09
3.15
1.61
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.30
+0.50
-0.60
-0.40
-5.00
+0.10
+0.03
-0.80
-0.70
+5.90
+2.00
-1.90
-1.00
0.23
0.16
0.71
0.05
1.07
5.66
5.86
0.44
0.44
1.07
?
?
0.68
JP MORGAN ASSET MGMT
OEIC
Asia A Acc ?@
200.30
Emerging Mkts ?@
224.10
Eur Dyn (ex-UK) A Acc ?@229.50
Euro Smllr Cos ?@
761.20
Europe A Acc ?@
1464.00
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Acc ?@ 110.30
Gbl Hi Yld Bd A Inc ?@
37.91
Gl ex-UK Bd A Acc ?@ 262.50
Gl ex-UK Bd A Inc ?@
204.20
Glb Fins A Acc ?@
1004.00
Global A Acc ?@
1315.00
Japan A Acc ?@
404.70
Multi-Man Tst A Acc ?@ 961.70
Euro Ind Inc @
Fixed Int Acc @
Fixed Int Dist @
Glob Gwth Acc @
Glob Health Acc @
Glob Tech Acc @
Gwth Tst Acc @
High Inc Acc @
Japan Ind Acc @
Pacific Ind Acc @
UK 100 Ind Acc @
UK Active Opps Acc @
UK Index Acc @
UK Index Dist @
US Ind Acc @
Worldwide Acc @
288.70
140.10
73.02
229.00
66.69
37.78
104.20
126.30
57.18
153.50
180.00
249.90
282.90
163.80
435.70
299.10
288.70
140.90
73.49
229.00
66.80
37.83
104.60
127.20
57.18
153.50
180.00
252.90
282.90
163.80
435.70
299.10
-1.20
-0.50
-0.27
+1.30
+0.33
+0.23
-0.40
+0.10
-0.38
+0.20
-0.60
-0.10
-0.90
-0.50
+3.50
-0.50
1.83
2.74
2.79
1.19
1.11
0.25
0.17
5.32
0.99
2.06
2.69
?
2.99
3.07
0.87
0.59
M & G SECURITIES
Enq: 0800 390 390 Dealing Line: 0800 328 3196
Authorised Inv Funds
Charifund Inc ?
1603.74
?
-3.95
4.57
-1.50
-1.39
0.48
0.48
-2.63
-0.51
+0.02
-1.94
-0.25
-0.02
-7.48
4.37
1.06
4.89
?
3.46
1.66
2.08
-0.12
-0.16
-0.42
-0.51
3.83
4.63
1.93
2.25
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 1
Euro Smlr Cos Acc ?@
Euro Smlr Cos Inc ?@
442.18
413.17
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 2
Extra Income Inc ?@
784.76
Gilt & Fxd Int Inc ?@
99.42
Gl Hi Yd Bd Inc ?@
51.43
Index Linked Bd Inc ?@ 143.85
Index Trckr Inc ?@
76.01
Short Dated Corp Bd Inc ?@25.95
UK Select A Inc ?@
2975.38
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 3
Corp Bd A Inc ?@
Dividend Inc ?@
Recovery A Inc ?@
Sml Cos Inc ?@
41.70
63.44
137.88
364.38
?
?
?
?
Sterling Class A Investment Funds 4
Episode Allocation A Inc ?@146.18
?
+0.32
2.19
UK Trkr B Acc ?@
UK Trkr B Inc ?@
+/-
Yld
%
105.17
262.11
248.21
278.73
224.95
231.55
99.21
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.26
-0.11
-0.10
-0.09
-0.29
-0.55
-0.24
2.39
1.10
1.11
1.36
2.77
2.85
2.89
UK Oseas Earns ?@
126.80
?
-0.44
2.07
113.00
151.00
80.10
?
?
?
-0.50
-0.60
-0.24
1.29
0.87
3.83
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.32
-0.04
-0.17
-0.17
-0.41
-0.41
+0.01
-0.65
-0.30
-0.32
-0.53
-0.56
-0.84
1.19
3.66
3.09
2.73
3.76
3.33
4.89
1.72
3.76
4.31
1.56
1.65
0.24
697.10
219.40
-1.90
+1.00
1.53
?
Managed Funds
Def Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Eqty & Bd Acc ?@
Mgd Income ?@
343.40
189.30
?
?
+1.60
+0.90
3.19
3.25
-3.50
-1.60
+1.00
+4.00
2.41
2.45
2.51
1.85
UK and Income Investment Funds
Corp Bond B Acc ?@
327.20
Corp Bond B Inc ?@
130.30
UK Gwth B Acc ?@
197.90
UK Sel Gwth B Acc ?@ 2021.00
?
?
?
?
Stg Bd Ret Inc ?@
Strat Bd Ret ?@
UK Corp Bond ?@
UK Corp Ret ?@
UK Eqty Inc Ret ?@
UK Gwth & Inc Ret ?@
UK Hi Yld Bd 1 ?@
UK Inst Acc ?@
UK Mnthly Extra Inc ?@
UK Mnthly Inc Ret ?@
UK Retail ?@
UK Sel Retail ?@
UK Smaller Cos ?@
57.96
47.53
62.77
62.67
97.94
93.71
43.43
159.79
82.23
76.84
139.54
130.97
338.47
For Resolution see Ignis
TU FUND MANAGERS LIMITED
British
European
662.30
210.70
* Yield expressed as CAR (Compound Annual Return);
? Ex dividend; ?Middle price; . . . No significant data. #
Periodic charge deducted from capital; @ Exit charge
British funds
Stock
Price
Int Yld Grs rd
(�) +/?
% yld
Index-linked
+0.60
-0.10
-0.10
+1.60
+1.30
Tracker and Specialist Investment Funds
JANUS HENDERSON INVESTORS
Investors Serv: 0800 832 832 Dlng: 0845 946 4646
Buy
THREADNEEDLE INVESTMENTS
Client Serv: 0800 0683000
Intermediary Serv: 0800 0684000
Institutional Shares (Class 2) (163500,000 min)
12 month
High
Low
Overseas Growth Investment Funds
UK Trkr A Acc ?@
UK Trkr A Inc ?@
Cautious A Inc ?@
Dynamic A Acc ?@
Dynamic A Inc ?@
Growth A Acc ?@
Income A Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Acc ?@
Sterling Bond Inc ?@
Sell
Retail Shares (Class 1)
2470.07
1350.60
1288.90
European Inc
Far Eastern Inc
Intl Growth Inc
Japanese Inc
Mutual European
Mutual Far Eastern
Mutual North Am
Mutual UK Eq
Nth American Inc
UK Equity Inc
2639.00
902.00
400.80
Yld
%
MARKS & SPENCER UNIT TRUST LTD
0808 005 5555
Equity Acc @
Equity Dist @
Euro Ind Acc @
IGNIS ASSET MGMT
Dlg: 0141 222 8282
American Gth Inc @
Balanced Growth @
Balanced Growth Acc @
Corporate Bond ?@
European Growth @
European Growth Acc @
Glob Gwth @
Higher Yield @
Higher Yield Acc @
Japan @
Managed @
Managed Trust @
Mngd Pfolio Inc @
Pacific Grth @
Smaller Comp @
Smaller Cos @
48.28
SCOTTISH MUTUAL INV MNGRS LTD
0141 248 6100
2616.00
893.80
400.80
+/-
MANEK INVESTMENT MGMT LTD
0844 800 9401
LEGAL & GENERAL (UT MGRS) LTD
Enquiries: 0870 050 0955 Dealing: 0870 050 0956
1.33
1.35
2.65
2.69
2.20
2.22
3.90
4.02
3.65
3.65
3.56
3.66
3.56
3.66
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
Buy
Eur (Ex UK) Eq A Acc ?@1310.92
Glob Brands A Acc ?@ 7760.74
UK Eq A Acc ?@
1184.53
HSBC Specialist Investment Funds (OEIC)
INVESTEC FUND MGRS
Broker Support and Dealing: 020 7597 1900
OEIC Series i,ii,iii, & iv
?
?
?
1.45
1.47
2.29
2.34
3.34
3.43
2.39
2.46
3.22
3.32
1.50
1.52
2.39
2.45
Sell
HSBC Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Share Class
FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL
Private Clnts 0800 414161 Broker Dlgs 0800 414181
1500.00
3644.00
514.80
3.33
0.70
1.81
1.89
0.31
1.42
1.31
1.04
0.95
1.44
4.17
2.77
2.63
2.77
HSBC GLOBAL ASSET MGMT (UK) LTD
Enq: 0845 745 6123 Dlg: 0845 745 6126 Mon-Fri 8-6
HSBC Index Tracker Investment Funds (OEIC)
Well Bldr Bal Acc ?@
Well Bldr Gwth Acc ?@
F & C FUND MANAGEMENT LTD (OEICS)
Enqs: 0870 601 6183 Dealing: 0870 601 6083
Share Class 1 - Retail
Corporate Bd ?@
59.27
Emerging Mkts ?@
124.70
Euro Gwth & Inc 1 ?@ 1029.00
Extra Inc Bond ?@
49.46
FTSE All-Shr Track ?@ 419.60
Global Gwth SC1 ?@
194.50
High Inc Trst @
14.50
Max Inc Bond ?@
49.42
Multi Man Caut ?@
70.41
Multi Man Distr ?@
60.44
North Amer ?@
486.40
Pacific Gwth ?@
438.30
Strategic Bd ?@
197.20
UK Equity ?@
3208.00
UK Gwth & Inc Acc 1 ?@ 658.50
UK Gwth & Inc Dist ?@ 234.70
UK Smaller Cos ?@
943.20
+/-
Eur Sel Gth A Acc ?@
-1.20
-0.45
+0.70
-1.10
+0.50
CIS UNIT MANAGERS LTD
08457 46 46 46
European Gwth @
Sus Leaders ?@
UK Growth @
UK Income @
Buy
HALIFAX INVESTMENT FUND MGRS LTD
01296 386 386
Authorised Inv Funds
Share Class `C
ARTEMIS FUND MGRS LTD
0800 092 2051
Authorised Inv Funds
Capital R Acc @
1546.24
Euro Opps R Acc @
105.28
Euro Opps R Inc @
100.31
European Growth R Acc @355.41
Global Energy R Acc @
27.45
Global Growth R Acc @ 249.36
Global Income R Acc @ 123.63
Global Income R Inc @
92.74
Global Select R Acc @
98.43
High Income R Inc @
80.56
Income R Acc @
414.55
Income R Inc @
228.00
Monthly Dist R Inc @
71.92
Strategic Assets R Acc @ 84.95
Strategic Bond R M Acc @ 94.78
Strategic Bond R M Inc @ 57.78
Strategic Bond R Q Acc @ 94.61
Strategic Bond R Q Inc @ 57.49
UK Growth R Acc @
536.53
UK Smaller Cos R Acc @ 1566.12
UK Special Sits R Acc @ 577.25
European ?@
Extra Income ?@
Glob Spec Sits ?@
Global Focus ?@
International ?@
Japan ?@
Moneybldr Bal ?@
Moneybldr Glob
Moneybldr Gwth ?@
Moneybldr Inc ?@
Moneybldr UK Ind ?@
Special Sits ?@
Wealthbuilder
Sell
104.49
110.25
375.17
129.66
375.56
120.33
124.07
142.23
130.82
381.91
162.05
155.79
279.61
150.12
179.47
175.22
185.39
171.11
177.31
209.86
209.26
206.26
279.39
218.70
225.36
263.05
264.78
281.36
101.10
107.17
368.78
123.39
361.70
114.80
116.91
132.77
121.58
359.19
147.76
141.90
257.58
134.83
161.03
155.61
162.56
148.24
151.89
179.64
176.95
171.51
231.25
176.93
181.37
208.77
204.60
214.78
Tr IL 1N% 2017 * 101.17
Tr IL 0V% 19
107.21
Tr IL 2K% 20
370.13
Tr IL 1Y% 2022 * 124.26
Tr IL 2K% 24
370.13
Tr IL 0V% 24
116.47
Tr IL 0V% 26
119.23
Tr IL 1N% 2027 * 135.65
Tr IL 0V% 29
124.91
Tr IL 4V% 30
370.91
Tr IL 1N% 2032 * 152.52
Tr IL 0O% 34
146.90
Tr IL 2% 35
269.94
Tr IL 0V% 36
140.75
Tr IL 1V% 2037 * 167.52
Tr IL 0X% 40
162.81
Tr IL 0X% 42 * 171.18
Tr IL 0V% 44
157.08
Tr IL 0V% 46
161.71
Tr IL 0O% 2047 * 190.75
Tr IL 0K% 50 * 189.04
Tr IL 0N% 52
184.60
Tr IL 1N% 2055 * 248.54
Tr IL 0V% 56
192.51
Tr IL 0V% 58 * 197.84
Tr IL 0W% 62
229.57
Tr IL 0V% 65
227.94
Tr IL 0V% 68
240.00
+ .06
? .13
? .51
? .54
?2.20
? .72
?1.04
?1.37
?1.52
?4.46
?2.43
?2.59
?4.67
?3.06
?3.56
?3.91
?4.60
?4.62
?5.09
?5.95
?6.54
?6.93
?9.34
?8.22
?8.68
?1.75
?11.96
?13.13
1.35
?
1.72
1.55
1.46
?
?
1.01
?
1.74
0.82
?
0.90
?
0.71
?
0.37
?
?
0.40
?
?
0.55
?
?
?
?
?
?4.77
?3.03
?2.60
?2.48
?2.09
?2.21
?1.94
?1.90
?1.81
?1.78
?1.75
?1.70
?1.65
?1.67
?1.67
?1.66
?1.64
?1.60
?1.58
?1.58
?1.58
?1.58
?1.57
?1.57
?1.59
?1.61
?1.62
?1.64
?1.95
?2.06
?1.77
?2.41
?2.38
?2.52
?2.78
?2.55
?2.74
?3.18
?2.31
?3.48
?3.59
?4.19
?3.05
?4.54
?4.06
?5.02
3.16
3.02
?
3.10
2.93
?
2.91
?
?
2.74
?
2.64
?
2.47
?
?
?
?
1.62
1.68
1.78
1.74
1.78
1.79
1.80
1.83
1.83
1.81
1.80
1.77
1.72
1.68
1.67
1.65
1.62
1.62
? .39
? .50
? .60
? .73
? .88
? .84
? .89
? .94
?1.18
?1.40
?1.63
?1.68
?
?
?
?
3.84
?
?
?
3.27
3.99
3.38
3.12
0.39
0.56
0.68
0.80
0.84
0.92
1.05
1.20
1.14
1.19
1.40
1.51
+
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
7.24
?
4.89
?
4.00
3.51
?
4.28
?
?
6.23
3.46
?
?
0.99
0.52
0.22
0.20
0.28
0.25
0.24
0.33
0.27
0.31
0.38
0.35
0.45
0.56
0.71
Longs (Over 15 years)
154.01
152.39
102.52
166.78
157.93
160.33
169.72
142.90
150.17
171.59
104.48
178.73
170.53
192.28
107.38
192.79
145.82
185.83
137.35
134.98
93.81
146.72
138.30
139.78
147.41
122.44
128.21
146.88
86.80
152.24
143.66
161.97
94.40
160.01
117.32
150.45
Tr 4K% 34
Tr 4N% 36
Tr 1{ }% 37
Tr 4O% 38
Tr 4N% 39
Tr 4N% 40
Tr 4K% 42
Tr 3N% 44
Tr 3K% 45
Tr 4N% 46
Tr 1K% 47
Tr 4N% 49
Tr 3O% 52
Tr 4N% 55
Tr 1O% 57
Tr 4% 60
Tr 2K% 65
Tr 3K% 68
142.61
140.62
99.54
153.20
144.87
146.65
154.63
129.57
135.80
155.13
93.14
160.88
153.05
172.30
102.24
171.47
129.15
164.98
Mediums (5-15 years)
OEIC C Class
UK and Income Investment Funds
UK Gth C Inc ?@
140.70
UK Sel Gwth C Acc ?@ 2096.00
?
?
+0.80
+5.00
3.02
2.06
STANDARD LIFE INVESTMENTS
0845 279 3003
Investment Funds (OEIC) - Retail Shares
AAA Inc CAT Acc ?@
AAA Inc CAT Inc ?@
AAA Income Acc ?@
Amer Eq Gth Acc ?@
Corp Bond Acc ?@
Corp Bond Inc ?@
Euro Eq Gth Acc ?@
Glb Advtg CAT Acc ?@
Glob Advtg Acc ?@
Glob Eq Uncstrd Acc ?@
Higher Inc Acc ?@
Higher Inc Inc ?@
Japan Eq Gth Acc ?@
Managed Acc ?@
Select Inc Acc ?@
Select Inc Inc ?@
UK Eq Gth Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Alpha ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Acc ?@
UK Eq Hi Inc Inc ?@
UK Ethical Acc ?@
UK Opps Acc ?@
UK Opps Inc ?@
UK Smlr Cos Acc ?@
97.48
58.67
103.90
143.70
165.90
64.32
203.40
129.40
171.20
132.10
131.60
49.24
94.60
268.10
88.52
54.50
336.40
209.60
250.20
86.05
197.30
237.10
217.50
667.40
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
-0.30
-0.18
-0.30
+1.30
-0.60
-0.22
+1.40
+0.50
+0.70
+0.90
?
+0.01
-0.67
+2.10
-0.09
-0.05
+1.80
+1.00
+1.40
+0.50
+0.60
+0.60
+0.60
+2.80
1.46
1.35
1.85
?
3.08
2.81
1.47
1.20
1.16
0.01
3.93
3.74
0.05
1.69
1.54
1.33
2.34
2.53
4.04
4.18
1.50
0.29
0.29
0.53
?
?
?
-0.12
-0.11
-0.28
1.76
1.78
2.35
SVS BROWN SHIPLEY FUNDS
Enquiries: 0141 222 1151
Balanced A Acc ?@
Balanced A Inc ?@
Cautious A Acc ?@
119.06
113.56
111.99
117.60
108.74
113.10
117.89
137.09
112.49
107.88
102.29
137.34
160.13
150.82
146.35
113.28
104.78
107.79
111.25
128.78
105.19
99.90
98.71
126.26
146.95
136.21
131.34
Tr 3O% 21
Tr 1O% 22
Tr 2N% 23
Tr 2O% 24
Tr 5% 25
Tr 2% 25
Tr 1K% 26
Tr 1N% 27
Tr 4N% 27
Tr 6% 28
Tr 4O% 30
Tr 4N% 32
113.28
105.86
109.20
113.23
130.15
108.33
103.79
100.48
129.91
150.39
140.37
136.12
Shorts (under 5 years)
100.92
126.25
102.15
107.19
104.72
110.96
110.93
107.12
116.17
114.46
105.71
136.65
120.65
101.15
101.30
100.00
120.84
100.88
102.32
102.71
106.28
106.95
104.72
111.09
110.21
103.38
128.33
115.73
97.79
?
Tr 1% 17
Tr 8O% 17
Tr 1N% 18
Tr 5% 18
Tr 1O% 19
Tr 4K% 19
Tr 3O% 19
Tr 2% 20
Tr 4O% 20
Tr 3O% 20
Tr 1K% 21
Tr 8% 21
Tr 4% 22
Tr 0K% 22
Tr 0O% 23
100.00
120.84
100.88
102.32
102.71
106.28
106.95
104.75
111.09
110.21
103.72
128.33
115.74
99.71
100.25
?
.04
.05
.04
.15
.12
.16
.23
.21
.25
.30
.41
.47
.45
.56
* maturities as having a 3-month indexation lag and
which trade on a real clean price basis, excluding inflation
adjustment charge.
This is a paid for information service. For
further details on a particular fund, readers
should contact their fund manager.
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
47
2GM
Working Life Business
STARTING OUT Where the accommodation sector has been hit by innovative challengers, the restaurant industry could follow, writes James Hurley
BEN GURR FOR THE TIMES
Lending a hand to start-ups
A government loan
scheme has helped 50,000
people to get a business
off the ground over the
past five years, official
figures show (James
Hurley writes).
The Start Up Loans
initiative has provided
�5 million of low-interest
finance since it was
established in 2012, with
loans of up to �,000 and
a year?s free guidance
provided to those setting
up companies. Ministers
say that the loans have
helped to create tens of
thousands of jobs.
However, the
government expects
overall losses from the
scheme to be about 40 per
cent. There was a cull of
delivery partners amid
concerns of a lack of rigour
in managing applicants.
Margot James, the small
business minister, said that
the scheme, was ?removing
barriers to finance?. The
Christian Haas, head of commercial operations at Waitrose, is one of the business leaders tempted by Seni Glaister?s pop-up restaurant concept
Britain gets ready for a
taste of home cooking
R
estaurants might be
about to suffer their
?sharing economy?
moment. Seni Glaister is
aiming to do for the
dining table what Airbnb has done
for the spare room and to the hotel
industry. Her start-up, Wefifo,
allows home cooks and professional
chefs alike to turn their kitchens
and living rooms into pop-up
restaurants.
The one-year-old business is in
talks over a potential collaboration
with Waitrose and its owner John
Lewis, with the possibility that the
retailer will buy a stake in the
online platform, which has been
described as offering a real life
Come Dine with Me.
Ms Glaister, 50, got the idea after
being invited into locals? homes for
meals while abroad: ?You meet
hospitable people who invite you
into your home, which is often what
makes a trip memorable. Then you
come back to the UK and we?re just
not as social. I missed it.?
The former boss of The Book
People, the discount bookseller, was
also emboldened by the fact that
only about one in five professional
chefs are female. ?When you
consider the number of women that
cook at home, that?s an incredible
gender imbalance.
?We?ve got hostss
whose passion lies in
running a
restaurant, but
whether or not
they?d ever get
there, who
knows. We?re a
hub that allows
people to
effectively set up
restaurants in
their own home.?
Jame Oliver is
already a fan of
the Wefifo model
Hosts pick their own menus and
pricing and events can be barbecues
and DIY mini food festivals, as well
as strangers? dinner parties. Wefifo
? short for ?we find food? ? takes
commission of between 10 per cent
and 20 per cent from guests, who
pay in advance.
?We?ve got people who have
given up their full-time work to
make Wefifo their full-time career.
The most exciting thing about that
is it?s allowing people to do
something they?re passionate about
that they might never have dreamt
of committing to otherwise.?
Hosts have to pass a basic
catering course to join and the site
arranges a visit from the local
department of health to award a
food hygiene rating. It also arranges
insurance for hosts and guests.
?If you invite friends over, you
don?t want anything to go wrong, so
that?s the atmosphere we?re
encouraging. Underlying that, we
make sure people have the
education and resource to do this
safely and professionally.?
Sometimes meals on the site are
free. The platform has been used to
arrange community and charity
events, while others do not charge
for their cooking while they?re still
learning the ropes.
At the opposite end end of
a
the scale are
profess
professional
chefs
charg
charging
up to �
he Diners
a head.
typ
typically
bring
th own
their
b
booze.
?We have
th
the widest
aarray of people
an
and food you
ca
can imagine,
from people who
jjust
ust w
want to host a
Sunday roast to
profession
professional chefs at
the top of their
thei game. We?ve
got a host in Darwen, Lancashire,
who?s had more than 500 people in
her home.
?It?s always communal tables, so
you never know who you?re going
to be sitting next to and talking to.
And you pay in advance, so it?s
more like a theatre booking. By the
time the event takes place, the
financial transaction isn?t part of it,
so you?re not waiting for the bill to
come or arguing about whose turn
it is to pay or who will pay the tip.
It?s more like going to a friend?s
house for supper.?
The business attracted �5,000
of seed funding last year and has
won high-profile fans, including
Jamie Oliver, who said that it had
the potential to be the ?largest and
most diverse restaurant group in
the world, without the overheads,
grief and risk that goes with it?.
By Ms Glaister?s own admission,
there?s a long way to go. The goal is
to have 33,000 hosts in the UK on
the platform within two years, at
which point she hopes to take the
idea overseas. The West Sussexbased company is hoping to secure
further funding, which could come
from John Lewis. Wefifo has just
taken part in the retailer?s Jlab
programme, which offers start-ups
12 weeks of guidance and access to
industry experts. There is also the
possibility of a partnership with
Waitrose, as well as funding of up to
�0,000 from its owner.
Given her global ambitions, does
her experience of growing The
Book People over almost three
decades stand her in good stead?
Not necessarily: ?A new business is
a new business. You?re back to a
very small team and doing
everything for yourself, including
emptying the bins. Whether there
are huge advantages to having done
it before, I don?t know. You?re
probably a bit more confident and
experienced, but you?ve maybe got
a bit more at stake.?
initiative aims to help
budding entrepreneurs
who may struggle to
secure finance from
conventional sources. The
unsecured personal loans
have a fixed interest rate of
6 per cent and are repaid
over one to five years.
Nick Ogden, founder of
High Six Media and one of
the scheme?s first
successful applicants, said
that he had used a �000
loan to purchase camera
equipment. He has since
produced films for brands
including Mulberry, Red
Bull, Nike and Diesel.
Mr Ogden said that filmmaking would have
remained a ?sideline?
without the backing.
?We?ve come so far since
our launch and we?re
proud to now be on the
books of some of the
world?s most high-profile
brands and doing what we
love. It?s a big achievement
for us.?
48
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
2GM
Business Markets
news in brief
Katherine Griffiths Tempus
Buy, sell or hold: today?s best share tips
Could this
really be
the end of
the road?
ONS tracks funds flow
Taking different routes
Share price
2014
465p
425p
385p
2015
2016
Q3 Q1 Q3 Q1
2017
345p
305p
265p
225p
185p
145p
Q3 Q1 Q3
330p
T
alks between the AA and
Hastings are over and,
according to some sources,
never really got started.
The problem facing the two
companies now is that some might
be wondering whether their
insurance businesses are in need of
some roadside assistance of their
own.
AA shares have performed poorly
this year, even before boardroom
antics prompted a further recent
slump in the stock. Meanwhile,
although Hastings has continued to
keep the engine revving on its motor
insurance-led business, its doubters
wonder whether it can continue to
grow at the same pace. Not everyone
believes that it can hit its target of
three million policies in 2019 and
one analyst ? Eammon Flanagan, at
Shore Capital ? said after its halfyear results this summer that the
company?s aspirations in household
cover were ?way too aggressive?.
So is it a case of two drunks trying
to prop each other up? Not quite. It
hasn?t been plain sailing for the AA
since its flotation in 2014, but there is
greggs
Pre-tax profit:
�.1m
Revenue:
�4.2m
E
very other day another retailer
seems to bemoan the squeeze
on wages inflation and falling
consumer confidence. However,
there is one that is always seems to
be worth a punt ? Greggs, once
best-known for its sausage rolls but
now selling everything from
yoghurts to boxed salads to wraps.
Greggs is becoming a solidly
reliable performer after a turnaround
initiated by Roger Whiteside. Under
its chief executive, Greggs has
improved its stores and dramatically
Insurance business
Trading revenue
�1 million
Driving services
Trading revenue
� million
aa, hastings
Share price
Year to January 31 2017
Roadside assistance
Trading revenue
�2 million
290p
Year to December 2016
2.35 million customers
Breakdown
Home
insurance 7%
of business
250p
2015
2016
2017
Bike
insurance 4%
210p
Car
insurance
170p
Van
insurance 3%
Operating profit
up 5 per cent to �2 million
130p
Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3
86%
evidence that its IT restructuring is
working and that its app is gaining
greater traction among customers
who have broken down, which
should lead to greater efficiency and
productivity.
Some company-watchers believe
that its cadre of younger senior
executives are doing a good job, so
the ousting of Bob Mackenzie as
executive chairman in July after a
physical altercation with Mike Lloyd,
head of insurance, may be
embarrassing but is by no means the
end of the world.
Still, joining forces with a lean,
mean machine such as Hastings,
which does most of its business
through price comparison websites,
could make sense. The AA has
battled with falling personal
members of its roadside assistance
business, which dominates the group.
Hastings? core insurance expertise
and ability to be very nimble with
pricing could provide a growth spurt
lifted both the quality and range of
its food. In particular, it has
increased its breakfast sales while
bolstering its operational efficiency.
These achievements have not
come easily and there have been job
losses as Greggs? bakery operations
are consolidated. The proof of the
turnaround, however, is in the
pudding. Last year pre-tax profit of
�.1 million was up from � million
and total sales jumped by 7 per cent
to �4.2 million. Like-for-like sales
were also up by 4.2 per cent in a
good showing for a food seller
operating in a tough market.
Greggs? comparable sales have
continued to rise, too, most recently
by 3.4 per cent in the six months to
July, at a time when input costs are
rising thanks to the fall in sterling
since the Brexit vote. Greggs
continues to open new stores and is
experimenting with different
formats, including ?drive-thru?
shops.
While the company has its work
cut out keeping prices low in an
inflationary environment, the
potential to roll out its new strategy,
while making further efficiency
gains, could deliver significant
upside.
UBS said yesterday that there was
the capacity for more than 2,500
Greggs shops, substantially ahead of
the retailer?s own target of more than
2,000 outlets. It said that Costa
MY ADVICE Buy AA, sell
Hastings
WHY The AA could sell its
insurance unit and has value
to unlock elsewhere; Hastings
has raced too far and the risk
is that it will stall
The Office for National Statistics
is monitoring the movement of
funds within the financial sector
as part of a new data programme
intended to act as an early
warning system to help to
prevent another financial crisis.
Working with the Bank of
England, the ONS is developing
what it calls world-leading ?flow
of funds? data to identify
potential financial vulnerability.
The statistics could provide a
?better understanding of the
interconnectivity in the UK
financial system?, but there was ?a
long way to go?, the ONS said.
to the AA?s insurance side, which at
present makes up only about 15 per
cent of its revenues.
As for Hastings, which is run by
Gary Hoffman, the former Northern
Rock chief executive, the business
produced a strong set of results this
summer. However, either buying or
forging a partnership with the
insurance side of the AA would give
the Bexhill-on-Sea-based company
access to a huge new pool of
customers. Hastings could write the
insurance, which would still be
branded AA. Such affinity deals are
common in the insurance world and
allow a company with insurance
expertise to team up with another
that has lots of customers to
distribute to.
One downside is that while they
can work well when the executives
who set them up are in place, change
a few faces and one or both parties
can find themselves in a
dysfunctional relationship and
decide that they want out.
Mr Mackenzie was so opposed to
the idea of a tie-up of the AA?s
insurance side with Hastings that he
clashed with Mr Lloyd, who did
support it. The official line now may
be that the talks are off, but there is
nothing to stop them coming back,
apart from a bit more
embarrassment for some of the
people involved. If not, the AA could
keep looking for an insurance
partner. With its respected brand, it
should be able to extract a good deal.
Meanwhile, Hastings (which at the
moment does not do affinity deals)
could also keep looking, to help both
its large motor unit and much
smaller home cover business. With
Mr Hoffman?s experience of cut and
thrust in the business world, it would
almost be expected of him.
Not so tasty numbers
The operator of the Wildwood
restaurant chain dived to a halfyear loss of �3 million after
taking an impairment charge of
�5 million against the value of
its estate. Tasty, which has issued
two profit warnings this year, said
that it was seeking to sell
underperforming outlets and had
not signed up to any new sites for
next year. Although total sales in
the period rose by 11.8 per cent to
�.4 million, like-for-like sales
declined. Its shares fell by 5p,
nearly 12 per cent, to 37p.
Price freeze hits profits
Good Energy, a specialist green
electricity and gas supplier,
reported a 37 per cent drop in
profits after freezing its prices
until March. The company, which
owns two wind and seven solar
farms, said that pre-tax profits
had fallen to �0,000 in the six
months to June. The number of
meters supplied fell by 1 per cent
as collective switching deals
ended. Juliet Davenport, chief
executive, said it was making
good progress with restructuring.
The shares fell 10p to 224p.
Coffee was still delivering good
growth even though its store base
was about 25 per cent larger than
Greggs?.
Greggs? stock has jumped from
�.18 a share a year ago to close at
�.19 yesterday, so the market has
clearly priced in some of the retailer?s
roll-out potential. However, there is
still more expansion to come here as
Greggs continues to drive product
and store innovations.
Ancestry float delayed
Ancestry, the website that traces
family histories and sells DNA
tests, has postponed plans for a
stock market float after its chief
executive stepped down. The
Utah-based company said that it
would ?continue to evaluate the
timing? of a float as Tim Sullivan,
who has run the business for 12
years, moves into the role of
chairman. The group was valued
at $2.6 billion last year. Howard
Hochhauser, chief financial
officer, will serve as interim chief
executive.
MY ADVICE Buy
WHY The returns could
be tasty
PRICES
Major indices
New York
Dow Jones
Nasdaq Composite
S&P 500
London Financial Futures
22118.86 (+61.49)
6454.28 (+22.02)
2496.48 (+8.37)
Tokyo
Nikkei 225
19776.62 (+230.85)
Hong Kong
Hang Seng
27972.24 (+17.11)
Amsterdam
AEX Index
Sydney
AO
526.58 (+2.63)
5806.40 (+31.30)
Frankfurt
DAX
12524.77 (+49.53)
Singapore
Straits
3235.69 (+7.18)
Brussels
BEL20
Paris
CAC-40
3995.20 (+17.67)
5209.01 (+32.30)
Zurich
SMI Index
DJ EURO Stoxx 50
9053.62 (+71.39)
3512.56 (+17.37)
London
FTSE 100
7400.69 (-12.90)
FTSE 250
19665.87 (-28.39)
FTSE 350
4107.23 (-6.95)
FTSE Eurotop 100
2923.50 (+16.89)
FTSE All-Shares
4054.83 (-7.03)
FTSE Non Financials
4752.22 (-16.09)
techMARK 100
4529.53 (+5.44)
Bargains
n/a
US$
1.3291 (+0.0123)
Euro
1.1105 (+0.0095)
�SDR
0.91 (+0.00)
Exchange Index
76.60 (+0.60)
Bank of England official close (4pm)
CPI
103.20 Jul (2015 = 100)
RPI
272.90 Jul (Jan 1987 = 100)
RPIX
273.40 Jul (Jan 1987 = 100)
Morningstar Long Commodity
546.12 (-0.79)
Morningstar Long/Short Commod 3951.15 (-8.54)
Long Gilt
3-Mth Sterling
3-Mth Euribor
3-Mth Euroswiss
FTSE100
FTSEurofirst 80
Period
Sep 17
Dec 17
Sep 17
Dec 17
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 17
Sep 17
Dec 17
Mar 18
Jun 18
Sep 18
Sep 17
Dec 17
Mar 18
Sep 17
Dec 17
Sep 17
Dec 17
Open
128.02
127.04
99.705
99.630
99.550
99.500
99.460
100.33
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.28
100.73
100.73
100.72
7430.0
7396.0
High
128.02
127.09
99.710
99.630
99.550
99.500
99.460
100.34
100.33
100.32
100.31
100.28
100.73
100.74
100.73
7436.5
7397.0
Commodities
Low
127.13
126.06
99.665
99.540
99.460
99.410
99.360
100.33
100.33
100.31
100.30
100.26
100.72
100.73
100.71
7386.0
7346.5
Sett
127.12
126.11
99.670
99.550
99.470
99.420
99.370
100.33
100.33
100.32
100.30
100.27
100.73
100.74
100.72
7407.5
7367.5
4874.5
4871.0
Vol
1562
245559
308058
348237
217341
189136
192386
23443
64794
61473
62196
70465
2233
6693
6501
472674
431576
Open Int
96955
679507
464443
465776
400666
343495
311404
364181
452490
434791
379782
342399
32390
57652
42579
498415
334820
� 2017 Tradeweb Markets LLC. All rights reserved.
The Tradeweb FTSE Gilt Closing Prices information contained
herein is proprietary to Tradeweb; may not be copied or
re-distributed; is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely; and does not constitute
investment advice. Tradeweb is not responsible for any loss or damage that might result
from the use of this information.
ICIS pricing (London 7.30pm)
Brent (9.00pm)
Crude Oils ($/barrel FOB)
Nov
Dec
Jan
Brent Physical
BFOE(Dec)
BFOE(Nov)
WTI(Nov)
WTI(Dec)
54.88
54.10
54.33
49.17
48.75
+0.49
+0.33
+0.42
+0.10
+0.13
Products ($/MT)
Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery)
Premium Unld
Gasoil EEC
3.5 Fuel Oil
Naphtha
614.00
505.00
302.50
501.00
616.00
507.00
306.75
505.00
+7.00
-2.25
+5.50
+6.00
ICE Futures
Feb
Mar
53.99-53.97
54.01-53.98
Volume: 1124837
1434-1428
1478-1477
1500-1498
1515-1511
1532-1524
1544-1537
Dec
Mar
Jul
1558-1539
1613-1532
1922-1570
LIFFE
Cocoa
Sep
Dec
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
RobustaCoffee
Sep
Nov
Jan
Mar
2205-1915
1965-1963
1950-1949
1968-1915
Reuters
514.25-492.00
516.50-516.00
510.50-510.25
Volume: 48227
May
Jul
1980-1950
1995-1980
Volume: 12763
White Sugar (FOB)
Gas Oil
Sep
Oct
Nov
54.33-54.32
54.10-54.08
54.00-53.98
Dec
Jan
504.75-504.25
502.25-501.75
Volume: 623406
Oct
Dec
Mar
365.50-364.60
369.00-368.90
379.50-379.20
May
Aug
Oct
Dec
391.50-388.60
399.20-396.30
420.80-399.00
419.40-398.50
Volume: 50277
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
49
2GM
Markets Business
Coffee market set to grind
to a halt, warn analysts
Alex Ralph Market report
F
Miner hits
gold after
boss?s exit
P
etropavlovsk
unveiled a rise in
first-half profit as
Peter Hambro, its
ousted founder,
claimed that his
strategy had been
vindicated (Marcus
Leroux writes).
The Russian
goldminer returned to
profit last year after
restructuring to tackle
debts, but rebel
shareholders kicked
out Mr Hambro in
June and voted in new
board members, citing
corporate governance
failures. Pre-tax profit
soared from �million
to � million in the
six months to June 30.
Mr Hambro, who is
still a shareholder, said
the results were proof
he had been taking
Petropavlovsk in the
right direction.
Shares in the
company dipped by
0.17p, or 2.4 per cent,
to 7p, valuing
Petropavlovsk at
�0 million.
Results in brief
Name
Pre-tax figure
Profit (+) loss (-)
Applegreen (consumer HY)
Empiric Student (property HY)
Goals Soccer (leisure HY)
Good Energy (resources HY)
Hilton Food (consumer HY)
JD Sports Fashion (retailing HY)
Manx Telecom (telecoms HY)
Midwich (technology HY)
Murgitroyd (services FY)
Petropavlovsk (resources HY)
Safecharge Int (technology HY)
Smart Metering (utilities HY)
STM (finance HY)
Tasty (leisure HY)
TP Group (engineering HY)
Tyratech (health FY)
Vernalis (health FY)
?8.9m (?7.5m)
�.5m (�m)
�6m (�5m)
�7m (�2m)
�.4m (�.7m)
�2.7m (�.4m)
�2m (�3m)
� (�8m)
�8m (�3m)
$46.8m ($4.9m)
$13.5m ($16m)
�3m (�1m)
�5m (�2m)
-�3m (-�3m)
-�3m (-�9m)
-$0.3m (-$1.5m)
-�.8m (-�m)
Dividend
0.60pc p Oct 20
3.05p paid
nil
1p p Nov 2
5p p Dec 1
0.26p p Jan 5
3.9p p Oct 13
4.17p Oct 27
17p f 12p p Nov 3
nil
5.83p p Oct 13
1.74p p Nov 24
0.6p p Nov 8
nil
nil
nil
nil
6 Results in brief are given for all companies valued at more than � million. f = final p = payable
The day?s biggest movers
Change
Company
Ashtead Strong first-quarter trading and prospect of hurricanes-induced spending
Barclays Renewed prospect of interest rate rise
Royal Bank of Scotland Interest rate rise hopes
Smurfit Kappa Goldman Sachs raises to ?buy?
Ferguson Prospect of work on post-hurricanes damage clean-up
Sky Competition concerns about Fox takeover
Barratt Developments Concerns sector has peaked
Persimmon Sector retreats after director share sale at Redrow
Fresnillo Precious metals miners follow gold lower
Randgold Resources Tracks gold price to one-week low
Gold/Precious
metals (US dollars per ounce)
London Grain Futures
LIFFE Wheat (close �/t)
Nov
May
139.20
145.25
Jan
Jul
141.75
unq
Mar
148.75
Volume: 506
London Metal Exchange
(Official)
Cash
3mth
15mth
Copper Gde A ($/tonne)
6601.0-6601.5
3055.5-3056.5
1980.0-1985.0
European money
deposits %
1943.0-1948.0
Currency
Tin ($/tonne)
20800.0-20820.0
20670.0-20680.0
20320.0-20370.0
Alum Hi Gde ($/tonne)
2082.5-2083.0
2117.0-2117.5
2280.0-2285.0
Nickel ($/tonne)
11530.0-11535.0
0.00.0
banking and finance
Kim rockets to top of risk list
T
he prospect of a
nuclear
confrontation
between North Korea
and the United States
is being taken
seriously by the
investment
community.
North Korea has
risen to become the
biggest ?tail risk?, as
measured by a survey
conducted by Bank of
America Merrill
Lynch. Of those
investors polled,
34 per cent cited it as
the biggest risk,
overtaking fears of a
?policy mistake? by
the US Federal
Reserve and the
European Central
Bank. Both are
1mth
3mth
6mth
12mth
0.13
0.20
0.29
0.55
0.25
0.29
0.41
0.60
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.50
Dollar
Sterling
Kim Jong-un?s war of
words with America
has spooked investors
grappling with the
problem of returning
economies to normal
monetary policy.
Credit tightening by
China came third,
with 15 per cent
considering it the top
risk. The world?s
second-largest
those stocks that make most of their
money overseas.
A softer gold price was also
weakening stocks, with Randgold
Resources, down 235p at �.65, and
Fresnillo, 37p off at �.70, miners of
the metal, tracking it to a one-week
low. The housebuilders joined them
among the underperformers, led by
Persimmon, off 52p at �.03, as
investors were unsettled by the
investment vehicle and charitable
trust of Steve Morgan, the chairman
and founder of Redrow, a rival,
selling almost 26 million shares at a
6.7 per cent discount. Redrow fell
52絧 to 580p, below the placing price.
It was the biggest faller on the FTSE
250, which was down 28.39 points, or
0.14 per cent, at 19,665.87.
A broker downgrade elsewhere, this
time at International Airlines Group,
added further pressure. Morgan
Stanley cut to ?equalweight?,
unwinding IAG?s gains on Monday,
amid competition in the fierce
Atlantic market. The owner of BA
Money rates %
Dollar rates
Base Rates Clearing Banks: 0.25 Finance House 1.0 ECB Refi 0.00 US Fed Fd 1.25
Australia
Canada
Denmark
Euro
Hong Kong
Japan
Malaysia
Norway
Singapore
Sweden
Switzerland
Treasury Bills (Dis) Buy: 1 mth 0.198; 3mth 0.189. Sell: 1 mth 0.130; 3 mth 0.139
Euro
11640.0-11650.0
also raised concerns about Premier
Inn, Whitbread?s other business,
forecasting only 0.5 per cent to 2 per
cent revpar (revenue per available
room, a key industry performance
indicator) growth to 2021, ?causing
margin compression?.
The plentiful reasons were enough
for investors to go cool on Whitbread,
the group behind the Costa chain. Its
shares were among the heaviest
fallers on the FTSE 100 yesterday,
before steadying later to close 15p
down at �.61.
The slide was broadly in line with a
wider market in the red. The leading
share index gave back some of its
gains in the previous session, when it
had ridden a global relief rally as it
emerged that the costs of Hurricane
Irma may not be as high as experts
had feared. The Footsie finished down
12.90 points, or 0.17 per cent, at
7,400.69, after stronger-than-expected
inflation figures for August propelled
the pound to a one-year high against
the dollar. That, in turn, weighed on
Sterling spot and forward rates
2260.0-2260.5
3063.0-3063.5
Easing tensions over North Korea
and relief at the effect of Hurricane
Irma lifted bank stocks and the S&P
500 to a second record close in a
row, up 0.3 per cent at 2,496.48.
The Dow Jones industrial average
rose 61.49 points to 22,118.86.
Halifax Mortgage Rate 3.74
7310.0-7320.0
Zinc Spec Hi Gde ($/tonne)
Wall Street report
Bullion: Open $1327.35
Close $1325.65-1325.75 High $1328.82
Low $1323.13
AM $1326.25 PM $1326.50
Krugerrand $1172.00-1244.00 (�2.92937.16)
Platinum $985.00 (�2.05)
Silver $17.80 (�.41)
Palladium $943.50 (�0.78)
6643.0-6644.0
Lead ($/tonne)
2232.0-2233.0
4.5%
2.5%
2.4%
2.4%
2.1%
-1.6%
-1.7%
-2.0%
-2.3%
-2.9%
orecasts that Britain?s coffee
market is close to brim-full
and has less than five years
of growth remaining left
investors spluttering. The
warning came yesterday from
analysts at Citigroup, who conducted
research across Costa, Caff� Nero,
Starbucks and Greggs shops.
?We see the structural growth
opportunity in the UK coffee market
as having just about four to five years
to run for Costa, given the number of
branded coffee shops in the market,
the level of competition faced by
Costa?s current store estate,
incremental supply from pubs/quick
service restaurants/independents, and
declining high street footfall adding
further pressure,? the US broker said.
In a double downgrade to ?sell?, Citi
Interbank Rates
Clearer CDs
Depo CDs
2 mth
3 mth
6 mth
12 mth
1 mth
0.2511
0.2637
0.2867
0.4054
0.5996
0.28-0.18 0.30-0.20 0.32-0.22 0.49-0.34 0.60-0.45
0.28-0.18 0.30-0.20 0.32-0.22 0.49-0.34 0.60-0.45
Eurodollar Deps
1.22-1.42 1.23-1.43 1.27-1.47 1.40-1.60 1.65-1.85
Mkt Rates for
Copenhagen
Euro
Montreal
New York
Oslo
Stockholm
Tokyo
Zurich
Range
8.1887-8.2785
1.1129-1.1011
1.5940-1.6168
1.3161-1.3284
10.315-10.461
10.501-10.613
143.99-146.23
1.2587-1.2763
Close
8.2577-8.2592
1.1101-1.1098
1.6168-1.6171
1.3273-1.3274
10.410-10.415
10.577-10.580
146.21-146.23
1.2757-1.2760
1 month
64ds
6pr
14pr
14pr
37pr
83ds
6ds
13ds
Premium = pr
3 month
199ds
18pr
39pr
36pr
96pr
243ds
20ds
39ds
Discount = ds
flew 9p lower to 598絧. Outperforming the market was Ashtead, adding
75p to �.59, making it the day?s
biggest riser, after the construction
equipment rental company published
bumper first-quarter figures and said
that hurricanes Irma and Harvey
should stimulate greater demand for
its tools and diggers.
Stemming the FTSE 250?s falls was
JD Sports, which sprinted 30緋 to
373絧, as the tracksuits and trainers
chain defied signs of a consumer
slowdown elsewhere in the sector
with record first-half results.
N Brown, the plus-size retailer, was
also dearer, up 17緋 to almost 346p.
Potential mergers and acquisitions
were keeping investors interested.
Despite Hastings clarifying that talks
this year to explore a possible merger
with the insurance business of the AA
had come to nothing, both finished
higher on the chance that a deal
might be rekindled. AA accelerated
5絧 to 168絧 and Hastings a shade
over 3p to 311緋.
Exchange rates
1.2457-1.2458
1.2181-1.2182
6.2214-6.2221
0.8362-0.8362
7.8100-7.8114
110.16-110.16
4.2050-4.2100
7.8437-7.8457
1.3476-1.3477
7.9684-7.9702
0.9612-0.9613
Other Sterling
Argentina peso
Australia dollar
Bahrain dinar
Brazil real
Euro
Hong Kong dollar
India rupee
Indonesia rupiah
Kuwait dinar KD
Malaysia ringgit
New Zealand dollar
Singapore dollar
S Africa rand
U A E dirham
economy beat growth
forecasts in the first
half of the year,
expanding by 6.9 per
cent and leaving
China on course for
its first annual growth
acceleration in seven
years. Investors have
warned, however, that
such a pace cannot be
sustained.
Neil Woodford, the
fund manager who
issued an apology to
investors last week for
the poor performance
of his fund, has
blamed the popularity
of China, saying that
in ?simple terms, the
stock market has
decided that Asia,
China is good, the UK
is bad?.
22.674-22.687
1.6535-1.6538
0.4972-0.5039
4.1327-4.1367
1.1099-1.1100
10.367-10.368
84.939-84.952
17504-17526
0.3991-0.4013
5.5812-5.5878
1.8226-1.8230
1.7886-1.7891
17.293-17.306
4.8768-4.8781
Australia $
Canada $
Denmark Kr
Egypt
Euro �
Hong Kong $
Hungary
Indonesia
Israel Shk
Japan Yen
New Zealand $
Norway Kr
Poland
Russia
S Africa Rd
Sweden Kr
Switzerland Fr
Turkey Lira
USA $
Bank buys Bank sells
1.790
1.560
1.750
1.520
8.800
7.720
n/a
n/a
1.200
1.050
11.080
9.740
370.780
305.050
19990.800
15945.700
5.110
4.360
155.310
134.500
2.030
1.720
11.240
9.710
5.170
4.230
81.420
67.800
18.880
15.990
11.270
10.020
1.380
1.190
5.000
4.280
1.440
1.260
Rates for banknotes and traveller's cheques as
traded by Royal Bank of Scotland plc yesterday
Data as shown is
for information
purposes only. No offer is made by
Morningstar or this publication
550
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
1GM
Business Equity prices
12 month
High Low Company
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
225
Banking & finance
64
39O 1PMv
16K
2178
14 ACHPv
1732 Admiral?
32K
258W
3N
32K
4
27
19K ADVFNv
163O Aldermore Gp
1X Ambrianv
10K Amedeo Resv
1W Amphion Innovsv
13O Amryt Pharmav
10768
8202Y Aon Corpn
1717
1245 Arbuthnot Bkgv?
44
17
375K
14
?
K 1.0
?
?
7.4
1X
?
1K
K
? -2.3
O
? -3.5
?
24K +
1350
?
2.3 41.5
28K Arden Partnersv
43
?
? -7.9
12O Argo Groupv
15O
?
?
418Y Aviva
+
? -0.2
0.9 36.5
274 Ashmore Gp
10768
? -0.2
?
?
2
?
? -5.0
5
?
188Y Esure?
264
?
551O FBD
750
?
44K Fiskev
62K +
5
67
48 Frenkel Toppingv
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413K Strd Life Aber? 422
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54K
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270V
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732K
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133K
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3886N
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135 Marwyn Val In
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411K Merchants
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93K Nb Global Floating
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324 Schrd Asia Pac
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514N
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360K
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302N Scot Mtge
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72K Troy Inc&Gth
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137K Utilico Ord?
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326K Banco Santander
3770
26K Miton Groupv
80
140 Helios Underv
?
?
1402
18
?
52 Assura Grp
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
18O 1.7 21.5
?
+
209 Hastings Gp
298W
2
325
74 Hansard Global
? 10.0
857K
234N H&T Groupv?
1148 Hargreaves L
?
1W Metal Tigerv
329O
142O
4W
665 Mattioli Woodsv
2615 Metro Bank
66Y
?
848O
529K
+
43
1.1 45.9
W 4.2
?
?
191N +
3834
1N
6139N +
1
12 month
High Low Company
? 11.1
K
?
60K
471
3W
8O
845
55Y AXA Property Tr
164X Barclays?
861
?
W 16.3 -2.3
Y Marechale Capv
6144Y 4782X Marsh McLn
2.1 32.1
?
67K
361Y Beazley
1Y
6X Manx Finv
327K ?
175
239N
9O
?
166X +
297K Gresham Housev
25W 7.7 15.1
525
? 12.2
108X Man
750 Gresh Hse Stratv
1810O +
?
1.5
2621 Lond Stk Ex Gp? 3893
331
325
?
5.1
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
931
2K 4.9 14.3
4.2 33.8
11W GLI Financev
3.5
2K 3.1 18.6
15O
62K
?
2
323K +
304K
1447
511K +
1V Energiser Invv
152K EPE Special Oppsv
778K
6.8
340
169
67
3N
?
3983
60 El Oro
332K
4K
5.3
70
9.1
12 month
High Low Company
? -7.1
?
? 93.3
1K
4K 13.5
21W
2.8 22.9
32K +
172K ?
21W EIHv
8
221Y +
11
135O EFG-Hermes Hldg
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
28K
?
15
2019K 1584W Aus New Z
544
49K +
1831
12 month
High Low Company
+
6475Y +
?
2K 1.1 24.1
5K ?
2843
3.1 16.3
V
14
?
?
0.3 46.2
82W 3.2 30.7
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1 Physiomicsv
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86K Premier Veterinary
3W Proteome Sciesv
20O Realm Therapeuticsv
6514 Reckitt Benck?
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86K +
8N
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3X
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29K +
1
? -2.4
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67
2.1 23.5
7033
O
?
?
?
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
51
1GM
Equity prices Business
12 month
High Low Company
5323 3613 Shire?
200
72Y Silence Therapv
35
26K Sinclair Pharmav
1397 1067 Smith & Neph
400
307N Spire Hcare
252K 91 Summit Corpv
417K 237K Swallowfieldv
35
6Y Synairgenv
20K 10Y Tissue Regenixv
240
150 Tiziana Lifev
317K 132 Tristelv
866K 614K UDG Healthcare
10K
1X ValiRxv
163
89Y Vectura Grp
45
15N Vernalisv
206N 111 Verona Pharmav
Price
(p) +/- Yld% P/E
4074K
165
28W
1394
317K
235
330
11V
13N
155K
290
848K
1X
100N
15X
152K
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81.4
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18.5
23.8
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17.7
-3.6
-9.1
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38.6
35.5
-0.2
?
-4.3
?
12 month
High Low Company
13Y
11V Dods Gpv
123K
88 Ebiquityv
1V
252
201V Entertainmnt One
944 Euromoney In Inv
122X Future
597K
59 Accsys Tech
6438O BASF
7948N Bayer DM50
97K Biome Techv
3O Byotrolv
6N Camb Gbl Timberv
49K Cloudcall Groupv
29K Coats Grp
3072 Croda?
1V Cronin Gpv
945 Cropper (James)v
203Y Elementis?
410K Evans (M.P.)v
X Hardidev
55 Inspiration Healthv
? Intl Ferro Metals#
4052X Jardine Math
2463O Jardine Strat
2727 Johnson Math
1511 Mondi?
26O Plant Impactv
107 Plastics Capitalv
115 Robinsonv?
258 Scapav
380 Smith (DS)
708K Swire Pacific
3Y Symph Environv
30024W Syngenta
343N Synthomer
3063Y Takeda Pharm
Y TyraTech Incv
28V Velocysv
1488 Victrex
495 Wynnstay Groupv
235 Zotefoams
81N
7752
10028
212K
4V
8O
128K
77N
3860
1O
1920
275K
741
1X
63K
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5004V
3388
2908
2080
29V
111
122K
437K
509K
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484X
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41.0
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6.6
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74.0
23.5
39.4
23.1
7.0
88.5
41.3
15.0
69.3
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23.6
54.6
27.4
1250
1002 Pershing Square
43
23K Immedia Grpv
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300K
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425
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5380
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129K
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1780
212K Best of the Bestv? 337K
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3349 Carnival?
5140
10Y Cathay Intl
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129K
534K Cineworld?
649K
263W Domino's Pizza
267Y
86N EI Group
130
972 Fullr Sm A
1006
8W Gaming Realmsv
8W
92 Goals Socr Cntrv
94K
548 Greene King?
548
594 GVC Holdings
798K
392K Heavitreev
425
210 Heavitree Av
225
75 Hermes Pacificv
82K
3155N Intercont Htls? 3781
534 Jackpotjoy
768
111N Ladbrokes Coral
119
93W Mandarin Orntl
159
104O Marston's
104O
425Y Merlin Ents?
456W
410V Millen & Cop?
454
5Y Minoan Gpv
9
221 Mitch & Butlers
249
6665 PP Betfair?
7235
97 Peel Hotelsv
111K
675 PPHE Hotel Gp
1020
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186O Rank Grp
236K
287 Restaurant Gp
312
15K Richoux Grpv
15K
45 Rotalav
58
13 Specialist Inv Propsv 15
63O Sportech
96K
315 SSP Group
521
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120
1001 TUI
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814 Wetherspoon JD
1045
3408 Whitbread
3761
240 William Hill
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1260 Young & Co - Av
1380
970K Young & Co - N/Vv 1032K
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135K
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804K
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24 Aeorema Commsv
38K Altitude Groupv
35K Arcontech Grpv?
259Y Ascential?
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66K Catalyst Mediav
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552
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Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Register
Obituaries
Sir Peter Hall
Ebullient founder of the Royal Shakespeare Company who had a profound impact on all the arts
Peter Hall was a force of nature whose
impact, not merely on the stage, but on
the entire panoply of national cultural
life, was formidable and far-reaching.
In a career that spanned the Queen?s
reign ? he made his professional
directing debut in Coronation year at
the Theatre Royal in Windsor ? Hall
created the Royal Shakespeare Company and later steered the National
Theatre (NT) through its most turbulent period to stability and success.
His writ ran far beyond those companies, ranging from Glyndebourne to
the Royal Opera, from the Rose at
Kingston to the Theatre Royal, Bath,
and from funding battles with ministers
to fending off accusations of champagne socialism as he drove around the
country in his Rolls-Royce and crisscrossed the Atlantic by Concorde.
As the most important figure in
British theatre for half a century, Hall
came under fire from the left for being
elitist and from the right for being a
spendthrift. He even upset the Queen,
who was unamused by a specially
commissioned fanfare version of the
national anthem for the opening of
the NT on the South Bank in 1976. She
?shuddered as if she had sipped lemon
juice?, Hall recorded in his diaries.
Yet he triumphed through various
crises, both personal and professional,
and was knighted in 1977, with the NT
growing steadily in public esteem and
affection due in no small part to his
political skills. Ian McKellen told how
Hall, something of a hedonistic showman, had once considered a career in
politics, adding: ?In fact, he has had one,
challenging successive governments
to recognise their responsibility to
the arts.?
Although Hall described himself as a
lifelong ?undoctrinaire socialist?, he
voted Conservative in 1979 because he
thought that Margaret Thatcher would
?sort out the unions?, which were causing havoc at his beloved NT. However,
he was soon denouncing her government for cutting arts funding, at one
point melodramatically leaping on to a
table at a press conference to accuse
ministers of betraying British theatre.
Thatcher believed that the theatre
should pay for itself. ?Look at Andrew
Lloyd Webber,? she told Hall, before
asking her arts minister: ?How long do
we have to keep on giving money to that
awful man?? Hall in turn accused her of
an ?anti-intellect mentality?. They
butted heads again when she objected
to Amadeus, one of his greatest successes, telling him that she didn?t believe
that Mozart would ?talk dirty?. He
responded by sending Mozart?s letters
to Downing Street with the scatological
passages carefully highlighted.
While he was a pre-eminent Shakespearean and classicist, he was also a
fearless promoter of new writing,
introducing Samuel Beckett to the
English-speaking world and establishing Harold Pinter as the greatest
playwright of the age. Yet for all his
theatrical achievements, Hall?s genius
was often seen at its finest in opera and
he once described his idea of paradise
as alternately directing Shakespeare
and Mozart ?for eternity?.
The temptation to stir the complacency of opera audiences was irresisti-
Peter Hall with Leslie Caron during the filming of Gigi in 1958. He directed her in
the stage version two years earlier. Below, with Judi Dench at the Rose, Kingston
ble and Hall?s use of Soho strippers,
acrobats and a menagerie of live
animals for the Royal Opera?s production of Schoenberg?s Moses and Aaron
was splendidly provocative. Covent
Garden also enjoyed his world premiere staging of The Knot Garden by his
friend Michael Tippett in 1970. He
spent six years at Glyndebourne, where
he is best remembered for his stagings
of the three Mozart/Da Ponte operas,
The Marriage of Figaro, Cos� fan tutte
and Don Giovanni, while overseas he
He leapt on to a table
to accuse ministers of
betraying British theatre
directed the centenary staging of Wagner?s Ring Cycle at Bayreuth in 1983.
If Hall?s triumphs were glittering,
there were also controversies. In his
early career he could be ruthless. The
playwright John Osborne called him
?Fu Man Chu? and left instructions that
Hall was not to attend his funeral; Glenda Jackson called him a ?dictator?;
Michael Blakemore, an associate
director at the NT, likened him to
Genghis Khan; and Jonathan Miller,
another associate director, called him
?a ball of rancid pig?s fat?.
Others were more generous. ?Without getting overly messianic about it, he
suffered so that the rest of us could lead
happy lives,? said Nicholas Hytner, one
of his successors at the NT. Richard
Eyre, another successor, paid tribute to
his resilience after the occasional critical drubbing, saying: ?He is like a large
shaggy dog coming out of the river,
shaking the abuse from him and
pounding enthusiastically towards his
next production.? Hall would say that
being director of the NT was like
Nelson on his column, ?you inevitably
attract pigeons?.
The creative spark that Hall sought
to generate in the rehearsal room was
invested with an almost mystical significance. ?Putting on a play can be a
utopian experience,? he said. ?You
create a little society, an egalitarian,
democratic ensemble in which everybody inter-relates, they all support each
other and all become better than they
are.? Actors cherished the way he trusted the ?music? of their lines. Janie Dee,
for example, recalled that he asked
things like: ?How do you say that? Is it
?I love you?, ?I love you? or ?I love you???
As a public figure Hall was totally at
home: charming, open, humorous,
approachable, infinitely persuasive,
and a confident, outspoken critic of any
threat to the freedom or funding of the
arts in general and theatre in particular.
He enjoyed thespian gossip, but he
detested the term ?luvvies?. In private
he was more complex. Although he was
prone to bouts of despair and revealed
in his autobiography that he had twice
contemplated suicide, he also enjoyed
good food, fine wine and the company
of beautiful women. Maria Ewing, the
American opera singer to whom he
was married for eight years and whom
he persuaded to disrobe fully for the
Dance of the Seven Veils
in Strauss?s opera
Salome in 1986,
remembered him as
overemotional, vulnerable, surprisingly
full of self-doubt and in
need of reassurance.
He described
himself as an
old-fashioned
?East Anglian
puritan? and
confessed that
he had no idea
how to relax.
Typically,
he
had a medical
theory to explain
the
condition,
believing that his body produced an
excess of adrenaline to which he had
become addicted. ?My engine either
functions at full speed or it stops
altogether, and then I suffer a truly
terrible depression.?
In later years, when the ?boy
wonder? tag had faded, he cut a jovial,
avuncular and increasingly rotund
figure, not that this was any impediment to his reputation as a lothario.
Theatre critics sometimes mused upon
which Shakespearean character the
great director most resembled. The
obvious candidate was Falstaff, and the
?jolly Jack? semblance was one that he
appreciated, for he cited Henry IV
(Parts I and II) as his favourite Shakespeare works, and his staging of them in
Bath in 2011 was his final great work
before he succumbed to dementia.
After an embarrassing incident in
2012, when he loudly heckled Laura
Carmichael, the Downton Abbey star,
during her West End debut, his family
reluctantly moved him into care.
It was a sad end for a man of such
life-enhancing passion, who when it
was suggested that the theatre had
become old-fashioned and clumsy in
the digital age, replied: ?Give me six
actors, three days and a room and
I?ll create something that could fire
your imagination.?
Peter Reginald Frederick Hall, an
only child, was born in 1930 in Bury St
Edmunds, Suffolk. He celebrated its
countryside in the elegiac Akenfield
(1974), one of his comparatively few
films, based on Ronald Blythe?s book
with music by Tippett. His paternal
grandfather was a rat catcher on the
Sandringham estate and his father,
Reg, was a railway clerk who rose to
become station master. ?People giggle
when I say that I grew up on a singleline railway station with a pump outside, no running water, no electricity,
oil lamps, but that?s the way it was,?
Hall said.
Reg was ?one of the wisest, nicest,
least ambitious men? and Hall inherited his drive from Grace (n閑 Pamment),
his bossy and overprotective mother,
who scrimped and saved to ensure that
he enjoyed the middle-class accoutrements of books and piano lessons. He
was eternally grateful, although in his
autobiography he wrote unkindly that
there was ?a distinct aura of pisselegance? about her. When he
moved to London, Grace
would often catch the train
to Liverpool Street to
deliver his clean
laundry and take
back his dirties.
He won a
scholarship to
the Perse grammar
school
in Cambridge,
where
the
family
had
moved on the
outbreak of
the
Second
World War.
Here he played
tennis, shone
as a pianist and
organist, edited the school
Hall in 1993. He was for half a century
magazine and became head boy. His
father?s job was a useful source of discounted rail tickets, which by the age of
12 he was using to visit London theatres.
During his holidays he would cycle 100
miles west to Stratford-upon-Avon,
taking in as many plays as possible and
camping near by.
After National Service with the RAF
he read English at St Catharine?s
College, Cambridge, admitting that he
felt awkward ?as a scholarship boy
among the Old Etonians?. He enjoyed
the lectures of Dadie Rylands, the
Shakespearean scholar, and FR Leavis,
although he accused the latter of
?hating? the theatre. By his third year
he was hooked on directing plays,
describing ?an almost physical sense of
release and pleasure rehearsing?.
Already ebullient and larger than life,
Hall now emerged as a precocious poster boy for a newly democratic age, a
bright, working-class lad whose boundless energy, ambition and talent and
rapid rise to fame exemplified the postwar spirit of social change. Professional
engagements quickly followed in
places such as Windsor and Oxford. By
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
53
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REX/SHUTTERSTOCK; GETTY IMAGES
one of the most important figures in British theatre. Right: by the National Theatre, a source of much angst and joy, in 1975
1955 he was running the Arts Theatre in
Soho when the script for Beckett?s Waiting for Godot landed on his desk. His instincts told him that it was an important
piece, but he was unsure if he could
make it work. ?I haven?t the foggiest
idea what some of it means,? he told the
cast at the first rehearsal.
When the play opened Hall remembered ?yawns, mock snores and some
barracking? that threatened ?to erupt
in rage?, but subsided into ?glum boredom?. Most of the reviews were hostile,
although Kenneth Tynan and Harold
Hobson in The Times recognised its
merits. The controversy transformed
Hall from a 24-year-old prodigy into a
theatrical sensation. He was interviewed by Vogue and Panorama; half a
century later National Theatre audiences voted Waiting for Godot the greatest
play of the 20th century.
In 1957 he staged his first opera, The
Moon and Sixpence by John Gardner, at
Sadler?s Wells and formed his own West
End producing company, the shortlived
International Playwrights? Theatre.
A fistful of productions in Stratfordupon-Avon?s Shakespeare Memorial
Theatre followed, including Cymbeline
with Peggy Ashcroft.
While touring Hamlet in the Soviet
Union in 1960, Hall, who was 29 at
the time, met Sir Fordham Flower,
chairman of the Shakespeare Memorial
Theatre, in a Leningrad hotel. He put
to him a radical plan to create an
ambitious, year-round operation called
inside today
Benedict Nightingale on a
wily politician, a playful risk
taker and a theatrical titan
Times 2, pages 8-9
the Royal Shakespeare Company, with
a second base in London, where new
plays could also be staged. It was an
audacious expansion, certain to eat up
the company?s cash. They talked all
night and when the sun rose Flower told
him: ?I think you?re absolutely mad, but
I?ll back you to the hilt.?
There were several early successes.
At Stratford, Hamlet with David Warner and a Troilus and Cressida with Doro-
thy Tutin were followed by a monumental trilogy condensing a portfolio
of Shakespeare?s histories, which Hall
renamed The Wars of the Roses.
Promising young players were given
opportunities to shine in leading roles,
including Vanessa Redgrave, Peter
O?Toole, Judi Dench, Ian Holm and
Ian Richardson.
At the Aldwych, the RSC?s London
home, transfers from Stratford were
augmented with works by writers such
as Jean Anouilh, Edward Albee and,
above all, Pinter. All this was achieved
against considerable opposition. Finances were stretched and there was
animosity from the National Theatre,
led by Olivier, who argued that Britain
could not support two national companies. Thirty years later Hall told The
Times: ?It was a dreadful time of depression and overtiredness and anxiety and
fear . . . if The Wars of the Roses had failed, that would have been the end.?
He suffered a breakdown, but was
rescued by Peter Brook, his fellow director, who told him that if he didn?t get
back to work it would be the end. He returned to the fray with a vengeance,
though for a while he was directing
from a daybed. The RSC survived and
flourished and continued to ruffle
feathers, including those of Emile Littler, the impresario and RSC board
member, who accused Hall of bringing
?dirty plays? to the stage. Yet by the time
Hall handed over to Trevor Nunn in
1968 the company was fully established.
There were even greater battles
ahead when he became director of the
National Theatre in 1973 ? ?crossing
the floor?, as he put it, to succeed Olivier. The changeover was clumsily effected, which caused ill-feeling, while
the task of moving the company into its
new South Bank home was a herculean
one. Hold-ups in the construction delayed the opening, infuriating the large,
loud and stubborn director. Backstage
staff staged wildcat strikes, leading to
cancelled performances. During one
performance of The Double Dealer
strikers appeared on stage shouting
abuse. Costs escalated, meaning that
Hall had to seek extra subsidy ? not a
politically popular move. There was
also a rumpus over The Romans in Britain, which included a scene in which a
druid is raped by Caesar?s soldiers.
On stage there were more than 200
productions during his 15-year tenure
at the NT, 30 of them directed by Hall,
including ten world premieres. In addition to Amadeus, highlights included
Pinter premieres, an adaptation of
Orwell?s Animal Farm, Alan Ayckbourn?s Bedroom Farce and Tony Harrison?s vivid new version of Aeschylus?s
great trilogy, The Oresteia.
Hall once said that directors resemble ?the cat who walks alone?, a more
difficult and less clubbable species than
actors or writers, and he admitted to
fitting the archetype. ?I?m not very
good at friends because the work has
come first,? he noted. That perhaps explains why all four of his wives arrived
in a professional context. He met the
first, the Hollywood actress Leslie
Caron, when he directed her in a stage
version of Gigi, bedding her after the
first-night party. She described him as
?a great vital force, beguiling and persuasive?. They were married in 1956
and divorced eight years later after she
began an affair with Warren Beatty.
Jacqueline Taylor, Hall?s secretary,
became wife number two in 1965. Never
one to be restrained by the small print
of a nuptial contract, Hall had an affair
with Sue Higginson, his assistant,
heralding the end of the marriage. He
met Ewing while directing her in Cos�
fan tutte at Glyndebourne. They were
married in 1982, but she divorced him
when he ran off with Nicki Frei, a
National Theatre press officer 27 years
his junior. ?I?m a passionate believer in
marriage,? Hall said with all sincerity
when he and Frei tied the knot in 1990.
His six children followed him into the
theatre. From his first marriage, Christopher Hall is a producer and Jenny
Wilhide an actress; from his second,
Edward Hall works as a director and
Lucy Hall as a theatre designer. Rebecca Hall, his daughter with Ewing, is an
actress, as is Emma Hall, from his
marriage to Frei. He managed the
complex family nexus astonishingly
well, remaining close to all his offspring.
?People are constantly surprised how
harmonious we all are,? said Rebecca,
whom he directed as Viola in Twelfth
Night at the NT for his 80th birthday.
On leaving the NT in 1988 he confounded those political enemies who
accused him of having a ?welfare state
mentality? by joining the hurly-burly of
commercial theatre. He staged productions at the Old Vic, ran an annual
summer season at the Theatre Royal,
Bath, and toured abroad. One of his
greatest coups was a Merchant of Venice
starring Dustin Hoffman after Hall had
convinced the Jewish actor that the
Bard had not written an antisemitic
play, but a play about antisemitism.
In 2003 Hall?s career took yet
another turn when he became director
of what was little more than the shell of
?I?m not very good
at friends because the
work has come first?
a theatre at Kingston-on-Thames. Its
ground plan was the nearest he had
seen to that of the Elizabethan Rose,
where Shakespeare?s plays had been
performed. It took five years of perseverance, but when it opened in January
2008 the Rose Theatre Kingston
immediately made its mark.
A devout atheist who admitted to
thinking often about death, Hall insisted that he was not rich. Yet he lived well.
At different times there were desirable
properties in Berkshire and Sussex.
There were also smart pads in fashionable parts of London, including a house
in Chelsea, where he spent his last
years. He was remarkably unsentimental and refused to keep ?programmes,
press cuttings or the memory of
success?. Surprisingly, he suggested
that if he had his time again, he would
have chosen a different route. ?I would
have been a conductor,? he said. ?I think
I could have been a great musician.?
Sir Peter Hall, theatre and opera director,
was born on November 22, 1930. He died
from pneumonia on September 11, 2017,
aged 86
554
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Register
REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Professor Kevin Gatter
Convivial pathologist who created a technique
for identifying the source of cancer in the body
Professor Kevin Gatter did not have
the demeanour expected of a worldrenowned cancer specialist. Those who
knew him by reputation were often
bemused to meet a man wearing
mismatched socks and jumpers with
patterns of sheep being herded by
border collies.
Nobody was fooled for long. When
Gatter began to talk about his work,
which changed the way that doctors are
able to diagnose different types of
cancer, it was impossible not to take
him seriously.
Misdiagnosis was common before
the 1980s and it cost lives because treatments differ according to the type of
cancer. It was sometimes impossible to
know from examining tissue biopsies
under the microscope if malignant
cells had arisen in the lymph glands
(lymphoma) or from one of the body?s
organs (carcinoma).
In the early 1980s Gatter ran a
research project at the University of
Oxford that developed immunocytochemistry, a technique using antibodies
to identify the source of the disease,
which is now commonplace in
pathology labs globally.
Monoclonal antibodies, which are
protein molecules, had been developed
in the 1970s by C閟ar Milstein, an
Argentine biochemist at the University
of Cambridge. He won a Nobel prize for
his work. However, Milstein never
developed a practical application
for these antibodies. Gatter and his
research partner, a haematologist
called David Mason, were able to apply
them as a tool for cancer diagnosis.
Immunocytochemistry
is now used routinely
in NHS laboratories
They found that the antibodies could
indicate the source of the cancer.
Their first piece of research on the
subject, published in the New England
Journal of Medicine in 1983, led to
demand for the antibodies from all over
the world. Gatter and Mason then
refined this diagnostic tool. The
technique is now an essential part of
any bespoke tumour treatment and is
used routinely in NHS laboratories.
Gatter went on to carry out further
research as the head of the Department
of Cellular Science at Oxford. He
published his findings in his field of
leukaemia and lymphoma diagnosis in
more than 300 peer-reviewed research
papers and in three award-winning
textbooks on immunocytochemistry.
His Oxford research group paired
wide-eyed neophytes with established
scientists from renowned research
centres such as Stanford and Berlin.
Gatter always fostered an egalitarian
atmosphere ? and revelled in the
conviviality of the after-work wine
tastings that he organised.
Kevin Gatter was born in Luton in
1951. His mother, Josephine, was one of
eight children from a Catholic family in
Northern Ireland. His father, Geoffrey,
was a purchasing manager for the NHS.
Kevin attended Catholic schools,
where he was quickly marked out for
his originality of thought, which was
not always appreciated by his teachers.
He went on to read medicine at St
John?s College, Oxford. When he graduated in 1973 he remained at Oxford to
take a DPhil. In 1980 he married his
best friend?s sister, Vivienne Williams,
who is now a district judge. He took on
a house job in surgery at the John
Radcliffe Hospital, then became a
lecturer in pathology and developed a
specialism in haematopathology. He
cut a wilfully eccentric figure in Oxford
wearing dishevelled robes.
Working with David Mason, he set
up a company to sell monoclonal
antibodies. Although the business was
eventually sold to the pharmaceutical
company Dako, Gatter and Mason
never relinquished exclusive rights and
continued to make the antibodies
available to other medical schools that
were carrying out research into cancer
diagnosis. Gatter was receiving orders
for antibodies from all over the world
right up until his death.
He specialised in diagnostic
pathology, becoming the chairman of
the Nuffield Department of Clinical
Laboratory Sciences in 1997, a post that
he held until his retirement in 2016. He
was also a member of the World Health
Organisation lymphoma pathology
committee, which focused on producing a coherent and clinically useful
classification of lymphoma types.
Gatter was passionate about wine
and military books; his house was full of
both. Booksellers of military histories
would often email him before their
catalogues came out. The Gatter
household groaned under the weight of
books. In the end he had them delivered
to the hospital, sneaking them home
when his wife was out.
In outdoor pursuits he found an
antidote to the long hours spent in the
laboratory. He loved motorbikes, but
Vivienne banned him from riding after
they were married. She finally relented
and in middle age he became a ?born
again biker?, buying a 1200cc BMW.
He was a popular figure in the village
of South Hinksey near Oxford, where
the locals could set their watches on
being able to greet him on his early
morning run, accompanied by his wife
and their faithful retrievers, Salty,
Frisco and Aimee. The children who
lived next door called him ?gadget
man? because when they peered over
the fence they would often be delighted
to find him testing a new gizmo for
the garden.
Gatter remained active after being
diagnosed three years ago with prostate
cancer. The disease spread to his bones.
When he became too ill to walk anything but a short distance, he purchased
an all-terrain mobility scooter, which
he called Mr Toad and would drive
around the village.
Until then he had been a regular
participant in ?Race the Train?, a 16-mile
cross-country race in Tywyn, Wales, in
which runners would try to outrun a
narrow-gauge steam train. Every year
he would get closer to beating the train,
but he never quite managed it. Others
are still running today because of
Gatter?s work in treating cancer.
Professor Kevin Gatter, pathologist,
was born on November 5, 1951. He
died from cancer on June 22, 2017,
aged 65
Kevin Gatter with one of his retrievers
Pat Albeck at home in 2010. Below: one of her most recent tea-towel designs
Pat Albeck
Designer for John Lewis and the National Trust
proud to be labelled ?the queen of the tea towel?
Pat Albeck once reflected happily that
there was probably not a household in
the land that did not contain something
designed by her ? a tea cosy, a curtainpull, a pin-tray or a tea towel.
She was proud to be labelled ?queen
of the tea towel?, producing more than
500 designs for the National Trust from
1967 ? decorative and architectural
pictures with a border, which meant
that they often ended up not drying
crockery, but hanging in frames. She
elevated a domestic article into the
realm of art. And they sold well. ?I
dislike the term ?commercial?,? Albeck
would say, ?but I do like to sell well.?
With her husband, the theatre
designer Peter Rice, she was at the
heart of a home-based design dynasty
that burgeoned in 1987 when the Rices?
son Matthew married Emma Bridgewater, the ceramicist whose mugs,
jugs and bowls feature, like her motherin-law?s products, in so many pinedressered, farmhouse-style kitchens.
?As Emma Bridgewater?s motherin-law,? Albeck used to say, ?I am not
short of mugs.? The quartet of designers
operated under neighbouring roofs in,
successively, Hammersmith, Norfolk
and Oxfordshire, always in characterful houses with dogs, hens and children.
Albeck was inspired, she said, by ?the
small decorations of life?. She wanted to
show people what she found wonderful
? flowers, bright colours, bold shapes,
and swirling patterns in designs
adorning fabrics, pottery and bed linen.
Symbols of domesticity ? cakes, tea
caddies, bowls of fruit, lawnmowers
and watering cans ? and of nature
became leitmotifs of the Rice-AlbeckBridgewater vision of Englishness.
Patricia Albeck was the youngest of
four daughters of Polish 閙igr閟 Max
and Sarah Albeck, who had arrived in
Britain in 1910. She was born in the Hull
suburb of Anlaby; her father was a wellto-do furrier who subscribed to Anarchist Fortnightly and believed the world
would be a better place without any
management. He was also a William
Morris socialist, and Morris was
worshipped. Each room of their house
had a theme; one had a peach-framed
mirror with amber squares of glass and
contained nothing but a grand piano.
Pat was keen on hockey and netball,
but her Jewish mother wouldn?t let her
learn to swim and wrapped her in
cotton wool. Aged ten she discovered
Frank Sinatra on the American Forces
Network, the first of many passions.
She showed no particular aptitude
for, or interest in, art, but her father
knew the principal of Hull College
School of Art and Design and told him:
?You?d better have Pat.? Everyone was
surprised when she got into the Royal
College of Art in 1950, but she shone in
the textile school.
There she met Peter Rice, who was
putting on The Tempest. ?I?m no actress,
but I put myself up for a nymph,? Albeck
recalled. ?He told me I was too fat for a
nymph, but could I make props?? On a
prop bed on stage at Aylesbury Rep he
proposed, and one Thursday he told her
that he?d fixed Kensington register
office for that Saturday. One of the
guests was driving to Reigate that afternoon, so their honeymoon was seeing
the film Duel in the Sun in Reigate.
Albeck became a prot間閑 of
Hans and Elsbeth Juda, who edited
International Textiles magazine. They
propelled her to Horrockses Fashions,
where she began by designing a
sundress and a bolero. Between 1953
and 1958 she produced designs for the
company?s trademark look, the cinchwaisted, full-skirted, ultra-feminine
dress with horizontal bands of floral
design. Albeck?s next employer was ontrend for 1960s floral and psychedelic
designs: Samuel Sherman (?Sambo?)
of Dollyrockers.
Albeck branched out into cheerful
furnishing fabrics, patterned bed linen
and tablemats for Cavendish Textiles,
part of the John Lewis partnership. Her
most popular design, ?daisychain?, was
a bestseller for 15 years and was reissued for the store?s 150th anniversary.
Albeck was prolific, designing also
for the Minton and Spode pottery
brands, the fabrics of Sir Nicholas
?Miki? Sekers, as well as a Sanderson
wallpaper. Among her assistants over
the years was Susan Collier, who
became a star designer for Liberty.
The Rices brought up their niece
Penny, whose parents lived abroad. She
recalled that every meal ended with a
general knowledge quiz ? ?consisting
of what Pat and Peter considered to be
general knowledge: name four films
starring Katharine Hepburn; name the
date when Joan Crawford was born;
who designed the sets for the first
performance of Freddie Ashton?s Cinderella? [Ashton was a family friend and
Matthew?s godfather.] We made up
rhymes about film stars and designers,
my most famous being, ?Oliver Messel,
Can you Wrestle? If so, do so.? ? She also
recalled that ?at the age of seven I was
sent every morning down to Maxwell?s
newsagent to buy 20 Churchman?s No 1
? chosen for the design of the packet
rather than for the cigarettes?.
Albeck was married for ten years
before her son, Matthew, was born. She
admitted that she was ?a spoiling sort of
mother ? but I don?t think Matthew is
a spoilt person?. Matthew says she was
uncritical. ?She would make it clear if
something was wrong, but it was all the
work of a genius. Nothing was too good
for her son. She liked everything about
being Matthew Rice?s mother.?
Having observed his parents working
at home ? his father making models
for stage sets on the top floor, his
mother with textiles below, a colourful
kitchen the centre of life ? he naturally
became an artist and writer, fashioning
a family life centred on creativity.
Despite something of a mismatch ?
a tall, shy English gentleman paired
with a short, round, extrovert Jewish
girl ? Albeck?s marriage flourished,
and she said the only thing the couple
ever argued about was a certain shade
of blue. No matter what time her husband arrived home, even at 4am from
New York, Albeck would be there with
her nails and hair done, breakfast ready.
For the National Trust, from 1967,
Albeck set about recording every great
house and landscape, despite having
little idea of perspective or scale. As a
Desert Island Discs castaway, she told
Kirsty Young: ?I would rather be at my
desk than anywhere, except at the
table, eating.? Her luxury was a ?desert
island desk? full of art materials.
Rice died in 2015. At the age of 85,
Albeck took up piano lessons, but was
not, she admitted, an easy pupil. This
year Colefax and Fowler mounted A
Cut Above, an exhibition of her bright
paper-flower collages that sold for
�000 apiece. She recently submitted
her last National Trust tea towel, the
2018 calendar, based on the Trust?s
gardens. It will be on sale at the end of
this month for � As the Trust?s website
says, it will be ?highly collectable?.
Pat Albeck, designer, was born on March
17, 1930. She died of heart and kidney
failure on September 1, 2017, aged 87
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
55
1GM
Register
Thanksgiving service Lord Jenkin of Roding
The Queen and the Duke of
Edinburgh were represented by
Lord Taylor of Holbeach at a
service of thanksgiving for the life
and work of Lord Jenkin of Roding,
held in St Margaret?s Church,
Westminster Abbey on Tuesday,
September 12, 2017.
The Prime Minister was represented by Mr George Hollingbery
MP.
The Rev Jane Sinclair, rector of St
Margaret?s Church and Canon of
Westminster, officiated, gave the
bidding and pronounced the
blessing, assisted by the Rev Ralph
Godsall who led the prayers, accompanied by the Rev Canon the Hon
Charles Jenkin, son.
The Hon Bernard Jenkin MP, son,
read the lesson. The Hon Flora
Christison, daughter, read the poem
Epitaph on my own Friend by Robert
Burns. The Very Rev Dr Victor Stock
gave the address and the Earl of Selborne and Lord Butler of Brockwell
paid tribute.
During the service the Choir of St
Margaret?s and an octet of friends
from the Jenkin family, led by the
Hon Nicola Jenkin, daughter, and
conducted by Mr Simon Over,
director of music at St Margaret?s
from 1992-2002 and founder-conductor of the Parliament Choir, sang
the Introit For he shall give his angels
by Felix Mendelssohn, to a setting by
Henry Walford Davies. Mr Richard
Pearce played the organ.
The Lord Speaker and the Lord
Mayor of Westminster attended. The
Speaker of the House of Commons
was represented by the Deputy
Speaker. The Japanese Ambassador
was represented by the Deputy Head
of Mission, accompanied by the First
Political Secretary.
Among those present were: Lady
Jenkin (widow), Baroness Jenkin of
Kennington, the Hon Mrs Charles
Jenkin (daughters-in-law), Mr
Christopher Jenkin (brother), Mrs
Ann Jenkin (sister-in-law), Mr
Robert Jenkin (grandson), Ms Alex
Jenkin (granddaughter), Mr Martin
Benson, Viscount Davidson with
other members of the family.
Also present were: the Earl of
Lytton, the Countess of Selborne,
Viscount Younger of Leckie,
Viscount Trenchard, Viscount
Ullswater, Lord Arbuthnot of
Edrom, Lord Armstrong of Ilminster, Lord Baker of Dorking CH, and
Lady Baker of Dorking, Lord Bates,
Baroness Berridge, Lord Best, Lord
Blunkett, Baroness Bottomley of
Nettlestone, Lord Brabazon of Tara,
Lord Brooke of Sutton Mandeville,
Lord Brougham & Vaux, Lord
Brown of Eaton-under-Heywood,
Baroness Browning, Lord Burns,
Lord Jenkin of Roding
Baroness Buscombe, Lady Butterworth, Baroness Chalker of Wallasey, Lord and Lady Cope of Berkeley,
Lord Cormack, Lord Craig of
Radley, Lord and Lady Crickhowell,
Lord Davies of Stamford, Lord and
Lady Deben, Lord Dobbs, Baroness
D?Souza, Lord Elton, Baroness Finn,
Lord Forsyth of Drumlean, Lord
Foulkes of Cumnock, Lady Fowler,
Lord Freeman, Lord Gardiner of
Kimble, Baroness Gardner of
Parkes, Lord Gordon of Strathblane,
Lord and Lady Griffiths of Fforestfach, Lord Hamilton of Epsom, Lord
Hannay of Chiswick, Lord Harris of
Haringey, Baroness Helic, Lord
Henley, Professor Lord Hennessy of
Nympsfield, Lord Heseltine CH, and
Lady Heseltine, Lord Higgins, Baroness Hollis of Heigham, Baroness
Hooper, Lord Howard of Lympne
CH QC, Lord Howarth of Newport,
Lord Howell of Guildford, Lord Inglewood, Lord Jopling, Lord Lang of
Monkton, Lord Lamont of Lerwick,
Lord Leigh of Hurley, Lord Liddle,
Lord Low of Dalston, Lord Lexden,
Lord Lisvane, Lord and Lady McColl
of Dulwich, Lord and Lady MacGregor of Pulham Market, Lady
Macpherson of Biallid, Lord and
Lady Mair, Lord Maude of Horsham,
Baroness McIntosh of Pickering,
Lord Mitchell, Lord Moynihan, Lord
Norton of Louth, Baroness O?Neill
of Bengarve, Lord Oxburgh, Lord
Powell of Bayswater, Baroness Perry
of Southwark, Baroness Rawlings,
Lord Risby, Lord Rowe-Beddoe,
Lord Sassoon, Lord Sawyer, Baroness Seccombe, Lord Skelmersdale,
Lord Strathclyde, Lord Sherbourne
of Didsbury, Lord Sterling of Plaistow, Baroness Stowell of Beeston,
Lord Suri, Lord and Lady Swinfen,
Lady Taylor of Holbeach, Lord True,
Lord Tugendhat, Lord Turnbull,
Births, Marriages and Deaths
Lord and Lady Wakeham, Lord Wallace of Saltaire, Baroness Walmsley,
Baroness Warwick of Undercliffe,
Lord Wasserman, Lord Willis of
Knaresborough, Baroness Wyld,
Lord Young of Cookham, the Hon
Victoria Prentis MP, the Hon Jacob
Rees-Mogg MP, the Hon Fiona
Rippon, Sir David Amess MP, Sir
Henry Bellingham MP, Sir Peter
Bottomley MP, Sir William Cash
MP, Sir Michael Craig-Cooper, Sir
Jeremy and Lady Elwes, Dame Mary
Hogg, Sir Christopher Howes, Sir
Neil and Lady Macfarlane, Sir
Patrick McLoughlin MP, Sir Idris
Pearce, Dame Marion Roe, Sir Nicholas Soames MP, Dame Caroline
Spelman MP, Sir Robert Worcester.
Mr Jonathan Aitken, Mr and Mrs
Peter Barnes, Mr Simon Baynes, Mr
Norman Beadle, Mr David Beamish,
Miss Helen Bostock, Major D A
Brockhurst (Crystalate Holdings),
Mr Adam Brown, Dr Geoffrey and
Miss Charlotte Buchler, Captain
Arthur Butler, Mr Tony Burch, Mr
Paul Burrett, Mr John Bowis, Mr
Graham Brady MP, Mr Paul Canal,
Mr Christopher Chope MP, and Mrs
Chope, Ms Jo Churchill MP, Mr A. D.
Cleary, Dr Brian Coleman, Mrs
Sheila L. Cresswell, Mr John Cryer
MP, Mr Peter R. C. Davis, Mr John
Dawson, Mr Paul Dimond, Mr
Denis Doble, Mr James Duddridge
MP, Mr Iain Duncan Smith MP, Mr
Nigel Evans MP, Mr Adrian
Edwards, Mr Christopher Frankland, Professor Malcolm Forsyth,
Miss Melanie Gibbins, Mrs Jill
Gillchrist, Mrs Cheryl Gillian MP,
Mr Matthew Gordon-Banks, Mr
Alan Haselhurst, Mr John Higham,
Mr Adam Holloway MP, Mr Paul
Howarth, Mr Brian Huggett, Mr
James Hughes-Onslow, Mr Eric
Koops, Dr Lionel Kopelowitz, Mrs
Eleanor Laing MP, Mr Rob Lane, Ms
Anne Langley, Mr Kevin Lucas, Mr
Charles McCue, Mr Michael McManus, Mr Duncan McWatt, Councillor John Marshall, Mr N S Mayhew,
Mrs Elizabeth Mellows, Mr James
Metcalfe MP, the Rev Sally Muggeridge, Mr and Mrs P Nash, Mr
Robert Neill MP, Mr David Newbigging, Mr David Nicholson, Mr Matthew Parris, Mr Richard Pickett, Mr
Christopher Purvis, Mr John Redwood MP, Ms Catharine Robinson,
Mr George Rutter, Mr Christopher
Stewart-Smith, Mr Richard Smith,
Mr Brian Sweetland, Ms Sarah
Tallon, Mr Ian C Taylor, Mr Charles
Thomson, Mr Andrew Tyrie, Mr
Peter Warren, Mr David Weeks, Mr
Barnaby Whiteman, Mr Derek
Wilson, Mr Tony Woodhead, Ms
Anna Yallop, Professor Graham J
Zellick together with many more
friends and former colleagues.
Court Circular
Balmoral Castle
12th September, 2017
The Queen and The Duke of
Edinburgh were represented by the
Lord Taylor of Holbeach (formerly
Lord in Waiting to The Queen) at
the Service of Thanksgiving for the
Life of the Lord Jenkin of Roding
(formerly Secretary of State for the
Environment) which was held in St
Margaret?s Church, Westminster
Abbey, today.
Kensington Palace
12th September, 2017
The Duke of Cambridge, President,
the Football Association, this
morning visited Sporting Chance
Clinic, Crouch House, Champneys
Forest Mere Health Resort, Forest
Mere, Liphook, Hampshire.
His Royal Highness this
afternoon visited McLaren?s
Technology and Production
Centres at Chertsey Road, Woking,
and was received by Her Majesty?s
Lord-Lieutenant of Surrey (Mr
Michael More-Molyneux).
Buckingham Palace
12th September, 2017
The Duke of York, Founder,
Inspiring Digital Enterprise Award,
this morning presented bronze
awards at Calday Grange Grammar
School, Grammar School Lane,
Birkenhead, Wirral, Cheshire, and
was received by Her Majesty?s Lord
Lieutenant of Merseyside (Dame
Lorna Muirhead).
His Royal Highness, Patron, later
attended the first round of The
Duke of York Young Champions?
Trophy at the Royal Liverpool Golf
Club, Meols Drive, Hoylake, Wirral.
Buckingham Palace
12th September, 2017
The Earl of Wessex, Chairman of
the Board of Trustees, The Duke
of Edinburgh?s International Award
Foundation, this afternoon
departed from Heathrow Airport,
London, for Italy.
His Royal Highness this evening
visited the Head Office of Pagani
Automobili SA and afterwards
attended a World Fellows Dinner at
Via dell?Artigianato, San Cesario Sul
Panaro, Modena. Mr Timothy
Roberts is in attendance.
Buckingham Palace
12th September, 2017
The Princess Royal this morning
departed from Heathrow Airport,
London, for Peru and was received
upon arrival this evening at Jorge
Ch醰ez International Airport, Lima,
by Her Majesty?s Ambassador to the
Republic of Peru (His Excellency
Mr Anwar Choudhury).
Kensington Palace
12th September, 2017
The Duke of Gloucester this
afternoon visited Shree Geeta
Bhawan Temple, 107-117 Heathfield
Road, Birmingham, to celebrate
their Fiftieth Anniversary and was
received by Her Majesty?s LordLieutenant of West Midlands
(Mr John Crabtree).
His Royal Highness afterwards
visited Assay Office Birmingham,
Warstone Lane, Icknield Street,
Birmingham, and was received by
Mr David Clarke (Deputy
Lieutenant of West Midlands).
The Duke of Gloucester, on
behalf of The Queen, later held
an Investiture at Birmingham
City Council House, 1 Victoria
Square, Birmingham.
The Duchess of Gloucester,
Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal
Bermuda Regiment, this afternoon
received Lieutenant Colonel David
Curley (Commanding Officer).
Her Royal Highness, Patron,
Friends of St Paul?s Cathedral, later
attended Evensong followed by a
Reception for City Livery
Companies in St Paul?s Cathedral,
London EC4.
www.newsukadvertising.co.uk
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
59
1GM
Weather
Weather Eye
Paul Simons
Today Unsettled with strong winds and scattered showers, feeling cool in the wind. Max 18C (64F), min 3C (37F)
Around Britain
Five days ahead
Key: b=bright, c=cloud, d=drizzle, pc=partly cloudy
du=dull, f=fair, fg=fog, h=hail, m=mist, r=rain,
sh=showers, sl=sleet, sn=snow, s=sun, t=thunder
*=previous day **=data not available
An unsettled spell with
rain or showers across
the UK and feeling cool
in a northwesterly breeze
Temperature
Tomorrow
Flood alerts and warnings
Temp C
Rain mm Sun hr*
midday yesterday
24 hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Anglesey
Aviemore
Barnstaple
Bedford
Belfast
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bridlington
Bristol
Camborne
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Guernsey
Hereford
Herstmonceux
Ipswich
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Leeds
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Lyneham
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Newcastle
Nottingham
Orkney
Oxford
Plymouth
Portland
Scilly, St Mary?s
Shoreham
Shrewsbury
Skye
Snowdonia
Southend
Stornoway
Tiree
Whitehaven
Wick
Yeovilton
15
14
16
13
17
**
14
15
17
17
16
15
15
14
12
14
16
17
16
16
14
**
12
14
11
12
15
15
16
17
15
16
17
16
14
15
13
16
17
16
14
16
15
**
13
17
13
13
12
13
16
C
PC
PC
S
PC
**
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
**
SH
PC
SH
DU
C
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
C
PC
PC
**
C
FG
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.4
**
1.8
1.8
0.2
1.0
2.8
2.0
1.6
0.2
1.0
0.0
**
0.4
0.0
3.4
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.2
2.0
3.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.6
1.4
5.0
10.2
1.6
0.0
0.0
6.0
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.4
2.0
**
8.2
1.9
8.4
1.8
0.0
6.8
3.0
1.7
1.4
5.6
2.1
**
**
3.8
**
5.3
**
3.3
5.9
1.6
6.5
3.0
5.6
**
**
5.1
4.1
3.7
**
**
0.7
**
2.0
6.4
3.3
**
4.9
4.2
3.2
6.2
**
**
4.8
0.0
**
**
**
**
5.3
3.4
**
**
6.2
4.5
5.8
**
**
2.9
Feeling cool in a fresh northwesterly
wind. Frequent showers along North
Sea coasts and
stern areas.
Elsewhere a
shine and
isolated sh
Max 17C, n C
11
Moderate
Rough
28 (degrees C)
13
11
11
Aberdeen
NORTH
SEA
27
Edinburgh
Glasgow
17
27
Londonderry
ATLANTIC
OCEAN
A northerly breeze will make it feel
cool, particularly in the north. After
a dry start sca r
ers will
develop acr
n a e with just a
few sunny p
Max 16C, in
Belfast
LLlandudno
12
13
16
77
20
68
15
59
10
50
5
41
0
32
-5
23
-10
14
-15
5
Cork
Channel Islands
A mixture of sunshine and showers,
these heaviest and most frequent
across eastern d u rn England.
Remaining c
t
e of year.
Max 16C,
Nottingham
i h
Norwich
12
13
Birmingham
Swansea
17
8
18
Bristol
London
15
5
15
Southampton
Exeterr
Plymouth
Brighton
17
CHANNEL
3
Tides
Cambridge
Oxford
Cardiff
CELTIC
SEA
General situation: A win y ay with
scattered showers, these most
frequent in the north and west.
Edinburgh & Dundee, Borders, NE Eng,
E Eng: Early rain will clear eastwards
to leave a mixture of sunny spells
and scattered showers. Moderate
northwesterly winds. Maximum
15C (59F), minimum 7C (45F).
NW Eng, Wales, SW Eng Cen N Eng:
After a dry morning isolated showers
will develop, these turning heavy in
places later in the afternoon. A windy
3
Sheffield
14
Shrewsbury
25
12
25
Hull
15
ooo
Liverpool
IRISH
SEA
Dublin
A drier, more settled day with longer
sunny spells and just a low risk
of isolated sho r
reatest
shower risk
the east an
southeast
d.
Max 18C, n
86
Yorkk
Manchester
10
Sunday
30
14
13
29
Galway
15
F
95
Carlisle
14
13
12
C
35
Newcastle
Friday
Saturday
13
13
At 17:00 on Tuesday there were
11 ?ood alerts and 2 warnings in
England and Wales, and no ?ood
alerts or warnings in Scotland.
For further information and
updates, visit ?ood-warninginformation.service.gov.uk, and for
Scotland www.SEPA.org.uk
16
Shetland
Sh
12
10
16
B
F
S
F
S
SH
**
**
F
B
S
S
S
B
DU
B
S
C
S
F
B
S
B
S
R
B
F
F
S
S
C
F
F
B
S
B
B
F
F
S
R
B
B
S
B
S
R
7
Slight
17
All readings local midday yesterday
24
Madeira
23
Madrid
26
Majorca
34
M醠aga
29
Malta
14
Melbourne
Mexico City 36
**
Miami
25
Milan
29
Mombasa
21
Montreal
26
Moscow
34
Mumbai
14
Munich
19
Nairobi
25
Naples
New Orleans 26
24
New York
25
Nice
31
Nicosia
13
Oslo
14
Paris
18
Perth
14
Prague
9
Reykjavik
18
Riga
Rio de Janeiro 31
39
Riyadh
24
Rome
San Francisco 26
8
Santiago
28
S鉶 Paulo
25
Seoul
28
Seychelles
31
Singapore
St Petersburg 19
18
Stockholm
25
Sydney
31
Tel Aviv
26
Tenerife
27
Tokyo
22
Vancouver
16
Venice
17
Vienna
15
Warsaw
Washington 22
14
Zurich
ney
Orkney
Calm
11
13
27 F
17 B
31 F
13 S
36 B
34 B
27 R
21 S
29 F
29 **
22 B
17 B
27 B
18 S
17 S
27 F
18 R
13 DU
35 F
33 B
19 F
17 F
23 S
17 S
28 B
34 B
41 F
14 S
29 F
24 B
16 R
15 R
29 F
27 F
17 B
33 B
29 B
30 F
35 F
28 F
32 S
26 S
26 S
17 B
24 F
26 S
41 F
e st te
(mph)
14
The world
Alicante
Amsterdam
Athens
Auckland
Bahrain
Bangkok
Barbados
Barcelona
Beijing
Beirut
Belgrade
Berlin
Bermuda
Bordeaux
Brussels
Bucharest
Budapest
Buenos Aires
Cairo
Calcutta
Canberra
Cape Town
Chicago
Copenhagen
Corfu
Delhi
Dubai
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Geneva
Gibraltar
Harare
Helsinki
Hong Kong
Honolulu
Istanbul
Jerusalem
Johannesburg
Kuala Lumpur
Lanzarote
Las Palmas
Lima
Lisbon
Los Angeles
Luxor
in s e d
34
day, with moderate to fre
fresh westerly
winds, easing later. Maximum
15C (59F), minimum 5C (41F).
Republic of Ireland, N Ireland: It will
be a largely cloudy day with scattered
heavy showers throughout. These
moving through fairly rapidly in a
moderate westerly wind. Maximum
14C (57F), minimum 7C (45F).
Lake District, IoM, SW Scotland,
Glasgow, Argyll, Cen Highland, NW
& NE Scotland, Aberdeen, Moray
Firth, N Isles: A largely cloudy day
37
with frequent showers, these turning
heavy at times with a risk of thunder
and lightning. Light to moderate
northwesterly winds. Maximum
13C (55F), minimum 3C (37F).
Mids, E Anglia, London, Cen S Eng, SE
Eng, Channel Is: After a dry morning
with sunny spells cloud will tend to
build through the day with a risk of
isolated showers developing. Strong
westerly winds in the morning will
tend to ease during the day. Maximum
18C (64F), minimum 7C (45F).
Noon today
Tidal predictions.
Heights in metres
14
17
18
Monday
A largely dry day with long sunny
spells and light winds. It will feel
warmer than t
i
few days,
particularly
.
Max 19C, n C
14
15
17
19
The Times weather
page is provided
by Weatherquest
Today
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Cardiff
Devonport
Dover
Dublin
Falmouth
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
Hull
Leith
Liverpool
London Bridge
Lowestoft
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newhaven
Newquay
Oban
Penzance
Portsmouth
Shoreham
Southampton
Swansea
Tees
Weymouth
Ht
07:02 3.9
00:21 11.7
04:32 3.3
00:04 10.9
11:25 4.8
04:17 6.1
05:11 3.8
10:54 4.5
05:40 3.3
05:10 3.6
03:47 5.1
12:00 6.7
08:14 5.1
04:45 8.5
07:12 6.3
02:52 2.3
11:53 5.9
04:41 8.5
04:27 6.0
10:49 6.0
11:11 3.1
10:18 4.8
05:05 4.3
04:28 5.6
04:31 4.2
11:56 8.0
09:20 4.9
12:04 1.6
Ht
19:44 3.7
12:44 11.3
17:12 3.2
12:26 10.6
23:52 4.6
16:50 6.0
17:49 3.6
23:32 4.3
17:59 3.3
17:24 3.7
16:22 4.9
--:--20:53 4.8
17:12 8.1
19:36 6.6
15:14 2.5
--:--17:15 8.0
16:55 5.9
23:28 5.8
--:--22:53 4.7
17:43 4.2
16:59 5.5
17:15 4.2
--:--22:04 4.6
--:---
L
8
1
0
Cold front
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
1
1 6
Synoptic situation
A deep area of low pressure
centred over Denmark at
midday will make for a windy
day across the United Kingdom
with scattered showers.
Weather fronts to the west
of Ireland will move east and
bring more frequent showers to
western areas. These unsettled
conditions extend across much
of northern Europe with spells
of rain and strong winds.
Highs and lows
Hours of darkness
24hrs to 5pm yesterday
Aberdeen
Belfast
Birmingham
Cardiff
Exeter
Glasgow
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Norwich
Penzance
Shef?eld
Warmest: Frittenden,
Kent, 19.2C
Coldest: Aonach Mor, 2.4C
Wettest: Cluanie Inn,
Ross and Cromarty, 39.0mm
Sunniest: Leeming, 8.0hrs*
Sun and moon
For Greenwich
Sun rises: 06.32
Sun sets: 19.19
Moon rises: 23.46
Moon sets: 15.50 Thu
New moon: 20 September
20:02-06:07
20:15-06:25
19:57-06:10
20:02-06:16
20:02-06:18
20:10-06:17
20:02-06:14
19:49-06:04
19:59-06:11
19:58-06:07
19:45-05:57
20:10-06:26
19:56-06:08
T
he ghost of Hurricane
Irma is fading away and
its winds are weakening,
but it still dropped very
heavy rain over much of
the southeast of the US, setting off
more flooding. In a parting shot at
Florida, the storm unleashed huge
rainfalls and a storm surge that set
off record floods over much of
Jacksonville. Storm surges flooded
parts of the Georgia coast as well.
The number of people killed by
Irma in the US is still not final,
especially in the wreckage of the
Florida Keys, the island chain that
was hit particularly hard. Despite
that uncertainty, it is extraordinary
how few people were killed by
Harvey and Irma, given the huge
size and power of the storms.
Hurricane forecasting, public
warnings and evacuations all played
a part in keeping down the numbers
of casualties, even though the
forecasts acknowledged uncertainty
? for most of last week it remained
unclear whether Irma would make
landfall on the east or west coast of
Florida, and public forecasts stressed
that uncertainty.
The accuracy of hurricane
forecasting and warnings has been
steadily improving over the years,
but in the past appalling blunders
and poor communication led to
horrendous numbers of deaths. The
deadliest hurricane in US history
was in 1900 at Galveston, Texas,
when about 12,000 people died as
a result of the Weather Bureau in
Washington failing to give warnings,
as well as poor evacuation routes
and very little flood protection.
In 1926 Miami was directly hit by
a hurricane, but when the eye of the
storm passed through and brought a
brief spell of calm, crowds filled the
streets thinking that the hurricane
had gone. They were horribly
wrong, and the rear half of the
hurricane suddenly burst through
with winds reaching 128mph,
leaving 113 people dead.
A category 5 hurricane struck the
Florida Keys in 1935 and left more
than 400 people dead, many of them
First World War veterans working
on a new highway who were given
no warning about the hurricane.
60
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport
CHARLIE CROWHURST/GETTY IMAGES
Deadly Porter
bowls Essex to
brink of title
Warwickshire v Essex
Edgbaston (first day of four; no toss, Essex elected to
bowl): Essex, with all first-innings wickets in hand,
are 132 runs behind Warwickshire
Specsavers County Championship
Neville Scott
The truism is that bowlers, not batsmen, win championships. Jamie Porter
has now taken 53 wickets at 14.64 in his
past 14 innings and Simon Harmer 44 at
13.70 in his past 11: small wonder that
Essex have won six of their previous
eight games and for two months have
looked nailed-on for the title.
Porter was not even born when
Essex, making it five titles in ten
seasons, claimed their most recent
championship, 25 years ago. Porter, the
local seam bowler, and Harmer, the
Kolpak South African off spinner, each
Middlesex left frustrated
Middlesex were left infuriated by the
abandonment of the first day of
their crucial championship match
against Hampshire. England?s Test
against West Indies at Lord?s last
week forced Middlesex, who are
third from bottom, to move their
game with Hampshire to Uxbridge,
where overnight rain crept under
the covers and sheets, leaving the
field unfit for play. ?It?s frustrating,?
Richard Scott, the head coach, said.
took four wickets, skittling the last five
men in 32 balls as Warwickshire, long
destined for relegation, fell for 201.
The seven leg-before dismissals in
their innings was one short of equalling
the English domestic record and testimony not to demob-happy umpires but
to full-length swing from Porter and
Harmer?s marked spin from an attacking line. Theoretically, at least, Hampshire and Surrey can also overhaul
them but, in truth, the celebrations can
begin this match should Essex take 12
more points than Lancashire manage
at Taunton.
In a side of eight Englishmen, six
raised in east London, Porter is one of
four products of the same hospital
maternity ward, at Whipps Cross,
between Walthamstow and Graham
Gooch?s Leytonstone. And people
thought localism was a Yorkshire
preserve. Opening the attack, Porter
struck twice in his first nine balls and
would have made it three in four overs
had Dominic Sibley not been reprieved
at second slip when on two.
The opener was within touching
distance of carrying his bat when, last
out, he edged behind driving at Porter
for 76, his best this year for either
Surrey or Warwickshire, whom he
joined last month. Ryan ten Doeschate
surprisingly failed to post third slip
straight after lunch when Sibley, on 17,
edged to third man but his innings from
183 balls was a fine effort, deserving of
far stauncher support.
Ian Bell avoided the Porter/Harmer
axis but went to Neil Wagner?s inswing.
In a wretched summer, his 37 was a best
for ten innings and there is every
chance that he will go through a
domestic season without a century for
the first time since 2002.
Matt Lamb fought hard for 32 and
Chris Woakes reached 22 until Harmer,
from round the wicket, straightened
one enough to claim him leg-before.
The final collapse began from 181 for
five when Alex Mellor, covering for Tim
Ambrose?s absence with a ricked neck,
offered no shot to Harmer?s arm ball
and Jeetan Patel, dubbed ?J Petal? in an
endearing scorecard misprint, fell to
the spinner for one.
There was to be no late flowering for
Patel?s own off spin, however, as Essex?s
openers negotiated 21 overs until the
close for bad light.
Harmer now has 59 wickets this
campaign while, astoundingly, Porter?s
61 is a third better than Division One?s
next highest tally, Kyle Abbott?s 45 for
Hampshire. Bowlers indeed win
championships.
Stoneman was
assured and
fluent in his
innings of 131
off 171 balls
Lancashire
punished by
patient Davies
Somerset v Lancashire
Taunton (first day of four; no toss, Lancashire elected
to bowl): Somerset have scored 330 for nine wickets
against Lancashire
Paul Edwards
Surrey v Yorkshire
Kia Oval (first day of four; Surrey won toss): Surrey
have scored 398 for three wickets against Yorkshire
Mark Baldwin
England?s winter Ashes squad is not
due to be announced for a fortnight or
so, but Mark Stoneman batted
yesterday like a man who knows he is
on the flight to Australia.
In scoring an assured and fluent 131,
from 171 balls and including 22 fours, in
his first innings for Surrey since being
called up for the series against West
Indies in mid-August, Stoneman
looked like a cricketer who has taken
several steps forward after finally being
given his opportunity in Test cricket.
At 30, and in his 11th season in
first-class cricket, Stoneman was
quietly impressive at times while
scoring 120 runs at an average of 30 as
Alastair Cook?s latest opening partner.
His generally calm demeanour, plus an
innings of 52 at Headingley and an
unbeaten 40 as England cantered to a
series-clinching nine-wicket win at
Lord?s, has surely earned him an Ashes
tour. That really will be a step up.
As he dominated an opening
partnership of 178 with Rory Burns, a
fellow left-hander who scored a fine 75,
Stoneman did much as he liked against
a Yorkshire attack oddly missing Ben
Coad, the seamer who has been their
leading four-day bowler this summer
with 43 wickets at 19.27, but also without
Liam Plunkett, Adil Rashid and David
Willey due to England one-day calls.
To make matters worse for Yorkshire,
Azeem Rafiq hobbled from the field
after bowling 20 overs of off spin and a
truly chastening day ended with Kumar
Sangakkara easing to 85 not out to take
his season?s championship-leading run
tally to 1,171 at 117.10, while adding 143
with Ben Foakes, who is 64 not out.
Record runscorer Brittin dies
Jan Brittin, the all-time leading Test
runscorer and century-maker in
women?s international cricket, has
died of cancer at the age of 58.
Brittin scored a record 1,935 runs
and five hundreds in 27 Tests for
England. She scored 2,121 runs in 63
ODI matches, including a starring
role in the 1993 World Cup final win.
Batting has not been an untrammelled
idyll for Somerset?s cricketers this
season. Until Steven Davies made a
patient 111 yesterday none of them had
managed more than 600 runs in
championship matches, a statistic that
goes some way to explaining why their
team will spend this month attempting
to avoid relegation.
So the relief at the County Ground
when Davies, in his first season at
Somerset since moving from Surrey,
reached his second hundred of the
campaign, needs as little imagining as
the annoyance it caused to Lancashire?s
bowlers in a game they probably need
to win to sustain their slim title hopes.
Having opted to bowl first, Steven
Croft, the Lancashire captain, was
looking to his seam bowlers to make
early breakthroughs and that faith was
justified to some degree when Somerset
were reduced to 105 for four just after
lunch, Ryan McLaren taking two of the
wickets while Tom Bailey and Kyle
Jarvis collected one each.
But the rest of the day was dominated
by Davies, who put on 119 for the fifth
wicket with Somerset captain Tom
Abell, and was the ninth batsman dismissed when he inside-edged a delivery
from Bailey on to his leg stump three
overs before the close.
Lancashire?s best bowler was the
20-year-old
leg
spinner,
Matt
Parkinson, who took his four wickets
from the Pavilion End and extracted
plenty of turn from a first-day pitch.
Parkinson?s success is explained by
his courageous willingness to bowl as
slowly as the conditions required but
the trouble he caused Somerset?s
batsmen, two of whom were caught at
slip when pushing forward, may not
bode well for his own top order.
Somerset already have 330 runs on
the board and that total may be
formidable indeed if Jack Leach, the
left-arm spinner, and Dominic Bess,
the off spinner, get to work on a turning
wicket. It is advantage Somerset at the
moment and Croft may already be
regretting his decision to bowl first.
County scoreboards
Specsavers County Championship
Division One
Somerset v Lancashire
Taunton (first day of four; no toss, Lancashire
elected to bowl): Somerset have scored 330 for
nine wickets against Lancashire
Somerset: First Innings
M E Trescothick lbw b Bailey
25
E J Byrom b McLaren
38
G A Bartlett lbw b Jarvis
3
J C Hildreth b McLaren
25
*T B Abell c Livingstone b Parkinson
46
?S M Davies b Bailey
111
P D Trego st Davies b Parkinson
17
C Overton c Livingstone b Parkinson
4
D M Bess st Davies b Parkinson
17
M J Leach not out
25
T D Groenewald not out
4
Extras (lb 5, nb 10)
15
Total (9 wkts, 96 overs)
330
Fall of wickets: 1-39, 2-44, 3-90, 4-105, 5-224,
6-252, 7-264, 8-288, 9-322.
Bowling: McLaren 17-2-70-2; Bailey 17-6-39-2;
Jarvis 12-3-47-1; Parry 25-3-74-0; Parkinson
17-1-68-4; Livingstone 8-0-27-0.
Lancashire: A L Davies, H Hameed, L S Livingstone, *S J Croft, S Chanderpaul, D J Vilas,
R McLaren, S D Parry, M W Parkinson, T E Bailey,
K M Jarvis.
Umpires: B V Taylor and N G B Cook.
Surrey v Yorkshire
Kia Oval (first day of four; Surrey won toss):
Surrey have scored 398 for three wickets against
Yorkshire
Surrey: First Innings
R J Burns c Hodd b Brooks
75
M D Stoneman c Marsh b Bresnan
131
R Patel c Hodd b Sidebottom
27
K C Sangakkara not out
85
?B T Foakes not out
64
Extras (b 1, lb 11, nb 4)
16
Total (3 wkts, 96 overs)
398
O J D Pope, R Clarke, S M Curran, *G J Batty,
S C Meaker and F O E van den Bergh to bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-178, 2-233, 3-255.
Bowling: Sidebottom 17-4-53-1; Brooks 19-285-1; Patterson 19-5-81-0; Bresnan 17-1-77-1;
Rafiq 20-2-74-0; Leaning 4-0-16-0.
Yorkshire: T Kohler-Cadmore, S E Marsh, A Z
Lees, *G S Ballance, J A Leaning, T T Bresnan,
A J Hodd, A Rafiq, J A Brooks, S A Patterson,
R J Sidebottom.
Umpires: N A Mallender and M Burns.
Warwickshire v Essex
Edgbaston (first day of four; no toss, Essex
elected to bowl): Essex, with all first-innings
wickets in hand, are 132 runs behind Warwickshire
Warwickshire: First Innings
S R Hain lbw b Porter
4
D P Sibley c Foster b Porter
76
*I J L Trott lbw b Porter
3
I R Bell lbw b Wagner
37
M Lamb c Foster b Cook
32
C R Woakes lbw b Harmer
22
?A J Mellor lbw b Harmer
10
K H D Barker lbw b Porter
0
J S Patel lbw b Harmer
1
H J H Brookes b Harmer
4
R N Sidebottom not out
0
Extras (b 4, lb 8)
12
Total (66.5 overs)
201
Fall of wickets: 1-8, 2-12, 3-58, 4-110, 5-153,
6-181, 7-184, 8-187, 9-193.
Bowling: Porter 18.5-6-62-4; Cook 14-1-42-1;
Wagner 12-3-38-1; Harmer 22-2-47-4.
Essex: First Innings
V Chopra not out
42
N L J Browne not out
23
Extras (b 4)
4
Total (no wkt, 21 overs)
69
T Westley, R S Bopara, D W Lawrence, *R N ten
Doeschate, ?J S Foster, S R Harmer, J A Porter,
S Cook and N Wagner to bat.
Bowling: Woakes 5-1-19-0; Barker 5-2-12-0;
Patel 6-4-7-0; Sidebottom 5-1-27-0.
Umpires: S J O?Shaughnessy and M J Saggers.
No play: Uxbridge: Middlesex v Hampshire.
Division Two
Glamorgan v Northamptonshire
Swalec Stadium (first day of four; Glamorgan won
toss): Northamptonshire, with eight first-innings
wickets in hand, are 148 runs behind Glamorgan
Glamorgan: First Innings
N J Selman c Wakely b Azharullah
22
J A Rudolph b Gleeson
0
J R Murphy lbw b Azharullah
12
C A Ingram c Murphy b Kleinveldt
25
K S Carlson lbw b Gleeson
10
?C B Cooke c Murphy b Gleeson
12
A G Salter c Kleinveldt b Gleeson
59
C A J Meschede st Murphy b Kerrigan
49
M de Lange b Kerrigan
4
L J Carey b Gleeson
0
*M G Hogan not out
0
Extras (b 8, lb 6)
14
Total (64.1 overs)
207
Fall of wickets: 1-6, 2-35, 3-36, 4-75, 5-75, 6-102,
7-199, 8-205, 9-206.
Bowling: Kleinveldt 16.2-2-54-1; Gleeson
19.1-6-60-5; Azharullah 11.4-4-44-2; Keogh
3-1-6-0; Kerrigan 14-4-29-2.
Northamptonshire: First Innings
B M Duckett c Murphy b Carey
11
R I Newton not out
31
?D Murphy c Carlson b Hogan
9
R E Levi not out
2
Extras (b 4, lb 2)
6
Total (2 wkts, 15.4 overs)
59
*A G Wakely, R I Keogh, J J Cobb, R K Kleinveldt,
S C Kerrigan, R J Gleeson and M Azharullah to
bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-24, 2-49.
Bowling: Carey 8-1-27-1; De Lange 4-0-18-0;
Hogan 3.4-0-8-1.
Umpires: D J Millns and S C Gale.
Gloucestershire v Kent
Bristol (first day of four; no toss, Kent elected to
bowl): Gloucestershire have scored 242 for five
wickets against Kent
Gloucestershire: First Innings
C T Bancroft not out
124
C D J Dent lbw b Denly
59
?G H Roderick c Crawley b Claydon
10
J R Bracey lbw b Denly
12
G T Hankins lbw b Stevens
16
*P Mustard c Stevens b Milne
0
J M R Taylor not out
12
Extras (lb 4, w 1, nb 4)
9
Total (5 wkts, 86.3 overs)
242
K Noema-Barnett, J Shaw, L C Norwell and
M D Taylor to bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-141, 2-180, 3-193, 4-225,
5-226.
Bowling: Milne 17.3-3-54-1; Stevens 14-3-35-1;
Haggett 14-6-24-0; Coles 12-2-35-0; Claydon
12-4-26-1; Denly 17-2-64-2.
Kent: D J Bell-Drummond, S R Dickson, J L Denly,
*S A Northeast, Z Crawley, D I Stevens,
S W Billings, C J Haggett, M T Coles, A F Milne,
M E Claydon.
Umpires: J H Evans and R J Warren.
Sussex v Derbyshire
Hove (first day of four; Sussex won toss):
Derbyshire have scored 338 for nine wickets
against Surrey
Derbyshire: First Innings
B T Slater c Archer b Garton
48
L M Reece lbw b Garton
51
*B A Godleman c Brown b Garton
51
W L Madsen lbw b Wiese
25
A L Hughes c Wells b Van Zyl
46
M J J Critchley c and b Wiese
11
?H R Hosein not out
38
H W Podmore c Brown b Wiese
1
G C Viljoen lbw b Van Zyl
7
W S Davis c and b Wiese
18
H Qadri not out
9
Extras (b 5, lb 12, nb 16)
33
Total (9 wkts, 96 overs)
338
Fall of wickets: 1-101, 2-106, 3-145, 4-232, 5-249,
6-263, 7-264, 8-287, 9-317.
Bowling: Archer 17-0-69-0; Robinson 23-8-47-0;
Wiese 21-6-63-4; Garton 14-0-79-3; Whittingham 12-3-38-0; Van Zyl 9-0-25-2.
Sussex: A J Robson, L W P Wells, S van Zyl, C D
Nash, L J Wright, *B C Brown, D Wiese, O E Robinson, J C Archer, G H S Garton, S G Whittingham.
Umpires: J W Lloyds and I D Blackwell.
Worcestershire v Leicestershire
Worcester (first day of four; Leicestershire won
toss): Leicestershire have scored 325 for seven
wickets against Worcestershire
Leicestershire: First Innings
M A Carberry c Cox b Tongue
5
E J H Eckersley c Mitchell b Leach
12
C N Ackermann b Barnard
4
*M J Cosgrove c Clarke b Barnard
74
A M Ali lbw b Leach
40
N J Dexter not out
102
?L J Hill lbw b Tongue
33
B A Raine b Leach
3
Z J Chappell not out
32
Extras (b 3, lb 13, nb 4)
20
Total (7 wkts, 93 overs)
325
C F Parkinson and D Klein to bat.
Fall of wickets: 1-19, 2-21, 3-25, 4-129, 5-172,
6-272, 7-285.
Bowling: Leach 20-4-65-3; Tongue 16-3-53-2;
Barnard 19-6-53-2; Ashwin 29-5-99-0; Brown
9-1-39-0.
Worcestershire: D K H Mitchell, B L D?Oliveira,
T C Fell, J M Clarke, G H Rhodes, R Ashwin, O B
Cox, E G Barnard, *J Leach, J C Tongue, P R Brown.
Umpires: P J Hartley and N L Bainton.
Independence Cup T20 match
Lahore: Pakistan XI 197-5 (Babar Azam 86);
World XI 177-7. Pakistan won by 20 runs.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
61
2GM
Racing Sport
Festival fields declared earlier
Rob Wright Racing Editor
There was good news for punters
yesterday when the British Horseracing Authority announced that it was
introducing 48-hour declarations for
the Cheltenham Festival in March.
That means that racing fans will have
two days to assess the fields of some of
the year?s most competitive contests,
rather than the present system which
allows half of that time.
Grade one races at the Festival
already had 48-hour declarations ? as
do all Flat races ? but jumps trainers
4.50
Doncaster
2.20 Demons Rock
4.20 Bengal Lancer
2.50 Nobleman?s Nest (nap) 4.50 Mirage Dancer
3.20 Thesme
5.20 Muatadel (nb)
3.50 Soldier Blue
Thunderer: 3.20 Thesme (nap). 5.20 Muatadel.
Going: soft Draw: no advantage At The Races
Conditions Stakes
P McDonald
1 (1) 210 BEATBOX RHYTHM 21 (D) K Burke 8-13
31 SHABAABY 25 (D) O Burrows 8-13
J Crowley
2 (2)
R Kingscote
3 (3) 21111 DEMONS ROCK 21 (D) T Dascombe 8-11
P Mulrennan
4 (4) 11214 JOHN KIRKUP 21 M Dods 8-11
10-11 Demons Rock, 5-2 Shabaaby, 4-1 John Kirkup, 10-1 Beatbox Rhythm.
Rob Wright?s choice: Demons Rock will be hard to beat
Nursery Handicap
(2-Y-O: �,644: 7f) (11)
R L Moore
1 (10) 11105 VENTURA KNIGHT 11 (D) M Johnston 9-7
S De Sousa
2 (7) 210 NOBLEMAN'S NEST 18 S Crisford 8-13
S Levey
3 (4) 041 RUM RUNNER 12 (D) R Hannon 8-12
Doubtful
4 (1) 0314 LETHAL LUNCH 11 Clive Cox 8-11
P Mulrennan
5 (5) 03221 CROWNTHORPE 11 (D) R Fahey 8-10
P Hanagan
6 (6) 1150 GUZMAN 20 (H) R Fahey 8-7
P P Mathers
7 (9) 32050 INVIOLABLE SPIRIT 20 R Fahey 8-6
S A Gray
8 (2) 34136 BENADALID 18 C Fairhurst 8-5
A Jones (3)
9 (11) 240 BOMAD 26 D Shaw 8-0
K O'Neill
10 (3) 0054 TOOMER 8 R Hannon 8-0
J Sullivan
11 (8) 31131 PLACEBO EFFECT 13 (D) O Pears 8-0
7-2 Rum Runner, 4-1 Crownthorpe, 5-1 Nobleman's Nest, 7-1 others.
Wright choice: Nobleman?s Nest was out of his depth in
the Gimcrack
Dangers: Ventura Knight, Rum Runner
3.20
Scarbrough Stakes
1 (3) 52002 FINAL VENTURE 11 (H,D) P Midgley 5-10-0 O Murphy
P Mulrennan
2 (5) 05116 DESERT LAW 11 (CD) P Midgley 9-9-11
R L Moore
3 (4) 01030 ENCORE D'OR 29 (D) R Cowell 5-9-11
A Kirby
4 (1) 10-00 GO ON GO ON GO ON 11 (D) Clive Cox 4-9-6
L Dettori
5 (6) -0033 THESME 21 (D) N Tinkler 5-9-6
S Hitchcott
6 (2) 351 RAZZMATAZZ 8 Clive Cox 3-9-5
11-8 Thesme, 2-1 Final Venture, 6-1 Desert Law, 8-1 Encore D'Or, 14-1 others.
Wright choice: Thesme was a good second in this race a
year ago and can go one better
Danger: Desert Law
Leger Legends Classified
Stakes (�469: 1m) (16)
I Mongan
1 (6) 23626 CHARACTER ONESIE 16 R Fahey 5-11-2
O Pears
2 (10) -2560 DETACHMENT 120 L Eyre 4-11-2
L Harvey
3 (16) 54032 HARAZ 8 (B) J Osborne 4-11-2
T McLaughlin
4 (4) 05630 HITMAN 25 R Bastiman 4-11-2
Dale Gibson
5 (15) 40003 MUSTAQBAL 29 (P,D) M Dods 5-11-2
B Harding
6 (3) 00563 OFF ART 18 (C,D) T Easterby 7-11-2
R Lappin
7 (8) 45450 SECRET MISSILE 4 D Griffiths 7-11-2
8 (9) 44530 THE GAY CAVALIER 6 (T,P) J Ryan 6-11-2 D O'Donohoe
Doubtful
9 (13) -1245 THELLO 46 (D) J Goldie 5-11-2
A Nicholls
10 (5) 00455 FIRE PALACE 30 R Eddery 3-10-11
G Bardwell
11 (2) 02253 PATCHING 17 (B,D) G Bravery 3-10-11
Doubtful
12 (1) 64502 POETIC FORCE 6 (T) A Carroll 3-10-11
G Duffield
13(12) 063 SOLDIER BLUE 45 B Ellison 3-10-11
Tony Clark
14 (7) 34040 UNDISCOVERED ANGEL K Burke 3-10-11
15(14) 55313 DIAMOND RUNNER 25 (B,D) L Mullaney 5-11-2 J Mackay
A Culhane
16(11) 01006 POOR DUKE 20 (V,D) M Mullineaux 7-11-2
7-2 Off Art, 11-2 Soldier Blue, 7-1 Haraz, 8-1 Patching, 10-1 others.
Wright choice: Soldier Blue is unexposed and can build on
a promising third at Pontefract Dangers: Mustaqbal, Haraz
4.20
Wright choice: Mirage Dancer drops in trip after failing to
stay behind Cracksman at York
Danger: Mount Logan
Handicap (�469: 5f) (16)
A Atzeni
1 (1) 0-314 DISCREET HERO 16 (T,D) S Crisford 4-9-7
P Mulrennan
2 (14) 23344 FUMBO JUMBO 14 (D,BF) M Dods 4-9-5
T Eaves
3 (15) 30226 BOGART 14 (T,P) K A Ryan 8-9-4
S De Sousa
4 (4) -0006 VENTUROUS 25 (C) T D Barron 4-9-4
D Fentiman
5 (8) -0545 SINGEUR 25 (CD) R Bastiman 10-9-3
6 (16) 01000 TYLERY WONDER 25 (B,D) P Midgley 7-9-2 O Murphy
P McDonald
7 (11) 11212 MUATADEL 9 (CD) R G Fell 4-9-1
8 (6) -5050 TILLY TROTTER 54 (D) Declan Carroll 3-9-1 James Doyle
S A Gray
9 (13) -0660 FAST ACT 32 (D) K A Ryan 5-9-0
M Fernandes (7)
10(10) 20346 FREDRICKA 4 (P,D) I Furtado 6-9-0
11 (5) 14441 PENNY DREADFUL 14 (P,D) S Dixon 5-8-9 R P Walsh (7)
J Sullivan
12 (7) 26444 FOXTROT KNIGHT 14 (D) Mrs R Carr 5-8-8
13 (3) 50403 SOMEWHERE SECRET 5 (P) M Mullineaux 3-8-8
Phil Dennis (3)
14 (9) 20200 BRONZE BEAU 14 (T,P,D) K Stubbs 10-8-8
Faye McManoman (7)
P Hanagan
15 (2) 55231 SUWAAN 14 (D) Mrs R Carr 3-8-7
K O'Neill
16(12) 01004 CROSSE FIRE 14 (V,D) S Dixon 5-8-7
6-1 Muatadel, Singeur, 7-1 Fumbo Jumbo, 8-1 Bogart, Discreet Hero, Tylery
Wonder, 12-1 Fast Act, 14-1 Fredricka, 16-1 Crosse Fire, Suwaan, 20-1 others.
Wright choice: Muatadel was collared late on at Ripon and
remains fairly treated Dangers: Bogart, Fumbo Jumbo
Carlisle
Rob Wright
(Listed: �,684: 5f) (6)
3.50
A Atzeni
1 (3) -3322 MOUNT LOGAN 16 (P,CD,BF) R Varian 6-9-2
J Crowley
2 (5) -6504 RED VERDON 74 E Dunlop 4-9-2
O Murphy
3 (2) 6564- SUMBAL 326 (D) D Simcock 5-9-2
Doubtful
4 (4) 1-034 BEST OF DAYS 18 (T) H Palmer 3-8-10
5 (1) 1-433 MIRAGE DANCER 21 (C) Sir M Stoute 3-8-10 R L Moore
6-4 Mirage Dancer, 5-2 Mount Logan, 4-1 Red Verdon, Sumbai.
5.20
(2-Y-O: �,205: 6f) (4)
2.50
Conditions Stakes
(�,828: 1m 2f 43y) (5)
Rob Wright
2.20
have in the past been reluctant to
accept them for all races at the four-day
meeting.
As a result of the domination of a
small number of trainers in recent
years, with the likes of Willie Mullins
having multiple options for many of his
runners, the BHA has also made a
further attempt to add clarity for the
betting public.
Horses will now only be able to be
declared for one race at the Festival,
whether subsequently a non-runner or
not, unless they are eliminated from
their chosen race.
Handicap (3-Y-O: �,450: 7f) (8)
L Dettori
1 (4) -3001 HYDE PARK 17 (T,CD) J Gosden 9-7
James Doyle
2 (5) 1542 NIGHT CIRCUS 32 C Appleby 9-1
3 (1) 0141 IMPORTANT MISSION 29 (D) W Haggas 9-0 R L Moore
S Levey
4 (2) 21215 PILLAR OF SOCIETY 12 R Hannon 8-12
P Hanagan
5 (8) -2303 SIX STRINGS 25 R Fahey 8-11
O Murphy
6 (7) 33343 HIGH ACCLAIM 12 (P) R Teal 8-10
S De Sousa
7 (6) 115 LAHORE (C) R Varian 8-9
8 (3) -4211 BENGAL LANCER 19 (D) I Williams 8-8 M Fernandes (7)
11-4 Lahore, 100-30 Important Mission, 5-1 Hyde Park, 11-2 others.
Wright choice: Bengal Lancer can follow up his easy
success at Salisbury Dangers: Important Mission, Lahore
2.10 Lucky Lucky Man 4.10 Bungee Jump
2.40 Ventura Secret
4.40 Mr Cool Cash
3.10 Soldier To Follow 5.10 Starshell
3.40 Zodiakos
5.40 Bodacious Name
Going: soft
Draw: 5f-1m, low numbers best
Racing UK
2.10
Nursery Handicap
(2-Y-O: �396: 5f 193y) (14)
R Scott (5)
1 (12) 2352 TOUGH REMEDY 51 K Dalgleish 9-9
Kevin Stott
2 (8) 1332 HAVANA STAR 19 (P) K A Ryan 9-7
T Hamilton
3 (5) 0422 LUCKY LUCKY MAN 15 R Fahey 9-3
G Lee
4 (4) 33501 DIAMOND DOUGAL 9 (D) M Channon 9-2
Cal Rodriguez (5)
5 (14) 04030 ADMIRAL ROOKE 27 M Dods 8-13
L Morris
6 (11) 00200 BAHUTA ACHA 9 D Loughnane 8-12
C Hardie
7 (1) 653 SKYVA 16 (H) B Ellison 8-9
B McHugh
8 (7) 00000 MABO 19 R Fahey 8-8
J Hart
9 (9) 040 ACROMATIC 77 (B) J J Quinn 8-7
D Fentiman
10(13) 4546 RYEDALE ENCORE 13 T Easterby 8-7
A Mullen
11 (2) 0042 EXCELLENT TIMES 29 T Easterby 8-6
12 (6) 005 THE AULD HOOSE 14 R Fahey 8-5 Sammy Jo Bell (3)
13(10) 6406 FASTALONG 15 T Easterby 8-4 Rachel Richardson (3)
F Norton
14 (3) 050 LADY SANDY 14 T D Barron 8-4
4-1 Havana Star, 6-1 Diamond Dougal, 15-2 Tough Remedy, 8-1 others.
2.40
Handicap (�235: 7f 173y) (14)
(6) 01112 IM DAPPER TOO 21 (CD,BF) John Davies 6-9-11 Sam James
G Lee
(8) 51245 CRAZY TORNADO 14 (H,CD) K Dalgleish 4-9-10
L Morris
(3) -0030 JORDAN JAMES 75 (P,CD) B Ellison 4-9-6
P O'Hanlon (7)
(4) 60423 JAY KAY 15 (H,D) K Burke 8-9-6
(14) 14103 VENTURA SECRET 15 (CD,BF) T Easterby 3-9-2
Rachel Richardson (3)
6 (9) 32106 REMEMBER ROCKY 14 (B,C,D) Mrs L Normile 8-9-1
Connor Murtagh (7)
C Beasley
7 (11) 64026 ARGAKI 5 (CD) K Dalgleish 7-9-0
B Robinson (5)
8 (1) /23-0 OREGON GIFT 18 (D) B Ellison 5-8-12
9 (10) 03315 DREAMOFDISCOVERY 27 (P) J Camacho 3-8-11 Joe Doyle
Kevin Stott
10 (7) 00600 FORESIGHT 14 (T) K A Ryan 4-8-11
11(12) 06051 THORNABY NASH 15 (P,CD) Mrs K Tutty 6-8-10
Gemma Tutty (5)
T Hamilton
12 (2) 04500 INGLEBY SPRING 11 R Fahey 5-8-10
13(13) 0-140 AFRICAN GREY 144 M Todhunter 3-8-9 J Gormley (7)
20364
SUPREME
POWER
15
Miss
T
Waggott
3-8-9
J Hart
14 (5)
100-30 Im Dapper Too, 5-1 Ventura Secret, 11-2 Jay Kay, 9-1 Crazy Tornado,
Thornaby Nash, 11-1 Supreme Power, 12-1 Argaki, 14-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
3.10
Maiden Stakes
2.30
(2-Y-O: �469: 7f 173y) (8)
N Fehily
1 3P-11 ART OF PAYROLL 24 (T) H Fry 8-11-8
2 3315- CALL TO ORDER 207 (D,BF) Jonjo O'Neill 7-10-12 A Coleman
H Cobden
3 42222 EXXARO 15 (T,B) C Tizzard 7-10-12
H Skelton
4 304-1 DEBDEBDEB 130 D Skelton 7-10-10
C Gethings (3)
5 4-246 KAYLA 25 (T,C,D) S Edmunds 7-10-5
13-8 Art Of Payroll, 11-4 Exxaro, 4-1 Debdebdeb, 9-2 Call To Order, 12-1 Kayla.
CONTREBASSE T Easterby 9-5
D Allan
1 (7)
00 DR RICHARD KIMBLE 19 M Johnston 9-5
J Hart
2 (5)
54 DUBAI EMPIRE 19 J J Quinn 9-5
T Queally
3 (4)
2 ORMESHER 21 D McCain 9-5
D Nolan
4 (3)
2 SOLDIER TO FOLLOW 31 A Balding 9-5
D Probert
5 (2)
4 VOICE OF THE NORTH 16 (BF) M Johnston 9-5 F Norton
6 (6)
6 WAX AND WANE 49 K Burke 9-5
B A Curtis
7 (1)
44 ICONIC CODE 15 M Channon 9-0
G Lee
8 (8)
15-8 Soldier To Follow, 11-4 Voice Of The North, 9-2 Ormesher, 7-1 Dubai
Empire, 10-1 Iconic Code, 12-1 Wax And Wane, 16-1 others.
3.40
Handicap (�086: 7f 173y) (11)
(3) 11306 GURKHA FRIEND 16 (CD) Karen McLintock 5-9-10 D Nolan
G Lee
(5) 30405 CANDELISA 20 (P) J O'Keeffe 4-9-6
(4) 44605 HIGHLAND COLORI 31 (V,D) A Balding 9-9-5 D Probert
D Allan
(6) -0060 FATHER BERTIE 16 (T,P,D) T Easterby 5-9-3
(9) 00000 INSTANT ATTRACTION 47 (D) J O'Keeffe 6-9-3
J Garritty
Kevin Stott
6 (8) 52010 MOHAB 18 (P) K A Ryan 4-9-3
T Hamilton
7 (11) 01151 ZODIAKOS 32 (P,D) R G Fell 4-9-3
B A Curtis
8 (10) 55240 KING'S PAVILION 39 (D) T D Barron 4-9-2
T Queally
9 (2) 00520 LAVETTA 20 (D) S Haynes 5-9-1
10 (1) 50124 SAINT EQUIANO 39 (C,BF) K Dalgleish 3-8-12 P Makin
B McHugh
11 (7) 246-0 CLEF 109 R Fahey 3-8-7
7-2 Zodiakos, 9-2 Saint Equiano, 11-2 King's Pavilion, 7-1 Candelisa, 10-1
Gurkha Friend, Highland Colori, Instant Attraction, Mohab, 12-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
4.10
Fillies? Novice Stakes
(2-Y-O: �235: 6f 195y) (7)
G Lee
1 (7) 356 ANN WITHOUT AN E 12 M Channon 9-0
Kevin Stott
2 (3) 436 BUNGEE JUMP 11 K A Ryan 9-0
05 CALLING RIO 11 D Loughnane 9-0
Sam James
3 (6)
ISABELLA RUBY (H) Mrs L Williamson 9-0
Joe Doyle
4 (1)
ISLE OF AVALON Sir M Prescott 9-0
L Morris
5 (5)
SHAKIAH Mrs S Watt 9-0
P Aspell
6 (2)
6 THE CLIFF HORSE 18 D McCain 9-0
J Garritty
7 (4)
5-4 Ann Without An E, 11-4 Isle Of Avalon, 7-2 Bungee Jump, 12-1 others.
4.40
Handicap (�235: 6f 195y) (11)
D Allan
(1) -3045 DELLAGUISTA 29 (D) T Easterby 3-9-11
C Beasley
(10) 55554 MR COOL CASH 8 (D) Richard Guest 5-9-10
A Mullen
(7) 10502 REINFORCED 15 (T,P,CD) M Dods 4-9-10
(2) 14002 CHAMPAGNE BOB 7 (D) R Price 5-9-6 B Robinson (5)
D Nolan
(8) 41034 YPRES 15 (P,C) J Ward 8-9-5
Connor Murtagh (7)
(6) 05133 REDARNA 21 Mrs D Sayer 3-9-1
(5) 06365 CIRCUITOUS 15 (V,C,D) K Dalgleish 9-8-13
Sammy Jo Bell (3)
B McHugh
8 (9) 02001 MONSIEUR JIMMY 16 (D) D Carroll 5-8-13
Kevin Stott
9 (3) 30002 TAGUR 13 K A Ryan 3-8-13
N Farley
10(11) 6-000 NIQNAAQPAADIWAAQ 34 E Alston 5-8-10
11 (4) 5-000 YAIR HILL 27 (D) T Cuthbert 9-8-10
Rachel Richardson (3)
3-1 Reinforced, 7-2 Redarna, 6-1 Dellaguista, 7-1 Champagne Bob, Mr Cool
Cash, 12-1 Monsieur Jimmy, Tagur, Ypres, 16-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
5.10
Handicap (Div I: �911: 1m 6f) (11)
D Nolan
(7) 034/6 BOURNE 21 (B) D McCain 11-10-2
A Mullen
(3) 000/0 NEW YOUMZAIN 44 Mrs L Normile 8-10-0
C Beasley
(2) 32320 TECTONIC 5 (V,C) K Dalgleish 8-9-11
(9) 12021 QUESTION OF FAITH 14 M Todhunter 6-9-10
Cal Rodriguez (5)
5 (10) 05024 JAN SMUTS 5 (T,P) W Storey 9-9-4 Connor Murtagh (7)
L Morris
6 (1) 5-223 STARSHELL 7 (BF) Sir M Prescott 3-9-4
D Allan
7 (4) 0300 GREY MIST 18 (P) T Easterby 3-9-2
J Gormley (7)
8 (11) 50020 IN FOCUS 23 (H,C) Mrs D Sayer 6-9-2
J Garritty
9 (6) 54453 PRINCESS NEARCO 15 (P) P Holmes 3-9-0
G Lee
10 (8) 403 LITTLE JO 15 C Grant 3-8-6
Joe Doyle
11 (5) 00-60 LEGALIZED 16 J Given 3-8-2
2-1 Starshell, 3-1 Question Of Faith, 7-1 Princess Nearco, Tectonic, 9-1 Jan
Smuts, 10-1 In Focus, 14-1 Bourne, Grey Mist, 20-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5.40
Handicap (Div II: �911: 1m 6f) (11)
T Queally
1 (2) -0602 TYROLEAN 19 (P) S Durack 4-10-0
G Lee
2 (3) 05600 CHELSEA'S BOY 15 D McCain 4-10-0
N Farley
3 (4) 03041 STANARLEY PIC 32 (D) S Haynes 6-9-10
B A Curtis
4 (5) 23555 LADY NATASHA 33 K Burke 4-9-6
R Scott (5)
5 (7) -4252 EYREBORN 11 K Dalgleish 3-9-4
J Hart
6 (10) -4512 BODACIOUS NAME 36 (BF) J J Quinn 3-9-3
T Hamilton
7 (6) 30640 ZIHAAM 7 R G Fell 3-9-2
D Probert
8 (8) 43413 OCEAN GALE 19 (D) R Price 4-9-0
Paula Muir (7)
9 (1) 00044 MAPLE STIRRUP 15 P Holmes 5-8-11
A Mullen
10 (9) 0-061 MICK THE POSER 20 (P) J Candlish 3-8-3
J Gormley (7)
11(11) 44544 ELITE ICON 5 I Jardine 3-8-0
3-1 Bodacious Name, 4-1 Mick The Poser, 11-2 Eyreborn, 6-1 Tyrolean, 13-2
Stanarley Pic, 9-1 Ocean Gale, 12-1 Elite Icon, 14-1 others.
Uttoxeter
Rob Wright
2.00 Equus Amadeus
2.30 Debdebdeb
3.00 Iniesta
Going: good
2.00
3.30 Cool Sky
4.00 Hedgeinator
4.30 Camakasi
At The Races
Maiden Hurdle (�249: 2m 4f) (9)
D Bass
1 /61P- FISHERMAN FRANK 182 M Blake 6-10-12
H Brooke
2 033-3 MACKIE DEE 125 (H) J Mackie 5-10-12
H Skelton
3 3222- OR DE VASSY 174 (BF) D Skelton 5-10-12
5- ROYAL ESCAPE 142 Jonjo O'Neill 5-10-12
A Coleman
4
B Hughes
5 -1343 SPECIAL PREP 43 (T) Pauline Robson 5-10-12
103- THE WELSH PADDIES 179 C Williams 5-10-12
N Fehily
6
B Poste (3)
7 -2503 WHISKEY BARON 12 A Wintle 5-10-12
33-1 EQUUS AMADEUS 127 T Lacey 4-10-11
R Johnson
8
W Featherstone (5)
9 11d44 JONJOELA 25 T Leeson 6-10-5
3-1 Or De Vassy, 4-1 Equus Amadeus, 6-1 Royal Escape, 13-2 Special Prep, 15-2
Fisherman Frank, Mackie Dee, The Welsh Paddies, 12-1 others.
3.00
Novices? Chase (�256: 3m) (5)
Handicap Hurdle (�249: 2m 7f) (14)
2FF35 BENEFICIAL JOE 52 (H,D) G McPherson 7-12-0 K K Woods
4514- MUTHABIR 139 (D) R Phillips 7-11-12
I Popham
P4-46 AFTER EIGHT SIVOLA 80 N Williams 7-11-10
Mr C Williams (7)
A Nicol
4 06032 WALTZ DARLING 25 (P,D) Gillian Boanas 9-11-7
D Crosse
5 -6212 BYRON BLUE 15 (T,D) B Barr 8-11-5
S Bowen
6 6465- SOURIYAN 29F (V) P Bowen 6-11-5
7 P-25P ROLLO'S REFLECTION 14 (B) B Case 7-11-3
Mr M Kendrick (7)
L Heard
8 55504 WOLFTRAP 15 (H) P Hobbs 8-11-3
T Scudamore
9 -01P6 OUR FOLLY 22 (CD) W S Kittow 9-11-2
R Johnson
10 5F-P5 ROYALE DJANGO 84 (D) T Vaughan 8-11-0
B Powell
11 1-000 YUR NEXT 25 (T,D) J Farrelly 9-11-0
D Bass
12 030/2 INIESTA 44 (P) F O'Brien 6-10-13
C Ring (3)
13 316-4 MAGUIRE'S GLEN 21 G Harris 9-10-12
00-00
PRINCE
KUP
47
(P)
Miss
L
Hurley
6-10-9
J
Davies
14
7-2 Waltz Darling, 4-1 Iniesta, 6-1 Beneficial Joe, Byron Blue, 10-1 others.
1
2
3
3.30
-1150 ROSSETTI 53 (H) N Mulholland 9-11-12
N Fehily
-1121 GUSTAVE MAHLER 22 A Ralph 7-11-6
R Johnson
123-6 JUST MILLY 130 (H,D) J Mackie 6-10-10
S Bowen
41-F0 BEAU DU BRIZAIS 21 (D) P Hobbs 5-10-10
M Nolan
2613- COOL SKY 42F (P,BF) I Williams 8-10-9
T O'Brien
1031/ WERENEARLYOUTOFIT 778 (D) G McPherson 9-10-1
K K Woods
3-1 Cool Sky, 7-2 Rossetti, 4-1 Beau Du Brizais, Gustave Mahler, 6-1 others.
Handicap Chase (�769: 2m 4f) (8)
231F5 HONKYTONKTENNESSEE 13 (P) D Skelton 8-11-12
H Skelton
S Bowen
2 -414P GOLD INGOT 38 (P,D) Mrs C Bailey 10-11-3
R Johnson
3 343-1 HEDGEINATOR 22 (D) C Williams 7-11-3
4 -4235 RIVER OF INTRIGUE 8 (B,D) F O'Brien 7-11-3 A P Cawley
A Coleman
5 50-6P FLORAL FANTASY 98 Jonjo O'Neill 7-10-12
T Whelan
6 1U-34 LITTLE WINDMILL 27 (P,D) N King 7-10-11
7 1PP-2 BARTON ROSE 132 (D) C Longsdon 8-10-10 Paul O'Brien (5)
L Edwards
8 21243 THAT'S THE DEAL 59 (D) J Cornwall 13-10-1
4-1 Barton Rose, Honkytonktennessee, 11-2 River Of Intrigue, 6-1 Gold Ingot,
Hedgeinator, Little Windmill, 10-1 Floral Fantasy, 12-1 That's The Deal.
1
4.30
H?cap Hurdle (�339: 1m 7f 168y) (14)
-36F6 IN ON THE ACT 15 (T,B,D) E Williams 7-12-1 M Bastyan (7)
P-245 WELD ARAB 52 M Blake 6-11-12
M Nolan
00065 BORDERLINEDECISION 11 (T,D) Jonjo O'Neill 5-11-11
A Coleman
4 -5P00 ST PETER'S SQUARE 12 (T,P,D) A Dunn 6-11-8 N Scholfield
H Skelton
5 2/0-6 JUST A FEELING 128 D Skelton 7-11-8
6 05301 MAGICAL THOMAS 27 (T,P) N Mulholland 5-11-8 N Fehily
7 -P000 COUGAR KID 15 (P) J O'Shea 6-11-7 Miss B Hampson (5)
8 5-625 MARINERS MOON 10 (H,BF) Mrs C Bailey 6-11-6 S Bowen
A Nicol
9 0-5P2 BOHERNAGORE 13 (H) P Kirby 8-11-5
B Powell
10 /0P0- CAMAKASI 25F Ali Stronge 6-11-0
11 5P0-5 TRENDY NURSE 20 (H,T) K Wingrove 9-10-12
C Hammond (7)
C Bewley (3)
12 45445 HEY BOB 13 (T) C Grant 5-10-2
13 /40P- DIAMOND REFLECTION 210 (T,B) T Weston 5-10-1
J E Moore
D Crosse
14 FP5P4 GWILI SPAR 10 (T,C,D) Miss L Hurley 9-10-0
7-2 Just A Feeling, 4-1 Bohernagore, 6-1 Magical Thomas, 10-1 others.
1
2
3
Kempton Park
Rob Wright
5.45 Mishaal
7.45 Lethal Impact
6.15 Panophobia
8.15 D?Waterside
6.45 Medicean El Diablo 8.45 Slow To Hand
7.15 Romina
9.15 Just In Time
Going: standard to slow
Draw: 5f-1m, low numbers best
Racing UK
5.45
Claiming Stakes (�911: 6f) (12)
H Bentley
(10) 22154 DEALER'S CHOICE 36 (D) R Varian 3-9-7
R Da Silva
(7) 66314 KINGS ACADEMY 9 (P) P Cole 3-9-7
O Pereira
(2) 55400 LORD COOPER (T,P,CD) J Santos 3-9-7
(3) 32430 MAJOR CRISPIES 13 (T,B,D) D O'Meara 6-9-5
P Vaughan (7)
S W Kelly
5 (5) 26630 THE BIG LAD 16 (B,CD) R Hughes 5-9-5
L Keniry
6 (9) 03332 DREAM FARR 16 (T,CD,BF) E Walker 4-9-1
K Shoemark
7 (4) 00442 MISHAAL 5 (CD,BF) M Herrington 7-9-1
01000
PICTURE
DEALER
27
(D)
L
Pearce
8-9-1
S
Pearce
(3)
8 (11)
9 (12) 00600 RED GUNNER 13 D O'Meara 3-8-13 Shelley Birkett (3)
M Harley
10 (1) 55300 YEEOOW 54 (P,CD) K Burke 8-8-11
11 (6) 5-562 RED TROOPER 14 (C) G Baker 4-8-7 Josephine Gordon
12 (8) 30000 SPIRITOFEDINBURGH 74 (P) B Powell 3-8-3 M Dwyer
5-1 Dream Farr, 11-2 The Big Lad, 6-1 Lord Cooper, Mishaal, 7-1 Major Crispies,
15-2 Dealer's Choice, 9-1 Red Trooper, 10-1 Yeeoow, 14-1 others.
1
2
3
4
6.15
Nursery Handicap
(2-Y-O: �264: 7f) (14)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6.45
J Fanning
(5) 5351 SUNBREAK 6 M Johnston 9-13
Doubtful
(14) 5004 RUSTANG 9 (H) R Hughes 9-9
44030
JO'S GIRL 36 J Osborne 9-9
D Costello
(9)
T Durcan
(7) 6235 TRANQUIL SOUL 19 D Lanigan 9-8
Hollie Doyle (3)
(10) 5656 GALACTIC 19 R Hannon 9-8
P Dobbs
(3) 50622 LAURA KNIGHT 13 (P,BF) G L Moore 9-7
A McNamara (3)
(2) 66036 PANOPHOBIA 15 R Fahey 9-7
K Shoemark
(6) 565 GRAFFITISTA 23 G Scott 9-5
A Beschizza
(12) 1660 OUR KID 29 (B) R Fahey 9-5
Handicap (�911: 7f) (14)
L Keniry
(14) 20666 SWANTON BLUE 13 E De Giles 4-9-9
Georgia Cox (5)
(2) 34413 EASY CODE 33 (D) W Haggas 4-9-9
(8) 04515 AFRICAN BLESSING 17 (D) C Wallis 4-9-8 J Bryan (5)
(10) 11-36 MEDICEAN EL DIABLO 13 (CD,BF) J Fox 4-9-7
T Marquand
E Greatrex
5 (7) -0144 PARADWYS 17 (P) A Watson 3-9-6
G Wood (3)
6 (3) 41-00 MISSISSIPPI MISS 29 Dr J Scargill 3-9-6
S Drowne
7 (6) 04003 MEZMAAR 22 (CD) M Usher 8-9-6
Hollie Doyle (3)
8 (13) 40331 CHATOYER 16 (H,D) R Hannon 3-9-6
P Cosgrave
9 (12) 46603 GOLD CLUB 26 (T,P,C,D,BF) T Clover 6-9-6
S W Kelly
10(11) 45100 CHICAGO STAR 27 (D) M Channon 3-9-5
Rossa Ryan (7)
11 (4) 00561 IFTITAH 13 (T,B,D) G Peckham 3-9-4
12 (1) 56516 DARING GUEST 48 (D) G Margarson 3-9-3 Jane Elliott (5)
Fran Berry
13 (9) 00006 TOPOLOGY 28 J Tuite 4-9-2
J Watson (7)
14 (5) 00400 KNOW THE TRUTH 35 A Balding 3-9-1
7-2 Iftitah, 9-2 Easy Code, 6-1 Chatoyer, Medicean El Diablo, 10-1 others.
1
2
3
4
7.15
Handicap Hurdle (�317: 2m 4f) (6)
1
2
3
4
5
6
4.00
R Ffrench
10(11) 0505 COULDN'T COULD SHE 7 A West 9-4
11 (4) 32125 GIVE EM A CLUMP 13 (D) P D Evans 9-2 David Egan (3)
M Dwyer
12(13) 6405 REVENGE 13 (B) T Easterby 8-11
L Keniry
13 (8) 66650 CATCH THE PIGEON 14 E De Giles 8-10
J Haynes
14 (1) 605 MISTY BREESE 83 (B) P D'Arcy 8-6
9-4 Sunbreak, 11-2 Laura Knight, 7-1 Tranquil Soul, 8-1 Panophobia, Revenge,
9-1 Galactic, 12-1 Couldn't Could She, 14-1 Give Em A Clump, 16-1 others.
Maiden Fillies? Stakes
(�205: 1m 4f) (6)
R Hornby
1 (3) 604 DARTMOOR GIRL 35 (B) M Gillard 3-9-0
KWIKSTEP A Brown 3-9-0
E J Walsh (3)
2 (4)
44
ROMINA
37
(H)
R
Hughes
3-9-0
S
W Kelly
3 (2)
00 SONNET ROSE 47 C Allen 3-9-0
S Golam
4 (1)
4 SYMBOL 138 J Fanshawe 3-9-0
D Muscutt
5 (5)
0 THE LADY RULES 41 Mrs I G'-Leveque 3-9-0 A Beschizza
6 (6)
Evens Symbol, 11-10 Romina, 14-1 The Lady Rules, 33-1 others.
7.45
Handicap (3-Y-O: �690: 2m) (8)
G Wood (3)
1 (7) 40422 MASTER ARCHER 29 (P) J Fanshawe 9-7
R Hornby
2 (1) 32461 MUNSTEAD STAR 21 (C) A Balding 9-5
M Harley
3 (6) -6053 LETHAL IMPACT 14 (B) D Simcock 9-5
H Crouch (3)
4 (2) 03213 SUSSEX RANGER 19 (P) G L Moore 9-5
R Powell
5 (3) 26136 VEILED SECRET 19 Sir M Prescott 9-4
M Dwyer
6 (4) 4146 SURE TO EXPLORE 30 W Muir 9-4
22601
PLAGE
DEPAMPELONNE
18
(P)
J
Bethell
8-12
T
Durcan
7 (8)
J Haynes
8 (5) 25536 GEE SIXTY SIX 29 M Tompkins 8-7
3-1 Master Archer, 7-2 Munstead Star, 11-2 Sussex Ranger, 13-2 Plage
Depampelonne, Veiled Secret, 7-1 Lethal Impact, 12-1 others.
8.15
Handicap (Div I: �264: 1m) (14)
1 (13) 345-5 CALEDONIA DUCHESS 35 J Hughes 4-9-10 T Marquand
2 (5) 40053 THECORNISHBARRON 22 John Ryan 5-9-9 S Donohoe
A Fresu
3 (4) 550 ST JAMES'S PARK 50 (B) L McJannet 4-9-8
H Bentley
4 (7) 04000 ZOFFANY BAY 82 (H,B) G Peckham 3-9-5
60500
RIGHTWAY
63
(D)
A
Carroll
6-9-5
R
Winston
5 (1)
L Keniry
6 (12) 0-220 CAPTAIN PUGWASH 19 H Spiller 3-9-5
J Bryan (5)
7 (11) 50361 CHETAN 7 (T,C) C Wallis 5-9-5
S W Kelly
8 (9) 24166 ORITHIA 62 (B) S Durack 3-9-4
T Durcan
9 (14) -0600 MARILYN 28 C Wall 3-9-3
D Muscutt
10 (6) 2-04 SHADOW BEAUTY 14 (P) M Botti 3-9-3
Fran Berry
11 (8) 30-00 POYLE EMILY 12 (V) M Madgwick 4-9-2
M Harley
12 (2) -3630 DORIA ROAD 39 K A Ryan 3-9-2
H Crouch (3)
13 (3) 35216 MORDOREE 35 (P) Clive Cox 3-9-0
14(10) 0045 D'WATERSIDE 32 D Loughnane 3-8-12 Josephine Gordon
9-2 Chetan, 13-2 Thecornishbarron, 15-2 Orithia, 8-1 Mordoree, 9-1 Captain
Pugwash, Shadow Beauty, 11-1 Caledonia Duchess, 12-1 others.
8.45
Handicap (Div II: �264: 1m) (14)
(10) 44-50 BRASTED 111 (T,D) L Carter 5-9-10 Paddy Bradley (5)
(7) 03-60 ST PATRICK'S DAY 246 (V,D) J Jenkins 5-9-8 D Costello
Fran Berry
(4) 05056 CANDESTA 26 (CD) Miss J Feilden 7-9-7
Rossa Ryan (7)
(12) 32223 COVERHAM 82 (BF) J Eustace 3-9-5
J Bryan (5)
(5) 44064 WIDNES 13 (B) A Bailey 3-9-5
P Cosgrave
(6) -0500 BALGAIR 51 T Clover 3-9-5
G Downing
(14) 04462 SOLENT MEADS 4 (B) D Kubler 3-9-5
A McNamara (3)
(2) 360 TRUE COLORS 24 R Fahey 3-9-4
(11) 64012 SLOW TO HAND 19 (B) W Jarvis 3-9-3
Josephine Gordon
10(13) 06260 AURIC GOLDFINGER 11 (B) R Hannon 3-9-3
Tina Smith (7)
Doubtful
11 (9) 0-650 LOVE ME AGAIN 18 C Fellowes 3-9-2
M Dwyer
12 (1) 45605 HOT MUSTARD 21 (H,D) W Muir 7-9-1
T J Murphy
13 (8) 00343 MCDELTA 19 (P,D) G Deacon 7-8-13
R Hornby
14 (3) -0010 RED DRAGON 27 (CD) M Blanshard 7-8-12
9-2 Slow To Hand, 5-1 Solent Meads, Coverham, 6-1 Widnes, 10-1 others.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9.15
Handicap (3-Y-O: �911: 1m 4f) (13)
M Godwin (5)
1 (11) 01510 STAR MAKER 18 (D) S Kirk 9-10
P Dobbs
2 (1) -4232 LESTER KRIS 9 (P) R Hannon 9-7
3 (13) -2251 AMERICAN HISTORY 22 (P) W Muir 9-6 H Crouch (3)
K Shoemark
4 (12) 0-054 FIRST QUEST 32 (T,B) E Dunlop 9-6
5 (2) 12433 AMELIA DREAM 18 (D) M Channon 9-5 David Egan (3)
Fran Berry
6 (4) 02556 OUR BOY 14 P D Evans 9-5
R Tate
7 (6) -0400 SEE THE CITY 12 (B) J Eustace 9-4
J Mitchell
8 (5) 36132 DANGEROUS ENDS 22 (P,C) B Johnson 9-3
R Da Silva
9 (7) 4-50 TUSCANY 45 (B) P Cole 9-3
T Durcan
10(10) 00554 SPUTNIK PLANUM 22 (T) D Lanigan 9-2
H Bentley
11 (8) 00013 FREE FORUM 33 (BF) D Simcock 9-0
M Dwyer
12 (9) 00-21 JUST IN TIME 18 (D) A King 8-12
S Donohoe
13 (3) 605 HAJAAM 23 C Fellowes 8-10
9-2 Just In Time, 5-1 Free Forum, 13-2 Lester Kris, 8-1 American History,
Dangerous Ends, 9-1 Sputnik Planum, 11-1 Amelia Dream, 12-1 others.
Blinkered first time: Carlisle 2.10 Acromatic. Kempton
6.15 Our Kid, Misty Breese. 7.45 Lethal Impact. 8.15 St
James?s Park, Orithia, Poyle Emily. 9.15 Tuscany, See
The City. Uttoxeter 3.00 Souriyan, Rollo?s Reflection.
4.00 River Of Intrigue. 4.30 In On The Act.
Yesterday?s racing results
Catterick
Going: good to soft (soft in places)
1.45 (6f) 1, Captain Jameson (J Hart, 6-1); 2,
Mont Kinabalu (5-2 jt-fav); 3, Charnock Richard
(11-4). 8 ran. NR: Twelve A. 1Nl, 6l. J J Quinn.
2.15 (5f) 1, Ebitda (G Buckell, 9-1); 2, Vintage
Dream (11-1); 3, Charlie?s Dreamer (14-1). 9
ran. NR: Dapper Man, Snoozy Sioux. Kl, 3Ol. S
Dixon.
2.45 (1m 4f) 1, Wotabreeze (J Hart, 7-1); 2, Mr
Sundowner (5-1 jt-fav); 3, Steccando (5-1 jtfav). 13 ran. NR: Correggio, Midnight Warrior.
1Nl, 2l. J J Quinn.
3.15 (7f) 1, Our Charlie Brown (J Sullivan, 7-2);
2, Heir of Excitement (5-1); 3, Tai Sing Yeh
(6-1). 8 ran. NR: Kamra. 1l, 1Nl. T Easterby.
3.45 (6f) 1, Indian Pursuit (J Hart, 15-2); 2,
Meandmyshadow (9-1); 3, Cupid?s Arrow (5-1).
12 ran. Sh hd, 1Ol. J J Quinn.
4.15 (6f) 1, Bold Spirit (P Dennis, 9-2); 2, Rapid
Ranger (9-1); 3, Spirit of Zebedee (9-4 fav). 10
ran. NR: Corridor Kid, Jungle George. 1Ol, nk. D
Carroll.
4.45 (1m 6f) 1, Vindicator (C Rodriguez, 100-30);
2, Wolfcatcherjack (7-4 fav); 3, Duke?s Girl (5-1).
7 ran. NR: Miss Danby. 1Ol, 2Ol. M Dods.
5.15 (5f) 1, Lydiate Lady (N Farley, 9-1); 2,
Compton River (9-1); 3, Cruise Tothelimit
(16-1). 12 ran. NR: Camanche Grey, Eternalist.
Kl, 1Nl. E Alston.
Placepot: �3.50.
Quadpot: �80.
Leicester
Going: good to soft
2.25 (7f) 1, Aim Of Artemis (R L Moore, 11-4);
2, Shepherd Market (7-2); 3, Tivoli (6-4 fav). 10
ran. NR: Zoraya. Kl, nk. Sir M Stoute.
2.55 (7f) 1, Orsera (Jack Mitchell, 20-1); 2,
Verve (6-4 fav); 3, Beautiful Memory (11-4). 9
ran. NR: Going Native. 1l, nk. P Chapple-Hyam.
3.25 (7f) 1, Felisa (David Egan, 7-2); 2, Still Got
It (4-1); 3, Grimeford Lane (11-4 fav). 8 ran. NR:
Counterfeit. 2Ol, 2l. P D Evans.
3.55 (1m 3f 179yd) 1, Maori Bob (Lulu Stanford,
9-2); 2, Medalla De Oro (6-1); 3, Harebell (10-1).
10 ran. Ol, Ol. M L W Bell.
4.25 (7f) 1, Graphite Storm (A Kirby, 9-4 fav); 2,
Easy Tiger (6-1); 3, Qeyaadah (7-2). 6 ran. NR:
Baron Bolt, Firmdecisions. 1Nl, 2l. C Cox.
4.55 (1m 53yd) 1, Morning Wonder (R L Moore,
5-2); 2, Setting Sail (9-2); 3, Starcaster (25-1).
9 ran. NR: Future Score. Ol, 1Kl. K Ryan.
5.25 (5f) 1, Waady (J Crowley, 9-4); 2, Kachy
(5-4 fav); 3, Gracious John (16-1). 5 ran. 1Kl, Kl.
J Gosden.
5.55 (1m 2f) 1, Big Time Dancer (Ben Robinson,
8-1); 2, Zaria (10-1); 3, Inflexiball (7-1). 14 ran.
NR: Prosecute. Ns, Ol. B Ellison.
Placepot: �.60.
Quadpot: �10.
Worcester
Going: good
2.05 (2m 110yd ch) 1, King Alfonso
(T Scudamore, 12-1); 2, Mccabe Creek (3-1);
3, Azzuri (4-11 fav). 4 ran. NR: Dreamcatching.
Ol, 14l. D Burchell.
2.35 (2m 4f ch) 1, Going For Broke (Jonathan
Moore, 9-2); 2, Murray Mount (5-1); 3, Aunty
Ann (9-1). 7 ran. 2Nl, 4l. Miss R Curtis.
3.05 (2m hdle) 1, Hallings Comet (M Goldstein,
4-1); 2, Maximus Maridius (7-1); 3, Prussian
Eagle (7-1). 9 ran. NR: Itshard To No. Nk, 2l.
S Lycett.
3.35 (2m 7f hdle) 1, Robbin?hannon (R Johnson,
1-12 fav); 2, The Real Snoopy (10-1); 3, Phoenix
Park (50-1). 2l, 73l. P Hobbs.
4.05 (2m hdle) 1, G For Ginger (David Noonan,
3-1); 2, Maria?s Benefit (2-1 fav); 3, Green Or
Black (13-2). 11 ran. NR: Trampling Dust.
Kl, 2Kl. A Honeyball.
4.35 (2m 4f hdle) 1, Tunnel Creek (Fergus
Gregory, 6-4 fav); 2, Mr Mafia (9-2); 3, The
Kvilleken (15-2). 9 ran. NR: Come On Louis, Fair
Frank. 3l, 6l. O Murphy.
Placepot: �4.20.
Quadpot: �30.
Newcastle
Going: standard
5.45 (7f 14yd) 1, Sulafaat (F Norton, 9-4 fav);
2, Archie Perkins (5-1); 3, Highland Bobby
(6-1). 11 ran. NR: The Fettler. Hd, 5l. M
Johnston.
6.15 (7f 14yd) 1, Crown Of Cortez (T Hamilton,
6-1); 2, Foxy Lady (7-2 fav); 3, What Do You
Think (6-1). 11 ran. Kl, 2Ol. R Fahey.
6.45 (1m 4f 98yd) 1, Humble Hero (P Cosgrave,
5-4 fav); 2, Amlad (4-1); 3, Doctor Bartolo (7-2).
5 ran. 1Kl, 1Nl. W Haggas.
7.15 (1m 4f 98yd) 1, Sileel (P McDonald, 7-2 jtfav); 2, Henpecked (7-2 jt-fav); 3, Alfa Queen
(11-1). 9 ran. Ol, Ol. E Dunlop.
7.45 (7f 14yd) 1, Chrisellaine (P McDonald, 3-1
fav); 2, Sharp Reminder (5-1); 3, Champarisi
(10-1). 11 ran. 2l, hd. C Hills.
8.15 (1m 5yd) 1, Auspicion (A Mullen, 15-2);
2, Four Wishes (25-1); 3, Gerry The Glover (6-1
jt-fav). 13 ran. NR: Angel?s Acclaim. 1Nl, 1Nl.
T Tate.
8.45 (7f 14yd) 1, Amazing Grazing (P Vaughan,
7-4); 2, Joys Delight (11-10 fav); 3, Starboard
Watch (11-2). 5 ran. 1l, Ol. D O?Meara.
9.15 (5f) 1, Groundworker (P Mulrennan, 5-1);
2, Young Tiger (10-1); 3, Canford Bay (8-1). 12
ran. Ol, Kl. P T Midgley.
Placepot: �.80.
Quadpot: �.40.
62
2GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport Cricket
K.M. CHAUDARY/AP
Ashes wickets
will test Root?s
role as captain
Mike Brearley
Joe Root is a complete batsman. He is
willing to take some risks early on, trying to get himself going, and stamp his
authority on the match. He has every
shot in the book, off the front and back
foot, leg side and off side. Like Alastair
Cook, he scores more runs square of the
wicket than straight down the ground,
but he plays with a fluency that his
predecessor as captain rarely has had.
This summer he has batted at No 4, but
it might as well have been No 3, so early
has he been at the crease, so often has
the score soon been 20 for two.
Root is also an intelligent batsman ?
by which I mean he uses his cricketing
sense to change gears, knowing where
the least risky risks are to be taken. In
run chases or shorter matches he
always plays according to the needs of
the situation and the team. He is lively,
enterprising, wanting to get on top of
the bowler, but able to tolerate being
pegged down by good bowling and
difficult batting conditions.
All these qualities are invaluable for
him as captain, too. And he has started
well, with two series wins. He is not
fussy, yet he is clearly in charge. He
favours the orthodox, which is usually
right, but he is willing at times to try
something different. I admired his
declaration at Headingley. It reminded
me of mine at the Oval in 1979, when we
set India 438 to win in ten hours. Sunil
Gavaskar got what he had told me
before the match he wanted before the
team went home, namely a century. In
fact, he scored two in one innings, making 221. At one point India were 366 for
one, needing 72 from 12 overs. A certain
panic set in, and they ended on 429 for
eight. A brilliant declaration? It was
more a lucky outcome.
One thing about this summer?s
matches has been the amount the ball
has swung and moved off the seam. A
striking statistic appeared on TV late on
Friday that in Tests the percentage of
balls that take the edge or are played at
and missed is 6 per cent: in the Lord?s
Test up to that point it was 18 per cent.
Remarkable, and an indication of
how much any batsman needed a
degree of luck to survive. A further corollary of this was that for the captain the
die was mainly cast ? that is, he would
basically be bowling his quicker bowlers. Spin would be just what the opposition wanted. And that has been the case
quite often over the summer. So Root
has known for much of the time that his
seamers would do the business.
Second, he has had the huge benefit
of having, fit and at the top of his game,
the man who was the main difference
between the teams this summer, James
Anderson, that artist of swing. Lithe,
lively, whippy, relaxed, relentlessly accurate ? Anderson has constantly kept
pressure on the batsmen. He is the best
swing bowler in English conditions that
I have seen. And, what is more, while
West Indies had three fast-ish bowlers
for the last two Tests, England had four
and were able to keep up the pressure
for longer, and with more variety.
Root?s captaincy was tested more in
the previous match, at Headingley.
Some say that he over-bowled
Anderson and Stuart Broad on the last
day, so that they had nothing to come
back with for the second new ball. And
it may be that he failed to close off the
easy singles on offer when Moeen Ali
bowled on a pitch taking some spin.
One problem Root will probably face
sooner or later will be when Anderson
and Broad start to decline, and players
such as Chris Woakes, Ben Stokes, and
Toby Roland-Jones have, we hope, kept
Cricket
returns to
Pakistan
I
nternational cricket
returned to Pakistan
yesterday amid a
huge security operation
at the Gaddafi Stadium.
Fans had to go through
at least four security
checkpoints to enter
the ground, while
about 9,000 soldiers
and guards were on
duty in Lahore, scene
of a terror attack on
the Sri Lanka team bus
in 2009. Apart from an
ODI series against
Zimbabwe in 2015,
Pakistan have since
had to stage matches at
neutral venues in the
United Arab Emirates.
Ahsan Raza, the
umpire who was shot
twice in 2009, was one
of the on-field officials.
?It?s a huge occasion
for world cricket,? Faf
du Plessis, captaining a
World XI in the first of
three Twenty20
matches, said at the
toss. ?Great to see we
can play a small part in
bringing cricket back
to Pakistan.?
Pakistan won by 20
runs. The remaining
matches are today and
Friday.
Fans had to
show ID and
armed guards
patrolled the
Gaddafi venue
on improving. Then various questions
may arise more acutely: who should
have the new ball? How long should the
senior bowlers bowl for? Who should
open up the next morning, while the
ball is still relatively hard? And who
wins out in terms of how defensive or
otherwise their field placings are to be?
Occasionally, it has looked too inevitable that the two maestros get not only
first choice, but second choice too. How
far will Root be able to cajole, persuade
and, on occasion, overrule his seniors?
One difficulty for England captains
these days is that they do not get periods of time as apprentice captains for
county sides. The best, like Root, are
contracted to the ECB from a young
age, and have limited chances to play
county cricket. In my day the contracts
were with counties, and England
players were available for their counties
for at least two thirds of a season. One
certainly learnt a lot captaining a county side of shrewd and tough players and
personalities, and away from the full
glare of publicity and of public scrutiny.
Australia and the Ashes will be a different level of challenge. First there is
the tricky question of finding the batsmen with the best chance of doing well
there. My inclination would be to stick
with Mark Stoneman and Dawid
Malan, not to persist with Keaton
Jennings or Tom Westley. I would go
back to Gary Ballance and Alex Hales,
who have played with some authority
in Test and international cricket.
In Australia there will presumably be
hard, flat pitches, together with flat-
seamed Kookaburra balls, offering
much less help to our seam and swing
bowlers. Root will have to conjure wickets when the score is, say, 200 for two,
in baking temperatures, and in front of
baying crowds. He will need persistence
and canniness. And he will have to put
out of his mind the abrasiveness of
opposition player, pitch and fan. There
will probably be players in his side
needing either encouragement or
monitoring (or both). He ? along with
the admirable coaches, Trevor Bayliss
and Paul Farbrace ? will have to be
resilient, willing both to empathise and
to confront.
But what an enviable opportunity.
And what an excellent basis he and the
team have from which to do battle with
confidence down under.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
63
1GM
Sport
?Tom?s always first ? I?m used to it?
Ben Curry is unfazed
by Eddie Jones? favour
for his identical twin,
John Westerby writes
The one foolproof method of telling
Ben Curry apart from his twin brother
had been a quick look at their hair. One
parted his conspicuously to the left, the
other decisively to the right. After a
while of working with them, this
worked for most people as a sign of
ready recognition. Imagine the look on
their coaches? faces, then, when the
19-year-olds turned up for pre-season
training with Sale Sharks sporting crew
cuts. Not a parting in sight.
So often in their lives, in rugby and
elsewhere, Ben and Tom have been
accustomed to being bracketed
together. As identical twins and foraging open-side flankers, their physical
capabilities, their aptitude for learning
and their parallel experiences have
helped them to advance in the game, by
and large, at an almost identical rate.
Both began last season as academy
players learning their trade on loan
with Sale FC in National League Two
North, then quickly played their way
into the professional ranks and made
their Aviva Premiership debuts within
weeks of each other. By the end of the
season, they had made such an
impression that both were called up to
the England squad by Eddie Jones.
At each step up the ladder it is a
subject of lively fraternal debate whether one twin owes his promotion to the
performances of the other. Or whether
the coaches cannot tell them apart,
playing safe by selecting both.
Ever one to buck a trend, Jones did
not take long to separate the pair. By the
end of the tour to Argentina he had
given a first cap to Tom ? making him,
at 18, the youngest England player since
Jonny Wilkinson ? and earmarking
him as a rival to Sam Underhill in
becoming the long-term option for
England at No 7. Ben may have been
born first (he is older by 90 minutes),
but Tom beat him to an England cap.
?Whenever we?ve been separated, it?s
always been him doing things first,? Ben
says. ?I have to battle to catch up.?
And Jones?s view of Ben? ?I?m picking
Tom Curry, I don?t care about his
brother,? the England coach said last
month. ?I don?t see them as twins, I see
them as two players.?
Yet it had been Ben who had been
chosen by Jones ahead of his brother
for England?s non-cap game against the
Barbarians in May, named on the bench
while Tom was not in the match-day
squad. But when Ben injured his back
on the eve of the game, he was replaced
by Tom. The next day, Tom came off the
bench in the 36th minute and went on
to be named man of the match. The
Ben?s start
Tom?s start
7
Position
7
43
Minutes
65
1
Tries
0
4
Carries
4
3
Metres
3
1
Clean breaks
0
4
Tackles
15
1
Missed tackles
2
0
Turnovers
Won
1
0
Conceded
2
1
Total pens
conceded
2
pecking order remained the same in
Argentina and Tom was picked in
Jones?s early-season training squad,
from which Ben was omitted.
?I?m kind of used to it now,? Ben
says. ?It was the same when
Tom
played
England
Under-16 and I didn?t.
In the [England]
under-18s, he played
in the first game, I
h
didn?t. And again with
Sale last season, he madee
his debut a few weeks before me. But
whenever one of us has got ahead, the
other has usually caught up pretty
quickly.?
This is how they see it at Sale, too.
From their time coming through the
academy, when one twin lifts more in
the gym, the other redoubles his efforts
and, within weeks, will have leapfrogged back in front. The brotherly
competitive instinct kicks in.
And so it was at the start of this
season with Sale. Ben was picked to play
at No 7 against Wasps, with Tom on the
bench. Ben scored a charge-down try
before making way in the second half
for his brother. Against Newcastle
Falcons last Friday, the roles were
reversed. Tom started at No 7 and Ben
came off the bench, but the signs are
that Sale are happy to rotate the brothers, as they did last season. So much for
Jones?s clear pecking order.
?We don?t see anything in it between
them,? Steve Diamond, the director of
rugby, said. ?They?re both freaks of
nature, 25-year-old men in 19-yearolds? bodies.?
Nevertheless, when they are competing for the same shirt, it cannot be easy
for the twin left behind. ?It?s a real mix
of feelings,? Ben says. ?When Tom got
his cap, I was really happy for him,
genuinely. But at the same time, it?s
quite hard to take, seeing him have it
and not having it yourself. You can?t
stop yourself thinking that.?
Ben, left, made
his Premiership
debut three
weeks after his
identical twin
brother Tom,
above. The pair
have been
competing from
a young age and
only Tom has
an England cap
Only natural, too, for Ben to wonder
what might have been had he not
injured his back before the Barbarians
game. ?I?ve been unlucky with a couple
of things,? he says. ?After missing the
Barbarians with my back, I went out [to
Argentina] with an ankle niggle. But I
learned a hell of a lot in those few weeks
on tour and I?m starting the season with
massive determination to improve.?
Ben retains faith, too, that if Tom can
perform so impressively at international level at the age of 18 then he
English golfer may play in Olympics for Germany
Golf
Cathy Harris Evian-les-Bains
Florentyna Parker is no different to any
other athlete in chasing a place in the
Olympic Games but the 28-year-old
admits that she is struggling to decide
whether to try to qualify for Great
Britain or Germany.
Parker was born in Hamburg to golfplaying English parents and has lived
there ever since, but after the UK?s
Brexit vote she applied for a German
passport and now has dual nationality.
?I didn?t want to be forced to choose
when I should leave Germany,? said
Parker, a three-times winner on the
Ladies European Tour and a member of
Europe?s Solheim Cup team. ?I also
worried about travelling as I usually
connect through Frankfurt or Munich
and it helps to have an EU passport.?
Parker went to school in Germany,
loves German food and supports
Hamburg football club ? but has been
a member of Royal Birkdale (through
her grandparents? membership) since
she was 16 and represented England at
every level through her amateur career,
including winning the English under-13
and under-15 championships and
playing for GB and Ireland against the
US in the 2008 Curtis Cup. ?I feel very
in-between nationality-wise,? she said
about the Olympics before the Evian
Championship, the fifth and final major
of the year, which begins tomorrow.
?It?s so hard because deep down I want
to play for Great Britain but I?m lucky to
have an option to represent Germany.?
It may be that Parker would find it
easier to be selected for Tokyo 2020 as
a German national, as she would be up
against a strong GB contingent as an
English player. The International Golf
Federation said that Parker would need
to write to it and put forward her case
to switch to German nationality.
should be capable himself in full form
and fitness. ?Seeing him do it definitely
gives me confidence to know I can do it
too,? Ben says. ?We?ve both done
exactly the same things since we were
young, he?s taken his chances more
than I have at certain points, so he?s
been able to get there first.?
While Tom has generally been the
first past the post in their rugby rivalry,
Ben claims to have earned them a joint
promotion as footballers, when they
were taken on trial as centre backs by
continued from back
Warburton out until next year
not played since suffering a back injury
during the first week of the Lions tour,
while James Davies, the Scarlets
flanker, is out for 12 weeks with shoulder trouble. However, Dan Lydiate,
who has been out for nine months with
a knee injury, could return for Ospreys
against Munster on Saturday.
Eddie Jones has been working with
the RFU?s elite referees to help England
to take full advantage of law changes
to the scrum and ruck that will be
unfamiliar to their rivals this
November. The World Rugby trial
came into force for the European club
season but did not apply to Super
Rugby and has not been used in the
Rugby Championship.
Manchester City at 14. ?I got us in, Tom
got us kicked out,? Ben says. ?We had a
football game for school with Man City
scouts and I played really well. When
they realised we were identical twins,
they said both come along and we
played a few games. Then Tom scored a
spectacular own goal one game, heading it past his own ?keeper, and the next
day they told us not to come back.?
For the time being, in the eyes of
Jones, Tom has his nose in front.
Assuming, of course, that Jones has
plumped for the right one. Were they
convinced that the England coaches
could tell them apart? ?Paul Gustard
[the defence coach] said we moved
slightly differently,? Ben says. ?Eddie
thought he could tell by the chin, Tom
apparently has a bigger chin.?
In the never-ending tussle for sibling
superiority, to be considered the first
among two equals, however fleetingly,
Ben has taken a blow on his (much
smaller) chin over the past few months.
The twins? closely shared history,
though, suggests it will not be long
before they are back on level terms.
Wayne Barnes, one of the world?s
leading referees, believes that it will
give the northern-hemisphere nations
an advantage and he has already
spoken with the England coaches, who
are preparing to face Argentina,
Australia and Samoa.
?Unfortunately for the southernhemisphere [teams], come November
they?ll be playing under our laws so
they?ve got to get used to them,? Barnes
said. ?We all know that Eddie has a keen
eye for detail and he will be keen for us
[referees] to just add to that. If we get a
small advantage up here, I?m sure the
coaches will try to use it.
?Me, JP [Doyle] or Matt [Carley] will
be in every single one of their training
sessions so they get used to how they
are being refereed.?
64
2GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport Football
Leeds go top
and pile pain
on Redknapp
Leeds United
S醝z 17, Dallas 90+2
Birmingham City
2
0
2
1
0
Sky Bet Championship
Paul Wheelock
Thomas Christiansen said that the
pressure on his Leeds United side had
just increased after they beat Birmingham City to overhaul Cardiff City at the
top of the Sky Bet Championship.
Leeds were not at their best and the
scoreline was harsh on Birmingham,
whose manager Harry Redknapp
argued, with some justification, that
they deserved more from the game.
But goals from Samuel S醝z and
substitute Stuart Dallas, who scored in
stoppage time when Birmingham were
pressing for an equaliser, ensured that
Leeds took advantage of Cardiff?s first
defeat of the season.
Leeds are now the only unbeaten
team in the division and have gone 563
minutes without conceding a goal after
what was a sixth successive clean sheet
in the league. But Christiansen, the
Danish-born manager who took over
in the summer, remained grounded.
?If we are top after the last game I
would be happy and proud but now it
doesn?t give me anything,? he said. ?It
just gives us more pressure as everyone
will want to beat Leeds. But I?m happy
with the points we have now. It gives us
the chance to keep on improving.
?I?m very happy with the result and
the way we took these three points. It
was a very difficult game and Birmingham gave us problems. When you manage to win even when you play not so
good, or as good as the performances in
the last few games, it is more satisfying.
?We didn?t play up to our best and
didn?t control the situation as we
wanted but that?s also because we
How they stand
P W
Leeds.........................7 5
Cardiff.......................7 5
Sheffield Utd............7 5
Wolves......................7 4
Preston ..................... 7 3
Sheffield Wed...........7 3
Ipswich......................6 4
Nottm Forest............7 4
Middlesbrough..........7 3
QPR...........................7 3
Derby.........................6 3
Bristol City................7 2
Norwich.....................7 2
Fulham......................6 1
Hull............................6 2
Barnsley....................6 2
Reading.....................6 2
Aston Villa................7 1
Millwall.....................7 1
Sunderland................7 1
Burton Albion...........7 1
Birmingham..............7 1
Brentford..................7 0
Bolton ....................... 7 0
D
2
1
0
2
3
3
0
0
2
2
1
4
2
4
1
1
1
4
3
2
2
1
3
2
L
0
1
2
1
1
1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
3
3
3
2
3
4
4
5
4
5
F
14
11
8
11
6
9
10
10
7
10
10
11
7
5
12
8
5
7
10
6
4
3
6
4
A
2
6
5
7
2
6
8
11
3
9
7
9
12
4
12
8
6
9
9
11
14
9
11
14
GD
12
5
3
4
4
3
2
-1
4
1
3
2
-5
1
0
0
-1
-2
1
-5
-10
-6
-5
-10
Pts
17
16
15
14
12
12
12
12
11
11
10
10
8
7
7
7
7
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
played a good opponent. They will not
stay where they are in the table.?
Christiansen?s words offered some
consolation to Redknapp, whose side
are now third from bottom after a
fourth league defeat in a row. The
former Tottenham Hotspur manager
steered Birmingham to safety after
taking over for the final three matches
of last season and, despite this setback,
he is confident they will recover.
Redknapp, who lost new �million
signing Jota to a hamstring injury, said:
?We completely the dominated the
second half and couldn?t get a break
when we needed it. People will see the
score 2-0 and think it?s been an easy
game but Leeds won?t have had a
harder game than that.
?It?s a new team. I didn?t get the
players in until five games into the
season. I?ve had a week to work with
that team but it?s a team that?s got
potential and some good players.
People have to be patient. We?ve got
players who can take this club to the
next level in the next year or so.?
Villa?s players
protest after
Lansbury is
sent off for a
trip on Johnson
Cardiff suffer biggest loss for a year
Preston
Harrop 38, Maguire 70, Browne 78
Cardiff City
3
0
2
1
0
Tim Nash
Neil Warnock admitted that he only
had himself to blame after Cardiff City?s
unbeaten start to the season came to an
end against a determined Preston
North End. His side lost 3-0 at
Deepdale as they succumbed to their
first defeat of the season after seven
games, and surrendered top spot in the
Championship to Leeds United.
Josh Harrop scored his first goal for
Preston after a summer move from
Manchester United with a 25-yard free
kick that gave the hosts the lead seven
minutes before the break. Sean
Maguire?s strike on 70 minutes and
Alan Browne?s speculative shot from 40
yards 12 minutes from time sealed a
deserved victory for Alex Neil?s side.
Warnock admitted that he should
have made changes but opted to keep
faith with a winning team. ?I take a bit
of the blame because I did think I
should make three or four changes,? he
said. ?But when you?re undefeated and
make changes and lose you get battered
for it. You?re a brave man to change a
side that hasn?t lost a game. The goals
were terrible but we had eight or nine
lads not at the races. They were
absolutely knackered.?
It was Cardiff?s biggest defeat since
they were beaten by the same scoreline
and the same opponents in the same
fixture 364 days ago.
Having seen his side beat the
division?s leaders, Neil now believes
that they can take on all-comers.
?We have absolutely no one to fear,?
he said. ?We have beaten the league
leaders. I was asked beforehand, ?How
are you going to cope with Cardiff?? But
I said, ?We?re playing Cardiff, we?re not
playing Real Madrid?.?
P W
Shrewsbury..................7 6
Peterborough ...............7 5
Charlton........................7 5
Bradford.......................7 4
Blackpool......................7 4
Wigan...........................6 4
Fleetwood Town .......... 6 4
Oxford Utd....................7 3
Rotherham...................7 4
Blackburn ..................... 6 4
Scunthorpe...................7 3
Bristol R.......................7 3
Portsmouth..................7 2
Walsall.........................7 2
MK Dons.......................7 2
Doncaster.....................7 1
Northampton................6 2
Rochdale.......................7 1
Southend......................7 1
AFC Wimbledon...........7 1
Oldham.........................7 1
Bury..............................7 1
Plymouth......................7 1
Gillingham....................7 0
Luton
Results
Football
Champions League: Group A
Benfica
(0) 1
CSKA Moscow
Seferovic 50
38,323
Vitinho 63 (pen)
Zhamaletdinov 71
Manchester Utd (1) 3
Basle
Fellaini 35, Lukaku 53
Rashford 84
73,854
(0) 2
(0) 0
(1) 3
Anderlecht
(0) 0
Lewandowski 12 (pen)
70,000
Thiago 65, Kimmich 90
Sent off: S Kums (Anderlecht) 11
(0) 0
57,562
PSG
(3) 5
Neymar 19, Mbapp� 34
Cavani 40 (pen), 85
Lustig (og) 83
6 Table on page 71
Group C
Chelsea
(2) 6
Qarabag
41,150
Roma
Atl閠ico Madrid
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
36,064
6 Table on page 68
(1) 3
Messi 45, 69
Rakitic 56
Pardo 89, 90+3
30,168
Barnsley
A GD Pts
0
3 3
2
1 3
3 -1 0
3 -3 0
(1) 3
Derby
(2) 3
Jackson 18, Bradshaw 73
Russell 6
Hammill 88
Bennett 39
(Barnsley away to Tottenham Hotspur on Sept 19)
Juventus
(0) 0
78,658
(0) 2
Sporting Lisbon
Doumbia 2
Martins 13
Fernandes 43
AFC Wimbledon (1) 1
Gillingham
Bristol Rovers
(0) 2
Oldham
Gaffney 83, Sweeney 85
7,908
Byrne 49, Davies 71
Doyle 88
Charlton
Wigan
(0) 0
10,172
Bury
Beckford 31
Laurent 44
Northampton
Portsmouth
Bolton
Long 18, 70
Crooks 35
(0) 0
14,346
Leeds
(0) 0
Sheffield United (1) 1
Carter-Vickers 33
(1) 2
Birmingham
(0) 0
Samuel 17, Dallas 90+2
31,507
Norwich
(0) 0
Burton Albion
(0) 0
(1) 3
Cardiff
(0) 0
Preston
Harrop 38
Maguire 70, Browne 78
10,796
QPR
Millwall
(0) 2
(1) 2
Luongo 73,
McLaughlin 6, Wallace 50
Smith 85
12,600
Sent off: L Gregory (Millwall) 41
(1) 2
Hooper 45+1
Wallace 70
Sunderland
Wolves
Brentford
(1) 1
Yennaris 9
23,536
(0) 0
Nottm Forest
(0) 1
(1) 3
Bristol City
Flint 43
Diedhiou 58 (pen)
Reid 82
(1) 3
(2) 3
Peterborough
(1) 3
(2) 2
(0) 1
Kennedy 49
5,855
(0) 2
Thomas 74
Rothwell 87
6,658
Bradford City
(1) 2
Patrick 30
Vincelot 90+4
(0) 2
MK Dons
Tafazolli 47, Madison 52
6,465
Plymouth
Blackpool
(0) 1
(0) 0
(1) 3
Bradley 49
Daniel 2, Ryan 70
7,411
Delfouneso 86
Sent off: R Edwards (Plymouth) 65
Rochdale
(0) 2
Kitching 90+2
Davies 90+4
Rotherham
Murphy 86
Bonatini 28, Jota 54
Batth 85
23,045
Oxford United
(0) 3
Massey 44, 70
Morsey 87
Hiwula 22, 28, Hunter 66
2,535
Middlesbrough
(1) 1
Barcham 35
Clare 45+4
3,819
Sent off: L Martin (Gillingham) 45+3
Fleetwood Town (2) 3
(0) 0
26,061
(3) 3
League One
26,631
Sent off: A Traor� (Middlesbrough) 4
H Lansbury (Aston Villa) 64
Aston Villa
Sheffield Wed
Group D
Olympiacos
F
3
3
2
0
24,841
Pedro 6, Zappacosta 30,
Azpilicueta 55,
Bakayoko 71, Batshuayi 76,
Medvedev 82 (og)
Barcelona
L
0
0
1
1
Sky Bet Championship
Group B
Celtic
D
0
0
0
0
Carabao Cup: Second round
6 Table on page 70
Bayern Munich
P W
Barcelona ..................... 1 1
Sporting........................1 1
Olympiacos...................1 0
Juventus.......................1 0
Doncaster
Marquis 74
2,371
(4) 5
Walsall
Frecklington 13, 31, 88
Taylor 16, 24
Bakayoko 49
7,330
Scunthorpe
(0) 0
Blackburn
(1) 1
Southend
4,330
Shrewsbury
Nolan 23
(1) 1
Jackson 45
1,288
(0) 1
A GD Pts
4
6 19
7
8 16
10
3 15
9
5 14
7
4 14
3
8 13
7
4 13
5
7 12
9
6 12
6
5 12
3
5 12
15 -3 9
9 -2 8
14 -4 8
9 -5 7
9 -2 6
11 -5 6
10 -5 6
13 -6 6
8 -4 5
16 -6 4
14 -6 4
13 -7 4
11 -6 3
Grimsby
(1) 2
Exeter
(0) 2
Reid 78
Stockley 90+4
(0) 1
Hanlan 82
2,552
Chesterfield
(1) 1
Reed 43
(0) 2
Carlisle
(0) 0
Nazon 48, Vincenti 80
6,151
Crewe
(0) 0
Cambridge United (1) 1
(0) 0
Lincoln City
3,184
(0) 0
F
10
15
13
14
11
11
11
12
15
11
8
12
7
10
4
7
6
5
7
4
10
8
6
5
Jones 43
Woolford 47
Coulthirst 48
1,605
Coventry
(0) 1
Antonsson 58
5,129
Accrington
Colchester
(0) 1
L
0
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
1
4
3
3
4
3
4
3
3
4
5
5
5
4
League Two
Barnet
(0) 1
D
1
1
0
2
2
1
1
3
0
0
3
0
2
2
1
3
0
3
3
2
1
1
1
3
Forest Green
1,887
Ibehre 35
Anderson 65
(0) 1
(1) 2
Whitfield (og) 39
Stacey 50
Mansfield Town
Port Vale
(0) 0
7,046
(0) 0
Wycombe
(0) 0
Cheltenham
(0) 0
2,938
Newport County (1) 1
Amond 35
Notts County
2,916
(1) 1
Stead 32 (pen)
Stevenage
Zoko 37
Surrudge 65
(0) 0
5,107
(1) 1
Newton 45+1
1,922
Yeovil
Swindon
Crawley Town
(0) 1
Meite 49
(1) 2
Morecambe
(0) 2
McGurk 66, Ellison 77
2,205
P W D L F A GD Pts
7 19
Exeter...........................7 6 1 0 13 6
5 16
Notts County................7 5 1 1 12 7
5 13
Coventry.......................7 4 1 2 8 3
4 13
Accrington Stanley......7 4 1 2 15 11
4 12
Lincoln City .................. 7 3 3 1 10 6
4 12
Newport County...........7 3 3 1 10 6
3 12
Stevenage....................7 3 3 1 11 8
2 12
Wycombe ..................... 7 3 3 1 13 11
7 11
Luton............................7 3 2 2 15 8
4 11
Crewe ........................... 7 3 2 2 10 6
4 10
Mansfield Town...........7 2 4 1 12 8
3 10
Barnet...........................7 3 1 3 11 8
Cambridge United........7 3 1 3 5 6 -1 10
Swindon ....................... 7 3 1 3 8 10 -2 10
Grimsby........................7 3 0 4 10 14 -4 9
0 8
Colchester....................7 2 2 3 11 11
Yeovil............................7 2 2 3 12 18 -6 8
Crawley Town .............. 7 2 1 4 8 9 -1 7
Carlisle ......................... 7 2 1 4 8 13 -5 7
Morecambe .................. 7 1 3 3 6 10 -4 6
Chesterfield..................7 1 2 4 6 15 -9 5
Cheltenham..................7 1 1 5 5 11 -6 4
Forest Green................7 1 1 5 9 19 -10 4
Port Vale......................7 1 0 6 5 11 -6 3
Vanarama National League: Barrow 0 Guiseley 0; Bromley
3 Torquay United 1; Dagenham & Redbridge 1 Sutton
United 2; Dover Athletic 0 Boreham Wood 1; Eastleigh 0
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
65
2GM
Sport
PAUL ROBERTS/JMP/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Aston Villa
Middlesbrough
0
2
1
0
Middlesbrough held on for a
draw after battling with ten
men from the third minute of an
ill-tempered match, with Adama Traor� sent off for a reckless
challenge on Conor Hourihane.
Aston Villa failed to
capitalise on their numerical
superiority, which was cancelled out midway through the
second half when Henri
Lansbury was shown a red card
for a cynical trip.
Garry Monk was unhappy
with James Linington?s decision
to send off Traor�, and questioned the Lansbury red card
too. ?When that happens you
have to get on with it,? the
Middlesbrough manager said.
?Sometimes you have to face
adversity, and the good thing
about this result is you have
seen the true character of the
players.?
While Steve Bruce shared
Monk?s view that the red cards
Sunderland
Nott?m Forest
Murphy 86
0
2
1
Jason Mellor
Defeat was undeserved, but that only
served to heighten the frustration of
Simon Grayson, the Sunderland
manager. A late winner from Daryl
Murphy, the Irishman who once plied
his trade on Wearside, sealed a fourth
successive defeat, making it five games
without a victory for a side who have so
far struggled to adapt to their new
surroundings after being relegated
from the Premier League in May.
It is nine months and counting since
Sunderland won a match at home and
Maidstone United 1; Ebbsfleet 0 Aldershot 2; Gateshead 3
Chester 2; Leyton Orient 0 Halifax Town 3; Macclesfield
Town 2 AFC Fylde 1; Maidenhead 1 Tranmere Rovers 0;
Woking 2 Solihull Moors 1; Wrexham 0 Hartlepool 0.
P W D L F A GD Pts
2 19
Sutton United ............ 10 6 1 3 13 11
5 18
Halifax........................10 5 3 2 12 7
8 17
Aldershot ................... 10 5 2 3 17 9
6 17
Boreham Wood .......... 10 5 2 3 19 13
3 17
Dover Athletic............10 5 2 3 10 7
3 17
Wrexham....................10 5 2 3 8 5
0 17
Macclesfield...............10 5 2 3 10 10
6 16
Dagenham & Red ....... 10 4 4 2 20 14
Leyton Orient.............10 5 1 4 14 16 -2 16
4 15
Maidenhead United....10 4 3 3 15 11
4 15
Gateshead..................10 4 3 3 13 9
3 15
Bromley......................10 4 3 3 16 13
0 15
Maidstone United......10 4 3 3 12 12
Woking.......................10 5 0 5 15 17 -2 15
1 12
Eastleigh....................10 2 6 2 9 8
0 12
Tranmere....................10 3 3 4 8 8
Hartlepool .................. 10 3 3 4 8 10 -2 12
1 11
Barrow........................10 2 5 3 11 10
0 11
Ebbsfleet United........10 1 8 1 15 15
AFC Fylde...................10 2 5 3 16 18 -2 11
Chester ......................10 1 5 4 10 15 -5 8
Solihull Moors............10 2 1 7 10 18 -8 7
Guiseley......................10 1 4 5 6 18 -12 7
Torquay ...................... 10 0 3 7 10 23 -13 3
were harsh, the Villa manager
was more concerned that his
side squandered so many goalscoring opportunities and had
to settle for the draw, which
leaves them with only one win
from seven league games.
?We?ve had 73 per cent
possession and had 19 shots on
goal, but it?s hugely frustrating
that we haven?t taken our chances,? Bruce said. ?You can?t ask
for more chances in a game.
One day we?ll get those chances
and take them.? Emphasising
the extent to which it was not
Villa?s night, a chance to break
the deadlock in the 76th minute
was wasted when Hourihane?s
shot into the unguarded half of
the goal hit his team-mate Scott
Hogan on the line.
?At times like this, you have to
stay strong,? Bruce said. ?We
understand we?ve had a bad
start, but I know for a fact we
will climb the table.?
Traor�, who endured a miserable spell at Villa Park two
seasons ago, suffered more
torment as his lunge prompted
Linington to produce a red card
after the referee had consulted
an assistant.
while it would be premature to
claim that they are in real danger of
suffering their first-ever back-to-back
relegations, they sit uncomfortably a
point above the bottom three.
Murphy, the striker who signed for
Nottingham Forest from Newcastle
United in the summer, steered home a
cross from substitute Barrie McKay
with five minutes remaining following
a mistake from defender Tyias Browning. ?It?s probably the most frustrating
result we?ve had so far,? Grayson said.
The visiting side pulled level on
points with the play-off places after a
first victory on Wearside for almost 24
years. ?We did the ugly side of the game
well,? Mark Warburton, their manager,
said. ?Daryl was a threat and you?d
always want a chance like that to fall to
him at the end.?
North: AFC Telford 3 Stockport 2; Alfreton 1 Brackley 1;
Blyth Spartans 2 Chorley 0; North Ferriby 0 Spennymoor 6;
Salford 3 Nuneaton 0; Southport 1 Harrogate 4; Tamworth
2 Kidderminster 1; York 1 Gainsborough 1. South: Concord
Rangers 0 Braintree 1; Dartford 4 Eastbourne Borough 2;
Hemel Hempstead 3 Bognor Regis 1; Oxford City 3 Weston-super-Mare 3; St Albans 2 Havant & Waterlooville 1;
Truro 1 Chippenham 0; Welling 1 Whitehawk 0.
Snooker
Indian Open
Visakhapatnam: First round (England unless stated): Tian
Pengfei (China) bt T Ford 4-3; Xu Si (China) bt R Hull (Fin)
4-0; K Doherty (Ire) bt J Astley 4-3; M Selt bt Cao Yupeng
(China) 4-0; G Dott (Scot) bt J Lisowski 4-1; Zhang Anda
(China) bt S Vahedi (Iran) 4-3; R Walden bt A Burden 4-3;
S O?Sullivan bt J Boileau (Ire) 4-3; J Perry bt D Wells
(Wales) 4-1; H Vafaei Ayouri (Iran) bt A Hamilton 4-1; R
McLeod bt J Page (Wales) 4-3.
Tennis
WTA Coupe Banque Nationale
Quebec City: First round: S Kenin (US) bt T Martincova
(Cz) 5-7, 6-4, 6-3; V Golubic (Switz) bt B Krejcikova (Cz)
1-6, 7-5, 6-4; T Maria (Ger) bt F Stollar (Hun) 6-2, 7-6; L
Hradecka (Cz) bt A Hlavackova (Cz) 6-1, 6-3; S Vickery
(US) bt T Townsend (US) 7-5, 6-0; A van Uytvanck (Bel) bt
C Zhao (Can) 4-6, 6-2, 7-6.
Fixtures
Football
Cricket
Kick-off 7.45
Champions League: Group E: Liverpool v Seville; Maribor v
Spartak Moscow. Group F: Feyenoord v Manchester City;
Shakhtar Donetsk v Napoli. Group G: Leipzig v Monaco;
Porto v Besiktas. Group H: Real Madrid v Apoel
Nicosia; Tottenham v Borussia Dortmund.
Sky Bet Championship: Fulham v Hull.
Vanarama National North: Darlington v FC United of
Manchester.
First one-day international: Belfast: Ireland v West Indies
(10.30).
Specsavers County Championship: Second day of four (11.0;
96 overs minimum): First division: Uxbridge: Middlesex v
Hampshire. Taunton: Somerset v Lancashire. Kia Oval: Surrey v Yorkshire. Edgbaston: Warwickshire v Essex. Second
division: Swalec Stadium: Glamorgan v Northamptonshire.
Bristol: Gloucestershire v Kent. Hove: Sussex v Derbyshire.
Worcester: Worcestershire v Leicestershire.
Barnsley owner: I?m dying of cancer
Tom Maston
Barnsley?s owner, who is suffering from
terminal cancer, wrote an emotional
message to the club?s fans in his
programme notes for the Carabao Cup
tie against Derby County last night.
?I am living on borrowed time. I live
in pain, but living is better than the
alternative,? Patrick Cryne wrote.
?Regarding this season . . . I do not expect to live to see the ultimate outcome,
but I travel in hope.?
Cryne stepped down from day-today duties at the Sky Bet Championship club in November 2016, and in May
this year he learnt that his bowel cancer
was terminal.
With his illness showing no signs of
respite, Cryne ? who saved Barnsley
from the threat of closure in 2004 ?
chose last night?s second-round tie,
which his side won 3-2, to send an emotional message to the Oakwell faithful.
?Cancer is insidious, cruel and
rapacious and I implore everyone to
have regular checks to stop it gaining
hold,? he wrote in his programme notes.
?Recent months have brought into
focus the things that are important to
me. I have spent a lot of my life pursuing
the ultimately pointless when there
were better things to do.
?Most people realise I was a reluctant
custodian but what has made it bearable against the occasional cruelty of the
internet world is the kindness shown to
me by so many fans on a personal basis.
?Regarding this season, I think we
will get stronger as it goes on and our
team gels, not unlike the double
Wembley season.
?I do not expect to live to see the
ultimate outcome, but I travel in hope.?
Cryne?s tenure at the helm in South
Yorkshire has coincided with a period
of success on the pitch for the club.
The highlight of his 13 years in charge
were two wins at Wembley in 2015 ? in
the Checkatrade Trophy and League
One play-off final.
Barnsley will play Tottenham
Hotspur at Wembley in the next round,
after Adam Hammill?s late winner.
66
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport
Matthew Syed
Sacking managers
ignores just how
random football is
Sports Commentator of the Year
F
ew people will dispute the underlying
madness in football management. The
carousel that transports a group of
suited men from club to club, the hope
that attends each new appointment, the
anguish that precedes each new sacking, the
escalating buyout payments making a mockery
of any notion of economic or sporting
rationality.
The average tenure of a manager in English
football is somewhat longer than the four
matches afforded to Frank de Boer, but not by
much. Recent statistics suggest that it stands at
just over a year. Perhaps the deepest irony is
that the people who preside over this soapoperatic farce like to think of themselves as
ultra-rational: namely, the owners.
My sense is that this collective insanity can
he
be understood through the
juxtaposition of two key aspects
of the game: randomness and
ss
tribalism. The randomness
in football is constructed
upon the rarity of its
principal event: the goal.
According to The
Numbers Game by
Chris Anderson and
David Sally, there is a
score every nine
minutes in the NFL
and every 12.5 minutes
in rugby. In Premier
League football, there is
just one goal every 69
minutes, with 30 per cent of
oal or
games ending with one goal
none.
Moreover, these goals are often highly
idiosyncratic, scored from a chance rebound, or
a fluky flick-on. ?Half of all goals can be
attributed to luck,? Anderson writes. This means
that results in the short term are
disproportionately influenced by random events.
In handball, baseball and American football, the
bookies? favourite wins about 66 per cent of the
time. In football, this drops to just over 50 per
cent. This means, crucially, that clubs regularly
have bursts of results ? wins or losses ? that
deviate from the long-term trend.
This level of capriciousness is not easy to
accept, however, particularly for hardcore fans.
If there is one constant finding in psychology, it
is the unease that people feel about the notion
that important events are shaped by random
forces. In a recent experiment, participants were
asked to remember a time in their life when
they lacked control. This could be positive or
negative like, say, a bout of turbulence in a plane
tendency can be exploited by canny funds. If
you start out with 48 traders, 24 are likely to
beat the index in the first year through chance,
while 12 will beat it two years running. By the
fifth year, one or two will likely still have a
flawless record.
By publicising the successful fund managers,
and not those who have made symmetrical
losses, the fund can secure huge amounts of
client money, and the lucky manager can
then play a low-risk strategy, keeping pace
with the index, while making a fortune in
volume commission. This is not to say that
fund management is based purely on luck, but
that the tendency to conflate signal and noise
can exert a huge influence on earnings.
But it is the tribal element of football, I think,
that magnifies irrationality beyond what we see
even in financial markets. When people are
emotionally bound up in an outcome, there is a
deeper reluctance to make concessions to
randomness. As Aaron Kay, professor of
psychology at Duke University?s school of
business, put it: ?Believing the world distributes
success and failure haphazardly provokes
anxiety, making people keenly motivated to
avoid shattering their ?fundamental delusion? of
non-randomness.?
It is the delusion of non-randomness that
fuels football?s carousel, managers moving from
club to club, along with the irrational hope that
so often greets them. When J黵gen Klopp, a
man with a sports diploma and an engaging
grin, arrived at Liverpool, banners were unfurled
or when a yearned-for promotion was out of
their hands. Participants remembering this
uncertainty were far more likely to express a
belief that God was in control of their lives.
Psychologists call this phenomenon
?compensatory control?. When there is an
outcome that is emotionally important and
highly uncertain, we impose order by reaching
for God, or fate, or some other construct of
reassurance. Even atheists seek order amid
chaos. Asked to recall a time when they lacked
control, they were far more likely to see a
pattern in meaningless static or glimpse a causal
connection between completely random events.
This has political implications, too. Careful
study has found that in times of economic
uncertainty, voters are more likely to
compensate for the loss of control by giving
more authority to their leaders. They
aut
vote for autocrats,
or tolerate power
grabs, or find themselves voting
for can
candidates who exaggerate
their power to shape events.
Vot
Voting
for a demigod is, in a
psy
psychological
sense, a bit
lik praying to God when
like
ap
approaching
an uncertain
m
medical
diagnosis.
And this brings us back
to football. The sheer
ra
randomness
of the game,
wh
where
runs of good and bad
res
results
are a staple of
virtu
virtually
any season, creates
alm permanent state of
an almost
psycholo
psychological
crisis in supporters
and owner
owners. The games are too
important to aadmit that fluctuations
important
might be meaningless
meaningless, short-term noise amid
the long-term trends. Compensatory control is
therefore asserted by imbuing the manager with
mythical powers to shape events. They are
football?s demigods. A few good results and he is
a genius; a few bad results and he is a turnip.
The key point is that each of these responses,
both deification and vilification, presuppose that
the results were fundamentally shaped by the
manager. It was his genius substitution, or
idiotic selection, but never that chance ricochet
in the box, or slip by a defender, or, in the case
of De Boer, the tiny succession of sliding doors
moments that led to four defeats, not least the
miss from three yards by Scott Dann against
Burnley on Sunday that might have salvaged
a point.
The tendency to confuse signal and noise is
not, of course, limited to football. Fund
managers are revered for a good run of results,
even when this is pure luck. Indeed, this
?They become demigods and
are imbued with mythical
powers to shape events?
Dann missed a
chance from
three yards on
Sunday, which
meant Palace
lost 1-0 against
Burnley and
the next day
De Boer, inset,
lost his job
proclaiming, ?In J黵gen we Trust?. When Alan
Shearer took over at Newcastle in 2009, fans
hymned the returning messiah. A few months
later, they were relegated and Shearer was gone.
These rituals are not unlike those of ancient
tribes, who may not have to endure a chance
rebound on a Saturday afternoon, but whose
crops, and therefore lives, were dependent on
the weather. They asserted compensatory
control by creating ?temporary kings?, men
imbued with divine influence to protect the
harvest, guarantee the sun and safeguard the
tribe. Only when he betrayed them by spoiling
the crop was he sacrificed, with the elevation of
a new temporary king, thus re-igniting the cycle
of hope and sanctification.
None of this is to say that managers exert no
influence. Statistics suggest that around 80 per
cent of the variation in results is explained by
the wage bill. Clubs with more money buy better
players, and thus win more often. But although
budget is the dominant factor, this still leaves
scope for managers to make an impact. The
fundamental point remains, however, that sheer
incontinence of hiring and firing has its basis
not in logic but in the primal response to the
game?s essential randomness.
With matches against Southampton,
Huddersfield Town, Manchester City,
Manchester United and Chelsea coming up,
some will joke De Boer?s replacement at Palace,
Roy Hodgson, might himself be a victim soon
enough. The craving for compensatory control
is, in that sense, both the blessing and bane of
football management.
Hodgson joins Palace and says ?there?s not much to be done?
Premier League
Roy Hodgson was confirmed as the
new manager of Crystal Palace last
night.
The former England manager, who
signed a two-year contract, said: ?It was
a great opportunity to return to the
game I love, at the highest level, and
also at a club I always admired, liked
and supported as well.?
Hodgson, 70, replaces Frank
de Boer, who was sacked on
h
Monday after Palace?s fourth
straight Premier League defeat
left them without a point and
without a goal this
season ? the worst
start to a top-flight
season in 93 years.
Palace are bottom
of the table, but
Hodgson said: ?It?s a good day for me,
I?m very happy and looking forward to
getting down to work and trying to help
us get some points in the league
and climb up the table.
?I don?t honestly believe
that there is necessarily a
Hodgson has signed
a two-year deal at a
club he supported
lot that needs to be done. You can
always get off to a bad start, [but] what
we?ve got to remember is our fate will be
decided after 38 games, not four.
?We?ve got to work hard to get back
on track but I know that my attitude is
shared by the players and it is my job to
let them know what I want from them.?
Hodgson quit as England manager
after the abject defeat by Iceland at the
European Championship finals last
summer. ?I didn?t want to end it on a bad
result but I think 56 games and the
seven defeats is not so bad,? he said. ?I
think we changed the team around and
the young, exciting team you see today
is the team I was putting together.?
Hodgson and his assistant Ray
Lewington will take training today and
be in the dugout for his first game in
charge when Palace play at home to
Southampton on Saturday.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
67
2GM
Champions League Sport
JASON CAIRNDUFF/ACTION IMAGES/REUTERS
Karius starts
as Liverpool
rejoin elite
Paul Joyce
Northern Football Correspondent
J黵gen Klopp said that he is not
gambling with Liverpool?s Champions
League prospects despite confirming
that Loris Karius will face Seville
tonight as part of a plan in which he
could utilise all three of his goalkeepers
this season.
Simon Mignolet has started three of
four Premier League games this season
but Karius is set to be preferred for their
first appearance in the Champions
League group stage since 2014.
The chopping and changing behind
a defence that remains Liverpool?s
weak point will polarise opinion but
Klopp said that he wanted to use the
?quality? at his disposal and reward
Karius, and also Danny Ward, for their
performances in training.
The decision will disappoint
Mignolet, who was influential towards
the end of last season in ensuring that
Liverpool secured a top-four finish.
?If nothing happens overnight then
Loris will start, yes,? said the Liverpool
manager, who will include Philippe
Coutinho in his match-day squad for
the first time this season.
?If we have Simon as No 1 and play the
other goalkeepers not once throughout
the year [then that is not right]. If they
train bad they don?t deserve a game, but
they both train really well. If we don?t
give them a game then every year we
have to find a No 2 who is 33 years old,
can still catch a few balls and doesn?t
want to play any more. That?s really
difficult to find someone like that.
?I prefer having a group of good
goalkeepers, and that means you have
to change things. That?s the plan. Not to
keep them happy, no ? to use the
quality of the goalkeepers and that?s
how it is, to keep them altogether
and then they will decide with the
performance who will play.
?Are the players happy with the
decision? I don?t know. It?s nothing I can
think about too much.?
The selection strikes a contrast with
Jos� Mourinho, who has said that
David De Gea will be Manchester
United?s first-choice goalkeeper for the
Champions League despite using
Tottenham v Borussia Dortmund
Wembley, kick-off 7.45pm
TV BT Sport 3 Radio BBC 5 Live
Referee G Rocchi (Italy)
Lloris
Trippier
S醤chez
Dier
Vertonghen
Demb閘�
Son
Davies
Eriksen
Kane
Aubameyang
Pulisic
G鰐ze
Zagadou
Philipp
Castro
Toprak
Sokratis
Anfield, kick-off 7.45pm
TV BT Sport 2
Referee D Makkelie (Netherlands)
Liverpool (probable; 4-3-3)
Karius
Gomez
Matip
Lovren
Robertson
Henderson
Can
Coutinho
Man�
Sturridge
Firmino
Correa
Ben Yedder
Navas
Banega
Pizarro
Nzonzi
Escudero
Lenglet
Kjaer
Mercado
Rico
Seville (probable; 4-3-3)
Sergio Romero throughout last season?s
successful Europa League run.
Karius started a competitive match
for the first time since January when appearing in the 4-0 victory over Arsenal
immediately before the international
break and his only previous experience
in European competition came with
two Europa League games for Mainz
against Asteras Tripolis in 2014.
Klopp is also giving thought to using
Ward in domestic cup competitions,
having blocked the Wales player from
joining Huddersfield Town.
Liverpool?s only previous match
against Seville came in their Europa
League final defeat in May 2016.
?I think we have proved it already we
are stronger than we were in the final,?
said Klopp, who saw Sadio Man�s
three-match ban for his red card at
Manchester City upheld by an independent hearing. ?The most important
thing is this is a proper Champions
League game and nothing else. Not
Europa League, not a final from 2016. It
is real ? real Champions League.?
Klopp will check on Mohamed Salah
today after the attacker was sent home
from training with a sore throat.
Sahin
Piszczek
B黵ki
Borussia Dortmund (possible; 4-3-2-1)
Ederson, the City goalkeeper, trained three days after needing stitches to his face after a high challenge by Man�
?Amazing? Ederson is ready to return
Paul Hirst Rotterdam
Pep Guardiola is set to recall Ederson to
his starting line-up for Manchester
City?s Champions League match
against Feyenoord tonight, even
though he admits that the goalkeeper
could be psychologically affected by
Sadio Man�s sickening challenge.
Ederson, the goalkeeper, is expected
to wear a scrum cap to protect his head,
after he was caught by Man�s raised
right boot during Saturday?s 5-0 win
over Liverpool at the Etihad Stadium.
The Brazilian required eight stitches
in his left cheek after the challenge but
three days later was back in training.
Guardiola will give the � million
summer signing one final check this
morning, but the initial signs are
promising and, provided there are no
last-minute concerns, the goalkeeper
will start tonight.
?Ederson is here, he?s got protection
[for his head],? the City head coach said.
?Today [Tuesday] he trained. We will
see if he will play. I have to speak with
him.? Guardiola said Ederson ?has an
amazing character to play? so soon
after the incident.
Petr Cech took three months to
return to Chelsea?s starting XI after his
alarming collision with Stephen Hunt
in a match against Reading 11 years
ago. Cech?s injury was far more serious
? he fractured his skull ? but Ederson
is likely to feel daunted by the
prospect of coming to collect his first
ball into the box tonight.
?I could understand that feeling, but
in the training session there were two
or three long balls and he was there,?
Guardiola said.
Guardiola said it was a ?sporting
decision? to leave Yaya Tour�, the
midfielder, out of the squad for tonight?s
game. He hinted that the 34-year-old
was not living up to expectations and
will not recall the player until he sees an
improvement. ?I spoke with him and he
knows the reason why he?s not in the
squad,? Guardiola said.
Feyenoord v Manchester City
De Kuip, kick-off 7.45pm
TV BT Sport Showcase Radio talkSPORT
Referee S Marciniak (Poland)
Feyenoord (possible; 5-3-2)
Jones
St
Van der
Amrabat Botteghin Juste Heijden
Toornstra
El Ahmadi
Berghuis
Nelom
Vilhena
Bo雝ius
Ag黣ro
Jesus
Mendy De Bruyne Fernandinho B Silva Walker
Danilo
Otamendi
Stones
Ederson
Manchester City (possible; 3-5-2)
Dortmund opener is like a final, says Pochettino
James Gheerbrant
Tottenham (possible; 3-4-2-1)
Alderweireld
Liverpool v Seville
Mauricio Pochettino has described
the opening fixture of Tottenham
Hotspur?s
Champions
League
campaign against Borussia Dortmund
at Wembley tonight as ?the most
important game for us?.
As Real Madrid, who have won the
tournament in the past two seasons,
and Apoel Nicosia, the Cypriot
minnows, make up group H, Dortmund
are Tottenham?s most likely rivals for
qualification.
?It?s like a final,? the Tottenham
manager said. ?It?s true that in theory
Real Madrid [will finish] first, then
Dortmund, Tottenham and Apoel [will]
compete to be second. We need to show
that we are competitive and we can go
ahead and be in the next stage. But first
we need to be better than Dortmund.?
Last season, Tottenham lost their
first home fixture against Monaco,
eventually failing to qualify
from their group, and
Pochettino emphasised
the importance of gettingg
off to a better start.
?Last season after the firstt
game it was difficult to
change the dynamic,? he said.
n
?It?s so important to try to win
h
the first game. It will be tough
because Dortmund is a great,
great team but our mentality is
to try to win and be aggressive
from the first ball.?
Tottenham have won just
one of their eight matches in all
competitions at Wembley
n
under Pochettino ? a 3-1 win
over CSKA Moscow in lastt
season?s Champions League.
This season they have lost to Chelsea
and drawn with Burnley in the Premier
League. ?We need to work hard,?
Pochettino said. ?Three years ago when
I started here, at the start it was difficult
to get a positive result at White Hart
Lane, and [look at] how we finished
last season [with 17 wins and two
draws in the league].
?Wembley is similar, we need to
adapt our game, we need to feel
that Wembley can be home. The
l
last
few games that we played
at Wembley, we played really
well, and we deserved more in
terms of a result. But sometimes
in football, it?s not only about
playing better than your
Pochettino was coy on
whether Serge Aurier
would start at Wembley
opponent ? maybe we needed to be
more clinical in front of goal. But it?s a
thing that is not worrying me too much,
and [nor] the players.?
Dortmund are managed by Peter
Bosz, who coached Spurs? new signing
Davinson S醤chez at Ajax last season.
Their chances will not be helped
tonight by a lengthy injury list that
could eventually contain nine
first-team players.
Only one English team have reached
the last four of the Champions League
in the past three seasons, but Pochettino said the Premier League would
continue to be a priority for English
clubs. ?The feeling in Italy, Spain and
France is that the Champions League is
the most important competition in the
world,? he said. ?That?s the culture. But
in England it?s the Premier League. That
is so difficult to explain to the outside.?
68
2GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport Champions League
Conte enjoys perfect start to quest
Chelsea
Pedro 5, Zappacosta 30, Azpilicueta 55,
Bakayoko 71, Batshuayi 76, Medvedev (og) 82
Qarabag
6
0
2
1
0
RICHARD HEATHCOTE/GETTY IMAGES
1-0 Pedro curler from 18 yards
2-0 Zappacosta cross flies in
Matt Hughes
Deputy Football Correspondent
There is a theory among many who
know Antonio Conte that he only
stayed at Chelsea throughout a turbulent summer because of the allure of
the Champions League. Hammering
opponents who would struggle in the
Championship, though, was probably
not what he had in mind.
This cakewalk against Qarabag was
as far removed from the tests that
Chelsea will need to pass to reach next
year?s final in Kiev as it is possible to
encounter, yet it still got Conte?s juices
flowing as he celebrated Davide
Zappacosta?s goal intensely.
Conte won the Champions League as
a player at Juventus, but his managerial
record in the competition is far more
modest, hence his reluctance to leave a
club that he believes he can turn into
genuine contenders.
Chelsea impressed in their fourth
successive victory, with Zappacosta
earning himself cult-hero status on his
full debut with an unstoppable, if fluky,
strike and Michy Batshuayi scoring a
rare goal and later forcing an own goal.
But it will take more than this facile
victory over competition debutants to
convince the rest of Europe, despite
Conte?s description of a perfect victory.
?I think it was a good start,? Conte
said. ?It was a perfect start, for us to play
our first game in the Champions
League and win with a good result. To
score many goals. To finish the game
with a clean sheet. I saw a lot of positive
things tonight.?
Conte?s poor Champions League
record is the one gap in an otherwise
stellar CV, and one he is understandably keen to fill.
In three seasons of domestic dominance at Juventus, his three-times
Serie A champions did not progress
beyond the quarter-finals and in his last
campaign they suffered the indignity of
being eliminated at the group stage and
dropping into the Europa League.
Chelsea did not even have that lesser
competition as a midweek diversion
during Conte?s first season at Stamford
Bridge and could not have asked for a
gentler reintroduction to the big time.
Having endured 18 months without
Champions League football ? the
club?s first such exile from the elite in
the Roman Abramovich era ?
Chelsea?s fans only had to wait five
minutes to celebrate a goal, with Pedro
scoring his first of the season from the
edge of the area.
The muted celebrations were
indicative of the widespread belief of all
in the stadium ? including the 366
visiting fans ? that the goal had been
coming, and more duly followed.
Chelsea?s
absence
from
the
Champions League is a trivial matter
compared to the very real exile of Qarabag, who have not played a genuine
home match for 24 years as a result of
their enforced move from Agdam to
Baku when the city?s entire population
fled the city after being engulfed by
Armenian forces during the NagornoKarabakh war.
Such circumstances have made their
achievement in becoming the first
Azerbaijani side to reach the
Champions League group stage even
more extraordinary, but further romance is unlikely during the remainder
of their European campaign. A group
featuring Chelsea, Atletico Madrid and
Roma is as tough as they come in a
3-0 Azpilicueta scores a header
4-0 Bakayoko prods home
5-0 Batshuayi hard and low
6-0 Own goal by Medvedev
competition whose seeding system is
designed to aid the established clubs,
and Conte?s side were not in the mood
to treat them lightly.
Conte had picked a strong team for
the second instalment of Chelsea?s run
of seven games in 21 days, with only
羖varo Morata, Eden Hazard and
Antonio R黡iger given downtime on
the bench. And to compound the
visitors? problems their hosts also
enjoyed a considerable slice of luck.
Zappacosta?s second goal in the 30th
minute was the product of a powerful
run down the right but, as he admitted
afterwards, his long-range strike was
intended as a cross.
Zappacosta was making his full debut
in place of Victor Moses, who he will
eventually hope to displace as the club?s
first-choice wing-back, and this was a
good way to start. The Italy international had already showcased his
pace and athleticism by making several
forays forward when he collected the
Group C
P
Chelsea................1
Atletico Madrid..1
Roma...................1
Qarabag..............1
W D L F A GDPts
1 0 0 6 0 6 3
0 1 0 0 0 0 1
0 1 0 0 0 0 1
0 0 1 0 6 -6 0
Fixtures: Sept 27: Atletico Madrid v Chelsea;
Qarabag v Roma. Oct 18: Chelsea v Roma; Qarabag
v Atletico Madrid. Oct 31: Atletico Madrid v
Qarabag; Roma v Chelsea. Nov 22: Atletico Madrid
v Roma; Qarabag v Chelsea. Dec 5: Chelsea v
Atletico Madrid; Roma v Qarabag.
Chelsea (3-4-3): T Courtois 6 ? C Azpilicueta 6 (sub:
A R黡iger 74min), A Christensen 6, G Cahill 6 ?
D Zappacosta 7, N Kant� 6 (sub: T Bakayoko 63, 7),
C F郻regas 6, M Alonso 6 ? Willian 7, M Batshuayi 5,
Pedro 7 (sub: E Hazard 58, 7). Substitutes not used
W Caballero, � Morata, V Moses, D Luiz. Booked
Cahill.
Qarabag (4-1-4-1): I Sehic 5 ? M Medvedev 5,
B Huseynov 4, R Sadygov 4 (sub: M Madatov 70, 4),
J Rzezniczak 5 ? G Garayev 4 (sub: J Diniyev 70, 4) ?
P Henrique 5 (sub: T Elyounoussi 77), M韈hel 5,
R Almeida 4, D Guerrier 4 ? D Ndlovu 4. Substitutes
not used A Kanibolotskiy, R Amirguliyev, A Ismayilov,
E Yunuszada.
Rerefee T Sidiropoulos (Greece).
ball on the edge of his own penalty area
and set off on a run that catapulted him
into the hearts of the Chelsea fans.
The 25-year-old beat two opponents
with sheer pace and held off a
frantically back-pedalling third on the
left edge of the Qarabag box before
striking the ball in the direction of
Batshuayi on the penalty spot, and
managing to hide his surprise as it flew
past the goalkeeper at his near post.
?He scores when he wants,? roared
the Chelsea fans, who, after this
introduction to Zappacosta, will not be
bemoaning the club?s failure to sign
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain.
The strength in depth of Chelsea?s
squad remains a moot point, but Qarabag were never going to expose any
shortcomings. Andreas Christensen
enjoyed a serene second start for the
club at centre back in place of the rested
David Luiz, with Thibaut Courtois not
required to make a save, and, as the
second half progressed, Chelsea flexed
their muscles. Their third goal, in the
55th minute, was similar to their first,
with Willian taking a short free kick to
Cesc F郻regas, whose cross was headed
in by C閟ar Azpilicueta for his first
Champions League goal, before the
introduction of Ti閙ou� Bakayoko led
to the floodgates opening.
Fellow substitute Hazard created the
opening with a 72nd-minute cross
converted by Bakayoko from close
range before the French midfielder
turned provider four minutes later,
playing in Batshuayi, who scored from
the edge of the area. The Belgium striker forced an own goal from Maksim
Medvedev with eight minutes left as he
attempted to bundle a Zappacosta cross
over the line to complete a perfect
evening for Chelsea.
Conte has the additional bonus of
two extra days to prepare for Sunday?s
visit of Arsenal, who should put up
more of a fight despite playing in the
Europa League tomorrow.
70
2GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport Champions League
United nod to the
past ? but they are
different beast now
Henry Winter
the goals
Chief Football Writer
Manchester United
Fellaini 35, Lukaku 53, Rashford 84
Basle
3
0
2
1
0
Fifty years ago, United embarked on an
odyssey that culminated eight months
later in the glory of Wembley and their
first European Cup. And so it begins
again, that thrilling sporting prospect,
another United tilt at the famous
trophy.
Last night?s latest launch brought
victory in a routine group game that
was hardly a classic. It still contained a
nod to beloved traditions, two goals via
pinpoint deliveries from out wide and
the third from a local teenager.
United were reacquainting themselves with Europe?s elite competition
for the first time since 2015, when
they lost to Wolfsburg with Guillermo
Varela, Bastian Schweinsteiger and
Memphis Depay in the starting
line-up. Now they have greater
strength in depth, and with Jos�
Mourinho typically able to elicit good
performances from squad members so
that Marouane Fellaini and Ashley
Young were the most influential players
on the pitch.
Young, making a rare appearance,
enacted his right-back duties diligently,
putting in five blocks, a similar number
of clearances and three interceptions,
and providing the cross for Fellaini?s
header. Daley Blind, starting at left
back, created the second, a cross for
Romelu Lukaku.
Mourinho, who views even the
whiff of complacency as a weakness,
played his usual mind games, trying
to build up the perceived threat levels
of the opponents in what is a relatively
kind group for United with CSKA
Moscow and Benfica up next (both
away). Mourinho indicated that he felt
United were showboating at 2-0,
when there was almost a Mexican wave
triggered by a Fellaini back-heel, but
United were always in control and
added a third after a superb move,
finished off by the 19-year-old Marcus
Rashford.
First appearances are never deceptive with Rashford. He has now scored
on his debut in the Premier League,
Europa League, Champions League
and EFL Cup. He also struck the winner
in his first Manchester derby. He failed
to score on his FA Cup debut against
West Ham United but did net in the
replay. Needless to say, this precocious
talent scored on his debut for England
Under-21 and the senior side.
The night was not without cost
with Paul Pogba damaging his left
hamstring. He hobbled down the
touchline, giving a brief, rueful wave to
a sympathetic Stretford End, and left
the ground on crutches. Everton come
to Old Trafford on Sunday when
Pogba will surely be missing, while he
also must be a doubt for trips to
Southampton and CSKA Moscow
(on September 23 and 27 respectively).
Subscribers can
watch every goal
from last night?s
Champions League
action online or on
the Times app
Download the app from the app
store or go to thetimes.co.uk/sport
United will know better today the
exact timeframe of his return, which
could even be after the international
break, when United will return to
action with the small matter of a game
against Liverpool.
Fellaini slotted in alongside
Nemanja Matic while United also
have Michael Carrick and Ander
Herrera who can feature there. Further
forward, there was another mixed
performance
from
Henrikh
Mkhitaryan, who created chances but
also gave the ball away. He worked
hard, and none of Mourinho?s players
covered more distance than the
Armenia attacker?s 12.07 km, but a
greater goal threat is required from
such a technical talent.
Overall, this was an occasion to
savour. Old Trafford, glistening in the
rain under the lights, was not quite full,
but United?s appetite for this trophy
remains unquestioned. Mourinho
keeps challenging his players, pointing
out that United?s stellar global status
will always persist but the team?s
fortunes needed to reflect that. ?This
club will always be a giant but our job
now is to bring the football team back to
that stature,? Mourinho wrote in his
programme notes.
His players followed his command,
dominating possession against visitors
sitting deeper and deeper. Mkhitaryan
Group A
P W D L F
Manchester Utd.1 1 0 0 3
CSKA Moscow....1 1 0 0 2
Benfica................1 0 0 1 1
Basle....................1 0 0 1 0
A GDPts
0 3 3
1 1 3
2 -1 0
3 -3 0
Fixtures: Sept 27: Basle v Benfica; CSKA Moscow v
Man Utd. Oct 18: Benfica v Man Utd; CSKA Moscow
v Basle. Oct 31: Basle v CSKA Moscow; Man Utd v
Benfica. Nov 22: CSKA Moscow v Benfica; Basle v
Man Utd. Dec 5: Benfica v Basle; Man Utd v
CSKA Moscow.
Manchester United (4-2-3-1): D De Gea 6 ?
A Young 9, C Smalling 6, V Lindelof 6, D Blind 7 ?
N Matic 7, P Pogba 6 (sub: M Fellaini 19min, 8) ?
J Mata 7 (sub: M Rashford 78), H Mkhitaryan 5,
A Martial 5 (sub: J Lingard 69, 6) ? R Lukaku 8.
Substitutes not used S Romero, M Darmian, A
Valencia, M Carrick. Booked Young, Blind.
Basle (5-4-1): T Vaclik 8 ? M Lang 5, M Akanji 7,
M Suchy 5, � Balanta 7, B Riveros 6 (sub: D Oberlin
77) ? R Steffen 5, T Xhaka 6, L Zuffi 5, M
Elyounoussi 6 ? R van Wolfswinkel 5 (sub: K Bua
65, 5). Substitutes not used M Salvi, O Gaber, D
Calla, A Fransson. Booked Balanta, Lang, Xhaka.
Referee R Buquet (France).
headed over, then hit a post. But ten
minutes from the break, United?s
pressure told. Young, 32, rolled back the
years, eluding opponents with that
trademark dropped shoulder and burst
of pace. He immediately sent Bl醩
Riveros and Mohamed Elyounoussi the
wrong way, created the space, and
whipped in a cross. Fellaini powered in,
beating Manuel Akanji and Marek
Suchy, to head past Tomas Vaclik.
Fellaini may be ungainly and seem
not in keeping with United?s DNA but
he is consistently effective, a constant
problem for opponents, and a supplier
of goals. United took the high road
again eight minutes after the break.
This time the cross came from the left
with Blind taking a short corner, collecting the return from Juan Mata and
then delivering. This time it was Lukaku, finding space between 蒬er Balanta
and Suchy, proving far too determined
for Basle?s defenders before planting an
unstoppable header into the net.
Nothing would silence the Swiss
supporters, and they briefly had some
on-field fare to cheer when Renato
Steffen picked out Elyounoussi, who
turned Victor Lindelof but David De
Gea parried his shot. But United were
so in control. Mata earned a warm
salute as he ran to the bench, being
replaced by Rashford making his
Champions League debut. Rashford
was soon dribbling at Basle?s harried
defenders and being fouled by Akanji.
United then conjured a goal that was
completely in keeping with their longstanding love of bold, brisk attacking
football. The quick, flowing move was
started by Lindelof, who fed Young on
the right. The ball moved between
Young, then Fellaini, then Jesse Lingard
who turned it inside to Lukaku. The
Belgium forward?s touch was exquisite,
the ball guided first time with his left
foot down the inside-right channel for
his compatriot Fellaini to run on to.
Fellaini?s cross clipped Suchy, eluded
Mkhitaryan but ran on to Rashford.
After his shot looped past Vaclik, the
teenager ran away in celebration,
pausing only to kiss the badge.
United are back up and running in
the Champions League again. This
may not be the Premier League?s year,
especially given the quality of the likes
of Real Madrid, Paris Saint-Germain
and Barcelona, and others, but United
under Mourinho will be a threat.
Mourinho?s super subs
Manchester United have scored six
goals through substitutes in their
past five games.
Aug 13: Man Utd 4, West Ham 0:
Goal by sub: Martial.
Aug 19: Swansea 0, Man Utd 4.
Goal by sub: Martial.
Aug 26: Man Utd 2, Leicester 0.
Goals by subs: Rashford, Fellaini.
Sep 9: Stoke 2, Man Utd 2.
Goals by subs: none.
Last night: Man Utd 3, Basle 0.
Goals by subs: Fellaini, Rashford.
Fellaini rises highest to meet Young?s inviting cross and put United in front
?Pogba is likely out for
continued from back
2-0 lead early in the second half.
Mourinho was also concerned by an
injury to Paul Pogba, who limped off
with a hamstring problem in the 19th
minute and was on crutches when he
left the stadium.
?By experience, just from looking
and feeling it, I think it?s a hamstring,?
Mourinho said. ?Big? Small? I don?t
know, but a hamstring for sure. In my
experience, muscular injury stops you
playing for a few weeks, I think. I didn?t
speak with him or the medical staff yet,
but the squad is for this ? for injuries,
for suspensions. We don?t cry about
injuries. So no Paul for Sunday? We
have [Ander] Herrera, we have
[Michael] Carrick, we have [Nemanja]
Matic, we have Fellaini.?
Mourinho did not hide his unhappiness at aspects of his team?s second-half
performance. He did not name names
but those in the firing line seemed
certain to include Henrikh Mkhitaryan, who drew angry reactions from his
manager twice in the second half for
conceding possession sloppily.
?After 2-0 everything changed,?
Mourinho said. ?We stopped playing,
we stopped thinking, we stopped playing seriously, stopped making the right
decisions. We could have put ourselves
in trouble. They didn?t score and we got
the third, but it was bad decisions,
fantasy football, PlayStation football,
tricks. I don?t like it, flicks and tricks.
When we stop playing seriously, stop
playing as a team, I don?t like it.?
It was a night of one-sided results in
the Champions League, with Barcelona
and Bayern Munich recording 3-0
victories over Juventus and Anderlecht
respectively, but Mourinho suggested
that United were among a ?second
level? of teams who have to fight harder
to qualify for the knockout stage.
?I think that for these teams that you
are speaking of, for Real Madrid and
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
71
2GM
Sport
MARTIN RICKETT/PA
Rashford?s debut goals
Feb 25, 2016 Europa League:
Man Utd 5 Midtjylland 1 ?
2 goals
Feb 28, 2016 Premier League:
Man Utd 3 Arsenal 2 ? 2 goals
May 27, 2016
England 2 Australia 1 ? 1 goal
Sept 6, 2016 England
Under-21 6 Norway Under-21 1
? 3 goals
Sept 21, 2016 League Cup:
Northampton 1 Man Utd 3 ?
1 goal
Last night
Champions League:
Man Utd 3 Basle 0 ? 1 goal
against Basle at Old Trafford. Lukaku doubled their lead with another header before Rashford swept home a third late on
weeks but I won?t cry over injuries?
Barcelona and Bayern and these teams,
the Champions League starts in
February,? Mourinho said. ?Now it?s
just the warming-up for them and in
February, when we English teams are
trying to survive after the winter period,
they are fresh and ready after this
warm-up. For them, this is a warm-up.
?I think we are in the second level and
the second level is ?let?s qualify, let?s
make the points to qualify for the
knockout phase and if we do
that, let?s enjoy playing
against the big guys?.?
As for United?s hopes off
reaching the knockout stages
for the second time since Sir
Alex Ferguson?s retirement
in 2013, Mourinho said: ?It is
three important points and,
with our last match in the
Pogba went down with a
hamstring injury in the
19th minute at Old Trafford
group coming at home [against CSKA
Moscow on December 5], it gives us a
chance to play here in case we need
points to qualify. In between we have
difficult matches [the next two away to
CSKA and Benfica], so to start with
three points is important.?
Fellaini, who scored United?s first
goal and set up the third for Rashford,
earned rich praise from Mourinho for
his contribution after replacing Pogba.
?I couldn?t be more pleased with him,?
the United manager said. ?I keep saying
the same, the same, the same about
Fellaini. He?s a player with special qualities. He does things that some other
players can?t do. He gives me multiple
areas of actions and positions and
philosophies on the pitch. I would say
he is one of my most important players,
even if sometimes I don?t start matches
with him.?
For both Lukaku and Rashford, it was
a goal on their first appearance in the
Champions League group stage. ?I?m
delighted with the win,? Lukaku said.
?Everyone is working really hard. The
football wasn?t great but we won. After
a slip up at Stoke [a 2-2 draw on
Saturday] we needed to bounce back
with a win. It?s still a work in progress
but we?re doing well.?
Rashford said: ?It?s a good feeling to
score on my [Champions League]
debut. I?m happy with the goal but
most of all I?m happy with the three
points and a solid performance for us to
build on.
?Every team we face is going to try to
cause us problems, so we have to
respect them and we have to defend
i the right manner and try to cause
in
t
them
problems going the other way.?
PSG?s �5m attack
proves too hot for
Rodgers to handle
Celtic
PSG
Neymar 19, Mbapp� 34, Cavani 40
(pen), 85, Lustig 83 (og)
0
2
1
5
Graham Spiers
What a night of terror for Brendan
Rodgers and Celtic in Glasgow. The
Champions League does not get any
more arduous for the Scottish
champions, facing this quality, this
onslaught of talent. Celtic fought
gamely to try to repel Paris
Saint-Germain but ended up being
thrashed and humiliated.
Neymar came to Glasgow having
cost PSG �0 million. Kylian Mbapp�,
on the other flank, is on loan this season
and about to cost �5 million. Edinson
Cavani, PSG?s third striker last night,
arrived in Paris for a more modest
� million. How were Brendan
Rodgers and Celtic to stop this? The
brutal answer was, they couldn?t.
All three scored in this 5-0 rout. Both
Mbapp� and Neymar missed sitters to
make it six or even seven. This was
embarrassing for Celtic but, in cold
reality, no great source of shame. The
Parisians are awash with money and
flaunted their wares with venom.
In the context of the haves and havenots this was quite an occasion for 18
year old Anthony Ralston. He had
played just four games for Celtic, and
here came the trifling matter of containing Neymar. It proved a daunting
prospect for a player described as
Scotland?s future right back.
On the other wing Kieran Tierney
faced Mbapp�. Tierney, like Ralston,
grafted hard but sometimes had to
resort to a barge or body-check.
Ralston endured a torrid night,
eventually being booked, but never
giving in. He had already been deceived
once by Neymar, who had wriggled free
down the left, and decided he was going
to leave an early, heavy imprint on the
Brazilian. The next time Neymar got
the ball, with this game still in its
infancy, Ralston lunged at him once
more and sent the PSG winger
flying. Alas, Neymar would have an
emphatic say.
This was nothing like Celtic?s doings
in Scottish football. They were
routinely forced onto the back foot and
placed into a deep retreat. Players such
as Ralston, Mikael Lustig, Jozo
Simunovic and Scott Brown were
under severe duress. Even when
Ralston did surge forward, as he had
been instructed to by Rodgers, Neymar
showed himself no slouch in getting
back, blocking out the Celtic right back
and mopping up on behalf of his team.
With Celtic rocking on their heels,
Ralston inflicted another wild tackle on
Neymar, by which point the referee,
Daniel Orsato, was threatening to get
out a yellow card. Minutes later Ralston
and Celtic were cruelly exposed.
After Neymar was fed on the left by
Adrien Rabiot, Ralston looked lost and
in two minds: to lunge at Neymar again
or simply try to keep pace with him?
Both intentions were futile as the
Brazilian raced behind the full back and
lofted the ball high into the net, leaving
Craig Gordon clawing at air. It was 2-0
after 34 minutes, this time when
Neymar fed Mbapp� with a header.
Celtic Park is well used to this.
Because of the emaciated state of
Scottish football, ever since the inception of the Champions League they
have had to play the paupers to the rich
princes of European football. Time and
again teams come to Glasgow to face
them having spent � million or more
on their players. But this example of
financial superiority last night was too
great to confront head on.
?Get intae them!? the Celtic fans
chanted in unison as Rodgers men
drove at PSG in the second half, but this
cause was too great to retrieve. A Lustig
own goal ? turning in a cross from
Julian Draxler, a � million substitute
? made it 4-0 in the 83rd minute
before Cavani scored his second two
minutes later with a header.
By that point Celtic Park was
emptying, its raucous noise now well
silenced.
Group B
P W D L F A GDPts
PSG ...................... 1 1 0 0 5 0 5 3
Bayern Munich .. 1 1 0 0 3 0 3 3
Anderlecht..........1 0 0 1 0 3 -3 0
Celtic....................1 0 0 1 0 5 -5 0
Fixtures: Sept 27: Anderlecht v Celtic; PSG v
Bayern Munich. Oct 18: Anderlecht v PSG; Bayern
Munich v Celtic. Oct 31: Celtic v Bayern Munich;
PSG v Anderlecht. Nov 22: Anderlecht v Bayern
Munich; PSG v Celtic. Dec 5: Bayern Munich v PSG;
Celtic v Anderlecht.
ANDREW MILLIGAN/PA
Moment of shame:
a Celtic supporter
invades the pitch
and appears to
attempt, and fail,
to kick Mbapp�
during the Scottish
champions? heavy
defeat last night
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
2GM
Sport
thetimes.co.uk/sport
Chasing his twin
Matthew Syed
Ben Curry on hoping to
match his brother Tom
Sacking managers does not
reflect football?s randomness
Rugby, page 63
Page 66
SHAUN BOTTERILL/GETTY IMAGES
Lukaku roars
in celebration
after scoring in
United?s easy
defeat of Basle
?Cut out the
PlayStation
football.
I don?t like it?
Alex Lowe
Deputy Rugby Correspondent
Sam Warburton requires neck surgery
that will keep him out of action for four
months and makes him a doubt for the
start of the Six Nations Championship.
The British & Irish Lions captain
aggravated the injury on his return to
training with Cardiff Blues this week
and he will miss Wales?s four autumn
internationals against Australia, Georgia, New Zealand and South Africa.
The 28-year-old has suffered a
catalogue of shoulder and neck injuries
through his career, most recently when
he missed Tests against Australia and
South Africa last autumn.
Warburton was outstanding for the
Lions against the All Blacks this
summer but he had to overcome knee
and then calf injuries to win his place in
the Test team that drew the series with
the world champions.
Having been given an extended
break after the tour finished on July 8,
Warburton exacerbated the injury
when he returned to contact training
with his region. A specialist confirmed
that he needs an operation that will deny him the chance of a rematch with
the All Blacks and will make him a
doubt for Wales?s opening Six Nations
game against Scotland on February 3.
?It?s a major blow for all concerned;
Sam, the Blues and Wales,? Danny
Wilson, the Blues coach, said. ?We all
hoped he would be back playing soon. It
is a long-standing issue that he has had.
He gets pain and discomfort on and off.
The feeling was that two months off
would help it settle. He came back feeling confident about it. During the contact element it began to flare up again.
?He is obviously extremely frustrated. He thought that after two months
he would come back really fresh but
this is the right thing for him to do.?
Wales already had concerns over
Ross Moriarty, the back row who has
Mourinho criticises team?s ?flicks
and tricks? despite emphatic win
Man Utd
3
Basle
0
Warburton
ruled out for
four months
Oliver Kay
Chief Football Correspondent
Jos� Mourinho accused his
Manchester United players of
showboating last night as they
returned to the Champions
League with a 3-0 victory over
Basle at Old Trafford.
Goals from Marouane Fellaini,
Romelu Lukaku and Marcus
Rashford earned United a
comfortable win ? on an evening
when Chelsea beat Qarabag 6-0
and Celtic were beaten 5-0 by
Paris Saint-Germain ? but
Mourinho was unhappy that his
team ?stopped playing seriously?,
instead playing ?fantasy football,
PlayStation football? after taking a
Continued on page 70
Continued on page 63
Times Crossword 26,829
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across
down
1 Disco near Bath accommodating
150 (9)
6 Reason heads of LEAs offer grants
is controversial (5)
9 Retiring in order, mainly, to pen
note (5)
10 I have to follow wretched court
order (9)
11 One who studies a line in some way
(7)
12 State is defending Republican
support for plants (7)
13 The best hundred soldiers twice
accepting poor deal (5,2,2,5)
17 Finished article opposite can be
sold legally (4-3-7)
21 Overly curious about for example a
buttonhole (7)
23 Firm to consume beer to control
depression (2,5)
25 Dispose of reserve, cutting bank?
(9)
26 Canter around top of Grampian
range (5)
27 Carrying no passengers regularly
seems petty (5)
28 Political group to right wise, so to
speak, to embrace role (4,5)
1 Bird which interrupts new union
chapter (8)
2 Delta follows it a short distance
into Georgia (5)
3 Fluffy toy camiknickers, English,
displayed in pub (5,4)
4 Landlord brie?y hugs poster girl
who?s feisty (7)
5 Retired hatter, I believe, can stock
priest?s headgear (7)
6 Philosopher left old Anglicans
hosting king (5)
7 Craft crossing loch on annual
check ?nds diver (9)
8 Contents of board that?s said to
make you smile (6)
14 What happens in autumn ? bar
the start ? to earwig (9)
15 Stumble carrying drinks for
journey there and back (5,4)
16 Angers guy upended in dull
vegetation (8)
18 Ring paper about unknown farm
store (7)
19 Joke here in the middle? (7)
20 Scrubbing top, doctor put on
extremely intimate garment (6)
22 Stay to catch very soft ?sh (5)
24 Record low promotion among
Northern Irish (5)
Yesterday?s solution 26,828
W I
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MA R
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A O
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CHC
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E R A
O
EWA
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E R
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S H L
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U P
P
J E C
D
E
B
R A F T WO
E
A
U M
L
T A NGE
A
F
F
G
T E R
AWA
E
E
I
S P E C T A T
H O
A ND
F U S
U
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U C
D E F O L I A
I
A
N N
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CH EM I
O
T
S
N
ROOMS T I
O F
O
L O
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S H
A
OR
D
T Y
N T
W
S E
A
C K
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y(7HB7E2*OTSMNN( |||+%!_
only
had himself to blame after Cardiff City?s
unbeaten start to the season came to an
end against a determined Preston
North End. His side lost 3-0 at
Deepdale as they succumbed to their
first defeat of the season after seven
games, and surrendered top spot in the
Championship to Leeds United.
Josh Harrop scored his first goal for
Preston after a summer move from
Manchester United with a 25-yard free
kick that gave the hosts the lead seven
minutes before the break. Sean
Maguire?s strike on 70 minutes and
Alan Browne?s speculative shot from 40
yards 12 minutes from time sealed a
deserved victory for Alex Neil?s side.
Warnock admitted that he should
have made changes but opted to keep
faith with a winning team. ?I take a bit
of the blame because I did think I
should make three or four changes,? he
said. ?But when you?re undefeated and
make changes and lose you get battered
for it. You?re a brave man to change a
side that hasn?t lost a game. The goals
were terrible but we had eight or nine
lads not at the races. They were
absolutely knackered.?
It was Cardiff?s biggest defeat since
they were beaten by the same scoreline
and the same opponents in the same
fixture 364 days ago.
Having seen his side beat the
division?s leaders, Neil now believes
that they can take on all-comers.
?We have absolutely no one to fear,?
he said. ?We have beaten the league
leaders. I was asked beforehand, ?How
are you going to cope with Cardiff?? But
I said, ?We?re playing Cardiff, we?re not
playing Real Madrid?.?
P W
Shrewsbury..................7 6
Peterborough ...............7 5
Charlton........................7 5
Bradford.......................7 4
Blackpool......................7 4
Wigan...........................6 4
Fleetwood Town .......... 6 4
Oxford Utd....................7 3
Rotherham...................7 4
Blackburn ..................... 6 4
Scunthorpe...................7 3
Bristol R.......................7 3
Portsmouth..................7 2
Walsall.........................7 2
MK Dons.......................7 2
Doncaster.....................7 1
Northampton................6 2
Rochdale.......................7 1
Southend......................7 1
AFC Wimbledon...........7 1
Oldham.........................7 1
Bury..............................7 1
Plymouth......................7 1
Gillingham....................7 0
Luton
Results
Football
Champions League: Group A
Benfica
(0) 1
CSKA Moscow
Seferovic 50
38,323
Vitinho 63 (pen)
Zhamaletdinov 71
Manchester Utd (1) 3
Basle
Fellaini 35, Lukaku 53
Rashford 84
73,854
(0) 2
(0) 0
(1) 3
Anderlecht
(0) 0
Lewandowski 12 (pen)
70,000
Thiago 65, Kimmich 90
Sent off: S Kums (Anderlecht) 11
(0) 0
57,562
PSG
(3) 5
Neymar 19, Mbapp� 34
Cavani 40 (pen), 85
Lustig (og) 83
6 Table on page 71
Group C
Chelsea
(2) 6
Qarabag
41,150
Roma
Atl閠ico Madrid
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
36,064
6 Table on page 68
(1) 3
Messi 45, 69
Rakitic 56
Pardo 89, 90+3
30,168
Barnsley
A GD Pts
0
3 3
2
1 3
3 -1 0
3 -3 0
(1) 3
Derby
(2) 3
Jackson 18, Bradshaw 73
Russell 6
Hammill 88
Bennett 39
(Barnsley away to Tottenham Hotspur on Sept 19)
Juventus
(0) 0
78,658
(0) 2
Sporting Lisbon
Doumbia 2
Martins 13
Fernandes 43
AFC Wimbledon (1) 1
Gillingham
Bristol Rovers
(0) 2
Oldham
Gaffney 83, Sweeney 85
7,908
Byrne 49, Davies 71
Doyle 88
Charlton
Wigan
(0) 0
10,172
Bury
Beckford 31
Laurent 44
Northampton
Portsmouth
Bolton
Long 18, 70
Crooks 35
(0) 0
14,346
Leeds
(0) 0
Sheffield United (1) 1
Carter-Vickers 33
(1) 2
Birmingham
(0) 0
Samuel 17, Dallas 90+2
31,507
Norwich
(0) 0
Burton Albion
(0) 0
(1) 3
Cardiff
(0) 0
Preston
Harrop 38
Maguire 70, Browne 78
10,796
QPR
Millwall
(0) 2
(1) 2
Luongo 73,
McLaughlin 6, Wallace 50
Smith 85
12,600
Sent off: L Gregory (Millwall) 41
(1) 2
Hooper 45+1
Wallace 70
Sunderland
Wolves
Brentford
(1) 1
Yennaris 9
23,536
(0) 0
Nottm Forest
(0) 1
(1) 3
Bristol City
Flint 43
Diedhiou 58 (pen)
Reid 82
(1) 3
(2) 3
Peterborough
(1) 3
(2) 2
(0) 1
Kennedy 49
5,855
(0) 2
Thomas 74
Rothwell 87
6,658
Bradford City
(1) 2
Patrick 30
Vincelot 90+4
(0) 2
MK Dons
Tafazolli 47, Madison 52
6,465
Plymouth
Blackpool
(0) 1
(0) 0
(1) 3
Bradley 49
Daniel 2, Ryan 70
7,411
Delfouneso 86
Sent off: R Edwards (Plymouth) 65
Rochdale
(0) 2
Kitching 90+2
Davies 90+4
Rotherham
Murphy 86
Bonatini 28, Jota 54
Batth 85
23,045
Oxford United
(0) 3
Massey 44, 70
Morsey 87
Hiwula 22, 28, Hunter 66
2,535
Middlesbrough
(1) 1
Barcham 35
Clare 45+4
3,819
Sent off: L Martin (Gillingham) 45+3
Fleetwood Town (2) 3
(0) 0
26,061
(3) 3
League One
26,631
Sent off: A Traor� (Middlesbrough) 4
H Lansbury (Aston Villa) 64
Aston Villa
Sheffield Wed
Group D
Olympiacos
F
3
3
2
0
24,841
Pedro 6, Zappacosta 30,
Azpilicueta 55,
Bakayoko 71, Batshuayi 76,
Medvedev 82 (og)
Barcelona
L
0
0
1
1
Sky Bet Championship
Group B
Celtic
D
0
0
0
0
Carabao Cup: Second round
6 Table on page 70
Bayern Munich
P W
Barcelona ..................... 1 1
Sporting........................1 1
Olympiacos...................1 0
Juventus.......................1 0
Doncaster
Marquis 74
2,371
(4) 5
Walsall
Frecklington 13, 31, 88
Taylor 16, 24
Bakayoko 49
7,330
Scunthorpe
(0) 0
Blackburn
(1) 1
Southend
4,330
Shrewsbury
Nolan 23
(1) 1
Jackson 45
1,288
(0) 1
A GD Pts
4
6 19
7
8 16
10
3 15
9
5 14
7
4 14
3
8 13
7
4 13
5
7 12
9
6 12
6
5 12
3
5 12
15 -3 9
9 -2 8
14 -4 8
9 -5 7
9 -2 6
11 -5 6
10 -5 6
13 -6 6
8 -4 5
16 -6 4
14 -6 4
13 -7 4
11 -6 3
Grimsby
(1) 2
Exeter
(0) 2
Reid 78
Stockley 90+4
(0) 1
Hanlan 82
2,552
Chesterfield
(1) 1
Reed 43
(0) 2
Carlisle
(0) 0
Nazon 48, Vincenti 80
6,151
Crewe
(0) 0
Cambridge United (1) 1
(0) 0
Lincoln City
3,184
(0) 0
F
10
15
13
14
11
11
11
12
15
11
8
12
7
10
4
7
6
5
7
4
10
8
6
5
Jones 43
Woolford 47
Coulthirst 48
1,605
Coventry
(0) 1
Antonsson 58
5,129
Accrington
Colchester
(0) 1
L
0
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
1
4
3
3
4
3
4
3
3
4
5
5
5
4
League Two
Barnet
(0) 1
D
1
1
0
2
2
1
1
3
0
0
3
0
2
2
1
3
0
3
3
2
1
1
1
3
Forest Green
1,887
Ibehre 35
Anderson 65
(0) 1
(1) 2
Whitfield (og) 39
Stacey 50
Mansfield Town
Port Vale
(0) 0
7,046
(0) 0
Wycombe
(0) 0
Cheltenham
(0) 0
2,938
Newport County (1) 1
Amond 35
Notts County
2,916
(1) 1
Stead 32 (pen)
Stevenage
Zoko 37
Surrudge 65
(0) 0
5,107
(1) 1
Newton 45+1
1,922
Yeovil
Swindon
Crawley Town
(0) 1
Meite 49
(1) 2
Morecambe
(0) 2
McGurk 66, Ellison 77
2,205
P W D L F A GD Pts
7 19
Exeter...........................7 6 1 0 13 6
5 16
Notts County................7 5 1 1 12 7
5 13
Coventry.......................7 4 1 2 8 3
4 13
Accrington Stanley......7 4 1 2 15 11
4 12
Lincoln City .................. 7 3 3 1 10 6
4 12
Newport County...........7 3 3 1 10 6
3 12
Stevenage....................7 3 3 1 11 8
2 12
Wycombe ..................... 7 3 3 1 13 11
7 11
Luton............................7 3 2 2 15 8
4 11
Crewe ........................... 7 3 2 2 10 6
4 10
Mansfield Town...........7 2 4 1 12 8
3 10
Barnet...........................7 3 1 3 11 8
Cambridge United........7 3 1 3 5 6 -1 10
Swindon ....................... 7 3 1 3 8 10 -2 10
Grimsby........................7 3 0 4 10 14 -4 9
0 8
Colchester....................7 2 2 3 11 11
Yeovil............................7 2 2 3 12 18 -6 8
Crawley Town .............. 7 2 1 4 8 9 -1 7
Carlisle ......................... 7 2 1 4 8 13 -5 7
Morecambe .................. 7 1 3 3 6 10 -4 6
Chesterfield..................7 1 2 4 6 15 -9 5
Cheltenham..................7 1 1 5 5 11 -6 4
Forest Green................7 1 1 5 9 19 -10 4
Port Vale......................7 1 0 6 5 11 -6 3
Vanarama National League: Barrow 0 Guiseley 0; Bromley
3 Torquay United 1; Dagenham & Redbridge 1 Sutton
United 2; Dover Athletic 0 Boreham Wood 1; Eastleigh 0
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
65
2GM
Sport
PAUL ROBERTS/JMP/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Aston Villa
Middlesbrough
0
2
1
0
Middlesbrough held on for a
draw after battling with ten
men from the third minute of an
ill-tempered match, with Adama Traor� sent off for a reckless
challenge on Conor Hourihane.
Aston Villa failed to
capitalise on their numerical
superiority, which was cancelled out midway through the
second half when Henri
Lansbury was shown a red card
for a cynical trip.
Garry Monk was unhappy
with James Linington?s decision
to send off Traor�, and questioned the Lansbury red card
too. ?When that happens you
have to get on with it,? the
Middlesbrough manager said.
?Sometimes you have to face
adversity, and the good thing
about this result is you have
seen the true character of the
players.?
While Steve Bruce shared
Monk?s view that the red cards
Sunderland
Nott?m Forest
Murphy 86
0
2
1
Jason Mellor
Defeat was undeserved, but that only
served to heighten the frustration of
Simon Grayson, the Sunderland
manager. A late winner from Daryl
Murphy, the Irishman who once plied
his trade on Wearside, sealed a fourth
successive defeat, making it five games
without a victory for a side who have so
far struggled to adapt to their new
surroundings after being relegated
from the Premier League in May.
It is nine months and counting since
Sunderland won a match at home and
Maidstone United 1; Ebbsfleet 0 Aldershot 2; Gateshead 3
Chester 2; Leyton Orient 0 Halifax Town 3; Macclesfield
Town 2 AFC Fylde 1; Maidenhead 1 Tranmere Rovers 0;
Woking 2 Solihull Moors 1; Wrexham 0 Hartlepool 0.
P W D L F A GD Pts
2 19
Sutton United ............ 10 6 1 3 13 11
5 18
Halifax........................10 5 3 2 12 7
8 17
Aldershot ................... 10 5 2 3 17 9
6 17
Boreham Wood .......... 10 5 2 3 19 13
3 17
Dover Athletic............10 5 2 3 10 7
3 17
Wrexham....................10 5 2 3 8 5
0 17
Macclesfield...............10 5 2 3 10 10
6 16
Dagenham & Red ....... 10 4 4 2 20 14
Leyton Orient.............10 5 1 4 14 16 -2 16
4 15
Maidenhead United....10 4 3 3 15 11
4 15
Gateshead..................10 4 3 3 13 9
3 15
Bromley......................10 4 3 3 16 13
0 15
Maidstone United......10 4 3 3 12 12
Woking.......................10 5 0 5 15 17 -2 15
1 12
Eastleigh....................10 2 6 2 9 8
0 12
Tranmere....................10 3 3 4 8 8
Hartlepool .................. 10 3 3 4 8 10 -2 12
1 11
Barrow........................10 2 5 3 11 10
0 11
Ebbsfleet United........10 1 8 1 15 15
AFC Fylde...................10 2 5 3 16 18 -2 11
Chester ......................10 1 5 4 10 15 -5 8
Solihull Moors............10 2 1 7 10 18 -8 7
Guiseley......................10 1 4 5 6 18 -12 7
Torquay ...................... 10 0 3 7 10 23 -13 3
were harsh, the Villa manager
was more concerned that his
side squandered so many goalscoring opportunities and had
to settle for the draw, which
leaves them with only one win
from seven league games.
?We?ve had 73 per cent
possession and had 19 shots on
goal, but it?s hugely frustrating
that we haven?t taken our chances,? Bruce said. ?You can?t ask
for more chances in a game.
One day we?ll get those chances
and take them.? Emphasising
the extent to which it was not
Villa?s night, a chance to break
the deadlock in the 76th minute
was wasted when Hourihane?s
shot into the unguarded half of
the goal hit his team-mate Scott
Hogan on the line.
?At times like this, you have to
stay strong,? Bruce said. ?We
understand we?ve had a bad
start, but I know for a fact we
will climb the table.?
Traor�, who endured a miserable spell at Villa Park two
seasons ago, suffered more
torment as his lunge prompted
Linington to produce a red card
after the referee had consulted
an assistant.
while it would be premature to
claim that they are in real danger of
suffering their first-ever back-to-back
relegations, they sit uncomfortably a
point above the bottom three.
Murphy, the striker who signed for
Nottingham Forest from Newcastle
United in the summer, steered home a
cross from substitute Barrie McKay
with five minutes remaining following
a mistake from defender Tyias Browning. ?It?s probably the most frustrating
result we?ve had so far,? Grayson said.
The visiting side pulled level on
points with the play-off places after a
first victory on Wearside for almost 24
years. ?We did the ugly side of the game
well,? Mark Warburton, their manager,
said. ?Daryl was a threat and you?d
always want a chance like that to fall to
him at the end.?
North: AFC Telford 3 Stockport 2; Alfreton 1 Brackley 1;
Blyth Spartans 2 Chorley 0; North Ferriby 0 Spennymoor 6;
Salford 3 Nuneaton 0; Southport 1 Harrogate 4; Tamworth
2 Kidderminster 1; York 1 Gainsborough 1. South: Concord
Rangers 0 Braintree 1; Dartford 4 Eastbourne Borough 2;
Hemel Hempstead 3 Bognor Regis 1; Oxford City 3 Weston-super-Mare 3; St Albans 2 Havant & Waterlooville 1;
Truro 1 Chippenham 0; Welling 1 Whitehawk 0.
Snooker
Indian Open
Visakhapatnam: First round (England unless stated): Tian
Pengfei (China) bt T Ford 4-3; Xu Si (China) bt R Hull (Fin)
4-0; K Doherty (Ire) bt J Astley 4-3; M Selt bt Cao Yupeng
(China) 4-0; G Dott (Scot) bt J Lisowski 4-1; Zhang Anda
(China) bt S Vahedi (Iran) 4-3; R Walden bt A Burden 4-3;
S O?Sullivan bt J Boileau (Ire) 4-3; J Perry bt D Wells
(Wales) 4-1; H Vafaei Ayouri (Iran) bt A Hamilton 4-1; R
McLeod bt J Page (Wales) 4-3.
Tennis
WTA Coupe Banque Nationale
Quebec City: First round: S Kenin (US) bt T Martincova
(Cz) 5-7, 6-4, 6-3; V Golubic (Switz) bt B Krejcikova (Cz)
1-6, 7-5, 6-4; T Maria (Ger) bt F Stollar (Hun) 6-2, 7-6; L
Hradecka (Cz) bt A Hlavackova (Cz) 6-1, 6-3; S Vickery
(US) bt T Townsend (US) 7-5, 6-0; A van Uytvanck (Bel) bt
C Zhao (Can) 4-6, 6-2, 7-6.
Fixtures
Football
Cricket
Kick-off 7.45
Champions League: Group E: Liverpool v Seville; Maribor v
Spartak Moscow. Group F: Feyenoord v Manchester City;
Shakhtar Donetsk v Napoli. Group G: Leipzig v Monaco;
Porto v Besiktas. Group H: Real Madrid v Apoel
Nicosia; Tottenham v Borussia Dortmund.
Sky Bet Championship: Fulham v Hull.
Vanarama National North: Darlington v FC United of
Manchester.
First one-day international: Belfast: Ireland v West Indies
(10.30).
Specsavers County Championship: Second day of four (11.0;
96 overs minimum): First division: Uxbridge: Middlesex v
Hampshire. Taunton: Somerset v Lancashire. Kia Oval: Surrey v Yorkshire. Edgbaston: Warwickshire v Essex. Second
division: Swalec Stadium: Glamorgan v Northamptonshire.
Bristol: Gloucestershire v Kent. Hove: Sussex v Derbyshire.
Worcester: Worcestershire v Leicestershire.
Barnsley owner: I?m dying of cancer
Tom Maston
Barnsley?s owner, who is suffering from
terminal cancer, wrote an emotional
message to the club?s fans in his
programme notes for the Carabao Cup
tie against Derby County last night.
?I am living on borrowed time. I live
in pain, but living is better than the
alternative,? Patrick Cryne wrote.
?Regarding this season . . . I do not expect to live to see the ultimate outcome,
but I travel in hope.?
Cryne stepped down from day-today duties at the Sky Bet Championship club in November 2016, and in May
this year he learnt that his bowel cancer
was terminal.
With his illness showing no signs of
respite, Cryne ? who saved Barnsley
from the threat of closure in 2004 ?
chose last night?s second-round tie,
which his side won 3-2, to send an emotional message to the Oakwell faithful.
?Cancer is insidious, cruel and
rapacious and I implore everyone to
have regular checks to stop it gaining
hold,? he wrote in his programme notes.
?Recent months have brought into
focus the things that are important to
me. I have spent a lot of my life pursuing
the ultimately pointless when there
were better things to do.
?Most people realise I was a reluctant
custodian but what has made it bearable against the occasional cruelty of the
internet world is the kindness shown to
me by so many fans on a personal basis.
?Regarding this season, I think we
will get stronger as it goes on and our
team gels, not unlike the double
Wembley season.
?I do not expect to live to see the
ultimate outcome, but I travel in hope.?
Cryne?s tenure at the helm in South
Yorkshire has coincided with a period
of success on the pitch for the club.
The highlight of his 13 years in charge
were two wins at Wembley in 2015 ? in
the Checkatrade Trophy and League
One play-off final.
Barnsley will play Tottenham
Hotspur at Wembley in the next round,
after Adam Hammill?s late winner.
66
1GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport
Matthew Syed
Sacking managers
ignores just how
random football is
Sports Commentator of the Year
F
ew people will dispute the underlying
madness in football management. The
carousel that transports a group of
suited men from club to club, the hope
that attends each new appointment, the
anguish that precedes each new sacking, the
escalating buyout payments making a mockery
of any notion of economic or sporting
rationality.
The average tenure of a manager in English
football is somewhat longer than the four
matches afforded to Frank de Boer, but not by
much. Recent statistics suggest that it stands at
just over a year. Perhaps the deepest irony is
that the people who preside over this soapoperatic farce like to think of themselves as
ultra-rational: namely, the owners.
My sense is that this collective insanity can
he
be understood through the
juxtaposition of two key aspects
of the game: randomness and
ss
tribalism. The randomness
in football is constructed
upon the rarity of its
principal event: the goal.
According to The
Numbers Game by
Chris Anderson and
David Sally, there is a
score every nine
minutes in the NFL
and every 12.5 minutes
in rugby. In Premier
League football, there is
just one goal every 69
minutes, with 30 per cent of
oal or
games ending with one goal
none.
Moreover, these goals are often highly
idiosyncratic, scored from a chance rebound, or
a fluky flick-on. ?Half of all goals can be
attributed to luck,? Anderson writes. This means
that results in the short term are
disproportionately influenced by random events.
In handball, baseball and American football, the
bookies? favourite wins about 66 per cent of the
time. In football, this drops to just over 50 per
cent. This means, crucially, that clubs regularly
have bursts of results ? wins or losses ? that
deviate from the long-term trend.
This level of capriciousness is not easy to
accept, however, particularly for hardcore fans.
If there is one constant finding in psychology, it
is the unease that people feel about the notion
that important events are shaped by random
forces. In a recent experiment, participants were
asked to remember a time in their life when
they lacked control. This could be positive or
negative like, say, a bout of turbulence in a plane
tendency can be exploited by canny funds. If
you start out with 48 traders, 24 are likely to
beat the index in the first year through chance,
while 12 will beat it two years running. By the
fifth year, one or two will likely still have a
flawless record.
By publicising the successful fund managers,
and not those who have made symmetrical
losses, the fund can secure huge amounts of
client money, and the lucky manager can
then play a low-risk strategy, keeping pace
with the index, while making a fortune in
volume commission. This is not to say that
fund management is based purely on luck, but
that the tendency to conflate signal and noise
can exert a huge influence on earnings.
But it is the tribal element of football, I think,
that magnifies irrationality beyond what we see
even in financial markets. When people are
emotionally bound up in an outcome, there is a
deeper reluctance to make concessions to
randomness. As Aaron Kay, professor of
psychology at Duke University?s school of
business, put it: ?Believing the world distributes
success and failure haphazardly provokes
anxiety, making people keenly motivated to
avoid shattering their ?fundamental delusion? of
non-randomness.?
It is the delusion of non-randomness that
fuels football?s carousel, managers moving from
club to club, along with the irrational hope that
so often greets them. When J黵gen Klopp, a
man with a sports diploma and an engaging
grin, arrived at Liverpool, banners were unfurled
or when a yearned-for promotion was out of
their hands. Participants remembering this
uncertainty were far more likely to express a
belief that God was in control of their lives.
Psychologists call this phenomenon
?compensatory control?. When there is an
outcome that is emotionally important and
highly uncertain, we impose order by reaching
for God, or fate, or some other construct of
reassurance. Even atheists seek order amid
chaos. Asked to recall a time when they lacked
control, they were far more likely to see a
pattern in meaningless static or glimpse a causal
connection between completely random events.
This has political implications, too. Careful
study has found that in times of economic
uncertainty, voters are more likely to
compensate for the loss of control by giving
more authority to their leaders. They
aut
vote for autocrats,
or tolerate power
grabs, or find themselves voting
for can
candidates who exaggerate
their power to shape events.
Vot
Voting
for a demigod is, in a
psy
psychological
sense, a bit
lik praying to God when
like
ap
approaching
an uncertain
m
medical
diagnosis.
And this brings us back
to football. The sheer
ra
randomness
of the game,
wh
where
runs of good and bad
res
results
are a staple of
virtu
virtually
any season, creates
alm permanent state of
an almost
psycholo
psychological
crisis in supporters
and owner
owners. The games are too
important to aadmit that fluctuations
important
might be meaningless
meaningless, short-term noise amid
the long-term trends. Compensatory control is
therefore asserted by imbuing the manager with
mythical powers to shape events. They are
football?s demigods. A few good results and he is
a genius; a few bad results and he is a turnip.
The key point is that each of these responses,
both deification and vilification, presuppose that
the results were fundamentally shaped by the
manager. It was his genius substitution, or
idiotic selection, but never that chance ricochet
in the box, or slip by a defender, or, in the case
of De Boer, the tiny succession of sliding doors
moments that led to four defeats, not least the
miss from three yards by Scott Dann against
Burnley on Sunday that might have salvaged
a point.
The tendency to confuse signal and noise is
not, of course, limited to football. Fund
managers are revered for a good run of results,
even when this is pure luck. Indeed, this
?They become demigods and
are imbued with mythical
powers to shape events?
Dann missed a
chance from
three yards on
Sunday, which
meant Palace
lost 1-0 against
Burnley and
the next day
De Boer, inset,
lost his job
proclaiming, ?In J黵gen we Trust?. When Alan
Shearer took over at Newcastle in 2009, fans
hymned the returning messiah. A few months
later, they were relegated and Shearer was gone.
These rituals are not unlike those of ancient
tribes, who may not have to endure a chance
rebound on a Saturday afternoon, but whose
crops, and therefore lives, were dependent on
the weather. They asserted compensatory
control by creating ?temporary kings?, men
imbued with divine influence to protect the
harvest, guarantee the sun and safeguard the
tribe. Only when he betrayed them by spoiling
the crop was he sacrificed, with the elevation of
a new temporary king, thus re-igniting the cycle
of hope and sanctification.
None of this is to say that managers exert no
influence. Statistics suggest that around 80 per
cent of the variation in results is explained by
the wage bill. Clubs with more money buy better
players, and thus win more often. But although
budget is the dominant factor, this still leaves
scope for managers to make an impact. The
fundamental point remains, however, that sheer
incontinence of hiring and firing has its basis
not in logic but in the primal response to the
game?s essential randomness.
With matches against Southampton,
Huddersfield Town, Manchester City,
Manchester United and Chelsea coming up,
some will joke De Boer?s replacement at Palace,
Roy Hodgson, might himself be a victim soon
enough. The craving for compensatory control
is, in that sense, both the blessing and bane of
football management.
Hodgson joins Palace and says ?there?s not much to be done?
Premier League
Roy Hodgson was confirmed as the
new manager of Crystal Palace last
night.
The former England manager, who
signed a two-year contract, said: ?It was
a great opportunity to return to the
game I love, at the highest level, and
also at a club I always admired, liked
and supported as well.?
Hodgson, 70, replaces Frank
de Boer, who was sacked on
h
Monday after Palace?s fourth
straight Premier League defeat
left them without a point and
without a goal this
season ? the worst
start to a top-flight
season in 93 years.
Palace are bottom
of the table, but
Hodgson said: ?It?s a good day for me,
I?m very happy and looking forward to
getting down to work and trying to help
us get some points in the league
and climb up the table.
?I don?t honestly believe
that there is necessarily a
Hodgson has signed
a two-year deal at a
club he supported
lot that needs to be done. You can
always get off to a bad start, [but] what
we?ve got to remember is our fate will be
decided after 38 games, not four.
?We?ve got to work hard to get back
on track but I know that my attitude is
shared by the players and it is my job to
let them know what I want from them.?
Hodgson quit as England manager
after the abject defeat by Iceland at the
European Championship finals last
summer. ?I didn?t want to end it on a bad
result but I think 56 games and the
seven defeats is not so bad,? he said. ?I
think we changed the team around and
the young, exciting team you see today
is the team I was putting together.?
Hodgson and his assistant Ray
Lewington will take training today and
be in the dugout for his first game in
charge when Palace play at home to
Southampton on Saturday.
the times | Wednesday September 13 2017
67
2GM
Champions League Sport
JASON CAIRNDUFF/ACTION IMAGES/REUTERS
Karius starts
as Liverpool
rejoin elite
Paul Joyce
Northern Football Correspondent
J黵gen Klopp said that he is not
gambling with Liverpool?s Champions
League prospects despite confirming
that Loris Karius will face Seville
tonight as part of a plan in which he
could utilise all three of his goalkeepers
this season.
Simon Mignolet has started three of
four Premier League games this season
but Karius is set to be preferred for their
first appearance in the Champions
League group stage since 2014.
The chopping and changing behind
a defence that remains Liverpool?s
weak point will polarise opinion but
Klopp said that he wanted to use the
?quality? at his disposal and reward
Karius, and also Danny Ward, for their
performances in training.
The decision will disappoint
Mignolet, who was influential towards
the end of last season in ensuring that
Liverpool secured a top-four finish.
?If nothing happens overnight then
Loris will start, yes,? said the Liverpool
manager, who will include Philippe
Coutinho in his match-day squad for
the first time this season.
?If we have Simon as No 1 and play the
other goalkeepers not once throughout
the year [then that is not right]. If they
train bad they don?t deserve a game, but
they both train really well. If we don?t
give them a game then every year we
have to find a No 2 who is 33 years old,
can still catch a few balls and doesn?t
want to play any more. That?s really
difficult to find someone like that.
?I prefer having a group of good
goalkeepers, and that means you have
to change things. That?s the plan. Not to
keep them happy, no ? to use the
quality of the goalkeepers and that?s
how it is, to keep them altogether
and then they will decide with the
performance who will play.
?Are the players happy with the
decision? I don?t know. It?s nothing I can
think about too much.?
The selection strikes a contrast with
Jos� Mourinho, who has said that
David De Gea will be Manchester
United?s first-choice goalkeeper for the
Champions League despite using
Tottenham v Borussia Dortmund
Wembley, kick-off 7.45pm
TV BT Sport 3 Radio BBC 5 Live
Referee G Rocchi (Italy)
Lloris
Trippier
S醤chez
Dier
Vertonghen
Demb閘�
Son
Davies
Eriksen
Kane
Aubameyang
Pulisic
G鰐ze
Zagadou
Philipp
Castro
Toprak
Sokratis
Anfield, kick-off 7.45pm
TV BT Sport 2
Referee D Makkelie (Netherlands)
Liverpool (probable; 4-3-3)
Karius
Gomez
Matip
Lovren
Robertson
Henderson
Can
Coutinho
Man�
Sturridge
Firmino
Correa
Ben Yedder
Navas
Banega
Pizarro
Nzonzi
Escudero
Lenglet
Kjaer
Mercado
Rico
Seville (probable; 4-3-3)
Sergio Romero throughout last season?s
successful Europa League run.
Karius started a competitive match
for the first time since January when appearing in the 4-0 victory over Arsenal
immediately before the international
break and his only previous experience
in European competition came with
two Europa League games for Mainz
against Asteras Tripolis in 2014.
Klopp is also giving thought to using
Ward in domestic cup competitions,
having blocked the Wales player from
joining Huddersfield Town.
Liverpool?s only previous match
against Seville came in their Europa
League final defeat in May 2016.
?I think we have proved it already we
are stronger than we were in the final,?
said Klopp, who saw Sadio Man�s
three-match ban for his red card at
Manchester City upheld by an independent hearing. ?The most important
thing is this is a proper Champions
League game and nothing else. Not
Europa League, not a final from 2016. It
is real ? real Champions League.?
Klopp will check on Mohamed Salah
today after the attacker was sent home
from training with a sore throat.
Sahin
Piszczek
B黵ki
Borussia Dortmund (possible; 4-3-2-1)
Ederson, the City goalkeeper, trained three days after needing stitches to his face after a high challenge by Man�
?Amazing? Ederson is ready to return
Paul Hirst Rotterdam
Pep Guardiola is set to recall Ederson to
his starting line-up for Manchester
City?s Champions League match
against Feyenoord tonight, even
though he admits that the goalkeeper
could be psychologically affected by
Sadio Man�s sickening challenge.
Ederson, the goalkeeper, is expected
to wear a scrum cap to protect his head,
after he was caught by Man�s raised
right boot during Saturday?s 5-0 win
over Liverpool at the Etihad Stadium.
The Brazilian required eight stitches
in his left cheek after the challenge but
three days later was back in training.
Guardiola will give the � million
summer signing one final check this
morning, but the initial signs are
promising and, provided there are no
last-minute concerns, the goalkeeper
will start tonight.
?Ederson is here, he?s got protection
[for his head],? the City head coach said.
?Today [Tuesday] he trained. We will
see if he will play. I have to speak with
him.? Guardiola said Ederson ?has an
amazing character to play? so soon
after the incident.
Petr Cech took three months to
return to Chelsea?s starting XI after his
alarming collision with Stephen Hunt
in a match against Reading 11 years
ago. Cech?s injury was far more serious
? he fractured his skull ? but Ederson
is likely to feel daunted by the
prospect of coming to collect his first
ball into the box tonight.
?I could understand that feeling, but
in the training session there were two
or three long balls and he was there,?
Guardiola said.
Guardiola said it was a ?sporting
decision? to leave Yaya Tour�, the
midfielder, out of the squad for tonight?s
game. He hinted that the 34-year-old
was not living up to expectations and
will not recall the player until he sees an
improvement. ?I spoke with him and he
knows the reason why he?s not in the
squad,? Guardiola said.
Feyenoord v Manchester City
De Kuip, kick-off 7.45pm
TV BT Sport Showcase Radio talkSPORT
Referee S Marciniak (Poland)
Feyenoord (possible; 5-3-2)
Jones
St
Van der
Amrabat Botteghin Juste Heijden
Toornstra
El Ahmadi
Berghuis
Nelom
Vilhena
Bo雝ius
Ag黣ro
Jesus
Mendy De Bruyne Fernandinho B Silva Walker
Danilo
Otamendi
Stones
Ederson
Manchester City (possible; 3-5-2)
Dortmund opener is like a final, says Pochettino
James Gheerbrant
Tottenham (possible; 3-4-2-1)
Alderweireld
Liverpool v Seville
Mauricio Pochettino has described
the opening fixture of Tottenham
Hotspur?s
Champions
League
campaign against Borussia Dortmund
at Wembley tonight as ?the most
important game for us?.
As Real Madrid, who have won the
tournament in the past two seasons,
and Apoel Nicosia, the Cypriot
minnows, make up group H, Dortmund
are Tottenham?s most likely rivals for
qualification.
?It?s like a final,? the Tottenham
manager said. ?It?s true that in theory
Real Madrid [will finish] first, then
Dortmund, Tottenham and Apoel [will]
compete to be second. We need to show
that we are competitive and we can go
ahead and be in the next stage. But first
we need to be better than Dortmund.?
Last season, Tottenham lost their
first home fixture against Monaco,
eventually failing to qualify
from their group, and
Pochettino emphasised
the importance of gettingg
off to a better start.
?Last season after the firstt
game it was difficult to
change the dynamic,? he said.
n
?It?s so important to try to win
h
the first game. It will be tough
because Dortmund is a great,
great team but our mentality is
to try to win and be aggressive
from the first ball.?
Tottenham have won just
one of their eight matches in all
competitions at Wembley
n
under Pochettino ? a 3-1 win
over CSKA Moscow in lastt
season?s Champions League.
This season they have lost to Chelsea
and drawn with Burnley in the Premier
League. ?We need to work hard,?
Pochettino said. ?Three years ago when
I started here, at the start it was difficult
to get a positive result at White Hart
Lane, and [look at] how we finished
last season [with 17 wins and two
draws in the league].
?Wembley is similar, we need to
adapt our game, we need to feel
that Wembley can be home. The
l
last
few games that we played
at Wembley, we played really
well, and we deserved more in
terms of a result. But sometimes
in football, it?s not only about
playing better than your
Pochettino was coy on
whether Serge Aurier
would start at Wembley
opponent ? maybe we needed to be
more clinical in front of goal. But it?s a
thing that is not worrying me too much,
and [nor] the players.?
Dortmund are managed by Peter
Bosz, who coached Spurs? new signing
Davinson S醤chez at Ajax last season.
Their chances will not be helped
tonight by a lengthy injury list that
could eventually contain nine
first-team players.
Only one English team have reached
the last four of the Champions League
in the past three seasons, but Pochettino said the Premier League would
continue to be a priority for English
clubs. ?The feeling in Italy, Spain and
France is that the Champions League is
the most important competition in the
world,? he said. ?That?s the culture. But
in England it?s the Premier League. That
is so difficult to explain to the outside.?
68
2GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport Champions League
Conte enjoys perfect start to quest
Chelsea
Pedro 5, Zappacosta 30, Azpilicueta 55,
Bakayoko 71, Batshuayi 76, Medvedev (og) 82
Qarabag
6
0
2
1
0
RICHARD HEATHCOTE/GETTY IMAGES
1-0 Pedro curler from 18 yards
2-0 Zappacosta cross flies in
Matt Hughes
Deputy Football Correspondent
There is a theory among many who
know Antonio Conte that he only
stayed at Chelsea throughout a turbulent summer because of the allure of
the Champions League. Hammering
opponents who would struggle in the
Championship, though, was probably
not what he had in mind.
This cakewalk against Qarabag was
as far removed from the tests that
Chelsea will need to pass to reach next
year?s final in Kiev as it is possible to
encounter, yet it still got Conte?s juices
flowing as he celebrated Davide
Zappacosta?s goal intensely.
Conte won the Champions League as
a player at Juventus, but his managerial
record in the competition is far more
modest, hence his reluctance to leave a
club that he believes he can turn into
genuine contenders.
Chelsea impressed in their fourth
successive victory, with Zappacosta
earning himself cult-hero status on his
full debut with an unstoppable, if fluky,
strike and Michy Batshuayi scoring a
rare goal and later forcing an own goal.
But it will take more than this facile
victory over competition debutants to
convince the rest of Europe, despite
Conte?s description of a perfect victory.
?I think it was a good start,? Conte
said. ?It was a perfect start, for us to play
our first game in the Champions
League and win with a good result. To
score many goals. To finish the game
with a clean sheet. I saw a lot of positive
things tonight.?
Conte?s poor Champions League
record is the one gap in an otherwise
stellar CV, and one he is understandably keen to fill.
In three seasons of domestic dominance at Juventus, his three-times
Serie A champions did not progress
beyond the quarter-finals and in his last
campaign they suffered the indignity of
being eliminated at the group stage and
dropping into the Europa League.
Chelsea did not even have that lesser
competition as a midweek diversion
during Conte?s first season at Stamford
Bridge and could not have asked for a
gentler reintroduction to the big time.
Having endured 18 months without
Champions League football ? the
club?s first such exile from the elite in
the Roman Abramovich era ?
Chelsea?s fans only had to wait five
minutes to celebrate a goal, with Pedro
scoring his first of the season from the
edge of the area.
The muted celebrations were
indicative of the widespread belief of all
in the stadium ? including the 366
visiting fans ? that the goal had been
coming, and more duly followed.
Chelsea?s
absence
from
the
Champions League is a trivial matter
compared to the very real exile of Qarabag, who have not played a genuine
home match for 24 years as a result of
their enforced move from Agdam to
Baku when the city?s entire population
fled the city after being engulfed by
Armenian forces during the NagornoKarabakh war.
Such circumstances have made their
achievement in becoming the first
Azerbaijani side to reach the
Champions League group stage even
more extraordinary, but further romance is unlikely during the remainder
of their European campaign. A group
featuring Chelsea, Atletico Madrid and
Roma is as tough as they come in a
3-0 Azpilicueta scores a header
4-0 Bakayoko prods home
5-0 Batshuayi hard and low
6-0 Own goal by Medvedev
competition whose seeding system is
designed to aid the established clubs,
and Conte?s side were not in the mood
to treat them lightly.
Conte had picked a strong team for
the second instalment of Chelsea?s run
of seven games in 21 days, with only
羖varo Morata, Eden Hazard and
Antonio R黡iger given downtime on
the bench. And to compound the
visitors? problems their hosts also
enjoyed a considerable slice of luck.
Zappacosta?s second goal in the 30th
minute was the product of a powerful
run down the right but, as he admitted
afterwards, his long-range strike was
intended as a cross.
Zappacosta was making his full debut
in place of Victor Moses, who he will
eventually hope to displace as the club?s
first-choice wing-back, and this was a
good way to start. The Italy international had already showcased his
pace and athleticism by making several
forays forward when he collected the
Group C
P
Chelsea................1
Atletico Madrid..1
Roma...................1
Qarabag..............1
W D L F A GDPts
1 0 0 6 0 6 3
0 1 0 0 0 0 1
0 1 0 0 0 0 1
0 0 1 0 6 -6 0
Fixtures: Sept 27: Atletico Madrid v Chelsea;
Qarabag v Roma. Oct 18: Chelsea v Roma; Qarabag
v Atletico Madrid. Oct 31: Atletico Madrid v
Qarabag; Roma v Chelsea. Nov 22: Atletico Madrid
v Roma; Qarabag v Chelsea. Dec 5: Chelsea v
Atletico Madrid; Roma v Qarabag.
Chelsea (3-4-3): T Courtois 6 ? C Azpilicueta 6 (sub:
A R黡iger 74min), A Christensen 6, G Cahill 6 ?
D Zappacosta 7, N Kant� 6 (sub: T Bakayoko 63, 7),
C F郻regas 6, M Alonso 6 ? Willian 7, M Batshuayi 5,
Pedro 7 (sub: E Hazard 58, 7). Substitutes not used
W Caballero, � Morata, V Moses, D Luiz. Booked
Cahill.
Qarabag (4-1-4-1): I Sehic 5 ? M Medvedev 5,
B Huseynov 4, R Sadygov 4 (sub: M Madatov 70, 4),
J Rzezniczak 5 ? G Garayev 4 (sub: J Diniyev 70, 4) ?
P Henrique 5 (sub: T Elyounoussi 77), M韈hel 5,
R Almeida 4, D Guerrier 4 ? D Ndlovu 4. Substitutes
not used A Kanibolotskiy, R Amirguliyev, A Ismayilov,
E Yunuszada.
Rerefee T Sidiropoulos (Greece).
ball on the edge of his own penalty area
and set off on a run that catapulted him
into the hearts of the Chelsea fans.
The 25-year-old beat two opponents
with sheer pace and held off a
frantically back-pedalling third on the
left edge of the Qarabag box before
striking the ball in the direction of
Batshuayi on the penalty spot, and
managing to hide his surprise as it flew
past the goalkeeper at his near post.
?He scores when he wants,? roared
the Chelsea fans, who, after this
introduction to Zappacosta, will not be
bemoaning the club?s failure to sign
Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain.
The strength in depth of Chelsea?s
squad remains a moot point, but Qarabag were never going to expose any
shortcomings. Andreas Christensen
enjoyed a serene second start for the
club at centre back in place of the rested
David Luiz, with Thibaut Courtois not
required to make a save, and, as the
second half progressed, Chelsea flexed
their muscles. Their third goal, in the
55th minute, was similar to their first,
with Willian taking a short free kick to
Cesc F郻regas, whose cross was headed
in by C閟ar Azpilicueta for his first
Champions League goal, before the
introduction of Ti閙ou� Bakayoko led
to the floodgates opening.
Fellow substitute Hazard created the
opening with a 72nd-minute cross
converted by Bakayoko from close
range before the French midfielder
turned provider four minutes later,
playing in Batshuayi, who scored from
the edge of the area. The Belgium striker forced an own goal from Maksim
Medvedev with eight minutes left as he
attempted to bundle a Zappacosta cross
over the line to complete a perfect
evening for Chelsea.
Conte has the additional bonus of
two extra days to prepare for Sunday?s
visit of Arsenal, who should put up
more of a fight despite playing in the
Europa League tomorrow.
70
2GM
Wednesday September 13 2017 | the times
Sport Champions League
United nod to the
past ? but they are
different beast now
Henry Winter
the goals
Chief Football Writer
Manchester United
Fellaini 35, Lukaku 53, Rashford 84
Basle
3
0
2
1
0
Fifty years ago, United embarked on an
odyssey that culminated eight months
later in the glory of Wembley and their
first European Cup. And so it begins
again, that thrilling sporting prospect,
another United tilt at the famous
trophy.
Last night?s latest launch brought
victory in a routine group game that
was hardly a classic. It still contained a
nod to beloved traditions, two goals via
pinpoint deliveries from out wide and
the third from a local teenager.
United were reacquainting themselves with Europe?s elite competition
for the first time since 2015, when
they lost to Wolfsburg with Guillermo
Varela, Bastian Schweinsteiger and
Memphis Depay in the starting
line-up. Now they have greater
strength in depth, and with Jos�
Mourinho typically able to elicit good
performances from squad members so
that Marouane Fellaini and Ashley
Young were the most influential players
on the pitch.
Young, making a rare appearance,
enacted his right-back duties diligently,
putting in five blocks, a similar number
of clearances and three interceptions,
and providing the cross for Fellaini?s
header. Daley Blind, starting at left
back, created the second, a cross for
Romelu Lukaku.
Mourinho, who views even the
whiff of complacency as a weakness,
played his usual mind games, trying
to build up the perceived threat levels
of the opponents in what is a relatively
kind group for United with CSKA
Moscow and Benfica up next (both
away). Mourinho indicated that he felt
United were showboating at 2-0,
when there was almost a Mexican wave
triggered by a Fellaini back-heel, but
United were always in control and
added a third after a superb move,
finished off by the 19-year-old Marcus
Rashford.
First appearances are never deceptive with Rashford. He has now scored
on his debut in the Premier League,
Europa League, Champions League
and EFL Cup. He also struck the winner
in his first Manchester derby. He failed
to score on his FA Cup debut against
West Ham United but did net in the
replay. Needless to say, this precocious
talent scored on his debut for England
Under-21 and the senior side.
The night was not without cost
with Paul Pogba damaging his left
hamstring. He hobbled down the
touchline, giving a brief, rueful wave to
a sympathetic Stretford End, and left
the ground on crutches. Everton come
to Old Trafford on Sunday when
Pogba will surely be missing, while he
also must be a doubt for trips to
Southampton and CSKA Moscow
(on September 23 and 27 respectively).
Subscribers can
watch every goal
from last night?s
Champions League
action online or on
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United will know better today the
exact timeframe of his return, which
could even be after the international
break, when United will return to
action with the small matter of a game
against Liverpool.
Fellaini slotted in alongside
Nemanja Matic while United also
have Michael Carrick and Ander
Herrera who can feature there. Further
forward, there was another mixed
performance
from
Henrikh
Mkhitaryan, who created chances but
also gave the ball away. He worked
hard, and none of Mourinho?s players
covered more distance than the
Armenia attacker?s 12.07 km, but a
greater goal threat is required from
such a technical talent.
Overall, this was an occasion to
savour. Old Trafford, glistening in the
rain under the lights, was not quite full,
but United?s appetite for this trophy
remains unquestioned. Mourinho
keeps challenging his players, pointing
out that United?s stellar global status
will always persist but the team?s
fortunes needed to reflect that. ?This
club will always be a giant but our job
now is to bring the football team back to
that stature,? Mourinho wrote in his
programme notes.
His players followed his command,
dominating possession against visitors
sitting deeper and deeper. Mkhitaryan
Group A
P W D L F
Manchester Utd.1 1 0 0 3
CSKA Moscow....1 1 0 0 2
Benfica................1 0 0 1 1
Basle....................1 0 0 1 0
A GDPts
0 3 3
1 1 3
2 -1 0
3 -3 0
Fixtures: Sept 27: Basle v Benfica; CSKA Moscow v
Man Utd. Oct 18: Benfica v Man Utd; CSKA Moscow
v Basle. Oct 31: Basle v CSKA Moscow; Man Utd v
Benfica. Nov 22: CSKA Moscow v Benfica; Basle v
Man Utd. Dec 5: Benfica v Basle; Man Utd v
CSKA Moscow.
Manchester United (4-2-3-1): D De Gea 6 ?
A Young 9, C Smalling 6, V Lindelof 6, D Blind 7 ?
N Matic 7, P Pogba 6 (sub: M Fellaini 19min, 8) ?
J Mata 7 (sub: M Rashford 78), H Mkhitaryan 5,
A Martial 5 (sub: J Lingard 69, 6) ? R Lukaku 8.
Substitutes not used S Romero, M Darmian, A
Valencia, M Carrick. Booked Young, Blind.
Basle (5-4-1): T Vaclik 8 ? M Lang 5, M Akanji 7,
M Suchy 5, � Balanta 7, B Riveros 6 (sub: D Oberlin
77) ? R Steffen 5, T Xhaka 6, L Zuffi 5, M
Elyounoussi 6 ? R van Wolfswinkel 5 (sub: K Bua
65, 5). Substitutes not used M Salvi, O Gaber, D
Calla, A Fransson. Booked Balanta, Lang, Xhaka.
Referee R Buquet (France).
headed over, then hit a post. But ten
minutes from the break, United?s
pressure told. Young, 32, rolled back the
years, eluding opponents with that
trademark dropped shoulder and burst
of pace. He immediately sent Bl醩
Riveros and Mohamed Elyounoussi the
wrong way, created the space, and
whipped in a cross. Fellaini powered in,
beating Manuel Akanji and Marek
Suchy, to head past Tomas Vaclik.
Fellaini may be ungainly and seem
not in keeping with United?s DNA but
he is consistently effective, a constant
problem for opponents, and a supplier
of goals. United took the high road
again eight minutes after the break.
This time the cross came from the left
with Blind taking a short corner, collecting the return from Juan Mata and
then delivering. This time it was Lukaku, finding space between 蒬er Balanta
and Suchy, proving far too determined
for Basle?s defenders before planting an
unstoppable header into the net.
Nothing would silence the Swiss
supporters, and they briefly had some
on-field fare to cheer when Renato
Steffen picked out Elyounoussi, who
turned Victor Lindelof but David De
Gea parried his shot. But United were
so in control. Mata earned a warm
salute as he ran to the bench, being
replaced by Rashford making his
Champions League debut. Rashford
was soon dribbling at Basle?s harried
defenders and being fouled by Akanji.
United then conjured a goal that was
completely in keeping with their longstanding love of bold, brisk attacking
football. The quick, flowing move was
started by Lindelof, who fed Young on
the right. The ball moved between
Young, then Fellaini, then Jesse Lingard
who turned it inside to Lukaku. The
Belgium forward?s touch was exquisite,
the ball guided first time with his left
foot down the inside-right channel for
his compatriot Fellaini to run on to.
Fellaini?s cross clipped Suchy, eluded
Mkhitaryan but ran on to Rashford.
After his shot looped past Vaclik, the
teenager ran away in celebration,
pausing only to kiss the badge.
United are back up and running in
the Champions League again. Th
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