FINAL Thursday 17 May 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,695 £ 1.80 Bold, brave & brutal Pages 2-5 i id inside Sport Telegraph writers’ verdict on youngest England World d Cup squad since 1958 B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY May ‘outguns’ Brexiteers with plan for customs ties after 2021 NEWS BRIEFING news UK considers backing out of US fighters deal The Government is reconsidering a multibillion-pound deal to buy the latest US fighter jets in a row being likened to the Westland helicopters affair. Despite having purchased 48 F-35 aircraft at a cost of £9.1 billion, the MoD is reconsidering its pledge to buy a further 90, and examining the much cheaper Eurofighter jets made by a consortium which includes the UK, The Daily Telegraph understands. Page 5 By Steven Swinford and Peter Foster THERESA MAY’S Government will tell Brussels it is prepared to stay tied to the customs union beyond 2021, as ministers remain deadlocked over a future deal with the EU, The Daily Telegraph has learnt. The Brexit war cabinet this week agreed on the “backstop” as a last resort to avoid a hard Irish border, having rejected earlier proposals from the EU. Ministers approved the plans on Tuesday, despite objections from Boris Johnson and Michael Gove. A pro-European Cabinet source said that the news Bercow avoids bullying inquiry John Bercow has been saved from an official bullying inquiry after a handful of MPs ignored calls from the Prime Minister that the allegations made against him be “properly investigated”. Last night three MPs rejected an application by the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards to investigate the Commons Speaker over claims he had breached the members’ code of conduct. Page 2 Foreign Secretary and Environment Secretary were “outgunned” during the meeting and reluctantly accepted the plans. The Brexit sub-committee agreed that Britain would stay aligned to the customs union if highly complex technology needed to operate the borders was not ready. Officials have warned it may not be in place until 2023. Government sources said that the Irish “backstop” would be strictly “time-limited” and would allow Britain to implement non-EU trade deals. However, Eurosceptics raised concerns that it could lead to Britain being tied to the customs union indefinitely. Jacob Rees-Mogg said: “The risk of the Government using all its mental energy on the fallback position is that it creates a position that is more attractive than a permanent deal. “We have gone from a clear end point, to an extension, to a proposed further extension with no end point. The horizon seems to be unreachable. “The bottom of the rainbow seems to be unattainable. People voted to leave, they did not vote for purgatory.” Earlier this year, the EU tabled a backstop option that said that Britain must maintain “full alignment” with the single market and the customs union to avoid a hard border. On Tuesday, the Brexit war cabinet agreed to put forward a new version of the backstop, which would remove the reference to the single market but keep Britain aligned to customs union rules. The Cabinet source said that Mr Johnson, Mr Gove and David Davis had made clear their objections. However, the Brexit Secretary was reassured after securing improvements, while other Eurosceptics eventually decided to “swallow” the proposal. Senior EU sources said that Britain would have to agree to remain temporarily in a cus- toms union to secure progress in talks. This would keep the whole of the UK within the EU “customs territory” for a temporary period, avoiding Northern Ireland being under a separate regime. “Arguably, the only thing that she [Mrs May] needs is a political declaration which is convincing enough that it means that the backstop is not likely to be used,” said an EU source. Last night, peers were accused of causing “irreparable damage” to the House of Lords after they defeated the Government for the 15th time and attempted to bind Britain to EU rules on the environment. Dress rehearsal ‘Could we give the East Coast franchise to Harry and Meghan as a wedding present?’ news The Government is to renationalise the East Coast main line following the “failures” of the private operators Stagecoach and Virgin Trains, which admitted they could not afford to keep running it but will still be able to bid for new franchises. It will become the London and North Eastern Railway. Page 8 Puzzles Obituaries TV listings Weather ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,v.* ÊÂËÀ 18 27 29 30 MARK KERRISON/ALAMY State to take over East Coast main line Windsor schoolchildren enact their own royal wedding procession on the Long Walk, with the ‘Archbishop of Canterbury’ leading the way. Yesterday Meghan Markle’s bridesmaids and page boys were revealed Reports: Page 3 University chief in scientific fraud scandal ‘Defence needs NHS budget’ By Camilla Turner education editor A LEADING university has become embroiled in a research scandal after an inquiry found that scientific papers published over 11 years had been doctored. Prof David Latchman, Master of Birkbeck, and one of the country’s prominent geneticists, is accused of “recklessness” by allowing research fraud on his watch at University Col- lege London’s Institute of Child Health. UCL undertook a formal investigation after a whistleblower alleged fraudulent research in dozens of papers published by scientists at the institute. A panel of experts was set up to investigate the claims and their findings were reported earlier this year, but had not been made public. The panel found that two scientists – Dr Anastasis Stephanou and Dr Tiziano Scarabelli – were guilty of miscon- duct by manipulating images in seven published research papers. Prof Latchman, former dean of the Institute, is cited as an author on all seven papers. In one, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, the panel said there was “clear evidence” of cloning, where parts of an image were copied and pasted over the same image. Elsewhere in the research, an image from a paper published a decade Continued on Page 2 By Anna Mikhailova Political corresPondent BRITAIN should spend as much on the Armed Forces as it does on the NHS, the defence minister has said, warning that the UK is taking “security for granted”. In an interview with The Daily Telegraph, Tobias Ellwood said Britain’s military capability was more important than ever at such a “dangerous” time, with Russia and China “rewriting the rule book” – and that once it was reduced, “you never get it back”. The minister said that during the Cold War the government gave equal weight to both budgets. However, health spending now makes up 9.8 per cent of national income, while defence spending accounts for just 2 per cent. He said: “You go back to the Seventies and Eighties and there was a parity between defence spending compared Continued on Page 4 2 ** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Bercow spared inquiry into bullying By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT JOHN BERCOW has avoided an official bullying inquiry after a handful of MPs ignored calls from the Prime Minister that the allegations made against him be “properly investigated”. Last night parliamentarians expressed their anger after three MPs rejected an application by the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards to investigate the Speaker over claims he had breached the members’ code of conduct. Kathryn Stone, the Commissioner, had formally requested that she be allowed to delve into the allegations after receiving a written letter of complaint from Andrew Bridgen, the Conservative MP for North West Leicestershire. Mr Bridgen’s letter, seen by The Daily Telegraph, called on Ms Stone to investigate the allegations made by former employees and a colleague. She had previously come under pressure to act when Downing Street officials revealed that Theresa May was concerned by the reports and expected to see efforts taken to investigate. But in a move that has provoked outcry in Westminster, a committee of just five MPs was able to reject her request, meaning there will be no further action taken against Mr Bercow. While two of the MPs on the Committee on Stand- ards – Bridget Phillipson and Gary Streeter – agreed to sanction a probe, Sir Christopher Chope, John Stevenson and Kate Green rejected it. The decision marks the second occasion that Mr Bercow has swerved an investigation into his conduct. Last month, an independent inquiry into bullying in Westminster, established in the wake of claims against the Speaker, was limited so as not to include allegations against individuals. It comes two weeks after Angus Sinclair, Mr Bercow’s former private secretary, broke his silence and the terms of an £86,000 settlement to accuse the Speaker of bullying behaviour. He was joined by David Leakey, the former Black Rod, who said that Mr Bercow had frequently flown into “intemperate outbursts”. Separately, friends of Kate Emms, Mr Sinclair’s successor, alleged that the Speaker’s alleged behaviour towards her had resulted in her signing off work sick and later being moved from his office. The Speaker strenuously denies all allegations levelled against him. Speaking to The Telegraph last night, James Duddridge MP claimed that the committee’s actions meant that Mr Bercow was now “beyond reproach”, adding that it was “untenable” that they had been unwilling to permit Ms Stone to probe “the veracity of the claims”. Commission to investigate four big employers over sex abuse Welcome back Owen Paterson returned to the House of Commons yesterday after a riding accident in January left him in hospital. The Conservative former environment secretary broke three vertebrae when he fell from his horse and previously said he felt “lucky to be alive”. He thanked the Midland Centre for Spinal Injuries for helping him recover. FIONA HANSON FOR THE TELEGRAPH By Olivia Rudgard SOCIAL AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT FOUR major employers face a landmark legal action over the sexual harassment of staff, the Equality and Human Rights Commission has said. Organisations in the legal and education sectors could be subject to an official investigation after staff complaints. The announcement comes after the commission’s report this year that found “corrosive” working cultures had silenced victims and normalised harassment. The identity of the employers is not yet known but The Daily Telegraph understands they are highprofile within their sectors. The EHRC has launched only one other investigation in the past few years, reporting on unlawful harassment, discrimination and victimisation of black, female and gay police officers in the Metropolitan Police. Enforcement action could end in a court case and fine if employers fail to comply with commission recommendations. One of the current cases came to light after a woman handed the commission a dossier, while three other cases were raised by solicitors who notified the EHRC of the sexual harassment of victims they were representing. Elizabeth Prochaska, the commission’s legal director, said: “It’s hard for us to get our hands on evidence. Victims of harassment are not coming to us in significant numbers.” Speaking to MPs on the Women and Equalities committee yesterday, she argued that women should not have to “endure a protracted legal process in order to get access to justice in order to remedy a terrible situation at work”. She said policymakers needed to lift the “crushing burden” of whistle-blowing off individual women. The revelation follows the “Me Too” movement, which prompted women and men to speak up about sexual harassment. Sue Coe, a colleague on the commission, added that employers had been unprepared for “Me Too”, which had caught them “flat-footed”. Another MP, who wished to remain anonymous, said: “The committee for double standards – that’s what this looks like. Their actions have diminished the reputation of Parliament and I have no doubt that we are all diminished in the eyes of the public.” Meanwhile, others expressed their frustration that nine “lay members” of the committee – who engage in discussions but lack any voting rights – were not able to influence the outcome of the vote. Sir Kevin Barron, the chairman of the committee, said: “My own personal view is that it would be highly desirable for Parliament to confer full voting rights on lay members.” Air passengers warned against bringing food Passengers have been advised by the Government not to take their own food on to planes, in a move likely to delight high-charging airlines and retailers. Transport department guidance states “food or powders should be packed into hold baggage where possible” as they “obstruct images at X-ray or may be mistaken for suspicious items”. People will not be stopped from taking food on board in hand luggage, but the guidance says those who do should “allow extra time at security”. 14 British tourists hurt in Algarve lorry crash Fourteen British holidaymakers have been injured, including a nine-yearold girl, after their coach smashed into the back of a concrete mixer lorry on a motorway in Portugal’s Algarve region yesterday morning. Three are understood to be badly hurt, with the other 11 suffering less serious injuries amid reports the truck spilt concrete into the bus. The ages of the injured ranged from nine to 67. The tourists were on their way from a hotel in the resort of Praia da Rocha to Faro Airport to catch flights home, said police. Carers being ‘penalised’ by loss of allowance The ‘‘sandwich generation’’, who look after elderly parents and young children, are being penalised by a “cliff edge” carers’ allowance, MPs have said. Carers who look after a partner, parent or disabled child currently lose their full weekly carer’s allowance of £64.40 if their earnings rise above £120 a week, potentially creating a disincentive to work. Frank Field, the Commons Work and Pensions Committee chairman, said: “Ensuring work pays and that employers adapt to accommodate caring is not just good for the carers: it is necessary for the whole economy.” Lotto 4 | 22 | 26 | 32| 48 | 54 | B/Ball 57 Thunderball 6 | 19 | 20 | 27 | 28 | T/Ball 5 Pensioner to face trial for ‘offensive’ emails to MPs Head of Oxfam finally resigns in wake of ‘sex for aid’ in Haiti By Harry Yorke OXFAM’S chief executive has announced he will resign months after refusing to step down over the Haiti “sex for aid” scandal. Mark Goldring last night confirmed he would be stepping down at the end of the year in order to make way for fresh leadership capable of restoring public trust in Oxfam in the wake of the revelations. His resignation comes after months of intense pressure on the charity, which has been banned from working in Haiti after it emerged that aid workers had engaged in “sex parties” with prostitutes in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. Mr Goldring has faced fierce criti- cism over his handling of the crisis, which saw thousands of Oxfam’s supporters cancel their donations and the Department for International Development threaten to pull state funding. He was also forced to apologise to MPs when, days before being summoned before the Commons international development committee, he said the backlash against the charity was as bad as if it had “murdered babies in their cots”. Despite facing calls to resign, he had until yesterday refused to do so. Instead, Penny Lawrence, the charity’s deputy chief executive, admitted “full responsibility” for the failure to act over reports of misconduct by its workers. She resigned from the £99,000 a year role in February. ‘Doctored papers’ embroil University College London in fraud scandal Continued from Page 1 earlier was also used. In another paper, an image was “cropped and flipped” before being used again in the same research. Images were found to have been “intentionally” manipulated in several other papers. The report found that Prof Latchman was “insufficiently attentive” in his oversight of the institute which “allowed” the conduct to continue. The panel concluded that while Prof Latchman had “no intention” to commit fraud, his “failure” to manage the laboratory appropriately, as well as his involvement as an author on the publications, amounted to “recklessness”. They went on to say that his behaviour “facilitated” the research misconduct identified in the investigation. Prof NEWS BULLETIN Prof David Latchman was said to be guilty of failing to manage the laboratory ‘appropriately’ Latchman was institute dean before becoming master of Birkbeck, in London, in January 2003, but continued to hold a full-time position at the institute. The Institute, along with its clinical partner Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, is responsible for the largest concentration of children’s health research in Europe. Allegations of possible research fraud at the Institute first surfaced in 2013. An initial 20-month inquiry found in 2015 that Prof Latchman had “no case to answer”. But UCL ordered a fresh investigation after a whistleblower made a series of allegations of misconduct by scientists. Researchers are under intense pressure to publish research papers that raise the status of their department and secure funding or research grants. A panel of three professors was set up in May last year to investigate allegations in respect of 32 papers published between 1990 and 2013 by scientists at the Institute. In 25 cases, the inquiry found there had not been research misconduct, but in the seven others, it said there was evidence of fraud. Prof Latchman said he had “no idea” that images were being manipulated and “regret[s] that an- yone at the relevant time would do such a thing”. He added: “I am pleased that the UCL investigation has confirmed that I had no knowledge of the image manipulation, let alone any improper intent, although I do take issue with its conclusions in relation to the supervision of research.” A UCL spokesman said the university was “committed to maintaining and safeguarding the highest standards of integrity” and “take[s] any allegations of research impropriety very seriously”. He added: “We have rigorous systems in place to ensure all allegations are investigated thoroughly. UCL’s internal processes in relation to the matter are ongoing and certain papers related to investigations in this area have recently been the subject of retrac- tion notices. We do not intend to comment further on the matter at this time.” Sir Harvey McGrath, the chairman of Birkbeck governors said: “This matter does not relate to Professor David Latchman’s leadership of Birkbeck, which has been excellent. “Furthermore, UCL’s investigation confirmed that in his research role at UCL, Professor Latchman was not involved in, and had no knowledge of, the image manipulation identified.” Dr Stephanou said he “disagreed” with the findings and was not responsible for any research misconduct. He said although he was cited as a co-author, he “did not produce or prepare any of the images the panel flagged. Dr Scarabelli did not respond to requests for comment. A 72-year-old has been charged with sending offensive emails to six proRemain MPs in December last year. David William Hall, of Wolverhampton, is accused of sending offensive messages to MPs including former attorney general Dominic Grieve and Labour MP David Lammy. He is set to appear at Walsall Magistrates’ Court for trial in June. Hunt for owners of horse left bleeding on roadside Hit-and-run carriage riders who left a horse bleeding on the side of the road are being hunted by the RSPCA. The horse had been pulling a trap and was part of a procession of other carriages in the West Midlands on Sunday. Members of the public were left to help the animal, which was “bleeding profusely”. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph. co.uk/editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 3 Newss Jessica Mulroney, right, a fashion stylist and close friend of Ms Markle, with her daughter Ivy and sons Brian and John; and the Duke of Cambridge with Prince George and Princess Charlotte. Each of the children are part of the bridal party Overawed? Not the young social media stars in bridal party Harry and Meghan to walk down aisle accompanied by clutch of children already used to the limelight By Hannah Furness ROYAL CORRESPONDENT PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH; INSTAGRAM WHEN the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge married, one little bridesmaid stole the show, moodily covering her ears from the noise of the crowd. When Prince Harry and Meghan Markle tie the knot on Saturday, they are unlikely to see a repeat of such scene-stealing antics after choosing children who are more than used to the limelight. The 10 girls and boys who will take a starring role in the royal wedding include Prince George and Princess Charlotte and a host of Americans who are already social media stars. Jessica Mulroney and Benita Litt, Ms Markle’s friends, will watch proudly as five of their children take roles in the bridal party, join- Bride’s outspoken half-sister still seeks own role Samantha Grant hasn’t been invited ... but hasn’t given up hope of an audience with newly-weds By Hannah Furness SHE has orchestrated a string of critical interviews, refused a Palace plea for her discretion, and claimed responsibility for the photoshoot that brought the royal wedding into the headlines for all the wrong reasons. But Meghan Markle’s estranged halfsister has not yet given up hope of seeing the bride in person for her wedding. Samantha Grant, whose father is yet to confirm whether or not he will be at Ms Markle’s wedding to Prince Harry, has said she would still like to give a “sentimental” wedding present to the couple in person, despite not being invited to Windsor Castle. Thomas Markle, her father, is allegedly undergoing medical treatment for a heart condition which, in the most recent of many pronouncements, he has said will leave him unable to travel to walk his daughter down the aisle. Kensington Palace has not commented on the claims, with observers left mystified over this week’s rapidly developing events. Yesterday, Doria Ragland, Ms Markle’s mother, flew into London to be by her daughter’s side, in a planned trip that now takes on extra resonance. Ms Ragland will provide welcome support for the bride-to-be, whose paternal family have caused major disruption this week. She will meet the Queen, Duke of Edinburgh, Prince of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall and Duke and Duchess of Cambridge ahead of the wedding, and is expected to go alone instead of with her ex-husband. Ms Grant, meanwhile, undertook another round of media interviews, in which she appeared on Australian television and spoke directly to TMZ. Asked whether the Palace had ever requested her discretion during an appearance on Sunrise television, Ms Grant disclosed: “Early in the year, we were asked not to speak to the public, but I’m pretty adamant about it.” Referring to Ms Markle, she told TMZ: “There’s something in this country called freedom of speech. She doesn’t have a copyright on that and she’s not going to tell me that I can’t speak about my own life and my ‘This is not Great Britain and I am a US citizen and she’s way out of her league by telling me I can’t speak’ father’s when it’s a matter of public self-defence. “This is not Great Britain and I am a United States citizen and she’s way out of her league by telling me I can’t speak.” Ms Grant, along with her brother, Thomas Markle Jr, have not been invited to the wedding on Saturday and no longer have any relationship with Ms Markle. Last night, the Markle family offered a further flurry of updates. TMZ reported that Mr Markle had been in touch to say his heart surgery had been completed, while Ms Grant accused Kensington Palace of abandoning him. TMZ also claimed Ms Grant had suffered a broken ankle and fractured knee in what her boyfriend called a “paparazzi confrontation” in Florida. Prince expected to wear Corbyn blanks wedding ‘Blues’ of Royal Marines but chats to Charles Prince Harry will wear the ceremonial uniform of the Royal Marines on Saturday, the regiment believes. He will wear it as a mark of respect to the regiment he took over as Captain General from the Duke of Edinburgh, his grandfather. Palace officials will not confirm what the Prince is to wear, but soldiers of the Royal Marines who have volunteered to provide a ceremonial guard of honour understand he will be wearing the same regalia, or ‘‘Blues’’, as them on the day. Jeremy Corbyn will not watch the royal wedding, his spokesman has said, as it emerged he met Prince Charles yesterday for the first time. It is understood that the Prince of Wales scheduled the discussion as part of his regular talks with politicians. Mr Corbyn’s spokesman said the Labour leader would not watch the royal wedding live on Saturday because he is attending a conference on economics. But the spokesman added: “There’s catch-up, isn’t there?” Windsor homeless ‘can’t Mothers-to-be warned afford to stay off streets’ to consult their midwife Many homeless people in Windsor will not take up charity accommodation because they need to make money on the streets, it has been claimed. Michael Longsmith, 42, of The Ark Project, said the charity had a bus with 10 beds and a kitchen ready for those who need it but he added: “They can come on board, but a lot of them won’t because they need to make money.” A spokesman for the Royal Borough said all those who were homeless and had a local connection had been offered safe places to stay. Pregnant women in Windsor have been warned the wedding may disrupt their plans for giving birth. Officials have said the crowds expected to descend on the Berkshire town will make getting to hospital difficult and told expectant mothers close to their due dates to contact their midwife. They also advised residents to stock up on essential medicines as the crowds will make reaching a pharmacy impossible. More than 60,000 people are expected to travel to Windsor by train alone. y’s godchiling Prince Harry’s dren for the big day. e the three Not only are eady InstaMulroneys already eir mother gram stars, their ve fashbrings impressive ion credentials to the day as a stylist and designer. Theirr involvement, as well kle’s, as Ms Markle’s, could ensure that aids the bridesmaids and pageboys are dern dressed in modern outfits, unlike other recent royal weddings. Prince Harry has previously told of nt at behis bemusement ing dressed in “bizarre” outfits as a child, and appeared at the wedding of Earll Spencer, his uncle,, in a y shirt wide hat, frilly and satin sash. The full bridal ced by party, announced Palace, Kensington mi and will include Remi y MulRylan Litt, Ivy roney and herr twin n and brothers Brian John, Zalie Warren, utsem and Florence van Cutsem rence is a Jasper Dyer. Florence cousin of Grace,, remembered for her balcony appearance at the wedding of Prince William eton. and Kate Middleton. Line-up Bridesmaids Bride and page boys boy Bridesmaids Her Royal High Highness Princess Charlotte Charlott of Cambridge (3) Miss Florence v van Cutsem (3, Prince Harry’s goddaughter, dau daughter of Alice and Major N Nicholas van Cutsem) Miss Remi Litt (6, Ms Markle Markle’s goddaugh goddaughter, daughte daughter of D Da rren a Darren and Benita Litt) Miss Rylan Ry Litt (7, Ms Mark Markle’s goddaughte Miss goddaughter) Ivy Mulro Mulroney (4, daughte daughter of Jessica and Bened Benedict Mulro Mulroney) Mis Miss Zalie Warre Warren (2, godda goddaughter of Princ Prince Harry, daug daughter of Jake and Zoe Warr Warren) both of Page Boys His Royal High Highness Prince George of Cambrid Cambridge (4) Master Jasper Dyer (6, godson g of P Pr ince Harry, H Prince son of Mark and Amanda Dyer ) Mast Master Brian Mulro Mulroney (7) and M Master John Mul Mulroney (7; are sons Jes Jessica and Be Benedict M Mulroney) 4 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Pride and sadness in remembering Dambusters Anniversary symbolised at Bomber memorial by 53 pairs of gloves for those who died, writes Joe Shute T “The extraordinary achievement of what they did and the ingenuity of the bouncing bomb somewhat swamped the fact 53 young lads died on the raid,” says Steve Darlow, a Bomber Command historian and ambassador for the RAF Benevolent Fund that arranged yesterday’s event. “The raid was a huge morale boost for Britain.” The heroism of the men of 617 Squadron was seized on by wartime propagandists and immortalised in the 1955 film The Dam Busters. Yet official recognition of their sacrifice has been difficult. The memorial to the 55,573 airmen of Bomber Command killed in the war was only opened by the Queen in 2012 after years of campaigning and a nationwide fundraising effort. Squadron Leader George “Johnny” Johnson, 96, the sole surviving British Dambuster, continues to petition for the men of Bomber Command to be awarded a medal, rather than the bronze clasp they received in 2012. But according to Mr Darlow, recent years have witnessed a “swell of public recognition” for their bravery. The service in London yesterday was meant to have coincided with a fly-past by a Lancaster through the Derwent Valley, where the bombs designed by Sir Barnes Wallis were tested before the raid. Sadly a thick bank of cloud over the Peak District forced its cancellation. In a separate event last night at RAF Cosford in the West Midlands, 19 groups of seven people, representing the Lancaster bombers and their crews, marched around the airfield between 9.28pm and 6.30am to mark the duration of the Dambusters raid. A minute’s silence was held eight times – at the moment each of the lost bombers had been downed. Among those marching was Chris Henderson, 73, whose father Bob was a History in the making Squadron’s dog to keep its name The name of the dog featured in The Dam Busters will not be altered when a restored version of the 1955 film is screened in cinemas across the country, to preserve “historical accuracy”, the distributor has confirmed. The film features a black Labrador, the mascot for RAF 617 squadron, called N-----. The war film by director Michael Anderson will play unedited in 400 cinemas tonight to mark the anniversary of the 1943 Dambuster mission. A statement from Studiocanal noted: “While we acknowledge some of the language used in The Dam Busters reflects some historical attitudes which audiences may find offensive, for reasons of historical accuracy we have opted to present the film as it was originally screened.” The screening is accompanied with a talk by Dan Snow, the historian, who recounts the history of the attack on the Ruhr dams. LEON NEAL/GETTY IMAGES; CHARLOTTE GRAHAM FOR THE TELEGRAPH; JULIAN SIMMONDS FOR THE TELEGRAPH he Bomber Command Memorial in Green Park is designed so the sky always appears open above the bronze sculpture of a seven-man aircrew which forms its centrepiece. At 8am yesterday, as a lone RAF bugler signalled a minute’s silence by sounding Last Post, shafts of weak sunlight picked out something else amid the memorial’s Portland stone columns: 53 pairs of pale kid leather flying gloves laid out on the floor. Each pair represented one of the lost men of 617 Squadron who 75 years ago set off on what was widely considered the most audacious and dangerous raid in RAF history and who never made it home. On the evening of May 16, 1943, 19 Lancaster bombers took off from RAF Scampton in Lincolnshire with 133 men on board. Their mission, code-named Operation Chastise, was to breach three of the largest dams in the Ruhr region of north-west Germany: the Möhne, Eder and Sorpe. Their strategic importance meant the Germans swaddled them in torpedo nets and built steel and concrete reinforcements. To attack them was a desperate throw of the dice at a time when the war hung in the balance. But the pilots of 617 Squadron were equipped with a secret weapon – the bouncing bomb. The pilots flew in three waves, the first led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson; they breached the Möhne and Eder dams and badly damaged the Sorpe. Mind your PMQs Jeremy ... just occasionally they’re worth reading out h Sketch By Michael Deacon P ut Jeremy Corbyn in front of his cheering fans, and he can talk without notes until the cows come home. Put him in front of the Prime Minister, however, and it’s a different story. His eyes almost never leave his script. He ploddingly reads out a question from the piece of paper in his hand – and then, irrespective of what Theresa May has said in reply, he ploddingly reads out the next. Some weeks he sounds so bored that I wonder whether he’s even listening to himself, let alone to Mrs May. Perhaps the Labour leader thinks that, in the grand scheme of things, PMQs just isn’t very important. Fair enough. But his strategy is not without risk. What if he reaches into his pocket, produces the wrong piece of paper – and reads out that, instead? “Mr Speaker! Two pints almond milk. One loaf sourdough. Two packets Linda McCartney sausages. One bag cat litter.” (Mr Corbyn sits down to await Mrs May’s answer. Diane Abbott prods him in the ribs and hisses that he’s read out the wrong piece of paper. Mr Corbyn sighs, rummages in his pocket, and produces another piece of paper.) “Mr Speaker! TO DO. Ring grandson re computer not working again. Order organic fertiliser for marrows. Attend rally in support of Peruvian butterfly farmers. Tell Seumas to print out list of questions for PMQs.” (Mr Corbyn sits down to await Mrs May’s answer. Diane Abbott kicks him on the ankle and hisses that he’s read out the wrong piece of paper again. Mr Corbyn sighs, rummages in his pocket, and produces yet another piece of paper.) “Mr Speaker! Corbyn Attacked by MPs Over Brexit. A group of moderate Labour MPs last night accused Jeremy Corbyn of secretly supporting a so-called ‘hard Brexit’. One backbencher said: ‘Surely by now it’s obvious that the gibbering old fraud is as big a Brexiteer as Jacob Rees-Mogg. It beggars belief that Remainers voted Labour last year because they imagined Corbyn had some cunning plan to stop Brexit. And no, don’t print my name, or the vindictive old goat will order his cult to get me deselected.’” Yesterday’s PMQs followed the usual pattern. Still, Mr Corbyn did at least read from the correct piece of paper. Which was good, because for once his team had supplied him with a decent line. “Mr Speaker!” read Mr Corbyn. “When the Prime Minister said she ‘UK must spend as much on Armed Forces as it does on NHS’ ments.” Mr Ellwood also spoke in support of Woody Johnson, the US ambassador, who this week said Britain should be ready to increase defence spending to ensure its security – even at the expense of other departments. Tobias Ellwood, the defence minister, warns that once a defence capability is reduced, ‘you never get it back’ Boosting the defence budget will bring economic growth, which will “create more money for other departments”, Mr Ellwood argued. He today unveils a memorial for victims of terrorism overseas. The Prince of Wales will join him in opening the tribute, called Still Water, in the National Memorial Arboretum in Staffs. The minister, who was elected Conservative MP for Bournemouth East in 2005, hopes the memorial will help counter the “twisted and barbaric” message spread by extremists and to create a “place of reflection” for the families of victims. He first proposed the memorial to David Cameron following the death of David Haines, the aid worker who was beheaded by Islamic State in 2014. “I realised his family will have no grave to mourn him, there will be no place to put flowers on, there will be nowhere to reflect on his life,” Mr Ellwood said. Each year, he takes his sons to place flowers on his brother’s grave each year on his birthday. Jonathan Ellwood was killed in the Bali bombing in 2002. Last year, Mr Ellwood was praised for his heroism during the terrorist attack on Westminster, when he tried in vain to save the life of PC Keith Palmer after he was stabbed on duty at the gates of the Palace of Westminster. Government to pay £400m to replace ‘Grenfell cladding’ GETTY IMAGES Continued from Page 1 with health and education – and today we have dropped back to 2 per cent. “The Government often does what people call for. If people call for more money for schools and hospitals, that is often where the money flows. It is important we raise the profile of the dangers of reducing our defence posture. Once you lose it, you will never get it back. I am deeply concerned we have a nation which is fully appreciative of our Armed Forces but which takes our security for granted. “The world is getting more dangerous. Britain must be able to step forward – we will only do that if we invest in the full spectrum of capabilities. That is why we must increase our defence spending.” He did not specify what the budget should be, jockingly saying: “the civil servants would kill me”, but he added: “We cannot continue with our defence posture under the current arrange- wanted ‘as little friction as possible’, was she talking about EU trade – or the next Cabinet meeting?” Mrs May smiled tartly, then hit back with a scripted joke of her own. It was about Mr Corbyn’s call to trigger Article 50 the day after the referendum – before a plan had been drawn up for the talks. “He wouldn’t even have had a white page,” she cawed, “let alone a White Paper!” Triggering Article 50 without adequate preparation. Imagine that, Mrs May. In the bag Vince Cable shops in Catford Market at the launch of the Lib Dem Lewisham East by-election campaign. THE Government will fully fund the removal and replacement of dangerous cladding materials from tower blocks by councils and housing associations, Theresa May has said. Mrs May told MPs at Prime Minister’s Questions that the work would cost an estimated £400 million. The Prime Minister said that since the Grenfell Tower blaze last year, the fire and rescue services had visited more than 1,250 high-rise buildings and immediate action had been taken to ensure the safety of every resident. Of the 210 households in need of a new home in the wake of the fire, 201 had accepted an offer of either temporary or permanent accommodation. The announcement came as Labour prepared to use a Commons opposition day debate to press ministers on detailed demands on building safety. John Healey, the shadow housing secretary, said: “More than 11 months on, the time for warm words is long past, and people are rightly asking why so little has changed since the fire.” ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 5 75 years on New Westland affair for May as Defence ‘The ingenuity of the bouncing bomb somewhat swamped the fact that 53 young lads died on the raid’ flight engineer in 617 Squadron and in the first wave of bombers, in an aircraft piloted by Dave Shannon. Bob was 22 at the time. He survived the raid and the war and died in 1961. “He never spoke about the Dambusters,” recalls Mr Henderson. “So many of them never did.” Commemorations culminate tonight with a gala screening at the Royal Albert Hall of The Dam Busters, which will be screened simultaneously in 400 cinemas nationwide. Among the guests will be Elisabeth Gaunt, daughter of Wallis. The 85-year-old, from Dorking, Surrey, still has the toy marbles that provided her father with the inspiration for the bouncing bomb. Despite the triumph of his invention, she says her father remained haunted by the raid. “He thought of it with a great sadness,” she says. “Because of the men who didn’t return.” Clockwise from left, Squadron Leader George ‘Johnny’ Johnson, Britain’s last surviving Dambuster; an RAF Typhoon flies over the Derwent dam in Derbyshire after a Lancaster fly-past was cancelled; gloves laid out at the Bomber Command Memorial; the breached Eder Dam Use your home to pay care costs, elderly told By Steven Swinford DEPUTY POLITICAL EDITOR PENSIONERS who own homes without mortgages should be made to draw money from their property to invest in a new national care fund, Theresa May’s former deputy says today. Damian Green, the former first secretary of state, will say that the key to tackling the social care crisis lies in unlocking “housing equity” worth £1.7 trillion. He will propose that over65s should use equity release schemes to pay a compulsory “care insurance fee” of around £30,000. National Insurance contributions of those aged over 40 would also go into the fund. Those who are unem- ployed or still have substantial mortgages on their properties would have their fee met by the taxpayer. Mr Green will say that the approach will lead to a “fairer” care system that will stop people’s care costs from wiping out their inheritance. He will say in a speech hosted by the Reform think tank and Age UK: “We all believe that the care system needs more money and that contributions should be fairly distributed. “The idea of compulsory insurance is one we all accept as fair. But different generations can pay their insurance premium in different ways. “This is a long-term solution which would ensure fairness between the generations.” Labour say they would close detention centres By Sophie Jamieson LABOUR has announced plans to close two major detention centres and axe migration targets to stop the Government’s “hostile environment” policy for illegal immigrants. Diane Abbott, the shadow home secretary, said Labour would shut Yarl’s Wood in Bedford and Brook House near Gatwick Airport, and ban private companies from taking on future contracts to run immigration centres. Speaking at the IPPR think-tank in London, Ms Abbott said Labour would end indefinite detention. Labour would also make immigration officials prove people were in the country without permission before they could be removed. Caroline Nokes, the immigration minister, said powers of detention were a “vital tool” against illegal immigration. Secretary favours European jets over US By Dominic Nicholls DEFENCE CORRESPONDENT and Robert Mendick CHIEF REPORTER THERESA MAY is under pressure to row back on a multibillion-pound deal to buy new generation US fighter jets in a row likened to the Westland affair. The Government is committed to buying 138 F-35 fighter aircraft from US manufacturer Lockheed Martin. The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has so far bought 48 aircraft at a cost of £9.1 billion but is now reconsidering its pledge to buy a further 90. Instead it is looking at purchasing Eurofighter jets, made by a European consortium that includes the UK, The Daily Telegraph understands. The European-manufactured jets are currently, on best estimates, about the half the price of an F-35. Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, is publishing a defence review in July, which may cast doubt on the affordability of the further 90 F-35 Lightning II aircraft, the most expensive but technically advanced fighter jet in history. He has also launched a Combat Aircraft Industrial Strategy, due in the summer, which is set to decide the balance of future spending on jet fighters – and whether the UK goes for a pre- dominantly European fighter, despite Brexit, or a US-developed jet. The simmering row has been likened to the Westland affair that blighted Margaret Thatcher’s government and forced the resignation of Michael Heseltine, the then defence secretary, who insisted the UK should pick the Britishmade helicopter over a US model. The purchase of the extra F-35s is expected to be raised by Donald Trump when the US president meets Mrs May next month. But Mr Williamson is understood to favour a European option Performance comparison Eurofighter Typhoon II £87m 51,809lbs Above 55,000ft that would ensure the viability of a joint European jet fighter business until 2050 at least. The Prime Minister will come under pressure to pick a side. In the past week, Woody Johnson, the US ambassador, has briefed on the “amazing” US aircraft while pointing out that some components are manufactured in Britain by BAE Systems, providing thousands of jobs and an estimated £13 billion to the UK economy. The MoD made the commitment to buy 138 F-35s in its Strategic Defence Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II Cost of each aircraft £190m Maximum takeoff weight 70,107lbs Maximum altitude 60,000ft Mach 2.0 (1,535mph) Speed Mach 1.6 (1,200mph) 750 nautical miles (863miles) Range 1,200 nautical miles (1,380miles) 27mm cannon, 16,535lbs payload Armament 25mm cannon, 17,990lbs payload ‘We are sceptical about the viability of all 138 aircraft. Unless the cost [comes] down, the F-35 will suck up funds’ and Security review of 2015 but it is negotiating with the Joint Programme Office, the US department in charge of contracts, over the cost of the aircraft. Mark Francois, a Conservative MP, former defence minister and member of the defence select committee, said: “We are sceptical about the viability of all 138 aircraft. Unless Lockheed Martin can bring the cost down, the F-35 will suck up funds for other programmes.” Mr Williamson announced yesterday that the first batch of four F-35s will be delivered early by the US and will arrive next month. The stealth jets will be based at RAF Marham in Norfolk but made available for duty on HMS Queen Elizabeth, the new aircraft carrier. The Eurofighter Typhoon, jointly built by the UK, Germany, Italy and Spain, is already in service with the RAF but will require a mid-life upgrade to compete with the F-35. An MoD spokesman said it was too soon to speculate on the review, adding: “The F-35 programme remains on track and within budget, providing a game-changing capability for our Armed Forces. We continue to drive down costs and remain committed to purchasing 138 F-35 aircraft while British industry benefits from an order book of more than 3,000 jets.” 6 ** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Cup hero Wilson dies of dementia, health scourge of the 1966 team RAY WILSON, who was one of four players from England’s 1966 World Cup-winning football team suffering with Alzheimer’s or memory problems, died yesterday at the age of 83. Wilson was 69 when he was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, a disease that Nobby Stiles and Martin Peters also have. Jack Charlton is another of the team now experiencing memory problems. Following a Telegraph campaign calling for research into the potential link between football and neurological disease, the Football Association and the Professional Footballers’ Association agreed to fund a new study that began earlier this year. News of Wilson’s death emerged as Gareth Southgate named his England squad for this summer’s World Cup in Russia. The FA said yesterday that it was “shocked and saddened” at the loss of another member of England’s most iconic and successful team. Bobby Moore, captain of the team, had died of cancer in 1993 and Alan Ball, the youngest player, died after a heart attack in 2007. Wilson was capped 63 times by England and played every match during the 1966 World Cup finals. The leftback and oldest member of Sir Alf Ramsey’s England team, Wilson was still living with Pat, his wife, in Yorkshire and was a regular supporter of Huddersfield Town, the Premier League club. He played more than 250 games for Huddersfield before joining Everton, where he also won the 1966 FA Cup. “In many people’s eyes, the best English left-back ever,” said Jimmy Greaves, his England team-mate. “Goodbye, old friend.” Sir Bobby Charlton, another England team-mate, said that he was “deeply saddened by the awful news” and described Wilson as “a great man, an excellent team-mate and a close friend”. Huddersfield Town said that it was “devastated” by the news. Wilson worked as an undertaker following his retirement as a player and only received an MBE in 2000, 34 years after the World Cup win. Many other former professional footballers have also been diagnosed with neurological problems. George Cohen, who played alongside Wilson in the 1966 team, told The Telegraph that the old leather balls would make him feel sick when he headed them and John Stiles, the son of Nobby, said that the problem appeared almost “epidemic” among former players. It is 16 years since Jeff Astle, another former England international, died from a type of dementia subsequently proved to be caused by head trauma. The Jeff Astle Foundation, which was set up by the family after an inquest delivered a verdict of death by “industrial disease”, has been approached by more than 350 families of former footballers. Obituary: Page 27 Sport: Pages 8&9 By Henry Bodkin A PIONEERING cancer treatment hailed as the future of oncology is significantly less effective for women than for men, new research has revealed, prompting accusations of sexism in drug development. A major review published in The Lancet found immunotherapy to be, on average, half as beneficial for female cancer sufferers. The family of drugs stimulates the body’s immune system to destroy cancerous cells while leaving healthy cells intact. NHS patients with some lung, neck and head cancers already have access to the treatment and it is expected to become available to many more categories of patient over the next few years. The analysis – the first of its kind – found consistently better outcomes for men taking the drugs than women, possibly due to immune system and hormonal differences. ‘Despite available evidence on how drugs work, trials testing new therapies rarely take sex into account’ POPPERFOTO/GETTY IMAGES By Jeremy Wilson Cancer drugs less effective in women due to ‘sexist’ trial data Ray Wilson, right, and Geoff Hurst lift England captain Bobby Moore as they celebrate victory in the 1966 World Cup final Social care ‘broken’ Rise in needless hospital visits by dementia sufferers ‘Surprising’ findings Trips to the gym may be bad for declining faculties Needless hospital admissions for dementia patients have risen by more than 73 per cent over the last five years because social care is “broken”, the Oxford University researchers have found that those with mild to moderate dementia who went to the gym twice a week for up to 90 minutes went downhill Alzheimer’s Society has warned. The charity sent Freedom of Information requests to 65 major English hospitals to ask about emergency admissions for dementia patients due to potentially avoidable issues – including dehydration, delirium, falls, urinary tract and chest infections – and found that admissions for over-65s with dementia rose from 31,000 in 2011-12 to 54,000 in 2016-17. It said that in a similar period, there has been a 40 per cent budget cut to councils, which are responsible for social care. The society said too many people were left “battling a broken care system”. Laura Donnelly slightly faster than those who abstained, leading them to conclude that exercise should not be recommended for people with dementia. They called for future trials to “consider the possibility that some types of exercise might worsen cognitive impairment”. Commenting on the study, published in the BMJ, Rob Howard, of University College London, said: “On this basis, I don’t think we should ignore the possibility that exercise might actually be slightly harmful to people with dementia.” Dr James Pickett, of the Alzheimer’s Society, said: “The results are somewhat surprising.” Sarah Knapton The authors found that key drug trials were more likely to have been populated by male than female participants, but that doctors then applied the results equally across the sexes. It means oncologists have been prescribing immunotherapy to women based on safety and efficacy data gathered predominantly from men. However, immunotherapy was still found to be more effective for women than traditional cancer drugs. The researchers last night called for front-line doctors to pay greater heed to their patients’ gender when weighing up the risks and benefits of prescribing immunotherapy. They also said future trials should include more women, to make the results relevant to the whole population. “Despite the available evidence on the potential role played by sex in influencing how drugs work, trials testing new therapies rarely take sex into account,” said Dr Fabio Conforti, from the European Institute of Oncology. On average, women mount stronger immune responses than do men, which results in more rapid clearance of pathogens. ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 News Laurel or yanny? It sounds like an age-old argument By Sarah Knapton SCIENCE EDITOR NOT since the dress colour illusion have we called into question our own sanity and judgment to such a degree. A simple audio entry for “laurel” on Vocabulary.com left millions bewildered this week because half of listeners insisted they could only hear the sound “yanny”. The global bafflement was similar to that sparked by the Roman Originals dress posted on Twitter in 2015, which many swore was white and gold while the rest said was black and blue. But, unlike the dress illusion, scientists say the foursecond audio clip may reveal far more about how people perceive the world than they realise. It might even signal a generational divide. “Stuff going on at a highfrequency range you would get young people hearing, and being influenced by that, but not oldies,” said Charles Spence, professor of experimental psychology at Oxford University. Dr Hannah Critchlow, a neuroscientist from Cambridge University, said: “The brain is trying to make sense of the world all the time and everyone has a unique perception of what is going on around them, and what they see and hear. “I have just been sent flowers for my birthday and I hear ‘laurel’ because my mind is focused on those flowers. Younger people can also hear higher frequencies so there could be something in that too. There are probably several things going on.” Scientifically, it is not actually an illusion at all, but rather an “ambiguous figure”, in which the mind is forced to choose between two different states. It is the auditory equivalent of Joseph Jastrow’s well-known rabbit/duck illustration, or Rubin’s vase, where the brain interprets either a single vase or two faces. In the word “laurel”, the noises made by the throat and mouth to produce the sound are at two different frequencies, creating the ambiguity. A high frequency is needed for ‘‘l’’ but a low frequency is required for ‘‘r.’’ A spectrogram of the clip shows that the sounds “laurel” and “yanny” are both present, but at different ends of the sound spectrum. Young people find higher frequencies easier to hear, while people suffering agerelated hearing loss start to lose the ability to hear sounds around 4000HZ, exactly the frequency of the “yanny” noise. So if you can’t hear “laurel”, it could be a sign of increasing years or even hearing damage. Likewise, because the original audio clip is slightly muffled it leaves room for individual interpretation. The way people make sense of sound is influenced by what they hear regularly, so people who have friends called Danny or Annie would likely pick up “yanny”. Trevor Cox, professor of acoustic engineering at Salford University, said: “If you look at the spectrogram, you can see both sounds are there, on top of each other. “So the sound that an individual picks up could be based on sounds they hear often, or how words are pronounced in their language or dialect. Also if you have noise-induced hearing loss, you will struggle to hear sounds in the middle of that range so would only hear ‘laurel’. So if you struggle to hear ‘yanny’, maybe you are getting into that region of hearing loss.” Editorial Comment: Page 17 ‘Sat nav for thieves’ switched off by eBay EBAY has scrapped its locator map after customers complained it was a “sat nav service for thieves”. Sellers of collection-only items such as motorbikes were surprised when they discovered that the mobile app allowed buyers to zoom in to their homes. Within hours of eBay being warned that the feature would act as a guide for potential thieves, the company announced that it was fixing the function to stop buyers pinpointing the location of valuable items for sale. A spokesman for eBay said: “We are listening to customers and investigating a change so that full postcodes are not visible.” These are thought to already be taking effect, with some of the locations on motorbikes and cars having already been changed. The adjustment will mean the locator now only goes to a random point in a broader area, rather than a specific postcode and house. The function came to light when Piston Addictz, an internet group for vehicle fans, issued a warning on Facebook. They wrote: “Sellers on eBay beware! eBay are now giving out full postcodes and pin dropping your location when listing a vehicle for sale!” Dozens of followers left comments, shocked at the discovery. Phil Shaw said: “Well done eBay, show all the car thieves where our cars will be!” A search of a Suzuki motorcycle, priced at £850, listed the “collection in person” area as Ipswich. However, when the location was clicked on, the postcode and quiet street where the item was being sold was shown. Last year, statistics from the Office for National Statistics showed that car and motorcycle theft was on the rise. There were almost 358,000 reported instances of thefts from or of a motor vehicle in 2014 alone. Since then, the number of cars being stolen has risen by a staggering 30 per cent. The Home Office predicted a total of 30,000 motorbikes would go missing last year. Zuckerberg to talk to Brussels after UK snub FACEBOOK founder Mark Zuckerberg has agreed to give evidence to the European Parliament, despite turning down repeated requests from the UK to give evidence to British MPs. Antonio Tajani, the European Parliament’s president, said Mr Zuckerberg would meet political group leaders and the chairman of the parliament’s civil liberties committee in Brussels to discuss the use of personal data – maybe as early as next week. The billionaire social me- dia tycoon has resisted repeated requests to answer UK MPs’ questions in person, despite Damian Collins, the chairman of the Commons culture committee, warning that he could issue a summons requiring Zuckerberg’s attendance next time he is in the UK. Both parliaments want to question Mr Zuckerberg about the alleged use of Facebook users’ personal information to target political adverts in campaigns including the EU referendum. BBC Audio clip sends the internet into a spin as generations argue over what they hear Breaking news Tracey Ullman, pictured as Michael Gove, will be returning to BBC screens for three new episodes of Tracey Breaks The News next month. With her distinctive comic spin on the headlines, including her impressions of politicians and celebrities, Ullman will bring a new take to the likes of Jeremy Corbyn, Angela Merkel and Brigitte Macron. She will also introduce a new double act featuring Jacob Rees-Mogg (Liam Hourican) and his long-suffering Nanny. 7 8 ** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph News East Coast line to be renationalised for third time By Jack Maidment POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT THE Government is to renationalise one of Britain’s busiest railway lines for the third time in just over a decade, and the private operators who admitted they could not afford to keep running it will still be able to bid for new franchises. Chris Grayling, the Transport Secretary, yesterday announced he was pulling the plug on the East Coast rail franchise after a string of failures by Stagecoach and Virgin Trains. But Mr Grayling said they would not be barred from bidding for new contracts because he was “not in favour of punishing people for making a mistake”. He also announced that East Coast will be rebranded as the London North Eastern Railway as part of a bid to rehabilitate the public image of a line that suffered repeated failures over 10 years. The decision to temporarily bring the line back into public ownership is politically embarrassing for the Govern- Off track East Coast woes 1996 Great North Eastern Railway is awarded the line but later goes bankrupt. 2007 National Express East Coast wins the franchise but also fails. 2009 East Coast takes over, makes a modest profit. 2015 Stagecoach and Virgin Group joint contract begins. June 2018 To be renationalised. ment, which has repeatedly defended the private franchise model for the railways. It comes amid concern from Tory MPs that Jeremy Corbyn’s call to renationalise the railways is getting through to the electorate. Mr Grayling said the current East Coast contract would be terminated on June 24 this year and the state would temporarily take on responsibility for running services. After 2020, the expectation is for the line to be operated on a new public-private partnership model which will involve “working with Network Rail to bring together the teams operating the track and trains on the LNER network”. He defended the merits of the franchising model and rejected calls to punish Stagecoach and Virgin Trains. “The railway has been well run, it has been and continues to make more money for the taxpayer and gets higher satisfaction from customers. But there has to be a consequence for failing to fulfil a contract and that is why they have lost this contract.” Andy McDonald, the shadow transport secretary, accused the Government of giving Stagecoach and Virgin Trains a £2 billion “bail-out”. He said: “The Government’s incompetence has been disastrous for passengers and led to misery for millions.” u A government funding row broke out yesterday over a new “millennial railcard” for 26 to 30-year-olds, sparking fears that it could be rejected. Editorial Comment: Page 17 Vintage car racers gassed and then robbed in their campervan New timetable for UK’s busiest train network may ‘cut services by a third’ u A trio of vintage car racers from Britain have described being gassed and robbed while camping near Monaco. Jim Timms, 81, had taken his grandsons, Ben Wardle and Ricky Tavis, both 30, to Monaco to race their 1961 Formula One Cooper. On their journey home, they had camped overnight near Montpellier when they were robbed. Mr Timms had his watch taken from under his pillow while a wallet, cards and money were also stolen. “We were all gassed,” said Mr Timms, from Whitminster, Glos. “Ben raised the alarm at about 4am. He had to really shout to wake us up. Ben was sick straight away and we all had a dry mouth and a nasty taste in our mouth when we woke up. “Other people need to be aware that this sort of thing is happening.” Mr Timms said he called the French police, but “they didn’t understand us and they never came out”. “When we came home, we researched what had happened and it is not as rare as you may think,” he added. “We believe that they released the gas through the vent in the camper to knock us out.” uRail commuters face losing up to a third of scheduled services under a mass timetable shake-up, campaigners have claimed. More than four million trains will be rescheduled from Sunday, in an overhaul designed to increase overall frequencies and reliability, but some passengers will find their regular journeys are no longer possible. Departure times will change for every train run by the UK’s busiest franchise – Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) – which consists of Southern, Thameslink, Great Northern and Gatwick Express. There will be almost 400 additional GTR trains every day. However, some passengers from counties surrounding London say they are about to be hit with fewer or slower services. Emily Ketchin, Harpenden Thameslink Commuters group founder, claims the operator is “slashing key Harpenden services by a third”. She said: “This is going to have a real impact on people’s ability to get to work, especially working parents.” GTR said: “We are introducing the biggest ever change to rail timetables to significantly boost capacity on the UK’s most congested network. We strongly advise passengers to look up train times from May 20.” H&H CLASSICS Stirling service A 1965 Jaguar E-type once raced by Sir Stirling Moss is expected to sell for up to £130,000 when it goes under the hammer at RAC Woodcote Park, Surrey, on June 5. Auctioneers H&H Classics say the car was the first E-type Moss drove competitively, in the Manx Mountain Challenge in 1991. Although he started his career as a Jaguar works driver, Moss had never previously competed in an E-type. Dehydration may have led to scuba death Coffee voucher ‘bribes’ for flu jab nurses ‘Postnatal depression killed my husband’ u A British Transport Police officer who died while scuba diving in Gran Canaria might have lost her life through being dehydrated after going for a run, an inquest heard. Justine Barringer, 44, from Sittingbourne, Kent, had gone for a 40-minute jog the night before her dive last September and possible dehydration might have triggered rhabdomyolysis, a form of muscle damage, affecting organs such as the heart and kidneys, the inquest heard. She died after losing consciousness while resurfacing. The UK inquest concluded her death was accidental. u Nurses have been given free Costa Coffee vouchers as “bribes” to have the flu jab, a conference heard. One delegate at the Royal College of Nursing said they felt “coerced” to have the jab as NHS trusts sought to boost uptake. At some organisations, just one in three staff had the jab, with one third of front-line health workers failing to get the vaccination overall. Jeanette Jones, a pandemic flu lead from Bristol, said her hospital trust had “managed to con Costa into giving us vouchers for free coffee and tea” for staff who had the jab. But she said it “didn’t necessarily make a difference”. u A scientist who killed himself was suffering from postnatal depression, his former wife has claimed – because she suffered from it too when their son was born five years ago. Researcher John Clayton took his own life at the age of 41 in November 2016 while studying for a PhD at Cardiff University. Vicky Clayton, his former wife, is now trying to raise awareness, claiming that he had struggled to get the help he needed. Ms Clayton, 38, said: “Everything is very much focused on mothers, as you’d expect, but I wish there were more pointers for men to access help.” *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 9 News ‘Cowardly’ killer on run after beating 85-year-old widow to death in home A forensics officer at the crime scene She used to be a seamstress and to this day she still made all her own clothes. She used to press my clothes as well. “My wife died a few years ago and her husband died 11 years ago. We helped each other through it.” Freda Bridges, a pensioner who lives on the same street as Ms Coleman, said: “She was a very nice lady. She has a very nice family, but they live a long way away. The police have been here Village bobbies could be armed in terror fight By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT RURAL police officers may routinely carry guns amid fears terrorists could strike outside major cities, police chiefs have announced. Officers in isolated towns and villages in areas such as Devon, Cornwall and Cumbria could soon be issued with guns, amid fears that counter-terrorism officers could take too long to arrive. Each force can call on a number of armed response vehicles (ARVs) which patrol 24 hours a day and carry at least two highly trained firearms specialists. But while ARVs would be expected to respond to a terror attack in an urban area within 10 minutes, there is concern about how quickly they could reach an outlying area. In addition, police chiefs admit they have not recruited all of the extra 1,500 armed officers announced in the wake of the Paris attacks in 2015. The latest figures show they are about 130 short of the target, with another 100 elite counter terrorist specialist firearms officers (CTSFOs) needed. Dept Chief Constable Simon Chesterman, the National Police Chiefs Council lead on armed policing, said routine arming of officers was a possibility. He explained: “If there are gaps in the amount of protection we are able to deliver … then we have to think of innovative ways of filling those gaps. Ideally it will be an ARV but for a range of reasons the ARV might not be the answer, so routine arming has to be a consideration.” u The number of county 130 The number of armed officers required across the country to bring forces up to full strength lines drugs gangs operating in the UK has risen fourfold in four years, figures show. BBC researchers found there are more than 1,000 so-called county lines gangs, which use children and young people to run drugs all over the UK via a network of telephone numbers. Chief Constable Mike Barton of Durham police said 10-year-olds were “the criminals of today” and warned a fall in youth services had led to increased violence on British streets. Manslaughter trial halted as juror dozed A MANSLAUGHTER trial was delayed after an elderly juror was caught snoozing through proceedings. Izabela Dauti, 39, went on trial this week accused of killing Malcolm Cox, 84, a former sergeant major. However, just seven hours into the trial at Winchester Crown Court, Hampshire, it was brought to a halt after barristers and the judge discovered a member of the jury had dozed off. It also emerged that the male juror had asked his neighbouring members to keep an eye on him over fears he might drift off. Judge Jane Miller discharged the jury on the trial’s second day after she said the juror spent “the majority of the opening day asleep”. Speaking to the juror, Judge Miller said: “Not only the fact that you were apparently asleep for the majority of yesterday, we are concerned that you are not able to give this case the attention it deserved.” However, the elderly member refuted the claims and told Judge Miller he was not asleep but had in fact just been closing his eyes. He claimed he could give the court a summary of the case from what he had heard so far. However, Judge Miller rejected these claims. She discharged the juror from not only sitting on Ms Dauti’s case but from any other jury in the future. The trial began again on Tuesday after a new jury was sworn in. Ms Dauti, of Andover, denies killing Mr Cox in November 2016. Man watched burglar at work on live stream A CAT burglar was seen raiding a home on a live stream being watched by the homeowner who was abroad while his children and their nanny were hiding in the property upstairs. The raider left emptyhanded, but has stolen vintage Rolex watches, jewellery, designer handbags and cash worth £270,000 from four other homes in west London. In three of the burglaries, the culprit entered the properties by climbing to The mystery burglar, pictured here on CCTV, struck in March and April windows up to four storeys high. “This man certainly isn’t scared of heights and is fit and agile,” said Det Con Eve Kelly. “Could he be a scaffolder or a builder, someone used to working at height?” all night and forensics, and the road is closed. We used to get on the bus together and go into London. She was still very active and used to clean her windows and everything.” Detectives appealed for any information about the incident after launching a murder inquiry yesterday. They were called by paramedics at around 11.30am on Tuesday. Ms Coleman, who had suffered serious injuries, was pronounced dead at the scene. A post-mortem was expected to take place today. Det Insp Paul Considine, of the Met’s Homicide and Major Crime Command, said: “This is a despicable incident in which the victim, an elderly lady who lived alone, had been subjected to a cowardly assault that left her with serious injuries. She was discovered by a handyman working at the address. “I want to ask anyone who saw or heard anything suspicious to call police immediately. It is imperative that we find those responsible for this horrendous offence.” By Francesca Marshall METROPOLITAN POLICE/PA WIRE AN 85-YEAR-OLD retired seamstress was battered to death in a “despicable” and “cowardly” attack in the bungalow she had lived in for more than 40 years. Rosina Coleman was found dead by a handyman at her home in Ashmour Gardens, Romford, east London. Metropolitan police believe she had been subjected to a “cowardly assault” between 7.30am and 11.30am on Tuesday before being left to die alone. She was found later in the day. Following the attack, the killer fled the scene and remains on the run. Police said formal identification had not yet been carried out but officers were confident the body was that of Ms Coleman, who had lived at the house alone following the death of her husband a number of years ago. Yesterday neighbours were shocked upon hearing the news. One friend, who did not wish to be named, said: “Rose was an incredible person. We were very good friends. STEVE POSTON/LNP By Francesca Marshall Heavy burden too much for trekking horses The body of Rosina Coleman, 85, was found by a handyman at her Romford home A TREKKING centre on Dartmoor has been forced to close because the horses are struggling to carry the burden of overweight riders, the owners have revealed. The centre at Babeny Farm, Poundsgate, Devon, will cease trading on Sept 2 after the owner decided it was not fair to place heavy riders on horses. The announcement that it will halt its treks comes just two months after a British Equestrian Federation and World Horse Welfare study found that heavier riders impacted on a horse’s gait and behaviour. It suggested that heavier riders should only mount a horse “of appropriate size and fitness”. Dee Dee Wilkinson, the farm owner, said the decision to stop the trekking was partly due to an increase in heavier riders, as well as high insurance costs and other personal reasons. “The horses are at an age where they need replacing and getting those good replacements can be difficult,” she said. “We are finding increasingly that people are getting heavier, so we are unable to let them ride as it isn’t fair on the horses.” The farm, which has been in business for 35 years, has a rider weight limit of 16st. 10 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 11 News Comic writers aren’t funny enough to win top prize By Francesca Marshall Sell without the stereotypes, advertisers told By Katie Morley Consumer AffAirs editor ADVERTS portraying gender stereotypes such as women being bad drivers and men not doing housework are to be banned. The Committees of Advertising Practice (CAP), which regulate adverts in the UK, have today laid out how new rules designed to tackle harmful gender stereotypes are likely to be interpreted in practice. Following a year-long inquiry, the Advertising Standards Authority developed a set of tougher standards on adverts that portray “potentially harmful” gender stereotypes. Examples considered to be no longer acceptable include new mothers having to keep up appearances, people with certain physiques being rejected on dates, and men being inept at performing “women’s tasks” like cleaning or changing nappies. It means Specsavers’s Lynx effect parody advert and Asda’s 2012 Christmas advert would also be considered problematic under the new rules. Watchdogs insisted that the proposed changes does not mean that gender stereotyping is banned. However, they appear to have spurred a slew of politically correct advertising campaigns, including McCain’s “here’s to love” campaign, which depicts a diverse range of couples, and a Pampers advert that features a “super dad” and his “ninja” daughter. From next year, the new rules, which will now be finalised by the CAP, will be used to ban inappropriate adverts. ‘We’re proposing to tackle harmful gender stereotypes in ads while ensuring that creative freedom continues’ Falling foul of new rules on adverts would be Specsavers, top, and Asda, above Ella Smillie, CAP gender stereotyping project lead, said: “Our review strongly indicates that particular forms of gender stereotypes in ads can contribute to harm for adults and children by limiting how people see themselves and how others see them and the life decisions they take. “The set of standards we’re proposing aims to tackle harmful gender stereotypes in adverts while ensuring that creative freedom expressed within the rules continues to be protected.” Shahriar Coupal, CAP director, said: “Certain gender stereotypes have the potential to cause harm or serious offence. “That’s why we’re proposing a new rule and guidance to restrict particular gender stereotypes in ads where we believe there’s an evidence-based case to do so.” Off message Adverts that send out the wrong signals Tunnock’s “Where do you keep yours?” Teacake advert depicts a revealing image of a female tennis player’s legs. Specsavers Lynx effect parody Shows women in bikinis running towards a pale, overweight man spraying himself with body deodorant. When the man puts on his unfashionable glasses, the women stop in their tracks and look at him in disgust. Asda’s 2012 Christmas advert A mother is depicted as doing all the housework while the family sit around and open presents. A COMIC fiction prize will not be announced for the first time in its 18-year history as none of the novels made the judges laugh. The prize for the Bollinger Everyman Wodehouse Prize for Comic Fiction 2018 is being withheld after the judges decided that the 62 submissions for the coveted prize fell short of the necessary funny-factor. There will therefore be no one joining the ranks of P G Wodehouse, or the prize’s previous winners, such as Helen Fielding, Michael Frayn, Howard Jacobson, Marina Lewycka and Alexander McCall Smith. David Campbell, judge and publisher of Everyman’s Library, said: “My fellow judges and I have decided to withhold the prize this year to maintain the extremely high standards of comic fiction that the prize represents. “Despite the submitted books producing many a wry smile amongst the panel during the judging process, we did not feel than any of the books we read this year incited the level of unanimous laughter we have come to expect. “We look forward to awarding a larger rollover prize next year to a hilariously funny book.” Victoria Carfantan, director of Champagne Bollinger, said: “We are confident that 2019 will make for an exceptional crop of hilarious submissions.” It was announced earlier this month that the Swedish Academy has postponed the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature in the wake of a scandal over sexual assault allegations. The crisis centred on the handling of allegations against Jean-Claude Aranaut, the husband of an academy member, and led to her quitting along with the institution’s head and four other members. Arnault has repeatedly denied all the allegations against him; his lawyer saying he has become “the victim of a witch hunt” and that the accusations “may have been made with the sole purpose of harming” him. Jan Etherington: Page 16 WannaCry hacking hero admitted writing bank malware, says US By Margi Murphy THE British computer expert who helped shut down the WannaCry cyber-attack on the NHS admitted once writing code that was used to harvest bank details, according to documents filed with a US court. Marcus Hutchins is alleged to have said in a phone call from prison that he had written code as a teenager that was used to create malicious software for stealing banking details. The 23-year-old from Ilfracombe, Devon, has been accused of creating and distributing malware known as Kronos. He denies all six charges brought against him but faces 40 years in prison if convicted. His lawyers argue that details of the phone call are inadmissible as evidence because he had been “coerced” by investigators. Mr Hutchins was arrested by FBI agents in a first-class lounge at McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas in August last year as he waited to fly back to the UK after attending a com- A bitter business – scientists find inferior coffee in ‘superior’ blends COFFEE drinkers are being conned by suppliers fraudulently mixing inferior beans into products labelled 100 per cent arabica, scientists claim. A study by British researchers testing a new and more accurate method of gauging coffee quality examined coffee on sale at shops and supermarkets. They found that a tenth of high-quality products labelled “100 per cent arabica” contained significant levels of inferior and cheaper robusta beans. Arabica coffee trades at twice the price because of its superior taste. Finding rogue robusta, which has a more bitter taste, in a sample labelled arabica is not easy, especially after grinding and roasting. The standard technique detects the fingerprint chemical 16-OMC, which is only found in robusta coffee, but the process is costly and takes three days, making large-scale surveillance impractical. The new method takes just 30 minutes and is sensitive enough to detect 1 per cent robusta in a blended coffee. Dr Kate Kemsley, the lead scientist from the Quadram Institute, formerly the Institute of Food Research, said: “This is an important milestone for detecting fraud in coffee, as 1 per cent is the generally accepted cut-off between trace contamination, which might be 21.7pc The proportion of cheaper robusta coffee beans found in one UK-bought coffee sample claimed to be 100 per cent arabica accidental, and more deliberate adulteration for economic gain.” For the study, 60 different coffee samples were purchased around the world, including 22 from the UK. All were tested for 16-OMC using the new nuclear magnetic resonance technique, which employs radio waves and strong magnetic fields to obtain In tomorrow’s Sport section Mick Cleary The big issues facing rugby’s head coaches detailed information about a substance’s molecular composition. “It was immediately obvious using our test that there were several suspicious samples, producing results that were consistent with the presence of substantial amounts of robusta – far more than would be expected through unavoidable contamination,” said Dr Kemsley. Two of the samples flagged as “suspicious” were bought in the UK. One contained 1.6 per cent robusta and the other 21.7 per cent. Other UK samples had notable levels of 16-OMC but fell below the “suspicious” threshold. Suspicious samples were also purchased from the US, Italy, France and Estonia. One US sample was a third robusta, despite being labelled 100 per cent arabica. The research, published in the journal Food Chemistry, was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and had no support from the coffee industry. Grimshaw’s Radio 1 Breakfast Show hit by audience slump THE Radio 1 Breakfast Show has been defended by BBC management after figures showed that it had shed hundreds of thousands of listeners since the start of the year. The show, presented by Nick Grimshaw, has recorded its second lowest audience figures since current records began. The programme lost 600,000 listeners in the first quarter of 2018. Grimshaw drew 5.1 million listeners a week in the first three months of the year, compared with 5.7 million a week in the last quarter of 2017, according to the audience research body Rajar. Last year the show plunged to its lowest listening figures since Grimshaw took over the slot, dropping below five million in the third quarter, the first time in his five-year tenure. Ben Cooper, the controller of BBC Radio 1, 1Xtra & Asian Network, said: “Radio 1 remains the biggest and most relevant youth station in the UK, with over a third of all 15- to 24-year-olds listening each week.” Chris Evans also saw a drop in his listening figures in the first three months of 2018, with his Radio 2 breakfast show drawing 9.1 million a week, down from 9.4 million. puter security conference. Documents lodged by US prosecutors on Tuesday contain a transcript of a telephone call made from jail hours after his arrest. Mr Hutchins is alleged to have said: “So I wrote code for a guy a while back who then incorporated it into a banking malware, so they have logs of that, and essentially they want to know my part of the banking operation or if I just sold the code on to some guy... once they found I sold the code to someone, they wanted me to give them his name, and I don’t actually know anything about him.” Logs of an online chat also reportedly showed he had given “compiled binary” to someone to repay a debt of “about five grand”. It arose from a software glitch that meant Hutchins had allegedly lost Bitcoins he was holding on behalf of another person. It was Hutchins’s quick thinking in May last year that slowed the effects of the WannaCry virus that hit more than 300,000 computers in 150 countries, when he found a “kill-switch”. 12 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Whitney ‘abused as child by female cousin’ Film premiering in Cannes alleges superstar singer was sexually molested by Dee Dee Warwick By Harriet Alexander WHITNEY HOUSTON was sexually abused by her cousin, the late soul singer Dee Dee Warwick, according to a new documentary that premiered at Cannes. The film by Kevin Macdonald is the story of the singer’s life, as authorised by her family. Houston died in a bathtub at the Beverly Hills Hotel in February 2012, aged 48. Gary Garland, Houston’s brother, speaks of their childhood in the film, Whitney, and says his greatest trauma was being molested “by a female relative” between the ages of seven and nine. Houston’s aunt Mary Jones, who found her body, says Houston told her the same thing. She recalls Houston saying: “Mary, I was too. It was a woman.” Ms Jones, asked if the person was named, replies: “It was Dee Dee Warwick.” Houston never told her mother Cissy, out of fear of the repercussions. “I think she was ashamed,” says Ms Jones in the film. Houston endured a tumultuous marriage to Bobby Brown from 1992 to 2007, which was notorious for violent outbursts and abuse. Despite the marriage, Houston’s bisexuality has long been rumoured in the music industry. ocumentary, Ms Jones suggests In the documentary, se made Whitney Whitne ney y the abuse n her sexual al “question nce”. preference”. y Brown and d Bobby y had a Whitney r, Bobbi daughter, Kristina Brown, ed in July y who died ed 22, afterr 2015 aged und – like herr being found mother – unresponsive in a bathtub. In the documentary, the family discuss their early life in Newark, New Jersey, which is the same state the Warwicks hail from. e and Dionne Warwick sang Dee Dee with Cissy Houston in the New Hope Baptist Church choir in Newark. Eventually, the three Whitney Houston and Dionne ne and Dee Dee Warwick k women formed the gospel trio the Gospelaires, who often performed with the Drinkard Singers. Cissy Houston was a member of both groups. Dee Dee Warwick, Houston’s cousin, yea her senior, and one of the was 18 years openl gay women in the music infirst openly dustry and alongside her sister Dionne, five years older, was a huge hit in the Sixties and Seventies. 19 song I’m Gonna Make You Her 1966 Love Me was remade into a huge pop hit the following year by Madeline an then reached No 2 in the US Bell, and cha (No 3 in the UK) when repop charts corded as a duet between the Supreme and the Temptations. Supremes War Warwick always struggled to eme emerge from her older sister’s shadow, however, and lived a troubled life. “Dee Dee was openly lesbian in the music industry,” one anonymous source close to the Warwick family said. “Not necessarily in public, but I don’t think that was a secret within the music industry. And that was a detriment to her development also, because she didn’t hide it within the music industry.” It also brought her closer to Houston, the insider says. “Whitney felt closer to Dee Dee by virtue of them sharing a similar orientation. It is interesting that there is that connection.” Dee Dee Warwick spent her last years battling a lengthy narcotics addiction and died in 2008, aged 63. Ageism is ‘alive and well’ in Hollywood, says Jane Fonda, 80 Italy’s potential coalition wants €250bn debt written off By Our Foreign Staff By Nick Squires in Rome and James Crisp in Brussels POPULIST parties on the brink of forming Italy’s new government discussed demanding a debt write-off of €250 billion – virtually guaranteeing a showdown with Brussels. A leaked draft document drawn up by the anti-establishment Five Star Movement, suggested the two parties try to form a coalition government after 10 weeks of post-election deadlock. It would ask the European Central Bank to write off 10 per cent of Italy’s debt. The document debated scrapping the euro – but the parties later said the draft was “out of date” and had been changed. But as the European Commission warned Italy over the direction it was heading, Mr Salvini denounced a Financial Times article claiming Italy was on the brink. “The barbarians are not merely massing at the gates of Rome. They are inside the city walls,” it said. Mr Salvini retorted: “Better a barbarian than a slave that sells Italy’s dignity, future, businesses and even its borders.” He also attacked Dimitris Avramopolous, the EU’s migration commissioner, who warned Italy not to alter its refugee policy. Mr Salvini said money spent on migrant centres would instead pay to expel “thousands of criminals”. Luigi Di Maio, head of Five Star, warned that coalition policies would represent a “bomb” to the political establishment. Wolfgango Piccoli, an analyst for Teneo Intelligence, said many proposals were “utterly unrealistic” but added: “Five Star and The League know that a public fight with Brussels will boost their popularity.” GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA Hot shots Golfers continue their rounds, apparently oblivious to the plumes of ash spewing from the nearby Kīlauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island. Experts say the lowering of a lava lake ‘has raised the potential for explosive eruptions’ at the volcano. Venezuela hands over closed Kellogg factory to its workers By Virginia Pietromarchi VENEZUELAN authorities said they had handed a Kellogg factory to workers and reactivated production yesterday, a day after the US cereal producer pulled out of the country. Kellogg joined a host of other multinationals in exiting Venezuela and later confirmed that Nicolas Maduro’s Leftist government had taken over its manufacturing plant. Yesterday, Marco Torres, the Aragua state governor, criticised Kellogg and guaranteed that food production would continue. “With no notification, this US-based multinational decided to close its doors, leaving 570 workers hanging,” said Mr Torres at the plant in Maracay. “Yet, we’re here – in less than 24 hours.” Millions of people in Venezuela suffer food and medicine shortages amid hyperinflation. Mr Maduro blames Venezuela’s crisis on an “economic war” that he says is being waged by Washington, greedy businessmen and coup-mongers. He is expected to win Sunday’s presidential election, described by the opposition as a sham – who also put the blame for the economic crisis squarely at Mr Maduro’s door, citing corruption 570 The number of workers employed at the Kellogg plant in Maracay, Venezuela. The US cereal producer has become the latest firm to pull out of the troubled country and mismanagement. Clorox, Kimberly-Clark, General Mills, General Motors and Harvest Natural Resources are the most recent big names to pull out of Venezuela in the face of worsening economic conditions. Opposition critics scoffed that the government would quickly plunder the Kellogg plant and ruin its business. Kellogg has not given more detailed information on the difficulties it was facing, but companies have been struggling to find raw materials and cover their production expenses, as the government does not allow companies to raise prices in order to cope with the country’s hyperinflation. “The current economic and social deterioration in the country has now prompted the company to discontinue operations,” Kellogg said. Mr Maduro used a campaign rally to call the action “absolutely unconstitutional and illegal” and said the workers would take over so that “they can continue producing for the people”. During a speech in the state of Carabobo on Tuesday, Mr Maduro also said that he had begun judicial proceedings against the company’s business leader. While the Texas-based company said it hoped to return to Venezuela in future, it also warned of legal action if its product is sold there in the meantime. France refuses to create legal age for sexual consent By Henry Samuel in Paris STEPHANE CARDINALE/CORBIS VIA GETTY IMAGES JANE FONDA has branded ageism in Hollywood “alive and well” after studio bosses wanted younger stars to front a movie instead of her and fellow Oscarwinner Diane Keaton. The women star alongside Mary Steenburgen and Candice Bergen in Book Club, a film about four older friends who reinvigorate their sex lives after reading Fifty Shades of Grey. But the film’s creators resorted to making it independently after they said executives told them they would only produce the movie if the characters were younger. Speaking in Los Angeles, Steenburgen said it was a “miracle” that it ever got made, while Fonda, 80, added that it was an example of age discrimination’s prevalence in Hollywood. Director Bill Holderman said studios had applied a “tremendous amount of pressure” to reduce the ages of the characters to their late forties, despite pitching the recognisable stars. “It’s an industry that’s very much driven by youth and beauty. Ageism is alive and well,” said Fonda, who won Oscars with Coming Home and Klute. “I think that’s beginning to change, though.” Keaton, 72, who won an Oscar for Annie Hall, said it demonstrates the difficulties faced by older women in the industry and in other fields. “It means it’s tough. But it’s tough always for older people. They’re used less frequently in every field – it’s not just in the performing arts,” she said. Steenburgen described Book Club, out in UK cinemas on June 1, as “quietly subversive and revolutionary”. Pair up for Solo John Travolta and wife Kelly Preston at the screening of Solo: A Star Wars Story at Cannes Film Festival. He later danced on stage with rapper 50 Cent. FRANCE’S parliament has passed a Bill to tighten laws on child rape but also angered rights groups by not setting a minimum legal age for sexual consent. Yesterday’s Bill creates the new offence of “sexual violation of a minor by penetration”, which is punishable by 10 years in prison. But, after a heated debate overnight, MPs decided not to create France’s first law on the age below which a minor cannot agree to a sexual relationship with an adult, proposed to be set at 15. The new offence instead states that relations between an adult and a minor (of 15 or younger) can be classified as rape if there is “abuse of the victim’s vulnerability” and if she or he “lacks the necessary discernment to consent”. The debate comes after outrage over recent court cases in which prosecutors refused to try two men for rape of 11-year-old girls because there was no proof of coercion. Opposition MPs have criticised the new law as “ambiguous” and one that “sends the wrong message to society”. The Bill must now pass the Senate. ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 13 World news Kim summit on shaky ground as Trump says ‘wait and see’ DONALD TRUMP yesterday conceded he did not know if his meeting with Kim Jong-un would go ahead after North Korean officials openly criticised his administration’s demands. The US president repeatedly said “we’ll see” when asked to confirm if the June 12 summit in Singapore announced last week would go ahead. The White House insisted that hardhitting economic sanctions on the country would remain in place unless Kim attended the meeting. And a senior official played down claims they had been blindsided by North Korea’s threat to not attend the meeting, saying they “fully expected” such developments. The response came after Kim Kyegwan, North Korea’s deputy foreign minister, singled out John Bolton, Mr Trump’s new hard-line national security adviser, for criticism. Mr Bolton said last month that the “Libya model” from 2003-04, when Muammar Gaddafi agreed to give up his nuclear weapons programme, would be used for North Korean talks. However, Gaddafi ended up being killed in the streets by a mob in 2011 after his government was overthrown. Kim Kye-gwan, North Korea’s deputy foreign minister, said of Mr Bolton that “we do not hide our feelings of repugnance towards him”, according to KCNA, the North Korean news agency. Mr Kim claimed the remarks cast doubt on America’s sincerity, underlin- ‘We do not hide our feelings of repugnance towards him [John Bolton]’ Most of border dead were with us, says Hamas By Raf Sanchez in Gaza City A SENIOR Hamas leader has admitted that 50 of the 62 peopled killed during protests along the Gaza border on Monday were members of the Islamist group. The comments, made on television by Salah Bardawil, a political leader in the group which controls the Gaza Strip, came as Hamas said it would continue the protests. The group hoped that a mass demonstration on June 5 would rival the size of this week’s protests, a spokesman said yesterday. Two days after Israeli forces killed more than 60 Palestinians and wounded around 2,000, Hamas said the demonstrations would keep going ahead of the June anniversary of the 1967 war. “The protests will continue because they have not achieved their goals yet,” said Hazem Qasem, a spokesman. “Our desire here is for June 5 to be as big as May 14.” The comments by Mr Bardawil were immediately seized upon by Israel’s military as it tried to fend off widespread international criticism over the number of people killed by live fire on the border. “The branding of the riots as ‘peaceful protests’ could not be further from the truth,” an Israeli military spokesman said. Meanwhile, Guatemala became the first country to follow the United States’ lead and move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, called the move “the beginning of something extraordinary” and said he hoped others would do the same. As Israel and Hamas continued their war of words, Hamas refused to accept a medical shipment from the Israeli military, despite a shortage of hospital supplies to treat the wounded. Mr Qasem dismissed it as a propaganda stunt. “The occupation is trying to show that it has a human face, which is wrong. These trucks carrying these medical supplies are covered with Palestinian blood,” he said. Israel said the Hamas refusal was proof that it did not care about the residents of Gaza. Aid shipments from the UN and the Palestinian Authority were allowed in. Rallying cry EU must be united, says Tusk The president of the European Council has attacked Donald Trump’s “capricious assertiveness” after the US leader pulled his country out of the Iran nuclear deal and threatened the EU with tariffs on steel imports. In a letter to EU leaders ahead of their meeting last night in Sofia, Donald Tusk said “with friends like Donald Trump, the EU could ask, who needs enemies?” He added that the EU needed to be united “economically, politically and also militarily like never before” or risk being “a pawn” in global politics. James Crisp ing that his country was not Libya, which met a “miserable fate”. North Korea analysts have cautioned that the brutal death of Gaddafi may be foremost on Kim Jong-un’s mind ahead of talks on denuclearisation. Several also pointed to Mr Bolton’s fractious history with North Korea. In 2003, North Korea refused to participate in multilateral talks if Mr Bolton was present after he labelled then leader Kim Jong-il a “tyrannical dictator”. His remarks followed an unexpected announcement by KCNA on Tuesday that planned talks with South Korea had been postponed just hours before they were due to start because of the joint military drills. America was also warned that “careful deliberations” would need to take place over whether to go ahead with Mr Trump’s meeting with Kim. Asked yesterday if his meeting with Kim would go ahead, Mr Trump said: “We’ll have to see, we’ll have to see. No decision. We haven’t been notified at all. We’ll have to see.” Mr Trump reportedly said “yes” yesterday when asked if he would still insist on the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula. u Donald Trump was also facing domestic pressure yesterday as his financial ethics disclosures for 2018 revealed the payment he made to porn star Stormy Daniels. His filing states he repaid Michael Cohen, his personal lawyer, for an expense between $100,001 and $250,000, which Ms Daniels claims was in exchange for keeping quiet about her relationship with Mr Trump, a liaison Mr Trump denies. KEVIN LAMARQUE / REUTERS By Ben Riley-Smith in Washington and Nicola Smith in Taipei Russian meeting President ‘helped’ son Feeling blue Adrianna Valoy, 90, mother of New York police detective Miosotis Familia, 48, who was shot dead last July in the line of duty, clings to Donald Trump, the president, at the 37th Annual National Peace Officers’ Memorial Service at the US Capitol in Washington. Donald Trump Jnr has admitted his father may have helped draft a misleading statement about his Trump Tower meeting with a Russian lawyer. The 2016 meeting saw Trump campaign officials, including Donald Jnr, gather with Kremlin-linked figures after they offered political dirt on the Democrat presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. When details came to light, Mr Trump’s office stated the meeting “primarily discussed a programme about the adoption of Russian children”. A Senate panel has released documents suggesting Mr Trump dictated the statement, meaning he may have been misleading the press. Rozina Sabur 14 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news Syrian forces attack refugee camp to flush out jihadists SIPA ASIA/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK By Josie Ensor in Beirut 400-400-200 formation Looking like a piece of geometric art, this is actually a drone picture of students at football training in Huaying city, central China. SYRIAN and Russian forces yesterday attacked a Palestinian refugee camp under the control of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, as they closed in on the last rebel-held territory in Damascus. Pro-government troops launched air strikes and fired missiles into Yarmouk camp to rid the area of the jihadists. Air strikes have destroyed more than half the refugee site in the past few weeks, leaving civilians trapped in uninhabitable conditions. Before the Syrian civil war started in 2011, Yarmouk was home to around 160,000 Palestinian refugees, displaced from their homes in modernday Israel during the 1948 war. More than 100,000 Syrians also lived there. When the Syrian revolution moved to Yarmouk, many Palestinians were forced to take sides. Some sought protection from Syria, others turned to rebel groups. It is now home to a few hundred civilians after the rest fled, according to the United Nations, which says most were elderly residents. Yarmouk was the scene of the heaviest fighting in the country since nearby Eastern Ghouta fell into government hands a month ago. Dozens of civilians were killed, including some shot by snipers as they tried to flee. About 140 fighters from both sides have also been killed, the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported. Victory in Yarmouk would clear the capital of all forces opposed to the government and further cement President Bashar al-Assad’s dominant position. u The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons said yesterday that banned chlorine munitions appear to have been dropped on a neighbourhood in the northern Idlib province in February. Amsterdam calls time on partying tourists Airbnb, beer bikes and cruise ships will be among attractions banned to stop ‘Disneyfication’ of capital By Senay Boztas in Amsterdam AMSTERDAM, city of red lights and cannabis cafés, may soon be pulling the plug on the party. Following the examples of Barcelona and Venice, Amsterdam’s main political parties have announced radical measures to turn down the volume of tourism and reverse the “Disneyfication” of the Dutch capital. A coalition of four parties, negotiating to form the new city government, yesterday issued a pledge of agreed reforms to provide “balance in the city”. It will ban Airbnb short-term rentals in busy areas, divert cruise ships from docking in the centre, and crack down on “fun rides” like Segways, beer bikes, and boozy boat trips. The tourist tax will also rise from between 4 and 6 per cent to a flat 7 per cent – raising €105 million (£92 million) a year by 2022. “We have to ensure that the city stays liveable for all residents,” said Yvette Hofman, spokesman for GroenLinks green-Left party. “This is a subject that really matters to residents, who have felt under attack by increasing crowds, partly due to Airbnb and illegal hotels. They have complained that they no longer know their neighbours and of [a tourist] monoculture in the centre. This is about balance.” The news comes a month after Eurostar announced a direct train service from London to Amsterdam, cueing heavy promotion. It follows measures such as city permits and turnstiles on busy streets in Venice, a ban on private rentals to tourists in Palma, Majorca, and a bar on new hotels in Barcelona. Tourism was a central issue in the recent Amsterdam city elections, which saw the leading D66 liberal democrats overtaken by GroenLinks, which campaigned to reduce the tourist nuisance and provide more middle-income homes – since tourist rental apartments are blamed for exacerbating a severe shortage of housing. Amsterdam, one of Airbnb’s top locations, has seen a huge rise in tourist numbers, with 18 million people expected to visit this year – up from 11 million in 2005, according to the research bureau SEO. Last year the city announced heavy fines for exceeding Airbnb limits, and a ban on new tourist shops. From next year the number of days permitted for Airbnb-type hire will be halved to 30. The new coalition document includes cleaning up the city and controlling advertising. Tour boats will have to board and unload outside the centre and tour guides outside the red light district will need a permit. “Amster- Jailed Malaysian opposition leader freed to take power By Nicola Smith ASIA CORRESPONDENT ANWAR IBRAHIM, the long-time Malaysian opposition figurehead, walked free from jail yesterday, paving the way for him to eventually become prime minister. Mr Anwar, 70, emerged to a rapturous welcome before heading to an audience with King Sultan Muhammad V, who had granted him a pardon after an opposition alliance routed the country’s ruling coalition in a shock election result last week. He was imprisoned for sodomy in 2015 during the rule of Najib Razak, the now ousted prime minister. The opposition leader and his People’s Justice Party claimed the charges had been fabricated to curb their rise after making historic gains in the 2013 elections. Mr Anwar had been due to be released in June, but his freedom was expedited after an election win by the Pakatan Harapan coalition led by Mr Anwar’s former political nemesis, Mahathir Mohamad, 92. In a bizarre twist, Mr Anwar’s party joined forces with Dr Mahathir, a former authoritarian prime minister who held power for 22 years, to defeat the six-decade rule of Mr Najib’s Barisan Nasional coalition. Mr Anwar was once heir-apparent to the premiership until Dr Mahathir sacked him in 1998. He was subsequently jailed in a case that he claimed was politically motivated and which the US denounced a “show trial.” Throughout the fractious campaign, Dr Mahathir pledged to hand over the top job to Mr Anwar after his release. He has since confirmed his intention to do so, although he expects to remain in power for one or two years first. “I regret that he was jailed but that is not something that I did. It was the court,” Dr Mahathir said in an interview with The Daily Telegraph in April. “He seems to be a very charismatic leader. He can gather a lot of support.” Ahead of his release, Mr Anwar told Australia’s Fairfax Media that a new “golden era” was afoot. uPolice converged on the home of ousted prime minister Najib Razak in Kuala Lumpur yesterday. Local media suggested they were conducting raids related to the multi-billion dollar 1MDB scandal. Mr Razak has already been barred from leaving the country. Japan’s whisky drinkers in low spirits as supplies dry up By Danielle Demetriou in Tokyo JAPANESE whisky, which, with sushi and ramen, has enjoyed a dramatic rise in global popularity, has become a victim of its own success. Distiller Suntory Spirits says it has to stop selling two premium brands due to shortages fuelled by the global thirst for its award-winning whiskies. It is to suspend sales of Hakushu 12, a single malt, from next month, while the Hibiki 17 blend will stop in September. The decision, according to Kyodo news agency, was taken because Suntory was unable to keep up with surging demand. Its popularity abroad has hit new heights due to a string of international awards and growing interest in Japanese restaurants and bars. The withdrawal of the labels was an inevitable consequence of its popularity due to finite supplies, said Jim Murray, the British whisky writer. “I was not at all surprised,” the author of the Whisky Bible said. “There is not enough Japanese whisky to sustain demand. Its popularity took off when I gave Yamazaki 17 a World Whisky of the Year award in 2014. Since then, everyone has tried to get hold of Japanese whisky and sales and prices have gone through the roof. Japanese companies are struggling to keep up.” Demand in Japan has also soared – young adults love the “highball”, a whisky and soda. The domestic market went from 61 million litres in 2007 to 137 million litres in 2017, equivalent to 55 Olympic-size swimming pools. Explaining the appeal, Mr Murray said: “For years, they have very strictly followed scotch traditions, more so than in Scotland. There is the most enormous attention to detail and the end results are very good whiskies.” Hibiki 17, a blend aged in Japanese oak and sold in iconic 24-sided bottles, won the 2016 International Spirits Gold Award. Suntory is taking steps to bridge the gap between demand and supply by expanding its ageing production facilities, but it will take time. “The problem is that you cannot just knock out a 17-year-old whisky,” said Mr Murray. “But they are investing to increase production, even if it does take a while to produce a good whisky.” dam is a city to live, stay and do business. Only after this is it a tourist destination. We want to spread the nuisance and needs of tourism better.” Ms Hofman added that since GroenLinks, D66 and the Labour and Socialist Party are not opposed to cannabis cafés, the document does not deal with cannabis: “There are lots of tourists who only come to the city for this, so we need to ensure it isn’t a nuisance for residents.” The document also says that the Amsterdam Marketing body will need to be revamped to promote cultural tourism, congresses and spreading visitors. WORLD BULLETIN Five die during sword attack on police HQ Four men who attacked an Indonesian police headquarters with samurai swords were shot dead after killing an officer yesterday, days after a wave of deadly suicide bombings. The assault in the city of Pekanbaru on Sumatra – claimed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – saw a group ram their minivan into a gate at the station and then attack officers, police authorities said. Days earlier, two suicide bombings in Surabaya on Java killed 12 people and injured 50. Extradition of Catalan trio to Spain ruled out A court in Brussels has ruled against extraditing three former Catalan politicians – Toni Comin, Meritxell Serret and Lluis Puig – who fled Spain after learning they faced arrest over their roles in the regional declaration of independence in October. The European arrest warrants were issued, dropped and then later reinstated by Spain, but they were not valid, the court ruled, saying that the reissued warrants should have been backed up by new Spanish warrants. US university to pay $500m to abuse victims Sex abuse victims of Dr Larry Nassar, the disgraced US doctor, and Michigan State University have reached a tentative settlement in which victims will be paid $500 million (£370 million), attorneys said. Nassar, who worked as a doctor for the USA Gymnastics federation and also ran a campus clinic at Michigan State, earlier this year received two jail sentences of up to 125 years and up to 175 years after hundreds of women told of his decades of sexual abuse. Ex-CIA employee named as data leak suspect A former CIA engineer has been identified as the suspect behind the largest leak of classified documents in the intelligence service’s history. Joshua Schulte, 29, is accused of handing over thousands of stolen files to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks for its “Vault 7” cache of documents, describing the spy agency’s cyberwarfare and surveillance capabilities. Mr Schulte spent six years at the CIA designing malware to break into terrorism suspects’ computers. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 *** 15 16 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment Wodehouse knew comedy is about more than hurling insults jan etherington W hen was the last time a book made you laugh out loud? Not recently, say the judges of the Bollinger Everyman Wodehouse annual prize for comic fiction. Out of 62 submissions, they couldn’t find a single writer who “captured the comic spirit” of Wodehouse and “prompted unanimous, abundant laughter”. So the judges decided to withhold this year’s award – and I’m very glad they did. There’s nothing worse than mediocre comedy, or being told a book is “hilarious” only to plough through it with a face like an Easter Island statue. As a comedy writer for more than 30 years, I’ve seen comedy change – and not for the better. Not so long ago excellent comic fiction was falling off the shelves. The first Wodehouse prize in 2000 was won by Howard Jacobson with The Mighty Waltzer, but he was run close by Sue Townsend’s angst-ridden Adrian Mole, The Cappuccino Years and the Telegraph’s former obituaries editor Hugh Massingberd’s The Book of Obituaries. Humour is subjective, but any of these would have received a brisk handshake of approval and an invitation for a snifter at the Drones Club from Bertie Wooster himself. So what’s gone wrong? Are writers so worried about being PC that humour is about as cutting-edge as a damp sponge? Or is it that no one knows how to “write funny” any more? It is both, but comic writers have also fallen out of touch with their audience. Undeniably, our world has changed since Lord Emsworth chased the Empress round Blandings Castle. We live in frightening times, with little to laugh about. Satire can tackle “issues” but the comic spirit of Wodehouse is about gauging the mood of the age and providing an escape. Evelyn Waugh describes it thus: “His characters have never tasted the forbidden fruit. They are still in Eden. Mr Wodehouse’s idyllic world can never stale. He has made a world for us to live in and delight in.” As did James Herriot’s vet novels and HE Bates’s The Darling Buds of May, which chronicled the bucolic life of the Larkins. The TV series was screened during the Gulf War and was watched by almost the whole country. Unashamedly escapist, feelgood and funny. Today, we watch The Durrells for the same reason, as world powers threaten and skirmish. Now we smirk, snigger, swear (oh, how we swear) and slag off in the name of comedy, but rarely do we see or hear wit, wordplay and pin-sharp, character-led dialogue on page or screen. Writing great comedy isn’t about hurling insults and put-downs. It’s one of the hardest things to do – and one of the least appreciated. I was often asked: “When are you going to move up to writing drama?”, as if comedy was the bottom rung of the “proper writing” ladder. Comedy films rarely win Oscars and actors dream of playing Hamlet rather than, say, Felix in The Odd Couple. The Wodehouse judges are right to hold out for the next Kingsley Amis, Nick Hornby, Alan Bennett or Michael Frayn – whose Sixties’ Fleet Street novel Towards the End of the Morning really is falling-down funny – because they’re not just great comedy writers but great writers, who’ve often spent a lifetime perfecting their craft. Wodehouse recognised this: “When, in due course, Charon ferries me across the Styx and everyone is telling everyone else what a rotten writer I was, I hope at least one voice will be heard piping up: ‘But he did take trouble’.” read more at telegraph.co.uk/opinion To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 email@example.com A new culture of declinism has gripped Britain’s establishment From the economy to Brexit, our elites have given up even trying to fix the country’s problems allister heath N o wonder artificial intelligence is making such strides: humans are hopelessly flawed. Our myopia is extraordinary, and our propensity to fall foul of manias never fails to amaze. When all goes well, we succumb to irrational exuberance: we convince ourselves that the stock market is bound to double or that eternal peace is inevitable. Yet as soon as the going gets a little tougher, or the people vote the “wrong” way, it’s U-turns galore. We recall, suddenly, that civilisations fall as well as rise, and assume that this must be the moment when we locked ourselves into a spiral of terminal decline. Nuance, perspective and balance are nigh-on impossible in a society plagued by such cognitive biases, one that yo-yos from Panglossianism to extreme self-doubt. This pathological inability to take the long view – paradoxically, most prevalent among the most educated – is key to explaining the return of declinism in Britain and America, one of the most worrying developments in decades. For the first time since the Seventies, much of our establishment has started to despair of our society. Instead of trying to fix problems, they shrug and accept defeat. The financial crisis rattled many, of course, but the real trigger was the Brexit vote, which instantly transformed relaxed, prosperous people into “no can do” pessimists; Donald Trump’s election triggered a similar psychological reaction among liberal elites in the US. The old enthusiastic attitude, honed in the Thatcherite Eighties and Blairite Nineties, is nowhere to be seen; and Barack Obama’s “Yes we can” campaign chant has been replaced by an angry negativity. Not everybody has been contaminated: many ordinary voters are upbeat, hopeful that their concerns have been heard at last, and plenty of entrepreneurs are getting on with forging the digital age. Yet there is evidence of this rampant defeatism everywhere. As far as the bien-pensant elites in Westminster are concerned, Brexit is technically impossible: it cannot be done, such are the depths of our entanglements with the EU. The idea that we could still, with a proper strategy and better political leadership, negotiate a good deal, leveraging our many strengths and assets, or simply go it alone, is met with a mixture of mirth and fury. We are David, we keep being told, they are Goliath, and unlike in Biblical times we are doomed. Thanks for refusing even to try, chaps. As to the economy, the outlook is equally hopeless. Ben Broadbent, a deputy governor of the Bank of England, believes that the economy has entered a “climacteric” or – to use his translation – “menopausal” moment: the forces preventing productivity from growing are so immense, so bound up in technological cycles that policymakers can’t even hope to make a dent in them. The Treasury agrees: it doesn’t believe that anything can be done to kick-start our sluggish economy, apart from cancelling Brexit, of course. The Chancellor is nowhere to be seen, and doesn’t believe that tax cuts or deregulation would make any difference. There are few better illustrations of our new culture of defeatism than that. The rot has spread everywhere. The police believe nothing can be done to tackle the explosion in knife attacks and other crime. A debilitated Foreign Office’s only answer to Iran or North Korea is appeasement, and condemnation of those who seek genuine solutions. The Tory centre-Right and Labour centreLeft have bought the lazy trope that demographics is destiny: the suburbs are shifting leftward as graduates move in; and the working class is turning blue as a result of Brexit. There is little room for trying to shift opinion. Even free-marketeers are giving up: the public loves the NHS and nationalisation – not least of train franchises such as the East Coast main line – so what’s the point of fighting a battle that cannot be won? None of our past five prime ministers would have put up with this nonsense. Margaret Thatcher was responsible for rescuing us from our previous declinist period in the Seventies, but John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron all believed in the power of leadership to change the course of history. They were right, and their policies, for better or worse, transformed Britain. Yet their 25 years in office were not exactly typical. Declinism has had an especially long history in the UK, perhaps because we were once the world’s most powerful country. As the historian Robert Tombs has argued, it is also a sign of parochialism: we obsess about our own faults while turning a blind eye to everybody else’s, often greater, problems. It all started in the 1880s, when many in Britain panicked at the rise of Germany as an industrial powerhouse; then the Great War shattered more follow Allister Heath on Twitter @AllisterHeath; read more at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion illusions, and Oswald Spengler’s The Decline of the West was read almost as closely in Britain as it was on the continent. In the late Forties and Fifties, the end of empire, combined with rationing and the Great Smog of 1952, fuelled a sense of a country in freefall. But it was the Suez crisis in 1956 that shattered what was left of our ruling class’s self-confidence and the culture of deference that helped to support it. After that, the establishment decided that our only hope was to join the Common Market. When we finally did in the Seventies, the received wisdom was that high inflation, strikes and rising unemployment were inevitable features of late-stage capitalism. Decline was unavoidable, and perhaps also full socialism: the best that could be done was to manage the process. Declinism also took other forms, with a fearful acceptance of hard Left, IRA and Middle Eastern terror. It was from this intellectual cesspit that Thatcher emerged. She believed that unleashing capitalism would bolster growth and that terrorists could be defeated, as with the siege of the Iranian embassy. She took on Argentina and won. Then there was no looking back – until two years ago, that is. Only three groups continue to resist the ambient declinism. The Corbynites remain relentlessly optimistic, a key component of their appeal. Then there are the real Brexiteers: they still want to reboot Britain but have been sidelined. The final group are the technology entrepreneurs: as far as they are concerned, their inventions will make all of our lives better. All three groups have performed near-miracles over the past few years, which should come as a warning to the establishment: declinism is an elite phenomenon, and its electoral appeal is suicidally narrow. The public will not tolerate a political class that has given up. The degree arms race is bad for everyone When every job becomes professional, you devalue education and shut out less bookish applicants tibor fischer her E xam season is upon us again. I feel sorry for the conscientious, motivated students who are on course to do well, because it’s predicted that there will be a bumper number of first-class degrees awarded, prompting renewed calls for a ludicrous “starred first” classification for “exceptional” candidates. Grade inflation? That’s one way of looking at it. Another is that it’s all part of the general, wholesale lowering of standards in education. It’s not just the first-class degrees that don’t automatically earn respect, it’s university degrees full stop. The university degree is no longer about academic excellence or intellectual adventure. It has become a sort of cure-all magic wand, a panacea that can right wrongs or improve anything, a weapon to combat social injustice, a passport to prosperity. And so everyone should have one – nurses are now required to be educated to degree level, and soon police officers will be, too. The degree arms race is a result of the prizes-for-all attitude that has permeated the school system, the bums-on-seats competition between universities, middleclass embarrassment about being middle class, and the Left’s obsession with social engineering. Is it a good thing for a policeman to be savvy in computer science or to be able to banter in Mandarin? Of course. Is it a good idea for nurses to have an understanding of chemistry? No one would argue with that. But there’s a difference between rigorous training, which in the case of police officers is probably best administered by experienced police officers, and a degree, which should have a serious academic threshold. So either you have a debased degree, or you run the risk of turning away less educated applicants who might make excellent police officers, if not outstanding chief constables. There’s no question that the best police officers are the ones who are good with people; that’s something that’s hard, if not impossible, to teach, and certainly nothing to do with a degree. And surely one of the most important qualifications for nursing is compassion, concern for others – again, something that tends to be innate. The premise that getting a degree will automatically make you irresistible to employers is questionable, too. If everyone has a degree, how does that make you stand out? And if employers notice that graduates are incapable of writing a coherent report, why should they rate a university degree? Some of the students doing undemanding arts degrees today would probably be financially better off learning how to be a carpenter or an electrician, and would enjoy greater future independence. Yet even with the numbers applying for apprenticeships in decline, the obsession with getting more young people to university grows more and more absurd. Cambridge University is now considering a foundation year for students “who have experienced educational disadvantage”, to encourage more applicants from read more at telegraph.co.uk/ opinion state schools, ethnic minorities and low-income families. I don’t know why there aren’t more successful applicants from those “educationally disadvantaged” groups, but the idea that they are somehow shut out because they’re not as polished or erudite as the kid from Eton doesn’t stand up to examination. The Left-wing dons are desperate to give a place to students from the bottom of the pile. And the handful of Right-wing dons? It’s their dream to find a maths genius from a council estate in Tower Hamlets. Handing everyone a piece of paper called a degree isn’t going to solve society’s problems or usher in Nirvana. The big problem is not inequality but poverty: if I’m earning £1 million a year, it’s not a scandal if others are earning £20 million. As a teacher of creative writing, let me point out some of the writers who didn’t bother with university at all: Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, Aphra Behn, Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, William Blake, Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, George Eliot. University isn’t (and shouldn’t be) for everyone – not if it’s to mean something. Tibor Fischer is the author of ‘How to Rule the World’ *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 17 Letters to the Editor Rail privatisation needs rebooting F or the third time since the railways were privatised in 1997, the East Coast mainline has been taken back into government control. Chris Grayling, the Transport Secretary, told MPs that this would be a temporary measure while a new private operator was found to take over in 2020. But given the history of this particular franchise, what guarantees are there that the same thing will not happen again? Mr Grayling said the joint venture of Stagecoach and Virgin had got their original £3 billion bid for the franchise wrong by overestimating the growth of passenger numbers on the London to Edinburgh route. Even though the line was generating substantial returns for the Treasury and was reporting high rates of customer satisfaction, the operators have lost nearly £200 million in meeting their contracted commitments. Mr Grayling was accused of being prepared to bail them out, but it would have created a moral hazard to have done so: other franchise-holders would have seen it as an incentive to walk away when they ran into financial difficulties. He eventually decided to take the company into state control once more, reviving the historic London and North Eastern Railway brand. The Transport Secretary has made the right choice. In doing so, however, he has reignited the political arguments over the future ownership of the railways. Predictably, Labour has called for the entire network to be renationalised, even though many of the franchises work perfectly well. Moreover, Labour conveniently forgets why the railways were privatised. The drain on the public finances meant they were not getting the investment that the private operators have been able to make. The issue is not whether the franchise model is working perfectly but what the railways would have looked like today had they remained in public control. Passenger numbers – which were falling until privatisation – have grown to the highest level since the Twenties. This is an opportunity to give fresh impetus to the privatisation model. Mr Grayling has set out proposals for greater integration of the operations and track and these need to be pursued vigorously. In the meantime, Network Rail – which is under state control – needs to do much more to upgrade the track. Labour’s solution is always to look back to a world of public ownership through rose-tinted spectacles. Mr Grayling is right to look ahead. A sorry state of affairs S orry used to be the hardest word. Nowadays an apology is an automatic requirement for anyone in public life unfortunate enough to fall foul of a self-appointed Inquisition ready to jump on well-meaning, if infelicitous, comments. Its latest target is Ben Broadbent, the deputy governor of the Bank of England, who in an interview with this newspaper described the UK economy as entering a “menopausal” era. He explained that this phrase is used to describe economies that were “past their peak and not so potent”. Mr Broadbent evidently does not believe that menopausal women are no longer productive; nor did he consider the term “sexist” since he believed it applied to men as well, though that is arguable. He was trying to use a description that people would understand, since economists are always being accused of statistical wonkery and remoteness. But rather than being questioned on what he was actually saying about the economy, Mr Broadbent found himself the quarry in a hue-and-cry to force him to apologise and justify his fitness for the job. As he himself has conceded, the analogy he used might be upsetting to older women who would probably feel affronted at the implication that they are somehow no longer making a full contribution to society. It was, he said, a “poor choice of language”. But that is all it was. Hounding Mr Broadbent for harbouring inappropriate genderbased thoughts is unfair. The grovelling apology is sometimes perfectly justified for outrageous behaviour. We are in grave danger of diminishing its status by insisting that every unfortunate remark is worthy of one. Laurel quarrel D oes the nation have enough to occupy its time? The question forces itself upon us today when everyone is deciding what they hear in a little audio clip doing the rounds on social media. Is the voice saying Laurel or Yanny? The divide is said to be as entrenched as in 2015 over the question of whether a picture online showed a gold-and-white dress or a black-and-blue one. Even the satirist Swift, who divided Lilliputians into Big-Endians and Little-Endians (according to the end of the boiled egg they broke open), could not have found a more trivial shibboleth. Yet in history the great city of Constantinople saw thousands killed in riots between supporters of the Blues and the Greens in chariot racing. Contrariwise, perhaps modern dictators could be distracted from blowing up the world by first answering: Laurel or Yanny? New customs rules SIR – The loss of life in Gaza is to be regretted, and the prospect for a peace settlement between Israel and those representing the interests of the Palestinians seems a forlorn hope. As long as Hamas’s charter advocates the destruction of Israel, backed by continuing violence and staged propaganda, no sane Israeli would support the establishment of a Palestinian state. To a large extent, the Palestinian leadership has failed its own people by pursuing violence rather than dialogue. Peter Beyfus Salisbury, Wiltshire A view of St Helena’s capital, Jamestown, from the top of the Grade I-listed Jacob’s Ladder SIR – Theresa May’s preference for a “new customs partnership” suffers in the eyes of its parliamentary critics from the requirement to continue to collect EU external tariffs at the UK border. After entry, goods imported by British-based companies would be given a rebate for the difference between the EU external tariffs and the UK tariffs agreed as part of trade deals with non-EU countries. The alternative scheme before the Cabinet, “Max Fac”, appears to this reader to be too undefined to be a basis for negotiation with the EU. Leaving aside the question of who would pay for the rebate, the customs partnership scheme is unlikely to appeal to EU negotiators because it does not deal with the “rules of origin” question, where non-EU originating goods, which will in effect not have paid the full EU external tariff, would pass tariff-free from the UK into the EU. However, the solution is not difficult if you follow the standard international principle that import duties on goods are collected by the jurisdictions levying the tariff at the point where they enter their territory. On this principle, after Brexit, non-EU goods entering the UK will pay the UK tariff to the British authorities rather than the EU tariff they pay to the EU now. They will carry a machine-readable bar code certifying this. Goods, or parts of goods, entering the EU from the UK but originating from outside the EU-UK zone, will pay any difference between the UK and EU tariffs to the EU customs, which will continue to collect duties levied on other non-EU goods. This scheme can be implemented more or less straight away. No new forms or procedures at the ports are required. It also solves the ostensible Irish border problem. If the Irish do not want to collect any tariff differences in their favour at the border, that is up to them and the EU, not up to the British. Professor Stephen Bush University of Manchester Sleepy St Helena will never be a tourist trap Mixed up metaphor siR – As probably one of the few surviving past personnel of the St Helena Rifles, I share Andrew Mitchell’s enthusiasm for the future of this remote colonial outpost, some 1,500 miles from the nearest land (“St Helena’s airport is no white elephant”, Comment, May 15). However, I believe that he’s rather overstating the general attraction of the island and the leisure activities he mentions. They are surely not sufficient to make St Helena a popular tourist destination – except, that is, for the French. Longwood House, where Napoleon died, and his first residence, Briars, together with the garrison buildings, will all be part of a unique experience for SIR – If a deputy governor of the Bank of England, Ben Broadbent, thinks that the economy is in a “menopausal phase” (report, May 16), then thank goodness he’s not a gynaecologist. Dr John Gladstone Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire SIR – Monday’s tragedy in Gaza was totally predictable. The protest march had been announced in advance, and the presence of reinforced Israeli troops was known. To mount a mass assault on the border fence, armed or unarmed, was clearly suicidal. No military would have permitted a breakthrough in these circumstances. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk To permit the presence of children was quite unforgivable. Alfred Downs Manchester SIR – Who – or what – persuaded or coerced the mother photographed on the front page of Wednesday’s paper to take her precious baby girl, Leila, within the range of tear gas and bullets at the Israel-Gaza border? What was a baby doing on a protest that everyone knew was intended to lead to violence and death? The answer may be sought in the relationship between Hamas and the international community. The international community is ready, even eager, to condemn Israel whenever possible. Hamas is well aware of this, and cynically orchestrates the killing of Gaza’s most vulnerable in order to arouse this moral outrage. The people of Gaza deserve better than this, as does Israel. Marylou Grimberg Harpenden, Hertfordshire SIR – The Israeli government argues that the Palestinians, through Hamas, provoke hostilities and so Israeli soldiers are right to kill to defend the state. This is a dangerous argument as it serves only to convince those who support the Israeli position almost without question. Indeed, it might be argued that the economic blockade of Gaza is the real provocation. Israel needs friends, and the present government’s tactics seem designed to make enemies. The Israeli government has a wonderful example to learn from: Daniel Barenboim’s PalestinianIsraeli orchestra. Alexander Hopkinson-Woolley Bembridge, Isle of Wight SIR – What has happened to the BBC’s sense of proportion? The first item in Tuesday’s bulletin was that someone might not be able to attend a wedding. The second item was that 60 people had been slaughtered in the Middle East. John Jenkins Bath, Somerset End of interventionism SIR – That “the democratic world has lost its grand strategy”, as Lord Hague puts it (Comment, May 15), comes as no surprise to those of us who have argued consistently against cavalier attempts by a US-led West – in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya and Syria – to impose democratic values on peoples whose cultures and religions oppose them. The disappearing of “a unified set of goals” has been caused almost entirely by the consequences of such follies: an increased terror threat to Europe, combined with mass immigration from the very countries we attempted to democratise. Rev R C Paget Brenchley, Kent ALAMY established 1855 The deaths in Gaza expose the failings of the Palestinian leadership Cut your cloth to suit SIR – You report (May 15) that New Look has increased the prices of clothes in its Curves (plus-size) range. I take a petite or short size, but the clothes don’t cost any less than regular sizes. I wonder why that is? Janet Armstrong Chatham, Kent Hands in marriage SIR – The problem of hand washing before eating at a wedding reception (Letters, May 15) is easily solved. At all Jewish receptions, which can cater for many hundreds of people, there are always hand-washing stations in the four corners of the room. These have large jugs of water, large cups for pouring over the hands, and paper napkins on which to dry them. We even have a special blessing to say as we wash the hands. It’s very easy to set up – and no need to queue for the lavatories. There’s still time to organise it for the royal wedding if the caterer hasn’t done so already. Anne Elliot London N12 Bangers for dinner SIR – In the early Sixties, our scout patrol camp meal included a Fray Bentos steak and kidney pie (Letters, May 16). Realising we did not have an oven, we decided to heat the unopened pie in a billy can of boiling water over the wood fire. A little later a loud explosion was heard, and one of our number reported feeling something whistle past his ear. The billy can was left with a large hole in the side. The pie and its contents were never found. Peter Turner Swannington, Leicestershire his compatriot descendants, as will Jacob’s Ladder – 365 steps leading from Jamestown up to the barracks. The island and its residents deserve to be remembered and invested in, and its future will surely be best served by commercial business interests from France. Harold Franks Woodford Green, Essex siR – Andrew Mitchell’s tribute to St Helena sounds to me like an excuse for the Government spending £286 million on an island with only 4,000 residents. Has it ever spent that much on any village in Britain? Norman Baker Tonbridge, Kent Tories go after pensioners’ benefits at their peril SIR – The Conservative Party should think long and hard before meddling with the winter fuel allowance (“Tories woo young voters with call for means-tested winter fuel benefit”, report, May 15). In the weeks leading up to the last general election, the Conservatives were expected to romp home with a substantial majority – until, about a month before election day, Theresa May’s closest advisers suggested the Party consider an attack on bus passes, winter fuel allowances and the triple lock on pensions. The last of these had been regarded as sacrosanct by her predecessor. Having threatened a few million pensioners with financial penalties, the party’s fate in the subsequent election should not have surprised anyone. The aforementioned advisers were also sacked shortly afterwards. David Norris Quorn, Leicestershire SIR – Since most people, both men and women, work very productively into their seventies these days, is Mr Broadbent quite sure he is using the correct metaphor? And is he implying that women – with whom the menopause is usually associated – are no longer productive if they cannot reproduce? This would appear to denote a somewhat strange, sexist and limited outlook. M A Owen Hockwold, Norfolk Swallows to follow SIR – Does Michael Gove really believe the Conservative Party can endear itself to younger voters by punishing their grandparents? John Chinnick Weston-super-Mare, Somerset SIR – Please inform those in Devon and Cornwall that the swallows are on their way (Letters, May 16). During an idyllic couple of days at Wildboarclough in the Peak District this week, there were swallows swooping and preening outside our window each day. Neil Bunyan Flitwick, Bedfordshire SIR – Why is there talk about meanstesting winter fuel payments when it could just be taxed like pensions and all other forms of income? That way, those who don’t need the allowance would lose it in their tax payments. Penny Cole Watlington, Oxfordshire SIR – From yesterday’s letters to the editor I deduce that, as the swallows and martins have not yet arrived from the southern hemisphere, there have not been enough birds to eat the plague of insects complained about by readers on the same page. Chris Harding Parkstone, Dorset The future of the Tories is about to be revealed Renewing while in office is difficult, but two new groups have started the debate on where to go next NICK TIMOTHY THY N ext Monday, in the House of Commons, we will get a glimpse of what could be the future of the Conservative Party after Brexit. At the launch of Onward, a campaigning think tank, Ruth Davidson and Michael Gove will give speeches, while rising-star MPs such as Tom Tugendhat and Kemi Badenoch will attend. However, the significance of the moment will not be about personalities, but the policy debate it begins. Parties always struggle to renew in government. Several years into power, they face obvious difficulties. Identify new problems, or acknowledge past mistakes, and they are accused of trashing their own record. Change policies to suit the needs of the day, and they are accused of U-turning. Try to do these things quickly, without a longer conversation about the government’s direction, and they face resistance within their own ranks. This was my experience when Theresa May became Prime Minister and I worked as her adviser. We had a clear view of the challenges facing the country: to deliver Brexit but also – at a time of destabilising change – do more to make the country better for ordinary, working families. And we knew the policy framework we favoured: to support the individual citizen, families and society, as Tories do, but also to embrace government’s role in reforming dysfunctional markets and delivering prosperity across the country. It was difficult to get things done, not just because of Brexit but because the party had not had time to debate its future course. Should we stick to George Osborne’s fiscal policy or move beyond austerity? How should we reform broken markets that allow companies to exploit consumers? How could we increase prosperity outside the South East of England? How should we get more houses built? How could we relieve hard-pressed families on tight budgets? On these and other questions, Cabinet ministers had profoundly different views. The result was often timid change, or, worse, complete inactivity. The Tories need to learn from this experience and prepare for the future now. Fortunately, there are promising signs that this is starting to happen. In addition to Onward, there is Freer, a campaign group set up by the Cabinet minister Liz Truss, which makes the case for free markets and individual liberty. The Centre for Policy Studies, Margaret Thatcher’s favourite think tank, is showing new life under its director, Rob Colvile. Young MPs, including Bim Afolami, Chris Philp and Rishi Sunak, have generated new policy ideas on housing, corporate governance and trade. Some young talent has already been sucked into the Government, making it harder for the likes of Oliver Dowden, Lucy Frazer and Mr Sunak to contribute to the debate, but many others are doing so. The Prime Minister recognises the party’s need to renew, and has appointed Chris Skidmore, a former Cabinet Office minister, to oversee future policy development in Conservative Central Office. And she has given her blessing to Freer and Onward, the two organisations that encapsulate the choices the Tories face about their future. Freer stands for uncompromising libertarianism that would mean the Tories offer, in Truss’s words, “more market, not less”. She argues that, far from being an unusually Left-wing generation, today’s young people are “snapchatting, pop-up shopping, online-trading freedom fighters”. Onward stands for a less doctrinaire approach, rooted in the mainstream of public opinion, and its early priorities will be policies that help families with living costs, job security and buying a home. Its director, Will Tanner, calls it “a modernising, one nation organisation” and says: “We believe in markets but also the good that government can do.” As the local elections showed earlier this month, as did the general election, the fertile ground for the Tories is in the working-class and lower-middleclass communities of the Midlands and North of England. The key will be to make further gains among these constituencies while holding on to seats dominated by liberal, more prosperous voters. This is where last year’s election campaign failed. Onward is therefore trying to form a coalition of the Conservative modernising agendas. It seeks to marry the insights of Mrs May’s original agenda with the best of David Cameron’s approach, while learning from the mistakes of both. And this approach is reflected in Onward’s key personnel: its founder, Neil O’Brien, once worked for Mr Osborne, while Mr Tanner worked for Mrs May in the Home Office and Downing Street. Mr Tanner says he wants Onward to tackle the big issues of our time – embracing technology, addressing growing disparities in wealth, and providing opportunity for the young – while still producing meaningful retail policies for the party. Time will tell if he succeeds, but it is vital that Onward – and Freer and others like them – give the party the debate it needs about its future. Without it, the Tories will be unable to agree on a constructive domestic policy programme – and that is what they will need to win the next election. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion 18 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Puzzles, mind games and Telegraph Toughie Puzzles Test your wits with our famous crosswords puzzles.telegraph.co.uk UZ Z L E S P Enjoy all your favourite puzzles online If you haven’t joined yet, try our free trial now at puzzles.telegraph.co.uk 1. 3. The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 *** 19 20 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph FAMILY FEATURES The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 *** 21 FEATURE Modern family Is there still stigma in choosing not to have children? Page 23 EDUCATION Class counsellor Why under-11s are in therapy Page 23 ARTS Tom Wolfe The white-clad truth teller of American culture Page 24 DOMINIC LIPINSKI/GETTY; TIM STEWART NEWS; SPLASHNEWS Gap Mum A pregnant pause – before all hell breaks loose Page 22 Behind the scenes of the ‘Markle debacle’ Eleanor Steafel unravels the long-simmering family feud that has dominated the headlines in the run-up to Prince Harry and Meghan’s big dayy I n many ways, the events of the past few days beggar belief. As Britain began to prepare in earnest for the royal wedding – an event destined to whip up a circus at the best of times – a family saga so far‑fetched it would not seem out of place if written into the plot of a soap opera has been playing out for real. But for many, the remarkable antics of the extended Markle clan will have come as no surprise. Over the past few months, while Britain had its back turned on the American gossip columns carrying details of hate‑filled open letters from disgruntled relatives, bitter asides on breakfast television and tawdry “kiss‑ and‑tell” publishing deals, a chaotic feud has been brewing. By Monday A police mugshot of Thomas Markle Jr, Meghan’s half-brother morning, a family saga – the “Markle debacle” – was threatening to shake the foundations of the royal wedding. It began on Sunday, when it emerged that Meghan Markle’s father, Thomas – whose attendance at his daughter’s side in St George’s Chapel on Saturday had, until this point, been a given – had posed for staged photos with a paparazzi photographer. Undoubtedly embarrassing, but not unforgivable. On Monday, Ms Markle’s estranged half‑sister, Samantha Grant – who had made something of a name for herself since the relationship went public, commenting regularly on Meghan’s impending nuptials and securing a lucrative book deal – appeared on British television to defend her father’s actions, claiming the unfortunate mishap had, in fact, all been her fault. “I am entirely the culprit,” she Relative values: v Meghan Markle M with Prin Prince Harry, left, and her father, Thomas S Sr, above right. Her halfsister Sam Samantha Grant, be below right claimed. “It was my suggestion, to benefit him and to benefit the Royal family.” She certainly had no idea that her father would be “taken advantage of ”, she wrote on Twitter. Hours after the revelation, TMZ, the online gossip juggernaut, revealed that Mr Markle had decided he could not walk his daughter down the aisle, nor even attend the wedding, for fear of embarrassing the Royal family or his daughter. In any case, Mr Markle was reported as saying, he might not be allowed to attend for medical reasons: he had suffered a heart attack six days earlier, checking himself out of hospital shortly afterwards in his determination to travel to London for the wedding. (His doctors, he warned, might not allow it.) By Tuesday morning, the story had taken another turn, as Meghan’s half‑sister once again appeared on television, telling Piers Morgan and Susanna Reid on Good Morning Britain that the stress of the media backlash had been too much for her father and his attendance at the wedding still hung in the balance. “When you say he had a heart attack,” Morgan probed Ms Grant, “he went to the hospital just for a couple of hours and then checked himself out and drove 100 miles, and was seen the next day eating McDonald’s and KFC. This doesn’t seem like normal behaviour for someone who’s had a heart attack.” By Tuesday evening, Mr Markle, a retired television lighting engineer who lives in Mexico, had given an interview to TMZ (which, at this point, appeared to have taken on the role of Mr Markle’s mouthpiece), saying he would, of course, attend the wedding – he was eager not to miss out on this “historic moment”. “I’d like to be a part of history,” he said. “I hate the idea of missing one of the greatest moments in history, and walking my daughter down the aisle.” But by the time Mr Markle spoke to TMZ again, he told them he needed urgent heart surgery and wouldn’t be able to go to the wedding after all… So what is really behind all of this chaos? Is this simply the tale of a Continued on page 22 22 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph FAMILY T H R E E T E E N S A N D A B A BY D I A RY O F A G A P M U M LIZ FRASER CONTINUED FROM PAGE 21 This week: A ‘pregnant pause’ seems to be something of an understatement CONSTANT MEDIA; COLEMAN RAYNER fractured family being manipulated by media companies flashing dollar signs in front of them, and promises of long careers as royal commentators? Or the lashing-out of estranged family members jealous at not being invited to a once-in-a-lifetime event? And what part has Thomas Markle Sr truly played in it all? To begin to fathom this drama, you need first to understand a little about the key players at the centre of it. The Markle family feud had been building for some time. From the moment Meghan’s relationship with Prince Harry was announced in November 2016, her extended family (from many of whom she is said to be estranged) began to take advantage of the media storm. First in line? Samantha Grant who, shortly after the pair’s relationship went public, announced she was writing an autobiography entitled The Diary of Princess Pushy’s Sister. She has since been admonished by members of her own family for allegedly harbouring a longstanding, all-consuming jealousy. “She has dogged on Meghan forever,” Samantha’s mother Roslyn told Mail Online. “She has never liked Meghan, and she’s always been jealous of her.” Behind a closed Twitter account, Ms Grant has reportedly written of her disgust that she and other family members had not been invited to the wedding; Meghan’s parents are thought to be the only two members of her family to have received invitations. Meanwhile, her half-brother, Thomas Markle Jr, seems to have his own agenda. Last month, an explosive open letter addressed to Prince Harry appeared to reveal a deep-seated anger at the heart of the Markle clan towards the famous sister who had gone on to lead such a different life – and had left them off the guestlist. “It’s not too late,” he wrote. “As more time passed to your royal wedding, it became very clear that this is the biggest mistake in royal wedding history. Meg is showing her true colours.” It was this public attack that Family fortunes: Meghan’s nephews, Tyler and Thomas Dooley, with their mother Tracy Dooley Markle (above centre) arrive at Heathrow. Below, baby Meghan is held by her half-brother, Tom Markle, in Los Angeles in 1982 ‘Meg, I know that I’m not perfect, nor is anyone else in our family’ triggered his heart attack, Thomas Markle Sr told TMZ. However, anyone with a keen eye glued on the American gossip sites over the past two weeks cannot fail to have observed the bizarre volte-face that Meghan’s half-siblings now seem to have completed. Certainly, Thomas Markle Jr and Samantha’s assaults on their half-sister and members of her future family have not only dried up, they have turned into outpourings of sentimentality, and a yearning to right old wrongs. Samantha has now gone back on her initial plan for the autobiography, saying it won’t be a “slamming tell-all” after all; her original “Princess Pushy” title was meant to be a mockery of tabloidese, not of her sister. She told the Mirror: “[With the original title], my point [was] that you can’t judge a book by its cover title. I wanted the public to look beyond that, just like I want the public to look beyond social labels because they are injurious. But the opposite occurred, and it backfired on me.” Then, last Friday, Thomas Markle Jr penned a second letter, this time to his half-sister Meghan, apologising for his behaviour. “Meg, I know that I’m not perfect, nor is anyone else in our family, as I’m sure you have read by now,” he wrote in the letter published by In Touch magazine. “But good, bad or perfect, we’re the only family that you have. It does hurt my feelings not getting invited to your wedding, along with the rest of the family. But it’s not too late to send me an invite along with your entire family.” In an interview with TMZ, Samantha said she had a present she would love to give Meghan. “I searched the world for something that I thought was really sentimental, and I’d like to give it to her in person. But if not, I will certainly send it,” she said, smiling broadly. (When pressed to divulge what present she had bought, she replied coyly: “Well, then it wouldn’t be a surprise – right?”) Could it be that after all this time, the Markle siblings are hoping for a reconciliation? “Whatever you decide is OK with me,” Thomas Markle Jr wrote in his letter last week. “Maybe I’ll see you there, with all of us.” He added: “It can be a royal wedding family reunion.” What a story that would be. It would certainly be enough to keep the American chat shows and gossip sites in business for months. And the Markles, presumably, wouldn’t do too badly out of it either. As the wait continues to see whether or not Thomas Markle Sr will be the one to walk his daughter down the aisle, some among the extended Markle clan have taken matters into their own hands. On Tuesday, Thomas Markle Jr’s ex-wife, Tracy Dooley, accompanied by her sons Tyler and TJ, arrived at Heathrow, telling their growing followers on social media they would be in the UK to cover the wedding for American television networks. Ms Dooley said they would be “in the front row cheering them on”, delighted to be part of the festivities in any way they could. After an initial gripe about not being invited to the wedding (after all, she said, Meghan used to babysit her sons), Ms Dooley posted on Facebook: “Just glad to have landed safely and hoping for Tom senior to be well, healthy and happy. “I wish the same for Meghan, Prince Harry, my children, friends, family and those who need our prayers and love. Peace, love and good works.” And at this moment, some peace and love wouldn’t go amiss among the Markles. ‘It feels like being underwater, in slow motion, at hyper speed, in a tumble dryer, carrying a Fabergé hippo’ T he term “pregnant pause” was invented for the last few weeks before giving birth. Though “pause” doesn’t quite do it justice. “Pregnant inhalein-terror-and-choke-onown-saliva” would fit just as well. The days crawl by more slowly than a heavily pregnant woman trying, understandably, to run for the hills, and simultaneously so fast you can’t believe how quickly the whole nine months have gone by. All this, mixed with an internal siren of screaming awareness that your life is going to be smashed into a billion exhausted pieces – any moment now. It feels like being underwater, in slow motion, at hyper-speed, in a tumble-dryer, carrying a Fabergé hippopotamus. As relaxing times go, it’s not the best. In my previous three pregnancies, I found these last weeks a strange period of reflection – largely to help pass the endless days of hauling my belly around like a giant, kicking water balloon, but also to avoid looking at my reflection, which by now resembles nothing even vaguely like the me I once knew (and I’m feeling more and more certain by the heartburnfilled minute that I will never see again). Most of all, though, I am reflecting on relationships, with everyone and everything and how they are about to change. My parents, my partner, my work, my friends, myself … and my children. They have been incredible throughout, and I’ve been amazed by how well they’ve taken to the idea of having a baby sister, now that they’re all teenagers and far more interested in their mates and Netflix. Sharing a house with nappies and colic is probably not high on their list of things they expected, or wanted, to be doing at this point in their lives. And they have all handled it in their own way. My eldest daughter, 20 and away at university, has wanted to know all the way through how I am, how the bump is, and texts to ask me about it all. My middle daughter, at 17, was ecstatic about the new sibling, but where my bump was concerned I believe “gross”, “bleurgh” and “yuck” cropped up. I think she was not too keen on the idea of there being a human inside me, and, quite frankly, I’m not that keen on touching anyone else’s bumps either, so I respect her wish not to come hand-to-bump with her sister, for now. My son has perhaps surprised me the most. At 14 years old, six feet tall and well and truly in the Too Cool For School stage of life, he has asked to touch and feel his sister kicking and thrashing about more than anyone, and seems enthralled. When she gets hiccups, he will sit with me for ages, feeling her hopping about. I never expected this, and it makes me pretty happy, relieved and excited about how well he might bond with her. The imminence of her arrival has suddenly stirred a lot of deeply buried memories in me about how much easier it is to have a baby inside, rather than out. Having cursed almost every minute of my pre-term labour pains, heartburn, backache, headaches and inability to run, now I want the baby to stay in as long as possible to give me the freedom to do such madcap things as walk up escalators, and pop out of the house. I’m spending a lot of time in a local hipster café – not only because the coffee is exquisite, but because it has a small, beautiful room upstairs. Anything small and upstairs will be out of bounds for months after the baby comes. These long, slow, fast, strange days of being a mother of three. Before that becomes four… Next time: It’s almost time to meet our baby. *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 23 FEATURES Is there still stigma to being child-free by choice? ‘When you say childless, it sounds like you’re missing something’ Novellist Nicola Moriarty tells Rosa Silverman that she has experienced rivalry between mums and non-mums herself I t is broadly accepted, if not always applauded, that in the Western world today, women may do with their lives pretty much whatever they want. In many countries, including this one, they can even serve on the front line in war. So why, when society has become so relaxed about a multiplicity of female roles and identities, does it still baulk when we reject just one in particular – that of motherhood? We may have moved on since the days when childless women were regarded as witches, but progress has perhaps not been as great as we’d like to think. This week, professional racing driver Leilani Münter, 44, who is fronting a new campaign for British charity Population Matters, spoke about the difficulties women can face in making the choice to be child-free. “It’s something expected of people as if that is the natural chain of events: you meet your partner, get married and have kids,” she said. “When you don’t do that last step, people ask, ‘Are you not having any kids?’ I always answer, ‘Actually my husband and I are child-free by choice. When you say ‘childless’ it sounds like you are missing something.” Münter’s comments will no doubt resonate with Nicola Moriarty, who explores this theme in her new novel, Those Other Women – a title that speaks to the often incomprehensible “otherness” of those who make choices that are different from our own. In the book, two friends who have opted not to have children create a Facebook group for women like them. Set up in opposition to their local “mums online” forum, “Non-Mums Online” brings together those who have grown tired of watching their colleagues get pregnant and take months off work, only to return with “smug” smiles. It throws up an interesting question: why are we still so bewildered by women who are child-free by choice? I put this to Moriarty, surprisingly, a 36-year-old mother of two daughters aged nine and seven, when she speaks to me on the phone from her native Australia. “Even though the world is changing and we are becoming more accepting of different types of family units, people will still [make assumptions about] women of a certain age,” she says. “If they haven’t got children yet, they’re going to ask why. There’s an assumption it’s one of life’s goals. I wonder if it’s to do with that maternal instinct – the idea that everyone must have the biological clock ticking.” She points out that representations of women in popular culture tend to hammer the message home: once you are past a certain age, “everything you see paints the woman as a mother. If we do see [a child-free woman represented], usually it has to be all about someone who’s focused on a career. It’s never about a woman who just wants to live her life and enjoy it.” Childlessness is on the rise. Earlier this year, an international league table found that a fifth of British women remained child-free in their 40s, with the overall rate in this country up by almost 50 per cent since the midNineties. In Australia, where Moriarty’s novel is set, 16 per cent of women in their 40s have no offspring. Under-11s are too young for therapy? Not in my classroom… Our youngsters are in crisis and primary school counselling is a positive step, says one practitioner GETTY IMAGES/CANOPY T he sooner you reach a child who is facing emotional difficulties in their lives, the more help you can offer them. This is something I have learnt in my five years working with children and families as an art psychotherapist – a role that feels more important than ever, following NSPCC figures released this week which show that mental health referrals for under-11s have risen a third in just three years. That equates to 183 referrals every school day, or almost 35,000 requests for specialist support in 2017-18. The numbers are alarming, but the benefits of intervening early cannot be overstated. Primary school children who receive support of this kind are less likely to develop problems as they enter their teenage years; every £1 invested in child counselling has a social return of £6.20, according to new research from Pro Bono Economics and Place2Be, the children’s mental health charity where I work. Therapy can help reduce rates of truancy, exclusion, smoking, depression and crime later in life, sparing both children and their families an enormous amount of heartache further down the line. There are three major problems that affect many of the children I work with; they have a relative with a mental health difficulty, there is a domestic abuse situation at home, or a background of substance abuse. Children are deeply aware of their environment, and their home lives have the capacity to alter the chemistry in their bodies, potentially resulting in trauma at an early age. As I hope the spotlight being shone upon this issue during Mental Health Awareness Week shows, there’s no use waiting for problems to develop and get worse, particularly when a child’s health could be at risk. Our first job as primary school counsellors is to educate teachers about the signs that indicate a child could be struggling. It is possible to pick up on cues that something isn’t right with a child as early as Building block: counselling encourages under-11s to talk about their feelings Reception or Year 1. Though the signs are different for every child, they can range from extreme timidity to a desire to constantly disrupt things. For example, a child who has a parent with a mental health problem may end up playing the role of carer when they are at home; these children might appear to get on quietly, taking the pressure of looking after a family member on with apparent ease, but underneath, they could be in need of support. Other signs include the inability to concentrate in lessons, social difficulties with peers and complete behavioural shifts. Teachers spend so much time with their classes that they are usually highly attuned to changes in individuals. In the past, there was little they could do to help, given the pressures on them to meet education targets and lead dozens of children, but in the schools where we operate, teachers now have a place to refer their concerns. This could go some way in explaining the NSPCC’s latest findings, which came with an added call for more funding to be allocated to its Childline phone support service. “Our research shows schools are increasingly referring children for specialist mental health treatment, often when the child is at crisis point,” said Peter Wanless, chief executive of the charity. “We have seen a marked increase in counselling about mental health, and fully expect it to continue.” When a child has been identified by a teacher or member of staff as requiring extra support, they are referred to me for counselling. Once we have received parental consent, the children can visit the Place2Be room, which is filled with art materials, puppets and dolls. It’s not a box of tissues and two people talking; it’s a space that fosters creativity and expression. We hold open play sessions directed by the children. To work with children means you are inevitably working with families, too. Sometimes, parents aren’t ready to have their own counselling, but we build a bridge with them so they also feel supported. Critics on primary school counselling say under-11s are too young for therapy, and that offering such assistance could feed the anxieties of the “Snowflake” youth. But that’s not the case. These are age-old issues that, in the past, have been ignored and led to costs down the line. We finally have an awareness of how to approach children in a way that could save them from problems in the future. Primary school counsellors are going to become increasingly common as schools recognise their duty of care includes a child’s emotional well-being. And that should be seen for what it is: a great thing, and a building block on the path to a primary school culture where it’s OK – and even encouraged – to talk about your feelings. As told to Cara McGoogan Yet our attitudes appear to be lagging behind the figures, prompting a backlash among some women. The idea of Moriarty’s non-mums Facebook group, for instance, is not fiction: on the contrary, several such online communities exist in real life. One, called Women Without Children, features on its page a sardonic mock-up of a car sticker that reads “No baby on board, feel free to drive into me.” Posts in the group include scientific research showing that mothers age faster, and a study that says women without children typically earn more. Another article shared between members asks, “why are women without children still stigmatised by society?” Moriarty’s novel takes the theme as its jumping off point, making entertaining play of the rivalry between mums and non-mums – something she has experienced first-hand. “I recall that before having children, I did make judgments of other people,” she admits. “I remember being part of the workforce and making judgments of mothers for having special privileges and [me] having to take up the slack.” She was 29 when she had her first daughter, having always known she wanted children. She also always knew she wanted to write – her childhood dream was to compose and illustrate children’s books – but, unsure how to go about it, she bounced between various jobs in sales and marketing, ran her own gift hamper business, and became a swimming teacher. “But I was always writing and I’ve got two sisters who are writers. Seeing them get published made me think, ‘Wow, there are real life people who do this,’” she says. One of these sisters is Liane Moriarty, the author of Big Little Lies. When her bestselling novel SCOTT R LEPAGE; GETTY IMAGES All equal: Nicola Moriarty, above, believes women are judged unfairly if they decide not to have a family, a view that chimes with racing driver Leilani Münter, below was adapted as an HBO television series starring Reese Witherspoon and Nicole Kidman last year, Liane’s career attained a level of success most writers can only dream of. “It’s still surreal. You’re like, ‘oh my God, Liane, how did you get so famous?’” laughs her younger sister. Is there ever any sibling rivalry? “[It’s] pretty good-natured,” says Moriarty. “The only rivalry we have is fighting over family stories we want to use in our books.” Growing up in Sydney, Nicola was the youngest of six, and Liane used to read her bedtime stories. “It was definitely inspirational to have all this storytelling in our household,” she says. But her own first novel happened, almost by accident, about 10 years ago. “One night I started working on something that I only ever intended on being a short story but when I got to the end, it didn’t feel finished, so I thought I’d keep going,” she recalls. “I didn’t admit to myself that I was writing a novel due to fear of failure. I googled ‘how many words in a novel’ and came up with 100,000 and thought ‘that’s what I’m going to aim for.’” The result was Free-Falling, a tragic-romantic comedy published in 2012. But only when an American publisher picked up her second novel, Paper Chains, originally published in Australia in 2013 and released in the US last year, did she realise she could carve out a future in writing. “I thought, ‘well, I’ve lived the dream but I’m unlikely to get published again,” says Moriarty. She is currently working on her sixth novel. Having published authors in the family has been a mixed blessing, however. “Over the years I’ve worried people have thought I’m only writing or getting published because of my sisters. People have said ‘publishers are trying to cash in on her sisters’ fame’ – and that’s very disheartening,” she says. Still, it must be tempting to ask her sisters for advice sometimes? “I have in the past,” she says. “It’s nice to have someone to reassure you that yes, it’s OK.” Such reassurance is what Moriarty is now offering in her new book – to women, like Münter and thousands of others, who have chosen to be child-free. It’s assumed that “if you don’t want this natural maternal thing there must be reasons for it,” she adds. But those “other women” are really, as Moriarty points out, not all that different to anyone else. Those Other Women by Nicola Moriarty is published by Penguin (£7.99). To order your copy for £6.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or visit books.telegraph. co.uk 24 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Arts The hero you couldn’t hope to emulate Top 5 Tom Wolfe books The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test (1968) The pioneer of New Journalism stubbornly kept on his threepiece suit for this trip across America with LSD evangelist Ken Kesey in a bus daubed in psychedelic colours. Radical Chic & Mau-Mauing the Flak Catchers (1970) “Radical chic” entered the lexicon after Wolfe’s article about a fashionable New York party given for the F or any aspiring journalist in the Seventies, there were two writers to whom one looked above all others, as examples not only of acuity and stylistic excellence but of the possibilities that journalism seemed to offer to experience and write the world anew. One was Gay Talese, the father of New Journalism, a literary movement that grew up in the Sixties, which eschewed the customary Olympian detachment of newspaper and magazine reporting in favour of an immersive style of writing that turned all of the devices of fiction – reported speech, scene-setting, intimate details and the use of interior monologue – to the service of factual reporting. The other was that movement’s most vivid, colourful and inarguably successful practitioner, Tom Wolfe. It was Wolfe who took the founding principles of New Journalism, forging a singular and scintillating style that he would bring to bear in examining major cultural and social movements in America over the course of 50 years. Journalism, it is said, is the first draft of history. Nobody exemplifies the dictum better than Wolfe, the cultural observer and social critic par excellence. In 1963, he was working on the New York Herald Tribune when he came upon a story about a hot rod and customised car show. Realising he had stumbled upon an unreported world of car fanatics, he pitched the story to Esquire. But with deadline looming, Wolfe experienced a block. His editor, Byron Dobell, told him to just file his notes and they’d knock it into shape. Wolfe sat down and in a panic began typing furiously: “Dear Dobell, the first good look I had at customised cars was at an event called a ‘Teen Fair’…” As Wolfe liked to tell it, Dobell simply struck out the salutation, and ran the notes in full under the title “The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby”. Wolfe had found his voice, and his subject, a new American culture, energised by a booming economy – teenage scenemakers, hip social butterflies, “New York’s Beautiful People” – all of which he would capture in a hyperventilating prose as vivid and colourful as his subjects. Wolfe took subjects that others would have regarded as beneath consideration, and celebrated and lionised them: the record producer Phil Spector – “the first tycoon of teen”; London mods dancing away their lunch hour in “The Noonday Underground”; and the New York socialite Baby Jane Holzer, “The Girl of the Year”. Reading his zinging, exhilarating prose, with its idiosyncratic structure and exclamation-mark splattered streams of consciousness – he began one article on Las Vegas by repeating “hernia” 57 times – it could sometimes seem that Wolfe was not just in the vanguard of a new way of writing, but was inventing a whole new vocabulary in the process. Consider his marvellously inventive descriptions of casino signage: “Boomerang Modern, Palette Curvilinear, Flash Gordon Ming Alert, McDonald’s Hamburger © DAN CALLISTER; GETTY IMAGES Mick Brown explains his lifelong admiration for Tom Wolfe, who died on Monday, and fondly recalls interviewing him in 2016 A patented uniform: Tom Wolfe photographed last year; inset, pictured in New York in 1965 P Parabola, Miami B Beach Kidney…” His painterly eye ffor detail and colour, tthe anthropologist’s attention to social ritual and behaviour, his full-on engagement with his subject and his determination never to write a dull word – as a journalist one could learn from all this, but never hope to emulate it. Wolfe’s was a style that was often imitated, but never bettered. In 1968, Wolfe published his first full-length non-fiction book, The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, an account of a bus journey across America taken by the author Ken Kesey and a group of friends called the Merry Pranksters, fuelled by copious amounts of LSD. It would become one of key texts of the psychedelic revolution that swept across America in the late Sixties. It established Wolfe as a major cultural commentator and, along with The Right Stuff, his brilliant account of the test pilots on the first Project Mercury space programme, stands as Wolfe’s defining non-fiction work. Wolfe’s take could be scathing. In Radical Chic, published in 1970, he satirised a party held by the composer Leonard Bernstein at his duplex apartment on Park Avenue for the Black Panthers, as an example of the pieties of “limousine liberals” attempting to salve their consciences by patronising black radicals. Interviewed by Time magazine, one Black Panther traduced Wolfe as “that dirty, blatant, lying, racist dog who wrote that fascist disgusting thing in New York magazine”. His 1976 essay, The Me Decade, riotously lampooned the affluent middle-classes’ pursuit of meaning through the new religion of selfabsorption and narcissism. It begins with a description of a pampered businesswoman rolling around on the floor in a new age encounter group, screaming about her haemorrhoids – a symptom of what Wolfe called “the alchemical dream” of “remaking, remodelling, elevating, and polishing one’s very self and observing, studying, and doting on it. (Me!)” Wolfe’s first novel, and the work for which he will be best remembered, The Bonfire of the Vanities, published in 1987, skewered equally the avaricious, get-rich-quick culture of Wall Street and the grifters and chancers seeking to exploit political capital wherever the opportunity presented itself, embodied in the opportunist figure of the Harlem civil rights leader, Reverend Bacon. He went on to write critically about the art world and modern architecture in The Painted Word and From Bauhaus to Our House. His last book, The Kingdom of Speech, was a critique Black Panthers by the conductor Leonard Bernstein. The Right Stuff (1979) Wolfe’s study of what it took – mentally and physically – to become a military test pilot or an astronaut was made in 1987 into a critically acclaimed but commercially disastrous film. The Bonfire of the Vanities (1987) Wolfe’s first blockbuster, a satirical thriller about New York Eighties excess, is captured in its snappy, recurring motifs: “Yale chin”, “bucket seat”, “perfect breasts”. A Man in Full (1998) It took Wolfe 11 years to follow The Bonfire of the Vanities with a second novel, which remained in its shadow. It’s a souped-up tale of privilege and race in Atlanta – Norman Mailer compared reading it to “making love to a 300-pound woman… Fall in love, or be asphyxiated.” of Darwin and Chomsky, arguing that it is speech, not evolution, that sets humans apart from animals. It was not received kindly, and marked a diminuendo ending to a brilliant career. Even those unfamiliar with his work could not have failed to notice Wolfe at a hundred paces. His natty white suits, snap brim fedoras, starched collars and bespoke shoes went from being a “southern gentleman” affectation (Wolfe was born and raised in Richmond, Virginia) to a patented uniform. He was said to be distraught when Saturday Night Fever came out. Even at the times of his immersion in the wilder shores of American culture, Wolfe was a determinedly fastidious dresser. When I interviewed him in 2016 he recalled writing about stock-car driver Junior Johnson. He figured it might be more appropriate to “dress casual” – which meant “a green tweed suit, a blue Oxford button shirt; a black knit necktie, suede buckle shoes and a Borsalino hat. I thought, that’s pretty casual.” They say never meet your heroes, but Wolfe was as accommodating, as gracious and as amusing as one could have wished him to be. I remarked on his ability to climb into the minds of his subjects to describe the LSD experience so vividly. Wolfe had talked of taking LSD in the past, but now he admitted that he never had. “All these people were totally out of it. I felt it was really far too dangerous to take a chance.” He seemed somewhat abashed by the confession. “But really,” he said, “you just have to tell the truth.” Would that he could stay around a little longer to tell the truth about the times we are now living in. ** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 25 Arts MAGALI DELPORTE FOR THE TELEGRAPH; GETTY IMAGES Rising star: Nilüfer Yanya grew up to a backdrop of Simon & Garfunkel and the Turkish music enjoyed by her father; performing on stage, below ‘Millennials don’t want to feel what others are feeling’ Alice Vincent meets Nilüfer Yanya, the gifted 22-year-old Londoner who’s being compared to Amy Winehouse and Adele E arlier this month, research suggesting that millennials are increasingly abstaining from sex made headlines, but they’ve apparently forgotten how to love, too – according to 22-year-old singer and guitarist Nilüfer Yanya, at least. “People don’t want to feel what other people are feeling, they want to feel what they’re feeling. [They] aren’t as interested unless it relates to them. I wouldn’t call it selfish … but possibly.” The subject comes up as we lament the lack of great modern love songs, while speaking in a Parisian gallery ahead of her show in the French capital. “The absence of them is kind of sad, that nobody really feels that way any more,” she says. Lucky, then, that Yanya is doing her bit to bring matters of the heart back in vogue – even if her raw, jazz-inflected songs are about its disintegration more than its blossoming. The languid Keep on Calling unpicks the anatomy of a break-up. Thanks 4 Nothing was spewed out in the wake of seeing an old boyfriend walk past her window and being “horrified that I might have to talk to him – just the thought made me feel physically sick”. Even the romantically titled Baby Luv is about “being able to feel pain, and knowing that it’s important to.” The sincerity of Yanya’s lyrics is amplified by her distinctive London accent – she still lives with her parents in the Ladbroke Grove home she grew up in – and perhaps because of this, and the beguiling, unpolished quality of her voice, she has won comparisons to Amy Winehouse and Adele. Comparisons that she robustly shrugs off: “It’s nice, but I know these singers have specifically trained their voices to sing like that, and that’s their thing, their voice. I don’t feel like a singer [in the same way].” She has a point. Unlike those two Brit school attendees, Yanya bears no stage school training, but has instead found herself becoming a singersongwriter thanks to a mixture of good luck and keen mentors, who noticed her talent long before she did – if, indeed, she even has yet. The middle daughter of two artists, Yanya grew up to a backdrop of Simon & Garfunkel and the Turkish music enjoyed by her father. Her musical abilities flourished thanks to the then exemplary music department at her Pimlico secondary school. “Then they turned it into an academy, and all the music got phased out,” Yanya says. “It’s a shame, because it was the most exciting thing about the school.” She then got a further helping hand after winning a scholarship for Saturday school music classes at London’s Centre for Young Musicians. “I don’t know how long it would have taken me to [otherwise],” she says. “It makes such a difference to have that support.” Her parents wanted An oddly unmoving memorial Megastar: the documentary Whitney features the family of the singer, who died in Beverly Hills in 2012 Cannes Film Festival Whitney Cert TBC, 120 min ★★★★★ Dir Kevin Macdonald By Tim Robey T he second and more “official” feature documentary about the steep, upsetting parabola of Whitney Houston’s life, Kevin Macdonald’s Whitney comes about a year after Whitney: Can I Be Me, Nick Broomfield’s exploration of her pressurised career and drug-assisted burnout. The latter lacked either the endorsement or involvement of the Houston family, above all her mother, Cissy, presented there as the architect and oppressive controller of her fame. This one has the Houston clan’s blessing, which cuts two ways. On the plus side, we get a much more intimate sense of Houston’s upbringing, and one late-arriving bombshell as Macdonald looks to her childhood – described reflexively as “idyllic”, but marked by a secret history of abuse – to contextualise why addiction took hold. The danger is what protective agendas might colour the exercise. It’s curious that Cissy appears only at the very start, interviewed briefly in the very church where her daughter’s funeral took place. This doesn’t help the cause in terms of allaying doubts: it feels like Macdonald is taking care to placate Cissy and give her a degree of authorship. Whitney’s ex-husband, Bobby Brown, is a star contributor on paper, but he clams up totally when Macdonald tries to steer the discussion to drugs, with the revealingly sinister: “That’s not what this film is about.” Macdonald shows he’s under no obligation to agree, though, and there’s clearly an inner circle of trust he thinks can be fruitfully accessed. Sometimes he’s right. Other interviewees fill in the blanks, and there’s a particularly grim revelation. One of Whitney’s brothers, Gary Garland, says he was molested as a child by a female relative. Whitney’s aunt, Mary Jones – who found her body in the Beverly Hilton hotel – then says that Whitney told her “Mary, I was too. It was a woman”, and also names the abuser: Whitney and Gary’s cousin, DeeDee Warwick (sister of Dionne). This feels all the more convincing coming from such a sympathetic source, and gives the film a news value otherwise lacking. There’s no single explanation for how a career as dazzling as Houston’s was from about 1985 to 1999 could implode so quickly and distressingly over the next decade. However beyond her own control it was, the packaging of Houston’s talents (was she to be “fad music” or “legacy music”?) didn’t halt her ascent to megastar status with The Bodyguard in 1992, providing her with a blockbuster and the best-selling single by a woman in music history. Whitney’s sexuality is still a matter of thorny dispute, not least because of Cissy’s disapproval – absent here – of her relationship with creative director and sometime lover Robyn Crawford. It’s acknowledged that the family’s homophobia was a troubling factor, and even – according to Jones – that the aforementioned childhood abuse could have complicated Houston’s sexual preferences in adulthood, explaining the forced normativity of her marriage. Public mockery of Houston’s declining health, after a disastrous Diane Sawyer interview in 2002, was brutal and debilitating, too. The film is oddly unmoving as a memorial but, as with Asif Kapadia’s documentary on Amy Winehouse, it inspires a collective mea culpa for the feeding frenzy of judgment that only turned to sympathy when it was far too late. Opens in the UK in June her to pursue more academic subjects however – it was lucky, therefore, that while she applied Goldsmith’s university to study, she failed to get in: “it felt like I’d been let off ”, she laughs. She signed up to a vocational music college course instead, but by this point the songs Yanya had uploaded online had already caught the attention of scouts. A steady flow of major label meetings followed, though she is both dismissive of and unfazed by such industry rigmarole. “At the beginning it’s exciting, but two years later it gets really dull,” she says of the dance undertaken to get a record deal. “After so many meetings everyone looks the same, sounds the same. My music isn’t the kind of music that’s chart music; you realise that major labels aren’t going to work for you.” In the end, she signed with ATO, an independent New York label, for whom she released her first single earlier this year. Her music has already travelled well: the show she’s playing, in a tucked-away bar near the fashionable Paris neighbourhood of Bastille, has sold out. There’s something in the resonant soulfulness of Yanya’s music that appeals to French fans, it seems. When she sings Keep on Calling, the bobos in the room lose their cool and start to dance to the skeins of heartbreak emerging from the stage. While her voice does have the aching roominess of Winehouse’s (with school friend Jazzy Bobbi’s saxophone lending the irresistible jazz tones to Yanya’s guitar lines) there is a far more soothing quality to her music. As a personality, she also seems far more assured than the late, great troubled star. Her self-possession is clear when we talk about feminism, which she presents as an unquestionable logic, rather than a philosophy to be debated. She says she wants to remain single for the moment, chiefly because she thinks relationships can make young women subservient. “I feel like you slot into that role, of a girlfriend… it’s just a bit dangerous.” She says with breezy resignation that she’s been treated “fine” as a young woman both in life and the music industry, but has also become increasingly aware of the double standards by which men and women are judged. “You don’t always feel 100 per cent safe, I guess, putting stuff out there [as a woman]. It could mean more backlash, more judgment. There’s not an inbuilt system in place to protect you.” Meanwhile one of her driving aims is to actively reject any focus on her looks – no mean feat for a female pop star. “People are trying to bring you down with their obsession with image. We don’t need to have the male gaze, it’s just imported into our brain.” Plus, she says, she simply doesn’t “want to waste my time”. For the moment, there’s a tour to be getting on with. Her band are a tight, puppyish schmozzle of school friends who still live in London; as I watch preparations for the gig, they lark about during soundcheck, while Yanya watches on, letting out highpitched squeals of laughter. For the next week, and the summer ahead, they’ll mostly be occupying the same van. “It’s got a kettle, got a toaster, got a table in the middle,” Yanya says of life on the road. “I’ve got everything I want”. Nilüfer Yanya is on tour until May 29. Tickets: ticketmaster.co.uk Entertainments Theatres HER MAJESTY'S 020 7087 7762 THE BRILLIANT ORIGINAL QUEEN'S 0844 482 5160 THE MUSICAL PHENOMENON LES MISERABLÉS Eves 7.30, Mats Wed & Sat 2.30 www.LesMis.com THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Mon-Sat 7.30, Thu & Sat 2.30 www.ThePhantomOfTheOpera.com Oscar Wilde’s AN IDEAL HUSBAND Vaudeville Theatre Tue-Sat 19.30 | Tue, Thu & Sat 14.30 Extra Matinees Added 0330 333 4814 ST MARTIN'S 020 7836 1443 66th year of Agatha Christie's THE MOUSETRAP Mon-Sat 7:30pm, Mats Tues & Thurs 3 & Sat 4 www.the-mousetrap.co.uk Snappy, snazzy but where is the fear factor? Music Effigies of Wickedness ENO, Gate Theatre ★★★★★ By Rupert Christiansen T his starts off so promisingly: a small-scale show devoted to songs that fell foul of the Nazis, performed in the magical cave that serves as the Gate Theatre’s auditorium above a pub in Notting Hill. The set designed by Ellan Parry is rather wonderful, too. Four characterful and accomplished singers – the classically trained baritone Peter Brathwaite (who originated the show’s concept) – mezzo-soprano Katie Bray, Edinburgh Fringe sensation Lucy McCormick and the amiably bearded drag queen Le Gateau Chocolat – are accompanied by a trio of excellent musicians. English National Opera co-produces and lends expertise. Snappy and snazzy English translations by Seiriol Davies seem to roll fluently off the tunes. But something has gone wrong in the execution. Ellen McDougall’s staging, developed in collaboration with Christopher Green, is just too chummy and cosy – gemütlich, as the Germans put it. With the performers elaborately costumed and the stagecraft over-egged, the atmosphere is closer to that of provincial panto than a seedy backstreet dive in Berlin. A light, humorous commentary links attractive romantic songs by composers such as Friedrich Holländer and Mischa Spoliansky, but because we are told so little about oppression and censorship under the Third Reich, there is never any sense of why the Nazis took offence. Only later does the temperature rise slightly, as McCormick sings Bertolt Brecht and Hanns Eisler’s dialogue between a doctor and a woman in need of an abortion and Brathwaite gives a rousing account of the same poet and composer’s Solidarity Song, which suddenly fades into disarming nothingness. Bray is splendid too in The Ballad of Marie Sanders, but overall the whole confection is too sugar-coated and short of the ingredients of urgency, protest, fear and anger that underlie this music. Until June 9. Tickets: 020 7229 0706; gatetheatre.co.uk or eno.org 26 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Court & Social Court Circular BUCKINGHAM PALACE May 16th The Queen, Patron, today gave a Reception at Buckingham Palace for members of the Victoria Cross and George Cross Association. The Duke of York, accompanied by Princess Eugenie of York, The Duke of Kent, Prince and Princess Michael of Kent and Princess Alexandra, the Hon Lady Ogilvy were present. CLARENCE HOUSE May 16th The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall this morning visited the London Headquarters of Google and the YouTube Space studios, St Giles High Street, London WC2, and were received by Mrs Colleen Harris (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London). Their Royal Highnesses afterwards visited Yoox Net-APorter, the Media Works, White City Place, 191 Wood Lane, London W12, and were received by Mr Kevin McGrath (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London). The Prince of Wales this afternoon visited the British Fashion Council, White City House, Television Centre, Wood Lane, London W12. His Royal Highness this afternoon received the Rt Hon Jeremy Corbyn, MP (Leader of the Opposition). The Prince of Wales, President, The Prince’s Trust Group, this afternoon held a Meeting. The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall this evening attended the Press Association’s One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary Reception at Tate Britain, Millbank, London SW1, and were received by Dr Paul Knapman (Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London). KENSINGTON PALACE May 16th The Duke of Cambridge, Patron, the Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry, this morning attended a Meeting with representatives from the financial sector to agree the formation of a Taskforce on the Illegal Wildlife Trade, Standard Chartered Bank, 1 Basinghall Avenue, London EC4. His Royal Highness, Patron, the Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry, this evening attended a Reception at St James’s Palace. BUCKINGHAM PALACE May 16th The Earl of Wessex, Trustee, The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award, this morning visited Woolmer Hill School, Woolmer Hill Road, Haslemere, and was received by Mr Robert Napier (Deputy Lieutenant of Surrey). His Royal Highness, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award Foundation, this morning visited Petworth House Real Tennis Court, Petworth, as part of His Royal Highness’s The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award Real Tennis Tour, and was received by Mr Patrick Burgess (Deputy Lieutenant of West Sussex). The Earl of Wessex, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award Foundation, this evening attended a Dinner at Petworth House. Today’s birthdays Rolls-Royce, 1985-92, 94; the Earl of Airlie, Lord-Lieutenant for Angus, 1989-2001; Lord Chamberlain, 1984-97, 92; Sir Ronald Halstead, Deputy Chairman, British Steel, 1986-94, 91; Sir Rodric Braithwaite, former diplomat, 86; the Rt Rev Peter Price, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 2002-13, 74; Mr B.S. Chandrasekhar, former India cricketer, 73; the Rt Rev Stephen Platten, Bishop of Wakefield, 2003-14, 71; Mr John Fassenfelt, Chairman, Magistrates’ Association, 201113, 71; Lord Bradley, former Labour Government Minister, 68; Mr Alan Johnson, former Labour Cabinet Minister, 68; Sir Simon Hughes, former Liberal Democrat MP, 67; Mr John Franklin, Head Master, Christ’s Hospital School, 2007-17, 65; Dame Patricia Reddy, Governor-General of New Zealand, 64; Mr Michael Roberts, former flat racing jockey and Champion Jockey, 1992; now trainer, 64; Prof Sir Paul Curran, President, City, University of London, 63; Mr Ivor Bolton, conductor, 60; Gen Sir Richard Barrons, Commander Joint Forces Command, 2013-16; President and Colonel Commandant, HAC, 59; Mr Justin King, Chief Executive, J. Sainsbury plc, 2004-14, 57; Mr Jeremy Vine, broadcaster, 53; Miss Christine Ohuruogu, track and field athlete; former Olympic, World and Commonwealth 400m Champion, 34; and Ms Katrina Hart, athlete; Paralympic bronze medallist, women’s 4x100m T35/T38, London 2012, 28. Mr Anthony Eyton, painter, is 95; Lord Tombs, Chairman, Today is the anniversary of the Relief of Mafeking in 1900. BUCKINGHAM PALACE May 16th The Princess Royal, President, this morning attended the Royal Agricultural Society of the Commonwealth’s Annual General Meeting, Royal Ulster Agricultural Society Showground, Balmoral Park, Maize Long Kesh, Lisburn, and was received by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of the County Borough of Belfast (Mrs Fionnuala Jay-O’Boyle). Her Royal Highness this afternoon visited Royal Ulster Agricultural Society’s Balmoral Show, Balmoral Park. The Princess Royal, Grand Master, the Royal Victorian Order, accompanied by Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence, this evening attended Evensong in The Queen’s Chapel of the Savoy, Savoy Hill, London WC2, followed by a Reception. KENSINGTON PALACE May 16th The Duchess of Gloucester, Patron, today attended a Service of Celebration to mark the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Arts Society in Westminster Abbey, London, SW1. For more details about the Royal Family visit the Royal website at www.royal.uk FIRST WORLD WAR Mr G.F. Gwilliam and Miss R.B.L. de Galleani The engagement is announced between George, elder son of Mr Peter Gwilliam and the late Mrs Liddy Gwilliam, of Enton, Surrey, and Rosalind, youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs Simon de Galleani, of St Albans, Hertfordshire. Online ref: 553721 Mr J.P. Ferguson and Miss C.S. Moore The marriage took place on Saturday, May 12, 2018, at Elizabeth Castle, Jersey, between Jeﬀery, son of the late Ronald Ferguson and Valerie Durell, and Carolyn, daughter of Mrs Susan Moore. The bride, who was given away by her brother, Dr Nicholas Moore, was attended by Miss Hannah Edwards, maid of honour. Mr Steve Wharmby was best man and Rickie Noble, Daryn Noble and Jason Noble were ushers. The honeymoon will be spent in Hawaii, USA. Online ref: 553733 The English-Speaking Union Mr James Levelle was the speaker at a luncheon held yesterday by the Exeter and District branch of The English-Speaking Union at the Exeter Golf and Country Club. His subject was “A Journey across South America with no Money.” Other notice COMPANY OF MERCHANT ADVENTURERS OF THE CITY OF YORK The Company of Merchant Adventurers of the City of York has elected the following officers for the ensuing year: Governor, Mr Timothy Marks; Immediate Past Governor, Dr Philip Thake; Deputy Governor, Mr David Barstow; Senior Warden, Mr Alastair Barron; and Junior Warden, Dr Delma Tomlin. Bridge news The Scottish Swiss Pairs for the T.N. Culbertson Memorial Salver has taken place at the new venue of the Ayr Academy, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent, and the winners are as follows: 1st Sandy Duncan and Bob McPaul, 100 VPs; 2nd James Forsyth and Nigel Guthrie, 97 VPs; 3rd Harry Smith and Roy Bennett, 96 VPs; 4th Frances Murphy and Rita Stuart, 94 VPs; and 5th Jim McMenemy and Bobby Moore, 93 VPs. LONDON, FRIDAY MAY 17, 1918 COMING OFFENSIVE THE TIME FACTOR SHELLS AND SUNSHINE From Philip Gibbs. War Correspondents’ Headquarters, France, Thursday. The long postponement of the enemy’s coming assaults seems a definite proof that his losses in the first six weeks of his offensive were so heavy that he had to abandon the costly tactical blows which followed his general advance, in order to reorganise his fighting machine. The task of filling up his gaps by large drafts from his dépôts, where he has begun to draw upon his boys of the 1919 class, is taking up time, and it seems to me evident now that he will not attempt to strike again until his fresh and refitted divisions are ready for a new offensive on something like the scale of March 21. The time he has already taken has been entirely in our favour, and we need be in no hurry for him to begin. We have forced from him the very thing which he wanted most to deny us – time, and by yielding that under force majeure he has had to abandon his greatest chance of victory, and, as many of us believe, his only chance. Our gaps are now filled up, the exhaustion of our troops after long fighting has now passed, the French armies are mingled with ours, and our men no longer have to bear the brunt of the enemy’s full strength in numbers that were hideously unequal. That the German High Command gave time for this is good evidence enough that they could take no further risks in the first gambler’s throw, and had to cut their losses for a time, or at least be satisfied with smaller gains than they had hoped. So much for the general situation. The particular situation is just a matter of shellfire and sunshine. The sunshine, which has put a splendour over the fields of France so warmly that the light spirit of May is deepening to the colours of flaming June, is spoilt near the lines by the shellfire. For its beastliness is not redeemed by a blue sky, and shell splinters bite as sharply into human flesh though they come into fields enamelled with the blue-eyed speedwell. The German guns have been busy about Lens and in the old places up in Flanders, and in the country north of Albert. Yesterday they did some violent counter-battery work with gas-shells and others, and tried to silence our guns which are still harassing the German side of things in a very deadly way. COMRADES-IN-ARMS All this is the routine of war between battles. What is better to see is the country behind the line. It is enchanting now, and puts such a spell upon one’s senses at these glinting woods of France where every leaf is a jewel, these gardens of old châteaux where the grass is sprinkled with living gold, these French villages where the whitewashed walls and thatched or tiled roofs are warm in the sun, and, painted in picture-book colours, remind one of old songs which had not war but love for their theme. It is a moving and marvellous pageant of blue and brown where French and English pass along the roads. The men in French lorries sit with their faces above the side boards or with their heads out of the side flaps, winking at the Tommies, casting amorous eyes upon buxom lasses in cottage doors, smoking endless cigarettes with a look of complete indifference to anything that may happen at the journey’s end. They are tough types, some of them men of middle age, hard bitten, with spade beards like Elizabethan Englishmen or Henri Quatre of France. In their steel casques they have a medieval look like their ancestors of the sixteenth century. French soldiers and English soldiers are bivouacked in the woods and fields side by side, and yesterday I saw them bathing in one of the rivers which our Henry crossed on his way to Agincourt when their forefathers and ours were not comrades in arms. While some men washed their feet, others lay fullstretched in the grass sleeping in every attitude of languorous ease, with their steel hats among the flowers, and an officer’s sword stuck into the turf beside him. GREAT AIR ACTIVITY So I lay down in a ditch full of flowers and drowsed and forgot war until the usual noises overhead made one open one’s eyes. There was a German aeroplane, high enough to be invisible, but not too high to silence the drone of its engine or to avoid observation from our Archie men. Bang went an Archie gun, and presently there was a fusillade in the sky and a tattoo from a machine gun in the grass, and then the throb of engines as our planes came over to chase the intruder. The enemy’s air scouts were out and about yesterday because of the wonderful visibility, and they came peering over our lines and villages as though searching for some special secret. There must have been many fights in that cloudless sky, for our men were up there too and away over the enemy’s lines, and all day long there were puffs of shrapnel overhead, so that peasant girls harrowing the fields gazed up with their hands to their eyes, and French soldiers gave a glance upwards and said for the millionth time, “Quelle vache de guerre,” and, every now and then a crash of noise came through the humming drowsiness of this May day where a bomb had been dropped. In one field was a German aeroplane newly brought down, a silver-looking thing with iron crosses painted on its framework, and some of our airmen gathered around it to study its details. ABRAHAMS.—On 8th May 2018, in Dubai, to Kerry (née Byrne) and Nick, a son, Charlie Frances Phillip, a brother to Finn. Online ref: 553825 GLOVER.—On May 10th, at John Radcliﬀe, Oxford, to Kelly Marie and Tom, a daughter, Willow Sophia. Online ref: A224306 JOHNS.—On May 14th 2018, to Georgina and Henry, a daughter, Florence Jane Rebecca. Online ref: 553789 Diamond weddings KEMP - COUSINS.—On 17th May 1958, at Hampstead Register Oﬃce, Hampstead, London, Ken to Wendy. CB11 3SE. Online ref: 553543 ADAMS.—James Robert, died on 9th May 2018, at home. Beloved husband, father and grandfather. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at the Church of St. Alban, Frant, East Sussex on 30th May at 2 p.m. No ﬂowers please but donations, if desired, to Pilgrims Hospice c/o Tester and Jones, London Road, Crowborough, TN6 2TT. Online ref: A224325 BASSET.—Lady Carey Elizabeth (née Coke) on May 14th. Widow of Bryan, mother of David (deceased), Michael and James. Private funeral. No ﬂowers. Online ref: 553814 BEST.—Stanley Phillip, died peacefully in Hatherleigh, Devon on 29th April 2018. Founder of the British Legal Association; a tireless campaigner for the underdog. Funeral at All Hallows, Broadwoodkelly, Devon, EX19 8ED on Friday 25th May at 2.30 p.m. No ﬂowers please, donations to All Hallows, Broadwoodkelly via W.D. & S.J. Carne, Funeral Directors, High St, Winkleigh, Devon EX19 8HX. Tel: 01837 680199. Online ref: 553768 COLEMAN.—Jacqueline Wogan, née Festing, died on 10th May, aged 99, in Poole Hospital. Greatly loved by her nieces, great nephews, great nieces and her many friends. The Funeral Service will be held at St Stephen's Church, Kingston Lacy, Wimborne on 29th May at 3 p.m. Family ﬂowers only please but donations to Dr Barnado's. Enquiries to Lesley Shand Funeral Directors, Corfe Mullen. Tel: 01202 658833. Online ref: A224335 COTTRILL.—John Hardstaﬀ, died peacefully at home on Wednesday 9th May 2018. Much loved husband of Cindy, father to Tracey and Robert, grandfather to Alexandra, Imogen, Amelia and the late Edward. A Service of Thanksgiving will take place at St Wilfrid’s Church, Mobberley on Thursday 24th May at 11 a.m. Donations, if desired, for St Wilfrid’s Church. Donations and enquiries to Dodgson’s Funeral Service, 25 Manchester Road, Knutsford, WA16 0LY. Tel: 01565 634251. Online ref: 553800 CROUCH.—Paul died suddenly on 8th May, aged 52. Much loved husband, brother and devoted father of Emily. Service of Thanksgiving will be held on 23rd May at St Mary's, Lymm at 1.15 pm. No ﬂowers but donations to https://paulcrouch.muchloved.com or https://giftoope.bhf.org.uk/InMemory/Paul-Crouch. Online ref: A224319 DUNK.—George Henry, aged 67, on 27th April at St Thomas' Hospital after a short illness. Elder son of the late Gordon and Helen, beloved brother of Hazel, Margaret and Gordon. Funeral to be held at St George's Church, Weald, Sevenoaks TN14 6LT on Friday 15th June at 11.45 a.m. Further details including donations, if desired, from F.A. Albin & Sons, 0207 2373637 or www.albins.co.uk Please visit George's online memorial site funeralzone/georgedunk Online ref: 553777 GRAY.—Elisabeth Ann (née Bazzard), aged 83 years, died peacefully on 11th May at Langford View Care Home, Bicester. Trained at Phillis Christie Secretarial College, Cheltenham 1952, and employee of Shell before becoming full time mother. Much loved and missed by her “three boys” Michael, Chris and Tony, and by her siblings Maddy (deceased), Stephen and Charles. Memorial Ceremony 11 a.m. on 11th June at Banbury Crematorium, Hardwick Hill, Southam Road, OX16 1ST. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, in memory of Elisabeth may be made payable to WWF-UK c/o Co-operative Funeralcare, 11 Manorsﬁeld Road, Bicester, Oxon, OX26 6EH. Online ref: A224304 HEBDEN.—Louie Constance, of Ashford, Kent, widow of Ken Hebden, on 10th May 2018 aged 97 years. Online ref: 553791 HILLS.—Mary Georgina died in Maidstone Hospital 4th May 2018, aged 88 years. Much loved sister, sister-inlaw, aunt and great-aunt. Will be sadly missed by all the Hills family. Funeral Service at Charing Crematorium on 7th June at 11.20 a.m. Family ﬂowers only. Donations, if desired, to Age UK c/o A W Court, Grafty Green, Kent ME17 2AP. Online ref: 553809 PARRY.—Captain John, CBE RN., on 12th May 2018, aged 87 years. Died peacefully after a short illness. Loved and loving husband of Jill, proud father of Jacky, Mark and Jeremy, adored Papa to Ben, Tom, Ed, Niamh, Oliver and Isobel and delighted Great Papa to Louis. Will be hugely missed by his large family and many friends. Funeral to be held at St Luke's Church, Royal Haslar, Gosport PO12 2AA on 29th May at 1 p.m. No ﬂowers but donations, if required, to Mesothelioma UK or Rowan's Hospice via Churcher and Tribbeck, 02392 580755. Online ref: A224323 PHILLIPS.—Mike, of Sanderstead, Surrey, died peacefully in hospital on 5th May, aged 84, with his family present throughout. A deeply loved and loving husband to Fran and his son Greg, Sandra and daughter Steph, an amazing grandfather to his ten grandchildren who loved him very dearly. By Mike's request no ﬂowers please, but donations, if desired, to Macmillan Nurses and the British Heart Foundation. The Funeral will take place on Friday 1st June, 2.15 p.m., at Croydon Crematorium. All further enquiries to: Ebbutt Funeral Services, 15 Limpsﬁeld Road, Sanderstead, Surrey CR2 9LA. Tel: 0208 916 0694. Online ref: 553804 POWELL.—Colin, died peacefully at St Oswald's Hospice, on 15th May aged 90 years. Beloved husband of Dorothy and father to Jan and Lin, father-in-law to Martin and Ian. Will be greatly missed by all his grandchildren and great grandchildren. No ﬂowers please, but donations to St Oswald's Hospice. Enquiries to Dodds of Hexham. Tel: 01434 603362. Online ref: 553808 ROBINSON.—In hospital in Inverness on 6th May 2018. Kenneth Robert (Ken) Robinson, in his 95th year, born Weymouth, former RAF Sunderland Flying Boat Pilot and employee of Pye of Cambridge for over 25 years. Moved to Scotland in 1999. Beloved husband of the late Mary, much loved dad of Ann, Helen, Kate and the late Elizabeth, also a dear grandad and great grandad. Enquiries to the Funeral Directors; John Fraser & Son, 17-29 Chapel Street, Inverness. Tel: 01463 233366. Online ref: 553724 ROPE.—Patricia (née Bungay), died peacefully at home on Friday 11th May 2018, aged 88 years. Loving wife to the late Philip, much loved mother, grandmother and great grandmother. All enquiries to Howe & Son Funeral Directors, Bear Hill, Kingsclere, Newbury, Berkshire RG20 5QA. Tel: 01635 298303. Online ref: A224336 STANSBY.—John, peacefully on 4th May 2018, at Hays House Nursing Home, nr Shaftesbury, Dorset, aged 87 years. Dearly loved husband of Maria, father of Daniela and stepfather to Veronica. He will be sadly missed by all who knew and loved him. Funeral Service at Salisbury Crematorium on Wednesday 23rd May at 11.30 a.m. No ﬂowers please. Donations, if desired, for Alzheimer's Society may be sent to Bracher Brothers F/D, Gillingham, Dorset SP8 4QL. Tel: 01747 822494. Online ref: 553747 WILLMER.—Elizabeth (née Hough) died 9th May 2018. Funeral in Tinwell at 12 noon on 22nd May 2018. Online ref: 553793 WILSON.—Anthony Charles. Died peacefully at home surrounded by his family on 14th May 2018. A dearly beloved husband, father, grandfather, brother and friend to so many. A funeral for family and close friends will be held on 24th May. There will be a service of thanksgiving in London, details to be announced. Donations in lieu of ﬂowers to Dorothy House Hospice Care and St James the Great, Cherhill, c/o Odette Funeral Director, 7 Phelps Parade, Calne SN11 0HA. Tel: 01249 819972. Online ref: 553830 ROWAN HAMILTON.—Denys Archibald, MVO, DL peacefully at home on 10th May, aged 97. Beloved husband of Wanda; father to Conta, Louisa and Gawn and stepfather to David, Charles (dec’d), Linda and Ronald. ‘Papa’ to 27. A Service of Celebration will be held at 2 p.m. on 2nd July, St John’s The Evangelist, Killyleagh. Any donations to The Black Watch Association, Balhousie Castle, Hay Street, Perth PH1 5HR or online. Online ref: A224321 JOHNSEN.—Richard (Dick). A Memorial Service will be held on Tuesday 26th June 2018 at 11.30 a.m., St Columba's Church, Pont Street SW1X 0BD. Online ref: 553713 O GIVE thanks unto the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever. Psalm 136.1 PENNY DROPPED too late. So sorry. May stands. Also June 5 and 12. LM. Online ref: 553799 *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 27 Obituaries Ray Wilson Jonathan Sternberg Pioneer of orchestral LPs who Fast-paced left back whose skill in defence played a crucial role in England’s 1966 World Cup victory recorded young Alfred Brendel PA ARCHIVE R AY WILSON, who has died aged 83, was the left back in the England team that won the World Cup in 1966. Slight of build, but muscular and blessed with great pace, Wilson was, in the opinion of many observers, the most complete left-side full back ever to play for a British team. His judgment and positional sense were outstanding, his distribution (passing out of defence) accomplished, and although at 31 he was the oldest member of Alf Ramsey’s side, by 1966 he had also established a reputation for durability. It was a reputation that lasted only as long as the first morning of squad training for the tournament, when Wilson put his back out carrying another player. For four days he lay immobilised in bed, being spoon-fed by his room-mate, Bobby Charlton. Having proved himself fit to Ramsey’s satisfaction, he put in solid performances in the early rounds, patrolling the left zone behind Charlton assigned to him by the manager and providing the incisive pass which allowed Martin Peters to fashion the winner for Geoff Hurst in the quarter-final against Argentina. Within 13 minutes of the start of the final, however, Wilson’s celebrated consistency had taken an even more serious knock. As a speculative cross from Held came over from the left, Wilson – most uncharacteristically – rose to meet it too early, and his headed touch while descending deposited the ball at the feet of Haller at the far post. The West German made no mistake, and gave his team the lead. But Wilson, though a competitive and at times mouthy player, also possessed great reservoirs of calm and refused to allow the error to unsettle him or the rest of the defence. He quickly mastered himself and played impeccably from then on, contributing in no small measure to England’s eventual 4-2 victory. In the celebrations afterwards it was Wilson (with Hurst) who carried Bobby Moore on his shoulder, and in the famous photograph of the moment he can be seen straining under the effort; he subsequently complained that Hurst had not carried his fair share of the burden. For Wilson it had been a summer of success, as a few weeks earlier with Everton he had won the FA Cup, the only other honour he would gain in the game. Later he would regret that these triumphs had come late in his career but, modest to a fault, he attributed his success in the World Wilson brandishing the Cup, with Bobby Moore (left) and Jack Charlton. A modest man, he credited the vision of their manager. ‘Everything with Alf Ramsey was simple,’ he reflected. ‘It was a simple game, played in a simple way’ Cup to England’s strength as a team, and to the vision of their manager. “Everything with Alf Ramsey was simple,” he reflected. “It was a simple game, played in a simple way.” Certainly Ramsey gave his players belief in themselves. Yet the contribution of Wilson, and the others in the back line, to England’s triumph should also be given its due place. Easy as it is to remember the goals of Hurst, Hunt and Charlton, it is often overlooked that until the final itself the defence was only breached once, in the semi-final, and that by a penalty. Of mining stock, Ramon Wilson was born in the pit village of Shirebrook, Derbyshire, on December 17 1934. His forename was his mother’s tribute to the Mexican-born film star of the time Ramon Novarro, now perhaps best remembered for having had the lead in the 1925 version of Ben-Hur, and subsequently for being murdered by two male prostitutes in 1968. Young Ray’s early life was rather less exotic. Having learnt to play football in the back lanes of the village, after leaving school he took a job working night shifts on the railways before, at 17, signing forms with Huddersfield Town. He was regarded initially as a prospect at forward, but having failed to make his mark there the manager, Bill Shankly, decided to make use of his speed at the back. His apprenticeship was interrupted by two years’ National Service with the Royal Corps of Signals, some of it in Egypt, but after he returned home in 1955 Wilson began to challenge for a place in the first team. By 1957 was a regular in the side. Three years later he won his first England cap, against Scotland at Hampden. It was a period when teams (and spectators) still prized high-class wing play, and in 1961 Wilson found himself marking the finest winger of them all, Stanley Matthews, in his first game back with Stoke after leaving Blackpool. “I was bloody relieved to get off the pitch,” Wilson recalled later. “He could play a bit, could that lad.” Matthews was then 46. Despite this chastening experience, the following year Wilson was included in the England party that travelled to Chile for the World Cup. Conditions there came as something of a shock to many of the players. Early in the competition, Wilson and Jimmy Armfield decided to relax with a game of golf but found their caddie to be an emaciated boy of 10. By the last few holes Wilson was carrying the clubs; Armfield was carrying the caddie. In the quarter-finals, England found themselves facing Brazil, with Wilson up against Garrincha, who in the absence of the injured Pelé was the best player in the tournament. “I felt as though I was going to mark a sorcerer,” Wilson remembered. He was not alone, however, in being given a masterclass by Garrincha during the match, with the two goals scored by the Brazilian proving decisive in his side’s 3-1 victory. In July 1964, after 266 games for Huddersfield, Wilson moved to Everton. In his first game for them he injured a hip and had to miss half the season, but thereafter his play appeared to reach new heights of consistency; he even developed a penchant for athletic overhead clearances. His skilful use of the ball proved well-suited to Everton’s passing game, and in 1966 Wilson and the team gained due reward for their attractive play when they won the FA Cup, coming back from a two-goal deficit in the second half to beat Sheffield Wednesday 3-2. Playing behind Colin Harvey and Howard Kendall, Wilson continued to give exemplary service to the club until 1968, when a knee injury robbed him of much of his pace. The next year, aged 33, he was transferred to Oldham, and after a season with them was sold on to Bradford. After just two games in the Fourth Division, Wilson decided to retire. He had made 409 league appearances and scored six goals, all of them for Huddersfield. He had also won 63 England caps, the last of them in 1968 against the USSR in the European Championship. Having briefly been caretaker manager of Bradford – an experience which convinced him that he had no wish to be a coach – in 1971 Wilson turned his back on football. As a player he had found himself unable to live on his relatively meagre wages and had taken to helping out his father-in-law, an undertaker. He now joined the business, based near Halifax, later saying that his ability to keep his emotions under control on the pitch made him well-fitted for his new employment. Occasionally he was recognised at the graveside by mourners, but while he did not begrudge them the opportunity to talk about something else, he otherwise largely shunned publicity, being uncomfortable with what he termed “the idolatry” that attended the 1966 team. He was not one to live in the past, and on Saturday afternoons walked the Yorkshire moors with his dogs instead of watching football. He retired to his smallholding in 1995, and in 2002 sold his World Cup winner’s medal at auction for £80,000 to provide for his pension. An autobiography, My Life in Soccer, written with James Mossop, was published in 1969. In 2000 Ray Wilson was – belatedly – appointed MBE. His wife Pat survives him with their two sons. Ray Wilson, born December 17 1934, died May 15 2018 Will Alsop Visionary and mischievous architect who delighted in colour, pods and stilts set at crazy angles TANNIS TOOHEY/TORONTO STAR/ GETTY/ SMC ALSOP W ILL ALSOP, who has died aged 70, was a maverick among British architects, famous for his bold creations on spindly stilts, his Stirling Prize-winning Peckham Library in south London – a pastel green building with load-bearing legs splayed out like a giant insect – being a prime example. Alsop’s mischievous creativity could not be further from the HighTech aesthetic of architects such as Norman Foster and Richard Rogers. Instead of their muted palette of white, grey, terracotta, glass and steel, his exuberant designs abounded with colour, playful bulbous pods and pilotis set at crazy angles. Indeed his work often seemed more like that of an artist than an architect, with echoes of the ideals of the late Sixties and early Seventies – of Pop Art, the Archigram movement and the graphics of Monty Python. “Form swallows function”, he liked to say. Buildings such as the futuristic North Greenwich Underground station, Urban Splash’s Chips in Manchester, the Blizard Building (a medical research facility for Queen Mary College, University of London), and the Sharp Centre in Toronto, one of a number of Canadian projects, were both fun and functional. Alsop, then in partnership with John Lyall, had won his first foreign commission in 1990, beating Norman Foster in the competition for the Hôtel du Département (the seat of regional government) in Marseille. Nicknamed “the Big Blue”, it was completed in 1994. The partnership with Lyall was dissolved in 1991, but a new partnership with Hamburg-based Jan Stormer led to another major European project, for a new ferry terminal in Hamburg. In 2001 Alsop went solo, establishing Alsop Architects. After a two-year stint as a director of the big commercial practice RMJM – a marriage that was never likely to flourish – Alsop broke free in 2011 to found aLL Design, based in a canalside studio in Hackney. At the time of his death he was actively involved with a series of projects in China, where his lively imagination appealed to the new breed of nouveaux riches developers. A rumpled, rather portly chain smoker with long, lank hair, Alsop looked the antithesis of the sleek Armani-clad “starchitect” in oversized spectacles. It was the artist in Alsop that set him apart from most of his fellow practitioners. He did not accept there was one, inevitable, way to build that could be deduced by the Alsop in Toronto in front of one of his creations and (below) a rear view of his Stirling Prize-winning Peckham Library application of structural logic, and he was willing to acknowledge the importance of that nebulous concept, beauty, explaining that “you can’t create beauty but you know when it’s beginning to work, you know when it’s right”. Some saw Alsop’s architecture as a reaction to the rationalist tendency of the High-Tech school, though his approach had remained the same as it was when he was a student at the Architectural Association in 1970, when High-Tech was in its infancy. If Foster and Rogers appeal to a pragmatic streak in the British approach to architecture, then Alsop appealed to the romantic tradition, where the imagination is allowed to wander. Alsop’s series of “visioning studies”, done for post-industrial northern cities that were looking for headline-catching projects, might have seemed whimsical. He proposed turning Barnsley into a walled Tuscan hill town, setting central Bradford on a huge lake, and adorning Middlesbrough with a shimmering hotel in the shape of a champagne bottle and an office block modelled on Marge Simpson’s hairdo. Only the Bradford scheme was realised, albeit on a reduced scale, yet these projects have served to inspire radical thinking about the future of northern towns and cities. Alsop suffered a major setback when, in 1993, his futuristic scheme for Wales’s National Literacy Centre in Swansea was dropped at the last minute after opposition from local councillors. A worse blow came in 2004 when, much to Alsop’s dismay, Liverpool city council cancelled his proposed “Fourth Grace”, an astonishing structure, aptly described as “a diamond knuckle-duster”, which had been commissioned to stand at the pierhead alongside the Liver, Cunard and Port of Liverpool buildings as the centrepiece of Liverpool’s year as Europe’s capital of culture in 2008. The escalating costs of the scheme (from £228m to £324m) and “fundamental changes” to the original plan, the council decided, had made it unworkable. The cancellation of this project was followed by the closure of Alsop’s practice after it went into receivership. Alsop always put aesthetic ambition before profit and as a result his career was marked by a series of reverses, most notably the high-profile failure of the Public, a £72m arts centre in West Bromwich from which he was removed in 2004, 17 months after construction had begun. In a damning report in 2011, Arts Council England concluded that it had “agreed to fund a building that was not fit for purpose”. The Public went into administration a year after opening and closed in 2013, to be converted into a sixth-form college. Alsop’s ideas provoked strong reactions – both for and against. His ideas for Barnsley prompted Ian McMillan – poet-in-residence at Barnsley FC during their days in the Premiership – to pen 24 lines of verse entitled “Barnsley is a Tuscan Hill Village”, in which he apologised for not having noticed the town’s Italianate charms before, blaming his flat cap and whippet for distracting him from the view. Yet with such fantastical flights of fancy, Alsop showed triumphantly that architecture could be fun. “Making polite, inoffensive buildings is, in my opinion, offensive,” he told The Daily Telegraph in 2007. William Allen Alsop was born on December 12 1947 in Northampton, the son of a retired accountant who was 64 when his son was born. Neither of his parents was interested in architecture; none the less he always wanted to be an architect. When he was six he designed a house for his mother to live in – its most striking specification being that it should be built in New Zealand. When Alsop was 16 his father died, so he decided to leave school and do his A-levels at evening classes while working for a local architect. He did a foundation course at Northampton Art School and then studied at the Architectural Association (AA), where he entered the competition to design the Pompidou Centre in Paris and was runner-up to Richard Rogers. From 1971 the school was run by Alvin Boyarsky, a charismatic teacher who nurtured the careers of Rem Koolhaas, Zaha Hadid and others who were to dominate the architectural scene. It was at the AA that Alsop met his future partner, John Lyall. But graduation was followed by jobs firstly (part-time) in the office of Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew, followed by three years with Cedric Price, who became a lasting influence. Alsop’s first completed building was a swimming pool, unveiled in 1988, in the Norfolk town of Sheringham, where he had a much-loved holiday home. Alsop was appointed OBE in 1999 and elected to the Royal Academy in 2000, the year in which his Peckham Library won the Riba Stirling Prize. A habitué of the Chelsea Arts Club, Alsop was a lover of fine wine and good food. He was a keen painter who would take a month off every summer to paint in Majorca with his friend Bruce McLean. When it came to his own homes – a garden flat in a Kensington mansion block and his converted stable block in Norfolk – Alsop admitted that he deferred to his wife Sheila (née Bean) whom he met when he was an architecture student and she was a secretary, and married in 1972. “She likes the whole cosy thing, and I like her taste and style,” he explained. She survives him with their two sons and a daughter. Will Alsop, born December 12 1947, died May 12 2018 J ONATHAN STERNBERG, who has died aged 98, was an American musician who enjoyed a brief but significant role as a conductor and producer in the early years of the LP era in postwar Vienna. He was responsible for Alfred Brendel’s first disc, a recording of Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto No 5 that in 1951 was completed in two difficult sessions at the Vienna Konzerthaus, where Sternberg struggled to get the sound right. Although dismayed that Brendel later chose to dismiss the result as “not marvellous”, Sternberg ploughed on, recording Mozart piano concertos with a young Paul BaduraSkoda, Haydn symphonies for the musicologist HC Robbins Landon, and Schubert for Louise Hanson-Dyer, the founder of L’Oiseau-Lyre Records. By the late 1950s he was conducting European premieres of works by American composers such as Charles Ives, Leonard Bernstein and Ned Rorem. In Britain, the three times that he conducted at the Festival Hall between 1959 and 1963 were dominated by the music of Beethoven. Jonathan Sternberg was born in New York on July 27 1919. His father, Louis, was a distinguished allergist. Young Johnny was six when his parents bought him a violin, but a broken finger ended any hopes of being a virtuoso fiddler. By 10 he was conducting orchestras in front of the radio. He was educated at James Madison High School and at 15 enrolled at music school, signing up for extra classes in conducting. He grew a moustache in the hope of being taken seriously and before long was teaching evening classes to students twice his age. Meanwhile, he turned pages for the violinist Jascha Heifetz at $2 a session, later doing the same for the Romanian conductor George Enescu, although now charging $3. His conducting debut came in 1941 with the National Youth Administration Symphony Orchestra in a programme that included An Outdoor Overture by his fellow Brooklynite, Aaron Copland. Drafted into the US Army, Lieutenant Sternberg wound up in Shanghai, stepping in when the local orchestra’s conductor was found to be a Japanese collaborator. Rehearsals Sternberg conducted orchestras in London, Shanghai and the US were in a former stable with no heating, and before they could start, each member of this group of largely European exiles wanted to play his own national anthem. By the time his war was over Sternberg could speak smatterings of Russian, Chinese, Italian, German and Hungarian. Back in the US he studied with Pierre Monteux and was “pacing the pavements” looking for an orchestral position (“the New York Philharmonic was evidently not ready for me”) before heading to Europe, where he joined the Vienna Opera and met Robbins Landon, who was researching the music of Haydn. Being a car owner, Sternberg was able to drive him to monasteries, churches and libraries in search of material. By the mid-1950s Sternberg’s recording career was over. He was director of the Halifax Symphony Orchestra in Canada (1957-58) and the Royal Flemish Opera (1962-66), before returning to New York as music director of the Harkness Ballet. One day, at a party hosted by Erich Leinsdorf, he remarked to the conductor’s sons that they must be very proud of their illustrious father. Their response, that they hardly knew him because he was never there when they were growing up, stopped Sternberg, who had two children under 10, in his tracks. Thereafter he turned to teaching, becoming Professor of Conducting at Boyer College of Music in Philadelphia, until his retirement in 1989, still championing American composers. In 1974 he was a founder of the Conductors Guild, the professional body for American conductors. Jonathan Sternberg married the artist Ursula Hertz in 1957. She died in 2000. He is survived by their son and daughter. Jonathan Sternberg, born July 27 1919, died May 8 2018 28 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Television & radio The week in radio Jemima Lewis What to watch Radio brilliantly captures the complexity of humans (loneliness, self-pity, boredom) and nihilistic anger. It helped me understand not just incels, but all the other disaffected men – trolls, jihadists, neo-Nazis – made dangerous by the online company they keep. W K Tom Service explored the sounds of the ancient world in ‘The Listening Service’ eeping up with online culture is always a mixed blessing. On the one hand, you need to at least dabble in social media to understand where Western society is heading. On the other hand, the more you know, the harder it is not to panic. I adopted the brace position before tuning into Monday’s episode of BBC Trending, the World Service series that examines what’s happening online. The title – Inside the Dark World of Incels – promised to take us somewhere I had no desire to go. Incels (short for “involuntary celibates”) are young men consumed with anger and despair about not getting laid. They believe the genetic odds have been stacked against them: they think they are, and always will be, ugly, awkward and repulsive to women. They meet online to commiserate, and in some cases to plot revenge. Last month, Alek Minassian, proclaiming the start of an “incel rebellion”, drove his van into pedestrians on a Toronto street. Ten people, mostly women, died. Reams of column inches have been expended on the incel movement since then. But nothing I have read explained it as effectively as this programme. Jonathan Griffin and Elizabeth Cassin – co-producers and presenters – waded deep into the swamp of Reddit and other conspiracy-filled forums, as well as recording interviews with three self-proclaimed incels. The scariest was “Liam”, a 19-yearold English boy with polite, selfdeprecating manners. Incel forums, he told Griffin, are effectively support groups for “people who are like you – well, like me,” he laughed shyly, “not like you probably.” It’s “nice,” he said, to be able to talk about your troubles. I felt sorry for Liam. I wanted to give him a maternal pep talk, confiscate his laptop and push him out into the daylight, where he might actually meet a girl. But then his muddle-headedness began to look more alarming. Griffin pointed out to him that incel forums aren’t actually very supportive. Suicidal members are routinely egged on to kill themselves. Less often, but still commonly, they are urged to take down “normal” people with them, like Elliot Rodger, who in 2014 murdered six people in California before shooting himself, did. “It’s fine,” shrugged Liam, suddenly full of bravado. “I don’t think it was even that wrong, what he did.” Radio is so brilliant at capturing human complexity. In print, Liam would have come across as a twodimensional weirdo. But being able to hear the nuances in his voice, shifting from doubt to defiance, made him fascinatingly familiar. It illustrated how thin the membrane is between ordinary psychological afflictions hat a relief to travel back in time with Radio 3’s The Listening Service this week, as it posed the question: “What does ancient history really sound like?” Presenter Tom Service supplied the answer up front: no one knows, but it’s fun to speculate. Some of the caves occupied by early humans have red ochre markings in particularly resonant areas, suggesting that people may have sung or banged the walls in order to hear the echoes – perhaps believing them to be replies from a spirit world inside the rock. The earliest musical instruments ever discovered are Paleolithic flutes, made from the bones of mammoths and griffon vultures. To understand how they might have been played, flautist Anna Friederike Potengowski visited some formerly inhabited caves and stood in the darkness absorbing the acoustics. Her resulting composition – ranging, as she said, from “sweet melodies” to “strong screams” – was ravishingly eerie. It’s a pity that the second half of this programme got bogged down in modern composers, and how they reimagined Roman music. The first half was a wild imaginative ride. H ere’s a bold experiment: The Grenfell Tower Inquiry with Eddie Mair. This new BBC podcast promises to report daily from the inquiry into last year’s terrible fire. The judicial process itself doesn’t start until June, after two weeks of testimony from the bereaved, but Mair has already started setting the scene. There are obvious dangers in exploring such a raw tragedy through a medium usually associated with entertainment. Some of the more podcasty touches – the woo-woo background music, and Mair’s gently amused voice – need to be toned down. But the idea of reinventing court reporting for the modern age is clever. The flexibility of a podcast – it can be made to any length, depending on what needs to be covered – could make it just the tool for the job. on Channel 4 later this year. This taut French thriller gets in there early with a creepy story about an independently financed mission to the red planet that goes terribly wrong. SH Humans CHANNEL 4, 9.00PM It may have half the budget of HBO’s Westworld but Humans has always been (forgive me) the more human show. This is particularly obvious with this third series, which like its US counterpart, follows the fallout from its synths gaining collective consciousness. Where Westworld chooses to couch that fallout in flashy scenes and tricksy games, Humans tells a more interesting story of distrust, betrayal and the price of slavery. The story picks up a year after what is now being termed Year Zero, with memorials held for the thousands who died. Meanwhile, politicians are calling for the destruction of “green-eye” synths, and synthetics companies have already created a new army of compliant “orange-eyes”. As for our various protagonists, Laura (Katherine Parkinson) discovers that representing synths has severe drawbacks, while Anita (Gemma Chan) and Max (Ivanno Jeremiah) are struggling to convince their fellow synths that friendship holds the key. It all makes for tense Entertainment Britain’s Best Home Cook BBC ONE, 8.00PM It might seem like a mishmash of every other cooking show, but I’m increasingly taken with the BBC’s attempt to replace Bake Off. Claudia Winkleman does a great job as host, Mary Berry is Mary Berry and this week the gang have to cook pies. What’s not to love? SH Urban Myths: Agatha Christie SKY ARTS, 9.00PM Anna Maxwell-Martin plays Agatha Christie in an entertainingly goofy take on what happened during her 1926 disappearance. SH Factual Million Pound Menu BBC TWO, 9.00PM Rise of the robots: Gemma Chan and Ivanno Jeremiah opening, although, as always, the series is at its best in its smallest moments – a talk about Ambulance Comedy BBC ONE, 9.00PM The Week That Wasn’t SKY ONE, 10.00PM Recorded close to transmission for topicality, Sky’s newest comedy show reunites Alistair McGowan and Ronni Ancona for the first time since The Big Impression in 2004. Here, they join others in providing voice-overs for footage of politicians and celebrities. SH Documentary Paul O’Grady: For the Love of Dogs – India ITV, 8.30PM Diwali, the Hindu festival Presented by First Dates’ Maître d’ Fred Sirieix, this synth safety to class of primary schoolchildren is especially well observed. Sarah Hughes The Week That Wasn’t of lights, takes centre stage for this final episode of the heart-warming series. In this episode, Paul faces a difficult decision when he falls in love with an elderly black Labrador at one of Delhi’s oldest dog shelters. SH Things are pretty dark in the fourth episode of the fly-on-the-wall show, as there are a number of calls regarding people with life-threatening illnesses or injuries. Among the call-outs is an elderly lady who has stopped breathing and a man choking on his food. SH Drama Missions BBC FOUR, 9.00PM AND 9.25PM Missions to Mars are big news on television with the big-budget drama The First, starring Sean Penn, arriving Missions: Mlekuz and Viviès new series is essentially Dragons’ Den for restaurants. Here, the hopefuls pitch their idea for a new pop-up restaurant in Manchester in the hope of making their dreams a reality. SH Royal London One-Day Cup Cricket: Lancashire v Nottinghamshire SKY SPORTS MAIN EVENT, 1.30PM Action from the one-dayer at the Emirates Old Trafford Cricket Ground. Radio choice Charlotte Runcie Radio 3 in Concert RADIO 3, 7.30PM Tonight’s concert is a grand Scandinavian affair broadcast live from Glasgow, as the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra and Finnish folk musicians play pieces by Sibelius and the evocative folk music that inspired Radio 1 FM 97.6-99.8MHz 6.30 am The Radio 1 Breakfast Show with Scott Mills 10.00 Clara Amfo 12.45 pm Newsbeat 1.00 Matt and Mollie 4.00 Greg James 5.45 Newsbeat 6.00 Greg James 7.00 Clara Amfo 9.00 The 8th with Charlie Sloth 11.00 Radio 1’s Residency – Artwork 12.00 Radio 1’s Residency – Tokimonsta 1.00 am Toddla T 3.00 Radio 1 Comedy 4.00 - 6.30am Early Breakfast with Adele Roberts Radio 2 FM 88-90.2MHz 6.30 9.30 12.00 2.00 5.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 am Chris Evans Ken Bruce Jeremy Vine pm Steve Wright in the Afternoon Jo Whiley & Simon Mayo Bob Harris Country Johnnie Walker Meets Jimmy Webb Sara Cox OJ Borg am Huey Morgan Huey on Sunday - 6.30am Vanessa Feltz Radio 3 FM 90.2-92.4MHz 6.30 am Breakfast 9.00 Essential Classics 12.00 Composer of the Week: Brahms 1.00 pm News 1.02 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. The Guarneri Piano Trio and Ensemble 360 perform chamber music by Schulhoff, Dvorák and Janácek from the Leamington Music Festival 2.00 Afternoon Concert 5.00 In Tune him, as an extravagant finale to the BBCSSO’s season. They are joined by Lund University Male Voice Choir and soloists Ilona Korhonen, Helena Juntunen, and Benjamin Appl, as well as Vilma Timonen on kantele, Timo Alakotila on harmonium and Taito Hoffren on vocals and shaman drum. 7.00 In Tune Mixtape 7.30 ◆ Radio 3 in Concert. See Radio choice 10.00 Free Thinking 10.45 The Essay: To the Barricades! 11.00 Late Junction 12.30 - 6.30am Through the Night Radio 4 FM 92.4-94.6MHz; LW 198KHz 6.00 8.30 9.00 9.45 9.45 10.00 11.00 11.30 12.00 12.01 12.04 12.15 12.57 1.00 1.45 2.00 2.15 3.00 3.27 3.30 4.00 4.30 5.00 5.54 6.00 6.30 7.00 7.15 7.45 8.00 8.30 9.00 9.30 10.00 10.45 11.00 11.30 12.00 am Today LW: Yesterday in Parliament In Our Time FM: Book of the Week: The Book: A Cover-to-Cover Exploration of the Most Powerful Object of Our Time LW: Daily Service Woman’s Hour Crossing Continents The Intimate Art of Tattoo News pm LW: Shipping Forecast Dr Broks’ Casebook You and Yours Weather The World at One The Assassination The Archers Drama: McLevy Ramblings Radio 4 Appeal Open Book The Film Programme BBC Inside Science PM LW: Shipping Forecast Six O’Clock News Alone The Archers Front Row Wuthering Heights The Briefing Room In Business BBC Inside Science In Our Time The World Tonight Book at Bedtime: The Female Persuasion John Finnemore’s Double Acts Today in Parliament News and Weather The Full Works Concert CLASSIC FM, 8.00PM The other classical music feast worth enjoying tonight is more of a full-blooded, patriotic experience, marking the 75th anniversary of the Dam Buster raid on this day in 1943. Catherine Bott presents an evening of 12.30 am Book of the Week: The Book: A Cover-to-Cover Exploration of the Most Powerful Object of Our Time 12.48 Shipping Forecast 1.00 As World Service 5.20 Shipping Forecast 5.30 News Briefing 5.43 Prayer for the Day 5.45 Farming Today 5.58 - 6.00am Tweet of the Day Radio 5 Live MW 693 & 909KHz 6.00 am 5 Live Breakfast 10.00 The Emma Barnett Show with Anna Foster 1.00 pm Afternoon Edition 4.00 5 Live Drive 7.00 5 Live Sport 8.00 5 Live Sport: 5 Live Boxing 9.00 5 Live Sport: Get Inspired with Darren Campbell 10.00 Question Time Extra Time 1.00 am Up All Night 5.00 Morning Reports 5.15 - 6.00am Wake Up to Money Classic FM FM 99.9-101.9MHz 6.00 9.00 1.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 am More Music Breakfast John Suchet pm Anne-Marie Minhall Classic FM Drive Smooth Classics at Seven ◆ The Full Works Concert. On the 75th anniversary of the Dam Buster raid, Catherine Bott presents a concert inspired by war and peace, featuring works by Coates, Barber, John Williams and Beethoven. See Radio choice 10.00 Smooth Classics 1.00 - 6.00am Jane Jones World Service DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am Newsday 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30 Business Daily 8.50 Witness 9.00 News 9.06 The Thought Show 10.00 music inspired by both war and peacetime, which features as its centrepiece Coates’s Dam Busters March, performed by the Central Band of the Royal Air Force. Other highlights include John Williams’s Hymn to the Fallen, performed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Tanglewood Festival Chorus. World Update 11.00 The Newsroom 11.30 The Food Chain 12.00 News 12.06pm Outlook 1.00 The Newsroom 1.30 Assignment 2.00 Newshour 3.00 News 3.06 The Inquiry 3.30 World Business Report 4.00 BBC OS 6.00 News 6.06 Outlook 7.00 The Newsroom 7.30 Sport Today 8.00 News 8.06 The Inquiry 8.30 Science in Action 9.00 Newshour 10.00 News 10.06 Assignment 10.30 The Food Chain 11.00 News 11.06 The Newsroom 11.20 Sports News 11.30 World Business Report 12.06am The Thought Show 1.00 News 1.06 Business Matters 2.00 News 2.06 The Newsroom 2.30 Assignment 3.00 News 3.06 Newsday 3.30 World Football 4.00 News 4.06 Newsday 5.00 News 5.06 The Newsroom 5.30 6.00am Science in Action Radio 4 Extra DIGITAL ONLY 6.00am The Doomed Oasis 6.30 There’s More Here Than I Thought 7.00 North by Northamptonshire 7.30 Alone 8.00 J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook 8.30 The Goon Show 9.00 Funny You Should Ask 9.30 Alison and Maud 10.00 The Mill on the Floss 11.00 Opening Lines 11.15 Faith, Hope and Charity 12.00 J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook 12.30pm The Goon Show 1.00 The Doomed Oasis 1.30 There’s More Here Than I Thought 2.00 The Secret History 2.15 Britain on the Bottle: Alcohol and the State 2.30 Gillespie and I 2.45 Falling Upwards 3.00 The Mill on the Floss 4.00 Funny You Should Ask 4.30 Alison and Maud 5.00 North by Northamptonshire 5.30 Alone 6.00 2001 – A Space Odyssey 6.15 The Book of Strange New Things 6.30 Great Lives 7.00 J Kingston Platt’s Showbiz Handbook 7.30 The Goon Show 8.00 The Doomed Oasis 8.30 There’s More Here Than I Thought 9.00 Opening Lines 9.15 Faith, Hope and Charity 10.00 Comedy Club 12.00 2001 – A Space Odyssey 12.15am The Book of Strange New Things 12.30 Great Lives 1.00 The Doomed Oasis 1.30 There’s More Here Than I Thought 2.00 The Secret History 2.15 Britain on the Bottle: Alcohol and the State 2.30 Gillespie and I 2.45 Falling Upwards 3.00 The Mill on the Floss 4.00 Funny You Should Ask 4.30 Alison and Maud 5.00 North by Northamptonshire 5.30 - 6.00am Alone *** The Daily Telegraph Thursday 17 May 2018 29 Today’s television FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing BBC Two ITV Channel 4 Channel 5 6.00 am Breakfast (S) 9.15 Ill Gotten Gains (S) 10.00 Homes Under the Hammer (AD) (S) 11.00 A1: Britain’s Longest Road (AD) (R) (S) 11.45 The Housing Enforcers (S) 12.15 pm Bargain Hunt (AD) (R) (S) 1.00 BBC News at One; Weather (S) 1.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 1.45 Doctors (AD) (S) 2.15 The Doctor Blake Mysteries (AD) (S) 3.15 Escape to the Country (AD) (R) (S) 3.45 Royal Recipes: Wedding Special (S) 4.30 Hardball (S) 5.15 Pointless (S) 6.00 BBC News at Six; Weather (S) 6.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Flog It! Trade Secrets (R) (S) 6.30 Ill Gotten Gains (R) (S) 7.15 Royal Recipes: Wedding Special (R) (S) 8.00 Sign Zone: Love in the Countryside (AD) (R) (S) (SL) 9.00 Victoria Derbyshire (S) 11.00 BBC Newsroom Live (S) 12.00 Daily Politics (S) 1.00 pm Perfection (R) (S) 1.45 Going Back, Giving Back (R) (S) 2.30 Digging for Britain (AD) (R) (S) 3.30 Victorian Farm (AD) (R) (S) 4.30 Street Auction (R) (S) 5.15 Antiques Road Trip (R) (S) 6.00 Eggheads (R) (S) 6.30 Great Continental Railway Journeys (S) 6.00 am Good Morning Britain (S) 8.30 Lorraine (S) 9.25 The Jeremy Kyle Show (S) 10.30 This Morning (S) 12.30 pm Loose Women (S) 1.30 News; Weather (S) 1.55 Regional News; Weather (S) 2.00 Judge Rinder’s Crime Stories (S) 3.00 Dickinson’s Real Deal (R) (S) 4.00 Tipping Point (S) 5.00 The Chase (S) 6.00 Regional News; Weather (S) 6.30 News; Weather (S) 6.00 am Countdown (R) (S) 6.45 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.10 3rd Rock from the Sun (AD) (R) (S) 7.35 Everybody Loves Raymond (AD) (R) (S) 8.00 Everybody Loves Raymond (AD) (R) (S) 8.30 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.00 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 9.35 Frasier (AD) (R) (S) 10.05 Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA (R) (S) 11.00 Undercover Boss USA (R) (S) 12.00 Channel 4 News (S) 12.05 pm Coast vs Country (AD) (R) (S) 1.05 Posh Pawnbrokers (R) (S) 2.10 Countdown (S) 3.00 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun (R) (S) 4.00 The £100k Drop (S) 5.00 Four in a Bed (R) (S) 5.30 Buy It Now (S) 6.00 The Simpsons (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 Hollyoaks (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 am Milkshake! 9.15 The Wright Stuff 11.15 The Yorkshire Vet (R) (S) 12.10 pm 5 News Lunchtime (S) 12.15 GPs: Behind Closed Doors (AD) (R) (S) 1.10 Access (S) 1.15 Home and Away (AD) (S) 1.45 Neighbours (AD) (S) 2.15 The Yorkshire Vet Casebook (R) (S) 3.20 FILM: Cradle Swapping (2017, TVM) Premiere. Drama starring Amanda Clayton (S) 5.00 5 News at 5 (S) 5.30 Neighbours (AD) (R) (S) 6.00 Home and Away (AD) (R) (S) 6.30 5 News Tonight (S) Million Pound Menu Paul O’Grady: For the Love of Dogs 7.00 The One Show Topical stories from around the UK (S) 7.30 EastEnders Linda finds Mick in bed with another woman (AD) (S) 7.00 Back to the Land with Kate Humble Kate meets a wasabi grower and foraging for truffles (AD) (S) 7.00 Emmerdale Aaron faces a tense reunion (AD) (S) 7.30 The Tower: A Year On – Tonight A look back at the events of the Grenfell fire (S) 9.00 Humans New series. The newly conscious Max, Mia and Flash try to broker peace with the human world See What to watch (AD) (S) 9.00 Can’t Pay? We’ll Take It Away! Gary and Paul try to recover a debt owed by a Kent publican (S) 10.00 News; Weather (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Great Art Tim Marlow presents a profile of Vincent Van Gogh (AD) (S) 10.00 First Dates Butler Kit wants to meet a man who shares his passion for the royal family (AD) (S) 11.05 24 Hours in A&E 12.10am Catching a Killer: A Knock at the Door 1.20 What Makes a Woman? 2.15 The ‘90s: Ten Years That Changed the World 3.40 Holidays Unpacked 4.10 Tricks of the Restaurant Trade 4.35 Steph and Dom’s One Star to Five Star 5.00 Jamie’s Comfort Food 5.10 - 6.00am Fifteen to One 10.00 Me & My Mental Health People living with schizo-affective disorder, OCD and bipolar (S) 9.00 Ambulance Crews deal with patients undergoing mental health crises See What to watch (S) 9.00 Million Pound Menu New series. Would-be restaurateurs seek major investment See What to watch (AD) (S) 11.45 This Week 12.35- 6.00am News S4C 8.30 Paul O’Grady: For the Love of Dogs – India Paul helps a traumatised puppy make new friends. Last in the series See What to watch (AD) (S) 11.45 Give It a Year 12.10am The Tower: A Year On – Tonight 12.35 Jackpot247 3.00 ITV Nightscreen 5.05 6.00am The Jeremy Kyle Show Northern Ireland BBC One: 10.40pm The View 11.15 Question Time 12.15am This Week 1.00 - 6.00am BBC News BBC Two: 7.00 - 8.00pm Home Ground – Live at the Balmoral Show UTV: BBC Four FV 9 FS 107 SKY 116 VIRGIN 107 9.25 9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 pm Beyond 100 Days The Sky at Night The Sky at Night Guides Missions See What to watch Missions See What to watch Horizon: A Short Trip into Space Nasa – Triumph and Tragedy Rise of the Continents Dissected: The Incredible Human Hand am The Last Seabird Summer? The Sky at Night Guides: Planets - 4.00am Nasa – Triumph and Tragedy ITV2 10.20am The Bachelor 12.15pm Emmerdale 12.45 Coronation Street 1.45 The Ellen DeGeneres Show 2.35 The Jeremy Kyle Show 6.00 You’ve Been Framed! Gold 8.00 Two and a Half Men 8.30 Superstore 9.00 Family Guy 10.00 Celebrity Juice 10.50 Family Guy 11.45 American Dad! 12.40am Plebs 1.15 Two and a Half Men 1.40 Superstore 2.10 Totally Bonkers Guinness World Records 2.20-5.50am Teleshopping E4 Noon The Goldbergs 1.00pm The Big Bang Theory 2.00 How I Met Your Mother 3.00 New Girl 4.00 Black-ish 5.00 The Goldbergs 6.00 The Big Bang Theory 7.00 Hollyoaks 7.30 Black-ish 8.00 The Big Bang Theory 8.30 Young Sheldon 9.00 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 9.30 Let’s Get Physical 10.00 The Inbetweeners 10.35 Friday Night Dinner 11.05 The Big Bang Theory 12.00 First Dates 1.10am Tattoo Fixers 2.10 The Inbetweeners 2.40 Friday Night Dinner 3.05 Brooklyn Nine-Nine 3.30 Let’s Get Physical 3.55-4.40am New Girl More4 11.35am Four in a Bed 2.10pm Come Dine with Me 4.50 A Place in the Sun: Winter Sun 5.55 A New Life in the Sun ITV3 FV 10 FS 115 SKY 119 VIRGIN 117 10.20 12.35 1.40 2.40 3.15 3.50 4.20 4.55 5.25 6.00 7.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 1.30 2.00 2.30 am A Touch of Frost pm The Royal Heartbeat Classic Coronation Street Classic Coronation Street On the Buses On the Buses You’re Only Young Twice George and Mildred Heartbeat Murder, She Wrote Vera Lewis Lucan am George and Mildred ITV3 Nightscreen - 6.00am Teleshopping 6.55 The Secret Life of the Zoo 7.55 Grand Designs 9.00 The Good Fight 10.05 Emergency Helicopter Medics 11.05 My Big Fat Royal Gypsy Wedding 12.10am Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares USA 1.05 The Good Fight 2.15 My Big Fat Royal Gypsy Wedding 3.15-3.55am 8 Out of 10 Cats: Best Bits Dave Noon American Pickers 1.00pm QI XL 2.00 Top Gear 3.00 Deadly 60 4.00 Steve Austin’s Broken Skull Challenge 5.00 Top Gear 6.00 Taskmaster 7.00 QI XL 8.00 Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier 9.00 QI XL 10.00 Room 101 10.40 Mock the Week 12.00 QI 12.40am Mock the Week 2.00 QI 2.40 The Last Man on Earth 3.30-4.00am The Indestructibles Sky Sports Main Event 11.00am Live ATP Tennis. The Italian Open. Coverage of day four of the ATP World Tour 1000 event from the Foro Italico in Rome 1.30pm Live Royal London One-Day Cup Cricket. Lancashire v Nottinghamshire. Coverage of the match taking place at Emirates Old Trafford Cricket Ground 7.00 Live Premier League Darts. Coverage of playoff night at the O2 in London 10.30 Live PGA Tour Golf. The AT&T Byron Nelson 12.00-6.00am Sky Sports News A View to a Kill (1985) When a microchip maker (Christopher Walken) comes up with a scheme to wipe out all his Silicon Valley competition, it’s up to 007 (Roger Moore) to end his evil plan, while also defeating his ruthless friend, May Day (Grace Jones). It’s absurd, and Moore looks more like an overfed stockbroker than a lean, mean spying machine, but it’s ridiculous fun, especially the fight to the death on the cables of the Golden Gate Bridge. Poltergeist (1982) SYFY, 10.00PM ★★★★ 12.35am Teleshopping 2.05 3.00am ITV Nightscreen Scotland BBC One: No variations BBC Two: 12.00 - 1.00pm First Minister’s Questions 7.00pm The Beechgrove Garden 7.30 - 8.00 Timeline 11.15 Sportscene 12.00 - 12.15am Grand Tours of Scotland STV: 10.30pm Scotland Tonight 11.05 Great Art 12.05 2.05am Teleshopping 3.05 The Tower: A Year On – Tonight 3.30 ITV Nightscreen 4.05 The Jeremy Kyle Show 5.00 - 6.00am Teleshopping Wales ITV Regions BBC One: No variations BBC Two: No variations ITV Wales: 6.00 - 6.30pm ITV News Wales at Six No variations, except: ITV Channel: 12.35 - 3.00am ITV Nightscreen Director Tobe Hooper, who made The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, tones down the gut-churning horror but still ramps up the tension to nightmare levels in this Steven Spielbergproduced chiller. It has one of cinema’s most spine-tinglingly scary moments: “They’re here,” sing-songs a little girl kneeling before the TV. “They” are the spirits, at first playful then increasingly malevolent, who terrorise a suburban family. FV Freeview FS Freesat (AD) Audio description (R) Repeat (S) Subtitles (SL) In-vision signing Freeview, satellite and cable 7.00 7.30 8.00 9.00 11.05 The Snake Skin Woman: Extraordinary People 12.00 SuperCasino 3.10am GPs: Behind Closed Doors 4.00 Get Your Tatts Out: Kavos Ink 4.45 House Doctor 5.10 Great Artists 5.35 - 6.00am Wildlife SOS Variations 6.00am Cyw 12.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 12.05pm Wrecsam ’Di Wrexham 12.30 Ffit Cymru 1.30 Sion a Siân 2.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 2.05 Prynhawn Da 3.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 3.05 04 Wal Yn Yr Haul 4.00 Awr Fawr 5.00 Stwnsh 6.00 Newyddion S4C a’r Tywydd 6.05 ’Sgota gyda Julian Lewis Jones 6.30 Rownd a Rownd 7.00 Heno 7.30 Pobol y Cwm 8.00 Y Ty Arian 9.00 Newyddion 9 a’r Tywydd 9.30 Cwymp yr Ymerodraethau 10.30 Mwy o Sgorio 11.00 - 11.35pm Ar y Bysus John Ford’s wistful take on the story of Wyatt Earp is still the one against which all other versions of this western should be judged. Ford claimed to have known Earp, played here by Henry Fonda, and based the final shoot-out at the OK Corral on what he’d been told. But what stands out are the performances, the magnificent setting, and numerous inventive and exquisitely staged scenes. ITV4, 9.00PM ★★★ 9.00 Innocent David’s exoneration allows him to regain custody. Last in the series (AD) (S) 8.00 Emmerdale (AD) (S) 11.15 Dara and Ed’s Great Big Adventure 12.15am The Bridge 1.15 Versailles 2.10 Versailles 3.05 Sign Zone: My Year with the Tribe 4.05 Sign Zone: The Secret Helpers 5.05 - 6.00am This Is BBC Two 7.55 The Political Slot With Conservative Party chairman Brandon Lewis (S) 7.00 The Nightmare Neighbour Next Door Two neighbours who record each other’s every move on CCTV (AD) (R) (S) 8.00 Bad Tenants, Rogue Landlords A landlord discovers his tenant has been subletting his exclusive flat (S) 8.00 Amazing Hotels: Life Beyond the Lobby A hotel that overlooks an active volcano in Chile, South America. Last in the series (AD) (S) 10.00 The League of Gentlemen Comedy starring Mark Gatiss, Reece Shearsmith and Steve Pemberton (AD) (R) (S) 10.30 Newsnight (S) 7.00 Channel 4 News (S) FILM4, 11.00AM ★★★★★ Me & My Mental Health 8.00 Cruises from Hell: Caught on Camera Real-life footage of nautical nightmares as filmed and told by survivors (S) 8.00 Britain’s Best Home Cook The contestants dish up a pie showcasing their cooking style See What to watch (AD) (S) 10.00 BBC News at Ten (S) 10.30 Regional News; Weather (S) 10.45 Question Time From the Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (S) Cruises from Hell: Caught on Camera My Darling Clementine (1946, b/w) SNAP / REX Britain’s Best Home Cook SNAP / REX BBC One Film choice EVERETT / REX Main channels ITV4 FV 24 FS 117 SKY 120 VIRGIN 118 11.50 12.55 2.00 4.30 5.40 6.45 9.00 11.40 1.30 2.35 3.00 am The Avengers pm Ironside ITV Racing: Live from York The Avengers Cycling: Tour Series Uefa European U17 Championship Live. Coverage of a semi-final match (kick-off 7.00pm) FILM: A View to a Kill (1985) James Bond adventure starring Roger Moore See Film choice pm FILM: Passenger 57 (1992) Action thriller with Wesley Snipes am River Monsters Tommy Cooper - 6.00am Teleshopping Sky Sports Premier League Noon Premier League World 1.00pm Stars of Russia 1.30 Destination Russia 2.00 PL Best Goals 00/01 3.00 Premier League Years 5.00 Premier League World 6.00 Best PL Goals: Chelsea v Man Utd 6.30 Best PL Goals: Man Utd v Newcastle 7.00 Stars of Russia 7.30 Destination Russia 8.00 Premier League World 9.00 Stars of Russia 9.30 Destination Russia 10.00 Premier League Special 11.00 Adieu Arsene 11.30 Ken Bates: The Chelsea Years 12.00 PL Best Goals 14/15 1.00am Premier League Years 3.004.00am PL Greatest Games BT Sport 1 Noon FA Cup Final Classics 12.30pm FA Cup Final Classics 1.00 FA Cup Final Classics 1.30 FA Cup Final Classics 2.00 FA Cup Final Classics 2.30 FA Cup Final Classics 3.00 Game of the Week 3.30 NBA 5.00 NBA Action 5.30 Ligue 1 Show 6.00 Premier League Reload 6.15 The Emirates FA Cup 6.30 The Emirates FA Cup Preview 7.15 Live Scottish Professional Football League. Livingston v Partick Thistle (kick-off 7.45pm) 10.00 Vanarama National League 12.00 The Emirates FA Cup Preview 12.30am 30 for 30 3.30-4.00am NBA Reload Sky One SKY 106 VIRGIN 110 Noon 1.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.30 6.30 8.00 9.00 10.00 10.30 11.30 12.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 NCIS: Los Angeles pm Hawaii Five-0 NCIS: Los Angeles Stargate SG-1 The Simpsons Futurama The Simpsons Arrow SEAL Team The Week That Wasn’t See What to watch The Russell Howard Hour A League of Their Own: Rally Special Brit Cops: Law & Disorder am Ross Kemp: Extreme World Most Shocking - 4.00am Jamestown History Noon Forged in Fire 1.00pm Pawn Stars 2.00 American Pickers 3.00 Counting Cars 4.00 Storage Wars 5.00 Project Impossible 6.00 Forged in Fire 7.00 American Pickers. Mike takes an epic Route 66 road trip in an antique convertible to return it to the widow of its previous owner 8.00 Forged in Fire. The bladesmiths use coal forges to make their signature blades 10.00 Forged in Fire: Cutting Deeper 11.00 Ancient Aliens 12.00 Combat Machines 1.00am Forged in Fire 2.00 Homicide Hunter 3.00-4.00am Ancient Aliens Sky Arts Noon Too Young to Die 1.00pm Discovering: Gary Cooper 2.00 Watercolour Challenge 2.30 Royalty Close Up 3.00 The South Bank Show Originals 3.30 Tales of the Unexpected 4.00 Classic Albums 5.00 Too Young to Die 6.00 Discovering: Natalie Wood 7.00 Mystery of the Lost Paintings 8.00 The Nineties 9.00 Urban Myths: Agatha Christie See What to watch 9.30 Agatha Christie vs Hercule Poirot 10.45 Passions 11.45 Urban Myths: Agatha Christie 12.15am The Doors: Mr Mojo Risin’ – The Story of LA Woman 1.30 The Cure: Trilogy Live in Berlin 2.50-4.50am Jimi Hendrix: Electric Church Sky Atlantic SKY 108 Noon 1.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.10 10.45 11.20 11.55 12.55 1.30 2.30 3.05 Film4 FV 15 FS 300 SKY 313 VIRGIN 428 House pm Without a Trace Blue Bloods The West Wing House CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Blue Bloods Billions Silicon Valley Barry Last Week Tonight with John Oliver Hotspots: On the Frontline am Mike Judge Presents: Tales from the Tour Bus Blue Bloods High Maintenance - 4.05am Without a Trace Sky Cinema Premiere 24 hours, including at: 6.00pm Basmati Blues (2017) Romantic comedy starring Brie Larson 8.00 Anon (2018) Sci-fi thriller starring Clive Owen and Amanda Seyfried 9.45 Walking Out (2017) Premiere. Adventure starring Matt Bomer 11.30 Annabelle: Creation (2017) Horror starring Anthony LaPaglia 1.25am Rise Of The Footsoldier 3 (2017) Crime prequel starring Craig Fairbrass 3.15-5.00am Anon (2018) Scifi thriller starring Clive Owen and Amanda Seyfried PBS America 10.15am The Vietnam War 12.05pm Engineering Ground Zero 1.15 Lost Cities of the Ancients 2.20 Plane Resurrection 3.30 The Vietnam War 5.20 Lost Cities of the Ancients 6.35 Plane Resurrection 7.50 Lost Cities of the Ancients 9.00 Alexander’s Greatest Battle 10.15 Henry VIII: Mind of a Tyrant 11.30 Lost Cities of the Ancients 12.40am Alexander’s Greatest Battle 2.00-6.00am Teleshopping TCM 24 hours, including at: 6.00pm His Girl Friday (1940, b/w) Comedy starring Cary Grant and Rosalind Russell 8.00 Sherlock Holmes (2009) 11.00 am My Darling Clementine (1946, b/w) Western starring Henry Fonda See Film choice 1.00 pm Hatari! (1962) Comedy starring John Wayne 4.10 The Dam Busters (1955, b/w) Drama starring Michael Redgrave 6.55 Men in Black 3 (2012) Sci-fi comedy starring Will Smith 9.00 Pitch Perfect 2 (2015) Comedy with Anna Kendrick 11.15 Spring Breakers (2012) Drama starring James Franco 1.05 - 4.00am Marley (2012) Documentary about Bob Marley The eccentric detective investigates a criminal who has seemingly returned from the dead to carry out a spate of murders. Action thriller, with Robert Downey Jr and Jude Law 10.40 All the President’s Men (1976) Political drama with Robert Redford 1.20am Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 3.10-4.35am Hollywood’s Best Film Directors GOLD 11.20am You Rang, M’Lord? 12.20pm Are You Being Served? 1.00 Hi-de-Hi! 1.40 Porridge 2.20 The Green Green Grass 3.00 Last of the Summer Wine 5.00 Are You Being Served? 5.40 You Rang, M’Lord? 6.40 Dad’s Army 7.20 Hi-de-Hi! 8.00 Dad’s Army 8.40 Porridge 9.20 Gavin & Stacey 10.40 Live at the Apollo 11.40 Come Fly with Me 12.15am Live at the Apollo 1.20 Nathan Barley 1.55 Nurse 3.00 Nathan Barley 3.25-4.00am Goodnight Sweetheart Vintage TV 11.00am Throwback Thursday 1.00pm My Mixtape 2.00 Aiming For The ‘80s 5.00 Tune In… To 1990 6.00 Tune In… To 1976 7.00 Tune In… To 1981 8.00 Under the Covers 9.00 Only In The ‘80s 10.00 Wonder Women 10.30 My Vintage 11.30 The ‘80s Line Up 12.30am The Night Shift 3.00-6.00am Neil McCormick’s Needle Time 30 *** Thursday 17 May 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Nature notes Cod and bass go north to stay cool Climate change is forcing hundreds of fish species and crustaceans to migrate north, disrupting the fishing industry. Atlantic cod and black sea bass are among those most affected, according to researchers, who explain that sea life sensitive to water temperatures is moving away to keep cool. The study, published in the journal PLOS One, covers the continental shelves on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of America. Dr James Morley, of Rutgers University in the US and lead author of the study, said: “We anticipate that many economically important species will expand into new regions and decline in areas of historic abundance.” Professor Malin Pinsky, also of Rutgers University, and co-author, said: “For commercial fishers, this often means longer trips and higher fuel costs. Some species will move as much as 900 miles north from their current habitats.” Our puzzle website Enjoy your favourite Telegraph puzzles with our website. 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