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The Big Issue February 03 2018

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NO. 1293
February 5-11 2018
A HAND UP NOT A HANDOUT
�50
EVERY Monday
museumoflondon.org.uk/votesforwomen
Sponsored by
FREE ENTRY
Barbican, St Paul?s, Moorgate
WIN!
CONTENTS
CASABLANCA
ON DVD
FEBRUARY 5-11 2018 / NO. 1293
TURN TO
PAGE 44
Hello, my
name is Julie.
This week we?re looking at a century
of women?s su?rage and issues
of equality. I believe that women
should have the same pay and rights
as men. We can do the same job just
as well as men, and I recognise that
some jobs suit women better and
others are more suited to men.
We?ve come a long way. When
I worked as a PA in London it was
equal ? there were both men and
women as partners.
I?ve recently started working as
a steward at Southampton FC and
I?m treated just the same as the
men, even in that male-dominated
environment. The fans are just as
polite to me, even when their team
is losing.
The su?ragettes showed women
that we can do anything and I hope
that we will continue to make things
more equal.
INSIDE...
16 LETTER TO MY
YOUNGER SELF
Dynamic Labour MP Jess Phillips
on raving, crap boyfriends and
early motherhood
A century after the suffragettes? win
what does ?equal rights? really mean
to women in Britain?
30 JOHN SIMM
THE BIG ISSUE MANIFESTO
The telly drama titan would love
to see women ruling the world
WE BELIEVE in a hand up, not a handout...
Which is why our sellers BUY every copy of the
magazine for �25 and sell it for �50.
WE BELIEVE in trade, not aid?
Which is why we ask you to ALWAYS take
your copy of the magazine. Our sellers are
working and need your custom.
WE BELIEVE poverty is indiscriminate?
Which is why we provide ANYONE whose life is
blighted by poverty with the opportunity to
earn a LEGITIMATE income.
WE BELIEVE in the right to citizenship?
Which is why The Big Issue Foundation, our
charitable arm, helps sellers tackle social and
?nancial exclusion.
THE BIG ISSUE / p3 / February 5-11 2018
WE BELIEVE in prevention?
Which is why Big Issue Invest offers
backing and investments to social enterprises,
charities and businesses which deliver social
value to communities.
Vendor photo: Louise Jolley
22 EQUALITY 2018
CORRESPONDENCE
Write to: The Big Issue, Second Floor, 43 Bath St, Glasgow, G2 1HW
Email: letters@bigissue.com
facebook.com/bigissueUK
bigissue.com
@bigissueuk
@bigissue
COMMENT OF THE WEEK
In the NHS we jump before
we?re pushed
I was nursing when the NHS suffered a similar
staffing crisis in the late Eighties. At that time
the Royal College of Nursing conducted a
?recruit and retain? campaign. Perhaps a more
appropriate campaign with sharper teeth is
what is required now to address the current
crisis. Personally, I would begin by drawing
staff from the professions, staff groups and
patient and user groups to better inform HR
policy makers and senior management
practices and to have a real focus on improving
working lives in the NHS. After all, most staff
do not opt for a career in the NHS for
long-term ?nancial gain.
In my experience, policies and working
parties have their place but you can bet your
last pound coin that there will be hundreds
perhaps thousands of nurses and doctors of
a certain age who like me jumped before
they were pushed out of careers they loved
in the NHS.
It is such a shame to squander such a
precious resource.
Eileen Wilson, email
Brave Kim
Name that vendor
What a brave young woman
Kim McGuigan is [Second
Chances, January 22-28],
surely any sane person would
recognise the immense
strength of character she
possesses and give her the
chance she so well deserves.
Maggie Campbell,
Sutton Cold?eld
I?ve started a little challenge at
work for everyone to ?nd a
vendor, buy a magazine and ask
them their name. Everyone
seemed up for it ? just one
failure... me. I was rushing for
my train, bought my magazine
from my regular at London
Liverpool Street and totally
forgot to ask her name! Gawd
sake ? I?m going to ask her
later this week.
Andrew Camp, Facebook
Fighting for rights
I really want to thank you for
publishing your cover story
titled ? Who Worth Knowing
Isn?t A Little Odd?? last year
[November 6-12].
Her heartfelt comments
about The A Word and autism
were so touching and
expressed so clearly.
I have an 11-year-old
grandson who was diagnosed
with autism at the age of four.
Without his lovely parents who
have fought the system and not
given up on ?ghting for his
rights, ?ghting schools who
think they know him better than
his own family, I really don?t
want to even think where he
would be now!
Through my lovely grandson
we all learnt a lot about autism
and came to understand that his
uncle, my 40-year-old son, is
autistic too. His life through
school became very difficult and
Forward not stationery
got worse through his teens and
early 20s. He was constantly
being counselled and became
unable to go to work. He is not
incapable of doing work, in fact
he taught himself to become a
Microsoft systems engineer! He
did it without going to college
because he couldn?t cope
socially at all, and can?t to this
day. I could write a book about
the difficulties and horrors that
my son has endured and still
goes on having to endure
because even his support
workers have not been properly
trained ? as the writer of the
cover story says in her opening
sentence: ?If you?ve met one
person with autism... you?ve met
one person with autism.?
Details supplied
Mr Bird?s observations on the
NHS [January 15-21] are the
same as most people seem to
think but not do. The general
consensus is to save money ?now?
? close down the wards, sack
some doctors. All money issued
to a department is based on last
year?s spending and if any
department has been thrifty
enough, they are rewarded by
having the extra cash taken
away and given less for the next
year. This means that staff are
employed spending the year?s
savings on paper clips, pens or
any other wasteful method to
keep their income level.
We need to reduce the
bureaucracy, empire building
and wasteful use of money on
non-essential office materials.
Ted Cheesman, via email
THE BIG ISSUE / p4 / February 5-11 2018
@GeorgieSmibert
This morning I was
chatting to my local
@BigIssue seller on the way
to work. I loved hearing
that he sold a #BigIssue to
#BenedictCumberbatch
yesterday & had a lovely chat
with him. Why? I?m not sure,
maybe because I love being
reminded that celebrities are
#realpeople
@drkirsteen
JGreat to see that Aqib
on middle meadow walk is now
selling the Big Issue instead of
begging. Well done @BigIssue
@Bluebell_smith
Thank you so much to
the @BigIssue Book Giveaway
for donating some fantastic
reads about smart thinking
and self-care. I?ll be using
them to start a wellbeing
book club for Link Workers
involved in #socialprescribing
in Sheffield
@andyparrott
Nice feature on
@SFC_Foundation &
@SouthamptonFC in the
@BigIssue - looks like a
brilliant partnership and
innovative employability
programme to inspire vendors
@BristolLibrary
Last week I walked
past a Big Issue vendor I
often see in Broadmead. I
bought the paper and she,
very unexpectedly, gave me
a big hug. I?m not sure that
#ThisChangedMyLife but it
certainly made me happy.
www.bigissue.com
@BristolLearning
@BigIssue
Everyone needs somewhere warm
to sleep, especially in winter.
The Mayor, Sadiq Khan, provides services to give
rough sleepers somewhere to sleep, something
WRHDWVRPHRQHWROLVWHQDQGDZD\R?WKHVWUHHWV
One way you can help them is by
donating to our new coalition of
rough sleeping charities.
Search ?London Rough Sleepers?
THE EDITOR
Listen. It?s the
only way
R
ichard Briers has it.
This, I grant you, is not something you hear very
often. Richard Briers appeared in two key British
television programmes over a generation ago.
Both of them, Ever Decreasing Circles and The Good Life,
could be dismissed as comfortable sitcoms, familiar to a
certain age-group and lacking a visceral punch. But they are
much more than that. They stand up to re-watching,
especially if you don?t quite remember the details of them.
Ever Decreasing Circles is a very 1980s show. It sees Briers
star as Martin Bryce, an increasingly exasperated man in
Thatcher?s Britain, a man who feels out of time as success
eludes him and new money rubs his nose in it, upsetting
established routines. His new next door neighbour is Paul ?
brash, flash, dashing, the antithesis of Martin, and always
trying to woo Martin?s put-upon wife Ann. (This is the ?rst
incarnation of ?Bad Paul? on TV. Now, if a Paul appears in a
TV show, he?s a wrong ?un).
The show is, at times, very moving. It touches on a sadness
Martin and Ann feel about not having children, though never
addresses it overtly. Briers, as the jaded, jealous, frequently
annoying and underachieving Everyman is terri?c. It?s the
other side of the 1980s loud success.
The Good Life is something else again. An older show, with
more gags and better cast, it sees Briers as Tom Good hitting
a midlife crisis (though he?s only 40!) jacking in his job so
that he, with his wife Barbara (Felicity Kendal), can become
totally self-sufficient, living without a need to be part of the
rat-race.
Next door neighbours the Leadbetters are the upwardly
mobile foils, allowing Margo (Penelope Keith) a great line in
withering put-downs. It?s running again on a comedy
channel and it feels incredibly timely. Not just because it?s
funny but because, really, it?s all about sexual politics. It?s
about how Tom tries to make things equal, how he doesn?t
always achieve it. How others judge, how people judge
themselves. And how, ultimately, change comes and it must
be embraced.
As we hit the centenary of the vote for women, the world
?nds itself in a new battle over rights for women, over what is
unacceptable and over new changes that are necessary. For
men, sometimes the lines can be difficult to follow.
But as that confused man Tom Good realises, after advice
from his pal Jerry Leadbetter, there is a simple way around
this. Listen to women. Just listen.
Chaps, don?t bluster on as if we know the answers. Don?t
insist our voice is the loudest in the room. We really don?t
know as much as we think. And if we really are confused, ask
and then actually LISTEN to what we?re being told. What
comes back might not always be comfortable to hear. But it?s
the only way.
This was clear 100 years ago. This was clear 40 years ago.
That it has to be repeated must be something of a frustration
to women.
Maybe now ?nally it?ll be time to stop repeating.
IS S U E
T H E B IG
P L AT F O R M
Gett iin ttouch
G
h with
ith
your big idea
editorial@bigissue.com
?A FAIRER
COUNCIL TAX
ON PROPERTY
AND LAND?
By reader
Ernie Hasler
Paul McNamee is editor of The Big Issue
@pauldmcnamee paul.mcnamee@bigissue.com
THE BIG ISSUE / p6 / February 5-11 2018
?I am no expert on the subject
of council tax, but for decades
it has been recognised as being
unfair. My own thoughts are a
straight 0.5 per cent per
annum on the property or land
value with no exemptions for
lawyers or accountants to
exploit. The end product must
substantially increase local
authority council tax in a
fair way.
?The problem of underfunding local authorities is now
biting very hard and homelessness is growing. Local
authorities must be given
absolute powers to assess
every property and land
Her Maj gets her
vendor?s badge
? in street art!
We?ve always known the iconic red Big
Issue tabard is ?t for a queen. Now
there?s concrete proof, as Her Majesty
has been spotted dressed as a vendor in
satirical street art.
The monarch was spotted daubed
on the side of the Life Food Caf� in
Fitzrovia, London, last week, less than
two miles from the royals? usual hangout,
Buckingham Palace.
Much-changed from her usual attire
(though keeping on her crown, obvs) the
Queen even swapped her beloved pet
corgis for Street Cat Bob, who appears to
have given owner James Bowen the cold
shoulder to join HRH on the streets. Or
maybe he was giving her a few sales tips.
Street artist Loretto is believed to
be behind the Banksy-esque portrait
and has given Liz esteemed company.
Portrayals of Theresa May having a
?Marilyn Monroe? moment and Jeremy
Corbyn as St Francis of Assisi with EU
stars for a crown of thorns also feature in
the artworks.
The artist has also taken aim at Donald
Trump and the Queen elsewhere in
London too.
ON BIGISSUE.COM
THIS WEEK?
WHAT?S HOT IN THE
BIGISSUESHOP.COM?
? Meet the matchwomen who paved the
way for the suffragettes: the trailblazers
who fought, bled, striked for ? and won ?
better conditions for workers
What better way to walk a mile in
someone else?s shoes? For every
pair of Jollies? colourful and hardy
hiking socks sold, the ?rm will
donate a pair
to a homeless
charity nearby.
The red, blue
and yellow
Punster
pair offers
a great way
to sock it to
homelessness. �
? Philip Glass reveals his
regrets at not realising his
old friend Leonard Cohen
was saying goodbye during
their ?nal phonecall
? Maze Runner star Kaya Scodelario speaks
up on Hollywood?s biggest issues ? a lack
of working-class voices and #MeToo
ownership to ensure full
council tax is collected
immediately, with no tax
avoidance schemes, such as
being owned by companies or
trusts. The council tax must be
paid within three months or
sale or re-possession enacted.
Properties not fully occupied
such as second or holiday
homes should be taxed at a
higher rate.
?Let?s be honest, tax cheats
are not good citizens, the
billions they are avoiding
paying is denying hard-working public servants a fair wage.
Decent people need to take
this issue up.?
There was a shocking rise in
homelessness in 2017, both
rough sleeping and hidden
numbers. There is no simple
means of getting to grips with
it, or the underlying poverty
and deeper issues that lead to
it. However, it?s also clear that
many are turning their minds
to homelessness and a desire to
break the cycle.
The Big Issue Platform is
non-partisan and open to
politicians, policy-makers,
business, third-sector leaders,
readers and vendors. Anybody
who has an idea can be part of
the solution. Send it to us at
editorial@bigissue.com
THE BIG ISSUE / p7 / February 5-11 2018
?We need to ?nd new
ways to tackle causes
of poverty? ? John Bird
joins Rough Sleeping
Advisory Panel
The Big Issue?s founder John Bird has
joined the recently set-up Rough Sleeping
Advisory Panel.
Part of the aim of the group is to eliminate
rough sleeping completely by 2027. They met
for the ?rst time last week.
The group will draw on their experience to
support the upcoming Ministerial Taskforce,
which aims to provide a cross-government
approach to eliminate rough sleeping by 2027.
Lord Bird said: ?More than ever, we need
to ?nd new ways to ensure that people don?t
?nd themselves homeless, sofa-sur?ng or
rough sleeping in the ?rst place.
?I will be using my voice on the Panel to
call for cross-departmental thinking and
action on the most effective preventative
measures, as part of a re-energised, all-out
effort to tackle the root causes of poverty ? and
not just its symptoms.?
Other members on the panel include
Shelter chief executive Polly Neate, Crisis chief
executive Jon Sparkes and Greater Manchester
mayor Andy Burnham.
Big Issue Invest helps
deliver a new jobs boost
for deprived areas
Our social investment arm, Big Issue Invest,
is targeting a jobs boost in areas where it?s
needed most with the new UK Equity Impact
? Employment Opportunities Fund.
Big Issue Invest has teamed up with
Aberdeen Standard Investments to invest in
businesses offering good employment opportunities across the UK, including companies located
in deprived areas, paying the living wage or
offering training or jobs for young people.
The fund aims to generate a ?nancial return
over the long term for the companies, which will
be assessed to make sure they are committed to
delivering sustainable employment opportunities. Nigel Kershaw, chair of The Big Issue Group,
said: ?The collaboration with Aberdeen Standard
Investments will help Big Issue Invest advance its
mission to dismantle poverty and create
opportunity for people and communities across
the UK.
?A percentage of the Fund?s management fee
will go to The Big Issue Group, enabling the
organisation to deliver this mission by continuing
to ?nance social enterprises and charities
offering business solutions to social problems,
across sectors including employment and
training, health and wellbeing and ?nancial and
social inclusion.?
For more information on the fund, visit
www.bigissueinvest.com
STREET ART
IN MEMORIAM
BY CHRISTIE CASSISA
?The door is my front door from my childhood
home, the source of a lot of my lifetime struggle
with depression and anxiety,? Christie says of
this oil painting. ?It?s called In Memoriam as it is
now part of my life that I have put to rest. The
memories will always be with me, but I have
closed the door.?
can buy
prints of some
artworks featured in
Street Art through
bigissueshop.com
At least half of the pro?t
from each sale goes
to the artist.
MADRE SUPURNUS
BY GRAEME GERARD HALLIDAY
Originally from Dundee and now based in
London, Graeme is a survivor of an ABI
(acquired brain injury) sustained in an assault
in 2006, and has endured years of associated
mental health issues. His creative output,
spanning art and writing, he describes as ?a
philosophical approach around the Cyborg?.
He has exhibited nationally and internationally,
and has recently been selected for an artist?s
residency.
Street Art is created by people who are marginalised by issues like homelessness, disability and mental health conditions.
Contact streetlights@bigissue.com to see your art here.
THE BIG ISSUE / p8 / February 5-11 2018
SILVER CIRCLE HEART PENDANT
Small 2-layer silver pendant on 18?
(45cm) ?ne curb chain. Each piece of Studio 306
Jewellery is individually made �.80
LOVE HAS NO BORDERS
This Valentine?s Card raises money for RefugeeAction, a charity that helps refugees settle into safe,
happy and stable lives in the UK. �50
GERANIUM & RHUBARB TRIO
Features our popular exfoliating soap pebble, an
indulgent body lotion and a handmade, hand stamped
and hand wrapped cold processed soap. �.10
THE BIG
LOVE
LETS FALL IN LOVE WITH OUR
LIMITATIONS - T-SHIRT
Wear some wisdom, with this T-Shirt featuring a
quote from John Bird Founder of The Big Issue. �
PULP RING ROUND BLUE AND EMERALD
Handmade brass circle adjustable ring ?lled with
paper clay, varnished for durability. �
ENCOUNTER
This print is a limited edition of 25 and has been
signed and numbered by the photographer. �5
DIVINE CHOCOLATE COOKBOOK
Featuring over 100 mouth-watering chocolate
based recipes ranging. This gorgeous book is a
chocoholic?s delight.. �99
CATS - FINE BONE CHINA MUG
ARTHOUSE Meath presents the skills and talents
of men and women living with complex epilepsy,
learning and physical difficulties.. �.35
SPREAD THE LOVE EVEN FURTHER
THIS VALENTINES DAY WITH A SOCIAL
GIFT FROM THE BIG ISSUE SHOP
SHOP WITH A SOCIAL ECHO
www.bigissueshop.com
JOIN US FOR
WALK IN
HER SHOES
2018
� Photo CARE / Brendan Foster
WE?RE CHALLENGING YOU TO COMPLETE
10K STEPS A DAY FOR A WEEK,
FOR CARE INTERNATIONAL.
Women and girls, all over the world, have no choice but to walk
many miles every day to fetch water for their families. We want
you walk with us, and raise money to give them a better future.
So, grab your buddy or your buggy, your sister or your mister,
team up with anyone you fancy, or ?y solo if you like. But join us
in helping women out of poverty.
AL
X2
DO
REGISTER AT careint.uk/walk-18
OR CALL 020 7091 6100
SIGN UP NOW
L SPONSORS
H
IP
10K STEPS A DAY.
ONE WEEK. 16-22 APRIL.
WALK IN HER SHOES 2018.
U BLED
Registered charity number: 292506
JOHN BIRD
We are truly in the lap
of the human gods
W
ay above the clouds of tion, for obliteration of all opposition.
saved Europe from itself in World War 2, to
It is worth remembering the story of the slip into vassalage again.
poverty, above the clouds of
He cannot allow the raiding of the spent
Brexit, a vast preparation is horse. If a horse is allowed into a ?eld of
in hand. You can?t even call barley, it will eat until it is dead, exploding and broken economy of the USSR by Wall
it global, or globalism or even pejoratively, due to gases in the process. We are dealing Street, post-Soviet collapse to remain
globalisation. And we can?t just label it, just here with a strange, unnatural phenomenon unchallenged. Nor the creeping growth of
so we can protest it.
? an expression of nature gone wrong. America and Europe?s military club, NATO,
But it?s about the globe, about the world In the course of a wild horse?s life, it to Russia?s door go unanswered. He must
we live in. And it involves the thoughts and would never run into fields of barley, end the sidelining of the largest piece of
actions of three representatives of forces, with its incredible richness; this is all empire in the world.
who have not been aligned like this for a man-made nature.
Xi, showing how a form of Marxism is, in
hundred years.
the end, the great saviour of
Xi, Vladimir and Donald are but
capitalism becomes the new force;
bottle-fed by America and Europe?s
representatives of that shift in power,
exportation of vast arrays of
that jealousy of power, that struggle
manufacturing and productivity.
for power. Up in the atmosphere,
Trodden on by the British, the
above where we exist and operate,
French, the Japanese et al, China
big and almost god-like struggles are
rises to repay history. It?s like how
taking place. And like in the days of
Mike Tyson must have felt when,
the Edwardian era, when Great
Britain, Germany, France and Russia
bullied as a child, he then became the
unwittingly prepared themselves for
world?s most powerful boxer. Wow,
?the world is truly mine to take?,
mass destruction, we are back there.
might run the argument.
These men may operate in the land
of giants, the heavens, of gods and of
And like Amazon?s Bezos boss and
devils, but what they do will decide
the ?Wizard of Omaha?, they don?t
know when to stop. Like the horse,
how our historical sideshows, Brexit
and poverty, play out.
left to the incredibly rich pickings of
We really are in the lap of these
the barley ?eld.
We in the meanwhile struggle for
human gods, who ? if they don?t ?nd
and against Brexit, for our NHS, for
an accommodation ? will draw us all
giving the poor an even break. Yet
into something of a nuclear winter, Gods? Li, Trump and Putin are the ?gureheads of unhealthy, man-made nature
with the deaths not in millions, but
our efforts will become marginalised
in the billions. And things are looking nasty.
if we don?t do something about the big
Meanwhile, there is a multi-billionaire
When the marketplace was tailored and powerful struggle that goes on in the skies
from Omaha, Nebraska, in the Great Plains morphed from exchange into commerce above our lives.
But what can a mere bunch of some
of America, who has been inexorably thousands of years ago, we began to
gobbling companies into his portfolio since consolidate that which now is above 66,411,330 people do to stop these big conthe 1950s. Warren Buffett has within his the markets and the billionaires. We catenations in the skies above our heads?
First of all, we must be made aware of
hands such 19th-century trailblazers as HJ weaponised the greed, and we re?ected
Heinz, who brought us tinned protein and into our politics and government, which is these big movements in order to understand
some health via the baked beans and soups now run by those seeking to win control of them. But also to put into perspective what?s
that could be knocked up in minutes. He everything. Yes, those who would eat the actually happening to our world,
politically. It should in?uence us, dare we
has within his grasp the equally incredible barley until they destroy themselves.
Capital is the big driver. But in the end, hope, so that we ? as a group of nations ?
and inventive Cadbury company, that built
its workers houses in the 1890s, as well as capital takes second place to a politics that should be seeking resolutions for a bigger
is constructed out of capital, and capital?s ?ght than any of us have yet to take account
the vast grocery conglomerate, Kraft.
Gobbled up and made even more need to always be increasing its base. of: the ?ght to save the world itself.
pro?table, all while seismic changes were Vladimir is sitting on the top of an economy
For the way the world is going at the
being made above the head of this that is the roughly the same size as Korea. moment is an unsustainable dream.
avuncular capitalist.
But what can he do with his vast array of Wake up.
Mighty trader amazon.com is but another military hardware, lands and resources that
expression of this consolidation that takes are largely left unutilised? He must make John Bird is the founder and Editor in Chief
place in the ?ght between Xi, Vladimir and a mark for his people. He can?t allow the of The Big Issue. @johnbirdswords
Donald. This desire for empire, for domina- enormous sacri?ce of Mother Russia, who john.bird@bigissue.com
THE BIG ISSUE / p11 / February 5-11 2018
OPINION
It?s the inequality, stupid
For decades we?ve slavishly chased economic growth as an end in itself.
But as anger at government and big business grows, now?s the time to
question what we thought we always knew, says David Pilling
W
hat do heroin, ?paper? coffee cups that
don?t biodegrade for 500 years and
Kim Jong-un?s smart new collection
of intercontinental ballistic missiles
have in common? The answer is that
they all contribute to the growth of the economy.
Britain, since 2014, has counted heroin ? along with
crack cocaine, powder cocaine, cannabis, ecstasy and
amphetamines ? as part of measured economic
activity. So if you take any of those substances, Britain
thanks you. In 2014, these activities, plus paid sex work
? which is also counted, though not for some peculiar
reason if the sex worker is male ? added nearly �bn
to the British economy.
Almost anything we produce, so long as we sell it,
counts towards gross domestic product, the singlemost important way we measure our economy.
(Anything like housework or volunteer work, for which
no one earns a pro?t, sadly counts for naught.)
The paid-for economy ? the one we count ? includes
armaments, such as nuclear bombs, ballistic missiles
and chemical weapons. It also includes the 2.5 billion
supposedly disposable coffee cups (laminated with
plastic) that we throw away in Britain each year,
enough to circle the world ?ve-and-a-half times. These
cups contribute to today?s economic growth, even
though our children?s children?s children?s children
will be ?shing them out of the ocean for the next
several hundred years.
The key word, as I write in my book The Growth
Delusion, in gross domestic product is ?gross?. We take
nothing away. From the point of view of GDP, the more
we produce ? of anything ? the better (I almost called
the book: ?What's so gross about gross domestic
product??). That goes for the ?nancial derivatives that
helped supercharge growth in the ?rst years of the
century ? before the 2008 ?nancial meltdown and the
inevitable call on taxpayers to bail out the irresponsible
banks. It goes for a bloated healthcare service too. In
the US, healthcare is a huge contributor to GDP,
making up about 17 per cent of the US economy versus
only nine per cent in Britain. That is because it
is far more expensive. Prices are in?ated by private
pro?t, a parasitical insurance industry, unnecessary
procedures and litigation. For GDP, bigger is
always better.
THE BIG ISSUE / p12 / February 5-11 2018
We take for granted that whatever is good for the
economy must be good for us ? often without really
stopping to wonder why. It has not always been thus.
Until the Fifties, the word ?economy? did not appear
once in a UK political manifesto with its modern
meaning. Now it is almost inconceivable ? though in
these angry times not entirely out of the question ? that
a politician could stand up and say that she was going
to make the economy smaller in pursuit of other goals.
The decisive moment in the cult of economic growth
came with the invention of gross domestic product.
Our modern system of national accounts arose as
recently as the 1930s from the need to work out how
much the economy had shrunk during the Great
Depression. Hard as it is to believe now, until Franklin
D Roosevelt asked a bright young economist called
Simon Kuznets to come up with something, there was
no methodical way of measuring the size of an economy
or its rate of growth. Policymakers had to rely on a pot
pourri of measures, from freight car loadings to stock
market prices, to work out what was going on.
Kuznets ?gured out a way, using sample surveys of
businesses and households, to construct an accurate
estimate of all the goods and services produced, say
in a year. It was a remarkable achievement and has
been called, with some justi?cation, one of the greatest
inventions of the 20th century. That tells us something
important: growth ? as we de?ne it ? is an ?invention?.
If we wanted, we could choose to de?ne it differently.
Kuznets himself had doubts. He was in favour of
excluding economic activities that he judged did not
contribute to human welfare. That included
armaments, ?nancial speculation and even advertising,
which he saw ? perhaps rather paternalistically ? as
stimulating cravings for useless things. He even
wanted to exclude things like spending on commuter
roads on the grounds that these were just a means of
getting people to their place of work (production).
Above all, said the man who practically invented the
concept of economic growth, GDP should never be
confused with wellbeing. It is a warning we have
roundly ignored.
One of the most obvious problems of elevating GDP
to the king of measures is that it tells us nothing about
distribution. An economy could be roaring along, but
that is not much use to ordinary people if all that extra
income, production and consumption is being enjoyed
by a privileged elite. Until the crash of oil prices in
2014, the Angolan economy was growing at more than
10 per cent a year, a blistering pace it maintained for
more than a decade. But at the end of all that growth,
the majority of the population remained desperately
poor. Angola has among the worst infant mortality
and life expectancy in the world. All that oil money
had enriched a tiny sliver of society.
Angola may be extreme. But its lessons are
recognisable in the rich world too. In the US, median
income has barely budged in 30 years. In many respects,
the lives of those without a college degree have gone
backwards, so much so that life expectancy has actually
fallen for the past two years. Much of American growth
has gone to the top one per cent, or even the top 0.1 per
cent, of the population.
In Britain too, the distribution of income is skewed.
The top 10 per cent of the population earns 10.6 times
the bottom 10 per cent. In Germany that ratio is
a more modest 6.7 times and is just ?ve times in more
egalitarian Iceland. If most of the growth of a society
is going to a privileged minority ? probably making
everybody else more miserable in the process ? we
might stop to ask: what is all that growth for?
A decade ago, Nicolas Sarkozy, former president of
France, commissioned a study by leading economists
to look into different ways of measuring our economies.
In the preface to the ?nal report ? Mis-Measuring our
Lives: Why GDP Doesn?t Add Up ? he wrote that there
?People know
instinctively that
something is wrong?
was a dangerous gulf between the world as presented
by experts and that as experienced by ordinary
citizens. ?The gulf is dangerous because the citizens
end up believing that they are being deceived. Nothing
is more destructive of democracy.?
One can see that anger spilling out in all sorts of
ways. People know instinctively that something is
wrong, though it is not always easy to put one?s ?nger
on precisely what. In Britain, a majority voted for
Brexit even though many experts warned that this
would damage the country?s economic prospects.
There has been a groundswell of support for Jeremy
Corbyn, a politician who has emphasised the
distribution of income and the restoration of public
services over the usual recipes for increasing the size
of the economic pie: lower taxes, deregulation,
privatisation and outsourcing.
There is anger too against the world?s biggest
corporations, some of which now wield more power
than increasingly feeble states. In Britain, there was
a tax revolt in the Welsh town of Crickhowell, where
local shopkeepers made a national stink of the fact
that their family-run businesses were paying more
tax than the likes of Facebook (2014 corporation tax
bill: �327) and Caff� Nero, which did not pay a penny
of tax in the UK for a decade.
Like nations, many corporations have put growth
(of pro?ts and of shareholder returns) ahead of broader
goals. This has caused a backlash. People are asking
of both their governments and their multinationals,
growth at what cost, for whom and to what end?
As Kuznets warned more than 70 years ago,
growth should always be a means to a desired end.
It should never be an end in itself. Anything else
is deluded.
The Growth Delusion: The Wealth and
Well-Being of Nations by David Pilling
is out now (Bloomsbury, �)
@davidpilling
THE BIG ISSUE / p13 / February 5-11 2018
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Illustration: Mitch Blunt
PAUSE
DIANA VON KOPP
How to turn on,
tune in and pig out
W
hat food do you think
of when you hear a
crowd cheering and
the crack of a baseball bat?
You?re bound to picture hot dogs
? or are you craving a cheeseburger? Acoustic cues don?t just
affect our appetite, they also
affect our sense of taste.
Music at mealtimes is much
more than just a pleasant
backdrop ? it has the power to
significantly alter the taste of
your food. British Airways is
putting this effect to good use on
their long-haul flights: they
serve a playlist that enhances
the menu, to compensate for
the loss of flavour caused by
the noise, dry air, and change in
air pressure. The songs are
played in a strict order. When the
starters are served, they play
Louis Armstrong (low tones for a
savoury dish) or Paolo Nutini
(Scottish music for Scottish
salmon); followed by Debussy stock exchange, hosted a wine
or Lily Allen (both with high- tasting accompanied by a
toned piano to enhance sweet performance of the renowned
and bitter notes) during mains; chamber ensemble Trio Alba.
and finally James
For ever y piece
Blunt or Madonna
played by the group,
(with piano to boost
guests were offered
sweet notes) for
a glass of wine that
dessert. The airline
they were told
is following advice
perfectly matched
issued by Oxford
the music. In reality,
University, which
it was always
has conducted a
t he sa me w i ne.
number of tests to
However, its ?avour
study the effect of
changed with every
sounds on our
variation in the
How We Eat with
tastebuds.
mood of the music
If high-pitched Our Eyes and Think ? the gentler the
melodies can make with Our Stomach
tones, the more
sweets taste sweeter, by Diana von Kopp
ha r monious the
can they potentially is out now
wine appeared. The
elicit sweet notes (Scribe, �.99)
change was so
from a dry wine?
profound that the
Apparently they can. Savoir- a u d i e n c e w a s u t t e r l y
Vivre, a wine and food trade conv inced that they had
show in Hamburg?s historic tasted different wines.
THE BIG ISSUE / p15 / February 5-11 2018
We know that music has
an incredibly powerful yet
subtle effect on our psychology
and perceptions, but there
are whole genres yet to be
explored. Music professor and
composer Elmar Lampson
describes our hearing as a
structured, meaninggenerating process involving
both the brain and the ear
working together to actively
produce the auditory sensation:
?Hearing shifts the coordinates
of ou r consciousness; we
move to another state. Not only
am I hearing something ? I
a m i n a n aud itor y space
where I sense cold or warm,
there are tactile sensations
a nd odours, a nd a lso the
phy sic a l i mpression t hat
something is coming toward
me. It ?s a world in which
thinking and feeling become
permeable with each other.?
Jess
Phillips
Kick-ass Labour MP
THE BIG ISSUE / p16 / February 5-11 2018
IN 1997
THE YEAR
JESS PHILLIPS
TURNS 16?
Princess Diana dies
in Paris car crash /
Labour, under Tony
Blair, wins landslide
election victory /
Microsoft becomes
the world?s most
valuable company ? at
a cool $261bn
LETTER TO MY YOUNGER SELF
Photos: Shutterstock/Rex; Getty Images
A
When Jo [her friend Jo Cox MP] was murdered,
t 16 I was a raver, a party animal to say
the least. Weekends would start early on a my family really struggled. Especially my three
Friday night, round at my friend?s house brothers. When I get abuse on social media or anywhere
where we?d get ready. Then we?d be out, maybe they can get very... ?I?m coming down to have a fucking
to a local party at someone?s house. Then on Saturday word if you ever talk to my sister like that again?. One of
it was an all-night rave until the wee small hours of my brothers was particularly upset. He rang me up and
Sunday. School was okay. I didn?t get into ?ghts but I said, I thought it was you, I really thought it was you.
My teenage self wouldn?t be surprised that I
stood up to people in power, often. So I did get into
trouble. If I was being scolded for something I hadn?t became an MP, I think that maybe I always thought
done, I wouldn?t let up defending myself. Once a I would do that. But she would be shocked that I had
teacher threw a chair at me.
children so young. I used to be sure I?d be an amazing
I started going out with a boy right after my 16th human rights lawyer or something incredible, a real
birthday. I went out with him for ?ve years. It was career woman. The fact that I had babies when I was 22,
horrendous at many points throughout. We split up and that would shock the girl who went on marches for the
got back together lots of times. It took me a long time rights of women to have abortions. I had this moment
not to feel I?d wasted the formative years of my life with just after my son was born of, oh my God I?ve got a baby,
him. I went on holiday with my friend Marcella after what was I thinking? My now-husband and I had only
we broke up and she made me say a nice thing about him been together a few weeks, though I?d known him all of
every day so I didn?t feel I?d wasted ?ve years of my life. my adult life. I found early motherhood horrendous. I
Five years, all through university, as I was becoming an mean, I loved my son Harry, though if I?m honest that
adult ? I couldn?t stop thinking about
took a while. I love him much more now
all the other things I could have done.
but I found it really really hard. It was
I turned 16 in 1997, when Tony
lonely and crushing at times. I felt a lot
Blair?s Labour government got in.
of guilt, I wasn?t good enough. But in
My parents were very left-wing and I?d
the long term, I think I handled it well.
been heavily involved in the
We carved out a good life together.
campaign. My house was one of the
I didn?t get into politics
places it was run from. Even my frail
seriously until 2011. I was working
with Women?s Aid and I got involved
old grandad was out canvassing. So we
with government policy. And I really
had a real street party vibe for the
liked it. Around the same time, my
weeks running up to the election. I
remember vividly us all sitting down
mum died. Maybe I thought, right, I?ve
to watch the results coming in ? me
got to get on with life. And it was a
distraction; it?s sad when your mum
and my three brothers and our friends
dies. And she was a campaigner. Her
upstairs ? the adults getting
friends get in touch quite a lot and tell
gradually drunk downstairs. When
Portillo lost his seat you could hear my
me how proud she would be of what I?m
dad cheering all through the house.
doing now. But I know that. She would
The next night my parents had a house From top: on the campaign trail in her Birmingham be immensely proud. I have so much
of her, she?s like a coat I keep on. I?ve
party which went on all weekend. We Yardley constituency; all good fun in the Labour
always thought, I would give all of my
revelled in it for hours and hours. I was Party ? with fellow MP Stella Creasy
life?s earnings, my house, everything,
born under Thatcher, I?d only known
a Tory government. It felt genuinely life-changing.
just to have one more phone call with her. But never more
If I was to tell my 16-year-old self about how the so than since I became an MP.
Labour Party has developed since... how would she
I think it?s an achievement that I became someone
feel? I think she would be depressed about some of the that people listen to. I don?t think my children are my
things which have happened but also really proud. The greatest achievement ? they?re their own achievement.
things I cared about were women?s rights and equality Sometimes I think they?re good in spite of the fact that
and I think the Labour government did loads to push I?m their mum. I think maybe my relationship with my
women forward. Things got better for women under husband might be my greatest achievement. We have
Labour. But in 2005 my parents left the Labour Party total equality. I see very, very few examples of real
due to the war in Iraq. They?d been paying my annual partnerships in relationships and we definitely
fees so when they left, I ended up leaving up too. And I have that.
didn?t seek to rejoin for a long time.
If I could go back to any time in my life and live
My mum died in 2011. I actually rejoined the party it again, I?d go to a moment in 2010 when I was in
in 2010 during the leadership election, when Ed Miliband the car with my husband and my sons. We were on
was elected. My mum regretted voting for Tony Blair the way to see my mum. My second son was about one
as leader, rather than someone more left-wing. She knew year old. When he was born, I felt like he completed the
she was dying so she didn?t think it was worth re-joining square. I remember thinking in the car, we all ?t in this
so I re-joined and voted for Ed Miliband on her behalf. one tiny space together. This is my life, these people I
My dad re-joined too. He?s painfully proud of me when love and want to spend my time with. And this is
he?s talking to other people ? he must be a real pain in all we need.
the neck actually ? but with me he?ll just say, you did
well. We come from a very working-class background Everywoman: One Woman?s Truth About Speaking the Truth by
where there?s this almost superstitious feeling that if Jess Phillips is out now (Cornerstone, �.99)
Interview: Jane Graham @janeannie
you put someone on a pedestal you?ll lose them.
THE BIG ISSUE / p17 / February 5-11 2018
?
F
reda Hodgson was born in 1913. She
has lived through two world wars,
grown up and grown old as women?s
rights and freedoms have expanded,
and lived everywhere from Anglesey
to Zimbabwe.
She recalls the very ?rst Armistice
Day, her mother getting the vote, and
being presented to King George V and
Queen Mary as a debutante.
Freda
has
experienced extreme privilege as well as poverty.
She is the daughter of the fifth Baronet of
Bodelwyddan ? with a castle passing down
through the male line ? and zoomed around
London in the 1930s in a Morris sports car
bought by her trustees. She trained in acting and
producing at the prestigious Webber Douglas
Academy, then spent decades in Zimbabwe
(then known as Rhodesia) farming and running
Freda on the
a busy tea room.
day she met th
e
King and Queen
Freda has married twice and raised four
as a debutante
children. She returned to the UK penniless
following Robert Mugabe?s rise to power ?
coming back to a country run by its ?rst female
Prime Minister. By now in her 70s, Freda had to ?nd
work as a cook (preparing food for the Queen once)
before ?nding a home in Whiteley Village ? where she
is now the oldest of eight centenarians in a 100-yearold, purpose-built, supported retirement community
for older people of limited means in leafy Surrey.
What a life!
Her energy is astonishing, her storytelling a joy
to behold as she remembers a childhood devoid of
parental affection, a ?rst love foiled by religious
differences and freedoms enjoyed thanks to
political and social pioneers.
These days, Freda keeps in contact with her
52 great-great grandchildren via email ? a skill
she taught herself aged 102. Little wonder that
she says: ?The changes I have seen are almost
too immense to think about?? Who better to
take us through the century of change?
THE BIG ISSUE / p18 / February 5-11 2018
?
World War 1: During the war, I remember being taken
down into my father?s study in the basement when there
was a bombing raid. The curtains used to shake and we
worried the Germans were coming.
Women?s suffrage: I didn?t see any of the suffragette
movement?s activities, but I remember a lot of talk about
it. My lot were horri?ed by the idea of women chaining
themselves to railings! But I remember my mother
getting the vote.
1919: I remember the ?rst Armistice Day celebrations
very well. I went to Hyde Park with my mother. People
were galloping horses up and down, ladies had colourful
parasols, a milk van was there with a tap on the back,
horses were pulling wagons up and down ? and then a
gun went off and everything stopped. Like a ?lm being
paused. Everyone was so still until another gun went
off and everything started again. We walked to the
Cenotaph. We missed King George and Queen Mary
but watched the army, navy, nurses and politicians
laying wreaths. I could only see a sea of legs until a tall
man lifted me up and put me on his shoulders! My
parents divorced soon after, and I lived with my aunt
and uncle in Anglesey ? they were the happiest years
of my childhood.
1928: I met the love of my life when I was 15. It was love
almost at ?rst sight. He was a very good horseman. It
was very innocent, but we knew. Sadly, he couldn?t
marry me because of our different religions. He married
someone else. I went to Buckingham Palace to be
presented to Queen Mary and King George as a
debutante. You don?t have that any more. I think it?s a
shame. I married my ?rst husband in 1937. I knew at
the wedding it was wrong but I couldn?t back out ? we
had 400 guests. We had four children. I was determined
to have more than one shot at parenthood. After 13 years
we got a divorce and he went back to Johannesburg.
1933 Freedoms? When I was 20, I rented a
?at in London for a year. I had a sports car
? we would take it out and do treasure
hunts, where you had to drive around
and ?nd certain things. Once we
brought back a buxom ?gurehead
off a boat we saw when we drove
past a pub! I would take it out of
the garage and we would throw
big parties in there, all shouting
and singing. I remember once
a nice policeman had to come.
He?d been sent to ask us to stop
making such a row!
1935: [Six years after
the so-called ?flapper
election?, at which women
were also allowed to vote
from the age of 21 for the
first time, Freda was
able to take part in a
general election]. I
went with my aunt
and uncle. One was
a Liberal, one a
Conservative ? they
wore different colours.
THE BIG ISSUE
/ p19 / February 5-11 2018
World War 2: When my friends? husbands were called
up, the wives said, ?now is our time to show off our
brains?. Housework was just routine. So they said, ?you
go off to your war, we will run your ?rms?. And they did
very well. They got on well with the staff ? and when
their husbands came home and expected to walk back
in, they?d say, ?we will go off to work and leave you a list
of housework tasks!?
Women in politics: As the world is moving on it is good
that more women are in politics. Queens have always
done better than kings in this country, so why not?
I admired Margaret Thatcher. She was prime minister
when I came back from Zimbabwe. And I like Theresa
May. She can make a good speech and says all the
things that are necessary. She is not frightened to
speak up.
Women in business:
This has changed a lot in
my lifetime. And they
are doing so well and
proving themselves. It is
only habit that men
should be top dogs. And
if you are doing the same
job and doing it well, you
should absolutely have
equal pay. I am not a
maniac about women?s
equality, but I am for it.
I?ve cooked for the
Freda cuts the cake at her 100th birthday party in 2013
Queen. When I came
back from Zimbabwe, we had nothing. My husband
and I looked in our pockets and we had one pound
note. I was 73 then. I said, ?what are we going to do
with all this wealth?? We went to duty free and bought
a Toblerone as we hadn?t seen one for years! So we had
to ?nd work. I got a job as a cook and my husband was
an estate manager ? because he had been a farmer. I
always wonder how I had the nerve. My cousin gave
me a recipe book and the next thing I knew I
was working for the managing director of the Savoy
Hotel. My next job was for the Queen?s cousin, Jean
Wills. They were ?rst cousins and had grown up
together and I cooked for the Queen when she came
to stay.
My parents didn?t give affection. I was only asked
down from my room if we had company. I don?t
remember a kiss or a cuddle ? I think that is what made
me stubborn! I was very different with my children. I
was affectionate.
I now have great-great grandchildren all across
the world ? in Singapore, Australia, South Africa.
I remember one of them visiting me wearing these
ripped jeans. He said they were the fashion. I said, ?not
any more and cut off all the tassles!? You have to be tidily
dressed. I learned to send emails when I was 102 ? I
keep in touch that way and on the phone. And they all
came over for my 100th birthday party. When I was a
child, if I went to a party my nanny would stand behind
me to see that I behaved. I would have to eat some bread
and butter before I was allowed a piece of cake.
Adrian Lobb @adey70
?
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If Freda represents the changes of the past century, what lies ahead for the next
100 years of women?s rights? New voter and feminist Harriet Hards, 18, is
Member of the UK Youth Parliament for Cheltenham and Tewkesbury
I
?ve always been a feminist but I?ve been
really lucky, I?ve not really been affected
by any sexist occurrences personally.
When I first got social media, Twitter
especially, seeing the vitriol that female
MPs get, seeing people recount their
stories of being followed home, or someone on the Tube
touching them in an appropriate way, it woke me up
to the fact that my safety in public is not guaranteed.
I?m always going to have to think, if I?m walking home
at night do I need to be with a male friend so that I?m
not alone? Bad things happen, and bad things happen
proportionally far more to women.
I was brought up to believe that whatever a man
could do I can do too, but there?s still this lack of
respect. Seeing things like catcalling on the street,
seeing my friends and myself subject to random men
on the street telling us to smile ? it was a wake-up call
for me. A large proportion of society think they hold
power over women in that way.
Over the last 100 years, priorities switched a little.
The main thing I noticed from my studies of history
and politics is the way that it changed from equality;
having equal rights recognised and being an equal
citizen, to liberation ? making sure that women can
go into whatever career they want, do whatever they
want, not feel constrained by gender roles of having
to stay at home. That shift, from the Sixties, is what I
as a young woman de?nitely bene?t from today.
As a white woman myself, I feel that even
though I might be less likely to get a promotion in
comparison to a male peer, a BME woman would
be even less likely. Feminism should speak for all
of womankind. Any movement from here has to
address all rather than just a select few. That?s the
direction I want to see the woman?s movement
move towards in the next 100 years, so there?s no
race or class boundaries in equality between men
and women.
I?d like to see a different type of equality emerge, not
just politically or changing legislation, but changes in
attitude. You can legislate against sexual assault, you
can legislate against the pay gap, but there?s always
going to be attitude changes needed.
A hiring board may subconsciously not be
actively looking to hire a man for a job, but they
will automatically see the man as more quali?ed
than the woman. It can be helped by legislation but
ultimately we need to have a wider societal shift.
Things like the wage gap are still issues, but
they do seem somewhat peripheral in light of the
uptick in allegations of sexual harassment, the
Weinstein allegations, a collective realisation that
we need to examine the power structures of how
men at the top can take advantage of their power
and keep women quiet when they abuse that
power. Some women wouldn?t agree with feminism
because they feel they?re already equal in many
ways. However, with the issue of violence and
violence against women, I think we?ve very much
seen progress, but not enough.
That?s the main direction I see the priorities of
feminism shifting towards, making sure that in the
workplace and in the private sphere women can feel
safe and not just equal.
They?re a little bit before my time but
the Spice Girls taught young girls
everywhere that they can
be their own person. In
my own lifetime I think
feminism has come to
the forefront. There are
some seriously strong
female role models
emerging,encouraging
women to be their
own person.
@HarrietHardsMYP
THE BIG ISSUE / p21 / February 5-11 2018
O
ne hundred years ago women got the
vote. Of course it wasn?t quite as easy
as that: the Representation of the
People Act, passed on February 6,
1918, permitted the 8.4 million
women aged over 30 to vote. But it
took another decade before they had
equal voting rights to men. The battle for equality has
been fought on many fronts: the Women?s Liberation
Movement of the 1960s and Seventies strove for equal
pay and rights, in the 1980s the frontline was America?s
British nuclear air-bases, Miner?s Strike picket-lines
and overthrowing mother-in-law jokes in comedy clubs.
Today the digital revolution has brought new
empowerment. Feminist blogs, the Everyday Sexism
Project and #MeToo and #TimesUp campaigns have
exposed abuse of power over women by famous, rich
and powerful men. Feminism has never been more
widely discussed. Yet the ideological battle is far from
won: harassment, trolling and misogyny are
commonplace and ampli?ed online.
The Centenary Action Group, a coalition including
The Fawcett Society, Oxfam and CARE International,
is challenging the government to promote more women,
stating: ?The more diverse decision makers are, the
more widely power is spread ? and the less room there
is for abuse and discrimination. It [will be] more likely
that decisions made will bene?t everyone, including
the most marginalised women and girls.?
But while activists or BBC journalists have the ear
of government and a media megaphone when they raise
issues of inequality, those who are marginalised by
economic, social, physical or educational circumstances
have no such mouthpiece. In their day-to-day lives,
equality might not be top of the to-do list. Oxfam GB?s
director of women?s rights, Nikki van der Gaag, says
the ?key to ending poverty and inequality? is more
women in positions of power. But what does that mean
for a young mum struggling to feed her family, or an
ex-prisoner whose life-chances are limited years after
she has served her sentence?
Here we ask women you won?t ?nd in the headlines
to share their experience of ?equality? in Britain today.
It is clear that 100 years after the right to vote was won,
some women are more equal than others. The battle is
far from over.
THE BIG ISSUE / p22 / February 5-11 2018
Beth Britton, 37, from Berkshir
became a carer for her dad
aged 12
More women than men are carers
That?s not to ignore the role tha
men take, but more women ?nd
themselves in the position of being
?sandwich? carers where they?re
bringing up their own children and
looking after an older relative as
well. It?s all unpaid, and this has
important implications for us gettin
into work, our pensions and our chances in retirement.
I was a carer for my dad, who had dementia for 19 years,
beginning when I was 12 years old. Caring responsibilities come
on progressively. It began with stuff like getting him interested
in looking after his garden then eventually it progressed to
cooking, shopping, personal care and other little bits and pieces
along the way until it becomes massive. My mum was around
but she was working, so these things fell to me. People say you
become a carer, but you don?t realise you?ve become a carer.
It had a massive impact on my childhood. I had no further
education. I was really into sports writing and I was good at
English, so I could have studied journalism or media. But it just
wasn?t an option for me.
Things rumbled on until we found my dad collapsed after a
major stroke. It didn?t stop when he went into a care home though
? the responsibilities don?t end. We were there almost daily,
singing songs with him, enriching his life. And if it?s a bad home
you spend an awful lot of time battling with managers.
Sometimes the commitment is as big, if not bigger.
d4dementia.blogspot.co.uk
Biffy gets a
sel?e with
Camilla on a
visit to Social
Bite in 2016
?HAVING AN ADDICTION
CHANGED ME AS A WOMAN,
AS A MUM, AS A PERSON?
,???�???????????????
e猃�??????????
homelessness and drug
addiction
My tours at Invisible Edinburgh
are based on powerful local
women, and also show a different
side of the city, such as charities
and projects which help homeless
people. I was homeless too ? I used
to never have a permanent place to stay, an never
knew what to do next.
I think it?s different being a woman and being homeless than
being a homeless man. It?s more dangerous. A lot of women I
speak to get approached by creepy guys, but you wouldn?t see
that happening to another man. I only slept rough a few times,
but it?s really scary, every little noise frightens you.
For example, one time I was just sitting and this man was
speaking to me. My boyfriend came over to check I was OK and
the stranger started giving me abuse, claiming I wasn?t homeless
because I had a boyfriend. He wouldn?t have said that to a guy,
or be questioning whether he was homeless. I don?t know why
people don?t think women can be homeless, I?d like to know why.
There are organisations to go to get sanitary products. People
are more aware of issues like that when it comes to being a
homeless woman, but in Edinburgh there?s a hostel in the city
centre, and of the 26 spaces only three are for women. The
women?s hostel that was there has just been turned into a men?s
one. They need to support homeless women better. They have
to think about more women?s only or women?s spaces in hostels.
When I asked someone at the other hostel if they thought there
should be more women?s spaces they said they didn?t think there
was a need for it. But I disagree.
When it comes to addiction I don?t think there is a difference
for men and women. It?s just as hard. I?ve got three older kids,
and I started taking drugs when I ?rst lost custody of them.
Taking drugs stopped me from actually seeing my kids ? I was
maybe ashamed or embarrassed, and didn?t want them to see
me like that. The last time I saw them was 2011.
aving an addiction changed me as a woman,
mum, as a person. It?s changed the way I think
ut other women too. I go past some girls on the
et and I just think of how young they are and
t a shame it is. I got pregnant again when I was
ting myself clean and it made me even more
tivated to succeed. My youngest daughter,
arlotte, will be four in May.
I?ve not always been interested in powerful
men. As I got older I realised how tough it was
d how we can be discriminated against. My
ur looks at JK Rowling, ?half hangit? Maggie
ickson (who survived being hanged after her
remature baby died within a few days of being
orn) and Elsie Inglis (a doctor, suffragist and
ounder of the Scottish Women?s Hospitals) and
I tell my own story too. People like to hear my
tory, I always get applause at the end. I?d want
as understanding about women as I?ve become.
I want to impart that wisdom on to her.
THE BIG ISSUE / p23 / February 5-11 2018
Photo: CraigTB McKenna
?WOMEN FIND THEMSELVES
BEING ?SANDWICH? CARERS
WHERE THEY?RE BRINGING UP
THEIR OWN CHILDREN AND
LOOKING AFTER AN OLDER
RELATIVE AS WELL?
Anita Davies, 46,
visually impaired
community councillor
from Bridgend
When you?re a woman with
a disability, you have two
things against you. If I
came from an ethnic
background, there would be three strands to it.
The local authority here is cutting nine bus services,
and all but one of them serve disadvantaged areas where
you tend to have poverty, unemployment, disability and
ill health. This is why we need to be around the table
when the decisions are being made. There are people
who make decisions about our lives who just don?t
understand our lives.
There needs to be a variety of people in positions of
power at a local and national level. The people at the
top will be the people who have maybe done well at
school or have the ability to speak in a particular way.
I?ve been criticised for the way I speak. I always say,
?I?ve spoken this way for 40 years ? this is the way I
speak.? I think people think it?s OK to say these things
toawoman.Peopleshouldnotbeafraidtobethemselves.
The man in the train station ticket office asked me
recently if I was going shopping for the day. I told him
I was going to work. Because I had my cane he assumed
I couldn?t possibly work. He didn?t mean anything by
it, but sometimes people have this perception of you
because you look a particular way.
Having said that, I?d never want to get a job just
because I?m a woman. Sometimes you do have barriers
you have to overcome though, because if you have
children or caring responsibilities it?s more likely to be
women who need time off work or a break in their career.
When you consider what women went through for
us to win the vote, I think it?s hugely important that we
use it.
?WITHOUT NURSING I?M WASTING
MY KNOWLEDGE, MY SKILLS?
Abi, 55, is a midwife from Nigeria but does not have
refugee status and so can?t work
I trained as a nurse in Nigeria, after which I went in again for
my midwifery and became dual-quali?ed. I worked as a nurse
and a midwife and became the sister in charge of a clinic. It was
a private clinic and after a couple of years there I crossed over
to a government hospital and worked solely as a midwife. I looked
after pregnant women. I took delivery of babies and neonates and did
a lot of maternity care. I have over 30 years
experience in nursing.
I have not been able to work in the UK due
my immigration status. According to the rul
of law in this country if you do not have a wor
permit you cannot work, or if you do not hav
inde?nite leave to remain you cannot work. S
without that I just can?t. I feel like I am wastin
away, rejected, unhappy, depressed. Nursing i
the main job I know how to do. Without it I am
wasting my knowledge, my skills, and it is
making me look like a vegetable. I am really
unhappy about it. I want to get back on my feet,
to have my job back and to be able to function.
I would like to have opportunities for
development, to build my skills even more so
can be useful to a lot of other people, and myself. This way my happiness
will come back, I will be happy with myself and with my environment.
Refugee and migrant women in the UK often do not have the right
to vote, and yet are affected by laws and policies decided by politicians.
Women for Refugee Women is organising a lobby of Parliament on March 8
called All Women Count. allwomencount.co.uk refugeewomen.co.uk
?IT?S DEFINITELY HARDER TO
ACHIEVE EQUALITY WHEN YOU HAVE
LITERACY PROBLEMS?
Kirsty Hopcraft, 33, from Cambridgeshire, is a mum of
???? ??? ?� ???�??? ??�??? �? ???????
I don?t have email, and I wouldn?t even
have bothered going for a job before I
started to get help. I missed out on so
much. I wouldn?t really want to go
outside ? even to the park ? because I
didn?t know what was around me. It?s
de?nitely harder to achieve equality when
you have literacy problems.
My school didn?t pick up on it so I never
knew what I had to do to get help. I didn?
know how serious it was until I had th
children and they were coming home wit
their homework. I couldn?t read it and tha
was scary. I had absolutely no con?dence.
I used to go to my oldest for help. Nine months ago I started going
to Read Easy, and it?s improved me so much in that short time. Now I
can read a magazine. When my four-year-old comes home with his
letters and his sounds, I can see what he needs to do.
My ambition is to write a story one day. And to work in caring.
readeasy.org.uk
THE BIG ISSUE / p24 / February 5-11 2018
Photo: Women For Refugee Women
?SOMETIMES PEOPLE HAVE
THIS PERCEPTION OF
YOU BECAUSE YOU LOOK A
PARTICULAR W ?
?A CONVICTION IS
SOMETHING THAT IS STILL
EASY FOR SOCIETY TO
DISCRIMINATE AGAINST?
?BEING JUDGED BECAUSE OF YOUR
BACKGROUND AND BEING JUDGED
BECAUSE YOU?RE A WOMEN ARE
SIMILAR BUT VERY DIFFERENT?
Arts worker Erika Flowers, 51, from London
says equality does not apply if you?ve been
in prison
Laura Balogova, 15, is from
I grew up in an era where my careers advice at
school was pretty much ?would you like to work
for British Gas, the NHS or be a secretary?? My
teenage years and early twenties were forged
in the Thatcher era which I think had a profound
influence on my expectations, new power for
women, women can do whatever men can do. I
went to college and university and then embarked
on a career, which was what all new women were
expected to do in these times.
My journey then took me on a path that ended
up with my serving a two-year prison sentence for
drug charges. I did not steal from anyone or cause
anyone any harm, but I do now have a conviction to
contend with. I definitely feel that society has yet
to come to terms with rehabilitation, if you have a
conviction, you must be bad! A woman with a
conviction, now that?s got to be one to avoid! I made
a bad choice and a mistake. Prison did not take my
abilities away from me, but having to declare my
conviction is an immediate slide down to the bottom
of the ladder.
Within the women?s prison system equality and
diversity is impressed upon in an attempt to alleviate
bullying, compulsory sessions are a part of all
inductions. These ideals do not however translate
to the world outside, a conviction is something that
is still an easy option for society to discriminate
against, which raises all sorts of questions around
how we as a society deal with punishment and
rehabilitation as a whole.
Awareness and action are two very different
things, however. Social media, openness, naming
and shaming and more people making their voices
heard, it is possible that this 100-year anniversary
of women getting the vote could well be a catalyst
for real change.
Very much at the forefront of our collective
thinking, equality
diversity are even
descriptions that ne
existed 20 years a
Equal pay and eq
rights for all, could
hope, be a norm for t
future. We have co
a long way in the pa
100 years, maybe th
juncture could be
new beginning fo
f u r ther cha nge
anything is possible
recordedinart.com
@postcardsfromprisondiary
Glasgow?s Roma community
I feel like the UK is a place wher
everybody is equal, mostly becaus
there are so many people with th
same cultural background. People get
treated equally most of the time.
I do feel judged because of my
background because people just assume
I am a bad person or think on the
negative side of everything. That is
separate to being judged as a woman ?
for example they think that women can
the same jobs as men just because you are ?weak? or ?too emotional?
? but being judged because of your background and being judged because
you?re a women are similar but very different.
Most women think that you need to wear make-up or you need to
wear dresses and that you can?t work at certain places but in my opinion,
women should be able to do anything they want and dress the way they
want and just be them without listening to other people telling them
how they are meant to be.
The message I would hav
you just need to listen to their
story and look on the good
side of stuff and not just the
bad. And don?t judge peopl
just because they are fro
something else or being the
are a different colour to yo
? just be nice to everyone.
Laura?s pictures are part of an ex
hibition of photos by young Rom
from Govanhill at Tramwa
Glasgow, until March 11
Interviews: Sarah Reid & Dionne Kennedy
MORE ON BIGISSUE.COM
MARGARET ATWOOD
?I grew up in the woods and
wasn?t concerned about what
other people thought?
THE MATCHGIRLS
How 1,400 women in 1888
revolutionised workers? rights
ANDREA RISEBOROUGH
?I get paid one-twentieth of
what men get?
MIRANDA RICHARDSON
Confronting sexual harassment
is ?desperately overdue?
THE BIG ISSUE / p25 / February 5-11 2018
JULIET STEVENSON
The ?ght against ?losing value
as you get older?
VAL MCDERMID
?There were no lesbians in Fife
in the 1960s??
BETTY BOOTHROYD
Parliamentary powerhouse:
?I remain an unclaimed
treasure!?
JUDITH KERR
Her extraordinary life!
BOOKS
CODENAME SUZETTE
A legacy reclaimed
Suzanne Spaak rescued hundreds of children from Auschwitz so why
don?t we know about her? Anne Nelson lifts the lid on a very modern heroine
I
?rst encountered Suzanne Spaak as Canadian Ruth Peters, as his mistress.
a beautiful woman in a badly
Claude,anaspiringplaywright,struggled
retouched photo. I was researching in the shadows of his older brothers. Paulmylastbook, RedOrchestra,aboutan Henri Spaak was the youngest minister in
anti-Nazi resistance group in Berlin the Belgian cabinet. Charles Spaak was on
connected to a Soviet spy named Leopold his way to becoming France?s leading
Trepper. There she was, in Trepper?s screenwriter, culminating with the film
memoirs, brie?y mentioned in the text but classic Grand Illusion. Claude moved his
family to Paris to advance his career, and
gazing from the page.
She never met the Berlin group, which vented his frustration on his wife and
joined Trepper?s network after years of children. His saving grace was his taste in
traditional resistance and rescue work. art. He used Suzanne?s fortune, with her
A Belgian national living in Occupied Paris, approval, to support a little-known Belgian
Suzanne?s ties to the Soviets were tenuous, surrealistnamedRen镸agritte.Thecouple
yet she was often described as one of acquired several dozen Magrittes, at least
Trepper?s agents.
one of which now graces the Tate collection.
Finally in 2009, with the help of Google, Suzanne refused to consider divorce while
I tracked down her daughter Pilette, an her children were young, and turned to
80-year-oldknittinginstructorin
suburban Maryland. ?Everyone
says Mama was a Soviet spy,? she
sighed. ?Iwouldn?tcareifshewas,
but she was actually something
very different.?
I spent the next seven years
piecingtogethertheextraordinary
story of Suzanne Spaak, the
architect of an extensive network
to rescue Jewish children in Paris
from deportation to Auschwitz.
Most were from poor Eastern
European immigrant families.
Spaak was not Jewish, Eastern
European, or poor. Her coalition
mobilised Protestants, Catholics,
The boldest rescue of Spaak was ?le kidnapping?
and Jews, as well as Socialists,
of 63 Jewish children destined for Nazi camps
Communists and Gaullists. The
keytohersuccesswasovercoming
political differences for the sake of her friend Mira Sokol for consolation.
humanitarian action.
A Jewish exile, Mira counted on few
Suzanne was the pampered oldest resources beyond her vibrant intellect and
daughter of a Brussels ?nancier but she was Suzanne?s friendship.
disenfranchisednonetheless.Hereducation
When the Germans invaded in 1940, the
consisted of needlework and household Spaaks made a dash for the coast and New
management; she studied literature and York, but were cut off from escape.
social policy on her own. It was illegal for a Paul-Henri, now Belgian foreign minister,
married woman to open a bank account was evacuated at Dunkirk and served in the
without her husband?s permission, and government-in-exile in London. Claude and
womeninFrancedidn?twintherighttovote Suzanne returned to Paris with their two
children, Pilette, 12, and Bazou, eight.
until after the war.
At 14 she fell in love with a neighbour boy,
?Aryan?, affluent, and well-connected, the
ClaudeSpaak,amemberofBelgium?sleading Spaakscouldhavewaitedouttheoccupation
political family. The young couple married in relative comfort. But as the Nazis? net
at 20, but there was trouble from the start. tightenedaroundtheJewsofParis,Suzanne
Claude was chronically unfaithful. Suzanne joined the Jewish immigrant underground.
compromised by settling on her best friend, She monitored BBC broadcasts and typed
THE BIG ISSUE / p26 / February 5-11 2018
flyers, using radios and typewriters
forbidden to Jews, and took in Jewish
fugitives as ?maids? and ?tutors?.
When the deportations began in March
1942, they were camouflaged as forced
labour. It wasn?t until the July Vel d?Hiv
arrests, which swept up pregnant women
and small children, that the truth was
apparent. Suzanne and her network stepped
up their activities.
In February 1943, Suzanne learned of an
impendingarrestinJewishorphanages,and
launched the most audacious rescue of her
career:?lekidnapping?of63childrenatonce.
It was organised with military precision,
drawingonthesupportofeveryonefromher
neighbour Colette to 15-year-old Pilette.
Then, ever the banker?s daughter, she
organised a business plan to
provide the children with shelter
and upkeep.
Suzanne?s network connected
thethreadsofanastonishingarray
of World War 2 sagas. Colette,
oftendisparagedasacollaborator,
emerges as a hero. Jean Moulin
appears through Suzanne?s
Protestant allies. The young
Jewish diarist H閘鑞e Berr turns
out to be part of the network.
Even the Special Operations
Executive makes a timely
appearance with the marvellous
Johnny Barrett, who parachutes
into France to save the day.
I haunted libraries and
archives, but my touchstones
were witnesses and survivors ?
Suzanne?s Pilette and Bazou, as well as
nieces and nephews; children of members
of the network; and the rescued children
themselves. I met two of them soon after
they had left a wreath on Suzanne Spaak?s
grave, unaware that she had children of her
own. I had the opportunity to introduce
them to Pilette for the ?rst time.
Suzanne?s husband burned her letters
and photos after the war, fearful that her
fame would outstrip his own. With
Codename: Suzette I?ve done
my best to restore her legacy.
Codename Suzette: An
extraordinary story of resistance
and rescue in Nazi Paris by Anne
Nelson (Allen & Unwin, �.99)
READ MORE FROM...
JANE GRAHAM
REVIEWS
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
THE WOMAN IN THE WINDOW / DON?T SKIP OUT ON ME
TOP 5 BOOKS
SET IN INDIA
VASEEM
KHAN
Wine of the times
Jane Graham gorges on a blitzy bestseller
but ?nds it?s mainly dregs of classic ?lm noir
1. THE WHITE TIGER
Aravind Adiga
A dark satire set in modern
Delhi, following the rise of
a lowly chauffeur who is
determined to succeed at
any price, even murder. Adiga tears
down many modern Indian institutions,
focusing on the great gulf between rich
and poor.
Illustration: Dom McKenzie
G
enerally the policy at The
Big Issue is to champion
great writers who might not
get the airing they deserve
in other quarters. It feels wanton to
squander valuable word-space
bemoaning mediocre books when
there are so many splendid authors
falling by the wayside in a highly
competitive cash-?xated market.
Sometimes though, it?s enlightening
? and rather fun ? to poke one?s head
into the money den and see what all
the chat is about. To scope out the
contextual territory, as it were. And
right now, the chat is about The
Woman in the Window; the ?new Girl
on the Train? (it?s a relief to see the
giddy Girl has ?nally matured into a
woman) by an unheard-of writer with
a fashionably gender-neutral name, AJ Finn.
The unknown author?s identity didn?t stay
secret for long. Before the UK publication it
was revealed that Finn ? whose book was a
US number-one bestseller by the time it made
it to these shores ? was actually eminent
publishing editor, 38-year-old New Yorker
Daniel Mallory. Mallory, an erudite, witty,
pop-culture a?cionado, can clearly spot a
winner in his day job; but can he write one?
The Woman in the Window is a triumph
of brass-neck. Its almost entirely Rear
Window-based conceit (housebound
ex-psychologist Anna lives vicariously
through the adjacent neighbours she spies
on every day) along with its Paula Hawkinsstyle unreliable narrator (Anna is addicted
to alcohol and prescription drugs and rarely
sober or sensible) is unabashed in its debt
to other sources. In fact, Mallory, aware that
it?s not cool to strip the ?esh and bones from
an unacknowledged source, chooses instead
to slather on the ?tributes?, ?lling pages with
classic ?lm noir references. Shadow of a
Doubt, Rebecca, Gaslight, The Lady Vanishes;
they?re all there. For some movie-loving
readers, collecting Hitchcock plot twists and
second-hand one-liners will be the most
entertaining aspect of the book.
Other than that, it?s difficult to identify
this book?s USP (its most significant
doppelg鋘ger might be Felicity Blunt,
Mallory?s agent and sister of The Girl on the
Train star Emily). The woozy fug created by
traumatised and tanked-up Anna?s fragile
state works quite well as a blurred lens for
a slippery mystery, but the cliches and
cliffhangers are just too hoary, and they also
give the game away too easily. Thus, the big
reveal is as surprising as the unveiling of
Norman Bates? stuffed mummy in Gus Van
Sant?s Psycho. As is the news that the ?lm
rights for this pacey, cinematic, dialoguedriven novel have already been snapped up.
For Blunt and Mallory, it?s all about classic
Hollywood; dial M for movie deal.
Reno-based author Willy Vlautin also has
a ?lm out this year, based on his 2010 novel,
Lean on Pete. And there the comparison
ends. Vlautin?s characters don?t speak like
movie archetypes, they speak like real
people, albeit sometimes with a little extra
poetry in their souls. In Don?t Skip Out On
Me, the voice of good-natured, humble IrishIndian farmhand Horace is as pure as spring
water, as is that of old man Reese, the farmer
who loves him, and bravely waves him off
when he leaves the ranch to follow his dream
of becoming a boxing champion. Every
character jumps off the page, so convincing
and enchanting is Vlautin?s natural, easy
way with words. And the ending ? whew, it
has the heart-tug of a Steinbeck.
Words: Jane Graham @janeannie
The Woman in the Window, AJ
Finn, HarperCollins,
�.99
Don?t Skip Out On Me,
Willy Vlautin, Faber &
Faber, �.99
THE BIG ISSUE / p27 / February 5-11 2018
2. Q&A (SLUMDOG
MILLIONAIRE)
Vikas Swarup
A pacey tale which later
became the phenomenally
successful movie Slumdog Millionaire.
The story follows a poor boy as he
describes how he managed to win a
fortune on a quiz show by answering
questions that he could not possibly
have known the answers to.
3. SHANTARAM
Gregory David Roberts
The true-life story of an
Australian criminal who
?ees to India in the Eighties,
and ?nds redemption in the slums of
Mumbai. Roberts depicts the city in all
its gritty glory.
4. LIFE OF PI
Yann Martel
This fantastical book is part
philosophical meditation
and part thrilling adventure
story. Piscine Patel enjoys a
colourful upbringing in south India, then
?nds himself, after his ship sinks, trapped
on a life-raft with a hyena, a monkey, a
zebra, and a Royal Bengal tiger?
5. MIDNIGHT?S
CHILDREN
Salman Rushdie
A literary epic that tells the
story of India?s transition to
independence and beyond, through the
eyes of Saleem Sinai who was born ?at
the precise instant of India?s arrival at
independence?. A modern classic, and
my favourite book!
2018 Quick Read Inspector
Chopra and the Million Dollar
Motor Car by Vaseem Khan is out
now (price � paperback).
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FILM
READ MORE FROM...
EDWARD LAWRENSON
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
Bleak house
A divorcing couple argue over custody of their young son in despairing drama Loveless...
the problem is neither of them wants him
L
oveless is set in Moscow, at the
approach of winter in 2012. A snippet
from a radio broadcast reveals there?s
much talk of a looming apocalypse, foretold
hundreds of years back by the Mayan
civilisation. Remember that? Well, the
predicted doomsday never materialised.
But from the unforgivingly bleak picture of
the world that Andrey Zvyaginstev?s ?lm
presents you?d be forgiven for wondering
what was worth saving.
Armageddon notwithstanding, the ?lm
is stalked by a terrible sense of catastrophe.
This is an impressive piece of cinema that
combines muscular, visual storytelling with
powerful performances: but it?s strong stuff,
grim, wrenching and darkly unsettling.
It begins at the end of something: a
marriage in its exhausting terminal stages.
Zhenya (Maryana Spivak) is selling the
Moscow apartment she shares with her
12-year-old son Alyosha, and when buyers
come to inspect the property they ask why
she?s so keen to be rid of it. ?Divorce,? she
explains, with relief, and the reason for that
relief is evident later on, when her soon-tobe-ex-husband Boris (Aleksey Rosin) visits.
The ?ght that quickly ensues is a horrifying
spectacle, staged in relentless long takes by
Zvyaginstev and performed with raw
honesty, applied with jagged aggression by
each party, intended to hurt.
What they?re bickering about is
especially unedifying: the custody of young
Alyosha. Zhenya and Boris are now with new
lovers, and neither wants responsibility for
Loveless is an excoriating portrait of
their son. The argument represents a kind neglect, both at a parental and societal level.
of nadir of parental care, and its only A group of volunteers spring into action to
redeeming feature is that they?ve at least help look for Alyosha (with a practiced
waited for Alyosha to go to bed before attitude that suggests these kind of missing
talking about him like this.
cases aren?t so rare in contemporary
Except, unknown to his parents (and Moscow). Unfurling with a forensic eye for
shockingly revealed to us), the young boy detail, the ?lm is horribly compelling, and
got up and has overheard everything. its procedural thrills are accompanied by
an inexorable dread. The
Naturally he?s crushed. It?s
search covers the woods
perhaps no surprise then
near his family home but
that a few days later
FINAL REEL
stops at the river. Why,
Alyosha disappears.
Loveless charts the
Boris asks a volunteer. ?We
In The Mercy Colin Firth stars
don?t look for bodies,?
search for the missing kid,
as Donald Crowhurst, a British
comes the reply.
a search that sees Zhenya
sportsman who made a disasand Boris reluctantly
Loveless is brilliantly
trous attempt
thrown together. This is a
accomplished and yet I
to sail around
found its unsparing
bitterly unhappy marriage,
the world in the
pessimism hard going.
marked by self-pity, regret
late Sixties. It?s a
he ?lm?s despair feels
and contempt, and so
perfectly decent
little manufactured:
consumed are husband
movie, but this
and wife in attacking one
he subtleties of human
true-to-life tale
another they fail to notice
ehaviour are sacri?ced
has already
the hurt inflicted on
o justify a forbiddingly
been chronicled
Alyosha. In fact, Zhenya
hopeless worldview.
in the excellent
Still, it?s a bold ?lm from
only realises belatedly that
documentary Deep Water.
Zvyaginstev, who will
her son is not at home
make a return trip (after
because she?s spent the
2014?s Leviathan) to this year?s Oscars,
previous day with her new lover.
The cops are called, and even then where he?s nominated for Best Foreign
Alyosha?s welfare barely registers as a Language Film.
priority. He?s probably run away, the Loveless is in cinemas from February 9
detective says as almost a cavalier aside; he?ll
come home once the winter nights draw in. Words: Edward Lawrenson @EdwardLawrenson
THE BIG ISSUE / p29 / February 5-11 2018
Image: Camera Press / Matt Holyoak
TV
As John Simm returns in two big new dramas, he talks about his hopes for
female world domination, why he took a TV break and what his late father
would think of him. Interview: Adrian Lobb
?I knew it was going to happen. He was ill for a
?Equal pay for women. Absolutely. That.?
This is actor John Simm when asked about his big while, he had cancer, but still that was a real blow.
?Because my dad was the one that ?rst put me on
issue for 2018. ?It is absolutely insane. I cannot even
begin to get my head around it. I had no idea it was stage. I could literally hear him saying, ?Get back on
that stage. That is your part. What are you doing
so bad.
?But the tide is turning. If something good is to sat here mourning and moaning with all these
come out of this whole Weinstein thing, then at least people crying??.
?It was weird, because the play is about a father
there is this huge sea change that feels like it is
happening right now.? Before long, he?s echoing and son. But it was actually great to disappear for two
Beyonc� ?My God, I wish women ran the whole world, hours every night. I could pretend to be someone
completely different.?
don?t you? Please let that happen one day.?
The actor recalls his early stage appearances
John Simm, a youthful 47, is sitting in a busy hotel
cafe in Soho. His big break came in 1999 in Human alongside his dad. ?He was a club artist. He taught me
Traffic and from the peerless State of Play in 2003 guitar and we were a club act together for about seven
through Life on Mars and his original run as The years. Being in a band with your dad ? weird in a way,
Master in Doctor Who
a real eye-opener ? the
(2007-10), Simm was
early-Eighties northern
arguably the biggest
clubland circuit? That
n a me i n Br it i sh
would toughen anyone
telev ision d r a m a .
up. I was working every
Alongside Christopher
weekend so I had more
Eccleston, Ma xine
money than the rest of
Pea ke a nd Dav id
the kids but I never went
Morrissey, he is part of
out anywhere.
a ?Northern Power?It is one of those
house? of actors that
things, ever since you
were involved in most of
are born you are waiting
what was good about
for a parent to die. But
British TV drama for a
no matter how ready
decade and a half from
you think you are? I
don?t know.?
the mid-Nineties. They
shone in the pre-golden
After grafting through
age era, before the rise
his grief, Simm was
of HBO, Netflix and
offered a part in the US
Old Etonians.
show The Catch, which
Trouble in the House ? Simm plays a compromised Labour MP in Collateral
he describes as a lightSimm?s presence still
guarantees a certain quality and integrity. He simply hearted crime caper. ?For some strange reason I
doesn?t do bad television. But we?ve seen less of him thought it would be a great idea to take myself away
on the small screen in recent years. ?I thought maybe from my family and go to LA. On my own. For a year,?
I should disappear for a little bit,? he says.
he says, rolling his eyes.
The critical response to his role alongside Peake
So was it a good idea? ?No. Not really. I mean, the
in The Village hastened his retreat. ?I thought it was work was great. I went out with [co-star and ex-Six
really good. It was Antonia Bird?s last ever drama and Feet Under actor] Peter Krause to see the Dodgers a
she is wonderful,? he says of the 2013 series. ?And few times. I got to drive down Sunset Boulevard every
people just went for it about it being grim and day to go to work. But I ended up being in LA, on my
depressing. I was a bit disappointed by that. It was own, listening to Leonard Cohen on days off, hoping
about post-traumatic stress disorder in World War 1 the time would go quicker. You think: ?Oh God, I really
? it was not Dad?s Army.?
should have thought this through a little more.??
Simm needed little encouragement to explore his
After two seasons, and just as he and his wife,
love of the theatre. His role in Patrick Marber?s Three actress Kate Magowan, were looking at LA schools
Days in the Country at the National is cited as a career for their two children, the show was cancelled.
It was time to come home, to British television,
high and the offer of a Pinter winter and the chance
to star in The Homecoming extended his screen break and to two of the best new shows this year ? preceded
? but also included a life-changing event.
by a surprise return as The Master. He had great fun
?As I was doing The Homecoming, my dad died. So acting with Peter Capaldi for the ?rst time and it turns
that was a shock. That was a toughie,? he says, puffing out Doctor and Master have more than travel through
his cheeks out, steeling himself.
space and time in common. ?I saw Peter this morning,?
THE BIG ISSUE / p31 / February 5-11 2018
Academic excellence for
business and the professions
Social Enterprise
Festival
14th ? 15th February 2018
#SocEntFest
AL
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ury
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Meet People. Solve Problems. Change Lives.
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Sign up here socialenterprisefestival.london
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Photo: Getty images
?You get paid what??? Simm with wife and fellow actor Kate Magowan
Photos: Shutterstock
grins Simm. ?We share the same trainer
? he was coming out as I was going in!?
This month sees Simm debut in two
heavyweight dramas, both written by
renowned playwrights, both showing a
deeply divided nation.
First up is BBC2?s Collateral, written by
David Hare and also starring Carey
Mulligan. It?s ambitious, compelling, deeply
political ? in many ways a successor to State
Of Play.
?I think the director SJ Clarkson and
David Hare are a match made in heaven,?
says Simm. ?She is such a dynamic, exciting
director. And he is such a brilliant writer
about very serious issues. They have come
together and made this fantastic state-ofthe-nation thriller.?
So what does Collateral say about the
state of the nation? ?It says we?re fucked.
It has all gone to hell in a handcart.
Everything is all fucked. And until Trump leaves the
Oval Office, I will not think we are not fucked. Every
day I am expecting the end of the world. It is terrifying.
?I despair. Like most people, I am horri?ed by all
of it at the moment. This government is in disarray, I
can?t see any immediate challenge from Labour, really.
They are standing in front of an open goal and no one
is really putting it in the net.?
Simm plays a Labour MP, who becomes embroiled
in what at first seems the random murder of
a pizza delivery man, in a tale that takes in issues
around immigration, poverty, and deeply
divided communities.
?It really is a divided country,? says Simm. ?After
Grenfell you really see it. And my character?s
constituency is very much typical of London in that
way. He?s trying to ride the divide. He tries to balance
it all. He is essentially a good man, trying to do his
best but his hands are tied.
?I?m sure a lot of MPs will recognise themselves in
that position,? says Simm. ?I have met a lot of MPs,
see them a lot, listen to them every fucking morning
on the Today programme.
It seems very now.?
For Simm?s other role,
opposite Adrian Lester in
Mike Bartlett?s Trauma, he
plays the father of a
teenager who is stabbed. It
is tough to watch but
brilliantly played, and
involved Simm going to
some dark places.
The drugs do work: Simm in Human Traffic (top), and as time-travelling
cop Sam Tyler in Life on Mars, with Philip Glenister.
?He is an everyday, decent, very astute, bright,
working-class guy who is trying his very, very best to
keep his family afloat,? says Simm. ?And then
this terrible thing happens and his world is thrown
into chaos.
?When you are in that personal hell ? and it is every
parent?s nightmare ? you expect the world to be
different. But it is not. It is just different for you. The
world carries on.
?He really is a man alone. My character is completely
powerless. That sense of powerlessness pervades him,
engulfs him at all times. It is about the trust we put
into institutions.
?I am a sucker for a good script,? Simm continues.
?If it knocks me out I just have to do it otherwise
someone else will. Suddenly I am in LA or Hong Kong
thinking, ?How did I get here??.?
So, if we were to imagine what the young John
Simm, as he took his ?rst steps on stage alongside his
dad, would make of the career he will go on to have,
what would he say?
?I think he would be pleased,? Simm answers. ?He
would probably wonder why I haven?t played a cowboy
or an astronaut yet. But I have sort of made it in a way.
You are not Steve Austin the Six Million Dollar Man,
but you have done OK.?
Collateral begins at 9pm on BBC Two on February 12.
Trauma begins at 9pm on the same day on ITV
@adey70
THE BIG ISSUE / p33 / February 5-11 2018
15 Feb 10 Mar
++++
?A WILD THEATRICAL EXPERIENCE?
The Guardian
Jubilee
Adapted for the stage by CHRIS GOODE
from the original screenplay by DEREK JARMAN
and JAMES WHALEY
Directed by CHRIS GOODE
A Royal Exchange Theatre, Lyric Hammersmith and Chris Goode & Company production
lyric.co.uk | 020 8741 6850
The JOSEPH
Communications
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BLIVION OR OPPORTUNITIES AND
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?Over the years I have read many
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?Never lend this book to anyone ? you
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Authored by ?Joseph? from an
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elivers arguably the most
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Revealing, inspiring, comforting
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PAPERBACK available from: www.josephspeaks.com or amazon.co.uk
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Please visit www.josephspeaks.com for details of other books in the series.
RADIO
READ MORE FROM...
ROBIN INCE
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
The Norman Conquest
One?s man battle to get his washing done has proved
to be an inspirational tale
L
ast week?s The Untold
the launderette is open 24
on BBC Radio 4 was
hours again. He has his victory,
broadcast on the 60th
though feels a little robbed from
birthday of Steve
not having his chance to ?ght face
?Stormin? Norman.
to face.
And now we have to move from
It was one of those shows that
the present tense to the past.
can take what may be disguised
This show is a celebration of
as mundane and reveal that it
Steve. Sadly, it is also a eulogy.
is inspirational.
During the making of the
The story began with the right
to wash your socks after 8pm.
documentary, Steve died. His many
Steve lives in a block off
ailments, including diabetes and
the M5 in Bristol which houses
bronchial pneumonia, ended
single people, not always in the
his life. For a man who didn?t
best of health, some fighting
ne lect others, his death was
alcoholism, one a hoarder
considered to have
who?d had six tons of ?otsam and
been caused by
self-neglect. All
jetsam removed from his
over the city of
previous house.
Bristol, scrawled
Steve described himself as
graffiti appeared
?obstructive and belligerent, and
in pa int a nd
why shouldn?t I be??
marker pen, ?Rest
With flats too small for
in peace, Steve
washing machines, there was a
Norman, we?ll
communal laundry room, but
keep fighting ?.
without noti?cation or consent,
Described as
the council now locked it up
relentless, he has infected others
between 8pm and 8am.
with his relentlessness and his
Steve was not having it. He
passion for a ?ght.
was preparing for court.
He fought for people who had
?If I see injustice, I will stand
up to it.?
given up on the system or who had
Since 2004, Steve has given
fallen through the cracks.
his life purpose by ?ghting the
Steve used his energy and
Hail fellow: The courageous Steve ?Stormin? Norman Right: One of many graffiti
con?dence to inspire those who
status quo and bureaucracy gone
tributes to Steve in Bristol
wrong, bureaucracy that ignores
were unsure, those who lacked the
both pragmatism and compassion. He has
confidence to take on councils and
tackled homelessness, pollution and
injustices. One young woman who had
housing conditions as well as being a
rarely attended school and never learnt
support for individuals struggling to
to read was given The Diary of Anne
balance the necessities of life.
Frank by Steve so she could read it on her
He helps with childcare, gives lifts
phone. Each week, he would ask if she?d
to people trying to make ends meet with
read more. He gave her the con?dence
multiple jobs, helps fill out forms ? he
to know there were things she could do
is a gruff, bluff, belligerent support
that she thought would never be in
to people.
her reach. Now she attends the council
Growing up in the Seventies, the
meetings, watches, listens and heckles now
primetime mass media had more stories
Steve can?t.
like this, helping create a richer picture of
In the ?nal words of his family: ?We?re
not going to be burying Steve, we?ll be
our society, making it harder to dismiss the
planting seeds for the next generation.?
marginalised via caricature.
Shortly before the court battle,
something Steve is looking forward to,
Words: Robin Ince @robinince
?Steve used
his energy to
inspire those
who lacked
the con?dence
to take on the
councils and
injustices?
THE BIG ISSUE / p35 / February 5-11 2018
f
y
a
ri d
m
d
2n
c
r
a
8
1
0
h2
MUSIC
READ MORE FROM...
CLAIRE JACKSON
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
OUT AND ABOUT
HALF-TERM HEAVEN
Imagine Children?s Festival (February 7-18,
Southbank, London; southbankcentre.co.uk)
could be your saviour during half-term as
it has a huge amount of events for kids up
to the age of 12. There?s theatre, dancetheatre, storytelling, comedy, music, art and
more. Many of the events are free, but you
may have to book in advance for some of
the bigger ones.
Perhaps less appealing to ankle biters, the
Orchids Festival (February 10 to March 11,
Kew, London; kew.org) could be an oasis of
calm for those who need it. As the name
very much suggests, this is a celebration of
the orchid and its intricate association with
Thailand. During the
day, you can marvel
at the beauty of the
plants and in the
evening there are
special workshops
and music events.
The Brighton Science Festival (February
10-18, Brighton; brightonscience.com) is
aimed at school children and designed to
spark their imaginations, making science
educational, fun and relatable. Future
Einsteins (or Brian Coxes) can maybe be
spotted in the crowd taking notes and
starting to formulate theories.
Starting in 1994, the Leicester Comedy
Festival (February 7-25, Leicester; comedyfestival.co.uk) has steadily grown to be one
of the key events in the comedy world in
the UK. It is a massive jamboree ? with
120,000 attendees expected to race around
69 venues trying to see 830 shows. There
are huge names like Katherine Ryan, Barry
Cryer and Griff Rhys Jones, but the real
appeal is, as in Edinburgh, chancing upon
the exciting new talent cutting their teeth.
The London Salon: Queer Night
Scenes (February 13, Barbican, London;
museumo?ondon.org.uk) will feature a
queer rendition of the 1931 Beaux Arts
Ball (where architects dressed up as the
buildings they designed), although with a
political tone as participants will dress as
LGBTQ+ nightlife venues in the capital
that have closed or been lost.
Eamonn Forde @Eamonn_Forde
Orchestrating creativity
The classical music industry?s recent gathering
o?ers a reminder that the arts is a crucial social fabric
T
he great and the good from the
classical music industry recently
gathered at the Wales Millennium
Centre in Cardiff for the annual
Association of British Orchestras (ABO)
conference. This year?s event (January
24-26) was hosted by BBC National
Orchestra of Wales, Sinfonia Cymru and
Welsh National Opera. The ABO conference
provides an important forum for musicians,
ensembles, artist managers, venues,
specialist media and suppliers to discuss
the thorny issues du jour. The theme for
the 2018 instalment was ?collaboration?,
a particularly challenging subject
in Brexitland. (Previous topics have
included ?identity? and ?diversity??
theABOisnotshyofdifficultconversations).
Sessions covered collaboration in
recording and audience development, with
speci?c examples from the host ensembles.
Keynote speakers included Tony Hall, BBC
director general, Kevin Brennan MP,
shadow culture minister and Rebecca
Allen, president of Decca Records Group
UK, plus a clutch of interesting movers and
shakers within the sector.
In the music world, like many
workplaces, it?s easy to forget the people
behind the scenes. When we listen to a
wonderful recording or attend a
mesmerising stage production, our focus
is on the performer(s). However, artists rely
on the expertise of colleagues working in
a variety of disciplines. And, in these
turbulent times, when the arts are often
treated as a ?nice to have? rather than an
essential part of our social fabric, it?s
crucial to remember how diverse the
creative industries are, and how many
people are employed in the music sector
? it?s not just musicians.
THE BIG ISSUE / p37 / February 5-11 2018
A notable date is coming over the hill. For
some, the day provides a chance to indulge
in some rare romance. For others, it is a
steaming pile of commercial crap to be
ignored at all costs. Whatever you think of
Valentine?s Day, make sure your
interpretation is carefully aligned with any
significant other. (One year, my partner
ended a very nice Valentine?s Day toast with
?Happy Anniversary!? As I raised my glass,
I pointed out that our anniversary was in
May, not February. He looked confused, and
admitted?Oh.Ididn?treallyknowwhattoday
was, I just knew that I had to do something.?
Less #couplegoals, more #owngoals.) And
rather than chocolates (boring) or ?owers
(predictable), why not try concert tickets? It
means you can avoid the over-priced
meals or soppy rom-com in favour of a
Romantic (with a capital ?R?, to signify the
era) evening.
The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic
Orchestra is offering a night of smouldering
passion on February 14, courtesy of some
romantic greats: Ravel?s climactic Bolero,
Rachmaninov?s second Piano Concerto
(performed by Zhang Zuo) and retellings of
Romeo and Juliet by Tchaikovsky and
Proko?ev. In Manchester opera fans should
look no further than The Hall�s Opera
Lovers? Night (with Hall�s associate
conductor Stephen Bell pictured, top), which
features works from Verdi?s Aida, Rossini?s
Barber of Seville and Bernstein?s West Side
Story (Bridgewater Hall). Elsewhere, the
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra will perform
romantic (lower case ?r?) Hollywood classics,
in a special London concert compered by
Radio 3 broadcaster Petroc Trelawny
(Cadogan Hall).
Words: Claire Jackson @claireiswriting
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PLEASE HELP US FIND
www.missingpeople.org.uk/find
Stefania Malinici - Barking, London
Stefania has been missing from
Barking in London since
6 September. She was 37 at
the time of her disappearance.
Paul Balmforth - Southampton, Hampshire
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The
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Paul has been missing from
Southampton since 8 February
2000. He was 27 at the time
of his disappearance.
Call or text 116 000
Email 116000@missingpeople.org.uk
It?s free, 24/7 and confidential
Missing People would like to thank
The Big Issue for sharing appeals for
missing people. Our helpline is supported
by players of People?s Postcode Lottery.
( ou re ot lone) Project,
a charity speci?cally for farming and rural
industries, works effectively across Norfolk and
Suffolk by promoting mental health awareness,
signposting to helpful agencies, providing
an informative website and lea?ets as well
as funding for up to 6 sessions of counselling.
Callers to the con?dential helpline can speak to
a doctor or a counsellor within 48 hours.
If you think you are depressed or maybe just concerned
about someone, please make the call or visit our website.
You Are Not Alone.
0300 323 0400
www.yanahelp.org
@yanafarming
THE BIG ISSUE / p40 / February 5-11 2018
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ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS
To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
THE BIG ISSUE / p41 / February 5-11 2018
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To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
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THE BIG ISSUE / p43 / February 5-11 2018
COMPETITION
FOUNDERS
John Bird and Gordon Roddick
Group chair
Nigel Kershaw
Managing director
Russell Blackman
EDITORIAL
Editor Paul McNamee
Managing editor Vicky Carroll
Features editor Steven MacKenzie
Web content manager Theo Hooper
Books editor Jane Graham
Television editor Adrian Lobb
Film Edward Lawrenson
Radio Robin Ince
Music Malcolm Jack and Claire Jackson
Walking and poverty correspondent
Charles Dickens
Business support manager Robert White
PRODUCTION TEAM
Art director Ross Lesley-Bayne
Production editor Sarah Reid
Designer Gillian Smith
Junior designer Matthew Costello
Junior sub editor/writer Dionne Kennedy
Junior sub editor/writer Liam Geraghty
ADVERTISING 020 3890 3899
Group advertising director Andrea Mason
Group advertising manager Helen Ruane
Display Brad Beaver
Classi?ed and recruitment: 020 3890 3744
Account director Jenny Bryan
Senior sales executive Imogen Williams
Marketing and communications director
Lara McCullagh
THE BIG ISSUE FOUNDATION
Chief executive
Stephen Robertson 020 7526 3458
Distribution / London: 020 7526 3200
EDITORIAL
Second Floor, 43 Bath Street,
Glasgow, G2 1HW, 0141 352 7260
editorial@bigissue.com
WIN!
CASABLANCA
ON DVD
Of all the magazines in all the towns in all the world, you bought ours.
Casablanca?s tale of the romantic lovers triangle between the impossibly heroic Czech
Resistance leader Victor Laszlo (Paul Henreid), his beautiful wife Ilsa
(Ingrid Bergman) and her ex-lover, cynical American Rick Blaine (Humphrey Bogart),
is still the same old story, but it?s never looked better!
To celebrate the release of Casablanca on 4K collector?s Blu-ray we have ?ve copies to
give away. The most romantic movie of all time comes in its most beautiful form,
complete with collectible slipcase, artcards and lobby card-style stills. The premium
collection also boasts a hoard of special features, meaning plenty of time to get cosy
with that special someone.
To be in with a chance of winning one of ?ve copies of the collector?s edition
Blu-ray simply answer the question below: Which actor played Ilsa?s American
ex-lover in Casablanca?
Printed at William Gibbons. Published weekly by The Big Issue,
3rd Floor, 113-115 Fonthill Road, Finsbury Park, London, N4 3HH
PPA Cover
of the Year
2015
PPA Scotland
Cover of the
Year 2015
BSME Cover
of the Year 2017
PPA Scotland
Cover of The
Year 2017
PPA Scotland
Consumer Magazine of The Year, 2017
Paul McNamee
British editor of the year 2016, BSME
Send your answers with CASABLANCA as the subject to competitions@bigissue.com
or post to The Big Issue, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW. Include your name and address.
Closing date is February 20. Include OPT OUT if you don?t want to receive updates from
The Big Issue. We will not pass your details to any third party. For full T&Cs see bigissue.com
THE BIG ISSUE / p44 / February 5-11 2018
GAMES & PUZZLES
SUDOKU
A
B
C
D
There is just one simple rule
in sudoku: each row, column
and 3 x 3 box must contain
the numbers one to nine.
This is a logic puzzle and you
should not need to guess.
The solution will be revealed
next week.
E
F
ISSUE 1292 SOLUTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
To win Beer Craft by Jon Finch, mark where
you think the ball is, cut out and send to:
Spot the Ball (1293), 43 Bath St, Glasgow,
G2 1HW, by February 13. Include name,
address, phone no. Enter by email:
send grid position (eg A1) to
competitions@bigissue.com.
7
8
9
10
(Last week?s
Spot the Ball
revealed:
Queens Park
Rangers v
Nottingham
Forest (1980)
PRIZE CROSSWORD
2
1
3
4
4
5
6
7
9
8
10
11
10
13
11
12
14
13
15
16
15
16
18
17
19
17
20
22
21
21
23
24
CRYPTIC CLUES
Across
1. Feline coming to an
unexpectedly abrupt
end (4,3)
5. Baulk arrangement of
capital (5)
8. Exercises in car during
the escapade (5)
9. Viper we disturbed
during the advance
showing (7)
10. Thief who is late
in realising his
proceeds? (12)
12. Fancied some
cigarettes? (6)
14. Might he imitate a
human being? (6)
17. Idle creature in the
sitting room (6,6)
21. Pesos I?d arranged to
distribute (7)
22. One existing gland (5)
23. Long to have
agreement with the
navy (5)
24. Curtain call for bridge
ploy (7)
To win a Chambers Dictionary, send completed crosswords (either cryptic or quick) to:
The Big Issue Crossword (1293), second ?oor, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW by
February 13. Include your name, address and phone number.
Issue 1291 winner is Rodney Tillotson from Oxfordshire
QUICK CLUES
Down
1. Large quantity chum
distributed (4)
2. No more from Poona (5)
3. Clearly could be a
Scottish essayist (7)
4. Recording a sound in
Gateshead (6)
5. Knight held Leonard
up, having been on his
knees (5)
6. Blocks heard by actor
in Devon (7)
7. Coming down frowning
(8)
11. Lots moved lazily in
unemotional way (8)
13. Part of Germany, prince
takes another country (7)
15. Perplexed by crossword
number 500 (7)
16. Assert there?s some
body in beer (6)
18. Enter right inside part
of the body (5)
19. Show one leaving the
feast (5)
20. Head boy Raymond
sounds like an ass (4)
Down
1. German white wine (4)
2. Burdened (5)
3. Marsh bird (7)
4. Public house (6)
5. Badge (anag.) (5)
6. Allowed (7)
7. Guiding (8)
11. Taking eagerly (8)
13. Groped about (7)
15. Royal castle (7)
16. Miserable person (6)
18. Shaky (inf.) (5)
19. Bobbin (5)
20. Dread (4)
IN ASSOCIATION WITH
Issue 1292 solution
CRYPTIC: Across ? 5 Rich; 7 Indecisive; 8 Sash; 9 Watchstrap; 12 Spinal; 13 Sickle; 14 Arrive; 16 Client; 17 Average man; 20 Eton; 21 Controller; 22 Lyre.
Down ? 1 View; 2 Adit; 3 Missal; 4 Cirrus; 5 Respective; 6 Casablanca; 10 Apparently; 11 Connivance; 15 Exeunt; 16 Claire; 18 Mall; 19 Norm.
QUICK: Across ? 5 Fade; 7 Maisonette; 8 Doll; 9 Guillotine; 12 Pimple; 13 Ecart� 14 Modest; 16 Akimbo; 17 View?nder; 20 Fiji; 21 Chinchilla; 22 Byre.
Down? 1 Smug; 2 Nisi; 3 Snooze; 4 Strife; 5 Federation; 6 Delectable; 10 Uniformity; 11 Lip service; 15 Tiepin; 16 Affect; 18 Dill; 19 Roar.
THE BIG ISSUE / p45 / February 5-11 2018
Across
1. Flat?sh (7)
5. Edgar -----, French
artist (5)
8. Trainee (5)
9. Shake (7)
10. Questioner (12)
12. Reimbursement (6)
14. Scandinavian country
(6)
17. Half-light (4-8)
21. Unlawful (7)
22. Feed a furnace (5)
23. Dizzy (5)
24. Athlete (7)
Photos: Action Images
SPOT THE BALL
MY PITCH
Julie Cherry, 47
M&S, WIMBORNE, BOURNEMOUTH
?It?s harder to be a woman
when you?re rough sleeping?
ABOUT ME...
MY FEMALE ICON
My mum was my role
model, even though we
were completely different
from each other.
MY FAVOURITE AUTHOR
Patricia Cornwell. Her books
make me think. I work backwards
and try to work out during the
book who?s done it. I haven?t
found a bad one of hers yet.
ON MY
PITCH?
I?m here Monday to
Friday from 9.30am1.30pm and Saturday
from 9.30am-4pm
I
?m originally from Kent
but I moved to London
when I was 17 and worked
there for years. My mum died,
and then my dad died and my
relationship broke down. I
wanted a complete change so
I came to Bournemouth.
I started selling the magazine
after I got sick and ended up
losing everything. I?d been
working in the NHS secretarial
temps bank but I got Graves?
disease, so they had to let me
go. I?d been pretty comfortable
but then it all fell apart and I
ended up homeless.
To begin with I was rough
sleeping and it was awful. I was
lucky because I found someone
who wasn?t on drugs and he
took me under his wing. But
before that I literally walked the
streets all night because I was
too scared to sleep. Then I?d go
to the library and sleep there.
It?s harder to be a woman when
you?re rough sleeping.
After that I was in a hostel
and when I started to feel
better I said, ?Give me two
months and I will ?nd a ?at.?
It took me nearly four, but I
was very determined. I?d been
self-sufficient for so long and
being a secretary I knew how
to use the internet and look for
places. Eventually I got a
one-bedroom disability ?at
near the university.
My pitch isn?t as busy as it
used to be but I?ve got to know
lots of people. I get people
swearing at me and telling me
to get a job. I just don?t react.
The only time it upset me was
when I went to move a trolley
and a woman came running
out calling me a thief, thinking
I was going to steal the pound.
Most people are polite though,
or they just ignore you. I do
THE BIG ISSUE / p46 / February 5-11 2018
sometimes feel invisible in
spite of my red tabard.
Through The Big Issue I?ve
got a second job as a safety
steward at Southampton
Football Club and they?ve put
me forward for some courses.
I?m hoping to stop doing The
Big Issue soon and go back
to secretarial work, but only
when my consultant says so.
When my health is better
I?d like to get back into
travelling. My favourite place is
Kefalonia. I was there in 2014
and I?ve been to all the Greek
islands. I?m going on holiday to
Lanzarote with another vendor
at the end of February when
the work will be quiet. We?ve
been saving for this since we
started. We?ll get some winter
sun and come back refreshed.
Words: Sarah Reid
Photo: Louise Jolley
Help us
Help Britain.
Empower Veterans and their families
to look beyond illness and injury
With your support we can enable
them to regain their purpose, reach
their potential and make a positive
impact in society once more.
The more YOU can give,
the more THEY can give back.
It?s time to unleash the full force
of these expert minds, skilled bodies
and courageous hearts.
Be part of
The Force for Good
helpforheroes.org.uk/force-for-good
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in England and Wales (1120920) and Scotland (SC044984). Registered with Fundraising Regulator.
essed to
cooking, shopping, personal care and other little bits and pieces
along the way until it becomes massive. My mum was around
but she was working, so these things fell to me. People say you
become a carer, but you don?t realise you?ve become a carer.
It had a massive impact on my childhood. I had no further
education. I was really into sports writing and I was good at
English, so I could have studied journalism or media. But it just
wasn?t an option for me.
Things rumbled on until we found my dad collapsed after a
major stroke. It didn?t stop when he went into a care home though
? the responsibilities don?t end. We were there almost daily,
singing songs with him, enriching his life. And if it?s a bad home
you spend an awful lot of time battling with managers.
Sometimes the commitment is as big, if not bigger.
d4dementia.blogspot.co.uk
Biffy gets a
sel?e with
Camilla on a
visit to Social
Bite in 2016
?HAVING AN ADDICTION
CHANGED ME AS A WOMAN,
AS A MUM, AS A PERSON?
,???�???????????????
e猃�??????????
homelessness and drug
addiction
My tours at Invisible Edinburgh
are based on powerful local
women, and also show a different
side of the city, such as charities
and projects which help homeless
people. I was homeless too ? I used
to never have a permanent place to stay, an never
knew what to do next.
I think it?s different being a woman and being homeless than
being a homeless man. It?s more dangerous. A lot of women I
speak to get approached by creepy guys, but you wouldn?t see
that happening to another man. I only slept rough a few times,
but it?s really scary, every little noise frightens you.
For example, one time I was just sitting and this man was
speaking to me. My boyfriend came over to check I was OK and
the stranger started giving me abuse, claiming I wasn?t homeless
because I had a boyfriend. He wouldn?t have said that to a guy,
or be questioning whether he was homeless. I don?t know why
people don?t think women can be homeless, I?d like to know why.
There are organisations to go to get sanitary products. People
are more aware of issues like that when it comes to being a
homeless woman, but in Edinburgh there?s a hostel in the city
centre, and of the 26 spaces only three are for women. The
women?s hostel that was there has just been turned into a men?s
one. They need to support homeless women better. They have
to think about more women?s only or women?s spaces in hostels.
When I asked someone at the other hostel if they thought there
should be more women?s spaces they said they didn?t think there
was a need for it. But I disagree.
When it comes to addiction I don?t think there is a difference
for men and women. It?s just as hard. I?ve got three older kids,
and I started taking drugs when I ?rst lost custody of them.
Taking drugs stopped me from actually seeing my kids ? I was
maybe ashamed or embarrassed, and didn?t want them to see
me like that. The last time I saw them was 2011.
aving an addiction changed me as a woman,
mum, as a person. It?s changed the way I think
ut other women too. I go past some girls on the
et and I just think of how young they are and
t a shame it is. I got pregnant again when I was
ting myself clean and it made me even more
tivated to succeed. My youngest daughter,
arlotte, will be four in May.
I?ve not always been interested in powerful
men. As I got older I realised how tough it was
d how we can be discriminated against. My
ur looks at JK Rowling, ?half hangit? Maggie
ickson (who survived being hanged after her
remature baby died within a few days of being
orn) and Elsie Inglis (a doctor, suffragist and
ounder of the Scottish Women?s Hospitals) and
I tell my own story too. People like to hear my
tory, I always get applause at the end. I?d want
as understanding about women as I?ve become.
I want to impart that wisdom on to her.
THE BIG ISSUE / p23 / February 5-11 2018
Photo: CraigTB McKenna
?WOMEN FIND THEMSELVES
BEING ?SANDWICH? CARERS
WHERE THEY?RE BRINGING UP
THEIR OWN CHILDREN AND
LOOKING AFTER AN OLDER
RELATIVE AS WELL?
Anita Davies, 46,
visually impaired
community councillor
from Bridgend
When you?re a woman with
a disability, you have two
things against you. If I
came from an ethnic
background, there would be three strands to it.
The local authority here is cutting nine bus services,
and all but one of them serve disadvantaged areas where
you tend to have poverty, unemployment, disability and
ill health. This is why we need to be around the table
when the decisions are being made. There are people
who make decisions about our lives who just don?t
understand our lives.
There needs to be a variety of people in positions of
power at a local and national level. The people at the
top will be the people who have maybe done well at
school or have the ability to speak in a particular way.
I?ve been criticised for the way I speak. I always say,
?I?ve spoken this way for 40 years ? this is the way I
speak.? I think people think it?s OK to say these things
toawoman.Peopleshouldnotbeafraidtobethemselves.
The man in the train station ticket office asked me
recently if I was going shopping for the day. I told him
I was going to work. Because I had my cane he assumed
I couldn?t possibly work. He didn?t mean anything by
it, but sometimes people have this perception of you
because you look a particular way.
Having said that, I?d never want to get a job just
because I?m a woman. Sometimes you do have barriers
you have to overcome though, because if you have
children or caring responsibilities it?s more likely to be
women who need time off work or a break in their career.
When you consider what women went through for
us to win the vote, I think it?s hugely important that we
use it.
?WITHOUT NURSING I?M WASTING
MY KNOWLEDGE, MY SKILLS?
Abi, 55, is a midwife from Nigeria but does not have
refugee status and so can?t work
I trained as a nurse in Nigeria, after which I went in again for
my midwifery and became dual-quali?ed. I worked as a nurse
and 
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