The march of the sex robots CAN ANYONE STOP KIM? TALKING POINTS P20 HEALTH & SCIENCE P19 France’s greatest stateswoman OBITUARIES P39 THE WEEK 15 JULY 2017 | ISSUE 1133 | £3.30 THE BEST OF THE BRITISH AND INTERNATIONAL MEDIA May’s second serve Can she stay in the game? Page 6 ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT EVERYTHING THAT MATTERS www.theweek.co.uk 4 NEWS The main stories… What happened The Hamburg summit World leaders gathered in Hamburg last week for a two-day G20 summit devoted to issues ranging from trade and climate change to migration and terrorism. The theme of the meeting was “Shaping an Interconnected World”, but much of the coverage of the event ended up focused on the violent street protests that accompanied the summit in Germany’s second city – almost 500 police officers were injured, and 400 demonstrators detained – and on the role of Donald Trump. The keenly awaited meeting between Trump and Putin “seems to have served the interests of both sides”, said The Independent. Trump can claim he took Putin to task over Russia’s alleged election interference; Putin can claim Trump accepted his assurances that the allegations are unfounded. It was a pretty unconvincing piece of “play-acting”, but if it enables a reset of US-Russian relations, that’s no bad thing. Moscow may prove more amenable now that it believes the US is showing it proper respect. “It is not as if President Obama’s scolding was a notably successful policy.” Putin and Trump: “play-acting”? The summit saw the much-anticipated first meeting between Trump and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin. The pair talked for more than two hours, and apparently had a “robust and lengthy” exchange about Russia’s alleged meddling in the US election. They finished by agreeing a ceasefire deal in southwest Syria. Trump raised eyebrows during another meeting by deputing his daughter, Ivanka, temporarily to sit in for him. Trump was left isolated at the end of the summit when the other leaders signed up to a declaration that the Paris climate deal, which the US has pulled out of, was “irreversible”. It led some US critics to rename the forum the G19+1. What happened Victory in Mosul After almost nine months of savage fighting, the Iraqi prime minister, Haider al-Abadi, this week claimed “total victory” in the battle to recapture Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, from Islamic State. The jihadis were driven out of their last stronghold in Iraq almost exactly three years after they seized the city, which Isis leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (who was recently reported to have been killed), had declared the capital of his “caliphate”. The final weeks of fighting saw vicious houseto-house combat as Iraqi troops, backed by Kurdish Peshmerga units and Shia militias, struggled to dislodge diehard militants. What the editorials said The world’s two major nuclear powers certainly need to work together, said The Washington Post, but was it really necessary for Trump to declare that it was “an honour” to meet Putin? “It is not an honour to sit down with the leader of a regime that invades peaceable neighbours, covertly interferes in the elections of democratic nations, and orchestrates and tolerates the assassination of domestic political opponents.” There was something distasteful about the sight of the two sharing a joke last week at the expense of journalists, said The New York Times. Trump doesn’t seem to understand that Putin “plays to his worst instincts and, at the end of the day, is not an ally”. What the editorials said The fall of Mosul marks the end of Isis’s pretensions to run its own “territorial state”, said The Times. But the long war with the jihadis is far from over. Driving the extremists out of their last power base, the Syrian city of Raqqa, could prove bloodier still. And even when Raqqa falls, Isis still has “affiliates” in countries across the Muslim world, from Libya and Nigeria to the Philippines – all ready to “disrupt and attack the West”. The flow of recruits to Isis may slow, but its “terror campaigns” will continue. In fact, long-term peace in Iraq looks as elusive as ever, said the FT. The disparate groups who came together to fight Isis have no common agenda: the old fault lines between the Sunni minority and the Shia government in Baghdad Iraqi forces celebrating Around 700,000 people have been left seem set to re-emerge. Expect trouble from the homeless since the campaign began in October, according Kurds too, said The Daily Telegraph. Buoyed by their role in to the UN. Much of the city has been reduced to rubble as the conflict, they may step up pressure for control of their a result of bombardments and air strikes by the US-led own oil, or even their own state. With so many forces “trying coalition. Amnesty International has accused both sides of to rip the country apart”, keeping Iraq together will be violating international law and using excessive force. “exceptionally hard”. It wasn’t all bad North Sea cod is to be declared sustainable again. The Marine Stewardship Council is expected to award the fish its blue label later this month – upgrading it from the list of species that should not be eaten often. In 2006, following years of overfishing, the annual catch of cod fell to 44,000 tons, and stocks were thought to be near collapse. Since then, however, they have made a remarkable recovery thanks to fishing restrictions, and this year, the catch reached 168,000 tons. The Lake District has been named a Unesco World Heritage Site, joining the likes of the Great Wall of China and the Taj Mahal. At a meeting last week, the UN’s cultural body decided that the region merited inclusion in the “cultural landscape” category, on account of its “picturesque aesthetic” along with its links to the “Lake School” of Romantic poets. However, Unesco suggested the impact of tourism should be monitored, and called for conservation efforts in the Lake District to be stepped up. Forty-four years ago, the most important documents from the ancient Roman world were discovered at Vindolanda, a fort below Hadrian’s Wall. Now, 25 more letters written by Roman soldiers stationed there have been found. Dating from the first century AD, the cache was discovered last month in a deep trench. Some of the tablets are so well preserved that archaeologists have already been able to read them: one was written by Masclus, who in the earlier haul wrote to his commanding officer asking for more beer; this time, he requested leave. COVER CARTOON: HOWARD MCWILLIAM THE WEEK 15 July 2017 …and how they were covered NEWS 5 What the commentators said What next? “Another G20 summit has come and gone,” said Walter Russell Mead in The Wall Street Journal, “and yet again the world has failed to change.” It’s amazing that delegates at these “vacuous” events spend so long haggling over the wording of communiqués, as nobody takes any notice of them once they go home. History is not made by well-meaning, vaguely worded statements; it’s made by great powers, and the way they interact with each other. Angela Merkel, who faces a parliamentary election on 24 September, has come under fire for staging the G20 in the city of her birth, Hamburg, which has a strong tradition of countercultural protests. German politicians have called for a panEuropean register of leftwing extremists to curb violence at future summits. The Hamburg summit threw some light on the world’s shifting power dynamics, said Roger Boyes in The Times. It revealed how “frayed” the Western alliance has become now that the US is opting out of its global leadership role. European leaders seemed more comfortable dealing with President Xi Jinping of China, who is rushing to fill the power vacuum by championing free trade. It’s just as well that Trump “did not attempt an ‘Ich bin ein Hamburger’ moment”, because it’s clear the anti-American mood goes well beyond the usual “anti-G20 rent-a-mob. Almost the entire European political class prefers to define itself in opposition to Trump.” The US president cut a lonely figure in Hamburg, said Matthew Norman in The Independent. His only friends were Putin and the “pitiful” Theresa May, whom he promised a quick trade deal. Many have portrayed the G20 summit as “a clash between progressive European values and American cold-heartedness”, said Fraser Nelson in The Daily Telegraph. But there are several problems with that. One is that the facts don’t necessarily support it. The EU talks about being globally minded, for instance, “while practicing shameless protectionism”. Trump, on the other hand, “boasts about his protectionism, while not (so far) managing to do very much of it”. Likewise, for all Trump’s scepticism about climate change, the reality is that the US is doing rather a good job of cutting carbon emissions. Another problem with defining yourself against Trump is that his supposedly fringe views on issues such as immigration from Muslim countries and global warming are, in fact, very widely shared. “Hard as it may be for his European counterparts to admit, this is true on both sides of the Atlantic.” Trump was this week forced to drop a plan for a joint US-Russian cybersecurity unit after it was greeted with derision in Washington, reports The Times. Lindsey Graham, the Republican South Carolina senator, said the proposal, put forward by Putin during his meeting with Trump, was “not the dumbest idea I’ve ever heard, but it’s pretty close”. What the commentators said What next? Mosul has paid a desperate price for its liberation, said Ian Birrell in The Mail on Sunday. It has witnessed scenes of terrible savagery: civilians used as human shields, women forcibly sent on suicide missions, buildings strewn with booby traps. After a battle lasting even longer than the siege of Stalingrad, in 1942-43, the Old City looks like something from the Apocalypse. In areas, every single building has been destroyed. Even Mosul’s 800-year-old al-Nuri mosque, from where al-Baghdadi proclaimed his caliphate, was blown to pieces last month by Isis forces. And the battle isn’t over yet, said Patrick Cockburn in The Independent. Isis has probably planted “sleeper cells” inside the city to carry on the conflict, and it is already staging counter-attacks in the nearby countryside. To make matters worse, heavy losses have left the government with too few reliable troops to protect newly recovered territory. Isis has suffered a great defeat at Mosul, but it will “be able to survive and fight again”. Military experts believe Raqqa will shortly fall to US-backed forces. Some 3,000 militants and their families are now holed up in the city, along with tens of thousands of civilians; they have successfully used a network of tunnels and bomb-carrying drones to slow the advance. The biggest challenge now is to reassure the newly liberated Sunnis that they can trust the Shialed government, said Antony J. Blinken in The New York Times. If Baghdad is seen – as it has been so often in the past – as a “persecutor”, rather than a “protector”, some new version of Isis will soon find plenty of willing recruits. One answer should be to allow Sunni provinces to have greater self-government, a move that Washington must now support. There’s little chance of that, said The Economist. Policymaking in President Trump’s administration is, frankly, “dysfunctional”. It still has almost 200 foreign and national security jobs to fill: its whole Middle East policy is hopelessly incoherent. Trump seems to have only a few “vague aims”: to destroy Isis, roll back the growing power of Iran, and reduce US involvement in the region. But unless America takes an active role, there’s a real danger that Iraq’s extremists will simply regroup. “Trump needs to hire some good experts and draw up a plan – fast.” Officials from the 68-nation coalition fighting Isis began talks this week in Washington DC on a ten-year reconstruction plan for Iraq. The World Bank has reportedly pledged £233m, and Germany £443m. The total bill for restoring Iraq’s liberated areas could reach £78bn. THE WEEK Have we had enough of experts? During the Brexit campaign, Michael Gove was derided for the suggestion, though he was only talking about economists – and their predictions are famously unreliable. Doctors and scientists have tended to be held in higher esteem. But we don’t seem to put much faith in their expertise any more either. The sad case of Charlie Gard (see p.21) is evidence of that. Charlie’s doctors believe that, tragically, his rare mitochondrial disease cannot be treated, and that keeping him on life support only risks prolonging his suffering. But on social media, no one seems to think they should be trusted: #JeSuisCharlie has been trending on Twitter, and 350,000 people have signed a petition calling for Charlie to be sent abroad for an experimental therapy. It’s becoming a powerful force, the online torrent. And like Godzilla stalking the city, you never know where it will strike next. Few institutions have been held in such high regard as Great Ormond Street. It must have thought it was safe from the giant lizard’s lashing tail. It wasn’t. Last week, with the social media pressure intensifying, the hospital felt obliged to refer Charlie’s case back to the High Court. The judge says he‘ll only be swayed by medical evidence, not by “tweets or things said to the press”. Let’s hope so. If the public wants parents to be the sole arbiters of what is in their child’s best interests, we should have a debate about that, and its implications for Caroline Law child protection. What we shouldn’t do is let an online mob tear the law down. Subscriptions: 0330-333 9494; email@example.com The Week is licensed to The Week Limited by Dennis Publishing Limited. The Week is a registered trade mark of Felix Dennis. 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Tel: 020-3890 3890. Editorial: The Week Ltd, 2nd Floor, 32 Queensway, London W2 3RX. Tel: 020-3890 3787. email: firstname.lastname@example.org 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Politics 6 NEWS Controversy of the week Boring but important May’s relaunch “When two or three people are gathered together in Westminster, there is always a question of the moment,” said Adam Boulton in The Sunday Times. The latest topic for speculation is: “How long can she last?” The newspapers are ﬁlled with tales of plots against Theresa May, said Katy Balls on her Spectator blog. A few weeks ago, the Chancellor, Philip Hammond, was spoken of as the PM-in-waiting, but now it’s David Davis, the Brexit Secretary, who is being “talked up to take the reins”; Davis’s close ally Andrew Mitchell reportedly denounced May as “dead in the water”. Most Tory MPs are keen to avoid a leadership contest, lest they give the keys to No. 10 to Labour. But some question “whether a clearly miserable Theresa May can get through Brexit”, said Gaby Hinsliff in The Observer. All the big decisions are now said to be made jointly by May, Hammond and Davis. And Davis – the grass-roots favourite to succeed her – is an increasingly powerful ﬁgure. Teacher pay cap The PM: “clearly miserable” This week, May attempted to “relaunch her faltering premiership with an extraordinary appeal for cross-party unity”, said Oliver Wright in The Times. In an admission of political weakness, she called on her opponents to work with her, to “come forward with your own views and ideas” about how to tackle the challenges facing the country. The appeal made May look both “disingenuous and daft”, said Stephen Bush in the New Statesman. “She called the election because she had had quite enough of MPs coming forward with their own ideas about how Britain should be governed – not because she wanted to sit down for long chats about the future of the UK with Jeremy Corbyn.” Most people already think politicians are liars. “Looking daft is a bigger worry.” Besides, a Tory PM shouldn’t be asking Corbyn for ideas, said Philip Johnston in The Daily Telegraph. She gave her “relaunch” speech this week while introducing a report into the “gig economy”, and the problem of self-employed people working for ﬁrms that do not offer paid holidays or minimum wages (see page 43). Labour is unlikely to suggest any solutions that don’t involve “more laws and less freedom”. May is regularly described as a “zombie” prime minister, said Philip Collins in The Times. But there are a few things she can do to “ﬁght back”. The ﬁrst is to pull her socks up: to “stop looking miserable and sounding defensive”. Her government “is going to need accomplishments”, and there are plenty of things she can do that don’t require a parliamentary majority. She should get more involved in the Brexit process, rather than leaving it all to Davis. She should challenge the Labour Party to join a “grand coalition” to resolve social care. There is a £23bn infrastructure investment fund ready to be used. May is a “weak prime minister”, and her time in ofﬁce will be limited. But if she acts as if power is still “at hand”, she “might just ﬁnd that, for a spell, it still is”. Spirit of the age Smartphones are being blamed for spreading head lice. A new study has found that youngsters who own a smartphone or tablet are more than twice as likely to be infested with nits, with 62.5% infested at some point over a five-year period. Researchers say that schoolchildren crowding around the devices makes it easy for the bugs to travel from one head to another. The Lib Dem who precipitated a relaxation of the Commons dress code, by turning up tieless, has now suggested that MPs drop another convention, and start referring to each other by their names rather than by their constituencies. Tom Brake has also questioned the tradition of providing MPs with free snuff, kept in a small silver box in the Members’ Lobby. THE WEEK 15 July 2017 Good week for: Maurice Sendak fans, with the discovery, five years after his death, of a previously unpublished book by the author of Where the Wild Things Are. Written 25 years ago with his friend and collaborator Arthur Yorinks, Presto and Zesto in Limboland was found in Sendak’s archives, and is to be published next year. Anglican clergy, who are to be allowed to “dress down” for church. The Church of England’s ruling body, the Synod, has approved a change to canon law that will mean clergy can wear civilian clothes, rather than vestments, when conducting services. Bad week for: Love Island, the sexually explicit reality TV show, which was the subject of 46 complaints last week. But although several couples had been shown engaging in sexual acts in the episodes in question, only 15 of the complaints to Ofcom were about the sexual content. More people (24) were upset about the twentysomething contestants being shown smoking. Blue Peter, after an early afternoon broadcast of the BBC children’s show apparently failed to attract a single viewer. The repeat scored “zero” on the rating system used to measure TV audiences; the original airing of the episode, in June, drew 53,100 viewers. In its heyday, Blue Peter was watched by eight million. Middle-class homeowners, who were warned that if they pay their window cleaner in cash, they’re not “good citizens”. Matthew Taylor, an employment adviser to the PM, has suggested a move to “digital transactions”, to cut down on tax avoidance (see page 43). Teachers in England and Wales will get no more than a 1% pay rise this year, despite calls for Theresa May to end the public sector pay cap. From September, classroom teachers will be paid between £23,000 and £38,700pa. With inflation at 2.9%, this represents a realterms pay cut. A cap on public sector pay has been in place since 2010; in that time, teachers’ pay has fallen in real terms by 13%, according to the National Union of Teachers. Almost a quarter of teachers who trained between 2011 and 2015 had left the profession by 2016. Failing nursing homes A third of nursing homes in England are failing to meet safety standards, according to a new report. Having inspected 24,000 care services, including home help and community support, the Care Quality Commission also found that a quarter of residential care homes were failing to provide safe environments for their residents, while a fifth of all care services were deemed to be either “inadequate” or “in need of improvement”. The report said these “failings” were caused, at least in part, by difficulties in recruiting and retaining staff. Poll watch If an election were to take place tomorrow, 46% of Britons now say they’d vote Labour – up from the party’s 40% share of the vote on 8 June. 38% would vote Tory, down from 42%. A YouGov poll in April, immediately after Theresa May called the election, put Labour on 24% and the Tories on 48%. YouGov/The Times 57% of people across the world think Britain has a positive influence on global affairs, according to a survey of 25 countries. 81% think Canada has a positive influence, more than any other country. Iran comes bottom, with 21%, while Israel is on 32%, and Russia 35%. However, Europeans are less enthusiastic about Britain: just 48% of EU citizens think the country has a positive influence. Ipsos Mori/Daily Telegraph Europe at a glance Paris Migrants cleared: A makeshift camp of some 2,000 to 2,500 refugees and migrants that had sprung up in Porte de la Chapelle, a district in northern Paris, was cleared by police this week. The number of migrants sleeping rough in Paris has swollen since the closure of the “Jungle” camp in Calais last October, and the opening of an aid centre in Porte de la Chapelle shortly after. When the centre ﬁlled up, new arrivals began sleeping rough nearby. President Emmanuel Macron said last week that he was planning “a more human, and fairer” treatment of asylum seekers, but has yet to give details. Commenting on the events in the French capital, the president of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani – a member of Italy’s Forza Italia party – warned that Europe is underestimating the severity of the migrant crisis. He predicted that “millions of Africans”, driven by “population growth, climate change, desertiﬁcation, wars” and famine, will travel to Europe in the next ﬁve years in an exodus “of biblical proportions”. NEWS 7 Istanbul, Turkey Massive protest: More than a million people – possibly as many as two million – ﬂooded into central Istanbul on Sunday for the biggest anti-government rally in Turkey in four years. The demonstration, against President Erdogan’s authoritarian rule, marked the end of a 25-day, 250-mile “March for Justice” from Ankara to Istanbul led by Kemal Kılıçdaroglu, the mild-mannered leader of the secularist Republican People’s Party. Almost alone at the start, and widely mocked, he attracted tens of thousands along the way, and seems to have re-energised the opposition to Erdogan (see page 15). Moscow Nureyev ballet pulled: The world premiere of a major new ballet about the gay Russian ballet star Rudolf Nureyev was abruptly cancelled this week, days before its scheduled opening at the Bolshoi Theatre. According to the state news agency Tass, the hotly anticipated piece was pulled on the orders of the culture minister, Vladimir Medinsky, after he decided it promoted homosexuality. The ministry has since denied this, saying “bans are not the ministry’s style”; and the Bolshoi’s director claims the show has merely been postposted, because it wasn’t ready. But the ballet’s cast are crying foul. “The last time this happened in the theatre was the 1930s,” said the female lead, Maria Alexandrova. “A new era has begun, but history goes in circles.” Cagliari, Sardinia Separatist starves: A well-known veteran of the campaign for Sardinian independence (which has enjoyed negligible popular support since the 1970s) died last week, following a two-month hunger strike that he said had been inspired by the IRA’s Bobby Sands. Salvatore “Doddore” Meloni (above), 74, was jailed in the 1980s for plotting against the Italian state, and arrested again in 2008 after proclaiming himself president of Malu Entu, a tiny island off Sardinia’s west coast. He was jailed in April by a Cagliari court for refusing to pay tax to the Italian state. Nicosia Unity talks fail: Two years of UN-brokered negotiations, seen as the best hope in decades of reunifying Cyprus, came to an unsuccessful end last week amid rancorous late-night scenes of what one ofﬁcial called “yelling and drama”. Cyprus has been divided since 1974 between the Greekspeaking Republic of Cyprus and a smaller Turkish-speaking enclave in the north, which is recognised as a state only by Ankara. The split was triggered by a coup by Greek Cypriots seeking union with Greece; Turkey then sent in troops to defend the rights of Turkish Cypriots. The continuing presence of its 30,000 or so troops was the ultimate deal-breaker in the talks, which ﬁnally collapsed last week after a ten-day session in the Swiss resort of Crans-Montana. Turkey refused to withdraw its troops; Greek Cypriots have refused to agree to a uniﬁed federation of Cyprus as long as they remain. Chioggia, Italy Fascist beach club: Police in Italy are investigating a “fascist” beach club near Venice where beach huts are adorned with pictures of Benito Mussolini, signs feature fascist slogans and references to “gas chambers”, and sunbathers exchange stiffarmed salutes. Ofﬁcers from the Digos anti-terror unit raided the Punta Canna resort, in Chioggia, at the weekend on the orders of a Venice magistrate, in response to a newspaper report on its openly fascist sympathies. The owner, Gianni Scarpa, 64, may face charges of promoting fascism – a criminal offence in Italy since 1952. Until this week, when he was ordered to desist, Scarpa broadcast “communiqués” over loudspeakers at the resort, praising Il Duce, condemning “disgusting” democracy, and calling (among other things) for drug users to be exterminated. Guadalest, Spain Olive oil threat: A pathogen that has already killed up to a million olive trees in Italy has reached the Spanish mainland, raising serious concerns about the future of the olive industry in a country that produces about half of the world’s olive oil. Xylella fastidiosa, which prevents water reaching the trees’ leaves, was ﬁrst recorded in southern Italy in 2013. Last year it was detected on the Spanish islands of Ibiza and Mallorca. Now the bacterium, which affects as many as 300 plant species, has been found in almond trees near the town of Guadalest, in Valencia. All olive trees within a 100-metre radius have been chopped down, and the area has also been treated against insects that carry the bacterium. Experts fear that if the disease, known as “olive tree leprosy”, spreads, Spain’s 340 million olive trees will be at risk of either being infected or having to be chopped down to contain the infection. Catch up with daily news at www.theweek.co.uk 15 July 2017 THE WEEK 8 NEWS The world at a glance Washington DC The “I love it” affair: President Trump’s son, Donald Trump Jr, has admitted that in the run-up to the US presidential election, he agreed to meet a Kremlinlinked Russian lawyer who, he’d been told, had information that would “incriminate” his father’s rival, Hillary Clinton. In emails obtained by The New York Times, an intermediary, British music publicist Rob Goldstone, wrote that the lawyer would disclose this “very high-level, and sensitive” information as “part of Russia and its government’s support for Mr Trump”. Trump Jr’s response: “If it’s what you say, I love it.” He set up a meeting at Trump Tower days later that was attended by himself, his brother-in-law Jared Kushner, and his father’s then campaign manager, Paul Manafort. The email chain – which provides evidence that members of Trump’s circle knew Moscow might be trying to inﬂuence the election, and courted its assistance – was released by Trump Jr (above) this week. Earlier, he’d told the press that he’d met the lawyer to discuss US-Russian adoption policies. Trump Jr claims that in the event, the lawyer, Natalia Veselnitskaya, had “no meaningful information” to offer, and that his father had known nothing about the meeting. Meanwhile, Veselnitskaya has denied being in the pay of the Kremlin (see page 44). The facts of the case remain unclear, but colluding with foreign governments to inﬂuence an election is a crime in the US. British Columbia Thousands ﬂee wildﬁres: More than 200 wildﬁres have been raging across Canada’s westernmost province, British Columbia, severely disrupting the timber and mining industries and driving at least 14,000 people from their homes. Last Friday, the authorities declared the ﬁrst state of emergency in the province since 2003, as electrical storms and strong winds lashed much of the region’s bone-dry interior. Several US states that have endured a prolonged period of extreme hot weather this summer have also suffered devastating wildﬁres. In California, 14 separate ﬁres were burning early this week; the two worst had forced about 8,000 people from their homes. Other major wildﬁres were reported in Colorado, Arizona, Oregon, Nevada, Montana and Washington state. Acapulco, Mexico Prison carnage: At least 28 prisoners were killed last week when a vicious ﬁght broke out between rival gangs in a notoriously lawless, overcrowded jail in the resort city of Acapulco. The authorities found corpses littered around the maximum security wing of Las Cruces prison; there were reports that at least four of those killed had been decapitated. Acapulco is the main city in Guerrero, a particularly crime-ridden state that is a centre of opium poppy production. The violence at Las Cruces is the latest atrocity in what has been an unusually bloody year in Mexico. May was the deadliest month in the country since 1997, when ofﬁcial records began, with 2,186 homicides. Cuscatlán, El Salvador Jailed for stillbirth: A 19-year-old rape victim in El Salvador has been sentenced to 30 years in prison for murder, after giving birth to a baby she insists was stillborn. Evelyn Beatriz Hernandez Cruz – who had been repeatedly raped over several months by a gang member – says she had not even realised she was pregnant when her baby was born in the outdoor toilet at her home, in a rural part of Cuscatlán municipality, last year. Yet when her mother took her to hospital, she was arrested on suspicion of procuring an abortion; prosecutors then decided that her baby had been born alive and that she’d killed him by throwing him into the latrine pit, and changed the charge to aggravated homicide. El Salvador is one of ﬁve countries where abortion is illegal in all circumstances. Caracas López released: One of Venezuela’s most prominent opposition politicians, Leopoldo López, has been released from military prison and transferred to house arrest, three-and-a-half years into a 13-year sentence for his part in anti-government protests in 2014. The surprise move – which has the potential to invigorate the protest movement against President Maduro’s government – was ordered by the Supreme Court, citing unspeciﬁed health grounds for its “humanitarian measures”. Maduro backed the release, and called on López (left) to help end the violent protests convulsing Venezuela. But in a message released by his party, López said he backed the protests. THE WEEK 15 July 2017 Brasília Corruption unit shut down: Brazil’s Federal Police force has announced that it is shutting down a crusading anti-corruption task force that has had great success in uncovering wrongdoing among the country’s political and business elite. The Federal Police said it was absorbing the Lava Jato (“Car Wash”) unit into its main anti-corruption division for efﬁciency reasons. But the decision was attacked by police ofﬁcers, prosecutors and commentators, who warned it could stymie crucial police work. In May, President Michel Temer, who is among the politicians facing criminal charges stemming from the unit’s work, appointed a close ally to run the Justice Ministry, which oversees the Federal Police. A spokesman denied that the president had inﬂuenced the closure of the task force. The world at a glance Sana’a Cholera disaster: The cholera epidemic in Yemen, a country already reeling from civil war and widespread near-famine conditions, has infected a total of 300,000 people in the past ten weeks – 100,000 of them in the past fortnight alone, according to aid agencies. The known death toll stands at more than 1,706. “This epidemic is spreading further and faster than anything we’ve seen before,” said Jamie McGoldrick, the UN’s top aid ofﬁcial for Yemen. In a sign of how dire the situation has become, the World Health Organisation said this week that it was probably going to abandon a planned cholera vaccination campaign in Yemen, because the rapid spread of the disease, along with the nation’s war-ravaged infrastructure, would almost certainly render any such campaign ineffective. Batengoo, Kashmir Pilgrims killed: Seven Hindu pilgrims were killed in Indian-ruled Kashmir on Monday, during a gun battle between Islamist militants and the police. The pilgrims were on their way back from a shrine in the Himalayas when their bus got caught in the crossﬁre near the town of Batengoo, in Anantnag district, police said. The killings have caused anger among PM Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist supporters, who have long demanded tougher action against militants ﬁghting Indian rule in Muslimmajority Kashmir, and have raised religious tensions across the region. Every July and August, some 100,000 Hindus make a pilgrimage to the remote shrine to Shiva, god of creative destruction. Security along the route had been intensiﬁed this year in response to a surge in sectarian violence in Kashmir, and fears of just such an attack. NEWS 9 Ulaanbaatar Fighter president: A businessman who rose to fame as a star of Mongolian wrestling has been elected president of the vast, resourcerich country (pop: three million). Khaltmaa Battulga, 54, is also known for building a 130ft-tall equestrian statue of Genghis Khan at his theme park dedicated to the Mongol warrior-emperor. Battulga (above) – whose candidacy appealed to the public’s growing unease about Chinese inﬂuence – has pledged to take a greater national share in the proﬁts from foreign-owned mines. Asakura, Japan Deadly ﬂoods: At least 25 people were killed in deadly landslides and ﬂooding in southern Japan last week. Typhoon Nanmadol swept across the country, hitting the southern island of Kyushu particularly hard. Record rainfall there caused ﬂoods and landslides that destroyed hundreds of homes, roads and rice terraces, and cut off remote villages. Hardest hit was Fukuoka Prefecture, with at least 12 deaths. Jima, Kenya Islamist terror: Nine Kenyan civilians were beheaded last Saturday when al-Shabaab militants from neighbouring Somalia attacked their village, close to the border. Al-Shabaab has targeted Kenya since it deployed troops to Somalia in 2011 as part of an African Union force helping its fragile government to counter the Islamist insurgency. However, this latest attack, on the village of Jima, in Lamu County, has raised fears that al-Shabaab is now pursuing a new strategy, of beheading Kenyan civilians in order to terrorise the local population (a tactic it uses in Somalia). According to ﬁgures from the Africa Centre for Strategic Studies, in Washington DC, al-Shabaab killed 4,281 people last year, making it the deadliest Islamist group in Africa. Benghazi, Libya City “liberated”: Benghazi, Libya’s second city, has been captured by forces loyal to General Khalifa Haftar, the de facto ruler of much of the east of the country, ending three years of occupation by Islamist militants. The “liberation” of Benghazi is a major victory for Haftar (pictured), a renegade ﬁeld marshal who rejects the authority of the UN-backed government in Tripoli. Some see him as the only leader strong enough to restore peace to the wartorn nation. Others fear he aims to impose a Colonel Gaddaﬁ-style dictatorship. Beijing Military expansion: Beijing has announced the departure of troops destined for its ﬁrst overseas military base, in Djibouti, in the Horn of Africa. Beijing says that the base will be used to resupply ships carrying out humanitarian and peacekeeping missions off Somalia and Yemen. A stable country in a volatile region, tiny Djibouti has clear strategic value: it is the gateway to one of the world’s busiest shipping routes, the Suez Canal, and offers easy access to the Middle East via Yemen (just 20 miles away across the Bab al-Mandeb Strait). 15 July 2017 THE WEEK People 10 NEWS Lammy on losing hope For David Lammy, the horror of the Grenfell Tower ﬁre is both personal and political. The Labour MP had a friend, the artist Khadija Saye, who died in the blaze. “I have seen a lot in politics,” he told Tim Adams in The Observer. “I have sat with families who have lost children to knife crime. I was with families who had lost everything in the 2011 [Tottenham] riots. But speaking to Khadija’s father was one of the toughest things. I said, you know, how are you doing? And he told me simply, ‘She was my only daughter.’ And then he talked about how he had to go and visit her at the morgue later, and was preparing himself for what he would see there as well as he could.” Lammy chokes up. “One always has to look for hope, but sometimes there are dark places where you just can’t ﬁnd it. And if there isn’t hope, there has to be justice.” Paxman blasts the BBC Jeremy Paxman spent a quarter of a century working for the BBC, before he left in 2014 – but he feels no great love for Auntie. He was irritated by its self-important bureaucracy – “The BBC has a weakness for endless meetings with executives you’ve never heard of” – not to mention its political bias. “I would have to say that the BBC is a parastatal organisation. They believe in the state,” he told Rod Liddle in The Sunday Times. This bias seeps into everything, he says. “Why is the story always about the disabled refugee from Syria, rather than the demands that the disabled refugee from Syria might make upon our taxpayers? That’s all too common.” And as for the license fee: “It’s antediluvian. Some other mechanism has to be found – and it seems to me that if Amazon and Netﬂix have the ability to do that, it’s not beyond the BBC to do the same thing.” Blessed’s holy encounter Brian Blessed has packed an extraordinary amount into his 80 years. The son of a Yorkshire miner, he has become one of Britain’s most recognisable actors (thanks largely to his booming voice and bristling beard); on top of which, he has trekked to the North Pole, survived an encounter with a polar bear and a plane crash, and tried to climb Everest three times. During one of those climbs, he made a detour to meet the Dalai Lama. “I asked him about his sex life,” Blessed told Cole Moreton in The Mail on Sunday. “I was 57. I said, ‘You’re my age. I’m really randy. I can shag anything. I’m really ﬁt. Your skin’s so wonderful. How have you got on for sex all these years?’ The translator was almost fainting, saying, ‘No one asks His Holiness questions like this!’” The Dalai Lama, on the other hand, was unperturbed. “He said, ‘Ooh, I answer question. It’s true, I think of beautiful woman. And then I do my mantras loudly and take a cold shower. It’s practical, Brian.’” Castaway of the week This week’s edition of Radio 4’s Desert Island Discs featured the comedian and TV presenter Sue Perkins 1 You Make Me Feel (Mighty Real) by Sylvester and James Wirrick, performed by Sylvester 2 Rock Island Line (traditional American folk song), performed by Lonnie Donegan 3 How Soon is Now? by Johnny Marr and Morrissey, performed by The Smiths 4 20th Century Boy by Marc Bolan, performed by T. Rex 5* Moments of Pleasure, written and performed by Kate Bush 6 Stabat Mater by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, performed by Emma Kirkby, James Bowman, the Academy of Ancient Music and Christopher Hogwood 7 Northern Sky, written and performed by Nick Drake 8 Opening (from Glassworks) by Philip Glass, performed by the Philip Glass Ensemble Book: How to Clone Your Dog (not yet written) * Choice if allowed only one record Luxury: her deceased dog’s hair THE WEEK 15 July 2017 Xander Parish was languishing in the lower ranks of the Royal Ballet when, in 2010, he received the offer of a lifetime: to join the Mariinsky Ballet in St Petersburg, alma mater of Rudolf Nureyev and Mikhail Baryshnikov. “It’s a miracle,” Parish told Debra Craine in The Times. “How does a nobody from Hull become a Mariinsky dancer? I actually turned the job down at ﬁrst because I didn’t understand why they wanted me. I had never danced a single solo at the Royal Ballet, I had never done a pas de deux, never lifted a girl.” Parish was 24, and going nowhere; in part, he thinks, because of his tall frame (he’s 6ft 1in). “I was gangly, a bit of a Bambi, and didn’t have much control of my limbs.” But then the director of the Mariinsky did a guest stint at the Royal Ballet, and was so impressed by Parish’s eagerness to learn, he made him a job offer. “I danced another pig in The Tales of Beatrix Potter on 8 January, and on 9 January, I ﬂew to Russia. I had never been there before, it was -15°C the day I arrived, the snow was knee-deep and it was dark by 3pm. I kept my suitcase packed for three weeks because I thought I would leave any day.” Instead, Parish has become one of the company’s favourite leading men – partly because of his height. “Tall girls need tall partners. There are lots of tall girls in the Mariinsky, and for me it’s a chocolate box of ballerinas – it’s such an amazing selection that I’m spoilt for choice.” Viewpoint: The rise of the man hug “Masculinity has been in crisis for years. Now we don’t even know how to say hello. And it is all the fault of the man hug. The handshake, once such a simple act of courtesy, now often seems too stiff, too formal, too English. So whenever you meet anyone, you have to make a quick mental calculation of the following factors: their age, how well you know them, how important they are and whether there’s any chance you might have BO. Someone needs to lay down the rules on male greetings once and for all. Until then, every day will be fraught with the possibility of being made to feel either uptight or overfamiliar.” Matthew Bell in The Spectator Farewell Nelsan Ellis, US actor, died 8 July, aged 39. Tom Gilbey, British fashion designer, died 24 May, aged 79. Constantine Mitsotakis, former prime minister of Greece, died 29 May, aged 98. Carol Lee Scott, singer and actress who made her name as Grotbags, died 3 July, aged 74. Jean-Jacques Susini, leader of French settlers in Algeria who tried to kill President de Gaulle, died 3 July, aged 83. BEDS, SOFAS AND FURNITURE FOR LOAFERS LOAF.COM BATTERSEA NOTTING HILL NEW! SPITALFIELDS Brieﬁng NEWS 13 Britain’s debt bubble: subprime cars Britain’s hard-pressed consumers are bingeing on debt, most notably in their car purchases. Is a credit car crash just around the bend? How big is the debt bill? Do the comparisons stack up? No one is sure, but the Bank of There are certainly uncomfortable England thinks the total consumer echoes – particularly in the US, where debt bill is close to £200bn and specialist subprime lenders such as is growing at its fastest rate for Exeter Finance, Skopos, Ally Auto 12 years. With wages stagnant and (a spin-off of General Motors) and inﬂation rising, punters are turning to one of America’s biggest issuers of teaser rate credit cards and cut-price subprime auto securities, Santander loans to support their spending. In Consumer, have enjoyed stellar the year to May, unsecured consumer growth. A recent investigation into credit rose by 10.3%, ﬁve times as the methods of Santander’s dealers fast as the growth of earnings. Yet (which led to the Spanish bank being given the precarious ﬁnancial position ﬁned $26m) revealed the unwelcome of so many consumers, the Bank is return of disguised “ninja” loans hesitant to stem the borrowing spree (“no income, no job, no assets”) and Ling Valentine: the self-styled “car leasing queen” by raising interest rates. It is haunted other sharp practices. After the last by memories of the 2008 ﬁnancial crisis, when the lending of crash, the Dodd-Frank ﬁnancial reforms forced mortgage lenders subprime mortgages triggered a catastrophic domino effect as to take speciﬁc steps to ensure homebuyers could afford overstretched borrowers defaulted on their loans. And the big repayments. No such protections apply to car loans. And in an fear lies in the troubling parallels between what occurred then ominously familiar pattern, the billions of dollars of loans and what is happening in today’s credit-fuelled car market. pumped out by lenders have been sliced, diced and bundled into asset-backed securities (ABS) by Wall Street investment banks. What is happening in Britain’s car market? The Wall Street blog Zero Hedge detects “plenty of evidence” Sales of new motors have surged to a 12-year high. Ostensibly, that “ineligible borrowers” have been made “eligible” so that that’s fantastic news for the car industry; but nine out of ten “Wall Street’s securitisation machine keeps getting fed”. of those purchases are reliant on ﬁnancing. Last year, British households borrowed a record £31.6bn to upgrade their car. In Is the US market showing signs of strain? the US, the binge has been even bigger: total auto loans now top Yes. Car loan arrears have risen sharply: the share of car debt $1trn. Doomsayers see this as an early sign of a market in deep more than 90 days overdue is at its highest level in six years. The trouble, and some traders are betting big that the whole ediﬁce ﬁgure is still small (2.3% of the total), but repossessions are rising: could collapse. One US structured ﬁnance expert has described 1.7 million Americans are likely to get a visit from the repo man the situation as a “mini-Big Short”. this year, according to Cox Automotive. Consumers often take on big loans assuming they can just sell the car back if they can’t What has driven the car boom? afford payments. But cars are a depreciating asset, and the glut of Ultra-low interest rates. As well as enabling households to take on new ones has caused second hand values to slump. So a troubled more debt, they’ve fuelled demand among yield-hungry investors borrower may lose his car, yet still be on the hook for thousands. for ﬁnancial products offering better returns. Car loans ﬁt the bill. Car ﬁnancing on a mass scale has been popular in the US for But do bad car loans really pose a systemic threat? decades, but here it’s a quite recent phenomenon. The number of Admittedly, the sums at stake are far smaller than they are in “personal contract purchase” plans (PCPs) ﬁnancing purchases has the housing market. In the US, for example, the $1.1trn car risen ﬁvefold in ﬁve years. Much of the momentum derives from loan market is a fraction of the $9trn mortgage market, and specialist leasing ﬁrms, who’ve been having a ﬁeld day (see box). the exposure of investment banks is much lower. Only a ﬁfth But carmakers, who can make higher returns ﬁnancing the sale of of subprime car loans have been turned into ABSs – compared their cars than they do in producing them, have also piled in. The with 75% of subprime mortgages before the crash – which big players now have their own lending arms; Volkswagen ﬁnances substantially reduces the risk of a wider banking “blow-up”. about half its car sales, up from around 20% a decade ago. In Britain – where less than 3% of outstanding car debt is deemed “subprime” – the risk is even lower. But that said, as long as How do PCPs work? subprime car loans continue to be The Queen of the PCPs They’re a hybrid form of lending, mixed with better quality loans in somewhere between a loan and a lease. opaque, securitised packages, there No individual better personifies Britain’s booming motor market than Ling Valentine, the self-styled “car Most operate on a three-year basis: is always the risk that they could leasing queen”: she is the country’s biggest individual compromise conﬁdence in ABSs more customers pay a small deposit up shifter of cars. Last year, her website, LingsCars.com, front then make monthly payments. widely. Damage from a “triggering” sold £85m worth of vehicles – promising brand new When the term ends, they can either event – say, the bankruptcy of a big Ford Fiestas for £175 a month. Everything is sold using hand back the car or buy it outright. subprime lender – could easily leasing deals, and Valentine claims to undercut the big Unsurprisingly, PCPs have proved cascade through the ﬁnancial system. leasing companies by as much as 35% a month. popular: swapping the old jalopy for The irrepressible Valentine, who set up her business in a brand new model every three years What is the more obvious threat? 2000, is hardly your archetypal car dealer. She saw an is now almost as easy as upgrading The really big worry is that the opportunity to establish an “emotional bond” with your smartphone. But there are exponential growth of car loans is customers, “because all the other car dealers and growing fears about mis-selling: that part of a much bigger problem. Total leasing companies are quite hated, they are very people are being sold PCPs without household debt in both Britain and impersonal”. No one could accuse her of that. Her website – a hellish collage of flashing graphics, the terms being explained properly; America is now past the peak it animations and audios of the proprietor singing covers reached before the ﬁnancial crisis, and that poorer borrowers may be paying of her favourite tunes – is matched only by her talent too much for credit, warranties, and pressures on household ﬁnances are for publicity stunts: she once installed a Chinese so on. The risks posed by PCPs are mounting. Subprime car loans may military truck, complete with a giant rocket, next even being compared to those once not bring the system down on their to the A1 to catch the attention of drivers. posed by subprime mortgages. own, but they are a “ﬂashing light”. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK 14 NEWS Blocking the way to a health revolution David Aaronovitch The Times Why so few homes are now affordable Steve Akehurst New Statesman Our malign penchant for self-abasement Robert Tombs The Spectator Let’s stop jail being a school for jihadis Jawad Iqbal Financial Times THE WEEK 15 July 2017 Best articles: Britain Imagine if, just as we do with blood tests, we were to record every patient’s genetic code, says David Aaronovitch. The NHS sees about a million people every 36 hours: think what it could tell us about the health of the nation. It would revolutionise the diagnosis and treatment of all sorts of conditions. Yet when England’s chief medical ofﬁcer, Professor Dame Sally Davies, ﬂoated this idea last week, noting that 31,000 patients had already signed up to have their genetic codes sequenced, it was instantly pounced on by privacy campaigners. How secure would the data be? How could people opt out? It happens every time. Privacy concerns scuppered the attempt in 2014 to centralise the patient records of NHS England; they put the kibosh on the Royal Free Hospital’s plan to share patient data with DeepMind (a division of Google) in order to create an app to diagnose kidney problems. No matter that the data passed on is anonymised and that safeguards have been devised to enable people to opt out: privacy fears always seem to prevail. For the sake of our health, we must not let them. The inability of local authorities to ﬁnd decent accommodation for the Grenfell Tower survivors highlights the chronic deﬁciency of affordable housing in the UK, says Steve Akehurst. The cause is all too evident: such housing means less proﬁt for the private ﬁrms that do the housebuilding. True, local authority permission for any new development usually comes with a stipulation that 30% to 50% of the new homes must be affordable. But in practice, this is routinely nulliﬁed by a “viability assessment”, the loophole allowing a company to claim that due to unforeseen changes (in costs, say), it can no longer provide the agreed number. The developers of London’s Battersea Power Station, for instance, have just cut the planned number of affordable ﬂats from 636 to 386, citing “technical issues”. The developers always seem to win their cases, because the law states that they must be allowed to make “competitive returns” (usually, a 20% proﬁt) and that viability assessments must be conﬁdential. They shouldn’t be. A nation sliding towards irrelevance. An “international laughing stock”. That’s how many British commentators have taken to portraying our country, says Robert Tombs. In their view, our decision to kick away the “economic crutch” of EU membership has doomed us to become an insigniﬁcant nation on a par with Albania. What we’re seeing here is “the revival of an old and familiar malady: declinism” – a periodic afﬂiction caused by overestimating the glories of the country’s past while underestimating its current achievements. The idea that our prosperity is entirely dependent on the EU is nonsense. Our economic performance has more or less tracked America’s ever since 1945, regardless of whether we were in or out of Europe. The proportion of trade we do with Europe has actually been in sharp decline for two decades as a result of the growth of new markets. No: our problem today is a lack of self-conﬁdence. “Russia, with an economy the same size as Spain’s, behaves like a superpower in the Middle East and is treated as one.” Yet we, with a far larger economy and a wealth of soft power, “fear we can’t even negotiate a mutually beneﬁcial trade agreement with the EU”. We need to buck up. It isn’t the mosque that’s the main recruiting ground for Islamist terrorists, says Jawad Iqbal. It’s prison. Many of the most notorious jihadis – including the current leaders of both Isis and of al-Qa’eda – “owe their education in mass murder” in part to their time behind bars. In France, where 60% of prisoners are of Muslim origin, at least one of the terrorists behind the Charlie Hebdo attack turned to radical Islam while in jail. In England and Wales, there are 12,800 Muslim prisoners, and about 130 are in jail on terror-related charges. The Manchester Arena bomber, Salman Abedi, visited one of the latter in the months before his attack. How, then, can we stop such extremists from “poisoning the minds of others”? A controversial new policy being adopted by the Government is to segregate the most dangerous prisoners in specialist units: the ﬁrst “jail within jail” is being set up at HMP Frankland, near Durham; two other jails will soon follow suit. But will this inhibit extremism or just create a “Muslim Alcatraz”, making it easier for extremists to build networks in jail? Let’s hope it works: radicalisation is on the rise and “time is running out”. IT MUST BE TRUE… I read it in the tabloids It’s common for commuters to tap away on their laptops in first class; but one woman on the Darlington to King’s Cross line took things a bit further, by setting up an iMac desktop computer – complete with a keyboard and wired mouse – on her tray table. “I had to look twice,” said fellow passenger David Hill. “I was shocked to see such a large computer on the small table.“ Homebuyers are often looking for good transport links – but in some cases, the bus stop can be a bit too close for comfort. A new two-bedroom house in the town of Langley Mill, in Derbyshire, was built so close to a bus stop that the shelter blocks the front path, and prospective buyers have had to climb over the fence to get to the front door. The estate agent for the £140,000 house says the shelter will be moved. Staff at a school in East Yorkshire were astonished when a busload of Zulu performers turned up at their gates at 8am one morning, asking: “Is this London?” The dancing troupe, Lions of Zululand, had been due to perform at St Ann’s School for children with learning difficulties in West London, but they put the wrong postcode into the satnav, and ended up 200 miles away, at St Anne’s Community Special School in Welton. Having spent three-and-a-half hours getting there, the nine dancers decided to make the best of it, and offered to put on a free show. “They did two performances,” said head teacher Lesley Davis. “Children who wouldn’t normally sit through a performance were just glued for an hour. It was fantastic.” Best articles: Europe NEWS 15 Italy struggles under the weight of migration The ﬂow of migrants making the that a hard line will boost his dangerous crossing to Italy from prospects of becoming Europe’s Libya is out of control, said youngest national leader. Italy and Cristofaro Sola in L’Opinione Austria were at each other’s (Rome). We’ve already received at throats for much of the 19th least 85,000 this year, 20% more century. We mustn’t return to that. than over the same period in 2016, and with neighbouring nations now But this isn’t a rerun of the 2015 refusing them entry, they’re entirely refugee crisis, when most of the our responsibility. It’s getting migrants were ﬂeeing war in Syria, “crazy”. The problem is made said Oliver Grimm in Die Presse worse by well-meaning charities (Vienna). Today’s migrants are whose rescue vessels search out mainly young men from Nigeria, abandoned boats full of migrants Senegal and other impoverished and tow them to Italian ports – an west African countries seeking open invitation to the people a better life in the West. The task Migrants off the Italian coast awaiting rescue smugglers to leave them stranded. is not to distribute them across “The leak must be plugged or it will sink the country.” No one Europe but to send them back as fast as possible. African is saying desperate people should be left to drown, but showing governments must be made to stand by the 2000 agreement humanity shouldn’t mean collaborating with “criminal scum”. made with the EU, to take back without argument any of their nationals who are in Europe illegally. In practice, they only All this puts huge pressure on the Italian state, said Tobias Piller accept about 30%. Another difference with 2015, said Leonid in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Most local authorities Bershidsky on Bloomberg.com (New York), is the central role refuse to deal with the migrants. Instead, private concerns have played by people trafﬁckers: they control most of the 400,000sprung up, eager to take government cash in exchange for plus migrants in Libya trying to get to Europe. In a survey of providing basic food and shelter, but none of the long-term recent arrivals, 79% said they’d been forced to work without assistance the migrants desperately need. Increasingly, migrants pay, beaten or even tortured. But as the government in Tripoli are to be seen huddled outside supermarkets, begging for cash has little power, the EU is unable to work with Libya – as it was for food. A popular backlash is building against them: racist able to do with Turkey’s President Erdogan – to stop the ﬂow. attacks are becoming more common. The problem was never so acute in years past, as new arrivals quickly moved on to Giving cash to the Libyans has, in fact, backﬁred spectacularly, other countries; but today they’re boxed in to Italy, because the said Karl Hoffmann on Deutschlandfunk.de (Cologne). Since 2015, Brussels has paid Libya’s coastguard service s200m to borders of neighbouring countries are being closed to them. stop migrant boats setting out. But as the EU border agency Frontex now acknowledges, the military in Tripoli is in cahoots Austria’s border, in particular, said Ulrich Ladurner in Die Zeit (Hamburg). The sight of Austrian tanks at the Brenner Pass, soon with the trafﬁckers, so the handouts just make things worse. to be followed by 750 soldiers, is the latest sign of Europe’s The policy of giving aid to African countries to boost their failure to get to grips with the refugee crisis. The deployment economies doesn’t seem to be bearing much fruit either. The was ordered by Austria’s foreign minister, Sebastian Kurz, crisis is now so severe for Italy, said Bershidsky, that it might recently appointed leader of the right-wing Austrian People’s justify a military deployment. But Italy can’t act alone, and Party (junior partner in the ruling coalition), who calculates Nato certainly won’t consider anything of the kind. TURKEY The worm that turned against Erdogan Al-Monitor (Washington DC) EUROPEAN UNION Why MEPs are not so ridiculous Die Welt (Berlin) Turkey’s 25-day Justice March has given new hope to President Erdogan’s beleaguered critics, says Mustafa Akyol. On 15 June, a column of marchers led by Kemal Kılıçdaroglu, leader of the secularist Republican People’s Party (CHP), set off in blistering heat from Ankara to Istanbul to protest the arbitrary detentions that have ﬁlled Turkey’s jails since last year’s failed coup. It quickly swelled to thousands. No one believed Kılıçdaroglu – a dull bureaucrat who has consistently failed to galvanise opposition to Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) – had it in him. But he snapped when his deputy was jailed for 25 years for “espionage”, for leaking images of government trucks allegedly transporting arms to rebels in Syria. Now he is being lauded across the political spectrum, even by religious conservatives and many AKP supporters. People are calling him “Gandhi Kemal”, his Justice March being equated with Gandhi’s 1930 Salt March against British rule. None of this is likely to slow the pace of illegal arrests, but it does open a new chapter for Turkey’s politics. The CHP’s support base has long been stuck at 25%: by moving away from its obsession with secularism, it will broaden its appeal. Erdogan may soon face an opposition movement worthy of the name. Jean-Claude Juncker got the wrong idea when he sounded off at MEPs in Strasbourg last week, says Hannelore Crolly. The European Commission chief was livid that only 30 of the 751 MEPs turned up to hear Malta’s prime minister, Joseph Muscat, deliver a report on his just-completed six-month term as EU president. “You are ridiculous,” fumed Juncker. His rant conﬁrmed the popular prejudice that MEPs are so pampered, they can’t even be enticed by the daily s306 they get just for turning up. But if MEPs baulked at listening to Muscat lavishing praise on himself, it wasn’t out of disrespect to the EU’s smaller members. It was because the MEPs know all too well that Muscat and his colleagues are up to their necks in corruption. The Panama Papers leaked last year revealed that right after Muscat’s Labour Party won ofﬁce in 2013, Muscat’s closest aide set up a company in Panama which seems to have been involved in a controversial scheme to sell Maltese passports to wealthy Russians. Meanwhile, Muscat’s wife is said to have received s1m from Azerbaijan shortly before it signed a lucrative energy deal with Malta. Yet when MEPs recently quizzed Muscat about the graft allegations, he denied it. Is it any wonder the MEPs had no stomach for his speechifying? 15 July 2017 THE WEEK 16 NEWS Best articles: International Will Qatar be brought to heel by its neighbours? Qatar is a nation under siege, said Eric extra trade with Turkey, Oman and Trager in The Atlantic (Washington Iran has “more or less compensated for DC). For the past month, a group of its the lost business”. But were the Saudineighbours, led by Saudi Arabia, have led bloc to step things up by targeting been mounting a trade and diplomatic Qatar’s banking system, that could embargo of the tiny emirate. At the cause serious problems for the root of the crisis are the two sides’ embattled emirate, which is heavily different views of the transnational reliant on foreign financing for its Islamist organisation known as the “ongoing infrastructure programme, Muslim Brotherhood. Saudi Arabia including the cost of staging the Fifa and the United Arab Emirates have World Cup in 2022”. long viewed the organisation as an “existential threat”, and were horrified For now, Qatar is refusing to give in when the uprisings of the Arab Spring to the demands of the boycotting led to its affiliates winning elections in countries, said Abdulrahman Doha: putting on a show of defiance Egypt and Tunisia. Qatar, by contrast, Al-Rashed in Asharq Al-Awsat welcomed the development. Thanks to its prosperous and (London). It insists their list of 13 conditions – which include relatively cohesive society, it has never regarded the Brotherhood the closure of Al Jazeera and ending contact with groups such as the enemy within. On the contrary, it has backed it – acting as the Muslim Brotherhood – are an outrageous violation of as its banker and allowing it to propagate its message through its sovereignty. But don’t be fooled by this public display of the Qatari satellite channel Al Jazeera. Qatar had seen this as a defiance. “Doha will secretly surrender later on.” That’s what way of boosting its own influence in the region, but its happened after a previous, smaller bust-up in 2013. Qatar neighbours are now determined to bring the nation to heel. quietly agreed then to undertake commitments similar in kind to today’s demands, although it subsequently failed to honour The crisis has “the potential to escalate rapidly”, said Frank them properly: Al Jazeera stopped criticising Saudi Arabia, as Kane in Arab News (Jeddah). The move by Saudi Arabia, the per the deal, but spent more time inciting protest against the UAE and their allies to close their land, air and sea links with Egyptian authorities. This time you can be sure that Qatar’s Qatar has caused it some problems, but hardly insuperable ones: neighbours will hold it to its word. CANADA Thriving in a superpower’s shadow The Washington Post ASIA Is Asia starting to kick the coal habit? The Diplomat (Tokyo) UNITED STATES The cruelty that fuels Donald Trump The New York Times THE WEEK 15 July 2017 President Teddy Roosevelt once mused that it was a shame Canada hadn’t joined the US. As Americans, he wrote, Canadians would “hold positions incomparably more important, grander and more digniﬁed than they can ever hope to reach” on their own. From the perspective of power, he was right, says Canadian journalist Lawrence Martin. As it celebrates its 150th birthday this month, Canada is “still modest in stature”, certainly in comparison to its southern neighbour. “But we passed up on the big time and have no regrets. Life in the slower lane has been ﬁne enough.” Sure, being viewed as little more than a “hunk of geography”, as someone once called us, can be annoying. But there are many advantages to living in the shadow of a superpower. Canada, for instance, has never had to worry about spending much money on its security – a source of resentment over the border. Caspar Weinberger, Ronald Reagan’s defence secretary, once opened a security brieﬁng by stating archly: “Mr President, the good news is that Canada has now surged ahead of Luxembourg in defence spending.” Canadian policymakers have been adept at learning from US successes and failures, and plotting a moderate course beﬁtting a middle power. As a model, “it has worked”. Remember how people used to talk about China opening a new coal-ﬁred power station every week, negating all the West’s efforts to reduce C02 emissions? It’s no longer true, says Nithin Coca. As recently as 2013, China was indeed importing an awful lot of coal – some 304 million tonnes of it. But there has been a dramatic change in the past couple of years as the country, partly for cost reasons and partly due to concern about climate change and air pollution, has shifted towards renewable sources of energy. In 2015, China’s coal imports plunged by 30% and are projected to fall again in 2017. Coal plants are being closed across the nation, and construction of new ones halted. It’s a similar story in India, which used to import almost as much coal as China. “There, solar is booming and already at cost parity with coal.” Recent data suggests that both countries will meet their commitments under the Paris climate agreement years ahead of schedule. If this Asian trend continues, it means the centre of the global economy will soon no longer depend on fossil fuels for growth. “The geopolitical ramiﬁcations will be enormous. It’d be a good time to prepare.” What should we make of Donald Trump’s recent “vile” tweet about Mika Brzezinski, in which he wrote of the “low IQ crazy” journalist “bleeding badly from a face-lift”? Many took it as further evidence of his misogyny, says Maureen Dowd, and some female TV presenters have called on women in his administration to rise up in protest. But “let’s not narrow it to sexism”. Trump would be just as likely to attack a man’s appearance in the same “below-the-belt way”. He’s “obsessed with looks – his own, men’s and women’s”. At a New Jersey fundraiser, he teased his ally Chris Christie over his weight problem: “No more Oreos.” During last year’s presidential campaign, he mocked his Republican rival Jeb Bush for swapping his glasses for contact lenses, and made fun of Rick Perry when he put glasses on. The issue with Trump is not so much sexism as “cruelty”, which he mistakes for strength. This is what really deﬁnes his style – and it’s becoming more pronounced. “Trump is isolated in the White House, out of his milieu, unable to shape the story, forced to interact with people he doesn’t own… He is not built for this hostile environment and it shows in his deteriorating psychological state.” Health & Science NEWS 19 What the scientists are saying… Solving a Roman mystery It’s a mystery that has long puzzled engineers, says The Daily Telegraph: sea walls built by the Romans some 2,000 years ago survive to this day – indeed, they seem to be stronger now than when ﬁrst erected. Yet modern concrete versions, reinforced with steel, begin to crumble within decades. Perhaps inspired by the naturally cemented volcanic ash deposits, called tuffs, that they saw around them, Roman engineers made concrete by mixing volcanic ash with lime and seawater to make a mortar, and then incorporated chunks of volcanic rock. The combination produces what is called a pozzolanic reaction (named after the city of Pozzuoli in the Bay of Naples), and the result is a very strong concrete that the Romans used in all sorts of buildings, including the Pantheon. That much was known, but it didn’t explain how (as Pliny the Elder himself observed) this concrete, when used in walls lashed by waves, actually grew stronger. Now a University of Utah team has conducted further research, and discovered that the saltwater seeping into the rock led to the formation of very rare interlocking minerals; and that these continued to grow long after the concrete had set, reinforcing it and preventing cracks. Alas, the exact Roman formula for concrete has been lost, but researchers now hope to replicate it. Traffic linked to fertility problems Should couples struggling to conceive move to a quieter neighbourhood? That is the implication of a new study, involving 65,000 women in Denmark, which found a link between trafﬁc noise and impaired fertility, says New Scientist. Previously, research has shown that 80% of women actively trying to conceive do so within A new era of hyper-realistic robot dolls six menstrual cycles; but the Danish team found that for every ten decibel increase in trafﬁc noise around the woman’s home, there was a 6% to 8% increased chance of conception taking longer than six cycles, even after other possible factors, such as poverty, and levels of airborne pollution, had been taken into account. However, this association did not hold for women who took more than 12 months – perhaps because these couples had underlying fertility problems. The study did not establish causation, but other research has suggested that constant low-level noise can lead to raised blood pressure: it may also cause sleep disruption, which has been linked to decreased fertility in women. The sex robots are coming Lifelike sex robots could soon be used by elderly people in care homes and others who may struggle to form intimate relation- © TANJA ASKANI Wolves can bond with humans Wolves can become fond of humans – but they’re not as adoring as dogs, new research suggests. For the study, researchers in Hungary reared ten wolf cubs at home, as if they were dogs. For three months, they lived with the pups, cuddling them, feeding them and walking them. This revealed two things, said The Times. The first was that wolves make “nightmarishly bumptious pets”: hard to control, they’re always in the way, and no coffee cup is safe in their vicinity. The second was that they do develop a lasting affection for their human handlers. The study was designed to discover whether dogs’ tendency to become devoted to humans is the product of domestication, or whether wolves have it in them, too. And it seems they do. Aged three months, the wolves were returned to the wild, in a sanctuary. Then, periodically, their human handlers visited them: the team found that even when the wolves were two years old, the creatures greeted them more warmly than they did a mere human acquaintance. However, the difference between wolves and dogs is that even if wolves bond with humans, they don’t become dependent on them. Previous research suggests that hand-reared wolf cubs go their own way at about four months – about the age they leave their mothers in the wild. ships, according to a new report. There are already four manufacturers working on them, and experts say customisable, hyperrealistic silicon robot dolls will be in widespread use within decades. In its report, the Foundation for Responsible Robotics points out that this raises a host of ethical questions that need urgent consideration. For instance, these robots could increase the objectiﬁcation of women – and encourage sexual behaviours that are illegal. The report authors call for a ban on child sex dolls; and suggest that it may be necessary to criminalise “robotic rape”, and to ﬁt the robots with sensors to prevent “rough handling” by people with violent tendencies. As the philosopher Blay Whitby puts it: “How would you feel about your ex-boyfriend getting a robot that looked exactly like you, just in order to beat it up every night?” Maybe it doesn’t matter; it’s just a robot. But maybe it does. It’s something we need to talk about, Whitby told The Daily Telegraph. Bad news for Lance Armstrong When the cyclist Lance Armstrong ﬁnally admitted he’d been taking banned drugs for years, it destroyed his career and his reputation. Now, a small Dutch study has suggested the drugs he risked everything for don’t even work. Two groups of amateur cyclists were given either the hormone erythropoietin (EPO), which is said to boost the production of oxygencarrying red blood cells, or a placebo, for eight weeks, and were then asked to cycle 68 miles, before a race up Mont Ventoux. Though EPO had seemed to boost performance in lab trials, it conferred no discernible beneﬁt in the road trial – and most of the cyclists who’d been given the drug assumed they’d had the dummy. Underwater “warehouses” Amazon is famed for its outlandish patents, says The Times, and its latest is a corker: the online giant has patented the idea of popping its retail stock into waterproof containers, and dumping it into the nearest lake. As a storage system, it has a few benefits over warehouses, which are expensive to build and maintain. The lakes idea could save on labour costs too: rather than having staff walking around picking objects off shelves, Amazon would fit every item with an inflatable bladder, with variable buoyancy rates so that the goods “float” at different levels, and are not simply buried. When items were required, the bladders would be triggered to inflate fully, so that the given items float to the surface. Jets of water would then propel them into channels for easy collection. As usual, however, it’s not clear if Amazon intends to implement this plan – or if the patent is just designed to stop anyone else doing it. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK 20 NEWS Pick of the week’s Gossip Harper Beckham celebrated her sixth birthday with a party at Buckingham Palace this week. Dressed as a Disney Princess, Miss Beckham played with five friends, and met a real Princess (Eugenie). David Beckham was swift to point out that the Palace hadn’t been opened up in Harper’s honour: he had been invited to bring his daughter and her friends to a tea party hosted by Prince Andrew. But photos of Harper (below, centre) enjoying her royal birthday (posted on David’s Instagram account) caused outrage all the same. “None of them has got a right to be there,” sniffed Dickie Arbiter, the Queen’s former press secretary. “Why do the Beckhams get special treatment?” Talking points North Korea: Kim’s deadly gift to America North Korea took particular hopes that Beijing would bring “relish” last week in Kim into line. But in a tweet announcing its ﬁrst successful last week, he acknowledged test of an intercontinental that he had been disappointed: ballistic missile (ICBM), said “Trade between China and Justin McCurry in The North Korea grew almost 40% Guardian. Its state news in the ﬁrst quarter. So much agency described Kim Jong Un for China working with us “feasting his eyes” on the – but we had to give it a try!” missile, and declaring it “as The White House has signalled handsome as a good-looking its irritation with Beijing by boy”. He reportedly called the approving a $1.4bn arms sale weapon test a 4th of July gift to Taiwan and imposing for the “American bastards”, sanctions on a Chinese bank and urged his scientists to keep accused of laundering North sending “‘gift packages’ to the Korean funds. Yankees”. The missile tested last week could reach Alaska, Trump has threatened that his Kim Jong Un: time to acquiesce? but not get as far as New York administration may now have or Los Angeles, said The Economist. And to act alone, said Charles Krauthammer in The even if it did attach a nuclear warhead to it, Washington Post. But the US has pretty much Pyongyang still likely doesn’t know how to stop exhausted its options. China has suggested that such a warhead burning up as it re-enters the North Korea might freeze its nuclear programme atmosphere. But its weapons programme is in return for the US abandoning joint exercises clearly making rapid progress. When Kim with South Korea, but that’s a “nonstarter”. boasted, on New Year’s Day, of being close to The US has negotiated multiple freezes with launching an ICBM, President Trump retorted: Pyongyang over the years. “It has violated every “It won’t happen!” Well, it just did. one.” The regime is clearly determined to get hold of nukes in order to assure its own survival, The latest missile test has highlighted the threat and neither talks nor sanctions will stop it. No, posed by North Korea, said The New York the only choice now is between “acquiescence or Times. And it has brought something else home war”. War is “almost unthinkable”, given the to Trump: “that he can’t rely on China alone risk it would pose to millions of South Koreans. to force [Pyongyang] to rein in its nuclear Acquiescence, on the other hand, “is not programme”. After meeting with President Xi unthinkable. After all, we did it when China Jinping in Florida in April, Trump had high went nuclear under Mao Zedong.” Labour’s Blairites: shape up or ship out? Jacob Rees-Mogg is famously well mannered, and it was ever thus, says Quentin Letts in the Daily Mail. As a 20-year-old student, he got an internship at The Daily Telegraph and, on his first morning, was invited to sit in on an editorial meeting. At the end, he was asked if he’d like to contribute anything. “No,” replied the besuited beanpole, with a magisterial shake of the head, “except you all seem to be doing very well.” President Macron is riding high in the polls, but his selfimportance is beginning to grate on his critics. Last month, the self-described “Jupiterian” president let it be known that he’d not be holding the traditional press conference on Bastille Day, because, as his spokesman put it, his “complex thought process lends itself badly to the game of question and answer with journalists”. THE WEEK 15 July 2017 On 8 June, the Labour MP Luciana Berger was elected with 34,717 votes, said The Times – that’s nearly four in ﬁve of the votes cast in Liverpool Wavertree. We have to assume the former Labour shadow minister for mental health is pretty popular with her constituents. Yet it seems it’s not their views that count. Last week, nine Corbynistas were elected to the local party’s ten-strong executive committee, and they lost no time in warning her that she’d better now recant her previous criticisms of Jeremy Corbyn, and start deferring to them on policy. She’s not the only one being targeted. Regional Momentum activists recently drew up a list of 49 Labour MPs they consider unacceptably heterodox; and there is talk of introducing new party rules to make it easier to deselect incumbent MPs. I have tried to sympathise with the MPs who feel “bullied” by their own party activists, said Rod Liddle in The Sunday Times. But alas, I cannot. Why? Because this is a problem of their own making. First, they opened up the right to vote in the Labour leadership election to anyone with £3 to spare. Then a bunch of them decided to make the election more interesting by getting Corbyn’s name on the ballot paper. Of course, they were horriﬁed when he won, but he did win. After that, his critics should either have got out (as Tristram Hunt did), or got behind him. Now the man they said was unelectable has achieved Labour’s best result in years, and they’re still carping. Yet what do they have to offer? There is no real public appetite for their Blairite policies. I wouldn’t vote for “Corbyn’s lot”, but they are right: these MPs should join the Lib Dems – or form their own party. Though talk of threats and intimidation is very concerning, it is certainly fair to ask MPs to “revise their views” in light of the election, said The Guardian. They should also be responsive to the party members. But they represent all their constituents – and as Corbyn knows very well from his years as a backbench rebel, “disagreeing with the party leadership” is part of “democratic life”. The Left is jubilant, said Matthew D’Ancona in the same paper. It thinks victory is now its destiny. It’s not: to achieve power, it has to win over a huge number of voters. That means focusing relentlessly on presenting Labour as a serious government-inwaiting, with solid answers to the challenges facing Britain. All this inﬁghting, and talk of deselection, is a major distraction. It makes Corbyn look weak and Labour divided when it needs the Tories to be seen as the party of splits. If he is to be PM, and not just the “chanted name of a single summer”, Corbyn must unite his party, and get to work. Talking points Volvo: racing into the electric future Is the end of the road for remaking the National the internal combustion Grid to cope with the engine in sight, asked extra demand. “The Adam Vaughan in The energy transfer at a busy Guardian. Last week, ﬁlling station is about Volvo announced that it equivalent to the output would launch only electric of a midsized power and hybrid cars from station.” And the 2019, including ﬁve new environmental beneﬁts 100% electric models. The are not entirely clear, following day, France said said Matt Ridley in The that it would ban the sale Times. Obviously, electric of diesel and petrol cars by Can the National Grid cope with its demands? cars themselves emit 2040; Norway and India fewer fumes. But building are also pushing towards all-electric sales. Volvo their batteries is very energy intensive, because is the ﬁrst of the major car manufacturers to of the mining and processing of the lithium commit to phasing out combustion engines required. And if they are powered using altogether, said The Times. This is “the ﬁrst big electricity from coal-ﬁred power stations, as bet on the electriﬁcation of cars” based on the they are in India and China, then the idea of consumer desire, rather than on generous environmental advantages peter out. government subsidies. But other ﬁrms, such as BMW, Volkswagen and Toyota, are moving in In reality, Volvo and its competitors are being the same direction. Tesla, the market leader for pushed into electric propulsion by international all-electric, has started producing a “keenly regulation, said Aarian Marshall in Wired priced” mass market vehicle, the Model 3. magazine – particularly from the EU and China, Perhaps historians will look back on 2017 the company’s two biggest markets. In China “as the beginning of the end of gas guzzling”. (where Volvo’s owner, Geely, is based), electric vehicles will have to make up 12% of each “Ah, electric cars. Just imagine,” said Neil manufacturer’s sales by 2020, while in the same Collins in the FT, “quieter cities, cleaner air.” year, the EU will implement “new and Lower emissions. “It’s a pretty picture, but there aggressive” CO2 emissions limits. Volvo is also are a few stones in the road.” The range of fully “scrambling to catch the next dance”: the electric cars is limited, at around 100 miles, and self-driving cars of the future will almost they usually take four to eight hours to charge at certainly be electric, because they’re easier for home, or 30 minutes at the quickest roadside computers to drive and refuel. “The real electric charging points. Besides, there’s the challenge of race has only just begun.” Charlie Gard: should his parents decide? Charlie Gard is today the most severe epilepsy; doctors say he has famous baby in the world, said catastrophic brain damage, and is The Wall Street Journal. As he lies possibly in pain. I feel for his on life support at Great Ormond parents, Chris Gard and Connie Street Hospital (GOSH), suffering Yates, more than I can say. But I from a rare mitochondrial disease, strongly believe that in such cases, he has made global headlines; the the parents are not best placed to president of the United States and decide what is in their child’s best the Pope have both intervened in interests. Exhausted, emotional, his case, while online, thousands of desperate for a miracle, they’re supporters, calling themselves incapable of thinking rationally. “Charlie’s Army”, have rallied to his cause. All because the courts Charlie’s parents think the experts have – so far – backed doctors who are wrong; they say their son is say Charlie’s ventilator should be responsive, that he likes being switched off, although his parents tickled and watching videos; they Charlie and his parents want him to be ﬂown to the US for say he is not in pain, and seem to an experimental treatment, and have raised think that his brain damage (if it exists at all) is £1.3m to pay for it. The doctors say the therapy reversible. Yet even the doctors in the US don’t is futile, and will only cause Charlie suffering. believe that’s possible, said The Guardian. It’s Maybe they’re right (the High Court was due to arguable that the couple’s views should be given review new evidence this week from doctors at a more weight, but we must apply reason to this Vatican-run hospital in Rome). But the decision case, and not be swayed by a social media storm shouldn’t be theirs to make. Charlie is not their largely whipped up by right-to-life campaigners. baby. “Britain’s national care system has Trump and the Pope want to show they care, elevated technical expertise over parental love.” said Christina Patterson in The Sunday Times. We all want to believe in hope. Yet chances are, This is a heartbreaking case, said Rachel Charlie can’t be saved. Maybe the kindest thing Johnson in The Mail on Sunday. Charlie cannot now would be to leave his parents alone, “as see, hear or move his arms and legs; he has they start to face up to their all-too-likely loss”. NEWS 21 Wit & Wisdom “There is no exception to the rule that every rule has an exception.” James Thurber, quoted in the San Francisco Chronicle “Experience: a comb life gives you after you lose your hair.” Judith Stern, quoted on Forbes.com “A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die.” Max Planck, quoted in the Financial Times “What I write is smarter than I am. Because I can rewrite it.” Susan Sontag, quoted on The Browser “Everything in life is about sex, except sex. Sex is about power.” Oscar Wilde, quoted in The Daily Telegraph “New York City was the site of my great success. I made it there, and then I didn’t make it anywhere else. I guess Frank Sinatra isn’t so smart after all.” US comedian Norm Macdonald, quoted in The New York Times “Destiny is a name often given in retrospect to choices that had dramatic consequences.” J.K. Rowling, quoted in the Montreal Gazette “Learn as much as you can from those who know more than you do, who do better than you, who see more clearly than you.” Dwight D. Eisenhower, quoted on Forbes.com Statistics of the week The number of children being homeschooled in England has almost doubled in six years, from 15,135 in 2011 to 30,000 in 2016-17. The Daily Telegraph More than one in three physics teachers do not have a degree in physics. The Independent 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Sport 22 NEWS Rugby union: the Lions’ miraculous draw “They came, they saw, they drew,” said Paul Hayward in The Daily Telegraph. In fact, the British and Irish Lions drew twice over last Saturday: in their third Test against the All Blacks, they tied 15-15 to finish the series 1-1. Yet that doesn’t convey the magnitude of their achievement. At Eden Park, where the world champions had won every match since 1994, the Lions came within just one point of a “miracle”. It was “the most unusual of results”, said Mick Cleary in the same paper. And it was, truth be told, rather “unsatisfactory”: after three thrilling Tests, we hoped for more than a stalemate. But what we got was a “titanic battle” in which both sets of warriors “slugged each other to a standstill”. time they faced the All Blacks. Many of them have now joined the “pantheon” of Lions greats, said Stephen Jones in The Sunday Times. Wales’s Sam Warburton proved himself “a flanker and captain of world class”; at just 22, English lock Maro Itoje was once again “sensational”. But it was the “peerless” Welsh centre Jonathan Davies who was deservedly named Player of the Series. The Lions coach, Warren Gatland, has also come out of the tour with his reputation improved, said Michael Aylwin in The Observer. A New Zealander who coaches Wales most of the time, he hasn’t always received his due: his Wales side are disparaged for being “high on physicality, less so on finesse”. Yet he has led Wales to three Six When the Lions arrived in New Zealand at the Nations titles, and Wasps before them to three Davies: Player of the Series end of May, they were portrayed as “rugby successive Premiership titles; he is the only Lions dinosaurs”, said Chris Foy in The Mail on Sunday – doomed to coach in the professional era who has never lost a series, making lose the three Tests against the All Blacks, and maybe even all of him “one of the most successful coaches in the history of rugby”. their seven matches against local sides. But instead they earned the This series confirmed that the sport’s balance of power is shifting, respect of their hosts, winning five of their ten games, and losing said Graham Henry in The Daily Telegraph. At the 2015 World just three. The Lions only improved as the tour wore on, said Ian Cup, all four semi-finalists came from the southern hemisphere. McGeechan in The Sunday Telegraph. Their packed schedule Since then, however, Australia and South Africa have “tailed off”: may have appeared “suicidal”, but it actually worked to their meanwhile, the Six Nations is more competitive than ever. The advantage: playing so many games in such a short period “fastsouthern hemisphere teams have gone “backwards”, while the tracked” the Lions’ development, ensuring they had gelled by the Lions have “shown just what is on offer in the home unions”. Cricket: a “perfect start” to Root’s captaincy “Rarely can an England captain have enjoyed such 87 in the first innings, becoming the first England a perfect start,” said Mike Atherton in The Times. cricketer to hit a half-century and take ten wickets In his first Test as skipper, Joe Root oversaw a in the same match since Ian Botham 37 years ago. remarkable victory – England’s first over South Africa at Lord’s since 1960. They won by 211 runs, On any other day, Root would have been the Man with an “incredible” 19 wickets falling on the final of the Match, said Jonathan Liew in The Daily day. On an unusually dry pitch, the captain made Telegraph. He made 190 in the first innings – a a bold call, selecting both Moeen Ali and Liam “remarkable” haul in any circumstances, let alone Dawson – the first time two spin bowlers had for a debut as captain. Root was, admittedly, very played for England at Lord’s in 24 years. The fortunate, surviving two dropped catches and a decision more than paid off: between them, the pair stumping off a no-ball, but some of his shots were took 14 wickets. It was Ali who proved the “the stuff of dreams”. For the South Africans, this “greatest threat”, said Vic Marks in The Guardian. was more of a nightmare, said Steve James in The He took an extraordinary ten wickets for 112, Times. They hit “new depths of sloppiness”, Root: “a perfect start” “comfortably his career best”. In his hands, the ball spurning a “catalogue of opportunities”. Normally, “bounced and turned spitefully”; South Africa’s batsmen turned they take great pride in their fielding, yet at Lord’s it was just desperate – and most of them “fell to attacking strokes as they awful. There are three Tests to go in this series – but South Africa tried to regain the initiative”. As if that wasn’t enough, Ali scored appear to lack “the mettle to battle through”. Wimbledon turns nasty Sporting headlines Fraser in The Times. Behaviour Few sporting events are more towards ballboys and ballgirls civilised than Wimbledon, said is becoming noticeably worse. Patrick Sawer in The Daily During her first-round match Telegraph. Yet on the court, the last week, Caroline Wozniacki tournament has taken a nasty repeatedly moaned that she turn. Last week, the Australian wasn’t being given the balls the player Bernard Tomic was fined way she likes. She isn’t the only £11,600 – the second largest “diva” – witness the frequency penalty in Wimbledon history – with which players demanded for “unsportsmanlike conduct”, that they be handed their after admitting that he had faked Mannarino: “unapologetic” “sweat-soaked” towels. But the an injury during his first-round ballboys hardly have time for that: in addition to defeat, and later saying he’d felt “bored” during the match. The following day, Adrian Mannarino retrieving and providing balls, they fetch drinks, hold umbrellas to protect players from the sun was fined £7,000 for barging into a ballboy and “clear large insects from the court”. These during his second-round win. The Frenchman “dedicated servants” go through rigorous was “unapologetic”, criticising the ballboy aftertraining; it’s time players gave it a try. “Force wards: “He went into me,” he insisted. “I don’t them to be a ballboy in a mock match”, and think he hurt himself. It wasn’t a big bump.” they might start toning down their demands. This is part of a troubling trend, said Stuart Football Manchester United bought Belgian striker Romelu Lukaku from Everton for an initial fee of £75m, rising to £90m with add-ons. In the opposite direction, Wayne Rooney returned to Everton on a free transfer. Formula One Valtteri Bottas won the Austrian Grand Prix. Cricket In the group stage of the Women’s World Cup, England beat Australia by three runs. Cycling Team Sky cyclist Geraint Thomas pulled out of the Tour de France after breaking his collarbone in a crash. THE WEEK 15 July 2017 All-New Renault KOLEOS Crossover by Renault Leather upholstery with front heated seats* Rear parking camera with front and rear sensors 8.7” integrated touchscreen navigation To book your test drive, call the Renault Business Hub on 0800 731 7066 The ofcial fuel consumption ﬁgures in mpg (l/100km) for the All-New Renault Koleos Signature Nav dCi 130 are: Urban 52.3 (5.4); Extra Urban 62.8 (4.5); Combined 74.3 (3.8). The ofcial CO2 emissions are 128g/km. Figures are obtained for comparative purposes in accordance with EU Legislation and may not reﬂect real life driving results. *Part leather, synthetic leather on the sides. LETTERS Pick of the week’s correspondence 25 Exchange of the week Is going to university worth the money? To The Guardian Jo Johnson paints a distorted view. Whatever the merits of tuition fees, it is the way they have been managed that is a disgrace. George Osborne sold the tuition fee debt to the private sector, which obviously wishes to make a profit; originally, fees were paid back with interest set at the rate of inflation. The well-off have no problem paying them off. No profit there. Those who struggle are the less well-off and those going into vital but relatively low-paid jobs such as social work, nursing and the public sector generally. They now face interest charges of up to 6% to provide the necessary profit. (The Bank of England’s interest rate is 0.25%.) So yet again, the less well-off have to pay up for the private profit that the well-off can avoid. Not fair. Dr Peter Estcourt, South Chailey, East Sussex To The Daily Telegraph The fact that more than three-quarters of graduates will never be able to fully repay their debt should serve as a wake-up call for the nation. We must stop telling young people that university is the best option. The reality is that there are many desirable and fulfilling careers that can be achieved without taking on a lifetime of debt. We should be informing young people of opportunities to earn while they learn through apprenticeships and other professional and technical qualifications, and be honest about the labour market that awaits them. Our research has shown that almost 70% of teenagers plan to go to university, even though only 30% of available jobs are forecast to be graduate roles. There is also a growing skills gap across many key industries: 87% of employers currently struggle to recruit staff. University is the right Keep housing private Don’t build, fill The suggestion in your article “Anatomy of a housing disaster” that the Grenfell Tower fire tragedy should lead to a revival of social housing construction overlooks the troubled history of such governmentled development. Here in New York, the city’s housing authority owns and operates 176,000 units and faces a backlog of deferred maintenance estimated at $18bn. Roofs, plumbing, heating and water systems routinely need emergency repairs. The original US public housing model, in which tenant rents would support operating costs, has long since proved unworkable. Many of the 326 developments are distant from basic amenities, such as food markets. The problems of maintenance in public housing have led widely to its demolition across the US. Far better to look to a private housing market that is well regulated – in contrast to the Grenfell situation – for a sustainable model. Howard Husock, vice-president, research and publications, Manhattan Institute, New York To the Financial Times choice for some, but it must be seen as one option out of several. Kirstie Donnelly, managing director, City & Guilds, London To The Daily Telegraph While I wouldn’t want to deter anyone from going to university, the director of City & Guilds is right that we are training more graduates than we have graduate jobs, and people should consider the alternatives seriously. However, the problem is that the “excess” graduates apply for non-graduate jobs – and, with their higher qualifications, usually get them. The jobs then become graduate ones by default. Sadly, many people are spending three years running up a large debt to get a job that, not so long ago, they could have started after A levels. Phil Cutcher, Malmesbury, Wiltshire Recent figures show that there were around 1.4 million empty homes in Britain at the beginning of 2017 – the highest figure ever – with around 20,000 in central London alone. Wouldn’t it be a good idea to fill these up first before building any more? Duncan Rayner, Sunningdale, Berkshire women were not allowed to teach if they got married. This ban was only finally lifted in 1944. My favourite weird taboo was in the National Association of Schoolmasters handbook that I was given when I first started teaching in the 1960s: “Teachers should not get drunk on a Saturday or answer the door in their braces.” Peter Baker, Leicester and the same chamber, and such I think must be my plans in future, as I do not know how to make a comfortable arrangement for a schoolmistress – separated from the schoolmaster.” Discrimination against married female teachers only became the norm in the early 20th century. David Paterson, Nuneaton, Warwickshire Life values Ladies singled out To The Sunday Times To The Daily Telegraph To The Times Is it not strange that when a child has an incurable complaint and irreversible brain damage, the doctors wish to switch off his lifesupport machine and let him have a peaceful death? Yet, if this were an adult suffering great pain and dying in incomprehensible suffering, for example with motor neurone disease, where one suffocates to death, it is illegal to allow him to have an assisted suicide. How can one be right and the other wrong? B.R.J. Simpson, Gosport, Hampshire Teacher taboos To The Guardian The worst of all teacher taboos was of course that Tory donors I did a bit of informal It should not be inferred research with Big Issue from Peter Baker’s letter that sellers at party conferences. married female teachers It seems that sales to never taught before 1944. In Conservatives are almost the 18th and 19th centuries, double those to Labour. a husband-and-wife Phil Buckle, by email teaching team in voluntary schools was quite common. In Chilvers Coton, the discrimination in 1820 was against the single lady. Withdrawing an offer of a position, Francis Newdegate apologised to Miss Elizabeth Walker: “My school at present is managed “It ruins the effect if I say who it is. by a man and his Can you just come down?” wife who occupy the same dwellings © WILL MCPHAIL/NEW YORKER COLLECTION/CARTOON BANK To The Guardian ● Letters have been edited 15 July 2017 THE WEEK ARTS Review of reviews: Books 27 Book of the week American women generally had more “polish and sophistication” than their English counterparts, and were The Husband Hunters “more at ease in the company of men”. by Anne de Courcy Their “lack of stuffiness” was often irresistible. De Courcy does a good job W&N 320pp £20 of comparing the social attitudes in the The Week Bookshop £17 two countries, said Anne Sebba in Literary Review. She points out that The Husband Hunters is an “acidly American upper-class life was “largely funny” account of the “cash for matriarchal”, run by women for coronets” phenomenon that was a women, whereas the English equivalent feature of New York society at the turn “revolved around the demands and of the 20th century, said Miranda expectations of men”. This, she Seymour in The Daily Telegraph. The ventures, may help explain why so New York haut monde was at the time many of the unions foundered. Consuelo Vanderbilt: wilting at Blenheim presided over by the “frumpy, doubleMany of the American brides suffered chinned” and extraordinarily snooty Caroline Astor. And while a “rude shock” when they took up residence in England, said opulent jewellery helped open doors to that world, many nouveau Nicholas Shakespeare in The Spectator. They found England’s riche American heiresses still found themselves shunned by it. By climate as “diabolical” as its plumbing and they often had to far the best way to gain admission to “Mrs Astor’s magic circle” endure naked hostility from upper-class Englishwomen. “Stuck was to marry a “real English peer”, and between 1874 – the year in the country while their husbands spent their money,” many Jennie Jerome wed Randolph Churchill – and 1914, around 100 of the dollar princesses simply wilted. One such was Consuelo “eye-wateringly rich” young women did just that; hundreds more Vanderbilt, the reluctant bride of the 9th Duke of Marlborough. married titled Europeans. On the British side, the inducement was “From my window, I overlooked a pond in which a former butler financial. After years of bad harvests, the aristocracy was “on its had drowned himself,” she noted in her diary after her second uppers”, and many a peer desperately needed cash to repair his winter at Blenheim. “As one gloomy day succeeded another, crumbling country pile, or to settle years-worth of gambling debts. I began to feel a deep sympathy for him.” Written in prose that Yet for British aristocrats, the allure of the “dollar princesses” “swishes and rustles like a flounced taffeta petticoat”, The wasn’t only about money, said Paula Byrne in The Times. Young Husband Hunters is “hugely entertaining”. The Fear and the Freedom Novel of the week by Keith Lowe Viking 576pp £25 How to Stop Time The Week Bookshop £22 (incl. p&p) by Matt Haig Canongate 336pp £12.99 As a society, we talk about the Second World War an “awful lot”, said Dominic Sandbrook in The Sunday Times. “Probably no event is more tediously overfamiliar.” Yet as historian Keith Lowe argues in this wide-ranging and insightful book, we would do well to talk less and understand more, for we still “understate” the conflict’s “impact”. Open any newspaper and the evidence is there: most of the world’s major geopolitical issues – from North Korea to the Middle East to Russia’s fear of “encirclement” – originated in the Second World War. Even more significantly, the War has become the West’s “foundational myth, its fundamental origin story”, with the likes of Hitler, Mussolini, Chamberlain and Churchill replacing older “moral archetypes”. Contemporary questions are discussed through its frame: for some Brexiteers, the EU is “almost akin to a Fourth Reich”; while the most diehard Remainers see leaving the EU as “embarking on a path that will inevitably lead to pogroms and purges”. One of the many “myths” this book skewers is the “illusion of Allied perfection”, said Saul David in The Daily Telegraph. We remain deeply reluctant to acknowledge Allied barbarity in the War – the fact, for example, that US troops raped “as many as 17,000 women in North Africa and Europe”. And this denial helps shape current behaviour: having told themselves that they were involved in a “good” war, Americans and the British have been “searching for a new good war ever since”. Five years in the making, The Fear and the Freedom is a “masterpiece of historical inquiry” that, unlike many bestselling history books, doesn’t simply tell readers “what they want to hear”, but instead pushes them to challenge the stories they tell themselves. The Week Bookshop £10.99 Matt Haig is a writer “adept at digging into the human heart”, said Francesca Angelini in The Sunday Times. In all his books, from his bestselling depression memoir Reasons to Stay Alive to his alien-narrated 2013 novel The Humans, “questions about how to live abound”. Tom Hazard, the protagonist of How to Stop Time, has a rare medical condition that causes him to age far slower than ordinary humans. As a result, though he looks about 40, he is actually 439 years old. The conceit allows Haig to roam, Zelig-like, through history, staging encounters with, among others, Captain Cook and William Shakespeare. Though at times it feels a bit like “young-adult ﬁction”, this is a “well-imagined” tale that simply “rattles along”. Novels driven by an “audacious central conceit” always risk self-indulgence, but fortunately, Haig has a “real feel for what it is to be an outsider”, said Hermione Eyre in The Guardian. As a result, you entirely believe in his hero’s “weariness”. Written with “energy and zip”, and full of “quirks and quips”, this is an “engaging” and often moving novel. To order these titles or any other book in print, visit www.theweek.co.uk/bookshop or speak to a bookseller on 020-3176 3835 Opening times: Mon to Fri 9am-6pm, Sat 9am-5.30pm and Sun 10am-2pm 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Drama 28 ARTS Theatre: Titus Andronicus Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon (01789-403493). Until 2 September Running time: 3hrs ★★★ “Before you embark on a of the violence in a production journey of revenge, dig two of Shakespeare.” graves.” So said Confucius. In terms of technical Wise words, on the face of it, accomplishment and “visceral said Dominic Maxwell in impact”, there’s no faulting The Times. But then again, McIntyre’s “feast of horrors”, Confucius clearly “hadn’t seen agreed Dominic Cavendish in Titus Andronicus”. Titus, the The Daily Telegraph. Overall, hero of Shakespeare’s most the “hewing, hacking, stabbing” “crazily bloody” play, is a and shooting is “world-class”. Roman general who takes However, I was much less murderous revenge on the royals convinced by the “gimmicky who kill two of his sons, and excesses” of the modern-day rape his daughter, rip out her setting: police doing battle with tongue and cut off her hands. looting protesters, and much He kills another of his sons for “glib recourse to microphones”. David Troughton (left): a “masterly” performance disagreeing with him, hacks his No one can argue, though, with own hand off, and then kills the the power of Troughton’s sons of the emperor’s new wife, the Goth queen Tamora, before central performance, said Michael Davies on WhatsOnStage.com. baking them in a pie and feeding it to her. “Two graves? Pah!” He ranges brilliantly from soldierly nobility, to fury and bitterness, Titus would need two dozen just for starters. to – as his world disintegrates – a kind of genocidal jauntiness. By common consent, this early revenge tragedy is not one of Can Troughton give us his King Lear soon, please? Shakespeare’s finest works, said Fiona Mountford in the London Evening Standard. But director Blanche McIntyre’s “sharp, The week’s other opening confident and imaginative modern-dress” staging – with a Miss Julie Theatre by the Lake, Keswick, Cumbria (01768“masterly” performance in the title role from David Troughton – 774411). Until 3 November “Finely balanced, well wrought, emotionally charged performis absolutely compelling; the “best Bard” the RSC has offered in ances” from Charlotte Hamblin (as Julie), James Sheldon and the past two years. It’s not just the “hurtling clarity” of the Izabella Urbanowicz help make the Strindberg classic as “real storytelling and the tremendous acting: it’s the utterly convincing and sensational now as ever, and as socially and politically staging of the bloody atrocities. “It’s a rare and delicious treat to pertinent”. Tom Littler directs this “riveting” show (Observer). find oneself gripped and thrilled and flinching afresh at the impact © HELEN MAYBANKS/RSC CDs of the week: three new releases Jay Z: 4:44 Virgin EMI Records, £10.99 Haim: Something to Tell You Polydor, £9.99 Ann Hallenberg: Carnevale 1729; opera arias Pentatone, £21.50 (two discs) Rap is, in large part, a genre based on “braggadocio”, said Will Hodgkinson in The Times. Yet on Jay Z’s excellent new album, this “giant” of hip-hop culture engages in the “kind of self-flagellation more commonly associated with tormented singer-songwriters”. This is Jay Z’s musical answer to Lemonade, the truly great record that his wife, Beyoncé, released last year, in which she took him to task for ”tomcatting around”. Beyoncé has forgiven him, it seems: the pair have just had twins. And musically, it works a treat – the raps set mainly to a “melodic, mellow blend of subdued beats” and soul samples that lend a classic, sophisticated feel. This “astonishing” album is one of “the most mature albums in hip-hop history”, said Neil McCormick in The Daily Telegraph. 4:44 presents a “quite magnificent mea culpa, embracing notions of empathy, forgiveness and personal growth” that the young Jay Z would have scorned. It is, in short, a “masterpiece” – and, as a bonus, it even boasts Beyoncé on backing vocals. With their debut album, 2013’s Days Are Gone, LA’s Haim staked out an “instantly identifiable sound with depth as well as surface”, said Kitty Empire in The Observer – an achievement many pop bands never pull off. Having located a narrow but fertile patch of ground where R&B and 1970s soft rock “overlap on pop’s Venn diagram”, Haim exploited it mercilessly and brilliantly. And for this follow-up record, they have “stuck to this sweet spot”, albeit with a bit less sunny breeziness than before, and more real emotion and “trenchant analysis” of relationship angst. The best moments here, said Jon Dolan in Rolling Stone, lie somewhere between soft rock and soul, as if Jimmy Jam or Quincy Jones had produced a late-1980s Fleetwood Mac record. Want You Back sounds like a “love-hungry Christine McVie ballad as reimagined by Bad-era Michael Jackson”. Walking Away is a “plaintive R&B ghost”; Little of Your Love is like “Come On Over-era Shania Twain tried to write a TLC song, and it turned out awesome”. In the Venetian carnival season of the early 18th century, theatres competed viciously to present the most acclaimed singers in new operas, said Nicholas Kenyon in The Observer. It was an orgy of scandals and “endless rivalries”. This “amazing” aria collection (of mostly world premiere recordings) presents “showstopping hits” from a single season, 1729, with mezzosoprano Ann Hallenberg on “dazzling” form and displaying “sensational virtuosity”. The album features mostly little-known composers including Orlandini, Giacomelli, Vinci and Porpora – while “Albinoni wins on melody in two numbers from his Filandro”. Hallenberg’s range, with its “astonishing evenness of tone and voluptuous colouring”, extends from contralto to soprano, and her “sublime artistry” holds the listener rapt, said Hugh Canning in The Sunday Times. In Orlandini’s Scherza, her technical bravura “leaves one almost breathless”; and over the course of the collection, her “alchemy” turns what is accomplished music into “24-carat gold”. Stars reflect the overall quality of reviews and our own independent assessment (4 stars=don’t miss; 1 star=don’t bother) THE WEEK 15 July 2017 Film Spider-Man: Homecoming Dir: Jon Watts 2hrs 13mins (12A) Marvel’s moneyspinning arachnid ★★★ It Comes at Night Dir: Trey Edward Shults 1hr 32mins (15) Post-apocalyptic fable with Joel Edgerton ★★ The Midwife Dir: Martin Provost 1hr 57mins (12A) Comic masterclass from Catherine Deneuve ★★★ Song to Song Dir: Terrence Malick 2hrs 9mins (15) Malick plays with the flame of life ★ ARTS 29 I could be wrong, but Spider-Man: Homecoming may be “the blockbuster of the summer”, said Brian Viner in the Daily Mail. Marvel’s latest superhero extravaganza has “oodles of wit”, “lashings of spectacle”, and a star-making turn from young British actor Tom Holland as endearing high-school nerd Peter Parker, who moonlights as a web-slinging vigilante. As in previous outings, our hero must balance the trials of being a teenager – notably a crush on a fellow pupil (Laura Harrier) – with his clandestine crime-fighting: and in this one he battles against a deranged Michael Keaton clad in a metal bird suit (aka the Vulture). What makes this Spider-Man film stand out is that, at 21, Holland is a far more plausible adolescent than his predecessors in the role, said Benjamin Lee in The Guardian. Perhaps I’m just too old, said Robbie Collin in The Daily Telegraph, but the high-school subplots struck me as clichéd, and the action sequences – aside from an early scene involving a droll cameo from Robert Downey Jr’s Iron Man – lack showmanship. Granted, this is a movie for kids, said Jamie East in The Sun, but taken as such, it’s a winner. At the viewing I attended, the teenagers around me were “whooping with joy”. Could It Comes at Night be “the first post-Trump horror”, wondered Ed Potton in The Times. This “disturbing” and provocative film tells the story of an isolated family, led by Joel Edgerton’s stern paterfamilias Paul, struggling to protect themselves against a plague that has wiped out half of humanity. When another family appears, begging for shelter, Paul must decide if these strangers – who serve as stand-ins for contemporary fears about immigration – are as innocent as they seem. This “psychological chiller” is a less conventional horror film than its title suggests, said Peter Bradshaw in The Guardian. While there are gory moments, such as an opening sequence in which a plague-riddled man is brutally executed, the tension lies in hints and uncertainties. I admit I’m not a fan of the horror genre, said Deborah Ross in The Spectator, yet I’d heard such good things about It Comes at Night that I decided to give it a go – and was sorely disappointed. By the end, I hadn’t the faintest idea what “it” was or, come to that, when it came. Worst of all, it’s just not especially scary. Catherine Deneuve, the “one-time ice queen of French cinema”, has proved in recent years that she is also a “consummate comic actress”, said Geoffrey Macnab in The Independent. She does so once again in The Midwife, a “cleverly written” drama from writer-director Martin Provost. The midwife of the title is Claire (Catherine Frot), a middle-aged woman who excels at her job but has a somewhat sterile private life. That is until the arrival of Deneuve, playing against type as the brassy former mistress of Claire’s late father, who announces that she is suffering from a terminal illness and has no one else to turn to. “Naturally, sparks fly. Cigarettes are smoked. Tears are shed,” said Kevin Maher in The Times. “It’s all very French. And all the better for it.” There are elements in The Midwife – one being the romantic subplot in which Claire is wooed by a charismatic long-distance lorry driver – that seem too neatly convenient, said Tim Robey in The Daily Telegraph. But it is Deneuve who “makes the film worth seeing” with her surprising comic masterclass. “Welcome back to Malickland, the perma-twilight world” where Hollywood’s most beautiful people mooch about on beaches, or in vast minimalist apartments, while “their disconnected musings whisper on the soundtrack”, said Ian Freer in Empire. Terrence Malick’s latest film – strikingly similar to his previous ones (To the Wonder and Knight of Cups) – stars Rooney Mara as Faye, a struggling musician on the Austin music scene who is faced with a romantic dilemma: should she go for Ryan Gosling’s charming songwriter or Michael Fassbender’s saturnine music producer? In trying to decide, she is guided by poeticised confessions in voice-over – usually, but not always, representing Faye’s inner monologue, said Nigel Andrews in the FT. These include portentous lines such as “I played with the flame of life” and “I went through a period… when nothing seemed real”. The photography, by Emmanuel Lubezki, is “gorgeous”, but the “plotless plot” smacks of “wilful inscrutability”. Let’s not pull any punches, said Allan Hunter in the Daily Express. Song to Song is “an insufferably pretentious affair” with “cringeworthy” dialogue. It is “less of a film and more of an endurance test”. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK 30 ARTS Art Exhibition of the week Wyndham Lewis: Life, Art, War Imperial War Museum North, The Quays, Manchester (0161-836 4000, www.iwm.org.uk). Until 1 January 2018 Wyndham Lewis (1882-1957) wasn’t just a painter, poet and publisher, said Laura Freeman in The Spectator. He was above all “a picker of fights”: nothing fired him up “like a quarrel, a squabble, a skirmish”. From the Bloomsbury Group and “sentimental Victorians” to “thin flapper girls” and – for some reason – the inhabitants of Putney, “no target was too grand or too trivial” to escape Lewis’s ire. His combative reputation and controversial views – not least a swiftly recanted flirtation with fascism in the 1930s – made him many enemies and overshadowed his important role in the story of 20th century British art. This superb new retrospective at the Imperial War Museum North, which brings together more than 160 of his artworks, books, journals and pamphlets, goes some way to redressing this. Its focus is on Lewis’s service in World War I, but it encompasses his entire career. The show “makes no apology or excuse for him”, but also reveals him to have been “occasionally brilliant”, if always “his own worst enemy”. three of Lewis’s vorticist works, including The Crowd (1914-15), a depiction of a metropolis that is “part Fritz Lang and part Mondrian gone wrong”. Lewis joined the Army shortly after the outbreak of hostilities, serving at Passchendaele before being appointed to work as an official war artist. A Battery Shelled (1919), his “major” painting of the conflict, presents a horrific panorama of “insect-like gunners, scuttling to safety while under bombardment”. This “enigmatic” work proved unpopular when exhibited at the Royal Academy alongside other official commissions, and the British War Memorials Committee “embarrassedly offloaded” it to the Imperial War Museum. After the War, financial woes forced Lewis to turn to portrait commissions, said Mark Hudson in The Daily Telegraph. But aside from his intriguing likenesses of Edith Sitwell and T.S. Eliot, there is an “unmistakable sense of an artist going off the boil”, dependent on the patronage of an The Crowd (1914-15): one of three vorticist works on display “Establishment” he’d once Lewis came to prominence in 1914 as the “prime founder” of the “excoriated”. Lewis lived out his later years a “sorry figure”, avant-garde vorticist movement, said Michael Prodger in the New going blind and losing the ability to paint. The show gives a Statesman. Alongside works by such “radical” contemporaries as poignant sense of this “pitiful trajectory”; a sad reminder of his Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and David Bomberg, the show features tragic “failure to live up to his formidable talent”. Where to buy… The Romantics to Rodin at Daniel Katz The story of painting in 19th century France is a familiar one to anyone with a grasp of art history. The French sculpture of the era feels neglected by comparison – Rodin providing the only real household name. But as this fascinating show seeks to demonstrate, the period between the post-Waterloo restoration of the monarchy and the Dreyfus affair produced a host of innovative sculpture that deserves reappraisal. A few works here have a direct link to bona fide masterpieces, notably the small, muscular figure sculpted by Théodore Géricault as a study for one of the wretched sailors in his astonishing painting The Raft of the Medusa (1818-19). More familiar still is a small cast of Rodin’s Eve. However, the more esoteric works, THE WEEK 15 July 2017 Auguste Preault’s Silence (1842) such as Gustave Doré’s gravity-defying The Acrobats (c. 1881), and Emmanuel Frémiet’s sculpture of a gorilla standing triumphant over the corpse of a Roman gladiator, are also not to be missed. Prices range from £18,000 to £165,000. 6 Hill Street, London W1 (020-7493 0688). Until 28 July. For 144 years, the black-and-white chalk drawings of a Suffolk landscape had been lying disregarded in a dusty portfolio in Windsor Castle. Since 1873, they had been attributed to Edwin Landseer, an artist famed for his painting The Monarch of the Glen (1851), and much favoured by Queen Victoria, but today deeply unfashionable. Quite by chance, however, Lindsay Stainton, an expert on the 18th century master Thomas Gainsborough, happened to flick through the portfolio on a visit to Windsor. Immediately, said The Guardian, she spotted that the 26 drawings weren’t by Landseer at all – they were unmistakably in Gainsborough’s hand. Never before exhibited, they depict the landscape around the market town of Sudbury, where Gainsborough was born. It seems that after Landseer’s death, Queen Victoria had asked his executors if the Royal Archives could have some of his sketches, and they had sent in error the Gainsborough sketches, which Landseer had acquired. © ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST A windfall at Windsor The Week reviews an exhibition in a private gallery The List 31 Best books… Naomi Klein Writer and activist Naomi Klein, author of the bestselling No Logo, picks her favourite books. Her new book No Is Not Enough: Defeating the New Shock Politics is published by Allen Lane at £12.99 The Fire Next Time by James Baldwin, 1963 (Penguin £8.99). This classic of the civil rights movement is painfully relevant today. Written as a letter from Baldwin to his nephew, it is a call to channel righteous fury into a powerful resistance. Cloud Atlas by David Mitchell, 2004 (Sceptre £8.99). Mitchell leaps across space and time to tell seemingly disconnected stories. “Life amounted to no more than one drop in a limitless ocean,” one of his characters writes. “Yet what is any ocean but a multitude of drops?” Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent by Eduardo Galeano, 1971 (Serpent’s Tail £9.99). An incendiary, poetic and uncomfortable history of the Americas told through a series of vignettes that weave together colonialism’s omnipresent themes: genocide, extraction and exploitation. The Dispossessed by Ursula Le Guin, 1974 (Gollancz £8.99). In a sea of dystopian sci-fi, this is a rare example of successful utopian fiction. Set on the imaginary planets of Urras and Anarres – with echoes of the US and the then Soviet Union – Le Guin paints a hopeful and complex portrait of a society rooted in collectivism. Silent Spring by Rachel Carson, 1962 (Penguin £9.99). It’s the combination of deep love for the natural world and indignation at the attacks waged upon it by the chemical industry that gives this book its enduring power. Carson, a former marine biologist, was battling terminal cancer when she wrote this masterpiece. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, 1818 (Penguin £5.99). Victor Frankenstein created a monster when he took his experiments to a devastating extreme. Today, the pursuit of limitless data, and technological control over nature, are having even more disastrous outcomes – and this time, they’re global. Titles in print are available from The Week Bookshop on 020-3176 3835. For out-of-print books visit www.biblio.co.uk The Week’s guide to what’s worth seeing and reading Showing now Barber Shop Chronicles at the West Yorkshire Playhouse, Leeds (0113-213 7700). Inua Ellam’s “cracker” of a play explores black masculinity through the prism of the barber’s shop. “Thoughtful, serious, moving” and funny (FT). Ends 29 July. It returns to the National Theatre on 29 November; tickets are selling fast. Book now Daniel Barenboim conducts his WestEastern Divan Orchestra in a performance of Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 5 and Strauss’s Imagine… Chris Ofili: The Caged Bird’s Song Alan Yentob follows Turner Prize-winner Chris Ofili on his three-year project to create an enormous tapestry, based on one of his watercolours, for an exhibition at London’s National Gallery. Sat 15 July, BBC2 21:00 (60mins). World’s Oldest Family Documentary that tells the story of the Donnelly family, a group of 12 Northern Irish siblings with a collective age of 1,064 years. Mon 17 July, BBC1 19:30 (30mins). Is Love Racist? The Dating Game Sociologist Emma Dabiri looks at racism in the UK, and asks if dating apps are increasing segregation among young people. Mon 17 July, C4 22:00 (65mins). Addicted Parents: Last Chance to Keep my Children First episode of a two-parter looking at the only rehab in the UK where mothers who are addicts come with their children and have six months to prove they can parent them. Tue 18 July, BBC2 21:00 (60mins). drama-documentary series, Dan Snow explores the events, intrigue and betrayals that led to the Battle of Hastings. Tue 18 July, BBC2 23:15 (60mins). Barber Shop Chronicles: a “cracker” of a play Films A Separation (2011) Iranian Don Quixote. 28 and 29 October, Royal Festival Hall, London SE1 (020-3879 9555). drama that won an Oscar for its subtle portrayal of a crumbling marriage. Thur 20 July, Film4 01:00 (150mins). Just out in paperback Sexy Beast (2000) Ben Days Without End by Sebastian Barry (Faber £8.99). Barry’s tale of America’s western frontier in the mid-19th century is both a “salute to the sociocultural marriage between Ireland and the New World”, and the “outstanding novel of last year” (Observer) The Archers: what happened last week © MARC BRENNER Programmes 1066: A Year to Conquer England In this three-part Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, Apollo Theatre, London W1 (0330-333 4809). Jack O’Connell and Sienna Miller lead the cast in this revival of Tennessee Williams’s classic. Ends 7 October. Ark at Chester Cathedral, Cheshire (www. chestercathedral.com). An impressively large – and free – exhibition of contemporary sculptures by artists including Elisabeth Frink, Antony Gormley, Barbara Hepworth, Damien Hirst and Sarah Lucas. Several works have been specially made for the show. Ends 15 October. Television Fallon tries to talk about houses to Harrison, who is distracted as the match against Loxley Barratt is about to start and Will hasn’t shown up to play. Harrison drafts in Lily to replace Will. Fallon insists they talk about houses later. Will turns up at tea and announces that Harrison has lied to the team about the Darrington merger in a bid to strengthen his case for recruiting women. Harrison defends himself, saying he wanted the best for the team, but Will says he must resign. Fallon can’t persuade Harrison to talk about houses, and begins to lose faith. Tom is angry with Matt over the land deal and tells Justin to be wary of him. Lilian returns from having a makeover in London a few days before her 60th birthday: Justin doesn’t notice. Lilian bumps into Matt in The Bull. Matt immediately notices the change in her appearance. He buys her a drink, repays some of the money he owes her and mentions her upcoming birthday. Lilian is touched. Later, Justin reveals to Lilian that he is angry with Matt for trying to thwart the land deal and wants to teach him a lesson. Kingsley and Ray Winstone star in this gangster thriller. Fri 21 July, Film4 22:40 (105mins). New to Netflix Handsome Devil Andrew Scott stars as an inspirational teacher in this Irish comedy drama. Set in a rugby-mad boarding school in Dublin in the 1980s, John Butler’s film follows the friendship that develops between two outsiders – an arty loner, bullied for being gay, and a handsome athlete, newly arrived at the school. Streaming from 20 July. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Best properties 32 Houses in national parks ▲ North Yorkshire: Stonelands, Litton, near Skipton. A late Georgian house, with 19 acres of gardens, grounds, wildflower meadows and ancient woodland, nestled in an idyllic setting within the Yorkshire Dales National Park. 2 suites, 2 further beds, family shower, kitchen, 3 receps, family room, study, walk-in pantry, utility, laundry, vaulted cellar, store, sewing room, garden room, self-contained 1-bed flat, detached barn, walled garden, orchard, paddocks. £1.2m; Carter Jonas via OnTheMarket.com (01423-578947). ▲ Somerset: Glasses Farm, Roadwater, Watchet. A 16th century farmhouse on the edge of the village, within Exmoor National Park. Master suite with dressing room, 3 further beds (1 en suite), family bath, kitchen with Aga, 3 receps, boot room, utility, 2 cottages to let, stable block, workshop, loose boxes, triple garage, barn, gardens, paddock; 14 acres. £1.2m; Jackson-Stops & Staff (01823-325144). ▲ West Sussex: Brookfield, Graffham, Petworth. Formerly two cottages, which were combined in the 1950s, this house sits towards the end of a private road at the foot of the South Downs, with fine views. Master bed, 3 further beds, family bath, 2 WCs, breakfast/kitchen, sitting room, family room, entrance hall, pantry, boot room, garage, workshop area, sun terrace, mature garden; 0.35 acres. £800,000; Knight Frank (01428-770560). THE WEEK 15 July 2017 on the market 33 ▲ Gwynedd: Dolwreiddiog, Llanbedr. A 335-acre estate close to the Welsh coast in Snowdonia National Park. The estate comprises ancient woodland, pasture, moor and hills, with double bank fishing on the River Artro and lake frontage. 4 beds, 2 showers, farmhouse kitchen, 1 recep, snug, utility, store with office above, outbuildings, garage, barn, kennel, garden. £1.25m; Strutt & Parker (01743-284200). Devon: Yonder Wreyland, Lustleigh, Newton Abbot. A beautifully presented property with established gardens on the edge of this picturesque village in Dartmoor National Park. Master suite with dressing room, 4 further beds (2 en suite), family bath, breakfast/ kitchen, 3 receps, cloakroom, conservatory, pantry, utility, detached studio, courtyard parking. £995,000; Savills (01392-455755). ▲ ▲ West Sussex: Allan Cottage, Treyford, Midhurst. This charming cottage sits in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty at the foot of the South Downs. Master suite, 4 further beds, family bath, breakfast/kitchen, 3 receps, studio with mezzanine, double garage, swimming pool, greenhouse, potting shed, gardens with downland views, a pond and a stream; 2 acres. £1.8m; Strutt & Parker (01243-832600). ▲ Northumberland: Old Fourstones House, Hexham. Built in 1812 as part of a much larger property, this house is set on the edge of a rural hamlet in Northumberland National Park. The house has a host of period details, from high ceilings with cornicing to sash windows and shutters. Master suite, 3 further beds, family bath, breakfast/kitchen, 3 receps, rear hall, utility, cloakroom, pretty garden, kitchen garden, pond, orchard. £625,000; Strutt & Parker (01670-516123). ▲ Somerset: East Harwood Farm, Timberscombe. A farmhouse with more than 40 acres in an elevated position in Exmoor National Park. 2 suites, 3 further beds, family bath, breakfast/kitchen/family room, 3 receps, hall, utility/boot room, cloakroom, carport, garage, stables, manège, paddocks, 2-bed cottage. £1.65m; Strutt & Parker (01392-215631). 15 July 2017 THE WEEK FR EE US DE UA LI LL VE Y R £7 Y .9 9 “Excellent” LEISURE Food & Drink 35 What the experts recommend Noble 27a Church Road, Holywood, County Down (028-9042 5655) I don’t know how this place got its name: I was “too busy enjoying dinner” to ask, says Jay Rayner in The Observer. But I do think that what they’re doing, in the small town of Holywood, just outside Belfast, is noble. Pearson Morris (chef) and Saul McConnell (front of house) have not set out to reinvent the wheel. Their aim is simply to “feed you in as classy and tasteful a way as possible, making as much as they can of the cracking ingredients in their reach”. A brisk salad of picked white crab with peanuts, ginger, chilli and coriander is “fresh and sweet and salty and invigorating”. A pea soup flavoured with mint, spring onions and the “lactic push of buttermilk” is “soothing and hearty”. A simple but perfect classic white risotto is “£6.50 of pleasure”. Six (local) langoustine are spectacular value at £12. And mains of rib-eye and aged lamb are excellent, too – as are the “detailed”, indulgent desserts, which include a “picture-book slice of frangipane tart”. Do eat here. Meal for two, including drinks and service, about £90. Xu 30 Rupert Street, London W1 (020-3319 8147) According to its press release, this new Soho restaurant sets out to evoke “1930s cinematic Taipei”. “Nope, me neither,” crab “was, frankly, just chilli in a shell”. Oddly, there’s no pudding menu yet. I didn’t mind too much: this place is just a “couple of tweaks” away from being “truly excellent”. And unlike its stablemate Bao, it’s bookable. Dinner for two, about £70, without alcohol (or pudding). Noble: “classy and tasteful” says Matthew Bayley in The Daily Telegraph. What I do know is that it is stunningly beautiful: art-deco curves, grooved dark-wood panelling, ceiling fans, and green and pink leather banquettes. And the food, for the most part, is just as splendid. Cuttlefish toast was fresh, inky black and deeply salty, with whipped cod roe smoothly intensifying the flavour, while a “vibrant and gorgeous” dish of sweet tomato pieces and “almost crispy” smoked eel had us “spooning the leftover juices out of the bowl”. Our mains were more mixed. Char siu Ibérico pork, with leeks and sesame, was “fantastic”, but egg drop Recipe of the week Beetroot and quail eggs have a distinctly English feel to them, as does buttermilk, says Annie Bell. The last is an underused ingredient that we tend to save for soda bread and scones, but it is light and lively, thinner than yoghurt but with similar appeal, and it makes a great salad dressing Quail egg salad with buttermilk dressing Serves 2 For the dressing: 2 tbsps buttermilk 1 tsp soured cream sea salt 1 heaped tsp of finely chopped chives 1 tsp of finely chopped flat-leaf parsley 1 tsp of finely chopped basil For the pot: 2 heaped tbsps cooked beetroot (unvinegared), cut into 1cm dice 1 tsp balsamic vinegar 2 handfuls of lamb’s lettuce, roots pinched off 12 quail eggs, boiled for 2½ minutes, shelled and halved 2 heaped tsps of coarsely chopped roasted cashew nuts © PHOTOGRAPHY BY CON POULOS • To make the dressing, whisk the buttermilk, soured cream and a pinch of salt in a small bowl to blend, then stir in the herbs. • In another bowl, dress the beetroot with the vinegar and then drain off the excess. • Arrange the lamb’s lettuce on a couple of plates and scatter over the beetroot. Nestle the quail eggs between the leaves and beetroot, then spoon over the dressing and scatter with the nuts. The salads can be prepared a few hours in advance. • Tip: try sprinkling your salad with a little celery salt before eating – if buying cooked and peeled quail eggs, they may come with a sachet. Taken from The Modern Dairy by Annie Bell, published by Kyle Books at £16.99. To buy from The Week Bookshop for £14.99, call 020-3176 3835 or visit www.theweek.co.uk/bookshop Elliot’s 12 Stoney Street, London SE1 (020-7403 7436) Elliot’s, on the edge of Borough Market, serves sublime food, says Tim Hayward in the FT. On a recent visit, on the hottest June day in recent memory, I was drawn to a chilled melon gazpacho topped with lobster oil and a mound of fresh-picked crabmeat lightly shot through with dill. It was “cooling, sophisticated, light and so utterly beguiling that I ordered a second bowl while still snarfling through my first”. If you go there, you can expect any number of similar treats. Yet good as it is, what makes Elliott’s magnificent is not so much the food as the people who work there, and make the restaurant so welcoming. They were tested to the very limit when terrorists attacked the area last month. “Like everyone else in the market that night, they responded with inspiring courage and have recovered since with a spirit that humbles us all”. I’ve never been happier to commend to you a “restaurant I love”. Plates and sides, from £4 to £15. Wines for a barbecue The conventional wisdom is that barbecue drinking is all about “big reds”, says Fiona Beckett in The Guardian. Personally, I prefer lighter, fresher reds such as pinot noir, Beaujolais and the “bright, breezy and utterly delicious” South African Surfer’s Path Shiraz 2016 (£8, Morrisons). But for a more conventional barbecue wine, Aldi’s Exquisite Collection has the very decent Australia Shiraz 2015 for just £5.79, while Majestic has a similar shiraz for £5.99 in its new Majestic Loves… range – it’s not the most subtle of wines, but it’s cracking value and has a rather lovely label. If you’re cooking fish, try Tesco’s Côtes de Gascogne Blanc 2016 (£5), which has bright citrus and passion fruit aromas. And you can’t quarrel with the £4.69 that Aldi is charging for the easy-drinking Fire Tree Pinot Grigio Sauvignon Blanc 2016, from Sicily. The sauvignon adds a bit of personality to the pinot grigio, which in turn tones down the “pungent aggressiveness” of the sauvignon. “Fresh, zesty and it won’t break the bank. Job done.” For our latest offers, visit theweekwines.co.uk 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Consumer 36 LEISURE New cars: what the critics say Ford Fiesta from £12,715 Car magazine “Forget Mondeo man – we are now a nation of Fiesta folk.” The supermini is perennially Britain’s bestselling car, “a common sight on roads the length and breadth of the country”. But eight years on from the launch of this seventh-generation model, upmarket rivals such as the VW Polo and Seat Ibiza are nipping at its heels – so the “baby” Ford has been given a comprehensive makeover. Evo Ford hasn’t messed with the formula: the new Fiesta looks “a lot like the old car”, with the same swept-back headlights and rising waistline. Inside, however, there have been big changes. The old cabin felt “a touch last century”; this one is more slick and upmarket, with high-quality materials and a new tablet infotainment screen. It’s roomier, too, and has a slightly larger 292-litre boot. Auto Express Fiestas have always been good on the road – and this new model is as “easy to drive and live with as ever”. Riding smoothly, it feels supple and composed, and benefits from a great new steering system. The Fiesta has a “playful side”, too, enhanced by an engine that offers decent performance and a “characterful growl” – though the car is quiet otherwise. It may just be the best supermini around. The best… phones under £275 ▲ Doro 6050 This simple flip phone Do hone is des designed for elderly users. Useful eful featur features include hearing aid com compatibility and an assistance button that messages designated con contacts in an emergency; the keys are easy to hit, and the display easy to rea read (£90; www.doro.co.uk). Samsung Galaxy A3 The smallest Galaxy on the market, with a 4.7in screen, the sleek A3 is a superb all-rounder. It offers a 13MP camera, call quality is as good as you’ll find, and the battery gives 18 hours of talk time (£259 for a Sim-free handset; www.samsung.com). ▲ Cat B25 If you’re looking for a cheap, hardy phone to take to a festival or on a camping holiday, the B25 is a good choice. Waterproof and dust-proof, it can withstand drops of 6ft, and gives up to almost ten hours of talk time (£70 for a Sim-free handset; www.argos.co.uk). ▲ Motorola Moto G5 Motorola’s G series of smartphones has long earned plaudits for offering impressive features at a low price. The G5 boasts a 1080p display and excellent battery life – 19 hours of talk time or ten hours of browsing (£170 for a Sim-free handset; www.johnlewis.com). And for those who w have everything everything… Where to find… tours of English vineyards ● Keep all windows, curtains and blinds shut during the day to prevent heat seeping in. ● Try using a silk pillowcase – it will help keep your head cooler than a cotton one. ● Sleeping naked won’t necessarily make you any cooler. Cotton pyjamas will draw sweat away from the body, which helps transfer heat away from you – and counteracts the sticky feeling that can make it difficult to sleep on sweltering nights. ● Fill a hot water bottle with ice water, and put it between your sheets 30 minutes before you go to bed. You could also put frozen bottles of water in front of an electric fan, to cool the air it blows at you. ● Don’t point the fan directly at you, though: it could cause your muscles to cramp, giving you a crick in your neck. ● If you’re getting really desperate, you could cool your sheets in the fridge during the day, and remake your bed every night. But make sure they aren’t damp when you put them into the fridge. Protect yourself from hurricanes, earthquakes and even tsunamis with the Survival Capsule. Made from aircraft-grade aluminium, it’s equipped with bulletproof windows and air canisters, and can be designed to accommodate up to 16 people. from £11,660; www.survival-capsule.com Hambledon, in a “beautiful spot” in Hampshire, produces “exceptional” sparkling wines. During the summer, it offers tours on most Saturdays and the occasional Sunday (£15; www. hambledonvineyard.co.uk). Camel Valley, in Cornwall, hosts a "Grand Tour" every Wednesday (until October), featuring tastings of at least five wines. There’s a shorter daily tour, too, and a sun terrace where you can order fizz by the glass (from £8.50; www.camelvalley.com). Bolney Estate, in the Sussex Downs, makes a “very creditable” pinot noir alongside the usual sparkling options. You can supplement its 90-minute taster tour with a visit to the “excellent” café (from £32 for two; www.bolneywineestate.com). Sharpham, a lovely vineyard in Devon, also produces award-winning cheeses. The wine tours range from a “Trek and Taste” to the four-hour “Sharpham Experience” (from £10; www.sharpham.com). SOURCES: DAILY MAIL/THE TIMES SOURCE: DAILY MAIL SOURCE: THE SUNDAY TELEGRAPH Tips of the week… how w to sleep during a heatwave ve THE WEEK 15 July 2017 SOURCES: T3/THE INDEPENDENT ▲ ▲ Nokia 3310 Revived recently, r to great excitement, this new n version of Nokia’s 2000 phone offers up to 22 hours of talk time. IIt’s certainly basic – it only supports 2G internet connectivity – but it does have a decent 2MP camera cam (£39 for a pay-as-you-go hand handset; www.vodafone.co.uk). Travel LEISURE 37 This week’s dream: Slovenia’s secret beaches Slovenia is not famed for its coastline, water is so clean that sea bream and says Joji Sakurai in the Financial Times. needlefish can be spotted “darting At just 30-odd miles long, it has never among the fishing boats”. Further out, been a draw for tourists, yet tucked divers can explore “a reef squirming away in the Gulf of Trieste, the with seahorses and exotic fish”, while “Slovene Riviera” boasts emerald in the distance, the Dolomites and waters, plunging cliffs, and pristine Julian Alps shimmer in the haze. beaches to rival any in the The Strunjan Nature Reserve, to Mediterranean. True, it has its the east of Piran, is home to the blemishes, but these are minor Adriatic’s highest sedimentary cliff, compared to the overdevelopment that fringed by a rocky beach where local has blighted some of its neighbours. As nudists can be found letting it all a country “obsessed” with conservation “hang out”. From here, a network and environmental protection, Slovenia of footpaths makes a sharp ascent mostly “gets things right”. into pine and cypress woods – an Piran: a place of “endless surprises” For centuries, the seaside town of “enchanted world of dappled light” Piran was part of the Republic of Venice. Today, it bears the – before opening up to reveal an enticing crescent of sand on “shrug-of-the-shoulders nonchalance” of a town that is blessed the shore below, its translucent blue waters sparkling in the with the “romance and elegance” of the Floating City, but sunshine. It’s a tough scramble down the 150 or so dirt steps, spared the mass tourism and ruinous prices. It’s a place of and most visitors don’t bother – so when you reach the bottom, “endless surprises”: medieval architecture, rugged nature trails, you may well find yourself all alone “in an Adriatic paradise”. summer concerts, extraordinary cuisine and “fascinating” salt For more information about Piran and the surrounding area, pans that produce world-class fleur de sel. In the harbour, the visit www.portoroz.si. Getting the flavour of… Hotel of the week Mexico’s El Chepe rail journey Gleneagles Resort, Perthshire Golf may be a “four-letter word” to city hipsters, but it’s still the biggest draw at Gleneagles, says Susan d’Arcy in The Sunday Times. Two years ago, the “team behind Hoxton Hotels” bought the rather “fusty” resort. Clearly, they saw potential “glamour under the grot”, not least the acres of marble and “peachy location”. After a renovation costing “undisclosed millions”, the 232-room hotel has “unveiled its new look”. Gone are the “swirly carpets” and “dismal” lobby, replaced by tasteful “mossy tones”, contemporary art, a “theatrical” whisky bar and bedrooms with “lighter, discreetly tweedy” fittings. Doubles from £265. 01764-662231; www.gleneagles.com. Stretching 400 miles from Los Michis on Mexico’s west coast to Chihuahua in the east, El Chepe – the Copper Canyon railway – is “one of the world’s great rail journeys”, says Catherine Jarvie in the London Evening Standard. The route takes 14 hours and climbs to more than 7,875ft, past lush, tropical rainforest, desert scrub and towering canyon walls. At each stop, women in embroidered costumes offer snacks and handicrafts through the windows. You can do it all in one go, or in “hop-on, hop-off segments”, staying in old silver-mining towns from which to explore forgotten churches, or hike to nearby waterfalls and hot springs. The Copper Canyon itself is deeper and wider than the Grand Canyon; “shimmering red in the afternoon light”, it’s “so vast, it boggles the mind”. Tickets about £75 each way. For timetables and booking, visit www.chepe.com.mx. Climbing Toubkal in a weekend Scaling North Africa’s highest peak is more challenging than “your average Sunday stroll”, says Joe Minihane in The Independent. Yet on a weekend trip with Much Better Adventures, you can conquer Toubkal’s 13,671ft “with the minimal of fuss” and be back at your desk on Monday. There’s a chance to “snoop around the souks” of Marrakech first, then you strike out for the mountain. A mule “laden with food” transports the night’s meal of lamb tagine and “litres of sweet mint tea”. Sunday morning brings a 4am start in thinning air and bitter cold, with rows of head torches bobbing in the dark. You have to suffer a bit for what lies ahead. But by dawn, the glorious peaks of the High Atlas “gleam in the morning light”, and it has all been worth it: the view is “magical”. Much Better Adventures (www.muchbetteradventures. com) has three nights from £269pp, incl. transfers, accommodation, guides and meals. Roman ruins without the crowds The Spanish town of Ronda has captivating Roman and Moorish architecture, but it can be hard to appreciate it when you’re “caught up in a crocodile of tourists following a guide with megaphone and flag”, says Sorrel Downer in The Guardian. Head 12 miles northwest, though, and you can have “an entire Roman town to yourself”. Acinipo is a “windswept site, full of rocks” and rubble, with a 2,000-seat amphitheatre that’s among the “best preserved” in Spain. The temples and baths suggest a once-bustling town, but with no guides or “reenactments”, you have to rely on your own imagination; and there are older, Neolithic remains besides. It’s “a priceless kind of time travel”. Open Wednesday to Sunday; entry is free. Visit www.andalucia.org/en for more information. Last-minute offers from top travel companies A historic hotel A 3-night stay at the historic New Hall Hotel & Spa, Sutton Coldfield, which once played host to Henry VIII, is £217pp b&b (2 sharing). 0845-458 0901, www.handpickedhotels. co.uk. Arrive 24 August. Short stay in Prague Jet off for a 3-night break at the Hotel Unic Prague, in the heart of this stunning city, from £339pp b&b, incl. Glasgow flights. 020-8974 7200, www.travelrepublic.co. uk. Depart 13 October. Russian tour Explore majestic Moscow and St Petersburg during a 7-night trip, with transfers by bus and train. From £1,095pp b&b (2 sharing), incl. Bristol flights. 01252-883702, www.explore. co.uk. Depart 2 December. The Australian coast Relax with a 6-night break at Seashells Resort Mandurah, a 45-minute drive from Perth. From £1,157pp (2 sharing), incl. London flights. 0871402 1545, www.travelbag. co.uk. Depart 28 August. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Obituaries 39 Auschwitz survivor and grande dame of French politics Simone Veil, who has died aged 89, was one of France’s most revered politicians, and arguably its greatest stateswoman. She was also a Holocaust survivor whose deportation to Auschwitz, in 1944, shaped her life, said The Economist. As a magistrate, she later worked to improve the living conditions of female prisoners, including those detained during the war in Algeria; as a minister, she pushed through laws giving women better access to contraception, and then fought a long battle for abortion to be legalised. Simone Veil 1927-2017 Last recorded on a convoy of Jews bound for Lithuania, her brother and father were never seen again. She and her mother and one of her sisters were sent to Auschwitz (a second sister, who’d worked for the Resistance, ended up in Ravensbrück). Simone avoided being gassed on arrival by pretending to be 18, and was used as forced labour instead, in a nearby Siemens factory. They were then transferred to BergenBelsen where, shortly before it was liberated, her mother died of typhus. By the time she was freed, Simone was so emaciated, a British soldier guessed she was in her 40s. She was 17. In the early 1970s, with thousands of Returning home with a “rage to live”, she pregnancies being terminated illegally every enrolled at university in Paris, where she met year, decriminalising abortion had the support Antoine Veil. They married in 1946, and had of a large majority of voters – yet it was bitterly three sons. Mixing in high-flying political opposed by many politicians in then president circles, he would become a senior civil servant, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing’s government. (Veil while she trained first as a lawyer and then noted that even as male deputies in the National took the highly competitive national exams to Veil: a “rage to live” Assembly were attacking her bill, they were become a magistrate, working in the ministry probably arranging illicit abortions for their girlfriends and of justice. One evening in 1973, President d’Estaing came to mistresses.) Even with her camp number (78651) still tattooed on dinner. The story has it that he was planning to invite Antoine her arm, she was accused of trying to perpetrate a genocide: one Veil to join his government – but gave the health ministry to deputy asked her if she wanted to “send children to the ovens”; Simone instead. Among her other efforts in that role was an antiswastikas were daubed on her car. Veil wept in private – but she smoking drive. It was not very successful, though she halved her did not give up. Abortion, she said, was something “no woman own habit to 30 a day. In 1979, she left her post to run for the resorts to lightly”. What came to be known as La Loi Veil (“The presidency of the European Parliament. The War had left her with Veil Law”), legalising abortion at up to ten weeks, was introduced a passionate belief in European unity; it was, she believed, the in 1975. The Socialist politician Pierre Mauroy described her as only way to ensure peace on the Continent. “the only man in parliament”, and there was talk that she might become France’s first female president, said The Times. In the Later, she returned to the French government, and also served as end, she had to content herself with becoming the first female the president of the High Council for Integration, and of the president of the elected European Parliament. Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah. In 2007, she published a memoir in which she wrote, bitterly, about France’s failure, for Simone Jacob was born in Nice in 1927, the daughter of an decades, to acknowledge its complicity in the Holocaust. The architect. She had a happy childhood, until the War started. Her Resistance fighters imprisoned by the Nazis were glorified as family managed to hide for a while, but in 1944 the Gestapo heroes, she said. By contrast, Jews were “nothing but shameful came for them. Simone had recently taken her baccalauréat, and victims, tattooed animals”. Antoine Veil died in 2013. She is to for the rest of her life she was haunted by the thought that it was be interred, with him, alongside Victor Hugo, Émile Zola and her giving her name to the examiners that led the Nazis to them. Marie Curie, in the Paris Panthéon. Radical poet who founded the Republic of Frestonia A playwright, poet, anarchist, actor, magician and “relentless scourge of the British Establishment”, Heathcote Williams, who has died aged 75, was a radical in the mould of Shelley and Byron, said The New York Times. Using every artistic means available, he vented his outrage at royal privilege, private property, consumerism, environmental degradation and the modern obsession with celebrity – among other targets. Heathcote Williams 1941-2017 length play, the critically acclaimed AC/DC, opened at the Royal Court in 1970, and then transferred to New York. He also ran the Ruff Tuff Cream Puff estate agency for squatters, and set up the Republic of Frestonia, an independent anarchist state in then yet-to-be gentrified Notting Hill, which issued its own passports and applied for membership of the UN. “There are no rules – just recast possibilities,” read one of the slogans he spray-painted on the walls. In the 1980s, he began writing book-length “investigative poems” on environmental themes, including Whale Nation, and Autogeddon, an attack on the car culture – a “humdrum holocaust, the third world war nobody bothered to declare”. These won him legions of admirers, though he did little to help market them. Born in Cheshire, the son of a lawyer, John Heathcote Williams was educated at Eton, and then read law at Christ Church, Oxford – but soon dropped out, and landed in London in the early 1960s. A mischievous figure, with a mass Williams: “there are no rules” of curly hair, he produced his first book, The In the meantime, Williams took a range of acting Speakers – about the characters who frequent Speakers’ Corner – roles, from Prospero in Derek Jarman’s The Tempest to the in 1964. Harold Pinter admired it so much that he advised him to psychiatrist in Basic Instinct 2, honed his magic skills and painted write a one-act play, The Local Stigmatic, which Al Pacino later prolifically. His last book, American Porn, was a collection of turned into a film. Meanwhile, Williams wrote for the radical poetry about Donald Trump. “If poetry isn’t revolutionary, it’s vegetarian magazine The Seed, and – with his girlfriend, Jean nothing,” he said in 2015. “Poetry is heightened language, and Shrimpton – helped found the sex magazine Suck. His first fulllanguage exists to effect change, not to be a tranquilliser.” 15 July 2017 THE WEEK CITY Companies in the news ...and how they were assessed CITY 41 Tesla: charging into the mass market Auto-entrepreneur Elon Musk celebrated his 46th birthday last weekend with a shiny new present, said Sherisse Pham on CNN Money. Musk is now “the proud owner of his company’s first mass-market electric car” – a gift from fellow Tesla board member Ira Ehrenpreis, who had bought “rights to the first production unit” as it rolled off the lines last week. Most of the other 300,000 punters who’ve paid deposits for the Model 3 – which, at $35,000, is nearly half the price of Tesla’s next-cheapest car, the Model S – will have to wait until the end of 2018. Will the Model 3 eventually prove as transformative as Tesla hopes? Wall Street reckons so, said Schumpeter in The Economist. Tesla is one of three Silicon Valley car firms (the others are Uber and Google’s self-driving car division, Waymo) each now reckoned to be worth more than either General Motors or Ford – although “all lose money and bring in no more sales in a year than Ford or GM do in a fortnight”. In their desperation to keep up, Detroit’s old-timers are ring-fencing their tech assets into divisions being promoted as “new Ford” and “new GM”, and splurging billions on investment. Their accounts “will not be pretty”. But if these units can capture “a speck of the glitter” that Musk “sprinkles over his loss-making firm”, they may “resuscitate their parents’ share prices”. Pearson: carving off Penguin Pearson “has sold off some of its best-known assets in recent years” – including the Financial Times and The Economist, said Kate Holton on Reuters.com. This week saw another carve-off. The 173-year-old British company, which reported the largest loss in its history in February, is set to raise a much-needed $1bn by selling a 22% stake in Penguin Random House to its German co-owner, Bertelsmann, which also has first option on Pearson’s remaining 25% stake when an 18-month lock-in period expires. The two owners have been making soothing noises about seamless continuity. But the move may not be universally welcomed at Penguin – “the world’s biggest publisher”, said Mark Sweney in The Guardian. Authors and staff “reacted uneasily” in January when Pearson indicated it might sell. The company plans to invest some of the cash in its core education business, which has been badly hit “by a fall in student numbers” in the US, said Simon English in the London Evening Standard. But it will also spend around £300m on buying back its own shares “to boost this year’s dividend”. Burberry: discount fashion Burberry’s new boss, Marco Gobbetti, was steeling himself for a stormy ride at the luxury group’s AGM on Thursday, says Nils Pratley in The Guardian. Shareholders are in revolt again about the luxury group’s largesse to its executives. To take a symbolic example, how on Earth does the fashion house justify giving senior management 80% discounts on Burberry fashions? That’s almost giving the stuff away. The perk isn’t big enough to put a dent in profits, but “it all adds to the impression that the sense of entitlement among Burberry’s well-dressed directors runs deep”. Gobbetti will be paid up to £7m a year and he also gets an £80,000 allowance for clothing, a car and travel. You’d hope he’d “be loyal to the brand when he needs a new mac”, without the added lure of a discount. Seven days in the Square Mile At the G20 summit in Hamburg, Donald Trump said that he expected a “powerful” trade deal with Britain to be completed “very quickly”. PM Theresa May added that China, India and Japan had also expressed a “strong desire” to forge “ambitious new bilateral trading relationships with Britain”. Under EU rules, formal talks cannot begin until after the March 2019 UK exit date. The CBI urged the Government to stay in the single market until a final Brexit deal is in force – even if it misses the 2019 deadline. The ONS reported that Britons are suffering the tightest squeeze on household incomes since 2011: real disposable income per head fell 2% year-on-year in the first quarter. The Bank of England warned banks not to mask financial risks as they did before the 2007 financial crisis. According to deputy governor Sam Woods, some lenders are meeting the “letter of regulation” in ways “designed to circumvent the spirit”. Royal Bank of Scotland agreed a £3.65bn settlement with the US Federal Housing Finance Agency for the sale of risky mortgage products: a separate hefty payment to the US Justice Department is expected later this year. Lloyds Banking Group is to scrap fees for unplanned overdrafts for 20 million customers from November. Shares in Snap, Snapchat’s parent company, fell below its IPO price for the first time. The company is struggling in an ad market dominated by Google and Facebook. Carillion collapse: why were the warnings ignored? Talk about reaping the profits of disaster, said City AM. Some 18 hedge funds bagged a total of around £80m on Monday when Carillion, the FTSE 250 construction and support services giant, issued a “monster” profit warning. Shares plunged 40% as the company wrote down the value of troubled contracts by a staggering £845m, dumped its chief executive, and admitted to trouble with “its banking limits”. There’s now a good chance it will need to raise cash via a “dilutive” rights issue. No wonder traders “have been bashing the ‘sell’ button like crazy”. of Carillion’s shares had been “shorted” by hedge funds betting they would fall, said Matthew Vincent in the Financial Times. Yet Carillion’s big institutional shareholders ignored the warning. “Not every short position is a sell signal,” but this collapse suggests that “long-only” investors should start taking them more seriously. What went wrong at Carillion? It’s the same old story, said James Moore in The Independent. After growing “fat” on easy UK government contracts, it “diversified” and rushed overseas. “Jacks of all trade, masters Carillion: building new hospitals of… well, it hardly needs saying.” Capita, As the sell-off continued on Tuesday, Carillion’s shares fell to Serco and others are in the same camp. They keep “falling flat on their lowest level since 2000. The company, which employs 47,000 their faces”, yet the Government shrugs its shoulders and carries people globally and is a regular nag in the Government’s stable of on with them. The National Audit Office warns that some of these outsourcers, is now worth far less than its £845m write-off. And “big guns” have become “too big to fail”. The Carillion saga is a there’s little hope of an immediate resurrection. At least a quarter wake-up call to investors. The Government should take heed too. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Talking points CITY 43 Issue of the week: managing the gig economy Companies such as Deliveroo and Uber have transformed employment for better and worse – creating a challenge for policymakers “In an age of robots, ride-hailing apps report’s aim is “to maintain the balance and artificial intelligence, it is quaintly between dynamism and fairness” in the paradoxical that the new face of labour market, said the Financial Times. humanity at work belongs to a sweaty “For the most part, it succeeds rather twentysomething weaving through traffic well.” Rather than “a fundamental shift on a bicycle with a plastic box of takein the law”, it argues for “greater clarity away food on his back,” said The Times. on rights and status”, identifying a new Yet technology is transforming work in class of worker – the “dependent “unexpected and unsettling ways”, and contractor” – who falls somewhere existing mechanisms are struggling to between an employee and the selfkeep up. Hence the new review of employed. The review wisely ignores employment practices by Matthew Labour’s call to abolish zero-hour Taylor, a former adviser to Tony Blair. contracts, arguing for their flexibility, The challenge that the “gig economy” but recommends a new minimum wage poses to policymakers is twofold. The premium for workers signed up to them. first is to ensure that it “empowers those who work in it”. The second is to enable Even so, Taylor’s proposals threaten to Deliveroo: “the new face of humanity at work” it to thrive without depriving the nation saddle a vital part of Britain’s economy of tax revenues. “The Taylor Review makes practical suggestions with a “major bureaucratic headache”, said Ryan Bourne on on both fronts. The worry is that the Government is too divided CapX. Worse, they could stifle “future innovation” by acting as and preoccupied to put any of them into practice.” a “significant barrier” for new market entrants. “Given an already fast-slowing economy”, it is questionable whether it No one doubts that this review is needed, said Nils Pratley in makes sense “to be taxing the growth” out of one of its few The Guardian. “Tales of abusive working practices… are no less thriving sectors, said Jeremy Warner in The Daily Telegraph. shocking for being familiar.” In recent testimony, a Parcelforce The Taylor Review acknowledges this, but has ended up as a driver told how he had been fined more than £400 “for being too “mishmash of half measures”. Many employers and economic sick to get to work for just one day”. Such stories should persuade libertarians “think it goes too far”; the unions believe “it doesn’t “even die-hard enthusiasts for the gig economy” that, too often, go nearly far enough”. The one certainty is that politics has the label “self-employed” is a cover for exploitation. The Taylor shifted decisively leftwards. “Business is caught in the crosshairs.” The Ethereum crash: what the experts think suffered a 95% “flash crash” that saw the price briefly fall to ten cents before bouncing back. A few days later, it plunged again on a false rumour that its 23-year-old creator, Russian-born Vitalik Buterin, had died. Volatility in this febrile market is the name of the game. ● Out of the ether Forget Bitcoin, said Dana Blankenhorn on InvestorPlace.com. “The big cryptocurrency story of 2017” is Ethereum. The price of the digital currency, launched just three years ago, rose by a staggering Buterin: falsely rumoured to have died 5,000% from around $8 in January to a high of more than $400 in mid-June. But ● Coining it this week saw the “steam come out of the One reason for Ethereum’s “soaring rally”, said Paul Vigna in The Wall Street popularity” is its use as a “money-raising Journal. Following a big sell-off, Ethereum method” for start-ups, said Oscar has suffered a 50% fall from its record Williams-Grut on BusinessInsider. high, and some predict it may plunge So-called “Initial Coin Offerings”, or further. “Anything that goes up that far, ICOs – in which companies swap their that fast, has to have some sort of stock for Ethereum “coins” – have correction,” analyst Mati Greenspan prompted a rush of new investors. The of trading platform eToro told ICOs were “meant to take speculation BusinessInsider: this crash has been out of the currency”, but they “seem to “a long time coming”. have had the opposite effect”, said Blankenhorn. The rush of venture ● Just a correction? capitalists “has only made the whole So is this the beginning of the end for structure more volatile”. The fear now is digital currencies. Or at least this digital that there’s “a bubble in companies that currency? “Don’t be ridiculous,” said Jon took coins as their start-up capital, as well Shazar on Dealbreaker. “In the world of as the coins themselves”. Ethereum non-fiat money,” a 50% plunge is “just boosters reckon the currency could soon a little correction”. As Joseph Lubin of be worth $1,000 per token. That may be Ethereum specialist ConsenSys notes, worth a punt, long term. But the short“these markets move big when they term charts look “a mess”. move”. Just a few weeks ago, Ethereum Summer reads Andrew Hill of the FT rounds up his pick of business and finance books for the beach… The Spider Network by David Enrich (WH Allen £14.99). An absorbing account of the Libor rate-rigging scandal and its “brittle, childlike” central character, trader Tom Hayes, who was both perpetrator and victim. Faster, Higher, Farther: The Inside Story of the Volkswagen Scandal by Jack Ewing (Bantam £20). An accessible early account of how VW used illegal software to trick emissions testers – and then covered up its duplicity – with a focus on the carmaker’s “autocratic” former chairman, Ferdinand Piëch. The Golden Passport: Harvard Business School, the limits of Capitalism and the Moral Failure of the MBA Elite by Duff McDonald (Harper Business £25). “A compelling mixture of colourful history and cold-eyed criticism”, focusing on an institution whose professors and graduates often, in McDonald’s words, “present themselves as the solution to the problems they have helped cause”. The Wisdom of Finance, Discovering Humanity in the World of Risk and Return by Mihir Desai (Profile £12.99). “An entertaining quest to humanise high finance using literature, history and philosophy.” Desai shows how dry financial theories “shed light on life and relationships, and vice versa”. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK 44 CITY We must avoid a fish fight with Europe Editorial Financial Times Give us more women in venture capital Alexandra Frean The Times An expensive cyberbug cleanup Jim Armitage London Evening Standard “Pre-tirees” are the new teenagers Editorial The Economist THE WEEK 15 July 2017 Commentators A “fish fight” with Europe was bound to appeal both to Brexiteers and to Britain’s fishing communities, who have long complained about being unfairly limited by EU quotas, says the FT. Last week Environment Minister Michael Gove “fired his opening salvo”, announcing the Government’s decision to withdraw from the 1964 London Fisheries Convention, which allows vessels from six EU nations to fish within six and 12 miles of the UK coastline. In Gove’s view, “taking back control” will enable our fleet to “dramatically increase the amount of fish that we catch” and allow Britain to set its own quotas. The reality may not be so simple. Fish, after all, “do not respect international boundaries”; and “fishermen often do so reluctantly”. As well as the danger of depleting stocks if agreements are “torn up”, there is the practical question of how the UK will keep out foreign vessels. “Will they shoot at Spanish and French trawlers?” Fish are a “shared resource”. There’s no guarantee that UK fishermen will be better off, or that fish stocks will be better conserved, if we go it alone. The past few weeks have seen a “rash of stomach-churning public apologies” from Silicon Valley investors “unmasked for propositioning women who had approached them for financing”, says Alexandra Frean. It speaks volumes about the “boys’ club atmosphere” still prevalent in the venture capital community; yet research suggests that the bias “is often less visible and more deeply rooted”. Despite evidence that female-led start-ups perform as well, and frequently better, than all-male teams, women receive just 2% to 5% of venture funding and “tend to start businesses with 50% less capital than men” – often because (usually male) potential backers are instinctively more sceptical about their chances. A recent study in the Harvard Business Review found that venture capitalists tended to ask men “promotion questions” about the potential of their business to make gains, while women were asked “prevention questions” about the potential for losses. If we want more successful start-ups, it isn’t enough simply to encourage more female founders. “A more effective first step might be to boost the number of women in venture capital firms.” A new “front line” has opened up in the Ukrainian war, says Jim Armitage: “stink your enemies to death”. The recent Petya cyberattack was almost certainly an assault on Ukraine’s infrastructure, but it has also succeeded in starving the world of Air Wick and Dettol. Reckitt Benckiser, the consumer goods giant that makes them, reports that its factories remain disrupted following last month’s attack, and that sales will fall. The “collateral damage” sustained by Reckitt is a measure of “the complexity of cleaning up after a virus has got into your data”: checking every machine and computer in every network can take “weeks of work” in a major multinational. Perhaps the most worrying aspect of this “IT bomb” was the way it infected companies thousands of miles from Ukraine. “That randomness is what makes modern cybercrime so scary.” Preparing for an attack by a known opponent is much easier than “constantly fighting enemies more sophisticated than you, that operate arbitrarily”. After Petya, companies will redouble their efforts to keep all doors closed to these Trojan Horses. “We just have to accept that some will get through.” “What do you call someone who is over 65 but not yet elderly,” asks The Economist. There’s currently no good name to describe this category, and given the rapid growth in their numbers, we need one. By 2100, the ratio of “65-plussers” to “working-age” people will triple – a projection currently seen as “one of society’s great headaches”, because of the increasing dependency of the old on the young. The bigger point missed by the doom-mongers is that those extra years of life are “predominantly healthy ones”. In the rich world at least, “many of the old are still young”: they want to work, if more flexibly, and they want to spend money too. The current “binary” way of thinking, “seeing retirement as a cliff edge over which workers and consumers suddenly tumble”, bears little relation to the real world. Governments and companies should take note. Finding a word to describe “youthful old age” as a distinct phase of life – how about pre-tiree? – might sound like a frivolous exercise, but it could have as powerful an impact on attitudes as the emergence of “teenagers” in the 1940s. City profiles Natalia Veselnitskaya Who exactly is the mysterious Russian lawyer who met the US president’s son and son-in-law at Trump Tower last year? The Kremlin claims ignorance, said Russia Today. “We don’t know who [she] is and, obviously, we can’t track the meetings of all Russian lawyers at home or abroad,” said a spokesman this week. That might be reasonable given Veselnitskaya’s official profile as a run-of-the-mill criminal defence lawyer with a practice in suburban Moscow. But how was such an obscure individual ever in a position (allegedly) to promise the Trumps dirt on Hillary Clinton? And what was in it for her? It turns out that the “expensively dressed” Veselnitskaya is linked to one of the murkiest sagas in US-Russian relations, said Max Seddon in the FT. Last year, she flew to New York to represent a “family friend”, Denis Katsyv, accused of laundering the proceeds of a $230m fraud – against the Russian treasury – into US property. That alleged fraud – dating back to 2007 – became a “cause célèbre” after it was exposed by the accountant Sergei Magnitsky, “who died in prison in Russia in mysterious circumstances” in 2009, following his arrest by the officials he’d accused of the crime. A later campaign by Magnitsky’s employer, hedge fund manager William Browder, led to the Magnitsky Act, imposing US sanctions against those individuals. Browder thinks that Veselnitskaya had “one, clear unequivocal objective” when she met the Trumps – to get the Act repealed. “There’s no mystery about her background,” he said, or her “sketchy CV”. Shares CITY 47 Who’s tipping what The week’s best buys Directors’ dealings Ricardo The Times The engineering consultant is wisely reducing reliance on its passenger car arm, in the face of growing uncertainty for UK car manufacturers. Its diversiﬁcation into rail, energy and the environment looks timely. Buy. 779.25p. St Modwen Properties Investors Chronicle The regeneration specialist is “recycling” smaller assets to focus on bigger commercial logistics projects, as well as housebuilding. Its “pipeline of opportunities” could generate around £115m of proﬁts. Buy. 356.9p. Dechra Pharmaceuticals The Times The veterinary pharma’s acquisition of US drug maker Putney has deﬁed expectations, thanks to favourable exchange rates since the referendum. Dechra’s US revenues are up 125%; European revenues by just 7%. Buy. £16.84. Saga Investors Chronicle The over-50s specialist is improving cash generation and reducing debt. It has a good spread of retail broking businesses (motor, home, travel), and is beneﬁtting from strong demand for cruises. Yields 4.7%. Buy. 208p. SuperGroup The Times The Superdry brand is a “wardrobe must-have” for a widening age group across a total of 189 countries. The focus on sportswear bodes well, as does expansion into China. Sales are up 12.7%; proﬁts by 18%. Buy. £15.59. Melrose Industries 260 240 220 2 directors sell 8m 200 Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul News that three co-founders and the ﬁnance director are to receive scrip bonuses (free shares), worth £40m apiece, prompted a general cash-out. FD Geoffrey Martin sold six million shares for £14.2m; VC David Roper sold £5m worth. …and some to hold, avoid or sell Form guide Barclays Sharecast Macquarie has maintained its “underperform” stance, on worries that softer revenues in the lender’s investment banking arm will weigh on capital return. Rising litigation costs could top £2.5bn. Sell. 204.2p. Imagination Technologies The Times The former Apple chip designer has long been a “horribly volatile stock” and has never paid a dividend. It remains highly speculative, but existing investors should hold for a potential upside, as a bid looks likely. Hold. 157p. Ocado Group Investors Chronicle The online grocer’s retail division has seen revenues from its active customer base grow 12.5%. But debt is rising and there are still no details about the plan for a major European retailer to license Ocado’s software. Sell. 292p. Dunelm Group Sharecast The acquisition of WorldStores has impacted on the homeware retailer’s proﬁt guidance. Deutsche Bank has lowered its target price, blaming a delayed break-even point and the ﬂagging up of £7m of exceptional charges. Hold. 581.5p. McCarthy & Stone Investors Chronicle After a hiatus following the referendum, momentum has returned to this retirement housebuilder. But the conversion of reservations into completions has slowed, and transactional volumes are lower. Hold. 165p. Porvair Shares Porvair develops ﬁlters for highly regulated industrial markets, including aviation, and enjoys predictable revenue streams. But thin margins and pedestrian growth make it hard to justify such a premium rating. Sell. 549p. Shares tipped 12 weeks ago Best tip Cranswick Investors Chronicle up 9.27% to £27.94 Worst tip Serica Energy The Mail on Sunday down 14.51% to 25.33p Market view “Financial markets seem to have entered frothy territory.” Mikihiro Matsuoka of Deutsche Bank sees trouble ahead. Quoted in the FT Market summary Key numbers numbers for investors Key investors FTSE 100 FTSE All-share UK Dow Jones NASDAQ Nikkei 225 Hang Seng Gold Brent Crude Oil DIVIDEND YIELD (FTSE 100) UK 10-year gilts yield US 10-year Treasuries UK ECONOMIC DATA Latest CPI (yoy) Latest RPI (yoy) Halifax house price (yoy) £1 STERLING 11 July 2017 7329.76 4004.57 21396.97 6178.10 20195.48 25877.64 1211.05 47.62 3.83% 1.35 2.37 2.9% (May) 3.7% (May) +2.6% (Jun) $1.283 E1.121 ¥145.544 Best shares Best and and worst performing shares Week before 7357.23 4019.63 21479.27 6110.06 20032.35 25389.01 1223.75 49.66 3.82% 1.33 2.35 2.7% (Apr) 3.5% (Apr) +3.3% (May) Change (%) –0.37% –0.37% –0.38% 1.11% 0.81% 1.92% –1.04% –4.11% WEEK’S CHANGE, FTSE 100 STOCKS RISES Price % change 1416.00 +4.12 EasyJet 813.00 +4.10 Standard Chartered 643.00 +3.21 RSA Insurance Group 584.50 +3.18 Barratt Developments 1265.50 +3.10 BHP Billiton FALLS Worldpay Group Next Pearson Convatec Group Mediclinic Intl. 376.00 3617.00 655.00 300.00 709.00 –7.84 –6.80 –4.73 –4.37 –4.19 BEST AND WORST UK STOCKS OVERALL 1.52 +235.16 Nu-Oil and Gas 77.90 –58.01 Carillion Source: Datastream (not adjusted for dividends). Prices on 11 July (pm) Following the Footsie 7,600 7,500 7,400 7,300 7,200 7,100 Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul 6-month movement in the FTSE 100 index 15 July 2017 THE WEEK SOURCE: INVESTORS CHRONICLE Britvic The Sunday Telegraph As Britain’s foremost supplier of still soft drinks, and PepsiCo’s sole UK bottling partner, Britvic can cope with the sugar tax and is enjoying overseas growth. Shares are up, but still trade at a discount to rivals’. Buy. 709.5p. 48 The last word Small pleasures Lori DeBacker drives a Mini crowded potted ferns and Cooper, owns a runt dog, crystal balls; pies rested and lives with her husband beside spiderwebs in a Victorian house whose suspended between artiﬁcial sitting room is outﬁtted with branches. Each item was three-quarter-scale furniture. ludicrously small, but there “A woman can sit in it, but were so many that almost a man would never dare,” none of the tabletop was she told me. “I just like visible. The room itself everything tiny. I’ve just was similarly ﬁlled to liked tiny all my life.” At the capacity. The conspicuous age of seven, bothered by abundance of delicate, the unrealistic food offered easily losable objects for Barbies, DeBacker forced everyone into a state decided to make her own of collective submission. out of clay. Her parents’ One lady would smile at friends were impressed and another and gingerly move began commissioning meals aside. “No, you go,” she’d for their own daughters’ say, and receive an dolls. Today, DeBacker, immediate nod of gratitude. who wears +300 reading glasses and a ring on every A woman approached ﬁnger, particularly enjoys DeBacker’s booth and creating minuscule cakes began talking about her and miniaturised versions of “fairy gardens” – little famous paintings. She once landscapes built outdoors, Lori DeBacker’s cabinet: making tiny things “keeps me from drink” made a replica of President with bitsy fountains and Rutherford B. Hayes’s house that ﬁtted in her palm. When I asked elﬁn furniture. Inclement weather had ravaged the gardens in her why, she looked at me like I was crazy. “To see if it could be recent years, she said, and so this last winter her husband had done,” she said. Making miniatures focuses DeBacker. “My constructed for her a more durable topography out of cement. mother always said this would drive her to drink,” she said, “but DeBacker listened attentively. The two women spoke of mosses I think it keeps me from it.” and broken pine needles, compared notes on which petite species were the hardiest. I asked if either of them ever incorporated I met DeBacker in Chicago, for three overlapping miniaturist bonsai trees into their designs. They turned to me simultaneously conventions. The fairs had attracted hundreds of vendors and and raised their eyebrows in dismay. “Way too big,” DeBacker makers and thousands of lifelong enthusiasts and collectors, who said. “Way, way too big.” assembled for a weekend to admire all things miniature. It is difﬁcult for me, in the “Miniatures are often more expensive It seemed as if every material presence of miniatures, not to object I had ever known was feel like a pervert. Tiny things than their full-scale equivalents. I saw on display, but shrunk. I saw have always ﬁlled me with a a tiny roll of receipt paper for $25” tiny eggs in tiny egg cups, a devious and urgent covetousness. pill-size bottle of bleach and “Delight” is too casual a word rolling luggage so small a dog could swallow it without incident. to describe it, and not at all physical enough. The ﬁrst and last In one hand I could easily hold a gumball machine, a hamster in a thing I ever stole was a Sudafed-size doubloon from a friend’s sawdust-lined cage, a Shaker chair, a jar of preserved pears, a pirate-themed Lego set. I needed it. More than 20 years have since tiger-skin rug with the head still on and a Giacometti-style bronze. passed, but preventing myself from buying Polly Pocket sets on eBay is a feat of near-constant diligence. Sometimes I slip up, The items were sometimes far more expensive than their full-scale though, see a tiny thing I simply must own, and breathlessly buy inspirations. A roll of receipt paper was $25, a birdbath $300. it. The lining of my handbag was once destroyed by the tines of I saw a bergère sofa for $1,250, and a stocked pantry for $1,525. several miniature forks that I kept stashed away for almost a I heard about, but did not see for myself, a piano supposedly week; on my mantelpiece sit lead soldiers and ceramic seals, a going for $9,000. With the glaring exception of a sheikh from single tiny radish, and a US passport smaller than a stick of Qatar – he is rumoured to come to Chicago each spring to amass chewing gum. They gather dust and puzzle friends. When I heard hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of miniatures – most of of a woman at the fair who hid her extensive miniatures collection the fairs’ attendees were women, long since retired. They wore at her son’s house so that her husband would never learn of it, I inexpensive clothing and carried faux-leather handbags. And here thought to myself, “Good idea”, and made a mental note to they were, spending their money on tiny objects modelled after maybe one day do the same. full-size items they could never afford. There is a masochistic ecstasy in seeing myself as a monster when Like the dozens of others that surrounded it, the surface of next to a miniature. A hand never appears more sun-ravaged than DeBacker’s display table was congested with what from a distance when cradling a tiny, ticking grandfather clock that is carved from looked like clutter, but became, on closer scrutiny, a an especially ﬁne-grained pearwood. Nothing compares more miscellaneous three-dimensional tapestry. Dogs and hedgehogs favourably to a hangnail than a christening gown for a doll’s doll, THE WEEK 15 July 2017 © THOMAS ALLEN What makes tiny things so fascinating, to adults and children alike? Alice Gregory – who has long nursed a secret passion for miniatures – spent a long weekend with fellow enthusiasts, examining the appeal of the small The last word made of embroidery thread so thin it must be sewn with acupuncture needles. Why should it be so fulﬁlling to see the detritus of everyday life made small? I don’t look twice at the recycling bin chained outside my apartment building; but diminish it – while recreating the rusty patina and scuffs and peeling municipal labels – and I’ll admire it, entranced, for what can feel like hours. It is the accuracy, the rightness, that is so rewarding. Miniatures disappoint only when they lack exactitude. Better a ﬂawless broom than a crudely carved cuckoo clock. 49 1:12 scale, meaning that a foot-long item in real life is an inch when miniaturised. It’s the same scale used for Queen Mary’s Dolls’ House, which was built in the early 1920s and has working lifts, hot and cold water, ﬂushing toilets, dovetail-jointed drawers in the maids’ quarters, and a cellar ﬁlled with real wine. Almost every miniaturist I met used this scale. “It’s just the right size,” Greg Madl, the promoter of one of the shows, told me. “If you go smaller, you lose something.” A retired teacher named Arlene Finkelstein agreed. She dissects Queen Mary’s Dolls’ House: set the standard for scale ﬂowers to ascertain their shapes and then recreates them in Japanese silk-crepe paper that she And exactitude is something we’re seldom given permission to purchases by mail from a man in Atlanta. Her roses are more relish. We’ve even been taught to distrust it. When we say a expensive than her tulips, because they have more petals; painter has “technical skills”, we mean that his or her work is not to achieve a saturated-enough blue, her hydrangeas must be creative; when we say an actor is a “good mimic”, we mean that pigmented with ink; she outsources the chrysanthemums, which their performances lack soul. It is a relief, then, to be in the are so delicate that their spikes must be cut with a laser. “The presence of precision – and to be allowed to like it. No fan or smaller the scale, the more imagination you have to use to collector of miniatures would describe their enthusiasm as interpret them,” she said. “If a ﬂower is too small, it’s really just soothing (the heart, in fact, races), but there is a restorative air the suggestion of a ﬂower.” about an enjoyment uncomplicated by interpretation. I met an archaeologist who made miniature ferns because blight The best aesthetic experiences are those that permanently heighten and bugs destroyed her real garden; I met a retiree who relished our standards of beauty and private feelings of exaltation. They her ability to put white rugs in a doll’s house bathroom, somecan be painful, forcing us to acknowledge how often in the past thing she’d never get away with at home. The hobby is gratifying we have accepted mediocrity. Stale sandwiches wrapped in to the degree that it solves real problems, however small they cellophane. Typo-ridden blog posts. Polyester underwear that might be to begin with. melts in the dryer. It often feels as though everyone is bad at their job and nobody tries. To spend time in the company of There’s an episode of The Twilight Zone starring Robert Duvall miniaturists is to be granted a reprieve from the world’s general in one of his earliest roles. He plays Charley Parkes, a Bartlebyshabbiness. Here is a group of talented people allergic to “good like virgin who lives with his mother. During his lunch break one enough”, dissatisﬁed with the generic, conﬁdent that time and day, he wanders into a museum near his ofﬁce and glimpses a attention will indeed yield something better than it reasonably miniaturised 19th century Boston townhouse. Its roof is gabled, needs to be. In bearing witness to the fruits of their labour, one the curtains are plush, and inside the tiny parlour sits a doll, posed cannot help but absorb some of the myopic gratiﬁcation. on the bench of a ﬁst-size grand piano. Charley peers in, and as his gaze settles, the doll begins to subtly sway, music tinkles out, “A psychiatrist once told me children like elephants and and the ﬁgurine becomes a real, though teeny, woman. Charley dinosaurs but also small things is transﬁxed, and he returns to because children live in a world the doll’s house day after day. “It is the accuracy, the rightness, that built by and for adults, so they He loses his job, then his appreciate other things that are appetite. Eventually, he is is so rewarding. Miniatures disappoint out of scale,” said Suzie Moffett, institutionalised. After being only when they lack exactitude” a retiree from Indiana. But there released, he seems, for a time, is something distinctly grown-up restored, but soon enough he about being attracted to tiny things. A good miniature – retreats back to the museum. We see him crouched in the dizzyingly precise, scrupulously proportionate – is an exercise in shadows, craning his neck around the dissected, diminutive dispassion no child could endure or appreciate. vestibules. “Dr Wallman says it happened because I needed a simple world I could understand,” he whispers into the shrunken Real children are rare in the miniatures world: the objects are too rooms, “but your world isn’t simple, is it? No world with people ﬁne, too expensive, to entrust to anyone inclined toward anything in it is.” And then he vanishes. The last shot shows him perched so reckless as play. I saw few children at the fairs, and the ones inside the house on a pencil-length settee, chatting lovingly with I did come across were closely supervised. “I feel sorry sometimes. his new girlfriend, in whose world he ﬁnally ﬁts. I see children come in with their mothers and grandmothers and of course they would like these things for their doll houses,” The fantasy is irresistible: if only all life’s challenges were said Lars Mikkelsen, a retired IT technician-turned-miniaturequestions of scale, if only they could be made manageable furniture maker. “But this is not the place to buy that.” through literal reduction. So many of the people I met seemed to believe such a thing was possible. I went to Chicago with the Just a few miles from the fairs, in the basement of the Art idea that miniatures could charm, seduce and supply short-term Institute of Chicago, one can visit the Thorne Miniature Rooms. distraction for those who wanted it. I left with the notion that Commissioned during the Depression by a Midwestern socialite, they were, for some at least, a form of pain management – the rooms are historically accurate dioramas of European and brilliantly literal and apparently effective. American interiors. In one, a spindly hunting dog sleeps in front of a medieval hearth. In another, half-full glasses of wassail are A longer version of this article ﬁrst appeared in Harper’s left abandoned on a banquet table. To their owner’s Magazine. Copyright © 2017 Harper’s Magazine. All rights speciﬁcations, the rooms were constructed at the now-standard reserved. Reproduced by special permission. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK What is the correct form if, after consenting to a sommelier serving you a mystery bottle, you then ﬁnd it virtually undrinkable? A friend recently had this happen in Beaujolais, where the sommelier insisted it was supposed to taste like that: thankfully he relented, and took it off the bill. It is not always easy for the uninitiated to tell a sommelier that the wine is off, but you should always stand your ground if you genuinely ﬁnd it unpalatable. Corked or spoiled bottles are less of a problem these days, especially with the introduction of screw tops, and I can assure you this won’t happen with Corney & Barrow’s Moulin-à-Vent, the grandest Beaujolais category of them all. In 40 years of buying wine from Corney, this has never happened to me – though if it ever did, I know they would do the right thing and immediately rectify the problem. The reds this month are all French, but from quite diverse parts of the country, and are all from different grapes. That is the magic of a wine – not only does it exhibit the characteristics of the grape variety, but it also expresses the dirt and climate where it’s grown. If you ever have the opportunity to drink old Moulin-à-Vent, jump at it, as after a decade or so it takes on the ﬂavours and depth of red Burgundy, despite it being from gamay, as opposed to Pinot Noir, grapes. In the whites, Chablis needs no introduction, while South African Chenin Blanc is arguably more exciting than its French equivalent. I ﬁnd that the Nelson Sauvignon Blanc has more in common with the Old World versions of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé than its more expressive and fruity New Zealand cousins. And this is why we adore interesting wines – for their ability to reﬂect their origins in such beguiling and individual ways. Enjoy. Le Faite Rouge Producteurs Plaimont 2013, Gascony It would be hard to miss a bottle of Le Faite Rouge, with its wax seal and label-free bottle with attached wooden tag. This small production wine is part of a revival by André Dubosc, a local who created a co-operative in the 1970s to revive the local grape varieties tannat and pinenc, which are used in the better-known Madiran wine. This wine has immense depth and surprising freshness, with spice and black fruits. Would successfully partner any robust dish or cheese. Chablis Domaine Vincent Dampt 2016 Chablis is the white Burgundy I drink most frequently, as I adore the steely gunﬂint backbone behind the fruit. Vincent Dampt has worked both throughout the region and in New Zealand, which perhaps explains the presence of a touch of opulence. The Chardonnay grapes here are at least 35 years old, and the wine has a delicacy that suggests it’s in the perfect drinking zone now. Perfect with seafood, it is well suited for summer drinking. Moulin-à-Vent Coeur de Terroir Domaine Labruyère 2014 Moulin-à-Vent is acknowledged as the leading commune of the Beaujolais region, with characteristics closer to old red Burgundy with bottle age. Consisting entirely of the gamay grape, this luscious wine has vibrant fruit ﬂavours, and although only a few years old, it has superb balance. While I am certain it will improve with age – why wait? The best 2015 Moulin-à-Vent I have yet tasted. Highly recommended. Old Vines Chenin Blanc 2015, Stellenbosch There is only half as much Chenin Blanc planted in France than in South Africa, where it is easily the most popular grape variety. Started more than 20 years ago, in the Stellenbosch region east of Cape Town, Old Vines is run by mother and daughter Irina and Fran Botha – and is South Africa’s sole “Women’s Empowerment Winery”. The wine is pale gold in colour and has a ripe peach and apricot texture, with a minerally edge to bind it. Drink now, or keep for a few more years for more depth of ﬂavour. Château Cadet 2013, Côtes de Castillon, Bordeaux Corney & Barrow are the exclusive agents for this great value wine – the ﬁrst effort by Louis Mitjavile – which is located on the same outcrop of soil as St Émilion. It is chieﬂy Merlot with a touch of Cabernet Franc, and has a beautiful mid-palate of blueberries and cherries. It will improve, but drink it now to get the vigour of a well-made young wine. This conﬁrms my belief in the value of drinking major minor wines, rather than the opposite. Nelson Estate Sauvignon Blanc 2016, Paarl Another excellent South African wine, but from further inland in the Paarl region; this award-winning wine is made by Lisha Nelson. Vines have been planted in this region since the 17th century, and this has none of the over-exuberance of some New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc – instead, it has a bright, herbaceous feel with an exquisite end note. A perfect summer wine. Order now with Corney & Barrow on 020 7265 2443 and quote “The Week” or visit TheWeekWines.co.uk Your details SELECT FROM OUR 12 BOTTLE CASES: Mixed Case Name Address Postcode Phone no. Email Case price Saving £160.00 £24.70 Mixed Whites £135.00 £20.80 Mixed Reds £185.00 £28.60 To order a 12-bottle case of a single wine, call us on 020 7265 2443. 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Discover something new with Corney & Barrow, who specialise in carefully selected, honestly priced wines 2 £3 er s, to ett rice ery up r b t p eliv ve ou ke d Sa th ar UK wi n m ee a fr th us pl The Week Wines Crossword 51 THE WEEK CROSSWORD 1064 This week’s w crossword winner will receive an Ettinger Ett (www.ettinger.co.uk) Brogue Collection 4-hook key case, which retails Collec at £125, £12 and two Connell Guides (www. connellguides.com). connel An Ettinger Brogue Collection key case and two Connell Guides will be given to the sender of the first correct solution to the crossword and the clue of the week opened on Monday 24 July. Send it to: The Week Crossword 1064, 2nd floor, 32 Queensway, London W2 3RX, or email the answers to email@example.com. Tim Moorey (www.timmoorey.info) 1 ACROSS 1 Wise guy passing through American customs (6) 5 Move on Kennedy perhaps planned financially (8) 9 A very quiet finish with desserts as extras (10) 10 Current bishop’s office that is now clear (1,3) 11 Constant publicity surrounding state bodies (8) 12 Raised above the ground, not at home one’s heard (6) 13 Painter’s pulse beginning to increase (4) 15 Advocate entry to a complex (8) 18 Second-class boss admits a fool (8) 19 Heard couples spotted wild cat (4) 21 Secret police force succeeded in arrest (6) 23 Where you’d find lags recorded (2,3,3) 25 Blubber about leader in Sunday Express (4) 26 A digit flush and comparatively lacking in feeling (4,6) 27 Islands of female grooms? 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Printed by Wyndeham Bicester. Distributed by Seymour Distribution. Subscriptions: 0330-333 9494; firstname.lastname@example.org. 15 July 2017 THE WEEK Fuelled for results - that’s the FP CRUX European Special Situations Fund Return on £1,000 invested 1 year 2 years 3 years 4 years 5 years Since launch* - 30.06.17 CRUX European Special Situations Fund £1,285 £1,469 £1,592 £1,754 £2,379 £2,750 Sector average : IA Europe ex UK £1,292 £1,349 £1,405 £1,600 £2,106 £1,991 Index : FTSE World Europe ex UK £1,290 £1,369 £1,384 £1,611 £2,059 £1,950 Cash : Bank of England Base Rate £1,003 £1,008 £1,013 £1,018 £1,023 £1,037 Source: FE © 2017, bid-bid, £1,000 invested, cumulative performance to 30.06.17. *Launch date 01.10.09. †Bid-bid, TR, 30.06.16 - 30.06.17. High performance active asset management As demonstrated by the table above, the strong active management of CRUX’s European Special Situations Fund has signiﬁcantly outperformed the passive approach of European equity trackers. High performance active management can make a huge difference in terms of returns and can have a big impact on helping you meet your long-term investment ambitions. If you’re investing in Europe, consider putting CRUX in the driving seat. The managers have delivered in both rising and falling markets and in the last 12 months, a period when Europe has been seen as ‘out of favour’ with investors, the fund has returned 28%.† Past performance is not a guide to future returns. The value of an investment and any income from it are not guaranteed and can go down as well as up and there is the risk of loss to your investment. Consult your ﬁnancial adviser, call or visit: 0800 30 474 24 www.cruxam.com Fund featured; FP CRUX European Special Situations Fund I ACC GBP class. The Henderson European Special Situations Fund was restructured into the FP CRUX European Special Situations Fund on 8 June 2015. Any past performance or references to the period prior to 8 June 2015 relate to the Henderson European Special Situations Fund. This ﬁnancial promotion is issued by CRUX Asset Management, who are authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority of 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. A free, English language copy of the full prospectus, the Key Investor Information Document and Supplementary Information Document for the fund, which should be read before investing, can be obtained from the CRUX website, www.cruxam.com or by calling us on 0800 304 7424. For your protection, calls may be monitored and recorded.