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BRITISH TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS

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Министерство образования и науки
Архангельской области
государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение
среднего профессионального образования
Архангельской области
«Котласский педагогический колледж»
Подольская Мария Андреевна
специальность 050146 «Преподавание в начальных классах»
обучающаяся 3 курса, 32 «А» группы
Руководитель проекта – Шелыгина Татьяна Алексеевна
Обычаи и традиции
Великобритании
BRITISH TRADITIONS
AND CUSTOMS
PLAN
1. INTRODUCTION
2. CALENDAR OF BRITISH
TRADIONS
3. SOURCES
Official holidays in Great Britain are not so
numerous, but if you look at the calendar of
traditions and customs, each month you can find
something unusual and that is certainly worth
participating in. Let's take a look at the calendar.
January
A well-known custom of Great Britain is the New year.
At the night of the 31st of December to the 1st of January residents
of London gather in Trafalgar square.
Here they are celebrating, dancing
and having fun,
meeting together a new year.
January
If after the clock strikes 12 and will
announce the beginning of the New year,
the first guest in the house is a young man
with dark hair – the year will be successful.
The guest brings bread, coal, a pinch of
salt, as symbols of food, warmth, wellbeing.
January
Usually the first visitor, entering the house,
quietly goes to the fire – the heart of the house and throws down the coal, and then congratulations and wishes. The first guest must
be well treated.
February
In February Shrovetide is celebrated in
Britain. Recently, from traditional three
days earlier widely celebrated only
confessional Tuesday (Fat Tuesday),
which are called Pancake Day. This day
falls between 3 and 9 February in
different years.
February
14th February - St. Valentine's Day.
Children exchange red hearts-Valentines cut from
cardboard and adults present their lovers cards,
sweets, romantic gifts, flowers, chocolates,
expensive clothes, perfumes and jewelry and
sometimes rings symbolizing marriage.
The restaurants in the evening are usually
overcrowded with loving couples.
March
Mother's day in great Britain is very
similar to the 8th of March in Russia. On
this day British children give flowers to
their mothers and do all the housework.
On this day it is customary to serve a cake
decorated with 12 balls of marzipan. It
symbolizes the 12 signs of the zodiac.
April
At Easter the whole family, Sunday
lunch: baked lamb with lots of
vegetables, a simnel cake and painted
eggs. On Sunday morning tea is served
with hot cross buns.
April
Also in April in Liverpool one of
the most important events – a
horse race is held in Easter week.
April
One of interesting
traditions – a rowing
competition between
students of Oxford and
Cambridge. Every year
on Easter Sunday they
compete for the prize.
May
On the last Monday in May the
British have so-called Spring Bank
Holiday. Also on this day, which is
sometimes called the Day of
spring, there is a flower festival
and all the houses and streets of
England are adorned with flowers.
In the morning on the streets you
can see costumed processions with
flowers and branches of flowering
trees.
June
On the second Saturday of June the whole
country celebrates the Queen's Official
Birthday.
More specifically, the birthday of Her
Majesty can be observed in the first, second
or third Saturday of June.
July
On July 15, they celebrate the
Day of Saint Swithun. With a
special emphasis English people
watch the weather – a long-lasting
tradition dictates that what the
weather is like on the Day of
Saint Swithun, such weather there
will be the next 40 days.
August
In Great Britain and some other countries
today there is a international day of
lefthanders. It was first observed on the
13th of August, 1992. The initiative belongs
to the British left-handers Club.
October
One of the most popular and entertaining
holiday - Halloween. On the 31st of October
each year the children put on fantastic
costumes, go from house to house and collect
different candies and treats.
November
The Night of the Fire ranks high
among the traditions and customs of
Great Britain for its connection with
history.
On the 5th of November children
make various ancient figures from
sackcloth, straw and old clothes,
throw them into the fire and lit
fireworks.
December
Christmas in Britain is celebrated
on the 25th of December. On
Christmas Eve children hang socks
above the fireplace or bed, hoping
that something will fall there.
Christmas is a holiday for the whole
family, but mostly children are
waiting for it. They are waiting for
presents.
When you look at the calendar of
traditions and customs in Great
Britain , they are very interesting
and different. Each month, their
traditions and customs.
Cписок использованных источников
информации
http://addressanglia.com/tradicii-i-obychai-velikobritanii.html
http://www.calend.ru/holidays/greatbritan/
http://www.tur-tips.ru/
Автор
natashkasavina
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