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George Orwell

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George Orwell
Спо «Свирский электромеханический техникум»
Проект выполнил студент первого курса электоромеханического
Отделения , по специальности Электрохимическое
производство , Мащенко Роман Сергеевич
Руководитель проекта учитель английского языка
Сидорова Галина Василевна
George Orwell
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Биография
Творчество
Знаминитое произведение
Отношение к СССР
Книга о политике
Интересные факты из жизни
Награды писателя
George Orwell (George Orwell)
- pseudonym of Eric Arthur
Blair.
Orwell was born in 1903 in
Motihari (some sources
mention Bombay) in Bengal.
He was the second child in
the family. Father, Richard
Volmsli Blair, the
representative of an
impoverished noble family,
was an employee of the
Indian Customs, and his
mother, Ida Mabel Limnozin
- daughter tea merchant.
Ironically associated himself with
"Lower stratum of the upper middle
class"
Later in the essay "Why I
Write", recalled that at
Eton defined circle lit.
passions - Swift, Sterne,
Jack London
Early books are
autobiographical
"A dog's life in London
and Paris"
1933
"Burmese weekdays"
Published in 1934then
novel
"Daughter of a priest"
1935
Documentary book
"The Road to Wigan Pier,"
1937
Criticism of British socialism
Essay: «The Art of Donald
Machila»
«Weekliesfor boys»
Orwell wrote to a friend:
"I have witnessed the amazing things, and finally, really
believe in Socialism, which was not there before"
"In honor of Catalonia"
1938god
The novel "In the breath
of fresh air"
1940
"Animal Farm" 1944
"The Tale of the political
value"
"Anti-Stalinist character
of the book"
satirical dystopia
Yevgeny Zamyatin "We"
(1920)
Aldous Huxley's "Brave New
World" (1932)
Dzh.Oruell "Animal Farm"
(1944)
In his essay "Why I Write":
"Every line, written in 1936 was directly or indirectly,
against totalitarianism in favor of democratic
socialism, as I understand it."
XX Century, "1984" George Orwell
XVII century, "Leviathan" by Thomas Hobbes
"Who in a civilized society should have the authority,
and what is the attitude of society to the rights and
duties of the individual."
In a letter to Struve:
"I am very interested in this
kind of literature, I even
take notes himself for his
own book, which I will
write sooner or later"
"One State"
"Skillful heavy hand of
the Benefactor"
"An experienced eye
Keepers"
"It is absolutely exact
solution of happiness"
Aldous Huxley "Brave New World"
"Era of Stability"
"The community of the
same, Stability"
"But, to our shame, in" 1984 "conjectured much of our
modern Russian history. Certain passages of the novel
almost exactly coincide with samples of our best
journalism, told about spy mania, denunciations and
falsification of history "
«1984»
War is peace
Freedom is slavery
Ignorance is power
"Prose should be as
transparent as glass"
Essay "Shooting an
Elephant"
"Politics and the English
Language"
George Orwell's book "1984" - a
science fiction novel about a
political issue. In dark colors drawn
future world, dividing it into three
great superpower, one of which is
"Eurasia" is absorbed by Russia
Europe. Portrayed the brutal and
merciless destruction of women
and children during the war. The
book was not published in the
Soviet Union, can not be spread.
Eric Blair was one of the best book
reviewers 20th century. Some of
his review: "Review of" Mein
Kampf "(Adolf Hitler)," "Review
of" WE "(EI Zamyatin)", "Preface
to the collection," "Love of Life"
and Other Stories "(Jack London)
"," benefit of clergy (Salvador
Dali), "" Mark Twain - Jester
"Politics vs. literature - Gulliver's
Travels," "Review of" Heart of the
Matter "(Graham Greene)" ...
Despite the fact that many perceive the works of Orwell's
satire on the totalitarian regime, the writer authorities
have long suspected of close ties with the Communists.
As shown declassified in 2007 dossier on the writer, the
British MI-5 counterintelligence since 1929 and almost
until his death in 1950 led tailing him. For example, in
a note file, dated January 20, 1942, the agent Sergeant
Ewing (born Sgt Ewing) Orwell describes as follows:
1984 Prometheus Awards (Award
"Prometheus", USA) in the "Hall of
Fame" for his novel "1984"
1989 "The Great Seal" (USSR) for his
novel "1984"
1996 Award "Hugo" in the nomination
"Novel" for his novel "Animal Farm."
Prize awarded retrospectively - for the
year 1946.
Литература
1. Оруэлл Джордж, Дьерн Даллош. "1984", "1985" -
М. Диалог, 1993.
2. Оруэлл Джордж. "1984" и эссе разных лет. М.:АСТ, 1991.
3. Оруэлл Джордж. Окотский уголок. Антиутопии
ХХ века. - М.Наука, 1989.
Автор
shilnikovm
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