Обычаи и традиции: мост от прошлого к будущему. Котов Вадим Сергеевич ГОУ СПО Таштагольский горный техникум Эксплуатация и ремонт электрического и электромеханического обородования Очное отделение 2 курс Руководитель проекта : Губарева И. В. 1)Tea 2)Ghosts and Witches 3)Guy Fawkes' Night 4)Cricket 5) The Tower 6) Parliament 7) Trafalgar Square Introduction When I hear the word "England", I remember its traditions and customs. The images of the British Parliament and the traditional cricket play emerge in my mind. I feel the smell of strong English tea. This presentation will tell about it. Tea The English know how to make tea and what it does for you. Seven cups of it wake you up in the morning; nine cups will put you to sleep at night. If you are hot, tea will cool you off, and if you are cold, it will warm you up. Ghosts and Witches Guy Fawkes' Night However, one of the plotters spoke about these plans and Fawkes was discovered, arrested and later hanged. Since that day the English traditionally celebrate 5th November by burning a dummy, made of straw and old clothes, on a bonfire, at the same time letting off fireworks. Cricket English people love cricket. Summer isn't summer without it. Every Sunday morning from May to the end of September many Englishmen get up very early, and take a lot of sandwiches with them. It is necessary because the games are very long. The Tower Every night at 21.30 at the Tower of London the Ceremony of the Keys or locking up of the Tower for the night takes place. It goes back to the Middle Ages. Five minutes before the hour the Headwarder comes out with a bunch of keys and an old lantern. He goes to the guardhouse and cries: 'Escort for the keys'. Then he closes the three gates and goes to the sentry, who calls: 'Halt, who comes there?' The Headwarder replies: 'The Keys'. 'Whose Keys? demands the sentry. 'Queen Elizabeth's Keys', comes the answer. 'Advance Queen Elizabeth's Keys. All's well'. The keys are finally carried to the Queen's House where they are safe for the night. After the ceremony everyone who approaches the gate must give the password or turn away. The annual opening of Parliament in November involving the Queen is very colorful ceremony. The first meeting of the House of Lords is the official start of the new political year in parliament. It is unfortunately not available to the public, but the TV these days may well compensate for this. Trafalgar Square October 21 - Day of the Navy. This day is the traditional parade, street procession from the Mall to Trafalgar Square. End celebrations at the column Admiral Nelson, British admiral of the Navy, who was killed in the Battle of Trafalgar, in which he fought against Napoleon. In conclusion I would like to say that Britain has more living symbols of its past than many countries .It still has a royal family and a small nobility. Its capital, other cities and countryside have preserved many ancient palaces , castles , and cathedrals. These symbols are a true representation of the glorious past. The British are very proud of their customs and traditions and keep them very carefully. These customs and traditions tie the Past and the Future. It is a way to distinguish themselves from foreigners. I think that they are really worth seeing and speaking about. http://images.yandex.ru http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki http://www.coolreferat.com http://www.livelib.ru/tag Голицынский, Ю.Б. Великобритания [текст] : пособие по страноведению для старших классов гимназий и школ с углубленным изучением английского языка / Ю.Б. Голицынский. – СПб.: КАРО, 2004. – 480 с. Ощепкова, В.В. О Британии вкратце [текст] : Книга для чтения на англ. языке в старших классах средней школы / В.В. Ощепкова. – М.: Новая школа, 1997. – 176с.