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Патент USA US2056842

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Oct- 5, 1936-
B. EDGECOMB
24356342
HIGHWAY GUARD
Filed July 19, 1955
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.iz’atented Oct. 6, 19353
2,056,842
UNlTED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,056,842
HIGHWAY GUARD
Bert Edgecomb, Binghamton, N. Y.
Application July 19, 1935, Serial No. 32,135
6 Claims. (01. 256—13.1)
This invention relates to a highway guard and
more especially to guard rails for highways.
One object of the invention is the provision of
a guard which will afford reliable protection to
5
10
G:
20
25
automobile, consists also of second hand rail
road rails. The lengths of the rails used for
this guard railing will be such as are usually
provided in railroad work, and it will not be nec
vehicle tra?ic at one or both sides of a highway essary to cut them to suit my invention since
by positively eliminating the possibility of an ac
one such rail 6 will be secured at different points
cident by running off the roadway.
of its length upon a series of the spaced apart
Another object of the invention is the pro
posts 5. It will also be evident that wherever a
vision of a device in which the vertical support- ~ curve appears on the road along which my guard
ing posts as well as the railing proper secured is provided it will only be necessary to give the 10
thereto are made of railroad rails, whereby erec
side rail 6 a bend by means of the well known
tion of the guard is permissible without the tools usually provided for that purpose in order
necessity of drilling either the posts or the side to match the curve on the road.
rails and whereby it is possible to provide for
The side rails 6 are gripped upon the Vertical
expansion and contraction of the parts due to posts 5 by means of an upper clampv ‘l and a
lower clamp 8. These clamps or straps are gen
climatic changes, while, at the same time, af
fording a continuous smooth side to the roadway. erally U-shaped in a horizontal plane, having a
A further object of my invention is the pro
saddle portion l6 which ?ts against the back of
vision of a device which is extremely simple in the larger ?ange ill of the vertical rail 5, and
construction, thoroughly reliable and efficient in turned-in portions or ?ngers II and I2 at the 20
its purpose as well as strong, durable and in
ends of the arms l3 and I4 of the U, which ?n
expensive to manufacture and install.
gers are adapted to grip the inner face of the
Still another object of the invention is to make larger ?ange l5 of the side rail 6.
In order to provide for expansion and con
a practical use of second hand railroad rails
whereby the cost of practicing my invention is traction of the side rail 6, due to climatic varia 25
kept unusually low without depriving my im
proved device of its reliability, ruggedness and
- long life.
With these and other objects in view, my in
tions, ample space has been provided at I1 and
I8 by locating the clamps ‘l and 8 on the ver
tical posts 5 a suitable distance apart. This
distance is constantly maintained by means of
30 vention consists in the features of construction,
a spacer H), which consists of a metallic plate 30
combination and arrangement of parts, as will
be hereinafter described, illustrated in the ac
?tted against the back of the larger ?ange 2B
of the post 5 and substantially equal thereto
in width. This spacer I9 has reduced edge por
tions 2| and 22 at its extremities, wedged be
tween the saddle portions l6 of the clamps ‘l and 35
8 and the back of the larger ?ange 20 of the post
companying drawing and more particularly set
‘forth in the appended claims.
In the drawing,
__
Figure 1 is a plan view of the structure looking
down from the top of one of the vertical posts;
Figure 2 is an elevation thereof;
Figure 3 is a section along line 3—3 of Fig
40 ure 2; and,
Figure 4 is an elevation, with parts shown
in section, of a modi?cation of my invention.
Referring in detail to the drawing, wherein
similar reference characters are applied to sim
45 ilar parts, 5 designates a vertical side post, cut
to suitable length from a preferably second hand
railroad rail and ?xed to the ground preferably
by being driven therein by means of a pile driver.
It will be understood that there will be a series
50 of these posts along each edge of the road and
that they will be spaced apart a suitable dis
tance.
The railing proper 6, which is adapted to be
secured to the vertical posts 5 at heights pref
5
erably slightly above the hub of the ordinary
5. In this manner shoulders 23 and 24 are pro
vided to maintain the desired spacing between
the clamps l and 8. For the purpose of gripping
the side rail 6 between the clamps l and 8, a
pair of bolts 25 and 26 are driven through cor
responding holes, such as 27 and 28 in the arms
l3 and M of the upper and lower clamps re
spectively, the bolts extending on opposite sides
of each vertical post 5, as shown in Figure 2.
Each bolt is provided with a head 29 whose under
face is ?ush with the top surface of the upper
clamp ‘l and a nut 30 is adapted to be driven on
the bolt thread, as shown in Figures 3 and 4,
until it is forced home against the lower sur- '
face of the lower clamp 8. By the means here
in described, it will be seen that the side rails
6 are held frictionally to the posts 5 without the
necessity of drilling holes through either the
posts 5 or the side rails 6. Consequently, my 55
2
2,056,842
,
construction is not weakened and it is ‘most
suited to the purpose of preventing vehicles from
leaving the roadway.
As stated above, the-side rails 6 are of a length
CI such as is used in ordinary railroad work. Ad—~
joining sections of side railing are secured to
gether by means of ?sh plates,’ as is also cus
tomary in railroad construction. The vertical
posts 5, however, are shorter than the usual
length of railroad rails and it is necessary, for
this work, to cut them to suitable length, pref
erably by means of an oXy-acetylene cutting
torch. This leaves the ends of the posts extend
ing above the ground with an unsightly appear
ance. I have, therefore, provided a cap 3| con
bracing the smaller flange 34 of the rail in which
case the clamp will be generally triangular in
shape instead of U-shaped. Similarly, the pair
of ?ngers H and I2 may engage the smaller
flanges 35 of the side rail rather than the wider
?ange 36.
I am aware that this disclosure will readily
suggest modi?ed constructions and combinations
of parts within the spirit of this invention, and
I, therefore, do not limit myself to the use of
the speci?c embodiment shown, but claim all
modi?cations fairly within the scope of the ap
pended claims.
What I claim is:
1. In a highway guard, a post, a railing and 15
sisting of a metallic plate, arcuate in shape, and, means for securing said railing to said post at
adapted to be ?tted over the'top of each vertical any point along ‘said post, said means including
post 5. Tongues 32 and 33 are struck from the a plurality of clamps, means for maintaining
center of the plate and bent downwardly to_fric- _ said clamps in spaced apart relation along paral
lel faces thereof, and means for holding said 20
20 tionally engage the web 34 of the post 5. This
arrangement not only enhances the appearance clamps on the post and said railing between said
clamps.
'
of the posts, but it also protects the whole as
2. A highway guard as set forth in claim 1,
sembly from the weather, since, as shown in
‘Figure 2, the cap extends beyond and shields wherein the post and railing are made of ‘rail
25
road rails.
the clamps, spacing plates and side bolts.
3. In a highway-guard, a ?anged post, a rail
Although only one side railing has been de—
ing, a plurality of clamps on said post arranged
scribed so far as being mounted on the vertical
posts, it is within the purview of my invention in ‘offset relation with respect to the vertical
to mount another or other railings any desired
distance ‘above or below the railing shown in
Figures 1 to 3. This is merely a matter of making
the vertical posts 5 of suitable height so that
they will carry one or more superimposed, paral
lel railings, facing on the same side of the road.
In such case, each railing will be mounted on
the posts by means of a plurality of pairs of
clamps, such as'my clamps l and 8.
At the present time, different lanes of vehicle
‘traffic are indicated by colored lines painted di
rectly on the road surface. Such lines will not,
‘of course, prevent overstepping from one lane
to another. I have, therefore, proposed to ar
range railings in the manner shown in Figure 4
so as to positively prevent interference between
tra?ic lanes.
451 different
In this instance, the
'
vertical posts 5 are lo
cated in the middle of the ‘road and they carry
'two series of side railings 6 mounted on the
' posts by means of the brackets described hereto
fore, but each series faced in opposite directions.
For this purpose, the brackets are simply se
axis of the post, means on said clamps for vfric
tionally engaging said railing, a spacing member 30
between said clamps having‘portions wedged be
tween said clamps and a ?ange of the post, and
means for maintaining the component elements
of the guard in frictional assembly.
4. In a highway guard, a vertical post, a ‘hori 35
zontalmember, a U-clamp straddling said verti
cal post and having downwardly extending ?ngers
from the arms of the U, a second U-clamp
straddling said vertical postand having upward
ly extending ?ngers, said horizontal members
being gripped between the ?ngers of said clamp,
a spacing element between the saddle portion of
the clamps to maintain the clamps in spaced re
lation, and means for holding said clamps’and
said horizontal member in rigid assembly'upon £15
said vertical'post.
V
V
5. A highway guard as set forth in claim 4,
wherein the holding means comprise bolts pro
vided with abutments on said clamps.
6. In a highway guard, a post, a railing, said 160
post and railing being made of railroad rails,
cured on opposite sides of the posts, otherwise . means for securing said railing to saidpost, ‘a
the construction is similar to that described solid cover on the top of said .post' extending
above.
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V
I also wish to point out that although the
55
saddle portions of my clamp are flush against
the wider ?ange ill of the post, the latter could,
of course, be turned around with the clamp em
over said securing means, and ?exible means on
said cover for securing the latter to the web of. 5
said post rail.
BERT EDGECOMB.
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