Патент USA US2056842код для вставки
Oct- 5, 1936- B. EDGECOMB 24356342 HIGHWAY GUARD Filed July 19, 1955 __ QMQW B er‘? E¢We00mb7 Gum/wing .iz’atented Oct. 6, 19353 2,056,842 UNlTED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,056,842 HIGHWAY GUARD Bert Edgecomb, Binghamton, N. Y. Application July 19, 1935, Serial No. 32,135 6 Claims. (01. 256—13.1) This invention relates to a highway guard and more especially to guard rails for highways. One object of the invention is the provision of a guard which will afford reliable protection to 5 10 G: 20 25 automobile, consists also of second hand rail road rails. The lengths of the rails used for this guard railing will be such as are usually provided in railroad work, and it will not be nec vehicle tra?ic at one or both sides of a highway essary to cut them to suit my invention since by positively eliminating the possibility of an ac one such rail 6 will be secured at different points cident by running off the roadway. of its length upon a series of the spaced apart Another object of the invention is the pro posts 5. It will also be evident that wherever a vision of a device in which the vertical support- ~ curve appears on the road along which my guard ing posts as well as the railing proper secured is provided it will only be necessary to give the 10 thereto are made of railroad rails, whereby erec side rail 6 a bend by means of the well known tion of the guard is permissible without the tools usually provided for that purpose in order necessity of drilling either the posts or the side to match the curve on the road. rails and whereby it is possible to provide for The side rails 6 are gripped upon the Vertical expansion and contraction of the parts due to posts 5 by means of an upper clampv ‘l and a lower clamp 8. These clamps or straps are gen climatic changes, while, at the same time, af fording a continuous smooth side to the roadway. erally U-shaped in a horizontal plane, having a A further object of my invention is the pro saddle portion l6 which ?ts against the back of vision of a device which is extremely simple in the larger ?ange ill of the vertical rail 5, and construction, thoroughly reliable and efficient in turned-in portions or ?ngers II and I2 at the 20 its purpose as well as strong, durable and in ends of the arms l3 and I4 of the U, which ?n expensive to manufacture and install. gers are adapted to grip the inner face of the Still another object of the invention is to make larger ?ange l5 of the side rail 6. In order to provide for expansion and con a practical use of second hand railroad rails whereby the cost of practicing my invention is traction of the side rail 6, due to climatic varia 25 kept unusually low without depriving my im proved device of its reliability, ruggedness and - long life. With these and other objects in view, my in tions, ample space has been provided at I1 and I8 by locating the clamps ‘l and 8 on the ver tical posts 5 a suitable distance apart. This distance is constantly maintained by means of 30 vention consists in the features of construction, a spacer H), which consists of a metallic plate 30 combination and arrangement of parts, as will be hereinafter described, illustrated in the ac ?tted against the back of the larger ?ange 2B of the post 5 and substantially equal thereto in width. This spacer I9 has reduced edge por tions 2| and 22 at its extremities, wedged be tween the saddle portions l6 of the clamps ‘l and 35 8 and the back of the larger ?ange 20 of the post companying drawing and more particularly set ‘forth in the appended claims. In the drawing, __ Figure 1 is a plan view of the structure looking down from the top of one of the vertical posts; Figure 2 is an elevation thereof; Figure 3 is a section along line 3—3 of Fig 40 ure 2; and, Figure 4 is an elevation, with parts shown in section, of a modi?cation of my invention. Referring in detail to the drawing, wherein similar reference characters are applied to sim 45 ilar parts, 5 designates a vertical side post, cut to suitable length from a preferably second hand railroad rail and ?xed to the ground preferably by being driven therein by means of a pile driver. It will be understood that there will be a series 50 of these posts along each edge of the road and that they will be spaced apart a suitable dis tance. The railing proper 6, which is adapted to be secured to the vertical posts 5 at heights pref 5 erably slightly above the hub of the ordinary 5. In this manner shoulders 23 and 24 are pro vided to maintain the desired spacing between the clamps l and 8. For the purpose of gripping the side rail 6 between the clamps l and 8, a pair of bolts 25 and 26 are driven through cor responding holes, such as 27 and 28 in the arms l3 and M of the upper and lower clamps re spectively, the bolts extending on opposite sides of each vertical post 5, as shown in Figure 2. Each bolt is provided with a head 29 whose under face is ?ush with the top surface of the upper clamp ‘l and a nut 30 is adapted to be driven on the bolt thread, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, until it is forced home against the lower sur- ' face of the lower clamp 8. By the means here in described, it will be seen that the side rails 6 are held frictionally to the posts 5 without the necessity of drilling holes through either the posts 5 or the side rails 6. Consequently, my 55 2 2,056,842 , construction is not weakened and it is ‘most suited to the purpose of preventing vehicles from leaving the roadway. As stated above, the-side rails 6 are of a length CI such as is used in ordinary railroad work. Ad—~ joining sections of side railing are secured to gether by means of ?sh plates,’ as is also cus tomary in railroad construction. The vertical posts 5, however, are shorter than the usual length of railroad rails and it is necessary, for this work, to cut them to suitable length, pref erably by means of an oXy-acetylene cutting torch. This leaves the ends of the posts extend ing above the ground with an unsightly appear ance. I have, therefore, provided a cap 3| con bracing the smaller flange 34 of the rail in which case the clamp will be generally triangular in shape instead of U-shaped. Similarly, the pair of ?ngers H and I2 may engage the smaller flanges 35 of the side rail rather than the wider ?ange 36. I am aware that this disclosure will readily suggest modi?ed constructions and combinations of parts within the spirit of this invention, and I, therefore, do not limit myself to the use of the speci?c embodiment shown, but claim all modi?cations fairly within the scope of the ap pended claims. What I claim is: 1. In a highway guard, a post, a railing and 15 sisting of a metallic plate, arcuate in shape, and, means for securing said railing to said post at adapted to be ?tted over the'top of each vertical any point along ‘said post, said means including post 5. Tongues 32 and 33 are struck from the a plurality of clamps, means for maintaining center of the plate and bent downwardly to_fric- _ said clamps in spaced apart relation along paral lel faces thereof, and means for holding said 20 20 tionally engage the web 34 of the post 5. This arrangement not only enhances the appearance clamps on the post and said railing between said clamps. ' of the posts, but it also protects the whole as 2. A highway guard as set forth in claim 1, sembly from the weather, since, as shown in ‘Figure 2, the cap extends beyond and shields wherein the post and railing are made of ‘rail 25 road rails. the clamps, spacing plates and side bolts. 3. In a highway-guard, a ?anged post, a rail Although only one side railing has been de— ing, a plurality of clamps on said post arranged scribed so far as being mounted on the vertical posts, it is within the purview of my invention in ‘offset relation with respect to the vertical to mount another or other railings any desired distance ‘above or below the railing shown in Figures 1 to 3. This is merely a matter of making the vertical posts 5 of suitable height so that they will carry one or more superimposed, paral lel railings, facing on the same side of the road. In such case, each railing will be mounted on the posts by means of a plurality of pairs of clamps, such as'my clamps l and 8. At the present time, different lanes of vehicle ‘traffic are indicated by colored lines painted di rectly on the road surface. Such lines will not, ‘of course, prevent overstepping from one lane to another. I have, therefore, proposed to ar range railings in the manner shown in Figure 4 so as to positively prevent interference between tra?ic lanes. 451 different In this instance, the ' vertical posts 5 are lo cated in the middle of the ‘road and they carry 'two series of side railings 6 mounted on the ' posts by means of the brackets described hereto fore, but each series faced in opposite directions. For this purpose, the brackets are simply se axis of the post, means on said clamps for vfric tionally engaging said railing, a spacing member 30 between said clamps having‘portions wedged be tween said clamps and a ?ange of the post, and means for maintaining the component elements of the guard in frictional assembly. 4. In a highway guard, a vertical post, a ‘hori 35 zontalmember, a U-clamp straddling said verti cal post and having downwardly extending ?ngers from the arms of the U, a second U-clamp straddling said vertical postand having upward ly extending ?ngers, said horizontal members being gripped between the ?ngers of said clamp, a spacing element between the saddle portion of the clamps to maintain the clamps in spaced re lation, and means for holding said clamps’and said horizontal member in rigid assembly'upon £15 said vertical'post. V V 5. A highway guard as set forth in claim 4, wherein the holding means comprise bolts pro vided with abutments on said clamps. 6. In a highway guard, a post, a railing, said 160 post and railing being made of railroad rails, cured on opposite sides of the posts, otherwise . means for securing said railing to saidpost, ‘a the construction is similar to that described solid cover on the top of said .post' extending above. - - V I also wish to point out that although the 55 saddle portions of my clamp are flush against the wider ?ange ill of the post, the latter could, of course, be turned around with the clamp em over said securing means, and ?exible means on said cover for securing the latter to the web of. 5 said post rail. BERT EDGECOMB.