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Патент USA US2057216

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Oct. 13, 1936.
_ 2,057,216
Filed March 16, 1935
Jî/¿ilip _J. ,Somier
Patented Oct. 13, 1936
PATENT ol-‘Flclïl
>cuis BURNER 1
Philip J. sonner, Winfield, Kans.
Application March 16, 1935, Serial No. 11,421
z claims. (ci. 15a-10s)
shows a top view ofthe elements seen in Fig. 2
My improvement comprises a’ gas burner de
signed to meet the demand for a burner that will after removing the parts seen in Figs. 3 and 6.
Similarly Fig. 8 shows atopl View of the base sec
operate satisfactorily on either Y1000 B. t. u. natu
ral gas or 1000 B. t. u. substitute gas without tion seen in Figures 1 and 2 after removing the
5 changing the adjustments on the burner; ‘and parts disclosed in Figures 3, 6, and 7. Fig. 9
further, a burner that will operate satisfactorily represents a view in section as taken along the
on the various low B. t. u'. manufactured gases. line'IX-IX in Fig. 2, and looking in the direction
In the design of a burner of this character a of the arrows. Fig.V 10 shows a fragmentary sec
number of very definite problems arise,1 all-of tional view ofthe burner port as taken along the
line X-X in Figure 2, and looking in the direction
which have been carefully considered and pro
vided for in the present invention.
ï A
of the arrows. Fig. 1-1 is a sectional View as taken
Flashback must be overcome, this I have 'suc-ï
along the lline XI-XI in Fig. 1 and looking in
cessfully accomplished by increasing the depth
the direction of the arrows. Fig. 12 is a sectional
view as taken along the line XII--XII in Figure 4,
and looking in the direction of the arrows. Figl-13
is fa plan Y view of the burner base plate and
of the burning ports and by making them as
15' narrow as shop practice ’would permit.A However,
the deep narrow ports occasion considerablere
sistance to the flow of gas and it is thereforede
sirable to make the sides of the ports smooth and
free from rough projections. 'The narrow slotted
20 ports, however, prevent the flame from travel
ing back down through them, which sets up a
definite resistance to ñashback.
The additional depth of the burning ports by
increasing the area of metallic surface contacted
25 by the air-gas mixture during its flow from the
orifice to the burning edge, presented the possi
bility of heating the air gas mixture to such an
extent that excessive pressures would result with
in the burner box. I overcome this tendency by
30 cooling the burner head, this is done by bringing
the secondary air for combustion up between the
ports; this feature also furnishes a further ad
vantage in that it gives a desirable distribution
of such secondary air throughout the entire ñre.
To recapitulate; my improved gas burner in
cludes an increased area of cooling surface on the
Venturi ~`tube integral therewith.
VSimilar nu
merals» of ' reference designate the same pa'yrt
throughout the several figures of the drawing.
Referrlng'fto the drawing, Yat Ill are the base 20
casting walls, integral with an intermediate cast
T-pipe fitting II provided with a jet I2. A rec
tangular shaped upper portion I3 is also integral
with the side walls I0 and at the four corners
thereof may be seen corner elements I4 and a 25
raised triangular portion I 5. Upon the base seen
in Fig. 8 and just described, I next assemble the
element seen in Fig. 7 which has a base member
I6 as a plate supported by the four corner ele
ments I5. Integral with the member I6 is a 30
Venturi tube I'I extending a little below the base
I6 as at I'Iœ and upwardly the height desired as
seen in Figs. 9, 11, and 12. This Venturi tube
may be surrounded by the wall element I8 as
shown Figures 1, 2, and 11 in which case a slotted 35
projection I9 would occur at the upper part of
from a study of the drawing and as amplified
the end walls for purposes later explained. I
next assemble an inner box-like element 20, open
at its lower end and surrounding the Venturi tube
I'I as disclosed in Figs. 6, 9, 11, and 12. The lower 40
end of the element 20 is provided with a pair of
centrally disposed extensions 2| and a pair of
centrally disposed extensions 22, thus providing
through the description thereof which follows.
ports 23 and 24 at the lower side and end walls
burner head for the purpose of reducing the heat
ing effect at these points; next, the increased
depth of port overcomes flashback under variable
40 conditions; and finally, I provide a wide and im
proved secondary air distribution to the' fire.
These and other advantages will be apparent
Fig. 1 is an end view of a single burner; it being
understood my burner may be employed in mul
tiple units if so desired. Fig. 2 is a side elevation
of the burner shown in Fig. 1; a portion of the
figure is broken away for purposes of description.
50 Fig. 3 is a plan view of the burner. Fig. 4 is an
end view of a modified form of the burner. Fig. 5
is aside elevation of the burner shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a top view of the elements seen in Fig. 2
with the burner port section disclosed in Fig. 3
55 removed from the assemblage.
Similarly Fig. 7
of the element through which the air-gas mixture, 45
admitted through the jet I2, tube I'I and passage
25, will pass into the passage 26 intermediate
the element 20 and the outer side walls I8. It
will be noted that the upper end of the element
20 is closed by an inverted V-shaped roof portion 50
as seen at 21.
The assemblage shown in Figures 1 and '7 just
described is now ready to receive the burner ele
ment seen in Fig. 3. As will be noted in Figs.
4, 5, and 12, this element may have a depending 55
box like side wall section cast integral with the
burner section as at |83: with slotted projections
such as |91: adapted to register with the slotted
My burner by eliminating flashback also elim
projection 163:, Fig. 13, and be clamped by the bolt
inates noise and ñre hazards and other dangers.
The invention in general is for similar purposes
to that of my pending application for Gas bur
means 28.
ners, Serial No. 693,128.
Or the burner element may ñt as seen
in Figs. 1, 2, 9, 10, and 11 upon the upper part of
the Wall element I8 and slotted projections I9’
register withV the projections I9 for bolt clamping
purposes; the passage 26 leading to the burner
10 ports being the same in either application. If
Ydesired a gasket maybe employed as seen at 29
Such modiñcations may be employed as lie
within the scope of the appended claims. Hav
ing fully described my invention, what I now
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat
ent is;_„
V1. In a gas burner, a supporting member hav
or at 29’.
ing a'gas service therein including a jet vertically
The burner seen in Fig. 3`and in the end views . _ disposed; a base member arranged upon the sup
Figs. 1 and 4 is flat on the top edge at 3U, the ` porting member including a Venturi tube passing
15 sides extending downwardly for a .through said plate and extending more above 15
seen at 3l from which they curveuinwardly and
lthanbelow the plate in gas receiving relationship
downwardly as at 32 to then flare outwardly along to'said'jet; a box-like enclosure surrounding said
the line 33. The ends'of the burner are prefer
tube. Vand defining a passage therebetween, and
Y ably ofthe shape indicated at >I8y. The `effect of having an inverted V-shaped top portion andgas
the pitch given at 33 is shown in Figures 9, 10,` 11, v ports adjacent said plate, a flat top gas burner 20
and 12 as a top section arranged above the roof element arranged above the top- portion of the
- element 21 previously> described, and for a con
tinuation of the gas passage 26 as seen at 26:1: ad
rnitting the air gas mixture to the gas ports as
25 later described.
It will be noted in the several
figures that the effect of the conventional Venturi
tube seen at l1 is continued throughout the pas
sage 25, the pasasge 26 and 26x, the ~wall elements
being so fashioned or cast as to give this charac
30 teristic. Deep narrow slots'34 provide the gas
ports. A plurality of burner sections suchas 35
are seen in Figures 2, 3, 5„ 11, and 12 cast integral
with the part 33 as disclosed in Fig.f11, in each
Yof the sections 35 is disclosed >the/deep narrow
35 slotted orifices 34. Wide air passages for secon
dary air therefore occur from the side 36 to the
side 3lY as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 9. The
effect of this secondary air upon theflame at the
burner tip 30 is very pronounced both for cooling
the members 35 as well as foi` improving the sec
ondaryV air distribution.
box-like enclosure and provided with a corre
spondingrinverted -V-shaped under portionrto de
ñne a selected passage communicating with said
ñrst passage through said gas ports; an outer 25
housing element extending from said plate an-d
supporting said burner element; ' rectangular
burner sections for the burner element spaced
apart and in parallelism and having air passages
therebetween from sideV to side of said burner ele
ment and downwardly extending along‘the sides
thereof externally of said inverted V-shaped un
der portionç- said rectangular burner section hav
ingla narrow vertical rectangular slot of consid
erable depth communicating with said selectedV 35
2. A gas> burner as defined in claim 1, charac- '
terized by the further fact that the circuitous
passages leading fromthe >Venturi tube to the
burner have Venturi tube characteristics.
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