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Патент USA US2057263

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‘Oct. 13, 1936.
H. A. PERLMUTTER
2,057,263
LIGHTING FIXTURE
’ Filed May a, 1933
INVENTOR
jienrYAPerlmuiter
@2475’
_
ATTORNEY
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2,057,263
Patented Oct. 13, 1936
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIQE I,
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2,057,263
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‘ LIGHTING FIXTURE
Henry
Application
A. Perl'mutter,
May 8,Neponsit,
1933, Serial
LongNo.
Island,
669,945
N.
3 Claims.’ (01.24041)
V
This invention relates to electric ‘torchere’s and
particularly to light re?ecting means mounted
within the shade of the torche're;
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Heretofore, lighting ?xtures of this ‘class have
5 been faulty in that a considerable portion of the
re?ected light was absorbed within the ?xture
and since most of the luminosity of this class of
?xture is of the type known as “indirect light
ing”, they have been uniformly impracticable
10 and inef?cient.
It has been the practice to use
high wattage lamps to attain a sufficiency of
light and‘the invention contemplates the pro
vision of properly and scienti?cally designed
light re?ectors which ‘will afford thenuse' of
much lower wattage lamps and therefore
provide a ?xture which will be economical in
use.
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The invention also'contemplates the provision
of anv electric ?xture of this class which is
20 esthetically pleasing; in which the shade is in
directly and ‘therefore dimly lighted to provide
a pleasing effect; in which the major portion
of the re?ected light is cast upon the ceiling to
illuminate the room; and in which a small por
25 tion of the direct rays of the lamp are used to
illuminate certain ornamental translucent por
tions of the ?xture.
,
The invention also deals with re?ectors which
may be marketed separately and , which are
adapted to increase the lighting ef?ciencyof
30
?xtures such as torcheres.
It is also conceivable that a hung ?xture may
be provided with the lighting characteristics
of a torchére and this may readily be accom
35 plished by elimination of the standard and the
provision of means such as chains to suspend
the ?xture from the ceiling.
The foregoing and other contemplated tea-7
tures and objects of the invention will be more
clearly ‘brought forth in the following speci
?cation, descriptive of the attending drawing,
40
‘ which, by wayof example, illustrates some pre
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Fig. 2 but showing an alternate form of light
ing re?ector.
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-' In that embodiment of the invention which
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is illustrated in the drawing, the ?xture in
cludes a standard l0 having a supporting base
H and a housing l2 for a lamp socket l3;
The housing I2 is preferably extended up
wardly 'to form an enlarged ?ared portion l4
and the connecting portion between the hous
ing and ?ared portion may preferably be pro 10
vided with‘ openings l5 formed by the mul
lions
l6.
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7
~ The standard l0, base ll, housing l2, ?ared
portion M, and mullions I6 may be suitably
connected to their respective adjacent portions 15
or integrally formed where desired. > These por
>tions ‘may be formed of metal and embellished
with designs and con?gurations to form a ?x
ture of pleasing design and durable construc
tion.
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The lamp shade ll, preferably formed of
translucent glass, is provided with a cylindri
cally tubular member 18, an intermediate ?ared
portion l9, and a larger ?ared portion 29. The
tubular member l8 and ?ared portion l9 are
adapted to seat within the hollow, formed by
the mullions l6 and the ?ared housing portion
I4. It is now obvious that the only portions
of the lamp shade exposed to view from the out
side are the enlarged ?ared portion 26 and
those portions of'the tubular member I8 which
may be seen through the openings.
These ex
posed portions may be formed with pleasing
designs and may be variously colored to‘ pre
sent an artistic effect.
35
The shank 2| of the lamp bulb 22 is adapted
to pass through the tubular member ill of the
lampshade and the bulb portion is adapted to
be centrally disposed within the ?ares thereof.
For the purposes of this invention the top of
the lamp bulb is provided with an opaque shield
area such as 23.
It is desirable, in this type of lighting ?xture,
ferred embodiments of the invention, and in
which:
45
Fig. 1 is an elevational side view of a lighting
?xture constructed in accordance with the in
vention.
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view through the
that no direct light rays be permitted to illum
lighting portion drawn to an enlarged scale.
50
Fig. 3 is across sectional detail as taken along
shade H and in this instance a ring 25, con 50
nected to the re?ector by means of spaced arms
the line 3—-3 of Fig. 2.
.
Fig. 4 is‘ a bottom plan. view of a preferred
form of lighting re?ector, and
55
Fig. 5 is a partial sectional view similar to
inate the room and to this end there is pro 45
vided means to re?ect the light rays outwardly.
‘One preferred re?ecting means is shown in
Figs. 2 and 4 and comprises a re?ector 24. The
re?ector is preferably supported within the lamp
26, is provided for the purpose.
The re?ector is suitably designed so: that when
properly positioned in relation to the lamp ?la
ment 2? and the opaque area 23 of the lamp 55
2
2,057,263
bulb, only re?ected light rays “R” are permitted
to escape into the room. To achieve this result
the re?ector must be designed so that all the
light rays which impinge upon it are re?ected
out without striking any other portion of the
?xture.
The re?ector is formed with a relatively large
bottom opening 28 to permit some of the down
wardly projected light rays “R.” to pass through
10 the openings l5 and others of these rays to
impinge upon the shade ?are I9 and to become
diffused upwardly so as to indirectly and dimly
illuminate the portion 20 of the shade.
It will be noted that the ring 25 rests upon a
15 portion of the lamp shade which is covered by
the metal of the ?are M and therefore no un
sightly shadows are cast upon the shade which
is illuminated with an even and pleasant glow.
The alternate form of re?ector shown in Fig.
20 5, has the re?ector portion 240. similar to the
re?ector 24 above described.
In addition there is provided a re?ector 29
formed as a ring having a rim portion 30 adapted
to rest upon the lamp shade. Spaced arms 26a
25 serve to connect the re?ector 24a to the re?ector
29 in a manner similar to that above described.
In addition to the re?ected rays “R” there are
now provided re?ected rays “Ra” directed out
wardly between the lamp shade and the re?ector
30 2%.. It is now apparent that increased illumina
tion is therefore provided and depending upon
the brightness of the outer face of the reflector
24a will depend the degree of illumination of the
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by
Letters Patent, is:
1. In a lighting ?xture including a lamp hav
ing a. shielded top‘, a ?ared housing having open
ings, a lamp shade having portions adapted to
seat within said housing, a re?ector, and means
to support the reflector within and in spaced
relation to the shade to allow free circulation of
air between the shade and the re?ector, said
re?ector supporting means comprising a ring 10
joined by spaced arms to the re?ector at a point
remote from the upper edge of the re?ector
and having engagement with a portion of the
lamp shade which is covered externally by the
housing, whereby rays of light illuminate the 15
entire shade directly or indirectly.
2. In combination with a lighting ?xture hav
ing a lamp provided with a shielded top portion
and a lamp shade, a re?ector unit for directing
light rays upwardly form said ?xture, said re 20
?ector unit comprising a main portion having
top and bottom openings and a secondary re
?ecting portion spaced from the lower edge of
the main portion, said re?ecting unit being sup
ported solely from its bottom, by the shade.
comprising light re?ecting means, a spaced ring
lamp shade.
While the foregoing description is quite de
for supporting the reflector means on said ledge
tailed, it must be borne in mind that the general
broad aspects of the invention should be cur
tailed only by the prior art, since many changes
and the ring, said re?ector being completely
spaced apart from and out of contact with the
shade to provide free circulation of air between
the shade and the re?ector.
in form, size, shape, etc., may be made without
40 departing from the spirit and scope of the
invention.
25
3. In combination with a lighting ?xture hav
ing ‘a lamp and a lamp shade, a reflector unit
within the shade for directing light rays up
wardly from said ?xture, a ledge on the interior
surface of the shade located at a point adjacent 30
the lower edge of the re?ector, said re?ector unit
solely from the lower edge of the re?ector and
connecting arms between the re?ecting means 35
HENRY A. PERLMUTTER.
40
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