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Патент USA US2061644

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Nov. 24, 1936.
c. H. AYARS
'
2,061,644
CAN FILLING MACHINE
Filed Sept. 23, 1935
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Charles H Hyars
MW. 24, 1936.‘
c. H. AYARS
2,061,644
CAN FILLING MACHINE
Filed Sept. 23, 1935
3 Sheets-Shee’c 2
Khan»
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Inventor
Charles H Hyaré‘
Byc/ <94‘
Attorney
Nov. 24,
1936
.c; H. AYARS
2,061,644 '
CAN FILLING MACHINE
“Filed Sept‘. 23, 1935
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Patentedi-‘Nov; 24;?
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umreo
OFFICE, ‘
23613442 '
can rmnme- MACHINE
camera. Ayarsilisa'lem,‘ N.~J'., assignor to
Machine‘ Gompany, Salem, \ Né-JQ; ajcorpo‘ration:
Applieatlonliseptember 23,1935, Serial'No. 41,652
1150mm». (012226-69);
‘
This‘invention‘relates'to‘can ?lling machinery"
vide sucha machin'ewith a hopper having means and hasv particular" reference to- machinery‘ for!» for straining the juice from‘ the tomatoes placed
filling cans? withv juicy or‘ semi-juicy; material in:saidhopper and directingthe same into a--well.v
such; forinstance',‘ as tomatoes,
‘
‘
‘ ‘AstilLfurther objectvofi the invention is-to pro
Infthe tomato canningiindustry, tomatoes after videmeans
in the said juice well or pan whereby > 5'
being, picked ‘are usually ‘washed: mechanically measured quantities of the said juice is deposited
and‘v by some sort ofv a, machine‘ like that shown into'each-of- the cans prior ‘to.’ the reception'of ~
and described‘in'my co-pendingiapplication Se~ the'tomatoes into the same‘.
'
1
rial No.‘ 752,954, ?led November 14,-,11934,“from‘
Another ‘object is to provide means in the said-T
10 which machine they. areqpassedionltora sca‘lderv ,juice‘wellor pan for maintaining a levelgo'f the 10
and thevskinsvremoved; Thetomatoes-a‘re thenf , saidrjuice lth'ere'in‘and means for carrying off the
passed to acanfilling machine where measured
excess.
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quantities are‘ placed continuously in‘ cans.- 1, the
According'to the invention, the can ?lling
canscapped’and then‘ passed to" a conditioningv chine comprises‘ upper and lower rotatable turé‘
machine for cooking‘ the? same. '
‘
rets withv telescoping measuring cups‘thereon for
While the‘ present, invention will‘v be “discussed
in connection with the ?llingof cans’ with tomaw
adjusting the measuring capacity, of said cups, a
shaker orsagitator on ‘the upper turret and a
V ‘
toes, it will,I of course, belunderstood that3 other , hopperhaving its open'upper end‘offset vertical]
commodities such,1for: instance, as'peache'sand from said turrets and having an angularly dis
‘other fruits and vegetables, may be. placed means posed‘ funnel portion‘ for directing. tomatoes-2t,v
by 'themechanism described ‘therein.
placed therein on to said upper turret. The ‘fum
Inv machines ‘for. ?lling cans with tomatoes and‘ nel portion of said‘ hopper is so arranged in angu
in such machinesas‘shownby» my former'United ' larityithat the pulpyrmass of broken or disrupted‘
States Letters ‘PatentsxN'o. 1,459,492, grantediJ-une tomatoes'will'fall on to the turret at the point of
19, 1923; No. 1,476,278,‘ grantedDécember‘l, .1923; - entrance from‘ said funnel, portion; while the ‘
No; 1,480,335, granted January 8, 1924'; andNo; wholetomatoes will rise to the top of‘ said pulpy 25
1,883,460, granted‘ October 18,- 1932, . the. happen, mass-‘and‘will rollracrosslthe turret and fall‘into .
from» which‘ the commodity is receivedby the,‘ the cups at ‘the other side of the turret. The 11
telescoping‘ ‘measuring’ cupsis located directly," hopper may also be provided‘ with perforations ,;
30 above the rotating turrets so that when vthe meats» * andawall behind-the same provided with means‘
uring cup is openedi'to be ?lled ‘from, saidhoppen ,for‘ draining the ‘juice into ajuice pan.‘ The juice
r-“pan may also» be provided with-an adjustable
bears upon theimaterialenterin‘g the'cup'and, ‘in; measuring‘apparatus whereby -a measured quanthe (DB-SGIOf tomatoes, this weight‘is su?icient .t
. ty, of said‘ juice'is deposited ,into each of the
theientire weight“ of the contentsloff said hoppe
I disrupt the wholetomatoesiand break themiint
pieces;-
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=cans.
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~. The drawings villustrate - an‘ embodiment of the‘
35 ,
The‘ primary object» of the‘ present? inventio I invention‘ and theviews therein are as~followsz
ism provide a machine ‘whereby- cansv may“ b
Rig. 1‘ is'a perspective view showing-,9, ?lling
?lledwwithifragile commodities‘ sue-tailor instanc
40
as tomatoes-withthe'skinweniovedi and wherein’?
the tomato 1 will notibe'idl-srupted- or- broken} ‘by'
machine with. the novel mechanismv in
therein,’
~
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rated
‘
40
Fig. 2 ice, top plan‘?view-showing th“ ‘relatl've
the weight: of; theimaterla‘léin'the ‘hUDDEI'gSQ-tl'l?l; positions ofthehoppen?turrets, agitatonor, shah‘
, wholetoma-toes andth’e'likemay bei-directed-into, .
the ‘cups, forldeposit' in‘ the'cans.‘
‘
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Another‘ object‘ 015- the present, invention is
provide such-a machine-imwhic‘h‘the whole-toe
matoes will not‘be subject-to‘ the action-or the
shaker which is likelytordisrupt the-same‘.
Still'another objector the-invention‘ is to~ pro
‘ vide' sucha machine wherein-the'vwhole tomatoes‘
er, andth’eir connecting mechanism, '
Flgl Sjis'a vertical; sectional view: on’ the line
3-43‘1‘of7 Fig. ‘2, lookingfin the,‘ direction _ of the ar~' 45 ,
I'OWS',
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Fig; 4 isa vertical sectional view taken on- the!
lined-tor Fig. ‘2iand lookingiin the direction
of‘: the arrows, and
Fig. 5' is-a vertical sectional view'on the‘line 50
will‘be‘deposited into the 'cups ‘prior to the deposit 5-'-5 of Fig. 2, looking in‘ thedirection' of the ar
of thepuipyl disrupted tomatoes';x"‘whe‘i‘chy the
whole tomatoesawillinot be subject to thejlefvellmg
Emitting?“ machine'illustrated in
‘1 is
action‘ of the shaker.v
_
‘ ,
substaYit'ialIyiike that shown in‘ the patents here
still-another object orathe‘rlnvention is'to‘proé iiilbefore enumerated and having applied thereto 55
rowa.
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2
2,061,844
the several features of invention hereinbefore
mentioned.
The machine is provided with a can receptacle
6 for feeding cans on to a screw "I which feeds
them into proper position to be received by a star
wheel 6 which locates the said cans in position
below the funnels 9. This can feeding and posi
tioning mechanism is explained in my applica
tion Serial No. 385,243,‘ ?led August 12,1928. "
10
ing the ?lling operation and this drip pan is pro
vided with a well l2 having measuringrapparatus
l3 therein, as later explained.
The machine is also provided with lower and
upper turret members ldvand I6 which have
upwardly and downwardly circular ?anges I‘! and
I8 respectively, which said ?anges telescope to
provide adjustable measuring cups for measuring
predetermined quantities of materials to be
These turrets are rotat
able through the medium of the shaft I9 con
nected in any suitable manner to the horizontal
main shaft of the machine driven by the pul
ley 2|.
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These turrets with their telescoping cups are
clearly shown in United States Letters Patent No.
1,883,460, above referred to. v
The drip pan ll may be formed integral with
30 the lower turret.
if they extended above the top of the can, in
which case the shaker or agitator would sever
them inlevelling the contents.
.
The funnel is provided with perforations 4| in
Above‘the funnels '9 is a drip pan‘ H for the
purpose of catching any juice which escapes dur
placed in the cans A.
pulpy mass being deposited therein, so that as
the pulpy mass which is ?lled into the cans and
above the whole tomatoes comes into contact
with the shaker or agitator 22, the whole toma
toes will not be disrupted as would be the case
7
Above the turrets I4 and I6 is_an agitator or
shaker 22, which said member is provided with
the'lower part of the same and a separate Wall 10
42 will direct the juice passing through said per
forations into the spout 43 formed on thef'ottom
of the same. This spout directs the juices into
the ?aring cup 44 forming part of the drip or
15
The juice pan has a rectangular extension 46
into which the pivoting shaft 21 of the shaker is
screwed by threads 4‘! on the lower end thereof
and this extension has a wall 48 forming over?ow
means for the said drip pan, and excess juices 20
which ?ow into said rectangular extension are
JLllCQ‘pan.
carried therefrom through the'opening 49 which
may be connected with a pipe 5| extending to
any means for collecting said excess.
The well l2 formed in the drip pan of the lower
turret has a downwardly extending part'52 pro
vided with-a chamber 53 and with a pipe 54. A
shaft 56 extends into said well and has ‘affixed
to its upper end a rotary member 51 which has
a measuring chamber 58 formed in the'lower face 30
of the same; and said' member is provided with a
sleeve 59 in which 'a‘capacity'adjusting member
an opening 23 which provides a passageway for
6| operates. This capacity adjusting member is
the material to enter the measuring cups.
adjusted by virtue‘of a screw-threaded pipe 62‘
and rotary hand member 63, so that the1 said 35
The
walls of this shaker are substantially vertical on
' one side, as shown at 24, and outwardly ?ared
on the other side, as shown at 26,>Fig. 4. This
shaker member is pivotally mounted on the shaft
21 by the sleeve 28 on the extension 29.
40
An arm 3| diametrically opposite the exten
capacity of the measuring chamber 58." An air
vent 62(1 extends through the member 6| and
sion 29 extends from the shaker and is provided
which is connected by any suitable means to the
at its outer end with a slot 32 in which operates
a wrist pin 33 mounted on the disk 34, which disk
is mounted upon the shaft 36 and adapted for
45 rotation therewith. The shaft 36 is in turn
communicates with the pipe 62.
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- Itwill readily be seen that when the shaft 56
main operating shaft rotates, the member 51 will
rotate; and as the drip pan l 1 contains the juices
of the material being‘ ?lled into the cans, the
chamber 53 will always be ?lled with said juice 46
driven in any suitable manner, as from-the main
and as the chamber 58 passes over the chamber 53,
shaft of the machine.
the ?rst named. chamber will likewise be ?lled with
juice, and said juice ‘will be carried over to the
pipe 54 and directed from said pipe into the open
top of a can A, as shown in Fig. l.v
50
The machine is, of course, so timed that for
each operation of the member 51 a canwill have
been advanced to a point beneath the pipe 54;
.
This type of agitator or shaker is clearly de
scribed in my Patent No. 1,818,780, granted .Au-.
50
member 6| may be raised or lowered to alter the
gust 11, 1931.
The shaker or agitator 22 is surmounted by
hopper mechanism which in the design illustrat
ed herein consists of an outwardly ?aring part 31
with a funnel portion 38 and a vertical wall por
55 tion 39 extending around the shaker 22 and con
necting the funnel portion 38 of said hopper.
The outwardly ?ared portion 31 is offset verti
cally from the turrets l4 and I6, and the funnel
portion is set at such an angle as will direct the
60 pulpy broken tomatoes on to the upper turret
In this way, each can receives a measured quan
tity, of juice and consequently the cans‘ are uni
formly ?lled.
.
65
.
The hopper member is maintained in position
by means of the extensions 66 and 61 extending
out from the vertical wall 39 ?tting over shafts
21 and 68 respectively.
.
at a point near where the shaker or agitator will
direct such mass into the cups B formed by the
It will be seen that in a machine of the type
described, the whole tomatoes can be placed in
?anges of said turrets, while the whole tomatoes
the cans without fear of disruption and the pulpy
will rise to the top of said pulpy mass and will
65 roll across the said upper turret and fall into
the pockets on the other side of the turret.
Considering Fig. 2, the pulpy mass of tomatoes
mass placed in around the same to ?ll the voids
and the excess-levelled off by means of theshaker. 65
will be directed at a point near the cup nearest
?lling means, an accurateamount of juice may be‘
placed in each can and, therefore, the cans will
be uniformly ?lled with a certain percentage of 70
the center line of said machine and covered by
70 said hopper, while the whole tomatoes will roll
across the turret and be deposited in the cups
B’ and B2.
As the turrets are rotating in the direction of
the arrow C, Fig. 2, the whole tomatoes will be
76 directed into the cups B’ and 132 prior to the
-It will also be seen that by the juice straining
means cooperating with the juice measuring and
Whole tomatoes, tomato pulp and juice.
.
Of course the mechanism illustrated and de
scribed herein may be modi?ed in various ways
without departing from the invention herein set
forth and hereafter claimed.
75
2,061,644
The invention is hereby claimed as follows:
1. in a can nlling‘machine comprising upper
and lower horizontally disposed rotatable turrets
‘ with telescoping measuring cups thereon, a hopper
having its open upper end offset vertically from
said turrets and having an angularly disposed
funnel portion for directing material placed there
in onto said upper turret, said funnel being so
disposed that substantially spherical objects will
10 roll across the turret and enter-the cups opposite
the base of the funnel while pulpous matter will
fill into said cups at the mouth of the funnel.
2._In a can ?lling machine comprising upper
and lower horizontally disposed rotatable turrets
with telescoping measuring cups thereon, a hopper
having its open upper end offset‘vertically from
said turrets and having an angularly disposed
funnel portion for directing material placed
therein onto said upper turret, and means for
.20 preventing said material from passing ‘over the
edge of said turret, said funnel being so disposed
that substantially spherical objects will roll across
the turret and enter the cups opposite the base
3
6. In a machine for ?lling cans with juicy ma.
terial, comprising adjustable measuring cups and
an agitator for shaking pulpous material into said
cups for deposit in the cans, a juice pan around
the cups, a hopper having means for straining ’ 5
the juice and directing same into said pan, and
a rotatable measuring device in said pan for sup
plying, cans with measured quantities of said
Juice.
1
7. In a.machine for ?lling cans with juicy ma, 10
terial, comprising adjustable measuring cups and
an agitator for shaking pulpous material into said
cups for deposit in‘the cans, a juice pan around
the cups, a hopper having means for straining the
juice and directing same into said pan, and a ro
tatable and capacity adjustable devicein said pan
for supplying cans with measured quantities oi.’
said juice.
'
8. In a machine for ?lling cans with juicy ma
terial, comprising adjustable measuring cups and 20
an agitator for shaking pulpous material into said
cups for deposit in the cans, a juice pan around
the cups, a hopper having perforations in the wall
thereof leading into means for collecting the ‘juice
of the funnel while pulpous matter will ?ll into
25 said cups at the mouth of the funnel.
_ . and directing same into said Dan, and means in‘
3. In a can ?lling machine comprising upper said pan for supplying cans with measured quan
and lower horizontally disposed rotatable turrets
with telescoping measuring cups thereon, a hopper
having‘its open upper end offset vertically from
30 said turrets and having an angularly disposed
funnel portion for directing material placed
therein‘ onto said upper turret, and means con
necting the open end of said funnel for prevent
ing said material from passing over the edge of
35 said turret, said funnel being so disposed that
substantially spherical objects will roll acrossv the
turret and enter the cups opposite the base of
‘the funnel while pulpous matter will ?ll into said
cups at the. mouth of the funnel.
40
4. In a can ?lling machine comprising upper
'
9. In a machine for ?lling cans with juicy ma
terial, comprising adjustable measuring cups and
an agitator for shaking pulpous material into said
30
cups for deposit in the cans, a juice pan around
the cups, a .hopper having perforations in the
wall thereof leading ‘into means for collecting the
juice and directing same into said pan, means in
said pan for supplying cans with measured quan
tities of said juice, and ver?'ow means on said
pan for carrying off excess juice.
‘
10. In a can ?lling machine for tomatoes com
prising upper rotatable turrets with telescoping
and lower horizontally disposed rotatable turrets
measuring cups thereon, a hopper having its open
upper end o?set vertically from said turrets and
with telescoping measuring cups thereon, a
hopper having its open upper end offset vertically
that the pulpy disrupted tomatoes will fall onto
from‘ said turrets and having an angularly dis
:posed funnel portion for directing material placed‘
therein onto said upper turret, and a vertical wall
connecting the open end of said funnel for pre
venting said material from passing over the edge
of ‘said turret, said funnel being so disposed that
50 substantially spherical objects will roll across the
turret and enter the cups opposite the base of
v the funnel while pulpous ‘matter will?ll into said
cups at the mouth of the funnel.
5. Ina machine for ?lling cans with juicy ma—
terial, comprising adjustable measuring cups and
an agitator for shaking pulpous material into said
cups for deposit in the cans, a juice pan around
the cups, a hopper having means for straining the
“ so
titles of said juice.
juice and directing same into said pan, and means
in said pan operated by said machine for supply
' ing cans with measured quantities of said juice.
having a funnel portion so disposed in angularity
the upper turret at the point of entrance from
said funnel while whole tomatoes will rise from
the pulpy mass and roll across said upper turret 45
and fall into said cups substantially opposite said
entrance point.
,
11. In a can ?lling machine for juicy materials,
comprising upper and lower rotatable turrets with
telescoping measuring cups thereon, a juice pan, a 50
hopper having its open upper end offset vertically
from saidturret and having a funnel portion ex
tending in a. downward angular direction, said
hopper having perforations and means for direct
ing the juice of said material into the juice pan, 55
means for serving a measured quantity. of said
juice into each can to be ?lled, and over?ow means
for removing excess juice from said pan. \
CHARLES H.‘ AYARS.
60
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