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. l, 1936. B. N. PARMENTER WINDOW DEVICE vFiled May 6, 1935 > 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 5%22 Dec. 1, 1936. a. N. puanaansrrrmév ’ 2,062,524 ’ WINDOW DE'VICE Filed May 6, 1935 // ,/o// r/ _ 4 Sheets-Sheet‘ 3 Deé. 1‘, 1936. B. N. PARMENTER 2,062,524 ' WINDOW DEVICE Filed May 6, 1955 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 / ‘I Z1 . 7Ifl/V; I ‘mmm "23 :99 Patented Dec. 1, 1936 - _ 2,062,524 )IUNIATAED. ‘STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,062,524 WINDOW DEVICE .‘l - Bert N. Par-mentor, Lake Forest, Ill. Application May 6, 1935, Serial No. 20,013 _ 12 Claims. (01. 29s_44)' The present invention relates to window de vices, and more particularly to the de?ecting type of window, such as those used in vehicles, although the invention is not limited to windows 5 in vehicles but is equally applicable to windows in stationary structures, such as buildings, the in vention being herein disclosed in connection with an automobile for the purpose of illustration. Among the objects of the invention is to pro 10 vide a novel window device having a pane which may swing on an oblique axis to cause movement of air over, by or ‘past the upper and forward portions of the pane and also under, by or past the lower and rear portions of the pane. '15 ‘Another object of ‘the invention is to provide a~novel window construction as above mentioned Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken in a plane rep- . resented by line 7-—'! in Fig. 1 of the drawings and showing one of the bearings; ’ Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken in a plane repre sented by line 8-8 in Fig. 7 of the drawings; 5 Fig. 9 is a vertical sectional view of a connect ing link means between'the frame and pane and the friction bearing therefor; » ‘ Fig. 10 is an elevational view of the linkage; Fig. 11 is a sectional view of an, alternate form 10 of bearing; ' Fig. 12 is a sectional View of another alternate form of bearing; and, Fig. 13 is a sectional view taken in a plane rep resented byline l3-|3 in Fig. 12 of the drawings. ‘15 Referring to the drawings, the embodiment se lected to-illustrate the invention is shownin con with novel friction means for normally holding the pane in any of its moved positions. nection with an automobile or like vehicle having A further object of the invention is to provide a body I having a side opening normally closed by 20 a novel window device as above mentioned with a‘door 2 suitably supported by hinges 3 connected 20 novel bearings so arranged and constructed‘as to to the front 4 of the vehicle. The door comprises movably support the pane for movement about - a hollow lower portion or casing 5 (Figs. 4 and 5) - _ an oblique axis. in which is located the operating mechanism 6 Another object of the invention is to provide a ' for opening and closing the window of. the door, 25 novel window device as above mentioned with such mechanism including a lever 1 and a trun- 25 novel bearings having novel friction means, pref nion 8 operating in a slot 9 in the lower part of erably adjustable, so arranged and constructed the window frame ill, for raising and lowering the a as to controllably hold the pane in any of its frame In and the window carried by it. In the ‘moved positions. ' » upper part of the door is provided a window 30 Another object of the invention is to provide a . opening II, a lintel l2, forward post I3, rear post 30 novel window device having a pane which will I4, and a ledge l5. . swing about an oblique axis to de?ect air as above The window frame I0 is in the ‘general form mentioned and having means, such as a frame, so of an H, and comprises upright limbs 16v and I‘! arranged and constructed as to slide, at will, into and a cross piece I8. The vertical limbs 16 and , 35. the supporting means for the frame, with or l'l slide vertically in channels provided respec-.I35 without means for slidably moving the frame. tively in the posts l3 and. M. It will be noted ‘ A Other objects, advantages, capabilities, fea that the limb I6 is short and has an upper por _ tures and the like are comprehended by the in tion I9 and a lower portion20ywhile the limb 'l'! vention as will later appear and as are inherently ‘is long and has an upper portion 2| and a lower '40 possessed thereby. _, ' portion 22. The limb part 2| extends nearly 40 Referring to the drawings; _ the full height of the window to the upper rear. Fig. 1 is a side elevational ,view with parts ' cornerv thereof while the limb part I 9' extends shown broken away of an embodiment of the in only to the lower forward corner of the Window. vention in a vehicle; ,In the opening H is located a pane 23 the 45 Fig. 2 .is a fragmentary elevational view of part upper and forward edge portions 24 and 25 of 45 of the ‘device shown in Fig. 1; which, when in closed position, laterally abut Fig. 3‘is a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing packing 26 on. the inside of the weather strip the panev in open or partly open position;' 21 (Figs.. 4 and 5). The lower and rear edge Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken ‘in a plane repre 50 sented by line 4-4 in Fig. 1 of the drawings; . Fig. 5 is a sectional View taken in a plane repre 55 portions 28 and 29 of the pane are seated in the channels of a sash 30 havingv a rear portion 50 3|, a bottom or lower portion 32 and a short sented by line 5—5 in Fig. 3 of the drawings; forward portion 33. These portions are adapt Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view taken in _ ed, when the pane is in closed position, to lat- ' a plane represented by line 6—6 in Fig. 1 of the erally abut the packing 34 secured to the stop drawings; ' ' V, or weather strip 35 on theframe Ill. The glass 55' 2,062,524 2 pane is set in the channel of the sash with a suitable material such as an adhesive or cemen titious substance 36. The pane 23 and its sash 38 are supported to swing about an oblique axis 31, the upper rear to permit such a movement and yet normally hold the pane in any of its moved positions. In Fig. 12 is shown a further form of bearing of the multiple disc type. In this case the socket 4|!b is preferably reversed so as to- extend into the part and the lower forward part of the pane ‘ having frictional bearings 38 and 39 shown more in detail in Figs. 7, or 11 or 12. Both the upper and lower bearings are alike. - In the form of bearing shown in Fig. '1, the device comprises a coupling having a non-cir cular socket 40 (shown as square in the illus trative embodiment) rigidly secured to the pe riphery of the sash portion 3| at the upper end 15 thereof (see Fig. 1), and a shaft 4| having a sash part 3|a, the pane 23 being ‘cut away to clear ‘ the socket 401’. This socket has legs 55“ rigid with the peripheral part of the sash part 3|a as shown in Fig. 12. In the inner wall part 44b of the frame part 2|b is provided an opening in 10 10 which is ?xed the inner end of a casing 18 this casing being square or non-circular in cross-sec— tion. The outer end of the casing is located op non-circular part 42 (also square) ?tting into the socket 40, and ‘a conical friction part 43. The parts 48 and 42, may slide axially in com pensation for any variation in ?t of the ‘parts, 20 but will rotate together. The socket 49 is ex teriorly round and is rotatably supported in an opening formed in the inner wall 44 of the posite an opening 1| provided in the upper~cor her of the door 2“, this opening being normally closed by a plate 13 secured as by screws 14 to the door 2*‘. The outer end portion 15 of the cas ing 10 is round and threaded to receive a cap 16 frame part 2|. In the frame part 2| is located a spider 45 in which is secured a tube or housing 45 in which the shaft 4| extends. This tube or 25 housing has a conical part 41 between which and the cone part 43 of the shaft is interposed a friction member 48 of any suitable material. In the tube 46 is a spring 49 normally acting 30 against a washer 58 pressed against the shoul der 5| of the tube member 46, the other end of the spring reacting against awasher 52 bearing as shown in Fig. 12. In the casing 10 is a hous ing 11 of the same cross-sectional shape as the casing 18 and slidably ?tting therein. The hous ing 11 has a ?ange 18 having a circular opening 19 for the passage therethrough of a shaft 88 preferably of polygonal cross-section, such as square, the opening 19 being of a size to permit free rotation of the shaft 88 therein. The inner end of the shaft 80 has a coupling part 8| of po lygonal shape such as square to slidably ?t in the socket 481" so that axial movement may be at tained in compensation for variations in ?t and 30 manufacture of the device. The part 8| has a circular collar 82 between which and the ?ange 18 a friction member 83 having a square against the nut 53 on the threaded end 54 of the .is located ?tting in the housing 11 and having a perimeter shaft 4|. By turning the nut 53 the force of the rotation of the shaft 88 ' circular hole for 35 the spring 49 may be varied to adjust the fric On the outer side of the ?ange 18 are a tion between the friction member 48 and the therein. cone part 43 of the shaft. The socket 48 may plurality of like friction members 83 having have laterally extending legs 55 rigidly secured square peripheries or perimeters to ?t in the housing 11 and circular holes for the rotation of or fastened with the peripheral part of the up '40 per endportion of the sash part 2| (Fig. 1). When the pane 23 and its sash are swung about the oblique axis 31 the sockets 48 turn in the openings in the walls 44 and cause a turn ing of the shafts 4| by way of the non-circular 45 (square in the illustrative embodiment) coupling parts 48 and 42. The cone parts 43 of the shaft are so frictionally engaged with the friction members 48, which in turn are frictionally en gaged with the cone parts 41 of the tubes "or 50 housings 48, as to turn when the pane is moved about its axis and to normally hold the pane in any of its moved positions. The bearings may be of the form shown in Fig. 11 wherein the socket 40 extends through 55 a bearing aperture in the wall 44a of the upper part 2|“ and is coupled to the squared portion 428- of shaft 4|a. To the end of the shaft; 4|a is a ball or sphere 56 held'in frictional en 40 the shaft 88 therein, and alternating therewith, are a plurality of discs 84 of suitable material and having square holes for ?tting with the squared part of the shaft 80 and having circular peripheries for rotating in the housing 11. A spring 85 normally presses these parts together to 45 e?ect the given or desired frictional resistance, the spring 85 reacting against a washer 86 backed by an adjusting nut 81 .on the threaded end 88 of the shaft 80. The nut 81 may be located in a 50 socket 89 provided in the cap 16. When assembling the friction device is inserted through the hole 1| into the-casing 10 with the ?ange 82 abutting the shoulder 98 of the socket 40b, and. the cap 16 is screwed into place to abut the outer end of, the housing 11 to hold the parts in place. The nut 81 is adjusted to the desired degree to give- the required friction among the discs 84 and members 83. The plate 13 is then attached in place. When the pane is moved about gagement between cup shaped friction members the oblique axis 31 the socket 4|!b turns with the ' 60 coupling part 8|, shaft'88 and discs 84, the latter cup shaped bearings 59 and 60 of which the having frictional engagement with the friction 60 51 and 58 of any suitable material and held in latter has a ?ange 6| secured as by rivets 62 to the frame part 2|a, while the part‘ 59 is mov able and carried by a spring 63 connected to 65 a plate 84 carried by an adjusting screw 85 mounted in the bracket 68 having a ?ange 81 secured as by rivets 68 to the frame part 2|a. A lock nut 69 looks the screw 65 in adjusted position. By adjusting the screw 65, the fric 70 tion on the ball 58 may be ‘varied at will. When the pane is moved about its oblique axis 31, the socket 40 turns the ‘parts 42*‘, 4|“, and 56, the latter having such a frictional engagem ment with the friction members 51 and 58 as members 83 held from turning in the housing 11. The friction is such as to permit such movement of the pane but to hold the pane in any of its moved positions. . 6.5 _ In order not to depend entirely on the fric tion of thevbearings to hold the pane in any of its positions, additional friction means may be used such as a link 9| having a slot 92 in which 70 rides a pin 93 ?xed to the sash part 3| (Fig, 10). The end 94 of the slot is enlarged or of such a size as to permit passage of the head of the pin , 93 when assembling, The upper end of the link 9| is connected to 3 2,062,524~ friction means shown in detail in Fig. '9. This means may comprise a shaft 95 having a friction conical part 96 and a squared or polygonal part 91 ?tting in a socket 98 rigid or integral with the support the pane for movement about a diagonal link or arm M. for ?ow of air over and past the former portions and also under and. past the latter portions. 2. A window construction comprising a mov able frame, a pane adapted to ?t in said ‘frame In the frame I‘! is located a spider 99 carrying a shell I00 having a conical part IOI between which and the conical part 96 of the shaft is located a conical friction member I02 of suitable material. In the shell I00 is a 10 spring I03 acting against a washer I04 seated against the shoulder I05 formed in the shell I00, the spring I03 reacting against a washer I06 abut ting an adjusting nut I01 threaded upon the threaded end portion I08 of the shaft 95. The 15 spring I03 normally acts to effect frictional en gagement between the friction member I03 and axis whereby the top and front portions of the ' pane may swing inwardly and the bottom and rear portions of the pane may swing outwardly when in closed position, bearings in said frame and being so located and constructed and so con 10 nected to said pane as to movably support said pane for movement about an oblique axis where by the forward and upper portions of the pane swing inwardly and the rear and lower portions 1 of the pane swing outwardly for How of air by ' and past the former portions and also by and ' past the latter portions. 3. A window construction comprising a mov When the pane is moved about its axis, the link 9| is swung so‘ that as the socket 98 turns it also _ able frame, a pane adapted to fit in said frame 20 ‘turns the coupling part 91 and the shaft 95. The when in closed position, hearings in said frame 20 friction between the friction members I 02 and the and being so located and constructed and so connected to said pane as to movably support conical parts 96 and MI is such as to permit for cible movement of the pane but to hold the pane _ said pane for movement about an oblique axis whereby. the forward and upper portions of the in any of its moved positions against any corn 25 ponent of force effected by the wind or air acting pane swing inwardly and the rear and lower por 25 the conical parts 96 and IOI. tions of the pane swing outwardly forflow of upon the outside surface of the pane. To manually move the pane the sash part 32 ‘has connected thereto a ?nger ring I09 having 30 journals IIO rotatable in a bearing III ?xed to a projection |I2 rigid or integral with the sash part 32. To normally hold the ring I09 parallel to the pane when the latter-is raised from or ‘ lowered into vthellower casing 5 of the door 2, a spring I I3 is provided with an end I I4 thereof se cured to the projection H2 and the other end II5 thereof passing through a slot II6 formed in the bearing III and-secured to the journals IIO. When the ring I09 is swung to the dotted line '40 position thereof shown in Fig, 6, the spring II3 will swing it back to the full line position there of when the ring I09 is released by the operator of the pane. > The ledge-I 5 has a slot through which the frame I0 and the pane 23 when in closed position may ' be loweredto or raised from the hollow casing 5 of the door 2. Should the ring I00-extend iat erally when the frame I0 and pane 23 are being lowered, the hitting of the ring I09 against the air by and past the former portions and by and past the latter portions, and friction means for normally holding the pane in any of its moved positions. ' 30 4.-A window construction comprising a mov- ' able frame, a pane adapted to ?t in said frame when in closed position, bearings in said frame and being so located and constructed and so con nected to said pane as to movably support said 35 pane for movement about a diagonal axis where by the forward and upper portions of the pane swing inwardly and the rear and lower portions of the pane swing outwardly for ?ow of air by and past the former portions and also by and 40 past the latter portions, and means connected to said pane and to said frame and having fric tion elements for normally holding the pane in any of its moved positions. 5. A window construction comprising a frame, 45 a pane adapted toi?t in said frame when in closed position, bearings in said frame and being so located and constructed and so connected to » said pane as to movably support said pane for top of the ledge I5 will automatically cause the . movement about an oblique axis‘ whereby the 50 ring I 09 to swing upward and be held in parallel forward and upper portions of the pane swing inwardly. and the rear and lower portions of the pane swing outwardly for .?ow of, air by and past the former portions and also by and past the latter portions, said bearings each having a 55 coupling connected to said, frame and to said and forward portions of the pane and at the lower » pane and the elements of which are axially rela ism with the pane by the spring ‘I I3. When the pane 23 is in openvor partly open position (see Figs. 3 and 5) the air hitting the pane will be de?ected and will cause movement of air through the openings provided at the upper and rear portions of the pane. The pane in such position also sheds rain and the like and prevents 60 entryof the same in the tonneau'. Another'ad tively movable and angularly ?xed. 6. A window constru/ction comprising a mov able frame, a pane adapted to ?t in said frame 60 vantage is that when the pane is open as shown when in closed position, hearings in said frame for example in Figs. 3yand 5, the rider may easily I and being so located and constructed and so con-v . extend his hand or arm outwardly to_ effect sig nals through the opening between the lower part nected to said pane as to movably support said , pane for movement about a diagonal axis where of the pane and the ledge of the‘ door. ~ - Having thus disclosed the invention it is to b understood that the same is not limited to the particular construction described in the speci?ca tion and shown upon the drawings but compre hends other constructions, details, arrangements of parts, features and the like, without departing by the forward and upper portions of, the pane swing inwardly and the rear- and lower portions of the pane swing outwardly for ?ow of air by and past the former portions and also by and past the latter portions, said bearings each hav ing a coupling an element of which is connected 70 to said pane and another element 'of which is connected to said frame; said elementsbeing so‘ Having thus disclosed the invention, I claim: 1. A window construction comprising a panev arranged and constructed as to have relative 75 and bearings so arranged and constructed as to axial movement and to be angularly ?xed. from the spirit of the invention. ‘ 4 2,062,524 7. A window construction comprising a frame, a single full size pane adapted to ?t in said frame when in closed position, bearings in said frame and being so located and constructed and so connected to said pane as to movably sup port said pane for movement about an oblique axis whereby the forward and upper portions of the pane swing inwardly and the rear and lower portions of the pane swing outwardly for ?ow of 10 air by and past the former portions and also by and past the latter portions, said frame being so arranged and constructed as to slide in the supporting means for the frame, and means for 15 ’ window opening, the higher pivot being located rearwardly with respect to the lower pivot, said pivots being so constructed and arranged that the top and front portions of the window may swing inwardly and the bottom and rear portions of the window may swing outwardly. 11. In a vehicle body having an opening there in, a vertically adjustable window frame having a window opening therein positioned to register with the ?rst mentioned opening, a window lo 10 cated in said window opening, and rotative means for supporting said window, said supporting means being disposed on an axis approximately slidably moving said frame. longitudinally arranged diagonally with respect 8. A window construction comprising a wall having a window opening therein, a frame ver to the opening in said frame and so constructed 15 tically adjustable from a position within the opening to a position outside thereof and a win dow pivotally mounted in the frame on a diagonal 20 axis extending, between the lower front and upper rear corners of said frame. 9. In a vehicle body having a window opening therein, a window located within said opening, and rotative supporting means for said window 25 mounted on an approximately longitudinally dis posed axis arranged diagonally with respect to said opening and so constructed and arranged that the top and front portions of the window may swing’ inwardly and the bottom and rear 30 portions of the window may swing outwardly. 10. In a vehicle body having a window open ing therein, a window, and means for supporting the window within said opening, said means in cluding a pair of relatively spaced pivots arranged one higher than the other and having a common approximately longitudinally disposed axis of ro tation arranged diagonally with respect to the and arranged that the top and front portions of the window may swing inwardly and the bottom and rear portions of the window may swing out wardly. _ _ ‘ ' 12. In a vehicle body having an opening there 20 in, a vertically adjustable window frame having a window opening therein positioned to register with the ?rst mentioned opening, a window, and means for supporting the window within said window opening, said means including a pair of relatively spaced pivots‘ arranged one higher than the other and having a common approximately longitudinally disposed axis of rotation arranged diagonally with respect to the window opening, 30 the higher pivot being located rearwardly with respect to the lower pivot, said pivots being so constructedand arranged that the top and front portions of the window may swing inwardly and the bottom and rear portions of the window may 35 swing outwardly. . BERT N. PARMENTER.