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Патент USA US2062524

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. l, 1936.
B. N. PARMENTER
WINDOW DEVICE
vFiled May 6, 1935 >
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
5%22
Dec. 1, 1936.
a. N. puanaansrrrmév
’ 2,062,524 ’
WINDOW DE'VICE
Filed May 6, 1935
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4 Sheets-Sheet‘ 3
Deé. 1‘, 1936.
B. N. PARMENTER
2,062,524 '
WINDOW DEVICE
Filed May 6, 1955
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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Patented Dec. 1, 1936 -
_ 2,062,524
)IUNIATAED. ‘STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,062,524
WINDOW DEVICE .‘l -
Bert N. Par-mentor, Lake Forest, Ill.
Application May 6, 1935, Serial No. 20,013 _
12 Claims. (01. 29s_44)'
The present invention relates to window de
vices, and more particularly to the de?ecting
type of window, such as those used in vehicles,
although the invention is not limited to windows
5 in vehicles but is equally applicable to windows in
stationary structures, such as buildings, the in
vention being herein disclosed in connection with
an automobile for the purpose of illustration.
Among the objects of the invention is to pro
10 vide a novel window device having a pane which
may swing on an oblique axis to cause movement
of air over, by or ‘past the upper and forward
portions of the pane and also under, by or past
the lower and rear portions of the pane.
'15
‘Another object of ‘the invention is to provide
a~novel window construction as above mentioned
Fig. 7 is a sectional view taken in a plane rep- .
resented by line 7-—'! in Fig. 1 of the drawings
and showing one of the bearings;
’
Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken in a plane repre
sented by line 8-8 in Fig. 7 of the drawings;
5
Fig. 9 is a vertical sectional view of a connect
ing link means between'the frame and pane and
the friction bearing therefor;
» ‘
Fig. 10 is an elevational view of the linkage;
Fig. 11 is a sectional view of an, alternate form 10
of bearing;
'
Fig. 12 is a sectional View of another alternate
form of bearing; and,
Fig. 13 is a sectional view taken in a plane rep
resented byline l3-|3 in Fig. 12 of the drawings. ‘15
Referring to the drawings, the embodiment se
lected to-illustrate the invention is shownin con
with novel friction means for normally holding
the pane in any of its moved positions.
nection with an automobile or like vehicle having
A further object of the invention is to provide a body I having a side opening normally closed by
20 a novel window device as above mentioned with a‘door 2 suitably supported by hinges 3 connected 20
novel bearings so arranged and constructed‘as to to the front 4 of the vehicle. The door comprises
movably support the pane for movement about - a hollow lower portion or casing 5 (Figs. 4 and 5)
- _ an oblique axis.
in which is located the operating mechanism 6
Another object of the invention is to provide a ' for opening and closing the window of. the door,
25 novel window device as above mentioned with such mechanism including a lever 1 and a trun- 25
novel bearings having novel friction means, pref
nion 8 operating in a slot 9 in the lower part of
erably adjustable, so arranged and constructed the window frame ill, for raising and lowering the a
as to controllably hold the pane in any of its frame In and the window carried by it. In the
‘moved positions.
' »
upper part of the door is provided a window
30
Another object of the invention is to provide a . opening II, a lintel l2, forward post I3, rear post 30
novel window device having a pane which will
I4, and a ledge l5.
.
swing about an oblique axis to de?ect air as above
The window frame I0 is in the ‘general form
mentioned and having means, such as a frame, so
of an H, and comprises upright limbs 16v and I‘!
arranged and constructed as to slide, at will, into and a cross piece I8. The vertical limbs 16 and ,
35. the supporting means for the frame, with or
l'l slide vertically in channels provided respec-.I35
without means for slidably moving the frame.
tively in the posts l3 and. M. It will be noted ‘
A Other objects, advantages, capabilities, fea
that the limb I6 is short and has an upper por
_ tures and the like are comprehended by the in
tion I9 and a lower portion20ywhile the limb 'l'!
vention as will later appear and as are inherently ‘is long and has an upper portion 2| and a lower
'40 possessed thereby.
_,
' portion 22.
The limb part 2| extends nearly 40
Referring to the drawings; _
the full height of the window to the upper rear.
Fig. 1 is a side elevational ,view with parts ' cornerv thereof while the limb part I 9' extends
shown broken away of an embodiment of the in
only to the lower forward corner of the Window.
vention in a vehicle;
,In the opening H is located a pane 23 the
45 Fig. 2 .is a fragmentary elevational view of part upper and forward edge portions 24 and 25 of 45
of the ‘device shown in Fig. 1;
which, when in closed position, laterally abut
Fig. 3‘is a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing packing 26 on. the inside of the weather strip
the panev in open or partly open position;'
21 (Figs.. 4 and 5). The lower and rear edge
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken ‘in a plane repre
50 sented by line 4-4 in Fig. 1 of the drawings;
. Fig. 5 is a sectional View taken in a plane repre
55
portions 28 and 29 of the pane are seated in
the channels of a sash 30 havingv a rear portion 50
3|, a bottom or lower portion 32 and a short
sented by line 5—5 in Fig. 3 of the drawings;
forward portion 33. These portions are adapt
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view taken in _ ed, when the pane is in closed position, to lat- '
a plane represented by line 6—6 in Fig. 1 of the erally abut the packing 34 secured to the stop
drawings;
'
'
V,
or weather strip 35 on theframe Ill. The glass 55'
2,062,524
2
pane is set in the channel of the sash with a
suitable material such as an adhesive or cemen
titious substance 36.
The pane 23 and its sash 38 are supported to
swing about an oblique axis 31, the upper rear
to permit such a movement and yet normally
hold the pane in any of its moved positions.
In Fig. 12 is shown a further form of bearing
of the multiple disc type. In this case the socket
4|!b is preferably reversed so as to- extend into the
part and the lower forward part of the pane ‘
having frictional bearings 38 and 39 shown more
in detail in Figs. 7, or 11 or 12. Both the upper
and lower bearings are alike.
-
In the form of bearing shown in Fig. '1, the
device comprises a coupling having a non-cir
cular socket 40 (shown as square in the illus
trative embodiment) rigidly secured to the pe
riphery of the sash portion 3| at the upper end
15 thereof (see Fig. 1), and a shaft 4| having a
sash part 3|a, the pane 23 being ‘cut away to clear ‘
the socket 401’. This socket has legs 55“ rigid
with the peripheral part of the sash part 3|a as
shown in Fig. 12. In the inner wall part 44b of
the frame part 2|b is provided an opening in 10
10
which is ?xed the inner end of a casing 18 this
casing being square or non-circular in cross-sec—
tion. The outer end of the casing is located op
non-circular part 42 (also square) ?tting into
the socket 40, and ‘a conical friction part 43.
The parts 48 and 42, may slide axially in com
pensation for any variation in ?t of the ‘parts,
20 but will rotate together. The socket 49 is ex
teriorly round and is rotatably supported in an
opening formed in the inner wall 44 of the
posite an opening 1| provided in the upper~cor
her of the door 2“, this opening being normally
closed by a plate 13 secured as by screws 14 to the
door 2*‘. The outer end portion 15 of the cas
ing 10 is round and threaded to receive a cap 16
frame part 2|. In the frame part 2| is located a
spider 45 in which is secured a tube or housing
45 in which the shaft 4| extends. This tube or
25 housing
has a conical part 41 between which
and the cone part 43 of the shaft is interposed
a friction member 48 of any suitable material.
In the tube 46 is a spring 49 normally acting
30 against a washer 58 pressed against the shoul
der 5| of the tube member 46, the other end of
the spring reacting against awasher 52 bearing
as shown in Fig. 12.
In the casing 10 is a hous
ing 11 of the same cross-sectional shape as the
casing 18 and slidably ?tting therein. The hous
ing 11 has a ?ange 18 having a circular opening
19 for the passage therethrough of a shaft 88
preferably of polygonal cross-section, such as
square, the opening 19 being of a size to permit
free rotation of the shaft 88 therein. The inner
end of the shaft 80 has a coupling part 8| of po
lygonal shape such as square to slidably ?t in the
socket 481" so that axial movement may be at
tained in compensation for variations in ?t and 30
manufacture of the device. The part 8| has a
circular collar 82 between which and the ?ange 18
a friction member 83 having a square
against the nut 53 on the threaded end 54 of the .is located ?tting
in the housing 11 and having a
perimeter
shaft 4|. By turning the nut 53 the force of
the rotation of the shaft 88 '
circular
hole
for
35 the spring 49 may be varied to adjust the fric
On the outer side of the ?ange 18 are a
tion between the friction member 48 and the therein.
cone part 43 of the shaft. The socket 48 may plurality of like friction members 83 having
have laterally extending legs 55 rigidly secured square peripheries or perimeters to ?t in the
housing 11 and circular holes for the rotation of
or fastened with the peripheral part of the up
'40 per endportion of the sash part 2| (Fig. 1).
When the pane 23 and its sash are swung
about the oblique axis 31 the sockets 48 turn in
the openings in the walls 44 and cause a turn
ing of the shafts 4| by way of the non-circular
45 (square in the illustrative embodiment) coupling
parts 48 and 42. The cone parts 43 of the shaft
are so frictionally engaged with the friction
members 48, which in turn are frictionally en
gaged with the cone parts 41 of the tubes "or
50 housings 48, as to turn when the pane is moved
about its axis and to normally hold the pane in
any of its moved positions.
The bearings may be of the form shown in
Fig. 11 wherein the socket 40 extends through
55
a bearing aperture in the wall 44a of the upper
part 2|“ and is coupled to the squared portion
428- of shaft 4|a. To the end of the shaft;
4|a is a ball or sphere 56 held'in frictional en
40
the shaft 88 therein, and alternating therewith,
are a plurality of discs 84 of suitable material
and having square holes for ?tting with the
squared part of the shaft 80 and having circular
peripheries for rotating in the housing 11. A
spring 85 normally presses these parts together to 45
e?ect the given or desired frictional resistance,
the spring 85 reacting against a washer 86 backed
by an adjusting nut 81 .on the threaded end 88 of
the shaft 80. The nut 81 may be located in a
50
socket 89 provided in the cap 16.
When assembling the friction device is inserted
through the hole 1| into the-casing 10 with the
?ange 82 abutting the shoulder 98 of the socket
40b, and. the cap 16 is screwed into place to abut
the outer end of, the housing 11 to hold the parts
in place. The nut 81 is adjusted to the desired
degree to give- the required friction among the
discs 84 and members 83. The plate 13 is then
attached in place. When the pane is moved about
gagement between cup shaped friction members the oblique axis 31 the socket 4|!b turns with the ' 60
coupling part 8|, shaft'88 and discs 84, the latter
cup shaped bearings 59 and 60 of which the having frictional engagement with the friction
60 51 and 58 of any suitable material and held in
latter has a ?ange 6| secured as by rivets 62
to the frame part 2|a, while the part‘ 59 is mov
able and carried by a spring 63 connected to
65 a plate 84 carried by an adjusting screw 85
mounted in the bracket 68 having a ?ange 81
secured as by rivets 68 to the frame part 2|a.
A lock nut 69 looks the screw 65 in adjusted
position. By adjusting the screw 65, the fric
70 tion on the ball 58 may be ‘varied at will.
When the pane is moved about its oblique axis
31, the socket 40 turns the ‘parts 42*‘, 4|“, and
56, the latter having such a frictional engagem
ment with the friction members 51 and 58 as
members 83 held from turning in the housing 11.
The friction is such as to permit such movement
of the pane but to hold the pane in any of its
moved positions.
.
6.5
_
In order not to depend entirely on the fric
tion of thevbearings to hold the pane in any of
its positions, additional friction means may be
used such as a link 9| having a slot 92 in which 70
rides a pin 93 ?xed to the sash part 3| (Fig, 10).
The end 94 of the slot is enlarged or of such a
size as to permit passage of the head of the pin
, 93 when assembling,
The upper end of the link 9| is connected to
3
2,062,524~
friction means shown in detail in Fig. '9. This
means may comprise a shaft 95 having a friction
conical part 96 and a squared or polygonal part 91
?tting in a socket 98 rigid or integral with the
support the pane for movement about a diagonal
link or arm M.
for ?ow of air over and past the former portions
and also under and. past the latter portions.
2. A window construction comprising a mov
able frame, a pane adapted to ?t in said ‘frame
In the frame I‘! is located a
spider 99 carrying a shell I00 having a conical
part IOI between which and the conical part 96 of
the shaft is located a conical friction member
I02 of suitable material. In the shell I00 is a
10 spring I03 acting against a washer I04 seated
against the shoulder I05 formed in the shell I00,
the spring I03 reacting against a washer I06 abut
ting an adjusting nut I01 threaded upon the
threaded end portion I08 of the shaft 95. The
15 spring I03 normally acts to effect frictional en
gagement between the friction member I03 and
axis whereby the top and front portions of the '
pane may swing inwardly and the bottom and
rear portions of the pane may swing outwardly
when in closed position, bearings in said frame
and being so located and constructed and so con
10
nected to said pane as to movably support said
pane for movement about an oblique axis where
by the forward and upper portions of the pane
swing inwardly and the rear and lower portions 1
of the pane swing outwardly for How of air by '
and past the former portions and also by and '
past the latter portions.
3. A window construction comprising a mov
When the pane is moved about its axis, the link
9| is swung so‘ that as the socket 98 turns it also _ able frame, a pane adapted to fit in said frame
20 ‘turns the coupling part 91 and the shaft 95. The when in closed position, hearings in said frame 20
friction between the friction members I 02 and the and being so located and constructed and so
connected to said pane as to movably support
conical parts 96 and MI is such as to permit for
cible movement of the pane but to hold the pane _ said pane for movement about an oblique axis
whereby. the forward and upper portions of the
in any of its moved positions against any corn
25 ponent of force effected by the wind or air acting pane swing inwardly and the rear and lower por 25
the conical parts 96 and IOI.
tions of the pane swing outwardly forflow of
upon the outside surface of the pane.
To manually move the pane the sash part 32
‘has connected thereto a ?nger ring I09 having
30 journals IIO rotatable in a bearing III ?xed to
a projection |I2 rigid or integral with the sash
part 32. To normally hold the ring I09 parallel
to the pane when the latter-is raised from or
‘ lowered into vthellower casing 5 of the door 2, a
spring I I3 is provided with an end I I4 thereof se
cured to the projection H2 and the other end
II5 thereof passing through a slot II6 formed in
the bearing III and-secured to the journals IIO.
When the ring I09 is swung to the dotted line
'40 position thereof shown in Fig, 6, the spring II3
will swing it back to the full line position there
of when the ring I09 is released by the operator
of the pane.
>
The ledge-I 5 has a slot through which the frame
I0 and the pane 23 when in closed position may
' be loweredto or raised from the hollow casing
5 of the door 2. Should the ring I00-extend iat
erally when the frame I0 and pane 23 are being
lowered, the hitting of the ring I09 against the
air by and past the former portions and by and
past the latter portions, and friction means for
normally holding the pane in any of its moved
positions.
'
30
4.-A window construction comprising a mov- '
able frame, a pane adapted to ?t in said frame
when in closed position, bearings in said frame
and being so located and constructed and so con
nected to said pane as to movably support said 35
pane for movement about a diagonal axis where
by the forward and upper portions of the pane
swing inwardly and the rear and lower portions
of the pane swing outwardly for ?ow of air by
and past the former portions and also by and 40
past the latter portions, and means connected
to said pane and to said frame and having fric
tion elements for normally holding the pane in
any of its moved positions.
5. A window construction comprising a frame, 45
a pane adapted toi?t in said frame when in
closed position, bearings in said frame and being
so located and constructed and so connected to »
said pane as to movably support said pane for
top of the ledge I5 will automatically cause the . movement about an oblique axis‘ whereby the 50
ring I 09 to swing upward and be held in parallel
forward and upper portions of the pane swing
inwardly. and the rear and lower portions of the
pane swing outwardly for .?ow of, air by and
past the former portions and also by and past
the latter portions, said bearings each having a 55
coupling connected to said, frame and to said
and forward portions of the pane and at the lower » pane and the elements of which are axially rela
ism with the pane by the spring ‘I I3.
When the pane 23 is in openvor partly open
position (see Figs. 3 and 5) the air hitting the
pane will be de?ected and will cause movement
of air through the openings provided at the upper
and rear portions of the pane.
The pane in such
position also sheds rain and the like and prevents
60 entryof the same in the tonneau'. Another'ad
tively movable and angularly ?xed.
6. A window constru/ction comprising a mov
able frame, a pane adapted to ?t in said frame 60
vantage is that when the pane is open as shown when in closed position, hearings in said frame
for example in Figs. 3yand 5, the rider may easily I
and being so located and constructed and so con-v
. extend his hand or arm outwardly to_ effect sig
nals through the opening between the lower part nected to said pane as to movably support said ,
pane for movement about a diagonal axis where
of the pane and the ledge of the‘ door.
~
-
Having thus disclosed the invention it is to b
understood that the same is not limited to the
particular construction described in the speci?ca
tion and shown upon the drawings but compre
hends other constructions, details, arrangements
of parts, features and the like, without departing
by the forward and upper portions of, the pane
swing inwardly and the rear- and lower portions
of the pane swing outwardly for ?ow of air by
and past the former portions and also by and
past the latter portions, said bearings each hav
ing a coupling an element of which is connected 70
to said pane and another element 'of which is
connected to said frame; said elementsbeing so‘
Having thus disclosed the invention, I claim:
1. A window construction comprising a panev arranged and constructed as to have relative
75 and bearings so arranged and constructed as to axial movement and to be angularly ?xed.
from the spirit of the invention.
‘
4
2,062,524
7. A window construction comprising a frame,
a single full size pane adapted to ?t in said
frame when in closed position, bearings in said
frame and being so located and constructed and
so connected to said pane as to movably sup
port said pane for movement about an oblique
axis whereby the forward and upper portions of
the pane swing inwardly and the rear and lower
portions of the pane swing outwardly for ?ow of
10 air by and past the former portions and also by
and past the latter portions, said frame being
so arranged and constructed as to slide in the
supporting means for the frame, and means for
15
’
window opening, the higher pivot being located
rearwardly with respect to the lower pivot, said
pivots being so constructed and arranged that
the top and front portions of the window may
swing inwardly and the bottom and rear portions
of the window may swing outwardly.
11. In a vehicle body having an opening there
in, a vertically adjustable window frame having
a window opening therein positioned to register
with the ?rst mentioned opening, a window lo 10
cated in said window opening, and rotative means
for supporting said window, said supporting
means being disposed on an axis approximately
slidably moving said frame.
longitudinally arranged diagonally with respect
8. A window construction comprising a wall
having a window opening therein, a frame ver
to the opening in said frame and so constructed 15
tically adjustable from a position within the
opening to a position outside thereof and a win
dow pivotally mounted in the frame on a diagonal
20 axis extending, between the lower front and upper
rear corners of said frame.
9. In a vehicle body having a window opening
therein, a window located within said opening,
and rotative supporting means for said window
25 mounted on an approximately longitudinally dis
posed axis arranged diagonally with respect to
said opening and so constructed and arranged
that the top and front portions of the window
may swing’ inwardly and the bottom and rear
30 portions of the window may swing outwardly.
10. In a vehicle body having a window open
ing therein, a window, and means for supporting
the window within said opening, said means in
cluding a pair of relatively spaced pivots arranged
one higher than the other and having a common
approximately longitudinally disposed axis of ro
tation arranged diagonally with respect to the
and arranged that the top and front portions of
the window may swing inwardly and the bottom
and rear portions of the window may swing out
wardly.
_
_
‘
'
12. In a vehicle body having an opening there 20
in, a vertically adjustable window frame having
a window opening therein positioned to register
with the ?rst mentioned opening, a window, and
means for supporting the window within said
window opening, said means including a pair of
relatively spaced pivots‘ arranged one higher than
the other and having a common approximately
longitudinally disposed axis of rotation arranged
diagonally with respect to the window opening, 30
the higher pivot being located rearwardly with
respect to the lower pivot, said pivots being so
constructedand arranged that the top and front
portions of the window may swing inwardly and
the bottom and rear portions of the window may 35
swing outwardly.
.
BERT N. PARMENTER.
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