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Патент USA US2063155

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Dec. 8, 1936.
(:_ A‘ FLOOD
Filed April 30, 1934
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Patented Dec. 8, 1936
7 Carl A. Flood, Framingham, Mass, assignor to
Dennison Manufacturing Company, Framing
ham, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts
Application April 30, 1934, Serial No. 723,170
3 Claims.
This invention relates to improved fastening
devices and more particularly to devices of the
type provided with a flexible strand or ?lament
which may be in the form of a string loop and a
cooperating retainer. A device of this type, for
example, may be employed to hold a tag in place
upon an article or" merchandise such as a gar
ment or a sheet of fabric.
In accordance with
this invention a. simple sheet metal blank having
'10 straight parallel edges and cut from “ribbon
stock” may be bent about the strand ends and
more commonly about the ends of a string loop
associated with a price tag or the like. For this
I purpose the partially formed retainer may have
15 a generally U-shaped or trough-like form and the
ends of the string may be disposed in diverging
directions within the blank which is then bent
over upon the string so that the ends of the string
are juxtaposed to the ends of the blank and so
2 O that portions of the string extend from the blank
between the inbent edges of the same. Thus, a
small generally cylindrical retainer is provided
in which the ends of the string are ?rmly ?xed.
A retainer of this type may be inserted, for ex
ample, through an opening in a piece of cloth
so that the retainer in its normal position ex
tends in engagement with the surface of the
cloth at opposite sides of the opening and may
effectively oppose any tendency to pull the string
30 away from the cloth.
In the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is an isometric view of a blank which may
be employed in forming a retainer;
Fig. 2 is a similar View of a bent blank or par
tially formed retainer;
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of such a partially
formed retainer showing the manner in which
the ends of the ?lament element or string are dis
posed in relation to the blank;
Fig. 4 is an end elevation of the parts in the
same position as that illustrated in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is an isometric view of the retainer and
the string, illustrating the manner in which the
blank is bent about the string to complete the
45 making of the attaching device;
Fig. 6 is a plan View of an assembly of tags with
associated string sections combined with an
elongate blank which may be~bent and cut to
form attaching devices of the general character
50 shown in Fig. 5; and
Fig. 7 is a plan view of an attaching device
combined with a tag.
In the accompanying drawing,
Fig. 1 illustrates a flat, rectangular blank I
55 which may be cut from thin ductile sheet metal,
(01. 40-20)
the blank being provided with opposite parallel
elongate edges 2. Such a blank may be bent to
have a generally U-shaped cross section as shown
in Fig. 2, the edges 2 being disposed in the same
plane and above a parallel line coinciding with
the diameter of a semi-circle which is substan
tially de?ned by the bent mid portion of the
blank. In other words, the mid portion of the
blank is bent into substantially semi-cylindri
cal form with edge portions extending outwardly
parallel to each other for a short distance. Such
a blank may be arranged to receive the ends of a .
?lament such as the ends of a string loop 4 ar—
ranged in the general manner illustrated in Figs.
3 and 4. For this purpose, the extremities of the
string may be arranged in juxtaposition to the
ends of the blank and the adjoining end sec
tions of the string may be disposed within the
semi-cylindrical portion of the blank extending
toward each other to a region substantially mid
way between the ends of the blank, from which
string sections extend outwardly substantially at
right angles to the general extent of the blank.
Thus, as shown in Figs, 3 and'4, the end sections
of the string are designated by numeral 6 and
extend to substantially right-angled bends ‘I from
which the string may extend to form a loop or
the like. With the string or ?lament disposed
in this manner the blank is then bent into a sub
stantially cylindrical form so that the edges 2 30
are brought into close juxtaposition at each end
of the blank and are spaced at its mid portion
to provide an opening through which the strand
sections may extend, although, if desired, the
metal may be here clinched against the string
to pinch the same. If desired the mid portions
of the parallel edges of the blanks may be
notched, so that the notches in the juxtaposed
edges of the bent blank register to afford an
opening, such as designated by numeral 3 in Fig. 40
5, through which the string sections extend.
The size of the blank is so related to the diam
eter of the string that the end portions of the
latter are ?rmly gripped in place. Thus a re
tainer is provided consisting of a small cylindrical 45
metal casing or bar l0 having a diameter slightly
greater than that of the string and being nor
mally disposed substantially at right angles to
the portions of the string which extend therefrom.
In practice, as shown in Fig. '7, the string 4 »
may be in the form of a loop extending through
an opening I I in a suitable tag I 2, such as a price
tag. The small diametered tubular retainer l0
may be inserted through an opening in a piece of
fabric, as for example in a garment, and the 55
tendency of the retainer to lie substantially at
etered tubular retainer which may be free from
right angles to the adjoining string sections
sharp corners and projections andlwhich is ar-
causes the retainer to be positioned so that it can
ranged ?rmly to grip the ?lament. Since the
portions of the string adjoining the retainer tend
not readily be removed from the fabric. Thus,
the tag I2 may be ?rmly anchored in place. In
order to facilitate the attachment of a device of
this character to a garment, piece of cloth, or the
like, I may employ a needle of the general type
disclosed in my copending application Serial No.
723,171, ?led on even date herewith.
In order to facilitate the manufacture of at
taching devices of this character, a method such
as illustrated in Fig. 6 may be employed, a con
tinuous string 4a being formed into a series of
loops 20 with each loop threaded through a tag
I2, and with the intermediate portions 6a of the
string extending along a strip 26 of metal or other
suitable material. While the strip may be in the
form of a ?at ribbon, it is preferably preformed in
20 to U-shaped cross section as illustrated in Figs. 2
and 4. The strip is bent transversely into tubular
form to grip the portions 63 of the string and, if
desired, so that the edges of the bent blank are
clenched against the portions of the string pro
25 jecting from the sheet metal in the manner il
lustrated in Fig. 5. Thus, an assembly is pro
vided consisting of a long generally cylindrical
sheet metal member 26 from which a plurality
of spaced string loops extend. The blank may
then be out along the lines 23 substantially mid
way between adjoining loops to provide a plu—
rality of retainers combined with tags as shown
in Fig. 7. It is evident that this method of manu
facturing attaching devices, permits the employ
35 ment of "ribbon stock” without waste of the metal
to lie at right angles thereto an assembly is pro
vided permitting the insertion of the retainer
through an opening in a sheet article in such a
manner that the retainer will normally lie par
allel to the plane of the adjoining portion of the
sheet article, particularly when tension is im
posed upon the string loop.
It should be understood that the present
closure is for the purpose of illustration only
that this invention includes all modi?cations
equivalents which fall within the scope of
appended claims.
the 15
I claim:
1. An article of the character referred to com
prising a tag and an attaching device joined to
gether ‘with str'mg, the attaching device being 20
formed of sheet material bent into a tube and
the string having two ends entering the tube in
termediate the ends thereof and secured in op
posite ends thereof respectively.
2. An article of the character referred to com 25
prising a tag and an attaching device joined to
gether with string, the attaching device compris
ing a sheet-metal blank having parallel edges and
bent into a tube, and the string having two ends
entering the tube close together approximately 30
midway between the ends of the tube and thence
extending in opposite directions and terminat
ing within the tube.
3. An article of the character referred to com
prising a tag and an attaching device joined to 35
or string and does not require the employment
gether with string, the attaching device being
of special dies to cut the sheet metal to odd
shapes. This method is described and claimed
in my application Serial No. 736,693, ?led July
formed of a sheet metal blank bent into tubular
40 24, 1934.
The present invention permits the provision
of an attaching device consisting of a ?exible
?lament or string extending from a small diam.
form, the edges of the blank being spaced apart
in a localized region intermediate the ends of
the tube to receive said string from the side of 40
the tube and said edges substantially meeting on
each side of said region.
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