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Патент USA US2066035

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Dec. 29, 1936.
F. c. GORDON
2,066,035
STRUCTURE OF VENEERED BUILDINGS
Filed May 16, 1935
'2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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INQENTOR. ‘
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C. Gaeoo/v
BY
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ORNEYS.
Dec. 29, 1936.
F, 'C. GORDON
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2,066,035
STRUCTURE OF VENEERED BUILDINGSv
‘Filed May 16, 1935
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‘ 2 Sheets-Sheet a
N INVEHNTOR.
fZu-v C? Coeao/v
BY
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ATTORNEYS.
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Patented Dec. 29, 1936
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T GFFECE
2,066,035
STRUCTURE OF VENEERED BUILDINGS
Fred G. Gordon, Detroit, Mich.
Application May 16, 1935, Serial No. 21,702
2 Claims. (CI. 72-05)
This invention relates to the structure of the
so-called veneered buildings.
Buildings of this
type are usually of frame construction havingr an
outside surface of masonry, such as brick. The
invention is concerned particularly with the
5
veneering of buildings having a wooden siding,
stucco, or similar exterior surface, and is par
ticularly advantageous for» the veneering of old
buildings, although the invention may be em
ployed in new construction.
The invention is directed especially toward the
provision of a foundation or base structure for
supporting the masonry veneering.
Heretofore,
in good construction, it has been necessary to
dig a trench entirely along the foundation or
basement walls of an old building in order to in
stall a suitable base or foundation structure for
the form removed.
‘
'
Fig. 4. is an enlarged sectional View showing a
structure for holding the form together.
The masonry wall of the basement of the
building is shown at I, the floor of the basement
being illustrated at 2, while the footing of the '10
wall is illustrated at 3. The frame structure is
shown as having joists 1!, studding 5, and upon
the studding is mounted the usual siding 6. The
portion 6 is intended to illustrate any conven
tional exterior surface of a frame building, such 15
as wooden siding, stucco, or the like; or the rough
siding of a new building, in case the invention
is employed'on new construction.
such devices as bolts or the like taken through
the masonry foundation or basement wall of the
which preferably converge upwardly. This con
or supports, upon which the masonry veneering
was laid. This is not good construction and
places too much of an unbalanced weight upon
the original wall, to the end that the same may
crack or break.
In accordance with the present invention a
structure is provided which affords ample sup
port for the masonry veneering independently of
the foundation for the frame building or the
basement wall thereof, and at the same time the
necessity of digging a trench entirely along the
foundation or basement wall is eliminated.
Moreover, the depth of the excavation required
to install the supporting structure of the present
invention is less than that required in the usual
home where the same is provided with a base
ment.
In accordance with the invention piers are
placed at spaced points along the foundation or
basement wall, and beams are utilized which ex~
' tend across the piers to support the masonry
veneering. These piers are below the ground
line and the beam is preferably located substan
tially just under the ground line.
In the accompanying drawings:
50
Fig. 3 is a view of the pier and beam looking
from the righthand side of Fig. 2, with a part of
supporting the masonry veneering. Obviously,
this is expensive. In cheaper constructions the
masonry veneering has been supported substan
tially at the ground line by means comprising
building and provided with a projecting support
30
the form and pier are associated with the build
ing structure.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a building struc
ture with some parts cut away showing how the
installation is made and illustrating a form used
in constructing the piers and beam.
Fig. 2 is a view partly in section showing how
‘a
A concrete pier is shown at Ill, which prefer
ably is formed with a relatively wide base with 20
an outer surface slanting upwardly toward the
masonry wall of the building, and side walls
struction gives a good sound footing, and the ex
cavation, therefore, need not be to the depth re
15
quired for the footing 3. At about the ground
line and preferably just under the ground, a
reinforced concrete beam ll runs from pier to
pier and is supported thereby and the same
having reinforcing rods I2. The masonry ve 30
neering herein shown as being a brick construc
tion is shown at I3, and is laid directly on the
beam ll. Preferably, the piers are tied into or
keyed to the masonry wall I by means of a key
[5. This is accomplished by removing a part 35
of the masonry wall to form a recess. The ma
sonry wall herein'is shown as being of a brick
construction, and this may be done by remov
ing a few bricks. The masonry wall may be of
concrete block structure, in which case a con
crete block or a part thereof may be removed.
Also, the beam is tied into or keyed with the
masonry wall as at I6. The keys [6 may be
placed at the location of the piers Ill, and if
desired at spaced points along the length of the 45
beam between the piers. Advantageously, a tie
rod 20 is run through the masonry wall and pro
jects outwardly therefrom and means such as a
nut 22, with an angle washer 23, placed on the
outside of the plate 3|. This is to hold the 50
form is place for pouring. After the concrete is
set the rod may be cut off substantially ?ush with
the concrete on the outside, and with the wall
I on the inside. This is just one form of hold
ing means which can be used for this purpose.
55
2
2,066,035
The form construction for the piers comprises
a pair of side plates 25, each having projecting
threaded studs 28. These side plates are ‘pro
vided with ?anges 21 and preferably are also
provided with one or more attaching devices
which may be in the form of projecting studs
28. The outside wall of the form preferably com~
prises two parts 30 and 3! connected by one or
more hinges 32, and these two parts have angle
10 brackets 33 secured thereto and slotted, as shown
at 34, to ?t over the threaded studs 26. Nuts
35 may be placed upon the studs 26 to hold the
several parts in assembly. The slotted end of each
bracket may be upturned as at 31, and a washer
15 as at 38 may be used. This structure unites
the form plates 25 to the form member {iii-3!,
and the form is completed, so to speak, on the
side opposite the form plate 3ll--3| by the ma~
sonry wall. In order to- aid in preventing the
20 side plates from spreading tie means such as one
or more wires lit may be extended across the bot
tom of the form and wound or otherwise fastened
to studs 28. Form members for the beam may
be in the form of long angled plates 4i posi
25 tioned to rest upon the ?anges 21.
In veneering an old building the ground is
excavated for the piers, the forms placed in loca
tion and the plates 4! for the beam located, and
then the concrete is poured. Obviously, the re
inforcing rods l2 are also located before the
concrete is poured, and they may be held in
position by the tie-rods 20. As shown in Fig. l
the excavation for each pier need not be as deep
as that of the footing 3, and the piers may be
35 some distance apart. Inasmuch as the piers
are quite wide at their base some difliculty may
be experienced in getting the concrete in the
form. Accordingly, when the concrete is being
poured to begin a pier the portion 3| of the
'40 form may be opened up, as shown in the dotted
lines of Fig. 2. Then as the concrete rises to
about the hinge line the same may be closed.
After the concrete has set, the nuts 35 may be
removed and the wires lie may be merely cut
45 with a suitable tool, and the forms for the pier
or piers and beam removed. The wires 40 may
be allowed to remain in position. As many piers
as desired may be formed at one time, although
it is within the invention to construct two or
50 more, then use the same forms over on other
piers further on down the length of the masonry
wall. After the pier and beam construction is
?nished the masonry veneering, such as brick,
may be laid on the pier as shown in Fig. 1.
I claim:
~
1. In building construction, a frame building
structure having a masonry foundation wall, a >
plurality of concrete piers disposed at spaced
points along the outside of the Wall and poured
directly against the masonry foundation wall,
a reinforced concrete beam carried by the piers 10
and poured directly against the masonry wall,
and masonry veneering laid on the beam and
covering the side of the frame structure, said
piers each having a relatively broad base with
opposite sides converging upward and with the 15
side opposite the foundation wall slanting up
wardly toward the masonry foundation wall, and
with the fourth side substantially vertical and
substantially ?ush against the foundation wall,
the piers being of less depth below the ground 20
line than the depth of the masonry wall below
the ground line.
2. In building construction, a masonry founda
tion wall positioned in the main below the level
of the surface, a frame building structure sup
ported by the foundation, an external masonry
veneering for the frame structure, and a founda
tion for the veneering comprising, a plurality
of spaced piers of concrete disposed along the
outside of the foundation, said piers having one
vertical wall substantially flush against the foun
dation wall, a relatively wide base and a relative
ly narrow top, said piers each having two oppo
site walls converging upwardly from the base
to the top, and. a fourth inclined wall opposite
the foundation and inclining upwardly toward
the wall from the base of the pier to the top, the
base of the piers being at a depth below the
surface less than that of the foundation wall and
having the upper portions adjacent the ground
line, integral concrete keys on the base tying
into the foundation wall, a reenforced concrete
beam extending along the outside of the founda
tion wall and carried by the piers and integrally
united with the top portion of the piers, integral 45
concrete keys .on the beam tying into the foun
dation wall, other tie means extending through
the foundation wall and the upper portion of
the piers, said masonry veneering laid on said
concrete beam and covering the frame structure.
FRED C. GORDON.
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