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Патент USA US2069073

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Jan- 26, 1937-
G. 'F. LlNQUlST
2,069,073
ART OF FORMING ASSEMBLIES
Filed July 2, 1935
INVENTOR
BY; 5 7:
‘
Patented Jan. 26, 1937 _
2,069,073
UNITED srjiras PATENT‘ OFFICE
i
1
_
2,069,073
ART OF FORMING ASSEMBLIEB
7
George F. Linguist, Seattle, Wash, assignin- to
I. Fillaucks, Inc., Seattle, Wash, a corporation
of Washington
Application July 2, 19:5, Serial No. 29.450
'
5 Claims. (cl. 144-409)
’ This invention relates to the art of forming
assemblies inbundles, and more particularly to
methods of forming box-sides and similar ar
ticles. -
a
' An object of the invention is the provision of
a procedure whereby glued assemblies; such for
instance as box-sides, i. e. articles whereby the
top, bottom, side or other walls of a box may be
formed, or similar constructions may be held un
10 der pressure for the setting of the glue and made
ready for shipment in groups.
‘
,
More'speci?cally, it is an object of the inven
tion to avoid the time-consuming and expensive
operations which have been utilized up to the
15 present time for the formation of assemblies of
the character under consideration and in mak
ing them ready for shipment.
Other objects of the invention will in part be
obvious and will in part appear hereinafter.
go e invention accordingly comprises the sever
‘ a1 steps and the relation and order of one or more
of such steps with’respect to each or the others
thereof, which will be exempli?ed in the meth
od hereinafter disclosed, and the scope of the ap-'
‘g5 plication of which will be indicated in the claims.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and
objects of the invention, reference should be had
to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in
so which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a box-side
assembly bundle such as may be produced in
accordance with one embodiment of the inven
-
tion;
and
’
'
-
'
35 . Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are perspective views in part
diagrammatic and ha
1 parts broken away
such as may be produced with other embodiments
otthe invention.
a
.
'
.. .In the manufacture of glued box-sides and the
so like, it has been customary to assemble two or
more slats side by side with a cross cleat at each
end ‘glued to the slats and holding them in prop
er relative position. These have ordinarily been
gathered in groups and bound betweenscrew
45 clamps or in complicated and expensive machines
until the glue wasset; and usually for conven
ience tied loosely across the middle with a string
so that the‘ various assemblies could be-handled
as a bundle. This time-consuming, cumbersome
the work was kept in apparatus the full time
required for the glue to set. The present inven
tion departs sharply from such unsatisfactory
procedure and makes for greatly increased sim
plicity and emciency. It contemplates a method 5
of making box-side assembly bundles ready, at
the instant of completion of the bundle, for im- -
mediate shipment or storage without waiting
for the glue to'set. In theperformance of the
single step‘ of forming an immediately available 10
bundle of box~side assemblies, the ,method, at
thesame time and without further equipment
than that used in the bundling, provides and
maintains the condition requisite to the proper
setting or the glue and proper completion of the 15
box-sides.
.
'
Individual box-side assemblies are produced in
the ordinary way by applying glue at the ends of
the slats Igor to the face of the corresponding
cleats 2, as may be the more convenient.‘ After zu
being glued, these assemblies to the number oi’ say
twenty-four or twenty-?ve, are then stacked by
hand, or by machine, with the cross cleats at each
end aligned in sets, as best shown in Fig. 1. The
two exterior, assemblies, on the top and on the 2:,
bottom in the said ?gure, have their cleats on the
outside, thus protecting the more delicate slats.
Before the glue has set, the assemblies are then,
according to the invention, bound closely into a
bundle, with the cleats in close contact with their 30
respective slats, by tightly applying ties 3 (3' in
Fig. 4) over the cleats. as indicated in all of the
?gures, and securing them ?rmly against slip
ping or release, as indicated at l (5' in Fig. 4).
The collecting, arranging,v tie-applying and se- 35'
curing procedures need not be sharply isolated or
distinct steps but may go on to some extent at
the same time or merge into each other. Much
the‘ best and most eii'ective ties are ?at steel
straps of known construction not necessary to 40
illustrate in detail. Wire or rope may be used,
but to less advantage than the ?at steel straps.
Where wire is chosen protective pieces should be
interposed be ween the end edges of the ‘cleats
and the wire avoid cutting into the cleats un- 45
duly. Rope has the defect for this use of being
subject to stretching. In Fig. 1,' the box-‘side
assemblies after being ‘glued and stacked have
50 and otherwise objectionable practice, recognized been bound closely into a bundle with the cleats
in close contact with their respective slats by 50
as undesirable, but nevertheless deemed unavoid
‘able, necessitated multiplication of equipment tightly applying to each and set of cleats the steel
and compelled long waits before the product was strap I running lengthwise of the cleats approxi
ready for shipment or storage and until the mately axially thereof and enclosing the set, and
5; equipment could be used again, since in all cases firmly securing each strap, one end of which is
run through, or lapped with, the other and as
2,069,073,.
2
clinched, or otherwise ?xed at 4 against return
movement, thus tying the parts tightly and per
manently together in the correct relative position
and under the pressure required to insure the
proper setting of the glue. This provides a neat
package with a moderate amount of strapping
and with adequate distribution of pressure on the
aspects, is adapted for use in a variety of cases
where assemblies of small-surface members with
large-surface members are to be formed by
gluing and grouped in bundles.
glue line. Greater rigidity‘and greater uniform
ity of pressure is obtained by the location of the
cleats of the two exterior assemblies on the out
side, as indicated above. .
The method which resulted in the bundle of
Fig. 2 is the same as that already described'in
Since certain changes may be made in carry
ing out the above method without departing
from the scope of the invention, it is intended
that all matter contained in the above description
shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a
limiting sense.
the gluing and stacking of the assemblies, but
15 the ties, steel straps 3 being shown, are passed
crosswise of the cleats and lengthwise of the
slats around the entire bundle. These are drawn
tightly and have their ends fastened securely as
in Fig. 1.
10
i
The invention claimed is:
, 1. The method of making composite box sides
and the like and bundling the same; which com
Two straps symmetrically arranged
20 are effective and sufficient, but one will serve
where the bundle is narrow. As will be evident
the crosswise straps exert‘ a crosswise component
tending-to slide each outside cleat inward on the
prises providing a plurality of assemblies each
formed by ‘gluing cross cleats to each end of the 15
face of body-forming means; stacking such as
semblies, with the cleats at the ends thereof
alined in sets; and, before the glue has set, bind
ing the stacked assemblies into a bundle with
the cleats in close contact with the body mate 20
rial by tightly applying tie-means to the por
tions of the stack containing the alined cleats,
and ?rmly securing the tie-means to hold the
slats out of its proper position if the two exterior > members of each assembly tightly together dur
25 assemblies are freshly glued.
It is best, there
fore, to insure the fixity of these cleats, as may be
done by selecting these‘ particular assemblies
from previously glued box-sides wherein the glue
hasset. This manner of application gives good
30 distribution of pressure by greater. length of
strapping.
'
'
'
'
q
The’method which produced the bundle of Fig.
3' differs from either of these already described
in utilizing aligned spaces between‘ slats which
35 ‘form slots adjacent to each end set of cleats
or'shipment.
»
‘
.
.
'
'
2. The method of making composite box sides
and the like'and bundling the same; which com-'
prises providing. a plurality 'of assemblies each
formed by gluing cross cleats to each end of the
face of body-forming means; stacking such as
semblies', withv the cleats at ' the .ends thereof
alined in sets, and with the cleats on the ex
drawn and ?rmly secured at 4. In this way the
cleats are'placed and held in close contact vwith
their slats and the glue sets during shipment or
plying tie-means to the portions of the stack con
40
taining the alined cleats to draw the exterior ,
storage as in all the other forms ‘of the method.
cleats toward eachv other, and ?rmly secur
ing the tie-means to hold‘ the members of each
bound together by short straps or ties 3 tightly
Two symmetrical straps are best and sui?cient.
The bundle shown in Fig. 4 is bound and held
45
handling
terior assemblies disposed at the outside thereof;
and, before the glue has set, binding the stacked
assemblies into a bundle with [the cleats in close
contact ‘with the body material by tightly ap
which can thus be completely encircled and so
40
ing the setting of the glue and at the same time
to bind the associated assemblies in a bundle for
by short steel'straps 3' having inturned ends 4'
held fast by tangs" 5' punched into the respective
‘outer cleats. The straps having been tightly
drawn, the tangs serve to maintain the bundle
in tightly drawn relationship, so as to‘ assure
that the glue'will set under'properconditions
assembly tightly together during the setting of
the glue and at the same time to bind the asso
ciated assemblies in a bundle for handling or ship
ment.
.
-
3. The method of making, composite box sides
and the like and bundling the same; which com
prises providing a plurality oflassemblies each 60
ment or’ storage as soon as the straps are in
formed by gluing cross cleats to each end of the
face of body-forming means; stacking such as
place. The straps extending over the ends of the
semblies, with the cleats ‘at the ends thereof
cleats, as exempli?edat the right of Fig. 4, serve
to prevent lateral slipping of the cleats and the
alined in sets, and with the cleats on the exterior
50 and that the bundle may be handled as for ship
straps extending over the edges of the cleats, as
exempli?ed at the left of Fig. 4, serve to bind
the bundle ?rmly at more orless spaced portions
along its edge. ‘As many straps as desired may
be used, at each end of the bundle, or at such
other points as cleats or other smaller surface
members‘ are provided. The method is essen
tiallyas described vin connection with the other
assemblies disposed at the outside thereof; and, 55
before the gluev has, set, binding the stacked as
semblies into a-bundle with the cleatdein close
contact with the body material by tightly apply
ing to each end-set of cleats a tie running length
wise of the outside cleats and enclosing the set
to draw the exterior cleats toward each other, ,
and firmly securing the tieemeans to hold the
members of each assembly tightly together dur
ing the setting of the glue and at the same time
It will be apparent that the method as eX-V to bind the associated assemblies in a bundle for 65
empli?ed above eliminates, as’ a, separate step,
4.,The method of making composite box sides
one complete operation for the performance of
which existing plants have provided expensive and the like and bundling the same; which com
and complicated equipment, and, by combining prises providing a plurality of assemblies each
handling or shipment.
it with, and making it incidentalv to,’ the tying
of the box-side assemblies into a bundle im
“ediately available for shipment or storage,
saves time, space, labor and the substantial cost
of presses or other equipment heretofore used.
75
’
1. p
,
I
~
formedby gluing cross cleats to each end of the
face of body-forming means; stacking such as
semblies, with the cleats at‘ the ends thereof
alined in sets, together with two exterior assem
blies each having end cleats on the outside and
As will be apparent, the invention in its broader . insured against slippinmand. before the‘giue on '15
the ?rst-mentioned assemblies has set, binding
the stacked assemblies closely together into a
bundle by tightly applying spaced ,tie-means
crosswise of both cleat sets and around the
bundle, and ?rmly securing the tie-means to
hold the members or each assembly tightly to
gether during the setting 01' the glue and at the
same time to bind the associated assemblies in
a bundle for handling or shipment.
10
5. The method ‘or making composite box sides
and the like and bundling the same; which com
prises providing a plurality of assemblies each
formed by gluing cross cleats to each end of the
face of body-forming means, said body-forming
means comprising at least three spaced slats;
3
stacking such assemblies with the cleats at the
ends thereof alined in sets and the two exterior
assemblies having their cleats on the outside,
each of at least two sets oi.’ the spaces between
adjacent slate of the lbody~forming means being
alined) and, before the glue has set, binding the
stacked assemblies closely together into a bundle
by passing at least two tie-means thru said sets
of spaces and compleltely around the set oi.’
cleats at each end. and ?rmly. securing the tie 10
means to hold themembers or each assembly
tightly together during the setting of the glue
and at the same time to bind the associated as
semblies in a bundle for handling or shipment. ,
GEORGE 1". LINQUIB'I‘. ‘
15
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