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Патент USA US2071869

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Feb. 23, 1937.
1
2,071,869
.M. M. WILKINS
HAND SCOURING DEVICE
Filed July 18, 1936
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BY
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ATTOR
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2,071,869
Patented Feb. 23, 1937
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2,071,869
HAND SCOURING DEVICE
v
f Marion M. Wilkins,> Brookline, Mass.
Application July 18, 1936, Serial No. 91,296
'
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y
ß lClaims.
This invention relates to hand scouring devices
for the housewife and more particularly to such
devices made from soft or crushable abrasive
material such as copper netting, steel wool and
the like.
A disadvantage in the use of scouring devices
of this nature when used in the form of a ball
or pad is that there is no protection afforded
against injury to the fingers and particularly the
fingernails. While attempts have been made to
give protection against injury these, so far as I
am aware,Y either detract from the flexibility of
the device thus lessening the usefulness of the
pad for scouring the corners of pots and pans, or
a common sheath is provided for all the fingers
and they are not protected one from the other.
The principal object of the present invention
is to provide individual protection for each ñnger
used in the work of scouring while yet preserving
the complete flexibility of the pad and permitting
2 O any ñnger or fingers to be used to work the
>abrasive material into a corner without Contact
of the bare ñngers one with another or with the
scrubbing surface of the abrasive material.
To the accomplishment of this object and such
o others as may hereinafter appear, as will readily
'be understood by those skilled in the art, the in
vention comprises the features and combinations
of parts hereinafter described and then partic
ularly pointed out in the appended claims.
The nature and scope of the invention will
'best be understood from a description of the
preferred embodiment thereof illustrated in the
accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure 1 is a View of the scouring device in plan;
Fig. 2 is a view of the same in elevation;
Fig. 3 is a view of the pattern of one side of a
40
provides a separate finger sheath 22 ~for each of
the four fingers of the hand, these sheaths ex
tending down into the hollow of the shell I5.
It is requisite that the finger sheaths be so formed
in the glove member that the fingers of the user
may readily be slipped in and out without bind
ing,`and that the material from which they are
made, and the shape and the mode of attachment
of the glove member of which they are a part,
be such that the fingers are free to be moved any
where within the shell to press upon any selected
section of the abrasive material. It is requisite
also that the material be suflìciently soft to per
mit the fingers to be bent or closed upon the
abrasive material as may be found to be desirable ~§
in scouring differently shaped articles, all without
danger of disrupting the scouring pad as by
tearing the stitching securing the glove member to
the shell.
Accordingly the glove member 20 is preferably 30
formed of a flexible fabric cut in such form as
to function as a bellows at the open face of the
shell I5 and having widely open or non-binding
mouths for the ñnger sheaths. This may be ac
complished by patterning the
glove member as ._
follows.
Each finger sheath 22 is made from the fabric,
preferably one having a deep nap such as chenille
member;
two pieces 24 each having one rounded end for _ 40
the finger tip and one pointed o-r V-shaped end
25. These two pieces are laid against each other
Fig. 6 is a transverse cross-sectional view of the
55
designated generally by 2€). The glove member
that will feel soft against the fingers, by cutting
Fig. 4 is a View, in perspective, of a linger sheath
before attachment to the wide walls of the glove
Fig. 5 is a view of the pattern of one side wall
i
- Attached by its edge I8 to the upper edge of the
shell is what may be termed a glove member
finger sheath;
of the glove member; and
4
stitching with wire or a similar tough strand. A
lining IS of any suitable flexible material having
suflicient strength is shaped to the hollow in
terior of the shell and the abrasive materials Ill
and I2 are conveniently secured by criss-cross
"stitching to this lining. The lining affords several
advantages as will presently appear.
scouring device.
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated
in the drawing the scouring surface is shown as
formed from two different abrasive materials
using steel wool I0 for one half and copper netting
I2 for the other half. These materials are so
shaped that together they present a hollow shell
I5. In the most convenient form of the invention,
as illustrated, this shell is of greater length than
width, it being understood that the two materials
are joined along their meeting edges I4 as by
nap inward and are stitched together in a man
ner similar to stitching the finger of a glove, the
secure-ment leaving the two V-ends free however.
The side walls 26 of the glove member each con
sist of a piece of fabric, preferably chenille, cut
at its outer edge to fit one-half of the edge of
the shell I5 and cut at its inner edge with four
V-notches 28. Each finger sheath is attached to ,
the two side walls of the glove member by turning
its two free V-lips 25 outward and stitching tol
the edges of two opposite V-notches 28. After
stitching the four finger sheaths intermediate the
side walls, the side walls are turned down and the
2
2,071,869
two ends are closed by stitching, drawing them
in until the peripheral length of the edge of the
glove member 20 is about that of the edge of
the shell l5. This edge is then stitched to the
edge of the shell with the result that the glove
member arches over the open side of the shell.
Thus the linger sheaths 22 depend freely into
the shell with their open mouths exposed in a
row along the longitudinal axis of the shell. The
chosen width of the material for the side walls
26 is such that the sid-e wall of the glove member
stands up somewhat above the level of the edge
of the shell thus permitting it to act as a bellows
when the lingers are sheathed and are moved or
15 curled within the shell while exerting pressure
on different parts of its surface during a scouring
operation. The bellows top to the shell provides
a give and take, as the lingers manipulate the
shell in scrubbing, that eliminates strain on the
20 seams and insures a long life to the scouring
device.
It will be understood that the linger sheaths
normally extend well down into the shell and
can be pushed further down or pointed to any
selected area within the shell by reason of the
bellowed type of glove member. The lining IE5A
prevents the ends of the linger sheaths from be
coming worn by direct contact with the metallic
scouring material and it serves also as a backing
30 for the abrasive material to maintain it in sheet
form or to keep it from lumping. It is desirable,
but not essential, that the linger sheaths 22 be
of such length as to receive at least two joints of
the longer lingers permitting a portion of the
scouring surface to be bunched and seized for
pushing into angl-es and corners of pots and pans.
It will be understood that when chenille is
used for the glove member its nap will be exposed
above the abrasive shell to give to the scouring
40 device an attractive appearance, and in any
event whatever material is used its face should
be exposed for the same reason. The glove mem
ber may be produced in a variety of colors rto
harmonize with the color scheme of the house
wife’s kitchen.
The shell bearing the abrasive material may be
shaped as desired and linger sheaths for all four
lingers are not essential but are desirable so that
each linger and linger nail is protected. A fur
50 ther advantage of four linger sheaths is that the
device will cling better to the hand and a larger
area of the abrasive surface may be pressed upon
or grasped and used in scouring thus lightening
the work.
While it is preferred to provide two kinds of
abrasive material on a single scouring device be
cause such a construction will avoid shifting
from one to the other as need requires, those
skilled in the art will recognize that the bellowed
linger sheath feature is useful and d-esirable when 10
the shell is formed of but a single abrasive ma
terial.
While the particulars of construction herein set
forth are well suited to one form of the invention,
it is not to be understood that these particulars 15
are essential since they may be variously modi
lied within the skill of the artisan without de
parting from the true scope of the actual inven
tion as deñned by the following claims.
What is claimed as new, is:
20
1. A hand scouring device comprising a hollow
shell open on one side formed of crushable abrad
ing material, a flexible lining for said shell, a
glove like member of flexible material arched
over the open side of the shell, the meeting edges 25
of the lining, shell and glove like member being
connected whereby a completely closed hollow
member is provided, said glove like member hav
ing a plurality of individual separated flexible
linger sheaths of a length greater than theV depth 30
of the shell, opening outward through its arched
over portion and ext-ending downward therefrom
into the hollow of the shell, said linger sheaths
being normally spaced from the edge of the
opening in the shell permitting independent
movement of each sheath within the shell.
2. A hand scouring device comprising a hollow
abrading pad open on one side, combined with a
flexible glove member enclosing said open side,
said glove member consisting of a plurality of 40
separated liexible linger sheaths extending down
ward into the hollow of the pad and a down
turned skirt forming a wall surrounding said
sheaths, said wall having its edge secured to the
edge of the pad and forming a bellows member 45
above the open side of the pad permitting un
restrained movement of said linger sheaths with
in the hollow of the pad.
MARION M. WILKINS.
50
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