Патент USA US2073228код для вставки
YEN/‘Hamil 9, 319370 T. P, SHIELDS r 2,073,228 FINGER RING Filed May 1, 1936 " ' 2 Sheets-Sheet 1/ " [Lu/£5 _ H6 7 a ‘ =g - 3#0 H6 '5 FM @v. ‘G W.H. TW R A , %m mw %m m wm. A TTORNEY. March 9, 1937‘, T. F. SHEELDS FINGER RING Filed May 1, 1936 2,073,228 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 WWW/45 P 5/7/1105 INVENTORQ BY M ATTORNEY. 2,073,228‘ Patented Mar. 9, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,073,228 FINGER RING Thomas P. Shields, North Arlington, N. J. Application May 1, 1936, Serial No. 77,299 10 Claims. (CI. 63-15) This application is a continuation in part of my copending application, for an “Improvement in ?nger rings,” Serial No. 39,110, ?led Septem ber 4, 1935. 5 This invention relates to an improvement in ?nger rings and has for its object the forming or shaping of a shank of a ring in such a manner that it will more particularly conform to the out line of the base of the ?nger where it joins the 10 hand and be thus secured against rotation. Another object is to provide a ring that will comfortably lie in the crease that is formed by the ?nger and the palm of the hand when the hand is grasped about an object. A further object is to permit the wearing of a 15 ring on the ?nger of the hand in such a position and so adapted to the ?nger that the ornamental top or setting of the ring will always remain in its proper position with respect to the longitudinal 2° axis of the ?nger. A still further object is to enable an ormamen tal top setting to be positioned more toward the base of the?nger. and, also since the entire dis tance between the knuckle and the ?rst joint will 25 be thus made available for the placement of a setting a much larger one may be effectively and comfortably displayed. ‘ Another object accomplished is the position ing of a top setting closer to the knuckle and 30 thus it willclear the seam of a glove, a present difficulty with ornamental top rings. Other objects will appear more fully in the description which follows. Heretofore ?nger rings have either followed a 35 true circular. outline with shanks lying entirely in one plane, or, when they have varied from this standard concept of an ornamental ?nger ring they have assumed some regular geometric shank offset design, symmetrical with respect to the 40 axis of the ?nger. For example, shanks having two-equal offsets which join two circular seg ments lying in parallel planes have been used. However no ring can be. truly ?tted to a ?nger at its base with a shank of symmetrical geometri~ 45 cal proportions as a cursory examination of the human hand will show. Furthermore it. is apparent that unless a ring at the base of the ?nger follows the natural curvature of the ?nger it will be subject to dis 50 placement whenever the'?ngers are ?exed. Like wise the~grasping of objects and the wearing of gloves will ‘cause displacement. My invention provides for a ring that is de signed to encompass a ?nger more in harmony 55 with the natural con?guration of the particular ?nger upon which the ring is to be worn and I ‘ essentially consists in incorporating an offset in one side of the shank. My improvement is shown in the accompanying drawings which illustrate some of the forms my invention may take, although I do not limit myself to the par ticular embodiments shown. The ?gures shown are; Fig. 1, a front elevational view of a ring off set-on one side. Fig. 2, a side elevational view of the ring shown 10. in Fig. 1. Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 7 are side elevational vviews of the ring of Fig. 1 showing various alternative de signs. Fig. 6 is a view of the back of the hand with a 15. shank offset ring on the third ?nger. Fig. 8 is a side elevational view of a ring whose shank is notched to engage with the webbing it abuts. Fig. 9 is a side elevational view of one form 20 my offset segment may take. Fig. 10 is a front elevational view of the seg ment shown in Fig. 9. To clarify the detailed description which fol lows, I desire to point out that while circular ?n 25 ger rings whose shanks lie in a plane surface have been in use since ancient times this design does not conform to the outline of a human ?nger; particularly at its base where such rings are gen erally worn. The ?nger is not truly round at its base, nor does it join the hand in a plane per pendicular to the longitudinal axis of the ?nger. When placed on the ?nger at its base, a conven tional ring does not seat uniformly upon that por tion of the hand which lies between the ?ngers 35 but bears only upon the edge of the webbing on one side of the ?nger. This webbing recedes from its edge toward the back of the hand in the direction of the knuckles. To bear on this ex posed surface a ring shank must overlie the edge 40 of the webbing. Furthermore since the ?ngers of the same hand differ in the extent and location of the tissue connecting them, and since any one ?nger generally has the webbing on one side fur ther removed from the tip of the ?nger than on 45 the other side, the problem of ?tting a ring to a ?nger is further complicated. Also to ?t a ring in the crease that is formed between the palm of the hand and the ?nger when it is ?exed re quires a shank to lie in a .plane that for the third and small ?ngers of the hand is not normal to the longitudinal axis of the ?nger. Thus it is appreciated that for a ring to truly follow the contour of the ?nger at its base, and to lie snugly in the crease formed with the palm 55 2 2,073,228 of the hand and to bear uniformly upon the ?esh between the ?ngers on both sides thereof, requires a design of complex curves and a different one for each ?nger of the hand. I ?nd it is not prac tical nor necessary to fully attain a form ?t, and therefore I provide a means for substantially at taining the required ?t by offsetting one side of the shank or providing the equivalent of an offset by notching out a portion of the shank on one side. Having thus stated the problems my invention recognizes, and referring to the numbered parts in the ten views, the same or similar part carry ing the same identifying number wherever shown, a detailed description of certain embodiments of 15 my invention is as follows:— A front elevational view of rings having but one abrupt offset appears as in Figure 1, such de parture as may occur from the truly circular out line of a conventional ring being scarcely per 20 ceptible to the observer. Curved segment 3 is in corporated in one side of the ring between shank portions I and 2, in position to engage with the ?nger webbing it adjoins. Top setting 4 is dis‘ played symmetrical to the longitudinal axis of 25 the ?nger. Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the same ring and shows the offset segment 3 fol lowing the outlines of a reversed curve and adapt ed to overlie the webbing it will abut. Shank portion 2 is de?ected along line 6—-6 to accom 30 modate the offset and in the shape shown it will follow the outline of the base of the ?nger where it joins the palm of the hand and yet will display the top setting in a plane normal to the longitu~ dinal axis of the ?nger. By de?ecting portions l 35 and 2 along horizontal line 5-—5 the entire top half of the ring will lie in a plane normal to the ring axis 1-1. To meet conditions the de?ec tion can be made along any line or at any point in the ring band. 40 Figure 3 is similar to Figure 2 except that off set segment I4 is in a side elevational view a straight section smoothly connected with shank portions I and 2 which lie in diverging planes. The ring of Figure 4 embodies my principle by 45 having its top portion I in a plane normal to ring axis 'l-—'! and having portion 2 spiral shaped relative to axis 7-1. Curved segment [5 joins l and 2 on one side of the ring in juxtaposition to the ?nger webbing on that side. 50 Fig. 5 shows a ring band l6 lying entirely in a spiral relative to ring axis 1—'| except where the extremities of the spiral are joined by curved segment I1. Instead of de?ecting ring band portion 2 to~ Ward the tip of the ?nger it may be de?ected rearward as shown in Fig. 7, and by joining l and 2 with a suitably curved segment l8 a ring will be shaped that will be found more closely ?tting to some ?ngers than the rings with 0p 60 posite de?ected portions 2. In the illustrations of Figures 3, 4, 5 and '7, the ring in front elevational view presents the same general appearance as in Figure l, curving it joins the palm as the other illustrations I have given, yet it aifords the additional advantage of having all evidences of its adaptation to the ?n ger webbing concealed from View when worn on the ?nger. Figure 6 is a view of the back of the hand Wearing a ring of one offset upon the third ?n ger. For clearness no setting is shown though it would be positioned symmetrical to the longi tudinal axis 8—-8 of the ?nger. Portion 9 of the 10 shank in dotted outline, lies beneath in the crease at the base of the ?nger, while portion ID in solid lines lies across the back of the ?nger. Offset segment ll overlies the edge of the web bing l3 between the second and the third ?ngers. When worn thus upon the third ?nger of the hand the shank straddles webbing on one side only, on the other side of the ?nger the shank abuts the webbing l3 as the conventional ring does. As heretofore pointed out the offset takes 20 up some or all of the difference in the length of the ?nger as measured on its sides and retains that portion of the ring which supports the top setting, in a plane normal to the longitudinal axis of the ?nger. This ?gure also shows how the setting is positioned closer to the knuckle l2 than in an ordinary ring. A ring of my invention when worn on the small ?nger presents a smoothly contoured ex posed outline, the offset portion adjacent to the third ?nger being concealed from view. More abrupt offsets or shoulders may be used than are shown and in the case of a ring for the small ?nger it is possible to use a much greater offset. It will be noted thruout that the direction of the offset or cut out portion of the shank of the ring depends upon whether the ring is intended for the left hand or the right hand. The notched or offset portion to accomplish its mission must lie on that side of the ?nger which is of shorter length, if it is the second or third ?nger and for the ?rst and small ?nger on the Webbed side. A number of methods well known to the jew eler’s art may be used to shape rings that em body my invention, however to more clearly de- l 45- scribe my invention I point out one method that I ?nd practical and e?icient. Any regular cir-i cular shank may be taken and a segment re moved at the location where the offset is de sired. The shank is then placed in a vise so 50 that about one half of its length adjacent to the cut is held between the jaws. The free por tion is de?ected from its former plane to pro duce the oifset desired. Into the gap so pro duced by the removal of a section of the shank and its de?ection is incorporated a previously prepared o?set segment of any selected shape, as for example a segment which is illustrated in Figs. 9 and 10. Fig. 9 is a side elevational View, (ii) while Fig. 10 is a front elevational view. I do not limit myself to any particular form or shape of offset the foregoing description be The outline of the cut away por~ ing intended to be illustrative only, and not lim iting upon my invention. Nor do I limit myself to the shape the major portion of the ring will follow. The greater portion may be spiral shaped with respect to the axis of the ring; or a portion may lie in a plane surface and the bal ance follow the outline of a modi?ed spiral tion may be curved or angled, any notch or cut curve; or a slight twist may separate the major adapted to engage the ?nger webbing ful?lling portion of the ring into two diverging planes. smoothly about the finger irrespective of the type 65 of curved offset or band de?ection employed. Since many rings have wide bands as in Fig, 8 it is possible to employ my invention in such rings by having the shank l9 cut away on one side as at IU su?ioient to engage the webbing between 70 the ?ngers. my speci?cations. While this embodiment does not employ a warped shank and therefore does 75 not as closely follow the base of the ?nger where a What I claim is:— l. A ?nger ring comprising a single continuous band having an upper circular portion lying in 75 3 2,073,228 a plane substantially at right angles to the axis of the ring, a lower curved portion directly at tached to and gradually divergent from the up per portion on one side of the ring and joined therewith on the other side by a band segment adapted to overlie the webbing on that side of the ?nger. 2. A ?nger ring comprising a single continuous band having an upper circular portion lying in 10 a plane substantially at right angles to the axis of the ring, a lower curved portion directly at tached to and gradually divergent from the up per portion on one side of the ring and joined therewith on the other side by a reversed curve 15 shaped segment adapted to overlie the webbing on that side of the ?nger. 3. A ?nger ring comprising a single continuous band having an upper circular portion lying in a plane substantially at right angles to the axis 20 of the ring, a lower curved portion directly at tached to and gradually divergent from the up~ per portion on one side of the ring and joined therewith on the other side by a curved seg ment adapted to overlie the webbing on that side 25 of the ?nger. 4. A ?nger ring comprising a single continuous band having an upper circular portion lying in a plane substantially at right angles to the axis of the ring, a lower curved portion in the form 30 of a helix relative to the axis of the ring har moniously joining the upper portion on one side of the ring and joined therewith on the other side by a curved segment adapted to overlie the 35 webbing on that side of the ?nger. 5. A ?nger ring comprising a single continuous band having an upper circular portion lying in a plane substantially at right angles to the axis of the ?nger, a lower circular portion lying in a plane that diverges from the plane of the upper 40 portion on one side of the ring where the two portions, join, and a. curved offset portion joining the separated ends of the upper and lower por tions and adapted to overlie the webbing on one side of the ?nger. 6. In an ornamental ?nger ring a shank hav ing a lower circular portion adapted to lie in the crease formed at the base of the ?nger and diverging away from a plane normal to the axis of the ring at one end and abruptly restored thereto at the other end by a web engaging por 1O tion. ' 7. In an ornamental ?nger ring a shank com prising a curved portion in the form of a helix relative to the axis of the ring and a web en gaging portion. 15 8. In an ornamental ?nger ring a shank com prising a curved portion in the form of a helix relative to the axis of the ring and a web en gaging portion adapted to position the orna mentation symmetrically with respect to the lon gitudinal axis a distance of approximately one 20 fourth of an inch closer to the knuckle than the position assumed by the ornamentation on a standard conventional ring shank. 9. A ?nger ring comprising a single continuous band having an upper circular portion lying in a plane substantially at right angles to the axis of ring, a lower circular portion lying in a plane‘ gradually offset from the upper plane at one end 30 and abruptly o?set by a curved web engaging portion at the other end. 10. A ?nger ring comprising a single continu-‘ ous band having an upper circular portion lying in a plane substantially at right angles to the IC). bl axis of the ring, a lower circular portion lying in a plane gradually offset from the upper plane at one end and abruptly o?set by a straight web overlying segment at the other end. THOMAS P. SHIELDS.