Патент USA US2074936код для вставки
i March 23, 1937. P. l.. PATERsoN CATAMENIAL APPLIANCE Filed Sept. 5, 1934 .. 2,074,936 Patented Mar. 23, 1937 UNITED STABS 2,074,936 CATAMENIAL APPLIANCE Peter Lindsay Paterson, London, England Application September 5, 1934, Serial No. 742,832 In Great Britain September 12, 1933 1 Claim. This invention relates to improvements in or i) (C1. 12S-286) stamping them from large composite sheets and connected with catamenial appliances. It has already been proposed to provide a flex stitching the edges either before or after the ible rubber bag or the like for the purpose of accommodating a pad of absorbent material, the bag being fitted with suitable means for attach ment to a suitable support. Such devices have, The aforesaid pad may be fitted with one or more tabs, loops or the like for facilitating its however, proved to be unsatisfactory, owing to the difficulty of securing a good nt, and one which 10 was not impaired when the article was subjected to pressure, as from the thighs. One of the objects of the present invention is to provide an appliance which is so designed as to maintain tight contact with the body. A further object is to provide an appliance which is comfortable in use and can be main tained in the desired position even though the user undergoes athletic movements. Yet another object is to provide a device of 20 small dimensions which can be Worn under bath ing costumes or the like. A still further object is to provide an appli ance of a very hygienic character and one in which carriage and disposal of the pads or the IC Ul like employed therewith are very greatly facili tated. With the above and other objects in view the present invention resides in the features herein after fully described and claimed in the appended claim. According to one feature of the present inven tion, I provide a catamenial appliance, includ ing a suitable waterproof, and preferably flexible, holder or container, adapted to receive a pad or the like of absorbent material, said container being secured or adapted to be secured to, or formed integrally with, a suitably shaped cush ion-like contact member, or sealing rim. Said contact member or sealing rim is so constructed as to be soft and pleasant to wear, whilst at the same time having sufficient resilience or rigidity to maintain its shape under pressure, as from the thighs. According to another feature of the present “ invention, I provide a pad for insertion within the above mentioned container, said pad being substantially of oval shape, and formed from wood cellulose or other suitable absorbent mate rial, preferably of low cohesiveness. Said pad is preferably reinforced on its upper and lower faces, for example, by means of one or more sheets of permeable material, for example, gauze fabric, muslin or the like. These sheets may be stitched together at a plurality of points around Cn Cx their outer edges, but the space between such edges is preferably open, so that disintegration of the cellulose pad can be easily brought about by'immersion in water, and disposal of the rem nants of the pad is thereby greatly facilitated. 6 O These pads may conveniently be formed by stamping operation. , withdrawal from the container, and if desired. an opening in said container may be provided for facilitating the insertion and removal of the pad, such opening being for instance closed by a Zip-fastener, or in any other convenient man l0 ner, although said pad is preferably of such size that it can be urged past a re-entrant rim into and from an enlarged pocket portion of the con tainer without necessitating any additional open ing therein. 15 According to yet another feature of the present invention, I provide means for supporting the aforesaid catamenial appliance, said means com prising a belt, for example, of silk-covered elas tic material, adapted to encircle the waist, and 20 having dependent and extensible straps, tapes or the like, having hooks, clips or the like for en gagement with strap-like extensions of the con tainer, or with said container itself. I prefer ably provide one strap, tape or the like, at the 25 back of the belt, and two straps, tapes or the like, at the front thereof, so as to ensure secure positioning of the appliance. The above mentioned contact member of the container is preferably in the nature of a sealing 30 rim, of such size and contour, that it surrounds the vulva or labia pudendi, and extends from the under-surface of the arch of the pubic bones to the natal cleft distal to the cocyx bone. Said sealing rim may be made of any suitable resilient 35 material, for example, sponge rubber, although it is preferably in the form of a pneumatic cush ion, tube or the like, which may be of rubber, silk covered rubber or the like, and may be reinforced in any suitable manner. Thus for instance, a 40 wound steel-wire may be fitted to or housed with in the tubular ring, and so serve to reinforce said rim, and cause the desired shape to be main tained. The aforesaid rim may for instance coin cide approximately with the external contour of 45 a longitudinal section through a pear, but other shapes, such for example as oval or elliptical form may be employed. The bag portion of the aforesaid container is preferably longer and wider than the rim or seal 50 ing portion, and may be made of rubber, silk covered rubber, or other suitable flexible and wa terproof material. Said bag portion may more over, be formed integrally with the rim portion .. or be secured thereto, either permanently or de 55 tachably, in any convenient manner. In order that my invention may be well under stood I will now describe by way of example one embodiment thereof with reference to the ac companying drawing, in which: 60 2 2,074,936 Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of the complete appliance in approximately the position it oc cupies when in use, Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of Ul the appliance, Fig. 3 is a plan view of one form of pad which may be employed, and, Fig. 4 is a side sectional elevation of said pad. Referring to the drawing, the supporting means for the appliance consist of a belt I of resilient material, for example silk-covered rubber, and having three dependent extensible tapes or the like 2, 3, II each of which carries a fastening de vice, for instance a clip 5. A subsidiary tape 5’ of silk or other suitable material is preferably provided behind each clip so as to prevent such clip from contacting with the body. 'I'he afore said clips 5 are adapted to engage small eyelets 6', -I', 8' carried by bands S, 'I and 8, extending 20 from a pouch or container 9. Said container is preferably made of rubber and the bands 6, 'I and 8 may be formed integrally therewith' or be se cured thereto in any convenient manner. The above mentioned container 9 is adapted to receive a pad I0 of more or less oval form which can be urged past the upper rim II of the device into the lower portion which is of slightly greater width and length. Said sealing rim con forms more or less with the contour of a vertical 30 section through a pear and is adapted to make tight contact around the vulva. In order to in crease the desired sealing effect said rim is in this example of tubular form and the interior is filled with air so as to form a pneumatic cush i' ion. The aforesaid air-cushioned rim may be formed integrally with the container 9 by rolling and sealing the upper edge or a separate rim por tion may be secured to said container in any con venient way. Moreover instead of ñlling the 40 tubular portion of the rim directly with air, an inner tube may be inserted within said tubular portion. In order to prevent any inadvertent rucking of the aforesaid sealing rim II, due for instance to 45 closing together of the legs, I preferably provide resilient reinforcing means. Thus for instance a ring I2 of wound steel-wire may be fitted to said rim in any convenient manner. Said ring con forms with the desired shape of the opening but 50 is preferably appreciably smaller than the outer limit of the rim I I, and forms a recessed portion I3 below which the side walls of the container di verge. 'I'he pad Il! can be urged past the rein forced rim into the enlarged container and will 55 be securely held therein until its withdrawal is desired. In order to facilitate withdrawal of said pad a loop I4, for instance of silk tape, is secured to one end thereof. The aforesaid pad III is of such a size that it 60 covers the vulva and is thus very much smaller, and in particular, very much shorter than equiv alent devices usually employed. VThe pad is preferably of a composite nature including a cen tral portion III consisting of several, for instance 65 eighteen, layers of wood-cellulose or other suit able absorbent material, and two covering sheets of gauze or muslin I5, I 5. The ends of said sheets E5, I5 are secured together in any convenient manner, for instance by means of stitches I 6, I l’, 70 but the side portions are preferably not intercon nected so that disintegration of the pad results very readily when it is immersed in water and the ultimate disposal of the pad is thereby great ly facilitated. The two front bands 2, 6 and 3, 'I of the sup porting means are so positioned that they lie in the folds of the thighs and the single rear band, formed by the parts 4 and 8, is so disposed that it lies in the rima ani. In this way the Ul device is comfortably and securely supported and inadvertent displacement is very strongly op posed. In a modification of the above example, in stead of providing a rim II including an air 10 cushion, the desired resiliency may be attained in other ways. Thus vfor instance, said rim may be ñlled with sponge rubber or textile or ñbrous material or the like. Moreover, instead of mak ing the container of rubber, any other suitable material, for example, rubberized fabric, may be employed and the container may be covered with any suitable material, for instance silk or artificial silk. The aforesaid container 9 and the securing means may be of any desired shape and size and in some cases an opening may be provided in the side or base of the container for facilitating th insertion 01‘ removal of the pad IIJ. v In a modification of the above-described sup porting means, instead of employing an elastic belt I of endless form, I may provide a, belt the ends of which can be detachably secured to gether by any convenient clasp, buckle or the like. A device as above described in addition to possessing the advantage of carrying out its functions in a very secure and comfortable man ner, due inter alia to its adaptability for main taining tight contact and its resilient nature, also possesses the great advantage of being of small dimensions, so rendering its use possible Under bathing costumes and the like. Further the possibility of using small pads enables a number of such devices to be easily carried and 40 very greatly facilitates the step of utlimately disposing of them. The supporting device employed in carrying out the present invention may in some cases be adapted to serve other purposes. Thus for in stance, it may be adapted to serve as a scrotum suspensory device or the like. Whilst I have hereinbefore given some exam ples of appliances according to the present in vention, it is to be understood that the partic ular details may be varied or modified within the scope of the appended claim. I claim: v A catamenial appliance including a ñexible waterproof pouch adapted to receive a pad of absorbent material and having an open top, a pneumatic sealing rim operatively related to said pouch and disposed about said open top, said rim being substantially of pear-shaped contour and concaved in side elevation, a reinforcing wire for said rim which conforms to the shape there of, the Wire being disposed between the rim and the pouch proper and within the outer limits of -the rim, the narrow end which constitutes the rear of said appliance being provided with a sin gle strap-like support connected at a point below the rim, whereby the rear part of the rim may be securely supported against a user, and the wide end which constitutes the front of said ap pliance being provided with two Strap-like sup ports, whereby to support the front part of the appliance. PETER LINDSAY PATERSON.