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Патент USA US2076583

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Apnl 13, 1937.
2,076,583
c. A. MAcoMlc
TYPEWRITER ADJÚSTMENT AND SHUTTER BEU
Filed Aug. 7, 1935
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5 sheets-Sheet 1
`April 13» 1937. '
I'
C. A. MAcoMlc
2,076,583
TYPEWRITER {ÄDJUSTMENT AND SHUTTER BED-
Filed Aug. 7, 1935
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5 Sheets-Sheet 2
Muiä
April 13, 1937.
c. A. MAcoMlc
2,076,583
TYPEWRITER ADJUSTMENT AND SHUTTER BED
Filed Aug. '7, 1935
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5 sheets-smet s
April 13, 1937.
2,076,583
c. A. MAcoMlc
TYPEWRITER lADJUSTMENT AND SHUTTER BED
Filed Aug. 7, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
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April 13, 1937.
2,076,583
c. A. MAcoMlc
TYP‘EWRITER ADJUSTMENT AND SHUTTER BED
Filed Aug. 7, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
Patented Apr. 13, 1937
" 2,076,583
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE“ i I
2.076.583
y
‘
mEwalrEa Anmlsggam‘ AND suu'rTEa
Chester A. Macomlc, Chicago, lll., assignor to
Macomic Corporation, Chicago, IlL, a‘corpora
tion of Delaware
Application August 7, 1335, serial No. 35,111
19 claims.
' My invention relates to pattern setting mech
anism adaptable for use with type casting or
type setting machines and has one object to>
provide, in combination with a pattern bed,
5 means adapted to be controlled by a typewriter
keyboard, and means for adjusting the pattern
bed actuating mechanism _to the typewriter. An
other object is a provision of improved means
for the mountingand support of such pattern
10 bed actuating mechanism. Another object is the
provision of improved means for the support of
the pattern bed. Other objects will appear from
time to time in the course of the specification
and claims.
15
,
\
I illustrate my invention more or less diagram
Figure 1 is a side elevation with parts broken
.
Figure 2 is a side elevation with parts of thel
structure swung into a different position;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical section with
parts in side elevation;
,
'
Figure 4 is a plan view of a shutter bed, with
„5 parts broken away;
"
`
Figure 5 is a section on the line 5--5 of Fig
ure 3;
Figure 6 is a section on the line 6_6 of Fig
ure 5;
Figure 7 is a detail; and
30
Figure 8 is a section on the line 8_8 of Fig
ure 3.
Secured to the frame B, as by the screws C1,
is the shutter bed frame generally indicated as C, ‘
which is in the form of a rectangular frame 5
structure as is clear from Figure 4. It is formed
of four angle members, respectfully indicated as
C2, C3, C4, and C5. Pivoted to and between the
members C2 and C4 are a plurality of shutters
indicated as C5. They- are shown as pivoted for 10
example on pins C". Each shutter is provided
with an upwardly extending lug Ca apertured _to
receive loop C5 of a rod or wire C10. Clips C11
close each such loop. Each rod or wire is normal--
C12, positioned exterior to the angle C5 and con
fined between it and any suitable adjustable stop
or head »C13 on the rod. The opposite end of each
rod is pivoted to a bell crank lever C14, which is 20
pivoted as at C15 in a cross member or comb C15.
Like parts are indicated by like symbols or
y
'
Referring to the drawings, A indicates any
suitable base or support or frame member. Pro
jecting upwardly from the base à are a plurality
of hinge legs or brackets A1. Extending upward
ly from the base A at a point spaced from A1
are other pivot brackets indicated as A1. Po
sitioned between the vmembers A1 and A2 are` one
or more supporting abutments or rests A3.
Pivoted as at B1 to the -members A1 is the
\
C1'I indicates a _second comb, mounted on the
typewriter B2, through which passes the levers
B4. The comb C17 also guides ther upper ends C18
of the bell crank levers C14. It will be understood
that as each typewriter key ls depressed, as
shown at :c in Figure 3, the particular lever B1
rides down in the comb C1'I and thrusts down with
5
it the upper arm of one of the bell crank levers
C11 and thereby draws its particular rod C10 to 30
the right, against the compression of its spring
C11’.
characters throughout the specification and
35 drawings.
portion or portions B5. 'I'hese may be in the form '
of legs at the corners of the frame B.
of the parts as shown in Figure 3, by a spring
mi
20
`
ly edged toward the left, referring to the position 15
matically in the accompanying drawings, where
away;
(crave-3)
,
This movement of the rod rotates one of »
the shutters in clockwise direction into the .de
pressed position in which it is shown as at X1
. in Figure 3. It will be understood that there is 35
a rod C111 for eachshutter, and only one shutter
for each rod. Therefore, each key of the type
writer controlsv a single and diiîerent shutter
member
C6.
i
`
»
¿
In particular relation to the adjustment of 40
this structure to a particular typewriter, I pro
vide, on the angle C5, guide blocksD. These
guide blocks may be grooved or recessed as at D1
to receive projecting lugs D2, which extend out
wardly 'from the ends of the comb member C16. 45
45 typewriter supporting frame B. Mounted upon
it and secured thereto is a typewriting mecha , The upper edge of the comb C15 is grooved as at `
nism generally indicatedas B2, in the present
instance being simply a more or less schematic
showing of the usual commercial typewriter. It
50 has a plurality of keys B3 mounted on and ac
tuating levers B4. The frame B, upon which the
typewriter B2 rests, normally lies in the horizon
tal position in which it is shown in Figure 1.
It may be supported in such position as by the
55 downwardly extending projection or abutment
D3.> The pivot C15, in the form of a pivot rod,
lying in said groove D3. A cover and securing
plate D4 is superposed upon the comb C16 and
conforms to it in shape, its prongs being eiïective 50
to close the top of the channel or channels D3,
whereby the member C15 is held against upward
movement. Positioned adjustably upon the top
of the plate D4 is an additional plate D5, which
serves as ka. limit for upward movement ofthe 55’
2
8,076,588
.
,
.amount vertical movable plunger G1. Any suitable
is adjustable, being provided with elongated means may be provided for holding the plungers
apertures D4 through which pass securing screws Gl normally at their upper position.y The entire
D", which screws pass through the plate D4 and plunger structure runs on roller G3, which ride
upper arms C" of the bell crank levers C14. It
5 are'in screw fitted relation with the comb C14.
_: on a track G3v mounted> in any suitable fashion.
For example I `illustrate. in_'Figure 3 Va track yor
rod Ci:i mounted betweenk the legs B5.' Another
The comb _CU is vertically adjustable in rela->
tion to the angle C4 and the blocks D.) This ver
rod G4 is suspended as bylinks Gñ from the oppo
tically adjustable cone will be clear'Y for example
from `‘Figure 8. Da are vertical adjusting screws;
site' side of the frame B.
The details ofv this Y
structure do notV ofthemselves form part of the
l0 bearing upon ’the angles Ca and C4. ‘I‘heir rota
tion in one direction raises the comb()I4 and their - .present invention; Thereis a single plunger G1 rotation in the opposite direction lowers it. In ` aligned with each of the shutters C4, it being un
order to lock the member C14 in a locking posi- _ derstood that theplungers will be depressed as at , ’
X’Í in Figure 3, when'the >corresponding shutter
tion, I provide locking screws D°_.whic_h_are screw
is actuated. The plunger carriage and plungers
Figures 4 and 8. The heads `of the screws D? _ ride along tracksG? and G4 in response to rota--l
bear against the upper edge ofthe comb C", as ` tion oi' a leverV G", which lever is pivoted as atG"
is probably best shownin Figure 8.l It'will be y intermediate its endis and ismoved by the pro- _
l5 fitted in the blocks D, whichA will'be clear from
gressive movement of the typewriter carriage. In ‘y
understood that I may thus adjust the levers C1?
other words. every time the operator strikes a'` 20
key the typewriter carriage is moved a single
20 in relation to the typewriter levers B4. Thisvad
justment is very important `because the arc _ofl
movement and the location` of the levers’B4 may
step and its movement moves Íthe plunger carriage.;
vary from machine to machlneand it is import- _
structure G a single step;
_,
.
.
ant that I be able to use >my device with any- or-r
25 dinary commercial typewriter. This adjustment
is importantv in connection with governing the
Pivoted fto supports A’ and resting upon .the
abutments A3 isV the ‘pattern bed generally indi
cated asH. The details „ofthis bed do not of
arc of movement of the shutters C6 in _response tothe downward movement of the typewriterlevers B4. Each of these shutters‘C’ must ter
30 minate its downward excursion at or very close
to a single given level or plane. >This is import
themselves form part o'f 'thejpresent invention.
in vertically >movable position', a plurality of
pattern pins H1. These pins are vertically mov
.will later be described.
It 1s important also that I be able to lock the
position to which they yhave been moved, until
they are 'positively moved to some other position'.
but it will be understood that the bed- supports,`
30
able and the frictional relation between` them and
ant inrelation to parts ofthe mechanism which the bed issuch that they Áwill normally keep the „
35 above described actuating mechanism. against _ I illustrate the pins as formed in pairs, each pairî i: Li
having opposed recessesI-_I1°,which togetherreceive
movement at certain times of the operation. For
example, when casting slugsïwhen my invention
an elevating bar H2. These bars are connectedfatl
the ends as by transverse connecting members
way for obtaining this locking effect is to lock H’. which in turn may be elevated as by rotation
` `i0 the bell crank lever C14 against retrograde move
oi’ the bell crank levers H4 at their upper arms H5.
ment. This, in turn, holds the rods Cl"v againsty The bell crank levers' are connected as byï a
movements, and’holds all the shutters C6 in raised . transverse actuating bar H’.
_
It will be under-
is applied to type casting mechanisms. A handy
or inoperative position. I provide for example a
, transverse bar E pivoted on arms E1 for rotation
referring to thepositionk ofthe parts as shown
45 about. the axis E“, which member E is shown in
in Figure l, will raise the bar structure H’Hï’ and
inoperative positionV in Figure 6. In order to
raise all the stop pins H1.
swing the member E into locking position, I pro
C".
El'which may be notched as at E’ to receive‘the `
Figure 3, that when >the plunger El” penetrates ,
one of the notches E', the member -E will be in
locking position. When it engages ytheotherof the
notches E’ the member E will be in unlocking po
sition. Any suitable means may be’employed for
moving the lever E4 into and out of locking posi
, tion. Iillustrate for example a’puli’bar E11, the .
a 60 details and actuation of which do not of " them
to the position of the parts in Figure 3, to rotate
the upper end of thelever E‘îîto the'right and
65 therefore to move the member'E into locking posi
tion. vA pull on the rod E“, in the opposite direc
tion, will move the member E into [unlocking
position.
i -
`
ï
Positioned beneath the above‘described shutter
70 bedl -and shutter structure is >a diagrammatic
`showing of a plunger carriage which may show
for example the transverse member G. The_de
tails of the plunger carriage do not of themselves
form part of the present inventior'n'but it will be
75 understood that ln any suitable guide 0r _frame I
'
a
plunger G1 and through it'by asingle shutter
spring thrust plunger Eli’.` It Awill be clear, as from
selves- form part vof the present invention.` The
pull' bar El1 may be moved to the left, referring
.
Each pair of pins Hl is controlled by a single
vide'a link E3 pivoted as at E4 to a lever- E*i which,
in turn, is secured toa lever E’> pivoted as at E".
50 Pivoted to the upper end of the lever E6 isa bar
Ui Ul
'
stood that a movement of the bar H4 to the right, ,
This is because of the current custom of
employing a typewriter shift. For example when
the typewriter is normally operating. the plunger,structure G may be inthe position in which it is
shown in' Figures 1 and 3. VIf lthe operator shifts.
to caps the shift- lever actuates a rod H2"` which
has for effect to impart to the entire plunger. `car $1 Ui
riage a longitudinal movement. When actuated. v
the particular plunger X2 for example, referring
to Figure 3, would be shifted from _opposition to
the pin which is shown depressed in Figure 3`
and would depress the adjacent pin of the pair.
It will be realized that whereas I have described
and shown a practical and operative device, nev
ertheless many changes may` be `made in size.
shape, number and disposition of parts without
departing from the spirit of `my invention. If 65
wish my drawings to be taken, therefore, >as in a
broad sense illustrative and `di f : u -- tic, rather
' than as limiting Vme to the specic details and re- „ '
lations of parts herein shown.
s .
Whereas I have illustrated my invention as api: 70
plying to~ a lineof type casting or type 'setting
machine, it will be clear that the 'same or similarV
mechanism or the same principles _may beused in Y
connection with a large number'of devices where
1n a Shutter bed or a pattern bed can be employed 75
3
aomsss
to control the movement of parts of mechanisms.
And where in the speciilcation and claims I use
language directed to type setting or type casting,
I wish it understood that such language is used
5 primarily for purpose of illustration, not to nar
row the field or intent of my invention.
The use and operation of my invention are as
follows:
I illustrate it as applying to a class of struc
10 ture wherein an ordinary commercial typewriter
may be employed in either type setting or typ
casting. I obtain this result as follows:
'
The depression of a typewriter key B4 de
presses the upper arm C“ of a, bell crank lever
15 and moves the lower arm C14 to the right, re
connection between said pattern bed and said
base, whereby the bed may be rotated in relation
to said base.
-
'
_
2. In combination, a base, a pattern bed in
cluding a pattern frame and a plurality of pat
tern pins movable~ in said frame and a pivotal
connection between said pattern bed and said
base, whereby the bed may be rotated in rela
tion to said base, and means for supporting said
bed in predetermined position in relation to said
base.
In combinationî a base, a pattern bed ro- `
tatably mounted upon said base, means for hold
ing said pattern bed in predetermined relation
to said baseïa shutter bed, rotatably mounted
Ierrlng to the positionfof the parts as shown in upon said base and means for holding said shut
Figures l and 3. This moves one of the rods C1o ter bed in predetermined position, above said
to the_rlght and ,depresses one of the shutters pattern bed.
C’. This in turn depresses a plunger G1, and
4. In combination, a base, a pattern bed ro
20 the plunger depresses a pin H1. It will be un
tatably mounted upon said base, means for hold
derstood that whereas there is buta single roy ~ ing said pattern bed in 'predetermined relation
of plungers G1 which move progressively across to said base, a shutter bed, rotatably mounted
the top of the pattern bed, there are aligned pins upon said base and means for holding said shut
ter bed in predetermined position, above said pat
or pairs of pins H1 all the way across the pat
2ätern bed. 'I'here are as many or substantially tern bed, the axes of rotation of the pattern bed
as many pins in each row as there are symbols and of the shutter bed beingalong opposite edges.
available on the typewriter. Thus, in each row
5. In combination, a base,'a pattern .bed ro
the operator can depress the pin corresponding tatably mounted upon said base, means for hold
to any symbol on his typewriter. Each stroke of ing said pattern bed in predetermined relation
30 the key fdeprœses one pin. The carriage is moved to said base, a shutter bed, rotatably mounted
upon said base and means for holding said shut
' forward one step. 'I‘he movement of the car
riage moves the plunger carriage forward one ter bed in' predetermined position, above said
step, and the plunger carriage and single row of pattern bed, including a base engaging abutment
plungers are therefore aligned with a new row of associated with the shutter bed.
35 pins. 4The operator then strikes la key and de
6. In combination, a base, a pattern bed ro
tatably mounted upon said base, means for hold
presses one pin. 'I'his process continues, it be
ing possible to depress one pin only of each row ing said pattern bed in predetermined relation
of pins. As above mentioned, the )typewriter shift to said base, a shutter'bed, rotatably mounted
lever controls a rod H20, which rod is actuated
40 in response to rotation of .the lbell crank lever
upon said base and means for holding said shut
ter bed in predetermined position, above said 41)
pattern bed, and a plunger carriage mounted
H11, as shown for example in Figure 3.
After the operator has written a full line, upon said shutter bed.
7. In combination, a generally horizontal base,
namely, has depressed, if he wishes, one pin in
each of the rows of pins, he is ready to set or ¿a pattern bed including a pattern frame and a
45cast type. However, the type casting or type plurality of pattern pins movable in the frame,
setting mechanism does not of itself form part a pivotal connection between said pattern bed
of the present device, it being understood that and said base, whereby the bed may be rotated
any suitable means may be employed, responsive in relation to said base, a supporting abutment
adapted to support the pattern bed in generally
to the downward projection of the pins, for actu
horizontal position in general parallelism with 50
50 ating whatever type setting or type casting mech
the upper surface of said base, a frame, pivoted
anism is provided. Thereafter the rod Hs is em
to said base, and adapted, when in one position,
ployed to return the pins to their upward posi
tion. Each plunger G1 is automatically returned to overlie said pattern bed, a typewriter mount
to its upper position as soon as the overlying
55 shutter C6 permits and each shutter C6 is al
ways in its upper or inoperative position unless
the corresponding key of the typewriter is actu
ally depressed.
'
The present structure is particularly advan
“0 tageous, in that the intermediate shutter plunger
and pattern structure may-be adjusted to any
ordinary type of typewriter, an adjustment of
the arc of movement of the shutter C6 being pos
sible. I also provide means for locking the shut
65 ter structure against movement. It is further
more advantageous to provide pivotal support
ing means for both the shutter bed and the pat
tern bed, so that each may readily be moved or
pivoted into position as shown in Figure 2 where
70 the operator, service man, or repair man, can
have ready access to the bottom of the parts.
I claim:
1. In combination, a base, a pattern bed in
ed upon said last mentioned frame and actuat
ing means for said pattern pins, mounted on said L' Ll
frame, including a plurality of shutters, and
moans for actuating said shutters in response to
actuation of the typewriter keys.
8. In combination, a generally horizontal base,
a pattern bed including a pattern frame and a
plurality of pattern pins movable in the frame.
a pivotal connection between said pattern bed
and said base, whereby the bed maybe rotated
in relation to said base, a supporting. abutment
adapted to support the pattern bed in generally
horizontal position in general parallelism with the
upper surface of said base, a frame, pivoted to
said base, and adapted, when in one position,
to overlie said pattern bed, a typewriter mount
ed upon said last mentioned frame and actuat 70
ing means for said pattern pins, mounted on said
frame, including a plurality of shutters, and
means for actuating said shutters in response to
actuation of the typewriter keys, and means for
cluding a patternframe and a plurality of pat
75 tern pins movable in said frame and a pivotal locking said shutters against actuation.
75
4
:,ovassa
9. In combination, a base, a pattern bed
mounted on said base, a plurality of pattern pins
axially movable in said pattern bed and means
for moving them, including a plurality of ro
5 tatably mounted shutters, and means for ro
tating them. including a typewriter having keys
and key levers and an actuating connection be
tween said key levers and said shutters.' and
means ior varying the arcoi' rotation of said
l0 shutters.
`
'
10. In a shutter bed for use with a typewriter
having keys and key levers,y a plurality of shut
ters rotatably mounted in said bed, a control rod
connected to' each shutter, a lever associated with _
15 each` control rod, each such lever being >aligned’
with a typewriter key lever, and means for uni
tarily adjusting the height oi said rod levers.
1l. In a shutter bed for use with a typewriter
having keys and key levers, a plurality of shut
,
'
ters movably mounted in said bed. a control
member associated with each shutter. a control
lever associated with t each such member and
adaptedtobeactuatedinresponsetomovement
of the'typewriter key levers, and means for uni
tarily varying theV location of said control levers,
including a member upon which said controlle
vers are rotatably mounted, and mean‘s for vary
ing its height in relation to the typewriter.
16. In typeselecting machines and thelike, a
pattern bed having a plurality o! movable pat
tern forming members, a typewriter and'connect
ing means interposed between it and the pat
tern bed for vdisplacing selected pattern forming
members responsive to the striking of individual
typewriter keys, and a support upon> which the
pattern bed is mounted forv movement into and
vout ot working relationship with the typewriter
and connecting means.
-
`
20 ters rotatably mounted insaidbed, a control rod
17.Intypeselectingmachinesandthe1ike,a
f connected to each shutter, a lever associated
pattern bed having a plurality of movable pat
tern forming members, a` typewriter and con
necting means interposed between it and the
with each- control rod, each such lever being
aligned with a typewriter key lever, and means
for unitarily adjusting the location of the axes
25 of rotation of said rod levers, including a mem
ber upon which said rod levers are rotatably
mounted and means for varying the height oi'
said member in relation to the typewriter.
12. In a shutter bed -for use with a typewriter
30 having keys and key levers, a plurality of shut
ters rotatably mounted in said bed, a control
rod connected to each shutter, a lever associated
with each control rod, each such lever being
aligned with a typewriterkey lever, and means
35 i’or `unitarily adjusting the location o! the axes
of rotation of said rod levers, including a mem
ber upon which said rod levers are rotatably
mounted and means for varying the height of
said member in `relation to the typewriter. and
means for locking such member in adjusted po
sition.
'
'
13. In a shutter bed foi-«use with a typewriter`
having keys and key levers, a vplurality oi' shut
ters rotatably mounted in said bed, a control
pattern bed for displacing selected pattern form
ing members responsive tothe striking of indi
vidual typewriter keys. the pattern bed being
movable and means for holding it in working re
relationship with the typewriter and connecting
18.Intypeselectingmachinesandthelike,a
pattern bed having a plurality ormovable pat
terniorming members, a typewriter and connect
ing meansinterposedbetweenit andthe pattern.
bed for displacingselectedpattern forming mem
bersrsßponsivetothestriking oi'individualtype
writerkeysandasupport’upon whichthepattern
bed ismounted‘tor movement into and outot
working relationship with the typewriter 4and
connectingmeanaandastopinthepathcrthe
pattern bed adapted toarrestits movement and 40
hold it in working relationship'with respect to the ,
typewriterandtheconnectingmeans.
v19.Intypellelectinginachinlesandthelike,a
45 rod connected to each shutter, a lever associated
,45
. with each control rod, and means tor unitarily -
adjusting the locating oi’ the axes of rotation oi'
said rod levers. including a member upon which
said rod levers are rotatably mounted and means
50 for varying the height of .said member in rela
tion to the typewriter, and means for locking
such member in adjusted position.
`
.
14. In a shutter bed for use with a'typewriter
having ykeys and key levers. a plurality o! shut
Ci! lVI ters movably mounted in said bed. a control
tern bed for vdisplacing-selected patterniorming
members responsive to the striking oi'
typewriter keys, the connecting meam including
aplungercarriagemountedi'ortravelincorn-`
sonance with the typewriter carriage, a shutter
bed including a plurality of shuttersadapted one
to cooperate witheach plunger en_the plunger.`
carriage, connecting vmeansbetween the _type
member associatedwith each shutter, a control
llever, associated with each such member and
adapted to be actuated in response to movement
writerkeysandtâheshutteratheplungercarrhge
being
adaptedv
v
_15. In a shutter bed for use with a typewriter
lationship with respect tothe plunger carriage.
allel with the pattern bed, s
which
the pattern bed is removably mounted and means
of the typewriterkey levers, and means for uni- ’ in thepath ofthe plunger-bed forarresting its
60 tarily varying the location of said control levers. movement toward and holding it in working re
having keys and key levers, a plurality o! shut
A. MAOOMIC.
Cn> GI
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