Патент USA US2079322код для вставки
may 4, 1937. Y J. wx'KlNG, 2D 2,079,322 BALLAST CAR Filed June 7, 1930 ,3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR JOHN w. Kmg? ATTO ay 4, 1937. J. w. KING‘, 2-D ' v2,079,322 BALLAST GAR Filed June 7, 1950 s Sheéts-Sheet 2 INVENTOR JOHN w. KINGJII W Q31”. ATTORNEY 'J. w. KING. 2D 2,079,322 BALLA S T CAR Filed June 7, 1930 _ _ _ n _ _ _ u __ _ s Sheets-Sheet s _ _ _ _ _ _ INVENTOR" ' JOHN w. KINGJI. Patented May 4, 1937 UNETE 2,079,322 STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,079,322 ' BALLAST CAR John W. King, II, Plain?eld, N. J. ; John W. King, III, and Russell Fleming, administrators of said John W. King, II, deceased, assignors to Magor Car Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application June 7, 1930, Serial No. 459,659 41 Claims. (Cl. 105-253) The invention relates toa ballast car of the type tion of the accompanying drawings and in part designed for distributing ballast and other mate will be more fully set forth in the following par rial on the road bed and which expression is used ticular description of one form of mechanism herein to indicate not only the space between embodying the invention, and the invention also the rails and immediately to the outside of the consists in certain new and novel features of con rails but is also used to designate the space to the struction and combination of parts hereinafter outside of the rail supports including the ties. set forth and claimed. The primary object of the invention is to pro In the accompanying drawings, vide a simpli?ed form of ballast car which can 10 be moved slowly along the rails and by a selected opening of the closures of its differently located discharge openings, the ballast or other lading will be discharged automatically from the car and proportionately distributed to the different parts 15 of the road bed as conditions in these parts dic tate the requirements for more or less original placement or replacement of ballast as needed in the several parts. Still another object of the invention and in 20 cidental to the general object is to. provide ballast distributing and control means which will lay the ballast in the form of a ribbon or a plurality of parallel ribbons of the desired thickness, posi tioned on opposite sides of one or both of the 25 rails as needed, and which control means will in sure substantial uniformity in thickness of each ribbon as it is laid, and in general the invention features means for laying the ballast initially in such way as will tend to minimize any necessity 30 of hand leveling or subsequent redistribution of the laid material. The invention has for other objects the provid ing of discharge openings with closures organized to facilitate ease of operating the same; to pro 35 vide the requisite variation of opening movement of the discharge openings as the car is progres sively emptied or as variations in the character of the lading necessitate a quick resetting of the distended discharge opening from time to time 40 as the car progresses along the right of way being formed or re?nished. In addition to the requirement for ease of oper ation, the invention features a form of closure or door control which can be locked in any adjusted 45 position unaffected by the material discharged past the same and the invention also features certain disposition of structural parts to provide the requisite rigidity required in cars of this construction to withstand the rough usage to 50 which such cars are subjected in service and at the same time to minimize the number of parts and the weight of such parts which go to make up the dead load. Various other objects and advantages of the invention will be in part obvious from an inspec Fig. l is a View in side elevation of part of a ballast car provided with certain parts constitut ing a preferred embodiment of the invention with one of the drop doors, in this instance the rear door, shown in side elevation and in closed posi tion, and with the forward, or advanced, door shown in vertical, axial section and shown in open position and also showing part of the track con struction, but it is understood that this view is simply intended to suggest the application of the invention to a railroad car and that the illus trated parts are not drawn to scale and the wheels are shown close together in order to keep the ?gure on the sheet; Fig. 2 is a transverse, sectional View taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction in dicated by the arrows and with parts broken away toshow detail of construction; Fig. 3 is a plan view looking down into the left hand side of the car body as viewed in Fig. 2 with parts of the center sill construction and parts of one of the de?ectors broken away for disclosure of normally hidden parts; and Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken through a portion of the center sill and taken on the line 4—4 of Figs. 2 and 3, looking in the direction in dicated by the arrows in each case. Referring to the drawings and particularly to 35 the showing of the right of way in Figs. 1 and 2, there is disclosed a conventional structure of rails a and I) mounted on cross ties c embedded in ballast d which extends between the ties c as in dicated in Fig. 1, extends between the rails as in dicated in Fig. 2, and extends beyond and to the outside of the ends of the ties as is also indicated in part in Fig. 2. Referring to the car structure, it will be under 45 stood that it is provided with running gear indi cated symbolically by the wheels l6 and supports a car body H. The car body includes conven tional upstanding sides l2, inclined lateral sides 13 sloping from the upstanding sides I2 inwardly to wards the longitudinal, medial plane of the car and in the instant case provided with inclined bottoms I31, inclining downwardly towards each other and towards the bottom openings herein 2 2,079,322 after described to form a conventional hopper type of car. While a hopper bottom car has been selected for illustration of the invention herein featured due to the fact that it illustrates one means for in suring continuity of material supplied to the sev eral openings, it is appreciated that the controlled openings herein featured may be installed as parts of other forms of cars and may be installed even on a ?at or other type car where manual or other , pressing 22. The edges of the curved plate 29 are conventionally reinforced by angle bars 33. As these outside closures are only used when it is desired to distribute lading to the portion of the road bed which is spaced well outward from the rail, and for economic and other reasons, clo sure controls are made as simpli?ed as possible. In the form illustrated there is provided a hand bar socket 35 secured to one of the end plates 30 of each closure 21‘ and 28 and designed to re 10 means are provided for maintaining a supply of . ceive a hand bar 36 or any other convenient form material to whatever opening or openings may be of lever which can be inserted in the socket. A ' crow bar inserted in the socket can provide the in ballast discharging position, necessary leverage to move the closures for these In the illustrated car, there is disclosed cer 15 tain other conventional parts such as a box form outside openings to various positions from the 15 of fabricated center sill construction [4 selected completely closed position shown at the right of because it provides a housing for certain parts of the closure controlling mechanism hereinafter disclosed and which center sill is provided with a conventional form of dividing partition l5. Re ferring'to the showing in Fig. 2, it will be under stood that still following conventional structure the car is symmetrical with reference to the longi tudinal, medial plane indicated by the line l3—-4 of 25 Fig. 2 and that the car including the sides I2-—i3 extends for a material distance on each side to the outside of the plane of the adjacent car wheels indicated by the line e—,f in Fig. 2. As the parts are duplicated on opposite sides of the medial 30, plane of the car, the detailed description of either ’ side will be sufficient for the opposite side except for obvious reversal of disposition of the several parts. In general, it will be understood that the hopper portion of the car is provided from left to right with an outside discharge opening 56 and on the opposite side with a corresponding outside discharge opening ii. Similarly considered, the bottom is provided on the left side with two inside discharge openings i8 and I9 and on the right side 40 with two parallel discharge openings 20 and 2 I, so 1 that this portion of the car is provided all told with six discharge openings, three on each side of the plane 4—4 with the openings 18 and I9 centered above the track a therebelow and the openings 28 and ‘M similarly centered above the ' track I) and bisected by the plane e—f. It is also noted in the form of the invention illustrated that the openings l8 and i9 are continuous and form in e?ect a single opening each half controlled by 50 one of the door closures hereinafter described. Likewise, openings 28 and 2i are continuous, one opening longitudinally into the other. Referring first to one of the outside discharge openings 15 or ill, as the case may be, the lat 55 eral side l3 containing the same is cut away ad jacent its'upper edge to provide this opening. The opening is outlined by a chute forming press ing 22, the lower edge of which is reinforced by an angle bar 23 and the inner portion of which press ing is provided with a downwardly turned ?ange 21% forming one side of the opening l8 as shown in Fig. 2. The pressing 22 also provides the sup port for a hinge strap 25 coacting with ?ange 2% to position a hinge pin 26 for a purpose here 65 inafter disclosed. The openings l6 and i‘! are closed by closures 2'1! and 28 respectively. These closures each com prises essentially an arched plate 29 which as shown at the right of Fig. 2 closes the openingl‘i 70 and when in closed position rest on the pressing 22 to close the center provided by this pressing. The closures are pivotally mounted and for this purpose are provided with segmental end plates 75 30 pivotally mounted on pins 3i carried by the Fig. 2 into the fully opened position shown at the left of Fig. 2 with an amount or degree of open- ' ing depending upon the rate of ?ow of the ballast or lading desired through the controlled opening or openings. The parts which de?ne these out side openings are so designed that when in the fully opened position the discharge therefrom will be somewhat triangular in cross section, the inner side being de?ned by the line g which leads 25 to one side of the adjacent rail (1 and the other side is de?ned by the line it which is set by the degree of opening movement of the closure to reg ulate the distance laterally away from the rail to where it is desired that the ballast extend. Similarly, the closure 28 controls the discharge of lading to the right of the rail b as viewed in Fig. 2. Referring to the openings at the bottom of the hopper formed by the inclined sides I3 and bot toms i3l, it is noted that opposing the longi tudinal and vertically extending ?anges 24 at each side of the car, the opposite or inner side of each of the openings l8 and i9 are de?ned by a bent plate 31, the upper edge 38 of which is se cured to the adjacent side of the center sill con 40 struction and an intermediate portion of which is provided at each end with a ?ange 39 for se curing the plate to the inclined bottoms l3l. A single central hinge pin 46 is disposed in align ment with the short outside hinge pins 26, ex 45 tends through the center sill construction to provide inside supports for the drop doors con trolling the inside dischargeopenings l8—-2l. The pin 49 passes through a heavy spacing cast ing 5! forming an internal part of the center 50 sill construction and providing atits upper por tion a bearing for closure controlling shafts hereinafter disclosed. The transversely dis posed inside discharge openings IB and 28 are controlled by a single closure £2 and the open ings l9 and 2! are similarly controlled by a sim ilar closure A3. Referring to the showing of one of these closures in Fig. 2, it will be noted that they are formed primarily of an inverted angle bar 48 having a web 124 and downturned ends 60 45. The discharge end of the closure as a Whole is reinforced by a relatively large massive Z-bar 46 which also acts as a scraper for leveling off the top of the discharged lading, should it become abnormally high. The opposite end of the clo sure is de?ned by an upstanding L-bar 41. Ex tending across eachof the inside discharge open ings is a U-shaped plate 49, the bottom portion 58 of which is secured to the top of the Web 44, angle bar 48 and the upturned ends SI of which form side’plates pivotally hung on the pins 26 and 4E) and providing a channel chute for dis charging the material passed through the asso ciated opening. 7.0, 2,079,322‘ Each of the closures is provided with its own mechanism for opening and closing the same and in the particular form of the invention illus trated the mechanisms are independent of each other and operated selectively from either side of the car through conveniently positioned hand wheels. Describing either one of the control mechanisms and referring to the disclosure in Fig. 2 for a description of the means for opening 10 and closing the closure 42, it will be noted from Figs. 2 and 4 that a casting 52 is rockably and loosely supported on pin 40 and positioned be tween the depending legs 53 of center sill spac ing casting 4|. The lower end of casting 52 is 15 designed with a vertically extending portion 54 to engage Z~bar scraper 46 and has a horizon tally extending portion 55 to engage the crotch portion of channel member 48. The opposite or upper end of casting 52 is in the form of a gear 20 segment 56 and this casting is provided with ribs 51 extending radially from and formed integral with a long hub 58 encircling pin 40. The teeth 59 of segment 56 engage worm 60 of worm shaft 6| journalled in spaced bearings 62 forming the 25 upper part of casting 4|. The shaft 6| is also mounted in a bearing formed in a block 63 spaced longitudinally from the casting 4| and utilized as a spacing member between the side plates of the center sill construction I4 as particularly shown in Fig. 3. The end of the shaft 6| adjacent the bearing block 63 is provided with a mitered gear 64 which meshes with beveled gear 65 car ried on the square portion of a transversely dis posed shaft 15 which projects beyond opposite - sides of the car and is provided at opposite ends with hand wheels 66 and 61. It is understood that the detailed description of one drop door control mechanism, thus out lined, is equally applicable to the other closure 40 control except that where closure 42 was designed to be moved clockwise from its closed into its open position, the parts are so proportioned and - organized that the other closure 43, that is the right hand closure when viewing the parts as 45 shown in Fig. 1, moves anti-clockwise from its closed into the open position indicated on that ?gure. Differently expressed, the discharge edges of the drop doors move downwardly and away from each other in moving into their open 50 position. It is obviously within the scope of the invention to operate both sides of closures 42-43 from transverse shaft 15 by connecting the worm shafts 6|, reversing the direction pitch of the worms 65 if necessary. In the showing in Fig. 1, it is assumed that the car is moving slowly to the right as indicated by the arrow on wheel ID in which case the clo cure 43 is in its fully opened position with the forward edge of the discharge moving along the 60 line i and the rear edge of the discharge moving along the line 7‘ to form the ribbon It. It is a feature of this disclosure to avoid the dumping of any material directly on the rails and to attain this purpose, each of the chute ‘ forming channel members 49 is provided on its upper, that is inner side, with an upstanding de flector 16 of peculiar construction. When viewed in plan as indicated in Fig. 3, this de?ector is somewhat triangular shaped with the wide end I 68 at the discharge end of the closure slightly curved and the apex ‘|‘| adjacent the L-bar 47 de?ning the rear end of the closure chute. Viewed in transverse cross section as shown on the left side of Fig. 2, the de?ector is of trian 755 gular construction in outline with the Wide por 3 tion 69 uppermost and slightly curved and with the lateral sides 10 converging downwardly to a narrow neck ‘(I merging into the outstanding fastening ?anges 12 which are riveted to the plate 49. From this construction, it will be noted that when the drop door is slightly opened the con stricted neck portion of the de?ector will be presenting a relatively narrow obstacle to the passage of the lading as it is discharged on op 10 posite sides thereof thus providing the maximum extent of opening considered transversely of the car at the time when it is providing the minimum extent of the opening considered vertically. As the drop door is lowered towards the position 15 shown in Fig. 1, progressively more and more of the de?ector will be positioned across the dis charge opening and overlapping the same as shown in connection with the open door at the right side of Fig. 3 so that as the opening in- " creases in vertical depth, it is progressively nar rowed in transverse width. As the result of this construction, the initial discharge with the car body loaded to capacity will tend to distribute material up close to the adjacent rail therebe- "’ neath and as the door is progressively opened towards the end of the lading discharge, the ma terial will be distributed a little further away from opposite sides of the rail therebelow. In operation and assuming that the car is ' loaded with the proper type of ballast, the usual practice will be to have the car move along the track at a rate of three or four miles an hour with an operator on either side. The operator will open the outside closure or closures | 6 or I‘! at I those places along the line where a discharge of ballast to the outer edges of the road bed is de sired and this will be especially the case where a new roadbed is being formed. In the majority of cases, the car herein featured will be used to 10 replenish ballast between and up close to the outside of the rails a and b, in which case the bottom drop doors, either 42 and 43, alone will be used. In such cases, one operator is suf? cient and can walk on that side of the car where 45 walking is most convenient and by suitably ma nipulating the adjacent hand wheel on which ever may be the forward side of the car, he can control the degree of opening of the forward closure starting with the closure barely opened 50 and gradually increasing the extent of opening until the lading has been completely discharged. In this case, the lading when viewed in trans verse section will pass out of its associated open ing in a stream the outer edge of which is ap proximately along the line | and the inner edge of which will be approximately along the line m, with the top approximately at the line n. The de?ectors 16 will have the e?ect of dividing the ribbon of ballast is over the rails and the 60 inner edges of the discharge will be approximate ly along the lines 12, q. The Worm and gear seg ment control of the bottom doors permits of a regulated and gradual opening of the doors throughout their entire opening movements and insures an automatic locking of the doors both when in their fully closed position as well as when in the successive positions into which they are lowered in their opening movement. By means of a device of the character de 70 scribed, it is possible to reduce the time which has been necessary heretofore to distribute bal last to tracks and other portions of the road bed, and to distribute the ballast at least approxi mately in that portion where it will eventually 75 4 2,079,322. lie thus minimizing the necessity of any subse quent handling of ballast by manual operation. It is apparent that in addition to this function of laying ballast the car may be used as a con-. ventional bottom drop hopper car and as a side chute car for transporting and discharging other material. I claim: 1. A railroad car for distributing ballast on 101 the road bed selectively to the space on opposite sides of each rail, comprising a car body having a portion provided with inclined bottoms to form av hopper, and provided transversely of said hop per portion with a pair of outside discharge open 15 ings, one on each side of the car body and posi tioned to the outside of the plane of the adja cent car wheels, closures for regulating the rate of discharge‘of ballast through said outside open ings, said hopper portion also provided with four inside openings, two on each side of the longi tudinal medial plane, and the two on each side of said plane being disposed in tandem, one open ing into the other, closures for each of said inside openings disposed to turn about transverse axes, 25 and the closures on each side of said medial plane opening downwardly and away from each other, and means for regulating the degree of opening of said closures thereby to control and propor tion the discharge to different parts of the road 30 bed, each of the closures for the inside opening provided with a de?ector positioned in the ‘plane of the adjacent car wheel and disposed to dis tribute the lading discharge from its associated inside opening to the spaces on opposite sides of 35 the adjacent rail. 2. A railroad car for distributing ballast on the road bed selectively to the spaces on oppo site sides of each rail, comprising a car body having a portion provided with inclined bottoms 40 converging towards each other to form a pair of hoppers, one on each side of the longitudinal medial plane and each hopper provided at its lowermost part, transversely of said portion and laterally offset to the outer sides thereof with a pair of outside discharge openings, one on each side of the car body and positioned to the outside of the plane of the adjacent car wheels, closures for regulating the discharge of ballast from said outside openings, said portion also provided with 50 four inside openings, two on each side of the longitudinal medial plane and being disposed in tandem, one opening into the other longitudi nally of the car and vertically spaced beneath their associated outside discharge opening on the 55 adjacent side of the car, closures for each of said inside openings disposed to turn about trans verse axes, and the closures on each side of the medial plane opening downwardly and away from each other, and means for regulating the degree of opening of said closures thereby to con trol and proportion the discharge to di?erent parts of the road bed. 3. A railroad car for distributing ballast and other lading on the road bed selectively to the 65 spaces on opposite sides of each rail, comprising a car body extending in each direction laterally to the outside of the planes of'its wheels and provided at each lateral side with an outside dis charge opening, a ?xed chute forming pressing 70 outlining the opening for conveying the car lad ing received therefrom to the road bed space outside of the adjacent rail, a pair of inside dis charge openings, each formed in part by the ad 75 jacent chute forming pressing, ‘said openings positioned on opposite sides of the longitudinal medial plane of the car body, each disposed for discharging car lading to the space on opposite sides of the rail below the same, closures for said inside openings, and means associated with each of said closures for adjusting the associated open ings whereby the discharged lading may be pro portioned in its distribution to different parts of the road bed. 4. In a ballast car, the combination of a car body provided with a center sill construction and with a bottom opening, a closure for said open ing, a casting ?tted in said center sill construc tion, a shaft provided with a worm journalled in said casting, and a gear segment journalled in said 15 casting and having its teeth in engagement with said worm, means securing the segment rigidly to the closure and manually actuated means for rotating said shaft. 5. In a railroad car, the combination of a car 20 body having a pair of bottom discharge openings and a box center sill construction, a single clo sure construction for closing both of said open ings, a gear segment secured rigidly at its lower portion to said closure construction and rockably mounted in the center sill construction, and a worm shaft operatively connected to the segment to control the opening and closing of the closure construction thereby to control simultaneously 30 the discharge through the both openings. '6. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a car body provided with a discharge. opening, a combined pendulous chute and closure for the opening, means above the chute for rock ably mounting the closure and the weight of said closure being substantially balanced about said mounting means when the doors are in closed position. '7. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a car body provided with a discharge 40 opening, a combined chute and the closure for the opening including a bottom and sides, and pivotal mounting means engaging the sides in spaced relation to both ends and extending hori zontally, said closure being substantially balanced 45 about its mounting means when in closed position. 8. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a car body provided with a discharge opening, ‘a combined chute and closure for the opening including a bottom and sides, and pivotal mounting means engaging the sides in spaced relation to both ends and extending hori zontally thereby substantially; to balance the closure about its mounting means and said bot tom provided on its upper side and in spaced re 55 lation to the sides with a de?ector for dividing the car lading as it is discharged along said com~ bined chute and closure. 9. Ina device of the class described, the com bination of a car body provided with a discharge 60 opening, a closure for the opening, means offset to the side of the opening for pivotally mount ing the closure with the discharge end of the closure movable downwardly from its closed to its open position and a de?ector centered on the 65 upper side of the closure and spaced inwardly from the edges which extend longitudinally of the car body and overlapping the opening when the closure is moved down from its closing posi 70 tion thereby to divide the stream of lading as it is discharged through the opening. 10. In a device of the class described, the combination of a car body provided with an opening, a closure for the opening, means o?set 15 5 2,079,322 to the side of the vopening for pivotally mount ing the closure with the discharge end of the closure movable downwardly from its closed to its open position and a de?ector secured to the upper side of the closure, said de?ector being of ‘maximum width at its top and having down wardly and inwardly converging sides merging into a neck portion. ' 11. In a device of the class described, the 10 combination of a car body provided with an opening, a closure for the opening, means offset to the side of the opening for pivotally mount— ' ing the closure with the discharge end of the closure movable downwardly from its closed to 15 its open position and a de?ector secured to the upper side of the closure, said de?ector being of maximum width at its top and having down wardly and inwardly converging sides and having maximum width at the discharge end of the clo sure and gradually decreasing in width away from said end. 12. In a device of the class described, the combination of a car body having a discharge opening, a drop door for controlling said open ing, movable about an axis of turn extending transversely of the car, a de?ector carried by the upper face of the door exposed to the lading in the car when the door is closed and when the door is open extending from its discharge edge 30 longitudinally of the car and said door including flat portions on opposite sides of the de?ector to form a pair of edge discharging portions. 13. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a car body having a discharge open ing, a drop door for controlling said opening, movable about an axis of turn extending trans versely of the car, a de?ector carried by the up per face of the door and extending from its dis charge edge longitudinally of the car, said de ?ector being substantially triangular shape in plan and in transverse cross section with its larger end disposed adjacent the discharge edge of the door. 14. In a car of the type described, the com bination of a car body including a center sill con-v struction, a pair of bottom openings, one on each' side of said construction and centered about its associated car rail therebelow, closures for said openings, each of said closures provided 50 on its upper side with a de?ector ?xedly secured thereto and positioned above its adjacent rail and said de?ectors adapted when the doors are opened 60 to distribute the car lading to opposite sides of the rails. 15. In a hopper bottom car, the combination of a side inclined downwardly and inwardly to form one side of the hopper of the car, and said hop per provided with a discharge opening at its bot tom, said side provided with an outside lading discharge opening positioned above the hopper bottom opening, a closure for said outside open ing comprising an arcuate plate having its con vex side facing inwardly and thus exposed to the lading in the hopper when the door is in position closing the opening and means for controlling the degree of opening of said closure thereby to regu late the rate of discharge through said outside discharge opening. 16. In a hopper bottom car, the combination of a pair of sides inclined downwardly and in wardly towards each other, and a pair of longi each provided with a side opening adjacent the top of the hopper and each of said side openings provided with a closure for regulating the extent of lading discharge from opposite sides of the up per portion of the hopper said closure compris ing an arcuate plate having its convex side fac ing inwardly and thus exposed to the lading in the hopper when the door is in position closing the opening. 17. In a device of the class described, the com 10 bination of a pivotally mounted drop door, a gear segment secured to the door for moving the same to and from its closed position, said door and seg ment being substantially balanced about the piv otal mounting of the door, a worm engaging said " gear segment for positively controlling the door throughout its entire opening movement and co acting with the segment for locking the door in its various open and in its closed positions. 18. A car body provided with an opening, a clo sure for the opening, a de?ector carried by and movable with the closure for dividing the mate rial discharged through said opening, said de?ec tor being substantially triangular in one dimen- . sion with its base facing upwardly and its apex facing downwardly and having its apex end se cured rigidly to the facing side of the closure lading. ' 19. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a car body provided with a pair of dis charge openings, each opening positioned above one of the associated car rails therebelow, clo sures for each of said openings, and each open ing provided with a de?ector rigidly and immov ably secured to its associated door and positioned 35 to extend partially across and below its asso ciated opening, when the door controlling said opening is in open position. 20. In a device of the class described, the com- ' bination of a car body provided with a discharge 40 opening, a pivotally mounted closure for the open ing and a de?ector secured to the inner face of the closure and having a material directing end moved by the closure to extend into said open ing when the closure is moved into its open posi 145 tion and said de?ector in all positions between its closed and fully opened positions being be neath its axis of swing with the closure. 21. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a car body provided with a discharge v50 opening, a pair of drop doors for closing the open ing, said doors movable downwardly in oppos ing clockwise directions into open position, each door provided with a de?ector and said de?ectors being in alignment and coacting when both doors 55 are open substantially to extend across the open ing. 22. In a ballast car, the combination of a car body outlined on one side by a car side, means for reinforcing the lower edge of said car side, a bot 60 tom provided with a discharge opening, a 010 sure for controlling the ?ow of material through said bottom discharge opening and mounted for swinging movement about an axis located in the discharge opening and extending transversely of 65 the car, said car body provided with an outside discharge opening inset from the car side and from its reinforcing means and outset from the bottom discharge opening and a closure for said outside discharge opening contained mainly with tudinally extending bottoms inclined downwardly in the outlines of the car body and mounted for rocking movement about a longitudinally ex towards each other and coacting with the sides to ‘form a hopper, said hopper provided at its bot tom with a closure controlled opening, said sides car side and positioned at a level above the bot tending axis inset inwardly beyond the adjacent tom opening. 75 6 2,079,322 _ 23. In a ballast car, a car body including two bottoms inclined towards each other and with their adjacent bottom edges spaced apart to form a bottom discharge opening extending in a hori zontal plane for discharging material on to the portion of the roadbed between the rails, drop door closures for said opening, said car body pro vided with an outside discharge opening posi tioned above the plane of the bottom discharge 10 opening and between the bottom discharge open ing and the adjacent outer side of the car body for discharging material outwardly of the adja cent rail and means for controlling the ?ow of material through said outside discharge open 15 mg. 24. In a ballast car, the combination on one side of the longitudinal medial plane of the car of a supporting wheel de?ning a vertical, longitudinal extending plane laterally spaced from the medial 20 plane of the car and containing the rail on which the Wheel is positioned, a car body including an upstanding side o?set outwardly from said lateral plane, a chute for discharging material from the interior of the car body and means for discharg 25 ing the material from the chute on to the roadbed on opposite sides of said lateral plane and thus on opposite sides of the rail, said chute including a vertical, longitudinally extending outer side po sitioned between the car side and said lateral 30 plane, and said car body provided with an out side discharge opening and a second chute lead— to rest on said means when the closure is in position closing the opening. ~ 2'7. In a car of the character described, the combination of a body for holding ?owable mate rial, said body including upstanding sides, longi tudinally extending bottoms inclined downwardly towards each other and towards the center of the ' car, transversely inclined lateral sides each ex tending inwardly from the lower portion of tis adjacent side wall, a central structure including on opposite sides thereof plates, extending down wards and towards their adjacent lateral sides, said bottoms, lateral sides and inclined plates coacting to form a pair of inclined bottom hop‘ pers on opposite sides of the center structure and 15 each having a discharge opening at its lower end, closures for said openings, manually actuated means for simultaneously controlling the open means for simultaneously controllying the open ing and closing of the closures on opposite sides 20 of the center structure, the lateral sides being each provided with an outside discharge opening and a pivotally mounted closure for the same, said closure provided with a socket facing out wardly for accommodating a lever to swing the 25 closure, to and from open and closed positions, said socket being positioned beneath the part of the body de?ned by the upstanding sides. 28. In a car provided with an opening over which the lading may arch, a load lifting means 30 pivotally mounted for movement about an axis ing therefrom and disposed to discharge material . beneath the opening and having a part thereof oiTset horizontally from said axis, said means in to the space outwardly of the car side, said out side dischargesecond chute being inset from the cluding a chute with its length from the axis to 35 car side and'positioned between the same and its discharge end greater than from the axis to 35 its rear end, said rear .end in its lifting effect on the said outer side of the ?rst named chute. 25. In a ballast car, the combination on one side of the longitudinal medial plane of the car of a the material above the same and in the opening adapted to disturb the foot of the arch, break supporting wheel de?ning a vertical, longitudinal the arch and thus permit the load to flow through the opening. 40 40 extending plane laterally spaced from the medial plane of the car and containing the rail on which the wheel is positioned, a car body including an upstanding side offset outwardly from said lat eral plane, a chute for discharging material from 45 the interior of the car body and means for dis charging the material from the chute on to the roadbed on opposite sides of said lateral plane and thus on opposite sides of the rail, said chute including a vertical, longitudinally extending 50 outer side positioned between the car side and said lateral plane, and said car body provided with an outside discharge opening disposed to dis charge material to the space outwardly of the car side, said outside discharge opening being inset 55 from the car side and positioned between the same and the said outer side ofthe chute, and manually actuated control means for regulating the ?ow of material through said outside discharge opening and for intercepting the ?ow at will. 60 26. In a car for carrying and distributing ma terial capable of flowing therefrom, the combina tion of a material carrying car body provided with an upstanding car side, a hopper provided with a sloping side positioned below and inset 65 from the adjacent car side, said hopper provided with a bottom discharge opening, a closure for controlling said opening, said sloping side pro vided with a side discharging opening, means forming a chute leading outwardly from said side 70 discharge opening, a closure including an arcuate plate at the inner end of the chute forming means for controlling said side opening, said closure pro vided with end walls pivotally mounted to said chute forming means and said closure disposed is 29. In a device of the class described, the com bination with a car body, of duplicate means on each side of the longitudinal medial plane of the car for discharging material at two vertical ly spaced points from each adjacent side of the 45 car body, each of said means providing a ver tically extending bottom discharge chute, means for controlling the passage of material there through, a second chute at the side of the car body for discharging material from the upper 50 portion of the car body downwardly and out wardly at an angle to the vertical and thus per mit it to fall gravitationally along said second chute and to be discharged outwardly beyond the car side, said chute provided with a closure piv 55 otally mounted at its lower outer edge and in— cluding an arched plate with its convexed side facing inwardly and upwardly when in closed position and with its lower edge de?ning a ?ow cutting edge movable in an arc having the piv 60 otal mounting as a center and movable substan-. tially at right angles to said line of fall of the material whereby to cut off the flow along a line inclined to the vertical and to intercept the flow stream without necessity of materially resisting 65 the full pressure acting on the ?ow, or of caus ing the closure to scrape against the falling flow of material during the moving of the closure into closed position. 30. In a car of the type described, the combina tion of a car body, a hopper supplied therefrom and provided at its lower end with a discharge opening, a closure for said opening, said hopper provided on the side thereof with an outside dis charge opening, a closure for said opening, and a 2,079,322 chute leading outwardly and downwardly from said opening, said chute being spaced above the ?rst named discharge opening and contained 7 sill and said casting also provided with apertures for supporting a pin extending at right angles to and vertically spaced from the axis de?ned by within the vertically projected outlines of the the bearings, a closure having one end pivoted on said pin and closure control means carried by in the portion of the pin between the side plates. 36. In a car of the class described, the combi verging sloping bottoms, means at the lower nation of means forming a door opening, a drop portion of the hopper providing a discharge open door therefor mounted to swing about an axis ing for depositing lading longitudinally of the ' extending transversely of the length of the car 10 car adjacent one of the track rails and said hop and located above the midlength of the door, per provided with upper discharge means spaced said door when depressed into its open position vertically above the discharge means at the lower forming a chute with its discharge edge lower portion of the hopper and located adjacent the at its opposite ends than at its midportion where upper portion of said hopper for depositing lad by the door acts to form a deflector at the mid ing entirely independent of said bottom discharge portion for separating the lading as it is dis opening and said discharge means including de charged from the “car through the door opening. fleeting means for guiding and depositing the lad 37. In a railroad car, the combination of struc ing by ?ow in the lateral direction to the out tural parts forming a door opening, a balanced side of the discharge from the opening at the door for closing the same mounted for move 20 lower portion of the hopper. ment about an axis extending transversely of 32. A ballast car including a car body having a the length of the car and spaced from opposite center sill construction, sloping bottoms on each edges, said door provided with means con?ned to side of said construction forming hoppers on op the discharge edge and forming a de?ector at all posite sides of the center, each of said hoppers times extending in a plane lengthwise of the car provided with two transversely spaced discharge and transversely of said axis, and said de?ector openings, the inner of the openings on each side disposed in all positions of the door above the of the center sill provided with means for direct lowest point of its discharge edge on opposite ing the discharge therefrom on opposite sides of sides of said de?ector. the adjacent track rail, and each outer opening 38. In a railroad car, the combination of struc 30 provided with means forming a chute secured tural parts forming a door opening, a drop door in place for directing the discharge from the for controlling said opening, said door mounted car body. 31. A hopper car of the character described, comprising in combination a hopper having con 15 20 25 30 opening to the outside of the adjacent rail, clo sures for said openings adapted to cooperate for 35 selectively depositing lading to either or both sides of said track rails or any combination there of. 33. A car of the type described comprising a car body provided with sloping bottoms forming 40 a pair of transversely disposed hoppers, each hopper provided transversely of the car with an inside discharge opening and with an outside discharge opening, means beneath the inside opening for directing ballast therefrom on oppo - site sides of the adjacent track rail, means at the outside openings forming ?xed chutes below their associated openings for directing ballast there from outside of the track rails, closures for con trolling the discharge through the openings and control means comprising a single device for operating the inside closures and separate de vices for operating the outside closures. 34. In a device of the class described, the com bination of a center sill construction including _ a pair of side plates, an integral casting ?tted between and forminga spacingmemberbetween the side! plates, said casting including a pair of aligned bearings spaced apart axially and longitudinally of the center sill, said casting also provided with 60 a pair of aligned pin supporting apertures, with said apertures spaced apart axially and trans versely of the center sill, the axes of the bear ings and apertures being relatively fixed by the casting, a pin supported in the apertures, a closure mounted to turn about the axis of the pin and closure controlling mechanism including a shaft journalled in the bearings, a closure actu ating element carried by the pin and a driving connection between the shaft and element. 35. In a device of the class described, a center sill construction including a pair of side plates, an integral casting ?tted between and forming a rugged spacing member between the side plates, said casting including bearings for a closure con trolling shaft extending lengthwise of the center for movement about a horizontal axis contained within its vertically projected outlines and when depressed into open position forming a dis charging chute, the lower load discharge portion of said chute having its upper surface elevated adjacent the center of the discharge edge and spaced from its lateral edges to form two dis charge channels for the lading passing along 40 said upper surface as it is discharged through the opening. 39. In a railroad car, the combination of struc tural parts forming a door opening, a drop door for controlling said opening and mounted for movement about an axis extending transversely of the length of the car and contained within the vertically projected outlines of the door in all positions thereof, said door when in open po sition forming a chute for discharging the lading from the car, the upper surface of said chute at its discharge edge forming an elevation ex tending lengthwise of the car and forming a de pression on opposite sides of the elevation and acting to divide the lading into two streams as it is discharged through the opening. 40. A railway car including a center sill and an upstanding side, an inclined outer lateral side sloping inwardly from the upstanding side and an inclined inner lateral side sloping outwardly from the center sill and coacting to form inner and outer sides of a hopper, means providing a discharge chute depending from said hopper forming a downwardly projecting extension there of and provided with a lading discharge opening, a door for closing the opening mounted for rotary movement about an axis extending transversely of the length of the car and positioned below said inclined sides, said door provided With a pivotal mounting supported from said chute forming means and provided with end walls be ing respectively disposed adjacent the sides of said chute forming means, said door provided adjacent one of its end Walls with an arcuate shaped portion having a plurality of teeth, and. 75 8 2,079,322 a'manually actuated control including a worm for selectively cooperating with said teeth to maintain the door in di?erent positions. 41. A railway car including an upstanding side, a lateral side extending inwardly and downward ly from the upstanding side and forming the outer side of a hopper, a chute forming member depending from said lateral side forming a con tinuation of the hopper and providing an in 10 clined lading discharge opening inclined to both the vertical and horizontal, said opening outlined by a reinforced ?anged lower edge, said'chute forming member provided with spaced apart up standing sides, an arcuate door for closing the opening, said door being adapted to remain in closed position under the influence of gravity and adapted to be freely rotated upwardly from its closed to its open position and having its end walls disposed in juxtaposition to the oppos ing walls of the chute forming member when the door is in closed position and said door pro vided with a socket for receiving an actuating lever for rotating the door to and from its open 10 and closed positions. JOHN W. KING, II.