close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2079322

код для вставки
may 4, 1937. Y
J. wx'KlNG, 2D
2,079,322
BALLAST CAR
Filed June 7, 1930
,3 Sheets-Sheet l
INVENTOR
JOHN w. Kmg?
ATTO
ay 4, 1937.
J. w. KING‘, 2-D
' v2,079,322
BALLAST GAR
Filed June 7, 1950
s Sheéts-Sheet 2
INVENTOR
JOHN w. KINGJII
W
Q31”.
ATTORNEY
'J. w. KING. 2D
2,079,322
BALLA S T CAR
Filed June 7, 1930
_ _
_
n
_ _
_
u __ _
s Sheets-Sheet s
_
_ _
_
_
_
INVENTOR"
'
JOHN w. KINGJI.
Patented May 4, 1937
UNETE
2,079,322
STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,079,322
' BALLAST CAR
John W. King, II, Plain?eld, N. J. ; John W. King,
III, and Russell Fleming, administrators of
said John W. King, II, deceased, assignors to
Magor Car Corporation, New York, N. Y., a
corporation of Delaware
Application June 7, 1930, Serial No. 459,659
41 Claims. (Cl. 105-253)
The invention relates toa ballast car of the type tion of the accompanying drawings and in part
designed for distributing ballast and other mate
will be more fully set forth in the following par
rial on the road bed and which expression is used ticular description of one form of mechanism
herein to indicate not only the space between embodying the invention, and the invention also
the rails and immediately to the outside of the consists in certain new and novel features of con
rails but is also used to designate the space to the struction and combination of parts hereinafter
outside of the rail supports including the ties.
set forth and claimed.
The primary object of the invention is to pro
In the accompanying drawings,
vide a simpli?ed form of ballast car which can
10 be moved slowly along the rails and by a selected
opening of the closures of its differently located
discharge openings, the ballast or other lading
will be discharged automatically from the car and
proportionately distributed to the different parts
15 of the road bed as conditions in these parts dic
tate the requirements for more or less original
placement or replacement of ballast as needed in
the several parts.
Still another object of the invention and in
20 cidental to the general object is to. provide ballast
distributing and control means which will lay the
ballast in the form of a ribbon or a plurality of
parallel ribbons of the desired thickness, posi
tioned on opposite sides of one or both of the
25 rails as needed, and which control means will in
sure substantial uniformity in thickness of each
ribbon as it is laid, and in general the invention
features means for laying the ballast initially in
such way as will tend to minimize any necessity
30 of hand leveling or subsequent redistribution of
the laid material.
The invention has for other objects the provid
ing of discharge openings with closures organized
to facilitate ease of operating the same; to pro
35 vide the requisite variation of opening movement
of the discharge openings as the car is progres
sively emptied or as variations in the character
of the lading necessitate a quick resetting of the
distended discharge opening from time to time
40 as the car progresses along the right of way being
formed or re?nished.
In addition to the requirement for ease of oper
ation, the invention features a form of closure or
door control which can be locked in any adjusted
45
position unaffected by the material discharged
past the same and the invention also features
certain disposition of structural parts to provide
the requisite rigidity required in cars of this
construction to withstand the rough usage to
50 which such cars are subjected in service and at
the same time to minimize the number of parts
and the weight of such parts which go to make up
the dead load.
Various other objects and advantages of the
invention will be in part obvious from an inspec
Fig. l is a View in side elevation of part of a
ballast car provided with certain parts constitut
ing a preferred embodiment of the invention with
one of the drop doors, in this instance the rear
door, shown in side elevation and in closed posi
tion, and with the forward, or advanced, door
shown in vertical, axial section and shown in open
position and also showing part of the track con
struction, but it is understood that this view is
simply intended to suggest the application of the
invention to a railroad car and that the illus
trated parts are not drawn to scale and the
wheels are shown close together in order to keep
the ?gure on the sheet;
Fig. 2 is a transverse, sectional View taken on
the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction in
dicated by the arrows and with parts broken away
toshow detail of construction;
Fig. 3 is a plan view looking down into the left
hand side of the car body as viewed in Fig. 2
with parts of the center sill construction and
parts of one of the de?ectors broken away for
disclosure of normally hidden parts; and
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken through
a portion of the center sill and taken on the line
4—4 of Figs. 2 and 3, looking in the direction in
dicated by the arrows in each case.
Referring to the drawings and particularly to 35
the showing of the right of way in Figs. 1 and 2,
there is disclosed a conventional structure of
rails a and I) mounted on cross ties c embedded in
ballast d which extends between the ties c as in
dicated in Fig. 1, extends between the rails as in
dicated in Fig. 2, and extends beyond and to the
outside of the ends of the ties as is also indicated
in part in Fig. 2.
Referring to the car structure, it will be under 45
stood that it is provided with running gear indi
cated symbolically by the wheels l6 and supports
a car body H.
The car body includes conven
tional upstanding sides l2, inclined lateral sides 13
sloping from the upstanding sides I2 inwardly to
wards the longitudinal, medial plane of the car
and in the instant case provided with inclined
bottoms I31, inclining downwardly towards each
other and towards the bottom openings herein
2
2,079,322
after described to form a conventional hopper
type of car.
While a hopper bottom car has been selected for
illustration of the invention herein featured due
to the fact that it illustrates one means for in
suring continuity of material supplied to the sev
eral openings, it is appreciated that the controlled
openings herein featured may be installed as parts
of other forms of cars and may be installed even
on a ?at or other type car where manual or other
,
pressing 22. The edges of the curved plate 29 are
conventionally reinforced by angle bars 33.
As these outside closures are only used when it
is desired to distribute lading to the portion of
the road bed which is spaced well outward from
the rail, and for economic and other reasons, clo
sure controls are made as simpli?ed as possible.
In the form illustrated there is provided a hand
bar socket 35 secured to one of the end plates
30 of each closure 21‘ and 28 and designed to re 10
means are provided for maintaining a supply of . ceive a hand bar 36 or any other convenient form
material to whatever opening or openings may be of lever which can be inserted in the socket. A
' crow bar inserted in the socket can provide the
in ballast discharging position,
necessary leverage to move the closures for these
In the illustrated car, there is disclosed cer
15 tain other conventional parts such as a box form outside openings to various positions from the 15
of fabricated center sill construction [4 selected completely closed position shown at the right of
because it provides a housing for certain parts
of the closure controlling mechanism hereinafter
disclosed and which center sill is provided with a
conventional form of dividing partition l5. Re
ferring'to the showing in Fig. 2, it will be under
stood that still following conventional structure
the car is symmetrical with reference to the longi
tudinal, medial plane indicated by the line l3—-4 of
25 Fig. 2 and that the car including the sides I2-—i3
extends for a material distance on each side to the
outside of the plane of the adjacent car wheels
indicated by the line e—,f in Fig. 2. As the parts
are duplicated on opposite sides of the medial
30, plane of the car, the detailed description of either
’ side will be sufficient for the opposite side except
for obvious reversal of disposition of the several
parts. In general, it will be understood that the
hopper portion of the car is provided from left
to right with an outside discharge opening 56 and
on the opposite side with a corresponding outside
discharge opening ii. Similarly considered, the
bottom is provided on the left side with two inside
discharge openings i8 and I9 and on the right side
40 with two parallel discharge openings 20 and 2 I, so
1 that this portion of the car is provided all told
with six discharge openings, three on each side
of the plane 4—4 with the openings 18 and I9
centered above the track a therebelow and the
openings 28 and ‘M similarly centered above the
' track I) and bisected by the plane e—f. It is also
noted in the form of the invention illustrated that
the openings l8 and i9 are continuous and form
in e?ect a single opening each half controlled by
50 one of the door closures hereinafter described.
Likewise, openings 28 and 2i are continuous, one
opening longitudinally into the other.
Referring first to one of the outside discharge
openings 15 or ill, as the case may be, the lat
55 eral side l3 containing the same is cut away ad
jacent its'upper edge to provide this opening.
The opening is outlined by a chute forming press
ing 22, the lower edge of which is reinforced by an
angle bar 23 and the inner portion of which press
ing is provided with a downwardly turned ?ange
21% forming one side of the opening l8 as shown
in Fig. 2. The pressing 22 also provides the sup
port for a hinge strap 25 coacting with ?ange
2% to position a hinge pin 26 for a purpose here
65 inafter disclosed.
The openings l6 and i‘! are closed by closures
2'1! and 28 respectively. These closures each com
prises essentially an arched plate 29 which as
shown at the right of Fig. 2 closes the openingl‘i
70 and when in closed position rest on the pressing
22 to close the center provided by this pressing.
The closures are pivotally mounted and for this
purpose are provided with segmental end plates
75 30 pivotally mounted on pins 3i carried by the
Fig. 2 into the fully opened position shown at the
left of Fig. 2 with an amount or degree of open- '
ing depending upon the rate of ?ow of the ballast
or lading desired through the controlled opening
or openings. The parts which de?ne these out
side openings are so designed that when in the
fully opened position the discharge therefrom
will be somewhat triangular in cross section, the
inner side being de?ned by the line g which leads 25
to one side of the adjacent rail (1 and the other
side is de?ned by the line it which is set by the
degree of opening movement of the closure to reg
ulate the distance laterally away from the rail
to where it is desired that the ballast extend.
Similarly, the closure 28 controls the discharge of
lading to the right of the rail b as viewed in Fig. 2.
Referring to the openings at the bottom of the
hopper formed by the inclined sides I3 and bot
toms i3l, it is noted that opposing the longi
tudinal and vertically extending ?anges 24 at
each side of the car, the opposite or inner side
of each of the openings l8 and i9 are de?ned by
a bent plate 31, the upper edge 38 of which is se
cured to the adjacent side of the center sill con 40
struction and an intermediate portion of which
is provided at each end with a ?ange 39 for se
curing the plate to the inclined bottoms l3l. A
single central hinge pin 46 is disposed in align
ment with the short outside hinge pins 26, ex 45
tends through the center sill construction to
provide inside supports for the drop doors con
trolling the inside dischargeopenings l8—-2l.
The pin 49 passes through a heavy spacing cast
ing 5! forming an internal part of the center 50
sill construction and providing atits upper por
tion a bearing for closure controlling shafts
hereinafter disclosed. The transversely dis
posed inside discharge openings IB and 28 are
controlled by a single closure £2 and the open
ings l9 and 2! are similarly controlled by a sim
ilar closure A3. Referring to the showing of one
of these closures in Fig. 2, it will be noted that
they are formed primarily of an inverted angle
bar 48 having a web 124 and downturned ends 60
45. The discharge end of the closure as a Whole
is reinforced by a relatively large massive Z-bar
46 which also acts as a scraper for leveling off the
top of the discharged lading, should it become
abnormally high. The opposite end of the clo
sure is de?ned by an upstanding L-bar 41. Ex
tending across eachof the inside discharge open
ings is a U-shaped plate 49, the bottom portion
58 of which is secured to the top of the Web 44,
angle bar 48 and the upturned ends SI of which
form side’plates pivotally hung on the pins 26
and 4E) and providing a channel chute for dis
charging the material passed through the asso
ciated opening.
7.0,
2,079,322‘
Each of the closures is provided with its own
mechanism for opening and closing the same and
in the particular form of the invention illus
trated the mechanisms are independent of each
other and operated selectively from either side
of the car through conveniently positioned hand
wheels.
Describing either one of the control
mechanisms and referring to the disclosure in
Fig. 2 for a description of the means for opening
10 and closing the closure 42, it will be noted from
Figs. 2 and 4 that a casting 52 is rockably and
loosely supported on pin 40 and positioned be
tween the depending legs 53 of center sill spac
ing casting 4|. The lower end of casting 52 is
15 designed with a vertically extending portion 54
to engage Z~bar scraper 46 and has a horizon
tally extending portion 55 to engage the crotch
portion of channel member 48. The opposite or
upper end of casting 52 is in the form of a gear
20 segment 56 and this casting is provided with ribs
51 extending radially from and formed integral
with a long hub 58 encircling pin 40. The teeth
59 of segment 56 engage worm 60 of worm shaft
6| journalled in spaced bearings 62 forming the
25 upper part of casting 4|. The shaft 6| is also
mounted in a bearing formed in a block 63 spaced
longitudinally from the casting 4| and utilized
as a spacing member between the side plates of
the center sill construction I4 as particularly
shown in Fig. 3. The end of the shaft 6| adjacent
the bearing block 63 is provided with a mitered
gear 64 which meshes with beveled gear 65 car
ried on the square portion of a transversely dis
posed shaft 15 which projects beyond opposite
- sides of the car and is provided at opposite ends
with hand wheels 66 and 61.
It is understood that the detailed description
of one drop door control mechanism, thus out
lined, is equally applicable to the other closure
40 control except that where closure 42 was designed
to be moved clockwise from its closed into its
open position, the parts are so proportioned and
- organized that the other closure 43, that is the
right hand closure when viewing the parts as
45 shown in Fig. 1, moves anti-clockwise from its
closed into the open position indicated on that
?gure.
Differently expressed, the discharge
edges of the drop doors move downwardly and
away from each other in moving into their open
50 position. It is obviously within the scope of the
invention to operate both sides of closures 42-43
from transverse shaft 15 by connecting the worm
shafts 6|, reversing the direction pitch of the
worms 65 if necessary.
In the showing in Fig. 1, it is assumed that the
car is moving slowly to the right as indicated
by the arrow on wheel ID in which case the clo
cure 43 is in its fully opened position with the
forward edge of the discharge moving along the
60 line i and the rear edge of the discharge moving
along the line 7‘ to form the ribbon It.
It is a feature of this disclosure to avoid the
dumping of any material directly on the rails
and to attain this purpose, each of the chute
‘ forming channel members 49 is provided on its
upper, that is inner side, with an upstanding de
flector 16 of peculiar construction. When viewed
in plan as indicated in Fig. 3, this de?ector is
somewhat triangular shaped with the wide end
I 68 at the discharge end of the closure slightly
curved and the apex ‘|‘| adjacent the L-bar 47
de?ning the rear end of the closure chute.
Viewed in transverse cross section as shown on
the left side of Fig. 2, the de?ector is of trian
755 gular construction in outline with the Wide por
3
tion 69 uppermost and slightly curved and with
the lateral sides 10 converging downwardly to a
narrow neck ‘(I merging into the outstanding
fastening ?anges 12 which are riveted to the
plate 49.
From this construction, it will be noted that
when the drop door is slightly opened the con
stricted neck portion of the de?ector will be
presenting a relatively narrow obstacle to the
passage of the lading as it is discharged on op
10
posite sides thereof thus providing the maximum
extent of opening considered transversely of the
car at the time when it is providing the minimum
extent of the opening considered vertically. As
the drop door is lowered towards the position 15
shown in Fig. 1, progressively more and more of
the de?ector will be positioned across the dis
charge opening and overlapping the same as
shown in connection with the open door at the
right side of Fig. 3 so that as the opening in- "
creases in vertical depth, it is progressively nar
rowed in transverse width. As the result of this
construction, the initial discharge with the car
body loaded to capacity will tend to distribute
material up close to the adjacent rail therebe- "’
neath and as the door is progressively opened
towards the end of the lading discharge, the ma
terial will be distributed a little further away
from opposite sides of the rail therebelow.
In operation and assuming that the car is '
loaded with the proper type of ballast, the usual
practice will be to have the car move along the
track at a rate of three or four miles an hour with
an operator on either side. The operator will
open the outside closure or closures | 6 or I‘! at I
those places along the line where a discharge of
ballast to the outer edges of the road bed is de
sired and this will be especially the case where
a new roadbed is being formed. In the majority
of cases, the car herein featured will be used to 10
replenish ballast between and up close to the
outside of the rails a and b, in which case the
bottom drop doors, either 42 and 43, alone will
be used. In such cases, one operator is suf?
cient and can walk on that side of the car where 45
walking is most convenient and by suitably ma
nipulating the adjacent hand wheel on which
ever may be the forward side of the car, he can
control the degree of opening of the forward
closure starting with the closure barely opened 50
and gradually increasing the extent of opening
until the lading has been completely discharged.
In this case, the lading when viewed in trans
verse section will pass out of its associated open
ing in a stream the outer edge of which is ap
proximately along the line | and the inner edge
of which will be approximately along the line
m, with the top approximately at the line n.
The de?ectors 16 will have the e?ect of dividing
the ribbon of ballast is over the rails and the 60
inner edges of the discharge will be approximate
ly along the lines 12, q. The Worm and gear seg
ment control of the bottom doors permits of a
regulated and gradual opening of the doors
throughout their entire opening movements and
insures an automatic locking of the doors both
when in their fully closed position as well as
when in the successive positions into which they
are lowered in their opening movement.
By means of a device of the character de
70
scribed, it is possible to reduce the time which
has been necessary heretofore to distribute bal
last to tracks and other portions of the road bed,
and to distribute the ballast at least approxi
mately in that portion where it will eventually 75
4
2,079,322.
lie thus minimizing the necessity of any subse
quent handling of ballast by manual operation.
It is apparent that in addition to this function
of laying ballast the car may be used as a con-.
ventional bottom drop hopper car and as a side
chute car for transporting and discharging other
material.
I claim:
1. A railroad car for distributing ballast on
101 the road bed selectively to the space on opposite
sides of each rail, comprising a car body having
a portion provided with inclined bottoms to form
av hopper, and provided transversely of said hop
per portion with a pair of outside discharge open
15 ings, one on each side of the car body and posi
tioned to the outside of the plane of the adja
cent car wheels, closures for regulating the rate
of discharge‘of ballast through said outside open
ings, said hopper portion also provided with four
inside openings, two on each side of the longi
tudinal medial plane, and the two on each side of
said plane being disposed in tandem, one open
ing into the other, closures for each of said inside
openings disposed to turn about transverse axes,
25 and the closures on each side of said medial plane
opening downwardly and away from each other,
and means for regulating the degree of opening
of said closures thereby to control and propor
tion the discharge to different parts of the road
30 bed, each of the closures for the inside opening
provided with a de?ector positioned in the ‘plane
of the adjacent car wheel and disposed to dis
tribute the lading discharge from its associated
inside opening to the spaces on opposite sides of
35 the adjacent rail.
2. A railroad car for distributing ballast on
the road bed selectively to the spaces on oppo
site sides of each rail, comprising a car body
having a portion provided with inclined bottoms
40 converging towards each other to form a pair of
hoppers, one on each side of the longitudinal
medial plane and each hopper provided at its
lowermost part, transversely of said portion and
laterally offset to the outer sides thereof with a
pair of outside discharge openings, one on each
side of the car body and positioned to the outside
of the plane of the adjacent car wheels, closures
for regulating the discharge of ballast from said
outside openings, said portion also provided with
50 four inside openings, two on each side of the
longitudinal medial plane and being disposed in
tandem, one opening into the other longitudi
nally of the car and vertically spaced beneath
their associated outside discharge opening on the
55 adjacent side of the car, closures for each of
said inside openings disposed to turn about trans
verse axes, and the closures on each side of the
medial plane opening downwardly and away
from each other, and means for regulating the
degree of opening of said closures thereby to con
trol and proportion the discharge to di?erent
parts of the road bed.
3. A railroad car for distributing ballast and
other lading on the road bed selectively to the
65 spaces on opposite sides of each rail, comprising
a car body extending in each direction laterally
to the outside of the planes of'its wheels and
provided at each lateral side with an outside dis
charge opening, a ?xed chute forming pressing
70 outlining the opening for conveying the car lad
ing received therefrom to the road bed space
outside of the adjacent rail, a pair of inside dis
charge openings, each formed in part by the ad
75 jacent chute forming pressing, ‘said openings
positioned on opposite sides of the longitudinal
medial plane of the car body, each disposed for
discharging car lading to the space on opposite
sides of the rail below the same, closures for said
inside openings, and means associated with each
of said closures for adjusting the associated open
ings whereby the discharged lading may be pro
portioned in its distribution to different parts
of the road bed.
4. In a ballast car, the combination of a car
body provided with a center sill construction and
with a bottom opening, a closure for said open
ing, a casting ?tted in said center sill construc
tion, a shaft provided with a worm journalled in
said casting, and a gear segment journalled in said 15
casting and having its teeth in engagement with
said worm, means securing the segment rigidly
to the closure and manually actuated means for
rotating said shaft.
5. In a railroad car, the combination of a car 20
body having a pair of bottom discharge openings
and a box center sill construction, a single clo
sure construction for closing both of said open
ings, a gear segment secured rigidly at its lower
portion to said closure construction and rockably
mounted in the center sill construction, and a
worm shaft operatively connected to the segment
to control the opening and closing of the closure
construction thereby to control simultaneously
30
the discharge through the both openings.
'6. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a car body provided with a discharge.
opening, a combined pendulous chute and closure
for the opening, means above the chute for rock
ably mounting the closure and the weight of said
closure being substantially balanced about said
mounting means when the doors are in closed
position.
'7. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a car body provided with a discharge 40
opening, a combined chute and the closure for
the opening including a bottom and sides, and
pivotal mounting means engaging the sides in
spaced relation to both ends and extending hori
zontally, said closure being substantially balanced 45
about its mounting means when in closed position.
8. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a car body provided with a discharge
opening, ‘a combined chute and closure for
the opening including a bottom and sides, and
pivotal mounting means engaging the sides in
spaced relation to both ends and extending hori
zontally thereby substantially; to balance the
closure about its mounting means and said bot
tom provided on its upper side and in spaced re 55
lation to the sides with a de?ector for dividing
the car lading as it is discharged along said com~
bined chute and closure.
9. Ina device of the class described, the com
bination of a car body provided with a discharge 60
opening, a closure for the opening, means offset
to the side of the opening for pivotally mount
ing the closure with the discharge end of the
closure movable downwardly from its closed to its
open position and a de?ector centered on the 65
upper side of the closure and spaced inwardly
from the edges which extend longitudinally of
the car body and overlapping the opening when
the closure is moved down from its closing posi
70
tion thereby to divide the stream of lading as it
is discharged through the opening.
10. In a device of the class described, the
combination of a car body provided with an
opening, a closure for the opening, means o?set 15
5
2,079,322
to the side of the vopening for pivotally mount
ing the closure with the discharge end of the
closure movable downwardly from its closed to
its open position and a de?ector secured to the
upper side of the closure, said de?ector being of
‘maximum width at its top and having down
wardly and inwardly converging sides merging
into a neck portion.
'
11. In a device of the class described, the
10 combination of a car body provided with an
opening, a closure for the opening, means offset
to the side of the opening for pivotally mount—
' ing the closure with the discharge end of the
closure movable downwardly from its closed to
15 its open position and a de?ector secured to the
upper side of the closure, said de?ector being of
maximum width at its top and having down
wardly and inwardly converging sides and having
maximum width at the discharge end of the clo
sure and gradually decreasing in width away
from said end.
12. In a device of the class described, the
combination of a car body having a discharge
opening, a drop door for controlling said open
ing, movable about an axis of turn extending
transversely of the car, a de?ector carried by the
upper face of the door exposed to the lading in
the car when the door is closed and when the
door is open extending from its discharge edge
30 longitudinally of the car and said door including
flat portions on opposite sides of the de?ector to
form a pair of edge discharging portions.
13. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a car body having a discharge open
ing, a drop door for controlling said opening,
movable about an axis of turn extending trans
versely of the car, a de?ector carried by the up
per face of the door and extending from its dis
charge edge longitudinally of the car, said de
?ector being substantially triangular shape in
plan and in transverse cross section with its larger
end disposed adjacent the discharge edge of the
door.
14. In a car of the type described, the com
bination of a car body including a center sill con-v
struction, a pair of bottom openings, one on
each' side of said construction and centered
about its associated car rail therebelow, closures
for said openings, each of said closures provided
50 on its upper side with a de?ector ?xedly secured
thereto and positioned above its adjacent rail and
said de?ectors adapted when the doors are opened
60
to distribute the car lading to opposite sides of
the rails.
15. In a hopper bottom car, the combination of
a side inclined downwardly and inwardly to form
one side of the hopper of the car, and said hop
per provided with a discharge opening at its bot
tom, said side provided with an outside lading
discharge opening positioned above the hopper
bottom opening, a closure for said outside open
ing comprising an arcuate plate having its con
vex side facing inwardly and thus exposed to the
lading in the hopper when the door is in position
closing the opening and means for controlling the
degree of opening of said closure thereby to regu
late the rate of discharge through said outside
discharge opening.
16. In a hopper bottom car, the combination
of a pair of sides inclined downwardly and in
wardly towards each other, and a pair of longi
each provided with a side opening adjacent the
top of the hopper and each of said side openings
provided with a closure for regulating the extent
of lading discharge from opposite sides of the up
per portion of the hopper said closure compris
ing an arcuate plate having its convex side fac
ing inwardly and thus exposed to the lading in
the hopper when the door is in position closing the
opening.
17. In a device of the class described, the com 10
bination of a pivotally mounted drop door, a gear
segment secured to the door for moving the same
to and from its closed position, said door and seg
ment being substantially balanced about the piv
otal mounting of the door, a worm engaging said "
gear segment for positively controlling the door
throughout its entire opening movement and co
acting with the segment for locking the door in its
various open and in its closed positions.
18. A car body provided with an opening, a clo
sure for the opening, a de?ector carried by and
movable with the closure for dividing the mate
rial discharged through said opening, said de?ec
tor being substantially triangular in one dimen- .
sion with its base facing upwardly and its apex
facing downwardly and having its apex end se
cured rigidly to the facing side of the closure
lading.
'
19. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a car body provided with a pair of dis
charge openings, each opening positioned above
one of the associated car rails therebelow, clo
sures for each of said openings, and each open
ing provided with a de?ector rigidly and immov
ably secured to its associated door and positioned 35
to extend partially across and below its asso
ciated opening, when the door controlling said
opening is in open position.
20. In a device of the class described, the com- '
bination of a car body provided with a discharge 40
opening, a pivotally mounted closure for the open
ing and a de?ector secured to the inner face of
the closure and having a material directing end
moved by the closure to extend into said open
ing when the closure is moved into its open posi 145
tion and said de?ector in all positions between
its closed and fully opened positions being be
neath its axis of swing with the closure.
21. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a car body provided with a discharge
v50
opening, a pair of drop doors for closing the open
ing, said doors movable downwardly in oppos
ing clockwise directions into open position, each
door provided with a de?ector and said de?ectors
being in alignment and coacting when both doors 55
are open substantially to extend across the open
ing.
22. In a ballast car, the combination of a car
body outlined on one side by a car side, means for
reinforcing the lower edge of said car side, a bot 60
tom provided with a discharge opening, a 010
sure for controlling the ?ow of material through
said bottom discharge opening and mounted for
swinging movement about an axis located in the
discharge opening and extending transversely of 65
the car, said car body provided with an outside
discharge opening inset from the car side and
from its reinforcing means and outset from the
bottom discharge opening and a closure for said
outside discharge opening contained mainly with
tudinally extending bottoms inclined downwardly
in the outlines of the car body and mounted for
rocking movement about a longitudinally ex
towards each other and coacting with the sides
to ‘form a hopper, said hopper provided at its bot
tom with a closure controlled opening, said sides
car side and positioned at a level above the bot
tending axis inset inwardly beyond the adjacent
tom opening.
75
6
2,079,322
_ 23. In a ballast car, a car body including two
bottoms inclined towards each other and with
their adjacent bottom edges spaced apart to form
a bottom discharge opening extending in a hori
zontal plane for discharging material on to the
portion of the roadbed between the rails, drop
door closures for said opening, said car body pro
vided with an outside discharge opening posi
tioned above the plane of the bottom discharge
10 opening and between the bottom discharge open
ing and the adjacent outer side of the car body
for discharging material outwardly of the adja
cent rail and means for controlling the ?ow of
material through said outside discharge open
15 mg.
24. In a ballast car, the combination on one side
of the longitudinal medial plane of the car of a
supporting wheel de?ning a vertical, longitudinal
extending plane laterally spaced from the medial
20 plane of the car and containing the rail on which
the Wheel is positioned, a car body including an
upstanding side o?set outwardly from said lateral
plane, a chute for discharging material from the
interior of the car body and means for discharg
25 ing the material from the chute on to the roadbed
on opposite sides of said lateral plane and thus on
opposite sides of the rail, said chute including a
vertical, longitudinally extending outer side po
sitioned between the car side and said lateral
30 plane, and said car body provided with an out
side discharge opening and a second chute lead—
to rest on said means when the closure is in
position closing the opening.
~
2'7. In a car of the character described, the
combination of a body for holding ?owable mate
rial, said body including upstanding sides, longi
tudinally extending bottoms inclined downwardly
towards each other and towards the center of the '
car, transversely inclined lateral sides each ex
tending inwardly from the lower portion of tis
adjacent side wall, a central structure including
on opposite sides thereof plates, extending down
wards and towards their adjacent lateral sides,
said bottoms, lateral sides and inclined plates
coacting to form a pair of inclined bottom hop‘
pers on opposite sides of the center structure and 15
each having a discharge opening at its lower end,
closures for said openings, manually actuated
means for simultaneously controlling the open
means for simultaneously controllying the open
ing and closing of the closures on opposite sides 20
of the center structure, the lateral sides being
each provided with an outside discharge opening
and a pivotally mounted closure for the same,
said closure provided with a socket facing out
wardly for accommodating a lever to swing the 25
closure, to and from open and closed positions,
said socket being positioned beneath the part of
the body de?ned by the upstanding sides.
28. In a car provided with an opening over
which the lading may arch, a load lifting means 30
pivotally mounted for movement about an axis
ing therefrom and disposed to discharge material . beneath the opening and having a part thereof
oiTset horizontally from said axis, said means in
to the space outwardly of the car side, said out
side dischargesecond chute being inset from the cluding a chute with its length from the axis to
35 car side and'positioned between the same and its discharge end greater than from the axis to 35
its rear end, said rear .end in its lifting effect on
the said outer side of the ?rst named chute.
25. In a ballast car, the combination on one side
of the longitudinal medial plane of the car of a
the material above the same and in the opening
adapted to disturb the foot of the arch, break
supporting wheel de?ning a vertical, longitudinal
the arch and thus permit the load to flow through
the opening.
40
40 extending plane laterally spaced from the medial
plane of the car and containing the rail on which
the wheel is positioned, a car body including an
upstanding side offset outwardly from said lat
eral plane, a chute for discharging material from
45 the interior of the car body and means for dis
charging the material from the chute on to the
roadbed on opposite sides of said lateral plane
and thus on opposite sides of the rail, said chute
including a vertical, longitudinally extending
50 outer side positioned between the car side and
said lateral plane, and said car body provided with
an outside discharge opening disposed to dis
charge material to the space outwardly of the car
side, said outside discharge opening being inset
55 from the car side and positioned between the same
and the said outer side ofthe chute, and manually
actuated control means for regulating the ?ow of
material through said outside discharge opening
and for intercepting the ?ow at will.
60
26. In a car for carrying and distributing ma
terial capable of flowing therefrom, the combina
tion of a material carrying car body provided
with an upstanding car side, a hopper provided
with a sloping side positioned below and inset
65 from the adjacent car side, said hopper provided
with a bottom discharge opening, a closure for
controlling said opening, said sloping side pro
vided with a side discharging opening, means
forming a chute leading outwardly from said side
70 discharge opening, a closure including an arcuate
plate at the inner end of the chute forming means
for controlling said side opening, said closure pro
vided with end walls pivotally mounted to said
chute forming means and said closure disposed
is
29. In a device of the class described, the com
bination with a car body, of duplicate means
on each side of the longitudinal medial plane of
the car for discharging material at two vertical
ly spaced points from each adjacent side of the 45
car body, each of said means providing a ver
tically extending bottom discharge chute, means
for controlling the passage of material there
through, a second chute at the side of the car
body for discharging material from the upper 50
portion of the car body downwardly and out
wardly at an angle to the vertical and thus per
mit it to fall gravitationally along said second
chute and to be discharged outwardly beyond the
car side, said chute provided with a closure piv 55
otally mounted at its lower outer edge and in—
cluding an arched plate with its convexed side
facing inwardly and upwardly when in closed
position and with its lower edge de?ning a ?ow
cutting edge movable in an arc having the piv 60
otal mounting as a center and movable substan-.
tially at right angles to said line of fall of the
material whereby to cut off the flow along a line
inclined to the vertical and to intercept the flow
stream without necessity of materially resisting 65
the full pressure acting on the ?ow, or of caus
ing the closure to scrape against the falling flow
of material during the moving of the closure into
closed position.
30. In a car of the type described, the combina
tion of a car body, a hopper supplied therefrom
and provided at its lower end with a discharge
opening, a closure for said opening, said hopper
provided on the side thereof with an outside dis
charge opening, a closure for said opening, and a
2,079,322
chute leading outwardly and downwardly from
said opening, said chute being spaced above the
?rst named discharge opening and contained
7
sill and said casting also provided with apertures
for supporting a pin extending at right angles
to and vertically spaced from the axis de?ned by
within the vertically projected outlines of the
the bearings, a closure having one end pivoted
on said pin and closure control means carried by in
the portion of the pin between the side plates.
36. In a car of the class described, the combi
verging sloping bottoms, means at the lower nation of means forming a door opening, a drop
portion of the hopper providing a discharge open
door therefor mounted to swing about an axis
ing for depositing lading longitudinally of the ' extending transversely of the length of the car 10
car adjacent one of the track rails and said hop
and located above the midlength of the door,
per provided with upper discharge means spaced said door when depressed into its open position
vertically above the discharge means at the lower forming a chute with its discharge edge lower
portion of the hopper and located adjacent the at its opposite ends than at its midportion where
upper portion of said hopper for depositing lad
by the door acts to form a deflector at the mid
ing entirely independent of said bottom discharge portion for separating the lading as it is dis
opening and said discharge means including de
charged from the “car through the door opening.
fleeting means for guiding and depositing the lad
37. In a railroad car, the combination of struc
ing by ?ow in the lateral direction to the out
tural parts forming a door opening, a balanced
side of the discharge from the opening at the door for closing the same mounted for move 20
lower portion of the hopper.
ment about an axis extending transversely of
32. A ballast car including a car body having a the length of the car and spaced from opposite
center sill construction, sloping bottoms on each edges, said door provided with means con?ned to
side of said construction forming hoppers on op
the discharge edge and forming a de?ector at all
posite sides of the center, each of said hoppers times extending in a plane lengthwise of the car
provided with two transversely spaced discharge and transversely of said axis, and said de?ector
openings, the inner of the openings on each side disposed in all positions of the door above the
of the center sill provided with means for direct
lowest point of its discharge edge on opposite
ing the discharge therefrom on opposite sides of sides of said de?ector.
the adjacent track rail, and each outer opening
38. In a railroad car, the combination of struc 30
provided with means forming a chute secured tural parts forming a door opening, a drop door
in place for directing the discharge from the for controlling said opening, said door mounted
car body.
31. A hopper car of the character described,
comprising in combination a hopper having con
15
20
25
30
opening to the outside of the adjacent rail, clo
sures for said openings adapted to cooperate for
35 selectively depositing lading to either or both
sides of said track rails or any combination there
of.
33. A car of the type described comprising a
car body provided with sloping bottoms forming
40 a pair of transversely disposed hoppers, each
hopper provided transversely of the car with an
inside discharge opening and with an outside
discharge opening, means beneath the inside
opening for directing ballast therefrom on oppo
- site sides of the adjacent track rail, means at the
outside openings forming ?xed chutes below their
associated openings for directing ballast there
from outside of the track rails, closures for con
trolling the discharge through the openings and
control means comprising a single device for
operating the inside closures and separate de
vices for operating the outside closures.
34. In a device of the class described, the com
bination of a center sill construction including
_ a pair of side plates, an integral casting ?tted
between and forminga spacingmemberbetween the
side! plates, said casting including a pair of aligned
bearings spaced apart axially and longitudinally
of the center sill, said casting also provided with
60 a pair of aligned pin supporting apertures, with
said apertures spaced apart axially and trans
versely of the center sill, the axes of the bear
ings and apertures being relatively fixed by the
casting, a pin supported in the apertures, a
closure mounted to turn about the axis of the
pin and closure controlling mechanism including
a shaft journalled in the bearings, a closure actu
ating element carried by the pin and a driving
connection between the shaft and element.
35. In a device of the class described, a center
sill construction including a pair of side plates,
an integral casting ?tted between and forming
a rugged spacing member between the side plates,
said casting including bearings for a closure con
trolling shaft extending lengthwise of the center
for movement about a horizontal axis contained
within its vertically projected outlines and when
depressed into open position forming a dis
charging chute, the lower load discharge portion
of said chute having its upper surface elevated
adjacent the center of the discharge edge and
spaced from its lateral edges to form two dis
charge channels for the lading passing along 40
said upper surface as it is discharged through
the opening.
39. In a railroad car, the combination of struc
tural parts forming a door opening, a drop door
for controlling said opening and mounted for
movement about an axis extending transversely
of the length of the car and contained within
the vertically projected outlines of the door in
all positions thereof, said door when in open po
sition forming a chute for discharging the lading
from the car, the upper surface of said chute
at its discharge edge forming an elevation ex
tending lengthwise of the car and forming a de
pression on opposite sides of the elevation and
acting to divide the lading into two streams as
it is discharged through the opening.
40. A railway car including a center sill and
an upstanding side, an inclined outer lateral side
sloping inwardly from the upstanding side and
an inclined inner lateral side sloping outwardly
from the center sill and coacting to form inner
and outer sides of a hopper, means providing a
discharge chute depending from said hopper
forming a downwardly projecting extension there
of and provided with a lading discharge opening,
a door for closing the opening mounted for rotary
movement about an axis extending transversely
of the length of the car and positioned below
said inclined sides, said door provided With a
pivotal mounting supported from said chute
forming means and provided with end walls be
ing respectively disposed adjacent the sides of
said chute forming means, said door provided
adjacent one of its end Walls with an arcuate
shaped portion having a plurality of teeth, and. 75
8
2,079,322
a'manually actuated control including a worm
for selectively cooperating with said teeth to
maintain the door in di?erent positions.
41. A railway car including an upstanding side,
a lateral side extending inwardly and downward
ly from the upstanding side and forming the
outer side of a hopper, a chute forming member
depending from said lateral side forming a con
tinuation of the hopper and providing an in
10 clined lading discharge opening inclined to both
the vertical and horizontal, said opening outlined
by a reinforced ?anged lower edge, said'chute
forming member provided with spaced apart up
standing sides, an arcuate door for closing the
opening, said door being adapted to remain in
closed position under the influence of gravity
and adapted to be freely rotated upwardly from
its closed to its open position and having its
end walls disposed in juxtaposition to the oppos
ing walls of the chute forming member when
the door is in closed position and said door pro
vided with a socket for receiving an actuating
lever for rotating the door to and from its open 10
and closed positions.
JOHN W. KING, II.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
1 498 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа