Патент USA US2084875код для вставки
June 22, 1937. G. A. THOREN 2,084,875 DEVICE FOR ROTATING THERMOMETERS Filed Oct. 10, 1935 ?asi'cWAJZoren, Patented June 22, 1937 'i' 2,084,875 DEVICE FOR ROTATING THEEEMOMETERS Gustav A. Thorcn, San Francisco, Calif. Application October 10, 1935, Serial No. 44,461 6 Claims. (Cl. 73-62) aperture [2, and the former will be of such size This application is a continuation, in part, of the invention disclosed in my application filed as to readily receive the largest size of thermom eter snugly therethrough and since the collar l3 September 5, 1935, Serial No. 39,357. will have ample resilience the thermometer may The invention relates to a device for rotating also be forced through the aperture i2, there Cl 5 thermometers for the purpose of shaking the mercury down in the thermometer to a normal level, and it consists in the constructions, ar rangements and combinations herein described and claimed. It is a cardinal purpose of the invention to provide a device so constructed that thermom eters of varying diameters may be readily ac commodated and securely held against displace ment, especially during the “shaking down” op 1,, eration. ’ It is also an object of the invention to provide a device in which the main body thereof may function as a stopper for closing the mouth of a receptacle or bottle which may be employed in conjunction with a suitable sterilizing ?uid, for the purpose of sterilizing the thermometer. It is a still further object of the invention to provide an effective seal between the thermometer and the stopper so that leakage of the sterilizing 25 ?uid is obviated. . Additional objects, advantages and features of the invention reside in the construction and ar rangement as will be apparent from the follow ing description considered in conjunction with 30 the accompanying drawing, in which Figure l is a side elevation of my device, illus trating its application to a sterilizing bottle. Figure 2 is a perspective view illustrating the device in use. 35 Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view of the device. Figure 4 is a top- plan view, partly in section. Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 3 illustrat ing a modi?ed form of the device. In carrying out my invention, I make use of a 40 stopper-like body ill which should be of rubber or similar elastic material. The stopper Ill has an axial aperture ii extending throughout the major portion of the length of the stopper and 45 terminates in a reduced aperture l2, as clearly shown in Figure 3. Upon the upper face of the stopper it there is provided an upstanding collar i3 aligned with the aperture i2, and in practice the wall of the 59 collar l3 will be relatively thin so as to afford the necessary ?exibility, as will be explained hereinafter. The stopper body terminates at its upper part in a circumscribing flange l4 thereby providing a dished portion IS. The aperture H is formed concentric with the 55 of. In case a thermometer of lesser diameter is involved, the sides of the thermometer would pass freely through the aperture l i, but would be em braced and securely retained in the stopper through its engagement with the walls of the re- ' duced aperture I2. The size of the aperture ll permits more ready insertion of the large size thermometer than would be the case where a single reduced aperture is involved, and also, if a reduced aperture only was inherent through the length of the stopper, it is quite probable that undue distortion of the elastic body would occur, preventing its insertion into the mouth of a bottle. It will thus be seen that the thermometers of 20 varying cross sectional con?gurations and diam eters may be readily secured within the stopper, and regardless of the diameters of the thermom eters, in all cases, the collar 13 will adhere snug ly to the thermometer, so that when the stopper is inserted in a bottle neck for the purpose of sealing the sterilizing fluid therein, liability of seepage or leakage of fluid between the collar I3 and the thermometer is avoided. The stopper l0 includes a pair of oppositely extended arms l6, integrally formed with the stopper, each arm being of circular shape in cross section. In order to provide an intimate and secure connection between the arms and the body of the stopper, I provide an anchorage H. In the present instance, I have shown the anchorage in the form of a light metal strip having a head portion l3 embedded in the body of the stopper. The strip extends from the head i8 longitudinally (4% L1 of each arm for a suitable distance. It will of 40 course be understood that other means of anchor age between the stopper and arms may be em ployed. In the modi?ed form of the device shown in Figure 5, the stopper Ill has an axial aperture l I’ equivalent to the aperture H. The aperture ll’, however, terminates at the upper face portion l 9 of the stopper and upon the interior surface of the aperture H’ an annular shoulder 28 is formed. The shoulder 20 thus defines an aperture 2! of considerably lesser diameter than the aperture i i’ and this latter aperture will be of such size as to receive the largest size thermometer snugly there through and since the shoulder 28 will have ample resilience the thermometer may also be forced 55 2,084,875 through the aperture 2!, the material of the shoulder being compressed laterally ‘as Well as stretched in a longitudinal direction. In case a thermometer of lesser diameter is involved, the thermometer would pass freely through the aper ture H’ but would be securely retained in the stopper through its engagement with the walls of the reduced aperture 2i. In use, the device is gripped as shown in Fig 10 ure 2, with the ?nger and thumb of one hand an upstanding collar on the body member cir cumscribing the reduced portion, and means on the body member for rotating the same. 3. A device of the character described com prising a resilient body member having an aper ture for receiving a thermometer therethrough, said aperture having a reduced portion adjacent one end for further engaging a thermometer, an upstanding collar on the body'member cir cumscribing the reduced portion, said collar hav ing an interior dimension approximately that of holding one arm lightly, while the thumb and ?nger of the other hand imparts a rotating move I the reduced aperture, and said body member ment to the other arm so that the device with ‘the having oppositely extended arms for rotating the thermometer therein will be rotated and thus same. .~ the mercury in the thermometer will be shaken 4-. A device of the character described com down to its normal level. prising a resilient body member having an aper After use of the thermometer upon a patient, ture for receiving a thermometer therethrough, in order to effect proper sterilization, the ther said aperture having a reduced portion adjacent mometer is inserted into a suitable receptacle one end for further engaging a thermometer, an or bottle, indicated at B and the stopper ii) in upstanding collar on the body member circum serted into the mouth thereof. The bottle will scribing the reduced portion, said collar having 20 contain any suitable sterilizing ?uid, such as al an interior dimension approximately that of the cohol, and inasmuch as the stopper will ?rmly reduced aperture, and said body member having seat in the mouth thereof and the thermometer oppositely extended arms for rotating the same, similarly engaged in the apertures H and E2, or and reinforcing means between the arms and 25 ii’ and 2!, as the case may be, the bottle and body member. associated shake-down device may be readily 5. A device of the character described compris carried in portable medicine grips, such as em ing a resilient body member having an aperture ployed by doctors and nurses, without liability of for receiving and frictionally binding a thermom 30 spilling the sterilizing fluid. ‘ While I have shown and described preferred constructions, this is by way of illustration only, and I consider as my own, all such modi?cations as fairly fall within the scope of the appended claims. I claim: 1. A device of the character described com prising an elongated resilient body member in cluding an axial aperture for receiving a ther 40 mometer therethrough, said aperture having a reduced portion for further engaging a ther mometer, and means on the body for rotating the same. 2. A device of the character described com prising a resilient body member having an aper ture for receiving a thermometer therethrough, said aperture having a reduced portion adjacent one end for further engaging a thermometer, eter therein, a circumscribing ?ange on one end 30 of the body member, a collar on the body mem ber in alignment with the aperture and concen tric with the ?ange and oppositely extended arms on the body member for rotating the same, said arms having means interiorly thereof for anchor 35 age to the body member. 6. A device of the character described com prising an elongated resilient body member, said body member having an axial aperture, an an nular ?exible shoulder upon the interior of the 40 aperture, said shoulder de?ning an aperture of lesser diameter than the ?rst named aperture whereby thermometers of other than standard 7 diameters may be engaged and retained within the apertures, and said body member having 45 oppositely extended arms for rotating the same. GUSTAV A. THOREN.