Патент USA US2087147код для вставки
July 13, 1.937. H. HAYES 2,087,147 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR BUILDINGS Filed Dec. 26, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet l v. «a /A/rfA/Ta/a, HAL HA vai ' 47m/@NEM July 13,1937. 2,087,147 H. HAYES ' AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR BUILDINGS Filed Dec. 26, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 li -' . l 4. t" 1254. . IN vin/Tora I. x _ H A L HAYES B92041411 ' A rrozu‘ev 2,087,147 Patented .iuiy i3, 1937 NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,087,147 Am coNnIrroNrNG SYSTEM For:J BUILDINGS Hal Hayes, vLos Angeles, Calif. Application December 26, 1934,> Serial No. 759,225 4 Claims. cooling.' and humidifying air, and particularly to this construction it will be evident that there will not be any fire hazard in embodying the pertains to an air conditioning system for build features of the present invention inthe structure. This invention relates to means for heating, It is contemplated in forming a Wall as here ings and the like. ' I5 At the present time the general public is be coming aware of a need for means to condition the air in buildings, particularly in dwellings, so that the air will have a uniform humidity and so that the temperature ofthe air may be con 10 trolled appropriately in hotl and cold weather. Most of the devices contemplating these results shown that the wall will have opposite plane Ol sides Ill and II as particularly shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings, and that these sides will be connected at equal spaced intervals throughout their horizontal length by transverse webs I2 cast integral with the wall sections and thus l0 forming a plurality of parallel vertical passage are installed as separate auxiliary units in rooms ways I3. or dwellings. It is the principal object of the present invention to provide means for obtaining the results previously described which is installed as an inherent part of a dwelling when built, and not only utilizes the usual heating structures for raising the temperature of the air but provides means whereby the walls, iioors, and ceilings of of the drawings, extend substantially the heighth of the wall and communicate at alternate ends through transverse openings I4. It will there- 15 rooms may be changed in temperature corre sponding to the desired temperature required of the air which is within the room. The present invention contemplates the pro vision of a building structure of flreproof con struction, said structure embodying means with in the walls thereof to permit a cooling or heat ing medium to flow therethrough, and being pro vided with additional means for controlling the temperature of the air which is delivered di 30 rectly to the room. - The invention is illustrated by way of ex These passageways, as shown in Fig. 1 fore be recognized that the passageways I3 form a sinuous path of travel for air throughout the length of the wall. This sinuous passageway is utilized in the present instance to accommodate heated air or cooled air, the temperature of 20 which will be imparted to the entire Wall struc ture and will thus be radiated from the wall surfaces within the room. In this manner a certain degree of temperature will be imparted to the air contained within the room, irrespec 25 tive of circulation. For heating purposes the present invention contemplates the use of a hot air furnace, such as generally indicated at I5 in the drawings. This furnace has the usual iirebox I6 and a circumscribing outer shell I'I 30 which provides a fresh air circulating space I8. ample in the accompanying drawings in which: The products of combustion from the ,furnace Figure 1 is a view in vertical section through a are here shown as led oif through pipes I9 and 20. The pipe I9 leads to a sinuous passageway 2I here shown as embedded within the floor 22 of the room.. The passageway 2| may be cast in any suitable manner and may be lined with a portion of a dwelling indicating schematically 35 an arrangement of the present invention. Fig. 2 is an enlarged view in transverse sec tion, as seen on the'line 2--2 of Fig. 1, showing the wall construction of a building embodying the present invention. Fig. 3 is a view in vertical section and elevation showing an air circulating method with which the present invention is concerned. Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view in horizontal sec tion through the iioor of the dwelling as seen on 45 the line 4-4 of Fig. 1, showing a method of 40 heating the ñoor. Referring particularly to Fig. 1 of the draw ings a wall structure is shown made of rein forced concrete and constructed by the general method and means shown in my co-pending application entitled Concrete form, Serial No. 734,305, and filed by me July 9, 1934. In this type of construction the floor, walls, and ceilings 55 (Cl. 62-139i permanent metal wall, such as obtained by the use of galvanized iron or other metal piping. The floor structure is formed of concrete and 40 is therefore iireproof. The exhaust end of the passageway> 2| communicates with a flue 23 which extends upwardly through the wall and leads to a chimney 24. It may also be de sirable to circulate the products of combustion 45 through a section of the wall. This is done through the pipe 2|) to permit the smoke and burned gases to pass upwardly and along the wall passageways I3a and then out through a chimney 26. It will be evident that a large amount of the heat which at the present time is lost in` cident to the operation of a furnace may be con served due to the heat absorbed by the floor of rooms are cast of concrete so that the build structure and the wall structure as the heated ing structure is substantially monolithic. gases pass to the chimneys. When it is desired Due nl . 2 2,087,147 . to supply cool air to the room at a time when ‘humidiñed by spray 25, and then follows a the-furnace is not in operation freshalr is drawn sinuous path of travel along these ducts to the inwardly from an outside register 21 toa pas-4 register 32.v In the course oi' thisA travel the sageway 28 and thence downwardly to the mouth air will pass along wetted surfaces of the wick of a blower 29. The fresh. air is then drawn members 33 and the wall surfaces and along and inwardly to the air space I3 within the shell around the water coil 35. This air will thus bev I1,v and may then be Aled through pipe 30 to reduced in temperature by evaporation. Atten passageways |3b in a section of the wall as in tion is directed _to the fact that the water cool dicated in Fig. 1. These passageways will con -10 duct the cooled air along a sinuous path of travel and if desired maylead to. and through a food storage cooler 3| before being introduced di rectly into the room through a wall register 32. In order to increase the cooling action upon the 15 air passing through the passageways |3b it may be found desirable to provide the passageways with absorbent lining such as wick material indi cated at 33 in the drawings. This material re ceives water delivered from a pipe 34 disposed 20 above the ceiling of the room and which there A after passes through acooling coil 35 positioned ing coil 35 is placed near the end of the path of travel of the air through the passageways |317. 10 Thus the air of lowest temperature will act on the coil to lower the temperature of the‘ water used in the dehumidifying spray 25 and applied to the evaporation wicks 33. It will also be seen that the cooled water from the coil is led di 15 rectly to the spray 25 so that the coolest water in the system will strike the warmest air flow ing into the passageways _I3b and thereby add to the efficiency of the apparatus. When desired “make up” airmay flow into the 20 cooling system through member 39. It will thus Within one of the vertical passageways of the,> be seen that due to the arrangement here dis wall. A return pipe 36 from this coil communi closed it is possible to efficiently control the cates with a distributing pipe 31 having feed temperature and humidity of air in a room and 25 pipes 33 leading therefrom. These pipes con to insure that this temperature will be uniformly 25 duct water to the wick lining 33 of the passage maintained throughout the room. ways and thus insure that the evaporation of While I have shown the preferred form of water from the wetted surface of the wall will my invention, as now known to me, it will be lower the temperature of the air passing there understood that various changes may be made in 30 along in a manner as may be well understood. the combination, construction, and arrangement 30 In the first of the passageways |3b a spray head 25 is provided thus acting to dehumidify the air of parts by those skilled in the art without de parting from the spirit of the invention as claimed. Having thus described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: 1. A building structure comprising a circum 35 scribing wall having sinuous air passageways coming in from the furnace and passing through the passageways |3b. The cool air is delivered to 35 the room through register 32 and may be drawn from the room in any suitable manner. A vane controlled air inlet 39 may be mounted in com munication with the next succeeding air pas sageway |3b following the one within which 40 dehumidiñcation takes place to supply auxiliary air if desired. This may be appended at any point. In the event it is desired to heat the room I directly by introducing heated air from the fur 45 nace this may be done in the usual manner by conducting heated air from the furnace through a pipe 40 to a register 4|. In some instances it may be d rable to obtain a cooling or heat therewithin whereby a flow of air may be es tablished within and along the wall to change the temperature of .the same, wetted surfaces within said passageways, and over which said flowing 40 air travels and by which the temperature of the air is lowered, and means for introducing the cooled air into the room at the end of its travel. within the wall, a water circulating device within the wall and through which water flows' to be 45 thereafter delivered to the wetted surfaces. 2. A building structure comprising a circum lscribing wall having sinuous air passageways ing eiîect upon the outside walls of the build therewithin whereby a ilow of air may be estab 50 ing by a free circulation of air. 'I'his is accom lished within and along the wall to change the 50 plished as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings by temperature of the same, wetted surfaces within forming a section of the wall with passageways said passageways, and over which said flowing |3c and providing wall registers 42 communicat ` air travels and by which the temperature of the ing with the outside of the room. and through air is lowered, and means for introducing the 55 which air may ñow to occupy the space within cooled air into the room at the end of its travel the wall. . within the wall, a water circulating device within In operation of the present invention, when a the wall and through which water flows to be room is to be heated the flow of exhaust gases thereafter delivered to the wetted surfaces, and from the ñrebox I6 through pipe 20 to the wall means for introducing said cooled water into 60 passageways | 3a is permitted.y If desired, these the air stream within the wall at a point near 60 gases may be directed through the heat pipes 2| the entry of the air stream to the wall whereby and to the ducts |3a. The heat may then flow dehumidiñcation of the air is brought about. along the paths of travel defined by these pas 3. A building structure including a wall hav sageways to the chimneys 24 and 26. It is also ing a plurality of sinuous air passageways therein 65 possible to introduce heated air from the fur communicating with a source of air exterior of 65 nace directly into the room or rooms through the said wall and which air flows through said pas pipe 40 and the registers 4|. , In the event that it is desired to cool the dwelling fresh air is drawn in through the duct 70 28 by the suction fan 29 and after passing through the furnace I5, which at the time does not con tain a fire, the air may be passed through any or all of the ducts and passageways leading to the wall. The cooled air passes through the pipe 75 30 to the ñrst ducts I3b where the air is de sageway, a water to air heat exchanger unit _disposed in the path of flow of said air and through which cooling water may circulate, and a plurality of liquid contact units disposed in the 70 sinuous passageways and to which water from said heat exchanger unit may be delivered to further cool the ñowing air by evaporation. 4. A building construction including a wall by which the air contained within the building 75 a,os1,147 is cooled. which wall is formed with parallel ver tical wall sections between which vertical air passageways are formed connecting at alternate opposite ends whereby air may follow a sinuous path of travel through the wall from an out side source to the interior of the building struc ture oi' which the wall is a part. a water coil interposed within.- said wall and around which 3 said air ñows and through which water may circulate and a plurality of wetted surfaces with in the passageways. said surfaces being supplied with water which has passed throush the coil and by which the air will be cooled by evapora tion before being introduced into the room. HAL HAYES.