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Aug. 10, 1937. 2,089,335 G. L. BROW N ’ METHOD OF SPOOLING BARBED WIRE Filed May 4, 1935 \)“nA./1‘M\é . All" _ / 24 A .I JA/VE/V Toe 5.1,‘. 3.7 I’ Bro Wfb . Patented Aug. 10, 1937 2,089,335 'v , UNi'i‘ED srsras‘ PATENT caries ' METHOD ‘2,089,335 SPOOLING BARBED WIRE George Lawson Brown, Preston, England Application May 4, 1935, Serial No. 19,884' In Great Britain May 4, 1934 4 Claims. (01. ‘140-422) This invention relates to barbed wire and to a method of spooling it.‘ “ ‘ ' Generally, barbed wire is sold in spools wound projecting prongs. , For the sake of convenience, it may be said that the‘ prongs are arranged in fan form, the fan being con?ned within an an upon a core or former and it is inconvenient to gle of approximately 90° subtended about the 5 handle owing to the fact that a large number of barbs project out from the surface of the spool. The present invention has for its object to strand 4, and it will be seen that the fan extends from the wire in substantially the same direction provide a method of spooling barbed wire in a manner which will avoid outwardly projecting 10 barbs. .Moreover, the invention is concerned with forming the barbs in such a way as to ren der it possible to spool barbed wire so that none of the barbs project outwardly. It will be appreciated that in the following 15 description the word “spooled” does not neces sarily imply Wound on a spool or core, for ob viously a material like barbed wire is sui?ciently stiff for a central core to be dispensed with. According to the present invention, barbed 20 wire is spooled so that its exposed convolutions present their barbs inwardly. Preferably, all the convolutions present unbarbed surfaces outward ly, and in order to achieve this the barbs are pro vided in units along the wire, and in accordance with the usual practice each barb unit may com prise one or a plurality of barbs, but where a plurality of barbs are provided, it is essential, ac cording to the present invention, that they are arranged in fan form and con?ned within an 30 angle of 180° subtended about the strand, al though it will of course be obvious that the barbs are not necessarily in the same plane longitu dinally of the strands. It is convenient in the manufacture of barbed wire according to the in 35 vention to arrange the barbs in fan form and contained within an angle of approximately 90° subtended about the strand, and to spool the wire by flat coiling the strands into a long helical coil, with all the barbs inside, whereafter the long hel 40 ical coil may be wound into a spool the axis of which is at right-angles to the axis of the long helical coil and substantially parallel with the major axis of the flat coils. In order that the invention may be clearly un 45 derstood and more readily carried into effect, it is hereinafter described with reference to the ac companying diagrammatic drawing, in which: Figure 1 illustrates a short piece of barbed Wire formed according to the present invention; 50 while Figure 2 shows barbed wire spooled in a man ner also according to the present invention. It will be seen by reference to Figure 1 that the barbs 3 comprise a short length of wire, 55 which is wound about a strand 4 and has two radially of the wire. Dealing now with Figure 2, it may be said that the barbed wire as described with reference to Figure l is ?at coiled, as indicated at 5, into 10 a long helical coil with the barbs all directed in- . wardly, as indicated at 3, that part of the long helical coil which has been drawn away from the remainder of the spool being indicated in the drawing by the reference numeral 6. The long 15 helical coil 6 is then spooled by winding in the manner shown, the axis of spooling being sub stantially at right-angles to the long axis of the helical coil 6 and substantially parallel with the major axes of the flat coils 5. Although in the 0 arrangement shown all the barbs are directed in wardly, with the result that a smooth outer sur face is presented which is free from outwardly projecting barbs, and although the wire prepara tory to spooling in the manner above described had all the barb fans pointing in substantially the same direction radially of the strand, it will 5 be observed that as the strand is pulled sub stantially axially of the flat coils 5, the action is ?rst to turn the helices of each ?at coil through an angle of 90° in opposite direction so that they lie substantially in the same plane and substan 0 tially at right-angles to their original plane; dur ing this operation, however, no twisting moment is imparted, with the result that the barbs 3 will point in opposite directions, and in consequence when the wire is pulled taut adjacent fans of the barbs will be disposed more or less at right-an gles to one another, as indicated in the stretched out end piece of wire by those barbs indicated with the reference numerals 3a and 3b‘. It is convenient to spool the wire upon a core ‘l, and for carrying purposes there is provided a stirrup or carrying frame 8, the cross piece 9 between the two arms serving as a handle. Inter mediate the handle and the periphery of the spool there may also be provided the sliding mem ber Ill, which may be pressed down to bear tightly against the periphery of the spool and prevent unwinding. 50 It will be appreciated that the invention so far as it concerns the method of coiling the barbed wire may be applied to all forms of wire, but where the wire is of such form that it is not naturally adapted to have the barbs directed in 55 2 2,089,335 wardly, it will be necessary to twist the wire or to bend the barbs so that an unbarbed exterior surface may be presented after spooling has been completed. Similarly, instead of the long heli cal coil presenting throughout its length an un barbed exterior, it need only present an unbarbed surface at its exposed convolution so that pro tection is afforded only so long as a spool of barbed wire is in transit or store prior to actual inwardly, and winding the long helical coil into a spool the axis of which is at right-angles to the axis of the long helical coil, and ?tting a carrying frame to the spool. 3. The method of spooling barbed wire which 5 consists in ?at coiling the strands into a long heli cal coil with its barbs presented inwardly by forming each barb unit as a single barb, adjacent barbs subtending an angle of less than one hun 10 use. dred and eighty degrees on the same side of the 10 What I claim is: 1. The method of spooling barbed wire so that its exposed convolutions present unbarbed sur faces, which consists in flat coiling the strands. 15 into a long helical coil with its barbs presented strand, and winding the long helical coil into a inwardly and winding the long helical coil into a spool the axis of which is at right-angles to the axis of the long helical coil. 2. The method of spooling barbed wire wound 20 upon a core so that its exposed convolutions pres ent unbarbed surfaces by ?at coiling the strands into a long helical coil with the barbs presented spool. 4. The method of spooling barbed wire so that itsv exposed convolutions present unbarbed sur faces which consists in flat coiling the strands 15 into a long helical coil with its barbs presented inwardly, forming each barb unit of a plurality of barbs arranged in fan form and con?ned within an angle of one hundred and eighty degrees sub tended about the strands, and winding the long helical coil'into a spool. GEORGE, LAWSON BROWN.