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Патент USA US2092554

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Sept 7, 1937.
P. P. MERRILL
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2,092,554
MATRIX CA SE
Filed Aug. 24, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet l
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LY
morgen
sept. 7, 1937.
P. P. MERRILL
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AMATRIX cAsjs,
J8
»2,092,554
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Filed Aug. 24, 1936
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3 Sheets-Sheet 2,
25
22
Sept. 7, 1937.>
P.' P. MERRILL
2,092,554
MATRIX CASE
Filed Aug. 24, 1936
77
5 Sheets-Shee?l 3 l
Patented Sept. 7, 1937
2,092,554
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UNITED STATES PATENToFFICE
MATRIX CASE
y Philip P. Merrill, Evanston, Ill., assignor to Lud
low Typograph Company, Chicago, Ill.„ a cor
poration of Illinois
Application August 24, 1936, Serial No. 97,691
16 Claims. (Cl. 276-44)
My invention relates to cases provided, by Way
of example, as 'trays or drawers, for holding
matrices from which printing line slugs are cast,
the cases being formed with compartments for
5 ' receiving the different matrices comprising the
font and which are commonly pro-vided with ears
at the upper portions of their ends extending in
opposite directions from the bodies of the
matrices.
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its several compartments, as desired," matrices
of the kind referred to, of either of two overall
lengths, as produced in practice, while avoiding
obstruction between the ears of matrices of the
larger size disposed in parallel compartments,
in the relative sliding of these matrices in the
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drawn from the cabinet;
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Figure 2 is a fragmentary sectional View taken y
at the line 2 on Fig. 1 and Viewed inv the direction ‘5
of the arrow;
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Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of a
portion of one of the rails which form the matrix
compartments;
One of my objects is to provide a case of such
construction as will permit of the receiving into
compartments.
matrices therein accessible for withdrawal, one
of the drawers being shown as partially with'
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Figure 4 is a similar view of one of the cros
rails adjacent the rail shown in Fig.` 3;
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Figure 5 is a' section taken at the line 5 on Fig.
9 and viewed in the direction‘of the arrow;
Figure 6 is a perspective View of a construction
tangular parallelogram `shape vin` plan;
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Another object is to provide a construction
whereby the compartments of the caseV may be
quickly and easily conditioned for 'matrices for
k, `
of `pillow block embodying my invention ' and l5'
which may be 'usedin the case referred to as an
abutment for a column of ‘matrices of non-‘rec
Í
Figure 7 is a similar view of another forinin p Y
which the pillow block may be provided;l
‘ 20
Figure 8 is a similar view of still another form
the forming of roman type characters,` and "of in which the pillow block may be provided;"-‘l'v
rectangular shape in plan, or the forming of
Figure 9 is an'enlarged plan view‘of the inner
characters of italic type, of non-rectangular end portion of the matrix’case shown inf Fig. 1;
parallelogram shape in plan, as desired, where the
Figure 1'0 is a fragmentary perspective view of
case when supported for the selecting therefrom adjacent end 'portions of compartment-'forming
of the matrices to be used extends in rearwardly `rails illustrating «the corner construction, these
and upwardly inclined position as 'in-common parts‘being shown separatedbut in related posi
practice and the columns of matrices rest at their tion;
1
Figure 11 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional o0
30 lower ends against abutment surfaces.
. Heretofore'in practice it has been necessary to view, taken 'at the line I I-l I on Fig. 9 andviewed
provide separate cases for the matrices of`dif-" in the direction of the arrows;
'
ferent overall lengths, thus requiring an unduly
` Figure 12 is a fragmentary sectional‘view taken
large number of cases involving relatively large at the line |2--I2'on Fig. 11 and viewed in the
35
expense of equipment and requiring considerable
space for the latter.V My present invention, by
reason of the adaptability ofthe case for the
storing of matrices of different' overall‘lengths and
of different shapes, greatly reduces theam'ount of
equipment required for storing the matrices.
`
-Another object is to provide? as'a part of the
case means whereby the operator may con
veniently and quickly determine,`before inserting
into the holders `commonly provided to receive
45 the composed matrices, the length, as for example
of
thel arrows;y
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Figure 13 `is a perspective viewv of one of the
similar ends of certain of ythe compartment
forming cross
rails;
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Figure 14 is a fragmentary perspective View `,
of one of the similar compartment-forming side 40
rails;A
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' Figure 15 is a sectional View, taken'at the line
|5-I5 on Fig. 11 and viewed‘in‘the direction’of
the arrows;A
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Figure 16 is an enlarged sectional‘view taken
in picas, of the line composed by the selected
matrices; and other objects asy will be‘manifest
at the'line lli-I6 on Fig. 9 and viewed in the
from `the following description.
Figure 17 is an enlarged sectional View` taken
at‘the line Il-llwon Fig. 9 and viewed in the
`
Referring to the accompanying drawings,
‘ Figure 1 is a perspective‘view of `a matrix
cabinet'of a common form and provided with
matrix drawers embodying my invention andsup
ported therein „in upwardlyrand rearwardly‘in
clined‘positio'n and slidable therefrom through a
5
direction
side of the Cabinet to laposition'rendering the
direction of the arrows;
direction ofthe arrows;
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50
Figure _18 isa face view of one of the similar
adjustable cross, members forming walls of cer
tain
of
the ' compartments;
A "
Figure 19 is asimilar view of a modification
of the cross member shown inlFig.l 18; and
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2,092,554
Figure 20, a fragmentary plan view of a modi
ñcation of the drawer.
Referring to the matrix-case-holding cabinet
shown in Fig. 1 and which is of common form, it
comprises a housing structure, or casing, 2€), pro
vided with guides (not shown) on which matrix
drawers, represented at 2| and embodying my
invention, are supported in upwardly and rear
wardly inclined position and adapted to be drawn
10 through a side of the housing 29 to a position
in which the several compartments of the draw
ers, hereinafter described, are accessible, one of
the drawers being shown as partially Withdrawn ` „
to the position referred to.
` l
The drawers 2| are each of the sam'e con
struction, each comprising a rectangular frame
22 formed of a top member 23, a bottom member
24, side members 25 and 25,l and a plate-like
member 21 forming a bottom for the case. ,
The ends of the others of these cross rails 4| are
provided between their upper and lower surfaces
with recesses 49 affording upper and lower lugs
45 and 4G, respectively, the lower lugs ¿i9 enter
ing downwardly opening notches 41 in the un
dersides of the rails 39 and the upper lugs 45
lapping the rails 39 as shown in Figs. 2_4. The
intermediate rails 40 are provided at their lower
ends with lugs 48 which extend into downwardly
opening recesses 49 in the lower one of the cross
rails 4| (Fig. 5). The others of the cross rails
4| are provided at their ends with lugs 59 (Figs.
9 and 13) which lap the upper surfaces of the
side rails 39 and at their points of intersection
with the rails 40 are provided with downwardly
opening recessed portions 5| which interiit with
upwardly recessed portions 52 of the rails 49
(Figs. 11-14).
In accordance with one phase of my invention,
Extending parallel with the frame member 25 f the side rails of the compartments 38 are of such 20
and spaced therefrom as shown, is a bar 28 con
width and are so spaced apart as to cause these
nected with the top and bottom members 23 and
24 and forming therewith and with the frame
member 25 a compartment 29 extending substan
25 tiallythe full height of the drawer, a block 39 hav
ing a recess 3| in its upper face, being secured in
the lower end of this compartment. A scale rep
resented at 32 and graduated in picas is pro
vided on the frame member 25 and serves as a
30 means for readily determining the length, in
picas, of a line of matrices selected by the op
erator in the forming of the desired line com
position and assembled by him in the compart
ment 29.
35
.
The opposing faces of the frame member 25
and the bar 28 are provided with rails 33 and 34
notched, as represented at 35,' to receive depend
compartments to be of a width adapting them to
receive the bodies 53 of one size of matrix, as
for example having an overall length of 11/2
inches and represented at 54, with the ears 55 25
of the matrices resting on these rails with suf~
ñcient clearance between the ears of the matrices
in adjacent parallel compartments as not to
cause these ears to offer any obstruction to free
sliding of the matrices in the compartments, as 30
shown of the matrices in Figs. 9 and 16, and to
adapt these compartments to receive, in their
entirety, between these side rails, matrices of an
other size, as for example having an overall
length of 11/8 inches and represented at 5G, as 35
shown of the matrix in Fig. 11 and of some of
the matrices of Fig. 9, thus adapting the case -
ing legs 35 vprovided on the ends of cross plates
for the storing in the compartments 38 of mat- ‘
31, which form adjustable >compartment end
rices of different overall lengths, as desired.
According to that phase of my invention 40
whereby matrices, either of the large or small
size and of either rectangular shape in plan as
in the case of matrices of the roman character
40 walls for dividing the compartment 29 into a
number of matrix storing compartments of the
desired sizes, as for example to store extra
matrices, ‘it being understood »that by rendering
these cross wall forming members removable the
compartment 29 may be freed of obstruction for
the gauging of a line of composed matrices as
above pointed out.
'
The remainder of' the case is divided into a
relatively large number of compartments 3B for
receiving the matrices comprising the font. The
compartments 38 are formedin the particular
construction shown by providing a series of par~
allel spaced apart terminal side rails39, inter
mediate parallel spaced apart side rails 49, the
latter being shown as yof inverted U-shape in
cross section, and horizontal spaced apart par
allel cross rails 4| intersecting the rails 39 and
40, all disposed within the space boundedby
the members- 23, 24, 25 and 28.
60
The rails referred to maybe secured together
and held in place within the frame, in any suit
able way, as for example as shown and as will
now be described.y
The terminal side rails 39 and thelowermost
cross rail 4|, the terminal side rails being shown
as of less thickness than the rails 40, are secured
to the members 28, 26 and 24 respectively, as
for example by screws as represented at 39a of
the rail 39 shown in Fig.'2, and the ends of the
lower cross rail 4| are interlocked with` the lower
ends of the side rails 39 as shownin Fig. 10,
namely by providing a lug 42 on the lower end
of the rail 39 and providing in the adjacent end
of the lowermost` rail 4|, between its upper and
lower surface, a notch`43 to receive the lug 42.
type, or of non-rectangular parallelogram shape
in plan as Ain the ease of matrices of the italic 45
type, may be stored in any of the compartments
38, I provide pillow blocks adapted to be inserted
into the lower ends of the compartments 38 at
will to adapt these compartments for matrices
of non-rectangular parallelogram shape in plan,
such, for example, as those shown at 51 (Fig.
9),’y and readily removed therefrom when the
compartments are to be used for the roman type
of matrix.
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A number of the many forms in which such
pillow blocks may be provided are illustrated.
Thus in Figs. 6-9 I have shown a construction of
such block which may be made of sheet metal, as
for example steel, and comprising a web portion
58 having'upper and lower ñanges 59 and 69,
respectively, thereon, the lower ñange 6|) being
notched along its outer edge, intermediate its
ends, as represented at 6I to provide spaced apart
tongues 62, and the upper flange 59 provided at
its outer edge with a portion 63 of concavo
convex shape in cross section, presenting a down
wardly turned edge portion 64.
The web portion
58 of the block is inclined to the plane of the
lugs 62 and the edge 64 at an angle correspond
ing to theangle at which the longer edges E5
of the matrices 51 extend relative to the short
er edges 66 thereof as shown, whereby the pillow
blocks when inserted into the compartments are
conformingly contacted at their web portions 58
by the inclined portions of the lower ones of the
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2,092,554
columns of italic‘matrices charged into these
compartments and form abutments therefor.>
|02,L for `a :column of‘matrices of' the italic type,
andto adapt it for the roman type of matrices
The cross rails 4-I‘ are notched along their `un
der surfaces as represented at 61 to'receive the
ai removable ïand replaceable pillow ‘block |03
tongues t2` of the pillow blocks when .applied
to the operative position shown in Fig. 9, the up
per edges of the cross rails 4| beingreceived
within the concave portions |53` ofthe pillow
blocks.
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The form of pillow block `of Fig. 'l is the same
asthat shown in'Fig. 6 except that instead of
providing two tongues thereon, `one tongue only,
represented at 68, is provided. In the use of
l this particular form of> block one notch onlyv (not
shown as‘held in place bya screw |04 is provided
whichwhen seated against the oblique face |02
>presents a face `|05 at'right angles to the side
ywalls cf. the compartmentherein represented at
`|06 andìcorresponding to the compartment 29,
and i‘slin line with the zero marking of the scale
`|00.` The block 1|0| also contains a-recess |01 to l0
receivethe block |03 when not in use. The parts
described are so disposed that the scale> |00 is
caused to accurately indicate a line of composed
matrices `in the compartment" |06 when of either
shown) to receive `the tongue 68 would kbe pro
vided in the lower cross rail portions of each of
theïroman or italic type.
the compartments 38.
particular constructions embodying my inven
tion, I do not wish to be understood as intending
4td limit' it ‘thereto as thel same may be variously
i
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The pillow block of Fig. 8 >provides a solid bodyv
portion 69 with an oblique 'face corresponding
with the web‘58 and a face 10 at right angles to
its end faces at which the blockmay seat against
the lower cross rail of the compartment to which
it is applied, the block having the tongue feature
above referred to, exemplified in Fig. 8 by the
25 single tongue represented at- 1| and correspond
ing with the tongue of Fig. 7.
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and cross walls of the compartments `have co
operating parts, comprising the tongues‘of‘the
30 pillow blocks, which hold the blocks against dis
placement in a direction outwardly from the
compartments, the blocks of Figs.`6 `land 7 pre
senting the further feature of preventing dis
placement of these blocks lengthwise ofthe com
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In the particular construction shown, the com
‘ partments, the end walls of which are Aformed
by the adjustable cross plates. 31,V are likewise
adapted to receive pillow blocks for the purpose
40 stated. The pillow blocks for these compart
ments may be of any suitable construction, those
shown being of the sheet metal type above de
scribed and extending at their edges 64 into
grooves 1| in the upper surfaces vofthese cross.
plates. Where the pillow blocks used are provid
ed with two tongues as in the case of the con
struction shown in Fig. 6, the cross plates would
be provided with two registering notches. in
their undersurfaces as shown at 12. Where the
pillow blocks used arel providedV with a single
tongue, as inthe case of the construction shown
in Fig.` '1, the cross plates would be provided
with one registering notch in their undersurfaces
as shown at 13.
“
modified ïandaltered‘ and the invention embodied
`in ’otherïforms of structure without department
>from the ïspirit of my invention.
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What I claim as new'and desire tolcover by
'Letters'Patent
is:
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“ - 1.- A matrix case having partitions forming com'
In all of these constructions, the pillow blocks
partments.
’
` While Irhave illustrated and described certain
i
The compartment 29 isl adapted to receive
partments for matrices of different overall lengths
and having body .portions and ears extendingin
opposite directions therefrom, those of said parti
tions which form the side walls of said compart
ments being so spacedapart as to receive between '30
them the >body portions I of -thelarger of said
matrices and form supports for said ears and to
receive between them the smaller of said matrices
in their entirety.
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2. A‘matrix" case having' 'partitions forming
compartments for matrices' of diiîerent overall
lengths and having body portions and ears ex
tending in opposite directions therefrom, those
of said partitions which form the sidewalls of
said compartments being of `Such width' and so 40
spaced apart as to receive between them the body
portions of the larger of said matrices and form
supports for said ears,- with the ears of matrices
in parallel adjacent compartmentsy in non-over
lapped relation to'each other, and to receive be
tweenthem the smaller of said matrices in 'their
entirety.
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"-3. A matrix case having a compartment for
'matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
tangular parallelo'gram shape in plan, `and a re
movable' and replaceable pillow block in the lower
`end yof.` said compartment and against whichV a
column'of matrices in said compartment rests,
the surface of said block with which the column
engages extending obliquely- to the side walls of '
either the roman or italic type of matrices. l For
said compartment, and means comprising co
the roman type of matrices `the block 30 would
be used as the abutment forl the composed line
straining said block against displacement in a
of matrices. For' the italic type of > matrices a
60 pillow block 30”» would be used removably se
cured in place in'any suitable wayfas for ex
ample `by a screw 30h. The disposition of the
parts referredito is such that thev scale 32 ac
curately indicates >the length of the composed
line of matrices whether of the roman Vor italic
type.
A recess 30° inthe bottom of the block
30 is provided to‘ receive the‘pillow block 30a
when not in use. The arrangement vjust de
scribed is for a right-hand case.
Where this feature is` to be incorporated 'ini a
70
left-hand case itïmay be provided as shown in
Fig.`20,‘wherein'the scale is represented at |00
and the block,` corresponding `to the block 30, at
|0|. The block '|0| in this construction pre
sents an oblique `abutment face, as ,indicated at
operating portions on said case and block re
`di're'f'ztion outwardly from said compartment. v
4. A‘imatrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of >rectangular or of non-rec
tangular parallelogram shape in plan and hav
ing cross walls, and a` removable and replace
able pillow block‘in the lower end of said com
partment and against which a column of matrices
in said compartment rests, the surface of said
blockwith which‘the column engages extending
obliquely to the side-walls of Said compartment,
the lower cross-wallof said compartment con
taining a recess and a projection on said block
adapted to enter said recess and cooperate there
with to restrain said block against displacement
in a’l direction outwardly from said compartment.
5. A `matrix case-having a compartment‘for
`matrices either of rectangular vor `of non-rec
4.
2,092,554
tangular parallelogram shape in plan and hav
ing cross walls, and a removable and replace
-able pillow block in the lower end of said com
partment and against which a column of matrices
in said compartment rests, the surface of said
block with which the column engages extending
obliquely to the side walls of said compartment,
and means comprising cooperating portionson
said case and block restraining said block against
displacement both in a direction outwardly from
said compartment and in a direction lengthwise
of said compartment away from the lower cross
wall of said compartment.
6. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
tangular parallelogram shape in plan and having
crosswalls,anda removable and replaceable pillow
block in the lower end of said compartment and
against which a column of matrices in said com
partment rests, the surface of said block with
which the column engages extending obliquely to
the side walls of said compartment, and a projec
tion on said block lapping a portion of the lower
cross-wall of said compartment in a position pre
venting displacement of said block lengthwise of
said compartment- in a direction away from the
lower cross-wall of said compartment.
7. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
removable and replaceable pillow block in the
lower end of said compartment and against which
a column of matrices in said compartment rests,
the surface of said block with which the column
engages extending obliquely to the side walls
of said compartment, said block being formed of
a web portion presenting said oblique surface and
ñanges extending therefrom, and means com
prising cooperating portions on said case and
said flanges restraining said block against dis
placement in a direction outwardly from said
compartment and in a direction lengthwise of
said compartment.
11. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
tangular parallelogram shape in plan, and a re
movable and replaceable pillow block in the lower
end of said compartment and against which a
column of matrices in said compartment rests, the
surface of said block with which the column en
it is adapted to bear against an end wall of the
compartment, and- means comprising cooperat 25
ing portions on said case and block restraining
said block against displacement in a direction
outwardly from said compartment.
12. Av matrix case having compartments for
tangular parallelogram shape in plan and hav
matrices, a compartment for receiving a com
ing cross walls, and a removable and replaceable
pillow block in the lower end of said compartment
and against which a column of matrices in said
compartment rests, the surface of said block with
which the column engages extending obliquely to
the side walls of said compartment, and a pro
jection on said block engaging a portion of the
lower cross-wall of said compartment in a posi
tion to prevent displacement of said block rela
tive to the lower cross-wall of said compartment.
8. A matrix case having a compartment for
posed line of matrices, and a scale extending
along said last-referred-to compartment for
measuring a composed line of matrices in said
matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
tangular parallelogram shape in plan and having
cross walls, and a removable and replaceable
pillow block in the lower end of said compartment
and against which a column of matrices in said
compartment rests, the surface of said block with
which the column engages extending obliquely
to the side walls of said compartment, the lower
cross-wall* of said compartment containing a
13. A matrix case having compartments for 35
matrices, a compartment for receiving a line of
composed matrices, removable members in said
last-referred-to compartment dividing the latter
into several compartments, and a scale extend
ing along said second-referred-to compartment 40
for measuring a composed line of matrices
charged into the latter.
14. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or non-rectangular
parallelogram shape in plan and having cross
walls, and a removable and replaceable pillow
block in the lower end of said compartment and
against which a column of matrices in said com
partment rests, the surface of said block with
which the column engages extending obliquely ‘
to the side walls of said compartment, and means
comprising cooperating portions on said case and
rection outwardly from said compartment, and
ment in a direction away from the lower one of
block restraining said block against displace
means on said block engaging said lower cross
said cross walls and outwardly from said corn
-wall for preventing displacement of said block
partment.
lengthwise of said compartment in a direction
away from said cross-wall.
9. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
tangular parallelogram shape in plan, and a re
movable and replaceable pillow block in the lower
end’ of said compartment and against which a
column of matrices in said compartment rests,
the surface of said block with which the column
engages extending obliquely to the side walls of
said compartment, said block being formed of a
15. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
' ing cooperating portions on said case and block
30
last-referred-to compartment,
recess and a projection on said block adapted to
enter said recess and cooperate therewith to re
strain said block against displacement in a di
web portion presenting said oblique surface and
flanges extending therefrom, and means compris
20
gages extending obliquely to the side walls of said
compartment, said block having a face at the
side thereof opposite said oblique surface at which
tangular parallelogram shape in plan, and a re
movable and replaceable pillow block in the lower 60
end of said compartment- and against which a
column of matrices in said compartment rests,
the surface of said block with which the column
engages extending obliquely to the side walls of
said compartment, said block being formed of a
web portion presenting said oblique surface and
ñanges extending therefrom at its upper and
lower edges, and means comprising cooperating
portions on said case and block restraining said
block against displacement in a direction out
restraining said block against displacement in
wardly from said compartment.
a direction outwardly from said compartment.
10. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or of‘non-rec
16. A matrix case having a compartment for
matrices either of rectangular or of non-rec
tangular parallelogram shape in plan, and a re
tangular parallelogram shape in plan, and a
movable and replaceable pillow block in the lower
2,092,554
end of said compartment and against which a
column of matrices in said compartment rests,
the surface of said block with which the column
engages extending obliquely to the side Walls of
said compartment, a wall of said compartment
containing a recess and a projection on said
5
block adapted to enter said recess and cooperate
therewith to restrain said block against dis
placement in a direction outwardly from said
compartment.
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PHILIP P. MERRILL.
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