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Патент USA US2095280

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OCLIZ, 1937. ‘
A,
QLSQN
2,095,280
_ COOP
Filed April 12, 1957
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INVENTOR.
ARTHOR T. OLSON.
BY A CW
A TTORNEYS.
Patented Oct. 12', 71937
' 2,095,zse
UNITED ' STATES PAT NT OFFIQE
‘
' 2,095,280
COOP
‘Arthur 1‘. Olson,’ Omaha, Nebr.
' Application April 12, 1937, Serial No. 136,398
3 Claims. '(Cl. 2717-62)
This invention relates generally. to coops and
particularly to coops for chickens and other fowl.
l4 secured to vertical studs 15., The sides com
prise vertically spaced slats l6 secured at the ends
The coop is of the type having a plurality of - to studs I5. The device is divided into two com
compartments and it is an important object of partments by vertically spaced partitioning slats
my invention to provide a coop of this character
ll secured to intermediate studs I8 which are Cl
having a longitudinally sliding door of a size for secured to the respective side slats IS.
easily placing fowl in the coop or removing same
The fixed portions of the top of the coop com
therefrom, said door being small enough to pre
prise a plurality of longitudinally extending, lat
vent the fowls in the coop fromv escaping when erally spaced, slats 20 and 2|, the slats 2i, adja
110 the door is opened either to put additional fowls cent
the center of the coop, being spaced later~ 10
therein or to remove them from the‘coop.
ally apart su?iciently to provide openings through
It is another object of my invention to provide
a device of this character wherein the door is
slidable in either direction in guides to ensure
easy movement thereof and prevent same from
which fowl can be placed in the coop or removed
jamming or sticking.
,
Another object is to provide a device of this
character having a two way latch whereby the
door may be securely held in the latched position
20 but maybe readily moved in either operative
direction, suitable pressure of the hand being
su?icient to release the door or latch same.
Another object is to- provide a device of this
' character wherein the’ latch works vautomatically.
Another object of the invention is to provide
a device of this character wherein the slats of
the door are disposed laterally relative to the
slats of the top of the coop.
'
Still another object is to provide a device of
30 this character of simple, durable construction
‘ andof low manufacturing cost.
therefrom.
The longitudinal side edges of the
slats 2| are provided with'grooves 22 in which
arerslidably received the ends of . transversely
extending slats 23 of the cover, said grooves serv
ing as guides for the ends of said slats 23. The
slats 23 are spaced longitudinally of the coop and
are secured to longitudinally extending, laterally
spaced members 24 slidably received in notches 20
25 in cross-members 26 and 21 provided therefor.
Cross-member 28 is also provided'with suitable
notches for'the door members 24.
l Centrally of the notches in cross member 23
'said'notches are cut a little deeper ‘to slidably ’ 25
receive the latches, preferably of spring steel,
which are secured to the under sides of the re
. spective members 24 by screws or nails 29 through
central plates 30. Longitudinally extending from
each central portion or plate 30 is a bowed por
tion or arm 3|, the free ends of which‘ slidably
Numerous other objects and advantages of this rest on the under side of the member 24. When
invention will be apparent as it is better under
the cover is in its closed position the plate 33
stood from the following detailed description, is positioned above the cross member 28 with the
35 which, taken in connection with the accompany . bowed portions of the latch extending below the‘ 35
ing drawing, discloses a preferred embodiment plane of the notch in said member 28 thereby
resisting movement of the cover. To open the
Referring to the drawing:
7
.
cover in either direction suitable longitudinal
Figure l is a plan view of the coop showing’ pressure is applied to the cover to pull the spring
40 the movements of the cover-in dotted lines. '
latch from engagement with the cross member
Figure 2 is a vertical section of the coop, taken 28 of the partition. Pressure may be applied by
on line 2-—2 of Figure 1.
grasping one of the transverse slats of the cover,
Figure 3 is an enlarged partial section along which serves as a handle, so that sufficient pres
line 2—2 of Figure 2 showing a side View of .my sure may be applied. It will be readily apparent
45
that the latch is adapted to permit latching and
Figure 4 is an enlarged plan view’ of a modi?ed unlatching, automatically, from'either direction
thereof.
latch.
.
V
'
'
embodiment of the latch.
Figure 5 is an enlarged bottom view of same.
Referring more particularly to the drawing,
50 which illustrates a preferred embodiment of my
invention, reference numeral Ill indicates, the
laterally spaced slats of the bottom of the coop
secured to cleats II and I2 at the ends and 13
adjacent the longitudinal center thereof. The
of door movement.
'
Figures 4 and 5 show a modi?ed embodiment
of the latch comprising a plate 32 having open- _
ings 33 for nails or screws for securing same to,
the under side of the respective members 24.
Side portions 34 are turned at right angles to the
plane of the plate in spaced relation to each .
other, said portions being arcuate adjacent their _
55 ends of the coop comprise vertically spaced slats
centers to receive a round lug 35 therebetween
2
2,095,280
which is adapted to be secured to cross-member
28. The free ends of the side portions 33 are
having longitudinally extending elastic arms at
arced portions, to permit operative movements of
the lug 35 between them. The latch is preferably
each end, said arms being bowed centrally down
ward and having their respective free ends slid
able on the under side of the door member, the
plate of the latch being above the top of the par OX
of spring steel and the free ends are adapted to
separate when the lug 35 passes therebetween,
tending below the horizontal plate of the top of
curved in reverse arcs, relative to the centrally
returning to their normal position thereafter.
A coop of this character may be carried on an
10 automobile as well as being used for tempo
rarily cooping up poultry.
If desired the body of the coop may be covered
with wire netting to prevent the poultry therein
from sticking their heads through the spaces be
tween the slats.
It is thought that the invention and many of
its attendant advantages will be understood from
the foregoing description and it will be apparent
that various changes may be made in the form,
construction and arrangement of the parts with
out departing from the spirit and scope of the in~
vention or sacri?cing all of its material advan
tages, the form hereinbeiore described being
merely a preferred embodiment thereof and a
25 modi?ed embodiment of the latch.
Having thus described my invention what I
claim is:
1. In a device of the class described, a bottom,
ends and sides of spaced slats. suitably secured
together to form a coop, a transverse partition di
viding the coop into compartments, longitudinal
ly extending slats on the top secured to the coop,
the slats adjacent the longitudinal center of the
top being spaced apart sui?ciently to provide a
opening, said slats having longitudinal
35 door
tition with the bowed portions of the arms ex
the partition.
2. In a device of the class described, a bottom,
ends and sides of spaced slats suitably secured 10
together to form the body of a coop, a trans
verse partition dividing the coop into compart
ments, longitudinally extending slats on the top,
the slats adjacent the longitudinal center of the
top being spaced apart sui?ciently to provide a 15
door opening, said slats having longitudinal
grooves in the inner side edges, a longitudinally
slidable door comprising longitudinally extending
members slidably associated with the coop, and
longitudinally spaced slats extending transverse 20
ly of the coop and secured to the longitudinal
members, the ends of the door slats being slid
ably received in the grooves of the respective
longitudinal top slats, and a latch for latching
the cover in its closed position, said latch having 25
means for latching the door in its closed position,
said means being adapted to permit the door to
be moved in either opening direction.
3. In a device of the class described, a bottom,
ends and sides of spaced slats suitably secured 30
together to form the body of a coop, a transverse
partition dividing the coop into compartments,
longitudinally extending slats forming the sides
of the top, the slats adjacent the longitudinal
center of the coop being spaced apart to form a 35
grooves in the inner side edges, a longitudinally
door opening, said slats adjacent the longitudinal
slidable door comprising longitudinally extending
center having grooves in the inner side edges, a
members slidably received in notches in the ends
and partition of the coop, and longitudinally
40 spaced slats extending transversely of the coop,
the ends of the door slats being slidably received
in the grooves of the respective top‘ slats, and a
latch for latching the cover in its closed position,
said latch comprising a central plate secured to
45 the under side of a longitudinal door member and
longitudinally slidable door comprising longitu
dinally extending members slidably associated
with the coop, and longitudinally spaced slats ex
tending transversely of the coop and secured to
the longitudinal members, the ends of the door
slats being slidably received in the grooves of the
respective longitudinal top slats.
ARTHUR T. OLSON.
40
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