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Патент USA US2098347

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Nov; 9, 1937. -'
w. |_. MacKEVNZIE
Filed Oct. l,_ 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet l
Nov.v9, 1937.
Filed Oct. 1, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Nov. 9, 193'?
caries stares PATENT ossics
Wilbur L. MacKenzie, Beverly, Mass, assignor to
United Shoe Machinery Corporation, Paterson,
N. 3., a corporation of New Jersey
Application’ October 1, 1935, ' Serial No. 43,064
In Great Britain September 125, 1935
25 Claims. (Cl. 91-43)
This invention relates to nozzles for machines
for applying cement to the channels of shoe soles
after the cut-seam has been formed, thereby to
attach the channel flap to the sole. The invention
5 is herein illustrated as embodied in a. machine of
the extrusion type.
It is well understood in the manufacture of
shoes that a seam for attaching'the cutsole may
be formed at the bottom of a channel cut ‘in the
10 sole and that after
seam has been formed
the channel ?ap may be cemented to- the sole
to hide the seam. Prior to the formation of the
scam the channel flap
lifted to facilitate the
sewing operation, this usually being done while
the sole is in temper, and as a result the flap
is wrinkled transversely of its length, especially
around the toe end of the sole. When the time
comes for the application of cement to the chan
nel, speci?cally to the channel base and the in
20 side of the channel
the flap may be dry
‘wise of the channel is a cover plate or deflector,
a portion of which ‘is ‘brought into cement-tight
engagement with the end face‘ of ‘the nozzle, and
the remainder of which is spaced from the end
face by reason of a cut-‘away portion which is
illustrated as formed in the cover plate, thus pro
viding a shoulder ‘which determines the end of
‘each of the lateral passages.
Still another feature of the invention resides
in a ‘novel construction greatly facilitating the
even distribution of cement through the two lat
eral passageswhich ‘deliver. cement to ‘the ?ap
and the channel bed, by equalizing the frictional 15
resistance 'of‘the .out?owing cement. To this ‘end,
‘the end face of the nozzle in the illustrated con
struction is recessed, leaving marginal portions
of uniform Width adjacent to the edges ‘of the end
and as a result quite sti? and hard. ‘ That being
When applying :cement'of the polymerized chlo
the case the under surface of the flap provides
a wrinkled surface. Obviously, the contour and
outline of the sole are both irregular. Coating
roprene type there is a tendency for the cement
to be repelled 'by the leather. This is overcome,
in accordance ‘with still another feature of the
12. shoe channels has commonly been performed by
means of a rotary brush.
With the rubber ce
ments ordinarily employed this sort of an appa
ratus is very successful. However, if "the ma“
chine is to be used with cements of the pyroxylin
30 type, or the polymerized chlcroprene type, vone
form of whichis commonly known as ‘Neoprene,
then it is essential to avoid soiling the outside of
the shoe because of the difficulty in removing such
cements from the shoe upper, for example. It is,
furthermore, even more essential that exactly
the desired quantity should be applied in order
that there may be no squeeze-out when the chan
nel ?ap is pressed into place.
Accordinglytan important object of the "inven~
tion is to provide an improved nozzle for a chan
nel cementing machine of the extrusion type by
invention, by the provision of duplicate sets of I25
lateral passages bymeans of a pair or" superposed
cover' plates, the intermediate one of which ‘is
apertured to‘pr'ovide communication between the
two sets of passages.
As a result of this con
struction the cement extruded ‘through the ?rst 30
set of passages is effective to wet the leather and
this greatly ‘facilitates the application thereon of
a coating ofcement of the desired thickness.
Other features of the invention relating to the
structure of the machine are not'clairned herein -
since they formthe subject ‘matter of a divisional
application Serial No. 111,453, ?led Nov. 18, 1936.
These and other features of the invention will
be described-fin ‘the following speci?cation taken
in connection with the accompanying drawings, 40
means of whi n the cement may be applied ex
Fig. 1 is an angular view of the nozzle and
associated operating tools, showing the presenta
just the, desired quantities and
withoutdangcr of soiling the adjacent partsro'f
.15 the shoe.
For a machine of'this type a nozzle must be
employed which is
to enter the channel
and to apply cement to the bed of the channel
and to the inner face of the channel ?ap in sub
through the nozzle. ‘Cooperating with this end
face to form lateral ‘passages extending height
stantially equal quantities. To this end, a'feature
of the invention resides in an improved nozzle
construction which, as illustrated, is V-shaped, is
‘tapered to form a leading edge, and has an end
face transverse to the length of the channel in ’
U1 Cal which is the outlet opening of a passage leading
tion of a piece of work to the machine;
Fig. 2 is an angular view on a much larger 45
scale of a nozzle, with a cover plate removed;
Fig.3 is a similar View of a modi?ed construc
tion in which twopplates are employed; ‘
Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the nozzle'shownin 50'
Fig. 2, with the cover. plate-in- position;
Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the nozzle shown
in Fig. 3, with the plates in position; _
Fig.6 shows a modi?ed form of the-nozzle of
Fig- 2;
that shown in Figs. BiandI'HWhereparts similar
Lthecoverrp'latef£2~32 is even‘sm'aller and is ‘rounded
tov those’ shown J in- FigiEZFhaVeT-been igivenrsimilar
fon theouterye‘dges. This',f».together with the op
portunity ‘l'for lslight ‘lateral displacement of the
“lower: ends ‘of the two cover plates with‘ respectlto
the-nozzle, reduces any interference between the
numerals to which 1000 ‘hasibeeniadded. “This
‘nozzle diifersgfromi that-YshowniiniEig. 2r inlhaving
an inner oriback‘ilateral surface- which is {curved
inwardly ‘to form sai'concave-iportion for Iyalley
nozzle‘ and the shoe to a minimum as the nozzle
terminating in theécurve‘d :edgef220 zwhic'h willlbe étr‘eats sharply curved portions of the channel,
close to the shape:ofiithelschannelibedI aroundirthe The*cement'extrudedfthrough the ?rst slot 25.9
forepart oftthe shoe van'd‘lwill fapproxima'te?that ‘ --is1effective tolwet'the surface‘of the leather of the
ic'hannell?ap and channel bed-while that extruded
~10 found in the shanksofi'thesshoe. 'withflthislcon
'structiongthe cover plate ‘M780 ‘is ialsoiprovided through enabled thereby‘to
with a pointed :endihaving iafcurved sedge 4222. :surfa'ces,
stick evenand
*to beéapplied'
readily tol these
in; uniform
'3 10
‘ .
' It will be noted ‘that ‘the-shoulder -'l ISBéin Ithe
cover plate provided ?forf1this':’sty-le Io'f' nozzle iis
not exactly 'paralleltt'o ‘the shoulder ' H 98 %'but de
viates from thatirelationlrin?accordance withLthe
need for "providing .outle't 'passages which 'will
:coact-with' the widths "of_ the channel?apan'dithe
channel 'bed.
vv20 a ‘In ‘constructing 1' nozzles 2 of = the type shown in
vFig. '12, it is common to ‘do some "hand ‘?ling where
:Having thus described my invention, what I 115
.claimlas new andvdesire to‘sec'ure by ‘Letters
“Patent; of nthegUni-tedStatesiis:
.11. .In, a {channel cementing ‘machine, }an ~ex~
Etru'ding nozzle‘havinglaitapered end to‘facilitate ‘
‘its insertion "in"the-=channel of a. shoe and past '20.
:which the shoenis moved‘lto "coat '- the linear ex
theigro'ove'lfzlz "joins ‘the: elliptical outlet :opening tent 10f *the ‘channel, i'said n'ozz'lep'lbeing also
5:192 and sometimes :thislis'donei'carelessly, bring ’ tapered toward that side which is ‘leading with
ing the. opening. nearer toi'oneisidesedge than'ithe irespectto'the direction of movement ofthe work
other. ' “This. renders unequal "the frictional vire
:sistance o?ere'd to the cementsi?owingiito:the'itwo
‘sides ‘and results‘ inta somewhat‘ uneven distribu
:and‘be‘ing provided with an outlet passage termi~ 525
:.nating'approximatelyrat the apex of the tapered
'portionpnthe leading side of the nozzle and be?
ring alsoprov'ided with lateral. slots to the rear
It is "avoided by forming a‘ recess‘ 224 ;(F_igsi 31" and ' f‘of‘?‘sai‘d ‘passage-and extending from theiapex of '
v“the nozzlelup'i'thel'sides of thejnozzle tofacilitate :30
3310 ‘6) in the end' faceiof'ithe anozzle‘whic'h' is sepa
rated .from‘rthe sedge-io'flzthe' nozzle 'byl-fa :led'ge 5226 theuapplication of cement to the bed and the flap
of unifcrm'widththus insuring ran even 'ldis
'tion of cementrupon theitwo'tsides of = the-ichannel.
tribution, of :cement. " In'theform" shown‘ in‘Fig. i6, ‘
this recessi-is joinedfato‘itheitip of athefnozzle .fbyra
groove .228 corresponding :to -the {groove 2112 fin
:2. FlIn 1a channel cementing machine, a tapered
nozzlehaving'a face provided with a recess, the
‘edges‘o'fwhich are substantially equidistant‘from
the sides-ofthe nozzle,rthus' forming lateral ledges
“N‘henttheiznozzle .‘is to vthe employed ‘:f‘orfcements Ioflsubs'tantiall-y uniform ‘width, an outlet ‘passage
of the polymei'ized‘chloroprenei type, :one formlof 1 f'iterminating within said recess, and a' cover mem-'
which is ‘marketed under the ‘name Neoprene,
thenia nozzle construction 'such'sas izthateshownrin
ber ‘overlying said-recessedface and spaced ‘from
the ledges fthereb'yjtoprovide lateralpassages 040
;l1ligs.Y3 and 5pmayiibe'aa‘dvantageously- employed 'sthroug-hwhi‘ch cement will be extruded in equal
and has ‘a pair 07f 'cover'plates aor ‘deflectors-11230
and 1232. ' These "de?ectors, ‘which *fare :Ikep't fin I
‘alinement '_ with r'one'another ~rby :means tof rawstud
entering a socket c236,:éare‘ mountediorsislight
lateral movement around a cylindrical portion
268 on therscrew 206. Towthis‘en'd,’the:shoulder
249 on the inner-plate 230Fis'rspaced'slightlyirom
the shoulder 200 von the :nozzle. ‘T‘I'hejnterm‘ediate
to nlate'23fl, having a surface "2M in rcl‘ose :‘contact
with the end surface 'of'th'einozzla'is walso‘fpro
videcl with a shoulder 2'42 corresponding'to-tthe
‘ rshoulder M6 and, when positioned in cement
I ‘ 1145 *
iln-ia'ichannel cementing machine, a tapered
'ar-ioz‘zleiforrinsertion'in a vshoe channel having a'
lbediandaifiapysaid‘nozzle ‘having a face provided
iwithI-alarecess, an=outletpassage terminating with
in saidrecess, themargin-of'said recess at sub
istantially the apex of the vnozzle being'provided '
‘with Iafgroove, ‘providing ' an enlarged passagev for‘
-f-the~‘cle1ivery~of‘cement to the very root of the E50
~‘channel' ‘and- a cover "member ‘overlying said re
vv:cesse‘dFface-andrspaced from the unrecessed por- .‘
“tion-o'f thefface'of the'n'czzle, thereby to provide "
ti‘ght- relaticn'to‘ the end 'faceal88, 'forms'zzaztransa f 3lat’er2tlpassages through which cement will be
UL UK verse ‘slot 249 ‘terminating ‘in lateral ipass'ages ‘ i?extru‘de‘cl"iniequalvolumes
on the bed and ?ap of
‘through which the cement‘is:extruded?upon'the
channel ?ap and the "channel :bed. uThisi-inter
mediate plate is also provided with "an ‘ elongated
' :opening ‘2% opposite the ‘outlet 7 end?of z-the apas- I
~> e0 usage * I 90 (Fig; 8) 1so“ that iaapor‘tion gof'ithe ‘cement
i4. In-a channel cementing machine, a'nozzle
having an "end portion adapted to be ‘inserted in
jthe'ichannel' of ar'shOe-and ‘past Whichthe shoe
‘is moved tocoatithe linear extent of the'channel,
passes directly "to the1 slot :25] '(Figs. :5 and a8) ' said nozzle-being‘ tapered vaxially and toward that
rbetween the lower portion -of the :intermediate ‘face ‘of-the nozzlelwhich' is leading with respect
plate ‘230 and theiface'of the -:outer :plate {232. ?‘to theidirectionof movement ‘of ‘the shoe, there
This slot v‘is '- limited Tby a‘ shoulder “246 upon ‘the
l‘by providing aniedyge'on this leading face, said
forward face of the plate 230. IThu's,'-'two slots
‘nozzle "having -‘an~'endiface§"an outlet-passage
ithrougfh-sai‘cli nozzle terminating in said end 'face,
are formed providing=1twoilateral passagesiup‘on .
each face of'the noz'zlathese beingsep'arat'edlby
the thin lower end 248:of¢theYintermediateplate
said'end ‘face being 'v'al-soprovided'. with a groove
iv'extendingi‘from thelouti‘etlof said passage to the
23%. The edges ‘of the‘ lower endl?t'iarevserrated ' iapexio'f theinozz'le, anl'auxiliary passage extending It
at ‘2533 thereby ‘to .providelga sort "of spreading
from said outlet passage tonan opening'in
the ‘70
ieoidingredge, and ai’coverimember'overlying the
action for the cement which ‘is delivered f-to 'ithe
Work from the slot ‘249; The generally triangular ' riend iface 'andlspaceditherefromi‘to ‘provide lateral lower end‘ 248 of thelinterme‘diate plate is slightly iipassage's'for' c'oati'ngitheiflapiand the bed-of the,
'7 ;
smaller than the corresponding portion of the enema;
I i5‘. iI-n fa ~'channél i oementing’iz-mach‘ine, ‘a >l-ncz‘zle
' ‘nozzle, while the‘ outlineof itheilower end 252 of
5 .
sages heightwise of the channel, said de?ector
being loosely mounted to provide for lateral
twisting of the de?ector by pressure of the work
Without substantially changing the size of the
outlet lateral passages.‘
19. In a channel cementing machine, a tapered
nozzle having an end face transverse to the length
of the nozzle and provided with an outlet passage
terminating in said face, and a de?ector se
10 cured to said nozzle to overlie said face and to
be spaced therefrom to provide lateral passages
heightwise of the channel, said de?ector being
loosely mounted to provide for lateral twisting.
of the de?ector by pressure of the work without:
sole, said nozzle having ‘a concave surface for
reception of and contact with the baserbed .Of
the channel, a removable cover plate having a ,
correspondingly curved edge, one of said parts be-'
ing cut away along the concave surface to pro
vide a curved delivery slot through which cement f
may be'extrudedto coat the channel bed, and
an outlet passage within the nozzle leading to
said cut-away portion.
23. In a channel-cementing machine, an acute
ly tapered nozzle provided with an end surface
adapted to be positioned substantially normal to
the length of the channel, said nozzle having an
outlet passage intersecting said end surface, and
15 substantially changing the size of the outlet lat’- - a removable cover having a surface resting tightly 15'
eral passages, said end face and the inner side against said end‘ surface over one area and
of said de?ector being provided with coacting spaced therefrom over another area thereby to
shoulders, thereby to limit the twisting movement form a continuance of the outlet passage which
terminates in a delivery opening, one‘ of said
of the deflector.
coasting surfaces being provided with a shoulder 20
20. In a channel cementing machine, an ex
truding nozzle having an end portion adapted
to be inserted in the channel of a shoe and past
which the shoe is moved to coat the linear extent
of the channel, said nozzle being tapered on its
25 leading side to help to open the channel and hav
ing on its trailing side a face substantially normal
to the length of the channel and providedwith a
recess, a passage for the delivery of cement to
said recess, and a removable cover plate asso
30 ciated with the nozzle overlying the recess and
spaced from the unrecessed portion on the face
of the nozzle along at least one side of the nozzle
thereby to provide a lateral passage through
which cement may be extruded for coating one
35 side of the channel.
21. In a channel cementing machine, a nozzle
the end portion of which is adapted to be in
serted in the channel, said nozzle being provided
I with an end facelying transversely of the channel
40 and having an outlet passage delivering to said
end face, and a removable cover overlying said
outlet passage and provided with a shouldered
surface one portion of which is brought into
extending transversely of the axis of the nozzle
thereby to de?ne an upper limit of the delivery
opening between the cover and said end surface
along a side of the nozzle adjacent to one side
of the channel.
24‘ In a cementing machine for shoe parts, an
extruding nozzle between which and, a‘shoe part
relative movement is set up thereby to apply a
coating in anr'elongated stripe along the shoe
part, said nozzle being provided with a plurality
of outlet slots extending transversely to the 'di
rection of relative movement and located behind
one another with respect to said direction Where
by cement extruded through the ?rst slot is ef
fective to wet the surface of the shoe part and 35
cement extruded through the second slot applies
a superposed coating of the desired thickness.
25; In a channel-cementing machine, an
acutely tapered nozzle provided with an end face‘
adapted torbe positioned substantially normal to
the length of the‘ channel, said nozzle having an
outlet passage delivering to said end face and a
removable cover coacting with said ‘end face to
close engagement with the end face of the nozzle
and the other portion of which is spaced from
determine the direction of flow'of cement from '
said outlet passage, said cover being spaced from >
said end face thereby to provide a lateral pas
sage for coating at least one side of the channel,
said shoulder on the cover de?ning the upper
limit of said passage.’
22. In a channelvcementing machine, a nozzle
adapted to be inserted in the channel of a shoe
the end face along an edge to provide a delivery
opening substantially coextensive with one side
of the channel, and means for clamping said cover
'on said nozzle.
Patent No. 2,098,514].
November 9, 1957'.
It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification
of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 2, second
column, line 17, ' before the word "delivery" insert lateral; page 5, first
column, line 65, for "forward" read rear. The claims now appearing in the
patent asnumbers 2o, 2, 5, 1,, 21, .25, 5, 6, 7, 8, 22, 9, 1o, 11, 2h, 12,
15, 1h, l5, l6, l7, l8,and 19, should bear the numbers 2, 5, )1, 5, 6, 7,
8, 9, 10,11, 12-, 15, 111,15, l6, l7, l8, 19, 2O, 21, 22, 25,and 2L1 respec
tively; and that the said Letters Patent ‘should be read with these correc
tions therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the
Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 8th day of February, A, Do [1958.
Henry Van Arsdale ,
Acting Commissioner of Patents.
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