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Патент USA US2099943

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Nov. 23, 1937.
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Sept. _ 2, 1956
W, W071 719%
Nmr. 23, 1937.
A“am.m PT mmEn.
Filed Sept. 2, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Nov. 23, 1937
Abraham Robert Price, San Francisco, Calif.
Application September 2, 1936, Serial No. 99,115
5 Claims.
My invention relates to improvements in gar
ment markers and it consists of the combinations,
constructions and arrangements hereinafter de
= scribed and claimed.
Figure 1;
form of the device shown in my Patent No.
hollow ring;
-_ ented device I show a hollow ring for encircling
the skirt, and, this ring is adjustable to the de
sired height above the ?oor or other supporting
surface. The ring is provided with a plurality
of small openings on its inner side and novel
; means is used for forcing talcum powder or other
15 powdered marking material into the ring and
through the openings for marking the skirt or
ing drawings forming a part of this application,
in which
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the device;
Figure 2 is a section along the line 2-2 of
An object of my invention is to provide a gar
ment marker which is an improvement over the
1,404,318, issued January 24, 1922‘. In the pat
(Cl. 33-9)
,Figure 4 is a, section along the line 4-—4 of
Figure 3;
showing the parts in a different position;
Figure 6 is an end view showing the swingable
portion of the hollow ring in open position;
Figure 7 is a section along the line 1——'l of
Figure 1;
and rapid marking of the skirt ismade possible.
Figure 2; and
tion of the ring may be swung back into posi
tion. , I provide an improved means for convey
ing the powdered marking material such as tal
‘v cum powder or the like to the hollow ring and
30 the ring in turn has small openings on its inner
side that will direct the material against the
The ring is mounted on a sleeve that is adjust
\ ably secured to a standard and this standard is
35 marked to indicate the height of the ring above
the supporting surface. The sleeve'may be ad
justed on the standard and secured in adjusted
position. The pump for forcing air into the
container carrying the powder or other marking
40 material is preferably secured to the top of the
sleeve and in a position where it may be readily
Novel means is provided for inclining the ring
at a slight angle to the horizontal if it is de
45,. sired
to mark the skirt in such a manner. The
ring also may be swung into inoperative position,
and this movement will cut off communication
between the container for the marking material
and the ring.
Other objects and advantages will appear in
the following speci?cation, and the novel fea
tures of the device will be particularly pointed
out in the appended claims.
My invention is illustrated in the accompany
Figure 8 is a section along the line 8-8 of
Figure 2;
‘ without the necessity of stepping over the ring.
25 After the person has entered, the movable por
Figure 5 is a section similar to Figure 4 but 10
other garment. The skirt is worn by a person
during the marking, and in this way an accurate
In the present invention I provide a split hol~
low ring for encircling the skirt, and a portion
of this ring may be swung away from the other
portion to permit the person to enter the ring
Figure 3 is a section through a portion of the
Figure 9 is a section along the line 9-9 of
Figure 10 is a side elevation of the pump and
associate mechanism.
In carrying out my invention I provide a stand
ard comprising a base I and an upright 2. The
upright is square in cross section and has mark
ings 3 on one face thereof, as shown in Figure
10. ' These markings indicate inches and half
inches and their purpose will be described here
A sleeve indicated generally at 4 is adjustably
mounted on the upright 2 and may be locked in
adjusted position by means of a wing nut 5 that
is carried at the top of the sleeve and is designed
to enter any one of several depressions 6 formed
in the side of the upright containing the mark
ings 3, see Figure 10. I have shown the depres
sion 6 disposed every inch apart, although addi
tional depressions may be provided if desired.
The sleeve 4 may be moved with respect to the
upright 2, and then the set screw 5 adjusted for
securing the sleeve in position.
Near the bottom of the sleeve 1 provide a cross
arm 1 and one end of this arm is designed to
removably receive a cap 8. Figure 9 shows the
cap 8 secured to the arm 1 by means of a set
screw 9 or other suitable fastening means. The
arm ‘I is hollow, and the free end that receives
the cap 8 is plugged by a block In.
A tube ll extends through a portion of the
plug Ill and then is bent in the manner shown
in Figure 2 so as to extend through an opening 50
in the wall of the hollow arm 1. The sleeve por
tion of the cap 8 is provided with a slot l2 for
receiving the tube II that projects from the wall
of the arm ‘I.
In Figure 2 I also show the tube H extending 55
the interior of the tube H as well as an outer
slot 42 registering with the open end of the
tube ii.
The hollow ring 4| is held in the horizontal
position shown in Figure l by means of members
43 rigidly secured to the ring by set screws 44.
wall that encloses the same tube. In this way
a tight seal is made between the conduit and the
movement in the cap while permitting rotative
diametrically across a container [3.
The tube
extends through'both sides of the container and
has its free end telescoping into a conduit M.
The conduit l4 has an inner wall that enters
The members 43 bear against the sides of the
cap 8 and hold the ring against longitudinal
movement. An adjusting member 45 is secured
to the members 43, see Figure 9, and carries 10
conduit i4 provided'with a check valve H3. The a set screw 48 that bears against the under side
stem l‘l?of the check valve is' provided with a of the cap 8. An adjustment of the set screw
shoulder it that bears against a supporting 35 will move the member 45 and the member
turn will swing the ring 4| in the closed end
member l9 that in turn is carried by a collar.
15 28. The collar is rigidly secured to the sleeve :48. .Inthis way the ring may be adjusted into
4 and has a ring 2! secured thereto. The pump "a horizontal position, or it may be moved into an
Figure 1 shows the conduit |4 leading from
10 the tube ii to a pump l5. Figure 10 shows the
l5 sits within the ring 2| andv rests upon the
supporting member l9.
The stem H has its
upper end screwed into the‘ bottom‘ 22 ‘of the
pump casing, and in this way the pumpzis locked
against the support I9 and is held against ver
tical ' movement by the‘ shoulder 7'18 ' bearing
against the support I9.
The tube 90f the ‘5 pump casing l5 extends
25 through a second Iring 23" and this ring is‘se
cured to the sleeve 4 by a second collar
piston 25 reciprocates within the pump I5 and
is actuated ‘by a piston rod 26 and a handle 21.
During the'upéstr'oke'of "the handle 21 a ball
30 check 28 in the check valve |_5 raises and permits
air'to enter the'p‘u'mp. A downward movement
of the ihandleg2‘l'will close the/ballt check 28
and will forcer‘the air through the conduit I4
and into the tube | l.
/ Iii-"Figures Z'an'd 8 I show the tube |_| en
1 closed by a short sleeve 29 that extends across
the inside'of the container I3" and'pro'jec'ts be
yond one side of the container. This sleeve '29
has its-rend‘i‘cutl'lto' form a half lap‘joint ‘38i 'A
stub sleeve 3| is secured to the tube"|| and is
provided with a 'h'alfda'p joint "32 eooperating
with the joint 39. When the container ‘l3 is
slipped onto the tube H, the sleeve 29 encloses
the-portion of 'the’tube || disposed "within the
'45 container" l3.
The sleeve 29- cooperates 'with
the'stubsleeve 9| to entirely enclosetheiportion
of the tube 3H ‘projecting from ‘the arm‘l'. An
outer sleeve 3|’ ‘house'srthe half lap joint and‘
extends from the cross arm ‘I to the container l3.
"'TheT-fpurposeof’the half lap joints 38 and 32 is
to align-the three small openings v>33 in the tube
H ‘with similar openings 34 in the sleeve 29.
A large opening 35' in the ‘tube II will also be
'alignedwithan opening 39 of the'same diameter
initheisleeve'29. ~A partition 31 extends across
the tube | l and separates the small openings 33
from the large opening 35.
Referring to Figure 8, it will be noted that air
entering the tube H from the conduit ‘I4 will be
60 forced through the small openings 33‘and 34 and
down into a quantity’of marking material 38 dis
posed in the bottom of'the container '|3.‘ The
openings 33 and '34 extend in different directions,
and cause‘jets of air to enter the material 38 and
65 to’agitate it’violently. The air then will flow
from th'e‘container. back into the tube I I through
the aligned‘ openings 35' and 346, ‘and
some of the marking material therewith.
In Figure ‘9 I show the tube || projecting be
end of the arm ‘I and entering a recess
39 formed in the closed end 40 of the cap 8.
‘The/closed end 49 is bored transversely for re
ceiving a hollow ring 4|. This hollow ring is ro
75 tatably mounted in the portion “and has a
In?Figure l Ifshow the ring 4| swingable into
the‘ broken line position, and a hook 41 is pro
vided -,for holding the ring in this position. The 20
slot 42 ismoved out of registration with the tube
|| when the ring is in the broken line position,
and this "willcut off communication‘ between the
tube || arid the interior of the ring.
The ring is formed in two sections 48 vand,_49, 25
and Figure‘? illustrates the closed ends 48' and
49’ of these sections.’ The section 49 carries a
clip v5i) that is designed to ‘rest uponlthe section
48' and hold the two ends
alignment; The
section 49 is ro'ckably secured to the tube proper 30
by a joint indicated generally at 5|, and shown
in detail in Figures 3 to 6 inclusive. The section
49 has a sleeve 52 that rotatesron an extension
53 carried by the section 48. The sl?eve 52 has
a ?ange 54'at its‘free end, and ‘this ?ange rides
beneath a hook 55'carried by the section 48. The
?ange 54 has a cut away portion 58, see Figure 4,
and a projection '51 is provided adjacent to the
cut away portion.‘
When the two sections 48 and 49 of the ring 40
are aligned’ with each other as shown in Figure 3‘
ITythe flange 54 is disposed beneath the hook ‘55
and the cut away portion'?fo‘ and projection 51
assume the position shown in Figure 4. 'When
it is desired to open the ring to permit a person to
step'there-within, the section 49 is'swung away
from'the section 48,”and this movement is per
mitted by the ‘sleeve 52 riding on'the extension
53 in'a counter-‘clockwise direction when look
ing at‘ Figure 4. This will move the projection
57" into ‘contact with the hook 55 and the sec
tion 49 will then‘ be held in raised position, as
indicated in Figure 6. After the person has
entered the‘ ring the section 49 may "be swung
in a ‘clockwise direction until the clip'58 ‘again
rests on the section 48;
“ It is possible to remove the section 49 from
over 48
the the
clip sleeve
52 is ‘rotated in a clockwise direction ‘when look
ing'at Figures 4‘ and'5. This will‘swin‘g thev pro¢
je‘ction 51 until it contacts with vthe opposite side
of the hook 55. The hook now registers withithe
recess 55 and‘ the sleeve 52 may 'be 'moved longi
tudinally along the tubular portion 53 for "re
moving the section 59 from the section 48. "
The ring 4| is provided with a number of small
openings ,58 on its inner wall, and Figure 7 shows
We openings .59 and 60 provided at the closed
ends of the sections 48 and 49.
From the Vioregoing description of the various
parts of the device, the operation thereof may be
readilyv understood.
cover 6| is removed from the container l3‘,
see Figure 8, and the marking material is placed
within the container whereupon the cover is
again secured in place. The ring 4| is swung
into operative position as shown by the full lines
in Figure 1. The section 4| is swung to permit a
person to enter the ring, and then the section
is closed. The sleeve 4 is raised to the desired
position, and this is indicated by the inch mark
disposed adjacent to the top of the sleeve, see
Figure 10. The set screw 5 is turned to lock the
10 sleeve in adjusted position. The handle 21 of the
pump is now reciprocated once, and this will
force air through the container, and this air will
pick up the marking material, and will convey
it into a hollow ring and out through the small
15 openings 58. The openings 59 and 60 will permit
free flow of air through the hollow ring sections
so that the marking material will be carried
throughout the entire‘lengths of the sections, and
then ejected through the openings 58 and against
the skirt or other garment to be marked. The
ring section 49 is now raised to permit the person
to walk from the ring.
In cases where the skirt does not contact with
the ring 4| an auxiliary ring 62, shown in Figure
25 1, may be used. The ring 62 is split and is pro
vided with legs 63 that will guide the ring 62
downwardly against the ring 4|. The ring 62 is
slipped underneath the skirt, and then is allowed
to descend so that the leg 63 will contact with
The ring 62 then will force the
skirt against the ring 4| for marking purposes.
30 the ring 4|.
It is obvious that the ring 62 may be supported
by an auxiliary stand not shown, and moved up
wardly along the inside of the skirt to move the
skirt against the ring 4|.
In Figure 2 I show the container I3 attached to
the arm 1 by a support 64. The support 64 and the
tube II will secure the container to the sleeve 4.
While I have shown only the preferred form of
40 my invention, it should be understood that va
rious changes or modi?cations may be made
within the scope of the appended claims without
departing from the spirit of the invention.
I claim:
1. In a garment marker, a hollow ring designed
to encircle a garment and being provided with a
plurality of small openings in its inner wall, a
support for the ring, said ring having a swing
able section designed to be swung into open po
50 sition to permit a person to step Within the
ring, and then to be swung back into closed po
sition, and means for feeding a marking material
to the ring for causing this material to issue
from the openings and to mark a garment en
closed by the ring, and means for swinging the
ring slightly into an angular position with re
spect to a horizontal plane and for holding the
ring in adjusted position, whereby the bottom of
the garment will be marked at an angle to the
2. In a garment marker, a hollow ring formed
in two sections and designed to encircle a gar
ment, one of the sections partially telescoping
over the other and being swingable about the
axis of the telescoping portion, a stop for limit
ing the movement of the swinging section when
it reaches open position, and a lip carried by
the swinging section and resting on the other sec
tion when the section is in closed position.
3. In a garment marker, a hollow ring formed
in two sections and designed to encircle a gar
ment, one of the sections partially telescoping
over the other and being swingable about the
axis of the telescoping portion, a stop for limit
ing the movement of the swinging section when
it reaches open position, and a lip carried by the
swinging section and resting on the other sec
tion when the section is in closed position, the
free ends of the sections being closed and being
provided with an opening adjacent each end,
both sections of the ring being provided with
small openings on its inner wall, and means for
feeding a marking material to the ring for caus
ing this material to issue from the openings.
4. In a garment marker, a standard, a hollow ,
ring pivotally carried thereby, adjustable means
for supporting the ring in a horizontal position,
a tube for feeding a marking material to the 35
ring, said ring having openings on its inner‘ wall
through which the material passes, said ring be
ing swingable into inoperative position when not
in use, the communication between the tube and
the ring being closed when the ring is in in
operative position.
5. In a garment marker, a hollow ring having
a section swingable into open position to permit
a person to enter the ring, the free end of the
section being closed and the end of the ring dis 45
posed adjacent to the free end also being closed,
said ring and section having a plurality of small
openings on their inner wall, and means for
forcing a marking material into the ring and
section for causing it to issue from the small 50
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