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Патент USA US2103852

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Dec. 28, 1937.
J. KESSLER
2,103,852
KNITTING MACHINE
Filed Aug- 25, 1935
3 Sheets-Sheet 1 *
lNVENTOR
duz /us K55 LER
Dec. 28, 1937.
2,103,852
J. KESSLER
KNITTING MACHINE
‘ Filed Aug. 25, 1935
‘ 3 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR
duuus KEssLER?
:
/
I
‘
TORNEY
28, 1937.
J. KE'S'SLER '
7
‘68.I
6]...
2,103,352
KNITTING MACHINE
'
Filed Aug. 23, 1955
s Sheets-Sheet :5
6.7.
.13
l N VENTO R
duz ms KESSLIER
B
AT ORNEY
2,103,852
Patented Dec.28,1937
UNITED STATES PATENT ‘OFFICE
Julius Kessler, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application‘ August 23,1935, Serial No. 37,;413
3Claims. (01. 66-86;
This invention relates to knitting machines and
more particularly to Galon machines for the knit
ting of curtains, trimmings and the like.
Machines of this type are old and well-known
5 and have been in use, substantially without
change, for many decades. As is well-known
by those skilled in this art, a machine of this type
includes a main camshaft having a plurality of
cams for operating the various moving portions
10 of the machine, to wit:—the needle bar, yam rod
fork, and take-up rolls. The machine also in
cludes certain other cams for operating the warp
bar, the pattern chain advancing and reversing
5 mechanism, etc.
Heretofore the machine per
15 formed one complete cycle of operation for each
revolution of the drive shaft and of the main cam
shaft, and, of course, the capacity of the machine
Fig. 3 is a similar view of the pattern chain "
advancing and reversing mechanism. _
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view to an enlarged
scale as taken along the line 4-4 of Figure‘ 1. V
Fig. 5 is a semi-diagrammatic front view of
the machine showing the mechanism for alter
nately moving the pattern chains.
Fig. 6 is, a fragmentary detail of the ‘two to one‘ 10
drive between the drive shaft and one of the
pattern chains.
v
‘
‘
The machine, in the usual manner, is provided
with a. needle bar A, a warp bar B, a take-up
roll C, yam'rods D, yarn rod forks E for elevat 15
ing and lowering the yarn rods, pattern chains
F and G, and drive mechanism H for advancing
consistent with good machine practice. ’
and reversing the pattern chains.
1
The machine is driven by means such as the
“The present invention seeks to increase the
capacity of a Galon machine without, however,
pulley ID, or may be operated during adjust 20
ments by the handwheel I l, suitable clutch means
increasing the speed of the drive shaft. or cam
I! ‘being incorporated to permit this.
was limited to the maximum vspeed obtainable
2O
Fig. 2 is a‘ front view of the warp bar rocking
mechanism.
shaft. This broadly stated object of the invention
'
By either of the above means, the shaft I3 is
may be realized in several ways as will later be driven and on this shaft is mounted a‘ miter gear‘
more fully detailed. In av general way, however, .7 i4 meshing with- agsimilar gear IS on a camshaft
I 2
the capacity of the machine maybe doubled by
providing double lobed cams for operating the
' moving parts, and operating the pattern chains at
each end of the machine twice for each revolu
30 tion of the main and camshaft; or providing
, double lobed cams and operating the pattern
‘chains alternately instead ofv simultaneously as
has heretofore been the practice. -
Each of the aboveimethods of providing in
35 creased capacityis more particularly adapted for
particular designs or patterns, and the machines
may be arranged so only a change 'in gearing is
IS.‘ The other end of the camshaft is provided
with a miter gear I'l meshing with a' similar
25
gear IS on a shaft l9 parallel to the shaft I3. I
. In accordance‘ with the‘ invention, the three "
shafts l3, l6 and i9 are provided with cams for '
30
operating the various moving portions of the
machine and in order to provide the machine
with increased capacity at the normal rotational.
speed of the mentioned shafts, all of the cams are ‘
formed as double lobed cams as will hereafter be 35
seen.
‘
with particular reference to Figures 1 and 4,
the camshaft I6 is provided with one or more
necessary to convert the machine from one meth- - - double lobed cams 20, each acting on a roller 2|
ed to the other.
40
4
carried on an arm 22 ?xed to a common rock
Another object of’the invention is tovprovide. shaft
23. The arms 22 are each connected at 2,4,
a pattern chain at each end of the machine which,
to a drag link 25 pivotally connected at 26' to the
for any particular design of knitted fabric, is' needle bar A. From the foregoing it is apparent
considerably smaller than has heretofore been that each revolution of the camshaft IE will cause
used, that is, the number of links comprising each - two movements of the néedle bar A towards" the
chain' being less than previously required.
The machine as at present contemplated, is
fully described in the following detailedv speci
?cation as based on the accompanying draw
50 ings in which preferred embodiments thereof are
illustrated.
'
‘
In the‘ drawings:-_
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a machine constructed
‘ in accordance with the invention, parts being
55 omitted for clearer illustration.
45
left (as seen in Figure 4).
The means for moving’ the‘ needle ‘bar to the >
right in a similar manner comprises a double
lobed cam 21 acting on a roller 28 on a bracket
29 ?xed to the needle bar, said bracket being 60
provided with‘an extension 30 which is guided as
by means of the grooved wheels 3|.
The means for elevating the yarn rod forks E
twice for each revolution of the camshaft l6, '
comprises one or more double lobed cams I2, 55
2,163,852
each acting on a roller 33 carried on an arm
34 ?xed on a rockshaft 35, an arm 36 on each
sized gear ‘I0 so each pattern chain is rocked
once for ‘'‘one revolution of the main shafts
end of the rockshaft being pivotally engaged - or for two actions of the double lobed cams with
which the machine is equipped.
with the yarn rod forks for this purpose.
Hence, a machine equipped with double lobed
The take-up roll C is advanced twice for each
revolution of the camshaft by means compris
ing the double lobed cam? 31 acting on the roller
38 on an arm 39 on the rockshaft 23, the, arm 39
cams and with means for causing the pattern
chains to operate alternately will attain a degree
of efficiency, at least twice that of machines in
present use, being faster and being easier to set
up due to vthe saving in the number of links
being formed with a lower extension 40, the end
10 ll of which, through a link 42 is connected to a
lever 43 pivotally engaged on the stud 44. The comprising “each chain. ' '
' Since machines as. at present used are pro-'
arm 43, at its free end, is provided with a pawl
45 engageable with the teeth of a ratchet wheel vided with means for advancing and reversing
the movement of the patternchains about their
46 mounted for free rotation on the stud 44.
sprockets, the present invention also contem 15’
15 Fixed with the ratchet wheel there is preferably
plates the provision of a double lobed cam ‘H
provided a pinion 41 meshing with a gear 48
?xed with thetake-up roll'C. It will be noted v on the shaft l3 for actuating this mechanism. I
that engagement of one ofthe lobes of thecam which is not illustrated since it is well-known,
.31 with the roller 38 will .muse the pawl 45 to and which per se, does not form part of this
20 advance the ratchet wheel and hence the take-up invention. In Figure 3, however, the portions 20
marked H generally illustrate some of the parts
roll, the recovery action of the‘ pawl beingac
complished by means such as the spring 49. for accomplishing the advancing and reversing
_
_ -,
Suitable means, not shown, may be employed to of the pattern, chains.
As can' be seen from the foregoing, the present
retain the parts in advanced position during th
recovery motion of the ‘pawl.
~
In the action of the machine, the warp bar 3
is both rocked and moved endwise, these move
ments beingaccomplished twice for each revo
‘lution of the shafts l3 and i9.
The rocking of the warp bar is attained
30
according to‘ this invention, improved to a con
siderable degree.
It is now possible to knit cer- ,
tain fabric designs by only employing one or two
actuators on each end of the-machine, discon-_
necting, of course, the advancing means H.‘ Also, 30
it is ‘possible to knit quite complicated designs
through the medium of a double lobed cam 50
on the shaft l9 acting on a roller 5| on a slide
into fabrics with half the number of actuators
member 52, guided in a bracket 53 and urged
upwardly by means of a spring 54. The slide
52, which is also slotted so as ‘to be guided by
heretofore employed. And ?nally the speed of
knitting has been doubled without increasing the
speed of the drive means.
the shaft I9, is provided with a lateral pin 55
\From the foregoing, it can readily be seen that
,
Each
changes, not involving invention, may be made
reciprocation of the slide will rock‘ the'arm 56
by skilled persons, as for instance, one or more
which engages ‘an arm 56 on the warp bar.
and also the, warp bar.
a
types of Galon' knitting machines have been, 25
_ Endwise' movement of the warp bar is accom
plished by means of a double lobed cam 51 on
the shaft l3, said cam acting on a'roller 58 on a
pivoted arm 59 against which the end of the
warp bar impinges. A spring 60 is employed to
45 maintain the roller against the cam at all times;
When the pattern chains F and G are to be
35
of the drive shafts, may be provided with double
lobed cams, the others then being geared to ro 40
tate at twice the speedand provided with single
lobed cams. For this reason the scope of the
following claims should not be based on the
present speci?c disclosure, but rather on the
prior art.
'
vWhat is claimed as new and desired to secure
..
rocked inwardly and outwardly simultaneously by Letters Patent, is:
1.- In a knitting machine having yarn rods, a
in the usual manner of operation, the drive 1
means therefor is shown in Figure 6 wherein a '3 main shaft for actuating said machine, a pat
60 gear 8! is provided on the shafts l3 and I9, and
,‘is‘meshed with a half size gear 62 on a counter
This countershaft is provided with a
crank arm 64, which, through the medium of a
link 65, is connected to a swinging .arm» 66
fulcrumed at 61. The arm 66, in'the usual man
- shaft 63.
ner, supports the two sprocket-like members
‘68 about which the. pattern chain istrained.
In the foregoing manner the pattern chains
. F and G are simultaneously rocked inwardly and
60 outwardly so the yarn rod actuators 69 may
operate the‘ yarn rods D in the usual manner
tern chain on each end of the machine; a pair 50
of pivoted pattern chain supporting members, .
crank arms connected to‘ said supporting mem
bers for moving said pattern chains synchro
nously but alternately toward and away from
‘the yarn rods and power transmission means 55
associating thecrank arms» with the main shaft
to produce a forward and backward movement of
both pattern chains during each revolution of
the main shaft.
I
_
’
i
2. In a knitting machine, a drive shaft, knit
60
ting instrumentalities, means for actuating said
knitting instrumentalities twice for each revolu
tion of the drive shaft, a pattern chain at. each
end of the machine, and means actuated from
While this method of equipping a Galon knit
ting machine considerably increases the capacity said drive shaft for vsimultaneously moving one 65
thereof, "for certain types of designs of ' knitted pattern chain towards and the other - pattern
fabrics, the machine may be made more e?icient chain away from the machine to move a yarn rod
in‘that the pattern chains may be made smaller,“ in one direction before one actuation of the knit
ting instrumentalities and for simultaneously
comprisingrless links.
.
Instead ‘of having the chains rock- inwardly moving the said pattern chains in the opposite
70
together, it is contemplated, as shown in Figure direction to move a yarn rod in a direction op
5, to move them inwardly alternately and in this‘ posite to the ?rst movement of a yarn rod before
way eliminate blank links, that is,~links which the second actuation of said knitting instrumen
are not provided, with actuators 69. In this talities.
3. In a knitting ‘machine, a drive shaft; knit- 75'
"Is ‘ event the gears 6| are each meshed with a similar
but. twice for each revolution of thexsh‘afts l3,
l6 and
g
-
2,108,852
ting instrumentalities, means for actuating said
knitting instrumentalities twice for each revolu
tion of the drive shaft, a pattern chainv at each
end of the machine, yarn rods movable by said
pattern chain, and means actuated from said
drive shaft for simultaneously moving one pat
tern chain towards and the other pattern chain
away from the machine to move a yarn rod in
one direction before one actuation of the knit
L
' 3
ting instrlnnentalities and during one revolution ' '
of the drive shaft, and for simultaneously moving
the said pattern chains in the opposite direction
to move a yam rod in' a direction opposite to
the ?rst movement of a yarn rod before the sec
ond actuation of said knitting instrumentalities
and during the next revolution of said drive
shaft.
JULIUS KESSLER.
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