Патент USA US2104873код для вставки
`Fan. 11, 1938. A. T. LEVY BUILDING Filed Aug. 27, 1957 2,104,8ì3 ' 4 Sheets-Sheet l Fig. /. aV l. :Suvenfor A usw-»N T. LEV/Y Jan. 11, 1938. A_ T_ LEVY 2,104,873 BUILDING Filed Aug. 27, 1957 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 32 l l L Q43. ` l _j à. Op' O \ \\\\ \\ \\ \\\ \ \ \\ \\% \\ | . ` ‘f2 \\\ \ \ `\ \\\ \\\\ ` \ `\\\l /\ \\\\ \\ \ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \ Jan. 11, 1938. A. T. LEVY 2,104,873 BUILDING Filed Aug. 27, l 937 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 :inventor A u TIN T. LEVY l «Í‘u . /áäjt'orneg”’ Jan. 11, 1938. A.T.LEVY -2, 104,873 BUILDING Filed Aug. 27, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 www /7 l INvaN-roR Aue'rm 'l'. Lavv Af‘ro'RNEN o Patented Jan. 11, 1938 ' " l 2,104,873 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,104,873 BUILDING Austin T. Levy, Harrisville, R. I. Application August 27, 1937, Serial No. 161,268 23 Claims. My invention relates to buildings of the pre fabricated type such as described in my appli cations, Serial Nos. 46,156, filed October 22, 1935; 54,429, filed December 14, 1935, and r76,950, ñled 5 April 29, 1936. My invention relates to a partition structure for a building of this type and is a continuation in part of my copending application Serial No. 89,960, filed July 10, 1936. y One of the objects which I have in view is the provision of an improved partition made up of prefabricated parts, which combines the advan tages of simplicity,'strength, cheapness, effective thermal and soundl insulation, and rapidity of erection by relatively unskilled labor. Another object of my invention is to provide ñed arrangement of the ceiling coating anchor ing material; Fig. 8 is a detail section taken at right angles to Fig. 7; Fig. 9 is an elevation partly in section showing the lower portion of a partition used in a build ing having a concrete ñoor as distinguished from a wooden ñoor; Fig. 10 is a perspective view showing a further modification of the lower part of the partition structure, this form also being used in connec tion with a concrete floor; Fig. 11 is a detail face view of one of the par tition panels; ' Fig. 12 is a perspective view of a modified con struction, viewed from inside the house, showing a partition and its mounting on a floor beam, to a partition structure of the type in which the partition includes studs and wall panels extend gether with the ceiling supports above the parti ing from floor to ceiling, in which the studs and tion, andv Fig. 13 is a vertical ysectional detail through> a partition of this modiñed construction with the ceiling and iioor in place. "20 panels can be quickly installed and coatings of plaster readily applied to and securely anchored over the studs and panels. Another object is to furnish an improved ar rangement of studs and panels in a partition IQ Ul structure and to provide an improved partition panel and improved means for supporting the studs and panels relative to each other and to the ñoor and ceiling. These and‘other objects of my invention will, 30 however, appear more clearly hereafter, or be apparent to those skilled in the art. In the accompanying drawings, in which I have shown several embodiments of my improved par tition structure, Figure 1 is an elevation partly broken away The building shown in Figs. 1 to 4 is of the structure described in my application, Serial No. 76,950, above mentioned, and comprises a foun dation A, an outer wall B including studs C and wall panels D, and a hip roof E. As described in said application and in my other previous appli cations, each of the panels D preferably com prises a board I0, of compressed wood fiber or like 30 thermal insulating material, of story height, having applied to each face thereof a series of longitudinal reenforcing and locking rods I I. These rods serve to space from the board sheets I2 of _' coating anchoring material or metal lath, 'of a portion of a small building such as a dwell which may, as herein shown, be formed of woven ing house constructed in accordance with my in wire. If desired, expanded metal may b-e used or some other form of reticulated material. vention;A > Fig. 2 is a perspective View partly broken away 40 and partly in section, with certain parts omitted, showing a portion of an outer wall and portions of certain partitions; Fig. 3 is an enlarged horizontal section through 45 Ñ a portion of one of the partitions; Fig. 4 is an elevation partly in section and partly broken away showing the lower portion of a partition structure such as shown in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a view generally similar to Fig. 4, illustrating a modiiied construction of the lower 5 O portion of the partition; ' Fig. 6 is a vertical transverse section taken on line 6--6 of Fig. 5;l Fig. 7 is a Vertical transverse section through the upper part of a partition, illustrating a modi ` 35 The sheets I2 and the rods II are fastened to the board by means suchpas wire loops I3 ar 40 ranged at suitable intervals in the length of the rods and passing through suitable perforations in the board. The arrangement is such that the rods II, lying against opposite faces of the board and firmly secured thereto, considerably increase 45 the resistance of the panel to buckling strain and also space the anchoring sheets from the board‘face. After the fastening wires have been placed in position, the ends of the wires are twisted together so as to tightly clamp the rods 50 against the board and the anchoring sheets against the rods. 'I‘he ends of the rods, located adjacent the upper and lower edges of the panel, project slightly beyond the edges of the board S9 as to act as means for locking the wall panels 55 2,104,873 . to the lower plate members and to the upper plate lower ends to the boards of the wooden ñoor I8 by members. The lateral edge portions of adjacent sheets I2 are adapted to overlap the stud mem bers positioned adjacent the lateral edges of the> board and to overlap each other. This struc ture is employed at the inner face of the outer Wall as well as at the outer face. The foundation A is preferably made of con crete, and to the upper face of the wall the ,10 metallic lower plate member I4 is` applied. v__At an end. (or side) >of the building, this plateimem ber comprises a'wide plate portion or flange I5 suitable means such as nails 3| passing through attaching plates or pads 32 welded to the lower ends of the studs. The lower ends of the rods enter sockets 33 formed in the floor in a suitable manner as by boring. The anchoring sheets I2’ have extended side edges, as in the case of the outer wall panels, which edges overlap the studs 29 and overlap each other, as indicated at 34 in Fig. 3. It will also be understood that the sheets 10 I2’ carried by the boardreceivedin stud channel 27 extend over said channel at the sides thereof, suitably secured to the foundation as by bolting. . xthe extended edges o-f said sheets being cut off it thereto, and it also comprises an upstandin'g“ ' -or turned aside owing to the proximity of the 15 portion I6 having an inwardly directed flangezI‘I.. A»outer wall panel receiving channels connected to A wooden board ñoor I8 rests on the ñoor beams said channelZ‘I. I9 and on the ñange I'I. The studsl of’ theV out! On top of the stud having the channels 26, 21 er Wall are fastened to the upstandîng- portionV is placeda T-'shaped-plate or pad 35 attached to I6 in the manner described in my application Se the stud as by welding it thereto, said plate or pad 20 rial No. 76,950. At a side (or end) of‘ the build :supporting the outer wall plate member 22 pre ,ing,.a generally similar arrangement of.upstand- viously rdescribed and also supporting the end of ing plate or sill portion to which the. studs are va partitiony plate member 36 secured to said vvplate fastened is-used, as, described in that, application. The plate portion or ñange I5 is providedat inz 25 tervals with suitable perforations 28 to;- receive the lower extendedends of the inner and outer vrods Ilfof the. panels D. The rods may also ex tend into shallow sockets formedin the concrete -inralignmentwith the perforations 20, as indi 30 cated by dottedy lines in» Fig. 2. 'I‘he studs-of the outer wall preferably comprise channel members placed back to back and suitably interconnected as by welding. These studsk have their-'lower ends in engagement with the upper faceof‘the mem 35 ber I5 andare secured to said member by'suit able means such as angle‘plates 2|., The-'chan or pad„35 asrby weldíngfit thereto.- ’I‘he parti- ' tion platey member 36 is supported at intervals by and attached to plates or pads 3'Ifwelded to the >upper ends of the partition studsy 29.` Where >partitions intersect, studs 38 having four channels are employed. These studs have cross-shaped bottom plates 39 secured by suitable means: such as nails 4I)l to the wooden ñoor. v At the top of . ¿the stud 38 a cross-shaped Yplate or pad Y4I is provided> forv supporting and attaching the plate member sections appurtenant to the partitions. Each partitionv plate member is similar to the plate member 22 of--therouter wall, but usuallyf - somewhat narrower, and» is provided with perfo nels of the studs. receive and position lthe side rations 42 to receive» the locking rods ofthe par edges of' the panel boards and extendwithinî the >tition panels 28- and further provided adjacent projecting lateral edges of the coating anchoringr opposite marginsv with` longitudinally» spaced v -40 sheets. small perforations 43 to receive fasteners 44 sup 'I‘he upperplate member. 22.of_ the outer wall porting the Woven wire or» other metal lath 45 of ...40 is preferably of ribbon _like-character,tcomprising the ceiling. The fasteners are usually con .a thin web or plate-_having perforations231for receiving the 'upper ends-of the_¿oute1TY andinner 45 locking rods II. In a structure of this. character the roof rafters» and, ceiling` jolsts (not shown) are .supported Vby wallstuds located directly-beneath the same, and therefore a'ribbon-.like upper plate member can beY successfully employed..v This 50 plate member restsv at` intervals on plates or pads secured as by welding to the upper ends of the wall studs. Y stituted `by wire loops having portions passing through the perforations 43, and through inter stices of the ceiling lath.` lAlong its inner mar .gin the plate member 22 is provided with` similar small perforations 46 by means of which the ceil ing lath is attached to said plate member ,through the use of similar fasteners; as shown in Fig. 2. Y The ceiling joists >(not shown), when they cross'the partitions, are only inA those locations The Wall panels and the wall studs are’ cove-red on the outside by a. layerof cementitigous mate rial 24 such as. stucco, and on thefinsideby; a layer of cementitious material25 such as plaster. Where partitions are provided, they are usually placed in line with rstuds of the outer wall, in which case the stud C comprises, in'radditionl to 60 the usual channels 26, arrangedback to back and ture, said joists resting on the partition plate `member at points >directly over studs. partition plate member is relieved of ceiling joist load in the intervals between the studs, it can be of thin, ribbonlike character, which makes it in expensive, light in weight and» easy to handle, welded together, an inwardly facing channelY 2'I directed at right Vangles to channels 26 Vand sistance to lateral dislocation of the partition panels locked thereto by means of the locking welded to them. The channel 21 is shorter than the channels 26, extending rdownwardly only as far as the upper'surface of theifloor- . This chan nel- 21 receives an edge of a partition» panel-28. UsuallyV the partitionpanels 28 are thinner than the'panels D of the outer walls, but theyare con' structed in a similar manner, havingvreenforcing 70 -rods I I’ and coating anchoring sheets,»I2' applied to; opposite faces of ytheboard kand- secured Aby fastener loops I3’ inr the manner previously de_ scribed.. Between the panels-28 of a partition, Vstuds 29'having oppositely facingchannels 30 are employed. Thesestuds maybeçattached at their Where studs are provided in the partition struc while at the same` time it` offers very eifective re rods. - It will be understood that the partition mem bers having the structure above described can be very readily installed in the building. After the partition stud members have been placed in the proper positions and attached at their lower ends -to the iioor, the panels are inserted from above into the channels so that'the lower ends of the y rods enter their sockets in the floor. The lower ledges of the panel boards rest on the floor. The plates or pads are then fastened tothe tops of .the studs as by welding, andthe partition plate member connected asl by welding to the stud ' 3 9,104,873 a stud receiving channel therebetween. The lower edges of the partition boards rest on the pads. When the partition plate member is placed >in position, its perforations 42 are placed in en gagement with the upper projecting ends of the locking rods of the panels. After the partition plate members have been attached to the upper ends of the studs, the ceiling joists are placed in -position over the studs. The plaster coatings applied over the partition panels and studs at opposite faces of the partition are indicated by 10 dotted lines in Figj3. These coatings can be floor beams. having a suitable metallic reenforcement such as the woven wire 6D. The concrete comes to a level such as indicated by the dotted line in Fig. 9, and embeds the lower ends of the studs and partition panels, entering the interstices of the wire sheet portions at the lower ends of the 10 panels and thus very firmly anchoring the pan els. The concrete floor may comprise a brush coat applied to the reenforcement 60, and a later very readily applied and are effectively anchored by the sheets I2’ which are held in spaced rela ‘tion to the panel boards by the rods Il'. The applied upper coat. ceiling plaster (not shown) is anchored by the 15 vceiling anchoring material 45 connected to the In this form, as in the forms previously de 15 scribed, the channel 21aI forming part of the `outer wall plate member, the partition plate _members and the ceiling joists, the connection outer wall stud is shorter than the other chan nels of said stud. It extends downwardly only to the level of the upper faces of the floor beams. In the modification shown in Fig. 10, also, a 20 with the ceiling joists being, if desired, of the nature disclosed in my application Serial No. 76,950. concrete ñoor is employed. In the form shown inlFigs. 5 and 6, the lower 4part of the partition is of a different structure, In this case, as in the form shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the partition panels and studs are received in a sill member or "the partition panels and the partition studs being shoe constituted by an upwardly facing channel member. In the structure of Fig. 10, the channel 25 member 62 extends across and is supported by the floor beams, and the partition stud El enters received in a shoe or sill constituted by an up 25 wardly facing metal channel member 41 attached to and resting on the wooden ñoor I8. The par tition studs 48 as before are constituted by chan at its lower end the channel of channel member nel members connected back to back, and their lower ends may be fastened as by welding in the 30 `channel member H. In this case, the lower ends of rods i la are ñush with the lower edge of the panel board 49 so as to rest, with said lower edge, on the bottom of the channel. The chan nel is Vof such width as to receive snugly the 35 board having the rods applied to its opposite faces. In this case the reticulated sheets |2a _pass down over the outer side faces of the chan nel into proximity to the floor, as shown. In this construction, the channels of the studs and sill 40 or shoe effectively hold the panel against lateral o_r longitudinal displacement. It is preferable, however, to have the upper ends of the rods Ila. interlock with a ribbonlike upper plate member inthe manner previously described. Concrete is laid on these beams in any suitable manner, said concrete preferably ' In the form shown in Figs. '7 and 8, the parti tion is shown at F and is used in conne-ction with a modified arrangement of ceiling plaster anchoring material. In this case the metal lath 50 for the ceiling is attached to small channels 5I hav ing upper and lower flanges, the upper ñanges vbeing attached as by welding to the lower sur face ofthe ribbonlike partition plate member 52. The channels 5! extend through notches 53 cut in the upper ends of the panel boards, so that said channels intersect the partition and haveI portions disposed at opposite sides thereof. The notches 53 can be formed very readily. The metal lath for the ceiling plaster is fastened at intervals against the lower flanges of the chan 60 nels by means such as wire fastener loops 54. As disclosed in Fig. '7, the partition may ex tend in the same direction as a ceiling joist 55, in which case it may advantageously be located slightly to one side of the joist, as shown. Be 65 tween the ceiling joists, boards 56 of suitable in sulating material may be placed if desired. The channels 5l may advantageously be fastened to certain of the ceiling joists at points where they cross the same, as will be understood. In the form shown in Fig. 9, a concrete iloor is employed. In this case the partition stud 51, which is of the double channel type hereinbefore described, is connected by rivets 59a at its lower end to a floor beam 58 by means of angle plates 75 5S of which only one is shown and presenting 62, with its flanges lying against the inner faces of the side walls of the channel and riveted there 30 to by rivets 62a passing through angle plates 63. These angle plates are also riveted to the upper surface of a floor beam 63a on which the channel member rests. In this form, the channel member G2 is narrower than the corresponding member 35 shown in Figs. 5 and 6, and does not receive the locking rods of the panels. In those locations where the locking rods are provided, the channel is cut away at the sides to provide horizontal lugs 64 lying in the plane of the bottom and each provided with a perforation 65 to receive the lower end of a locking rod. The concrete floor comprises a brush coat G5 applied to a metallic reenforcement G'l supported on the floor beams, and a subsequent thicker 45 upper coat 68. 'I‘he plaster applied to opposite faces of the partition panels and studs is shown at 69. In the form shown in Figures l2 and 13, a stud C of the outer wall, in addition to the previously described oppositely facing channels 26, is pro vided with an inwardly directed single channel member 21 welded thereto at the back within the side margins thereof, similar to that previously described, and a partition panel 28 has its outer 55 edge disposed in this channel member 21 and between the same and the adjacent channel 3i) of a double channeled partition stud member 29 as heretofore described. The channels 25 com. prising stud C are suitably fixed to an angle sill 60 1B having one flange embedded in the founda tion A, by means of an angle plate ll, while the partition stud 29 is suitably attached at its lower end as by angle plates 12 to the top of a floor beam IS. The channels comprising the studs 65 have bearing plates, or pads, lla, welded to the ends thereof adjacent the plate members. I-Iere also it will be noted that the upper ends of the partition panels 28 are suitably connected by their rods Il' in apertures 'E3 in bottom flanges 70 l-'l of plate members 15 which herein consist of two» horizontally disposed channels welded back to back. Herein these members 'l5 also carry the upper channel joists 'l5 suitably intercon nected with each other by a plate at Tl. Further 75 4 2,104,873 these members 15" haveapplied. at their` outer ends angle plates 'I8 for connecting them to the members 19 comprising thefplate members of the outer wall and formed generally similar to the'k partition plate> membersv 15. _'I'hus, it YWill be evidentthat the partition willi be sof securelyA po sitioneol and connected to the outer frame structure as to cooperate effectively therewith in providing a >support for the ceiling androof structure. , As regards the ceiling structure, note that a ceiling 80 is provided (Fig. 13)` which is suitably supported by the ceiling joists 16 heretofore de scribed. As shown in Figure 13, the ceiling 80 includes metal lath 8| suitably attached to the joists 16 in any well known manner as by Wiring or the like and adapted tor carry a coating of , plaster. Thus, whenv theV walls and partitions and the ceiling are coated with their inner coat of 20 plaster, a satisfactory interior finish for the walls and ceiling is obtained. Further, when the 2.; `A partition structure for prefabricated build ings comprising< a stud having oppositely disposed channels and a channel at right angles to and fixed to said channels, wall panel units seated in said first named channels and having reen forcing means on the faces thereof, a partition panel seated in said second named channel and having reenforcing means on the faces thereof, and plate members resting on and connected to said stud and cooperating with said reenforcing means in positioning said panels. 3. A partition structure for prefabricated buildings comprising a stud having oppositely disposed channels and a channel at right angles to and ñxed to said channels, wall panel unitsV seated in said ñrst named channels and having upwardly projecting reenforcing rods, a partition panel seated in said second named channel and having upwardly projecting reenforcing rods, a wall plate member supported on said stud and having means receiving the rods of said wall iloor 82 is poured on the ñoor beams I 9, the par titions and the outside walls are very ñrmly panel units, and a partition plate member sup ported on said stud and having means receiving joined together, the lower ends of the studs and the rodsA of said partition panel. f 25 the partition panels being embedded in the con 4. A partition structure for prefabricated build 25 Vcrete iloor. ings comprising a wall stud having oppositely By my invention an improved partitionis pro vided which is made of prefabricated parts Ythat disposed channelsfor receiving wall panels and can be manufactured at low costjand quickly av partitionY channel at right angles to Vsaid ñrst ' 30 assembled with a minimum amount of labor. named channels for receiving a partition panel, The structure is simple and of relatively light wall and partition panels seated inthe channels weight and yet strong and durable and provides and having reenforcing means applied to the faces thereof and projecting upwardly beyond not only for effective thermal andA sound insu lation but also for the ready application and the upper edges of the bodies of said panels, 35 firm anchoring of the coats-of plaster or like and plater members supported on said stud and material forming the inner finish. The number overlying said panels and interlocked with the of separate parts is alsoY reduced toI a minimum. projecting reenforcing means thereof. 5. A partition structure for prefabricated build While the panels are of story height, they can be readily handled and assembled, and securely The panels are also eifectively secured against dislo cation at'their lower parts. The plate member is also of simple form and lightweight and read ily handled'and assembled. Preferably the dis 45 tance between adjacent partition studs is of the 40 interlocked with the upper platek member. order of four feet, and fromy this it will be seen that the number of parts in a partition of given length is quite small, yet the structure is excep tionally'strong and rigid, due to the panel reen 50 forcements and the provisions for positioning the panels- at their side edges. The means for se curing the studs in place are also simple and effective.l It is also noted that the ceilings can be prcvidedtin a simple and expeditious mani-1er. 55 These and other advantages of my improved .structure will be apparent to- those-skilled in the art. ` While I have shown and described herein sev eral embodiments which my invention may as 60 sume in practice, it will be understood that these are illustrative merely and that numerous other embodiments and many changes in details are within the scope of the invention as deñned in the claims. 65 What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: ' 1. A partition structure for prefabricated build ings comprising a stud having oppositely disposed channels and a partition carrying channel at right angles to and fixed to said channels, wall and partition forming panel units seated in said channels and-having reenforcing means thereon, and plate members connected to said stud and overlying said»v units and cooperating with said reenforcing means in positioning the panels. ings comprising a stud having oppositely disposed channels for receiving wall panels and a partition channel at right angles to said ñrst named chan 40 nels for receiving a partition panel, a pad on the upper end of said stud, wall panels seated in said first named channelsl and carrying vanchoring sheets for a cementitious coating, a partition panel seated in said partition channel and carry 45 ing anchoringV sheets for a cementitious coating, wall and partition plate members supported on said pad, and means associated with said plate members for preventing the lateral dislocation of said panels. > 6. A partition structure for prefabricated build ings comprising a stud having oppositely dis posed channels for receiving Wall panels and a partition channel at right angles to said first named channels, panels seated in said channels and havingV reenforcing means projecting up wardly from the panel bodies, and ribbon-like plate members supportedY on said studjcne of said plate members being interlocked with the reen forcing means of the wall panels and the other 60 plate member being interlocked with the reen forcing means of the partition panel. '7. In a building, a frame having studs ar ranged in angularly related series, the studs of one of said series being outer wall studs and those of another being partition studs, plate members 65 associated with said studs, panels between said studs carrying coating anchoring material, a coating applied to said material, ceilingY anchor ing material attached to said. plate members, 70 and a ceiling coating applied to said last named material. Y ' Y 8. In va building, an outer wall including a frame having studs and an upper plate member, >Va partition including a frame having studs and 75 2,104,873 an upper plate member, panels between said studs forming parts of said wall and partition, and an choring material for a ceiling coating attached to and supported by said wall and partition at the tops of 'said panels. ‘ 9. In a building, a wall stud having oppositely disposed channels for receiving wall panels and a partition channel at right .angles to said first named channels, wall panels of story height in 10 said channels, partition studs having oppositely disposed channels, partition panels of story height interposed between adjacent partition channels and having coating anchoring material applied thereto extending over the studs, and plate members extending over said wall and par tition studs and interlocked with the panels. 10. In a building, a foundation, floor beams supported thereon, an outer wall stud supported on the foundation having oppositely disposed 20 wall panel receiving channels and a partition channel at right .angles thereto, a floor supported on the floor beams, partition studs supported from said floor beams and having oppositely disposed channels, wall panels received in the oppositely disposed channels of said first named stud, parti tion panels interposed between the partition studs and between one of said partition studs and said first named stud, means for connecting said par tition panels to the floor, said wall and partition 30 panels having at their faces reenforcing means, and plate members connected to said studs and engaging the reenforcing means of the panels for positioning the panels. l1. In a building, a foundation, floor beams 35 supported thereon, a floor, an outer wall stud member supported on the foundation and having wall panel channels and a partition channel, a plurality of partition stud members supported by the floor and having oppositely disposed chan 40 nels, a plurality of partition panels between the partition stud members, a partition panel between Y one of the partition stud members and the outer wall stud, Said outer wall stud having its partition channel of less length than the wall panel chan 45 nels and engaging said partition panel above the floor level, said partition panels being supported at their lower ends from the floor, an upper partition plate member interconnecting said par tition studs, and means for positioning the upper 50 ends of the partition panels with respect to said plate member. l2. In a partition structure for buildings, the combination of a ñoor, partition studs fastened to and extending upwardly fro-m said ñoor and 55 having oppositely disposed channels, partition panels received in said channels, means for interlocking said panels at their lower ends with the ñoor, and coating anchoring sheets applied to said panels and extending over the studs. 13. In a partition structure for buildings, the 60 combination of a ñoor, a channeled member fixed to said floor, and a partition panel having a body whose lower edge is received in the channel of said member and having at opposite faces of said 65 body coating anchoring sheets extending over said channel. 14. In a partition structure for buildings, the combination of a floor, a channeled member iixed to said ñoor, a partition panel having a body 70 whose lower edge is received in the channel of said member, reenforcing rods applied at opposite faces of said panel, and coating anchoring sheets spaced from the body of said panel by said rods and extending over the outside of said channeled 75 member. 5 15. Ina partition structure for buildings, the combination of a` floor, a channeled partition sill fixed to the floor, channeled partition studs re ceived in said sill, and partition panels having edge portions received in the channel sill and in the channels of the studs. `I6. In a partition structure for buildings, a floor, a. channeled partition sill or shoe resting on the ñoor, and a partition panel having reenforc ing rods at the faces thereof received in said sill 10 and coating anchoring sheets applied to the re enforcing rods and extending over the sides of the sill or shoe. 17. In a partition structure for buildings, a partition comprising panels, ceiling supporting 15 members extending through said panels, and an choring material carried by said members and underlying the bottom faces thereof. 18. In a building, a partition structure com prising a panel cut away adjacent the upper edge 20 thereof, a supporting member extending through said cut away portion and having portions dis posed at opposite sides of the partition, and ceiling anchoring material applied to said sup 25 porting member. 19. In a partition structure for prefabricated buildings, a partition support, a partition stud extending upwardly from said support, a stud connecting pad on said support beneath said stud and fixed thereto and to said support, partition 30 panels positioned by said stud and extending up right from said support, reenforcing means on op posite faces of said panels and having their lower ends laterally positioned by said support, coating anchoring means applied to the faces of said 35 panels and extending over said studs and spaced apart from said panels by said reenforcing means, and cementitious coatings on said anchoring means. 20. In a partition structure for prefabricated 40 buildings, a partition support, a partition stud extending upwardly from said support, a stud connecting pad on said support beneath said stud and fixed thereto and to said support, `partition panels positioned by said stud and extending up» 45 right from said support, reenforcing means on opposite faces of said panels and having their lower ends laterally positioned by said support, coating anchoring means applied to- the faces of said panels and extending over said studs and 50 spaced apart from said panels by said reenforcing means, and cementitious coatings on said anchor ing means, said support having recesses and said reenforcing means extending beyond said panels into said recesses. 55 21. In a partition structure for prefabricated buildings, a partition support, a partition stud comprising oppositely disposed channels extending upwardly from said support, a pad on said support beneath said stud and fixed thereto and to said 60 support, partition panels received in said channels » and supported at their lower ends on said sup port, reenforcing rods on opposite faces of said panels having lower ends projecting beyond said panels in said support, coating anchoring means 65 applied to the faces of said panels extending over said studs and spaced apart from said panels by said reenforcing rods, and cementitious coat ings on said anchoring means. 22. In a. building, a supporting structure, an 70 upstanding channel member supported thereon, a stud member received in said channel member and having oppositely disposed channel portions, panels having adjacent edges received in said channel portions and end edges received in said 75 6 2,104,873 first mentioned channel member, and spaced means for connecting said channel member to the channel portions on said stud. 23. In a building, a licor supporting structure, a` reenforced concrete ñoor thereon, partition studs including a partition stud having Oppositely disposed channels and supported on said support ing structure and' embedded in said floor, .panels between said studs'and received in saidrchannels and having their lower edges embedded in said floor, and means embedded in said ñoor and ñxed to said supporting structure and said stud for 5 connecting the latter to said supporting structure. Y AUSTIN T. LEVY.