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Патент USA US2105057

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“Janrll, 1938.
‘
‘
a R, SHARPE
'
2,105,057
CONTAINER
Filed March 15, 1957
F-r'g' . 5 .
V
INVENTOR
.
Gordon /2.Shc7r‘p€.
BY
’
ATTQRNEY
Patented Jan. 11, 1933‘
2,105,057 *
“ UNITEDTSTATES PATENT OFFICE
2,105,051
‘
CONTAINER
‘Gordon R. ‘Sharpe; Vancouver, British Columbia,
'
i
,
Canada
~
‘ ‘ Application March l5, 1937, Serial No. 131,083
‘
‘ ‘6 Claims. (01. 229-6)
-‘I'his invention relates to a container particu~
in such away that it may be folded to form the
‘ larly adapted for the shipment of baby chicks.‘
An object of the present invention is the pro . container B. The blank A is formed with a cen
vision one. container formed from a single blank. tral portion III which constitutes the bottom of
5
‘Another object is the provision of a container ‘ the container. 'Ijhe blank is scoredat II and I2
which may be assembled‘ without the use of glue, to form the sides |3.and l4 each of ‘which is" 5
scored at l5 and IE to form ?aps I1 and H3 at
staples or the like.
‘
'
r
, each end thereof.‘ The scored lines l5 and I6
A further object is the provision of containers
slant towards each other so that the flaps l1 and
formed to allow for the circulation‘ of air there
10 around and therethrough when piled side by side I8 are formed at an angle to the sides the pur
and on top of one another during shipment or
storage.
-
'
A further object is the provision of a ‘container
of very simple construction which may be very,
easily manufactured and assembled.
There are a number ‘of containers for the ship--‘
ment of ‘baby chicks now on the market but‘the
majority of these are made up of-a number of
pieces which have to be glued or stapled together.
'20) Another objection to all known types of contain
ers'for this purposeis that they either do not al
,~ . glow for the circulation of. air therearound when
-=>_.piled up during shipment or they ‘allow for the
circulation of air therearound only but do ‘not
pose of which will appear later. The sides l3 and 10
Mare further scored at H! and 20 to formcovers
2| and 22. The cover 22 is provided with tongues
23 and 24 along its outer edge while the cover 2|
is provided with a ?ap 25 along its outer edge and
slots 26 and 21 adapted to receive thetongues 23 15
and- 24 when the container is assembled.‘ ‘The '
sides I 3 and I4 are provided with slots 28 and 29
centrally thereof which extend ‘inwardly from
the respective scored lines l9 and 20 and termi—_
nate at a point adjacent the scored lines ‘II and 20
I2. The blank A is scored at 30 and 3| to form.
the ends 32 and 33 which are further scored at
34‘ and 35 to form ?aps 3B and 31'. The flaps
3B and'31 are approximately the'same width as
3 "25' ro?defor ensuring circulation therethrough.
the ends 32 and 33 while said ends are wider
This invention overcomes these ‘difficulties by than
the sides I 3 and M. The sides of the ends
roviding a container formed from a single blank 32 and ‘3-3 converge from the scored lines 30
.
theis'i'des, ends and .covers of which are inter
H ‘locking-,thus eliminating the necessity of glue, and 3| towards the scored lines 34 and 35 and
the sides of the ?aps 36 and 31 diverge from said
‘30' ' ‘staples: 'or‘other fastenings. ‘The top of this con-. scored
lines 34 and 35 towards the outer edges of
‘,J‘ tiainei' is ‘so formed that when one container .‘is‘ the ?aps. Slots 38' and 39 are provided, the slot
placed upon another, air circulating therearound 38 extending across the scored line ‘34 part way
‘must pass through the top .into the container into
the'end'32 and the flap 36 and the slot 39
, and out again.
. v
extending across the scored line 35 part way into
"The present invention consists essentially of a‘ the
33 and the flap 31. The sides, ends, cov- 35
blank so cut and scored that it may be folded ers end
and all the flaps with the exception 'of the ‘
with. its‘ sides, ends and covers interlocking to ?ap-'25 are provided with ‘ventilation vopenings
form‘a container having ‘means for allowing air 40 and the flaps 36 and 31 are provided with re
to circulate therearound and‘therethrough when cesses
4| and 42 in their outer edges.
40 the containers are stacked for shipment asmore
The
above described blank is folded to form the 40
fully described in the following speci?cation and
illustrated in the accompanying drawing, ‘in
which,
.
l
'
‘
‘
_
‘
Figure 1 is a plan view of the blank cut and
45 scored ready forfolding, ‘
t
'
Figure 2 ‘is a longitudinal section through‘the
folded container,
,
‘
,
Figure 3 is, a transverse section through the
folded container,‘
‘
>
Figure 4 is a plan view of the container with-v
the covers removed, and
,
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the container.
Referring more particularly to the drawing,‘
Figure 1 illustrates a blank A, formed of corru
55 gated or light pulp board which is cut and scored
container in the following manner:
"
The sides l3 and I4 are folded upward rela- '
tive to ‘the bottom I0 along-the scored lines II
and I2 and the flaps l1 and I8 are folded in
wardly along the scored lines l5 ‘and I6 at right 45
angles to the ‘sides. When the ?aps I11 and I8
are foldedin this manner with their lower edges ‘
restingwon the bottom III, the sides l3 and I4
slope inwardly owing to the fact that said flaps
are formed at an angle to the sides. , Next, the 50
ends 32 and 33 are folded upwardly along the ‘
scored'lines 30 and 3| until they rest against the
?aps l1‘ and I8 and since the scored lines l5 and
I6 slant towards each other, said flaps and, con
sequently, the ends slope inwardly. Then the 55
9,105,057
?aps ll and 31 are folded over and against the
inside surfaces of the flaps ii and I8 thus locking
angle to the ends of the sides, said flaps being
adapted to be folded inwardly at right angles to
the latter and the sides in place. If desired, the the sides when the latter are folded upwardly,-the
angle of said ?aps relative to the sides permitting
container may be divided into two compartments
the sides to slope inwardly, means formed with
by means of a partition 43 extending transverse
ly of the container the upper corners of which . the ends adapted to interlock the sides and ends
project into the slots 28 and 29 which are situated when said ends are folded upwardly, covers
centrally of the upper edges of the sides, the slope
of the latter making this possible. If it is neces
10 sary to divide the container into four compart
ments, an additional partition 44 may be used
which extends longitudinally of the container
with the upper corners of its ends projecting into
the slots 38 and 39 which are situated centrally
15 0f the upper edges of the ends of the container.
The container is now ready for use.
In order to close the container, first the cover
2| is folded inwardly along the scored line l9
and then the ?ap 25 is folded downwardly with
20 its extensions 45 projecting into the slots 38 and
38. This locks the cover 2| in place. The cover
22 is folded inwardly along the scored line 20 and
the tongues 23 and 24 are bent downwardly and
inserted into the slots 26 and 21 of the cover 2|.
The
bottoms of the slots 38 and 39 lie above the tops
of the sides i3 and I 4 when the container is folded
so that when the extensions 45 of the flap 25 lie
therein the cover 2| slants upwardly from the
30 side I! and consequently the cover 22 slants up
wardly from the side l4 resulting in the con
tainer having a peaked roof.
25 This locks the cover 22 in closed position.
As stated above in describing the blank A, the
ends are wider than the sides so that when the
blank is folded the ends are higher than said
sides. With this construction when one container
is stacked upon another, an air space is left
therebetween. The peak of the peaked roof of
the container, however, almost reaches the tops
of the ends. In this way air circulating between
the stacked containers must enter the ventilation
openings of one cover, pass through the container
and out through the openings of the other cover.
The peaked roof also leaves an air space above
the partitions 43 and 44 so that the air may cir
culate to all parts of the container. The sloping
Side and ends of the container allow for the cir
culation of air around the containers when they
are piled side by side and, of course, the ventila
tion openings in said sides and ends further aid
the circulation of air through the container.
The ?aps I8 and 31 not only look the sides and
the ends of the container together but they act
as a reinforcement for said ends which bear the
55 load when the containers are stacked upon each
other.
From the above it will readily be seen that a
container has been providedwhich may be formed
from a blank scored to form sides, ends and cov
ers which are interlocking when folded together,
said container including means for ensuring the
circulation of air therethrough' and said con
tainer being of very simple construction and very
easy to assemble without glue, staples or the like.
Various modi?cations may be made in this in
65
vention without departing from the spirit thereof or the scope of the claims, and therefore the
exact forms shown are to be taken as illustrative
only and not in a limiting sense, and it is desired
70 that only such limitations shall be placed thereon
formed with the sides adapted to interlock when
folded inwardly to form a roof for the container,
means formed with the covers adapted to co-oper 10
ate with the ends to hold the covers, when folded,
in peaked formation and a plurality of openings
in the blank for permitting air to circulate
through the container when assembled.
2. A container formed from a blank scored to 15
form sides and ends therefor, ?aps formed at an
angle to the ends of the sides, said ?aps being
adapted to be folded inwardly at right angles to
the sides when the latter are folded upwardly, the
angle of said ?aps relative to the sides permitting 20
the sides to slope inwardly, ?aps formed with the
ends adapted to be folded over the ?rst mentioned
?aps when said ends are folded upwardly to in
terlock the sides and ends, covers formed with
the sides, one cover having] slots and the other 25
having tongues'adapted to ?t into said slots when
the covers are folded inwardly to interlock said
covers to form a roof for the container, means
formed with the covers adapted to co-operate
with the ends to hold the covers, when folded, 30
in peaked formation and a plurality of openings
in the blank for permitting air to circulate
through the container when assembled.
3. A container formed from a blank scored to
form sides and ends therefor, flaps formed. at an 35
angle to the ends of the sides, said ?aps being
adapted to be folded inwardly at right angles
to the sides when the latter are folded upwardly,
the angle of said ?aps relative to the sides per
mitting the sides to slope inwardly, ?aps formed 40
with the ends adapted to be folded over the ?rst
mentioned .?aps when the ends are folded up
wardly to interlock the sides and ends, said ends
and associated flaps being higher than the sides,
each end and flap having a slot in the upper edge 45
thereof the bottom of which lies above the upper
edge of the sides, covers formed with the sides,
one cover having slots therein and a flap at its
outer edge with extensions adapted to project
into the slots of the ends when the cover is folded
inwardly and the other cover having tongues
adapted to ?t into the slots of the ?rst cover
when the former is folded inwardly to interlock
said covers to form a peaked roof for the con
tainer and a plurality of openings in the blank 55
for permitting air to circulate through the con
tainer when assembled.
4. A container having sides and ends adapted
to slope inwardly, said ends being higher than
the sides, flaps formed with the sides folded in
wardly inside the ends, ?aps formed with the
ends adapted to be folded over the ?rst men
tioned flaps to interlock the sides and ends, cov
ers formed integral with the sides, one cover
having slots and the other having tongues adapt
ed to fit into said slots when the covers are closed
to interlock said covers to form a roof for the
container, means formed with one of the covers
adapted to co-operate with the ends to hold said
covers, when folded, in peaked formation and a 70
83 are disclosed in the prior art or are set forth
plurality of openings in the sides, ends and cov
in the accompanying claims.
ers for permitting air to circulate through the
container.
-
What I claim as my invention is:
1. A container formed from a blank scored to
75 form-sides and ends therefor, ?aps formed at an
5. A container having inwardly sloping sides
and re-inforced ends adapted to interlock there 75
2,105,057
3
with, ‘said ends being higher than the sides and
and having slots centrally of their upper edges,
having slots centrally of their upper edges, covers. said sides also having slots centrally of their
i'ormed integral with the sides, one cover having upper edges, partitions extending transversely
slots and a ?ap at its outer edge with extensions and longitudinally oi’ the container having their
at each end thereof adapted to project into the uppercorners projecting into slots of the sides
end slots when the cover is closed and the other and the slots of the ends respectively, covers
cover having tonguesformed on its outer edge formed
integral, with the sides, one cover having
adapted to fit into the slots of the first cover
when the former is closed to interlock said covers
10 to form a peaked roof for the container and a
plurality oi openings in the sides, ends and cov
ers for permitting air to circulate through the‘
‘container.
‘
6. A container having inwardly sloping sides,
'?aps formed with‘ the sides adapted to be folded
inwardly at right angles thereto, inwardly slop
ing, re-iniorced ends adapted-to interlock with
said ?aps, said ends being‘ higher than the sides
slots and a ?ap at its outer edge with extensions
at each end thereof adapted to project into the
end slots when the cover is closed and the other
cover having tongues formed on its outer edge 10'
adapted to ?t into the slots of the ?rst cover
when the former is closed to interlock said cov
ers to form a'peakedroof tor the container and
a plurality of openings in the sides, ends and
covers for permitting air to circulate through the 15
‘ container.
‘GORDON R. SHARPE.
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