Патент USA US2105057код для вставки
“Janrll, 1938. ‘ ‘ a R, SHARPE ' 2,105,057 CONTAINER Filed March 15, 1957 F-r'g' . 5 . V INVENTOR . Gordon /2.Shc7r‘p€. BY ’ ATTQRNEY Patented Jan. 11, 1933‘ 2,105,057 * “ UNITEDTSTATES PATENT OFFICE 2,105,051 ‘ CONTAINER ‘Gordon R. ‘Sharpe; Vancouver, British Columbia, ' i , Canada ~ ‘ ‘ Application March l5, 1937, Serial No. 131,083 ‘ ‘ ‘6 Claims. (01. 229-6) -‘I'his invention relates to a container particu~ in such away that it may be folded to form the ‘ larly adapted for the shipment of baby chicks.‘ An object of the present invention is the pro . container B. The blank A is formed with a cen vision one. container formed from a single blank. tral portion III which constitutes the bottom of 5 ‘Another object is the provision of a container ‘ the container. 'Ijhe blank is scoredat II and I2 which may be assembled‘ without the use of glue, to form the sides |3.and l4 each of ‘which is" 5 scored at l5 and IE to form ?aps I1 and H3 at staples or the like. ‘ ' r , each end thereof.‘ The scored lines l5 and I6 A further object is the provision of containers slant towards each other so that the flaps l1 and formed to allow for the circulation‘ of air there 10 around and therethrough when piled side by side I8 are formed at an angle to the sides the pur and on top of one another during shipment or storage. - ' A further object is the provision of a ‘container of very simple construction which may be very, easily manufactured and assembled. There are a number ‘of containers for the ship--‘ ment of ‘baby chicks now on the market but‘the majority of these are made up of-a number of pieces which have to be glued or stapled together. '20) Another objection to all known types of contain ers'for this purposeis that they either do not al ,~ . glow for the circulation of. air therearound when -=>_.piled up during shipment or they ‘allow for the circulation of air therearound only but do ‘not pose of which will appear later. The sides l3 and 10 Mare further scored at H! and 20 to formcovers 2| and 22. The cover 22 is provided with tongues 23 and 24 along its outer edge while the cover 2| is provided with a ?ap 25 along its outer edge and slots 26 and 21 adapted to receive thetongues 23 15 and- 24 when the container is assembled.‘ ‘The ' sides I 3 and I4 are provided with slots 28 and 29 centrally thereof which extend ‘inwardly from the respective scored lines l9 and 20 and termi—_ nate at a point adjacent the scored lines ‘II and 20 I2. The blank A is scored at 30 and 3| to form. the ends 32 and 33 which are further scored at 34‘ and 35 to form ?aps 3B and 31'. The flaps 3B and'31 are approximately the'same width as 3 "25' ro?defor ensuring circulation therethrough. the ends 32 and 33 while said ends are wider This invention overcomes these ‘difficulties by than the sides I 3 and M. The sides of the ends roviding a container formed from a single blank 32 and ‘3-3 converge from the scored lines 30 . theis'i'des, ends and .covers of which are inter H ‘locking-,thus eliminating the necessity of glue, and 3| towards the scored lines 34 and 35 and the sides of the ?aps 36 and 31 diverge from said ‘30' ' ‘staples: 'or‘other fastenings. ‘The top of this con-. scored lines 34 and 35 towards the outer edges of ‘,J‘ tiainei' is ‘so formed that when one container .‘is‘ the ?aps. Slots 38' and 39 are provided, the slot placed upon another, air circulating therearound 38 extending across the scored line ‘34 part way ‘must pass through the top .into the container into the'end'32 and the flap 36 and the slot 39 , and out again. . v extending across the scored line 35 part way into "The present invention consists essentially of a‘ the 33 and the flap 31. The sides, ends, cov- 35 blank so cut and scored that it may be folded ers end and all the flaps with the exception 'of the ‘ with. its‘ sides, ends and covers interlocking to ?ap-'25 are provided with ‘ventilation vopenings form‘a container having ‘means for allowing air 40 and the flaps 36 and 31 are provided with re to circulate therearound and‘therethrough when cesses 4| and 42 in their outer edges. 40 the containers are stacked for shipment asmore The above described blank is folded to form the 40 fully described in the following speci?cation and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, ‘in which, . l ' ‘ ‘ _ ‘ Figure 1 is a plan view of the blank cut and 45 scored ready forfolding, ‘ t ' Figure 2 ‘is a longitudinal section through‘the folded container, , ‘ , Figure 3 is, a transverse section through the folded container,‘ ‘ > Figure 4 is a plan view of the container with-v the covers removed, and , Figure 5 is a perspective view of the container. Referring more particularly to the drawing,‘ Figure 1 illustrates a blank A, formed of corru 55 gated or light pulp board which is cut and scored container in the following manner: " The sides l3 and I4 are folded upward rela- ' tive to ‘the bottom I0 along-the scored lines II and I2 and the flaps l1 and I8 are folded in wardly along the scored lines l5 ‘and I6 at right 45 angles to the ‘sides. When the ?aps I11 and I8 are foldedin this manner with their lower edges ‘ restingwon the bottom III, the sides l3 and I4 slope inwardly owing to the fact that said flaps are formed at an angle to the sides. , Next, the 50 ends 32 and 33 are folded upwardly along the ‘ scored'lines 30 and 3| until they rest against the ?aps l1‘ and I8 and since the scored lines l5 and I6 slant towards each other, said flaps and, con sequently, the ends slope inwardly. Then the 55 9,105,057 ?aps ll and 31 are folded over and against the inside surfaces of the flaps ii and I8 thus locking angle to the ends of the sides, said flaps being adapted to be folded inwardly at right angles to the latter and the sides in place. If desired, the the sides when the latter are folded upwardly,-the angle of said ?aps relative to the sides permitting container may be divided into two compartments the sides to slope inwardly, means formed with by means of a partition 43 extending transverse ly of the container the upper corners of which . the ends adapted to interlock the sides and ends project into the slots 28 and 29 which are situated when said ends are folded upwardly, covers centrally of the upper edges of the sides, the slope of the latter making this possible. If it is neces 10 sary to divide the container into four compart ments, an additional partition 44 may be used which extends longitudinally of the container with the upper corners of its ends projecting into the slots 38 and 39 which are situated centrally 15 0f the upper edges of the ends of the container. The container is now ready for use. In order to close the container, first the cover 2| is folded inwardly along the scored line l9 and then the ?ap 25 is folded downwardly with 20 its extensions 45 projecting into the slots 38 and 38. This locks the cover 2| in place. The cover 22 is folded inwardly along the scored line 20 and the tongues 23 and 24 are bent downwardly and inserted into the slots 26 and 21 of the cover 2|. The bottoms of the slots 38 and 39 lie above the tops of the sides i3 and I 4 when the container is folded so that when the extensions 45 of the flap 25 lie therein the cover 2| slants upwardly from the 30 side I! and consequently the cover 22 slants up wardly from the side l4 resulting in the con tainer having a peaked roof. 25 This locks the cover 22 in closed position. As stated above in describing the blank A, the ends are wider than the sides so that when the blank is folded the ends are higher than said sides. With this construction when one container is stacked upon another, an air space is left therebetween. The peak of the peaked roof of the container, however, almost reaches the tops of the ends. In this way air circulating between the stacked containers must enter the ventilation openings of one cover, pass through the container and out through the openings of the other cover. The peaked roof also leaves an air space above the partitions 43 and 44 so that the air may cir culate to all parts of the container. The sloping Side and ends of the container allow for the cir culation of air around the containers when they are piled side by side and, of course, the ventila tion openings in said sides and ends further aid the circulation of air through the container. The ?aps I8 and 31 not only look the sides and the ends of the container together but they act as a reinforcement for said ends which bear the 55 load when the containers are stacked upon each other. From the above it will readily be seen that a container has been providedwhich may be formed from a blank scored to form sides, ends and cov ers which are interlocking when folded together, said container including means for ensuring the circulation of air therethrough' and said con tainer being of very simple construction and very easy to assemble without glue, staples or the like. Various modi?cations may be made in this in 65 vention without departing from the spirit thereof or the scope of the claims, and therefore the exact forms shown are to be taken as illustrative only and not in a limiting sense, and it is desired 70 that only such limitations shall be placed thereon formed with the sides adapted to interlock when folded inwardly to form a roof for the container, means formed with the covers adapted to co-oper 10 ate with the ends to hold the covers, when folded, in peaked formation and a plurality of openings in the blank for permitting air to circulate through the container when assembled. 2. A container formed from a blank scored to 15 form sides and ends therefor, ?aps formed at an angle to the ends of the sides, said ?aps being adapted to be folded inwardly at right angles to the sides when the latter are folded upwardly, the angle of said ?aps relative to the sides permitting 20 the sides to slope inwardly, ?aps formed with the ends adapted to be folded over the ?rst mentioned ?aps when said ends are folded upwardly to in terlock the sides and ends, covers formed with the sides, one cover having] slots and the other 25 having tongues'adapted to ?t into said slots when the covers are folded inwardly to interlock said covers to form a roof for the container, means formed with the covers adapted to co-operate with the ends to hold the covers, when folded, 30 in peaked formation and a plurality of openings in the blank for permitting air to circulate through the container when assembled. 3. A container formed from a blank scored to form sides and ends therefor, flaps formed. at an 35 angle to the ends of the sides, said ?aps being adapted to be folded inwardly at right angles to the sides when the latter are folded upwardly, the angle of said ?aps relative to the sides per mitting the sides to slope inwardly, ?aps formed 40 with the ends adapted to be folded over the ?rst mentioned .?aps when the ends are folded up wardly to interlock the sides and ends, said ends and associated flaps being higher than the sides, each end and flap having a slot in the upper edge 45 thereof the bottom of which lies above the upper edge of the sides, covers formed with the sides, one cover having slots therein and a flap at its outer edge with extensions adapted to project into the slots of the ends when the cover is folded inwardly and the other cover having tongues adapted to ?t into the slots of the ?rst cover when the former is folded inwardly to interlock said covers to form a peaked roof for the con tainer and a plurality of openings in the blank 55 for permitting air to circulate through the con tainer when assembled. 4. A container having sides and ends adapted to slope inwardly, said ends being higher than the sides, flaps formed with the sides folded in wardly inside the ends, ?aps formed with the ends adapted to be folded over the ?rst men tioned flaps to interlock the sides and ends, cov ers formed integral with the sides, one cover having slots and the other having tongues adapt ed to fit into said slots when the covers are closed to interlock said covers to form a roof for the container, means formed with one of the covers adapted to co-operate with the ends to hold said covers, when folded, in peaked formation and a 70 83 are disclosed in the prior art or are set forth plurality of openings in the sides, ends and cov in the accompanying claims. ers for permitting air to circulate through the container. - What I claim as my invention is: 1. A container formed from a blank scored to 75 form-sides and ends therefor, ?aps formed at an 5. A container having inwardly sloping sides and re-inforced ends adapted to interlock there 75 2,105,057 3 with, ‘said ends being higher than the sides and and having slots centrally of their upper edges, having slots centrally of their upper edges, covers. said sides also having slots centrally of their i'ormed integral with the sides, one cover having upper edges, partitions extending transversely slots and a ?ap at its outer edge with extensions and longitudinally oi’ the container having their at each end thereof adapted to project into the uppercorners projecting into slots of the sides end slots when the cover is closed and the other and the slots of the ends respectively, covers cover having tonguesformed on its outer edge formed integral, with the sides, one cover having adapted to fit into the slots of the first cover when the former is closed to interlock said covers 10 to form a peaked roof for the container and a plurality oi openings in the sides, ends and cov ers for permitting air to circulate through the‘ ‘container. ‘ 6. A container having inwardly sloping sides, '?aps formed with‘ the sides adapted to be folded inwardly at right angles thereto, inwardly slop ing, re-iniorced ends adapted-to interlock with said ?aps, said ends being‘ higher than the sides slots and a ?ap at its outer edge with extensions at each end thereof adapted to project into the end slots when the cover is closed and the other cover having tongues formed on its outer edge 10' adapted to ?t into the slots of the ?rst cover when the former is closed to interlock said cov ers to form a'peakedroof tor the container and a plurality of openings in the sides, ends and covers for permitting air to circulate through the 15 ‘ container. ‘GORDON R. SHARPE.