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Патент USA US2105062

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Jan. ll, 1938.
Filed Déc. 24. 1955
j /ß
Patented Jan. 1v1, 1.938
Edward H. Tate, Frank E. B. Tate, and Christo
pher Tate, Malden, Mass., assignors to E. H.
Tate Company, Boston, Mass., a corporation of
Application December 24, 1935, Serial No. 55,398
3 Claims.
(Cl. 20G-_79)
This invention relates to `an improved wall
hook of the type comprising a strip of metal bent
to suitable shape and provided with a pin or nail
extending therethrough to be driven into a wall
so as to support the hook.
It is an object of the invention to provide im
provements in the hook which will facilitate
manufacture thereof, will , provide for suitable
frictional engagement between the pin and the
metal strip so as to maintain these two members
frictionally assembled, and will facilitate the
mounting of the hooks on display cards.
In shaping the metal strips into hook form,
automatic machines are customarily employed.
While these machines act with a considerable de
gree of uniformity, the product is subject to slight
variations due to variation in the quality or
thickness of the metal stock supplied or to other
causes. It is desirable that the pin or nail, which
2 O is employed with the bent strip of metal, be held
in place by frictional engagement with the metal
strip, this engagement being such as to hold the
pin in assembled relation with the strip but to
permit its removalA from the strip if desired.
According to the invention, the lower portion
of the metal strip is bentV into hook form, the
upper end portion of the strip being formed into
a closed loop. A tongue is struck up from the
looped portion of the strip in such a manner that
30 the tongue engages the side of the pin which is
thrust through a pair of opposed holes in the
loop. The tongue bears frictionally against the
pin with a pressure which may vary in different
hooks owing to slight variations in the shape of
the loop, as formed in the machine, as may vary
the position of the pin relative to the portion of
the loop from which the tongue is struck. The
tongue is adapted to yield sufficiently to avoid
excessive differences in frictional drag on the pin
40 from such variations in the position pf the pin.
This tongue has an additional function of facili
tating the assembling of wall hooks on a display
card as hereinafter described. In order to main
tain the tongue in correct position for frictional
engagement with the pin, the extreme end of the
upper portion of the strip, which is bent back
into contact with the rear portion to form the
loop, is preferably supported by suitable means
such as a tongue struck out from the rear portion
50 of the strip so as to engage under the end of the
which follows and to an illustration of an em
bodiment thereof in the drawing of which
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a metal strip
bent into shape and ready to receive a pin. Y
Figure 2 is an elevation of a display card hav
ing a complete wall hook attached thereto, the
wall hook being shown in section.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of
a card having an ear adaptedto be attached to a
wall hook.
Figure 4 is a perspective view of a card show
ing a plurality of ears and a wall hook attached
to one of them.
As indicated in Figure 1, a wall hook embody
ing the invention may be made by forming a pair 15
of holes in a strip of metal, striking up therefrom
a pair of tongues, and bending the strip to de
sired shape. As shown, a portion I0 of the strip
of metal is left unbent to serve as the back of the
completed wall hook. The lower portion of the 20
strip is bent up to form a suitable hook Il. The
upper portion of the strip is bent forward as at
l2, and then diagonally rearward and downward
as at I3, so that the extreme end I4 engages the
forward face of the back portion IIJ so as to com 25
plete a closed loop l5. At opposite points in this
loop a pair of holes‘Zß and 2l are formed to re
ceive a suitable pin or nail 25.
These holes are
preferably soV disposed as to hold the pin 25 sub
stantially parallel to the diagonal portion I3 of 30
the loop. In order to support the loop against
distortion when the pin 25 is driven into a
wall, the lower end I4 preferably engages behind
a tongue 30 which is struck out from the back
portion l0 of the hook.
A second tongue 3l is
struck up from the portion I 3 of the strip so as to
project into the loop and to bear frictionally
against the side of the pin 25. While the tongue
3l may have considerable stiffness owing to the
thickness and character of the metal, yet it is 40
Vcapable of yielding sufficiently to prevent exces
sive friction against the pin 25 when variations
occur in the shape of the loop as the hook comes
from the forming machine or in the thickness of
the pin 25. The tongue 30„in supporting the 45
loop against distortion, helps to maintain the
tongue 3l in suitable relation to the pin 25 in
spite of severe stresses on the loop which may
arise from hammer blows when the pin 25 is be
ing driven into a wall.
when the pin is being driven into a wall.
For a more complete understanding of the in
For convenience in handling and selling wall
hooks of this kind, they may be mounted on
suitable display cards such as the card 40 illus
trated in Figure 4. From the body of the card
vention, reference may be had to the description
a suitable number of ears 42 are struck up, each 55
strip and support the loop against distortion
ear having a slit 44 out therein perpendicular to
the line of bend 45. The slits 44 are adapted
strip at two points on opposite sides of said loop,
a display card having an ear struck up there- I
to receive the tongues 3l of the hooks, the
tongues projecting through the slots in the man
ner indicated in Figure 2. In assembling hooks
and cards, the hook is placed edgewise against
within said loop parallel to said pin, and a tongue
struck up from the looped portion of said strip,
the face of the card in such a manner that an
said tongue projecting through said ear and
from, said strip being disposed with one edge
against a face of said card and with said ear
ear 42 projects through the loop I5. The tongue
bearing frictionally against said pin.
3l is then pushed through the slit 44. The pin
2. In combination, a wall hook comprising a
25 is then thrust through the holes 20 and 2|, Vstrip of metal having its upper end portion bent 10
the side of the pin thus coming into frictiona'l: to'form a closed loop, a pin projecting through
engagement with the end of the tongue _3| so said strip at two points on opposite sides of said
that the tongue cannot then be withdrawn from loop, a card having an ear struck up therefrom
the slit 44.
to project into said loop and to extend along
Additional ears or tabs 50 may also be struck
up from the card 40 to engage the lower portions
of the hooks l0 and to hold the hooks more
firmly on the card, especially hooks of the larger
sizes. As shown, the tabs 50 are preferably. lo
cated within the hook portion Il, between the
parallel wall portions thereof.' 'I‘he tabs 50 .are
preferably of such a widthY as to engage tightly
between the parallel wall portions of the hooks.
This frictional engagement helps to hold the
hooks against the cards as well'as to prevent
swinging about the tabs 42.
It is evident that various modiñcations and
changes may be made in theV invention herein il
lustrated and described Without departing from
the spirit or scope thereof as deñned by the
following claims.
We claim:
1. In combination, a wall hook comprising a
strip of ~metal having an end portion bent into
Y35 hook
form and the other end portion bent to
form a. closed loop, a pin projecting through‘said
one side of said pin, said strip having a tongue
struck up‘from the looped portion thereof to pro
ject through said ear and to engage the side
of said pin vfrictionally, the lower end of said
strip being bent into hook form, and a second
ear struck up from said card to engage fric
tionally in said hook.
3.Y In combination with a display card, a wall
hook comprising a. strip of metal having its lower
portion bent into hook form and having its up
per portion attached to the card so as to hold the
wall hook edgewise against the card, and means
to prevent side swing of said lower hooked por
tion of the wall hook on said card, said means
comprising a tab upstanding fromsaid card and
extending transverselyY Within the hook of said 30
lower portion fromr one opposingv face to the
other, the side edges of said tab being substan
tially in contact Withsaid opposing faces respec
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