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Патент USA US2105094

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Jan- 11, 1938-
E. s. PEARCE
2,105,094.
‘h
_APPARATUS FORAND THE METHOD OF TREATING FIBROUS WASTE FOR JOURNAL BOX USE
Filed Jan. 22, 1934
2 Sheqts-Sheet l
FIGr-l’
INVENTOR
EDWIN s. PEARCE
ATTORNEYS
,
‘Jan. 11, 1938.
E. s. PEARCE
2,105,094
APPARATUS FOR AND THE METHOD OF TREATING FI\BROUS WASTE FOR JOURNAL BOX USE
_Filed Jan. 22, ‘1934
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
FlG.-2
.Tw
INVENTOR
EDWIN S. PEARCE
I
ATTORNEYS
2,105,094
Patented Jan. 11, 1938
UNITED STATES ‘PATENT OFFICE“
APPARATUS FOR. AND THE METHOD or
TREATING muons WASTE non. 10m
' NAL Box, USE
Edwin's.‘ Pearce, Indianapolis, Ind.,' assignor to
Railway Service & Supply Corporation, Indian
apolis, Ind., a corporation of Indiana‘
Application January 22, 1934, Serial No. 707,698
16 Claims.
This invention relates to apparatus for and
the method of treating ?brous waste for journal
box use,‘the invention relating to the‘ treatment
(Cl. 141-2)
7
ing thereof broken away to show said waste
receiving container in its raised, non-rotatable ~'
position; and Fig. 3 is ‘a detail vertical sectional
view of the operator-controlled mechanism for
,In the manufacture of waste and in'the use .e?ecting raising and lowering‘ of said waste
of waste, very small fragments of the wool or receiving container, the plane of said view being
of both new waste and old waste.
-
'
at right angles to the plane of Fig. 1. _
cotton ?bres of which the waste is made are
- produced, said fragments being known as lint.
The presence of this lint in waste materially
reduces its effectiveness as a carrier of lubri
'
.
~
In the embodiment of the invention here illus
trated, l0 represents the generally cylindrical
casing of the machine, said casing being mount 10
cating oil, andits removal is therefore highly ed upon suitable legs H to providespace there
desirable if not actually essential. Likewise, in _ beneath for a part'of the hereinafter described
spindle rotating means. with the exception of
a bottom liquid-discharge opening i2,.with-which
communicates a valve-controlled discharge pipe 15
l3, said casing is of imperforate character and
tionable because of its emulsion-forming prop‘
erties. Furthermore, old waste contains more or therefore capable of ‘receiving and holding av
both new and used waste, particularly in the
latter, ‘there is usually more or less moisture,
" the presence of which in waste is highly objec-'
less dirt, cinders, bits of ,metal, etc., as the result .
of its use in journal boxes, and more or less,
dirty journal oil in a more or less viscous state.
It is therefore quite essentiahin the proper
treatment of new waste, to remove therefrom
the lint and moisture thereof, and in the proper
treatment of used waste, to remove therefrom
its lint, moisture, dirt, bits of metal, etc., and
as much of its dirty oil as possible.
The present invention therefore has for its.
general object the provision of an improved ap
paratus for and an improved method of treat
30 ing such fibrous waste, both new and old, to
.' effectively and e?iciently remove therefrom sub
- stantially all of its objectionable content, includ
treating liquid, such as lubricating oil. To heat
the treating liquid supplied thereto and/or to '
maintain said liquid in_a heated condition, said 20
casing is preferably provided with suitable heat- ,
ing means, the means here shown comprising
steam coils l6 suitably arranged around the
inner surface of said container.
_
' Centrally mounted in the base of ‘said casing 25
is a suitable bearing assembly 20, in which is
rotatably mounted a vertically disposed .spindle
22. On the lower end portion of said spindle,
which end projects below the bearing assembly
20 and the base of said casing, is suitably se
30
cureda pulley 25 adapted to be driven, through
the instrumentality of one or more belts (not
ing lint, moisture, dirt, bits of- metal, etc,., and‘ shown), by an electric motor or other suitable’
dirty oil.
power means (also not shown).
'
vA more speci?c object ofv the present invention}
is the provision of‘ improved waste treating appa
ratusin the form of a single simple and in
On an intermediate portion of said spindle,‘ 35
just above the bearing assembly 20, is secured
a suitable screw propeller 21, said propeller be- '
expensive machine, with which‘ are performed _ lng secured to said spindle for rotation, therewith
all of the steps of the present improved method, at all times. Suitably mounted on the upper
40 said method requiring for its performance a .. end portion of said spindle, which end portion 40
minimum handling of the waste and minimum lies within the casing i0, is a' generally cylin
amounts of time and labor.
4
>
‘
.
_
Further objects of the present invention are
in part obvious and in part will appear more in
detail hereinafter.
>
'
,
‘ The invention will be readily understood from
the following description‘ thereof, reference being
had to the accompanying drawings in which
Fig. 1 is a central vertical sectional view of
50
the machine constituting the present improved
waste treating apparatus, the waste-receiving
container of said machine being shown in its
lowered, rotatable position; Fig. 2 is a side ele
55 vation of said machine, with a part of the cas
' drical waste-receiving basket or container, said
container being so mounted on said spindle that
it rotates therewith only when actually connected
thereto. For effecting such connection of said
container to said spindle, suitably operator-con
trolled meansis provided, the construction. of
which will be later described.
I
,
The waste-receiving container here vshown in» 50
cludes a perforated bottomwali {I and a perfo-'
rated side or peripheral wall 3|, the perforations
of said walls being in the form of relatively
small, closely spaced apertures through which
.may freely pass the oil or other treating liquid,
2
‘
2,105,094
and all objectionable content of the waste trans
ferred thereto, such as lint, dirt, bits of metal,
etc. Suitably mounted in a centrally disposed
opening 32, with which the container bottom
wall 30 is provided, is a vertically disposed hub
portion 34, the elongated chamber of which con
stitutes a suitable socket 35 for the reception
of the upper end portion of the spindle 22, as
shown.
10
'
The cover of this waste-receiving container is
in two parts, there being a marginal portion 36,
of annular form and of imperforate character,
welded or otherwise suitably secured to the upper
edge portion of the container side wall 3|, and a
is to'open up the waste ?bres, etc., and to
vaporize any moisture remaining in the waste.
To assist the propeller 21 in effecting such pas
sage of lubricating oil and air upwardly through
the perforated bottom wall 30 of said container
and thence through the waste therein, a suit
able bailie plate 60 is provided for cooperation
with said propeller. As here shown, said baiiie
plate isv of generally inverted, frusto-conical
shape, being arranged in surrounding relation 10
relative to said propeller and having its upper
enlarged end portion suitably secured to two or
more circumferentially disposed brackets 62 with
which the casing III is provided. The opening at
central portion 31, of circular form and of per
the lower and smaller end of said ba?ie plate has
forate character, bolted or otherwise suitably se
a diameter slightly less than that of the pro
cured at 40 in spaced relation to an lmperforate peller 21, and the opening at the upper and larger
cover 42 with ‘which the casing I0 is provided, end of said ba?le plate has a diameter slightly
said casing cover being hingedly mounted so that greater than that of the waste-receiving con
20' it may be readily swung upwardly to one side tainer, as clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
20
during loading and unloading of the container
To prevent the passage of oil and air. as the
with waste and during the step of supplying the result of rotation of the propeller 21, upwardly
casing ill with a treating liquid.
through the annular space 64 between the lower
, The means for detachably connecting the end of the container sidewall 3| and the upper
25 waste-receiving'container to the spindle 22, for r end of the baille plate 60, said lower end of said 25
rotation therewith, may be of any suitable form. container side wall and said upper end of said
As here- shown, said means includes a vertically ba?le plate are provided with cooperating annular
disposed eccentricdisc 45 carried by and rotatable
between a pair of apertured ears 45 with which
30' the upper end of the hub portion 34 of said con
tainer is provided, such mounting of said disc
being effected by means of a cross pin 41 extend
ing through and suitably secured to said disc, such
as by a set screw 48, and having its projecting end
portions extending through the apertures of said
ears.
'
By connecting said disc to the spindle 22, a
connection here-effected by the use of a locking
screw 50, as shown in Fig. 1, the waste-receiving
40 container is caused to rotate with said spindle,
as will be readily understood. To disconnect said
disc from said spindle, and thereby permit said
container to remain stationary during rotation of
said spindle, it is merely necessary to withdraw
45 said locking screw 50 from its threaded connec
tion with said spindle, as likewise will be readily
understood.
_
I
Suitably mounted on the upper end of said
spindle 2'2, such as in a marginally disposed annu
50 lar groove, is a suitable thrust bearing 54, on
which said eccentric disc 45 rests when discon
nected from said spindle, as shown in Fig. 2.
During such periods of disconnection, the look
sealing strips 55, inter-engagement of which is
e?ected byv upward movement of said container.
To e?'ect such upward container movement, it is 30
merely necessary to turn the eccentric disc 45
ninety degrees, from the position shown in Fig. 1
to the position shown in Fig. 2, and this may be
conveniently accomplished by imparting the de
sired rotary movement to either ‘one of the two 35
projecting ends of the cross pin 41, which pin is
secured to said eccentric disc by the set screw 48.
As here shown, each of the two projecting ends
of said cross pin 41 is provided with a suitable
socket 61 to removably receive a hex wrench or 40
the like, by the use of which the desired rotary
movement can be readily imparted to said pin.
In a similar manner, the head of the locking
screw 50 is provided, with a suitable wrench
receiving socket 68, to enable said screw to be
readily moved inwardly or outwardly, depending
upon whether it is to be connected to the spindle
' 22 or disconnected therefrom.
'
When the waste-receiving container is in its,
raised position, as shown in Fig. 2, it is free of 50
operative connection with the spindle 22 and
therefore does not rotate therewith. This is the
position of said container during the steps of '
ing screw 50 of said disc lies within a diametri
passing oil, and later air, upwardly through- the
disc is provided, said locking screw being pre
vented from escaping from said passageway by a
suitable washer-like abutment 56 secured at the
outer end of the enlarged portion of said passage-.
waste in said container, said waste because of its 55
stationary condition, being free of any compress
ing or matting eifects thereon. In this raised
position of the waste-receiving container, the
annular space 64 between thelower end thereof
55 cally disposed passageway 55 with which said
way, as shown.
‘
‘ and the upper end of .the ba?le plate 60 is securely 60
closed by the inter-engaging sealing strips 65, so
that the oil and the air forced upwardly by rota
ing mediums up through the perforated bottom tion of the propeller 21 are compelled to pass
wall 30 of the waste-receiving container and . through the perforated bottom wall 20 of the
65 thence upwardly through the waste therein. In waste-receiving container and thence upwardly 65
therein.
practicing the present method, hereinafter more through the waste
as the propeller 21 recirculates the
fully described,_ hot lubricating oil is ?rst forcibly oilInasmuch
through said waste, the extent of such recir
passed upwardly through said waste, with gon-' culation
depending upon the condition of clean
70 sequent agitation thereof. and transfer to said lines of the waste being treated, it is quite advis 70
oil-of an appreciable portion of the objectionable able to remove from the circulating oil as rapidly
content of said waste. After removal of said oil as possible and as much as possible of the objec
and the objectionable content of the waste trans
tionable content of the waste transferred thereto.
ferred thereto, currents of heated air are passed Although the lint transferred to the oil cannot
The function of the propeller 21, as will later
appear, is to e?fect a forcible passage of two treat
75 upwardly through said waste, the elect of which
be removed therefrom by ?ltering means, as 75
3
2,105,094‘
pointed out in oneor more of my prior patents
for treating or conditioning waste, dirt, cinders,
bits of metal, etc., to a greater or lesser extent,
can be removed therefrom in that way, and in
31 the present embodiment of the invention, an an
removal from the casing ill of as much as pos
sible of said treating oil. Due to the location of
the discharge opening l2, the oil readily drains
by gravity from said casing, said oil ?owing
therefrom through the now open discharge pipe 31
. nular perforated?lter plate 10 is horizontally ar-_ - l3 to a storage reservoir, an oil reclamation plant
ranged at the upper end of the waste-receiving or to any other device or apparatus, as desired.
After removal of such oil from the casing ill,
container, in bridging or spanning relation rela
tive to the annular space 12' between the side wall
cumferentially disposed brackets 14 with'which
said casing is provided, and bolted or otherwise
suitably secured to the inner edge portion of said
plate is an annular sealing strip 16 for yieldingly
engaging the container cover portion 36 when‘
said container is in raised positiomas shown in
discharge pipe l3.
wall of the surrounding casing Ill.
As here
shown, said plate is mouhted“’upon suitable cir
Fig. 2.
'
v
and the discharge from said waste of a very ap
preciable portion of thetreating oil therein, the
oil removed from said waste flowing out of the
casing in through the outlet opening l2‘ and the
.
'
'‘
After such removal from said waste of as much
.
In practicing the improved method of the
20
the operator lowers the waste-receiving con
tainer and by the use of the screw 50 operatively
connects it to the spindle 22 for rotation there
with. Rotation of said spindle is then effected,
with consequent rotation of the waste container
10, of the waste-receiving container and the side
present ‘application, the casing I0 is supplied
with“, proper quantity of lubricating oil, either
new 0 or reclaimedoil, and preferaly in a heated
as possible of said treating liquid, the waste is 20'
subjected to the drying and resiliency-restoring
effects of heated air currents. For this part of '
the method, the waste container is freed of its
condition, the oil being supplied to said casing
operative connection‘ with said'spindle 22 and
25 by the use of any suitable means, such as a supply
is raised by means of the eccentric disc 45 to the
hose or the-like. ‘The casing is preferably ?lled . position shown in Fig. 2. ' Rotation of the spin
with oil to a point just below the brackets 14 on dle 22 is again initiated, with consequent'rota
tion of the propeller _21 and the forcible passage
which is mounted the ?lter screen 10, and if the
through the container and the waste therein of
oil delivered to the casing is in an unheated con
dition, suflicient time should be given the steam , heated air currents, the e?ect- of which is to 30
vaporize any moisture remaining in the wastev and
coils l6 to effect proper heating of said oil be
fore treatment of the waste therewith begins. to open up the waste ?bres. The air currents are
Usually, the oil delivered to the casing III is in a heated, of course, by the steam coils l6, and if
heated condition and the steam pipes l6 there: rotation of the container in the preceding oil
removing step has resulted in packing or com'-'
fore function merely as a means for maintaining
Y
30
.
35
the oil in, such condition.
-
.After supplying the casing with lubricating
, oil, and with said 011- in a heated condition, the
waste to be treated is placed in the container
40 provided therefor, said container being in its
' raised position, as‘ shown in Fig. 2, and hence
being free of operative’ connection with the spin
, dle 22.
The next step in the'present improved method
45
is to-eilect rotation of the propeller 21, and this
. is accomplished by rotating the spindle 22 on
which said propeller is rigidly mounted. Such
rotation‘of said propeller effects a forcible pas~
sage of said hot lubricating oil upwardly
50 ‘through the perforated bottom wall 30 of said
container and thence upwardly through the waste
therein, said waste being violently agitated in
‘said oil, with consequent transfer to said oil of an
appreciable portion of the objectionable content
-55 of said waste.
Due to the use of the‘ sealing
strips £5 and the baiiie plate 60, all of the oil
forced upwardly by rotation of the propeller 21,
is compelled to pass through said container and
hence through the waste therein, as will be read
60
ily understood. After passing upwardly through
. said‘ container and said waste, the oil ?ows out' wardly onto the ?lter screen 10, which screen '
pressing the waste against‘ the side wall of said
container, said waste may be pulled down there- ,
from so that the passage of the air therethrough
can be moreeffective.
v
It is to be understood, of course, that the oil 40
and air treating steps may be. repeated, if de-'
sired, the'advisability of so doing depending upon
the condition of the waste being treated. Like:
wise, the waste may be treated, before being re
moved from the present apparatus, with other
mediums than the two here mentioned.
-
a If desired, the waste may be supplied with a
proper quantity of‘ lubricating oil, for journal
box use, before being removedfrom the present
apparatus, vsaid oil being added to' they waste, 50
either while said container is stationary or while
it is rotating.
'
Further features and advantages of the present
improved apparatus and the present improved
method will be apparent to those skilled in the 55
art to which it relates.
What I claim is:
‘
,
,
-
‘
1. Apparatus for treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising a casing for receiv
ing and holding a treating liquid, means within 60
said casing for heating theliquid therein, a per
forated rotatable container mounted in said cas
collects an appreciable portion of the dirt, cinders,
bits of metal, etc., transferred-to said oil from
ing for receiving and-holding the waste to be
container and easing side walls and thence back
into thevbottom of the casing and such circulation
of said oil, effected by rotation of the propeller
hence through'said waste, with consequent trans
treated, means in said casing and outside of
said container for effecting a forcible passage of 65
65 the waste. The ?ltered oil passes down through
said screen into the annular space 58 between the - said treating liquid through said container and
70 21, is continued as long as desired, the condition
of cleanliness of . the waste largely determining
the duration of this oil ?ushing operation. '
, The next step in the present improved method,
after stopping the rotation of thespindle 22 and
75 hence that of the propeller 21, is to effect the
fer. to said liquid of at least some of the objec
tionable content of said waste, means for effecting
the removal from said casing of the major portion 70
of said treating liquid, and means for rotating said
container to remove from said‘waste an appre
ciable portion of the treating‘ liquid therein.
2. ‘Apparatus for treating ?brous waste- for‘
‘journal box use, comprising at ca“ for receiv 75
2,105,094
ing and holding a treating liquid, a perforated ro
tatable container mounted in said casing for re
ceiving and holding the waste to be treated, means
arranged between said casing and said container
for. heating the liquid in said casing, means ar
ranged between said casing and said container
for effecting a forcible passage of said treating
liquid through said container and hence through
said waste, with consequent transfer to said liquid
of at least someof the objectionable content of
said waste, meansfor effecting the removal from
said casing of the major portion of said treating‘
liquid, and‘ means for rotating said container to
remove from said waste an appreciable portion of
the treating liquid therein.
'
3. Apparatus for , treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising a casing for receiv
ing and holding a treating liquid, a rotatable con
tainer mounted in ‘said casing'for receiving and
holding the waste to be treated having a bottom
wall perforated throughout substantially its entire
' area, means arranged below said container bottom
wall for effecting a forcible passage of said treat
' ing liquid upwardly through substantially the
i6 ii
entire perforated area thereof and thence through
said waste, with consequent transfer to said liquid
of at least some of the objectionable content of
said waste, means for effecting the removal from
said casing of the major portion of said treating
liquid, and means for rotating said container to
remove from said waste an appreciable portion of
the treating liquid therein.
4.} Apparatus for treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising a normally imper
forate casing, a waste-receiving. container ar-1
ranged within. said casing and having a, perfo
rated bottom wall, propeller means arrangedwith
in said casingbeneath said container for effecting
a forcible passage of a treating ?uid through said
40 perforated container wall and thence through the
waste in said container, and a generally annular
baiile plate carried by said casing and cooperating
with said propeller means in effecting such forc
ible ?uid passage through said container and said
waste, the‘ opening of said baifle plate at the upper
end thereof being of greater cross dimensional
f size than said container.
-
5. Apparatus for treating ?brous waste, for
journal box use, comprising a casing for receiv
ing and holding a treating liquid, a waste-receiv
ing container rotatably mounted in said casing
and having a perforated bottom wall, means
arranged within said casing, beneath said con
tainer, for effecting a circulation of said treat
53 CI
ing liquid through said perforated container wall
and thence through the waste in said container,
and means within said casing for subjecting said
liquid to a cleansing effect during such circula-,
tion.
‘6. Apparatus for ‘treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising a casing for receiv
ing and holding a treating liquid, a waste-receiv
ingcontainer rotatably mounted in said casing
, and having aperforated bottom wall, means ar
ranged within said casing, beneath said container,
for effecting a circulation of said treating liquid
through said perforated container'wall and thence
through‘ the waste in said container, and ?lter
means arranged between said container and said
casing for' subjecting said liquid to a cleansing
effect during such-circulation.
-
.
'7. Apparatus for treating ?brous waste. for
journal vbox use, comprising a liquid receiving
casing, a waste-receiving container arranged
M iii within said casing and having a perforated bot.-'
tom wall, propeller means arranged in said casing
beneath said container for effecting a forcible ~
passage of said liquid through said perforated
container wall and'thence through said waste,
operator-controlled means for lowering and rais
ing said container to respectively connect and dis
connect said container to a‘ rotating means, and
means engaged by said container when the latter
is in its raised position and said propeller means
is in operation for subjecting said liquid to a 10
cleansing effect and for exerting a controlling
effect upon the direction of ?ow of said liquid.
8. The method of treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising the step of placing the
waste to be treated in a perforated container
arranged in a liquid-containing casing; the step
of thereafter effecting, while said container is sta
tionary in said casing, a forcible passage of said
treating liquid upwardly throughout substantially
the entire area of the bottom wall of said con 20
tainer and hence through said waste therein;
the step of thereafter removing from said casing, “
while said container is stationary therein, at least
the major portion of said treating liquids; and the
step of thereafter rotating said container in said
casing to effect the removal from said waste of
an appreciable portion of the treating liquid
' therein.
9. The method of treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising the step of placing 30
the waste to be treated in a perforated container
mounted in a liquid-containing casing; the step of
thereafter effecting, while said container is sta
tionary in said casing, a forcible passage of said
treating liquid upwardly throughout substantially
35
the entire area of the bottom wall of said con
tainer and hence through said waste; the step
of thereafter removing from‘ said casing, while'
said container is stationary therein, at least'the '
major portion of said treating liquid; the step 40
of thereafter rotating said container in said cas
ing to effect the removal from said waste of an
appreciable portion of the treating liquid therein;
andthe step of thereafter effecting, while said
container is in said casing and while said waste 45
is not subjected to an appreciable packing or com
pressing eifect, the forcible passage of air up
wardly through said container and hence through
said waste.
-
10. Apparatus for treating the ?brous waste 50
for journal box use, comprising a casing for re
ceiving and holding a treating liquid, a perforated
container mounted in said casing for receiving
and holding the waste to be treated, means for
moving said container in said casing between an 55
upper stationary position and a lower rotatable
position, a perforated cover for said container '
engaged thereby when said container .is in its
.upper stationary position, means for effecting,
,when said container is in its upper stationary
position, a forcible passage of the treating liquid
in said casing through said container and thence
through said- waste, with consequent transfer to
said liquid of at least some of the objectionable
content of said waste,‘means for enabling the
major portion of said treating liquid to be re
moved from said casing,‘ and means for e?ect
ing rotation of said container, when it is in its
lower rotatable position, to remove from said
waste an appreciable portion of the treating liquid 70
therein.
-
'
,
11. Apparatusyfor treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising a casing for receiv
ing and holding a treating liquid, an ‘.imperforate
cover for said casing. a perforated container 75
5
. 2,105,094
position, to remove from said waste an appre
and-the side wall of said casing, means for verti
cally moving said container in said casing be
tween an upper position and a lower position,
means for rotating said container when it is in
its lower position, means for effecting a ?ow of
liquid in said casingwhen said ‘container is in
its upper position, and upper and lower liquid
baille means in said annular space for engage
ment respectively with the upper and lower ends
'of said container when said container is in its
upper position, with consequent restriction of the
how of liquid through said annular space when
said container is in its- upper position.
15. Apparatus for treating ?brous waste for
journal box use, comprising a casing for receiv
ing and holding a treating liquid, a container
mounted in said casing for receiving and hold—_
ing the waste to be treated, said container hav-'
said casing, a perforated waste receiving con
tion and a lower position, means for rotating said
mounted in said casing for receiving and holding
the waste to be treated, means for moving said
container in said casing between an upper sta
tionary position and a lower rotatable position,
a perforated cover for said container carried by
said casing cover and engaged» by said container
when said container is in its upper stationary
position, means for e?ecting, when said con
tainer is in its upper stationary position, a forci
10 ble passage of the treating liquid in said casing
through said container and thence through said
- waste, with consequent transfer to said liquid
of at least some of the objectionable content of
said waste, means for enablingthe major por
tion of said treating liquid to be removed from
said casing, and means for effecting rotation of
said container, when it is in its lower rotatable
. ing a perforated bottom wallland being of such
ciable portion of the treating liquid therein.
size that a generally annular space is provided
12.
Apparatus
for
treating
?brous
waste
for'
20
between
the side wall thereof and the side wall ‘
journal box use, comprising a casing for receiv
ing and holding a treating liquid, a vertically dis- . of said casing, means for vertically moving said
posed spindle structure rotatably mounted in container in said casing between an upper posi
container when it is in its lower position, means
arranged within said casing below said container
in said casing, and means for releasably con
necting said container to said spindle structure , _ for effecting when said container is in its upper
for rotation therewith, said means including a position, a forcible passage of said liquid up
25 tainer loosely mounted on said spindle structure
vertically, disposed rotatable disc eccentrically
80 mounted on said container and adapted to be re
wardly through the perforated bottom wall of
said container and through the waste therein, a
leasably connected to said spindle structure, the
generally annular de?ector surrounding said last
said spindle by rotary movement of said disc.
13. Apparatus for treating ?brous waste for
tainer, said de?ector being of such size at its _
tainer mounted in said casing for receiving and
end for ba?iing the space between‘ said end and
eccentric mounting of said disc enabling said named means and cooperating therewith in ef
.container to be raised and lowered relative to - fecting the forcible passage of said liquid
through the perforated bottom wall of said con
journal box use, comprising a generally‘ cylin- _ upper end that a generally annular space is pro
drical casing for receiving and holding a treat; vided between said end and said container, and
liquid baf?e means carried by said de?ector upper
ing liquid, a generally cylindrical perforated con
40 holdingthe waste to be treated, said container
said container when said container is in its upper 40
being of such size that a generally annularspace
16. Apparatus for treating ?brous waste for
‘is provided between the side wall thereof and
journal
box use, comprising a casing for receiv- _
the side wall of said casing, means for vertically.
moving said container in said casing between an , ing, and holding a treating oil, a perforated con 45
upper position and a lower position, means for tainer mounted in said casing for receiving and
rotating said container when it is in its lower holding the waste to be treated by such oil, the
position, means for effecting a ?ow of liquid in I 'side wall of said container being spaced from
said casing when said container is in its upper the side wall of said casing with the consequent
position; and liquid ba?le’means in said annular - provision of an annular space therebetween,
space
for engagement by said container when means arranged within said casing below said
50
container for e?ecting a ?ow of such oil through
said container is in its upper position, with con
sequent restriction of the flow of treating liquid ‘ andv around said container and through the
through said annular space when said container ' waste therein, and heating coils for said treat
position.
is in its upper position.
v
14. Apparatus for treating‘ ?brous waste for
journalbox use, comprising a generally cylin
drical casing for receiving and holding a treat
ing liquid, a generally cylindrical perforated
container mounted in said casing for receiving
60 and holding the waste to be treated, said con
tainer being of such size that a generally annular
space is provided between the side wall thereof
_
_
.
ing oil arranged in vertical series in the annu
lar space between the side walls of said casing 55
‘and said container, with consequent restriction
of the ?ow of oil through such space and the
e?‘ective heating of such oil, thereby insuring
su?icient mobility of such oil to enable it to
properly ?ow through the waste in such con
tainer.
.
.
EDWIN S. PEARCE.
60' I
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