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Патент USA US2105204

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Jan. 11,1938?
' J. SODERHOLM
2,105,204
BARRIER WICKET
Filed Feb. '8, 193?
3 Sheets-Sheet l
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Jan. 11, 1938.
J. SODERHOLM
2,105,204
BARRIER WICKET
' Filed Feb. 8,1937
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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‘ Jan. '11, 1938.
,
J_ SODERHQLM
'
2,105,204
' BARRIER WICKET
Filed Feb. 8, 1957
s Sheets-‘Sheet’ 3
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Patented Jan. 11, 1938
2,105,204
UNITED STATES ‘ATEN‘T OFFICE
2,105,204
BARRIER ‘WICKET
Joel Soderholm, Minneapolis,
'Application February 8, 1937, Serial No. 124,705
8 Claims. (C1. cog-1.01)
My invention relates to- improvements in barrier
wickets, particularly though not exclusively, for
the protection of bank cashiers.
.
An object of the inventionis to provide. an im
16:1 proved wicket of the present character through
which objects may be readily passed from the
patron’s station at one side thereof to the at
tendant’s station at the opposite side, and ‘vice
versa, in full view of both attendant. and patron,
10 such structure constituting an effective barrier
that is bullet resistant and which serves to‘isolate
the attendant’s station from'the station for pa
trons whom he serves.
.
V
More speci?cally, it is an object of my inven
' tion to provide a structure of the instant nature
including a counter and ,a transparent, non
shatterable barrier pane between an attendant’s
station at one side of the counter and a patron’s
tendant’s station, 15 at one side of they counter
I.ll,.and a patron’s station It at the other-side of
said counter. The pane I2, like its companion
panes H, are of bullet resistant material, said
pane [2 being transparent and, preferably, of ‘
shatter-proof ‘ glass.
Set into the counter l0, beneath the pane I2,
is a’ deal tray I‘! through which objects, such as
bank-books, papers, currency and the like may
be passed under the pane 12 from the one station
atone sideof said pane to the other station at
the opposite side thereof.
.10
‘
The body of the.tr,ay I1 is trough-shaped, the
same being formed of metal and having a sub
stantially '?at bottom 18 and upturned sides l9. 715
Said trayis supported at its ends by means of
rails 20 formed with depending plates 2| provid
ing hangers for the body of the tray and also
station at the opposite side thereof, such structure forming the ends thereof. Attaching ?anges 22
having a counter‘or deal tray beneath said pane turned outwardly from the body of the tray ll, 20
through which papers, currency and the like may at the extremities thereof, are secured by screws ‘ '
be passed from either of said stations to the other, '23 to the hanger plates__2l on the rails 20. The
the tray being supplied with simultaneously mov
rails 20 .are Z-shaped in cross-section, each there
able‘ closure panels or transparent non-shatter
of having a web ‘2.4, an inwardly turned track
1 ableglass, one at either side of the barrier pane,
?angel25' at its "lower edge and an outwardly
-)
each panelbeing movableinto a position. cover- 7 turned attaching ?ange 26‘at its upper edge. The
ing itsrespective portion of said tray atitsre attaching ?anges 26 of said rails 20 are riveted
spective side of said barrier‘ pane, such position
orotherwise secured to the lower face of a mount
ing of one closure panel being attendedwith move
ing plate 2'! which is cut away‘centrally thereof
.30 ment' of the other into’ a position uncovering to provide an opening 28 therein above the tray
\ its respective portion of the dealtray at its re
H. An opening 29 is cut in the counter 10 to‘
spective side of the barrier pane.
‘
1
Other objects of l the invention reside in the novel
combination and'arr‘angement of parts and in the
details ‘of construction hereinafter illustrated
and/or described.
In the drawings, Fig. 1 is afragmentary per
accommodate the rails ,20 and the tray ll, said
counter being recessed for the reception of the
_mounting plate 21 to bring the upper face thereof
into the plane of the face of the counter. The
drop panel I4,'beneath the counter NJ is also cut
away as at 30, to accommodate the rails 20 and
spective view illustrating a barrier wicket em?" tray, I ‘I. Said rails 20'extend transversely of the
bodying my invention;,Fig. 2 isa plan view of the counter, l6, while the body of the tray ll extends
14,10 structure shown in Fig, 1; Fig. 3 is a sectional longitudinally thereof, one side portion, of the
View taken as on the line 3--.3 of Fig. 2; ‘Fig.
4 is a detail sectional view taken as on the line
4-4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspec
tive view of the deal tray proper, and Fig. 6 is
a fragmentary perspective view illustrating one of
the two closure panels for the tray and the cor
responding portion of the panel carrying carriage.
Reference being had to'the drawings, it will be
seen that the illustrated structure comprises a
tray being open, at one side of the barrier pane
l2 and the other side portion of said tray being
open at the oppqsite of said pane.
V
,Mounted for, to and fro movement on the track
?anges 25 of the rails 20 is a carriage 3| having a __ 45
rectangular frame consisting of. side members 32 I
and end members ‘33.
At each corner of the
carriage frameis a wheel 34, which is journaled
on a lug 35 issuing from an end member 33 of a
“50 barrier including a counter. Ill, window panes H, the frame. Thewheels 34 at each side of the’ _
l2 and mullions l 3 for said panes rising‘from‘the carriage, frame are positioned in the plane of the“
counter in aplane paralleling said counter ap
corresponding side frame member 32 and ride the
proximately midwidth thereof. Said barrier also track ?ange 25 of the corresponding rail 20. The
includes a drop panel l4‘ beneath the counter, Ill. , opposite inner?marginal portions of the mount
,55 The barrienpane [2 stands ‘between an at ing plate 21, paralleling the counter I0, over-n
2,105,204
2
reach the end frame members 33 of the carriage
3| in all positions of the carriage and the inner
marginal portions of said plate, transversely of
ginal portion of said pane being positioned be
the counter, overreach the side members 32 of
said frame.
tween the side frame members 32 of the carriage
3|, so that the nose-strips 38 on the closure
Carried by the carriage 3!, in relatively spaced
relationship, are a pair of closure panels 36 for
the tray ll, one panel for the portion of the tray
at one side of the barrier pane l2 and the other
10 panel for the portion of said tray at the oppo
site side of said pane.
These closure panels 36
are of transparent, non-shatterable material,
preferably of bullet resistant glass. Said panels‘
36 extend from one side frame member 32 of the
carriage 3| to the other and each panel has a
support, at its respective end of said carriage,
which consists of an inside ?ange 3? formed on
the frame member 33 at such end of said car
riage. Further supporting the spaced closure
panels 36 are channeled nose-strips 38, each
sheathing the edge of its respective panel 36 and
secured at its ends to the side frame members 32
of the carriage 3i by means of screws 39. The
lugs 35 at the ends of the carriage 3i extend be
yond the wheels 33 journaled thereon and serve
to strike the counter id at their respective edges
of the opening 29 therein and thereby limit the
to and fro movement of the carriage. Thus, in
either of the extreme positions of the carriage 3|,
30 one of the closure panels 36, carried thereby, is
projected from beneath its corresponding por
tion of the mounting plate 21 and positioned to
cover its respective portion of the tray IT at the
panels 36 will assume positions substantially
abutting said portion of said pane.
Having reference to Fig. 3 of the drawings, the
manner in which objects may be passed through
the barrier structure will be readily understood. 10
Assume that a patron at the patron’s station l5
wishes to pass a check through the barrier
wicket to the attendant at the attendant’s sta
tion IE. Such check would be slipped into the
tray I‘! through the space between the retracted
closure panel 36 and the barrier pan l2. There
after, the patron or attendant, each having access
to the nose-strip 38 of his respective closure
panel 36, would push or pull upon such strip, as
the case may be, to shift the carriage 3| and 20
reverse the relation between closure plates 36
and barrier pane l2. This accomplished, the
check in tray I‘! would be accessible to the at
tendant through the opening between the closure
panel 36 and the barrier pane 12 at his station 25
l6. Should the transaction call for the exchange
of currency for the check, the attendant would
slip the currency into the tray I‘! through said
opening between said panel 36 and pane i2 and,
thereupon, slide the carriage 2| to reposition the 30
same in its relation with respect to the barrier
pane I2 as shown in Fig. 3. The currency in the
one side of the barrier pane 12, while the com—
tray H, in such position of the carriage, would
then be accessible to the patron through the
panion closure panel 36 is retracted beneath its
opening between the barrier pane i2 and closure
corresponding portion of said mounting plate 21
panel 36 at his station l5. The'pane l2 and
closure panels 36 being transparent, it is pos
sible at all times for both patron and attendant
to view objects within the tray l1 and each party
and thereby located in a position uncovering its
respective portion of the tray H at the other side
40
The barrier pane I2 projects through the open
ing 28 in the mounting plate 21, the lower mar
of said pane l2.
The edges of the upper ?anges 40 of the chan
neled nose-strips 38 are beveled, as at M, and
the facing edges of the mounting plate 21 are
similarly beveled, as at 62, to prevent the catch
ing of objects between said strips and plate.
Dual means are provided to prevent the pinch
ing of papers between the edges of the lower
?anges 43 of the nose-strips 38 and the lip of the
tray H, the same comprising a pair of guard
strips 44 extending from one rail 20 to the other
50 and slidably supported at their ends on the track
?anges 25 of said rails. One guard-strip 44 is
located beneath one closure panel 36 coplanar
with the ?ange 43 on its nose-strip 38 and its
45
panel supporting flange 31.
The other guard
55 strip 46 is similarly located with respect to the
other closure panel 36. Said guard-strips 44 are
similarly shifted into and out of their operative
positions, wherein they overhang their respective
portions of the lip of tray H. Each guard-strip
60 44 in operative position, forms a stop to catch
the leading edges of papers, inserted into the tray
from the opposite side, and prevents them from
entering the path of the ?ange 43 on the nose
strip 38, where they might be caught between
65 such ?ange and the tray lip and thereby muti
lated as a consequence thereof. Each guide-strip
44 is pushed into its projected or operative posi
tion by the carriage frame ?ange 3'1 supporting
its respective closure panel 36 and is pushed into
70 its retracted or inoperative position by the ?ange
43 on the nose-strip 38 of its respective closure
panel 36. The guard-strip M at the left hand
side 'of Fig. 3 is shown in its operative position
and the guide-strip M at the right hand side of
76 said Fig. 3 is shown in its inoperative position.
is able to see the objects as they are placed in 40
and taken from the tray by the other party.
All of the parts of the barrier structure, in
cluding the pane l2 and closure panels 36, being
of bullet resistant material, it is impossible, from
the patron’s station l5, to in?ict injury upon the
attendant at his station l6, since no bullet or
other weapon could reach the attendant through
the tray i‘! or other portion of the barrier. With
the portion of the tray I‘! at the attendant’s side
of the pane [2 covered by the corresponding 50
closure panel 36, it is obvious that no bullet could
pass said panel, and even with said portion of
the tray entirely uncovered, it will be seen that
a bullet directed into the tray i‘! from the
patron’s station l5 would be intercepted and 55
stopped by the closure panel 36 at the attendant’s
side of the barrier pane 12. And, too, it will be
seen that a bullet directed into an opening of any
size between the barrier pane l2 and closure
panel 36 at the patron’s side of said pane, would
be de?ected by the bottom l3 of the tray I‘! in
such manner as to be intercepted and stopped by
the then only partially retracted closure panel
33, at the attendant’s side of the pane l2.
My invention is particularly advantageous in 65
that it can be readily embodied in a structure
which, though relatively simple and inexpensive,
is highly effective for the purpose intended, and
convenient in use and sightly in appearance.
70
Changes in the speci?c form of my invention,
as herein disclosed, may be made within the
scope of what is claimed without departing from
the spirit of my invention.
Having described my invention, What I claim 75
‘2,105,204
.edge of said pane, the movement of said carriage
as new and desire ‘to protest by Letters :Patent
is:
‘
-
3
- inone direction serving to shift the panels caus
ing one thereof to cover its respective portion of
the tray and causing the other to uncover its ‘re
spective portion of said tray,lthe reverse move
ment of said carriage reversing such relationship
between panels and tray, abutment means, on
thelbarrier structure, and means on the carriage
'for'engagement with said abutment means ‘to
limit the to and fro movements of said carriage. 10
4. In a structure of the present character, a
carriage in coplanar and'relatively‘spaced rela-. barrier including an upright‘pane, a deal tray
tionship, one at one side of said pane and the‘ therebeneath, said tray extending beyond the
companion (panel at the other side thereof, the pane at either side thereof and providing a pas
sageway through which objects may be passed .15
plane of the lower edgeof'saidpane being be
neath the plane of ‘the. upper ‘surfaces of said from one ‘side of said pane to the other, ‘a carpanels, the ‘movement of said carriage ‘inone riage interposed between said pane and tray and
directionserving to shift-the panels causing‘one supported for to and fro movement, companion
thereof to cover its respective portion of the tray closure panels for said tray, said panels being
andcausing'the otherto uncover its respective mounted on the carriage in coplanar and rela 20
portion of said tray, the reverse movement of said tively spaced relationship, one at one side of said
carriage reversing such relationship between pane and the companion panel at the other side
panels and tray, nose-strips, framing therfacing thereof, and both of saidpanels above the plane
edges of said panels, each strip having a ?ange of the lower edge of said pane; the movement of
said carriage in one direction serving ‘to shift the 25
underlying its respective panel, a pair of guard
panels causing one thereof to cover its respective
strips, one for each panel, each of said guard
strips being located beneath its respective panel portion of said tray and causing the other to un
and slidably'lsupp'orted at its ends on said rails cover its respective portion of said tray, the re
for movement into and out of operative position, verse movement of said carriage causing the one
overhanging its respectiverlip portion ‘of said. panel to uncover its respective portion of the 30
tray, wherein it serves as'a stop for the leading tray previously coveredthereby and causing the
edges of papers inserted into the tray from the companion panel to be re-positioned and thereby
opposite side thereof, means on the carriage for disposed in tray covering relation, guard strips,
engaging said guard strips and moving the same one for each closure panel, each‘guard strip be
into their said operative positions, the flanges on ing located beneath its respective panel and mov
‘said nose-strips being in a plane common to that able into and out of position over-reaching the
lip of its respective side of said tray, and means‘
of said guard-strips, and providing means for en
gaging said guard-strips and retracting them for shifting said strips to project the one as its
1. A barrier structure including annprightbar
rier pane,~a deal tray'therebeneath, said tray ex
tending beyond ‘the pane at either side thereof
and providing apassageway through which ob
jects may be passedfrom one side-of saidpane to
the other, a carriage interposed between said
pane and tray, railssupporting said carriage for
to and fro movement, companion closure panels
for said tray, said panels beingrmounted ‘on the
19
15
20
30
59 Li
11-0
respective closure panel takes tray covering po
from their said operative positions.
2. A barrier structure including an upright pane sition and to retract the other, as its respective
of transparent material, a deal tray therebeneath, panel takes tray uncovering position.
5. In a structure of the present character, a
said tray extending beyond the pane, at, either
side thereof'and providing a passageway through ‘ barrier including an upright barrier pane, a, deal
which objects may be passed from one side of said ' tray beneath and contiguous to the lower edge of
pane to the other, a carriage interposed ‘between said pane, said tray extending beyond the pane at
said pane and tray and supported for to and fro either side thereof and providing a passageway
movement, companion closure panels for said through which objects may be passed from one
tray, said panels being of transparent material ' side‘ of said pane to the other, companion closure
and mounted on the carriage in relatively spaced
relation, one at one side of said pane and the
companion panel at the other side thereof, said
panels, one for that portion of the tray at one
side of the barrier pane and one for that portion
of said tray at the opposite side of said pane, said
panels being in a common plane occupied by the , closure panels being movably mounted and shift
able to cover and uncover their respective por
lower marginal portion of said pane, the move
ment of said carriage in one direction serving to tions of said tray, and means for coordinating the
movement of said closure panels, whereby the
UK Cl shift the panelscausing one thereof to cover its
respective portion of the tray and causing the shifting of one into position covering its respec
other to uncover its ‘respective portion of tive portion of said tray will be attended with the
said tray, the reverse movement of said vshifting of the other into position uncovering its
carriage reversing such relationship between respective portion of said tray, said barrier pane
and closure panels being of transparent bullet 60
60 panels and tray, and stop means to. limit the ex
tent of the to and fro movements of said carriage ' resisting material isolating the‘ stations at either
and thereby keep said panels from striking ‘said side of the'pane, one'from the other, and afford
ing a clear view of thecontents of said tray from
lower marginal portion of the barrier pane.
3. A barrier structure including an upright both stations.
6. In a structure of the present character, a 65
pane, a deal tray therebeneath, said tray extend
ing beyond the pane at either side thereof and, barrier including an upright pane, a deal tray
providing a passageway through which objects therebeneath, said tray extending beyond said
may be passed from one side of said pane to the pane at either side thereof and providing a pas
other, a carriage interposed between said pane sageway through which objects may be passed
70 and tray and supported for to and fro movement, from one side of said pane to the other, a pair of 70
companion closure panels for said tray, said * edgewise spaced closure panels for said tray, one
panels being mounted on the carriage in spaced panel being located at one side of said pane and
relationship, one at one side of said pane and the the companion panel at the other side thereof,
companion. panel at the other side thereof, and
both of said panels above the plane of, the lower
each panel being disposed in a plane occupied by
a lower marginal portion of said pane; said panels 76
2,105,204
being slidably guided for concurrent to'and fro
10
able to cover and uncover their respective por
movement, each in its own plane, above said tray, ~ tions of said tray, and means for coordinating the
the movement of said panels concurrently in one movement of'said closure panels, whereby the
direction causing one panel to cover its respective shifting of one into position covering its respec
portion of said tray and causing the companion tive portion of said tray is attended with the shift
panel to uncover its respective portion of the tray, ing of the other into position uncovering its
the movement of said panels in the other direc
respective portion of said tray.
tion reversing such relationship between panels
8. In a structure of the character described, a
and tray.
barrier including an upright pane, a tray dis
7. In a structure of the present character, a
posed beneath said pane contiguous thereto, a 1O
barrier including an upright pane, a deal tray be
portion of said tray at one side thereof opening
neath and contiguous to the lower edge of said at one side of the pane and the opposite portion
vpane, said tray extending beyond the pane at
either side thereof and providing a passageway
through which objects may be passed from one
side of said pane to the other, companion closure
panels, one for that portion of the tray at one
side of the barrier pane and one for that portion
of said tray at the opposite side of said pane, said
20 closure panels being movably mounted and shift
of said tray opening at the other side of said pane,
companion closure panels, one for each of said
portions of said tray, said panels being movable
into and out of their respective tray closing posi
tions, each panel in its closed position occupying
a plane also occupied by a lower marginal portion
of said pane.
JOEL SODERHOLM.
20
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