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Патент USA US2105207

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‘ Jan. 11, ‘1938.
Q6, ULUN
‘2,105,207
FISH CLEANING-AND FILLETING MACHINE
Filed April 1, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet l
1
1.5
.
11v VEI‘VTOR
Car/ 6. 0/492,
ATTORNEY
Jan.1l,1938.
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.
QGULLIN
\
2,105,207
FISH CLEANING AND FILLETING MACHINE
[N VENTOR
v g’
y I . Car/6‘ w/zn
ATTORNEY '
Jan. 11, 15938.
c. G. ULLIN
mama? -
FISH CLEANING AND FILLETING MACHINE
Filed April 1. .1935
3 Sheets-Sheet 5
s“
an/ 51,
BY
‘
_
-
A TTORNE
Patented 1.... '11, 1938
f , 2,105,207 ’
‘ UNITED STATES i-PATENf omen Y.
.
Palomar
A
1
FISH‘ creme AND mnarma menmn
'
Carl G. Ullin, Seattle, wash.
'
Application April v1,' 1935,, Serial nai'eoas ' 11 Claims. (01. 11-3)
said companion blocks above the gulley diverging '
outwardly from one another and terminating in
, This invention relates to improved mechanism
for cleaning and ?lleting ?sh, the invention op
erating- to slime; the ?sh, remove theback-bone
down-turned ribs 2|. For-slide movementat an
therefrom, and split the ?sh for ?llet purposes- ‘ inclination of approximately 30° from‘ the hori- .
'zontal through said ribs and the gulley-forming 5
5> and, in the performance of such work, eliminate
any possibility of bruising or otherwise marring
the
meat.
‘
.
.
‘
,
side wall's'of the blocks are pins 22, said pins as
v the buckets travel longitudinally of the frame be
'
tween~ cam-"forming sidebars 24' being operated
in opposition tosp'rings 23 into'l‘i'm'pinging rela-.
‘Speci?c objects and advantages of jtheinven
tion will become apparent in. the course‘ of the
tion to the ?anks of the ?shh The pins at one 10.
end of the buckets are of a length greater than
v10 following detailed. description and in the claims
annexed thereto, the invention consisting in the
novel construction, adaptation, and combina
tion of parts hereinafter described and claimed
the pins at the opposite end to conform to the .'_'
taper oi’ the ?sh. Operating as guides to support the buckets in their travel between the cams‘
and in the improved method‘by means of which
“Gare channeled bars 25 receiving the lateral edges 15
' 15 the desired work is performed.
In the drawings: _
of the bucket-carrying plates l8..
-
-
s
In the'longitudina-l travel of the ?sh with th
Figure 1 is a side elevation ofthe'machine in its‘
now preferred form, parts beingbroken away to
better illustrate the plow mechanism by means
2
'
vpins gripping the sameagainst dislodgement, the
invention provides means whereby cutter devices -
of the ?sh are spreadlaterally remove a strip from the belly of the ?sh to ‘re-. 20
O ‘ of which the sides
.
move. the ventral and .'anal ?ns together with the ‘
from one another to expose the entrail cavity: .
" Fig. 2 is a top plan view thereof, the water __ entrails, following which the ?sh is spread to - '
V
open the ‘entrail cavity with cutter devices suc
supply line and nozzles represented in the pre-1
cessively ‘removing the exposed back bone and
ceding view being deleted for purposes of sim
25}
plicity.
_
V
'
'
- slitting the ?sh. on the longitudinal median line, 25
the cutting plane of these successive devices be
tion taken to an enlarged‘ scale on the line 3-3 ing stepped progressively to properly locate the _ '
,
~
_
of Fig. 2' with the cutter mechanism by means of - same relative to the work.
More especially thereto, the belly-slitting de- _
which va‘ strip is removed from the belly of the
vices comprise a pair of saws 30 spaced to lie at 30
3 O ?sh being shown in elevation.
opposite sides of the longitudinal median line of
Figs. 4 and 5. are fragmentary transverse ver
tical sections taken on broken lines 4-4 and the ?sh and revolubly supported on a common.
‘Fig. 3.is afra'gmentary transverse vertical sec
5-—5 of Fig. 2 and respectively indicating the
bone-removing and ?lleting cutters; and
v 35
Fig. 6 is‘ a fragmentary transverse vertical sec
tion taken on line 6—6 ofFig. 2 to indicate the
generalformation of the several plows and the
> ‘manner of supporting the same.
Having reference to said drawings, the numer
'40 al l0 represents the machine frame which e,x-'
tends longitudinallyand supports a pair of hori
arbor 3!, the bone-removing cutter comprising a
relatively wide saw 32 revolubly supported‘ on an
arbor 33, and the ?lleting cutter comprising .a 35
saw 34 revolubly'supported on an arbor 35, said
arbors being ‘journaled in suitable bearings 36
andbeing driven‘ through a plurality of endless
belts 31 from a source of power ‘(not shown) com
mon to the chain l5.
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.
'40
Located to extendv from a point immediately
' zontal transversely disposed shafts ll, I2 at the ,following the saws 30 to the rear-most point of
‘operation following the‘ saw 34 are devices for
two opposite ends‘ serving to revolubly ‘carry re
spective sprocket wheels ‘l3, l4. Received over ' spreading the‘sides of. the ?sh to expose the en45 said sprocket wheels is- an endless chain li'which, ‘trail cavity, said devices comprising a plurality 45
at spaced intervals, is provided with cross bars of yieldably-mounted' plow members 40, ‘4|, and
overlying the parallel links. Bolted or otherwise 42 which, as indicated, are suitably slotted for,
secured to the cross bars are plate members 18 the reception of the respective sawsand formed
at the leading‘ ends with relatively sharp prows.
on ‘which are mounted ?sh-carrying buckets rep
50 resented generally by I‘, the bucketscomprising Supporting said plows Irrepresent spring leaves 50- I»
, companion blocks-each formed with a foot mem
mi'be'r "laterally adjustable on the plates to retain
a channel between the same and providing, above
the channel‘, ?sh-receiving'gulleys of a relative
43 boltably secured at the inner ends with the- .
outer free ends ‘44, being provided with vertical '
foot-rods 45 arranged for vertical adjustment rel
ative to a horizontal surface 46 on which the
55 semi-circular con?guration in transverse section; _ same seat for locating the plowsv at a pre-deter— 55
.
i
. 2
_ 2,105,207
. mined elevation above the ?oor of the buckets.
. In offsetting the weight of the plows to increase
with the travel of the ?sh longitudinally of the '
frame for washing the same.
2. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, the combination
the sensitivity of the supporting leaves. 43, rods
41 extend upwardly from the leaves through sta
with a machine frame, an endless chain arranged
tionary arms 48 with the upper‘ ends being 'longitudinally of the frame, sprocket wheels
threaded for the reception of nuts 48, said nuts therefor carried by the frame, and means for ro
acting to regulate the tension of elevating springs - tating the sprocket wheels for driving the chain,
50. Guide rods for the free ends of the spring carrier devices for the ?sh supported at spaced leaves 43 are indicated at 5|.
10
intervals of the chain length, said carriers hav- '
,
With their object that of projecting streams of
water fromv a pressure source of supply over the
entrail cavities of the ?sh as well as ?ushing the
operating surfaces of the -machine, the inven
tion further provides a plurality of Jet nozzles 52
which are indicated as being located in advance .
ing a v-trough within which the fish are adapted 10
to be deposited with the bellies uppermost, a
plurality of normally open ?sh-gripping pins car'
ried by the respective carriers for relative closing
and opening movements transversely of the ma
chine responsive to the travel of the carriers
of and following the saws l0 and rearwardly of longitudinally of the frame, a pair of laterally
each of they saws 32 and 34 on the longitudinal spaced circular'saws supported in the path of
median line of the machine.
travel of the ?sh on said carriers for cutting a
In operation, the ?sh are manually or other
medial strip from the bellies of the ?sh, a mem
20 wise placed with their heads foremost and bellies ber operating'subsequent to said cutting oper 20
,up in the gullies of the successive buckets, being - ation to spread the sides of the ?sh for exposing
impinged by the pins 22 as the buckets are fed the entrail cavity, and a saw supported in the
between the earns 24 and past the successive saw; - path of travel of the'?sh on the carriers for re
30, 3/2, and 34, the ?sh in their travel from one moving ,the exposed back-bone of the ?sh.
25 to the other end f the machine being opened by
3; In a ?sh-cleaning and ?lleting machine, a 25
the saws 30 and 5 read by the plows 40. 4|, and frame, carriers for the ?sh supported for move
ment longitudinally of the frame, ?sh-gripping
42 during the time interval in which the back
bone is removed and the fish split. The entrails, ' devices-carriedaby the carriers arranged" for clos
being attached to the strip which is removed by , ing and opening movements transversely of the
30 the saws 30, are projected by the saws into the
spacein' advance of the following bucket with
the leading nozzleoperating to wash the same
‘ into a’ trough (not shown) located below the ma
chine. It is to be noted, in connection with the
35 removal of the entrails, that the leading plow
40 by means of its furrowing action through the
entrail cavity of the ?sh co-acts with the saws
30 in' dislodging the entrails.
frame to engage and release the ?sh responsive 30
to the travel of the carriers longitudinally of
the frame, and means operative on the fish and
responsive to the~longitudinal travel of the same
for successively removing the ?sh entrails to
gether with a strip from the belly of the ?sh to
which the entrails are attached, spreading the
sides of the fish to expose the entrail cavities,
removing the exposed back-bones, and splitting
Where ?lleting is\not desired, the saw 34 may I the ?sh to sever the sides from one another.
be readily removed in which arrangement the
machine is utilized for cleaning purposes only.
The disclosure permits of numerous modi?ca
tions and it is my intention that the invention
be con?ned only within the broad spirit of the
45 invention as expressed 'by the hereto‘ annexed
claims.
'
What I claim, is:-
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1. In a-?sh-cleaning and ?lletingemachine, the
combination with the machine frame, an endless
50 chain ‘arranged longitudinally of the frame,
sprocket wheels therefor carried by the frame,
- and means for driving the sprocket wheels, of
carriers for the fish supported in spaced relation
on said chain, said carriers having a V-shape in
55 transverse section within the‘ trough of which
carriers the ?sh are adapted to be deposited with
the ,bellies ‘uppermost, a plurality of normally
open ?sh-gripping pins carried by the respective
carriers for relative closing and opening moveq
60 ments transversely of the machine responsive to
4. In a ?sh-cleaning and ?lleting machine, a
frame, a carrier for the ?sh supported for move
46
ment longitudinally of the frame,Y?sh-gripping
means carried by the carrier and arranged for
relative closing and opening movements trans
versely of the framev to engage and release the 45
?sh responsive to the travel of the carrier longi_
tudinally of the frame, and means operative on
the ?sh and responsive to the longitudinal travel
of the carrier for performing the following op‘
eratlons: cutting'a strip from the belly'of the 50
?sh without severing the same from the entrails,
removing said strip and the entrails, removing
the back-bone, and splitting the ?sh to,sever the
sides from one ‘another.
'
'
5. In a ?sh-cleaning and ?lleting machine, the 55
combination with the machine frame, rotary
cutting devices supported by said frame for move
ment in parallel planes and about a common axis
for removing a strip from the belly of ‘the ?sh,
removing the back-bone, and severing the sides
the travel of the carriers longitudinally of the - from one another, and means for feeding the
supported in the path of travel of the ?sh on said
6. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, in combination '
a frame, a pair of laterally spaced circular saws ‘ ?sh through said cutting devices.
carriers for cutting a medial strip from the bel
65 lies of the ?sh, a member yieldable upwardly and
operating subsequent to, said'cutting operation
with means for slitting the belly of the ?sh to cut
a medial‘strip therefrom in‘ which is included the 65.
ventral ?n, the anal ?n, and the entrail connec
to spread the sides of the ?sh for exposing the tion, said slitting being vertically as respectsthe
entrail cavity, a saw supported in the path of ?sh whereby to prevent a severing of the strip
travel of the ?sh on the carriers for removing from-the entrails, and'a furrowing device acting
70 the exposed back bone,‘ a circular saw>also sup
to enter the entrail cavity of the ?sh to‘ force the 70'
ported in the path of travel of tlie ?sh on saidv entrails and said strip from the same, andmeans
' ‘carriers for splitting the ?sh along the back of supporting said furrowing device, for yieldable
the same to sever the two sides from one another, movement to accommodate variation in' the size
‘ and, means for' delivering streams of water ‘ of. the ?sh being cleaned.‘
'
75 through said entrail cavity of the ?sh coincident
7. The method of cleaning a ?sh which con 75
‘2,105,207.
3.
sists' in collectively removing the entrails and a
belly strip in which is included the ventral ?n,
the anal ?n, and the entrail connection, spread
cam supported by the frame at opposite sides of
the path of travel of the blocks for engaging said
projecting ends of the pins in response to the
travel of the blocks for closing the pins .rela
tively ‘one with another in opposition to the
- ing the sides of the ?sh to expose theentrail
Cl
'
springs in?uencing said pins outwardly, 'anda
cavity, and projecting a pressure stream of water
through the exposed cavity.
‘
8. In a machine for cleaning fish in» which the
belly of the ?sh is slit, an arm member having
spring characteristics secured‘ at its inner end
springs for impinging the ?sh, said pins being
disposed at an angle of approximately 30° from
the horizontal to in?uence the ?shtoward the
v
10
10 with. its outer free end overlying the path of ' ~.?oor of the blocks.
10. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, ‘the combina-n
travel of the ?sh; a plow device suspended by said .
arm member to locate the same in the path of tion, with a machine frame, of ?sh-carrying de- .
travel of the ?sh to pass the plow device through vices movable relative to the frame, and means
supported by said frame to lie» in. the path of
the entrail cavity of the ?sh, and a spring en'
gaging the free end of said arm member to travel of the ?sh with said carrier devices for 15
performing in sequence the following opera
counteract ‘the weight. of the plow device for in
- tions:—(1) removing the '?sh entrails and a
creasing the sensitivity of the arm member.
9. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, in combination strip from the belly of the ?sh to which the
with the machine frame,’ an endless chain, entrails are attached, v(2) spreading the sides of
sprocket wheels for the chain supported-by the the ?sh to expose the back-bone, and (3) re 20
~
frame, and means for rotating the sprocket moving the exposed back-bone.
wheels for driving the chain,‘a plurality of blocks, I 11., The method of cleaning a ?sh which con
one for each ?sh, carried by the chain and formed sists in the steps of cutting a strip from the belly
to a relative V-shape in transverse section for ~of the ?sh to which is attached the entrails, dis
the reception of the ?sh in the troughs of the lodg'ing the strip and‘the attached entrails col- >
lectively, and washing the entrail cavity from
blocks, a plurality of transversely disposed ?sh
impinging pins carried by the blocks at opposite which the entrails have been removed. __
sides of the. ?sh-receiving trough to normally
project their outer ends laterally from the blocks,
CARL G.
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