Патент USA US2105207код для вставки
‘ Jan. 11, ‘1938. Q6, ULUN ‘2,105,207 FISH CLEANING-AND FILLETING MACHINE Filed April 1, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet l 1 1.5 . 11v VEI‘VTOR Car/ 6. 0/492, ATTORNEY Jan.1l,1938. ' ' . QGULLIN \ 2,105,207 FISH CLEANING AND FILLETING MACHINE [N VENTOR v g’ y I . Car/6‘ w/zn ATTORNEY ' Jan. 11, 15938. c. G. ULLIN mama? - FISH CLEANING AND FILLETING MACHINE Filed April 1. .1935 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 s“ an/ 51, BY ‘ _ - A TTORNE Patented 1.... '11, 1938 f , 2,105,207 ’ ‘ UNITED STATES i-PATENf omen Y. . Palomar A 1 FISH‘ creme AND mnarma menmn ' Carl G. Ullin, Seattle, wash. ' Application April v1,' 1935,, Serial nai'eoas ' 11 Claims. (01. 11-3) said companion blocks above the gulley diverging ' outwardly from one another and terminating in , This invention relates to improved mechanism for cleaning and ?lleting ?sh, the invention op erating- to slime; the ?sh, remove theback-bone down-turned ribs 2|. For-slide movementat an therefrom, and split the ?sh for ?llet purposes- ‘ inclination of approximately 30° from‘ the hori- . 'zontal through said ribs and the gulley-forming 5 5> and, in the performance of such work, eliminate any possibility of bruising or otherwise marring the meat. ‘ . . ‘ , side wall's'of the blocks are pins 22, said pins as v the buckets travel longitudinally of the frame be ' tween~ cam-"forming sidebars 24' being operated in opposition tosp'rings 23 into'l‘i'm'pinging rela-. ‘Speci?c objects and advantages of jtheinven tion will become apparent in. the course‘ of the tion to the ?anks of the ?shh The pins at one 10. end of the buckets are of a length greater than v10 following detailed. description and in the claims annexed thereto, the invention consisting in the novel construction, adaptation, and combina tion of parts hereinafter described and claimed the pins at the opposite end to conform to the .'_' taper oi’ the ?sh. Operating as guides to support the buckets in their travel between the cams‘ and in the improved method‘by means of which “Gare channeled bars 25 receiving the lateral edges 15 ' 15 the desired work is performed. In the drawings: _ of the bucket-carrying plates l8.. - - s In the'longitudina-l travel of the ?sh with th Figure 1 is a side elevation ofthe'machine in its‘ now preferred form, parts beingbroken away to better illustrate the plow mechanism by means 2 ' vpins gripping the sameagainst dislodgement, the invention provides means whereby cutter devices - of the ?sh are spreadlaterally remove a strip from the belly of the ?sh to ‘re-. 20 O ‘ of which the sides . move. the ventral and .'anal ?ns together with the ‘ from one another to expose the entrail cavity: . " Fig. 2 is a top plan view thereof, the water __ entrails, following which the ?sh is spread to - ' V open the ‘entrail cavity with cutter devices suc supply line and nozzles represented in the pre-1 cessively ‘removing the exposed back bone and ceding view being deleted for purposes of sim 25} plicity. _ V ' ' - slitting the ?sh. on the longitudinal median line, 25 the cutting plane of these successive devices be tion taken to an enlarged‘ scale on the line 3-3 ing stepped progressively to properly locate the _ ' , ~ _ of Fig. 2' with the cutter mechanism by means of - same relative to the work. More especially thereto, the belly-slitting de- _ which va‘ strip is removed from the belly of the vices comprise a pair of saws 30 spaced to lie at 30 3 O ?sh being shown in elevation. opposite sides of the longitudinal median line of Figs. 4 and 5. are fragmentary transverse ver tical sections taken on broken lines 4-4 and the ?sh and revolubly supported on a common. ‘Fig. 3.is afra'gmentary transverse vertical sec 5-—5 of Fig. 2 and respectively indicating the bone-removing and ?lleting cutters; and v 35 Fig. 6 is‘ a fragmentary transverse vertical sec tion taken on line 6—6 ofFig. 2 to indicate the generalformation of the several plows and the > ‘manner of supporting the same. Having reference to said drawings, the numer '40 al l0 represents the machine frame which e,x-' tends longitudinallyand supports a pair of hori arbor 3!, the bone-removing cutter comprising a relatively wide saw 32 revolubly supported‘ on an arbor 33, and the ?lleting cutter comprising .a 35 saw 34 revolubly'supported on an arbor 35, said arbors being ‘journaled in suitable bearings 36 andbeing driven‘ through a plurality of endless belts 31 from a source of power ‘(not shown) com mon to the chain l5. _ '- . '40 Located to extendv from a point immediately ' zontal transversely disposed shafts ll, I2 at the ,following the saws 30 to the rear-most point of ‘operation following the‘ saw 34 are devices for two opposite ends‘ serving to revolubly ‘carry re spective sprocket wheels ‘l3, l4. Received over ' spreading the‘sides of. the ?sh to expose the en45 said sprocket wheels is- an endless chain li'which, ‘trail cavity, said devices comprising a plurality 45 at spaced intervals, is provided with cross bars of yieldably-mounted' plow members 40, ‘4|, and overlying the parallel links. Bolted or otherwise 42 which, as indicated, are suitably slotted for, secured to the cross bars are plate members 18 the reception of the respective sawsand formed at the leading‘ ends with relatively sharp prows. on ‘which are mounted ?sh-carrying buckets rep 50 resented generally by I‘, the bucketscomprising Supporting said plows Irrepresent spring leaves 50- I» , companion blocks-each formed with a foot mem mi'be'r "laterally adjustable on the plates to retain a channel between the same and providing, above the channel‘, ?sh-receiving'gulleys of a relative 43 boltably secured at the inner ends with the- . outer free ends ‘44, being provided with vertical ' foot-rods 45 arranged for vertical adjustment rel ative to a horizontal surface 46 on which the 55 semi-circular con?guration in transverse section; _ same seat for locating the plowsv at a pre-deter— 55 . i . 2 _ 2,105,207 . mined elevation above the ?oor of the buckets. . In offsetting the weight of the plows to increase with the travel of the ?sh longitudinally of the ' frame for washing the same. 2. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, the combination the sensitivity of the supporting leaves. 43, rods 41 extend upwardly from the leaves through sta with a machine frame, an endless chain arranged tionary arms 48 with the upper‘ ends being 'longitudinally of the frame, sprocket wheels threaded for the reception of nuts 48, said nuts therefor carried by the frame, and means for ro acting to regulate the tension of elevating springs - tating the sprocket wheels for driving the chain, 50. Guide rods for the free ends of the spring carrier devices for the ?sh supported at spaced leaves 43 are indicated at 5|. 10 intervals of the chain length, said carriers hav- ' , With their object that of projecting streams of water fromv a pressure source of supply over the entrail cavities of the ?sh as well as ?ushing the operating surfaces of the -machine, the inven tion further provides a plurality of Jet nozzles 52 which are indicated as being located in advance . ing a v-trough within which the fish are adapted 10 to be deposited with the bellies uppermost, a plurality of normally open ?sh-gripping pins car' ried by the respective carriers for relative closing and opening movements transversely of the ma chine responsive to the travel of the carriers of and following the saws l0 and rearwardly of longitudinally of the frame, a pair of laterally each of they saws 32 and 34 on the longitudinal spaced circular'saws supported in the path of median line of the machine. travel of the ?sh on said carriers for cutting a In operation, the ?sh are manually or other medial strip from the bellies of the ?sh, a mem 20 wise placed with their heads foremost and bellies ber operating'subsequent to said cutting oper 20 ,up in the gullies of the successive buckets, being - ation to spread the sides of the ?sh for exposing impinged by the pins 22 as the buckets are fed the entrail cavity, and a saw supported in the between the earns 24 and past the successive saw; - path of travel of the'?sh on the carriers for re 30, 3/2, and 34, the ?sh in their travel from one moving ,the exposed back-bone of the ?sh. 25 to the other end f the machine being opened by 3; In a ?sh-cleaning and ?lleting machine, a 25 the saws 30 and 5 read by the plows 40. 4|, and frame, carriers for the ?sh supported for move ment longitudinally of the frame, ?sh-gripping 42 during the time interval in which the back bone is removed and the fish split. The entrails, ' devices-carriedaby the carriers arranged" for clos being attached to the strip which is removed by , ing and opening movements transversely of the 30 the saws 30, are projected by the saws into the spacein' advance of the following bucket with the leading nozzleoperating to wash the same ‘ into a’ trough (not shown) located below the ma chine. It is to be noted, in connection with the 35 removal of the entrails, that the leading plow 40 by means of its furrowing action through the entrail cavity of the ?sh co-acts with the saws 30 in' dislodging the entrails. frame to engage and release the ?sh responsive 30 to the travel of the carriers longitudinally of the frame, and means operative on the fish and responsive to the~longitudinal travel of the same for successively removing the ?sh entrails to gether with a strip from the belly of the ?sh to which the entrails are attached, spreading the sides of the fish to expose the entrail cavities, removing the exposed back-bones, and splitting Where ?lleting is\not desired, the saw 34 may I the ?sh to sever the sides from one another. be readily removed in which arrangement the machine is utilized for cleaning purposes only. The disclosure permits of numerous modi?ca tions and it is my intention that the invention be con?ned only within the broad spirit of the 45 invention as expressed 'by the hereto‘ annexed claims. ' What I claim, is:- > _ '- -' \ 1. In a-?sh-cleaning and ?lletingemachine, the combination with the machine frame, an endless 50 chain ‘arranged longitudinally of the frame, sprocket wheels therefor carried by the frame, - and means for driving the sprocket wheels, of carriers for the fish supported in spaced relation on said chain, said carriers having a V-shape in 55 transverse section within the‘ trough of which carriers the ?sh are adapted to be deposited with the ,bellies ‘uppermost, a plurality of normally open ?sh-gripping pins carried by the respective carriers for relative closing and opening moveq 60 ments transversely of the machine responsive to 4. In a ?sh-cleaning and ?lleting machine, a frame, a carrier for the ?sh supported for move 46 ment longitudinally of the frame,Y?sh-gripping means carried by the carrier and arranged for relative closing and opening movements trans versely of the framev to engage and release the 45 ?sh responsive to the travel of the carrier longi_ tudinally of the frame, and means operative on the ?sh and responsive to the longitudinal travel of the carrier for performing the following op‘ eratlons: cutting'a strip from the belly'of the 50 ?sh without severing the same from the entrails, removing said strip and the entrails, removing the back-bone, and splitting the ?sh to,sever the sides from one ‘another. ' ' 5. In a ?sh-cleaning and ?lleting machine, the 55 combination with the machine frame, rotary cutting devices supported by said frame for move ment in parallel planes and about a common axis for removing a strip from the belly of ‘the ?sh, removing the back-bone, and severing the sides the travel of the carriers longitudinally of the - from one another, and means for feeding the supported in the path of travel of the ?sh on said 6. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, in combination ' a frame, a pair of laterally spaced circular saws ‘ ?sh through said cutting devices. carriers for cutting a medial strip from the bel 65 lies of the ?sh, a member yieldable upwardly and operating subsequent to, said'cutting operation with means for slitting the belly of the ?sh to cut a medial‘strip therefrom in‘ which is included the 65. ventral ?n, the anal ?n, and the entrail connec to spread the sides of the ?sh for exposing the tion, said slitting being vertically as respectsthe entrail cavity, a saw supported in the path of ?sh whereby to prevent a severing of the strip travel of the ?sh on the carriers for removing from-the entrails, and'a furrowing device acting 70 the exposed back bone,‘ a circular saw>also sup to enter the entrail cavity of the ?sh to‘ force the 70' ported in the path of travel of tlie ?sh on saidv entrails and said strip from the same, andmeans ' ‘carriers for splitting the ?sh along the back of supporting said furrowing device, for yieldable the same to sever the two sides from one another, movement to accommodate variation in' the size ‘ and, means for' delivering streams of water ‘ of. the ?sh being cleaned.‘ ' 75 through said entrail cavity of the ?sh coincident 7. The method of cleaning a ?sh which con 75 ‘2,105,207. 3. sists' in collectively removing the entrails and a belly strip in which is included the ventral ?n, the anal ?n, and the entrail connection, spread cam supported by the frame at opposite sides of the path of travel of the blocks for engaging said projecting ends of the pins in response to the travel of the blocks for closing the pins .rela tively ‘one with another in opposition to the - ing the sides of the ?sh to expose theentrail Cl ' springs in?uencing said pins outwardly, 'anda cavity, and projecting a pressure stream of water through the exposed cavity. ‘ 8. In a machine for cleaning fish in» which the belly of the ?sh is slit, an arm member having spring characteristics secured‘ at its inner end springs for impinging the ?sh, said pins being disposed at an angle of approximately 30° from the horizontal to in?uence the ?shtoward the v 10 10 with. its outer free end overlying the path of ' ~.?oor of the blocks. 10. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, ‘the combina-n travel of the ?sh; a plow device suspended by said . arm member to locate the same in the path of tion, with a machine frame, of ?sh-carrying de- . travel of the ?sh to pass the plow device through vices movable relative to the frame, and means supported by said frame to lie» in. the path of the entrail cavity of the ?sh, and a spring en' gaging the free end of said arm member to travel of the ?sh with said carrier devices for 15 performing in sequence the following opera counteract ‘the weight. of the plow device for in - tions:—(1) removing the '?sh entrails and a creasing the sensitivity of the arm member. 9. In a ?sh-cleaning machine, in combination strip from the belly of the ?sh to which the with the machine frame,’ an endless chain, entrails are attached, v(2) spreading the sides of sprocket wheels for the chain supported-by the the ?sh to expose the back-bone, and (3) re 20 ~ frame, and means for rotating the sprocket moving the exposed back-bone. wheels for driving the chain,‘a plurality of blocks, I 11., The method of cleaning a ?sh which con one for each ?sh, carried by the chain and formed sists in the steps of cutting a strip from the belly to a relative V-shape in transverse section for ~of the ?sh to which is attached the entrails, dis the reception of the ?sh in the troughs of the lodg'ing the strip and‘the attached entrails col- > lectively, and washing the entrail cavity from blocks, a plurality of transversely disposed ?sh impinging pins carried by the blocks at opposite which the entrails have been removed. __ sides of the. ?sh-receiving trough to normally project their outer ends laterally from the blocks, CARL G.