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Патент USA US2105408

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Jan. 11, 1938.
L, ]_ CQHN Er AL
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'
2,105,408
CONVERTIBLE ARTICLE OF FURNITURE
Filed Dec. 29, 1936
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k
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Jan. 11, 1938
2,105,408
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,105,408
CONVERTIBLE ARTICLE OF’ FURNITURE
Louis I. Cohn and Albin J. Brinkman, Philadel
phia, Pa., assigncrs to Spiers Bedding Corpo
ration, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of
Pennsylvania
Application December 29, 1936, Serial No. 118,162
1 Claim.
A further object of the invention is to provide,
of furniture and has for its object to provide, in
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a convertible
a manner as hereinafter set forth, an article of
A further object of the invention is to provide,
article of furniture of the class referred to in
cluding an outer section of bed height and an in
ner section capable of being easily shifted from
within the outer section and extended to bed
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a convertible
height whereby the said sections coact to provide
article of furniture including an outer section and
an inner section, the former constituting a hous
ing for normally closing the latter and of bed
height. The inner section is capable of being
disposed in extended relation with respect to the
outer section and it includes a pivoted element
for swinging to a position to make the inner sec
tion of bed height and to coact with the outer
section to form a bed.
A further object of the invention is to provide,
a bed.
the class referred to capable of being conveniently
.5
.16
(Cl. 5-20)
This invention relates to a convertible article
converted from a studio couch into a bed.
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a convertible
article of furniture capable of being conveniently
.20 converted from a studio couch into a bed and
with the article so constructed whereby a seven
inch inner-spring mattress can be used as an
element thereof in lieu of an inner-spring mat
tress of four or ?ve inches as now generally em
e25 ployed in articles of the class to which this inven
tion belongs.
A'further object of the invention is to provide,
.in a manner as hereinafter set forth, an article
of furniture of the class referred to including a
rso ._;normally housed frame for a turnable carrier
means for an inner-spring mattress, and a fold
A further object of the invention is to provide,
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a convertible
article of furniture of the class referred to in
cluding what may be termed an upper spring mat
tress preferably of seven inches high and a lower
spring mattress preferably seven inches high and
with means whereby the inner-spring mattress;
may be easily positioned and supported ?ush with
the top of the upper spring mattress and with
the mattresses coacting to provide a bed.
Further objects of the invention are to provide
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a convertible 20
article of furniture of the class referred to which
is simple ‘in its construction and arrangement,
strong, durable, compact, expeditiously and con
veniently converted from a studio couch into a
bed, readily assembled, and comparatively inex 25
pensive to manufacture and lighter in Weight
with respect to the articles of the class to which
this invention belongs.
With the foregoing and other objects in view,
the invention consists of the novel construction,
combination and arrangement of parts as will‘
be more speci?cally described and are as illus
able support connected with the carrier means
and providing when the frame is in extended re ' trated in the accompanying drawings wherein is
lation with respect to its housing means what Shown an embodiment of the invention, but it is
may be termed a ?fth leg for supporting the car
to be understood that changes, variations and 35
rier means horizontally from the transverse cen
modi?cations may be resorted to which fall with
ter of the latter to position the mattress thereon in the scope of the invention as claimed.
. at bed height.
A further object of the invention is to provide,
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, an article
, of furniture in the class referred to including an
.inner mattress supporting frame and with the
latter so formed as to provide for a mattress
, 4
of increased length to be used with respect to the
length of the mattresses now employed in arti
cles of the class to which this invention belongs.
A further object of the invention is to provide,
“in a manner as hereinafter set forth, an article
1.50
of furniture of the class referred to including a
stationary section and a shiftab-le section and
, with the shiftable section having as an element
, thereof a foldable combined head rest and a
supporting leg for supporting the shiftable sec
tion substantially at the transverse center of the
. latter.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is-an elevation of an article of furni
ture in accordance with this invention looking 40
towards the back thereof,
Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 with the
inner section in extended relation to the outer
section,
Figure 3 is a view looking towards one side of 45
the article of furniture when extended,
Figure 4 is a section through the inner section
of the article on line 4—4, Figure 2,
,
Figure 5 is a sectional plan on line 5—5, Fig
ure
2,
1
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_
50
Figure 6 is a section on line 6-6, Figure 2,
ofthe inner section of the article when extended,
and
Figure 7 is a section on line 'l—'l, Figure 2
of the inner section of the article when extended. 55
2,105,408
2 .
The article of furniture includes a housing or
outer section I and carried thereby is a covered
upper spring mattress 2 preferably of seven
inches in height. The mattress is mounted upon
the housing I. The latter is opened at its back
as indicated at 3. The article of furniture in
cludes an inner section or inner-spring mattress
support generally indicated at 4. The inner sec
tion 4 is normally housing within the outer sec
tion I. The sections I and 4 may be disposed in
adjusted relation whereby the section 4 will ex
tend from the back of the section I as is shown
in Figures 3 and 5. The sections I and ,4 are
slidably connected together and for such pur
15 pose a pair of links 5, 6 are employed. The links
cross each other and are pivotally connected to
gether as at ‘I. The link 5 is pivotally connected
to the section I as at 8 and slidably connected
to the section 4 as at 9. The link 6 is slidably
20 connected to the section I as at I9 and pivotally
connected to the section 4 as at II. The links
are normally housed within the section Ii and
are of a length to permit the section 4 to assume
the position shown in Figure 5. The section I
25 may be pulled forwardly from over the section 4,
or the latter may be pulled rearwardly from the
open back of the section I. The latter at each
side thereof has supporting legs I2, I3.
The
section I includes a bar I4 arranged therein.
from normal to righted position provide supports
for holding the bed bottom horizontally in up
wardly extended relation with respect to the
heads I8 of the side cheeks. Spacing means 3|
are mounted on the pivots 29, 30 and interposed
between the cheek members and the angle irons
25, 26. When the angle irons 25, 26 are in the
position shown in Figure 3, the rear ends thereof
are spaced forwardly of the legs 26 and the for
ward ends thereof are spaced forwardly from 10
the legs I9. When the irons 25, 26 are in the
position shown in Figure 3, they extend in close
proximity to the back of section I, but the legs
I9 of the cheek members are spaced from such
15
back.
Fixedly secured to and bodily movable with the
irons 25, 26 is a bed bottom 32 upon which is
suitably connected a spring mattress 33 of a
height corresponding to the mattress 2. The
irons 25, 26 in connection with the bed bottom 32 20
form a rotary holder for the mattress 33.
The
holder is to be selectively shifted to, right side up
and right side down positions for respectively
supporting mattress 33 above the side cheeks I6,
I1 and for suspending it below the tops of and 25
between said cheeks. Preferably the mattress 33
will be seven inches in height.
Fixed, to the lower face of the bed bottom 32
is a pair of oppositely disposed spaced parallel _
"to
A groove I5 is formed in bar I4 for the slidable
connection Ill. The top of section I is in the
angle-shaped brackets~34 which are disposed on
the transverse median of bed bottom 32. Piv
otally connected to the brackets 34 is a leg form
form of a bed bottom of the spring type, but this
ing member 35 formed from a strap of metallic
is not so shown as it is concealed by the cover
material to provide a skeleton leg 36 substan- W
30 The pivot 8 for link 5 is connected to bar I4.
35 of the section I and supports the mattress. 2.
The section 4 includes a supporting frame
formed of a pair of inverted U~shaped side
cheeks I6, ll of like form and each of which is
formed from a strap of metallic material of rec
tangular cross section at any point throughout
its length. Each of said side cheeks includes a
head I8, a front leg I9 and a rear leg 20. The
legs I9 of the cheeks I6, I‘! are connected to
gether by a brace bar 2I. The pivot II of the
45 link 6 is connected to the bar 2|. The latter is
provided with a slot 22 for the slidable connec
tion 9.
The legs I9 of the side cheeks I6, I‘!
are also connected‘ together by an upper brace
bar 23. The legs 29 of the cheeks I6, I‘! are
50 connected by a lower brace bar 24 which pro
vides a support for the inner mattress to be re
ferred to when the section 4 is housed. The bar
23 is arranged at the upper end of the front of
tially of triangular contour and a stretch 3'!
at
which extends at right angles from the upper end
of the inner portion of leg 36. The outer portion of
leg 36 is pivotally connected to one of the brack
ets 34 as at 36. The free end of the stretch 31 is
connected to the other bracket 34 as at 39.
Se- ;
cured to the lower face of the bed bottom 32
between the brackets 34 and cheek member I‘!
is a transversely disposed bar 40 having its ends
formed with depending ?anges M, 42. Pivotally
connected to the ?anges 4|, 42 is a foldable and '
eXten-dible skeleton head rest forming element
43 which provides a means for shifting the leg
36 to and from supporting position and also func
tions as a retaining means for the mattress 33.
The element 43 includes a head portion 44, sidev
portions 45, 46 and a link 41. The side portion
45 is of less length than the side portion 46. The
upper part of the side portion 46 is formed of a
pair of stretches 48, 49 disposed at opposite in
That portion of the clinations and with the stretch 49 merging into
back of said structure above the bar 24 provides one end of the head portion 44. The stretch
said structure and constitutes a support for a
55 purpose to'be referred to.
a passage for a purpose to be referred to.
48 is inturned at its lower end as at 50 and
The section 4 includes a pair of oppositely dis
loosely extends through the ?ange 42. The in—
posed angle irons 25, 26 disposed in transverse
turned portion of the stretch 48 merges into a
depending stretch 5! which has one end of the
link 4‘! pivotally connected therewith as at 52.
The other end of the link 4'! is pivotally con
nected as at 53 to the outer portion 54 of the
60 relation with respect to section 4 and each of
which includes a vertical leg 21 and a horizontal
> leg 28 extending inwardly from the upper end of
the leg 21. Between the transverse center and
outer end of the angle irons 25, 26 there are pro
65 vided pivots 29, 30 respectively which are con
nected to the heads I8 of the cheek members at
the vertical medians of said heads whereby the
angle irons 25, 26, are eccentrically pivoted at
the sides thereof to the cheek members and in
70 this connection attention is directed to Figure 3.
> Each of the angle irons provides what may be
' termed a carrier which is normally disposed in
an inverted position. When in inverted position
the carriers constitute suspensions for a spring
75 bed bottom to be referred to and when moved
4
.
leg 36. The side portion 45 of element 43 is of
a contour similar to that of the stretches 48, 49 ‘
of the side portion 46 and the lower end of side
portion 45 is inturned as at 55 and pivotally
connected to the ?ange M. The head portion 44,
side portion 45 and stretches 48, 49 of side por
tion 46 coact to provide a head rest forming 70
means and which extends over the mattress 33,
as well as being arranged at opposite sides of the
latter whereby the mattress is retained on the
bed bottom 32.
When section 4 is to be housed within the sec 76
3
2,105,408
tion I, the rotary holder with mattress 33 there
on is turned from the right side up position
(Figure 3) to the right side down position (Fig
ure 1). Prior to the turning of the holder from
right side up to right side down the element 43
is shifted from its position (Figure 3) to its posi
tion (Figure 1) whereby leg 33 will bear against
the lower face of bed bottom 32 and element 43
will bend against mattress 33. When the rotary
holder is right side up it rests on pivots 29, leg
36 and bar 23, but when right side down it
rests on pivots 29 and bar 24.
When element
43 is shifted to the position (Figure 1), link 41
and leg 36 have passed the position of alignment
15 and taken a locking position beyond the dead
center where they will stay and hold down ele
ment 43 on the mattress until the link 41 and
leg 36 are manually released by the shifting of
element 43 to the position (Figure 3).
20
When section 4 is arranged in extended rela
tion with respect to the back of section I and
with section 4 folded in the manner as shown in
Figure 1, then bed bottom 32 is turned on its piv
ots rightside up carrying the mattress 33 there
25 'with.
The element 43 is shifted in a manner to
inverted position. When the carriers are turned
to righted position they seat on the bar 23.
What we claim is:
In an article of furniture, a frame-like struc
ture having the upper end of its front formed 5
with a support, its top open throughout, the upper
portion of its back open throughout to provide
a passage and a pair of vertical spaced parallel
side cheeks constituting supports therefor, a pair
of spaced parallel normally inverted carriers of 10
like form and each of angled contour in cross
section to provide a vertical and a horizontal leg,
said carrier opposing the upper end portion of
the inner faces of said cheeks, means for pivotally
connecting said vertical legs to said cheeks, bed 15
forming means ?xed to said horizontal legs, said
carriers when in inverted position suspending
said bed forming means within said structure
below the upper ends of said cheeks and when
turned to righted position through said passage 20
seating on said support and disposing said bed
forming means horizontally above said cheeks,
and a shiftable unit forming a foldable and ex
tendible head rest extending across the top of
said bed forming means and a foldable and ex
25
assume the position shown in Figure 2 whereby
element 35 will be moved in the direction to dis
pose the leg 33 in supporting position such as
30 shown in Figures 2 and 3. When element 43 is
tendible supporting leg for, arranged below and
positioned intermediate the ends of said bed
forming means, said unit including connections
between the head rest and leg to provide for
their shifting in unison, said unit being pivotally 30
arranged in a manner to provide a head rest such
as shown in Figures 2 and 3. The leg 36 con
35 stitutes what may be termed a ?fth leg for sec
connected to the bottom of said bed forming
means at spaced points of said bottom and when
shifted in one direction simultaneously extend
ing said head rest and leg and in the opposite
direction simultaneously folding said head. rest
shifted to dispose leg 36 in supporting position
the head and side portions of element 43 will be
tion 4, the other four legs being provided by the
cheek members IE, IT. The passage formed on
the back of the section 4 provides a clearance for
the carriers when they are swung from inverted
40 to righted position and from righted position to
and leg, said leg when extended to supporting
position being disposed below'the back of said
structure.
LOUIS I. COHN.
ALBIN J. BRINKMAN.
40
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