Патент USA US2105588код для вставки
Jan. 18, v1938. c. FlDAVIS 2,105,588 FLOATING PARTITioN ' Original Filed April 29, _ 1933 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 g’. "4 ' BY i 5 ' . “Mm ATTORNEY. Jan. 18, 1938. c. F. DAVIS 2,105,588 FLOATING PARTITION Original Filed April 29, 1933 )6 7 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 (3 /a /3 /4 A 2 r,ATTORNEY. / 7/ Fatentecl Jan. 18, 1938 UNHTED STATES PATENT QFFIQE 2,105,588 FLOATING PARTITION Clarke F. Davis, Short Hills, N. J., assignor, by mesne assignments, to American Cyanamid & Chemical Corporation, a corporation of Dela ware Application April 29, 1933, Serial No. 668,490 Renewed August 3, 1937 4 Claims. ( Cl. ‘72-46) This invention relates to a ?oating wall or r. partition, that is, a wall not rigidly connected to other walls and/or a ceiling and/or a ?oor, but .on the contrary one in which slight relative 5 movement between the Wall and one or more sur faces adjacent thereto is permitted. Experience has demonstrated that with modern buildings, storms involving wind pressures set up vibration which is transmitted to all parts of 10 the structure. This is true likewise in buildings having moving machinery or located above sub ways, train sheds or the like. As a result of this a great extent serve to mask their otherwise ap parent purpose. The invention further consists in the novel ar the building walls or attached to other walls which are in turn rigidly attached to the build rangement, combination and construction of parts more fully hereinafter described and shown in the drawings. In the drawings sequently such walls have a tendency to crack Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a ?oating wall and this may even go so far as to destroy the wall attached to rigid walls. Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation of the ?oating wall of Fig. 1. itself. ' v The principal object of the invention, there fore, is the provision of a vertical wall which will have a connection to other walls or surfaces of 2,5 The invention further contemplates that the ?oating wall shall be resiliently supported on the floor or the like to permit dissipation of any shocks which might otherwise be transmitted to the wall. The invention further contemplates the use of decorative molding or angle irons which will to 10 vibration, walls or partitions rigidly attached to ing walls, receive this vibration, and are sub jected to stress and unequal distortion. Con 20 tions or other stress ‘this movement will not trans form itself into a distorting or disrupting force with relation to the ?oating wall. such a character as will permit relative move ment therebetween so that in the event of build ing vibration or in the event of movement of the Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view of a ?oat ing partition. Fig. 4 is an end elevation partly in section showing one method of locking a ?oating wall rigid walls and/or ?oor and/or ceiling of such into position. Fig. 5 is a side view showing acompleted wall building. the floating wall or partition will not prior to the application of a ?nished material. ' be subject to these stresses with resultant crack 30 mg or destruction. Referring now with particularity to the draw ings and with reference to Fig. 3, the usual verti- 30 The invention is not particularly concerned with the material of which the wall or partition is made. This may be of metal or wood lath covered with plaster, partition tile of gypsum or 35 the like. wall board. gypsum lumber or Plank or in'fact any material which is subject to cracking cal columns of a building are shown at l encased in the usual plaster 2 or the like, between which either between the joints of the individual struc tural elements of which the wall is made,‘ or otherwise. 40 7 ‘ A preferred embodiment of the invention con sists in the use of angle irons or the like between the rigid wall and/or ?oor and/or ceiling and the floating wall or partition. It is desirable, of course. that one dimension of the ?oating wall be rigidly attached to something. and this rigid dimension is usually the floor, that is, the ?oat ing wall or partition may be rigidly connected to the ?oor of the room. The sides and top of such wall or partition are preferably enclosed between such angle irons, which in turn are rigidly at tached to rigid walls and/or the ceiling, the sides and top of the floating wall or partition being spaced from the other walls. This permits of a sliding movement between the ?oating wall and the rigid walls so that in case of building vibra a wall 3 extends. These walls for the purpose of illustration may consist of elongated precast slabs of gypsum or the like 5, the opposite edges of which are pro 5 vided with metal members 6 and 1 respectively, tongued and grooved to provide a mating inter lock.- This material is known in the trade as Gypsum Plank. This construction material is as made in varying lengths and may be out, sawed and spliced together to ?t any desired space. As shown in Fig. 5, it is desirable that the hori zontal joints between units be staggered with re gard to each other, that is, that the horizontal 45 joints between adjacent rows of units be out of register with each other. This makes for a stronger construction. While this form of ma terial is shown as constituting a wall, yet obvi ously the invention is not limited thereto as any 50 desired material may be used. It will be apparent that the columns I and their encasing material 2 constitute the rigid portion of the building which will sway with the building. It is desirable according to this inven 2 2,105,588 tion to permit relative movement between the wall 3 and the encasing material 2 of the col , A completed section of joining walls is shown in Fig. 1, which is thought to be self-explanatory. Referring again to Fig. 3, it will be obvious, of umns. For this purpose angle irons 8 are pro vided on each side of the wall 3 rigidly attached 7 course, that such ?oating walls may extend be to the encasing material 2 but only frictionally tween rigid walls or parts of walls or a partition (Ii engaging in a sliding joint the wall 3. It is to or wall may extend from a ?oating partition to be noted that‘ the end of the wall 3 is spaced from another rigid wall or another ?oating partition, all within the scope of the invention. the encasing material 2 so that in case of move While the invention has been shown and de~ ment the wall may accommodate itself between 10 the enclosed portions of the angle irons 1B and scribed with particular reference to certain in 10 strumentalities, yet it is to be understood that with relative movement to them and to the encas ing material or the column as the case may be. the invention is not to be limited thereto but is Reference to Fig. 4 will‘ show that the wall 3 is supported in a saddle 9 having lower flanges 15 I0 secured to the ?oor of the building as at II. This saddle construction may be hollow to take electrical conduits 12, water pipes or the like, and may be provided at intervals with electrical outlets as desired, or may be entirely omitted if The construction of this saddle per se forms no part of the present invention. It is desirable that this saddle be provided 20 desired. with upwardly projecting walls 13 between which a base I4 is situated which carries a» substantial 25 layer of resilient material l5. This may be of a 'I claim: ‘ ' 1. In combination, a ?oating wall extending between two side walls, a ceiling and a ?oor, said wall being removably held by retaining means rigidly connected to said ?oor, retaining means rigidly secured to, the side walls and the ceiling, the retaining means slidingly engaging 20 the ?oating wall, said ?oating wall consisting of individual, building units, some of which'are of less height than the height of the ?oating wall and interlocked together along their ' vertical edges by means oftongues and grooves, the hori- , ?brous or rubbery nature and in fact of any zontal joints between adjacent units being out of material which will readily support the weight of register; the wall 3 in a resilient manner. As thus described the wall~3 is 'to all intents 30 and purposes rigidly attached to the floor although resiliently supported thereon. When the wall 3 is swung into the position shown in the dotted lines and against angle. iron l6 attached to the ceiling H, a second angle iron I8 35 is af?xed to the ceiling, the irons l6 and I8 holding the top of the wall 3 in a ?oating man ner between the two. It is to be noted that the top of the wall 3 terminates short of the ceiling ll so as to permit relative movement therebe 4.9 tween without disruption of the wall. As shown in Fig. 4, the irons l6 and i8 may be of an ornamental nature and provided with a portion I9 which may be used as a picture molding or the like. This overcomes any tend ency of the use of such angle irons to destroy the aesthetic effect in rooms in Which they'occur. As shown. in Fig. 2>the saddle 9 may take vari ous forms and another modi?cation is illustrated there conforming substantially to the principle recited in connection with Fig; 4. In Fig. 2 a modi?ed form of angle iron for re taining the top of the wall 3 in place is shown to consist of a single piece of metal 20 having deformed downwardly projecting portions 2| be tween which the wall 3 is secured and outwardly projecting ?anges 22 ‘secured to the ceiling as by’ nails 23. Such a retaining means'is placed upon the wall before erection, the wall pushed into place and then the nails'23 driven into the 60 to be restricted only by the scope of the claims. ceiling. ' - , ' ' 2. The combination of claim 1 in which the tongues and grooves of the individual units are 30 of metal. 3. In combination, a ?oating wall extending between two side walls, a ?oor and a ceiling, re taining means rigidly?xed to the side walls/and extending a substantial distance there along, re taining means engaging said. ?oor, said» ?oating 2' well being carried by said means, retaining means between said ceiling and saidl?oating wall, said ?oating wall being spaced from‘ the side walls and ceiling, whereby said wall'is per mitted movement relative tothe side walls, ?oor and ceiling by sliding within the retaining means “ in which the wall consists of individual building units tongued and grooved together along their adjacent vertical edges. ' 4. In combination,’ a ?oating wall extending between. two vertical plane surfaces and two horizontal plane surfaces, all substantially at right‘ angles to the plane of the wall, the wall terminating short of and being relatively mov able with respect to three of said-plane surfaces, retaining means attached to three of said planes, the wall slidingly engaging said means, said wall consisting of individual units interlocked to gether along their vertical edges by means of tongues and grooves, sov that when the four planes are distorted with relation to'each other, the distortion will not be communicated to the ?oating wall by reason of the sliding engage~ ment between the wall and the retaining‘means. CLARKE F. DAVIS. 45, 50. 60.