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Патент USA US2105693

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Jan. 18, 1938. V
L. L. JONES ET AL
2,105,693
WHISKY AGING APPARATUS
Filed April 18, 1934
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By
Jan. .18, 1938.
1., 1.. JONES ET AL
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2,105,693
WHISKY AGING APPARATUS
Filed April 18, 1934
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Invenlor
‘Jo-mes
?llorney
Jan. 18, 1938.
L. L‘ JONES ET AL
WHISKY AGING APPARATUS
Filed April 18, 1934
2,105,693
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
Inventor
i967???‘ l. @707; es
?zz”? ari'ezlara
?llorney
2,l05,6t3
Patented Jan. 18, 1938
UNE'EEQ STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,105,693
WHISKY AGING APPARATUS
Lester L. Jones and Erank Mortellaro, Denver,
010.
Application April 18, 1934, Serial No. 721,217
13 Claims.
“A
The present invention appertains to new and
useful improvements in apparatus for aging
whisky, the principal object being to provide
means whereby whisky can be properly aged to
a mellow taste in a very short period of treatment.
Another important object of the present in
vention is to provide an apparatus for aging
whisky wherein heat‘ is employed to not only
assist in aging, but to‘ cause a motion of the
10: whisky while under treatment.
Still another important object of the present
invention is to provide a whisky treating appa
ratus wherein whisky is caused to circulate
through a number of closely arranged charred
15.; wooden members and wherein heat is employed
as the medium for promoting this motion of
the whisky.
Various other important objects and advan
tages of the invention will become apparent to
20, the reader of the following speci?cation.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 represents a vertical longitudinal sec
tional viewvthrough the tank.
Figure 2 represents a horizontal sectional view
25“, taken substantially on line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 represents a vertical transverse sec
tional view taken substantially on line 3-3 of
Figure 1.
Figure 4 represents a fragmentary front ele
3O; vational view of the tank.
Figure 5 represents an enlarged fragmentary
detailed vertical sectional view through one up
per corner of the tank.
Figure 6 represents a fragmentary enlarged
35; detailed sectional view'taken substantially on
line 6-6 of Figure 3.
Figure '7 represents a fragmentary enlarged
vertical sectional view through the tank cover.
Figure 8 represents a fragmentary vertical sec
40; tional view taken substantially on line 8-—8 of
Figure 3.
Figure 9 rep-resents a fragmentary vertical sec
tional View through the tank lining, showing
one end of one of the charred slats.
45;
Figure 10 represents an enlarged vertical sec
tional view through the supporting assembly for
one of the slat ends.
Figure 11 represents a perspective view of one
of the slats.
59; Referring to the drawings wherein like numer
als designate like parts, it can be seen that nu
meral 5 generally refers to the tank which is
provided with the cover generally referred to by
numeral 6, hingedly connected, as at ‘I, to one
55‘; side wall of the tank 5.
The top portion of the cover 6 is of double
wall construction, the same having insulation 8
therein, as the side and end walls of the cover
are insulated.
The end, side and bottom walls of the tank 5
are similarly constructed in double wall fashion
and packed with a suitable insulating material
9. The top of the cover 6, within the con?nes
of the insulation 8, is reinforced by I beams
l6, while angle irons H reinforce the interior 10
of the side and end walls of the tank 5, as well
as the bottom wall, the bottom wall being pro
vided at an intermediate portion, with a heating
space !2 in which a steam coil l3 or other suit
able heating means is trained.
1.5
Immediately above the space l2 for the heat
source is the whisky rising chamber l4 de?ned
by the vertical partitions I5—-l5,' the partitions
l5-—l5 being su?iciently spaced from the end
walls of the tank to provide end chambers l6--_I l. 20
Substantially wide slats [8 of charred wood
of suitable variety are disposed in horizontal rows
both in the chamber l4 and also in the chambers
l6--l1. The lower end portions of the partitions
l5 decline outwardly with respect to the cham- 25
her M, as at 19, so that all whisky heated imme
diately above the space I2 will be caused to rise
upwardly through the slats in the chamber M.
The upper ends of the partitions 15 are spaced
from the cover 6 so that there will be ample 30
room for the whisky to rise above the chamber
M and pass over into the chambers Iii-l1, from
where it returns to the chamber [4.
It will be observed that in the chamber M are
two separate groups of slats. The slats a of one 35
group are oppositely inclined from the slats b
of the other group in each horizontal row, while
the slats c in the chamber it are oppositely in
clined with respect to the slats d in the chamber
11 in regard to the slats on successive horizontal 40
rows. The object in having the slats a and b of
the uppermost row inythe chamber l4 inclined
in opposite directions is to have the whisky as
it rises in the chamber M, be de?ected by these
slats toward the left and toward the right so 45
that substantially equal amounts will pass into
the end chambers l6-—|'l, as the whisky circu
lates from the chamber I4 over the partitions
l5—-l5 and through the end chambers lG-—|1
to return under the outwardly disposed lower 50
ends of the partitions to‘ return to the heating
chamber l4.
Thus as the whisky immediately above the heat
source I3 is heated and reaches the boiling point,
it rises in the chamber l4, passing through the 55
2,105,693
zigzaggedly arranged charred slats, to be de
?ected by the upper row of slats into the end
chambers i6——|1. In this process, not only does
the heat serve to promote circulation in the
tank, but also in itself, has the ability to assist
in the actual aging of the whisky, although this
as a singular fact is already well known in the
art, it being in the dual function of the heat
source as a promoter of circulation, while inci
10 dentally assisting in the aging action of the
whisky that instills conciseness and efficiency in
this apparatus.
, ,
The slats l8 extend transversely in the cham
bers l4, l6 and I? and each slat is supported at
15 each end by a pair of members secured tov the
corresponding side wall of the tank. The lower
member is in the form of a pocket or saddle 2c
stationarily secured to the tank, while the upper
member 25 is of similar shape to engage the upper
corner of the slat, but this member 2! is hingedly
connected, as at 22,»by a spring hinge to the wall
plate 23.
Thus it can be seen that by lifting upwardly
on the slats, the same can be readily removed and
replaced at will.
>
Referring to Figure 3, it can be seen that within
the cover 6 is a compartment‘ 24 for the brine
coil 25, the bottom 25 of the cover being rela
tively thin, so that whisky evaporation can be
30 condensed at this point.
I
~
While the means for fastening the cover to
the tank and sealing the ‘cover to the tank is
optional, it is preferred that the upper edge of
the tank be provided with a grooveway 21 in
which a suitable sealing substance 28 is placed
and when the cover is in closed position upon the
tank, the depending tongue 29 on the cover will
bear into this sealing substance 28, while a band
36 extending around the lower portion of the
4-1) cover, will overlap this joint at the outside of
the tank.
I
Figure 3 shows that on the opposite side of the
tank from the hinges 7, brackets 3! will support
swingable bolt members 32 which can be swung
into the yokes 33 on the cover 6 and be secured in
place by wing nuts 34 on the bolts fed downwardly
against the yokes 33.
The front side of the-tank will preferably have
a window 35 so that the interior of the tank can
50 be inspected from time to time to see the action
of the whisky and the condition of the slats.’
Numeral 35 represents a pressure outlet pipe
which has a safety valve v37 therein. This pipe
36 leads to the condenser 38, in which the whisky
vapor is condensed and passes to the compressor
39 which serves to force the liquid through the
check valve lid back into the tank 5. Thus any
vaporsgproduced by the heating of the liquid in
the tank will be drawn therefrom and con
00 densed and passed back into the tank.
I
While the foregoing speci?cation sets forth the
invention in speci?c terms, it is to be understood
that numerous changes in the shape, size and
materials may be resorted to without departing‘
cooling means at
condensation of
upwardly moved
means having its
the top of the tank producing
vapors emanating from the
Whisky, and exterior pump
intake at the top of the tank
for drawing off vapors and condensate therein, ‘
said pump having its discharge connected to the
lower part of the tank for returning the con
densate to the lower part of the body of the
whisky and for assisting in the circulation of the
whisky in the tank, said pump means including
a positively cooled condenser whereby the said 10
vvapors are positively lique?ed before return to the
main body of the whisky,
2. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a tank
having closely spaced charred oak members ar
ranged therein to baii‘ie vertical ?ow of whisky 15
in the tank, heating means at the bottom of the
tank for producing rising of the whisky in a
heated condition through and in reactive contact
with said charred oak members, cooling means
at the top of the tank producing condensation of 20
vapors emanating from the risen whisky, said
charred oak members comprising horizontal slats,
said slats being spaced above each other and
tilted transversely with respect to each other to 26
de?ne tortuous vertical channels through which
the whisky rises.
3. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a tank
‘having closely spaced ?at charred oak slats ar
ranged horizontally therein to baiiie vertical flow 30
of whisky in the tank, heating means at the bot
tom of the tank for producing rising of the whisky
in a heated condition through and in reactive
contact with said charred oak slats, and cooling
means at the top of the tank producing condensa 35
tion of vapors emanating from the risen Whisky,
said charred oak slats being spaced above each
other in tiers and transversely tilted with respect
to each other to de?ne tortuous vertical channels
through which the whisky rises and sinks, said 40
slats being arranged in two side groups and one
central group, a ?rst vertical partition between
one side group and the central group, a second
vertical partition between said ‘central group and
the remaining side group.
45
4. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a tank
having closely spaced charred oak slats arranged
horizontally therein to bailie vertical flow of
whisky in the tank, heating means at the bot
tom of the tank for producing rising of the whisky 501
in a heated condition through and in reactive
contact with said charred oak slats, cooling
means at the top of the tank producing condensa
tion of vapors emanating from the whisky, said
charred oak slats being spaced above each other 55
in tiers and transversely tilted with respect to
each other to de?ne tortuous vertical channels
through which the whisky circulates in vertical
directions, said slats being arranged in two side
groups and one central group, a ?rst vertical 60
partition between one side group and the cen
tral group, a‘ second vertical partition between
said-central group and the remaining side group,
from the spirit and scope of the. invention as the top slats of the central group being laterally
outwardly inclined so as to direct the whisky 65
claimed hereinafter.
Having described the . invention, what is rising through the central group over the tops
of the partitions and toward the side groups,
claimed as new is:——
>
1. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a tank said cooling means being arranged to su?iciently
cool the whisky passing over the tops of the
having closely spaced charred oak members ar
ranged therein to ba?le vertical flow of whisky partitions to impart thereto a tendency to sink 70
through the side groups toward the lower part
in the tank, heating means at the bottom of the of
the tank.
tank for producing upward movement of the
5. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a tank
whisky in a heated condition through and in
75 reactive contact with said charred oak members, having closely spaced charred oak members ar
ranged therein to ba?‘le vertical flow of whisky
2,105,693;
in the tank, heating means at thebottom of the
tank for producing rising of the whisky in a
heated condition through and in reactive contact
with said charred oak members, cooling means
at the‘ top of'the tank producing condensation
of vapors emanating from the whisky, said heat»
ing means being con?ned to- a central part‘ of
3
rises in thetank, and second and third batteries
of closed spaced charred oak slats at opposite
sides of said ?rst battery and through which the
whisky cooled by said cooling chamber circulates
downwardly.
_9./Whisky aging apparatus comprising a closed
tank including a top wall and a bottom wall, said
bottom wall having a hollow portion constituting
the bottom of the tank so as to impart a natural a heating chamber, heating means located in said
rising tendency principally to the central portion heating ‘chamber, a horizontal partition at the
10 of the body of whisky while failing to ‘so affect upper part of the interior of said tank and spaced
the portions of the body of the whisky-at the sides below said: top wall of the tank and de?ning a
of said central portion thereof {thereby produc
cooling chamber, and cooling means located in
ing a natural circulation of the whisky.
said cooling chamber, said heating chamber be
6. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a tank ingloc'ated intermediate the ends of said tank so
having
closely
spaced
charred
oak
members
ar
15
as to produce rising circulation of the whisky at
ranged therein to baffle vertical flow of whisky the middle of the tank and consequent down
in the tank, heating means at the bottom of the ward circulation of the whisky at the opposite
tank for producing rising of the whisky in a ends of the tank, a ?rst battery of closed spaced
heated condition through and in reactive contact charred oak slats in said tank and over said 20
20 with said charred oak members, cooling means heating chamber and through which the heated
at the top of the tank producing condensation whisky rises in the tank, and second and third
of vapors emanating from the whisky, said heat
batteries of closed spaced charred oak slats at
ing means being con?ned to a central part of opposite sides of said ?rst battery and through
the bottom of the tank so as to impart a natural which the whisky cooled by said cooling chamber
25 rising tendency principally to the central portion circulates downwardly.
of the body of whisky while failing to so affect
10. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a closed
the portions of the body of the whisky at the sides tank including a top wall and a bottom wall, said
of said central portion thereof, thereby produc— bottom wall having a hollow portion constituting
ing a natural circulation of the whisky, said a heating chamber, heating means located in
30 cooling means extending substantially entirely said heating chamber, a horizontal partition at the
‘across the top of the tank and acting to su?i
upper part of the interior of said tank and spaced
ciently cool the risen whisky as to cause the below said top wall of the tank and de?ning a
same to move toward the sides away from said
cooling chamber, and cooling means located in
central portion of the whisky and sink naturally. said cooling chamber, said heating chamber being
'1. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a tank located intermediate the ends of said tank so as
35
having closely spaced charred oak members ar-4 to produce rising circulation of the whisky at the
ranged therein to baiile vertical flow of whisky middle of the tank and consequent downward cir
in the tank, heating means at the bottom of the culation of the whisky at the opposite ends of the
tank for producing rising of the whisky in a tank, a ?rst battery of closed spaced charred oak 40
40 heated condition through and in reactive contact
slats in said tank and over said heating chamber
with said charred oak members, cooling means and through which the heated whisky rises in the
at the top» of the tank producing condensation tank, and second and third batteries of closed
of vapors emanating from the whisky, said heat
spaced charred oak slats at opposite sides of said
ing means being con?ned to a central part of ?rst battery and through which the whisky cooled
45 the bottom of the tank so as to impart a natural by said cooling chamber circulates downwardly,
rising tendency principally to the central portion and vertical partitions between said ?rst battery
of the body of whisky while failing to so affect and the second and third batteries.
the portions of the body of the whisky at the sides
11. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a closed
of said central portion thereof, thereby produc
ing a natural circulation of the whisky, and ver
tical partitions on opposite sides of said central
part of the bottom of the tank and acting to
keep separated the cooler side portions of the
whisky from the hotter central part of the
55 whisky, said partitions having their lower ends
upwardly spaced from the bottom of the tank
to enable the descending cooler portions of the
whisky to flow to the central part of the bottom
of the tank to be heated.
8. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a closed
60
tank including a top wall and a bottom wall, said
bottom wall having a hollow portion constituting
a heating chamber, heating means located in said
heating chamber, a horizontal partition at the
65 upper part of the interior of said tank and spaced
below said top wall of the tank and de?ning a
cooling chamber, and cooling means located in
said cooling chamber, said heating chamber be
ing located intermediate the sides of said tank so
70 as to produce rising circulation of the whisky at
the middle of the tank and consequent down
ward circulation of the whisky at the sides of
the tank, a ?rst battery of closed spaced charred
oak slats in said tank and over said heating
chamber and through which the heated whisky
tank including a top wall and a bottom wall, said 50
bottom wall having a hollow portion constituting
a heating chamber, heating means located in said
heating chamber, a horizontal partition at the up
per part of the interior of said tank and spaced 55
below said top wall of the tank and de?ning a
cooling chamber, and cooling means located in
said cooling chamber, said heating chamber be
ing located intermediate the ends of said tank so
as to produce rising circulation of the whisky at 60
the middle of the tank and consequent downward
circulation of the whisky at the opposite ends of
the tank, a ?rst battery of closed spaced charred
oak slats in said tank and over said heating cham
ber and through which the heated whisky rises
in the tank, and second and third batteries of
closed spaced charred oak slats at opposite sides
of said ?rst battery and through which the whisky
cooled by said cooling chamber circulates down
wardly, and vertical partitions between said ?rst
battery and the second and third batteries, said 70
partitions extending across the interior of said '
tank having their lower edges upwardly spaced
from the bottom of the tank.
12. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a closed
tank including a top wall and a bottom Wall said
4
2,105,693
bottom wall having a hollow portion constituting
a heating chamber, heating means located in said
heating chamber, a horizontal partition at the up_
per part of the interior of said tank and spaced
below said top wall of the tank and de?ning a
cooling chamber, and cooling means located in
said cooling chamber, said heating chamber be
'10
ing located intermediate the ends of said tank
so as to produce rising circulation of the whisky
at the middleof the tank and consequent down
ward circulation of the whisky at the opposite ends
of the tank, a ?rst battery of closed spaced
charred oak slats in said tank and over said heat
ing chamber and through which the heated
15 whisky rises in the tank, and second and third
batteries of closed spaced charred oak slats at
opposite sides of said ?rst battery and through
which the whiskyoooled by said cooling cham
ber, circulates downwardly, and vertical parti
20 tions between said ?rst battery and the second
and third batteries, said partitions extending
across the interior of said tank having their lower
edges upwardly spaced from the bottom of the
tank, each of said batteries comprising vertical
25 ly spaced horizontal rows of horizontally disposed
elongated ?at charred oak slats, said slats being
transversely tilted.
V
13. Whisky aging apparatus comprising a closed
30
tank including a top wall and a bottom wall, said
bottom wall having a hollow portion constituting
a heating chamber, heating means located in said
heating chamber, a horizontal partition at the
upper part of the interior of said tank and spaced
below said top wall of the tank and de?ning a
cooling chamber, and cooling means located in
said cooling chamber, said heating chamber being
located intermediate the ends of said tank so as
to produce rising circulation of the whisky at the
middle of the tank and consequent downward cir
culation of the whisky at the opposite ends of the
tank, a ?rst battery of closed spaced charred oak
slats in said-tank and over said heating chamber
and through which the heated whisky rises in the
tank, and second and third batteries of closed
spaced charred oak slats at opposite sides of said
?rst battery and through which the whisky cooled
by said cooling chamber circulates downwardly,
and vertical partitions between said ?rst battery
and the second and third batteries, said partitions
extending across the interior of said tank having
their lower edges upwardly spaced from the bot- ,
tom of the tank, each of said batteries comprising
vertically spaced horizontal rows of horizontally
disposed elongated ?at charred oak slats, said
slats being transversely tilted, the slats of suc
cessive rows being oppositely tilted whereby tor
tuous passages for the whisky are produced en
suring intimate contact of the whisky with the
charred oak slats.
I
LESTER L. JONES.
FRANK MORTELLARO.
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