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Патент USA US2105795

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Jan. A18, 193s.
ì
_ 2,105,795
l. H. Rlssl-:R
CONTAINER CONVEYING APPARATUS '
Filed Jan; 23, 1937
/I/ENTOR
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. ,1e/555k
Patented Jan. 18, 1938
¿£0,795
Unirse STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,105,795
CONTAINER CONVEYING APPARATUS
Ivan H. Risser, Chicago, Ill., assignor to U. S.
Bottlers Machinery C0., Chicago, Ill., a corpo
ration of Illinois
Application January 23, 19-37, Serial No. 12:1,9-28
4 Claims. (Cl. 198-131)
This invention relates to container conveying lower idler sprockets 6 and 'l at the left hand end
apparatus, and more particularly pertains to
such apparatus in connection with means for of the stretches, as seen in Fig. 1. The drive
sprockets 5 are secured on a drive shaft 8 which
treating bottles, such as bottle cleaning or wash
is driven to intermittently advance the conveyor,
Cil ing machines.
so that the cleats 2 are moved from left to right
Generally, the invention aims to provide im
when in the upper stretch of the conveyor, by c1.
proved bottle positioning or holding means for
means of a rotating power shaft 9 on which is an
such apparatus, wherein the possibility of break
eccentric
device l0, arranged to operate, through
ing or otherwise damaging the bottles as they are a connecting rod II, an oscillating lever l2 ful
fed to the apparatus, or carried thereby, or dis
charged therefrom, is greatly eliminated.
More particularly, the object is to provide the
simplest and most inexpensive bottle positioning
or holding means for intermittently driven bottle
conveyors adapted to intermittently advance the
bottles through the machine in inverted position,
whereby the bottles will be resiliently held in
such position on the conveyor by their necks
without the possibility of the bottles breaking at
the base of their neck portions by motion im
parted thereto upon said movement of the con
veyor.
One of the advantages attained by the inven
tion, is that frail bottles, such as those with long
thin necks, may be intermittently advanced
through the machine more rapidly than hereto
fore made possible so that treatment of the bot
tles will be expedited.
Other objects and advantages will become ap
parent by reference to the specification and the
accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. l is a fragmentary side view of a bottle
washing machine, showing one form of the in
vention _applied thereto, with parts broken away
and parts in section to more clearly disclose cer
tain parts otherwise hidden.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail plan section of
Fig. 1, as may be taken substantially on the sec
tion line 2-2 of said figure, with certain ele
ments being omitted.
Y
Fig. y3 is a detail section taken substantially on
the section line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail section taken sub
stantially on the section line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Referring to Figs. l, 2 and 3, the Washing ma
chine, generally illustrated for the purpose of this
application, includes an endless bottle conveyor
comprising a series of interconnected carrier
members or cleats 2, in the form of channel
50 pieces, mounted at their ends upon links 3 of
laterally spaced endless sprocket chains 4 which
are arranged to travel in upper and lower hori
zontal stretches by being trained over drive
sprockets 5, respectively, at the right hand end
55 of the stretches, and supported over upper and
crumed on the drive shaft 8 and having a weight~
ed pawl I4 for operating a ratchet wheel l5 fixed
on the drive shaft 8.
Each cleat is provided with a row of bottle re
ceivers I6 for » receiving and supporting a row
of bottles in inverted position upon the upper »
stretch of the conveyor, and, as the cleats are
about to be advanced into the upper stretch of
the conveyor, the receivers thereon are brought
into cooperative relation with a bottle feeder head
Il arranged to automatically feed a row of bot
tles thereto. Then as the transverse rows of bot
tles are intermittently advanced on the conveyor
they are brought into cooperative relation, suc
cessively, over two liquid cleaner heads I3 and I9
0
which direct jets of water into the bottles to
clean same.
The cleaner heads are of common construc
tion, comprising two laterally spaced pipes car
rying water under pressure, and with each pipe
having a row of upright nozzles 2li for directing
the jets of Water into the bottles.
.
After passing over the cleaner heads the bot
tles are caused to remain on the conveyor a suffi
cient length of time in order that they may be
properly drained before being discharged or 35
otherwise removed from the conveyor.
Although the feeder head is of ordinary con
struction, it may be stated that it comprises a
shelf inclined downward toward the receiving end
of the conveyor, and having a. series of laterally
spaced troughs 2l within which the bottles are
placed in reclining position with their necks
pointing downward in register with a row of re
ceivers I6 of a cleat, between each advance of
the conveyor. Between the shelf and conveyor
is a gate 22 for retaining the bottles in the
troughs of the shelf while the conveyor is in mo
tion, and being operably connected with the con
veyor to be lowered so as to effect release of the
bottles by force of gravity to the receivers i6 when
the conveyor is at rest. The gate comprises an
elongated arcuate segment having each end se
cured to an oscillating bell-crank 23 which is
operated, to raise and lower the gate as stated,
2,105,795
2 c
by the power shaft 9 on which is a suitably formed
cam 24 operating a lever 25 which is connected
by a link 26 with a bell-crank 21 arranged to
operate the bell-crank 23 through a link 28.
In accordance with the main object of the in
vention, the bottle receivers IB are formed and ar
ranged to resiliently hold the bottles in position
on the cleats of the conveyor by their necks. To
this end, each receiver comprises an open-ended
10 pocket in the form of a tubular section of slightly
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. The combination with a bottle conveyor, of
a bottle receiving pocket therefor comprising a
tubular portion of rubber adapted to receive the
neck portion of a >bottle and having an integral
flat mounting flange formed about its receiving
end, the side-walls of the pocket being thinner
than the flange whereby the pocket will be capa
ble of a swivel-like action with respect to said
flange, and the flange having its outer portion se
cured to the conveyor whereby the inner portion
of the flange adjacent the pocket will be capa
resilient material, such as slightly resilient rub
ber, which is adapted to snugly receive the neck , ble of flexing with respect to the conveyor when
portion 29 of a bottle, and having its receiving end the pocket has been flexed or tilted beyond a cer
tapered or countersunk, asl at 3B, providing a seat tain angle with respect to said inner portion of
15 for supporting the shoulder portion 3| of the bot
the flange.
‘
tle adjacent its neck. Each pocket is mounted on
2. The combination with a bottle conveyor, of
its conveyor cleat by having a flat lateral mount
a bottle receiving pocket therefor comprising a
ing flange 32 integrally formed therewith about y tubular portion of rubber adapted to receive the
its seat-end, with the ñange being secured on the
20 top side of the cleat by bolts 33, with the cleat
having an aperture 34 through which the pocket
projects so as to be normally in coaxial alignment
with a cleaner nozzle when advanced into posi
tion thereover. The flange is thicker than the
25 side-walls of the tubular portion forming the
pocket so that the pocket will be capable of flex
ing in a swivel-like manner with respect to the
flange, to absorb vibratory action of the bottle
therein during normal operating conditions of the
30 machine, without changing the normal position
of the seat of the pocket.
neck of a bottle and having an integral flat mount 20
ing flange formed about one end thereof, the
flange being thicker than the side-wall of the
pocket whereby the pocket will be capable of a
swivel-like action with respect to said flange,
and the flange having its outer portion ñxedly se 25
cured to the conveyor whereby the innerportion
of the flange adjacent the pocket will be capable
of flexing with the pocket with respect to the con
veyor when the pocket has been flexed beyond a
certain angle with respect to said inner portion of 30
the flange.
‘
A bottle supported in a
3. The combination with a bottle conveyor, of
pocket will then be capable of slightly oscillating
a-bottle receiving pocket therefor comprising a
tubular portion of rubber adapted to snugly re
or swiveling therewith by force of initial move
ment or momentum imparted to the body portion
35 of the bottle as same is'intermittently advanced
with the conveyor, and whereby during such vi
bratory action of the bottle when advanced into
position over a cleaner nozzle the base portion 35
of its neck will remain substantially centrally 1o
40 cated over the nozzle, to insure‘proper entry of
the jet of water from the nozzle into the body'por
tion ‘of the bottle.
The bolts 33 are receivedin apertures, or bolt
holes, in the flange of each pocket, which -holes
are arranged at a considerable distance from the
pocket, whereby the inner portion of the 4flange
adjacent the pocket will be capable of flexing on
the cleat with the vpocket in the »event same has
been tilted beyond the angle it ordinarily assumes
with respect to the cleat, during normal vibra
tory action of the bottle in the pocket, as may be
caused by the bottle being bumped accidentally
by an attendant.
'
»
Thus the resilient pockets will gradually arrest
any vibratory action imparted tothe bottles by
intermittent movement of the conveyor, where
by any bending strain effected at the base of the
necks of the bottles will be greatly minimized-and
60
whereby the possibility of the'bottles breakingat
their necks will be practically eliminated.
ceive the neck of a bottle, with one end of said 35
tubular portion being countersunk to provide a
seat for the shoulder of the bottle adjacentits
neck, and said tubular portion having a flat later
al mounting flange formed integral therewith in
the plane of its seat, said flange being thicker 40
than the side-walls of the pocket to permit the
pocket to tilt in a swivel-like manner with re
spect to the flange and seat, and said flange hav
ing its outer portion secured to the conveyor
whereby the inner portion of the flange adja- .
cent the pocket will be capable of flexing on the
conveyor with the pocket when same has been
tilted beyond a certain angle on the inner por
tion of the flange.
4. A bottle receiving pocket for bottle conveyors
comprising a tubular portion »of rubber adapted
to snugly receive the neck of a bottle with one end
of'the said portion being countersunk to provide
a seat for the shoulder of the bottle adjacent its
neck, and said tubular portion having a flat later
al mounting flange formed integral therewith in
the plane of its seat, said flange being thicker
than the Vside-walls of the pocket whereby the
pocket will be capable of flexing in a swivel-like
manner with respect to the flange and seat.
IVAN H. RISSER.
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