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Патент USA US2105829

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Jan; 18, 1938.
A. W. _WOODWARD
- 2,105,829
WHEEL 0R RIM I '
Filed Dec. 20, 1935
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Patented Jan. 18, 1938
2,105,829
iii'i‘ED STATES PATENT OFFICE
‘
2,105,829‘
'
WHEEL ORARIM
Alva W. Woodward, Kent,»}0hio,:-assignor\ to
Wing-foot Corporation, ' ‘Wilmington, "DeL, a
corporation of Delaware
Application December 20, 1935; Serial:No."55,386
8 Claims.
The present invention relates to’ Wheels or rims
and is particularly concerned with the means ‘pro
vided for mounting a tire on the wheel or rim.
In
the present description, I have shown my inven
5 tion as applied to a Wheel, but it is obviousthat
the felloe of the Wheel may be a rim. which in
turn is mounted on asuitable wheel and, there
fore, I wish to have it understood that the’in
vention is not-limited to a Wheel and in the
1 O claims, when reference is had to either a felloe
or to a rim, it is not intended that these terms
15
(01. 1152421)
i- Fig; 2*isv a‘ fragmentary side elevational view
of ‘the device'shown'in Fig. 1;
I Fig; 3gis‘ a cross-section taken substantially
alonglthe line'3é3 of Fig.1 2;
‘
Fig; 4-1is- a-vcross-section' taken substantially 5
along'thé line Iii-4 "of Fig. 3;
Fig-.1 51~is~a"view ‘similar to Fig. 3 illustrating a
modi?ca‘tionfof mye’invention; and
‘Fig; 6 ‘is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing a still
iurther'modi?cation of=my invention.
, 10
T In devices ‘of? this "character, it is very im
be limited in that respect, as either may be used portantithat'the retaining?anges or side ?anges
in practicing this invention without departing ‘ which abut against‘the side walls and beads'of
from the scope thereof.
‘the tire 'be ?rmly held against rotation relative
An - object of this invention is to providev a
mounting for tires which comprises a base on
'to‘the' felloe or"~'rim',-in order that there will not 15
be :too much ‘friction’ between these ?anges and
theitires ‘andin' order that there will be a proper
which the tire is mounted, and which is provided
with suitable‘ demountable vside ?anges to hold drivihglof‘the tire-through the intermediacy of
the tire in place on the" base. Either‘both side the side ?anges as well as‘ through the base of '
"20 ?anges or one side ?ange is ‘made demountable, the‘ltire' and ‘the peripheral surface of the wheel ‘120
although in the drawing I have-shown both ‘side 'or‘irim.
?anges as being demountable.
'1 My in'ventiony-asi'shown in the' drawing, is ap
vAnother object of this invention is to provide v-plied» to -1 a~~wheel having‘ a felloe ‘I0 supported
a simple and e?icient means for-locking the side centrally bymeans of a‘web II or spokes as may
25 ‘?ange in position in rotation relative to the base, ‘be desired. 7‘ Anyisuit'able mounting for the felloe ‘ 25
and for also providing means for preventing rota
‘canfbe ‘used and the'ifelloe may in turn be a ‘rim
tion of the locking ring relative to the side ?ange :which is demountably'mounted on a central wheel
and/or base.
structure.
‘
Another object of this invention is to provide
The felloe is provided at opposite edges there
30 a side ?ange with adriving plate or lug which ‘of with side'?angesv 512: which are adapted to abut ‘ 30
vengages within» a suitable recess‘in the base to ragain'st‘thel side Walls‘of the tire, each of these
prevent relative rotation between the side ?ange being similarly mounted on the edge of the felloe
and-the base.
and,» therefore,‘ a description of "the mounting for
. Another object of this invention is to provide
one of ‘these-side'?anges will be ‘su?icient; as the
35 on a demountable side ?ange a driving lug which other-islmounted in exactly the same way, al- ‘ 35
engages within a. recess in the base and also with
'tho'ugh'one' ?angecould belrigi'dly‘formed on the
in a recess in a locking ring, preferably of the -felloe if desired.
split type, whereby relative rotation between all
A'I driving-platefor- lug i3 is secured on'the out
these partsis prevented except’ for small amounts side. of the ?ange‘ 12; as‘ by bunch welding at the
40 permitted for clearance.
1 points‘ I4 and ~15. ’ The‘felloe ‘is provided with a 40
Another object of this invention is to‘ provide ‘peripheral groove ‘16 having a cross-section such
ardemountable side ring-Which may be quickly ~as¥that illustrated in ‘Figs; 1 or 3 and this groove
applied and removed and readily retained in is" adapted ~to"r__ecei>vei the split locking ring I‘!
place by means of a split-type locking ring.
having vthe opposite ends ‘18 thereof spaced apart
4
Other objects of this invention will ‘appear a distance-‘somewhat more than the width of the ii; 5
hereinafter'as the description thereof proceeds, driving plate or lug ‘l3, as will be apparent from
an'iinspe'ction ofFig. 2. 'The felloe is provided
the novel features, arrangements and combina
tions being clearly set forth in the speci?cation withlai'horizontally'extending recess i9 adja
cent the edge of‘ithev felloe and this recess is
, ‘.150 ‘and in the claimsthereunto appended.
deeper-than the‘annular groove l G and of a width 0
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a cross-section through the felloe of a
which is‘ somewhat ‘more than the- width‘ of V the
wheelembodying my invention, the side ?anges
and locking rings being shown in operative posi
inspection of Fig; 2.
AThe-I'sideT?a'nge I2 is continuous, 'inextensible
zi55 tion;
'
driving lug or plate 713,-‘ as will be seen from an
and: preferably: rigid/1 as this type of wheel is 55
2,105,829
2
adapted primarily for use with truck tires. The
inner diameter of the side ?ange I2 is just slight
lar to locking ring I l is used to prevent the out
ranged within the recess l9.
ward movement of the ?ange. The rim 23 is
provided with a gutter 26 in which I weld a short
block 21, as by the welding shown at 28, or other
wise suitably hold this block in position within In
the gutter. Obviously, if desired, the equivalent
The tire is ?rst placed on the rim and then the
side ?anges put in place, or one side ?ange may
portion of the bottom of the gutter upwardly to
ly more than the outer diameter of the felloe so
as to permit the side ?ange to be slipped over
the felloe with the driving lug or plate I3 ar
be put in place beore the tire is applied, the
10 other side ?ange being put in place after the tire
is applied to the felloe, but before the tire is in
?ated. This permits the ?ange to be moved in
wardly toward the central plane of the felloe in
order that the locking ring I’! may be put in
place. It will be noted from an inspection of Figs.
1 and 3 that the locking rings have noses 20 adapt
ed to lie in an undercut portion of the groove I6
and portions 2! adapted to lie under the side
?anges l2. In order that the side ?anges will
not have their inward movement arrested too
soon, the recess I9 is madeof such a length as to
permit the side ?anges to move inwardly a suf
?cient amount prior to application of the locking
ring before the driving lug l3 strikes the end of
25 the recess. In other words, in assembling the
side ring the side ring is ?rst moved to the dotted~
line position in Fig. 3 and then the locking ring
ll slipped in place in the usual manner so that
the nose portion rests-within the groove I6, the
30 ends l8 of the lockingring being arranged on op
posite sides of the driving lug or plate I3. The
side ?ange i2 is then moved to the full-line posi
of this block could be formed by deforming a
form shoulders against which the ends of the
locking ring 25 will abut in case the ring tends to
shift peripherally. On the side ?ange I secure a
driving lug 29 by means of welding, such as 30, or
by any other suitable means, and this corresponds
to the lug E3 in Fig. 3. The driving lug is also
arranged between the ends of the locking ring
5 whereby the side ?ange is held against any
substantial peripheral movement. Instead of
having to form a recess, such as [9, in the ?rst
form of my invention illustrated, the rim may
be formed uniformly throughout its entire pe
riphery except that a lug, such as 21, is welded
in place therein to provide an abutment. The
edge of the rim, therefore, has a smooth appear
ance and there is less chance of dust and dirt
working in to the tire, not to mention the extra
strength given to the rim by having the periph
eral edge of the rim continuous instead of inter
rupted as in Fig. 3.
. Obviously, those skilled in the art to which this
invention pertains may make various changes in 50
the particular construction and arrangement of
the parts shown in the accompanying drawing
tion shown in Fig. 3, either manually or under the - without departing from the spirit of this inven
pressure of the side walls of the tire when the tion, and therefore I do not wish to be limited
in my invention, except as hereinafter set forth in
to Cl same is being in?ated. The portion 2| on the
locking ring underlies. the side ?ange and is the claims. ‘
Having thus fully described my invention,
therefore held‘ against upward ‘movement out of
what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Pat
the groove H5. The driving lug I3, which is ar
ranged between the ends W on the locking ring ent of the United ‘States is:
,1. In a wheel, the combination With a rim por- -,
40 and within the recess l9, prevents substantial tion having a peripheral locking-ring-receiving
movement of the locking ring peripherally rela
tive to the .side ?ange and/or felloe and at the groove and a transverse driving-lug-receiving re
same time prevents relative peripheral movement cess at the edge thereo_f,. a side ?ange having a
driving lug extending inwardly into said recess
of the side ?ange relative to the felloe. I
It will be noted that with this construction the between the side walls thereof to prevent relative 145
45
inner side of the side ?ange is unobstructed and rotation between said side ?ange and rim, and
the felloe is similarly unobstructed between the a split locking ring arranged within said groove,
side ?anges so as to provide a satisfactory seat the ends of said locking ring being spaced apart
a su?icient distance to receive said lug whereby
for the tire.
I - ~
said lug prevents substantial relative rotation
In
order
to
provide
a
means
for
ready
removal
50
between said ring and felloe and also between
of the locking ring when the tire is to be demount
ed, I provide a notch 22 in the underside of the said ring and side ?ange.
2. A wheel comprising a felloe, peripheral
locking ring and of sufficient width' and depth
as to expose a portion of this notch 22 above the grooves inthe outer surface of said felloe adja
cent the edges thereof, split-type locking rings
55 felloe, as is common in ‘rings of this nature. A
adapted to be arranged within said grooves, side
tire tool is inserted in the notch to lift the look
ing ring out of the recess IS in the usual man
ner after the side ?ange hasbeen moved to the
GO
dotted-line position shown in Fig. 3.
Of course, it will be understood that the felloe
is provided with a suitable slot for the recep
tion of the valve stem of the inner tube used in
the tire, as is customary in devices of this char
acter. It will also be understood that other means
may be used for securing the driving lug I3 to the
side ?ange without departing from the spirit and
scope of this invention and thatit could be made
of the same piece of material as the, side ?ange.
Furthermore, it will be obvious that the felloe
could be a rim which is to be applied to a wheel
instead of merely the felloe of the wheel itself,
as it is shown in the drawing.
In Figs. 5 and 6 there is showna modi?ed form
of my invention in which 23 represents the rim
and 24 the side ?ange. A locking ring 25 simi
?anges separate from said locking rings, driving
lugs on said side ?anges arranged between the
ends of the respective locking rings to prevent
relative rotation between said locking rings and 60
their respective side ?anges, said felloe also hav
ing depressions adjacent the outer edges thereof
into which said driving lugs project to prevent
relative rotation between said side ?anges and
felloe within certain prescribed limits.
3. A wheel comprising a felloe having a.
groove adjacent one edge thereof, a side ?ange,
the outer wall of which is provided with a later
ally and radially inwardly projecting lug, said
felloe having a recess other than said groove for .70
receiving the inwardly projecting portion of said
lug, and a split locking ring having spaced ends
arranged facing the sides of said lug, the locking
ring also being arranged in said groove to hold
said side ?ange in place.
2,105,829
4. In a device of the class described, the com
bination with a rim having a peripheral gutter
adjacent one edge, an abutment in said gutter, a
side ?ange, a split locking ring arranged partial
ly in said gutter with the ends thereof on o-p-po
site sides of said abutment and a driving lug
on said ?ange arranged between the ends of said
10
bination with a rim having a peripheral groove
on the outer surface thereof, a split locking ring
adapted to ?t in said groove and having an axial
ly inwardly extending portion thereon, a side
?ange having a radially inwardly projecting lug_
spaced outwardly from the inner surface of said
ring, said rim having a transverse recess in the
split ring to prevent rotation of said ring relative
to said ?ange.
surface thereof extending substantially axially
for receiving said inwardly projecting lug and
5. In a device of the class described the com
bination with a rim having a gutter adjacent
one edge for receiving a locking ring, a side
terminating inwardly of the edge of said rim at a 10
point short of the inner surface of the side
?ange when the latter is in operative position,
?ange, a locking ring arranged in said gutter for
preventing outward movement of said ?ange
the said side ?ange overlying said inwardly ex
tending projection on said clamping ring when
said side ?ange is in operative position whereby 15
to prevent radially outward movement thereof
relative to said rim, the said driving lug engag
ing the walls of said axial recess to prevent sub
stantial relative peripheral movement between
16 axially of said rim and having a recess therein,
a driving lug on said ?ange arranged within said
recess to hold said ?ange and ring against rela
tive peripheral movement, said driving lug en
gaging an abutment on said rim for preventing
20 substantial relative peripheral movement of said
?ange and ring with respect to said rim.
said side ?ange and rim.
20
8. A rim comprising a base portion having a
6. In a device of the class described, the com
bination with a rim having an outwardly ex
portion and being provided with an axial recess
tending removable side ?ange embracing said
25 rim, a locking ring for holding the side ?ange
against outward movement, said ring being a
substantially circular ring split to provide spaced
end portions, said rim having an abutment near
the outer edge thereof for preventing outward
30 movement of said split ring when the lattter is in
place, and a single driving lug on said side
?ange arranged between the ends of said ring
and between spaced abutments provided on said
rim for preventing substantial relative rotation
35 between said side ?ange, clamping ring and rim.
7. In a device of the class described, the com
demountable side ?ange embracing said base
extending inwardly from the edge of said base
portion, a lug abutting the outer wall of said side 25
flange and secured permanently thereto, said lug
extending inwardly toward the axis of said base
portion and into said recess whereby said lug en
gages the walls of said recess to prevent relative
peripheral movement of said side ?ange and base 30
portion, and a locking ring for preventing out
ward axial movement of said side ?ange having
means thereon cooperating with said lug to pre
vent relative peripheral movement between said
ring, base portion and side ?ange.
35
ALVA W. WOODWARD.
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