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Патент USA US2106016

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a Jan- 18, 1938‘.
H. 'r. PRESCOTT
2,106,016
REED FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
Filed July 3, 1935
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2,106,01t
Patented Jan. 18, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT QEFFICE
2,106,016
REED FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
Henry T. Prescott, Chicago, Ill.
Application July 3, 1935, Serial No. 29,617
2 Claims. (Cl. 84--383)
This invention. relates to reeds for musical in
struments and more particularly to the provision
of a reed adapted for use in connection with the
mouthpiece of a wind instrument such as a saxo
phone, clarinet or similar musical instrument.
An object of the invention. is to provide an im
5
proved reed.
Another object is to provide a reed capable of
producing sounds of improved quality.
Another object is to provide a reed which re
3.0
quires less effort on. the part of the player to
operate the same.
Another object is to provide a reed which is
particularly adapted for producing the lowest
l. . Ll
register and middle register tones.
Another object is to provide a reed which is
capable of producing fuller tones in the lower
registers.
_
Another object is to provide a reed which is
capable of producing sub-tones when used on a
clarinet.
A further object is to produce a reed which at
tains the foregoing objects and in addition has
its marginal edges free.
A further object is to produce a reed having an
increased or extended marginal vibrational area.
Another object is to produce‘ a reed which emits
sound waves having a wave-form that produces
musical sounds of improved quality.
A further object is to provide a reed which has
certain of its marginal portions cut away to re
lease adjacent portions from the means for
clamping the reed on a mouthpiece.
A further object is to provide a reed which has
certain of its marginal portions cut-in to release
adjacent portions thereof from the clamping
means and at the same time has other parts of
its marginal portions cut-in or reduced in thick
ness to release the marginal portions of the reed
from said clamping means.
Another object is to provide a reed having a
same amplitude with the expenditure of less
energy.
Other objects and advantages of the invention
will appear in the following description where
in several exemplary embodiments of the inven
tion are described with reference to the accom
panying drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a preferred embodi
ment of the novel reed;
Fig. 2 is a side view of the new reed shown in 1'
Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of a further embodi
ment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of another embodi
ment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is a top plan View of a further embodi~
ment;
Fig. 6 is a top plan view of a further embodi
ment;
Fig. '7 is a top plan View of the new reed, illus~ as
trated in Figs. 1. and 2, shown clamped in play
ing position on a mouthpiece by a ligature;
Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view on the line 8-8
of Fig. '7 looking in the direction of the arrows,
and
Fig. 9 is a top plan view of another embodiment
of the invention.
Referring to the drawing, and more particular
1y to Figs. 1, 2, 7 and 8, the novel reed is formed
with a rear thick portion. l and a front portion 2 S0
tapering from said thick portion.
The bottom portion 3 of the reed is flat so that
when the reed is applied to a mouthpiece 4 it
will ?t tightly against a correspondingly ?at sur
face 5 formed on the mouthpiece 4.
The upper rear portion ! of the reed is arcuate
in shape so that it can be clamped to the mouth
vpiece 4 by a suitable clamping means such as a
ligature 5.
The reeds now in common use are formed as
described above and have their upper rear por
from closing the mouthpiece and failing to vi
brate.
Another object is to provide a reed which has
its vibrating portions freed from the damping ef—
fect of the means for clamping the reed to a
tions curved from one of their longitudinal edges
to their other longitudinal edge with the result
that the
or clamping means tightly press
the marginal edges as well as the central por 45
tions of the rear portions of the reeds between
the inner surfaces of such ligatures or clamping
means and the top ‘flat surfaces of the mouth
piece. In addition this clamping effect is trans
mitted to the portions 15 of the tip portion 2 ad
mouthpiece.
jacent to the clampable portion I.
A further object is to provide a reed which will
in comparison with ordinary reeds emit a sound
Wave of greater amplitude with a given expendi
proved novel reed is formed by constructing the
greater freedom of vibration without sacri?cing
the sturdy backbone essential to provide the‘ nec
_ essary resiliency or resistance to keep the reed
55 ture of energy or will emit a sound wave of the
In accordance with the present invention an im
reed in such a manner that when it is clamped to
the mouthpiece by the clamping means certain 55
2
2,106,016
marginal portions of the reed are cut-in to re
lease adjacent portions of the reed from this
clamping or binding effect of the clamping
means.
In accordance with a further embodiment of the
present invention the reed is provided in addi
tion with a. construction which releases its mar
ginal portions from the clamping means as well
as the portions adjacent to the cut-in portions.
In the embodiments of the invention illus
trated in Figs. 1 to 8 the novel reed is provided
with various shaped cut~in portions which re
lease adjacent portions it from the clamping
effect of the ligature or clamping means.
In the embodiment shown in Figs. 1, 2, 7 and 8,
the cut-in portions 2% are substantialiy semi
circular in shape and are arranged in the mid
region of the reed, ;:eferably in the thick por
tion I of the reed directly adjacent to the thick
est part I5 of the tapered front portion 2 of
the reed which terminates in the ?exible or vi
bratile tip ‘I.
These cut-in portions
nu
are arranged in op
posed pairs at the longitudinal side margins of
the reed and as clearly illustrated in Figs. 7 and
8 release the portions 55 of the vibratile end 2
of the reed from the clamping or binding effect
of the ligature 6 or other clamping means.
This results in the production of fuller and im
proved tones and makes it possible to obtain the
?rst and second register tones with greater ease
and less effort. It also results in the attainment
or assists in the accomplishment of the various
objects hereinbefore stated.
It will be clear to those skilled in the art that
this result can also be obtained even though the
particular shape of the cut-in portions be varied.
For example, as shown in Figure 3, the cut-in
portions 2i may be rectangular in shape; or as
shown in Fig. 1i the cut-in portions 22 may be
triangular in shape or V—shaped; or as shown
in Figs. 5 and 6 the cut-in portions 23 and 24
respectively may have some other angular or
niche shape.
These various shapes of cut-in portions 28 to
24 may be used advantageously to signify a given
Likewise the dimensions and shape of the cut
in portions 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24 may be varied
within wide limits without departing from the
spirit and scope of the present invention.
It will also be appreciated by those skilled in 5
the art that instead of the combination of cut-in
portions 20 and recessed portions 10, other com
binations might be used and still be within the
scope of the present invention. For example, any
of the cut-in portions 2! to 24 may be used in 10
combination with the recessed portions l0 instead
of the cut-in portions 20.
The advantages of the improved reed are nu
merous and correspond to the desired objects
hereinbefore stated. In addition the new reed
will not warp the mouthpiece because all swelling
and expansion is taken up by the arrangement
of the cut-in and/or recessed portions. These
portions also prevent the ligature or other clamp
ing means from binding, crushing or otherwise
distorting the lay of the mouthpiece.
The freer vibration made possible by the new
reed results in a much improved tone quality of
greatly increased volume with less e?ort. It re
duces fatigue to a minimum. permits the player 1-“
to play better in tune and brings out the lower
register tones with greater fullness and With
greater ease.
The embodiments of the invention herein de
scribed and illustrated are merely convenient and
useful forms of the invention which is capable
of many other modi?cations without departing
from the spirit and scope of the invention, which
is to be limited. only by the scope of
appended
claims.
I claim:
1. A reed for musical instruments comprising
a body having a portion adapted to be clamped
to the instrument and supporting a vibratable
portion of ?exible characteristics to be supported
free of any clamp, said reed having portions cut
out from the bottom to the top of its opposite
edges between the vibratable portion and the
portion to be clamped, whereby the vibratable
part of the reed is adapted to vibrate with re
spect to the major axis of the reed and also with
quality, kind or type of reed in addition to im
parting to the reed the new advantageous results
obtained by releasing the reed from the clamping
means or ligature at this particular portion.
In all of the embodiments it will be noted that
2. A reed for musical instruments comprising
a body having a thick portion for engagement by ."s
the clamp for clamping the reed to a mouthpiece,
the relatively sturdy backbone of the reed is
maintained.
and having a. ?exible tip portion tapering from
said thick portion, said thick portion being char
respect to a transverse axis located in the vibrat
able portion thereof.
In Fig. 9 a further modi?cation of the inven
acterized by the absence of surface recesses and
7' tion is illustrated which has the additional ad
being formed with pair of iiwaidly extending
vantage that its longitudinal margins are re
recesses, one of said
being formed on each
leased from the ligature or clamping means.
of the lateral edges of said thick portion, and
This improved reed has the cut-in portions 20 _ said recesses being opposite each other and be
shown in the embodiment illustrated in Figs. 1,
2, '7 and 8, but has in addition ligature-released
or recessed portions l0 extending longitudinally
of the reed at its side margins.
The depth, width, length and particular shape
or form of these recessed portions [0 may be
varied within wide limits without departing from
the spirit and scope of the present invention.
ingr located in the thick portion substantially at
the beginning of the taper from said thick portion
to said ?exible tip portion whereby the ?exible
tip portion is supported free of the ligaments
which clamp the reed to a mouthpiece and the
tones are improved.
HENRY T. PRESCOTT.
65
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