Патент USA US2106067код для вставки
Jan. 18, 1938. 2,106,067 F. H. SCHMIDT SHINGLE Filed July 28, 1956 7 WWW EH50 I? 71222]f k Nowwq Patented Jan. 18, 1938 2,106,667 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,106,067 SHINGLE Frank H. Schmidt, Hillsboro, Ohio Application July 28, 1936, Serial No. 93,079 1 Claim. (Cl. 108-8) This invention ' relates to surface covering rectangular outline, as illustrated, and is initially bodies of the nature of shingles. The primary object of the present invention is to provide an improved shingle of the type which formed to have a slight transverse bow or curva ture whereby when it is laid upon the sheathing of a roof to which it is to~ be secured the central 5 is formed to represent several ordinary shingles, , part will be raised up over the sheathing and a in which a novel body design is produced which spring-like tension will be obtained to hold the will e?ect close engagement between two edges top and bottom edges in ?rm contact with the of the shingle body and the underlying support~ sheathing and thus when the shingle is secured ing structure when the shingle is secured in place down by the nail 2, these contacting edges will be drawn more ?rmly into engagement with the 10 in the usual manner. Another object of the invention is to provide sheathing than would be the case with an initially an improved strip shingle having integral raised formed ?at shingle, so as to establish a tight wind-proof and water-proof joint. reinforcing ribs which in addition to strengthen Each of the shingle strips is provided with a ing the shingle body, serve as a guiding means for 15 placing another strip in position and also serve series oi’ transversely directed ribs 3 which ex to give the illusion of several shingles of ordinary tend from the outer or bottom edge of the shingle, as shown. Where the shingles are to be used width lying in side-by-side relation. A still further object of the invention is to upon a roof these ribs are‘ preferably of a length provide a strip shingle having integral raised 20 ribs extending part-way across the strip whereby a ?at portion is provided against which a super imposed shingle strip may be secured and having indicating or marking means lying between the ribs for assisting in locating a second or superim 25 posed shingle strip in the proper position. The invention will be best understood from a consideration of the following detailed descrip tion taken in connection with the accompanying drawing forming part of this speci?cation, with so the understanding, however, that the invention is not con?ned to any strict conformity with the showing of the drawing but may be changed or modi?ed so long as such changes or modi?cations mark no material departure from the salient fea 35 tures of the invention as expressed in the ap pended claim. In the drawing:— Figure 1 is a view in plan of a shingle strip con structed in accordance with the present invention 40 showing the same applied over a starter strip. Fig. 2 is a view in section taken transversely of two of the shingle strips and the starter strip‘ and showing one of the shingle strips in the con dition which it assumed before it is secured in 45 place; and Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1. Referring now more particularly to the draw ing, the numeral i generally designates a strip shingle constructed in accordance with the present 50 invention, which shingle is preferably formed of a composition of asbestos and asphalt in such pro portion as to produce a semi-?exible material hard enough to saw but su?iciently yieldable as to enable it to be easily out with heavy cutters 55 such as tin snips. This shingle is of elongated equal to three eighths of the width of the shingle and when they are to be used as siding shingle's 20 the length of the ribs is preferably approximately three sevenths of the width of the shingle. The top edge of the shingle is beveled as indicated at 4, through a distance approximating one-fourth of the width of the shingle. The bevel decreases toward the top edge from the full thickness of the shingle to a thickness‘ of approximately three thirty-seconds of an inch or half the shingle thickness. At the upper or inner ends of the ribs 3, nail depressions 5 are formed. These are in spaced relation. with the adjacent ends of the ribs so that when a single shingle is placed over the ?rst the lower edge of the second shingle will com pletely cover the nails. As indicated the second shingles are placed with their lower edges in con tact with the inner ends of the ribs of the under lying shingle so that the resultant e?ect is that of a series of shingles of ordinary or standard width laid in the usual manner, that is, with the 40 edges of one row in staggered relation with the edges of the underlying row or they may be in alined relation as preferred. As illustrated the ribs 3 are so spaced that a full or complete number of standard width shingles is represented and at each end of the shingle strip a half rib 6 is formed for co-action with a similar half rib upon an abutting shingle strip so that the illusion of regular shingles is carried out throughout’ the length of the roof 50 or the wall surface being covered. Adjacent the lower edge of each shingle strip and mid-way between the ribs 3, are depressions ‘l which constitute markers for use as a guide in placing the shingles with the ribs 01' one strip . 2, 108,067 2 in staggered relation with those of the next strip below. By this means the placement of the ribs of one shingle strip exactly on a center line be- . tween the ribs and theunderlying strip is as of strips will follow directly upon the center line between the ribs or the next row and thus the operator can work rapidly without taking the ‘ ' time to measure or otherwise carefully determine ~ the position in which the strip should be placed. 1 claim:A shingle, comprising an elongated ?at sheet strip which is placed along the edge 01’ a roof to oi’ material having an unbroken edge contour have the ?rst row of shingles or shingle strips dis posed thereover so that the said row will assume throughout and an undersurface which is ?at and sured. - The numeral 8 represents the usual starter 10 the proper angular relation with the roof sheath ing to insure the following rows of shingles lying flat and form a water-proof joint. From the foregoing it will be readiLv apparent that a shingle strip constructed in; accordance 15 with the present invention may be easily handled and quickly applied because 01' the fact that the raised ribs or one already applied row of strips provide a guide means for the placing of the next unbroken throughout, said strip being tapered from a line extending longitudinally and inset a substantial distance from one longitudinal edge to the adjacent edge, a plurality of ribs formed upon the top surface of and integral with the strip and extending from the other longitudinal edge trans 15 versely- of the strip and terminating short of said ' taper line, and said shingle being slightly bowed transversely, the concave side being the under side 0! the shingle whereby the shingle when ‘?attened out by elements securing it to a root 20 row of strips which have already been applied. surface will have its tapered edge pressed ?rmly It will also be apparent that by providing against the underlying surface. row and-thus prevent the operator from getting 20 the edge of the row out 01' alinement with the shingle strips with the marking points ‘I the strips can be readily placed so that the ribs 0! one row FRANK H; SCHMIDT.