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Патент USA US2106067

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Jan. 18, 1938.
2,106,067
F. H. SCHMIDT
SHINGLE
Filed July 28, 1956
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Patented Jan. 18, 1938
2,106,667
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,106,067
SHINGLE
Frank H. Schmidt, Hillsboro, Ohio
Application July 28, 1936, Serial No. 93,079
1 Claim. (Cl. 108-8)
This invention ' relates to surface covering rectangular outline, as illustrated, and is initially
bodies of the nature of shingles.
The primary object of the present invention is
to provide an improved shingle of the type which
formed to have a slight transverse bow or curva
ture whereby when it is laid upon the sheathing of
a roof to which it is to~ be secured the central
5 is formed to represent several ordinary shingles, , part will be raised up over the sheathing and a
in which a novel body design is produced which spring-like tension will be obtained to hold the
will e?ect close engagement between two edges top and bottom edges in ?rm contact with the
of the shingle body and the underlying support~ sheathing and thus when the shingle is secured
ing structure when the shingle is secured in place down by the nail 2, these contacting edges will be
drawn more ?rmly into engagement with the
10 in the usual manner.
Another object of the invention is to provide sheathing than would be the case with an initially
an improved strip shingle having integral raised formed ?at shingle, so as to establish a tight
wind-proof and water-proof joint.
reinforcing ribs which in addition to strengthen
Each of the shingle strips is provided with a
ing the shingle body, serve as a guiding means for
15 placing another strip in position and also serve series oi’ transversely directed ribs 3 which ex
to give the illusion of several shingles of ordinary tend from the outer or bottom edge of the shingle,
as shown. Where the shingles are to be used
width lying in side-by-side relation.
A still further object of the invention is to upon a roof these ribs are‘ preferably of a length
provide a strip shingle having integral raised
20 ribs extending part-way across the strip whereby
a ?at portion is provided against which a super
imposed shingle strip may be secured and having
indicating or marking means lying between the
ribs for assisting in locating a second or superim
25 posed shingle strip in the proper position.
The invention will be best understood from a
consideration of the following detailed descrip
tion taken in connection with the accompanying
drawing forming part of this speci?cation, with
so the understanding, however, that the invention is
not con?ned to any strict conformity with the
showing of the drawing but may be changed or
modi?ed so long as such changes or modi?cations
mark no material departure from the salient fea
35 tures of the invention as expressed in the ap
pended claim.
In the drawing:—
Figure 1 is a view in plan of a shingle strip con
structed in accordance with the present invention
40 showing the same applied over a starter strip.
Fig. 2 is a view in section taken transversely
of two of the shingle strips and the starter strip‘
and showing one of the shingle strips in the con
dition which it assumed before it is secured in
45 place; and
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.
Referring now more particularly to the draw
ing, the numeral i generally designates a strip
shingle constructed in accordance with the present
50 invention, which shingle is preferably formed of
a composition of asbestos and asphalt in such pro
portion as to produce a semi-?exible material
hard enough to saw but su?iciently yieldable as to
enable it to be easily out with heavy cutters
55 such as tin snips. This shingle is of elongated
equal to three eighths of the width of the shingle
and when they are to be used as siding shingle's 20
the length of the ribs is preferably approximately
three sevenths of the width of the shingle. The
top edge of the shingle is beveled as indicated at
4, through a distance approximating one-fourth
of the width of the shingle. The bevel decreases
toward the top edge from the full thickness of the
shingle to a thickness‘ of approximately three
thirty-seconds of an inch or half the shingle
thickness.
At the upper or inner ends of the ribs 3, nail
depressions 5 are formed. These are in spaced
relation. with the adjacent ends of the ribs so
that when a single shingle is placed over the ?rst
the lower edge of the second shingle will com
pletely cover the nails. As indicated the second
shingles are placed with their lower edges in con
tact with the inner ends of the ribs of the under
lying shingle so that the resultant e?ect is that
of a series of shingles of ordinary or standard
width laid in the usual manner, that is, with the 40
edges of one row in staggered relation with the
edges of the underlying row or they may be in
alined relation as preferred.
As illustrated the ribs 3 are so spaced that a
full or complete number of standard width
shingles is represented and at each end of the
shingle strip a half rib 6 is formed for co-action
with a similar half rib upon an abutting shingle
strip so that the illusion of regular shingles is
carried out throughout’ the length of the roof 50
or the wall surface being covered.
Adjacent the lower edge of each shingle strip
and mid-way between the ribs 3, are depressions
‘l which constitute markers for use as a guide in
placing the shingles with the ribs 01' one strip .
2, 108,067
2
in staggered relation with those of the next strip
below. By this means the placement of the ribs
of one shingle strip exactly on a center line be- .
tween the ribs and theunderlying strip is as
of strips will follow directly upon the center line
between the ribs or the next row and thus the
operator can work rapidly without taking the
‘ ' time to measure or otherwise carefully determine
~ the position in which the strip should be placed.
1 claim:A shingle, comprising an elongated ?at sheet
strip which is placed along the edge 01’ a roof to
oi’ material having an unbroken edge contour
have the ?rst row of shingles or shingle strips dis
posed thereover so that the said row will assume throughout and an undersurface which is ?at and
sured.
-
The numeral 8 represents the usual starter
10 the proper angular relation with the roof sheath
ing to insure the following rows of shingles lying
flat and form a water-proof joint.
From the foregoing it will be readiLv apparent
that a shingle strip constructed in; accordance
15 with the present invention may be easily handled
and quickly applied because 01' the fact that the
raised ribs or one already applied row of strips
provide a guide means for the placing of the next
unbroken throughout, said strip being tapered
from a line extending longitudinally and inset a
substantial distance from one longitudinal edge to
the adjacent edge, a plurality of ribs formed upon
the top surface of and integral with the strip and
extending from the other longitudinal edge trans 15
versely- of the strip and terminating short of said '
taper line, and said shingle being slightly bowed
transversely, the concave side being the under
side 0! the shingle whereby the shingle when
‘?attened out by elements securing it to a root 20
row of strips which have already been applied. surface will have its tapered edge pressed ?rmly
It will also be apparent that by providing against the underlying surface.
row and-thus prevent the operator from getting
20 the edge of the row out 01' alinement with the
shingle strips with the marking points ‘I the strips
can be readily placed so that the ribs 0! one row
FRANK H; SCHMIDT.
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