Патент USA US2106179код для вставки
Jan. 25, '1 93. G. F. KOTRBATY ‘ 2,106,179 COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION MEMBERS Original Filed Nov. 17, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig.5. 2 25 240a. 3 H n 18 2 M. 2 M h a m. 19 14° Q E/.mw. W 7.2., In:W. 4 22 Zl 20 18 28- Z7 H 7.. wM 32 3 a1. Z a 2.. > INVENTOR Guy F. Kofrbatg B ATTORNEYS Jan. 25, 1938. 2,106,179 G. F. KOTRBATY c?PosITE CONSTRUCTION MEMBERS originéu Filed Nov. 17, 1933 2 shgets-slh’eet 2 m . a. Ql E11 N ‘ ' INVENTOR Guy F. Kofrbatg 23%;? Patented Jan. 25, 1938 UNETE 'l‘NT ST'l' FFIQE 4,106,179 COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION MEMBERS Guy ll‘. Kotrbaty, New York, N. Y., assignor to lFer~0»Con Gorporation. Bryn Mawr, Pa, a cor poration of Delaware ()rlginal application November 1'7, 1933. Serial No. 693,433. Divided and this application July 5, 1935, Serial No. 29,820 '7 Claims. (Cl. 72-—115) This invention relates to building construction members and composite stud and key members associated therewith. This invention is a division of my application 5 Serial No. 698,433, ?led Nov. 17, 1933, for Secur» ing members for self supporting structural build ing units, Patent No. 2,017,441 of October 15, 1935, which patent is a continuation in part of my prior Patent No. 1,965,601 of July 10, 1934, 10. ?led June 4, 1929, which patent is in its turn a division of my Patent No. 1,877,898 of September 20, 1932, ?led July 27, 1928. The speci?c details of my improvements hav» ing been set forth in the application. above re ferred to, they will be presented here solely for the purpose of establishing the cooperative rela» tionship between the several features, in order to more clearly illustrate the patentable novelty of the several parts in their speci?c structures 20 and in their combinations as previously set forth. The examples shown are given merely by way of example, for since the underlying principles may be incorporated in their speci?c structures, it is not intended to limit the constructions to the forms shown, except as such limitations are clearly imposed by the appended claims. In the drawings like numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views of which Fig. 1 is a plan view of a key member; Fig. 2 is an elevation of the key of Fig. 1; 30 Fig. 3 is a horizontal section of a pair of abut ting grid members having keying post sections, keyed together by the key member of 1 and 2; Fig. 4 is an elevation of the joint structure of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a perspective, partly in plan view, of a composite joint construction; Fig. 6 is a perspective of a side wall keying 40 member, and Fig. '7 is a plan View partly in section, of abut ted and joined walls, including the composite stud and key members herein. Referring more particularly to the drawings, 45 the improvements of the present invention in clude novel keying and batten strip» or ?ller and stud members, designated generally by the nu meral i0, associated with bulbous post and key members, designated generally by the numeral 29, to form composite studding and supporting struc— tural joints for buildings. The members 29, are preferably provided with means adapted to re~ ceive and secure Spaced panels 3t, 32 of grid members 36, all as will be described more in detail hereinafter. The structural member In, and as shown in the drawings, will now be described. This member, which is adapted to serve as a composite struc~ tural keying ?ller and batten member, comprises continuous parallel wall sections H and I2 spaced from inner wall sections l3, Id. The inner wall sections are joined by a transverse web member £5 with which is associated parallel spaced web sections it separated by a gap ll. The inner walls l3, M are severally composed of symmet~ 10 rical wall sections 13a, lSl), and Ma, lib, each terminating in a keying and locking shouldered ?ange section designated generally by the numer al is, and forming duplex keyways. The arrangement of parts comprising the mem 15 bers iii is formed, by preference, from a single sheet or strip of metal of suitable composition and of a desired gauge or thickness, depending on the particular structural purposes to which the mem 20 ber is to be put. Considering the novel structural member 10, in further detail, it will be appreciated that the external wall sections H and i2, together with the mutually inturned ?angeportions l8 serve as tension and locking portions of the keying mem ber when assembled for use in suitable com posite stud or joint constructions. The keying or stud member IE will thus comprise two struc tural side portions ll, l2, integrally joined by an intermediate, transverse web member lb. The 30 spaced arrangement of the walls of the member gives a desired resiliency and spring-gripping action and the substantially columnar sheet metal shape gives a maximum structural strength with a minimum of material. To provide a plas tic keying and bonding surface, as well as to decrease the over-all weight of the member with out decreasing the structural strength thereoi the panels H and i2 may be provided with punched-out or cut-out portions or sections 40 designated generally by the numeral l9. Metal lath strips or like plastic-receiving surfaces may be associated with the faces. A cut-out 19 may also be formed in the transverse web section l5 oi the member, as well as in the panel or side 45 portion thereof. - The novel stud or stanchion members 20 adapted to cooperate with the duplex keyways of the keying members 10, will now be described. These members comprise a head 2! with lateral bulbs or beads 22 adapted to ?t in and mate with the inner sides of the locking ?anges 58 of the key member Ill. These post sections are further provided with parallel web portions 22a ter~ minating in flared-out or shouldered portions 23. 2 2,106,179 The sections 2|, 22, and 23 form a bulbous key adapted to be received in and held by the key way-forming portions l5, l6, and [8 of the mem ber l0. Parallel terminal ?anges 24 may be formed as continuations of the sections 23, and generally at right angles thereto, as shown more particularly in Figs. 3 and 5. Panel members 3|, 32, may be applied on the exterior of the flanges 24 and secured thereon by any suitable means, 10 such as welding or brazing or by mechanical means, including rivets, bolts and nuts, all as in dicated generally at 25. Where the panel mem bers 3| , 32 are to be crimped in place or held, the sections 26 may be continued to form an 15 S-shaped member 26 having an outer flange sec tion 2'1 forming a channel adapted to receive the ends of the panel members and secure the same mechanically as by crimping or by welding or brazing, or other mechanical means, all as 20 generally indicated by the numeral 28. With this construction it will be seen that the key, stud, stanchion or post members 23 may be suitably conformed at their terminal ends to receive any desired panelling in any manner desired. 25 The resulting completed grid members 31] will comprise end keying post and spacing sections 20 and associated panellings 3|, 32, secured to and spaced apart by the post members. The panel“ securing means may vary according to the designs The head portions 2| of these end post sections may be apertured as indicated at its. These apertures may generally conform to the similar apertures in members I0 and thus pro vide a through~and~through connection between 35 the interiors of the grids 30. Where structural cementitious materials are incorporated in the members 30 for heavy structural purposes the cementitious plastics may flow in and through the interior of the key members I0 into the interior 40 of the grids 30. While the panel members 3i, 32 have been shown and generally designated as being made of reinforced and supported foram inous structural sheet material such as rigid, expanded metal lath, it is to be understood that 45 other structural panellings may be made use of in the constructions here shown. 30 shown. The novel self-supporting structural building wall units and intermediate combination locking and batten strip members may be apertured, as 50 noted above, to receive and bond cementitious structural plastics and ?nishes. In addition these panel members and panel sections of the interme diate keying members may be formed of continu ous surfacings of any suitable material and pre 55 formed so as to permit the erection of walls and buildings without requiring the addition of struc tural cementitious materials. For various design features and the like the novel keying and joint construction of the present invention permits a 60 wide variety of design features to be incorporated in the constructions. Where desired, the panel members 3!, 32, may be so secured to the flange sections 24 as to come flush with the surfaces ll, l2 of the keying stud member. The joints between the surfaces ll, I2 and abutted panel surfaces 3|, 32, may be made as tight as possible to give a so-called “hair-line” joint eifect. The crimping sections 26 will ordinarily be used with panellings 3|, 32, under conditions where it is desired to provide an over-lay of cementitious plastic material. The panel surfaces H, I 2 of the members It! may be suitably ornamented to give any desired surface ?nish. The post sections 26 of the composite stud 75 and joint construction may be made of fairly heavy gauge metal to provide inherent structural rigidity and strength which is enhanced by the con?guration of the sheet metal members. Any lateral weaving of the wall assembly is prevented by the con?guration of the stud post and keying members, and the gauge of sheet metal used for the keying member may be varied according to the particular joint to be set up. Thus, in non load-bearing joints the sheet metal out of which member ID is formed may be a relatively light 10 gauge having sui?cient inherent strength to per mit the panel sections I I, I2 and associated look ing ?anges Hi to serve as tension members in a joint construction in which the tension is to be applied in the direc ion of the plane of the sur faces of members H and i2. The members l6 are not primarily intended to be utilized under conditions wherein a transverse pull on web mem ber or section I5 is to be effected. Referring now to Fig. 6 a side wall of inter 20 secting wall keying member 4E3 is shown. This is also preferably a formed sheet metal member of appreciable length and having a head or rail sec tion Iii adapted to be'received into auxiliary key ing sections 42 of self-supporting grid structures 25 shown and disclosed in my prior Patent 1,968,045 of July 81, 1934, for Building construction. The members 49 are provided further with opposed parallel sections 42, each terminating in ?anged feet 43, and the latter in turn, including mutually 30 inturned sections 44, de?ning an aperture or gap 45 therebetween. In such construction the head or rail section 4| may ?t in an auxiliary keyway section 42 and the foot section 33 adapted to fit in and mate with a keying section 46 formed in a 35 structural unit and more particularly shown in my application Serial No. 698,433, ?led November 17, 1933, for Securing members for self-support ing structural building units. These structural members thus permit the assembly and erection 4.0 of ?ying walls or angularly disposed partition walls, Where desired, and with a minimum of materials and structural costs. The several keys and associated keyways, whether formed integrally with the grids as ends 45 thereof, or whether formed separately in any de sired con?guration and later secured to the side panels in any of the ways described above, form composite structural members adapted to serve as studs, stanchions, column members and beam 50 members. The section or thickness of the metal entering into these constructions may be varied, as desired, according to the loads to be imposed on the members and whether they are to serve as vertical supporting members or as beam or floor supports. Referring now to Fig. 7, there is shown a con struction more particularly described in my Pat ent 1,968,045 of July 31, 1934, for Building con struction, in which the grids are keyed together by the different types of keys, as indicated. Cer tain of the grids are shown ?lled for insulating purposes, and the like, with insulating material such as mineral wool, glass wool, slag wool, ground cork, asbestos, magnesia, gypsum base materials, sawdust or other solid or pulverulent insulating materials, designated generally by the numeral ll‘l. These materials may be formed into units or blocks adapted to completely ?ll the interior grid spaces, or the materials may be used in bulk form ?lling the grids wholly or in part, as may be desired, or they may be made into slabs, blankets or sheets designated, gen erally by the numeral I I6, adapted to ?t into the sides of the grids, and of such a length as to be 3 2,106,179 keyed between the said sides of the adjacent key way. While mineral insulations have been de scribed, it will, of course, be understood that any suitable vegetable insulant materials, such as sugar cane refuse, corn-stalk refuse, or other such materials may be made use of, these ma~ terials being known in commerce as bagasse, celotex and insulite. The above construction prevents the transfer 10 of heat, makes the walls sound-proof, eliminates the passage of moisture from the exterior of the house to the interior, permits the use of metal and concrete plastics in the Tropics, and makes a vermin-proof house. By providing suitable apertures in the web sections of the keyways or keys, the cross-sectional mass of the metal in the web is reduced to a minimum without reduc ing its structural strength. This reduction in mass of the web metal imposes a distinct resist ance to the travel or transfer of heat through the mass of the web as such heat transfer is essentially a function of the amount of metal available as a heat-conducting path. Such a feature increases the insulating effect between the panels of the several grid members. The usual service pipe and connections ill‘! may be disposed inside of the grids. It will now be appreciated that there has been provided improved key members for self-sup porting structural building members, which key members are characterized by a variety of forms and high structural efficiency when combined with abutted stanchion or stud members or beam members to form composite structural members ill) which may be readily inserted in‘ place to lock abutted building units in place and to form with the said units, permanent structural members having the maximum of crushing and bending strength yet being characterized by a minimum 40 of weight and a desirably high resistance to the passage or transfer of heat therethrough. While certain novel features of the invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art or without departing from the spirit of the invention. What is claimed is: 50 1. In composite structural stud members, in— cluding end sections of self-supporting building units having tongued post sections formed there in and serving as structural supporting and key 55 ing members, H-shaped sheet metal keying mem bers between and in looking engagement with aligned and spaced post sections of adjacent building units, the said keying members compris ing panel sections generally lying in the same 60 plane as the walls of the building units and in termediate web sections having ?ange portions, the ?ange portions of the said members being adapted to mate with and engage the post sec tions on the building unit end sections whereby the composite is held as a structural unit. 2. A combination composite wall joint member and structural building unit end supporting and spacing means comprising wall panel supporting and securing members having edge crimping sec tions spaced apart from each other in generally parallel relation, the said members being con verged inwardly to form an outwardly projecting " post section, the said post section being provided with a head portion having lateral bulbous por tions, the whole being formed of sheet metal. 3. Sheet metal keying members for composite structural supporting members, including spaced panel sections, each section terminating in in turned ?anged edges, a pair of generally parallel Web members between the panel sections and forming further inturned ?ange sections with the ?rst said inturned ?anged edges, one of'the I web sections being continuous with the panel sections and joining same, and the other web section being longitudinally slotted. 4. Sheet metal keying members for composite structural supporting members including spaced * LY and apertured panel sections, each said aper tured panel section terminating in ?anged'edges inturned toward each other, a pair of generally parallel web members between the panel sec tions and forming further inturned ?ange sec- ‘ tions with the ?rst said inturned ?anged edges, one of the web sections being continuous with the panel sections and joining same, and the other web section being longitudinally slotted. 5. Sheet metal keying members for composite r structural supporting members, including spaced panel sections, each section terminating in in turned ?anged edges, a pair of parallel web mem bers between the panel sections and forming further inturned ?ange sections with the ?rst 40 said inturned ?anged edges, one of the web sec tions being continuous with the panel sections and joining the same, and the other one of said web members having a longitudinal slot therein. 6. A construction member as claimed in claim 45 5 including apertured panel sections serving as structural plastic receiving and retaining mem bers. 7. Sheet metal keying members for composite structural supporting members including spaced 50 panel sections, each section terminating in in turned ?anged edges, a pair of generally parallel web members joining the panel sections and forming further inturned ?ange sections with the ?rst said inturned ?anged edges, one of the web 55 sections being continuous with the panel sections and joining same, and the other web section be ing longitudinally slotted, the said panel sections and intermediate web sections severally compris ing spaced, parallel, sheet sections. 60 GUY F. KOTRBATY.