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Патент USA US2106378

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Jan. 25, 1938.
F. w. MOORE
MILK PAIL COVER AND FASTENER THEREFOR
Filed March 5, 1936
\
IIA‘IIIIII‘I'IIIIII.
Patented Jan. 25, 19318
2,1®6,378
UNHTED- STATES EEA'E‘ENT OFFHQE
2,106,378
MILK PAIL CDVER AND FASTENER
THEREFOR
Frank W. Meore, Lennon, Mich.
Application March 3, 1936, Serial No. 66,941
4 Claims.
This invention relates to an improvement in
milk pails and more particularly relates to an
improved means for securely but detachably
holding the cover in place upon the pail.
5
One object of the invention is to provide a de
vice of this character wherein the fasteners for
holding the cover upon the milk pail are formed
from portions struck from ears of handle-engag
ing brackets carried by the pail, thus providing
10 fasteners which will be firmly mounted at oppo
site sides of the pail and will not add to the
(Cl. 220-58)
above the bead at the outer edge thereof, and
referring to Figures 2 and 3 it will be seen that
this ear has its intermediate portion out to form
a tongue iii which instead of being entirely out
free from the ear is left attached at its lower in
end and is bent inwardly to dispose it in over
hanging relation to the bead of the pail. There
fore, an ear of an inverted U-shape/will be pro
vided at each side of the pail and the eyes 3 of
the handle may be engaged through the ears, as 10
cost as they are formed from portions of the
shown clearly in Figure 2, to loosely mount the
handle and permit it to be disposed either in a
brackets ordinarily cut out and thrown away to
carrying position above the pail diametrically
form handle-engaging portions.
thereof or in a lowered position against the pail.
Another object of the invention is to so form
the cover engaging fasteners that while the cover
may be easily slid into or out of position upon
The tongues it constitute yieldable fasteners for
holding the cover ,I I in place as the brackets ‘are
the pail to dispose marginal portions of the cover
under the fasteners, it will be securely held when
engaged by the fasteners and prevented from
accidentally slipping out of its proper position
upon the pail.
The invention is illustrated in the accompany~
ing drawing, wherein
marginal portion l2 which surrounds the dome~
shaped portion l3 and is set off from the dome—
shaped portion by a bead 14. As the‘ marginal
Figure 1 is a view showing a pail and its cover
in top plan, the cover being secured in place upon
the pail by fasteners of the improved construc
tion.
Figure 2 is a view showing the pail and cover
30 partially in side elevation and partially in ver-'
tical section along the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary view upon an en
larged scale taken along the line 3—3 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
through the marginal portion of the cover before
the cover is applied to the pail.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary top plan view illus
trating a fastener of a slightly modi?ed construc
tion.
Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing
40
another modi?ed construction.
The milk pail, which is indicated in general
by the numeral I, is of a conventional construc
tion and at opposite sides carries brackets 2
45 with which eyes 3 at ends of the handle '3 are
connected. Each of the brackets 2 is formed
from a blank of strong sheet metal which is sub
stantially T-shape to provide an attaching por~
tion or base 5 which bears against the outer face
of the milk pail and is ?rmly secured against
the same under the bead 6 by rivets or equivalent
fasteners T. The arm or shank of the bracket
is bent outwardly for close contacting engage
ment with the under face of the bead and then
55 upwardly to provide an ear 9 which projects
formed of resilient metal.
This coverhas a ?at
edge 35 of the cover is arcuate, as shown in Fig“
ure 1, a portion of the pail will not be closed when
the cover is in place and the pail may be used
for milking with the cover in place. At dia
metrically opposed points the marginal portion 5;‘vi
I2 of the cover has portions pressedupwardly to
form bowed‘portions l2" and within these bowed
portions are stamped lugs I6 which extend radi
ally of the cover and are arcuate in cross section,
as shown clearly in Figure 3. In view of the fact
that the lugs it are arcuate in cross section and
are carried by upwardly bowed portions l2’, the
cover may be applied to the top of the milk pail
where it will rest upon the bead 6 and when
pressure is applied to slide it across the pail, the 35
cover may be forced into the position shown in
Figure 1 as edges of the tongues 10 will engage
the curved surfaces of the bowed portion and
the lugs and thus be sprung upwardly until the
lugs have moved into place under correspond
ingly shaped seats ll formed by pressing portions
of the tongues upwardly. The bent portions of
the tongues forming the seats ll’ extend down
wardly along the brackets, as shown at ll’, and
strengthen the tongues at their junction with the
brackets.
As soon as the lugs reach a position
in which they are disposed under the seats, the
resiliency of the tongues will move them down
wardly to the position shown in Figure 3 where
in each lug i6 ?ts snugly into the seat or socket
l"! of a companion tongue and marginal portions
of the tongue rest upon the upper face of the
marginal portion of the cover. The bowed por
tions E2’ of the cover will be flattened when the
cover is in place and their resiliency will aid in 55
2
2,106,378
maintaining the lugs in the seats. The cover
will thus be prevented from slipping circumfer
entially or diametrically of the milk pail out of
its proper position. When, however, it is de
sired to remove the cover, it is merely necessary
to apply pressure and exert suf?cient force to
spring the tongues l0 upwardly to such an ex
tent that the lugs l6 can move out of the seats
I? and the entire cover shifted along the bead 6
of the pail to a position in which it may be re
moved. It will thus be seen that the resilient
fasteners for the cover may be formed as an
tongues in overlying relation to opposed marginal
portions of the cover, the said marginal portions
of the cover being provided with upstanding lugs
and said tongues being provided with seats receiv
ing said lugs and frictionally gripping the same
to securely but detachably hold the cover in place.
2. A receptacle open at its top, brackets of re
silient material carried by the receptacle at op
posite sides thereof and having ears projecting
upwardly from the receptacle and resilient
tongues extending inwardly from the brackets at
integral part of the bracket carrying the handle
lower ends of the ears in overlying relation to the
upper marginal edge of the receptacle, a bail
and auxiliary fasteners for the cover need not
having its end portions engaged with said ears,
be provided.
and a cover resting upon the upper marginal edge
In Figure 5 there has been shown a slightly
modi?ed construction wherein the seat I8 is
hemispherical in shape instead of ‘being'elongated
of said receptacle and slid horizontally into place
to dispose the tongues in overlapping relation
to opposed marginal portions of the cover, the
tongues and overlapped portions of the cover
radially of the milk pail and, of course, the mar
ginal portions of the cover will be formed with
having-portions o?set to form seats and com
upstanding lugs corresponding in shape to the
panion lugs engageable in the seats to securely
lug receiving seats of the tongues or latches car
but detachably hold the cover in place upon the
ried by the brackets. It should also be noted
receptacle.
that instead of providing the cover with a single
lug at each side, the marginal portion of the
cover may be formed at each side with a pair of
upwardly from the receptacle at opposite sides
thereof, resilient tongues extending fro-m said
hemispherical lugs I 9 spaced from each other a
distance substantially corresponding to
ll)
the
width of the tongues ID, as’ shown in Figure 6.
When this embodiment of the invention is used,
the tongues are each disposed between a pair of
lugs when the cover is in place and it is not
necessary to provide the tongue with a lug re
ceiving seat. This is due to the fact that the
cover is held in place by engagement of the lugs
IS with opposite side edges of the tongues‘ in
stead of providing interengaging lugs and seats
upon the cover and} tongues.
Having thus described the invention, what is
claimed as new is:
1. A receptacle open at its top, brackets at op
posite sides of the receptacle formed of resilient
material and each having a base portion rigidly
secured against the receptacle and an arm ex
tending upwardly from its base portion and
projecting above the receptacle, a tongue struck
from the arm of each bracket with its lower end
3. A receptacle open at its top, ears projecting
ears inwardly of the receptacle in overlying and
vertical spaced relation to the upper marginal
edge of the receptacle, a bail having its ends
connected with said ears, and a cover resting up 30
on the upper marginal edge of the receptacle and
slid horizontally into place to dispose opposed
marginal edge portions of the cover under the
tongues, each tongue and the cooperating mar
ginal portion of the cover overlapped thereby
being provided one with a seat and the other
with a member snapped into the seat during
movement of the cover into place, whereby re
siliency of’the tongues causes the said members
to be gripped and the cover securely but remov 40
ably held in place.
4. A receptacle open at its top, ears project
ing upwardly from the receptacle at opposite
sides thereof, a bail having its ends connected
with said ears, resilient tongues extending from
said ears inwardly of the receptacle in overlying
relation to the upper marginal edge of the recep
integrally united to the arm, the‘to'ngues being
bent inwardly and downwardly to provide in
tacle and each having a portion projected up~
verted U-shaped ears of the marginal portions
of the arms and when bent downwardly provide‘
cover resting upon the receptacle and slid into ;
ing resilient securingtongues overlying marginal
edges of the receptacle in vertical spaced relation
wardly to form aseat in its under face, and a
place to dispose marginal portions of the cover
under the tongues, the portions of the cover
engaged with the ears, and a cover resting upon
overlapped by the ears having portions projected
upwardly to- form lugs for engaging in the seats
of the tongues and securely but detachably hold
the upper marginal edge of the receptacle and
the cover in place.
thereto, a bail having'its ends formed with eyes
slid horizontally into place to dispose the
FRANK W. MOORE.
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