Патент USA US2106378код для вставки
Jan. 25, 1938. F. w. MOORE MILK PAIL COVER AND FASTENER THEREFOR Filed March 5, 1936 \ IIA‘IIIIII‘I'IIIIII. Patented Jan. 25, 19318 2,1®6,378 UNHTED- STATES EEA'E‘ENT OFFHQE 2,106,378 MILK PAIL CDVER AND FASTENER THEREFOR Frank W. Meore, Lennon, Mich. Application March 3, 1936, Serial No. 66,941 4 Claims. This invention relates to an improvement in milk pails and more particularly relates to an improved means for securely but detachably holding the cover in place upon the pail. 5 One object of the invention is to provide a de vice of this character wherein the fasteners for holding the cover upon the milk pail are formed from portions struck from ears of handle-engag ing brackets carried by the pail, thus providing 10 fasteners which will be firmly mounted at oppo site sides of the pail and will not add to the (Cl. 220-58) above the bead at the outer edge thereof, and referring to Figures 2 and 3 it will be seen that this ear has its intermediate portion out to form a tongue iii which instead of being entirely out free from the ear is left attached at its lower in end and is bent inwardly to dispose it in over hanging relation to the bead of the pail. There fore, an ear of an inverted U-shape/will be pro vided at each side of the pail and the eyes 3 of the handle may be engaged through the ears, as 10 cost as they are formed from portions of the shown clearly in Figure 2, to loosely mount the handle and permit it to be disposed either in a brackets ordinarily cut out and thrown away to carrying position above the pail diametrically form handle-engaging portions. thereof or in a lowered position against the pail. Another object of the invention is to so form the cover engaging fasteners that while the cover may be easily slid into or out of position upon The tongues it constitute yieldable fasteners for holding the cover ,I I in place as the brackets ‘are the pail to dispose marginal portions of the cover under the fasteners, it will be securely held when engaged by the fasteners and prevented from accidentally slipping out of its proper position upon the pail. The invention is illustrated in the accompany~ ing drawing, wherein marginal portion l2 which surrounds the dome~ shaped portion l3 and is set off from the dome— shaped portion by a bead 14. As the‘ marginal Figure 1 is a view showing a pail and its cover in top plan, the cover being secured in place upon the pail by fasteners of the improved construc tion. Figure 2 is a view showing the pail and cover 30 partially in side elevation and partially in ver-' tical section along the line 2-2 of Figure 1. Figure 3 is a fragmentary view upon an en larged scale taken along the line 3—3 of Figure 1. Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken through the marginal portion of the cover before the cover is applied to the pail. Figure 5 is a fragmentary top plan view illus trating a fastener of a slightly modi?ed construc tion. Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing 40 another modi?ed construction. The milk pail, which is indicated in general by the numeral I, is of a conventional construc tion and at opposite sides carries brackets 2 45 with which eyes 3 at ends of the handle '3 are connected. Each of the brackets 2 is formed from a blank of strong sheet metal which is sub stantially T-shape to provide an attaching por~ tion or base 5 which bears against the outer face of the milk pail and is ?rmly secured against the same under the bead 6 by rivets or equivalent fasteners T. The arm or shank of the bracket is bent outwardly for close contacting engage ment with the under face of the bead and then 55 upwardly to provide an ear 9 which projects formed of resilient metal. This coverhas a ?at edge 35 of the cover is arcuate, as shown in Fig“ ure 1, a portion of the pail will not be closed when the cover is in place and the pail may be used for milking with the cover in place. At dia metrically opposed points the marginal portion 5;‘vi I2 of the cover has portions pressedupwardly to form bowed‘portions l2" and within these bowed portions are stamped lugs I6 which extend radi ally of the cover and are arcuate in cross section, as shown clearly in Figure 3. In view of the fact that the lugs it are arcuate in cross section and are carried by upwardly bowed portions l2’, the cover may be applied to the top of the milk pail where it will rest upon the bead 6 and when pressure is applied to slide it across the pail, the 35 cover may be forced into the position shown in Figure 1 as edges of the tongues 10 will engage the curved surfaces of the bowed portion and the lugs and thus be sprung upwardly until the lugs have moved into place under correspond ingly shaped seats ll formed by pressing portions of the tongues upwardly. The bent portions of the tongues forming the seats ll’ extend down wardly along the brackets, as shown at ll’, and strengthen the tongues at their junction with the brackets. As soon as the lugs reach a position in which they are disposed under the seats, the resiliency of the tongues will move them down wardly to the position shown in Figure 3 where in each lug i6 ?ts snugly into the seat or socket l"! of a companion tongue and marginal portions of the tongue rest upon the upper face of the marginal portion of the cover. The bowed por tions E2’ of the cover will be flattened when the cover is in place and their resiliency will aid in 55 2 2,106,378 maintaining the lugs in the seats. The cover will thus be prevented from slipping circumfer entially or diametrically of the milk pail out of its proper position. When, however, it is de sired to remove the cover, it is merely necessary to apply pressure and exert suf?cient force to spring the tongues l0 upwardly to such an ex tent that the lugs l6 can move out of the seats I? and the entire cover shifted along the bead 6 of the pail to a position in which it may be re moved. It will thus be seen that the resilient fasteners for the cover may be formed as an tongues in overlying relation to opposed marginal portions of the cover, the said marginal portions of the cover being provided with upstanding lugs and said tongues being provided with seats receiv ing said lugs and frictionally gripping the same to securely but detachably hold the cover in place. 2. A receptacle open at its top, brackets of re silient material carried by the receptacle at op posite sides thereof and having ears projecting upwardly from the receptacle and resilient tongues extending inwardly from the brackets at integral part of the bracket carrying the handle lower ends of the ears in overlying relation to the upper marginal edge of the receptacle, a bail and auxiliary fasteners for the cover need not having its end portions engaged with said ears, be provided. and a cover resting upon the upper marginal edge In Figure 5 there has been shown a slightly modi?ed construction wherein the seat I8 is hemispherical in shape instead of ‘being'elongated of said receptacle and slid horizontally into place to dispose the tongues in overlapping relation to opposed marginal portions of the cover, the tongues and overlapped portions of the cover radially of the milk pail and, of course, the mar ginal portions of the cover will be formed with having-portions o?set to form seats and com upstanding lugs corresponding in shape to the panion lugs engageable in the seats to securely lug receiving seats of the tongues or latches car but detachably hold the cover in place upon the ried by the brackets. It should also be noted receptacle. that instead of providing the cover with a single lug at each side, the marginal portion of the cover may be formed at each side with a pair of upwardly from the receptacle at opposite sides thereof, resilient tongues extending fro-m said hemispherical lugs I 9 spaced from each other a distance substantially corresponding to ll) the width of the tongues ID, as’ shown in Figure 6. When this embodiment of the invention is used, the tongues are each disposed between a pair of lugs when the cover is in place and it is not necessary to provide the tongue with a lug re ceiving seat. This is due to the fact that the cover is held in place by engagement of the lugs IS with opposite side edges of the tongues‘ in stead of providing interengaging lugs and seats upon the cover and} tongues. Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is: 1. A receptacle open at its top, brackets at op posite sides of the receptacle formed of resilient material and each having a base portion rigidly secured against the receptacle and an arm ex tending upwardly from its base portion and projecting above the receptacle, a tongue struck from the arm of each bracket with its lower end 3. A receptacle open at its top, ears projecting ears inwardly of the receptacle in overlying and vertical spaced relation to the upper marginal edge of the receptacle, a bail having its ends connected with said ears, and a cover resting up 30 on the upper marginal edge of the receptacle and slid horizontally into place to dispose opposed marginal edge portions of the cover under the tongues, each tongue and the cooperating mar ginal portion of the cover overlapped thereby being provided one with a seat and the other with a member snapped into the seat during movement of the cover into place, whereby re siliency of’the tongues causes the said members to be gripped and the cover securely but remov 40 ably held in place. 4. A receptacle open at its top, ears project ing upwardly from the receptacle at opposite sides thereof, a bail having its ends connected with said ears, resilient tongues extending from said ears inwardly of the receptacle in overlying relation to the upper marginal edge of the recep integrally united to the arm, the‘to'ngues being bent inwardly and downwardly to provide in tacle and each having a portion projected up~ verted U-shaped ears of the marginal portions of the arms and when bent downwardly provide‘ cover resting upon the receptacle and slid into ; ing resilient securingtongues overlying marginal edges of the receptacle in vertical spaced relation wardly to form aseat in its under face, and a place to dispose marginal portions of the cover under the tongues, the portions of the cover engaged with the ears, and a cover resting upon overlapped by the ears having portions projected upwardly to- form lugs for engaging in the seats of the tongues and securely but detachably hold the upper marginal edge of the receptacle and the cover in place. thereto, a bail having'its ends formed with eyes slid horizontally into place to dispose the FRANK W. MOORE.