Патент USA US2106379код для вставки
Jan. 25, 1938. E. e. NEWING 2,106,379 METHOD FOR MOUNTING PRINTING SURFACES Filed May 23, 1934 4 Lg? 0 >‘ 8‘ ’ ‘inventor; . EDWARD J5, GEORGE NEW/N6 \, WW”%. Patented Jan. 25, 1938 . 2,106,379 ‘UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,106,379 METHOD FOR MOUNTING PRINTING SURFACES Edward George Newing, Dover, England Application May 23, 1934, Serial No. 727,193 In Great Britain June 1, 1933 5 Claims. This invention concerns improvements (Cl. EQ'WMS) in methods for mounting printing surfaces and has among its objects to facilitate the mounting of printing process plates onto their bases, whereby 5 the plates may be a?ixed to these bases so that movement in any direction is prevented or re duced to a minimum, to obviate the necessity of employing wood for the bases and to render the use of solder and rivets or screws in the case 10 of metal bases and the use of nails or screws in the case of wood bases unnecessary and to eliminate or reduce to a minimum the trouble some and time~wasting operation known as “make-ready”. 15 According to the invention the base 4 may al ready be provided with the depressions and raised parts ready to receive the corresponding raised parts 3 and depressions 2 in the plates or the depressions and raised parts may be imparted to the bases by affixing a metal plate provided with the depressions and raised parts to a base of softer material than the metal plate and then applying the requisite pressure with, if necessary, the application of heat. This method can be utilized for imparting the requisite depressions As is known wood bases are not entirely satis and raised parts to a softer plate than the base factory for mounting printing process plates be by providing the base with depressions and raised cause they are liable to warp or give when pres parts corresponding to those which are to be sure is applied and moreover offer difficulties in presenting a smooth ?at surface of the correct formed in the plates. 2 O height during the printing. Moreover there is always the danger of movement of the plate on its base with adverse effects on the printing. The invention will now be described with refer ence to the accompanying drawing, in which: 25 sions of the bases being adapted to receive the raised parts of the plates and the raised parts being adapted to ?t the depressions in the bases. Figure 1 is a plan view of the reverse side of a printing plate which has been provided with raised parts, 1 Fig. 2 is a section along the line 2--2 of Fig. 1, Fig. 3 is a plan view of the upper surface of a 30 base plate which has been provided with grooves, Fig. 4 is a section taken on line, 4~—4 of Fig. 3, Fig. 5 is a plan view of a base plate as shown in Fig. 3 onto which the printing plate as shown in Fig. 1 has been pressed and then removed, Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a standard 85 mounting quotation provided with grooves on its upper surface, and with lighter cut grooves around the middle of its vertical sides, Fig. 7 is a perspective view partly in section 40 of six standard mounting quotations mounted together to form a base and locked along one side by a locking plate, and Fig. 8 is an elevational view of the rear side of the locking plate. According to the invention the method for at 45 taching or joining metal printing process plates to metal or wood or other bases so as to prevent movement in any direction consists in providing the plates I on their lower surfaces with depres 50 sions and raised parts such as furrows 2 and ridges 3 and attaching the plates, for example by pressure or joining the plates with adhesives such as shellac or cement to the bases 4 which are similarly provided with depressions and raised 55 parts such as furrows and ridges, the depres . I According to the invention if it is desired to attach a soft metal plate to a harder base, say 20 of cast iron, an intermediate plate provided on its upper surface with the depressions and raised parts may be attached to the harder base, if necessary with the aid of screws or the like, and then the soft metal plate containing the corre sponding raised parts and depressions can be at tached thereto. Alternatively the soft metal plate could be pressed onto the harder metal plate and thereby be given the requisite corresponding raised parts and depressions. 30 In the case in which both the printing plate and the base are of soft metal an intermediate plate provided with depressions and raised parts on both surfaces could be ?xed to the upper sur face of the base and to the under surface of the printing plate. The surfaces of the printing plate or of the base or of both may have already the requisite corresponding raised parts and depressions or one or both of such surfaces may be provided with the corresponding requisite depressions and raised parts'by the application of pressure and, if necessary, heat. I According to a further feature of the invention the method of attaching metal surfaces to other surfaces to prevent relative movement may be utilized in setting up a composite base for print ing process plates such as shown in Fig. 7. In this case the vertical sides of the parts of the base vor mounting quotation 4’ are provided with 50 grooves 5, depressions or the like in any desired arrangement and strips 7 of harder material, provided on each face with depressions 3 and raised portions 9, are interposed between the ver tical sides of adjoining parts of said base, so that 2 2,106,379 the grooves, depressions or the like abut against the depressions and raised portions of the strips, whereafter the whole is locked by the application of pressure which causes the vertical sides of the parts of the base to be provided with depres sions and raised parts corresponding to those on the strips. Thus in the case when unit bases of say type metal, such as standard mounting quotations 4’, are to be joined together to form 10 a composite unit for supporting a printing proc ess plate, metal locking plates 1 harder than the unit bases, e. g. of zinc and containing depres sions and raised parts on one or both surfaces are interposed between the respective units which are then looked together under the application of pressure. By this means any tendency of the respective units to spring when locked together is avoided. According to the invention in an alternative method of setting up a composite base, indi vidual units such as quotations of soft metal pro vided with grooves are locked under pressure or with an adhesive against individual units of harder metal, said units of harder metal being provided with raised portions on their vertical sides forming indentations in the soft metal units when the pressure is applied. An embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the 30 mounting of a rectangular copper process plate I on a type metal base 4. The top surface of the base is provided with 40 operation instead of pressing the plate down ?rst, then lifting it and repressing it. If desired the chevron shaped depressions 2 and raised portions 3 may be replaced by straight or wave shaped or even circular or elliptical de pressions and raised portions. The plate may be provided with the necessary depressions and raised parts by cutting the same with a chisel whose end has been slightly rounded by grinding. No precision is required in making 10 the cuts in any particular directions and parts of the plates may be provided with extra depressions and raised parts if desired. In order to facilitate the lifting of the plate from the mount after ?xing down for printing 15 without bending the plate or disturbing the base a few clear channels without depressions or raised parts are provided in each side of the plate in ordertouallow a lifting wedge to be inserted. During the production of the depressions and raised parts the plate may be held in a locking device or press and the surfaces actually gripped by the device or press may be protected by sheets of rubber or the like. The grooves in the standard mounting quota~ tion may for example be prepared in the follow ing manner: a row of 48 point quads is locked in a small chase with two pieces of steel perforating rule on either side. A piece of steel perforating rule 48 points wide is cut and the teeth are opened 30 to triangular points similar to a saw with a saw grooves 6 lengthwise over its entire surface re moving the metal. The grooves may suitably be about one sixteenth of an inch deep leaving ?le. This section of rule is mounted in the end of a piece of 48 point wood furniture and a satis factory steel scraper to commence the formation of the necessary grooves (about 8 to the inch) is ridges of the original surface about one thirty thus prepared. second of an inch in width between each groove. Two types of grooves are shown in Fig. 3, i. e., continuous grooves and discontinuous grooves. quads forms a guide in which to run the scraper, keeping it true in the grooves as they deepen. The underside of the copper plate is provided with a series of parallel chevron shaped depres sions 2 and raised portions 3 across the width of the plate to cross the grooves 6 in the base. The chisel or tool used should produce the sharpest 45 and highest upturn on one side of the raised por tion only. If desired additional depressions and raised portions may be provided close to the edges of the plate both along the length and width thereof. Although not essential these additional depressions and raised portions give additional grip at the edges where printing pressure starts The steel rule being above the This simple tool will not ?nish the grooves but it is very easy to ?nish them to a satisfactory depth All.) with an ordinary graver, leaving the necessary amount of original surface ridge to support the plate. The strip of harder metal, e. g. zinc, which is interposed can be provided with depressions and raised portions in the manner hereinbefore de scribed. If desired the plates may be provided with the depressions and raised portions by casting. If desired in setting up a composite base, indi 50. vidual units such as quotations provided with grooves or depressions are locked by pressure and ?nishes on cylinder machines. The base is now placed in position on a suitable press and with good ?rm hard pressure the cop per plate can be bedded into the grooved base and/or with adhesives such as shellac against similar units. Alternatively the individual units surface to a level printing position whereby the raised parts out into the metal of the base and of soft metal provided with grooves can be simi— the grooves take up the metal displaced as a larly locked against units of harder metal having raised portions on their vertical sides forming indentations in the soft metal units when pres result of the cutting action of the raised parts. sure is applied. The copper plate is now lifted from its bed and both surfaces are coated with a layer of shellac varnish or any other suitable cement. The plate is then ?tted accurately into its bed on the base. This can be effected without any trouble and According to the invention the method of at taching metal surfaces to other surfaces to pre with another nip of pressure the plate is securely mounted when dry against lift or movement in any direction relative to. its base. The grooves 6 in the base surface facilitate the imparting of the requisite depressions and raised parts to the base when the pressure is applied. If desired in mounting the prepared plate on its base, the base can be coated with shellac or cement and the plate warmed and coated also 75 with shellac or cement pressed down level as one 60 vent relative movement as hereinbefore described may be applied for ?xing plates on rotary print ing cylinders with or without special jackets, sec tions or hands to take portions or whole covering (i5 plates. The pressure required for ?xing the plates on the base surface can be applied for in stance by screw toggle clamps or plates or bands. The invention offers many material advantages in addition to those hereinbefore indicated, of 70 which the following are given by way of example. (a) If engraved plates are delivered unmount ed the mounting operations required are well within the scope of small and average printing plant equipment. 75 3 2,106,879 (1)) The plates can be more accurately mount ed with ordinary labour than hitherto. (0) Individual color plates can be more ac curately adjusted to register. (d) The process specially provides for the needs of small blocks to be worked with loose type formers. (e) The process of mounting is not detrimen tal to the systems which have their special 10 purposes but is supplementary, is a very sim ple process which enables efficiency to be ob tained without worry and risk and time wast ing operation for it enables the operator to obtain that much desired article “the ready to 15 print block”. (f) Existing blocks on wood can be economi cally remounted on metal by the printer or en graver. (g) The soft metal mounting units can be 20 separted and re-used for other sizes or as spac ing material. (it) The process does not prevent interlay ing between plates but aims at dispensing with the necessity of interlaying by providing more 25 rigid and level impression. What I claim is: ' 1. A method of mounting metal printing proc ess plates on bases of metal harder than the metal of the plates, comprising securing an in 30 termediate plate of metal harder than the print ing plate and provided with raised parts on its upper surface to the base, providing the under surface of the printing plate with depressions, and pressing the printing plate down upon the 35 intermediate plate to cause the raised portions of the intermediate plate to cut into the under surface of the printing plate. 2. A method of mounting soft metal printing process plates on soft metal bases, comprising all) providing the upper surface of the base and the under surface of the printing plate with de pressions, interposing a plate of metal, harder than the metal of the printing plate and the base and provided with raised parts on its upper and lower surfaces, between said printing plate and base, and pressing said printing plate and the base toward each other to force the raised parts on the intermediate plate to cut into the upper and lower surfaces of the base and print ing plate, respectively. 3. A method of mounting metal printing proc ess plates on a metal rotary printing cylinder so as to prevent horizontal movement in any direction, which consists in providing the print 10 ing plates on their lower surfaces with raised parts and the cylinder with depressions, and causing the raised parts to out into the cylinder by the application of pressure, the depressions serving to take up the displaced metal. 15 ll. A method of mounting metal printing proc ess plates on metal bases made up of a plurality of quotations locked together so as to prevent horizontal movement in any direction, which consists in providing the printing plates on their 20 lower surfaces with raised parts and‘the bases with depressions, and causing the raised parts to cut into the bases by the application of pres sure, the depressions serving to take up the dis 25 placed metal. 5. A method of mounting metal printing proc ess plates on a metal base so as to prevent hori zontal movement in any direction, comprising making the base of a plurality of quotations of soft metal, providing the quotations with depres 30 sions in their side faces, interposing strips of hard metal, provided with raised parts on the faces thereof, between adjacent quotations, press ing the quotations together to force the raised parts on the strip of hard metal to cut into the sides of the quotations, providing the printing plates on their lower surface with raised parts and the base of assembled quotations with de pressions, and causing the raised parts to out into the base of assembled quotations by the application of pressure, the depressions serving to take up the displaced metal. EDWARD GEORGE NEWING.