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Патент USA US2106504

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.F. 25, 1938.
F. D. LINDQUIST
“
2,106,504
LOOM
Original Filed Nov. 26, 1932
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F. D. LINDQUIST
LOOM
2,106,504
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Original Filed Nov. 26, 1952
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F. D. LINDQUIST
2,106,504
LOOM
Original Filed Nov. 26. 1932
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F. D. LINDQUIST
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LOOM
Original Filed NOV. 26, 1932
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Jan. 25, 1938.
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Original Filed Nov'. 26, 1932
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‘Patented- Jan. 25, 1938
‘ 2,106,504
, .
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
.
LooM-
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Frank D. Lindquist, Worcester, Mass.
Application November 26, 1932, Serial No. 644,459
Renewed July 2, 1937
-
.
9 Claims. (of. 139-55)
The present invention relates to looms, and -_which serve to vpreselect harness frames accord
more particularly to looms adapted for the weav
ing to a pattern control at each pick of the loom,
ing of fancy fabrics suitable for overcoatings, ' certain of the frames being elevated and certain
suitings, blankets and similar purposes.
depressed to form a shed in a manner which will
Ll
It has been customary heretofore in looms of be obvious to those skilled in the art.
this type to employ long and cumbersome pat
Still further features of the invention consist
. tern chains which are designed to control the
head motion for the harness in addition to the
shuttle box which determines which one of sev-/
H) eral shuttles shall be operated upon successive
picks. Not only does the substitution of these
pattern chains involve a considerable amount of '_
labor and time in changing over the loom from .
one pattern to another, but in addition the con
struction for operating the individual harness
frames from the head motion is cumbersome,
does not accurately position the harness frames,
and places unequal and variable tensions upon
the warp threads. Furthermore this type of con
struction is such that the wear upon the parts
of the head motion and the harness frames
themselves is greatly accelerated requiring con
in certain novel features of construction, combi
nations and arrangements of parts hereinafter
described and claimed, the advantages of which
will be obvious to those skilled in the art from 10
the following description.
7
In the accompanying drawings illustrating the
preferred form of the invention, Fig. 1 is an ele
vation of the head end of the loom; Fig. 2 is a
right elevation of the box actuating mechanism; 15
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the box actuating mech
anism; Fig. 4 is a front elevation of the box ac
tuating mechanism; Figs. 5 and 6 are detail views
of a portion of- the ‘box actuating mechanisms;
Fig. -7 is an electrical diagram of the electrical
box control mechanisms; Fig. 8 is a rear ele; 20
vation of theelect‘rical box control mechanism;
stant and frequent replacement of parts.
. Fig. 9 is a section on line 9—9 of Fig. 8; Fig. 10
One object of the present invention is to pro
is a front elevation of the left head motion show- ' ~
vide a loom of this character which shall be rel
'ing the harnesses in raised and lowered shedding 25
atively simple in its construction and operation, positions; Fig. 11 is a view of the left head mo
and which shall be free in operation from undue tion showing the harnesses in an intermediate
maintenance cost due to replacement;
position; Fig. 12 is a perspective view of the se
A further object of the invention-is to provide lective harness lifting slide of the head motion;
an improved and different method of controlling Fig. 13 is a perspective view of the harness low
both the harness frames and shuttles for a vari
ering slide; Fig. 14 is a fragmentary sectional
ety of fancy weaves in such a manner that mod
i?cation or variation in the weave may be sim
ply and easily obtained without the exercise of
great skill or the expenditure of considerable
amounts of time during which the loom is nec
essarily inoperative.
I
With these and other objects in view, one fea
ture of the invention contemplates the provision
40 of one or more controlling members operated in
elevation indicating~ by dotted lines the extreme
movements of the harness selecting and lifting
slide and the harness lowering slide; Fig. 15 is
a front elevation of the harness control mech
anism; Fig. 16 is a section on the line iii-l6 of
Fig. 15; Fig. 17 is a section on the line l'l-l‘l of
Fig. 15; Fig. 18 is a diagrammatic front‘eleva
tion of the loom; Fig. 19 is an electrical dia
gram illustrating the method of connecting the
de?nite timed relation to that of the loom, and
supplemented by pattern control capable of ma
nipulation by the [operator to get any desired
pattern, and serving through appropriate elec
trical circuits to pre-select and control either or
electrical harnesslcontrol mechanism to the se
lective harness lifting slides; and Fig. 20 is a
fragmentary plan view of a part of the actuating
mechanism. of the machine.
both the harness frames and/shuttles.
invention, the head motion and shuttle or drop
box lifting mechanism are operated‘from separate
and independent pattern controls, butboth in
timed relation to the operation of the loom, the
pattern control in each case receiving its actuat 50
ing impetus from a constantly moving part of the
Q
A further feature of the invention contem
plates the provision of direct connected cam
mechanism for actuating the harness frames in
timed relationship and in de?nitely predeter
mined paths to insure the formation at each pick
of sheds of equal amplitude and without unusual
strains upon individual warp threads. This head
motion, as it may be termed, is complemented by
electrically controlled harness selecting devices
' According to the illustrated embodiment of the
loom itself. _ Generally speaking, the shuttle 'box
actuating mechanism comprises a commutator
cylinder constantly rotated in timed relation with
the operation of the loom and electrically con- 55
2,100,504 '
1
nected with a pattern drum which is provided
of proper amplitude and to permit dwell of the
with a large number of recesses for the reception f harness frames during the throw of the shuttle
_of manually located contact buttons for the pur
within the shed. For the purpose ofincreasing
pose of imposing a de?nite and predetermined the scope of the head motion and permitting a
control on the drop box- at each pick. The actual pattern variation which may embrace forty-eight
drop box lifting mechanisms‘ is controlled by a picks in the loom without repeating, I complement
series of solenoids.~ one for each shuttle. each
solenoid being included in a separate circuit.
the pattern drum with a'second drum of similar
dimensions, and design the two drums in such a
manner that the ?rst drum is intended to cover
twenty-four successive picks of the loom, and the 10
‘
- Upon closing of the main circuit at an appropriate
10 pick through the employment of a button on the
pattern drum, an appropriate solenoid circuit is
simultaneously closed, this being controlled in
second drum to pick up and control the operation -
for any succeeding number ofvpicks up to forty
eight. In the event that the pattern is completed
in less than twenty-four picks, I also employ the
second drum to supplement the operation of the
?rst drum. For example, if the pattern is to be
completed in twenty picks, I duplicate the first
four picks on the ?rst drum, and thereafter trans
fer the control of the remaining sixteen picks to
the second drum for the purpose of completing 20
the second pattern cycle. Upon the third cycle
the control is transferred entirely to the ?rst
drum, and the fourth cycle thereafter repeats the
second. The mechanism for controlling these
~turn by a second pattern drum in such a fashion
as to lift the drop box to a de?nite position for the
15 delivery of an appropriate shuttle into the shed.
After each‘ shuttle change the pattern drum is
advanced one step to pre-select the appropriate
shuttle when the next change occurs.
.
In actual practice, for the purpose of permitting
automatic control of a larger number of picks
than would otherwise be possible without great
multiplication of the number of parts, the com
mutator cylinder is‘ supplemented by a second
cylinder operating at one-tenth of the speed of
25 the ?rst cylinder and electrically connected with
a second series of contact buttons on the pattern
drums will be described more fully hereinafter. 25
InFig. 1 the harness control mechanism in is
shown as being mounted at the right of the head
motion Ii, and the box lifting mechanism I2 may
be mounted where convenient. The box actuat
ing mechanism is indicated at l4 and is connected
drum in such a fashion that the ?rst commutator
cylinder in conjunction with its appropriate pat
tern drum controls a series of ten picks, whereas
30. the
operation of the second commutator cylinder
and associated pattern drum controls the number
of series of ten picks which will be traversed be
- forev changing of the shuttle course.
electrically to the box lifting control mechanism
l2 by an electric cable l6. Harness evener mech
Obviously
anisms are indicated at i8.
.
the same result could be obtained with greater
The conventional drop-boxes 20 are connected
35 complication by providing a single commutator ' by means of chains 22 to the box actuating mech
and pattern drum with a row of one hundred anism l4. This mechanism is illustrated in de
buttons thereon.
.
tail in‘ Figs. 2 to 6. The chain 22 is connected
to a cam follower block 26 sliding upon two rods
With this construction, the operation of th
drop box and the delivery of pre-selected shuttles 28 mounted in the frame 30. The cam follower
40 can be readily varied by altering the location and
number of the contact buttons on the pattern
block contains three solenoids;32, .34 and 36 hav 40
ing cam follower cores 38, 4i] and 42. Upon
drums. This might equally well be accomplished
by setting up drums with appropriate buttons and
momentary energization of one of the solenoids, '
substituting or replacing an old drum with a new
plane of a disc cam 44.
the corresponding cam follower is moved into the
This cam is mounted on.
45 one. In either event, the time during which the the end of .the bottom shaft of the loom, which
' loom is inoperative, together with the amount of makes one revolution for every pick. It‘ will
substitution, is reduced to a minimum. Further- - therefore be seen that the cam follower block
more, the mechanism is su?‘lciently ?exible in its
control and sufficiently broad in its scope to cover
50 any and all possible variations of pattern which
may be woven.
-
is capable of occuping vany one of four different
progressive positions; first, the initial position
as illustrated in Figs. 2', 3 and 4.
Second, a posi- .
tion to which the cam 44 would slide the fol
lower block should the cam follower 38 be moved
into the plane of .the cam. The third and fourth
-
Operating in de?nite timed relation with the
drop box control but independently thereof is a
head motion or harness control somewhat similar » positions are obtained similarly. _ When the cam
55 in its general characteristics but differing in its
follower block is in the position illustrated, the
structure features. This head motion control
comprises likewise a pattern drum with provision
‘ for the manual'insertion of contact buttons, this
drum being intermittently advanced in timed re
?rst or top boxes are in picking position- When
.60
the cam follower 38 is actuated, the second boxes 3
are, raised to picking position. After position
ing of the cam follower block, the cam follower
which has been actuated, is forced from the
plane of the cam by a wedge 46 mounted on the
‘face of the cam. A latch mounted upon a sta
lation to the operation of the loom. Complement
ing the operation of the control are oppositely
.moving frame slides at each end of the-loom
which are designed for control of the harness
frames themselves. The upper slide of each set .
carries a series of solenoids corresponding in
number to the number of harness frames. These
solenoids are in turn electrically connected with
the pattern drum in such amanner that at each
pick pre-selected frames are elevated by the upper
70 slide, and the remaining frames are 'dropped to
‘the lower slide, the’ frames at alltimes being
under complete control and held in predetermined
alignment and parallelism. The slides themselves
are cam operated in timed relation to the opera
tion of the loom and are designed to form sheds
- tionary fulcrum rod 48, is‘ by a spring 50 nor
'
mally held in engagement with a ratchet bar 52
fastened to the top of the cam follower block 26.
The purpose of this latch is to retain the drop
boxes in a given position for the desired number
of picks of a given color.‘ When it is desired to
bring a different box into picking position, the
latch is automatically disengaged by means of 70
a latch release solenoid 54 which is controlled
by a box motion control mechanism, hereinaft
er described. As viewed in Fig; 1, the release
of the latch '48 causes the cam follower block
v26 to move from left to right (under the in
2,108,504
?uence of the usual springs and the weight of
the drop boxes)“ The latch release solenoid 64
and cam follower block solenoids 32, 34 and 36,
are connected in parallel as shown in Fig. 7, and
therefore the return of the drop boxes to the
extreme lower or normal positions and the in
sertion of one of the cam followers 30, 40 or 42
into the path of the cam 44, occur simultane
ously.
10
The electric box motion control mechanism
as illustrated in Figs. 7, 8 and 9, is so designed
that it may be used with drop boxes containing
as many as six shuttle boxes each. The loom
is illustrated with 4 x 4 drop boxes, and the box
actuating mechanism is designed for use with this
particular loom. As explained above, in order
to change the position of the drop boxes, it is
necessary to momentarily energize the latch
release solenoid and a selected cam follower
solenoid of the box actuating mechanism. How
ever, if the ?rst or top shuttle is to next come
into use, it is only necessary to release the latch,
no selecting or energizing of a cam follower
being necessary for this initial position.
In Fig. 8 is shown a drum 56 ?xed upon a re
tatable shaft 58 journaled in bearings 60 and 62.
The drum consists of two separate cylindrical
metallic sleeves 64 and 66 mounted upon a large
core of ?brous insulating material. The drum
30
is intermittently rotated by means of a solenoid
operated pawl and a ratchet 68 having seventy
two teeth. A solenoid 10 having a movable core
‘I2 is connected by means of a link ‘I4 to a bell
crank lever 16 mounted upon a pivot ‘I8. The
3
into picking position, a button in the second
row will position the third shuttle box, and a
button in the third row will cause the shuttle box
to rise to its highest position. If there is a lon
gitudinal row of ?ve vacant holes,’ the circuit
will be incomplete and none of the cam follower
block solenoids will be energized and the shuttle
box will return to and remain in its lowest posi
tion.
-
~
If it was necessary to change the color of ?ll for 10
every pick in- order to weave the desired pattern,
the drum would have to be advanced ?ve degrees
or one line for each pick. As there are seventy
two lines of holes in the drum as illustrated, it is
possible to insert as many as seventy-two ?lls,
each being of a different color than the next pre
ceding. Having made seventy-two advances, the
drum has made one complete revolution and the
pattern now repeats itself. Buttons also may be
so'arranged around the sleeve 64, that for one 20
complete revolution of the sleeve the pattern
would be repeated a number of times correspond-
ing to a divisor of seventy-two. For example,
the pattern might be repeated two, three, four, six
or eight times, etc. In actual practice, however,
it is seldom necessary to change shuttles every
pick. Therefore, if there are to be several picks
25
of the same color,'it is not necessary for the
sleeve to -be advanced nor for the shuttle to' be
changed until the completion of that portion of 30
the pattern.
It will be noted from Fig. 7 that the drum
ratchet solenoid ‘I0, the cam‘follower block sole
noids 32, 34 and 36, and the latch release sole
bell-crank is normally held in the position shown
54, are connected in parallel to a common
in Fig. 9 by a relatively strong tension spring 80. noid
source of current supply I00, through the sec
The effective force of the spring 80 is controlled ondary contacts of a magnetic relay I02, which
by an opposing adjustable tension spring 02 fas
is normally open. Momentary energization of the
tened to the opposite end of the bell-crank. A
40 spring-pressed pawl 84 pivoted to the bell-crank relay accomplishes three functionsiit energizes
the drum ratchet solenoid 10, thereby retracting
advances the ratchet one tooth or ?ve degrees the pawl 84, it moves one of the three cam fol 40
for each action of the solenoid, and a check pawl lowers 38, 40 or 42 into the plane of ‘the cam 44,
66 prevents retrogressive motion of the ratchet. and it causes the latch 46
to release the cam
Note that motion is imparted to the ratchet and follower block 26. De-energization
of the relay
to the drum 56 only upon de-energization of the
I02 causes the ratchet 68 to-advance one tooth
solenoid ‘I0, and that the motive power which under the action of'the spring 80. It is therefore
advances the ratchet is stored in the spring 80, obvious that byproper control and timing of the
and becomes eifective only when the core 72 is relay I02, the number of picks of each color which
released.
are to be woven may be predetermined.
The sleeves 64 and 66 are perforated, the holes
Figs. 7, 8 and 9 illustrate the electrical control
being arranged in circles and lines as shown. ' ling
and timing mechanism for operating the re
Each circle consists of seventy-two holes ?ve de
lay I02. A driven sprocket I04 ?xed to a shaft I06
_ grees apart. The sleeve 64 is shown with ?ve is connected by means of a chain I08 to a driving
circles of holes, but the ?rst three circles are sprocket IIO connected in even ratio ‘to the loom
the only ones used on this particular loom. The crank shaft. The driven sprocket I04 being twice
holes are adapted to receive metallic buttons 88 the diameter of the driving sprocket I I0, turns
which serve as contacts. Five spring contact once for every two picks of the loom. A timing
members 90 are mounted above the sleeve upon disc I I2 of insulating material is adjustably ?xed
a block of insulating material 92, each contact’ to the shaft I06 by means of a set screw II4.
being located directly above a circle of holes. A Two diametrically opposite metallic segments H6
sixth contact 94 maintains a continuous electrical and H0 are secured to the circumference of the 60
connection with the sleeve. It is the arrange I disc. Two contact members I20 and I22 mount~~ '
ment of buttons upon this sleeve which controls ed above the disc, continually engage the circum
the sequence of movements of the box actuating ference. In Fig. 7, the source of ‘current for ac- '
mechanism (that is, controls the color of ?ll in - tuating and closing the relay I02 is indicated at
serted into the cloth). If the sleeve“ isin I24. It is obvious therefore that the relay can
the position shown in Figs. 7 and 8, and a but
be closed only when the two contact members
ton 96 is in one of the holes in the second circle I20 and I22 are in contact with one of the metal
of holes, that button will be in electrical con
lic segments “6 or II8. Thus the timing of the
nection with the second spring contact 98, and operation of the relay in relation to the loom
1 when the circuit is‘ energized, current will ?ow cycle is accomplished.
70
'
through solenoid 34 of the cam follower block
Mention was made above that it is usually
26. Therefore, the contact of a button-in the neither necessary nor desirable for the color of
?rst row of holes with the ?rst of the contacts ?ll to be changed every pick, and also that the
75 30 will cause the second shuttle box to be raised
color of ?ll is changed each time that. the relay
75
4
operates. It is therefore necessary to
I supplement
9,100,004
- drum ' 54.‘
“
A group of ten depending contact
?ngers I44 is mounted on the supporting shaft
ary timing or pick-counting mechanism by means ' I82 overthe left-hand half of the sleeve 68, and
of which the number of consecutive picks of a a second group of ten similar contact ?ngers I66
is mounted'over the right-hand half of the sleeve '
given color may be predetermined. This pick
> counting mechanism is generally indicated by I28 86. The two sets of contact ?ngers are normally
in Fig. 7. It will be noted that the actuating sole _ held in a vertical position by a restraining rod‘
insulating material and a tension spring
noid I28 of the relay I 02, the contac Qinembers I68-of
m and I22 and the pick-counting‘ ‘echanism I10, the e?e'ct of the rod and the'sprin‘g being
to hold the ?ngers against a horizontal stop rod
10 I26 are all connected in series to the source of
I12 of insulating material. The ?rst group ofv
current I24, and that there is no electrical con
nection between this portion of the diagram and contact?ngers I64 is connected by means of
the lower remaining portion. As the timing disc flexible conductors I48 to the spring-pressed
H2 and the pick-counting mechanism I26 are in contact members I50 which are mounted above
series with the relay solenoid I28, neither the the commutator cylinder I42. The second group 15
timing disc nor the pick-counting mechanism can of contact ?ngers I66 is connected to the spring
have any effect upon the relay, unless they act in pressed contact members I58 which are mounted
conjunction (that is, unless there is a complete above the commutator cylinder I52, but the or
der of the connections is reversed, as shown in
circuit through both).
20
the timing function of the disc I I2 with a second
20
Referring to Figs. 8 and 9, a small reduction
gear I30 ?xed to the shaft I06 drives a larger
gear I32 fastened to the end of a shaft I34, the
ratio being ?ve to one. As stated above, the shaft
I06 turns one-half revolution for every vpick.
Therefore, the shaft I34 turns one-tenth of a
Fig. '1.
~
.
As the actuating circuit for the relay solenoid
I28 is a purely series combination, it becomes evi
dent that regardless of whatever the positions of.
the timing disc H2 and the commutator cylin
ders I42 and I52, it is still necessary to establish 25
revolution for every pick. A further reduction is - aconnection between the two groups of contact
effected by means of two intermittent gears, the ?ngers I64 and I66 to complete the circuit.
The perforated sleeve 66 has two identical
driving gear I36 being ?xed on shaft I34, and the
driven gear I38 being ?xed to a third shaft I40. / groups of holes I14 and I16, the holes being ar
ranged in circles and lines as shown. Each cir 30
30 As the ratio between the two gears is ten to one,
cle
consists of seventy~two holes, ?ve degrees
the shaft I40 turns one-tenth of a revolution
for every ten picks, or at one-tenth of the speed ‘apart, and there are twenty circles, ten in each
of shaft I34.
,
A commutator cylinder I42 of insulating ma
terial is ?xed to the shaft I34. On the right end
of this cylinder adjacent the intermittent driv
ing gear I36, is mounted a metallic slip-ring I44.
Ten metallic contact studs generally indicated by
I46 are embedded in the cylinder I42, being equal
40 ly spaced both circumferentially and longitudi
nally, forming a left-hand helix of one revolu
tion. The slip-ring I44 is electrically connected
to each of the contact studs. Ten spring-pressed
contact members I48 continually engage the cir
group. The holes are adapted to receive con
tact buttons I18 which may be caused to engage
the lower tips of ‘the contact ?ngers. I64 and I66, 35
by rotation of the drum 56. It will therefore be
seen that if there are two pins (one in group I14
and one in group I16) located on a line of holes
which registers with the contact ?ngers I64 and
I66, rotatation of the timing disc H2 and the 40
commutator cylinders I42 and I52 will, after a
predetermined‘number of picks, complete the re
. lay circuit.
Fig. 7 illustrates a typical example of the
current ?ow through the electric box motion 45
control mechanism. The live portion of the re
tact I50 continually engages the slip-ring. Rota
tion of the cylinder I42 causes the contact studs _lay actuating circuit is shown by medium lines.
I46 to successively engage the contact members The live portion of. the relay actuated circuit
which operates the cam follower solenoids 32, 34
I48, the point of electrical connection being pro
and 36, the cam follower block release latch sol
gressively transferred from the extreme, left con
tact to the extreme right contact. The point of enoid 54 and the drum ratchet advance solenoid
10 is shown by heavy lines. The light lines rep
electrical connection then jumps back to the ex
resent dead wires.
treme left, and the cycle is repeated. One com
A source of relatively weak current for actu
plete revolution of the cylinder I42 takes place for
ating the relay I02 may be connected to the ter 55
every ten picks of the loom. A second commu
tator cylinder I52 similar to the ?rst commutator minals I24. The relay actuated circuit requires
a stronger current, the source of which may be
cylinder I42 is ?xed to the shaft I40. The cyl
L
inder I42 is provided with contact studs I54 and connected to the terminals I00.
The drum 56 has been in the position shown
a slip-ring I56. Spring-pressed contact mem
since- the shuttle was last changed, and all of 60
60 bers I58 for establishing electrical connections
with the studs I54 are mounted over the cylinder, the drum contact buttons have been in contact
and a similar contact. member I60 continually " since that time. The commutator cylinder I52
has been intermittently rotated until the eighth
bears upon the slip-‘ring I56. As previously ex
plained, the shaft I 40/revolves intermittently in a stud I80 came into connection with the eighth
contact I82 which is connected by the lead I84
65 direction opposite‘to that of shaft I34, and also
revolves at one-tenth of the speed, of ’ shaft I34. to the eighth contact ?nger I86 of the contacts
The point of electrical connection'between studs I66, which is in connection with‘ the contact
.pin I88 in the eighth hole ofthe top line of
I54 and contact members I58 therefore is pro
gressively transferred from right to left. The holes of group "6..
The commutator cylinder I42 continued to 70
point of electrical connection then jumps back to
the extreme right and the cycle is repeated. One rotate even after the connection from the cyl
complete revolution of the cylinder I52 takes inder I52 to the pin -I88 was established. Even
tually the fourth stud I80 on thecommutator
place for every hundred picks of the loom.
cylinder I42 came into connection with the
In Figs. 8 and 9 is shown a supporting shaft
I62 of insulating material mounted over the fourth contact I82 which is connected by the 75
75
cumference of the cylinder, and an eleventh con
_ lead I84 to the fourth contact ?nger I86, of
lent of its initial position._' 'It'isnow necessary ‘
contacts‘ I84, which is in connection with the to establish acircuitbetween the button 284and
contact pin. I88 in the fourth hole’ of the top line the slip ring I44. Three-tenths of a revolution
I
of of holes of group I14. As a matter of fact; commutator cylinder
I42
will
cause
the
stud-228
this connection has probably been established a to oome'into connection with the contact 222,‘
number of times before, but has been ine?ective thus completing the circuit from the button 284
because the'circuit through the commutator cyl '4 to the slip ring ‘I44 and therefore completingthe
inder I52 was‘ incomplete. Shortly after the
circuit,‘ through both commutators. As stated
circuit through the- commutator cylinders be
above,
the commutator cylinder _I42_ rotates one.
10 came complete, contact ‘of the segment rII6 of , tenth of a. revolution for each pick.- ‘In this'par
the timing disc I I2 with the two contacts I28 and ' ticuiar case, the cylinder rotated four complete .
I22 completed theentire relay actuating circuit, revolutions plus three tenths of a revolution, or
and the relay was closed. Upon closing of the a total of forty-three tenths. The shuttle in the relay actuated circuit, three solenoids are actu
third box would therefore remain in picking pc
ated simultaneously. One, .the drum ratchet I sition for: forty-three consecutive picks. At the
advance solenoids ‘I8 causes the pawl 84 to be end of the forty-‘third pick, the drop. box would be -is
retracted, but‘ as ‘explained above, does not at lowered to its lowest position and then raised to
this time cause the drum 56 to advancei ’ An
its highest position, thereby placing the fourth‘ '
other, the release latch solenoid 54 operates the' shuttle box in picking position ‘for the next pick.
'20 latch 48, thereby releasing the cam follower
A driving pin 224 is mounted upon the inter
block 26, the e?ect'of which is to allow the, mittent driving gear I36. As illustrated, the an 20
drop box'28 to return to its lowest‘ or initial po
gular position 'of the driving pin 224 in relation,
sition. Still another, the cam follower solenoid
to the commutator cylinder I42, is such that mo..'. ‘
34 causes the cam follower 48 to be mowed into ' tion is imparted to the commutator cylinder ‘I52
the path of the cam 44. At this time the relay [after each complete ,revolution of commutator 25
actuating circuit is broken as'a result of the con- - cylinder I 42. In other words, when the contact
30
tinuous rotation of the timing disc H2, and, stud 226 is in connection ‘with the contact 228, ' '
therefore the relay actuated circuit is also broken one-tenth oi’ a revolution of commutator cylinder ‘
and the solenoids ‘I8, 54 and 34 are tie-energized, I 42 will advance commutator cylinder I52 one
and as a result, causing the drum ratchet 68 to tenth of a revolution. also.
7
"
' 30,
be advanced one tooth, thereby setting the drum
In a preceding paragraph, the buttons 284 and
for the next shuttle change, and causing also 286 were so inserted, that as a result, forty-three ‘
the latch 48 to engage the ratchet bar 52. De
energization of the cam follower solenoid 34 has
' no effect upon the cam follower 48, which there
fore remains in‘ the path of the cam 44. The
cam 44 now engages the cam follower 48, there
by moving the cam follower vblock to the third
position which raises the third shuttle box to
40 picking position. A dwell at the end of the rise
on cam 44 holds the cam followerblock 26 sta
consecutive picks of one color were woven. ' Sup
pose now‘ that the buttons are to be moved to such
positions, that forty-eight consecutive picks will
be woven. The pins ' will of course be located
upon the same horizontal line as before.
Beginning with the hole directly below the con
tact pin I88, count from left'rto right; zero, one,v
two, three, four, ?ve, six. The sixth ,hole will V40
be the last,’ in the line.’ Now return to the ex
tionary for a short period. -During this period,
left and continue counting on the same line the latch 48 which has been resting upon the treme
from left to right; seven and eight. Insert the
ratchet bar 52,- falls. into the third notch 288 of button in the eighth hole 238. Now if the count
45 the ratchet bar 52, and will retain the cam fol
lower block in that position until the next shut f‘is continued in the same manner, up to forty 46
tle change takes place. The wedges 46 on the, eight, it will be necessary to return to the left
face of the cam 44 now forces the cam follower four more times, ?vein all, and the forty-eightlr/ "
48 from the path of the cam. All operations . count will end on the hole 238, as also did the
controlled by the relay’take place between two eighth. Each time that it was necessary to re
turn to the left, signi?es that the driving pin 224 50
successive picks.
’
1,
_
Referring to Fig. 7, the button 282 determines will advance the commutator cylinder I52 one
‘which shuttle box is next to be raised to picking tehth of a revolution. As the number of returns
position. As the button is located in'the third was ?ve, to ?nd the correct position for the pin
CI _Ql circle of holes, it follows that the fourth or bot
GO
_ 286, it is necessary to start counting from the hole
tom shuttle box is next to be raised to picking po
directly below the contact pin I88; zero, one, two.v 65
sition. The two pins 284 and. 286 on sleeve 68'
The second hole will be the last in the line. Now
determine how many picks shall be woven before '
retum- to the left end of the line and continue
the third shuttle box is removed from picking
position, and replaced by the fourth shuttle box.
Consider that the drum ratchet68 has been ad!
vanced "one tooth and that the buttons 282, 284
counting to the right; three, four and ?ve. In-'
sert the pin in the-?fth hole 232. It is now ap
parent ‘that the pin .286 has been advanced one 60
and 286 are now in connection with the contacts
288, 2I8 and 2I2. The button 286 is now in con
because of the‘ fact thatwhen counting 012 the
eight holes for forty-eight consecutive picks, it
nection with the contact ?nger 2I2, the lead 2I4
was necessary to return to the left to continue the
count. In other words, a fractional revolution of 65
commutator cylinder I42 may advance the com
and the contact 2I6.
It is now necessary to ro- -
tate the commutator cylinder I52 four-tenths of
a revolution,‘ which will cause the stud 2I8 to ‘
come into. connection with the contact 2I6. To
TO rotate the commutatorv cylinder I52 four-tenths
of a revolution, it is necessary to rotate the com
hole from its old location. . This condition arose
mutator cylinder I52 a tenth of a revolution,
depending upon the initial position of the ?rst
commutator , cylinder I42.
If in counting oil!‘
the unit holes it. is not necessary to return to 70
mutator cylinder I42 four revolutions, thus es
tablishing a circuit from the button 286 to the slip
the left, count oil? _ the “ten unit” holes in
ring I56. Four complete revolutions of commu
tator cylinder I42 of course results in the equiva
of picks is forty-eight, count,-zero, one, two, three,
the obvious ‘manner.. For example, if the number
four, and insert the pin in the fourth hole. But 75
6
9,100,504
to the crank shaft 262 by means of a system of
if in counting oi the unit holes it is necessary to
return to the left, add one to the required num
ber of “ten unit" holes and place the pin in the
fifth hole.
chains and sprockets.
'
_ As stated above', drum 66 is capable of con
trolling seventy-two shuttle changes. If a given
pattern requires a lesser number of shuttle
changes, there will be a number of lines left over,
but these lines may be worked into the pattern in
such a way that one complete revolution of the
drum will cause only the required number of
shuttle changes.‘ Energization of the relay ac
vacant, obviously none of those lines can cause‘
a shuttle change. Therefore the drum may be
20 advanced either at random or once for every pick,
until a line having a button moves under the con
'
\
means of a third ‘cam 258, and the lowering
under the contacts 96, the drop box must return
to its lower position. If the next lines are also
.
'
stantially equal in amount and opposite in phase
to the movement of the selective harness lifting
slide. The upward movement of the harness
lowering slide is positively accomplished by
tuated circuit cannot cause a shuttle change un
less a button on sleeve 64 is in connection with
15 one of the contacts 60. If there is a vacant line
tacts.
'
The cam shaft is provided for the purpose of
raising and lowering in timed relation the selec
tive harness lifting slide 246 and the harness
lowering slide 246. A disc cam 264 positively lifts
the selective harness lifting slide, and a second
cam 266 supplements the action of gravity and
insures positive lowering of the slide. The move
ments of the harness lowering slide 248 are sub 10
v
For example, suppose that it is desirable to
place buttons'upon the drum in such a way that
25 one rotation of the drum will cause sixty shuttle
changes. As the drum has seventy-two lines of
effect of gravity is positively supplemented by a
fourth cam 260.
The selective harness lifting slide 246 and the
harness lowering slide 248 are shown in some
detail in Figs. 12 and 13 respectively. As their 20
functions are somewhat similar, they have fea-'
tures in common, 'namely, guide rod bearings
262, cam rolls 264 which engage with the lifting
cams, and horizontal bars 266 which engage
with the lowering cams. The selective harness
lifting slide ‘246 is provided with a longitudinal
box 268, housing an electrically controlled har
ceed as usual in setting up the pattern until a ness selecting mechanism which will later be
vacant line of holes is required upon sleeve 64. described in detail. The harness lowering slide
30 This indicates that the drop box will be returned ' v2M3 is provided with a grating or comb 210 hav 3.0
to its lowest position. Assume that there are to ing thirty vertical slots 212, one for each harness.
Referring to Figs. 10, 11 and .14, the opposite
be sixteen picks while the drop box is in this po
, holes, there will be twelve lines left over.
Pro
The next twelve ‘lines on sleeve 64 may
upper ‘corners of the harness frames 214 are
be left vacant, the thirteenth hole. however, re
35 ceiving a button for the purpose of predetermin
ing the next shuttle change. Each of the twelve
provided with angle brackets 216, the horizontal
legs of whichare formed with a reduced portion
218 and a'shoulder 280. The reduced portion 280
is adapted to ?t loosely in a vertical slot 212 of
the comb 210 and to project beyond the plane
sition.
coresponding lines on sleeve 66 will receive but—
tons so placed that the drum will be advanced
twelve times during the sixteen picks.
If there had been eight picks with the drop
40
box in low position, instead of sixteen, as pre
viously assumed, it would be impossible to cause
the drum to advance more than eight times while
the drop box remained in low position and the
45
four remaining advancements would necessarily
be deferred until the next return of- the drop
box to low position.
is located on each.v end of the loom. As will be
seen from the. following description, the two
55 head-motion mechanisms .act directly‘ upon the
- harnesses, thus eliminating the harness support
.
The head-motion mechanisms H are shown
generally in Figs. land 18, and more particu
larly in Figs. 10) 11, 12, 13 and 14. As both left
and right head-motion mechanisms are similarly
constructed, only the left mechanism is described
‘
_
Figs. 10- and 11 are elevations illustrating the
65
'
40
motion of the harness frame. The lower side of
the reduced portion 218, normally rests upon a
transverse support bar 284 which forms the bot
tom of the slots 212. It will therefore be seen
that the slots 212 effectively hold the harnesses
gitudinally.
tomary method of operating the harnesses from
50 a single head-motion mounted on one end of
the loom, and substitutes therefor two‘ comple
mentary head-motion mechanisms, one of which
in detail.
The shoulder
portion 280 being larger than the'slots,. butts
against the comb, thus preventing longitudinal
‘ in proper spaced relation transversely and ion
.
The illustrated loom departs from the cus
ing cords.
of the comb, as indicated" by 282.
left head-motion mechanism, in picking and
Since. the angle brackets 216 nor
mally rest upon the support bar 284, it follows
that vertical reciprocation of the harness lower-.
ing slide 248 will~also raise and lower all of the
harnesses. ' However, in actual weaving the har
nesses are never all lowered at the same time,
due to intervention of the selective harness lift
ing slide.
.
-
In Figs. 11 and 14 the selective harness lifting
slide 246 is shown in its lowest position, and
the harness lowering slide 248 is shown in its
highest position. In Figs. 1; 10 and 18 there;
verse is true, the selective harness ‘lifting slide 60
being shown in its highest position, while the
harness lowering slide is shown in its lowest
position. In Fig. 11, note that the harnesses are
all on the same level, but that in Figs. 10 and is
some have been raised .above that level, while
the remainder have been lowered. The loom
therefore operates on what is known as the
_‘‘split shed” principle. In other words, to close
beating up positions, respectively. Two brackets
236 and 238 secured to the loom end frame 240
support two pairsof vertical guide rods 242 and I the shed the high harnesses are lowered and the
244. A selective harness lifting slide 246 is slid
low harnesses are ‘raised until the two sets of 70
ably mounted upon the vertical guide‘ rods 242 harnesses meet at an intermediate or common
and a- harness lowering slide 248 is similarly level.
mounted upon the guide rods 244. A horizontal
Fig. 14 illustrates the two slides with the
cam shaft 250 journalled at opposite ends of the harnesses in “beating up" or. intermediate posi
loom in bearings 25!, is connected in even ratio tion. The broken lines indicate the limits of
£3,106,804
.
.
7
movement of each slide. To form the shed the, ing the corresponding latches from all influence
selective harness lifting slide must lift part of of the locks.
\
the harnesses to the position indicated by 288,
The latches are now being held in retracted
and the remaining harnesses must be‘ lowered by position only by the cam bar 3“. The shed is
the harness lowering slide to the position indi
now about ‘to be formed and therefore the se
cated by 288.
lective harness lifting slide begins to move up
As explained above, the harnesses are nor
ward and the harness lowering slide downward.
mally carried up and down with the harness All latches which have been unlocked due to
lowering slide 248. However, the harnesses are energization of the corresponding solenoids, re
loosely supported on the lower ends of the comb main in contact with the cam bar 3“, the lower
slots 212' by means of the angle brackets 218, the ing of which allows the latches to move from
reduced portions of which project through and left to right, under the influence of the springs
beyond the comb slots, as indicated by 282.
382. After the relative motion ‘between the
The projecting portions 282 provide means slides has reached a certain stage, the shoulders
whereby the harness may be engaged by mecha
3l8 of the released latches butt against the
nism integral with the selective harness lifting shoulders 328 of the transverse holes 292, thus
slide 248. and thus instead of all harnesses being stopping the latches. Continued relative motion
lowered from intermediate to bottom shed posi
of the slides causes the released latches to en
tion, approximately half of the harnesses may gage corresponding harness angle brackets 282
be raised to top shed position. The selective which are raised by the harness lifting slide‘ to _
mechanism for engaging and lifting the har
nesses from intermediate to top‘shed position, is
shown in detail in Figs. 10, 11 and 14.
A harness lifting latch 298 is provided for each
harness, and as the illustrated loom has thirty
harnesses, each selective harness lifting slide
must have thirty harness lifting latches. The
latches are slidably mounted in a series of trans
verse holes 292 in the lower part of the longitudi
The larger portion of each hole
is circular in. section, but the reduced portion
30 nal box 288.
294 is square. Each latch is formed with a cy
lindrical portion 298 and a square end portion
298 which is beveled as indicated by 388. The
- square portion 298 of the latch cooperates with
the square portion 284 of the hole, and thus the
latch is prevented from rotating. Each latch is
normally held in retracted inoperative position
against the compression of a spring 382 by means
40 of gravity actuated locks 384, the lower ends of
which 386 engage the left ends of notches 388
on the latches 298. The locks are square in sec
tion and ?t loosely in the cores of solenoids 3|8
wound upon square tubes 3l2, and are therefore
free to move vertically, but are restrained from
rotation. It is necessary for the selective har
ness lifting mechanism to be quite compact, as
each selective unit must be in alignment with
the corresponding harness.
The solenoids 3"]
are therefore arranged in two' rows of ?fteen
each, in staggered relation, which allows the
longitudinal distance. between centers of sole
noids to be equal to the distance between har
nesses. Because of the staggered positions of
the solenoids, it is necessary to construct cer
tain of the latches differently in regard to length
top shed position._ The remaining harnesses
which are opposite latches which have not been
released, are carried by the harness lowering slide
to bottom shed position.
As soon as the pick has been inserted, the
slides return to>“beating-up” position, and the
projecting latches which have lifted harnesses
during the preceding operation, are forced to the
left by the cam bar 3“. Positive leveling of the
harnesses during ‘,‘beating-up” position is insured 30
by means of a horizontal bar 322 mounted upon
the selective harness lifting slide. This bar co
operates with the support bar 284 of the harness
lowering slide, and the angle brackets 216 are
held between the two, as shown in Fig. 14. The
majority of the harnesses which were raised for» I
the preceding pick will be lowered for the next
pick and. therefore the corresponding locking
solenoids must before this time be de-energized,
thereby allowing the locks to drop into engage
ment with the latches which are to be inopera 40
tive during the next pick. At the same time that
these solenoids were de-energized, it was neces
sary to energize others, thus providing for the
selection of harnesses which are to be lifted for
the next pick.
.
In weaving simple fabrics, it is necessary to
use only a few harnesses, while with complicated“
fabrics, it may be necessary to use a large num
ber, possibly as many as thirty. Also, the num- r
ber of successive harness combinations neces
sary for the formation of a given pattern varies
greatly. It is therefore desirable to provide a
harness controlling mechanism whichwill ac
commodate either a few or a large number of
harnesses, and which will permit extensive varia_ -
and as to the position of the notch 388, but the tions of the pattern.
principle of operation of each selective unit is
The electrical harness controlling mechanism
identical.
l8 which cooperates with the ‘selective harness
60
lifting slides, is generally indicated in Fig. 1, and
A horizontal cam bar 3| 4 of substantially tri
angular cross-section, is fastened to the support "is shown in detail in Figs. 15, 16 and 17. This 60
bar 284 on the bottorn of the harness lowering mechanism is capable of controlling the shedding
slide 248. When the‘ harness slides approach of from two to thirty harnesses, and may be used
beating-up position, as shown in Fig. 14, the for patterns requiring up to forty-eight succes
inclined face 3"; of the cam bar 3“! presses
against the beveled ends 388 of the harness lift
sive harness combinations.
ing latches 238, forcing the latches slightly to
tain harnesses, thereby forming the desired shed,
the left against the pressure of the springs, 382.v
This slight movement relieves the locks 384 of
all strain and friction caused by the pressure
of the left ends of thenotches 388 against the
latch solenoids 312. For example, it might be
lower ends 386 of the locks.
As the locks are
made of magnetic material, energization at this
time of various solenoids 3l8 will lift the corre
75 sponding looks out of the notches 388, thus free
'
'
As previously described, in order to raise cer
it is necessary to energize the corresponding
desirable to form a shed by raising harnesses 70
Nos. 1, v3, 5, 7, etc., and at the same time lower
ing harnesses Nos. 2, 4, 6, 8, etc. To make this
harness combination, it would be necesary to
energize the odd solenoids.
Fig. 15 illustrates a front elevation of the 75
‘8
‘ 8,100,504
harness‘ controlling mechanism 324.
A lower - the lower cylinder by engagement with a twenty
commutator cylinder 326 ?xed to a shaft 323 is
,rotatably .mounted in bearings 338 attached to
?ve tooth ratchet 384, which is ?xed to the lower
end plates 332. An upper commutator cylinder
retrogressive motion of the ratchet. The left.
pawl 368 isfor the purpose of advancing the up
per cylinder. To advance the upper cylinder, the
334 similar to the lower commutator cylinder, is
?xed to _a shaft 336, rotatably mounted in bear
ings 333. Each cylinder consists of a metallic
‘sleeve electrically insulated from the shaft by
means of a core of ?brous material. The sleeves
10 are perforated for the reception of contact but
tons, the holes being arranged in circles and hori
zontal lines as shown.
Each circle contains
twenty-?ve equi-spaced holes and there are thirty
circles on each cylinder, one circle for each of
the thirty harnesses. Above the lower cylinder is
mounted a series of ?xed spring contact members
348, and a similar series of movable spring con
tact members 3“ is mounted above the upper
cylinder shaft 328. A‘ check pawl 366 prevents
left pawl‘ must engage a twenty-?ve tooth ratchet '
318, which is integrally ?xed to a twenty-?ve
tooth gear 312. This combination of ratchet and
gear is loosely mounted upon the lower cylinder
shaft. The gear ‘312 engages with a second
twenty-?ve tooth gear 314 ?xed to the upper
cylinder 334. The direction of rotation of the‘
upper cylinder is therefore opposite to that of the
lower cylinder.
.
15
The right pawl 362 is formed with a depending
?nger 316 which normally rests-uponthe periph
ery of the hub 318 of the lower cylinder ratchet
.cylinder, each contact registering with a_ circle of ’ 364. This ?nger when resting upon the hub allows
20 holes. A ?xed spring brush 342, mounted at the
extreme right of the lower cylinder, establishes a
continuous electrical connection with the lower
metallic sleeve. A second brush 343 and the con
tacts 3“ are mounted above the upper cylinder
upon a strip of insulating material 344 ?xed to a
square shaft 345 which is pivoted at opposite
ends to the end plates 332. Mechanism for lower
ing and raising the upper contacts and thus
30
rendering them operative and inoperative respec—
tively is provided and will later be described in
detail.
Referring to Fig. 19, each of the lower contacts
348 is electrically connected to the correspond
ing upper contact, and the two brushes 342 and
343 are also connected together. The left- pair of
contacts is connected by a ?exible wire to the ?rst
or front solenoid of the left selective harness
lifting slide and also to the corresponding sole
noid of the right selective harness lifting slide.
40 The remaining pairs of contacts are similarly con
nected to the corresponding solenoids. In addi
tion to these connections, the solenoids are con
nected by common wires to one terminal of a low
voltage source of current supply, the other ter
. minal being connected‘ to the pair of brushes 342
and 343. Therefore, if an electrical connection is
established between a cylinder and a spring con
tact member, there will be a complete circuit and
the two ,solenoids which are connected to that
_' spring contact member will be energized. This
completion of the circuit is accomplished by means
of contact buttons 348 which may be inserted in
the holes of the cylinders. In Fig. 15, the top
line of holes of the lower cylinder is shown pro
vided with buttons in the even numered holes,
counting from left to right. These buttons are in
engagement with the even spring contact members
348. Therefore, the even solenoids of the selec
tive harness slides are energized, and a shed will
60 be formed having the even harnesses lifted and
the odd harnesses lowered. Thus it is obvious that
the arrangement of pins in each line of holes
represents a predetermined harness combination.
Referring to Figs. 1, 15 and 16, a vibrating lever
358 is loosely pivoted upon the lower cylinder
shaft 328, and is actuated by an eccentric 358 ?xed
to the left end of the cam shaft .258. The cam
the pawl to engage the ratchet. However, a pro 20
jecting pin 388 mounted upon the hub, prevents
the pawl from engaging the ratchet tooth 332.
Whenever the pin reaches a certain position, re
traction of the pawl causes the depending ?nger
to engage the pin, and the pawl is thereby raised 25
and prevented from engaging the tooth 382. The
pawl remains inoperative so long as the ratchet
remains in that position, and to move the ratch
et beyond that position, it is necessary to resort
to another means of actuation which will be .30
described later.
_
The left pawl 368 is formed with a depending
?nger 384 which also rests upon the periphery of
the hub 318 of the lower cylinder ratchet. This
?nger, however, is slightly longer than the right 35
pawl ?nger, and therefore when resting upon the
hub, holds the left pawl up and out of engage
ment with the left ratchet 318. 'The hub 318 of
the lower cylinder ratchet is provided with an
elongated depression 386. Whenever the ?nger 40
384 drops into this depression, the left pawl is
lowered into engagement with the ratchet 318,
and repeatedly engages the ratchet so long as
the hub remains in that position.
It may be observed from an inspection of Fig. 45
16, that the left ?nger 384 will drop into the de
pression 386 before right ?nger 316 is raised by
the pin. Therefore, when the left ?nger ?rst
drops into‘ the depression, both ratchéts will be
advanced, the. depression moving forward with
the left ?nger, and as a result, both the" upper and
lower cylinders will be advanced. 0n the next
retraction of the pawls, the right ?nger will en
gage the pin 388 and raise the right pawl out of
engagement, but as the depression 386 is elon
gated, the left ?nger will ride back and forth
along the bottom of the depression, and the left
pawl will remain in ratchet-engaging position.
Consider that the pin 388 has just passed be- '
yond the right pawl ?nger 316. The right pawl
is now in operative position, but the left pawl is
not. Twenty-four vibrations of the lever 358
will nearly complete one revolution of the lower
cylinder and will result in rendering the right
pawl inoperative, and the lower cylinder will re
main in that position until moved by other means.
However, upon the twenty-fourth vibration, the
shaft revolves once for each pick of the loom. » left pawl 384 became operative, and-the upper
Motion is transmitted from the eccentric to the
lever by means of'an eccentric strap 354 and a
link 356, the link being rigidly fastened to the
eccentric strap, and pivoted to the lever at 358.
A headed stud 368 fastened to the vibrating lever
acts as a pivot for two pawls. The right pawl 362
75 is for the purpose of intermittently advancing
cylinder was advanced one step. Each additional
vibration of the lever will advance the upper 70
cylinder one step until some force acts upon the
lower cylinder, causing that cylinder to advance
one step further, thereby carrying the pin 388 and
the depression 386 past the pawl ?ngers 316 and
384. The mechanism for advancing the lower 75
2,108,804
cylinder an additional step will now be de
scribed.
.
lower end of the lever lifts the pawl out of en
gagement with the ratchet, and releases the upper
cylinder, allowing the cylinder to return to its
initial position.
As the lower cylinder approaches its stopped
The upper cylinder is provided with a radial
stop 383 which may bear against either the top
or the bottom of a horizontal stop rod 390 ?xed
to the left end plate 332. Therefore the cylinder
is not free to make a complete revolution, its
position, a ?xed stud‘ 4|8, protruding from the
movements being restricted to radial oscillations.
The cylinder is normally held in the position
10 shown by means of a coiled torsion spring 392.
Rotation of the cylinder, due to the action of the
left pawl is therefore opposed by the spring, and if the cylinder is released, it will return to its
initial position.
It may be well to state at this time in reference
to the placement of buttons upon the cylinders,
that twenty-four lines of the lower cylinder must
always be used, regardless of the number of barness combinations necessary for weaving the pat
20 tern, and also that the twenty-?fth line must
always be- left vacant. On the upper cylinder,
however, the number of lines used depends upon
the number of necessary harness combinations,
but there must always be at least one line of va
25 cant holes.
_
A disk 394 ?xed to the lower shaft 328 adjacent
the right end of the cylinder is provided with a
?xed radial tooth 396. When the right pawl
368 becomes inoperative, and the lower cylinder
30 therefore ceases to rotate, this tooth points sub- I
stantially towards the upper shaft 336.
A second disk 398 is ?xed to the upper shaft
336 directly above the lower disk 394. This disk,
398, is provided with twenty-?ve equi-spaced
35 radial holes. A second removable tooth 400 may
9
to engage the ratchet, and similarly, release of the
left end of the cylinder, engages an inclined sur
face 420 at the lower end of the pawl-supporting
lever 408, thereby moving the lever to the right
and causing the pawl 404 to engage the ratchet
402. When the cylinder has stopped, the stud
4| 8 is in engagement with an upper semi-circu
lar indentation 422 located adjacent the in
clined surface 420. on the next forward move 15
ment of the vibrating lever 350, both cylinders
are advanced, it being the ?rst advance of the
upper cylinder and the twenty-fourth or last ad
vance of the lower. The stud “8 has now moved
down to the lower semi-circular indentation 424,
the check pawl 404 beingstill in engagement.
The lower cylinder now remains stationary for a
period while the upper cylinder advances step by
step. This condition continues until the upper
tooth 400 engages the lower tooth 396, as ex 25
plained above. Thereupon, the rotation of the
lower cylinder is continued and the stud 4|!
moves down and out of engagement with the pawl
support lever 404, the spring392 moving the lever
to the left and lifting the check pawl 404, thus re 30
leasing the'upper cylinder, which rapidly re
turns to its initial or inactive position. The
cycle is now repeated.
_
‘
On the lower cylinder, the line of holes 426
be inserted in any one of the holes, with the ex-~ which is in alignment with the tooth 396 is never
ception of the twenty-?fth hole which is never used. When the lower cylinder is in its stopped
used. That hole normally points towards the position, that line registers with the lower con
tacts 340, and therefore those contacts are inop
1 lower shaft.
erative during. the period that the cylinder re
Intermittent rotation of the upper cylinder mains
40
stationary.
'
"
- causes the’ upper tooth 400 to eventually engage
the lower tooth 396, thereby advancing the lower
cylinder one line, and at the same time rotating
the hub 318 an equal amount which results in
45 terminating the action of the left pawl and in re
establishing the action of the right pawl. As
illustrated, the upper tooth is in the twelfth hole,
The upper cylinder is illustrated in its normal 40
or inactive position. The line of holes directly -
below the upper contacts is never used, and there
fore, the upper contacts are necessarily inoper
ative so long as the cylinder remains in its ini
tial position.
'
As previously described, the upper contacts
the position which it would occupy when twelve '
are mounted upon the pivoted rod 345. A tor
lines of the upper cylinder were in use.
50
As stated above, the upper cylinder is advanced sion spring 421 tends to keep-the contacts in the
step by step against the torsion spring 392. It is lower or operative position, but, an adjustable 50
screw 428 secured to the strip of insulating ma
therefore necessary to provide means for prevent
ing retrogression of the cylinder during the re-_ terial 344 is in continual engagement with the
turn strokes of the left pawl 368. As illustrated upper. end of the pawl-supporting lever.408, and
55 in Figs. 15, 16 and 17, a twenty-?ve tooth ratchet
402 is ?xed to the upper shaft 336,- adjacent the
left end of the cylinder. A check pawl 404 en
gages the ratchet during the advance motion of
the upper cylinder, but when that motion is com
60 plete, the pawl is forced out of engagement, and
the upper cylinder is returned to its initial posi
tion by the torsion spring.
In Fig. 17 the upper cylinder is shown in its
normal or inactive position.
The pawl 404 is
65 pivoted at 406 to the short end of a supporting
lever 408, and a small stud 4|0 prevents the pawl
from engaging the ratchet. The lever 408 is ful
crumed upon the end of the stop rod 390, and is
held in the position shown by means ofa com
70 pressed spring 4 | 2 supported by a screw 4 I4 which
passes through a loose hole in the lever and is
screwed‘into the back plate “6, the head of the
screw acting as a. stop for the lever. Moving the
lower end of the lever to'the right against the
75 compression of the spring 4| 2, allows the pawl
as a result the contacts remain in operative po
sition only during the advance. movements of
the upper cylinder, being raised ‘as soon as the 55
cylinder begins its sudden vreturn movement.
Thus, upon the return movement of the upper
cylinder, the buttons are prevented from strik
ing the upper contacts, which would interfere
with the selection of harnesses.
Suppose that a given pattern required thirty
?ve successive harness combinations. As each
line of holes controls a single harness combina—
tion, it would be necessary ‘to use twenty-four
lines of the lower cylinder and eleven lines of
the upper cylinder, a total of thirty-?ve. The
removable tooth 400 would be inserted in the
eleventh hole 429 of the upper disk 398, counting
clock-wise as viewed in Fig. 16.
r
'
‘
It might be desirable to weave a- pattern re 70
quiring, for example, only seven harness combi
nations. As it is always necessary to use twenty
four lines of the lower cylinder, the harness com
bination would be repeated three and three-sev- 75
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