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Патент USA US2106510

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Jan. 25, 1938.
Filed May 20, 1957
Horace JZf/ree
Clyde 727116’
Patented Jan. 25, 1938
. 2,196,519
PATENT lorries“
Horace J. Tyree, Clyde Talley, and George A.
Gill, Mexia, Tex.
Application May 20, 1937, Serial No. 143,684
1 Claim. (C1. 139--193)
This invention relates to looms for the weaving screws 5 whereby the attachment may be secured
of textile fabrics and in such connection it has to the shuttle box mouth plate as revealed in Fig
more particular reference to a shuttle guard at
tachment for guiding the shuttle of the loom back
5 into its path when de?ected therefrom.
The invention has particular relation to looms
of the Draper X~model types and also of the
Sta?ord and similar makes of looms. In. the
operation of such looms the shuttle which carries
10 the bobbin across the warp‘ threads in the weav
ures 1 and 2.
Welded or otherwise securely fas
tened to the tongue 3 of the attachment is another
piece of metal 6, one end being directed outwardly
as at 6~a. Embracing the portions 3, 6 and
6—a is a strip of leather or similar material of
toughpliable nature ‘I, the ends thereof as at
7-11 being lapped over each other. In these ends
'l-—a as well as the portions 3, 6 and 6—-a of the 10
ing of the cloth is frequently de?ected from its
path, resulting in the shuttle being smashed or
attachment are holes in alinement one with the
covering is securely held in position.
It is the primary object of this invention to
15 provide a shuttle guard attachment for the pro
tection of the shuttles in looms of the above men
tioned and similar types to prevent injury to the
shuttle, said attachment engaging the point of
the shuttle when the latter is de?ected from its
20 path from any cause and guiding it back into
the shuttle race, of the loom.
Another object of the invention is to provide
an attachment of the above described character
which includes a shock-absorbing means to fur
25 ther prevent possible injury to the shuttle.
With the above objects in view, the invention
will be clearly understood from a perusal of the
following detailed description, taken in connec
tion with the accompanying drawing and in said
- 30 drawing:
Figure 1 is a plan view of the shuttle box mouth
plate of a Draper X-model loom with the attach
ment embodying the invention fastened thereto.
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of Figure 1,
35 the view taken along the line 2—2 of Figure 1,
Figure 3 is a bottom view of the attachment
removed from the shuttle box mouth plate,
Figure 4 is a perspective view of a portion of
a loom of another type and illustrating a modi
40 ?cation of the invention mounted thereon, and
Figure 5 is a plan view of the modi?ed form of
the attachment shown in Figure 4, the view being
partly broken away.
Reference being had more in detail to the draw
45 ing, and wherein like parts will be designated by
like reference characters, I denotes the shuttle
other to receive a screw 8, whereby the leather
In Figure 5 the attachment is shown modi?ed
to accommodate-types of looms di?erent in struc- 15
ture from the X model Draper type. In this form
of the attachment the body 9 is made of steel
of su?icient thinness to provide resiliency. In
tegral with the body 9 is a tongue l0. Figure 4:
shows this modi?ed form of the attachment in 20
operative position on thebattery side or end of
the reed cap II, the reed being indicated at l2.
For this purpose the tongue has a hole for the
reed cap bolt l3 for securing the attachment in I
position, as will be apparent. The ‘race plate for 25
the travel of the shuttle, the guard and the lay
are indicated respectively at I4, l5 and Hi.
The body 9 of the modi?ed form of the attach
ment is covered on each side by pieces of leather
I1, the leather or similar material being secured 30
thereto by the rivets l8 passing through the body
9 and the covering.
As the shuttle travels along the race plate l4
and should it for any cause be deflected from its
path, it is thrown into the attachment or guard 35
constituting the invention and the leather cov
ering absorbs the shock to an extent su?icient to
prevent the shuttle from being injured or broken.
The body 9 and the tongue 10 are made of steel '
thin enough to give with the shock of the shuttle‘ 40
and assist in absorbing the same. This guard
can be affixed to both ends of the reed cap, but
is most e?ective at the battery end, and can be
applied thereto as explained by the reed cap bolt
l3 and so adjusted as to clear the temple and 45
the cloth.
box mouth plate of a Draper X-model loom to
which the attachment embodying the invention
is secured and having connection with the mouth
50 plate on the battery side of the loom. This at
tachment consists of an elongated piece of metal
2 with a portion thereof disposed at substantially
It is believed that the preceding description will
be suf?cient to those skilled in the art to which
the invention relates. Both forms of the inven
tion may be changed, altered and further modi?ed 50'
right angles to the body 2 and forming a tongue
3, more clearly shown in Figures 2 and 3. The
55 body 2 has spaced holes 4 for the insertion of
from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed as new is:
to an extent within the scope and meaning of
the claim appended hereto without departing
A shuttle guard attachment for looms, in com- 55
bination with the shuttle box mouth plate of the
loom, said attachment comprising a metal plate
having an elongated body and a tongue projecting
from the body at substantially right angles there
to, said body having apertures for fastening the
body of the plate to the shuttle box mouth plate
of the loom, said tongue having a piece of metal
secured thereto across the endof the tongue, one
end of said piece being curved outwardly from
the tongue and a covering of resilient yieldable
material embracing said curved piece of metal
and said tongue, and means for holding the cov
ering in position.
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