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Jan. 25, 1938. I .1.‘ H. LE CONEY 2,106,553 DROP SEAT GARMENT Filed Sept. '7, 1935 ' Z 2 ShéetSI-Sheet 1. Jan. 25, 1938. ' J. H. LE CONEY DROP SEAT GARMENT Fii'ed Sept. 7, 1935 2,106,553 _ (‘2 Sheets-She'et 2 I J'LMPL L15 (arm-r aw % g3; Z “'4 Mb ‘ ' Patented Jan. 25, 1938 2,106,553; a; C "11 I? 0 F1 2,106,553 DROP SEAT GARMENT Joseph H. Le Coney, Redford, Mass, assignor to Earnshaw Knitting Company, Newton, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application September 7, 1%)35, Serial No. 39,587 . 2‘ Claims. (01. 2—78) This invention relates to garments and more particularly to a drop seat garment which, al though capable of general use, is designed more garment of the legless type, that is merely for the purpose of illustrating the principle thereof especially for infants and children. - since it is capable of use in a Wide variety of I , Heretofore, in garments of this character, where elastic means in the top edge of the drop seat has been employed for holding it in closed position in order to eliminate the use of buttons, the drop seat has generally been attached along 10 its sides to the side seams of the body of the gar ment. This requires the seat to be made with a considerable amount of fullness to permit it to be dropped without dihiculty of manipulation and without undue stretching and straining of the 15 material which shortens the life of the garment. Such surplus of material creates bulk and, al though contributing to ease of manipulation, de tracts from the comfort of the wearer. The principal object of the invention is the 20 provision of a garment of the character described in which the drop seat is so constructed as to be close ?tting and yet easily manipulated when and it is not to be limited to that particular form garments. . . ‘ In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a front elevation of a drop seat undergarment of the legless type, constructed in accordance with the invention; . . Fig. 2 is a rear elevation of the same; Fig. 3 is a front elevation of a similar garment of modi?ed form; and Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a person wearing the garment with the drop seat in lowered po sition. ‘ ' .\ Referring to the drawings, the undergarment shown in Figures 1 and y2_comprises a body por tion designated generally'as ill, having a neck opening ii, abbreviated sleeves i2, leg openings i3 and a, drop seat ili. The'body portion I0 is ‘ preferably made in one piece of cylindrical knitted ‘material, it designating the fore part and Hi, lowered, thereby assuring the comfort of the ' the rear part. The body portion it) may, if de wearer at all times. sired,‘be made of two separate pieces seamed to- \ Another object is the provision of a drop seat gether at the sides or in any other suitable man- ‘ 25 which is free of attachment at its side edges to the body of the garment and yet will, when in closed position, ?t closely around the hips of the body at those edges. ner. The fore part in theform of garment shown is open in the front, but is adapted to be closed by suitable button holes ill and buttons M in the edges of the two flaps which make up the fore part. The upper edges of the fore and rear parts 30 are out to form theneck opening H, the front part being preferably cut lower than the back part, and the two parts are seamed together at E9 A further object is the provision of a garment of the foregoing character which is of simpli?ed construction and of comparatively low cost. Other objects of the invention will be set forth and described hereinafter. to form shoulder portions. If the bodyportion 35 My invention contemplates a drop seat garment is made of cylindrical material, the upper por-' in which the drop seat is attached to the front of 'tions thereof are cut on the sides to form arm _ the garment rather than to the sides and, pref openings, in which are secured the abbreviated erably, is so attached at the ends of its top edge sleeves i2 by elastic stitching 2t, and said arms, ‘ only. This throws the pivot pointsof the swing ‘may be provided with end bands .2 I. 40 of the drop seat, when it is lowered, to the front The drop seat is attached at its bottom to they of the garment and materially increases the bottom of the fore part to form a crotch portion radius of the swing, so that the necessity for sur 22 and the leg openings 53 are formed by cut plus material is eliminated and the seat can be ting out both parts on either side of the crotch made close ?tting to the buttocks of the wearer, portion on curved lines, the edges of whichare 45 yet easily manipulated. The provision of elastic ?nished by suitable binding 23 secured to the two means in the top edge between the two points parts by stitching 24. The drop seat expands of attachment will then keep the drop seat in rapidly in width from the crotch portion upward proper position when. closed and Will prevent any ly so that its sides will extend around» the sides sagging of it in the back. The drop seat pref of the body it! and over the fore part, with its 50 erably expands laterally in an upward direction upper edge extending to points intermediate the so that the side portions hug closely around the center line and the sides of said fore part. The hips of the wearer to prevent gaping of the top edge of the seat is provided with elastic means unattached side edges. of any suitable form for holding the'drop seat in Although my invention is shown in the draw closed position and said top edge and elastic ings and described hereinafter as embodied in a means are fastened at their-ends only to the fore 30 2 2,106,558 part of the body portion at the waist line there of and at two points 25 intermediate the center of the fore part and the side edges thereof. In the drawings, one form of elastic means is shown comprising a flat band of latex or rubber material 28 mounted in a hem 2'! formed at the upper edge of the drop seat and the two ends only of the hem and the elastic material are fastened at the points 25. Preferably, the elastic 10 stitching 28 which fastens the edge of the hem struction as the top edge of the drop seat, com prising a band 40 of latex or rubber, enclosed in a casing 4| formed by doubling a strip of knitted material and fastening the longitudinal edges of the strip together with elastic stitching 42 which passes through the band 40. Since the wales of the material in the casing run transversely there of, it is stretchable with the band 4|) in a longi tudinal direction. This elastic member counter acts any tendency of the drop seat to cause an pierces the band 26 and serves to hold it ?at and abnormal separation between the two points of attachment 25, due to the transverse stretchabil to prevent it from curlingf The side edges 29 of the drop seat, which, due ity of the fore part intermediate said points. For the purpose of illustrating the operation to its expanded ‘form, converge toward each of the drop seat in use, there is shown in Figure 15 other in an upward direction on the front of the 15 garment, are preferably free and unattached ex cept at their top ends, Where they are attached to the fore part 15 at the two points of attachment 25, and at their bottom ends, where they are at 20 tached at or adjacent the leg openings: I3 at the sides of the garment. The side portions of the drop seat encircle the hips of the wearer and the top edge encircles the sides and back of the wearer at the waist line between the two points of 25 attachment. The drop seat may be made in one piece, but preferably is made in three pieces, comprising a central section 3B and two side sections 3|, the central section at its bottom having an end ap :30 proximately V-shaped which is attached to the bottom of the front section ‘by stitching 33 to form the crotch portion 22. In the back, the central section, has converging sides to which are secured the upwardly expanding side sections 3| by elastic stitching 34. > For supportingthe points of attachment 25 and transferring any downward strain thereon to the shoulder portionsof the garment, two lines 35 of reinforcement are provided, each of which extends 40 from one of said points to its respective shoulder seam 19. These reinforcements may be of any suitable form, but as shown are lines of non elastic-or,non-stretchable stitching, which pre vent any sagging of the fore part of the garment 5,45 at the points where the drop seat is attached. The garment is preferably made of knitted material, with the wales of the material running ,in the directions indicated on‘ the various parts in the drawings by broken lines 36. With the ex £150 ception of the lower portion of the back part "5, the wales of the body Hlrun longitudinally of the body so that it is stretchable transversely thereof. .In the lower portion of the back part, however, a ,panel 38 is secured therein by stitching 39 and as the wales of thispanel run transversely the body 4, in side elevation, a ?gure of a person wearing an undergarment of the construction shown in Figure 3, with the drop seat in lowered position. It will be observed from this view that the drop seat, by being pivotally attached to the front of 20 the garment, has a much longer radius of swing than a drop seat attached to the opposite sides of the garment and that in lowering the drop seat, it is stretched only to a slight extent in passing overthe buttocks, but is not appreciably 25 stretched when in lowered position. In conse quence, there is comparatively little strain on the drop seat when it is lowered and raised, which permits it to be more easily manipulated and, at the same time, increases the life and durability; of the garment by the removal of undue strain. Furthermore, the comfort of the wearer is ma terially increasedby the eliminationof surplus material in the drop seat. It is to be understood that my invention is not 535 .to be limited to the precise form herein shown and described, since it may be embodied in va rious other forms within the scope of the fol lowing claims. What I claim is: 1. A garment comprising a cylindrical body portion having front and back parts, a drop seat attached at its bottom edge to the bottom edge of said front part to form a crotch portion and having an elastic top edge, the two ends of which are secured to- said front part at the waist line thereof at points intermediate the center and sidesof said-front part, the width of said drop seat increasing in an upward direction to form side portions overlapping the sides of said front x50 part, the side edges of said side portions being free and unattached between said elastic top edge and the bottom edge of the drop seat, rein forcements in said front part extending from the ‘shoulder seams of said body portion to said points .55 so that it is stretchable in a direction longitudi of attachment for supporting the same and an nally of the body, which facilitates a bending posture of the wearer. The lower edge of the tachment to hold the same in normal relation back part, including said panel, is concavely 60 curved, the curve approaching a semi-circle and having its two ends terminate at the leg open ings on the sides of the body.‘ The back part I6, therefore, terminates above the-crotch portion with its lower portion below the waist line over 65 lapped by the drop seat. This construction pre vents the back part from rolling up and holds it in close ?tting position on the back of the wearer. In Figure 3, there is shown a legless under garment of somewhat similar construction to the 70 garments of Figures 1 and 2, with the exception that it is closed in front and that the two points of attachment 25 of the drop seat to the fore part are closer together and are connected by ,an elastic member which may be of any suitable .1715 construction but preferably is of the same con I elastic band connecting said two points of at when said drop seat is closed. 2. A garment comprising a cylindrical legless body portion of knitted material having a front part, a back part terminating above the crotch portion and an-upwardly expanding drop seat, said back part being provided with an inserted panel in its lower portion below the waist line, 65 said front part and the upper portion of said back part being stretchable transversely of said body portion and said panel being stretchable longitudinally said body portion, said drop seat being attached at its bottom to the front part 70 to form a crotch, said front part and said drop seat being cut on curved lines in their bottom side portions for forming leg openings, said drop seat having an elastic band at its top edge and vsaid ‘top edge and said band being attached at 2,106,558 their ends only to said front part at the waist line and intermediate the center and sides of ' said front part, the sides of said drop seat over lapping the sides of said front part and being free and unattached between said points of at tachment and said leg openings, said points of at tachment serving as pivot points when said drop ' 3 seat is lowered, and said ‘front part having rein forcements extending from the shoulder seams of said body portion to said points of attachment for supporting and holding the same in proper position. JOSEPH H. LE CONEY.