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Патент USA US2106796

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Feb. l, 1938.
R, p, DE VAULT
2,106,796
PEELER
Filed March 26, 1935
Arr-aezwsx
¿106596
Patented Feb. l, 1938Y l ,
UNITED STATES PATENT . OFFICE*
2,106,796
ì
PEELER
_
v
'l
`
Ralph P. De Vault, South Pasadena, Calif.
) Application March 26, 1935,'Sel'ial'No. .13,025
16 Claims. (ci. ao-zso) ‘ . '
'I'his invention relates to a device designed pri
Fig. 2 isa plan view thereof.
marily for paring vegetables or fruit, such as
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the longi
potatoes, apples, pears, or the like.
tudinal line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
.
.
An important object of the invention is to pro
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line
vide a device of this character including a piv
oted blade so constructed that the blade, during
Fig. 5 is a plan view of another form of vmy _
the peeling or paring operation, will follow the invention in which the‘handle is made from _
contour of the article under treatment, to the round bar stock.
.
end that the blade will move readily over irregu
- Fig. 6 is -aperspective view of theknii'e mem
10 larities on the surface of the article, thereby in
ber shown in Fig. 5.
'
10
suring against the blade cutting too deep, with
Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional view taken as
the resultant waste.
indicated by the line -1--`i of Fig. 5, this view
A further object of the invention is to pro~- showing the manner -in which force is applied to
vide means on the body portion for cutting away move the blade member forwardly to 'perform a
the eyes of potatoes, or spoiled portions of the cutting operation.
»
fruit or vegetables being prepared.
'I'he form oi the invention shown in Figs. 1
It is a further object of the invention to pro v to 4 of the drawing includes a handle or body
vide a device of the character set forth herein
portion which may be readily formed from strip
_above in which the cutting blade is mounted for stock, this body portion comprising parallel leg
- 20 limited rotation and is provided with a guide strip members or cutter supports 5 which are con- 12'0
or member spaced from the cutting edge in such nected by a handle portion 6. The leg membersY
' a manner that the cutting edge of the blade will are-preferably held in »spaced relation and es
be held adjustably in a desired cutting relation sentially parallel by the use of a brace rodf'i which
to the surface of the vegetable orfruit to be is shown with its ends connected to the leg
members 5.
. '
25
lL Si peeled. A special feature of the device resides
in the placing oi'the axis of partial rotation of
As clearly shown, in Figs. 1 and 3, the forward
the cutting blade in such position that a tendency upper edges ofthe leg members 5 may be out
for rotation of the blade will not be produced by away at 8, and the.ends of the leg members 5
the force which is applied thereto to move the are provided with openings 9a to receive pins or
„n ,same forwardly so as to produce a cutting action;
trunnions 9 which extend from a narrow-blade
‘ therefore, either digging in of the blade or the
i0. These pins 9. projecting into the openings 9a,
swinging of the"blade out of proper cutting en
gagement with the surfaceor skin of the fruit orÍ
support the blade - I 0 in suchia manner that it
vegetable will be avoided.
35
'
A‘further object bf the inventionis to provide
a device of the above character which may be
easily handled or manipulated so as to facilitate
may have limited rotation while in use, as will be
hereinafter described. The blade I0 is connect
ed to the pins 9 by means of end walls IM which 35
extend rearwardly, or rightwardly, and connect _
to the ends of a rod ll which is spaced from the ,
blade ~~Iii so as to leave a slot or opening lia.
-
the peeling operation which it is designed to ac
- complish, and which device- operates with notice
'I'he blade i0 is arranged at an oblique angle
40 able ease and eiliciency by reason oi’. the provision vwith respect to the rod li so that when the bladetherein of a very narrow blade. Also, by reason
i0 and the rod il are applied to the surface of
of the position of the handle with relation to the an article i'l to be> peeled, 4as shown inr Fig. 3,
blade, a very noticeable ease and eiiiciency of the cutting edge of the blade I0 will be directed
operation is obtained, since the pressure or force not only forwardly in the direction of the cut to
.15 for operating the knife is applied in substantial be taken‘but also downwardly at such an angle
alignment with the cutting eifect instead of to thev that the cutting edge of -the blade will cut into
side thereof.
the surface of the article _i'l which is to bepeeled.
Further objects and advantages of the inven
tion will be made evident throughout the follow
ing part of the specification.
Referring to the drawing, which is for illus
trative purposes only,
Fig. l is a side elevational View of a potato
peeler constructed in accordance with the inven
V'I'he axis of partial rotation deñned by the pins
9 is disposed between the cutting edge of the
blade Ill and-the lower portion' of the rod VI I. . Ac
cordingly, when the peeling device is moved for
wardly, lin this- instance rightwardly, the mo
tivating force which is applied on the axis defined
by the pins 9 will be essentially directly ahead 'of .
the cutting edge so that there will be' novforces 55
2,100,796
‘i r‘ f'îactiìigias the result ofîthe application of the cut-'
ting force to swing the cutting edge upwardly
or downwardly above or below the forward line of
movement. Therefore, the cutting _member corn
prised of vthe blade il and the 'rod Il will rest
against-the surface ofthe article i1 without the
necessity for application vof a heavy downward
pressure..
`
From the foregoing, it will be seen that due to
il) the construction shown and described. the blade
will be guided in itsvoperation, so that the blade
wilroperate _at a predetermined- depth, and the
paring- will be of a uniform thickness, thus elim
inating waste.
'
'
Extending laterally from one of the leg mem
bers is a blade indicated by the reference char-,
acter l2, which blade has a pointed extremity I3
adapted to stick into the article undertreatment,
so that the eyes of potatoes, or spoiled portions
of thevegetables or fruit being pared, may be
readily removed. The blade i2'is secured to the
body portion by means of rivets I4. and - IB, the
.
.
,
tially one-third the distance ' from the cutti
edge to the bar 31. Accordingly, when the knife
member-3l is placed against the surface of an
articlel u which is to be peeled, both the blade ß
and the bar 31 will move into engagement with
the surface of the article u, and accordingly the
cutting angle of the blade li will automatically
assume the desired relation to the surface of the
article I4, so that when the peeling device is
moved in forward or rightward direction. as
shown in li'lg.A '1, the blade Il will cut into the ar
ticle “wand remove a strip of peel ll therefrom.
The line of pull which is along the'centerline and
is exerted through the handle 2l and the trun
nions II to the blade 2i is substantially directly
forwardly of the cutting edge of the blade l5, the
result beingthat the cutting _operation may be y
performed with a minimum pressure of the mem
ber u against the surface of the article 44.
It will be noted that the blade shown at Iii and ’ ~
3l in the drawing is very narrow. I have-found
that an efliclent- peeling action may be accom
plished by the use of this narrow blade by reason
head of the rivet Il extending inwardly an appre
ciable distance where it is engaged by the rod ii, y of the fact that the blade readily follows thecon
restricting movement of the blade il.
tour of the article to be peeled. ; For example, a
The form of the invention shown in Figs. l to 4 narrow blade of the character. shown will 'readily
inclusive has a supporting structure consisting of drop into hollows and continue its peeling ac
the cutter supports l and the handle l made by tion, where a wide blade such as ordinarily em
bending a piece of ribbon metal to the desired ployed will pass over such hollows, leaving spots
form shown. In Fig. 5 I_show a form of my ln - unpeeled where the article must be later trimmed 30
vention in which the lsupporting member 2l vis to remove the same. By “narrow” ls meant a
made from a lengthof bar stock 2| bent so as
blade which has a width from two to ?ve times
to form a pair of projecting legs 22 and 2l, the
rearward ends of thelegs 22 and 23 being Joined
itsy thickness. The members 3,5 and 31 are formed
from a pair of bars extending- in side by side
by a semi-circular bend 24. The handle 2l
formed by bending the rod 2| in the manner de
relation and being supported in operative asso- «
scribed may be reinforced by securing a flat plate
2l between the intermediate portions1 of the legs
22 and 22. 'I'his fiat plate may be soldered to
the legs 22 and 23 at the points 21 and 2l. 'I‘he
extreme ends 29 and 2l of the -legs 22 and «2l are
ciation by the connection of their ends4 withthe
end members 3B. When the handle 25 is man
ually grasped and is manipulated so asto move
the cutter member 3l along the longitudinal .gen-_
.terline or line of movement of the handle 2l and ` 40
preferably flattened, as shown, to ‘provide cutter
in engagement with the surface of the article to
be peeled, the bar 21 will ride ahead of the blade
supports lying on a line disposed in crossing re
lation to the longitudinal centerline or line of
article.
1 movement of the handle 2l, and the'end 2l is
'extended forwardly and is curved and sharpened
as shown at 32 to form a trimming blade suitable
'for lifting out the eyes of potatoes, cutting out
bad spots, etc. The forward portion of the leg
2l may be bent outwardly relative to the leg 22,
as shown at 32, so' that a 'space will be provided
between the flattened portions 2l and 30 to re
ceive a peeling'knife or cutter 24 consisting of a
cutting blade 35 havinga cutting edge 20, and
a guide bar 31 joined to the cutting blade 35 by
means’of end walls 28. From the end members
'Il trunnions I9 extend through openings 4i in the
flattened portions 2l and 30 of the legs 22 and 23.
.The‘knife 24 is preferably stamped from. sheet
60 metal, andthe trunnions I9, as shown in-Fig'. 6,
2l and guide the same over the contours of the
_
'
Although I have herein shown and described
my invention in simple and practical -form, it is
recognized that Ycertain parts orv elements there
of are representative of other parts, elements, or
mechanisms which may be used in substantially
the same manner to accomplish substantially the ,
same results;~ therefore, it is to be understood
that the invention is not- to be limited to the de->
tails disclosed herein but is to be accorded the
full scope of the following claims.
I claim as my invention:
_
l
1. A paring device comprising .a body portion
embodyingia- length of metal bent intermediate
its ends providing a handle and parallel leg mem
bers, a cutter pivotally mounted between the free
end portions of the parallel leg members, said
consist’in extensions ofithe sheet metal which are ' cutter embodying a pair of end members, a blade
vrolled up to'"substantially'tubular or cylindrical secured to the end members, a rod connecting the
âform. -It will be noted that the knife 3l, as best . y end members and disposed in spaced relation with
:shown in Fig. 7, has the blade 35 and the guide
" bar 31 thereof disposed in angular relation to a
plane A--A extending across the lower` portions
>thereof. ' The lower face 42 of the blade 25 is dis
posed at‘anv‘an'gle of approximately 22%o rela
tive to the plane A--A, as indicatedl by the angle
a of Figi?. AThe axis of rotation defined by the
trunnions 29 is disposed substantially on the plane
A-A and in a position between the blade-3l and
'thebar 31 but closer to the cutting edge -of the
blade I5 than to the bar I1.
In 'the form of the
invention shown, the axis of rotation is substan
the blade and providing a guide for theA blade,
.and trunnions extending outwardly from said
vend members for pivotal engagement with said
leg members, said trunnions being so positioned as
-to define an axis of rotation between the lower
-portions of -„said blade and said rod and lying
,substantially in the plane defined by the lower
-edges 'of said blade andvsaid rod.
2. A paring device of the character described,
Icomprising: a body including a handle member
, 'formed so as to be grasped in operative position
in one of the hands of a user whereby it may be .
3
2,106,798
manually' applied to an article to be peeled which
is held in the other hand'of the user, and a pair
of spaced supports disposed on a line which lies
in crossing relation to the center yline of said
handle member; and a cutter pivotally mounted
between said spaced supports, said cutter em
bodying a pair of end members,.a blade secured
to the end members, a rod connecting the end
members and disposed in spaced relation with the
blade and providing a guide for the blade, and
trunnions extending outwardly fromsaid end
members forpivotal engagement with said sup
- ports, said trunnions being so positioned as to de
fine anaxis of rotation between the' lower por
tions of said blade and said rod.
3. A paring device of the character'described,comprising: a body including-a handle member
and a pair of spaced supports; and a cutter piv
otally mounted between said spaced supports, said
cutter embodying a pair of end members, a blade
'7. A peeler blade of the character described,
comprising: a metal stamping having the, form
of an elongated loop consistingv of a pair». of op
positely disposed end members and a blade mem
ber _and a guide bar in parallel relationship, the
ends of said blade member and guide bar being
joined to said end members, and there being
trunnion members projecting from said end mem
bers, said trunnion members leach consisting of a
portion o! the` metal stamping rolled up so1 as
to form a tubular'element.
a
8. A peeler blade of the character described,
comprising: a metal stamping having the form of
an elongated loop consisting of a pair of end mem
bers curved transversely to the length of said
metal stamping, and a blade member and a guide.
`bai' disposed in parallel relationship, the ends ,of
said blade member and said guide bar being
joined to said end members and there being trun
nions projecting from said end members, said -
secured to the end members, a rod connecting the trunnions each consisting of a portion of the
end members and disposed in spaced relation . metal stamping rolled up so as to produce a trun
with the blade and providing a guide for the nion having a diametral dimension greater than
blade, and trunnions extending outwardly from the thickness of the metal stamping.
9. A' peeler blade of the character described, said end members for pivotal engagement with
said supports, said trunnions being so positioned comprising: a metal stamping having the form
as to define an axis of rotation between the lower of an elongated loop consisting of a pair of op
portions of said‘blade and said rod and lying positely disposed end members and a blade mem
substantially in the plane defined by the lower
edges of said blade and said rod.
4. A paring device of the character described,
including: a knife member comprising a guide bar,
a knife blade substantially parallel to said guide
bar with the cutting edge thereof facing toward
said guide bar, and pivot means connected tc
the adjacent ends of said guide bar and said
knife blade; a supporting member providing a
pair of supports in spaced relation and engaging
said pivot means so that said knife member will
be pivotaliy supported thereby; a handle extend
ing from'said supporting member on a line which
crosses the line defined by the cutting edge of said
ber and a guide bar in parallel relationship, the
ends of said blade member and said guide bar
being joined to said end members, and .there
being trunnion members projecting from said end
members, said trunnion members each consisting
oi' a projecting portion of the metal stamping de
formed so as to produce a trunnion member of :
greater diametral dimension than the thickness '
of the metal from which said stamping is formed.
10. A peeler blade of the character described,
comprising: a metal stamping having the form
of an elongated channel with a longitudinal s_lot 40
along the bottom thereof and providing an elon
gated loop consisting of a pair of end members
extended transversely to the length of said metal
knife blade, said handle member being formed so
as to be grasped in operative position in one hand . 'stamping and `a blade member and guide bar dis
of the user whereby it may be manually moved posed in parallel relationship, the ends of said
across an article to be peeled held in the other
hand of the user; and stop means for limiting
the rotation of said knife member.
5. A paring device of the character described,
comprising: a body including a handle member
and a pair of spaced supports; and a cutter piv
blade member and said guide member being joined
to said end members and said end members beingl
formed so as to provide pivot means for said
peeler blade.
-
l1, A rotatable cutter member of lthe charac 50
ter described adapted to be secured between
otally mounted between said spaced supports, said _ spaced supports of a handle member, including: a
cutter embodying a pair of endmembers, a blade
secured to the end members, a. rod connecting
the end members and disposed in spaced relation
with the blade and providing a guide for the blade,
pair of end members; a blade connecting said
end members; and a rod connecting the end
members and- being disposed in spaced relation to
said blade so as to form a guide therefor, there
and trunnions' extending outwardly from said ' being pivot means for connecting said end mem
bers -to said spaced supports of said handle.
end members for pivotal engagement with said
supports, said trunnions being so positioned as
member, said pivot means defining an axis of ro~
to define an axis of rotation between the lower
tation between the lower portions of said blade 60
portions of said blade and said rod and lying sub
stantially in theplane deñned by the lower edges
of said blade and s_aid rod.
6. A cutter member for a paring device'of the
and said rod and lying substantially in the plane
defined by the lower edges of said blade and said
rod.
>
"
l2. A rotatable cutter member of the character
character described, including: a pair of end
described adapted to be secured between spaced
members; a blade secured to the end members; la
rod connecting the end members and disposed
supports of a handle member, including: a stamp
ing forming an enlongated4 loop having a pair
tween the lower portions of said blade and said
sharpened to form a cutting edge, .there be
rod` and lying substantially in the plane defined
by the lower edges of said blade and said rod.
ing means for connecting said end portions of said
stamping to said spaced supports of said handle 75
in spaced relation _with the blade and providing of parallel bars and end portions connecting the
a guide for the blade; and trunnions extending adjacent ends of said bars, one of said bars form
outwardly from said end members for pivotal - ing a guide for the other of said bars, and'said 70
engagement with supports, said trunnions being other bar being sloped downwardly toward said
so positioned as to define an axis of rotation be-- >guide _bar `and having the lower edge thereof
4
,
8,100,790
_
member, said pivot means denning an axis oi
rotation disposed between the lower portions oi „
said parallel bars.
13. A rotatable cuttermember oi' the character
describedadapted to be secured -between spaced
.Sui-‘Ports ot a handle member. comprising: a
stamping forming an elongated loop having 'a pair
of parallel bars and end portions connecting the
the other hand of the user.
having a pair oi' spacedsupports lyingona
disposed in crossing relation to tnelnnsmmmn
centerline oi' said handle member: and
member pivotaily mounted. between said supports.
said cutter member'
adjacent ends ot said bars, said bars , sloping
downwardly toward each other so `that said
stamping will have the shape ot a channel with a '
slot inthe bottom thereof, one oi' said bars form
ing a guide for the other oi’ -said bars and the
other of said bars having its lower edge sharpened so as to form a cutting edge. there being
means for pivotally connecting said end portions
of said stamping to said spaced supports of said
handle member.
`
_
,
'
14. A rotatable cutter member of the'charac
ter described adapted to be secured between
spaced -supports of a handle member, compris
ing: a stamping comprising an elongated channel
having a, slot in the> bottom thereof between a
pair of parallel longitudinal bars, the lower edge
of oneot said bars being sharpened to iorm a
cuttingvedge and the other oi said bars serving
as a guidefor said first named bar, the ends of
said stamping being ‘formed so as to provide piv
otal connection of said stamping with said spacedl
supports of said handle member.l
15. A paring device of the character described,
comprising: avbody forming a handle member
shaped so as to be grasped in one hand of the
thereby moved across an article to be peeled, said
handiememberhavingapairofspacedsup
ports lying on a line disposed in crossing rela 20
tion to the longitudinal centerline oi' said handle
member;andacuttermemberdisposedbetween-
said supports, said cutter member consisting oi' a
stamping in the form oi' a channel having a lon
gitudinsl-slot in the bottom thereof between a 25
pair of bars, the lower edge of one of said bars
being sharpened to form a-cutting edge and the
other o! said bars constituting a guide forsaid
nrst named bar, the end- portions of said stamp
ing being formed so as to provide pivotal connec
tion of said cutter member with said spaced sup
ports of said handle member.
RALPH P. DE VAULT..
30
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